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Muscle

Grouping

Frontal belly

Occipitofrontalis Epicranial
aponeurosis

Occipital belly

Occipitofrontalis Occipital bone


and mastoid
process of
temporal bone
Muscle fibers
surrounding the
mouth

Orbicularis oris

Origin

Insertion

Action

Innervation

Skin superior to
supraorbital margin

Draws scalp anteriorly,


Facial VII nerve
raises eyebrows and
wrinkles forehead (look of
surprise)
Epicranial aponeurosis Draws scalp posteriorly
Facial VII nerve

Artery
Occipital artery

Ophthalmic artery

Skin at corner of mouth Closes and protrudes lips, Facial VII nerve
compresses lips against
teeth, shapes lips during
speech
Zygomatic bone Skin at angle of mouth Draws angle of mouth
Facial VII nerve
and orbicularis oris
superiorly and laterally as
in smiling

Ophthalmic artery,
zygomatico-orbital artery,
angular artery

Zygomaticus minor

Zygomatic bone upper lip

Facial artery

Levator labii
superioris

Superior to
infraorbital
foramen of
maxilla
Mandible

Skin at angle of mouth Raises upper lip


and orbicularis oris

Facial VII nerve

Superior labial artery

skin of lower lip

Depresses lower lip

Facial VII nerve

Inferior labial artery

Depressor anguli
oris

Mandible

angle of mouth

Draws angle of mouth


Facial VII nerve
laterally and inferiorly as in
opening mouth

Facial artery

Levator anguli oris

Inferior to
infraorbital
foramen

Skin of lower lip and


orbicularis oris

Draws angle of mouth


laterally and superiorly

Facial VII nerve

Facial artery

Buccinator

Alveolar
Orbicularis oris
processes of
maxilla and
mandible and
pterygomandibul
ar raphe (fibrous
process from
pterygoid
process of
sphenoid to
Fascia
over
Skin at angle of mouth
mandible)
parotid gland

Presses cheeks against


lips (whistling, sucking),
draws mouth laterally,
assists in chewing by
keeping food between
teeth

Facial VII nerve

Buccal artery

Draws angle of mouth


laterally (grimacing)

Facial VII nerve

Facial artery

Mentalis

Mandible

Elevates and protrude


Facial VII nerve
lower lip and pulls chin up
(pouting)

Inferior labial branch of


facial artery

Platysma

Fascia over
Mandible
deltoid and
pectoralis major
muscles
Medial wall of
Circular path around
orbit
orbit

Draws outer part of lower Facial VII nerve


lip inferiorly and posteriorly
as in pouting; depresses
mandible
Closes eye
Facial VII nerve

Submental and
suprascapular artery

Corrugator
supercilii

Medial end of
Skin of eyebrow
superciliary arch
of frontal bone

Draws eyebrow inferiorly


and vertically wrinkles
forehead skin

Ophthalmic artery

Superior rectus

Common
tendinous ring

Superior and central


part of eyeballs

Moves eyeballs superiorly Oculomotor III nerve


and medially and rotates
them medially

Inferior rectus

Common
tendinous ring

Inferior and central part Moves eyeballs inferiorly


of eyeballs
and medially and rotates
them medially

Oculomotor III nerve

Lateral rectus

Common
tendinous ring

Lateral side of eyeballs Moves eyeballs laterally


(abduction)

Abducens VI nerve

Medial rectus

Common
tendinous ring

Medial side of eyeballs Moves eyeballs medially


(adduction)

Oculomotor III nerve

Superior oblique

Sphenoid bone,
superior and
medial to the
tendinous ring in
the orbit

Zygomaticus major

Depressor labii
inferioris

Risorius

Orbicularis oculi

Inferior oblique

Skin of chin

Eyeball between
superior and lateral
recti. Inserts into
superior and lateral
surfaces of eyeball
through a trochlear
tendon
Maxilla in floor of Eyeballs between
orbit
inferior and lateral recti

Raises upper lip exposing Facial VII nerve


maxillary teeth

Moves eyeballs inferiorly


and laterally and rotates
them medially

Facial VII nerve

Trochlear IV nerve

Facial artery

Inferior labial artery and


superior labial artery

Lateral muscular branch


of ophthalmic artery

Moves eyeballs superiorly Oculomotor III nerve Ophthalmic artery


and laterally and rotates
them laterally

Levator palpebrae
superioris

Roof of orbit

Skin and tarsal plate of Elevates upper eyelids


upper eyelids
(opens eyes)

