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Construction Global Minimum

Requirements (GMRs)
The Lend Lease minimum environment, health and safety standards
designed to control the risks associated with construction operations.

April 2012

Construction Global Minimum Requirements

Environment, Health & Safety Management


Lend Lease is committed to operating Incident & Injury Free wherever we have a presence and exploring every
opportunity to have a Positive Impact on the Environment. The Groups Environment, Health & Safety (EH&S) approach is
based on this Vision and is supported by the Operating Discipline and Behaviours within the organisation.
The linked elements of Vision, Operating Discipline and Behaviours form the core of the EH&S culture at Lend Lease.
Lend Lease strives to go beyond mere compliance with statutory and organisational minimum requirements. The
centrepiece of this culture is what is termed Uncompromising Leadership. This requires leaders at all levels of the
organisation to not only understand the vision of the organisation, but also the systems, standards and responsibilities
applicable to them. This will enable leaders to continually make decisions that contribute towards eliminating incidents and
injuries and create positive EH&S outcomes (Figure 1).
Figure 1: The EH&S approach at Lend Lease

Environment, Health & Safety at Lend Lease


A balanced approach

The EH&S approach and culture at Lend Lease has the following key elements:
Vision
To operate Incident & Injury Free wherever we have a presence and explore every
opportunity to have a Positive Impact on the Environment.
Operating Disciplines
Implement and embed world class processes to support our vision.
Behaviours
Make informed decisions every day as part of achieving our vision.
The EH&S Management System is characterized by continuous improvement cycle. This approach allows Lend Lease to
drive improvement in EH&S management procedures across the organisation. Whilst the core requirements of the EH&S
Management System are applicable to Group, Region and Business to implement, the EH&S Global Minimum
Requirements (GMRs) are applicable at the operations level. There are common Planning & Delivery GMRs applicable
across all operations and separate Physical GMRs established for Construction and Asset scenarios. In applying the
Planning & Delivery GMRs in conjunction with the relevant Physical GMRs, a discrete management system approach is
then in place across each Lend Lease operation.
Figure 2: EH&S Management System and relationship with operational requirements and Global Minimum Requirements
(GMR) application.
Applicable to Management:
Group
Region
Business

Environment, Health & Safety (EH&S) Management System


STRATEGY

OPERATIONS

PERFORMANCE

Operational Requirements

Applicable to Operations:
Projects
Sites
Facilities
Developments
Assets
Offices

Construction GMRs

Global Minimum Requirements (GMRs)


Planning & Delivery GMRs
Asset Physical GMRs

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April 2012

Construction Physical GMRs

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Construction Global Minimum Requirements

Global Minimum Requirements


The Global Minimum Requirements (GMRs) set out the Lend Lease minimum environment, health and safety standards
designed to control the risks associated with both asset and construction operations. The GMRs include common criteria
for the planning and delivery of assets and construction operations, with the physical GMR standards being established
for asset and construction operations separately due to the differing nature of hazards and activities. The GMRs apply to
all Lend Lease operations which include construction projects, developments, offices, and assets we develop, control,
maintain, own, or operate.
Planning & Delivery GMRs consists of six GMRs which detail the key processes to follow when planning and delivering
either construction or asset management services across all Lend Lease operations including approval processes,
environmental health and safety planning, and third party relations:
1.

Operations Risk & Responsibilities to ensure that effective process are in place to ensure operations EH&S
risks are identified, assessed and managed including any EH&S risks identified in the assessment new work or
investment opportunities process with effective risk management strategies in place to manage these risks.

2.

Delivery Strategy to ensure that a comprehensive plan is developed and EH&S risks are effectively managed
with appropriate resources, including contractors and third parties, in place to properly implement the plan.

3.

Contractor and Service Provider Management to ensure all contractors and service providers understand what
is required of them and that they are effectively engaged and managed to support EH&S risk management.

4.

Activity Management ensure that all activities are planned and managed in a manner that eliminates or reduces
the associated EH&S risks and that the documented requirements are clearly communicated to frontline workers.

5.

Skills, Knowledge and Training to ensure that everyone who works on or visits the operation is competent to
perform their role and is appropriately inducted/oriented.

6.

Performance Monitoring to ensure that all activities are appropriately monitored and reported, any issues are
promptly identified and resolved and any lessons learnt are shared.

Construction Physical GMRs consist of eight GMRs which detail the processes and standards applicable to Lend
Lease construction activities, including fall prevention, electrical safety, fire precautions and environmental management:
1.

Fall Prevention to ensure that the risk of falls of people or materials is eliminated or mitigated through the
application of the hierarchy of risk control and suitable fall prevention techniques.

2.

Logistics to ensure that hazards related to the movement of people and vehicles and poor housekeeping are
effectively identified and managed.

3.

Ground and Civil Works to ensure that competent persons are appointed to plan work and implement controls
for any excavation of material and that any plant and equipment used is fit for purpose, and properly used.

4.

Lifting and Slinging to ensure that competent persons are appointed to manage risks associated with any lifting
or slinging and that all equipment is verified as safe for use.

5.

Electrical Safety to ensure that all electrical installations and equipment are fit for purpose, correctly installed,
protected to prevent electrical shock or fires, appropriately maintained and only worked on by competent persons.

6.

Health, Protective Equipment and Welfare to ensure that any occupational health risks are assessed and
effective control measures implemented, along with appropriate welfare facilities, to prevent injury and ill health,
and to create a better working environment.

7.

Fire and Emergency to ensure that effective arrangements are in place to minimise the risk of, and manage the
consequences of, all potential fire and emergency situations in order to protect life, property and business
continuity.

8.

Environment to ensure that effective measures are in place to avoid pollution and to undertake actions that
provide positive environmental outcomes.

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Construction Global Minimum Requirements

Construction Global Minimum Requirements Contents


Preamble: Application of the Global Minimum
Requirements
GMR 0 Assessing New Work or Investment Opportunities
Planning & Delivery Global Minimum Requirements
Planning & Delivery GMR 1 Operations Risk and
Responsibilities
1.1 Transfer of Due Diligence Risks
1.2 Operations Risk Analysis
1.3 Operations EH&S Responsibilities
Planning & Delivery GMR 2 Delivery Strategy
2.1 Design & Constructability Reviews
2.2 Environment, Health and Safety Resources
2.3 Environment, Health & Safety Plan
2.4 Pre-Occupation and Post-Completion Reviews
Planning & Delivery GMR 3 Contractor & Service Provider
Management
3.1 Contractor/Service Provider Selection
3.2 Contract/Service Provider Award & Commencement
3.3 Occupiers & Third Party Contractors/Service Providers
3.4 Contractor/Service Provider Monitoring & Co-ordination
3.5 EH&S Leadership Teams
3.6 EH&S communications
Planning & Delivery GMR 4 Activity Management
4.1 Risk Analysis
4.2 Managing Activities
4.3 Activity Planning
4.4 Activity Communication
4.5 Activity Controls
Planning & Delivery GMR 5 Skills, Knowledge and Training
5.1 Worker Induction/Orientation
5.2 Visitors
5.3 Lend Lease employee competence
5.4 Contractor/service provider employee competence
Planning & Delivery GMR 6 Performance Monitoring
6.1 EH&S Observations
6.2 Incident Reporting
6.3 GMR Compliance Reporting
6.4. Environmental Metrics
6.5 Review Mechanisms
Construction Physical GMRs
Construction Physical GMR 1 Fall Prevention
1.1 Fall Prevention
1.2 Perimeter Protection
1.3 Access Systems
1.4 Metal Frame Erection
1.5 Concrete Formwork Erection
1.6 Penetrations, Risers and Shafts
1.7 Scaffolds, Temporary Works and Working Platforms
1.8 Ladders
1.9 Falls of Materials

Construction GMRs

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Construction Physical GMR 2 Logistics


2.1 Site Access Control
2.2 Fencing
2.3 Public Protection
2.4 Pedestrian and Vehicle Safety
2.5 Vehicle Operator Competence
2.6 Maintenance of Tools and Equipment
2.7 Housekeeping
Construction Physical GMR 3 Ground & Civil Works
3.1 Planning and Inspection
3.2 Excavations, Piling & Tunnelling
3.3 Work around Water
3.4 Spoil Management
3.5 Safe Use of Plant
3.6 Maintenance of Plant
Construction Physical GMR 4 Lifting and Slinging
4.1 Cranes and Lifting Equipment
4.2 Competent Persons
4.3 Safe Use of Cranes and Lifting Equipment
4.4 Maintenance of Cranes and Lifting Equipment
Construction Physical GMR 5 Electrical Safety
5.1 Temporary Supply
5.2 Work on Electrical Systems
5.3 People and Tools
5.4 Lighting
Construction Physical GMR 6 Health, Protective Equipment and
Welfare
6.1 Substances Hazardous to Health
6.2 Processes Hazardous to Health
6.3 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
6.4 Confined Spaces
6.5 Manual Handling
6.6 Lone Working
6.7 Welfare
6.8 First Aid
Construction Physical GMR 7 Fire & Emergency
7.1 Fire Prevention Measures
7.2 Fire Detection and Alarm Systems
7.3 Means of Escape
7.4 Fire Fighting Equipment
7.5 Emergency Planning and Evacuation Procedures
Construction Physical GMR 8 Environment
8.1 Stormwater, Sediment and Erosion Control
8.2 Air and Noise Emissions
8.3 Soils and Groundwater Contamination
8.4 Biodiversity and Natural Habitats
8.5 Heritage and Artefacts
8.6 Hazardous Materials
8.7 Materials Selection
8.8 Energy Consumption
8.9 Water Consumption
8.10 Waste Management

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Construction Global Minimum Requirements

Preamble: Application of the Global Minimum Requirements


GMR 0 - Assessing New Work or Investment Opportunities
(Part of the Group EH&S Management System)
The approvals and verification processes commences with an assessment of the whether Lend Lease can adhere to a
default position of assuming responsibility for managing EH&S on the new work or investment opportunity to the
requirements of the GMRs. The due diligence process requires confirmation that Lend Lease, or other third party
organisations, groups or individuals who will assume responsibility for EH&S, can provide assurance that GMR standards
can be maintained.
The final part of the process is where responsibilities for managing EH&S risks are transferred from the management
team responsible for assessing the new work or investment opportunity to the team tasked with managing the operation.
The entire process represents an essential link between the Group EH&S Management and the application of GMRs on
each operation.
The process is auditable within the Group EH&S Management System and not part of the GMR requirements.
The requirements related to assessing new work or investment opportunities are detailed below:
Assessing New Work or Investment Opportunities
STEP 1: DEFINING RESPONSIBILITY FOR EH&S
Default Position Lend Lease Assumes Responsibility for EH&S

The default position for Lend Lease irrespective of whether it acts as; developer, manager, or
constructor/maintainer must be to assume Responsibility for EH&S.

Assuming Responsibility for EH&S occurs when any Lend Lease Business is contracted to manage the
operation.

Managing the operation will, as a minimum, require Lend Lease to be contractually empowered to manage
EH&S and as a consequence be in a position to deploy and manage EH&S to the requirements of the Groups
Global Minimum Requirements (GMRs).

Alternate Position A Third Party Assumes Responsibility for EH&S

Where Lend Lease is NOT contracted to manage the operation, and by definition NOT contractually
empowered to manage EH&S, those; organisations, groups and individuals tasked with managing the
operation, and by definition Responsible for managing EH&S, are capable and committed to managing EH&S to
the requirements of Lend Lease GMRs.

STEP 2 - DUE DILIGENCE FOR GMR COMPLIANCE


Lend Lease Assumes Responsibility for EH&S

During the due diligence process (from the pre-commitment stage through to the pre-investment stage) for each
opportunity where Lend Lease is assumed to have responsibility for EH&S, Lend Lease must be able to answer
the following question in the affirmative in order for the opportunity to proceed;
Can Lend Lease fulfil its responsibilities in relation to EH&S and manage the operation to the requirements of
the Group GMRs?

If the answer to this question is NO: the operation cannot be pursued.

If the answer is YES the opportunity can be pursued in accordance with the due diligence requirements for
EH&S being met to ensure that Lend Lease can meet and maintain GMR standards on the operation.

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Construction Global Minimum Requirements


A Third Party Assumes Responsibility for EH&S

During the due diligence process (from the pre-commitment stage through to the pre-investment stage) for each
opportunity where a Third Party is assumed to have responsibility for EH&S, Lend Lease must be able to
answer the following question in the affirmative in order for the opportunity to proceed;
Can the third party organisations, groups or individuals who assume responsibility for EH&S fulfil their
responsibilities so as to be able to manage the operation to the requirements of the Lend Lease GMRs?

If the answer to this question is NO: the operation cannot be pursued.

If the answer is YES: evidence of a formal review process having taken place to assess competence and
capability of these 3rd parties must be provided and the Regional CEO will be required to sign off on the
operation and provide a written confirmation that those organisations, groups and individuals tasked with
managing the operation (i.e. NOT Lend Lease) are capable and committed to managing EH&S to meet and
maintain the requirements of the Lend Lease GMRs.

Risks to Maintaining GMR Standards

There are a number of risks and opportunities related to organisations, market/geography, and environment that can
potentially impact full GMR compliance being maintained on an operation. Each Lend Lease business must, as a
minimum, address these items as part of their standard due diligence review process:
Organisational
Stakeholders: Partners or Clients able to demonstrate full support of GMR application.
Operational Control: responsible parties for establishing EH&S standards and/or day-to-day control of EH&S
Resources: sufficient quality and quantity of personnel (including contractors/service providers) to meet GMRs
Brand and Reputation: cultural, community, political, ethical or media sensitivities related to the opportunity
Status: ability of Lend Lease to influence design and/or construction and/or operation EH&S outcomes
Roles & Responsibilities: contractual clarity around stakeholder EH&S responsibilities
Investment: additional investment required to address known Physical GMR non-compliances
Market/Geography
Location: experience of working in the country/region/city and proximity to management oversight
Security: security, safety or climate/extreme weather risks to personnel, partners, assets or equipment.
Legislation: local EH&S legislation requirements and enforcement standards compared to GMR standards
Planning Approvals: identification and status of zoning, planning or environmental approval requirements
Sector: experience of the market sector and/or operation type and track record of GMR compliance.
Supply Chain: ability of the available supply chain to adhere to GMR standards and supply correct equipment
Environment
Hazardous Materials or Dangerous Goods: Survey of the presence of hazardous building materials (i.e.
asbestos) or bulk dangerous goods facilities (underground fuel tanks), toxic wastes.
Energy and Carbon: Assessment of energy/ carbon intensive activities, implications under any energy/carbon
legislation, and requirements for taxes or off-sets to mitigate carbon generated.
Land Condition: Exposure or close proximity to contaminated land (soil, groundwater or gas), prime agricultural
land, flood prone or landslide risk areas and any remediation liabilities.
Biodiversity: Assessment of the risk of impact to any areas with native terrestrial, marine or aquatic habitats that
potentially contain rare, protected or endangered species or communities.
Extreme Weather: Potential for adverse exposure to extreme weather events such as low lying coastal areas,
cyclone or monsoon prone areas, sea level rise or extreme temperatures.
Heritage: Assessment of whether the proposed activity or operation is located on or immediately adjacent to any
area with potential archaeological, heritage or cultural significance
Innovation: Assessment of any opportunities or requirements to achieve an acceptable green building rating and
the identification of initiatives towards achieving zero net carbon, waste and waste.
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Construction Global Minimum Requirements

All key EH&S risk criteria listed above must be assessed and signed-off during the due diligence process. During the
initial phase of the due diligence process it may not possible to fully assess certain risks to maintaining GMR
compliance in adequate detail and there may only be a desktop review available based on limited information (e.g.
contaminated land risk, implications of proposed legislative changes). Any EH&S risk related to maintaining full GMR
compliance that cannot be adequately assessed and addressed with a suitable action plan must be re-visited until
closed out. Prior to any contractual commitment, each identified EH&S risk and opportunity must be signed-off with
any mitigation actions detailed and incorporated into an EH&S action plan. These items will be transferred into an
operation EH&S Plan to ensure that GMR compliance is maintained.

