THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN

SPECIAL EDITION

Celebrating 20 Years
of the Convention
on the Rights of the Child

STATISTICAL TABLES

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN
SPECIAL EDITION

Statistical Tables
NOVEMBER 2009

This reference guide presents the most recent key statistics
on child survival, development and protection for the world’s
countries, territories and regions in a single volume. These
indicators are usually included in The State of the World’s
Children, UNICEF’s annual flagship publication. To commemorate
the 20th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child
on 20 November 2009, UNICEF is dedicating a special edition
of the report to child rights. As the launch of The State of the
World’s Children Special Edition: Celebrating 20 Years of the
Convention on the Rights of the Child takes place earlier than
in recent years, it has not been possible to incorporate the 2009
statistical tables into the print version of the main report.
The statistical tables presented in this volume assist in meeting
the demand for timely, reliable, comparable and comprehensive
data on the state of the world’s children. They also support
UNICEF’s focus on progress and results on internationally
agreed development goals and compacts on child rights and
development. UNICEF is the lead agency responsible for global
monitoring of the Millennium Declaration child-related goals as
well as the Millennium Development Goals and Indicators; the
organization is also a key partner in the United Nations’ work
on monitoring these targets and indicators.
All of the numbers presented in this reference guide will
be available online, in English, on 20 November 2009 at
<www.unicef.org/publications> and in print and online in other
languages shortly thereafter. Please refer to this website for
the latest versions of the statistical tables and for any updates
or corrigenda subsequent to printing. The data will also be
available via the UNICEF global statistical databases at
<www.childinfo.org> from November 2009 onward.

STATISTICAL TABLES

1

CONTENTS

THE
STATE
OF THE
WORLD’S
CHILDREN
SPECIAL
EDITION

Celebrating
20 Years
of the
Convention
on the
Rights of
the Child

2

Contents
General note on the data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page
Explanation of symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page
Under-five mortality rankings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page
Summary indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page
Measuring human development:
An introduction to Table 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page

STATISTICAL TABLES
1 Basic indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page
2 Nutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page
3 Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page
4 HIV/AIDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page
5 Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page
6 Demographic indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page
7 Economic indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page
8 Women . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page
9 Child protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page
10 The rate of progress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

3
6
7
44
45

8
12
16
20
24
28
32
36
40
46

GENERAL NOTE ON THE DATA

General note on the data
The data presented in the following statistical tables are
derived from the UNICEF global databases, which include
only internationally comparable and statistically sound
data; these data are accompanied by definitions, sources
and explanations of symbols. Data from the responsible
United Nations organization have been used whenever
possible. In the absence of such internationally standardized estimates, the tables draw on other sources, particularly data derived from nationally representative household
surveys. Data presented in this year’s statistical tables
generally reflect information available as of July 2009.
More detailed information on methodology and the data
sources is available at <www.childinfo.org>.
Several of the indicators, such as the data for life expectancy, total fertility rates, and crude birth and death
rates, are part of the regular work on estimates and projections undertaken by the United Nations Population Division.
These and other internationally produced estimates are
revised periodically, which explains why some data will
differ from those published in earlier UNICEF publications.
This report includes the latest estimates and projections
from World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision
(United Nations Department of Economic and Social
Affairs, Population Division). Data quality is likely to be
adversely affected for countries that have recently suffered
human-caused or natural disasters. This is particularly true
where basic country infrastructure has been fragmented or
major population movements have occurred.

Child mortality estimates
Each year, in its flagship publication The State of the
World’s Children, UNICEF reports a series of mortality estimates for children, including the annual infant mortality
rate, under-five mortality rate and number of under-five
deaths, for at least two reference years. These figures represent the best estimates available at the time the report
goes to print. The estimates are based on the work of the
Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME),
which includes UNICEF, the World Health Organization
(WHO), the United Nations Population Division and the
World Bank.
The IGME updates these mortality estimates each year,
undertaking a detailed review of all newly available data
points. This exercise often results in adjustments to previously reported estimates; as a result, estimates published
in consecutive editions of The State of the World’s Children
may not be comparable and should not be used for
analysing mortality trends over time. Comparable
under-five mortality estimates for the periods 1970–2008
are presented below, according to UNICEF Regional and
Country Classifications.
Country-specific mortality indicators for 1970–2008,
based on the most recent IGME estimates, are presented
in Table 10 (for years 1970, 1990, 2000 and 2008) and are
also available at <www.childinfo.org> and<www/child
mortality.org>, the website of the IGME.

Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)
Region
Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
Eastern and Southern Africa
West and Central Africa
Middle East and North Africa
Asia
South Asia
East Asia and Pacific
Latin America and Caribbean
CEE/CIS
Industrialized countries
Developing countries
Least developed countries
World

1970
231
236
213
261
193
150
197
120
122
90
24
161
241
142

1975
206
210
188
237
162
131
180
94
103
81
19
141
223
125

1980
189
196
177
220
130
118
163
73
83
70
15
127
206
113

1985
176
189
169
214
97
98
143
58
66
59
12
109
187
98

1990
168
184
167
206
77
87
124
54
52
51
10
99
179
90

1995
165
180
162
202
66
82
111
49
43
49
8
95
168
87

2000
152
166
147
188
56
71
99
41
33
37
7
86
150
78

2005
139
152
130
176
47
60
83
32
26
27
6
77
136
70

2007
134
147
123
171
44
56
78
29
24
24
6
73
131
66

2008
132
144
120
169
43
54
76
28
23
23
6
72
129
65

STATISTICAL TABLES

3

STATISTICAL TABLES

Under-five deaths (millions)
Region
Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
Eastern and Southern Africa
West and Central Africa
Middle East and North Africa
Asia
South Asia
East Asia and Pacific
Latin America and Caribbean
CEE/CIS
Industrialized countries
Developing countries
Least developed countries
World

1970
3.7
3.1
1.3
1.6
1.3
10.4
5.4
5.0
1.2
0.6
0.3
16.3
3.3
16.7

1975
3.7
3.1
1.3
1.7
1.2
8.9
5.3
3.5
1.1
0.6
0.2
14.6
3.5
15.0

1980
3.9
3.3
1.4
1.8
1.1
7.6
5.4
2.3
0.9
0.5
0.2
13.2
3.6
13.6

For the 2008 child mortality estimates, several key changes
have been made, including:
• A substantial amount of newly available data and data
missing from the past has been incorporated. These
new data have resulted in substantial changes in child
mortality levels and trends for some countries compared with the previous estimates.
• Estimates for some countries have been adjusted to
take into account reporting bias associated with maternal deaths in settings with a high prevalence of HIV. Previously, survey-based estimates tended to under-report
child deaths in households where mothers are absent
due to HIV-related death or illness. In 2009, the Technical Advisory Group of the IGME developed a new
method to adjust mortality related to HIV and AIDS for
each data observation, using a set of simplified assumptions about the distribution of births to HIV-positive
women by the duration of their infection, rates of vertical transmission, survival times of both mothers and
children from the time of the birth, and coverage of
key HIV-related services.
Further details on refinements to the methodology used
to generate child mortality estimates can be found at
<www.childinfo.org>.

Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys: For more than a
decade, UNICEF has supported countries in collecting
statistically sound and internationally comparable data
through the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS).
Since 1995, nearly 200 surveys have been conducted in
approximately 100 countries and territories. The third

4

1985
4.1
3.7
1.5
2.0
0.9
7.2
5.0
2.2
0.8
0.5
0.1
12.7
3.6
13.0

1990
4.3
4.0
1.7
2.2
0.8
6.7
4.6
2.2
0.6
0.4
0.1
12.2
3.8
12.5

1995
4.5
4.3
1.8
2.4
0.6
5.8
4.2
1.6
0.5
0.3
0.1
11.3
3.9
11.4

2000
4.5
4.3
1.8
2.5
0.5
5.0
3.7
1.3
0.4
0.2
0.1
10.3
3.7
10.4

2005
4.5
4.4
1.7
2.6
0.4
4.1
3.2
1.0
0.3
0.1
0.1
9.2
3.6
9.4

2007
4.5
4.4
1.7
2.6
0.4
3.8
2.9
0.9
0.3
0.1
0.1
8.9
3.5
9.0

2008
4.5
4.4
1.6
2.6
0.4
3.7
2.8
0.8
0.2
0.1
0.1
8.7
3.5
8.8

round of MICS surveys was conducted in more than 50
countries during 2005–2006, allowing for a new and more
comprehensive assessment of the situation of children
and women globally. The fourth round of surveys is now
under way and will run until 2011.
The UNICEF-supported MICS are among the largest
sources of data for monitoring progress towards internationally agreed development goals for children, including
the Millennium Development Goals. Many of the MICS indicators have been incorporated into the statistical tables
appearing in this report. More information on these data is
available at <www.childinfo.org>.

Regional Classification: Beginning with this issue of
The State of the World’s Children, UNICEF has added
two new regional groupings: Africa and Asia. In addition,
the number of countries classified in the sub-Saharan
Africa region has increased, with the inclusion of Djibouti
and the Sudan. As a result, regional estimates for
sub-Saharan Africa published in previous issues of The
State of the World’s Children may not be comparable
with those published in this issue. All other regions
remain unchanged.
For details of the countries included in all UNICEF regions,
please refer to the UNICEF Regional Classification, page 44.

Revisions to Statistical Tables
Table 1. Basic Indicators:
Neonatal mortality rates: The neonatal mortality rates for
the year 2004, as presented in this table, are produced by
the World Health Organization and have not been formally

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

GENERAL NOTE ON THE DATA

assessed by the Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality
Estimation. These estimates, therefore, may not be consistent with the age structure of child mortality implicit in the
infant and under-five mortality estimates for 2008.
Table 2. Nutrition:
Underweight, stunting and wasting: Underweight prevalence, stunting and wasting among children under five
years of age is estimated by comparing actual measurements with an international standard reference population.
In April 2006, the World Health Organization released the
WHO Child Growth Standards to replace the widely used
National Center for Health Statistics/World Health Organization (NCHS/WHO) reference population, which was
based on a limited sample of children from the United
States. The new standards are the result of an intensive
study project involving more than 8,000 children from
Brazil, Ghana, India, Norway, Oman and the United States.
Overcoming the technical and biological drawbacks of
the old reference population, the new standards confirm
that children born anywhere in the world and given the
optimum start in life have the potential to develop to
within the same range of height and weight. Differences
in children’s growth to age five are more influenced by
nutrition, feeding practices, environment and health care
than genetics or ethnicity.
In The State of the World’s Children 2009, the anthropometric indicators were based mostly on the NCHS/WHO
standards, with an additional column added for underweight prevalence (moderate and severe) based on
the WHO Child Growth Standard. This presentation is
reversed this year, with all of the main indicators for
underweight prevalence, stunting and wasting presented
according to the WHO Child Growth Standards, and an
additional column displaying underweight prevalence
(moderate and severe) based on the NCHS/WHO standard.
Owing to the differences between the old reference
population and the new standards, prevalence estimates
of child anthropometry indicators published in consecutive
editions of The State of the World’s Children may not be
fully comparable.

Early initiation of breastfeeding: UNICEF and WHO recommend early initiation of breastfeeding, i.e., putting a newborn to the breast within one hour of birth. This is the first
year the indicator of early initiation of breastfeeding is
reported in the statistical tables.
Vitamin A supplementation: Previously, two data points
were reported for vitamin A supplementation coverage: at
least one dose and full coverage (two or more doses). Both
indicators were derived from coverage reported for the period January–June (round 1) and July–December (round 2).

The indicator for at least one dose reported coverage from
round 2 in most cases.
Beginning this year, only full coverage is reported for vitamin
A supplementation, emphasizing the importance for children
to receive two annual doses of vitamin A spaced 4–6 months
apart. In the absence of a direct method to measure this
indicator, full coverage is reported as the lower coverage
estimate from rounds 1 and 2 in a given year.
Table 3. Health:
Insecticide-treated mosquito nets: The indicator underfives sleeping under a mosquito net has been replaced by
household availability of insecticide-treated mosquito nets
(ITNs). This year's report presents two indicators for ITNs:
household availability of ITNs and children sleeping under
ITNs. Viewed together, these two indicators provide an
important snapshot of ITN availability and usage. ITNs
increasingly constitute the majority of nets distributed to
countries owing to their proven efficacy; consequently,
there is increasing emphasis on monitoring ITNs rather
than the availability and use of any type of net.
Table 4. HIV and AIDS:
The latest 2008 HIV and AIDS estimates generated by
the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
(UNAIDS) were under revision at the time these tables
were generated in mid-2009 and are set for release in late
2009 in the 2009 AIDS Epidemic Update. Please refer to
<www.unaids.org> or <www.childinfo.org> for further
information and updates.
HIV and AIDS estimates for 2007 presented in this report
were released in August 2008 by UNAIDS and WHO. These
estimates were derived using a more refined methodology
than previous estimations and reflect the availability of
more reliable data from population-based surveys and expanded national sentinel surveillance systems in a number
of countries. Differences between UNAIDS and WHO estimates for adult HIV prevalence, adults and children living
with HIV, and children orphaned by AIDS for 2007 are, for
the most part, less marked than estimates published in
previous reports. Figures published in this report are not
comparable to previous estimates and therefore do not reflect trends over time. UNAIDS has published comparable
estimates by applying the new methods to earlier HIV and
AIDS estimates, which can be accessed at
<www.unaids.org>.
Table 5. Education:
Survival rate to the last grade of primary school: The
survival rate to Grade 5 (percentage of primary school
entrants reaching Grade 5) was replaced in 2008 by the
survival rate to the last grade of primary school (percentage of children entering the first grade of primary school

STATISTICAL TABLES

5

STATISTICAL TABLES

who are expected to reach the last grade). The survival
rate to the last grade replaced the survival rate to Grade 5
and became an official indicator for Millennium Development Goal 2 (universal primary education) in January
2008.
Table 6. Demographics:
Population annual growth rate and average annual
growth rate of urban population: These indicators have
been expanded to include data for 1990–2000.
Table 7. Economics:
Proportion of the population living below US$1.25 per day:
In 2008, the World Bank announced a new poverty line that
is based on revised estimates of purchasing power parity
(PPP) price levels around the world. Table 7 reflects this
updated poverty line and reports on the proportion of the
population living below US$1.25 per day at 2005 prices,
adjusted for purchasing power parity. The new poverty
threshold reflects revisions to PPP exchange rates based on
the results of the 2005 International Comparison Program.
The revisions reveal that the cost of living is higher across
the developing world than previously estimated. As a
result of these revisions, poverty rates for individual

countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported
in previous editions. More detailed information on the
definition, methodology and sources is available at
<www.worldbank.org>.
Table 9. Child Protection:
For the first time, the Child Protection Table includes all
countries and territories.

Female genital mutilation/cutting: The table reflects the
total only and does not disaggregate this indicator by
urban-rural incidence as in previous editions.
Child disability: Data on child disability are derived from
household surveys, and the indicator is defined as the
proportion of children 2–9 years old who screened positive
for at least one type of disability (e.g., cognitive, motor,
seizure, vision or hearing). Questions on child disability
are addressed to the parent or caregiver of the child, who
is asked to provide a personal assessment of the child’s
physical and mental development and functioning. Prior
to June 2008, the estimates were calculated based on 9 of
the 10 MICS questions on disability; since then, the data
have been based on a greater number of questions.

Explanation of symbols
Because the aim of these statistical tables is to provide a broad picture of the situation of children and women
worldwide, detailed data qualifications and footnotes are seen as more appropriate for inclusion elsewhere.
Sources and years for specific data points included in the statistical tables are available at <www.childinfo.org>.
Symbols specific to a particular table are included in the table footnotes. The following symbols are common across
all tables:
– Data are not available.
x Data refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition
or refer to only part of a country. Such data are not included in the calculation of regional and global averages.
y Data refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition
or refer to only part of a country. Such data are included in the calculation of regional and global averages.
* Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified in the column heading.
§ Includes territories as well as countries within each category or regional group. Countries and territories in each
country category or regional group are listed on page 44.

6

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

GENERAL NOTE ON THE DATA

Under-five mortality rankings
The following list ranks countries and territories in descending order of their estimated 2008 under-five mortality rate
(U5MR), a critical indicator of the well-being of children. Countries and territories are listed alphabetically in the tables
on the following pages.
Under-5
mortality
rate (2008)
Value Rank

Under-5
mortality
rate (2008)
Value Rank
Afghanistan
Angola
Chad
Somalia
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Guinea-Bissau
Mali
Sierra Leone
Nigeria
Central African Republic
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Niger
Equatorial Guinea
Zambia
Guinea
Liberia
Uganda
Cameroon
Mozambique
Kenya
Congo
Benin
Mauritania
Côte d’Ivoire
Rwanda
Ethiopia
Sudan
Senegal
Gambia
Madagascar
Comoros
United Republic of Tanzania
Malawi
Myanmar
Sao Tome and Principe
Togo
Zimbabwe
Djibouti
Timor-Leste
Cambodia
Pakistan
Swaziland
Bhutan
Lesotho
Gabon
Ghana
Haiti
India
Papua New Guinea
Yemen
South Africa
Tajikistan
Guyana
Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Eritrea
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
Bangladesh
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Nepal
Kiribati
Turkmenistan
Nauru
Iraq
Namibia
Algeria

257
220
209
200
199
195
194
194
186
173
169
168
167
148
148
146
145
135
131
130
128
127
121
118
114
112
109
109
108
106
106
105
104
100
98
98
98
96
95
93
90
89
83
81
79
77
76
72
69
69
69
67
64
61
61
58
55
54
54
51
48
48
45
44
42
41

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
7
9
10
11
12
13
14
14
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
27
29
30
30
32
33
34
35
35
35
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
49
49
52
53
54
54
56
57
58
58
60
61
61
63
64
65

66

Indonesia
Mongolia
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Kyrgyzstan
Uzbekistan
Azerbaijan
Marshall Islands
Morocco
Solomon Islands
Tuvalu
Guatemala
Trinidad and Tobago
Dominican Republic
Vanuatu
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Philippines
Botswana
Honduras
Jamaica
Georgia
Kazakhstan
Cape Verde
Maldives
Paraguay
Nicaragua
Occupied Palestinian Territory
Suriname
Samoa
Ecuador
Peru
Armenia
Egypt
Panama
Brazil
Turkey
China
Saudi Arabia
Tunisia
Colombia
Jordan
Belize
Tonga
El Salvador
Fiji
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Mauritius
Mexico
Republic of Moldova
Argentina
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Syrian Arab Republic
Ukraine
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cook Islands
Grenada
Palau
Sri Lanka
Albania
Romania
Thailand
Uruguay
Viet Nam
Bahamas
Belarus
Lebanon

41
41
39
38
38
36
36
36
36
36
35
35
33
33
32
32
31
31
31
30
30
29
28
28
27
27
27
26
25
24
23
23
23
22
22
21
21
21
20
20
19
19
18
18
18
17
17
17
17
16
16
16
16
15
15
15
15
15
14
14
14
14
14
13
13
13

66
66
69
70
70
72
72
72
72
72
77
77
79
79
81
81
83
83
83
86
86
88
89
89
91
91
91
94
95
96
97
97
97
100
100
102
102
102
105
105
107
107
109
109
109
112
112
112
112
116
116
116
116
120
120
120
120
120
125
125
125
125
125
130
130
130

Under-5
mortality
rate (2008)
Value Rank
Russian Federation
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Antigua and Barbuda
Bahrain
Oman
Seychelles
Barbados
Bulgaria
Costa Rica
Dominica
Kuwait
The former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia
Qatar
Chile
Latvia
Montenegro
Slovakia
United Arab Emirates
United States
Brunei Darussalam
Hungary
Lithuania
Poland
Serbia
Australia
Canada
Croatia
Cuba
Estonia
Malaysia
Malta
New Zealand
United Kingdom
Belgium
Israel
Netherlands
Republic of Korea
Switzerland
Andorra
Austria
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
France
Germany
Greece
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Monaco
Norway
Portugal
Slovenia
Spain
Finland
Iceland
Luxembourg
Singapore
Sweden
Liechtenstein
San Marino
Holy See
Niue

13
13
13
12
12
12
12
11
11
11
11
11
11
10
9
9
8
8
8
8
7
7
7
7
7
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
-

STATISTICAL TABLES

130
130
130

136
136
136
136
140
140
140
140
140
140
146
147
147
149
149
149
149
153
153
153
153
153
158
158
158
158
158
158
158
158
158
167
167
167
167
167
172
172
172
172
172
172
172
172
172
172
172
172
172
172
172
172
188
188
188
188
188
193
193

7

TABLE 1. BASIC INDICATORS

Countries and
territories

8

Total
population
(thousands)
2008

Annual
no. of
births
(thousands)
2008

Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
(thousands)
2008

1990

2008

1990

2008

Neonatal
mortality
rate
2004

1
125
66
172
2
136
116
97
158
172
72
130
136
58
140
130
167
107
23
44
58
120
83
100
153
140
11
12
41
19
158
88
10
3
147
102
105
32
22
120
140
25
158
158
172
172

260
46
64
9
260

29
56
9
9
98
25
16
149
18
24
10
43
184
148
122
23
50
56
11
18
201
189
117
149
8
63
178
201
22
46
35
128
104
18
22
150
13
14
11
12

257
14
41
4
220
12
16
23
6
4
36
13
12
54
11
13
5
19
121
81
54
15
31
22
7
11
169
168
90
131
6
29
173
209
9
21
20
105
127
15
11
114
6
6
4
4

168
37
52
7
154

25
48
8
8
78
17
14
103
15
20
9
35
111
91
88
21
39
46
9
15
110
113
85
92
7
49
116
120
18
37
28
90
67
16
19
104
11
11
9
10