Oculomotor III nerve Ophthalmic artery

Masseter

Maxilla and
zygomatic arch

Angle and ramus of


mandible

Mandibular division Masseteric artery


of Trigeminal V
nerve

Temporalis

Temporal bone

Coronoid process and Elevates and retracts


ramus
mandible

Mandibular division Deep temporal artery


of Trigeminal V
nerve

Medial pterygoid

Angle and ramus of


mandible

Elevates and protrudes


mandible and moves it
from side to side

Mandibular division Pterygoid branches of


of Trigeminal V
maxillary artery
nerve

Lateral pterygoid

Medial surface of
lateral portion of
pterygoid
process of
sphenoid bone;
maxilla
Greater wing and
lateral surface of
lateral portion of
pterygoid
process of
sphenoid bone

Condyle of mandible;
TMJ

Protrudes mandible,
Mandibular division Pterygoid branches of
depresses mandible as in of Trigeminal V
maxillary artery
opening mouth, and
nerve
moves mandible from side
to side

Genioglossus

Mandible

Undersurface of
Depresses tongue and
tongue and hyoid bone thrusts it anteriorly
(protraction)

Styloglossus

Styloid process Side and undersurface Elevates tongue and


of temporal bone of tongue
draws it posteriorly
(retraction)

Palatoglossus

Anterior surface Side of tongue


of soft palate

Elevates posterior portion Pharyngeal plexus


of tongue and draws soft (vagus X nerve)
palate down on tongue

Hyoglossus

Greater horn and Side of tongue


body of hyoid
bone

Depresses tongue and


draws down its sides

Elevates madible as in
closing mouth

Hypoglossal XII
nerve
Hypoglossal XII
nerve

Hypoglossal XII
nerve

Lingual artery

Muscle

Origin

Insertion

Anterior belly from


inner side of inferior
border of mandible;
posterior belly from
temporal bone
Styloid process of
temporal bone

Body of hyoid bone Elevates hyoid bone and


via an intermediate depresses mandible (as in
tendon
opening mouth)

Mylohyoid

Inner surface of
mandible

Body of hyoid bone Elevates hyoid bone and


floor of mouth and
depresses mandible

Geniohyoid

Inner surface of
mandible

Omohyoid

Superior border of
scapula and
transverse ligament

Body of hyoid bone Elevates hyoid bone, draws C1 spinal nerve


hyoid bone and tongue
anteriorly and depresses
mandible
Body of hyoid bone Depresses hyoid bone
Branches of C1-C3

Sternohyoid

Medial end of
clavicle and
manubrium of
sternum
Manubrium of
sternum

Digastric

Stylohyoid

Sternothyroid

Grouping

Body of hyoid bone Elevates hyoid bone and


draws it posteriorly

Body of hyoid bone Depresses hyoid bone

Thyroid cartilage of Greater horn of


larynx
hyoid bone

Sternocleidomastoid

Sternum and
clavicle

Semispinalis capitis

Transverse
processes of C7T6/7 and articular
processes of C4-C6
Ligamentum nuchae
and spinous
processes of C7T3/4
Transverse
processes of T1-T4
and articular
processes of C4-C8

Longissimus capitis

Innervation
Mandibular division
of trigeminal nerve
(anterior belly),
facial VII nerve
(posterior belly)
Facial VII nervie
Mandibular division
of trigeminal V
nerve

Branches of C1-C3

Thyroid cartilage of Depresses thyroid cartilage Branches of C1-C3


larynx
of larynx

Thyrohyoid

Splenius capitis

Action

Branches of C1-C2
and descending
hypoglossal XII
nerve
Mastoid process of Acting together, flex cervical Accessory XI nerve
temporal bone
portion of vertebral column,
flex head, and elevate
sternum during forced
inhalation; Acting singly,
laterally rotate and flex head
to opposite side; Posterior
fibers
head
Occipital bone
Actingextend
together,
extend
Cervical spinal
between superior
and inferior nuchal
lines
Occipital bone and
mastoid process of
temporal bone

Elevates thyroid cartilage


and depresses hyoid bone

head; acting single rotate


head to opposite side

nerves

Acting together, extend


Cervical spinal
head; acting single, laterally nerves
flex and rotate head to same
side
Mastoid process of Acting together, extend
Cervical spinal
temporal bone
head; acting singly, laterally nerves
flex and rotate head to same
side