Any formal approvals or sign-off must be made by persons with the appropriate Limits of Authority. These persons
must consult a member of the EH&S team to ensure any risks to maintaining GMR compliance in full have been
appropriately assessed and addressed.

STEP 3 - TRANSFER OF RESPONSIBILITIES TO THE DELIVERY TEAM (P&D GMR 1)


Transfer of Identified Risks
At the conclusion of the Due Diligence process where the new work or investment opportunity has been approved to
proceed, the hand over process from the Lend Lease team responsible for the due diligence process to the team tasked
with the delivery or management of the operation must include a process of ensuring any risks to maintaining GMR
standards that were identified in the Due Diligence process are included in the operations risks register to ensure that
any such risks are effectively managed.
For the purposes of incident and GMR compliance reporting, the following applies:
Incident Reporting Requirements

Where Lend Lease assumes Responsibility for EH&S, all incidents will be reported internally.
Where third parties assume Responsibility for EH&S, the reporting of EH&S incidents will be at the discretion of
the Regional CEO.

GMR Compliance Reporting Requirements

To guard against scope creep, the monthly and quarterly GMR review process will be used to verify that all new
operations are set up in accordance with the definition of assuming Responsibility for EH&S.

Where Lend Lease assumes Responsibility for EH&S the following rules apply in relation to the monitoring of
GMR compliance:
o Where Lend Lease acts as the; Manager or Constructor/Maintainer, Lend Lease will be required to
assess its own performance against GMRs on a monthly basis.
o Where Lend Lease acts as the Developer (client), the constructor/maintainer (including third party
builders or maintenance contractors) will be required to assess their own performance against GMRs
on a monthly basis. In addition, Lend Lease will carry out independent EH&S audits to assess the
performance of the constructor/maintainer in terms of deploying the GMRs.
o Where Lend Lease acts as the developer or as the constructor/maintainer for an external client,
internal independent EH&S audits will be carried out by Lend Lease to assess performance against
GMRs.

Where Lend Lease is able to satisfy itself that those third parties Responsible for EH&S (including the client) will
manage the operation to full GMR standard, the following rules in relation to the monitoring of GMR compliance
apply:
o The manager/constructor/maintainer may, at the discretion of the Regional CEO, be required to assess
performance against the GMRs on a monthly basis.
o Lend Lease, as an interested party and/or partner on these types of assignments, must carry out an
internal independent EH&S audits to assess the performance of the manager/ constructor/ maintainer
in terms of deploying the GMRs and to confirm whether Lend Lease should continue its association
with the operation.

All operations where incident and/or GMR compliance reporting is required will adhere to the requirements
detailed in Planning & Delivery GMR 6: Performance Monitoring

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Construction Global Minimum Requirements


Lend Lease EH&S Classification Process

Lend Lease Default Position is to assume Responsibility for EH&S


STEP 1: Define Responsibility for EH&S
Before commencing any undertaking the following question must be considered.
Will Lend Lease Assume Responsibility for EH&S?

(To assume responsibility for EH&S Lend Lease must be contractually empowered to manage both the undertaking and EHS)

Yes

No
STEP 2: Due Diligence for GMR compliance

Due Diligence Lend Lease

Due Diligence Third Parties

Can Lend Lease fulfil its responsibilities in relation


to EH&S and manage the undertaking to the
requirements of the Group GMRs?

Can those third party organisations, groups or


individuals who assume responsibility for EH&S
fulfil their responsibilities so as to be able to
manage the undertaking to the requirements of the
Lend Lease GMRs?

Yes

No

Yes

No

Any risks to Lend Lease


being able to meet and
maintain GMR standards are
formally assessed.

Competence and capability of


third parties to meet and
maintain GMR standards is
formally assessed.

Sign-off required per


Limits of Authority

Sign-off required by
Region CEO

Opportunity
can proceed

Opportunity
cannot proceed

Opportunity
cannot proceed

Opportunity
can proceed

STEP 3: Transfer of Responsibilities to the Delivery Team


Any risks to Lend Lease being able to meet and
maintain GMR standards are controlled and monitored in
the operations risk register.
- Incident Reporting compulsory.
- Monthly GMR Self Assessments Compulsory
- Independent GMR Audits compulsory

The competence and capability of third parties to


maintain GMR standards is monitored.
- Incident Reporting at Region CEOs discretion
- Monthly GMR Self Assessments by Lend Lease or
Third Party at Region CEOs discretion
- Independent GMR Audits by Lend Lease compulsory

All requirements to complete incident reporting and GMR compliance reporting for internal purposes must
follow the reporting standards established in Planning & Delivery GMR 6: Performance Monitoring.

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Construction Global Minimum Requirements

Planning & Delivery Global Minimum Requirements


P&D GMR 1 Operations Risk and Responsibilities
Applicable across Asset and Construction operations
Purpose: To ensure that effective process are in place to ensure operations EH&S risks are identified, assessed and
managed including any EH&S risks identified in the assessment new work or investment opportunities process with
effective risk management strategies in place to manage these risks.
All applicable local, national and international environment, health & safety legislation and recognised codes, standards
and other external requirements must be complied with at all times. Where there is a difference between Lend Lease
Standards and those required by legislation recognised codes, standards and other external requirements the higher
standard must be applied.
1.1

Transfer of Due Diligence Risks

1.1.1 All risks potentially impacting on EH&S compliance relevant to the operation, including those identified during the
Due Diligence process which present a risk to maintaining GMR compliance, must be adequately assessed to
determine the likelihood and consequence of an adverse outcome with all reasonably practical measures taken to
eliminate or mitigate the risk. Any key risks identified, as well as the actions required to eliminate or mitigate the
risks, must be captured in either a standalone operations EH&S risk register or as part of a broader risk register
identifying risks beyond those related to EH&S.
1.2

Operations Risk Analysis

1.2.1 Risk reviews conducted by the Lend Lease team must highlight and eliminate environment, health and safety risks
relevant for design, construction, operation, maintenance or decommissioning phases and must be held at regular
intervals throughout design/construction/operation and focus on ensuring compliance with the GMRs by providing
solutions aimed at eliminating and/or controlling significant risks. Where planned activities represent a risk to
persons, property or the environment, additional risk analysis will be required prior to those work activities
commencing to ensure these risks are effectively managed (see P&D GMR 4 Activity Management). Individual or
organisational action owners must be clearly identified and the register must be reviewed and updated at least
quarterly (or more frequently where high risk works are common). Where responsibility for managing a risk is
passed onto a third party, notification should be provided in writing.
1.2.2 Operations should include a review of project responsibilities as part of the risk review process to avoid scope
creep impacting on how Lend Lease or a third party to fulfil their responsibilities and manage the operation to the
requirements of the Lend Lease GMRs. All operations must notify management of any impending changes to Lend
Leases role on the operation to ensure the Due Diligence process can be revisited.
1.3

Operations EH&S Responsibilities

1.3.1 All stakeholders on each operation (e.g. Client, Contractors, Consultants, and Service Providers) that have any
EH&S responsibilities arising from regulatory and/or GMR requirements must have these responsibilities clearly
communicated and documented in writing to ensure all stakeholders have clarity related to the EH&S
responsibilities of all associated parties on the operation.
1.3.2 The Lend Lease team leader must ensure that all EH&S responsibilities attributed to Lend Lease are met. Any
responsibilities delegated by the team leader to other team members should be clearly documented in individual
roles & responsibilities.

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Construction Global Minimum Requirements

P&D GMR 2 Delivery Strategy


Applicable across Asset and Construction operations
Purpose: To ensure that a comprehensive plan is developed and EH&S risks are effectively managed with appropriate
resources, including contractors and third parties, in place to properly implement the plan.
All applicable local, national and international environment, health & safety legislation and recognised codes, standards
and other external requirements must be complied with at all times. Where there is a difference between Lend Lease
Standards and those required by legislation recognised codes, standards and other external requirements the higher
standard must be applied.
2.1

Design and Constructability Reviews

2.1.1 Where Lend Lease can influence design, a specific Design Constructability Review must be carried out to highlight
and eliminate environment, health and safety risks in design, construction, fit-out, operation and maintenance. The
Lend Lease Risk and Opportunities at Design (ROAD) approach (or an equivalent process) should be undertaken
to positively influence how a building or facility is built, operated or maintained. Significant risks associated with the
final design and scope of works must be included and addressed in the risk register and/or the Environment,
Health and Safety Plan.
2.1.2 During construction, operation and maintenance further reviews must be undertaken to re-assess the EH&S
management approach and to identify revised methodologies for delivering improved environment, health & safety
related outcomes.
2.2

Environment, Health and Safety Resources

2.2.1 Adequate environment, health and safety budgets must be provided to cover any requirements to have full-time or
part-time support from any environment, health and safety personnel as well as addressing any specific EH&S
items/equipment/techniques (which can also be detailed within contracts/packages) required to successfully
implement the GMRs and achieve legal compliance.
2.2.2 The Lend Lease team leader and business unit management have joint responsibility for ensuring that the
operation is adequately resourced with Lend Lease personnel to meet any applicable Lend Leases GMR
obligations and must take the lead in addressing issues affecting GMR and legislative compliance.
2.2.3 A Lend Lease EH&S professional (in either a support, visiting, part-time or full-time capacity dependent on the
circumstances) must be appointed to support the management team in achieving GMR compliance at all stages of
either construction, or the asset or development life cycle. The EH&S personnel resourcing strategy for each
operation needs to be based on risk, including the nature of the works, size of site/number of buildings, number of
workers on the operation at each stage of the works, etc. Any appointed EH&S professional(s) has responsibility
for co-ordinating performance monitoring and providing EH&S advice and guidance.
2.2.4 A competent manager must be on site all times while high risk works are being conducted to provide oversight of
work activities and respond to any emergencies. Where Lend Lease has responsibility for overseeing the day-today implementation of EH&S standards in a construction environment, a Lend Lease employee must always be
present.
2.3

Environment, Health & Safety Plan

2.3.1 All Lend Lease operations must have an Environment, Health & Safety Plan. Any legal and regulatory
requirements to prepare and maintain EH&S plans and documentation must also be complied with. This plan or
documentation should be integrated into a single document that includes the Lend Lease GMR requirements,
including any Mitigation Plan items arising from the Due Diligence process, for ease of implementation.
2.3.2 The Environment, Health and Safety Plan must outline how EH&S will be managed on an ongoing basis, including
how any relevant risks identified during the Due Diligence process (including Mitigation Plan requirements), Design
and Constructability reviews and risk registers, will be eliminated or mitigated.

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Construction Global Minimum Requirements


2.3.3 The Environment, Health and Safety Plan must be reviewed at least quarterly, and updated where required to
include significant changes to risks or risk control measures (including legal or regulatory requirements or EH&S
alerts). Relevant sections or requirements of the plan must be communicated to all relevant staff and shared with
third parties.
2.4

Pre-Occupation and Post-Completion Reviews (for Assets only)

2.4.1 Where Lend Lease will be responsible for the ongoing management of an asset a pre-occupation review must be
completed both prior to any initial occupancy/operation of a new asset, as well as after any significant physical
changes to the asset and, where practical, upon any change of occupancy of the asset.
2.4.2 The pre-occupation review must be completed by a competent person and identify whether or not the asset is safe
to occupy (or operate) and meets the requirements of the relevant Asset Physical GMRs.
2.4.3 Where an asset is unsafe to occupy or does not meet the requirements of the Asset Physical GMRs, the review
must identify the:

Remedial actions required to ensure the asset is safe to occupy (or operate) and complies with the Asset Physical
GMRs

Funding and/or other resources required to implement the remedial actions

Responsibilities and timeframes for the completion of the agreed remedial actions, and

Processes and responsibilities for capturing and communicating lessons learnt.


2.4.4 Assets must not be occupied until the pre-occupation review is completed and the asset is approved as safe to
occupy by persons with the appropriate Limits of Authority. However, limited and controlled access may be given to
tenants and their contractors prior to occupation/operations to enable fit-outs, provided relevant GMRs are sets as
the standards for contractors to follow to prevent risks to other asset users and the asset.
2.4.5 A post completion review must be carried out after the completion of any work that involves development, design
or construction by representatives from development, design, construction, operations and environment, health
and safety. The post completion review should:

Review whether the asset meets the Asset Physical GMRs and, where these are not met, identify the
responsibilities and timeframes by which remedial actions must be completed and signed off
Review the assets environment, health and safety plan, update as necessary and ensure that the transfer of
responsibilities to any staff involved in the ongoing management of the Lend Lease asset are aware of their
responsibilities for its ongoing implementation, and
Identify, capture and communicate lessons learnt to aid continuous improvement.

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P&D GMR 3 Contractor and Service Provider Management


Applicable across Asset and Construction operations
Purpose: To provide clarity for all contractors and third parties in understanding what is required of them, so they may be
effectively engaged and properly managed to support the management of EH&S risks.
All applicable local, national and international environment, health & safety legislation and recognised codes, standards
and other external requirements must be complied with at all times. Where there is a difference between Lend Lease
Standards and those required by legislation recognised codes, standards and other external requirements the higher
standard must be applied.
3.1

Contractor/Service Provider Selection

3.1.1 All contractors/service providers employed by Lend Lease must actively support the Lend Lease vision of operating
Incident & Injury Free. All contractors/service providers formally engaged to provide development, construction,
management or maintenance services must be go through a pre-qualification process which includes an
assessment of the organisations ability to meet any relevant GMR and legislative requirements, including
adequate insurance cover.
3.1.2 The environment, health and safety responsibilities of key contractors/service providers, and the significant risks
associated with their works, must be clearly defined for each engagement. The relevant GMRs (and associated
Means and Methods where applicable) and any other EH&S requirements must be provided to these organisations
to adequately plan and price the work. The quality and accuracy of the contractor/service provider documentation
should be a key factor in selection.
3.1.3 Contractors/service providers must employ adequate numbers of competent supervisors, provide proof of
competence for key workers, particularly those carrying out high risk activities or undertaking work where proof of
competence is required by law, and collaborate with Lend Lease in pursuing compliance with the EH&S GMRs.
3.1.4 Where it is assessed that a contractor or service provider may not be able to meet GMR and/or legal requirements
in full they must not be engaged unless the operation has no other feasible option available. In this situation a
Mitigation Plan must be prepared and approved by persons with the appropriate Limits of Authority before any
contract can be awarded.
3.2

Contract/Service Provider Award and Commencement

3.2.1 All new contractors/service providers contractual documentation must contain clauses clearly outlining the
applicable EH&S standards, the Lend Lease powers to enforce compliance, or reflect the obligation for Lend Lease
to stop dangerous non-compliant activities and to highlight the ability for Lend Lease to employ third parties to
rectify non compliances and contra charge the relevant party.
3.2.2 All contractors/service providers require a briefing prior to work commencing to ensure that all EH&S precautions
are in place. For contractors/service providers who are conducting high risk works, a kick-off meeting must take
place before any work takes place to review:

How compliance with the relevant GMRs will be achieved, e.g. fall prevention, site logistics and emergencies
Documentation outlining their safe methods of work
Establishing performance monitoring, supervision and incident reporting protocols and procedures.