165
13
36
3
130
11
15
21
5
3
32
9
10
43
10
11
4
17
76
54
46
13
26
18
6
9
92
102
69
82
6
24
115
124
7
18
16
75
80
14
10
81
5
5
4
3

60
9
22
2
54
8
10
18
3
3
35
5
4
36
8
3
2
17
36
30
24
10
46
13
4
7
32
41
48
30
3
9
52
42
5
18
13
25
30
10
8
64
5
4
2
2

27208
3143
34373
84
18021
87
39883
3077
21074
8337
8731
338
776
160000
255
9679
10590
301
8662
687
9694
3773
1921
191972
392
7593
15234
8074
14562
19088
33259
499
4339
10914
16804
1337411
45012
661
3615
20
4519
20591
4423
11205
862
10319

1269
46
714
1
774
1
689
47
267
76
166
6
14
3430
3
96
119
7
342
15
263
34
47
3105
8
73
721
278
361
704
353
12
154
498
251
18134
918
21
125
0
75
722
42
118
10
109

311
1
30
0
165
0
11
1
2
0
6
0
0
183
0
1
1
0
39
1
14
0
1
67
0
1
117
45
32
89
2
0
26
99
2
365
18
2
16
0
1
79
0
1
0
0

57

55

55

42

42

22

23819

327

18

5
172
39
140
79
95
97
109
14
56
158
27
109
188

199
9
123
18
62
53
90
62
198
150
18
210
22
7

199
4
95
11
33
25
23
18
148
58
6
109
18
3

126
7
95
15
48
41
66
48
120
92
14
124
19
6

126
4
76
9
27
21
20
16
90
41
4
69
16
3

47
3
45
10
18
13
17
12
47
21
4
41
10
2

64257
5458
849
67
9953
13481
81527
6134
659
4927
1341
80713
844
5304

2886
62
24
1
224
281
2015
124
25
182
16
3093
18
59

554
0
2
0
7
7
45
2
3
10
0
321
0
0

Under-5
mortality
rank

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Côte d’Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic People’s
Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic
of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland

Under-5
mortality
rate

Infant
mortality
rate
(under 1)

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

Primary
Total
school net
adult
Life
enrolment/
expectancy literacy
GNI
attendance
rate
at birth
per capita
(%)
(%)
(years)
(US$)
2003–2008* 2003–2008*
2008
2008

250x
3840
4260
d
3450
13620
7200
3350
40350
46260
3830
15730x
19350x
520
d
5380
44330
3820
690
1900
1460
4510
6470
7350
26740
5490
480
140
600
1150
41730
3130
410
530
9400
2770
4660
750
1970

6060
980
13570
c
22950
16600

% share
of household
income
2000–2007*
lowest highest
40%
20%

44
77
72

47

75
74
82
80
70
74
76
66
77
69
80
76
61
66
66
75
54
72
77
73
53
51
61
51
81
71
47
49
79
73
73
65
54

79
57
76
79
80
77

28x
99
75

67x

98
100


99

89
54

100


41
56
90
97x
83
91
95
98
29
59x
76
68x

84
49x
26x
97
93
94
75
87

96
49x
99
100
98

61
94
95
81
58x,s
74
99
99s
96
97
73s
88
98
81s
97
91
97
97
67s
70s
78s
98s
84
94
93
92
47
75
89
84s
100x
85
59s
36s

100
87
73
86s
74
92
62s
90
98
99
93


20
18x

8

11
21
18x
22
30


22

22
21

18

8
18
9x
9

22
18
21
18
15
20

15
17
12
16
8

13

13
14
22


25x


41
42x

62

54
43
41x
38
30


41

37
41

46

61
43
65x
60

38
47
43
49
51
40

49
47
57
48
62

53

52
54
38


36x

a

67

150
59130
1130
4770
4390
3640
1800
3480
14980
300
14270
280
3930
48120

48
78
55

73
75
70
72
50
60
73
55
69
80

67x



89
93
72
86
87x

100
36

15
23x


12
11
22
11


18
23

24

51
36x


55
58
41
53


43
39

37

61s
96
66s
77
89s
97
96
92
61x,s
47
94
45s
87
97

…TABLE 1

France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Holy See
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People’s
Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
(Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal

Primary
Total
school net
adult
Life
enrolment/
expectancy literacy
GNI
attendance
rate
at birth
per capita
(%)
(%)
(years)
(US$)
2003–2008* 2003–2008*
2008
2008

% share
of household
income
2000–2007*

2008

Neonatal
mortality
rate
2004

Total
population
(thousands)
2008

Annual
no. of
births
(thousands)
2008

Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
(thousands)
2008

7
67
104
41
7
75
9
33
58
137
142
64
105

43
15
6
83
56
55
42
8
10
9
28
5
31
51
68
65
13
63

3
57
80
26
4
51
3
13
29
90
117
47
54

26
5
2
52
31
27
36
3
4
3
26
3
17
27
81
38
9
33

2
31
44
25
3
43
3
11
19
39
47
22
32

17
5
1
39
17
19
63
4
3
3
10
1
16
32
34
25
7
30

62036
1448
1660
4307
82264
23351
11137
104
13686
9833
1575
763
9876
1
7319
10012
315
1181412
227345
73312
30096
4437
7051
59604
2708
127293
6136
15521
38765
97
2919
5414

752
40
61
52
666
757
107
2
453
392
65
14
273

202
99
5
26913
4220
1388
944
69
140
546
52
1034
157
304
1506
2
52
120

3
3
6
2
3
55
0
0
15
54
12
1
19

6
1
0
1830
173
46
41
0
1
2
2
4
3
10
189
0
1
5

42250
7240
390
2470
42440
670
28650
5710
2680
390
250
1420
660

1800
12810
40070
1070
2010
3540
2170x
49590
24700
35240
4870
38210
3310
6140
770
2000
38420
740

81
60
56
72
80
57
79
75
70
58
48
67
61

72
73
82
64
71
71
68
80
81
81
72
83
73
65
54

78
68


86



65
97

73
30
65

62

83
99

66
91
85
74x


99
86

93
100
74x

94
99

99
94x,s
62
94
98
72
100
76
95
51s
54s
96s
50s

79s
88
98
83s
85s
94
85
95
97
99
97s
100
99s
98s
76
97x
84
92s

20x
16
13
16
22
15
19

11
15
19

8

9
22

19
18
17

20
16
18
14
25x
18
19
13


20

40x
48
53
46
37
48
41

58
50
43

63

58
39

45
47
45

42
45
42
51
36x
45
41
53


41

61
9
13
79
145
17
2
7
3
106
100
6
28
194
6
36
118
17
17

108
13
33
80
146
33
9
12
8
101
133
16
79
139
10
39
81
21
36

48
8
12
63
100
15
2
6
2
68
65
6
24
103
6
30
75
15
15

30
6
19
52
66
11

5
3
41
26
5
24
54
3
24
40
9
11

6205
2259
4194
2049
3793
6294
36
3321
481
19111
14846
27014
305
12706
407
61
3215
1280
108555

170
23
66
59
145
147
0
31
5
687
599
551
6
542
4
1
108
18
2049

10
0
1
5
20
2
0
0
0
71
56
4
0
100
0
0
12
0
36

750
11860
6350
1080
170
11590
d
11870
84890
410
290
6970
3630
580
16680
3270
840
6400
9980

65
73
72
45
58
74

72
80
60
53
74
72
48
80

57
72
76

73
100

82x
56
87

100

71x
72
92
97
23
92

56
87
92

84
90
83
85s
40s

88
89
97
76s
87
100
97
43s
91
90
57s
95
98

21
18

10
18


18

16
18
17

17


17

13

41
43

56
45


43

53
46
44

46


46

53

39
4
41
8
36
130
98
42
45
51

45
7
71
13
68
166
85
49

99

32
3
34
7
32
90
71
31
36
41

11
2
18
9
24
35
49
20
14
32

110
33
2641
9839
31606
22383
49563
2130
10
28810

3
0
50
115
646
876
1020
59
0
732

0
0
2
0
24
110
98
2
0
37

69

67
74
71
48
62
61

67



97

56
44
90x
88

57

92

97s
97s
89
81s
84s
87
60
84s



19
21
17
15

4x

15



40
38
48
53

78x

54

Under-5
mortality
rate

Infant
mortality
rate
(under 1)

Under-5
mortality
rank

1990

2008

1990

172
46
30
86
172
47
172
120
77
16
6
54
48

83
153
188
49
66
81
64
172
167
172
83
172
105
86
21
61
140
70

9
92
153
47
9
118
11
40
77
231
240
88
151

55
17
7
116
86
73
53
9
11
10
33
6
38
60
105
89
15
75

4
77
106
30
4
76
4
15
35
146
195
61
72

31
7
3
69
41
32
44
4
5
4
31
4
20
30
128
48
11
38

54
147
130
45
17
112
193
153
188
30
34
158
89
7
158
72
24
112
112

157
17
40
101
219
38
10
16
9
167
225
18
111
250
11
49
129
24
45

69
172
66
149
72
20
35
65
63
60

58
8
98
15
88
249
120
72

142

2340
d
1680
5710
2580
370
220x
4200

400

lowest highest
40%
20%

STATISTICAL TABLES

9

TABLE 1. BASIC INDICATORS

10

Annual
no. of
births
(thousands)
2008

Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
(thousands)
2008

Primary
Total
school net
adult
Life
enrolment/
expectancy literacy
GNI
attendance
rate
at birth
per capita
(%)
(%)
(years)
(US$)
2003–2008* 2003–2008*
2008
2008

% share
of household
income
2000–2007*

1990

2008

1990

2008

Neonatal
mortality
rate
2004

167
158
91
13
9

172
91
136
42
120
97
49
89
96
81
153
172
146
167
112
125
130
26
116
130

8
11
68
305
230

9
38
31
130
21
31
91
42
81
61
17
15
20
9
37
32
27
174
26
23

5
6
27
167
186

4
27
12
89
15
23
69
28
24
32
7
4
10
5
17
14
13
112
16
13

7
9
51
144
120

7
33
23
101
18
24
67
34
64
42
15
11
17
8
30
25
23
106
22
18

4
5
23
79
96

3
24
10
72
13
19
53
24
22
26
6
3
9
5
15
12
12
72
14
13

3
3
16
41
47
16
2

5
53
13
11
32
12
11
15
5
3
4
4
12
10
7
48
11
11

16528
4230
5667
14704
151212
2
4767
4147
2785
176952
20
3399
6577
6238
28837
90348
38104
10677
1281
48152
3633
21361
141394
9721
51
170

185
58
140
791
6028
0
58
148
61
5337
0
70
207
154
609
2236
372
105
15
452
45
214
1545
403
0
3

1
0
4
121
1077

0
4
1
465
0
2
14
4
15
73
3
0
0
2
1
3
20
41
0
0

50150
27940
1080
330
1160

87070
1230x
12270
980
8650
6180
1010
2180
3990
1890
11880
20560
12000x
21530
1470
7930
9620
410
10960
5530

80
80
73
51
48

81
74
76
67

76
61
72
73
72
76
79
76
79
69
73
67
50

74



81
30
72


93
84
55

93
58
94
91
93
99
95
90

99
98
100
65x

98
99
90
38s
63
90
98
73
73
71s
96x
98

94
96
91
96
98
94
98
83
93
91
86s
93
99

21x
18x
12
16
15

24


22

9
12x
10
21
15
19
17x

21x
19
21
17
14

39x
44x
57
50
49

37


41

58
56x
58
38
50
42
46x

37x
43
40
44
53

130
94
193
35
102
29
153
136
7
188
149
172
72
4
52
172
120
27
91
43
188
167
116
53
125

24
50
15
101
43
149
29
16
278
7
15
10
38
200
56
9
29
124
51
84
7
8
37
117
32

13
26
2
98
21
108
7
12
194
3
8
4
36
200
67
4
15
109
27
83
3
5
16
64
14

19
40
14
65
35
72
25
14
163
6
13
9
31
119
44
8
23
78
44
62
6
7
30
91
26

12
22
1
64
18
57
6
11
123
2
7
3
30
119
48
4
13
70
25
59
2
4
14
54
13

13
14
2
38
11
35
9
7
56
1
4
2
23
49
17
2
8
27
17
40
2
3
7
38
9

109
179
31
160
25201
12211
622
84
5560
4615
5400
2015
511
8926
49668
44486
20061
41348
515
1168
9205
7541
21227
6836
67386

2
4
0
5
591
470
8
3
223
37
55
19
16
395
1091
491
365
1296
10
35
107
73
590
193
977

0
0
0
0
12
49
1
0
43
0
0
0
1
76
73
2
6
138
0
3
0
0
10
12
14

5140
2780
46770
1020
15500
970
6440
10290
320
34760
14540
24010
1180
140x
5820
31960
1790
1130
4990
2520
50940
65330
2090
600
2840

72
72

66
73
56
74

48
80
75
78
66
50
52
81
74
58
69
46
81
82
74
67
69


99

88
85
43

92x
38
94

100


88
97
92
61x
90
80x


83
100
94

91
87

97

58s
95
99
69s

92
95
62
23s
86
100
98
54s
94
84s
95
89
95x
97
94






17


16
14x
24x
21


9
19
17


12
23
20

20
16






46


49
49x
35x
39


63
42
48


56
37
41

41
49

140
40
35
107
77
102
100
61
72
18

36
184
150
23
34
50
84
99
53
186

11
93
98
19
35
21
22
48
36
135

32
138
89
19
30
40
69
81
42
114

10
75
64
17
31
18
20
43
30
85

9
29
39
12
10
13
16
37
21
30

2041
1098
6459
104
1333
10169
73914
5044
10
31657

22
44
213
3
20
164
1348
111
0
1466

0
4
20
0
1
3
30
5
0
190

4140
2460
400
2560
16540
3290
9340
2840

420

74
61
63
72
69
74
72
65

53

97

53x
99
99
78
89
100

74

92
63
77
96
98s
96
91
99s
100
82s

17
17
19

16x
16
15
16x

16

45
47
42

46x
47
49
47x

49

Under-5
mortality
rank

Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Occupied Palestinian Territory
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda

Under-5
mortality
rate

Infant
mortality
rate
(under 1)

Total
population
(thousands)
2008

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

lowest highest
40%
20%

…TABLE 1

Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
(Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Under-5
mortality
rate

Infant
mortality
rate
(under 1)

Annual
no. of
births
(thousands)
2008

Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
(thousands)
2008

Primary
Total
school net
adult
Life
enrolment/
expectancy literacy
GNI
attendance
rate
at birth
per capita
(%)
(%)
(years)
(US$)
2003–2008* 2003–2008*
2008
2008

% share
of household
income
2000–2007*

2008

Neonatal
mortality
rate
2004

Total
population
(thousands)
2008

18
15
8
97
9
21
61
23

14
7
5
67
7
12
34
27

7
4
3
35
4
7
26
18

45992
4485
61231
42484
311666
3349
27191
234

459
63
743
1771
4399
50
553
7

7
0
4
175
35
1
21
0

3210
26210x
45390
430
47580
8260
910
2330

68
77
79
56
79
76
68
70

100
90

72

98
97x
78

97s
91
98
73s
92
100
100s
80s

22

18x
19
16
13
19

37

44x
42
46
51
44

18
14
69
148
96

27
39
90
105
51

16
12
53
92
62

11
12
41
40
36

28121
87096
22917
12620
12463

599
1494
846
542
378

11
21
57
77
36

9230
890
950
950
340x

74
74
63
45
44

93x
90x
59
68x
91

92
93x
70s
80s
88

14
18
18
11
13x

49
45
45
55
56x

132
144
120
169
43
54
76
28
23
23
6
72
129
65

101
108
103
116
57
63
88
41
42
42
8
68
113
62

79
86
76
96
33
41
57
22
19
20
5
49
82
45

38
40
36
45
25
31
41
18
13
16
3
31
40
28

985583
821614
383672
395745
405642
3591861
1595435
1996426
570505
403528
983196
5505373
816593
6734149

35318
31632
14283
16029
9941
68409
38067
30342
10768
5593
11218
122474
28302
136241

4490
4386
1650
2596
420
3665
2832
832
247
127
67
8669
3516
8772

55
52
53
51
70
69
64
72
74
69
80
67
57
69

64
62
64
60
77
80
64
93
91
97

80
52
82

69
65
71
61
84
88
81
95
93
93
95
83
66
84

14
12
11
15
19
17
20
16
11
18
18
15
16
17

52
55
59
49
44
47
45
48
56
44
43
50
49
45

Under-5
mortality
rank

1990

2008

1990

116
149
158
33
149
125
70
79

21
17
9
157
11
24
74
27

16
8
6
104
8
14
38
33

109
125
49
14
38

32
56
127
172
79

lowest highest
40%
20%

SUMMARY INDICATORS
Africa#
Sub-Saharan Africa#
Eastern and Southern Africa
West and Central Africa
Middle East and North Africa
Asia#
South Asia
East Asia and Pacific
Latin America and Caribbean
CEE/CIS
Industrialized countries§
Developing countries§
Least developed countries§
World

168
184
167
206
77
87
124
54
52
51
10
99
179
90

1420
1109
1409
833
3942
2177
1001
3136
6888
6992
40772
2778
583
8633

§ Includes territories within each country category or regional group. Countries and territories in each country category or regional group are listed on page 44.

DEFINITIONS OF THE INDICATORS

MAIN DATA SOURCES

Under-five mortality rate – Probability of dying between birth and exactly five years of age,
expressed per 1,000 live births.

Under-five and infant mortality rates – Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation
(UNICEF, World Health Organization, United Nations Population Division and the World Bank).

Infant mortality rate – Probability of dying between birth and exactly one year of age, expressed
per 1,000 live births.

Neonatal mortality rate – World Health Organization, using vital registration systems and
household surveys.

Neonatal mortality rate – Probability of dying during the first 28 completed days of life, expressed
per 1,000 live births.

Total population – United Nations Population Division.

GNI per capita – Gross national income (GNI) is the sum of value added by all resident producers,
plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output, plus net receipts of
primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. GNI per capita is
gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI per capita in US dollars is converted
using the World Bank Atlas method.

Births – United Nations Population Division.
Under-five deaths – UNICEF.
GNI per capita – World Bank.
Life expectancy – United Nations Population Division.

Life expectancy at birth – Number of years newborn children would live if subject to the mortality
risks prevailing for the cross section of population at the time of their birth.

Adult literacy – UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS), including the Education for All 2000
Assessment.

Adult literacy rate – Number of literate persons aged 15 and above, expressed as a percentage of
the total population in that age group.

School enrolment/attendance – UIS, Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) and Demographic
and Health Surveys (DHS).

Primary school net enrolment/attendance ratios – Number of children enrolled in or attending
primary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of children of primary school age.
The indicator is either the primary school net enrolment ratio or the primary school net attendance
ratio. In general, if both indicators are available, the primary school net enrolment ratio is
preferred unless the data for primary school attendance is considered to be of superior quality.
Definitions for both the primary school net enrolment ratio and the primary school net attendance
ratio are given on page 27.

Household income – World Bank.

Income share – Percentage of income received by the 20 per cent of households with the highest
income and by the 40 per cent of households with the lowest income.

NOTES

a: low income ($975 or less).
b: lower-middle income ($976 to $3,855).
c: upper-middle income ($3,856 to $11,905).
d: high income ($11,906 or more).

– Data not available.
x Data refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition
or refer to only part of a country. Such data are not included in the calculation of regional and global averages.
s National household survey data.
* Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified in the column heading.
# For a complete list of countries and territories in the regions and subregions, see page 44.