Artery

Special

Muscle

Grouping

Origin

Insertion

Psoas major

Iliopsoas

Transverse
processes and
bodies of lumbar
vertebrae

Iliacus

Iliopsoas

Iliac fossa and


sacrum

With iliac into lesser With iliacus; flex


L2-L3
trochanter of femur thigh at hip joint,
rotate thigh laterally
and flex trunk at hip
joint as when sitting
up
With psoas major
With psoas major
Femoral nerve
into lesser
trochanter of femur

Gluteus maximus

Iliac crest, sacrum,


coccyx and
aponeurosis of
sacrospinalis

Gluteus medius

Ilium

Gluteus minimus

Action

Innervation

Artery

Medial femoral,
circumflex, iliolumbar

Iliotibial tract of
fascia lata and
lateral part of linea
aspera (gluteal
tuberosity) under
greater trochanter of
femur
Greater trochanter
of femur

Extends thigh at hip Inferior gluteal nerve Superior and inferior


joint and laterally
gluteal arteries
rotates thigh

Abducts thigh at hip Superior gluteal


joint and medially
nerve
rotates thigh

superior gluteal artery

Ilium

Greater trochanter
of femur

Abducts thigh at hip Superior gluteal


joint and medially
nerve
rotates thigh

superior gluteal artery

Tensor fasciae
latae

Iliac crest

Tibia by way of
iliotibial tract

Flexes and abducts Superior gluteal


thigh at hip joint
nerve

Lateral circumflex
femoral artery, superior
gluteal artery

Piriformis

Anterior sacrum

Medial surface of
Laterally rotates and Sacral spinal nerves Inferior gluteal artery,
greater trochanter of abducts thigh at hip S1 or S2 (mainly
superior gluteal artery,
femur
joint
S1)
lateral sacral artery

Obturator internus

Inner surface of
Medial surface of
Laterally rotates and Nerve to obturator
obturator foramen, greater trochanter of abducts thigh at hip internus
pubis, and ischiumd femur
joint

Inferior gluteal artery

Obturator externus

Outer surface of
obturator
membranee

Laterally rotates and Obturator nerve


abducts thigh at hip
joint

Obturator artery

Superior gemellus

Ischial spine

Laterally rotates and Nerve to obturator


abducts thigh at hip internus
joint

Inferior gluteal artery

Inferior gemellus

Ischial tuberosity

Medial surface of
Laterally rotates and Nerve to quadratus Inferior gluteal artery
greater trochanter of abducts thigh at hip femoris
femur
joint

Quadratus femoris

Ischial tuberosity

Adductor longus

Pubic crest and


pubic symphysis

Elevation superior to Laterally rotates and Nerve to quadratus Inferior gluteal artery
mid-portion of
stabilizes hip joint
femoris
intertrochanteric
crest on posterior
femur
Linea aspera of
Adducts and flexes Obturator nerve
Obturator artery
femur
thigh at hip joint and
rotates thigh

Adductor brevis

Inferior ramus of
pubis

Adductor magnus

Deep depression
inferior to greater
trochanter
(trochanteric fossa)
of femur
Medial surface of
greater trochanter of
femur

Cross thigh joint


obliquely; laterally
rotate hip joint when
foot is off ground
and medially rotate
when foot is on
ground

Adducts and flexes Obturator nerve


thigh at hip joint and
rotates thigh

Obturator artery

Cross thigh joint


obliquely; laterally
rotate hip joint when
foot is off ground
and medially rotate
when foot is on
ground

Inferior ramus of
Linea aspera of
pubis and ischium to femur
ischial tuberosity

Adducts thigh at hip Obturator and


joint and rotates
sciatic nerves
thigh, anterior part
flexes thigh at hip
and posterior part
extends thigh at hip

Obturator artery

Cross thigh joint


obliquely; laterally
rotate hip joint when
foot is off ground
and medially rotate
when foot is on
ground

Pectineus

Superior ramus of
pubis

Flexes and adducts Femoral nerve


thigh at hip joint

Obturator artery

Gracilis

Body and inferior


rams of pubis

Rectus femoris

Quadriceps femoris Anterior inferior iliac


spine

Vastus lateralis

Quadriceps femoris Greater trochanter


and linea aspera of
femur

Vastus medialis

Quadriceps femoris Linea aspera of


femur

Vastus intermidus Quadriceps femoris Anterior and lateral


surfaces of body of
femus
Anterior superior
iliac spine

Sartorius

Biceps femoris

Hamstrings

Semitendinosus

Hamstrings

Long head is from


ischial tuberosity;
short head is from
linea aspera of
femur
Ischial tuberosity

Superior half of
linea aspera of
femur

Special

Iliolumbar artery

Pectineal line of
femur between
lesser trochanter
and linea aspera
Medial surface of
body of tibia