3.3

Occupiers and Third Party Contractors/Service Providers

3.3.1 Where a third party contractor is appointed by a land purchaser or tenant to undertake work within a Lend Lease
operation, specific requirements should be included in the covenant to ensure all relevant environment, health and
safety legislative requirements are adhered to, particularly those addressing risks to the overall operation such as
logistics and movement of vehicles, plant and equipment, environmental controls, waste management, fire
protection and public protection.
3.3.2 Where the Client instructs Lend Lease to provide direct EH&S oversight for third party works, the GMRs must be
applied as the EH&S standards for any third party contractors/service provider activities.
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3.4

Contractor/Service Provider Monitoring and Co-ordination

3.4.1 Daily coordination meetings must be held by contractors/service providers on operations where high risk activities
are being undertaken daily, to communicate the key activities for the day and any measures required for managing
interface issues.
3.4.2 Weekly contractor coordination meetings (unless activity is minimal and low risk) must be held with all relevant
contractors to review environment, health and safety performance, Safe Work Method Statements (SWMS) and
Permit to Work (PtW) compliance, to plan and coordinate future works. The action points for these meetings must
be recorded and implementation verified.
3.4.3 Monthly contractor/service provider co-ordination and management meetings must be held with all relevant
contractors/service providers to review environment, health and safety performance (including any
contractors/service providers engaged to conduct low risk and low value works that need to be aware of the high
risk activities potentially impacting their work). The meetings will review GMR compliance, set improvement goals,
and plan and coordinate future works. The action items from these meetings must be recorded and implementation
verified.
3.5

EH&S Leadership Teams

3.5.1 All Lend Lease operations should establish an Environment, Health & Safety (EH&S) Leadership Team chaired by
the senior manager to monitor performance, plan environment, health and safety improvements, respond to the
outputs of consultation with the workforce and stakeholders, and to recognise positive environment, health and
safety related behaviours. The EH&S Leadership Team meeting may be an agenda item within a wider forum but it
must be conducted at least quarterly and engage partners/clients and contractors/service providers in setting
specific EH&S objectives and to review incidents. Performance against these objectives must be assessed by the
EH&S Leadership Team and, by exception, be reported through to the higher level EH&S Leadership Team or
Control Group.
3.6

EH&S Communications

3.6.1 Operations should display information detailing the location(s) and nature of high risk activities that could impact
anyone not involved in performing the activity, and identify areas where entry is forbidden or special precautions
apply.
3.6.2 The management team of each operation must establish arrangements for promoting worker feedback and
suggestions for improving environment, health & safety standards and/or performance.
3.6.3 Prior to commencing operations, key internal and external stakeholders should be contacted to discuss the
proposed nature and timing of any activities that may cause disruption or concern. Communications with key
stakeholders via signage, public meetings/ forums, newsletters or emails must be undertaken routinely and/or prior
to significant changes in operations or activities.
3.6.4 EH&S Alerts will be issued to operations by Lend Lease management where an incident highlights a clear need for
specific actions to be taken to improve the environment, health and safety risk control measures employed to deal
with specific issues common across the organisation. The requirements of EH&S Alerts must be clearly
communicated to all relevant organisations and work crews and any standard operating procedures and/or EH&S
Plan must be adjusted if required.

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P&D GMR 4 Activity Management


Applicable across Asset and Construction operations
Purpose: To ensure that all activities are planned and managed in a manner that eliminates or reduces the associated
EH&S risks and that the documented requirements are clearly communicated to frontline workers.
All applicable local, national and international environment, health & safety legislation and recognised codes, standards
and other external requirements must be complied with at all times. Where there is a difference between Lend Lease
Standards and those required by legislation recognised codes, standards and other external requirements the higher
standard must be applied.
4.1

Activity Risk Analysis

4.1.1 Beyond the broader risks to GMR and legislative compliance identified on the operational risk register (Planning &
Delivery GMR 1.1), a further level of detailed risk assessment is required related to the management of both work
activities and any residual risks (e.g. slippery floors, means of escape) that represent specific risks to workers,
visitors and members of the public. All risk assessments related to the management of work activities and/or
physical hazards must determine if the GMR control(s) applied is appropriate to the risk, and precautions must be
taken to ensure appropriate controls are in place for any scenarios not addressed by the GMRs.
4.1.2 Activities must be planned, communicated and controlled in a manner that can reduce or eliminate the risk to
persons or environment. Risks are to be eliminated where ever possible to ensure the GMRs are complied with, or
where the activity or hazard is outside of the scenarios addressed in the GMRs, risks are reduced through the
application of effective control measures following the hierarchy of risk control;

Elimination: Completely eliminate the hazard by removing the task from the workplace
Substitution: Replace the activity, process or substance with a less hazardous one
Engineering Control: Isolate the hazard from employees with mechanical aids or physical barriers
Systems of Work: Implement safe work practices, procedures and policies
Protection: Provide suitable equipment and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) to protect workers

4.2

Managing Activities

4.2.1 The management of activities must include adequate planning with appropriate documentation provided outlining
the task process; effective communication for those undertaking the activity (or others potentially impacted) to
ensure awareness of agreed practices, and; be undertaken with physical controls in place that meet GMR
requirements.
Risk management requirements associated with all work activities
Activity Requirements

P&D GMR Details

Planning

4.3 Activity Planning

Activity is planned and documented to identify and


4.3.1 Provision of Safe Work Method Statements
address any risks to person, property or the environment.
(SWMS)/Job Safety Analysis (JSA)

Communication
All operatives are aware of task risks and agreed work
method with any other persons potentially impacted by
the activity or hazard notified and/or excluded.

Controls
Appropriate equipment is used, including task specific
PPE where required, and controls meet all relevant
Physical GMR requirements.

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4.3.2 Content requirements of SWMS/JSA


4.3.3 Review and approval of SWMS/JSA
4.3.4 Permit to Work (PtW) process
4.3.5 Management of Change
4.4 Activity Communication
4.4.1 Safe Start process
4.4.2 Verification of Safe Start briefings
4.4.3 Communication to operatives not involved in the
activity
4.5 Activity Controls
4.5.1 Adequate supervision
4.5.2 Adherence to Physical GMR requirements
4.5.3 Equipment verified as safe to use

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4.2.2 There are additional risk mitigation requirements associated with all activities identified as high risk activities. The
following activities list represents known high risk activities conducted across Lend Lease operations and is not an
exhaustive list covering all potential high risk activity types. These activities, and any other activities identified via a
risk analysis, present significant risks to persons, property and/or the environment if not adequately managed.
List of known High Risk Activities associated with Lend Lease operations
*Denotes activity also governed by a Permit to Work Process

High Risk Activities


Use of suspended access equipment (e.g. bosuns chairs, cradles, gondolas, swing stages)
Use of Mobile Elevated Working Platform (MEWP) (e.g. scissor lift, cherry picker)
Installation, use and dismantling of Powered Vertical Access Equipment (e.g. Mast Climbers, hoists and
building maintenance units BMUs)
Metal Frame Erection
Concrete Formwork Erection
Cladding and faade work
Access and work on roofs
Work within penetrations, risers, shafts and voids (including lift/elevator installation and maintenance)*
Structural alterations that require temporary support to prevent collapse
Working on a telecommunications tower, power pole or other installation
Erection, use and dismantling of scaffolds (e.g. faade, mobile)
Any activity (not described above) requiring the use of a fall arrest or fall restraint harness as the primary
means of fall protection*
Installation, maintenance and commissioning of machinery and/or plant process equipment
Working in, over or adjacent to a road or railway*
Heavy mobile work equipment co-ordination
Creation, access and maintenance of excavations or tunnels
Piling, directional boring or drilling
Working on, or near, a pressurised gas distribution mains and consumer piping
Creation, access and maintenance of bridges and related structures including the placement of spans and
pre/post tensioning*
Working in, over or adjacent to water where there is a risk of drowning*
Use of heavy plant for civil and ground works (e.g. bobcats, excavators, backhoes, graders, dump trucks,
rollers and compactors
Tower crane erection, climbing and dismantling*
Use of mobile cranes
Any lifting operations requiring; load slinging, crane management or, lifting over work areas, thoroughfares or
public areas
Works on or adjacent to, energised systems, e.g. electrical, hydraulic, pneumatic (LOTO)*
Demolition works*
Entry into and work within confined spaces*
Work in an area where there are artificial extremes of temperature.
Hot works, including welding and grinding*
Working on or near a chemical, fuel or refrigerant line
Use of explosives*
Work requiring strict environmental controls to prevent air, noise, soil or water pollution
Work involving the use, removal, transport or handling of hazardous materials and any dangerous or highly
toxic substances*
Any other activities not listed above identified as high risk due to the potential to harm workers, the public,
property or the environment

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4.3

Activity Planning

4.3.1 Safe Work Method Statements (SWMS) or Job Safety Analysis (JSA) should be provided by all contractors and
service providers and is mandatory for those undertaking high risk activities to detail the safe systems of work they
will adopt for works. Additional activities identified by operations as requiring a SWMS or JSA through the risk
assessment process must be clearly identified to the relevant contractor/service provider and the activity must be
managed with the same rigour as the High Risk Activities listed in P&D 4.2.1. Any outline SWMS/JSA submitted
as part of the procurement process must be developed into working document(s) by the contractor/service provider
before they are to start work on site. The SWMS/JSA must describe the safe systems of work to be followed, detail
key responsibilities, and describe how the safe method of work, and any specific protocols, will be communicated
to the workers undertaking the activity and to any other parties potentially affected by the activity.
4.3.2 SWMS/JSAs should include the following:

All relevant details outlining the operation, contractor/service provider details, task reference and details of the task
being undertaken.

The name and signature of the person who developed the SWMS/JSA, version number and date completed.

The controls identified to eliminate hazards or minimise risks (with reference to relevant permits to work) with any
nominated controls being as high as practicable and compliant with the GMRs.

The name of the competent person/s responsible for ensuring that the control/s are in place.

Details of any required emergency or rescue procedures.

Outline of how an easy to understand summary of the SWMS/JSA tasks and precautions will be communicated to
workers.

The discrete steps or sequence involved in doing the work and potential environment or safety related hazards and
risks associated with them.

Reference to any plant and equipment being used and associated inspections, calibrations, registration,
maintenance or testing of the plant and equipment, plus operator competence.
Reference to any relevant environment, health and safety legislation, Codes of Practice, Standards and Materials
Safety Data Sheet guidance.

4.3.3 On construction operations competent persons must assess the SWMS/JSA and advise the contractor/service
provider on the suitability, suggesting changes where necessary to comply with the Lend Lease GMRs and legal
requirements. The final SWMS/JSA must be agreed with the contractor before works commence. Where changes
impact on the agreed method of work, the SWMS/JSA must be revised accordingly.
On asset operations competent persons must verify that a SWMS/JSA is in place and that GMR requirements are
addressed in the documentation. Where Lend Lease staff have concerns about the method of work submitted, the
SWMS/JSA should then be reviewed by a person competent to review the document. The final SWMS/JSA must
be signed by the contractor/service provider before works commence.
4.3.4 Permit to Work (PtW) procedures must be implemented to ensure that regularly encountered high risk works are
effectively controlled. The applicable duration of any permits issued will be dependent on the identified risk but
should be only for a shift or a day. Where contractors have their own permit procedure they may use their own
system if the controls detailed in Lend Lease permits are included and Lend Lease operatives will monitor
compliance.
4.3.5 Where a change in circumstance requires a deviation from an agreed approach to any activity (e.g. resulting from
changes to personnel, equipment type or availability, climatic conditions, adjacent activities etc) work crews must
not make ad-hoc adjustments and deviate from the agreed method of work (e.g. as outlined in an SWMS/JSA
and/or Permit to Work) without agreement from a competent supervisor and/or person(s) authorised to approve
such changes (usually the signatories of a SWMS/JSA or Permit to Work).

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4.4

Activity Communication

4.4.1 Through a Safe Start process of communication all operatives should be made aware of any activity risks and
agreed safe method of work. Communication should also extend to include and persons potentially impacted by
the activity.

Where high risk activities are occurring the Safe Start process is mandatory and more detailed Safe Start briefings
will be required to undertaken. These must be conducted at the start of each day or shift, or when conditions or
tasks change that could increase or introduce new EH&S risks. Briefings must ensure that operatives undertaking
the work clearly understand the following requirements;

The team should be aware of any EH&S suggestions from the previous shift or be briefed if a known change or
deviation has been identified in the work environment.

The team should given a clear understanding of the work scope; who their work teams are; where they will be
working and what materials they will need to complete their work as well as creating awareness of adjacent
activities and the need to address change management scenarios as they arise.

A reference should be made to applicable JSAs/SWMS or Permit to Work requirements and whether a written
procedure exists for the task. The team should be asked whether they have read the procedure and their
understanding should be tested. Everyone is expected to have read and signed the JSA/SWMS or Permit to Work.

The discussion should be open, used to reinforce more general EH&S expectations and encourage active
engagement from others in the group as well as providing an opportunity for persons to raise suggestions and be
provided with feedback.

Attendees should sign an attendance form at the end of the meeting.


The Safe Start should be led by a responsible supervisor and held in an area free from distractions with all team
members must present before starting with a scribe appointed to record relevant points.

4.4.2 Checks need to be made to during the subsequent shift to verify that the Safe Starts are effective and tasks are
being undertaken in alignment with the methods and techniques agreed at the Safe Start briefing and without any
deviations to the approved plan including those documented in the SWMS/JSA and/or Permit.
4.4.3 All operatives working in areas potentially impacted by a high risk activity must be briefed as to the location(s) and
nature of high risk activities, and identify areas where entry is forbidden or special precautions apply.
4.5

Activity Controls

4.5.1 Adequate numbers of competent supervisors must be in place to monitor the activity and to ensure it is conducted
as planned. Supervisors and operatives should provide proof of competence as required by law, and the activity
must be managed to ensure both the GMRs and legislative requirements are met.
4.5.2 All work activities must be conducted in a manner that adheres to any related Physical GMR requirements
including any requirements related to barriers and/or exclusion zones being in place to segregate high risk
activities from other workers or the public. Where the activity or hazard scenario presented is not addressed within
the GMR content, the hierarchy of risk control must be used to manage the risks identified.
.
4.5.3 All equipment must meet the operational and inspection criteria established by the manufacturer and address any
relevant Physical GMR requirements, be verified as being in good working order (tagged or certified where
required), well maintained, and adequate for the activity for which it is being used. Significant access equipment
and work platforms should be inspected by a qualified person to confirm structural integrity.