STATISTICAL TABLES

11

TABLE 2. NUTRITION
% of under-fives (2003–2008*) suffering from:

Countries and territories

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Côte d’Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic People’s
Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic
of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland

12

% of children (2003–2008*) who are:

Vitamin A
supplementation
coverage rate
% of
(6–59 months)
households
2008
consuming
Full
iodized salt
coverageΔ (%) 2003–2008*

% of infants
with low
birthweight
2003–2008*

Early
initiation of
breastfeeding
(%)
2003–2008*


7
6

12x
5
7
7
7x
7x
10
11
8x
22
14
4
8x
7
15
15x
7
5
10x
8
10x
9
16
11
14
11
6x
6
13
22
6
4
6
25x
13
3x
7
17
5
5

7x


38
50

55


28


32


43

21

51
54

61
57

43


20

35
20

73
39
34


49
25x
39


25

70


40
7

11x


33


12

34x
43

9

10
43

60
18
34x
40


7
45
60
21

60
23
2


47
21x
19
19x
15
4
23x
26

29
69
39

77x


57


44

65x
74

38


72

81
29
57x
70


50
88
82
64

80
55
77

32
65
34x
78


54

47

54
22
22

37x

28
15


16

41x
91

4

27
57

40
10
11x
25y


85

54
21

13
47
65

15
32
45x
21

49
37

16

39y
8
4



4y
4


10

9x
46

1

6
23
19x
6
2
13x



32
39
36
19

9y
29
37
1y
7
7y
25
14
10x
5x
20
1x
4

33y
6
3

16y

2y
4


8


41

1

4
18
14x

1
11x
2



35
28
16


24


6
5y

11


16



12y
2
1

7y

0y
1


2

2z
12

1

1
5
3x
1z
0
4x




14z
7
5

2z
8
14z


2y

3

0z
5

0z

9y
7
4

8y

1y
5


7

5z
17

2

2
8
3x
1z
4
6x
2


19z
7z
9
7

7z
12
14z
0z

2y
8z
8

2z
8
1z
2z

59y
26
15

29y

8y
18


25

10z
43

4

22
43
48x
22z
10
29x
7


36z
53z
42
36

12z
43
41z
1z
15
15y
44z
30

6z
40
1z
5z

96



82





90w


97




52

45





100
80
88



68
0



20
10


90



28y
60
61

45

90x
97


54


84y

55y

90x
55
96x
88y
62y
66x
96y

100
34
98y
73y
49y

0x
62
56
100x
95y
92x
82x
82

92x
84y
90x
88

7x

65

31

37

23y

18y

7y

9y

45y

98

40y

12x
5x
10
10
11
10
13
7
13x
14x
4x
20
10
4x

48

55

74

56
33

78x

69
57

36

1

9
40
53
31
24x
52x

49
40

82

23

62
77
66


43x

54

64

18

21
23
35y


62x

88y

31

33y

4
9
8
9y
19x
40x

38

25

31y

7
6
6
6y
16x
35x

33

8

9y

2
1z
1

5x
13x

11

10

17y

3
2z
7

9x
15x

12

46

33y

18
23z
29
19y
43x
44x

51

85

86



68w


49

88

79

0

19
99x
79
62x
33x
68x

20
31x

breastfed with
still
exclusively complementary
breastfeeding
food
breastfed
(< 6 months) (6–9 months) (20–23 months)

underweight
(NCHS/WHO)

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

moderate
& severe

underweight
(WHO)
moderate
& severe severe

wasting
(WHO)

stunting
(WHO)

moderate
& severe

moderate
& severe

…TABLE 2
% of under-fives (2003–2008*) suffering from:

France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Holy See
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People’s
Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
(Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal

% of children (2003–2008*) who are:

Vitamin A
supplementation
coverage rate
% of
(6–59 months)
households
2008
consuming
Full
iodized salt
coverageΔ (%) 2003–2008*

% of infants
with low
birthweight
2003–2008*

Early
initiation of
breastfeeding
(%)
2003–2008*

7x
14x
20
5
7x
9
8x
9
12x
12
24
19
25

10
9x
4x
28
9
7
15
6x
8x
6x
12
8x
13
6
10
5x
7x
5


71x
48
37

35


60x
35
23
43
44

79


25
39
56
31



62

39
64
52


65


6x
41
11

63

39x
51x
48
16
21
41

30


46
32
23
25



15

22
17
13
80x
12x
32


62x
44
35

75


67x
32
35
34
87

69


57
75
68
51



36

66
39
84

26x
49


9x
53
20

44


47x

61
48
35

48


77
50
58
36



24

11
16
57

9x
26


12x
20
2




23x
26
19
12
22

11


48

5
8





4x
4
21y
13x
10x
3


8x
16
2

14


18x
21
15
10
18

8


43
18

6



2

4x
4



2


2x
4
1

3


4x
7
4
3
6

1


16
5

2





1x
1
4z

3z
0


4x
7
3

9


2x
8
8
8
10

1


20
14
4z
6



2

3x
5
6z

11z
3


25x
28
13

28


54x
40
47
17
29

29


48
37
5z
26



4

12x
17
35z

24z
18


0
28


24


20
94
66






53
86









27


99


36x
7
87

32


76
41
1

3

80x


51
62y
99y
28



100x

88x
92
91x


76

11
5x
6x
13
14
7x

4x
8x
17
13
9x
22x
19
6x
18
34
14
8

30


63
67




62
58


46

73
60

26

27x
36
29




67
57
29x
10x
38

31
16
21x
38x

70

35x
79
62




78
89

85x
30

77
72

36x

48

11x
60
47
23x



64
72
12x

56

53


21x

37

4

24
5x



42
21
8
30x
32


31y
15x
5

31


14y
19
4x



36
15

26x
27


24y

3

9


3y
6




12
3
1z
7x
10


7y
2z

7

5z
2y
8
4x



15
4

13x
15


12y
14z
2

48

11z
42y
39
21x



53
53

32x
38


32y
10z
16










97
95


97


87

84y

92
91

90x



75
50

44x
79


2
0x
91

18x

6
4
15
15
15x
16
27
21



78
25
52
63

71
76
35

60x

57
19
31
37
15
24
67
53



57
35
66
84
66
72
65
75



65
13
15
54
67
28
65y
95

15x

6
3
10
18
32
21

45



5
2
9

30
17
5
39



1
1
2
4z
9
4
1
11



3
4
10
4z
11
8
1
13



27
7
23
44z
41
29
24
49






83
94


93



83y
71x
21
25
93
63x

63x

breastfed with
still
exclusively complementary
breastfeeding
food
breastfed
(< 6 months) (6–9 months) (20–23 months)

underweight
(NCHS/WHO)
moderate
& severe

underweight
(WHO)
moderate
& severe severe

wasting
(WHO)

stunting
(WHO)

moderate
& severe

moderate
& severe

STATISTICAL TABLES

13

TABLE 2. NUTRITION
% of under-fives (2003–2008*) suffering from:

Countries and territories

Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Occupied Palestinian Territory
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda

14

% of children (2003–2008*) who are:

Vitamin A
supplementation
coverage rate
% of
(6–59 months)
households
2008
consuming
Full
iodized salt
coverageΔ (%) 2003–2008*

% of infants
with low
birthweight
2003–2008*

Early
initiation of
breastfeeding
(%)
2003–2008*


6x
8
27
14
0x
5x
7
9
32
9x
10
10
9
8
20
6x
8x
10x
4x
6
8
6
6
11
11



54
38
32



85x
29



21x
48
54




65


41



31
4
13


27

37
59x
25x
56
22
69
34


12x

46
16

88
56x



76
66
75



91x
36

38x
76
60

58


48x

18
41

69



43

32



73x
55

21x
72


34


21x

2


77



7
43y
27


3
18x
38x

8x
26y
4
5
28


6x

4
3x
3x
23



6
36y
23



11x
31x

6x
18y
3
6
21




3
4x

18



1
12y
9


0z
2x
13x

1x
5y

1
5




1
1x
1z
4



1
12y
14


1z
7x
14x

1x
5y
1
1
6


2z

5
4x
4z
5



22
47y
41


10z
13x
42x

22x
43y
18
30
34


8z

10
13x
13z
51




92
74




97





86










83x
97
46
97


86
69x
17x

95x
92
94y
91
45




60
74
35y
88
100x

8
4x

8
11x
19
5

24
8x
7x

13

15x
6x
18
31x
13x
9
4x
6x
9
10
9




35

23
17

33



75
26
61



34
67


32
61
50




60
31x
34
15

11



74
9
8

76
34
2
32


29
25
5




60
60x
61
39

73



81
15
49

86
56
34
77


37
15
43




18
30x
42
8

50



67
35
31

83
35
15
31


16
34
19




9
14x
17
2


3x



36
12


31
10
7


10
18
9




7

14
1

21
3x


12
32


22
27
7
5


9
15
7




1
3z
4
0

7
0x


2
12
3z

4
10
1
1


2
6
1




9
11z
9
4

10
4x


4
13
5z

15
16
5
3


10
7
5




29
20z
19
7

36
4x


33
42
27z

18
40
11
29


28
39
16




23

90


12




100
39


67

44



87




37

41
73x

45




1
62x

94y
11

80


79
49
47

6
12
12
3x
19
5
16x
4
5x
14



53

41
87
52x
60

42

37x
31
48
62x
13
6
40
11
35
60

8x
82
70

43
61
71
54
40
80

10x
35


22
15
26y
37
51y
54

2
49
21

6x
3
3
11

20

2

21




8
2
16

0
15z
3

1z
0z
0z
2
0
4

3
25z
6

4z
2z
1z
7
3
6

11
54z
27

4z
6z
10z
19
10
38



64






67

94y
60
25

28
97x
69
87

96

breastfed with
still
exclusively complementary
breastfeeding
food
breastfed
(< 6 months) (6–9 months) (20–23 months)

underweight
(NCHS/WHO)

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

moderate
& severe

underweight
(WHO)
moderate
& severe severe

wasting
(WHO)

stunting
(WHO)

moderate
& severe

moderate
& severe

…TABLE 2
% of under-fives (2003–2008*) suffering from:
% of children (2003–2008*) who are:

Vitamin A
supplementation
coverage rate
% of
(6–59 months)
households
2008
consuming
Full
iodized salt
coverageΔ (%) 2003–2008*

% of infants
with low
birthweight
2003–2008*

Early
initiation of
breastfeeding
(%)
2003–2008*

4
15x
8x
10
8x
9
5
10

41


67

60
67
72

18
34x

41

57
26
40

55
52x

91

35
45
62

6
29x

55

28
38
32

1x
14x

22
2x
5x
5
16




17
1x
5x
4

0z
3z

4
0x
2x
1
2z

0z
15z

4
0x
2x
4
7z

3z
17z

44
3x
15x
19
20z




93


38

18


43


53
23

9
7
32x
11
11


58
30
57
69

7x
17
12
61
22

50x
70
76
93
79

31x
23

42
40y

5
20
46
19
17



43
15
12


5z
19
3
3

4z
8z
15
5
7

12z
36z
58
45
33


98w

96
20

90x
93
30
77x
91y

47
46
59
36
47
31**
27
46**
48


39**
49
39**

32
31
42
22
30
41
45

41
27

37
39
37

69
70
72
70
60
51
55
45
69
53

58
69
57

49
52
61
45
34
53
75
26
28
23

50
67
49

25
27
26
28
14
31
47
12
6
5

26
33
26

21
23
23
22
14
27
42
11
4


23
28
23

7
8
7
8
5
13
15




10
9
10

10
10
8
11
10
17
19

2


13
11
13

40
42
45
40
32
36
48
22
14


34
45
34

73
73
73
73

70**
65
89**



71**
85
71**

60
60
48
73
60
73
55
86
89
51

72
57
70

Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
(Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

breastfed with
still
exclusively complementary
breastfeeding
food
breastfed
(< 6 months) (6–9 months) (20–23 months)

underweight
(NCHS/WHO)
moderate
& severe

underweight
(WHO)
moderate
& severe severe

wasting
(WHO)

stunting
(WHO)

moderate
& severe

moderate
& severe

SUMMARY INDICATORS
Africa#
Sub-Saharan Africa#
Eastern and Southern Africa
West and Central Africa
Middle East and North Africa
Asia#
South Asia
East Asia and Pacific
Latin America and Caribbean
CEE/CIS
Industrialized countries§
Developing countries§
Least developed countries§
World

14
15
14
16
11
18
27
6
9
6

16
17
16

§ Includes territories within each country category or regional group. Countries and territories in each country category or regional group are listed on page 44.

DEFINITIONS OF THE INDICATORS
Low birthweight – Percentage of infants weighing less than 2,500 grams at birth.
Early initiation of breastfeeding – Percentage of infants who are put to the breast within one
hour of birth.
Underweight (NCHS/WHO) – Moderate and severe: Percentage of children aged 0–59 months
who are below minus two standard deviations from median weight for age of the NCHS/WHO
reference population.
Underweight (WHO) – Moderate and severe: Percentage of children aged 0–59 months who are
below minus two standard deviations from median weight for age of the World Health
Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards; Severe: Percentage of children aged 0–59 months
who are below minus three standard deviations from median weight for age of the WHO Child
Growth Standards.

MAIN DATA SOURCES
Low birthweight – Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys
(MICS), other national household surveys, data from routine reporting systems, UNICEF and WHO.
Breastfeeding – DHS, MICS, other national household surveys and UNICEF.
Underweight, wasting and stunting – DHS, MICS, other national household surveys, WHO and
UNICEF.
Vitamin A – UNICEF.
Salt iodization – DHS, MICS, other national household surveys and UNICEF.

Wasting (WHO) – Moderate and severe: Percentage of children aged 0–59 months who are below
minus two standard deviations from median weight for height of the WHO Child Growth
Standards.
Stunting (WHO) – Moderate and severe: Percentage of children aged 0–59 months who are below
minus two standard deviations from median height for age of the WHO Child Growth Standards.
Vitamin A supplementation (full coverage) – The estimated percentage of children aged 6–59
months reached with 2 doses of vitamin A supplements in 2008.
Iodized salt consumption – Percentage of households consuming adequately iodized salt (15 parts
per million or more).

NOTES


w
x

Data not available.
Identifies countries with national vitamin A supplementation programmes targeted towards a reduced age range. Coverage figure is reported as targeted.
Data refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country. Such data are not included in the calculation
of regional and global averages.
y Data refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country. Such data are included in the calculation of
regional and global averages.
z Data refer to the NCHS/WHO reference population. Such data are not included in the calculation of regional and global averages.
Δ
Full coverage with vitamin A supplements is reported as the lower percentage of 2 annual coverage points (i.e., lower point between round 1 (January–June) and round 2 (July–December) of 2008).
* Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified in the column heading.
** Excludes China.
# For a complete list of countries and territories in the regions and subregions, see page 44.

STATISTICAL TABLES

15

TABLE 3. HEALTH
% of population
using improved
drinking-water
sources
2006

% of population
using improved
sanitation facilities
2006

% of routine
EPI
vaccines
financed by
government
2008

Countries and territories

total urban rural

total urban rural

total

% underfives with
suspected % underpneumonia fives with
1-year-old children immunized against:
taken to an suspected
%
appropriate pneumonia
newTB
DPT
Polio Measles HepB Hib
health-care receiving
borns
protected provider antibiotics
corresponding vaccines:
against
BCG DPT1β DPT3β polio3 measles HepB3 Hib3 tetanusλ
2005–2008*

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Côte d’Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic People’s
Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic
of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland

22
97
85
100
51

96
98
100
100
78


80
100
100


65
81
86
99
96
91

99
72
71
65
70
100

66
48
95
88
93
85
71
95
98
81
99
91
100
100

17
97
81
100
39

80
96
100
100
59


78
100
99


57
79
69
98
90
58

97
66
70
61
47
99

51
40
72
81
77
81
35
88
96
66
98
78
100
100

30
97
94
100
50

91
91
100
100
80
100

36
99
93


30
52
43
95
47
77

99
13
41
28
51
100

31
9
94
65
78
35
20
100
96
24
99
98
100
99

45
98
98
100
79
98
92
96
100
100
90
100
100
48
99
91


59
71
54
99
60
84

100
41
44
62
58
100

40
23
97
74
85
49
19
100
96
38
99
99
100
100

25
97
87
100
16

83
81
100
100
70
100

32
100
97


11
50
22
92
30
37

96
6
41
19
42
99

25
4
74
59
58
26
21
100
95
12
98
95
100
98

0
100
100
100

100



83

100
100
85

75

100
42
0
100
82
100
100

100
21

41
51

84
0
0
100

100
0
100
100

21

99
10
100

85
99
99

87

99
98


81


98

98

98
88
99
85
96
99
99
96
98
92
99
98
86

99
74
40
98
97
93
81
93
99
90
91
99
99

99

96
99
97
99
99
99
94
96
97
94
80
99
99
98
93
98
99
98
84
97
87
95
99
98
99
97
90
99
95
93
97
96
65
45
98
99
97
85
93
99
90
89
98
99
99
98

85
99
93
99
81
99
96
89
92
83
70
93
97
95
93
97
99
94
67
96
83
91
96
97
99
95
79
92
91
84
94
98
54
20
96
97
92
81
89
99
90
74
96
99
97
99

85
99
92
99
75
99
94
91
92
83
73
93
97
95
93
98
99
94
64
96
82
92
96
99
99
96
79
89
91
82
90
94
47
36
95
99
92
81
89
99
89
58
96
99
97
99

75
98
88
98
79
99
99
94
94
83
66
90
99
89
92
99
93
96
61
99
86
84
94
99
97
96
75
84
89
80
94
96
62
23
92
94
92
76
79
95
91
63
96
99
87
97

85
99
91
91
83
99
92
89
94
83
46
90
97
95
93
98
98
94
67
96
83
88
93
96
99
96
79
92
91
84
14
91

10
96
95
92
81
89
99
89
74
97
99
93
99



93
98
83
99
96

94
83

94
97

93
6
98
94
67

83
83

97
99

79
92


94


10
96

92



87

96
99
90
99

83
87
71

79






90
63
91



88
92
89
74

85
92
65

79
78
87
86

78
86
58


78
83
82


92




45
53




36


36x


28

90

71
36

51
91
14x
50


39
38
48
35

51
32
12x


62
56x
48


35




38
59




11





22

67

44



73




15
26

38


39








19




50
24




59


45


68

54

26
42

54x
53
7x



42
23
50
22


47
27x


39
31x
39


45







28













25







23
8x
5x
4


17



3x

8x


10







18





1x







20







10
8x
4x
13


15
1x



9x
6x


3







29





1x







54







48
30x
0x
58


57
53x



63x
48x


36



100 100 100

0

97

93 92

98

98

92

91

93x

31 42 25
100 100 100
67 76 11



79 81 74
84 91 72
66 85 52
86 90 80
51 60 46
5 14
3
95 96 94
11 27
8
71 87 55
100 100 100

0


100
90
100
100
100
100
20
100
0
100
100

74

90
98
92
99
98
94
73
99
98
81
99
97

75
97
90
99
90
91
98
97
65
99
97
87
99
99

68
75
89
95
84
72
97
94
39
96
95
75
99
97

67
89
73
99
79
66
92
95
51
95
95
74
94
97

69

88
96
88
75
97
94

97
94
81
99


75
89
96
79
75

94

97
95
81
99
98

75

79

86
73
85
87
69
86

84
94

42

62

70

73
62x

44x

19



43

57

58




5

42

33

55

19

36x
54x

15

9

18








53

6

1





1x
4x

33

30

10





49x
4x

10

16

46
100
92

95
95
98
84
43
60
100
42
47
100

37
97
87
100
62
95
98
99
100
100
95
98
100
85
100
100
100
100
78
98
96
100
100
97

100
97
84
80
88
100

90
71
98
98
99
91
95
98
99
98
100
95
100
100

82 29
100 100
98 54
100

97 91
98 91
99 98
94 68
45 42
74 57
100 99
96 31
43 51
100 100

Immunization 2008

69
75
89
96
77
75
97
94
33
97
95
81
99
99

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

% underfives with
diarrhoea
receiving
oral rehydration and
continued
feeding
2005–2008*

Malaria 2006–2008*
% underfives with
%
fever
house- % underreceiving
holds
fives
antiowning sleeping
malarial
at least under
drugs
one ITN
ITNs

…TABLE 3

France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Holy See
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People’s
Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
(Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal

% of population
using improved
drinking-water
sources
2006

% of population
using improved
sanitation facilities
2006

% of routine
EPI
vaccines
financed by
government
2008

total urban rural

total urban rural

total

% underfives with
suspected % underpneumonia fives with
1-year-old children immunized against:
taken to an suspected
%
appropriate pneumonia
newTB
DPT
Polio Measles HepB Hib
health-care receiving
borns
protected provider antibiotics
corresponding vaccines:
against
2005–2008*
BCG DPT1β DPT3β polio3 measles HepB3 Hib3 tetanusλ

100
87
86
99
100
80
100

96
70
57
93
58

84
100
100
89
80

77

100

93
100
98
96
57
65

89

100
95
91
100
100
90
100
97
99
91
82
98
70

95
100
100
96
89
99
88
100
100
100
97
100
99
99
85
77

99

100
47
81
97
100
71
99

94
59
47
91
51

74
100
100
86
71

56

100

88
100
91
91
49
53

83


36
52
93
100
10
98
97
84
19
33
81
19

66
100
100
28
52

76



83
100
85
97
42
33

93


37
50
94
100
15
99
96
90
33
48
85
29

78
100
100
52
67

80

100

82
100
88
97
19
46

94


30
55
92
100
6
97
97
79
12
26
80
12

55
100
100
18
37

69



84
100
71
98
48
20

93

9
100
10
63

20

100
99
65

97
0

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
99




100

100
100

80

84
89
95
95

99
91

99
84
89
96
75

99
99

87
89
99
92
94


92

95
97
95
83

99

98
69
99
99
98
90
99
99
95
80
83
94
83

96
99
94
83
91
99
84
97
98
98
88
99
98
99
90
97
99
99

98
38
96
92
90
87
99
99
85
66
63
93
53

93
99
98
66
77
99
62
93
93
96
87
98
97
99
85
82
99
95

98
31
97
90
96
86
99
99
85
71
64
93
52

93
99
98
67
77
99
66
93
95
96
87
95
98
99
85
74
99
95

87
55
91
96
95
86
99
99
96
64
76
95
58

95
99
96
70
83
98
69
89
84
91
88
97
95
99
90
72
99
99

29
38
99
89
90
87
95
99
85
71

93


93


21
78
99
58

96
96
89

97
99
85
83
99
97

87

96

93
87
83
99
85


93


93
99
98




93
93
96
87

97
49
85
83
99


73
91


86


71
96
94
90
50

94


86
79
83
69



58

87

78

84


48x
69
74

52


64x
42
57
64
31

56


69
66
93x
82



75

75
71
49x


62



61
56

33




42
20
3

54


13


82



52

87
32



45


44x
38
37

29


22x
38
25
28
43

49


33
54

64



39

32
48
33x


22



50


33



4x
44

















6x




49


28


1x
1x
39







3

0x







5x




63


43



44x
46

5

1


8
1

1x







27x


60
99
100
78
64



100
47
76
99
83
60
100

60
100
95

86
100
100
93
72



100
76
96
100
98
86
100

70
100
98

53
96
100
74
52



100
36
72
96
76
48
100

54
100
85

48
78

36
32
97


100
12
60
94
59
45


24
94
81

87 38
82 71
100

43 34
49
7
97 96




100 100
18 10
51 62
95 93
100 42
59 39
100



44 10
95 94
91 48

9

100
1
4
100

100
100
10


100
20
100


100
100

68
99

96
80
99

99

94
97
90
99
77

92
89
96
99

73
98
90
95
81
98

96
99
92
90
90
99
83
88
99
88
99
99

61
97
74
83
64
98

96
99
82
91
90
98
68
72
93
74
99
98

60
97
74
80
72
98

96
99
81
92
90
98
62
72
91
73
99
98

52
97
53
85
64
98

97
96
81
88
95
97
68
78
94
65
98
96

61
96
74
85
64
98

96
94
82
91
90
98
68
59
93
74
99
98


96
74

64
98

96
98
13
91
90

68
72
83

99
98

47


83
91




76
87
87
95
92


77
87
87

32

74x
59x
62




48x
52

22x
38


45

52









30





24

49


53x
47




47x
27


38


32

45









38


50


12

41








0x
25


27


2x

8



59




34x
25


32


21

94 95
– 100
72 90
98 100
83 100
42 71
80 80
93 99


89 94

94

48
96
58
26
80
90

88



61
100
100
100

100
100
43

82
90
98
98
99
87
88
88
99
87

92
99
98
98
99
88
88
88
99
84

79
99
96
95
99
72
85
83
99
82

79
99
95
95
99
70
85
83
99
82

92
99
97
89
96
77
82
73
99
79

90
99
96
93
97
72
84

99
82

79
99
96
93
99








86
83
93
82

81



63
89
38x
65
66x
53x
69
43



71
57

22

14
47
25



47
64
46x
47
65x
48
68
37








20






23

11






37

10

0

25 61
– 100
50 64
91 96
72 85
31 53
82 85
35 66


27 45

14

31
86
54
19
81
18

24

Immunization 2008

% underfives with
diarrhoea
receiving
oral rehydration and
continued
feeding
2005–2008*