Adducts thigh at hip Obturator nerve


joint, medially
rotates thigh, and
flexes leg at knee
joint
Patella via
All four heads
Femoral nerve
quadriceps tendon extend leg at knee
and tibial tuberosity joint; Rectus femoris
via patellar ligament alone flexes thigh at
hip
Patella via
All four heads
Femoral nerve
quadriceps tendon extend leg at knee
and tibial tuberosity joint
via patellar ligament
Patella via
All four heads
Femoral nerve
quadriceps tendon extend leg at knee
and tibial tuberosity joint
via patellar ligament
Patella via
All four heads
Femoral nerve
quadriceps tendon extend leg at knee
and tibial tuberosity joint
via patellar ligament
Medial surface of
Weakly flexes leg at Femoral nerve
body of tibia
knee joint; weakly
flexes, abducts and
laterally rotates thigh
at hip joint
Head of fibula and Flexes leg at knee Tibial and common
lateral condyle of
joint and extends
fibular nerves from
tibia
thigh at hip joint
the sciatic nerve

Femoral artery

Femoral artery

Femoral artery

Femoral artery

Femoral artery

Inferior gluteal artery,


perforating arteries,
popliteal artery

Proximal part of
medial surface of
shaft of tibia

Flexes leg at knee


joint and extends
thigh at hip joint

Tibial nerve from the Interior gluteal artery,


sciatic nerve
perforating arteries

Flexes leg at knee


joint and extends
thigh at hip joint

Tibial nerve from the Deep femoral artery,


sciatic nerve
gluteal artery

Semimembranous Hamstrings

Ischial tuberosity

Medial condyle of
tibia

Tibialis anterior

Lateral condyle and


body of tibia and
interosseous
membrane
Anterior surface of
fibula and
interosseous
membrane

First metatarsal and Dorsiflexes foot at Deep fibular


first (medial)
ankle joint and
(peroneal) nerve
cuneiform
inverts foot at inter
tarsal joints
Distal phalanx of
Dorsiflexes foot at Deep fibular
great toe
ankle joint and
(peroneal) nerve
extends proximal
phalanx of big toe at
metatarsophalangea
l joint

Extensor hallucis
longus

Obturator artery

Anterior tibial artery

Anterior tibial artery

Lateral condyle of Middle and distal


Dorsiflexes foor at Deep fibular
tibia and anterior
phalanges of toes 2- ankle and extends (peroneal) nerve
surface of fibula and 5
distal and middle
interosseous
phalanges of each
membrane
toe at
interphalangeal joint
and proximal
phalanx of each toe
at
metatarsophalangea
Distal third of fibula Base of fifth
Dorsiflexes
foot at Deep fibular
l joint
and interosseous
metatarsal
ankle and everts
(peroneal) nerve
membrane
foot at inter tarsal
joint
Head and body of First metatarsal and Plantar flexes foot at Superficial fibular
fibula and lateral
first cuneiform
ankle joint and
peroneal nerve
condyle of tibia
everts foot at
intertarsal joint
Body of fibula
Base of fifth
Plantar flexes foot at Superficial fibular
metatarsal
ankle joint and
peroneal nerve
everts foot at
intertarsal joint
Lateral and medial Calcaneus by way Plantar flexes foot at Tibial nerve
condyles of femur
of calcaneal
ankle and flexes leg
and capsule of knee (Achilles) tendon
at knee

Anterior tibial artery

Soleus

Head of fibula and


medial border of
tibia

Calcaneus by way
of calcaneal
(Achilles) tendon

Plantar flexes foot at Tibial nerve


ankle

Sural arteries

Plantaris

Femur superior to
lateral condyle

Calcaneus by way
of calcaneal
(Achilles) tendon

Plantar flexes foot at Tibial nerve


ankle and flexes leg
at knee

Sural arteries

Popliteus

Lateral condyle of
femur

Proximal tibia

Flexes leg at knee Tibial nerve


and medially rotates
tibia to unlock
extended knee
Plantar flexes foot at Tibial nerve
ankle