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P&D GMR 5 Skills, Knowledge and Training


Applicable across Asset and Construction operations
Purpose: To ensure that everyone who works on the operation is competent to perform their role and is appropriately
inducted/oriented.
All applicable local, national and international environment, health & safety legislation and recognised codes, standards
and other external requirements must be complied with at all times. Where there is a difference between Lend Lease
Standards and those required by legislation recognised codes, standards and other external requirements the higher
standard must be applied.
5.1

Worker Induction/Orientation

5.1.1 Before commencing work on an operation all staff, contractors and service providers must receive an induction.
The induction must include references to Lend Leases Incident & Injury Free vision and include content specific to
the operation including details of any site rules, any environment or safety specific standards, and any emergency
procedures, before commencing work. The length of induction should vary according to the role of the organisation
or individual, the work to be undertaken, and any previous training and experience relevant to the operation.
5.1.2 Records must be kept of all persons receiving an induction.
5.2

Visitors

5.2.1 All visitors entering into a secure area (e.g. within a delineated construction area, and/or within an area where high
risk activities are occurring) must be given adequate safety instructions when entering the premises (e.g. visitor
identification and information cards identifying risks and emergency procedures). If any high risk activities are
taking place visitors must be escorted at all times.
5.2.2 All operations must facilitate the right of entry of any officials who are authorised to enter an operation to inspect
any work system, plant, substance, structure, or to consult with relevant sections of the workforce.
5.3

Lend Lease employee competence

5.3.1 All Lend Lease employees must be familiar with Lend Leases vision to operate Incident & Injury Free and
complete any EH&S training applicable to their role (e.g. Lend Lease EH&S Passport and GMR training).
5.3.2 Where a Lend Lease employee has a position or responsibility that requires statutory training or accreditation (e.g.
statutory EH&S co-ordinator, operator of plant/equipment, Green Building professional), the employee must
undertake the relevant industry/statutory training and must not fulfil the task/responsibility until certified to do so.
5.3.3 Records must be kept of all EH&S training conducted by Lend Lease staff.
5.4

Contractor/service provider employee competence

5.4.1 Contractors, consultants and service provider employees with environment, health & safety roles and
responsibilities (related to legal and/or GMR requirements) must ensure all key personnel are aware of their EH&S
responsibilities and are suitably trained to address any competency requirements or technical qualifications
relevant to their role.
5.4.2 Proof of competence (certificates, licences, training records, or knowledge testing) must be provided for any
employees of contractors/service providers conducting specialist or high risk activities.
5.4.3 EH&S briefings and toolbox talks must be conducted at appropriate intervals on topics relevant to the activities
occurring at or around the operation.
5.4.4 All supervisors must be assessed as competent for the role in which they are appointed to be able to assign work
in a manner that increases the likelihood it will be performed without incident or injury, recognise and reinforce safe
work practices, and constructively correct unsafe work.
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Construction Global Minimum Requirements

P&D GMR 6 Performance Monitoring


Applicable across Asset and Construction operations
Purpose: To ensure that all activities are appropriately monitored and reported, with any issues arising being promptly
identified and resolved with any lessons learnt being shared.
All applicable local, national and international environment, health & safety legislation and recognised codes, standards
and other external requirements must be complied with at all times. Where there is a difference between Lend Lease
Standards and those required by legislation recognised codes, standards and other external requirements the higher
standard must be applied.
6.1

EH&S Observations

6.1.1 Where any work activity or hazard is observed which could result in a serious injury or environmental damage,
action should be taken (including a conversation with those conducting the activity and/or those responsible for the
area or hazard) to stop the activity or control the situation. Details of the observation, as well as any action items,
should be recorded.
6.1.2 Regular performance monitoring must occur to ensure risks are effectively controlled. The following monitoring
must be conducted, during which any relevant environment, health & safety observations should be recorded:

Daily checks must be made of all high risk works (i.e. those subject to SWMS/PtW) by the responsible manager
with performance compared to SWMS/PtW requirements and the Physical GMR standards.
Weekly reviews must be conducted by a senior member of the operations management team, preferably
accompanied by an EH&S professional and contractor representatives, with performance compared with the
Physical GMRs. Checks must also be undertaken, weekly as a minimum, to verify that Safe Start processes are
being undertaken.

6.1.3 A record of any review, including both positive performance or any serious contraventions and the associated
remedial actions, should be made as an EH&S Observation in the Lend Lease online EH&S reporting tool.
6.2

Incident Reporting

6.2.1 All incident types must be recorded including: Injury Incidents; Property Damage; Environmental Incidents; Near
Misses; and EH&S Observations. In addition, such incidents must be recorded in an online EH&S reporting
platform.
6.2.2 As a minimum, any incidents classified as critical within the Lend Lease internal reporting system must be
investigated with active participation from the local business unit management to assist in developing root causes
of the incident and, where relevant, generating any lessons learnt.
6.3

GMR Compliance Reporting

6.3.1 An online self assessment of compliance against both the Planning & Delivery and Physical GMR standards (using
Means & Methods as the compliance standard if applicable to the operation) must be completed on a monthly
basis. The report must reflect the levels of compliance on the operation and must be approved by the most senior
Lend Lease manager based on the operation.
6.3.2 All Lend Lease operations must receive independent EH&S audits conducted by a visiting environment, health and
safety professional to review compliance with the requirements of all relevant GMRs. Independent audits must be
undertaken every 3 months for Lend Lease construction operations in a Management Role and 6 monthly for a
Monitoring Role. For assets the independent audits must be undertaken every 6 months for Lend Lease asset
operations in a Management Role and 12 monthly for a Monitoring Role.
6.3.3 The results of these audits must be recorded and tracked in the Lend Lease online EH&S reporting platform. The
results and corrective actions must be reviewed and action taken to remedy areas of substandard performance by
both the project leader and the relevant EH&S Leadership Team.

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6.4.

Environmental Metrics

6.4.1 Environmental metrics data is collated on all Lend Lease operations to satisfy both regulatory and internal reporting
requirements. All reportable environmental metrics must be quantified and reported on the organisations
database, including the following:

All energy used, including: Electricity Use, Gas (Natural Gas, Liquid Petroleum Gas, Compressed Natural Gas),
and Fuel (Petrol/ Diesel)
All water from supply mains, non-mains, and water extracted from the sewage system (sewer mining).
All solid waste volumes generated and diverted including material recycled, combusted or disposed, or liquid waste
(process water only).

Where actual figures cannot be quantified, volumes must be accurately estimated and recorded.
6.5

Review Mechanisms

6.5.1 At the completion of relevant milestones (e.g. design, procurement, key packages, end of overall construction, fitout, contractual periods, investment cycles etc) and relevant lessons learnt related to any successes or challenges
arising should be identified and communicated to the Business EH&S team.
6.5.2 Operations where either a critical EH&S incident has occurred, or where there are ongoing monthly GMR self
assessment non-compliances, or where an EH&S independent audit non-compliances have been identified, must
document the mitigation actions taken to address the relevant issues. Actions must be tracked by senior
management to rectify outstanding issues. All mitigation items must be communicated to all relevant stakeholders
and be closed out within a suitable timeframe dependent on the risks identified.

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Construction Physical Global Minimum Requirements


Construction Physical GMR 1 Fall Prevention
Purpose: To ensure that the risk of falls of people or materials is eliminated or mitigated through the application of the
hierarchy of risk control and suitable fall prevention techniques.
All applicable local, national and international environment, health & safety legislation and recognised codes, standards
and other external requirements must be complied with at all times. Where there is a difference between Lend Lease
Standards and those required by legislation recognised codes, standards and other external requirements the higher
standard must be applied.
1.1

Fall Prevention

1.1.1 The hierarchy of risk control must be applied when planning and conducting all work at height to ensure that the
safest practical work methods are employed which eliminate the need to conduct work at height or effectively
prevent the fall of people and materials.
1.1.2 Work at height should be eliminated as far as possible. Where work at height cannot be eliminated, the most
practical form of physical barrier must be installed to provide fall restraint to prevent persons or materials falling.
Where necessary, harnesses must also be used to provide a secondary means of fall restraint.
1.1.3 If work at height is required and it is not practical to install physical barriers, or work needs to occur outside the
physical barrier, full body harnesses must be used to provide either fall restraint or fall arrest protection. The work
must be planned and conducted in accordance with the requirements for High Risk Activities (P&D GMR 4). Any
safety harness in use must be attached to an appropriate anchor/tie-off point(s) by means of a compatible
connector that provides either sufficient fall restraint protection or incorporates a decelerator to provide appropriate
fall arrest. All of these components must be fit for purpose, properly inspected, tagged and maintained in-line with
manufacturers guidelines and be properly used by a competent person. Effective emergency rescue procedures
must be in place before works start.
1.2

Perimeter Protection

1.2.1 All structures under construction or demolition (including the construction/demolition floor) from which persons or
materials can fall must be effectively protected by physical barriers of sufficient height and strength to prevent
people and materials from falling or being blown off the edge of the structure, e.g. screens, scaffolds, guard rails,
or cable and netting systems. The means of protection employed must be the most suitable form of physical
protection that can be used on the structure, taking into account all relevant parameters, such as nature of
construction works, structural stability, and weather conditions.
1.2.2 Where any works are conducted outside of the perimeter protection which could result in a fall of materials the
requirements of Construction Physical GMR 1.9 must be met.
1.3

Access Systems

1.3.1 Access to general work areas or floors should be provided by the full permanent solution where ever possible.
Where this is not possible, temporary staircases of adequate width and complete with handrails should be
provided. The permanent solution should be no more than two floors behind the progress of the construction. Any
temporary structure should be structurally sound and designed for the specific purpose.
1.3.2 Effective measures must be in place for managing the use of all mechanical access systems (for example MEWPs,
scissor lifts) used for work at heights to ensure that the work is planned and conducted in accordance with the
requirements for High Risk Activities (P&D GMR 4). Guarding must be fit for purpose. Restraining harnesses must
be worn and secured by persons working in MEWPs with booms.
1.3.3 Suspended access equipment (e.g. bosuns chairs, cradles, gondolas, swing stages) must only be used where
safer means of access are not practical. All persons working on suspended access equipment must wear and use
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appropriate fall prevention equipment to effectively protect them at all times from any failure of any part of the
equipment. Effective rescue procedures must be prepared and be ready for implementation.
1.3.4 All Mast Climbers, Swing Stage Scaffolds and Building Maintenance Units/BMUs must be installed, maintained and
inspected by engineer/competent person(s), following the manufacturers specifications at all times as a
minimum details of the design, maintenance, inspections and manufacturers specifications must be provided. A
thorough 3rd Party/Independent Examination following the manufacturers specifications (provided by either the
manufacturer/supplier/regulator/authorised assessor) must be carried out by an engineer/competent person(s) and
a certificate of examination issued when any of the following circumstances apply;

Prior to first use,


At maximum 6 monthly intervals,
After substantial repair, or alteration, or each time a mast section is extended, or relocated,
If the stability of the unit has been affected

1.3.5 The engineer/competent person(s) involved in installation, maintenance and inspections must provide proof of
competence and must keep a record of inspection and actions with the device and/or attach tags detailing the last
inspection and confirming that all structural anchorages have been installed and tested to manufacturers/design
engineers instructions and where temporary anchorages include metal tubes as part of the tie arrangements, stopends must be provided so as to prevent ties from pulling off the end of the tubes.
1.3.6 Where temporary works/elements (including ties or fixings to structures, independent lifelines, etc) are deployed,
secondary devices (anti pull out) must be installed where there is any risk of ties pulling out.
1.3.7 All persons using Mast Climbers, Swing Stage Scaffolds and Building Maintenance Units/BMUs must use a
suitable fall arrest harness and lanyards at all times. Emergency retrieval rescue procedures must be allowed for
and all harnesses, lanyards and static lines must be installed and attached to one of, or a combination of the
following elements;

A vertical line independent to the PVAE and specifically engineered for the purpose of withstanding the forces
likely to be experienced in a fall situation, or;
An engineered anchor point or horizontal static line fabricated and certified by the manufacturer or independent
engineer for that purpose, and capable of withstanding the forces likely to be experienced in a fall situation, or;
A transportable temporary independent anchor point engineered for that purpose, such as; a sling (choked or
looped around suitable structures), an anchor strap (looped around suitable structures) or an eyebolt (fixed with a
trigger catch mechanism for fixing through holes). In all cases these elements must be capable of withstanding the
forces likely to be experienced in a fall situation.

1.3.8 A trained operator or other competent person must conduct and record daily checks of the equipment following the
manufacturers recommendations to ensure the platform is in good working order, free from visual defects, and any
obstructions, e.g. open windows
1.3.9 More detailed inspections in line with the manufacturers specifications must be carried out and recorded by a
trained operator or other competent person on a weekly basis, after any repair, or after any event that may have
caused damage to the unit (i.e. high winds etc). The following items must be reviewed, tested and verified (in
addition to the items listed within the Daily Checks above) before the equipment is put into operation:

Bolted connections are secure, e.g. platform connections, mast bolts and tie fixings to building structure
Some form of visual indication must be logged as to which ties and bolts have been checked during inspection
(e.g. coloured paint, or a mark up on a drawing if access to bolts is restricted).
No override of emergency controls and all safety limits and brakes, including secondary brakes, are fully
operational.
Controls including emergency stop buttons function correctly.
Power supply and all electrical cables and connections are in good order.

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1.4

Metal Frame Erection

1.4.1 The erection of all metal frame structures must be planned and conducted in accordance with the requirements for
High Risk Activities (P&D GMR 4).
1.4.2 All metal frame members must be safely lifted in line with the requirements for High Risk Activities (P&D GMR 4).
Once in position these must be connected off a Mobile Elevated Work Platform (MEWPs), a boom/scissor lift or
other specifically designed safe work platform. Workers must deploy an appropriate harness (adhering to any
regulatory or manufacturer's requirements for MEWPs) to provide secondary fall restraint if necessary.
1.4.3 For metal decking works, appropriate fall protection netting and perimeter guardrail systems should be in place to
provide fall protection before any work commences. To avoid work at height, perimeter guardrails should be fitted
to beams at ground level before the beams are lifted into place. Fall protection netting should always be a
minimum of one bay ahead of the area of work with the exception of the last bay when edge protection has already
been fitted. In all cases workers must deploy an appropriate harness to provide secondary fall restraint if
necessary.
1.4.4 Where access to the metal frame cannot be avoided, a safety harness with a compatible twin-tailed or y-shaped
lanyard and energy absorber to provide appropriate fall arrest must be used. Workers must be attached to the
structure through an appropriate anchor or tie-off point(s), beam gliders and/or man locks at bolting up points, and
must never remove both tails of the lanyard from the structure. Prior to any work commencing, all metal frame
activities requiring the use of a safety harness must have a Permit to Work in place approved by persons with the
appropriate limits of authority and effective emergency rescue procedures must be in place.
1.4.5 For all metal frame erection activities the requirements of Construction Physical GMR 1.9 Fall of Material must be
met.
1.5

Concrete Formwork Erection

1.5.1 The erection of all concrete formwork/falsework must be planned and conducted in accordance with the
requirements for High Risk Activities (P&D GMR 4).
1.5.2 Work at height should be eliminated and all wall and column formwork/falsework, reinforcement cage and shutters
should be fabricated at ground level and lifted into position. If prefabrication is not practical then an appropriate
work platform must be used to construct the formwork/falsework. These platforms must have edge protection to
both the work face and outer edge or where proprietary shutter systems with in-built concreting platforms are used,
stop ends must be provided and adequate protection must be provided to the work face.
1.5.3 Concrete floor slab formwork/falsework should be erected from below using safe scaffolding or temporary platform
systems which enable the placement of decks from the deck below.
1.5.4 Concrete core/bridge pier/formwork/falsework should be designed so as to ensure it is fully clad to prevent falls of
materials. All working platforms must be fully sealed horizontally to prevent falls of items, with the exception of an
opening for re-bar placement at the top level.
1.5.5 Work must not be carried out on decking with exposed edges or unprotected floor openings. Edge protection
systems must be installed as part of the frame erection process and should provide protection for following works,
e.g. cladding, bridge beam spans.
1.5.6 Where access to formwork/falsework cannot be avoided appropriate fall prevention measures must be in place.
Where a harness is required as the last available means, a safety harness with a compatible twin-tailed or yshaped lanyard and energy absorber to provide appropriate fall arrest must be used. Workers must be attached to
the structure through an appropriate anchor or tie-off point(s) and must never remove both tails of the lanyard
from the structure. Prior to any work commencing, all concrete framing activities requiring the use of a safety
harness must have a Permit to Work in place approved by persons with the appropriate limits of authority and
effective emergency rescue procedures must be in place.
1.5.7 For all concrete formwork frame erection activities the requirements of Construction Physical GMR 1.9 Fall of
Materials must be met.
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1.6