Malaria 2006–2008*
% under%
fives with
house- % underfever
holds
fives
receiving
owning sleeping
antiat least under
malarial
one ITN
ITNs
drugs

STATISTICAL TABLES

17

TABLE 3. HEALTH
% of population
using improved
drinking-water
sources
2006

% of population
using improved
sanitation facilities
2006

Countries and territories

total urban rural

total urban rural

total

% underfives with
suspected % underpneumonia fives with
1-year-old children immunized against:
taken to an suspected
%
appropriate pneumonia
newTB
DPT
Polio Measles HepB Hib
health-care receiving
borns
protected provider antibiotics
corresponding vaccines:
against
BCG DPT1β DPT3β polio3 measles HepB3 Hib3 tetanusλ
2005–2008*

Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Occupied Palestinian Territory
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda

100

79
42
47
100
100
89

90
89
92
40
77
84
93

99
100

90
88
97
65
99
98

100
100
90
91
65
100
100
90

95
79
96
88
94
92
96
100
99
100
97
96
99
100
82
99
98

100

63
32
30
100
100
88

87
94
81
32
52
63
88

100
100

85
76
88
61
99
98

100 100 100



48 57 34
7 27
3
30 35 25
100 100 100



80 84 69
– 97

58 90 40
67 96 52
74 78 63
45 67 41
70 89 42
72 85 36
78 81 72



99 99 98
100 100 100



79 85 73
72 88 54
87 93 70
48 51 47
96 96 96


100

65
72
90
100
63


100
0
100
100
100
100
100




56
100

25
100
100



99
64
69
99

99
99
90

99
68
76
99
93
93
98
96
96
99
99
98
93
95
99

98
91
99
75
72
99
97
99
97
85
99
93
70
91
99
94
99
99
96
95
96
98
98
99
93
99

97
89
96
66
54
99
94
96
92
73
92
82
52
76
99
91
99
97
94
94
95
97
98
97
99
96

96
89
96
64
61
99
94
97
99
81
92
82
65
76
98
91
99
97
97
92
97
96
98
97
98
96

96
86
99
80
62
99
93
96
99
85
97
85
54
77
90
92
98
97
92
92
94
97
99
92
99
99


90
96

41
99

96
92
73
92
83
56
76
99
88
98
97
94
94
98
99
98
97
98
96

97
86
96


99
94
96
92

92
83

76
99

88
97
94




97
97
96



80
84
64



91
80


61
74
67
58







85



58x
47
32


65x

69




67
50




60


28










50

















49x
34
28x




37




60
76x




48


24




43
8




0













56




7
6


















56



2x
33
33




3





0x







6


88

86

77
99

53

100

70
29
93
100
82
70
92
60
100
100
89
67
98


90

88
97
93
99
100
83
100
100

94
63
100
100
98
78
97
87
100
100
95
93
99


87

83

65
98

32

100

65
10
82
100
79
64
79
51
100
100
83
58
97


100

24

28
92

11

100

32
23
59
100
86
35
82
50
100
100
92
92
96


100

29
100
54
96

20
100
100

98
51
66
100
89
50
89
64
100
100
96
95
95

96
100

18

9
88
100
5

99

18
7
49
100
86
24
60
46
100
100
88
91
96

100
100

46
100
100
100
100


100
70
25
0

100
90
0
100
100

5
100
9
100

99
99

99
98
98
99
99
82
99
98

81
36
81

99
83

99
20

90
89
99

99
50
89
99
98
94
98
99
77
98
99
98
78
40
77
98
99
96
95
97
99
97
88
92
99

99
46
87
99
98
88
95
99
60
97
99
97
78
31
67
97
98
86
84
95
98
95
82
86
99

99
78
87
99
98
87
95
99
50
97
99
97
78
24
65
97
98
85
85
95
98
95
82
87
99

99
45
73
93
97
77
92
99
60
95
99
96
60
24
62
98
98
79
86
95
96
87
81
86
98

99
38
87
99
98
88
93
99
60
96
99
98
77

67
97
98
86
84
95


82
86
98

99
32
87

98
88
98

60

99
97
36

67
97

86
84

98
93
82
46






88


97



85
49
75

93
70
93
86


94

91




47x

47
93

46



73
13
65x

58
90
74
73


77
64
84







57

21



23
32




37
24


71
41
65




63

43
71

31



76
7



56
28
22


34
22
46




36

60


37




12


5
18

4



2x




42

29


26




11


3
28
3x
1



1x




25

9


30



19
8


0
54

1



2x

100 100 99
62 77 56
59 86 40
100 100 100
94 97 93
94 99 84
97 98 95



93 94 92
64 90 60

89
41
12
96
92
85
88

89
33

92
64
24
98
92
96
96

93
29

81
32
3
96
92
64
72

84
34

100

15
80

100
100


94
85
92
99

99
96
99
99
90

98
85
92
99
91
98
97
98
99
90

95
79
89
99
90
99
96
96
99
64

96
79
88
99
91
99
96
96
99
59

98
73
77
99
91
98
97
99
93
68

97
79
24
98
90
99
92
96
99
68

13

24
99
90

96


68


66
81


96
71


85

93
57x
23

74
59
41x
83

73

74

26

34


50

47

45

22

31x
62

25

39



40






16


8x
38






10


47x
48






61

18

% of routine
EPI
vaccines
financed by
government
2008

Immunization 2008

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

% underfives with
diarrhoea
receiving
oral rehydration and
continued
feeding
2005–2008*

Malaria 2006–2008*
% underfives with
%
fever
house- % underreceiving
holds
fives
antiowning sleeping
malarial
at least under
drugs
one ITN
ITNs

…TABLE 3

Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
(Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

% of population
using improved
drinking-water
sources
2006

% of population
using improved
sanitation facilities
2006

total urban rural

total urban rural

total

% underfives with
suspected % underpneumonia fives with
1-year-old children immunized against:
taken to an suspected
%
appropriate pneumonia
newTB
DPT
Polio Measles HepB Hib
health-care receiving
borns
protected provider antibiotics
corresponding vaccines:
against
2005–2008*
BCG DPT1β DPT3β polio3 measles HepB3 Hib3 tetanusλ

97
100
100
55
99
100
88

93 97
97 98


33 31
100 100
100 100
96 97

83
95

34
99
99
95

100
100

93

100
55
100

95
98

89

99
96
97

73
97
97
88
99
98
96
79

90
92
92
84
96
94
98
76

91
94
92
89
93
94
98
76

94
92
86
88
92
95
98
65

84
92

84
93
94
91
76

81
92
92

93
94




81



73




59


68







56




53


28
43




39






26






57




88
88
55
63


56
30
51
37


88
18
73
0

87
92
60
92
76

79
90
79
92
77

47
93
69
80
62

69
93
67
77
66

82
92
62
85
66

50
87
69
80
62

48

69
80
62

52
84
63
90
76

72x
83
47x
68
25


55
38
47
8

51x
65
48
56
47


19

62
9


5

41
3


3

43
5

38 53
31 42
34 48
27 37
73 87
51 69
33 57
66 75
78 86
89 94
100 100
53 71
33 49
62 79

29
24
28
20
53
41
23
59
52
79
99
39
27
45

54
47
48
51
80
94
94

96
85

81
36
80

83
81
87
76
92
91
88
95
96
96

89
84
89

85
83
88
78
94
90
85
96
95
95
98
89
87
90

74
72
78
65
89
81
71
92
90
95
96
80
78
82

74
71
76
66
89
82
73
94
92
95
94
81
77
83

74
72
77
66
86
82
74
91
93
96
93
81
76
83

70
66
77
55
88
62
39
91
89
92
66
68
75
69

39
39
58
17
48
1

2
89
38
84
23
34
28

78
78
81
75
78
84
85

81


81
82
81

46
43
44
38
76
65**
64
66**
54


58**
44
58**



22

62
22**
19




27**
24
27**

35
37
33
38
39
40**
37
55**



39**
43
39**

25
25
39
17








33

17
17
25
11








22

35
35
31
36

6
7




17
32


92
66
58
81

97 97
100 100
100 100
81 46
100 94
100 100
98 82



98
68
90
98


90
65
41
72

64 84
58 81
59 88
56 77
87 94
87 96
87 94
88 96
92 97
95 99
100 100
84 94
62 81
87 96

51
46
48
41
78
82
84
81
73
88
98
76
55
78


65
46
52
46

% of routine
EPI
vaccines
financed by
government
2008

Immunization 2008

% underfives with
diarrhoea
receiving
oral rehydration and
continued
feeding
2005–2008*

Malaria 2006–2008*
% under%
fives with
house- % underfever
holds
fives
receiving
owning sleeping
antiat least under
malarial
one ITN
ITNs
drugs

SUMMARY INDICATORS
Africa#
Sub-Saharan Africa#
Eastern and Southern Africa
West and Central Africa
Middle East and North Africa
Asia#
South Asia
East Asia and Pacific
Latin America and Caribbean
CEE/CIS
Industrialized countries§
Developing countries§
Least developed countries§
World

§ Includes territories within each country category or regional group. Countries and territories in each country category or regional group are listed on page 44.

MAIN DATA SOURCES

DEFINITIONS OF THE INDICATORS
Government funding of vaccines – Percentage of vaccines that are routinely administered in a country to protect children and are financed by the national government (including loans).
EPI – Expanded programme on immunization: The immunizations in this programme include those against tuberculosis (TB); diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus (DPT); polio;
and measles, as well as vaccination of pregnant women to protect babies against neonatal tetanus. Other vaccines, e.g., against hepatitis B (HepB), Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) or
yellow fever, may be included in the programme in some countries.

Use of improved drinking-water sources
and improved sanitation facilities –
UNICEF and World Health Organization
(WHO), Joint Monitoring Programme.

BCG – Percentage of infants who received bacille Calmette-Guérin (vaccine against tuberculosis).

Government funding of vaccines – UNICEF
and WHO.

DPT1 – Percentage of infants who received their first dose of diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus vaccine.

Immunization – UNICEF and WHO.

DPT3 – Percentage of infants who received three doses of diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus vaccine.

Suspected pneumonia – Demographic and
Health Surveys (DHS), Multiple Indicator
Cluster Surveys (MICS) and other national
household surveys.

HepB3 – Percentage of infants who received three doses of hepatitis B vaccine.
Hib3 – Percentage of infants who received three doses of Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine.
% under-fives with suspected pneumonia taken to an appropriate health-care provider – Percentage of children (aged 0–4) with suspected pneumonia in the two weeks preceding
the survey who were taken to an appropriate health-care provider.
% under-fives with suspected pneumonia receiving antibiotics – Percentage of children (aged 0–4) with suspected pneumonia in the two weeks preceding the survey who are
receiving antibiotics.

Oral rehydration therapy and continued
feeding – DHS, MICS and other national
household surveys.
Malaria prevention and treatment – DHS,
MICS and malaria indicator surveys.

% under-fives with diarrhoea receiving oral rehydration and continued feeding – Percentage of children (aged 0–4) with diarrhoea in the two weeks preceding the survey who
received oral rehydration therapy (a packet of oral rehydration salts, recommended home-made fluids or increased fluids) and continued feeding.
Malaria:
% households owning at least one ITN – Percentage of households with at least one insecticide-treated net.
% under-fives sleeping under ITNs – Percentage of children (aged 0–4) who slept under an insecticide-treated net the night prior to the survey.
% under-fives with fever receiving antimalarial drugs – Percentage of children (aged 0–4) who were ill with fever in the two weeks preceding the survey and received any antimalarial medicine.

NOTES


x
β
λ
*
**
#

Data not available.
Data refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country. Such data are not included in the calculation of regional and global averages.
Coverage for DPT1 should be at least as high as DPT3. Discrepancies where DPT1 coverage is less than DPT3 reflect deficiencies in the data collection and reporting process. UNICEF and WHO are working with national and
territorial systems to eliminate these discrepancies.
WHO and UNICEF have employed a model to calculate the percentage of births that can be considered as protected against tetanus because pregnant women were given two doses or more of tetanus toxoid (TT) vaccine.
The model aims to improve the accuracy of this indicator by capturing or including other potential scenarios where women might be protected (e.g., women who receive doses of TT in supplemental immunization activities).
A fuller explanation of the methodology can be found at <www.childinfo.org>.
Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified in the column heading.
Excludes China.
For a complete list of countries and territories in the regions and subregions, see page 44.

STATISTICAL TABLES

19

TABLE 4. HIV/AIDS
Prevention among young people
Orphans

Paediatric
infections

Countries and territories

Estimated
adult HIV
prevalence
rate (aged
15–49),
2007

Afghanistan

Albania

Algeria
0.1
Andorra

Angola
2.1
Antigua and Barbuda

Argentina
0.5
Armenia
0.1
Australia
0.2
Austria
0.2
Azerbaijan
0.2
Bahamas
3.0
Bahrain

Bangladesh

Barbados
1.2
Belarus
0.2
Belgium
0.2
Belize
2.1
Benin
1.2
Bhutan
0.1
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 0.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina
<0.1
Botswana
23.9
Brazil
0.6
Brunei Darussalam

Bulgaria

Burkina Faso
1.6
Burundi
2.0
Cambodia
0.8
Cameroon
5.1
Canada
0.4
Cape Verde

Central African Republic
6.3
Chad
3.5
Chile
0.3
China
0.1
Colombia
0.6
Comoros
<0.1
Congo
3.5
Cook Islands

Costa Rica
0.4
Côte d’Ivoire
3.9
Croatia
<0.1
Cuba
0.1
Cyprus

Czech Republic

Democratic People’s
Republic of Korea

Democratic Republic
of the Congo

Denmark
0.2
Djibouti
3.1
Dominica

Dominican Republic
1.1
Ecuador
0.3
Egypt

El Salvador
0.8
Equatorial Guinea
3.4
Eritrea
1.3
Estonia
1.3
Ethiopia
2.1
Fiji
0.1
Finland
0.1

20

Estimated number of people
(all ages) living with HIV,
2007 (thousands)
estimate



21

190

120
2.4
18
9.8
7.8
6.2

12
2.2
13
15
3.6
64
<0.5
8.1
<0.5
300
730


130
110
75
540
73

160
200
31
700
170
<0.2
79

9.7
480
<0.5
6.2

1.5


4.8
16

62
26
9.2
35
11
38
9.9
980

2.4

low
high
estimate– estimate


<1.0
11–43

150–240

90–150
1.8–3.5
11–36
7.6–13
4.7–16
4.0–8.7

7.7–19
1.5–3.2
10–19
8.9–29
2.2–5.3
58–73
<1.0
6.5–11
<1.0
280–310
600–890


110–160
78–130
67–84
430–640
43–110

150–170
130–240
23–39
450–1000
110–230
<1.0
65–94

6.1–15
400–550
<1.0
3.6–12

<1.0–2.8
<0.1
400–500
3.7–6.9
12–19

52–71
15–40
7.2–13
24–72
8.2–14
25–58
5.4–19
880–1100
<0.5
1.4–4.4

Mother-to-child
transmission
Estimated number of
women (aged 15+)
living with HIV, 2007
(thousands)

Estimated
number of
children
(aged 0–14)
living with
HIV, 2007
(thousands)

HIV prevalence
among young
people
(aged 15–24),
2007

% who
have
comprehensive
knowledge
of HIV,
2003–2008*

male

male female male female

female

% who
used
condom
at last
higher-risk
sex,
2003–2008*

Children (aged 0–17)
orphaned
by AIDS,
2007

Orphan
orphaned
school
due to all
causes, attendance
ratio
2007

estimate
estimate
(thousands) (thousands) 2003–2008*



6.0

110

32
<1.0
1.2
2.9
1.3
1.6

2.0
<1.0
3.9
4.1
2.0
37
<0.1
2.2

170
240


61
53
20
300
20

91
110
8.7
200
47
<0.1
43

2.7
250

1.8

<0.5





17












<0.2
5.4



15



10
15
4.4
45


14
19




6.6


52





0.1

0.2

0.6
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3
3.2


1.3
0.3
0.2
0.5
0.3
0.1
0.2

5.1
1.0


0.5
0.4
0.8
1.2
0.4

1.1
2.0
0.3
0.1
0.7
0.1
0.8

0.4
0.8

0.1

<0.1



0.1

0.3

0.3
0.1
<0.1
0.1
0.1
1.5


0.6
0.1
0.1
1.5
0.9
<0.1
0.1

15.3
0.6


0.9
1.3
0.3
4.3
0.2

5.5
2.8
0.2
0.1
0.3
<0.1
2.3

0.2
2.4

0.1








15


5


18




35

18




15


45


36
27
20




35


28




6
13




23


5


8

34

40
16

15
44



17
19
30
50
32

36
17
8




26


18`

52








86


31







45

47




70


84


79

25




36


53




















50
28


71



57
64
25

62

56
41
17


36

16


39







50













29



95



100
120

300


72
85



<0.1
69


420



530


1.1
8.7

30
7.1
2.6
9.7
5.9
21
2.4
530

<1.0



1.1

2.7



<1.0
3.1

92


0.2
0.7

0.3
0.4

0.9
0.8
0.3
1.6
0.5
0.1
0.1


0.1
2.1

0.6
0.2

0.5
2.5
0.9
0.7
1.5

<0.1

21



34

18




33

15

18

41

5
27



20

27

51

70






50

17

26

44






28



5





5
18

650

4500
53
42

170
200
1400
130
32
280
20
5000
22
48

77



77






90

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

2100

570

1200

610
50
140
52
190
7

5000
3
190
78
6
340
22
300

130
3200

95
690
600
600
1100
180

280
540
160
17000
790
27
210

36
1200

99

94














84




90

74p





61p
85
83
91


96
105


85

88


83



…TABLE 4
Prevention among young people
Orphans

Paediatric
infections
Estimated
adult HIV
prevalence
rate (aged
15–49),
2007

France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Holy See
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People’s
Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
(Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal

Estimated number of people
(all ages) living with HIV,
2007 (thousands)
estimate

low
high
estimate– estimate

Mother-to-child
transmission
Estimated number of
women (aged 15+)
living with HIV, 2007
(thousands)

Estimated
number of
children
(aged 0–14)
living with
HIV, 2007
(thousands)

HIV prevalence
among young
people
(aged 15–24),
2007

% who
have
comprehensive
knowledge
of HIV,
2003–2008*

male

male female male female

female

% who
used
condom
at last
higher-risk
sex,
2003–2008*

Children (aged 0–17)
orphaned
by AIDS,
2007

Orphan
orphaned
school
due to all
causes, attendance
ratio
2007

estimate
estimate
(thousands) (thousands) 2003–2008*

0.4
5.9
0.9
0.1
0.1
1.9
0.2

0.8
1.6
1.8
2.5
2.2

0.7
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.1
0.4
1.6


0.1



0.1

140
49
8.2
2.7
53
260
11

59
87
16
13
120

28
3.3
<0.5
2400
270
86

5.5
5.1
150
27
9.6
<1.0
12


<1.0
4.2

78–240
37–68
3.7–13
1.5–6.1
31–97
230–290
6.1–19

41–84
73–110
11–23
7.6–18
100–140

18–44
2.0–5.9
<1.0
1800–3200
190–400
68–110

4.1–7.7
2.5–12
110–210
19–36
7.9–10
<2.0
7.0–29
1500–2000

<2.0
2.3–7.7

38
27
4.5
<1.0
15
150
3.0

52
48
8.7
7.1
58

7.4
<1.0
<0.2
880
54
24

1.5
2.9
41
7.6
2.3

3.3



1.1


2.3



17



6.3
1.5

6.8

1.6
















0.4
1.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.4
0.2


0.4
0.4
0.5
0.6

0.7
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.2

0.2
<0.1
0.4
1.7


0.2



0.2

0.2
3.9
0.6
0.1
0.1
1.3
0.1

1.5
1.2
1.2
1.7
1.4

0.4
<0.1
0.1
0.3
0.1
0.1

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.9


0.1



0.1






33



23


40




36
15y









47




39
15

25



17
18
50
34

30


20
10y

3



60

13y
22
34


20






46



37

68
43




37










47




54


28



26
39
62
29

24


22










25


56


18
3


160



25
6




















420
67
48
72
540
1100
73

360
380
110
23
380

170
130
2
25000
4400
1300

38
44
320
53
520

470
2500


140



87


104p



73
97

86

108


72
82y

84







95


0.2
0.8
0.1
23.2
1.7


0.1
0.2
0.1
11.9
0.5

1.5
0.1

0.8
1.7
0.3

5.5
10
3.0
270
35


2.2

14
930
80

100
<0.5

14
13
200

3.3–13
7.4–15
1.7–7.2
260–290
29–41


1.2–4.6
<1.0
9.1–23
860–1000
52–120
<0.1
88–120
<1.0

8.3–26
7.5–28
150–310

1.3
2.7
<1.0
150
19


<1.0
<0.2
3.4
490
21

56


3.9
3.8
57




12
3.1




<0.5
91


9.4


<0.5
<0.1

0.2
0.9
0.1
5.9
0.4


0.1
0.2
0.2
2.4
0.6

0.4
0.1

0.9
1.8
0.3

0.1
0.5
0.1
14.9
1.3


0.1
0.1
0.1
8.4
0.3

1.1
0.1

0.5
1.0
0.2




18
27




16
42


22

39
14




26
21




19
42


18

27
5




48
22




12
58


36

22





50
14




5
40


17

9





110
15




3
550


44


3
<0.5

210
33
71
160
270


51
4
840
1100
410
9
550
3

83
21
1400




95
85




75
97


87


66p



0.1

0.1
12.5
0.7
15.3

0.5



<1.0

21
1500
240
200

70



1.5

15–31
1300–1700
160–370
160–230

50–99



<0.2

5.9
810
100
110

17






100

14



0.1

0.1
2.9
0.7
3.4

0.5





0.1
8.5
0.6
10.3

0.3








62

44



31
30
12
14

65

28








81

78




66

44

64






400

66



64

630
1400
1600
110

990



96p


89

100

STATISTICAL TABLES

21

TABLE 4. HIV/AIDS
Prevention among young people
Orphans

Paediatric
infections

Countries and territories

Estimated
adult HIV
prevalence
rate (aged
15–49),
2007

Netherlands
0.2
New Zealand
0.1
Nicaragua
0.2
Niger
0.8
Nigeria
3.1
Niue

Norway
0.1
Occupied Palestinian Territory –
Oman

Pakistan
0.1
Palau

Panama
1.0
Papua New Guinea
1.5
Paraguay
0.6
Peru
0.5
Philippines

Poland
0.1
Portugal
0.5
Qatar

Republic of Korea
<0.1
Republic of Moldova
0.4
Romania
0.1
Russian Federation
1.1
Rwanda
2.8
Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Lucia

Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines

Samoa

San Marino

Sao Tome and Principe

Saudi Arabia

Senegal
1.0
Serbia
0.1
Seychelles

Sierra Leone
1.7
Singapore
0.2
Slovakia
<0.1
Slovenia
<0.1
Solomon Islands

Somalia
0.5
South Africa
18.1
Spain
0.5
Sri Lanka

Sudan
1.4
Suriname
2.4
Swaziland
26.1
Sweden
0.1
Switzerland
0.6
Syrian Arab Republic

Tajikistan
0.3
Thailand
1.4
The former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia
<0.1
Timor-Leste

Togo
3.3
Tonga

Trinidad and Tobago
1.5
Tunisia
0.1
Turkey

Turkmenistan
<0.1
Tuvalu

Uganda
5.4

22

Estimated number of people
(all ages) living with HIV,
2007 (thousands)
estimate

low
high
estimate– estimate

Mother-to-child
transmission
Estimated number of
women (aged 15+)
living with HIV, 2007
(thousands)

Estimated
number of
children
(aged 0–14)
living with
HIV, 2007
(thousands)

HIV prevalence
among young
people
(aged 15–24),
2007

% who
have
comprehensive
knowledge
of HIV,
2003–2008*

male

male female male female

female

% who
used
condom
at last
higher-risk
sex,
2003–2008*

Children (aged 0–17)
orphaned
by AIDS,
2007

Orphan
orphaned
school
due to all
causes, attendance
ratio
2007

estimate
estimate
(thousands) (thousands) 2003–2008*

18
1.4
7.7
60
2600

3.0


96

20
54
21
76
8.3
20
34

13
8.9
15
940
150

10–32
<1.0–2.6
5.3–15
44–85
2000–3200

1.7–5.0


69–150

16–26
53–55
12–38
57–97
6.0–11
11–34
20–63

7.5–42
6.0–15
12–16
630–1300
130–170

4.9
<0.5
2.1
17
1400

<1.0


27

5.5
21
5.8
21
2.2
5.5
9.4

3.6
2.6
7.0
240
78




3.2
220







1.1










19

0.2
0.1
0.3
0.9
0.8

0.1


0.1

1.1
0.6
0.7
0.5

0.1
0.5

<0.1
0.4
0.2
1.3
0.5

0.1

0.1
0.5
2.3

0.1


0.1

0.6
0.7
0.3
0.3

0.1
0.3

<0.1
0.2
0.2
0.6
1.4




16
21










18




39y
1y

54




13
18




3




19
12




42y
3y

51




37
50















76


40




18y
36









34
13




60


26




25
1200


















220

110
34
110
570
9700

37


3900

48
330
130
570
1800
440
82

360
74
300
4000
860




67
64p


















82






67
6.4

55
4.2
<0.5
<0.5

24
5700
140
3.8
320
6.8
190
6.2
25

10
610






47–96
3.9–12

42–76
2.6–7.3
<1.0
<1.0

13–45
4900–6600
80–230
2.8–5.1
220–440
4.2–12
180–200
3.5–11
14–43

5.0–23
410–880






38
1.8

30
1.2



6.7
3200
28
1.4
170
1.9
100
2.9
9.2

2.1
250






3.1


4.0




<1.0
280


25
<0.2
15




14






0.3
0.1

0.4
0.2



0.6
4.0
0.6
<0.1
0.3
2.7
5.8
0.1
0.4

0.4
1.2






0.8
0.1

1.3
0.1



0.3
12.7
0.2

1.0
1.4
22.6
0.1
0.5

0.1
1.2






24













52







44

19
42

17




4




41
52


7
2
46






52


22





72




70







56

36
74

10





52



49
54









8


16




9
1400




56









350
130

350
24



590
2500
210
330
1800
9
96
66
39

210
1300






83


83




78





97




93

<0.5

130

14
3.7
<2.0
<0.5

940

<1.0

110–150

9.5–19
2.7–5.4
<5.0
<1.0

870–1000



69

7.7
1.0



480



10






130



0.8

0.3
0.1



1.3



2.4

1.0
<0.1



3.9










38

27

15

54


5

32









44y
55

70

50

51




38



68






1200


48
260

20
130



2500



94






96

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

…TABLE 4
Prevention among young people
Orphans

Paediatric
infections
Estimated
adult HIV
prevalence
rate (aged
15–49),
2007

Estimated number of people
(all ages) living with HIV,
2007 (thousands)
estimate

Ukraine
1.6
United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom
0.2
United Republic of Tanzania 6.2
United States
0.6
Uruguay
0.6
Uzbekistan
0.1
Vanuatu

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) –
Viet Nam
0.5
Yemen

Zambia
15.2
Zimbabwe
15.3

low
high
estimate– estimate

Mother-to-child
transmission
Estimated number of
women (aged 15+)
living with HIV, 2007
(thousands)

Estimated
number of
children
(aged 0–14)
living with
HIV, 2007
(thousands)

440

77
1400
1200
10
16


290

1100
1300

340–540

37–160
1300–1500
690–1900
5.9–19
8.1–45


180–470

1000–1200
1200–1400

190

22
760
230
2.8
4.6


76

560
680




140







95
120

22700h
22400h
16400h
5900h
380h
4700h
2200h
2400h
2200h
1500h
2300h
29700h
9600h
33400h

21100h–24500h
20800h–24100h
15300h–17600h
5400h–6500h
330h–420h
3800h–5500h
1900h–2600h
1500h–3000h
2000h–2500h
1300h–1700h
1900h–2700h
27700h–31700h
8800h–10300h
31100h–35800h

12200h
12000h
8800h
3200h
200h
1600h
620h
810h
710h
640h
490h
14400h
5000h
15700h

1800h
1800h
1300h
520h
18h
160h
99h
61h
42h
20h
0.5h
2000h
970h
2100h

HIV prevalence
among young
people
(aged 15–24),
2007

% who
have
comprehensive
knowledge
of HIV,
2003–2008*

male

female

male female male female

1.5

0.3
0.5
0.7
0.6
0.1


0.6

3.6
2.9

1.5

0.1
0.9
0.3
0.3
0.1


0.3

11.3
7.7

43


42







37
46

45


39


31
15

44
2y
34
44

% who
used
condom
at last
higher-risk
sex,
2003–2008*

Children (aged 0–17)
orphaned
by AIDS,
2007

Orphan
orphaned
school
due to all
causes, attendance
ratio
2007

estimate
estimate
(thousands) (thousands) 2003–2008*

71


49





68

48
68

68


46


61




38
42




970







600
1000

1000

520
2600
2800
46
690

430
1500

1100
1300

98


97







93
95

47
47
52
42


38





46

34
34
36
32


22





30

14200h
14100h
9700h
4400h









17500h

58400h
55300h
27400h
25900h
6800h
82400h
50000h
31300h
10600h
6400h
4900h
150000h
41500h
163000h

83
83
91
76

75
73




78
86

SUMMARY INDICATORS
Africa#
Sub-Saharan Africa#
Eastern and Southern Africa
West and Central Africa
Middle East and North Africa
Asia#
South Asia
East Asia and Pacific
Latin America and Caribbean
CEE/CIS
Industrialized countries§
Developing countries§
Least developed countries§
World

2.9h
5.2h
7.7h
2.7h
0.2h
0.2h
0.2h
0.2h
0.6h
0.7h
0.4h
0.9h
2.1h
0.8h

1.1h 2.5h
1.1h 2.6h
1.8h 4.2h
1.0h 2.3h
0.2h 0.4h
0.1h 0.1h
0.1h 0.1h
0.1h <0.1h
0.4h 0.3h
0.2h 0.2h
0.2h 0.1h
0.3h 0.6h
0.6h 1.4h
0.3h 0.5h

28 21
30 23
38 29
23 18

7
31** 18**
34 17
17** 22**






30** 19**
28 19

§ Includes territories within each country category or regional group. Countries and territories in each country category or regional group are listed on page 44.

DEFINITIONS OF THE INDICATORS
Estimated adult HIV prevalence rate – Percentage of adults (aged 15–49) living with HIV as of 2007.
Estimated number of people (all ages) living with HIV – Estimated number of people (all ages) living with
HIV as of 2007.
Estimated number of women (aged 15+) living with HIV – Estimated number of women (aged 15+) living
with HIV as of 2007.
Estimated number of children (aged 0–14) living with HIV – Estimated number of children (aged 0–14)
living with HIV as of 2007.
HIV prevalence among young people – Percentage of young men and women (aged 15–24) living with HIV
as of 2007.
Comprehensive knowledge of HIV – Percentage of young men and women (aged 15–24) who correctly
identify the two major ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV (using condoms and limiting sex
to one faithful, uninfected partner), who reject the two most common local misconceptions about HIV
transmission and who know that a healthy-looking person can be HIV-infected.
Condom use at last higher-risk sex – Percentage of young men and women (aged 15–24) who say they used
a condom the last time they had sex with a non-marital, non-cohabiting partner, of those who have had sex
with such a partner during the past 12 months.
Children orphaned by AIDS – Estimated number of children (aged 0–17) who have lost one or both parents to
AIDS as of 2007.
Children orphaned due to all causes – Estimated number of children (aged 0–17) who have lost one or both
parents due to any cause as of 2007.
Orphan school attendance ratio – Percentage of children (aged 10–14) who have lost both biological parents
and who are currently attending school as a percentage of non-orphaned children of the same age who live
with at least one parent and who are attending school.

NOTES

MAIN DATA SOURCES
Estimated adult HIV prevalence rate – Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
(UNAIDS), Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, 2008.
Estimated number of people (all ages) living with HIV – UNAIDS, Report on the
Global AIDS Epidemic, 2008.
Estimated number of women (aged 15+) living with HIV – UNAIDS, Report on the
Global AIDS Epidemic, 2008.
Estimated number of children (aged 0–14) living with HIV – UNAIDS, Report on
the Global AIDS Epidemic, 2008.
HIV prevalence among young people – UNAIDS, Report on the Global AIDS
Epidemic, 2008.
Comprehensive knowledge of HIV – AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS), Behavioural
Surveillance Surveys (BSS), Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), Multiple Indicator
Cluster Surveys (MICS), Reproductive Health Surveys (RHS) and other national
household surveys, 2003–2008; ‘HIV/AIDS Survey Indicators Database’,
<www.measuredhs.com/hivdata>.
Condom use at last higher-risk sex – AIS, BSS, DHS, RHS and other national
household surveys, 2003–2008; ‘HIV/AIDS Survey Indicators Database’,
<www.measuredhs.com/hivdata>.
Children orphaned by AIDS – UNAIDS, Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, 2008.
Children orphaned due to all causes – UNAIDS unpublished estimates.
Orphan school attendance ratio – AIS, DHS, MICS and other national household
surveys, 2003–2008; ‘HIV/AIDS Survey Indicators Database’,
<www.measuredhs.com/hivdata>.


y

Data not available.
Data refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country. Such data are included in the calculation of
regional and global averages.
p Proportion of orphans (aged 10–14) attending school is based on small denominators (typically 25–49 unweighted cases).
h Regional data on HIV and orphans for 2008 are derived from the forthcoming 2009 AIDS Epidemic Update, which will be released in late 2009 by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV
and AIDS (UNAIDS). Please note that the corresponding country data are not revised in the Update, and therefore refer to the year 2007. These country data also correspond to the figures
published in The State of the World’s Children 2009, pages 130–133.
* Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified in the column heading.
** Excludes China.
# For a complete list of countries and territories in the regions and subregions, see page 44.

STATISTICAL TABLES

23

TABLE 5. EDUCATION

Countries and territories

Number per 100
population
Youth (15–24 years)
2007
literacy rate
2003–2007*
Internet
male
female phones users

Afghanistan
49
Albania
99
Algeria
94
Andorra

Angola
84x
Antigua and Barbuda

Argentina
99
Armenia
100
Australia

Austria

Azerbaijan
100
Bahamas

Bahrain
100
Bangladesh
71
Barbados

Belarus
100
Belgium

Belize

Benin
63
Bhutan
83
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 99
Bosnia and Herzegovina
100x
Botswana
93
Brazil
97
Brunei Darussalam
100
Bulgaria
98
Burkina Faso
47
Burundi
77x
Cambodia
90
Cameroon
72
Canada

Cape Verde
97
Central African Republic
70x
Chad
56x
Chile
99
China
99
Colombia
98
Comoros
92
Congo
99
Cook Islands

Costa Rica
98
Côte d’Ivoire

Croatia
100
Cuba
100
Cyprus
100
Czech Republic

Democratic People’s
Republic of Korea

Democratic Republic
of the Congo
78x
Denmark

Djibouti

Dominica

Dominican Republic
95
Ecuador
96
Egypt
90
El Salvador
95
Equatorial Guinea
95x
Eritrea
85x
Estonia
100
Ethiopia
62
Fiji

Finland

24

18
100
91

63x

99
100


100

100
73

100

89
41
73
98
100x
95
99
100
97
33
70x
83
59

98
47x
23x
99
99
98
87
98

99
40
100
100
100


63x

48

97
97
82
96
95x
70x
100
39

Primary school enrolment ratio
2003–2008*
gross

net

Primary school
attendance
ratio
2003–2008*
net

Survival rate to
last primary grade (%)
2003–2008*

gross

net

Secondary school
attendance
ratio
2003–2008*
net

male

female

male

female

male

survey data

male

female

male

female

male

female

17
72
81
92
29
135
102
63
102
119
53
113
148
22
88
72
103
41
21
17
34
62
61
63
89
130
11
3
18
24
62
29
3
9
84
41
74
5
34

34
39
111
2
116
125

2
15
10
79
3
72
26
6
54
67
11
36
33
0
59
29
67
11
2
5
11
27
5
35
48
31
1
1
0
2
73
8
0
1
31
16
26
3
2

34
2
44
12
38
49

126
106
113
89
201
106
113
96
105
102
99
98
120
101
105
98
102
124
105
103
109
101
108
141
106
101
71
108
124
118
98
105
84
90
107
112
117
91
110
79
111
81
99
103
103
100

75
105
106
87
187
99
112
100
105
101
97
98
119
105
105
96
102
122
87
101
109
94
106
133
105
100
60
98
115
101
98
98
58
61
102
111
116
80
102
80
110
64
99
100
102
100

74
94
96
81

75
99
80
96
97
87
87
98
87
96
90
97
96
87
79
95

83
94
93
93
52
76
91

99x
85
63
71

100
87
75
58
73
91
61
91
98
99
91

46
93
95
80

73
98
84
97
98
85
89
98
91
98
89
98
98
73
79
95

85
95
93
92
42
73
87

100x
84
45
50

100
87
71
52
75
93
49
90
98
99
94

66
92
97

58x


99


74

86x
79

93

95
72
74
78
97
83x
95


49
72
84
86

97x
64
41


90
31x
86

87
66



40
92
96

59x


98


72

87x
84

94

95
62
67
77
98
86x
95


44
70
86
81

96x
54
31


92
31x
87

89
57




90
92



87
99

99
99
81
99
65
97
100
94
84
65
84
82

75
76x
98
95
72
78
55
59x

89
39
26
98

88
72
55x

84
75
100
97
99
100

90
100


83x


100


99x

99x
94

100


89

41
100

88


90
74x
92
95


65x
94x


89
19x
93


90



28
78
80
79
19x
107
80
88
154
104
85
91
100
43
102
94
112
76
41
51
84
84
75
101
96
108
18
16
46
28
119
73

23
90
75
81
40
47
71
85
32x
90
93
96
96

9
75
86
86
16x
103
89
91
146
100
81
91
104
45
105
97
108
82
23
46
81
87
78
111
99
103
13
12
38
22
116
86

8
92
76
90
30
39
74
90
18x
93
93
97
97


74
65
70


75
84
87

79
83
91
40
88
87
89
64
23x
38
72

52
75
87
89
14

33


57
13
16


64
15

62x
62
25x
86
85
93


72
68
74


82
88
88

76
85
96
42
93
89
85
70
11x
39
70

60
83
91
87
10

28


65
9
5


71
15

68x
67
14x
88
87
95

18
79
57

22x


93


82

77x
36

95

58
40

57
89
36x
74


17
8
29
45


16
13


64
10x
39

59
32



6
77
65

20x


95


80

85x
41

97

60
27

56
89
44x
80


15
6
26
42


10
7


72
11x
40

65
22



11
114
6
53
56
75
40
90
43
2
148
1
63
115

0
81
1
37
17
9
14
11
2
2
64
0
11
79

68
99
49
85
110
117
108
118
125
69
100
97
96
98

54
99
40
87
103
117
102
118
119
56
98
85
93
98


95
42
75
82
96
98
92
91
50
95
74
87
97


96
34
80
83
97
94
92
83
43
94
69
86
97

63

67

88

96

61x
69x

45

59

66

90

94

60x
64x

45


92

87
61
76
97
69
33x
74
96
58
81
99

49x



81x

98




84

28
118
27
107
72
67
91
63
41x
39
99
37
78
109

16
121
18
105
87
68
85
66
23x
23
101
24
87
114


88
26
77
55
57
82x
53

30
90
29
76
96


90
17
85
68
58
78x
56

20
92
19
83
96

32

45

38

72

23x
23x

30

25

37

53

67

22x
21x

23

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

female admin. data

Secondary school enrolment ratio
2003–2008*

…TABLE 5
Number per 100
population
Youth (15–24 years)
2007
literacy rate
2003–2007*
Internet
male
female phones users

France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Holy See
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People’s
Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
(Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal

Primary school enrolment ratio
2003–2008*
gross

net

Primary school
attendance
ratio
2003–2008*
net

Survival rate to
last primary grade (%)
2003–2008*

female admin. data

Secondary school enrolment ratio
2003–2008*
gross

net

Secondary school
attendance
ratio
2003–2008*
net

male

female

male

female

male

survey data

male

female

male

female

male

female


98
63x


80
99

88
59
94

76

88
98

87
99
98
89x


100
91

99
100
80x

100
100


96
41x
99

76
99

83
34
87

87

93
99

77
99
97
81x


100
98

99
100
81x

100
100

90
88
47
59
118
32
110
45
89
21
17
37
26

59
110
109
20
35
42
48
116
129
153
99
84
81
80
30

97
41

51
6
6
8
72
4
33
22
10
1
2
26
10

6
52
67
7
6
18
1
57
29
54
55
69
19
12
8

32
14

110
153
71
100
103
98
102
82
117
98
84x
116


117
98
98
114
116
106
109
104
109
104
95
100
96
109
107
112
97
96

109
152
77
98
103
97
102
79
110
84
56x
115


116
96
97
109
112
137
90
103
111
103
95
100
98
109
104
114
96
95

98
88x
59
95
98
73
100
78
97
79
53x



96
89
98
90
97
91
87
95
96
99
90

89
91
75
96x
84
85

99
88x
64
92
98
71
99
74
93
69
37x



97
88
97
87
94
100
82
95
98
98
90

91
90
76
98x
83
84


94x
60
94

75


80x
55
54
96
48

77


85
86
94x
91



97

99
99
79


91


94x
62
95

75


76x
48
53
96
52

80


81
84
91x
80



98

99
98
79


93

98x
56x

100
99
60x
98
83
62
77

59x


61
98
99
66
80
88x
70

100
100
87x

96
100
84
81
96
97



95x


98



96
81x
96x
85




95


83x






100
90


99

114
53x
47
90
103
52
104
99
58
45
23x
106


55
96
108
59
66
72
54
108
93
101
86
101
88
93
52
82
87
86

114
46x
43
90
101
46
102
98
53
24
13x
104


68
95
111
49
66
73
36
116
92
100
89
102
90
91
49
94
91
87

98

40
82

47
92
78
40
35
11x




90
89

60
79
45
85
88
93
77
99
81
86
43
65
75
80

100

37
82

43
93
80
37
20
6x




90
91

61
75
32
90
89
94
80
99
83
85
42
72
79
81


34x
39
89

45


23x
27
8
66
18

29


59
57

46



88

85
97
12


90


36x
34
88

45


24x
17
7
73
21

36


49
59

34



92

89
97
13


92

85
100

75
68
100

100

73x
84
98
98
36
96

70
95
98

80
100

91
76
98

100

68x
82
98
98
23
99

63
97
98

25
97
31
23
15
73

145
147
11
8
88
103
21
91

45
74
62

2
55
38
3
1
4

49
78
1
1
56
16
1
45

1
27
21

123
96
97
115
88
113
106
95
102
144
114
101
118
92
101
105
100
101
114

109
93
94
114
79
108
107
94
103
139
119
100
114
74
99
101
106
101
111

86
89
83
71
32

87
90
96
98
84
99
97
70
92
90
78
95
98

81
92
82
74
30

89
89
98
99
90
99
97
56
91
89
83
96
97

81

97x
82
41




74
86


46


56

97

77

97x
88
39




77
87


40


59

97

62
98
97
62



97
88
42
36
99x

73
99x

55
98
92

91

93x
84





93
71


90x




49
98
77
33
37x
86
120
99
94
27
31
66
80
37
99
75
27
86
86

38
99
86
42
27x
101
104
99
98
26
26
72
86
27
100
78
23
90
88

38

69
19
6

62
92
82
17
25
66
65

84
72
16
68
71

32

77
29
5

69
93
86
18
23
72
70

90
77
15
77
70

39

61x
16
21




17
13


23


21

32

68x
27
18




21
13


17


17



94

84
58
97
91

85



97
93
67
48
96
94

73

25

34
107
64
15
1
39

12

14

12
47
21
1
0
5

1

109

99

113
113
114
110
90
127

111

101

101
97
115
109
88
126



88

91
79

84

78



90

86
73

89

74



96
98
91
82
83
91

86



98
97
88
80
84
91

82



84

78
40
72
77
25x
81



97
97

60
100
90x

95

80

87

53
18
49
54
50
46

86

97

45
13
49
64
60
41



77

37
4
46
44



86

32
4
46
54



85
90
39
21
51
40

46



91
92
36
20
48
53

38

STATISTICAL TABLES

25

TABLE 5. EDUCATION

Countries and territories

Number per 100
population
Youth (15–24 years)
2007
literacy rate
2003–2007*
Internet
male
female phones users

Netherlands

New Zealand

Nicaragua
85
Niger
53
Nigeria
89
Niue

Norway

Occupied Palestinian Territory 99
Oman
99
Pakistan
80
Palau

Panama
97
Papua New Guinea
63
Paraguay
96
Peru
99
Philippines
94
Poland
100
Portugal
100
Qatar
97
Republic of Korea

Republic of Moldova
100
Romania
97
Russian Federation
100
Rwanda
79x
Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Lucia

Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines

Samoa
99
San Marino

Sao Tome and Principe
95
Saudi Arabia
98
Senegal
59
Serbia

Seychelles
99x
Sierra Leone
64
Singapore
100
Slovakia

Slovenia
100
Solomon Islands

Somalia

South Africa
95
Spain
100
Sri Lanka
97
Sudan
85x
Suriname
96
Swaziland
87x
Sweden

Switzerland

Syrian Arab Republic
95
Tajikistan
100
Thailand
98
The former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia
99
Timor-Leste

Togo
84x
Tonga
100
Trinidad and Tobago
100
Tunisia
97
Turkey
98
Turkmenistan
100
Tuvalu

Uganda
88

26

Primary school enrolment ratio
2003–2008*
gross

net

Primary school
attendance
ratio
2003–2008*
net

Survival rate to
last primary grade (%)
2003–2008*

gross

net

Secondary school
attendance
ratio
2003–2008*
net

male

female

male

female

male

survey data

male

female

male

female

male

female



92
26
85


99
98
60

96
65
97
97
95
99
100
98

100
98
100
77x

117
102
38
6
27

111
27
96
38

90
5
77
55
65
109
127
150
90
50
95
115
7

66

84
70
3
0
7

85
10
10
11

22
2
9
27
6
44
40
42
76
18
24
21
1

67

108
102
117
58
104
107
98
80
80
101
108
114
60
113
116
110
98
118
110
107
90
105
96
146
97
111

105
102
115
43
87
102
98
80
81
83
101
111
50
110
117
109
97
112
109
103
88
104
96
148
102
108

99
99
90
61
68

98
73
72
74
98x
99

94
96
91
96
98
94
100x
84
93
91
92
91
99

97
99
90
46
58

98
74
74
57
95x
98

95
97
93
96
98
95
93x
82
93
91
95
96
98



77x
44
66


91x

76



95
94
88




84


84



84x
31
58


92x

67



96
94
89




85


87

98x

50
53
75

100
99
98
70

88

84
85
70
98

89
99
80
94
99
31
78
96



56x
88
96









94
90




100


76

119
117
62
14
36
96
113
90
92
37
96
68

66
93
79
100
94
105
100
82
86
85
19
95
88

117
123
70
9
29
102
113
95
88
28
105
73

67
96
88
99
102
102
95
85
86
83
17
93
99

88
91x
40
12

91x
96
86
78
37

61

56
72
55
93
78
94
99
74
74


87
69

89
93x
47
7

96x
97
91
79
28

68

59
72
66
94
86
92
93
77
73


85
84



35x
13
38




39



81
70
55




82


5



47x
9
33




33



80
70
70




85


5


100

96
96
44
96
99x
44
100

100

24
96
100
98
71x
95
90x


92
100
98

92
46

19
115
29
86
89
13
134
113
96
2
7
87
109
41
21
71
33
114
110
31
35
124

47
5

15
26
7
15
37
0
68
43
53
2
1
8
52
4
9
10
4
80
73
17
7
21

105
96

132

84
97
126
155

101
101
102

105
106
108
71
120
110
96
98
129
102
106

100
95

129

84
97
125
139

99
100
98

101
104
108
61
118
102
95
97
123
98
106

94
86

98

72
95
99


92
96
62

86
100
98
45x
93
78
95
89
97x
99
94

88
88

97

72
95
100


92
95
62

86
99
97
37x
95
79
95
89
92x
95
94




94

58
99

69




25
80x


56
95
83


97
99
98




95

59
98

69




21
83x


52
94
86


96
96
98

64
96x

74

54

99x


97
99x


77
100
100
62
68
71


95
99




83x

93
100

91




85



56x
80x
80x



100

67
76

45

27
87
105
38

95
96
33

93
115
86
35
67
47
104
95
73
91
79

83
86

48

21
89
119
26

96
95
27

99
122
88
32
93
47
103
90
71
76
88

57
62

31

23

94
27


90
29

70
92


57
29
99
84
67
88
72




39

20
81

21




9
41x


17
56
31


64
89
77




41

16
87

17




5
48x


22
67
41


65
74
84

99

64x
100
100
94
94
100

84

96
7
18
46
113
76
83
7

14

27
0
5
8
16
17
16
1

3

98
94
104
116
96
110
96

106
116

98
88
90
110
94
107
92

105
117

92
64
82
98
85
96
93


92
62
72
94
85
97
89


97
76
82

98
95x
91
99

83

93
74
76

98
93x
87
99

82

98

45
91
84
94
94

63
25



84x

97x

95
100x

72

79

45

84

52
84

16

78

32

90

43
84

15

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

female admin. data

Secondary school enrolment ratio
2003–2008*

85
53
54
92
75
81
86

87x
20

83
54
27
96
78
89
71

81x
16

82

30x
54
64
61
74


17

71
71

34

18

100
19


91
25

75
96


79
35
99
80
65
75
81
80

14x
68
67
68
64


15

…TABLE 5
Number per 100
population
Youth (15–24 years)
2007
literacy rate
2003–2007*
Internet
male
female phones users

Ukraine
100
United Arab Emirates
99
United Kingdom

United Republic of Tanzania 79
United States

Uruguay
98
Uzbekistan
99x
Vanuatu
92
Venezuela
(Bolivarian Republic of)
96x
Viet Nam
95x
Yemen
93
Zambia
83
Zimbabwe
98

Primary school enrolment ratio
2003–2008*
gross

net

Primary school
attendance
ratio
2003–2008*
net

Survival rate to
last primary grade (%)
2003–2008*

male

female

male

female

male

100
97

76

99
99x
92

120
177
118
21
86
90
22
12

22
52
72
1
73
29
4
8

100
107
105
112
98
117
97
110

100
106
106
109
99
113
94
107

89
91
98
98
91
100

88

89
90
99
97
93
100

87

96


71


100
80

female admin. data

98x
94x
67
68
99

86
27
14
22
9

21
20
1
5
10

107
106x
100
121
102

105
101x
74
117
101

92
96x
85
94
87

92
91x
65
94
88

91x
94
75
80
91

93x
94
64
80
93

97
92x
60
75
62x

82x
98

80x
79

29
23
24
23
52
35
22
44
67
92
100
38
15
50

5
4
3
4
15
12
6
16
26
18
65
12
2
20

102
101
113
93
103
112
112
111
120
98
101
109
103
108

92
91
107
78
97
107
105
110
116
96
101
104
93
103

79
76
83
68
92
92
87
98
95
92
94
89
81
90

74
70
82
58
88
89
82
97
95
90
95
86
76
87

69
65
69
63
85
84**
83
88**
92
94

80**
67
81**

66
63
70
58
81
81**
79
88**
93
92

78**
65
78**

68
64
60
68
81
70**
67
80**
83
96
97
72**
59
74**

89
88
81
94

94
94


97

92
87
92

98


75


100
81

98
100

83
96
92
99
69x

survey data

100


91


100
89

Secondary school enrolment ratio
2003–2008*
gross
male

net
female

Secondary school
attendance
ratio
2003–2008*
net

female

male

male

female

94
91
97
7x
94
94
103
43

94
94
99
6x
94
109
102
37

84
78
91
22
87


41

85
80
94
20
89


35

90


8


91

93


8


90

75
69x
61
46
42

84
64x
30
41
39

64

49
44
38

73

26
38
36

30x
77
48
38
46

43x
78
27
35
43

34
30
32

63


61**
69
79
91
53**
31
61**

30
26
29

58


64**
74
75
92
52**
27
60**

32
27
20
33
53
55**
53
61**
67
79

51**
28
51**

29
23
19
27
50
49**
45
65**
73
76

46**
26
47**

SUMMARY INDICATORS
Africa#
Sub-Saharan Africa#
Eastern and Southern Africa
West and Central Africa
Middle East and North Africa
Asia#
South Asia
East Asia and Pacific
Latin America and Caribbean
CEE/CIS
Industrialized countries§
Developing countries§
Least developed countries§
World

81
77
78
77
94
91
84
99
97
99

91
73
91

72
69
69
68
87
86
74
98
97
98

86
63
86

44
37
41
33
71
63
55
73
88
89
102
63
36
68

38
30
36
25
66
58
46
74
94
85
102
59
29
64

§ Includes territories within each country category or regional group. Countries and territories in each country category or regional group are listed on page 44.

DEFINITIONS OF THE INDICATORS
Youth literacy rate – Number of literate persons aged 15–24, expressed as a percentage of the total population in
that age group.
Primary school gross enrolment ratio – Number of children enrolled in primary school, regardless of age,
expressed as a percentage of the total number of children of official primary school age.
Secondary school gross enrolment ratio – Number of children enrolled in secondary school, regardless of age,
expressed as a percentage of the total number of children of official secondary school age.
Primary school net enrolment ratio – Number of children enrolled in primary school who are of official primary
school age, expressed as a percentage of the total number of children of official primary school age.

MAIN DATA SOURCES
Youth literacy – UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS).
Phone and Internet use – International Telecommunications Union, Geneva.
Primary and secondary school enrolment – UIS.
Primary and secondary school attendance – Demographic and Health Surveys
(DHS) and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS).
Survival rate to the last grade of primary school – Administrative data: UIS,
survey data: DHS and MICS.

Secondary school net enrolment ratio – Number of children enrolled in secondary school who are of official
secondary school age, expressed as a percentage of the total number of children of official secondary school age.
Primary school net attendance ratio – Number of children attending primary or secondary school who are of
official primary school age, expressed as a percentage of the total number of children of official primary school age.
Secondary school net attendance ratio – Number of children attending secondary or tertiary school who are of
official secondary school age, expressed as a percentage of the total number of children of official secondary
school age.
Survival rate to the last grade of primary school – Percentage of children entering the first grade of primary
school who eventually reach the last grade of primary school.

NOTES

– Data not available.
x Data refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country. Such data are not included in the calculation
of regional and global averages.
* Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified in the column heading.
** Excludes China.
# For a complete list of countries and territories in the regions and subregions, see page 44.

STATISTICAL TABLES

27

TABLE 6. DEMOGRAPHIC INDICATORS
Population
annual
growth rate
(%)

Population
(thousands)
2008
Countries and territories

under
18

Afghanistan
14445
Albania
949
Algeria
11712
Andorra
15
Angola
9405
Antigua and Barbuda
17
Argentina
12177
Armenia
802
Australia
4901
Austria
1567
Azerbaijan
2698
Bahamas
106
Bahrain
248
Bangladesh
61323
Barbados
56
Belarus
1831
Belgium
2166
Belize
128
Benin
4309
Bhutan
262
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 4198
Bosnia and Herzegovina
736
Botswana
778
Brazil
60554
Brunei Darussalam
128
Bulgaria
1275
Burkina Faso
8043
Burundi
3733
Cambodia
6062
Cameroon
9142
Canada
6905
Cape Verde
221
Central African Republic
2061
Chad
5724
Chile
4797
China
342238
Colombia
15909
Comoros
293
Congo
1716
Cook Islands
8
Costa Rica
1458
Côte d’Ivoire
9768
Croatia
833
Cuba
2506
Cyprus
196
Czech Republic
1834
Democratic People’s
Republic of Korea
6496
Democratic Republic
of the Congo
34575
Denmark
1212
Djibouti
371
Dominica
13
Dominican Republic
3771
Ecuador
5054
Egypt
31527
El Salvador
2444
Equatorial Guinea
317
Eritrea
2368
Estonia
252
Ethiopia
41018
Fiji
319
Finland
1091

28

Crude
death rate
under
1970–1990 1990–2000 2000–2008 1970 1990 2008
5

Life
expectancy

Crude
birth rate

1970 1990 2008 1970 1990 2008

Total
fertility
rate
2008

% of
population
urbanized
2008

Average
annual
growth rate
of urban
population (%)
1970–1990 1990–2000 2000–2008

4907
217
3328
4
3170
4
3361
221
1327
391
738
28
69
16710
14
472
590
36
1450
71
1245
172
221
16125
37
349
2934
1155
1611
3016
1753
59
656
1985
1238
86881
4485
97
551
2
376
3139
208
613
49
519

0.3
2.2
3.0
3.9
2.8
-0.6
1.5
1.7
1.5
0.1
1.7
2.0
4.0
2.6
0.4
0.6
0.2
2.2
2.8
3.1
2.3
0.9
3.3
2.2
3.4
0.2
2.3
2.4
1.7
2.9
1.2
1.4
2.4
2.5
1.6
1.7
2.2
3.0
3.0
-0.9
2.6
4.4
0.4
1.0
0.5
0.2

4.9
-0.7
1.9
2.3
2.9
2.2
1.3
-1.4
1.1
0.4
1.2
1.8
2.8
2.0
-0.3
-0.2
0.3
2.8
3.3
0.2
2.2
-1.5
2.4
1.5
2.6
-1.0
2.8
1.3
2.8
2.6
1.0
2.1
2.5
3.2
1.6
1.0
1.8
2.3
2.2
-0.1
2.4
3.2
0.0
0.5
1.4
-0.1

3.5
0.3
1.5
3.0
2.9
1.5
1.0
0.0
1.2
0.5
0.9
1.3
2.2
1.6
0.2
-0.5
0.5
2.2
3.3
2.5
1.9
0.3
1.4
1.2
2.0
-0.7
3.3
2.8
1.7
2.3
1.0
1.6
1.8
3.3
1.1
0.7
1.5
2.2
2.2
1.4
1.7
2.2
-0.2
0.1
1.2
0.1

29
8
16

27

9
5
9
13
7
7
9
21
9
7
12
8
22
23
20
7
13
10
7
9
23
20
20
19
7
12
23
21
10
8
9
18
14

7
19
10
7
10
12

23
6
7

23

8
8
7
11
7
6
4
12
8
11
11
5
15
14
11
9
7
7
3
12
17
19
12
13
7
8
17
16
6
7
6
11
10

4
11
11
7
8
12

20
6
5

17

8
9
7
9
7
6
3
7
8
15
10
4
9
7
8
10
12
6
3
15
13
14
8
14
7
5
17
17
5
7
6
7
13

4
11
12
7
7
11

52
33
49

52

23
23
20
15
29
31
40
47
22
16
14
40
46
47
46
23
46
35
36
16
47
44
42
45
17
40
43
46
29
33
38
47
43

33
53
15
29
19
16

52
24
32

53

22
21
15
11
27
24
29
35
16
14
12
36
46
39
36
15
35
24
28
12
48
47
44
42
14
38
41
48
23
22
27
37
38

27
41
12
17
19
12

47
15
21

43

17
15
13
9
19
17
18
21
11
10
11
25
39
21
27
9
25
16
20
10
47
34
25
37
11
24
35
46
15
14
20
32
35

17
35
10
10
11
11

35
67
53

37

67
70
71
70
65
66
62
44
69
71
71
66
45
41
46
66
55
59
67
71
41
44
44
46
73
56
42
45
62
62
61
48
54

67
47
69
70
71
70

41
72
67

42

72
68
77
76
66
70
72
54
75
71
76
72
54
52
59
67
64
66
74
71
47
46
55
55
77
66
49
51
74
68
68
56
59

75
57
72
75
77
72

44
77
72

47

75
74
82
80
70
74
76
66
77
69
80
76
61
66
66
75
54
72
77
73
53
51
61
51
81
71
47
49
79
73
73
65
54

79
57
76
79
80
77

6.6
1.9
2.4

5.8

2.2
1.7
1.8
1.4
2.1
2.0
2.3
2.3
1.5
1.3
1.8
2.9
5.4
2.6
3.5
1.2
2.9
1.9
2.1
1.4
5.9
4.6
2.9
4.6
1.6
2.7
4.8
6.2
1.9
1.8
2.4
4.0
4.4

2.0
4.6
1.4
1.5
1.5
1.4

24
47
65

57

92
64
89
67
52
84
89
27
40
73
97
52
41
35
66
47
60
86
75
71
20
10
22
57
80
60
39
27
88
43
74
28
61

63
49
57
76
70
73

2.8
2.8
4.4

7.4

2.0
2.3
1.5
0.2
2.0
2.9
4.3
7.4
-0.3
2.7
0.3
1.8
6.4
8.0
4.0
2.8
11.7
3.7
3.7
1.4
6.6
7.2
0.5
6.4
1.3
5.5
3.8
5.5
2.1
4.0
3.3
4.9
4.7

4.0
6.1
1.9
2.0
3.0
1.0

6.4
0.7
3.3

5.7

1.6
-1.8
1.4
0.4
0.7
2.0
2.8
3.7
0.7
0.4
0.3
2.9
4.3
4.6
3.3
-0.6
4.8
2.3
3.4
-0.6
4.6
4.1
5.7
4.6
1.4
4.1
2.7
4.4
1.9
3.7
2.3
2.4
2.9

4.0
4.1
0.3
0.8
1.7
-0.2

5.0
1.7
2.6

4.7

1.2
-0.3
1.4
0.8
1.1
1.5
2.2
3.3
1.3
0.1
0.5
3.2
4.2
6.4
2.7
1.4
2.8
1.9
2.7
-0.3
5.4
5.6
4.7
3.9
1.1
3.0
2.1
4.9
1.4
3.0
2.0
2.2
2.8

2.6
3.6
0.1
0.1
1.4
0.0

1575

1.7

1.3

0.5

7

6

10

35

21

14

62

71

67

1.9

63

2.1

1.6

1.0

11829
320
108
3
1086
1392
9447
608
103
811
73
13323
87
291

3.0
0.2
6.2
0.3
2.4
2.7
2.4
1.8
1.3
2.7
0.7
2.6
1.6
0.4

3.2
0.4
2.6
-0.1
1.8
1.8
1.9
1.1
3.3
1.5
-1.3
3.0
1.0
0.4

2.9
0.3
1.9
-0.2
1.5
1.1
1.9
0.4
2.8
3.7
-0.3
2.6
0.6
0.3

21
10
21

11
12
16
13
25
21
11
21
8
10

18
12
14

6
6
8
8
20
16
13
18
6
10

17
10
11

6
5
6
7
15
8
13
12
7
9

48
16
49

42
42
40
43
39
47
15
47
34
14

51
12
42

30
29
33
32
49
40
14
48
29
13

45
11
28

23
21
25
20
38
37
12
38
21
11

44
73
43

58
58
50
57
40
43
71
43
60
70

48
75
51

68
69
63
66
47
48
69
47
67
75

48
78
55

73
75
70
72
50
60
73
55
69
80

6.0
1.8
3.9

2.6
2.6
2.9
2.3
5.3
4.6
1.7
5.3
2.7
1.8

34
87
87

69
66
43
61
39
21
69
17
52
63

2.6
0.5
7.2

3.9
4.4
2.6
2.9
2.6
3.8
1.1
4.5
2.5
1.4

3.9
0.4
3.6

3.0
2.7
1.7
2.8
4.4
2.6
-1.6
4.7
2.5
0.3

4.5
0.5
2.5

2.8
2.2
1.9
0.9
2.9
5.6
-0.3
4.2
1.6
0.7

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

…TABLE 6
Population
annual
growth rate
(%)