Popliteal artery

Extensor digitorum
longus

Fibularis
(peroneus) tertius

Fibularis
(peroneus) longus

Fibularis
(peroneus) brevis

Gastrocnemius

Tibia, fibula, and


interosseous
membrane

Second, third, and


fourth metatarsals,
navicular, all 3
cuneiforms and
cuboid
Flexor digitorum
Posterior surface of Distal phalanges of Plantar flexes foot at Tibial nerve
longus
tibia
toes 2-5
ankle, flexes distal
and middle
phalanges of each
toe at
interphalangeal
joints and proximal
phalanx of each toe
at
metatarsophalangea
Flexor hallucis
Inferior two-thirds of Distal phalanx of
Plantar
flexes foot at Tibial nerve
l
longus
fibula
great toe
ankle joint, flexes
distal phalanx of
great toe at
interphalangeal joint
and proximal
phalanx of great toe
at
metatarsophalangea
Extensor digitorum
Calcaneus and
Tendons of extensor Extends
toes 2-4 at Deep fibular
l joint
brevis
inferior extensor
digitorum longus on interphalangeal
(peroneal) nerve
retinaculum
toes 2-4 and
joints
proximal phalanx of
great toe
Calcaneus, plantar Medial side of
Abducts and flexes Medial plantar nerve
Abductor hallucis Plantar first layer
aponeurosis, and
proximal phalanx of great toe at
flexor retinaulum
great toe with the
metatarsophalangea
tendon of the flexor l joint
hallucis brevis
Flexor digitorum
Calcaneus and
Sides of middle
Flexes toes 2-5 at Medial plantar nerve
Plantar first layer
brevis
plantar aponeurosis phalanx of toes 2-5 proximal
interphalangeal and
metatarsophalangea
l joints
Abductor
Calcaneus and
Lateral side of
Abducts and flexes Lateral plantar nerve
Plantar first layer
digitorum minimi
plantar aponeurosis proximal phalanx of little toe at
little toe with the
metatarsophalangea
tendon of the flexor l joint
digiti minim brevis
Tendon of flexor
Assists flexor
Quadratus plantae Plantar second layer Calcaneus
Lateral plantar nerve
digitorum longus
digitorum longus to
flex toes 2-5 at
interphalangeal and
metatarsophalangea
l joints
Lumbricals
Plantar second layer Tendons of flexor
Tendons of extensor Extend toes 2-5 at Medial and lateral
digitorum longus
digitorum longus on interphalangeal
plantar nerves
proximal phalanges joints and flex toes
of toes 2-5
2-5 at
metatarsophalangea
l joints
Flexor hallucis
Cuboid and third
Medial and lateral Flexes great toe at Medial plantar nerve
Plantar third layer
brevis
(lateral cuneiform) sides of proximal
metatarsophalangea
phalanx of great toe l joint
via a tendon
containing a
sesamoid bone
Adductor hallucis Plantar third layer
Metatarsals 2-4,
Lateral side of
Adducts and flexes Lateral plantar nerve
ligaments 3-5 of
proximal phalanx of great toe at
metatarsophalangea great toe
metatarsophalangea
l joint and tendon of
l joint
peroneus longus
Flexor digiti minimi Plantar third layer
Metatarsal 5 and
Lateral side of
Flexes little toe at
Lateral plantar nerve
brevis
tendon of peroneus proximal phalanx of metatarsophalangea
longus
little toe
l joint
Tibialis posterior

Dorsal interossei

Plantar fourth layer

Plantar interossei

Plantar fourth layer

Anterior tibial artery

Fibular (peroneal) artery

Fibular (peroneal) artery

Sural arteries

Posterior tibial artery

Posterior tibial artery

Posterior tibial artery

Dorsalis pedis artery

Medial plantar artery

Medial plantar artery

Lateral plantar artery

Lateral plantar artery

Lateral plantar artery

Adjacent side of all Proximal phalanges: Abduct and flex toes Lateral plantar nerve
metatarsals
both sides of toe 2 2-4 at
and lateral side of
metatarsophalangea
toes 3 and 4
l joints and extend
toes at
interphalangeal
joints
Metatarsals 3-5
Medial side of
Adduct and flex
Lateral plantar nerve Plantar artery and
proximal phalanges proximal
dorsal metatarsal artery
of toes 3-5
metatarsophalangea
l joints and extend
toes at
interphalangeal
joints

Muscle

Grouping

Subclavius

Origin

Insertion

First rib

Clavicle

Action

Innervation

Depresses and
Subclavian nerve
moves clavicle
anteriorly and helps
stabilize pectoral
scapula
Ribs 2-5, 3-5 or 2-4 Coracoid process of Abducts
Medial pectoral nerve
girdle
scapula
and rotates it