Penetrations, Risers and Shafts

1.6.1 Effective measures must be put in place to prevent falls of persons or materials down penetrations, risers and
shafts. During design risk reviews, the number and size of penetrations, risers and shafts must be reviewed and
reduced as far as practical, and risk reducing methods such as prefabrication must be considered.
1.6.2 All lift/elevator shafts must be constructed in such a way so as to protect both those carrying out the construction
and those below carrying out the lift installation. Safe working platforms must be provided for all those working in
lift shafts.
1.6.3 Openings to lift shafts must be fully protected with a secure, full height system which prevents unauthorised entry
and prevents the risk of falls of people or materials. Lift shaft opening protection must not be removed unless a
safe working platform is provided or the lift doors are in place.
1.6.4 Penetrations and risers must either have structural mesh cast in during construction or be fitted with other
protection such as metal guard rails or covers, which prevent falls through them.
1.6.5 All floor openings must be protected with securely fixed (screwed or bolted not nailed) and clearly marked (e.g.
Hole below do not remove) covers to prevent the fall of materials or persons through them. Covers must be
constructed so that they do not present a tripping hazard.
1.6.6 Protective measures must only be removed when work is actually taking place in or around the opening and
effective safety measures must be employed to prevent falls of those working on them. Protective measures must
be replaced as soon as practical and be regularly inspected.
1.7

Scaffolds, Temporary Works and Working Platforms

1.7.1 All proprietary systems shall be designed in accordance with the manufacturers recommendations. The mixing of
components from different proprietary systems shall not be permitted between the top of the falsework foundation
and the underside of primary members. Any calculations and drawings should clearly communicate requirements
to those checking and constructing temporary works. Designs shall ensure that vertical members are not
overloaded.
1.7.2 Effective measures must be put in place to ensure the safe erection and use of all scaffolds, temporary works and
working platforms (including mobile and tower scaffolds) which ensure that the work is planned and conducted in
accordance with the requirements for High Risk Activities (P&D GMR 4), to ensure that work is:

Planned by a competent person to ensure the design and equipment is appropriate for the specific use
Erected, altered or dismantled by competent workers following safe methods of work
Inspected and signed-off by a competent person when first constructed, after any alteration and on a regular basis,
then clearly tagged as safe or unsafe to use

1.7.3 All scaffolds must be fit for intended use, with all structural members free from visible defects;
1.7.4 All scaffolds must be stable and secure to prevent movement and collapse. Scaffolds must be plumb, have
adequate cross-bracing, sound footings, and be tied into structure where height /base ratio is greater than 3:1.
1.7.5 Stairs should be provided to enable safe access on scaffolds. Stairs and/or ladders must be progressively installed
as the scaffold is erected to provide safe access and egress to the installers/scaffolders. Where these are not
practical, safe inclined ladder or appropriate ramp access must be provided. Rest stations should be provided if
required.
1.7.6 All access/landing points at different levels of the scaffold must be designed to minimise the potential for falls
(ladders should extend 1m above level, holes in boards should be as small as practical and/or be protected with
hinged covers or guardrails and/or spring loaded gates).

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1.7.7 Where ladders are used for access, safe means of transporting tools and materials up the scaffold must be
provided. Climbing up the outside of scaffolds must be prohibited.
1.7.8 Working platforms must be closely boarded or planked, which must be free from defects. Any damaged boards or
planks, debris, materials and waste must be removed from scaffolds as soon as is practical.
1.7.9 Guard rails, mid-rails, and toe boards must be installed on all open sides of platforms from which people or
materials may fall. Where there is a risk of materials falling over toe boards, means of preventing materials falling
must be provided, e.g. netting or fencing. Where there is a risk of dusts, liquids, or small objects arising from works
on scaffolds creating risks to workers or the public, additional precautions, such as plastic nets/sheeting, must be
installed.
1.7.10 Mobile Tower scaffolds must be fitted with top guardrails, mid rails and toe boards as well as a safe means of
internal access to the work platform. Mobile tower scaffolds must also have a covered hatch in the platform to allow
safe access and lockable wheels which must be locked to prevent movement at all times when persons are on the
scaffold. No person is permitted to remain on a scaffold tower platform while it is being moved.
1.7.11 All loading platforms must be assessed before installation and regularly inspected by a competent person. They
must be fitted with guard rails on all sides, including on the front/exposed edge, that prevent falls of people or
materials. Loading platforms should be arranged so loads can be deposited without removing the guarding or
creating a risk of falls, for example by employing gate systems that provide full fall protection.
1.8

Ladders

1.8.1 The use of all types of ladder must be minimised as far as reasonably practicable by effective work planning and
employing safer means of working at height, e.g. by using equipment such as scissor lifts, scaffold towers and
podium steps.
1.8.2 Step ladders must only be used for conducting short duration work (i.e. work lasting less than 15 minutes) or work
in confined locations and only if three points of contact can be maintained.
1.8.3 Inclined lightweight ladders used on steep roofs to prevent workers from sliding (i.e. cat ladders) should not be
used for roof access.
1.8.4 Effective measures must be in place to manage the use of all ladders to ensure that the work is planned and
conducted to address any risks identified (P&D GMR 4) and to ensure that ladders are fit for purpose and used
correctly, including:

Ladders must be structurally sound and safely installed

Ladders must be used and maintained in accordance with manufacturers guidelines

Ladders must be used only as a means of access (unless three points of contact can be maintained during works)

Ladders must be secured top and bottom or footed to prevent movement and extend at least 36 inches (1 metre)
above landing or work platform

Step ladders must be fully open when in use with the operative standing in a safe position, i.e. two or more rungs
below the top

Non-conducting ladders must be used near to or on any electrical hazards

All ladders must be regularly inspected and any defective ladders must be immediately removed from the site.
Simple inspections should be done before each use
1.9

Falls of Materials

1.9.1 Where any works could result in a fall of equipment, materials or tools which could cause injury, measures must be
taken to prevent the fall, reduce the distance of the fall and/or ensure nobody could be struck if they do fall,
including:

Tethers must be used to tie-off any tools or equipment being used outside of any edge protection. Horizontal catch
nets should also be installed below the immediate work area
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Physical barriers should be installed to prevent materials or equipment falling (for example posts fitted onto trucks
during unloading of steel beams, wheel stops installed at slab edges where MEWPs are operating)
Exclusion zones must be established below or around all areas where there is a risk of persons being struck by
falling materials (for example below works on the cladding of a building, around mobile crane works and
loading/unloading activities, atriums, MEWPs)

1.9.2 Exclusion zones must be of adequate size (taking into account the risks including potential arc of fall, deflections,
and bounce distances), be delineated by physical barriers and have clear signage prohibiting unauthorised entry
where there is a likely risk of harm. Hazard warning tape should only be used as a last resort to provide this
barrier. The integrity of any exclusion zones must be regularly checked.
1.9.3 For areas where there is a risk of materials falling into them, but access is still regularly required, protected
walkways must be put in place. This includes appropriate protection for any areas off site.
1.9.4 Rubbish chutes and skips/dumpsters used for rubbish disposal (from upper floors) must be located and/or fenced
off so as to prevent danger to the public and workers.
1.9.5 All materials that could be blown or swept off of roofs, exposed floors or scaffolds must be removed or effectively
secured when they are not being used, when work has ceased and/or when high winds are predicted.
1.9.6 The wind speed should be monitored while work activity is underway, along with the forecast wind condition and
any weather alerts issued to provide advance warning of high winds.

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Construction Physical GMR 2 Logistics


Purpose: To ensure that hazards related to the movement of people and vehicles/plant and poor housekeeping are
effectively identified and managed.
All applicable local, national and international environment, health & safety legislation and recognised codes, standards
and other external requirements must be complied with at all times. Where there is a difference between Lend Lease
Standards and those required by legislation recognised codes, standards and other external requirements the higher
standard must be applied.
2.1

Site Access Control

2.1.1 Access to the site must be effectively controlled (including during shutdown periods) to prevent unauthorised
persons entering and all persons (workers and visitors) must be recorded entering and leaving the location for
accounting purposes in emergency situations.
2.1.2 Where a site is extensive in length (e.g. road or rail construction or upgrade projects) or where works are discrete
short-term activities as part of a multi-site operation where fixed site access control points as required above are
not reasonably practical, a method of registering persons working on the operation must be developed and
maintained.
2.2

Fencing

2.2.1 All operations where high risk activities take place (or any site where construction projects are being undertaken)
must prevent any danger to the public or unauthorised access by providing suitable physical barriers where
members of the public could gain access to the works. For sites active for more than one day this barrier should
be a perimeter fence. Entrances/exits must be managed to prevent unauthorised access, be clearly signed and
display site rules. All hoardings, fencing and signage must be of solid construction and regularly maintained to
prevent risk to the public and workers.
2.2.2 Where a site is extensive in length (e.g. road or rail construction or upgrade projects) and fencing the entire site
perimeter is not reasonably practical, the extent and location of any signage, fencing and physical barriers must be
the result of an assessment of the level of risk present, ensuring the public is kept from readily accessing or
interfacing with high risk activities.
2.2.3 For locations active for less than one day, or when short-term activity (less than one day) needs to take place
outside the fenced site boundary, a suitable physical barrier must still be erected to prevent danger to the public
and unauthorised access, which should be installed with bracing and fixings following the manufacturers
instructions.
2.3

Public Protection

2.3.1 All practical means must be employed to protect the public from any hazards arising from our undertakings,
including falling materials and the movement of vehicles into/out of sites.
2.3.2 Protection must be provided to all public areas which could be negatively impacted by site activities.
2.3.3 Effective measures must be taken to protect the public during lifting and vehicle movements.
2.3.4 Public walkways and roadways must be kept clean and free of construction-related hazards or materials at all
times.
2.3.5 Safe pathways must be established whenever public access ways are blocked off due to construction activities.
2.3.6 Effective lighting, dust, noise and vibration control measures must be employed.
2.3.7 Checks must be made to ensure loads are adequately secured and covered before leaving the site.

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2.3.8 Site lighting must be arranged so it does not negatively impact the public and in particular does not adversely
impact drivers.
2.3.9 Any changes to vehicle traffic flows on public roads must be managed so they do not pose a risk to the public.
2.3.10 Controls must be in place to eliminate the risk of falls of materials onto active roads or train lines.
2.4

Pedestrian and Vehicle Safety

2.4.1 All locations must assess the risks presented by the movement of pedestrians, materials and vehicles around or
next to the site and implement appropriate safety measures to eliminate or minimise these risks.
2.4.2 Separate site entrance/exit points for pedestrians and vehicles must be provided to keep them apart where there is
a likely risk of harm.
2.4.3 Barriers, cones, guard rails, etc. must be in place to form pedestrian routes around the site where vehicles operate
in close proximity. For any circumstances where works interface with high volume traffic, crash barriers must be in
place to protect pedestrians.
2.4.4 Pedestrian crossing points across vehicle routes must be in place to access main work areas.
2.4.5 Signs, adequate lighting where required, fences and barricades must be in place to inform drivers and pedestrians
of hazards and precautions.
2.4.6 Parking areas must be provided that allows separation of different vehicle types. Where parking for private vehicles
is provided it must be separated from trucks and heavy plant and equipment.
2.4.7 Detailed delivery procedures and storage arrangements must be in place, including clearly defined loading and
unloading areas (which must be separated from vehicle access and pedestrian routes), crane pick areas,
distribution routes and methods, and designated storage areas. Any deviation from these procedures, including
changing the designated loading and unloading areas, must be planned and conducted in accordance with the
requirements for High Risk Activities with any changes to loading\unloading areas or protocols adequately
communicated and signposted.
2.4.8 Controls must be in place to ensure vehicles are appropriately braked and/or chocked and/or stabilised if
appropriate (dependent upon the risk), before any unloading or loading occurs.
2.4.9 Controls to manage reversing must be in place. Reversing should be eliminated as far as possible by the use of
one-way systems. Where reversing needs to occur suitable controls include the use of pedestrian exclusion
zones, traffic signallers to direct drivers and visibility aids fitted on vehicles, e.g. reversing sensors, mirror systems
an Closed Circuit Television (CCTV);
2.4.10 Trained traffic signallers must be used to control vehicle movements in confined or congested areas; and
2.4.11 High visibility reflective clothing must be provided for all persons working adjacent to vehicles and traffic routes.
2.4.12 Where work is undertaken next to active roads, train lines or similar, measures must be in place to protect workers
from impacts with moving vehicles, trains or associated debris. Where a site is of extensive length (e.g. road
construction or upgrade projects) physical barriers should be in place to segregate workers from road traffic. Where
this is not reasonably practical, traffic calming measures, hazard signage, and demarcation lines and barriers must
be in place to assist in managing the risks to both workers and the public.
2.5

Vehicle Operator Competence

2.5.1 All vehicle operators must be competent (certified/licensed) to operate the vehicles they are assigned to and be
briefed on their use and particular hazards associated with the site. Checks must be made to ensure the
competence of drivers with respect to the specific vehicle, the site conditions and the work to be completed.
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2.5.2 All operators must follow any local road rules, manufacturer instructions and site rules. In addition, during any use
of vehicles on-site seatbelts must be worn and operator mobile phones (or other personal electronic equipment
such as music players) must be turned off.
2.6

Maintenance of Tools and Equipment

2.6.1 An effective inspection, testing and preventative maintenance regime must be implemented covering all tools,
equipment and vehicles used. It must include a process to record and remedy any identified deficiencies, as well
as to tag tools and equipment and should align with any manufacturers guidelines. All inspection, testing and
maintenance must be planned and conducted in accordance with the requirements for High Risk Activities (P&D
GMR 4). The following areas must be covered:

Fire protection systems, including fire detection and alarm systems and fire fighting and suppression equipment
Electrical system and lighting
Scaffolds (Including mobile and tower scaffolds), temporary works and working platforms
Ladders
Work tools and equipment (For example, power tools, grinders etc)
Mechanical access systems (For example MEWPs, scissor lifts)

2.6.2 All light vehicles designed for public road use, such as cars, vans, minibuses and utility vehicles (Utes), used for
work activities must comply with local legislation and must only be used for the purpose for which they were
designed. They should also be serviced regularly in-line with manufacturer guidelines.
2.7

Housekeeping

2.7.1 Housekeeping must be effectively managed to maintain a clean and tidy work site. Operations with challenges
related to housekeeping should ensure there are dedicated service crews or other system for dealing with poor
performing contractors (e.g. hiring a third party service crew and contra-charging).
2.7.2 All main access ways, emergency routes and passage ways must be clearly lit, marked and kept free from
obstructions and debris to reduce the risk of trips and slips.
2.7.3 Temporary electrical supply cables must be located so as not to present tripping hazards (off the floor or away from
access routes).
2.7.4 All materials must be safely stacked (i.e. stack is on solid ground, is stable and not over-stacked), away from
fences and hoardings, and located to minimize re-handling and transport distances. Materials must be stacked in
a manner that does not require work at height to manage the stack (for example to attach lifting equipment).
2.7.5 Combustibles, flammables and other dangerous materials must be stored safely and clearly identified, e.g. highly
flammables must be kept in fire resistant containers. Only the minimum amount of such materials (enough for one
shift) should be taken on to site.
2.7.6 Risks of cuts and punctures from sharp objects must be assessed and controlled, e.g. needle handing, safety
knives, gloves, removal of protruding nails, protection or curving of reinforcement bars, use of safety glass, etc.
2.7.7 Signs must be posted where necessary to provide clear instructions No Smoking, No Entry, Personal Protective
Equipment (PPE) etc.
2.7.8 A sufficient number of suitable waste receptacles must be provided, including receptacles for hazardous and
recyclable materials. Processes for the regular collection of waste must be implemented.