Population
(thousands)
2008
under
18

France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Holy See
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People’s
Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
(Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal

Crude
death rate
under
1970–1990 1990–2000 2000–2008 1970 1990 2008
5

13662
3870
633
182
811
267
951
241
13911
3446
10585
3319
1917
532
36
9
6712
2118
4872
1635
769
265
272
69
4294
1252


3291
958
1863
486
80
22
446960 126642
74481 20891
22593
6402
14432
4450
1081
335
2299
693
10178
2892
981
255
20759
5400
2550
750
4547
1384
19182
6540
36
10
801
249
1966
547

Life
expectancy

Crude
birth rate

1970 1990 2008 1970 1990 2008

Total
fertility
rate
2008

% of
population
urbanized
2008

Average
annual
growth rate
of urban
population (%)
1970–1990 1990–2000 2000–2008

0.6
2.8
3.7
0.7
0.1
2.7
0.7
0.1
2.5
2.3
2.6
0.3
2.1

3.0
0.0
1.1
2.2
2.1
3.4
2.9
0.9
2.2
0.3
1.2
0.8
3.5
1.2
3.7
2.5
5.3
2.0

0.4
2.9
3.7
-1.4
0.3
2.7
0.7
0.5
2.3
3.1
2.4
0.1
2.0

2.4
-0.1
1.0
1.9
1.5
1.6
3.1
0.8
3.0
0.0
0.8
0.3
4.0
-1.0
2.9
1.6
0.4
1.2

0.6
2.0
3.0
-1.2
0.0
2.2
0.2
0.3
2.5
2.0
2.4
0.1
1.7

2.0
-0.3
1.4
1.6
1.3
1.1
2.5
1.9
1.8
0.5
0.7
0.1
2.9
0.5
2.6
1.7
3.4
1.1

11
20
24
9
12
17
8
9
15
26
26
11
18

15
11
7
16
17
14
12
11
7
10
8
7
16
9
15

6
11

10
11
15
9
11
11
9
8
9
18
20
9
13

7
14
7
11
9
7
7
9
6
10
7
7
6
9
10

2
8

9
10
11
12
10
11
10
6
6
11
17
8
9

5
13
6
8
6
6
6
6
5
10
7
9
4
11
12

2
7

17
34
49
19
14
47
17
28
44
49
46
38
39

47
15
21
38
41
43
45
22
27
17
35
19
52
26
51

48
31

13
38
44
17
11
39
10
28
39
47
42
25
37

38
12
17
32
26
34
38
15
22
10
26
10
37
23
42

24
31

12
27
37
12
8
32
10
19
33
40
41
18
28

27
10
15
23
19
19
31
16
20
9
19
8
26
20
39

18
22

72
47
41
67
71
49
72
64
52
39
37
60
47

52
69
74
49
48
54
58
71
71
71
68
72
54
62
52

66
60

77
61
51
71
76
57
77
69
62
48
44
62
55

66
69
78
58
62
65
64
75
76
77
71
79
67
67
60

75
66

81
60
56
72
80
57
79
75
70
58
48
67
61

72
73
82
64
71
71
68
80
81
81
72
83
73
65
54

78
68

1.9
3.3
5.1
1.6
1.3
4.3
1.4
2.3
4.1
5.4
5.7
2.3
3.5

3.3
1.4
2.1
2.7
2.2
1.8
4.1
2.0
2.8
1.4
2.4
1.3
3.1
2.3
4.9

2.2
2.5

77
85
57
53
74
50
61
31
49
34
30
28
47

48
68
92
29
52
68
67
61
92
68
53
66
78
58
22

98
36

0.8
6.7
7.0
1.5
0.1
3.8
1.3
0.1
3.2
5.2
5.7
0.3
3.9

4.7
0.5
1.4
3.5
5.0
5.0
3.9
1.3
2.6
0.5
2.1
1.7
4.8
1.7
6.5

6.0
2.0

0.6
4.3
6.2
-1.8
0.3
4.5
0.9
0.1
3.2
4.1
3.0
-0.2
4.2

3.4
-0.3
1.1
2.7
4.6
3.0
2.8
1.2
3.1
0.1
1.3
0.6
4.8
-1.0
3.7

0.4
0.5

0.9
2.8
4.8
-1.2
0.1
3.8
0.5
0.2
3.4
3.3
2.4
0.0
5.1

3.0
0.3
1.4
2.4
3.8
2.0
2.3
2.4
1.9
0.7
1.0
0.3
3.0
0.8
3.7

3.4
1.4

2822
401
1317
954
1878
2220
7
654
104
9571
7900
9672
112
6507
81
22
1489
361
37833

776
109
323
272
619
700
2
151
27
3060
2591
2732
27
2207
19
6
475
91
10281

2.2
0.6
1.0
2.2
2.1
3.9
1.5
0.8
0.6
2.7
3.7
2.6
2.9
1.8
0.9
4.2
2.7
1.2
2.4

2.5
-1.2
2.4
1.6
2.7
2.0
1.3
-0.5
1.3
3.0
2.2
2.5
2.3
2.0
0.8
1.0
2.7
1.2
1.8

1.7
-0.6
1.3
1.0
3.7
2.0
1.0
-0.7
1.2
2.8
2.8
1.9
1.4
2.4
0.6
1.9
2.6
0.9
1.1

18
11
9
17
21
16

9
12
21
24
9
17
27
9

18
7
10

13
13
7
11
18
4

11
10
15
17
5
9
21
8

12
6
5

7
14
7
17
10
4

13
8
9
12
4
5
16
8

10
7
5

43
14
33
43
47
49

17
13
48
56
37
40
48
17

47
28
43

41
14
26
36
47
26

15
13
45
50
30
40
47
15

40
20
28

27
10
16
29
38
23

9
11
36
40
20
19
43
9

34
14
19

46
70
65
49
44
51

71
70
44
41
61
50
38
70

48
62
61

54
69
69
59
49
68

71
75
51
49
70
60
43
76

56
69
71

65
73
72
45
58
74

72
80
60
53
74
72
48
80

57
72
76

3.5
1.4
1.8
3.3
5.1
2.7

1.3
1.7
4.7
5.5
2.6
2.0
5.5
1.3

4.5
1.8
2.2

31
68
87
25
60
78

67
82
29
19
70
38
32
94

41
42
77

4.6
1.3
2.7
4.6
4.8
6.0

2.4
1.0
5.3
6.9
4.5
6.7
4.2
0.9

7.7
1.4
3.3

6.0
-1.3
2.7
5.2
4.5
2.1

-0.6
1.7
4.4
5.0
4.7
3.0
3.7
1.0

2.8
0.9
2.2

6.0
-0.6
1.5
4.0
5.0
2.2

-0.7
1.0
3.8
5.5
3.5
5.3
4.1
0.8

2.9
0.8
1.5

49
6
876
148
11030
11315
16161
946
4
12666

14
2
229
38
3041
3820
4629
277
1
3535

2.2
1.1
2.8
0.6
2.4
1.8
2.2
3.0
1.7
2.4

1.1
0.9
0.8
1.2
1.5
3.0
1.3
2.5
0.9
2.5

0.4
0.3
1.3
-0.7
1.2
2.6
0.8
1.9
0.2
2.1

9

14
3
17
25
15
15

21

7

9
5
8
21
11
8

13

6

7
10
6
16
10
9

6

41

42
10
47
48
40
43

44

34

33
11
30
43
27
38

39

25

19
12
20
39
21
28

25

62

53
69
52
39
51
53

43

66

61
76
64
43
59
62

54

69

67
74
71
48
62
61

67

3.6

2.0
1.6
2.4
5.1
2.3
3.4

2.9

22

57
60
56
37
33
37

17

2.4

4.0
3.5
4.1
8.3
2.6
4.1

6.4

-0.4

0.7
3.2
2.5
6.7
2.5
4.1

6.6

0.5

1.4
-0.4
1.8
4.8
2.6
3.5

5.2

STATISTICAL TABLES

29

TABLE 6. DEMOGRAPHIC INDICATORS
Population
annual
growth rate
(%)

Population
(thousands)
2008
Countries and territories

under
18

Netherlands
3576
New Zealand
1066
Nicaragua
2426
Niger
8249
Nigeria
74519
Niue
1
Norway
1106
Occupied Palestinian Territory 2150
Oman
1064
Pakistan
77987
Palau
7
Panama
1189
Papua New Guinea
3056
Paraguay
2550
Peru
10606
Philippines
36793
Poland
7319
Portugal
1976
Qatar
251
Republic of Korea
10370
Republic of Moldova
818
Romania
4054
Russian Federation
26282
Rwanda
4757
Saint Kitts and Nevis
10
Saint Lucia
56
Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines
36
Samoa
85
San Marino
6
Sao Tome and Principe
77
Saudi Arabia
9802
Senegal
6198
Serbia
2152
Seychelles
43
Sierra Leone
2753
Singapore
1000
Slovakia
1069
Slovenia
344
Solomon Islands
235
Somalia
4562
South Africa
18286
Spain
7855
Sri Lanka
5836
Sudan
19098
Suriname
177
Swaziland
561
Sweden
1917
Switzerland
1439
Syrian Arab Republic
8843
Tajikistan
3083
Thailand
18007
The former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia
469
Timor-Leste
572
Togo
3032
Tonga
45
Trinidad and Tobago
345
Tunisia
3004
Turkey
24153
Turkmenistan
1864
Tuvalu
4
Uganda
17728

30

Crude
death rate
under
1970–1990 1990–2000 2000–2008 1970 1990 2008
5

Life
expectancy

Crude
birth rate

1970 1990 2008 1970 1990 2008

Total
fertility
rate
2008

% of
population
urbanized
2008

Average
annual
growth rate
of urban
population (%)
1970–1990 1990–2000 2000–2008

958
288
675
3121
25020
0
293
697
293
23778
2
345
950
736
2975
10701
1810
538
77
2292
200
1059
7389
1646
2
15

0.7
0.9
2.7
2.9
2.7

0.4
3.4
4.5
3.1
1.4
2.4
2.4
2.7
2.5
2.7
0.8
0.7
7.2
1.6
1.0
0.7
0.6
3.2
-0.5
1.4

0.6
1.3
2.1
3.3
2.5

0.6
3.8
2.6
2.5
2.6
2.0
2.7
2.3
1.8
2.2
0.1
0.2
2.8
0.8
-0.6
-0.5
-0.1
1.1
1.2
1.3

0.5
1.1
1.3
3.6
2.4

0.8
3.4
1.8
2.2
0.7
1.8
2.5
1.9
1.3
1.9
-0.1
0.5
9.1
0.5
-1.5
-0.4
-0.5
2.5
1.3
1.0

8
9
13
27
24

10
19
17
16

8
19
7
14
11
8
11
13
10
10
9
9
20

8

9
8
7
24
20

11
7
4
10

5
11
6
7
7
10
10
3
6
10
11
12
32

7

8
7
5
15
16

9
4
3
7

5
8
6
5
5
10
10
2
6
13
12
15
14

7

17
22
46
57
47

17
49
50
43

37
42
37
42
40
17
21
34
32
18
21
14
53

41

13
17
37
56
46

14
46
38
40

26
37
33
30
33
15
11
23
16
19
14
14
45

25

11
14
25
54
40

12
36
22
30

21
31
25
21
25
10
10
12
9
12
10
11
41

18

74
71
54
38
40

74
54
49
54

65
43
65
53
57
70
67
60
59
65
68
69
44

64

77
75
64
42
45

77
68
70
61

72
54
68
66
65
71
74
69
71
68
69
68
33

71

80
80
73
51
48

81
74
76
67

76
61
72
73
72
76
79
76
79
69
73
67
50

74

1.7
2.0
2.7
7.1
5.3

1.9
5.0
3.0
4.0

2.5
4.1
3.0
2.6
3.1
1.3
1.4
2.4
1.2
1.5
1.3
1.4
5.4

2.0

82
87
57
16
48

77
72
72
36

73
12
60
71
65
61
59
96
81
42
54
73
18

28

1.2
1.1
3.3
5.7
4.9

0.9
4.5
8.5
4.2

3.0
4.5
4.0
3.4
4.6
1.6
1.8
7.4
4.5
2.9
2.1
1.4
5.8

2.4

1.7
1.4
2.5
3.9
4.4

1.1
4.3
3.4
3.3

4.0
1.4
3.6
2.0
4.0
0.2
1.5
3.1
1.5
-1.1
-0.4
-0.1
10.4

0.8

1.3
1.2
1.8
3.8
4.0

1.0
3.5
1.9
3.3

3.1
1.8
3.0
1.4
3.2
-0.2
1.7
9.2
0.7
-2.4
-0.3
-0.6
6.0

0.9

9
22
2
23
2859
2046
576
14
947
200
266
94
73
1611
5200
2373
1784
5836
49
159
527
364
2807
871
4843

0.9
0.6
1.2
2.3
5.2
3.0
0.8
1.6
2.1
1.9
0.7
0.7
3.3
3.0
2.5
0.7
1.6
2.9
0.4
3.3
0.3
0.4
3.5
2.9
2.1

0.0
0.9
1.1
1.9
2.5
2.7
0.6
1.2
0.3
2.9
0.2
0.3
2.8
1.1
2.0
0.4
0.8
2.5
1.4
2.2
0.3
0.7
2.6
1.5
1.0

0.1
0.2
1.8
1.7
2.4
2.6
-0.4
0.4
3.4
1.7
0.0
0.2
2.6
2.4
1.3
1.2
0.8
2.1
1.2
1.0
0.5
0.6
3.1
1.3
1.0

11
10

13
18
23
9

28
5
10
10
10
24
14
9
9
19
8
18
10
9
13
10
10

7
7

10
5
14
10

24
5
10
10
12
20
8
8
7
14
7
9
11
9
5
8
6

7
5

7
4
11
12

16
5
10
10
6
16
15
9
6
10
8
16
10
8
3
6
9

40
39

47
48
51
18

46
23
19
17
46
51
38
20
31
46
37
49
14
16
47
40
37

25
34

38
36
44
15

42
18
15
11
40
45
29
10
21
41
24
43
14
12
37
39
20

18
24

32
23
38
12

40
8
10
10
30
44
22
11
18
31
19
30
12
10
28
28
15

61
55

55
52
43
68

36
69
70
69
54
40
53
72
63
46
63
48
74
73
55
60
59

69
65

62
68
52
72

40
75
72
73
57
45
61
77
69
53
67
61
78
78
68
63
69

72
72

66
73
56
74

48
80
75
78
66
50
52
81
74
58
69
46
81
82
74
67
69

2.1
4.0

3.8
3.1
5.0
1.6

5.2
1.3
1.3
1.4
3.9
6.4
2.5
1.4
2.3
4.2
2.4
3.5
1.9
1.5
3.2
3.4
1.8

47
23

61
82
42
52

38
100
56
48
18
37
61
77
15
43
75
25
85
73
54
26
33

2.9
0.8

4.2
7.5
4.3
2.0

3.8
1.9
2.3
2.3
5.5
4.4
2.9
1.4
1.0
5.3
2.4
7.6
0.4
1.6
4.1
2.2
3.8

0.9
1.2

3.9
2.9
3.2
0.7

1.1
2.9
0.2
0.4
4.2
2.3
2.9
0.5
-0.1
5.6
1.9
2.4
0.5
0.7
3.1
-0.3
1.5

0.8
0.8

3.3
2.7
3.1
-0.2

4.2
1.7
0.1
-0.4
4.2
3.5
2.1
1.4
0.3
4.4
1.7
1.8
0.6
0.6
3.7
1.2
1.8

112
185
947
14
94
780
6543
518
1
6182

1.0
1.0
3.1
-0.2
1.1
2.4
2.2
2.6
1.0
3.2

0.5
1.0
2.9
0.4
0.6
1.4
1.7
2.0
0.7
3.2

0.2
3.7
2.6
0.6
0.4
0.9
1.3
1.4
0.4
3.2

8
22
18
6
7
14
12
11

16

8
18
11
6
7
6
8
8

17

9
9
8
6
8
6
6
8

13

24
46
48
37
27
39
39
37

49

17
43
42
30
21
27
26
35

49

11
40
33
28
15
16
18
22

46

66
40
49
65
66
54
56
58

50

71
46
58
70
69
69
65
63

48

74
61
63
72
69
74
72
65

53

1.4
6.5
4.3
4.0
1.6
1.8
2.1
2.5

6.3

67
27
42
25
13
67
69
49

13

2.0
3.4
4.8
0.4
-0.5
3.8
4.4
2.3

5.7

1.4
2.5
4.8
0.6
3.0
2.3
2.6
2.2

4.1

1.0
5.2
4.4
1.4
2.8
1.5
2.1
2.1

4.1

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

…TABLE 6
Population
annual
growth rate
(%)

Population
(thousands)
2008
under
18

Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
(Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Crude
death rate
under
1970–1990 1990–2000 2000–2008 1970 1990 2008
5

Life
expectancy

Crude
birth rate

1970 1990 2008 1970 1990 2008

Total
fertility
rate
2008

% of
population
urbanized
2008

Average
annual
growth rate
of urban
population (%)
1970–1990 1990–2000 2000–2008

8205
996
13119
21777
77029
931
10122
107

2132
307
3601
7566
21624
249
2576
33

0.4
10.6
0.1
3.1
1.0
0.5
2.7
2.8

-0.5
5.5
0.3
2.9
1.2
0.7
1.9
2.4

-0.8
4.1
0.5
2.7
1.0
0.1
1.2
2.6

9
11
12
18
9
10
10
14

13
3
11
15
9
10
7
7

16
2
10
11
8
9
6
5

15
36
16
48
16
21
36
43

13
27
14
44
16
18
35
37

10
14
12
42
14
15
20
30

71
61
72
47
71
69
63
53

70
73
76
51
75
73
67
64

68
77
79
56
79
76
68
70

1.3
1.9
1.8
5.6
2.1
2.1
2.3
4.0

68
78
90
25
82
92
37
25

1.4
10.7
0.8
7.5
1.1
0.9
3.1
4.9

-0.5
5.3
0.4
4.6
1.7
0.9
1.1
3.9

-0.6
4.1
0.6
4.4
1.4
0.2
1.0
4.2

10125
28653
11836
6686
6024

2911
7316
3733
2282
1707

3.1
2.2
3.3
3.2
3.5

2.1
1.7
3.9
2.8
1.7

1.8
1.3
2.9
2.3
0.0

7
18
27
17
13

5
8
13
15
9

5
5
7
17
16

37
41
56
49
48

29
31
51
44
37

21
17
37
43
30

65
49
38
49
55

71
65
54
51
61

74
74
63
45
44

2.5
2.1
5.2
5.8
3.4

93
28
31
35
37

3.8
2.7
5.5
4.5
6.1

2.7
3.5
6.2
1.6
3.3

2.3
3.0
4.8
2.5
1.2

151830
134534

2.8
2.8

2.5
2.6

2.3
2.5

20
21

15
16

12
14

46
47

42
44

36
39

46
44

53
50

55
52

4.6
5.1

39
36

4.3
4.7

3.6
4.1

3.4
3.8

61795
66795

2.8
2.8

2.6
2.7

2.4
2.6

19
22

15
18

13
15

47
48

43
46

37
40

46
42

51
48

53
51

4.8
5.3

30
42

4.7
4.6

3.9
4.1

3.5
4.0

46256
323567
177453
146114

3.1
2.0
2.3
1.8

2.2
1.5
2.0
1.2

1.9
1.2
1.7
0.9

16
13
17
10

8
9
11
7

6
7
8
7

45
37
40
35

35
27
33
23

24
19
24
15

52
55
49
59

64
63
58
67

70
69
64
72

2.9
2.3
2.9
1.9

58
38
29
45

4.4
3.9
3.8
4.0

3.0
3.3
2.9
3.6

2.5
2.8
2.6
3.0

53618
26561
56038
566411
122674
634631

2.2
1.0
0.7
2.2
2.6
1.8

1.6
0.2
0.6
1.7
2.5
1.4

1.3
0.1
0.6
1.4
2.3
1.2

10
9
10
13
21
12

7
11
9
9
15
10

6
12
9
8
11
8

37
20
17
38
47
32

27
18
13
30
42
26

19
14
11
22
35
20

60
67
71
55
44
59

68
68
76
62
51
65

74
69
80
67
57
69

2.2
1.7
1.7
2.7
4.4
2.5

78
64
76
44
29
50

3.3
1.9
1.0
3.8
4.9
2.7

2.3
0.3
0.9
3.1
4.2
2.3

1.8
0.2
0.9
2.7
4.1
2.1

SUMMARY INDICATORS
Africa#
465455
Sub-Saharan Africa#
405963
Eastern and
Southern Africa
188246
West and Central Africa 198248
Middle East and
North Africa
155844
Asia#
1177900
South Asia
619590
East Asia and Pacific
558310
Latin America and
Caribbean
195055
CEE/CIS
97938
Industrialized countries§ 204961
Developing countries§
1967974
Least developed countries§ 384442
World
2218192

§ Includes territories within each country category or regional group. Countries and territories in each country category or regional group are listed on page 44.

DEFINITIONS OF THE INDICATORS
Life expectancy at birth – Number of years newborn children would live if subject to the mortality
risks prevailing for the cross section of population at the time of their birth.
Crude death rate – Annual number of deaths per 1,000 population.
Crude birth rate – Annual number of births per 1,000 population.
Total fertility rate – Number of children who would be born per woman if she lived to the end of
her childbearing years and bore children at each age in accordance with prevailing age-specific
fertility rates.