Pectoralis minor

Serratus anterior

Superior 8 or 9 ribs

Trapezius

Superior nuchal line


of occipital bone,
ligamentum nuchal
and spines of C7T12

Levator scapulae

Transverse
processes of C1-C4

Rhomboid major

Rhomboids

Spines of T2-T5

Rhomboid minor

Rhomboids

Spines of C7-T1

Pectoralis major

Clavicular head,
sternum and costal
cartilages of ribs 2-6
or 1-7

Latissimus dorsi

Spines of T7-L5,
lumbar vertebrae,
crests of sacrum
and ilium, inferior 4
ribs via
thoracolumbar
fascia
Acromial extremity
of clavicle (anterior
fibers), acromion of
scapula (lateral
fibers) and spine of
scapula (posterior
fibers)
Subscapular fossa
of scapula

Deltoid

downward; elevates
ribs 3-5 during
forced exhalation
Vertebral border and Abducts
with fixedscapula
scapula
inferior angle of
and rotates it
scapula
upward; elevates
ribs when scapula is
stabilized; important
in horizontal arm
movements such as
Clavicle and
Superior fibers
punching and
acromion and spine upward rotate
pushing
of scapula
scapula, middle
fibers adduct
scapula, inferior
fibers depress and
upward rotate
scapula; superior
Superior vertebral Elevates
scapula
and rotates
inferior itfibers
border of scapula
and
together upward
downward
Vertebral border of Elevates
and
rotate scapula;
scapular inferior to adducts scapula
stabilizes scapula
spine
and rotates it
downward;
Vertebral border of Elevates
stabilizesand
scapula
scapular inferior to adducts scapula
spine
and rotates it
downward;
Greater tubercle and Adducts
stabilizesand
scapula
lateral lip of the inter medially rotates arm
tubercular sulcus of at shoulder joint;
humerus
clavicular head
flexes arm and
sternocostal head
Intertubercular
Extends, adducts
extends the flexed
sulcus of humerus and medially rotates
arm to side of trunk
arm at shoulder join;
draws arm inferiorly
and posteriorly

Deltoid tuberosity of Lateral fibers abduct


humerus
arm at shoulder
joint; anterior fibers
flex and medially
rotate arm at
shoulder joint;
posterior fibers
Lesser tubercle of Medially rotates arm
extend and laterally
humerus
at shoulder joint
rotate arm at
Supraspinous fossa Greater tubercle of Assists
shoulderdeltoid
joint
of scapula
humerus
muscle in abducting
arm at shoulder joint

Long thoracic nerve

Artery
Thoracoacromial
artery
Pectoral branch of
thoracoacromial
trunk

Lateral thoracic
artery, thoracodorsal
artery

Accessory XI nerve and C3- Transverse cervical


C5
artery

Dorsal scapular nerve and


C3-C5

Dorsal scapular
artery

Dorsal scapular nerve

Dorsal scapular
artery

Dorsal scapular nerve

Dorsal scapular
artery

Medial and lateral pectoral


nerves

Pectoral branch of
thoracoacromial
trunk

Thoracodorsal nerve

Thoracodorsal
artery

Axillary nerve

Posterior circumflex
humeral artery

Upper and lower


subscapular nerve

Subscapular artery

Suprascapular nerve

Suprascapular
artery

Subscapularis

Rotator cuff

Supraspinatus

Rotator cuff

Infraspinatus

Rotator cuff

Infraspinous fossa
of scapula

Greater tubercle of
humerus

Laterally rotates arm Suprascapular nerve


at shoulder joint

Suprascapular and
circumflex scapular
arteries

Teres minor

Rotator cuff

Inferior lateral
border of scapula

Greater tubercle of
humerus

Laterally rotates and Axillary nerve


extends arm at
shoulder joint

Posterior circumflex
humeral artery and
circumflex scapular
artery
Subscapular and
circumflex scapular
artery

Teres major

Inferior angle of
scapula

Medial lip of inter


Extends arm at
Lower subscapular nerve
tubercular sulcus of shoulder joint and
humerus
assists in adduction
and medial rotation
of arm at shoulder
Coracoid process of Middle of medial
Flexes
joint and adducts Musculocutaneous nerve
scapula
surface of shaft of arm at shoulder joint
humerus

Corcacobrachialis

Brachial artery

Long head
originates from
superglenoid
tubercle, short head
from coracoid
process
Distal, anterior
surface of humerus