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Construction Physical GMR 3 Ground and Civil Works


Purpose: To ensure that competent persons are appointed to plan work and implement controls for any excavation of
material and that any plant and equipment used is fit for purpose, and properly used.
All applicable local, national and international environment, health & safety legislation and recognised codes, standards
and other external requirements must be complied with at all times. Where there is a difference between Lend Lease
Standards and those required by legislation recognised codes, standards and other external requirements the higher
standard must be applied.
3.1

Planning and Inspection

3.1.1 All ground and civil works must be assessed and the safest practicable methods employed to carry them out with
all work being planned and conducted in accordance with the requirements for High Risk Activities (P&D GMR 4).
Before any work commences an appropriate Permit to Work must be in place approved by persons with the
appropriate limits of authority.
3.1.2 Existing drawings and/or a CAT scanner and any other suitable tool must be used to locate and mark underground
services (electricity, gas, etc.) before works commence. Where any uncertainty exists regarding the location of
underground services hand digging must be used to identify the services.
3.1.3 All works must be regularly inspected by a competent person, with the frequency determined by risk assessment.
Additional inspections must be made after every rainstorm or other event which could impact on the stability or any
other hazard associated with the ground works.
3.2

Excavations, Piling and Tunnelling

3.2.1 Excavations must be benched, shored or battered back/sloped to a safe angle as determined by the relevant
engineer in the excavation design process.
3.2.2 Adjacent structures, roads and sidewalks must be supported or protected where necessary to prevent collapse.
3.2.3 Materials and equipment must be placed at a safe distance from the edge of excavations.
3.2.4 Adequate signage, barriers and lighting must be provided to prevent falls into excavations, especially of plant
working on those excavations and of vehicles or plant from adjacent thoroughfares. Temporary stairs should be
installed to provide safe access into excavations where appropriate and should be at 9 metre intervals or less.
3.2.5 Water ingress into excavations must be controlled to ensure stability and where water is present in deep
excavations and tunnels an appropriate dewatering programme must be in place.
3.2.6 Appropriate ventilation, fresh air systems and extraction must be provided for all tunnelling or other enclosed
ground and civil works. Equipment used for these works should be chosen to minimise the exhaust produced.
The requirements of Construction Physical GMR 6.4 Confined Spaces must also be met.
3.3

Works around Water

3.3.1 Where water is present measures must be taken to prevent drowning. When working adjacent to water, personnel
should wear life jackets. Rescue equipment, such as a safety boat and life buoys with lifelines attached, must be
kept ready for immediate use.
3.4

Spoil Management

3.4.1 Any material removed during excavation or tunnelling, including any waste material, topsoil for stockpiling or mined
ore, must be safely placed and stored.
3.5

Safe Use of Plant


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3.5.1 Effective measures must be in place for managing the use of all mobile plant used for ground and civil works,
including bobcats, excavators, backhoes, graders, scrapers, bulldozers, dump trucks, rollers and compactors, to
ensure that the work is planned and conducted in accordance with the requirements for High Risk Activities (P&D
GMR 4). All plant must be only be used for the purpose for which it was designed and in-line with manufacturer
instructions.
3.5.2 All plant operators must be competent (certified/licensed) to operate the plant they are assigned to and checks
must be made to ensure the competence of drivers with respect to the specific vehicle, the site conditions and the
work to be completed.
3.5.3 All mobile plant must be fitted with protection where there is a risk of rollover, tip over or falling objects (e.g.
loading/unloading, work on stockpiles or steep inclines, work below other material or activities) or where
manufacturers specifications require it. Seat belts must also be fitted to protect the driver/operator in the event the
vehicle/plant rolls over. In the event of a roll over, tip over or falling objects damage, the protection must be
recertified or replaced before further use.
3.5.4 A safe means of access should be in place as per the manufacturers design for plant cab (like built-in ladders,
steps, stairs etc.) to eliminate the risk of falls from height.
3.5.5 All mobile plant must be equipped with appropriate visual and audible warning equipment, such as flashing lights
and horns.
3.5.6 All operator mobile phones (or other personal electronic equipment such as music players) must be turned off
when plant is in use.
3.5.7 Minimum clearance distances for overhead cables must be clearly identified with controls in place to prevent plant
coming into contact with these cables.
3.5.8 Drivers of mobile plant should be provided with competent signallers as necessary
3.5.9 All plant must be appropriately braked and/or chocked and/or stabilised when parked.
3.5.10 Any access ramps used by plant must be of appropriate construction and strength for the plant using it, and must
be of sufficient width and appropriate slope to allow the plant to use the ramp safely.
3.5.11

Pedestrian exclusion zones must be established and maintained around operating plant where there is a risk of
workers being struck. The specific exclusion zones for stationary but operating plant (for example an excavator
with its bucket in use) must be clearly identified for each type of plant and an appropriate exclusion zone,
preferably a physical barrier, put in place.

3.5.12

All items of plant must be fitted with appropriate guarding or physical barriers to prevent unintended access and
contact with any moving parts.

3.6

Maintenance of Plant

3.6.1 An effective inspection, testing and preventative maintenance regime must be implemented covering all plant and
equipment used for ground works. It must include a process to record and remedy any identified deficiencies, as
well as to tag tools and equipment and should align with any manufacturers guidelines. All inspection, testing and
maintenance must be planned and conducted in accordance with the requirements for High Risk Activities (P&D
GMR 4).

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Construction Physical GMR 4 Lifting and Slinging


Purpose: To ensure that competent persons are appointed to manage risks associated with any lifting or slinging and that
all equipment is verified as safe for use.
All applicable local, national and international environment, health & safety legislation and recognised codes, standards
and other external requirements must be complied with at all times. Where there is a difference between Lend Lease
Standards and those required by legislation recognised codes, standards and other external requirements the higher
standard must be applied.
4.1

Cranes and Lifting Equipment

4.1.1 Cranes and other lifting equipment (including excavators and telehandlers used for lifting) must be structurally
sound, fit for purpose, fitted with appropriate safety devices (such as safe load indicators, overload alarms,
earthing, anemometers, and warning lights) and marked with a means of identification and safe working load.
4.1.2 All lifting gear and tackle, including rubbish removal skips, must be structurally sound, fit for purpose and designed
for lifting (with lifting points and safe working load identified).
4.1.3 Effective measures must be taken to prevent cranes coming into contact with power lines, other cranes or
structures. Automated anti-collision systems should be used, especially when multiple tower cranes are in use.
4.1.4 All crane erection, climbing and dismantling must be planned and conducted in accordance with the requirements
for High Risk Activities (P&D GMR 4). An exclusion zone must be established, which must meet the requirements
of Construction Physical GMR 1.9. Erection, climbing and dismantling of tower cranes should only be performed
outside of working hours. Before any work commences an appropriate Permit to Work must be in place approved
by persons with the appropriate limits of authority.
4.1.5 The need to exclude people working under a crane lift path must be considered in the lifting plan. Where
reasonably practical, an exclusion zone must be established, which must meet the requirements of Construction
Physical GMR 1.9.
4.2

Competent Persons

4.2.1 A competent person must be appointed to develop an overall lifting plan and oversee all lifting activities.
4.2.2 Adequate numbers of competent people must be allocated to safely plan and conduct all lifting activities.
4.2.3 All crane or other lifting equipment operators and slingers must be competent to perform their role.
4.3

Safe Use of Cranes and Lifting Equipment

4.3.1 Work involving cranes and lifting equipment must be planned and conducted in accordance with the requirements
for High Risk Activities (P&D GMR 4).
4.3.2 Clear communications must be provided and maintained between operators and signallers.
4.3.3 Cranes and other lifting equipment must only be used within their safe operating limits, e.g. loadings and weather
conditions, and must be appropriately stabilised before any lifting commences.
4.3.4 Work involving cranes which require the use of outriggers must ensure that ground conditions are suitable and that
the crane is appropriately stabilised before any lifting commences.
4.3.5 All loads must be safely slung by a competent person, using hooks with safety catches and attaching tie lines.
4.3.6 All lifting gear, including rubbish removal skips, must not be filled above their top edge and must be covered to
prevent loose material falling out while they are being lifted.
4.3.7 Daily lifting coordination meetings must be held where more than one crane is in use
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4.4

Maintenance of Cranes and Lifting Equipment

4.4.1 An effective inspection, testing and preventative maintenance regime must be implemented covering all cranes
and lifting equipment (including cranes, hoists, chains, hooks, slings, etc) used. It must include a process to record
and remedy any identified deficiencies, as well as to tag tools and equipment and should align with any
manufacturers guidelines. All inspection, testing and maintenance must be planned and conducted in accordance
with the requirements for High Risk Activities (P&D GMR 4).
4.4.2 All cranes and lifting equipment must be examined and certified before first use, inspected at least monthly, and recertified at least annually as safe to use by a competent person with records available on site.
4.4.3 All lifting gear and tackle must be regularly inspected by a competent person to ensure they are safe to use.

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Construction Physical GMR 5 Electrical Safety


Purpose: To ensure that all electrical installations and equipment are fit for purpose, correctly installed, protected to
prevent electrical shock or fires, appropriately maintained and only worked on by competent persons.
All applicable local, national and international environment, health & safety legislation and recognised codes, standards
and other external requirements must be complied with at all times. Where there is a difference between Lend Lease
Standards and those required by legislation recognised codes, standards and other external requirements the higher
standard must be applied.
5.1

Temporary Supply

5.1.1 Electrical supply panels must be sufficient in number, located in close proximity to work areas to minimise trailing
cables, secured to prevent unauthorised access.
5.1.2 All electrical circuits, including mobile generator sources, must be protected by an Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker
(ELCB), Residual Current Device (RCD) or a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI), fitted at the source.
5.1.3 All electrical supply boards, cables, cords plugs and sockets must be safe by design for construction use,
appropriate for the location where it is to be used and located or protected to avoid physical damage by vehicles,
water, etc., e.g. by elevation or coverings.
5.1.4 A comprehensive inspection, testing and preventive maintenance regime must be implemented covering all
temporary electrical supplies, including supply panels, circuits, cables, cords, plugs and sockets. It must include a
process to record and remedy any identified deficiencies, and should align with any manufacturers guidelines. All
inspection, testing and maintenance work must be planned and conducted to address any risks identified (P&D
GMR 4).
5.2

Work on Electrical Systems

5.2.1 Works on live electrical systems must not be undertaken, except where deemed absolutely necessary by a
competent person for fault-finding, testing/commissioning work or where the electrical supply cannot be
interrupted, such as those for hospital life support systems or critical utilities.
Any live work on critical utilities such as distribution and/or transmission networks must only be undertaken as
directed by the utility provider with any directive to undertake such activities supported by documented safe
systems of work in line with the requirements of P&D GMR 4 and any legislated practices.
5.2.2 Where work on electrical systems is carried out, effective precautions must be taken to eliminate electric shock and
work must be planned and conducted to address any risks identified (P&D GMR 4). Prior to any work
commencing, all work on electrical systems must have a Permit to Work in place approved by competent persons
with the appropriate limits of authority. A Lock-Out Tag-Out (LOTO) procedure must be followed, including
meeting all requirements of an electrical isolation / access permit issued by a utility provider where work on
distribution or transmission networks is required, before any work is conducted to ensure:

All energy sources suppling the electrical systems/equipment/tools are identified


All these energy sources are de-energised or isolated
The energy source is correctly locked out and tagged
The system/equipment/tool is properly tested to ensure the isolation is effective

5.2.3 The risk of electrical fires must be assessed and appropriate precautions put in place, e.g. adequate numbers of
appropriate extinguishers provided.
5.3

People and Tools

5.3.1 Any work on electrical circuits, equipment and tools must only be carried out by a competent person.

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5.3.2 All electrical tools and equipment operating off the site supply must be regularly inspected, tested and tagged i.e.
marked as safe to use.

5.4

Lighting

5.4.1 Adequate lighting which matches the demands of the job and the location must be provided to supplement natural
light as required to ensure works can be conducted safely.
5.4.2 Lighting installations must avoid the risks of electric shock, burns and glare.
5.4.3 All lighting systems must have an emergency back-up system which can provide emergency lighting to any
locations where access/egress lighting is required. Emergency lighting must be provided to any areas where work
is required after a power/lighting failure.

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Construction Physical GMR 6 Health, Protective Equipment and Welfare


Purpose: To ensure that any occupational health risks are assessed and effective control measures implemented, along
with appropriate welfare facilities, to prevent injury and ill health, and to create a better working environment.
All applicable local, national and international environment, health & safety legislation and recognised codes, standards
and other external requirements must be complied with at all times. Where there is a difference between Lend Lease
Standards and those required by legislation recognised codes, standards and other external requirements the higher
standard must be applied.
6.1

Substances Hazardous to Health

6.1.1 Hazardous substances (see Physical GMR 8.6.1 for list of substances) must not be incorporated into any designs
and must not be used in any activities undertaken. In addition, any procured equipment, fittings, fixtures and
furnishings must not incorporate these substances.
6.1.2 If any pre-existing hazardous substances are found to be present in any structures, a risk assessment must be
undertaken to identify and assess the best strategies to manage the risks posed, such as removal, encapsulation
or ongoing monitoring and control. Any areas where hazardous substances are present must be clearly signed
with the required precautions clearly displayed.
6.1.3 Any work in the vicinity of hazardous substances (excluding paint, domestic cleaning products or other such
material not deemed as dangerous based on classification) must be planned and conducted in accordance with the
requirements for High Risk Activities (P&D GMR 4) where. All workers must be competent and be provided with
the appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE). Prior to any work commencing, a Permit to Work must be in
place approved by persons with the appropriate limits of authority.
6.1.4 The risks associated with the use of other substances must be assessed by reference to Materials Safety Data
Sheets (MSDS). The safest practical methods must be selected and the recommended protective equipment
provided as necessary, e.g. respirators and chemical-resistant clothing.
6.1.5 If hazardous waste is to be handled, e.g. healthcare facilities, safe and secure collection, storage and disposal
facilities must be available. In addition, effective processes must be implemented for the regular collection and
removal of hazardous waste.
6.2

Processes Hazardous to Health

6.2.1 Areas and activities involving harmful levels of hazardous substances, dust, noise and/or vibration levels must be
identified and appropriate measures must be put in place to reduce the risk by elimination, substitution, attenuation
or isolation and personal protection.
6.2.2 Areas where activities are producing noise levels above 85 db(A) must have noise warning signs posted, stating
that hearing protection must be worn and appropriate hearing protection must be provided to, and worn by, all
those entering those areas.
6.3

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

6.3.1 Any safe areas where PPE is not required must be identified and clearly signed. Outside of these safe areas all
persons (including workers and visitors) must wear a hard hat, safety boots eye protection, gloves and high
visibility clothing .
6.3.2 In addition any other items of task specific PPE must be provided and worn if the need is identified by risk
assessment, e.g. hearing protection in areas where noise levels exceed 85 db(A).
6.3.3 PPE requirements must be identified and clearly signed at all site entrances, at any exits from safe areas, and at
the entrance to any area where other items of task specific PPE are required.
6.3.4 All PPE must fit the individual, be worn properly, maintained in good condition and the individual must be
appropriately instructed or trained in its correct use.
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6.3.5 Adequate supplies of PPE must be available to protect both workers and visitors, along with appropriate storage
for that PPE.
6.3.6 Key personnel should be easily distinguished by visual markings, e.g. specific colours of helmets or clothing for
supervisors, slingers, first aiders, etc. and must meet any regulatory requirements.
6.3.7 Any workers required to work outside must be provided with adequate equipment to provide protection from the
elements, especially the sun and extremes of temperature. Examples include sunscreen, hats and long sleeved
shirts with a collar for sun protection, and warm clothing for winter work in cold climates.
6.4

Confined Spaces

6.4.1 Any new equipment and appliances requiring access for maintenance should not be installed in a confined space.
The requirement to access confined spaces should be eliminated so far as is reasonably practical.
6.4.2 Where any confined space is present it must be clearly signed and protected to prevent unauthorised access.
6.4.3 Persons must only enter a confined space when no safer alternatives are available. All work in confined spaces
must be planned and conducted in accordance with the requirements for High Risk Activities (P&D GMR 4) and
only be conducted by personnel specially trained in the correct procedures, including atmospheric monitoring, use
of safety equipment and rescue procedures. A Permit to Work procedure must be employed to effectively control
any work in confined spaces. The Permit to Work must only be issued by a competent person, be valid for a
maximum of a shift and require the following precautions to be checked and found to be in place before works are
allowed to commence:

6.5

Appropriate measures to control entry and exit and account for each person entering/leaving the space
Atmospheric monitoring and rescue equipment is appropriate for the situation and in good working order
A competent person remains on watch at all times when any person remains in the confined space to raise the
alarm and provide assistance (only if safe to do so) if needed, and
On completion of the works, a process is in place to ensure the confined space is closed, secured and the permit is
signed-off and closed-out by the issuer
Manual Handling

6.5.1 Manual lifting tasks must be assessed and any appropriate equipment or lifting aids must be provided before work
is undertaken. The risk assessment must evaluate the requirements for both the vertical and/or lateral transport of
any heavy material. In circumstances where mechanical or hydraulic lifting equipment is being used the
assessment must determine if any manual handling is required by one or more persons at any stage during the
movement of the object(s) (e.g. including any manual lifting required to manoeuvre an object into position and/or
for applying any fixings).
6.5.2 Any workers required to be involved in manual handling operations must be instructed and follow safe manual
lifting methods, including stretch and flex, bent knees/ straight back, etc.
6.6

Lone Working

6.6.1 Lone working should be avoided. If it cannot be avoided, effective measures must be implemented to eliminate or
control the hazards associated with lone working. Where a person is required to carry out work alone, systems
should require that a designated contact is notified of their planned work location and duration. Systems may also
include periodic observations, use of warning devices (automatic and manual) activated by the absence of activity
and/or indicating an emergency situation to alert of the need for assistance, such as back to base panic alarms.