Radial tuberosity of Flexes forearm at


Musculocutaneous nerve
radius and bicipital elbow joint,
aponeurosis
supinates forearm at
radioulnar joints,
flexes arm at
shoulder joint
Ulnar tuberosity and Flexes forearm at
Musculocutaneous nerve
coronoid process of elbow
and radial nerve
ulna

Brachial artery

Brachioradialis

Lateral border of
distal end of
humerus

Superior to styloid
process of radius

Radial recurrent
artery

Triceps brachii

Long head from


Olecranon of ulna
infraglenoid
tubercle; lateral
head from lateral
and posterior
surface of humerus
superior to radial
groove; medial head
from posterior
Lateral
surface epicondyle
of humerus Olecranon and
of humerus
superior portion of
shaft of ulna

Biceps brachii

Brachialis

Anconeus

Flexes forearm at
Radial nerve
elbow, supinates
and pronates
forearm at
Extends
forearm at Radial nerve
radioulnar
elbow
jointjoints
and

Radial recurrent
artery

Deep brachial artery

extends arm at
shoulder joint

Extends forearm at Radial nerve


elbow joint

Deep brachial artery


and recurrent
interosseous artery

Lateral epicondyle Lateral surface of


Supinates forearm Deep radial nerve
of humerus and
proximal one-third of at radioulnar joints
supinator crest of
radius
ulna
Medial epicondyle of Second and third
Flexes and abducts Median nerve
humerus
metacarpals
hand at wrist joint

Radial recurrent
artery

Medial epicondyle of Flexor retinaculum


humerus
and palmar
aponeurosis

Weakly flexes hand Median nerve


at wrist joint

Ulnar artery

Flexor carpi ulnaris Superficial layer of


anterior forearm

Flexes and adducts Ulnar nerve


hand at wrist join

Ulnar artery

Flexor digitorum
superficialis

Flexes middles
Median nerve
phalanx of each
finger at proximal
interphalangeal
joint, proximal
phalanx of each
finger at
Flexes distal
Median nerve
metacarpophalangel
phalanx of thumb at
joint and hand at
interphalangeal joint
wrist

Ulnar artery

Flexes distal and


Median and ulnar nerves
middle phalanges at
interphalangeal
joints, proximal
Pronates
phalanx forearm at Median nerve
radioulnar joints

Anterior
interosseous artery

Pronates forearm at Median nerve


radioulnar joints and
weakly flexes
forearm at elbow
Extends
and
Radial nerve
joint
abducts hand at
wrist
jointand
Extends
Radial nerve
abducts hand at
wrist jointdistal and Radial nerve
Extends

Ulnar artery and


radial artery

Supinator

Flexor carpi
radialis

Superficial layer of
anterior forearm

Palmaris longus

Superficial layer of
anterior forearm

Medial epicondyle of Pisiform, hamate,


humerus and
and base of fifth
superior posterior
metacarpal
border of ulna
Intermediate layer of Medial epicondyle of Middle phalanx of
anterior forearm
humerus, coronoid each finger
process of ulna and
anterior oblique line
of radius

Flexor pollicis
longus

Deep layer of
anterior forearm

Flexor digitorum
profundus

Deep layer of
anterior forearm

Pronator
quadratus

Deep layer of
anterior forearm

Pronator teres

Anterior surface of
radius and
interosseous
membrane
Anterior medial
surface of body of
ulna

Base of distal
phalanx of thumb

Distal portion of
shaft of ulna

Distal portion of
shaft of radius

Base of distal
phalanx of thumb

Extensor carpi
radialis longus

Medial epicondyle of Midlateral surface of


humerus and
radius
coronoid process of
ulna
Supracondylar ridge Second metacarpal
of humerus

Extensor carpi
radialis brevis

Lateral epicondyle
of humerus

Third metacarpal

Extensor digitorum

Lateral epicondyle
of humerus

Distal and middle


phalanges of each
finger

Extensor digiti
minimi

Lateral epicondyle
of humerus

Extensor carpi
ulnaris

Lateral epicondyle
of humerus and
posterior border of
ulna
Posterior surface of First metacarpal
middle of radius and
ulna and
interosseous
membrane
Posterior surface of Base of proximal
middle of radius and phalanx of thumb
interosseous
membrane

Abductor pollicis
longus

Extensor pollicis
brevis

Extensor pollicis
longus

Extensor indicis

Abductor pollicis
brevis

Thenar (lateral
aspect of palm)

Opponens pollicis Thenar (lateral


aspect of palm)

middle phalanges of
each finger at
Tendon of extensor interphalangeal
Extends proximal
Deep radial nerve
joints,
digitorum on fifth
phalanx of little
phalanx
finger at
metacarpophalange
Extends
andhand at Deep radial nerve
Fifth metacarpal
al joint and
adducts
wrist
jointhand at
wrist joint

Anterior
interosseous artery

Anterior
interosseous artery

Radial artery
Radial artery
Posterior
interosseous artery
Posterior
interosseous artery

Ulnar artery

Abducts and
Deep radial nerve
extends thumb at
carpometacarpal
joint and abducts
hand at wrist joint
Extends proximal
Deep radial nerve
phalanx of thumb at
metacarpophalange
al joint, first
metacarpal of thumb
at carpometacarpal
Posterior surface of Base of distal
Extends distal
Deep radial nerve
joint and hand at
middle of ulna and phalanx of thumb
phalanx of thumb at
wrist joint
interosseous
interphalangeal
membrane
joint, first
metacarpal of thumb
at carpometacarpal
Posterior surface of Tendon of extensor Extends distal and Deep radial nerve
joint and abducts
ulna
digitorum of index
middle phalanges of
hand at wrist joint
finger
index finger at
interphalangeal
joint Median nerve
Flexor retinaculum, Lateral side of
Abducts
thumb at
scaphoid, trapezium proximal phalanx of carpometacarpal
thumb
joint

Posterior
interosseous artery

Flexor retinaculum
and trapezium

Superficial palmar
arch

Moves thumb
Median nerve
across palm to meet
any finger
(opposition) at
Flexor pollicis
Thenar (lateral
Flexor retinaculum, Lateral side of
Flexes
thumb at
Median and ulnar nerves
carpometacarpal
brevis
aspect of palm)
trapezium, capitate, proximal phalanx of carpometacarpal
joint
trapezoid
thumb
and
metacarpophalange
Adductor pollicis Thenar (lateral
Oblique head:
Medial side of
Adducts thumb
Ulnar nerve
al jointsat
aspect of palm)
capitate,
proximal phalanx of thumb
metatarsals 2-3;
thumb by a tendon carpometacarpal
Transverse head:
containing a
and
third metacarpal
sesamoid bone
metacarpophalange
Abductor digiti
Hypothenar (medial Pisiform and tendon Medial side of
Abducts
al joints and flexes Ulnar nerve
minimi
aspect of palm)
of flexor carpi
proximal phalanx of little finger at
ulnaris
little finger
metacarpophalange
al joint little finger at Ulnar nerve
Flexor digiti minimi Hypothenar (medial Flexor retinaculum Medial side of
Flexes
brevis
aspect of palm)
and hamate
proximal phalanx of carpometacarpal
little finger
and
metacarpophalange
Opponens digiti
Hypothenar (medial Flexor retinaculum Medial side of fifth Opposes
thumb at Ulnar nerve
al joints
minimi
aspect of palm)
and hamate
metacarpal
carpometacarpal

Lateral side of first


metacarpal

Lumbricals

Intermediate
(midpalmar)

Lateral sides of
tendons and flexor
digitorum proudness
of each finger

joint
Lateral sides of
Flex each finger at
tendons of extensor MCP joints at
digitorum on
extend at IP joints
proximal phalanges
of each finger

Palmar interossei

Intermediate
(midpalmar)

Dorsal interossei

Intermediate
(midpalmar)

Sides of shafts of
metacarpals of all
digits (except
middle)
Adjacent sides of
metacarpals

Sides of bases of
proximal phalanges
of all digits (except
middle)
Proximal phalanx of
each finger

Ulnar artery

Median and ulnar nerves

Adduct each finger Ulnar nerve


at MCP joints; flex at
MCP joints, extend
each finger at IP
Abduct
fingers 2-4 Ulnar nerve
joint
at MCP join, flex
fingers 2-4 at MCP
joints and extend
each finger at IP
joints

Posterior
interosseous artery

Posterior
interosseous artery

Posterior
interosseous artery
Superficial palmar
arch

Superficial palmar
arch
Deep palmar arch

Ulnar artery

Ulnar artery

Ulnar artery
Superficial palmar
arch, common
palmar digital
arteries, deep
palmar arch, dorsal
digital artery
Dorsal metacarpal
artery and palmar
metacarpal artery
Palmar metacarpal
artery

Special

Muscle

Grouping

Origin

Insertion

Action

Innervation

Artery

Special

Muscle

Grouping

Origin

Insertion

Action

Innervation

Artery

Special

Muscle

Grouping

Origin

Insertion

Action

Innervation

Artery

Special

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