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6.7

Welfare

6.7.1 Welfare requirements must be assessed and appropriate facilities must be provided prior to works starting. The
facilities provided must reflect the hazards present, numbers of users and their different needs (For example
facilities for praying).
6.7.2 Sufficient toilet facilities must be provided in easy access of working areas. All toilets should be plumbed into the
mains where practical (rather than chemical).
6.7.3 Washing facilities must be provided which are appropriate for the numbers of workers and the work being
undertaken. These facilities should include water for washing, the provision of soap, towels and barrier creams,
and showers.
6.7.4 Appropriate break facilities must be provided. Facilities should be provided where PPE does not need to be worn.
Appropriate changing facilities should also be provided. These break or changing areas should be heated or
cooled as necessary, have adequate numbers of lockers, tables and chairs and be separated from work or storage
areas.
6.7.5 Sufficient and easily accessible supplies of clean drinking water must be provided.
6.7.6 Enhanced levels of welfare facilities should be provided for high risk works or adverse environmental conditions
(for example showers and PPE cleaning facilities to remove contamination from asbestos or lead removal or after
work in extreme temperatures).
6.7.7 All welfare facilities must be cleaned, serviced/maintained and restocked regularly.
6.7.8 Worker off-site living accommodation provided by Lend Lease should at least meet these standards and ensure
any accommodation occupied by workers whether owned by Lend Lease or utilised by its workers is of an
appropriate standard.
6.8

First Aid

6.8.1 Appropriate and sufficient first aid equipment and supplies must be available and maintained to meet the needs of
persons working at or using the asset. Sufficient personnel must be trained to provide first aid.
6.8.2 Eyewash or deluge stations must be provided where potentially harmful chemicals are being dispensed or applied.
6.8.3 Defibrillators should be provided.
6.8.4 A means for providing advice to workers on health and wellbeing should be available.

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Construction Physical GMR 7 Fire and Emergency


Purpose To ensure that effective arrangements are in place to minimise the risk of, and manage the consequences of,
all potential fire and emergency situations in order to protect life, property and business continuity.
All applicable local, national and international environment, health & safety legislation and recognised codes, standards
and other external requirements must be complied with at all times. Where there is a difference between Lend Lease
Standards and those required by legislation recognised codes, standards and other external requirements the higher
standard must be applied.
7.1

Fire Prevention Measures

7.1.1 Fire loadings and sources of ignition must be risk assessed and appropriate fire precautions must be taken.
Particular attention must be paid to the elimination and control of high risk equipment, materials and processes,
including combustible materials (such as paper, card, timber, textiles, plastic, foam padding, polystyrene), highly
flammable liquids and gases (such as solvents, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), oxygen, acetylene, adhesives,
petrol) and equipment (such as welding torches, petrol generators, halogen lighting). All operations must minimise
the amounts used and stored on site, remove waste and empty containers as soon as practicable, and ensure
flammable liquids and compressed gases are used and stored safely in well ventilated stores.
7.1.2 Materials Safety Data Sheets must be available and used to assess risks and identify control measures for the safe
storage and use of flammable materials.
7.1.3 Flash back arrestors must be in place on supply hoses for oxy acetylene welding and cutting sets.
7.1.4 Lighting (particularly halogen lights) must not be located near combustible materials and this must be continually
evaluated as construction progresses. Intrinsically safe (flame proof) lighting and switches must be provided in
areas where explosive/highly flammable liquids/gases are used or stored.
7.1.5 Damaged or faulty electrical appliances or installations must be taken out of service or repaired immediately.
7.1.6 Smoking must be prohibited in all areas of the site, except in specifically designated smoking areas. These areas
must not be enclosed or in the vicinity of combustible materials, explosives or highly flammable liquids/gases and
must be separated from any other welfare areas.
7.1.7 Combustible waste must be managed to prevent the risk of fire, by regular removal and safe disposal.
7.1.8 All hot works processes likely to produce sources of ignition such as burning, grinding, heating, welding, flame
cutting, etc. must be controlled and the work must be planned and conducted in accordance with the requirements
for High Risk Activities (P&D GMR 4). A competent person must inspect work areas before issuing permits to
ensure the area is safe, that appropriate fire extinguishers are in place and a post activity fire watch is in place.
Details must be recorded in a log so others can check what permits are currently in place.
7.2

Fire Detection and Alarm Systems

7.2.1 Effective means for the early detection and warning of the presence of fire must be in place which must be
appropriate for the level of risk. This may range from fully automated wireless or wired systems to the use of
manual bells, horns or sirens with people assigned to fire watch duties. All offices and welfare areas should have a
fully automatic fire detection and alarm system installed. Alarms must deliver effective warning (audible and/or
visual) in all areas where people may be present.
7.2.2 All detector and alarm systems must be regularly checked and tested in line with manufacturer guidelines and
applicable codes or regulations to ensure they are functional and the results recorded. This should be done
monthly.
7.3

Means of Escape

7.3.1 Effective means of escape must be provided and maintained which are suitable for the number and specific needs
of all people likely to need to use them. At least two alternative means of escape should be provided.
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7.3.2 Emergency escape routes must be easily identifiable, of adequate width, kept free from obstruction and not used
for storage and have emergency lighting; directional signs and exit points marked using pictograms and/or lights.
7.3.3 Emergency routes should offer no less than one hour fire resistance and have fire doors fitted to them where
appropriate.
7.4

Fire Fighting Equipment

7.4.1 Sufficient fire fighting equipment, such as fire extinguishers, hose reels, fire blankets and risers, must be provided
that is appropriate for the site and the works underway and which complies with any applicable codes or
regulations. All fire fighting equipment must be correctly located, readily accessible, unobstructed, clearly signed
and have clear instructions on its correct use.
7.4.2 Risers should progress with the construction or demolition of multi-storey buildings, be no more than two floors
below the construction floor and be regularly tested to ensure adequate water flow rate/pressure for the length and
diameter of the riser and hose attached. Connections for the Fire Authority must satisfy the local requirements. In
exceptional circumstances where it is impracticable to provide coverage from risers and hose reels, effective
means for extinguishing fires must be provided that address the risk and satisfy regulatory requirements, e.g.
drench drums, fire pails and additional fire extinguishers.
7.4.3 All fire fighting equipment must be checked and serviced regularly, including testing of pump sets of wet risers and
fire fighting lift controls by a competent person in accordance with manufacturer guidelines or any applicable codes
or regulations and the results recorded. A weekly visual check must be carried out on all fire fighting equipment to
ensure they have not been damaged, discharged or gone missing.
7.4.4 Adequate access must be maintained at all times for emergency services vehicles.
7.5

Emergency Planning and Evacuation Procedures

7.5.1 The site emergency management plan (included in the site EH&S plan) must be implemented and communicated
to all relevant people to put in place measures to prevent, prepare for, respond to and communicate about
emergency situations, including fires. The emergency management plan must detail the likely emergency
situations, potential impacts and corresponding control measures and include details of persons with key
responsibilities, incident response procedures and details for liaison with relevant people within Lend Lease,
external authorities and third parties.
7.5.2 Sufficient fire wardens must be appointed and trained in emergency procedures, including the need to check areas
are clear of people in an evacuation and basic fire fighting techniques if appropriate.
7.5.3 Clear instructions must be provided to all people, including workers and visitors, detailing:

Emergency warning systems


Evacuation procedures
Identity, contact details and role of fire wardens, and
Assembly areas in the event of an emergency.

7.5.4 Evacuation routes and assembly points must be well signed.


7.5.5 Emergency escape drills must be conducted at least once per year and more frequently for higher risk situations,
for example in areas where hot works are ongoing. Where practicable, drills should be conducted in conjunction
with local emergency services or a suitably qualified fire contractor.
7.5.6 A review of the emergency and evacuation procedures as well as the fire prevention measures, fire detection and
alarm systems, means of escape and fire fighting equipment, must be carried out at least annually and updates
made to the plan, equipment, procedures or construction processes as needed. This should be carried out in
conjunction with local fire authorities or a suitably qualified fire contractor.

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Construction Physical GMR 8 Environment


Purpose: To ensure that effective measures are in place to avoid pollution and to undertake actions that provide positive
environmental outcomes.
All applicable local, national and international environment, health & safety legislation and recognised codes, standards
and other external requirements must be complied with at all times. Where there is a difference between Lend Lease
Standards and those required by legislation recognised codes, standards and other external requirements the higher
standard must be applied.

8.1

Stormwater, Sediment and Erosion Control

8.1.1 All activities where land is cleared, excavated or disturbed must implement and maintain sediment and erosion
control devices to prevent topsoil loss and the degradation of land quality as well as the export of soil, silt or
sediment offsite. Works must be planned to minimise the extent of exposed earth at any one time and reduce the
potential for degradation of land or water quality, including the cessation of relevant work during inclement or
extreme weather conditions.
8.1.2 Stormwater and sediment control risks must be addressed taking into consideration slope, soil type, local weather
and proximity to sensitive locations. All stormwater and sediment control solutions must be appropriately designed
and maintained to prevent uncontrolled discharges and to provide onsite treatment of any stormwater runoff where
required.
8.1.3 All operations must prevent water pollution by employing adequate controls to prevent any pollutants from entering
adjacent drainage areas such as watercourses, water bodies and stormwater systems through uncontrolled
discharges. All stormwater and sediment control solutions must be appropriately designed and maintained to
prevent uncontrolled discharges and to provide onsite treatment of any stormwater runoff where required.
8.1.4 All wastewater discharged from operations (such as sediment impacted stormwater or process water, but excluding
sewage) must be in accordance with any applicable planning and license conditions (e.g. controlled discharge
points where testing and monitoring is conducted prior to discharge). All water quality testing and individual
discharge records must be maintained for audit purposes.
8.1.5 Stormwater drains, gross pollutant traps, and onsite detention ponds must be appropriately designed, cleaned and
maintained to trap gross pollutants and to prevent uncontrolled discharges of waste or polluted waters.
8.2

Air and Noise Emissions

8.2.1 All activities involving excavation or disturbance of soils or vegetation must explore preventative controls and then
implement physical controls (e.g. covering of stockpiles, water spraying) to prevent and/or minimise the generation
of dust and to reduce or eliminate dust being introduced to the atmosphere.
8.2.2 All noise and vibration related impacts on occupants, visitors and surrounding activities/owners must be assessed
and mitigation measures put in place where required to ensure that operations do not adversely impact occupants,
visitors or neighbouring areas.
8.2.3 Any permanent noise monitoring points required by local planning or regulatory authorities must be demarcated
and identified in site EH&S plans with records of noise monitoring maintained.
8.2.4 All plant and equipment must be serviced regularly in accordance with manufacturer guidelines to ensure any
noise, exhaust or other emissions generated are within the specified plant and equipment standards.
8.3

Soils and Groundwater Contamination

8.3.1 Any known contaminated soils or groundwater on the site likely to cause risk to health, safety or the environment
must be identified, signposted and segregated from site activities by the erection of physical barriers to prevent
unauthorised entry, exposure and/or cross contamination.

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8.3.2 Any site activities that involve soil or groundwater disturbance where the contamination levels of the soil and
groundwater are either unknown, or where evidence of possible contamination is presented, must cease until
competent persons are able to make a determination of the contamination status or risk.
8.3.3 All excavation, movement, treatment, processing or remediation of contaminated soils or groundwater must be
planned and conducted in accordance with the requirements of High Risk Activities with all site remediation
activities being conducted in accordance with regulatory requirements including provision for any decontamination
and wash/disposal facilities. Any areas where remediation has been completed must be clearly demarcated,
secured and signposted to prevent contamination from ongoing remediation works and be validated by a
competent person to confirm completeness of the remediation works.
8.4

Biodiversity and Natural Habitats

8.4.1 Areas designated by regulatory authorities as protected habitats, including water bodies and designated habitats or
wildlife corridors within the area of any operations, must be identified, signposted and protected from operational
activity (including uncontrolled pedestrian access).
8.4.2 All operations within or immediately adjacent to areas of protected habitat must be planned and conducted in
accordance with the requirements for high risk activities and include a risk assessment and description of any
actions required to protect flora and fauna consistent with the findings of any ecological site assessment and/or
regulatory requirements.
8.4.3 Site grounds and landscaping must be appropriately designed and maintained to prevent uncontrolled discharges
and/or land degradation including avoiding the spread of weeds or invasive species. Where invasive species exist,
the physical removal or isolation is a preferred option instead of the use of (non-toxic) herbicides.
8.5

Heritage and Artefacts

8.5.1 All items of heritage, cultural and or archaeological significance should be signposted and protected in accordance
with regulatory requirements.
8.5.2 Any excavations, intrusive works or other operations that have the potential to impact areas of known heritage,
cultural or archaeological items must ensure works are performed in accordance with a heritage assessment and
regulatory requirements (which may include a dilapidation survey and/or supervision of works by a competent
person and/or vibration monitoring). Any such areas should be signposted and segregated by the erection of
physical barriers to prevent unauthorised entry. All activities potentially impacting known areas must be planned
and conducted in accordance with the requirements of High Risk Activities.
8.5.3 Any activities that involve the discovery of items that may be of cultural or archaeological significance must cease
until competent persons are able to make a determination on the status of any potential artefact(s).
8.6

Hazardous Materials

8.6.1 The following substances are hazardous and the use, handling and/ or storage is not permitted and the substances
must be avoided in new designs. Any of these substances must be treated as high risk if encountered (e.g. in
existing structures):

Asbestos or asbestos containing products

Lead, or materials containing lead that may be ingested, inhaled or absorbed

Paints or treatments that contain arsenic, lead, copper or chromium

Equipment or components containing Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), Hydro chlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), Halons,


etc.

Pesticides or herbicides containing organophosphate or organochlorine

Pentachlorophenol or timber treated with Pentachlorophenol

Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) and Polychlorinated Terphenyls (PCTs)

Lindane (gamma-HCH)

Tributyltin (TBT)

Antimony
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Arsenic
Benzene
Beryllium
Cadmium
Carbon disulphide
Chromate
Chromium
Cobalt
Free silica
Tetrachloroethane
Other hazardous materials, substances and chemicals as defined by law

8.6.2 Dangerous goods (e.g. fuels, oils, chemicals, solvents, pesticides, fertilisers) must not be stored onsite except for
small volumes stored within a well ventilated, purpose built structure with roof cover. The store must also have a
concrete sealed floor with bunding, isolated drainage, and signage and should have security fencing. Dangerous
goods storage locations must be positioned away from high traffic areas, pedestrian zones and environmentally
sensitive areas such as waterways or natural habitats.
8.6.3 All operations with dangerous goods storage must have appropriate spill kit materials and fire fighting equipment
and Material Safety Datasheets (MSDS) readily available along with adequately trained safety and first aid
professionals.
8.6.4 Any operations with hazardous building materials must clearly identify/ label such materials, maintain a hazardous
building materials register on site, include communication of this risk as part of site inductions and be equipped
with a hazardous materials bin for temporary storage of materials in the event of an emergency.
8.6.5 Any areas where hazardous building materials have been damaged must be isolated and made safe until a
licensed contractor can remove the damaged materials and reinstate a non-hazardous alternative.
8.6.6 The handling and removal of any hazardous building materials must be planned and areas of hazardous materials
removal must be isolated and secured with entry/ egress points directing all persons entering these areas through
appropriate decontamination units. Other site operations must either cease or be suitably located at distance from
the hazardous materials removal works to not pose a potential risk to human health or the environment.
8.6.7 No new underground bulk fuel storage tanks are to be installed on Lend Lease owned sites. Any existing
redundant underground storage tanks and above ground storage tanks must be decommissioned and removed by
an appropriately licensed contractor in accordance with regulatory requirements.
8.6.8 Any existing underground or above ground fuel tanks still in use on the site must be identified, appropriately
secured and maintained in accordance with regulatory requirements. Any existing underground fuel tanks on Lend
Lease owned sites must include routine inspections with period integrity/pressure testing performed as per
manufacturers instructions or every 24 months, whichever is less. All underground storage tanks must also be
registered for Lend Lease pollution insurance purposes.
8.7

Materials Selection

8.7.1 Products and materials containing recycled content or packaging should be used as a preference to non-recycled
(virgin) materials. This information should be retained and reported.
8.7.2 All photocopying and printing paper must contain at least 80% recycled content with documentation to verify its
environmental qualities.
8.7.3 All timber products should be from proven legal sources. All construction timber should also be from sources that
undertake sustainable land management practices and are supported by relevant recognised industry
documentation (e.g. Forestry Stewardship Council certification) to confirm the timber was grown and harvested in a
sustainable manner.
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8.7.4 All manufactured products such as paints, carpets, furnishings, sealants, adhesives used within internal spaces or
buildings should be preferably selected to emit low/ no Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs).
8.7.5 All refrigeration and/or cooling equipment must not contain or use Chloro-fluoro carbon (CFC) gases.
8.7.6 Any soil or fill materials imported to site for landscaping purposes, including recycled aggregates, must be
accompanied by documentation to validate that the materials are suitable for use onsite in accordance with any
legislative requirements.
8.8

Energy Consumption

8.8.1 All mains electricity used should be metered to allow site energy consumption to be monitored and recorded.
8.8.2 All new office equipment, kitchen appliances and portable heating/ cooling units procured must be energy efficient
and display energy efficiency labels/ tags. All incandescent lighting must be phased out and replaced with an
energy efficient lighting alternative. A plan must be in place to phase out existing incandescent lighting.
8.8.3 All office computers, photocopiers and printers must be automated to shutdown overnight.
8.8.4 All temporary buildings should be appropriately insulated and positioned in a manner to reduce the need for
additional heating or cooling requirements.
8.9

Water Consumption

8.9.1 All mains drinking water (potable water) should be metered to allow site mains water use to be monitored and
recorded.
8.9.2 Water efficient appliances, taps, showers and dual flush toilets must be fitted and used for all new builds and
refurbishments. All appliances, taps, showers and flush toilets not assessed to be water efficient on existing assets
must be phased out and replaced with a water efficient alternative.
8.9.3 All hoses should be fitted with a trigger nozzle or device to prevent uncontrolled water flow.
8.9.4 Stormwater and rainwater collected should be collected, treated and appropriately reused on site (e.g. dust
suppression) to help reduce use of mains water.
8.10 Waste Management
8.10.1 All recyclable solid wastes (paper/ cardboard/ plastic/ glass/ timber/ metals/ fluorescent lighting/ printer
cartridges/ICT equipment) must be segregated for recycling purposes and volumes reported. Segregation of
recyclable and non-recyclable waste should be carried out onsite where possible. Wherever possible, packaging
should be avoided or minimised to prevent waste products being unnecessarily brought onto an operation.
8.10.2 All excavated natural, non-contaminated soil, aggregate or rock should be separately stockpiled and re-used on
site where possible or offsite. Landfill disposal of clean excavated natural materials should be avoided.
8.10.3 All solid waste and liquid wastes (including water entering excavations) generated onsite must be stored to
prevent unauthorised access and uncontrolled release. All wastes removed and disposed from these structures
must be done so via a suitably licensed contractor. Waste disposal receipts must be retained for reporting and
audit purposes.
8.10.4 Any servicing of plant and equipment should occur off-site where possible. Any minor maintenance of plant or
equipment on-site must be performed in accordance with a risk assessment and within an appropriate servicing
area supported by immediately accessible spill controls and waste storage. Maintenance records must be readily
available for inspection.
8.10.5 A suitably licensed waste contractor must be used for the collection and transport of all non-domestic, retail and
commercial wastes for either offsite processing and/or disposal to an appropriately licensed facility. Receipts for
waste transfer and disposal must be checked to ensure all details are correct and retained for audit purposes.
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Key Terms Used


Asset: land, property and structures, including but not limited to, commercial, industrial, office, retail, residential
properties, medical and educational facilities, car parks and associated infrastructure.

Lend Lease asset: One which Lend Lease fully owns, holds the majority (controlling > 50%) share in, or has full
management responsibility. All Asset GMRs apply.

Stakeholder asset: One which Lend Lease holds a minority-share in, or manages the asset on behalf of an unrelated
third party and is unable to dictate standards. Asset Planning and Delivery GMRs 1 and 6 apply to all new
stakeholder assets. Asset Physical GMRs must be promoted as the relevant health and safety standards to
implement.

Active asset: An asset which is occupied and operated either by Lend Lease or on behalf of Lend Lease under a
management agreement, or lease holding tenant(s), or occupiers.

Inactive asset: Lend Lease owned, part owned or managed asset, which is unoccupied, or in which no activity is
taking place. Compliance is required to address security and public liability requirements.

Asset planning and approval: A review procedure that must be satisfied before proceeding to the next stage of an
acquisition or project.
Audit: A systematic, independent and documented process for obtaining audit evidence and evaluating it objectively to
determine the extent to which the management systems audit criteria set by the organisation are fulfilled.
Audit criteria: Set of policies, procedures or requirements against which collected audit evidence is compared to evaluate
the effectiveness of the management system.
Audit evidence: Records, statements of fact or other information, which are relevant to the audit criteria and verifiable.
Building Maintenance Units (BMU): A power-operated, suspended working platform that is permanently fixed to a
building or structure.
Climb resistant: A design preventing persons from easily climbing upon or over by having vertical rather than horizontal
supports or barriers, being angled into structure, coated with anti-climb paint, fitted with physical defences, etc.
Commercial: A building that includes, but is not limited to, retail centres, offices, schools, churches, gymnasiums,
libraries, museums, hospitals, clinics, hotels, motels, warehouses and jails.
Competent Person: A person who has acquired through training, qualification and experience (or a combination of
them) the aptitude, knowledge and skills enabling the person to perform the task in a safe and effective manner.
Crisis: An actual or potential threat to Lend Leases long-term ability to do business due to the impact on safety of
employees and contractors or the public, the environment, operability and assets, image and reputation, or liability.
Crisis Management Plan (CMP): A corporate management system plan developed to diminish potentially serious
operational or reputation outcomes and escalation protocols to address targeted situations which may impact negatively
on the Lend Lease business.
Dead leg: Any area in a piping system where water can become stagnant and where water is not exchanged during
flushing.
Due diligence: A systematic, comprehensive and verifiable approach to establish exposure to issues, which is based on
an assessment of their likely risks, potential legal liabilities and costs arising from the issues, and is reasonably designed
and operated to control and reduce those risks and prevent those liabilities from being incurred.
Emergency: An abnormal occurrence that can pose a threat to the safety or health of employees, customers, or local
communities, or which can cause damage to assets or the environment.
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EH&S: Environment, Health and Safety
EH&SLT: Environment, Health and Safety Leadership Team
Environment, Health & Safety observation: A record of an environment, health and safety-related observation designed
to promote behavioural change. It is aimed at encouraging and facilitating people on site (construction and operating
assets) to undertake frequent work observations and EH&S conversations, record both positive and negative safetyrelated behaviours and take effective actions to remedy at risk behaviours and allow others who are not on that site, at
that time, to benefit from the lessons learnt.
Fragile roofing materials: Roofing material which will not support the weight of a person either as designed or after
weathering, often made of asbestos or asbestos cement, cellulose cement, glass, fibreglass, acrylic or other similar
synthetic moulded or fabricated material used to form a roof or skylight.
Group Environment, Health & Safety Management System (Group EH&S MS): The Lend Lease environment, health
& safety management system applicable to all businesses aligned with ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001.
HVAC: Heating, ventilation and air conditioning
Hazard: A source of potential harm, injury or detriment.
Hazardous materials: Substances that have the potential to pose a significant risk to the health and safety of people or
the environment.
Hierarchy of risk control: A series of controls, which should be applied in the following order; a number of these options
may be considered and applied individually, or in combination:

Elimination: Completely eliminate the hazard by removing the task from the workplace
Substitution: Replace the activity, process or substance with a less hazardous one
Engineering Control: Isolate the hazard from employees with mechanical aids or physical barriers
Systems of Work: Implement safe work practices, procedures and policies
Protection: Provide suitable equipment and PPE to protect workers

High Risk Activity: An activity that could have serious environment, health or safety outcomes if risks are not managed
and the activity is not controlled.
Incident: Any occurrence that has resulted in, or has the potential to result in (i.e. a near miss), adverse consequences to
people, the environment, property, reputation or a combination of these. Significant deviations from standard operating
procedures are also classed as an incident. Ongoing conditions that have the potential to result in adverse
consequences are considered to be incidents.
Incident & Injury Free: Lend Leases vision for an incident and injury free workplace.
Incident Management System (IMS): On-line incident reporting and recording system
Independent audit: Conducted by a competent environment, health and safety professional or team independent of the
operation being audited i.e. the person or team can work for same business but not be based at the operation.
Influence: Where Lend Lease can exert pressure to improve health and safety performance through involvement in the
activity but may not be the operator or have the contractual ability to enforce the management standards.
Job Safety Analysis (JSA): synonymous with Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS).
Key contractor or service provider: Those employed directly by Lend Lease to deliver significant work in the delivery or
development of an operation.
Lock-outtag-out: Specific practices and procedures to safeguard from the energisation or start-up of machinery and
equipment, or the release of hazardous energy during service or maintenance activities. It requires a designated individual
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to turn off and disconnect the machinery or equipment from its energy source(s) before performing service or maintenance
and that the authorized employee(s) either lock or tag the energy-isolating device(s) to prevent the release of hazardous
energy and take steps to verify that the energy has been isolated effectively.
Lost Time Injury (LTI): A work-related injury resulting in the injured party being unable to work the next day or day or shift
after the incident.
Lost Time Injury Incidence Rate: Number of LTI injuries (including major injuries) over the specified time period, divided
by the total no of hours worked X 1,000,000. Lost time incident rates should be recorded separately for office based
activities and site based activities. Incidents which occur on businesses related journeys (which can be claimed on
expenses) should be included in the figures but commutes to work should not.
Major Injury: A work-related injury or ill-health which is likely to result in permanent disability or to prevent the injured
party from conducting their normal work for a significant period of time, e.g. for over 7 working days) and is reportable to
the regulator as a major injury. For operations under Lend Lease control an incident causing a non work-related injury or
ill-health which is likely to result in permanent disability or to prevent the injured party from conducting their normal
activities for a significant period of time, e.g. for over 7 working days and is reportable to the regulator as a major injury.
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS): A document that describes the chemical and physical properties of a material and
provides advice on safe handling and use of the material.
Means and Methods (M&Ms): Detailed description of how specific GMRs will be met by a Lend Lease Region or
Business.
Mitigation Plan: Identifies the nature and extent of global minimum requirement non-compliances, their risk rating and
explains how the non-compliance will be mitigated in the short term and rectified in the medium term.
Must: Denotes a mandatory requirement.
Near Miss (Near Hit) Incident: An incident which does not result in actual physical harm or loss, but has the clear
potential to cause personal injury or ill health, or damage to the environment or property.
Operation: Denotes collective term encompassing any project, office, asset, facility, site or development where Lend
Lease GMRs apply.
Operational Control: Denotes any circumstance where Lend Lease both establish the EH&S standards for the operation
and also oversee the implementation of EH&S standards.
Partners: Includes service providers, joint developers.
Pendulum Test Values (PTV): Measured using the pendulum method performed in accordance with British Standard BS
7976 parts 1-3:2000 to provide an acceptably low risk of slipping when walking in a straight line on a level surface for
unencumbered, reasonably active pedestrians aged between 18 and 60. In higher risk environments high slip resistances
should be used appropriate to the environment and users.
Permit to Work (PtW): A formal written system used to control high risk operations; key elements include:

Identification of persons allowed to authorise the work, including any limits to their authority and the person
responsible for specifying the necessary precautions

A physical certificate or form (permit) issued before works are allowed to commence after checks made to ensure all
safety criteria are met and valid for a shift or up to a 24 hour period

Training and instruction in the issue and use of permits, and

Monitoring and auditing to ensure the system works as intended.

Person with appropriate Limits of Authority: Denotes a person whom is delegated responsibility for EH&S sign-off.
Region Means & Methods will nominate the appropriate person for each circumstance. Where no person is identified the
default person is the Region Head of EH&S.
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Reasonably practical: an outcome that is achievable and the benefit of which outweighs the cost in terms of finance and
or effort involved. Something is not reasonably practical only when the cost of implementation greatly outweighs the
benefit.
Region: A major geography headed by a CEO, e.g. Americas, Asia, Australia, Europe Middle East and Africa (EMEA).
Risk: The likelihood of something happening and the consequences if it were to happen.
Risk and opportunity at design (ROAD): Lend Lease process for conducting risk reviews and operability studies of
building designs.
Risk assessment: The systematic evaluation of the severity of the hazards posed by an activity or operation, including
nature of injury and numbers of persons exposed, the likelihood of occurrence, and the use of the results to identify
control measures and/or compare them with acceptable risk criteria or goals.
Risk management: The systematic approach to establishing the context of a situation, hazard identification, risk analysis,
risk evaluation, determining whether the risks are acceptable, and the ongoing treatment of risks through the application of
management policies, processes and procedures.
Root Cause Analysis (RCA): Systematic process for identifying the underlying causes of incidents.
Safety: The absence of danger or risk of both physical injury and ill-health.
Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS): Describes a safe method of work for a specific job or task and identifies its
potential hazards, assesses the risk and details/records how to eliminate or minimize the risk.
Should: Denotes a requirement where compliance is desired, but variations to full compliance may be established by a
Region where compliance proves to be impractical.
Supervisor Skills Workshop: Training program to develop the skills of front-line supervisors to lead and direct Incident &
Injury Free work.
Visitor: A person visiting a Lend Lease site who is not a Lend Lease employee or contractor/service provider at that site.

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