MAIN DATA SOURCES
Child population – United Nations Population Division.
Crude death and birth rates – United Nations Population Division.
Life expectancy – United Nations Population Division.
Fertility – United Nations Population Division.
Urban population – United Nations Population Division.

Urban population – Percentage of population living in urban areas as defined according to the
national definition used in the most recent population census.

NOTES


#

Data not available.
For a complete list of countries and territories in the regions and subregions, see page 44.

STATISTICAL TABLES

31

TABLE 7. ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Countries and territories

1970–1990

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Côte d’Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon

250x
3840
4260
d
3450
13620
7200
3350
40350
46260
3830
15730x
19350x
520
d
5380
44330
3820
690
1900
1460
4510
6470
7350
26740
5490
480
140
600
1150
41730
3130
410
530
9400
2770
4660
750
1970

6060
980
13570
c
22950
16600
a
150
59130
1130
4770
4390
3640
1800
3480
14980
300
14270
280
3930
48120
42250
7240


-0.7x
1.6


8.3x
-0.7

1.5
2.4

1.9
-1.3x
0.4
1.7

2.2
2.9
0.3

-1.1

8.2
2.3
-2.2x
3.4x
1.3
1.1

3.3
2.0

-1.3
-1.0
1.5
6.6
2.2
0.1x
3.1

0.7
-1.9


6.1x


-2.4
2.0

4.7x
2.1
1.3
4.1
-1.9


1.5x

0.7
2.8
2.2
0.2

32

Average
annual
rate of
inflation
(%)
1990–2008 1990–2008

GDP per capita
average annual
growth rate (%)

GNI per
capita
(US$)
2008


5.3
1.4

3.4
2.2
1.8
6.2
2.3
1.8
4.0
1.1
2.4x
3.3
2.2x
3.9
1.8
2.3
1.2
5.0
1.5
10.4x
4.0
1.4
-0.3x
2.7
2.5
-2.0
6.3x
0.7
2.1
3.8
-0.7
2.4
3.6
9.0
1.3
-0.4
0.4

2.7
-1.0
3.0
3.6x
2.5x
2.5

-3.7
1.8
-1.8
1.6
3.8
1.4
2.5
2.8
20.6
-0.9x
5.1x
2.4
1.4
2.8
1.5
-1.0


17
13

284
2x
7
62
2
2
64
2
2x
4
3x
147
2
1
6
7
7
5x
9
65
5x
47
3
12
4x
4
2
4
3
7
6
5
15
4
8

13
6
31
4x
4x
7

294
2
3
2
11
5
7
4
13
14x
25x
5
4
2
2
6

% of
population
below
international
% of central government
poverty line
expenditure (1998–2007*)
of US$1.25
allocated to:
per day
1992–2007* health
education
defence


<2
7

54

5
11


<2


50y

<2


47
26
20
<2
31
5

<2
57
81
40
33

21
62
62
<2
16y
16
46
54

<2
23
2


<2

59

19

5
5
<2
11


<2
39



5


4
4

6x

5

15
14
1
16
8
7

3
16
8x
6x
9
9

5x
6

11
7x
2

3
9


8x
16
0
9

4

20
4x
15
23x
6
16

0x
0


10
11x
4
15


16
1
9x
3
16x

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION


2
24

15x

5

10
10
4
20
15
17

3
3
20x
31x
13
24

26x
6

5
17x
15

12
2


8x
17
1
20

4

24
21x
8
10x
12
9

0x
11


13
18x
12
14


7
5
18x
10
7x


4
17

34x

3

7
2
12
3
14
11

3
3
5x
17x

6

8x
3

6
14x
23

10
6



7
11
13

10


4x
4

4
4

18x
4


4
13x
7
3


5
17
6x
4
6x

ODA inflow
in millions
US$
2007

ODA inflow
as a % of
recipient
GNI
2007

3951
305
390

241
4
82
352


225


1502
14
83

23
470
89
476
443
104
297


930
466
672
1933

163
176
352
120
1439
731
44
127
9
53
165
164
92


98
1217

112
19
128
215
1083
88
31
155

2422
57


48

34
3
0

1
0
0
4


1


2

0

2
9
8
4
3
1
0


14
50
8
9

12
10
6
0
0
0
10
2

0
1
0




14

12
6
0
1
1
0
0
13

12
2


1

Debt service
as a % of
exports of
goods and services
1990

2007


4x
62

7

30






17



5
7

31

4
19

19
6
41
0x
18

5
8
2
20
10
39
2
31

21
26







4x
4
7
27
18
14



33
12


4


2


10

11
6


0


4

3

69
7x

12
7
1
27

12

42
0
10

4


13
2
21

1

3
4
32






12
9
7
18
4
10



4
1x


1x

…TABLE 7

Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Holy See
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger

Average
annual
rate of
inflation
(%)
1990–2008 1990–2008

GDP per capita
average annual
growth rate (%)

GNI per
capita
(US$)
2008

1970–1990

390
2470
42440
670
28650
5710
2680
390
250
1420
660

1800
12810
40070
1070
2010
3540
2170x
49590
24700
35240
4870
38210
3310
6140
770
2000
38420
740
750
11860
6350
1080
170
11590
d
11870
84890
410
290
6970
3630
580
16680
3270
840
6400
9980
2340
d
1680
5710
2580
370
220x
4200

400
50150
27940
1080
330

0.7
3.2
2.3
-2.0
1.3
4.2x
0.2
0.2x
0.1
-1.6
-0.3

0.8
3.0
3.2
2.1
4.7
-2.3

2.8
1.9
2.8
-1.3
3.0
2.5x

1.2
-5.3
-6.8x


3.4

2.8
-4.2



2.7
-2.3
-0.1
4.0

-0.3
6.5

-0.9
5.1x
1.6




2.0
-1.0x
1.5
-2.3x

1.2
1.6
0.8
-3.7
-2.2

0.4
2.4
1.4
2.1
2.8
2.7
1.4
1.3
-2.6
2.4
-2.0

1.6
3.3
2.5
4.7
2.4
2.7

5.5
1.7
1.2
0.7
1.0
2.2
3.5
0.1
2.5
1.8x
0.0
4.2
4.9
2.6
2.1
1.8
1.8x

3.4
3.2
-0.3
0.6
3.4
6.0x
2.2
2.6x
-1.0
0.6x
3.7
1.6
-0.7

2.5
0.5
2.2
4.3
8.1x
2.0

1.9
2.1
2.0
2.0
-0.4

8
91
1
24
6
2
7
10
16
9
18

14
12
4
6
15
22

4
6
3
16
-1
3
68
10
4
4x
43
24
20
8
8
40
22x

26
3
14
29
4
1x
5
3x
4
8x
6
14
2

29
29x
3
19
24x
10

7
2
2
20
4

% of
population
below
international
% of central government
poverty line
expenditure (1998–2007*)
of US$1.25
allocated to:
per day
1992–2007* health
education
defence

34
13

30


12
70
49
8
55

18
<2

42y

<2




<2

<2
3
20


22
44
<2

43
84


<2

68
74
<2

51


21

<2


22

3
75

49

55


16
66

7x
6
20
7x
7
10x
11x
3x
1x



10x
6
26
2
1
6

16x
12
14
6
2x
10
5
7

5
12

12
2
6
5x


11
13
7
7x
6x
8
2x
14

4x
9
5


6

3
5x
3
10x

7
14
17
13x

12x
9
1
22x
11
17x
17x
11x
3x



19x
5
11
4
4
7

14x
16
11
17
6x
16
7
26

9
11

13
7
25
11x


7
11
18
12x
23x
14
9x
13

23x
15
25


9

18
10x
13
22x

18
11
17
15x

4x
36
4
5x
8

11x
29x
4x



7x
3
0
14
7
14

3x
18
4
2
4x
19
8
6

9
7

5
11
5
9x


6
1
6
5x
11x
5
8x
2


1
3


9

13
35x
23
7x

9
3
3
6x

ODA inflow
in millions
US$
2007

72
382

1151

23
450
224
123
124
701

464


1298
796
102
9115



26

504
202
1275
27

274
396

939
130
696
19



892
735
200
37
1017

52
364
75
121
115

228
834
1090
1777
190
205
26
598


834
542

ODA inflow
as a % of
recipient
GNI
2007

12
4

8

5
1
5
35
12
11

4


0
0
0




0

3
0
4
21

8
11

4
7
120
0



12
21
0
4
15

26
13
1
0
42

6
2
2
26

3

6


15
13

Debt service
as a % of
exports of
goods and services
1990

2007

18


21

2
11
18
21
20x
5

30


25
31
1




20

18

26



8
0x

4





32
23
12
4
8


24
6
16


17x

18
21
17


12


2
12

11
4

3

6
5
11

2
3

3


7x
9





17

5
49
6


6
19
67
17
7
111




5x

4
5
3



3
12


2x
12
11
1
1x


4


11
10x

STATISTICAL TABLES

33

TABLE 7. ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Countries and territories

1970–1990

Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Occupied Palestinian Territory
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States
Uruguay

1160

87070
1230x
12270
980
8650
6180
1010
2180
3990
1890
11880
20560
12000x
21530
1470
7930
9620
410
10960
5530
5140
2780
46770
1020
15500
970
6440
10290
320
34760
14540
24010
1180
140x
5820
31960
1790
1130
4990
2520
50940
65330
2090
600
2840
4140
2460
400
2560
16540
3290
9340
2840

420
3210
26210x
45390
430
47580
8260

-1.4

3.2

3.3
3.0

0.3
-0.7
2.8
-0.6
0.6

2.6


1.8x
0.9x

1.2
6.3x
5.3x
3.3



-1.5
-0.7

2.9
-0.5
5.6


3.4
-0.9
0.1
1.9
3.0
0.1
-2.2x
3.0
1.8
1.2
2.0

4.7


-0.6

0.5
2.5
2.0




-4.9x
2.0

2.2
0.9

34

Average
annual
rate of
inflation
(%)
1990–2008 1990–2008

GDP per capita
average annual
growth rate (%)

GNI per
capita
(US$)
2008

1.4

2.5
-2.4x
2.1x
1.7
-0.1x
2.8
-0.5
-0.1
2.8
1.9
4.4
1.8


-0.4
2.7
1.7
1.5
2.9
1.3
3.7
3.1


0.4
1.1
3.8x
1.8
0.6
3.7
3.7
3.6
-1.3

1.2
2.4
4.0
3.8
1.4
1.7
2.3
0.9
1.3
-1.5
3.0
0.7
-1.8x
0.0
1.6
5.1
3.4
2.4
4.1

3.6
-0.1
-0.1x
2.4
1.9
2.0
1.6

22

4
4x
2x
10
3
2
8
11
12
7
12
4


48
54
65
9
3
2
2
6


4
4

4
18
1
7
14
7

8
4
9
31
51
8
2
1
7
91
3
28
3x
4
5
6
4
53
115

8
85
4x
3
14
2
18

% of
population
below
international
% of central government
poverty line
expenditure (1998–2007*)
of US$1.25
allocated to:
per day
1992–2007* health
education
defence

64




23

10
36
7
8
23
<2


<2
8
<2
<2
77

21





34


53

<2
<2


26

14

16
63



22
<2
<2
53
39

4
3
3
25

52
<2


89

<2

1x

17

7
1

18
7
7x
13
2
12
16

1
13
12
8
5x


12

18

6x
3

9
10x
6
20
15

1x

2
6
1

8
3
0
2
2
11


5x
7x
6
5
3


2x
3
7
15
6x
25
7

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

3x

6

15
2

16
22
22x
7
19
11
16

15
8
6
4
26x


16

9

14x
14

8
13x
21
4
13

2x

1
10
8

20
6
5

4
20


20x
13x
13
20
10


15x
6
17
4
8x
2
8

3x

5

33
16


4
11x

5
5
3

11
1
5
12







36x
7

3
10x
28
4
3

38x

4
18
28

8
5
5
24
9
3


11x

2
4
8


26x
4
30
7
16x
20
4

ODA inflow
in millions
US$
2007

ODA inflow
as a % of
recipient
GNI
2007

2042
15

1868
-31
2212
22
-135
317
108
263
634




269


713
3
24
66
37

36
-131
843
106
3
535



248
384
794

589
2104
151
63


75
221
-312
213
278
121
30
18
310
797
28
12
1728
405


2811

34

1


45

2
13
-1
6
1
0
0




5


22
1
3
13
8

25
0
8
3
0
33



67

0

2
5
7
2


0
6
0
3
16
5
13
0
1
0
0

16
0


17

0

Debt service
as a % of
exports of
goods and services
1990

2007

22




16

3
37
12
6
23
4




0

9
3
2
3
5

28

14

7
8



10
25x


10
4

5




14


8
2

22
27


47



25

31

1




8

5
9x
6
24
13
24



7
17
9
3
17
7
10
8

34

4

8
2



2x

5

6
3

2



2
8
12

2x
3

11
28


2
15


2

18

…TABLE 7

Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Average
annual
rate of
inflation
(%)
1990–2008 1990–2008

GDP per capita
average annual
growth rate (%)

% of
population
below
international
% of central government
poverty line
expenditure (1998–2007*)
of US$1.25
allocated to:
per day
1992–2007* health
education
defence

GNI per
capita
(US$)
2008

1970–1990

910
2330
9230
890
950
950
340x


1.1x
-1.6


-2.3
-0.4

1.5
-0.2
0.1
6.0
1.5
0.0
-1.9x

97
3
34
10
17
32
62x

46

4
22
18
64



8
4
4
13
8x



21
14
22
14
24x

0.9
0.0

-0.6
-0.2
4.1
2.0
5.4
1.4

2.3
2.1
-0.2
2.3

1.9
1.7
1.6
1.5
2.2
6.7
4.3
7.4
1.6
2.0
1.8
4.3
2.8
2.4

27
36
44
24
10
6
6
6
33
63
2
20
61
8

44
53
51
55
4
28
40
16
7
6

27
54
26





4
1
2
1
7
7
18
3
5
14





16
6
5
6
14
6
4
9
14
5

Debt service
as a % of
exports of
goods and services

ODA inflow
in millions
US$
2007

ODA inflow
as a % of
recipient
GNI
2007

1990

2007



5

19
4
7x

166
57
71
2497
225
1045
465

1
13
0
4
1
10


2
22

4
13
19


1
7
2
2
2





15
12
14
11
4
9
12
9
15
11

35015
32123
16527
13380
17775
18417
10278
8139
5689
5471

74435
32530
77258

3
4
4
5
1
0
1
0
0
0

1
8
1

24
17
14
19
21
17
21
16
20


19
12
18

5
5
6
3

4

4
15
16

8
6
9

SUMMARY INDICATORS
Africa#
Sub-Saharan Africa#
Eastern and Southern Africa
West and Central Africa
Middle East and North Africa
Asia#
South Asia
East Asia and Pacific
Latin America and Caribbean
CEE/CIS
Industrialized countries§
Developing countries§
Least developed countries§
World

1420
1109
1409
833
3942
2177
1001
3136
6888
6992
40772
2778
583
8633

§ Includes territories within each country category or regional group. Countries and territories in each country category or regional group are listed on page 44.

DEFINITIONS OF THE INDICATORS

MAIN DATA SOURCES

GNI per capita – Gross national income (GNI) is the sum of value added by all resident producers
plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of
primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. GNI per capita is
gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI per capita in US dollars is converted
using the World Bank Atlas method.
GDP per capita – Gross domestic product (GDP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers
plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output. GDP per capita is
gross domestic product divided by midyear population. Growth is calculated from constant price
GDP data in local currency.

GNI per capita – World Bank.
GDP per capita – World Bank.
Rate of inflation – World Bank.
% of population below international poverty line of US$1.25 per day – World Bank.
Expenditure on health, education and defence – International Monetary Fund (IMF).
ODA – Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
Debt service – World Bank.

% of population below international poverty line of US$1.25 per day – Percentage of
population living on less than US$1.25 per day at 2005 prices, adjusted for purchasing power
parity. The new poverty threshold reflects revisions to purchasing power parity exchange rates
based on the results of the 2005 International Comparison Program. The revisions reveal that the
cost of living is higher across the developing world than previously estimated. As a result of these
revisions, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in
previous editions. More-detailed information on the definition, methodology and sources of the
data presented is available at <www.worldbank.org>.
ODA – Net official development assistance.
Debt service – Sum of interest payments and repayments of principal on external public and
publicly guaranteed long-term debts.

NOTES

a: low income ($975 or less).
b: lower-middle income ($976 to $3,855).
c: upper-middle income ($3,856 to $11,905).
d: high income ($11,906 or more).

– Data not available.
x Data refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition
or refer to only part of a country. Such data are not included in the calculation of regional and global averages.
y Data refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition or
refer to only part of a country. Such data are included in the calculation of regional and global averages.
* Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified in the column heading.
# For a complete list of countries and territories in the regions and subregions, see page 44.

STATISTICAL TABLES

35

TABLE 8. WOMEN
Maternal mortality ratio†

Countries and
territories

Life
expectancy:
females as a
% of males
2008

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Côte d’Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic People’s
Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic
of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland

36

Adult
literacy rate:
females as a
% of males
2003–2007*

Enrolment and attendance ratios:
females as a % of males
Net
Net
Contraceptive
primary school
secondary school
prevalence
2003–2008*
2003–2008*
(%)
enrolled attending enrolled attending
2003–2008*

Antenatal care
coverage (%)
2003–2008*
At least
once

At least
four times

Delivery care
coverage (%)
2003–2008*
Skilled
attendant Institutional
at birth
delivery

2005

2003–2008*
reported

Adjusted

Lifetime
risk of
maternal
death. 1 in:

100
109
104

109

111
109
106
107
107
108
104
103
107
119
108
105
104
106
107
107
100
111
106
110
105
106
106
102
106
108
107
105
108
105
111
107
104

106
105
109
105
106
108

29x
99
79

65x

100
100


99

96
82

100


53
63
90
95x
100
101
96
99
59
78x
79
78x

88
52x
31x
100
93
100
87
89

101
63x
98
100
98

63
99
98
99

98
99
105
101
101
98
103
100
104
101
98
100
101
84
100
101

103
102
100
99
82
97
96

100x
98
71
70

100
100
95
90
103
102
80
99
100
100
103

60
100
99

102x


99


98

100x
106

101

100
87
91
99
101
103x
101


90
97
102
94

100x
84
76


102
100x
101

102
87




98
106
107


110
104
102

96
102
105
104
105
102
96
109
50x
101
98

114
111
105
98
72

86


114
71
33


111
101

110x
107
57x
102
102
102

33
97
112

90x


102


98

111x
114

102

103
66

98
100
122x
108


91
79
90
93


64
51


111
103x
104

110
69



10
60
61

6x
53x

53

51x
51

62x
56
55x
73
78x
34
17
35
61
36
48x
81

86x
17
9
40
29
75x
61
19
3
58
85
78
26x
44
44x
96
13

77

69x

16
97
89

80
100
99
93
100x
100x
77
98
97x
51
100
99

94
84
88
77
99
97x
98
100x

85
92
69
82

98
69
39
95x
91
94
75
86

90
85

100

99x





32x

89
71


45


21



76x
61

58


89


18

27
60

72
40x
18


83
52x
75

86
45



97x

14
100
95

47
100
99
100
100x
100x
88
99
98x
18
100
100

95
74
71
66
100
94x
97
99x
99
54
34
44
63
98x
78
53
14
100
98
96
62x
83
98x
99
57
100
100

100

13
98
95

46

99
100


78

98x
15

100

87
78
55
68
100
80x
98

100
51
29
22
61

78
51
13
100x
92
92
43x
82

94
54

100

1600x
20
120x



44
15


26

46x
350

12

85
400
260x
230
3
330x
75
0x
7
480x
620
470
670

16
540
1100
19
37
73
380
780
6x
33
540
10
29
0x
8

1800
92
180

1400

77
76
4
4
82
16
32
570
16
18
8
52
840
440
290
3
380

13
11
700
1100
540
1000
7
210
980
1500
16
45
130
400
740

30
810
7
45
10
4

8
490
220

12

530
980
13300
21500
670
2700
1300
51
4400
4800
7800
560
20
55
89
29000
130

2900
7400
22
16
48
24
11000
120
25
11
3200
1300
290
52
22

1400
27
10500
1400
6400
18100

106

62x

97

110x

370

140

107
106
105

108
108
105
114
105
108
116
105
107
109

67x



101
98
73
94
86x

100
46

95

99

102

97

98x
93x

101


103
66
110
122
102
94x
105

67
102
65
110
100

77

82

140

93

95x
92x

77

21

23
50x
73
73
60
73

8x
70x
15
35x

85

92
100
99
84
74
94
86x
70x

28

100x

47

7x

95
58
66
78

41x

12

74

61
94
98
99x
79
92
65x
28x
100
6
99x
100x

70

87

98
74
72
84

26x

5

100

550
10x
550x

160
60
84x
59

1000x
7
670
34
6x

1100
3
650

150
210
130
170
680
450
25
720
210
7

13
17800
35

230
170
230
190
28
44
2900
27
160
8500


101
82
106
101
101
96
101
90
87
99
92
99
100

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

…TABLE 8
Maternal mortality ratio†

France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Holy See
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People’s
Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
(Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal

Enrolment and attendance ratios:
females as a % of males
Net
Net
Contraceptive
primary school
secondary school
prevalence
2003–2008*
2003–2008*
(%)
enrolled attending enrolled attending
2003–2008*

Life
expectancy:
females as a
% of males
2008

Adult
literacy rate:
females as a
% of males
2003–2007*

109
105
106
110
107
103
106
104
111
107
107
109
106

107
112
104
105
106
104
112
106
105
108
110
109
105
121
102

105
112


91



81
98

86
42
72

106

102
100

71
93
88
76x


99
113

93
100
90x

97
100

100
99x
109
97
100
97
100
94
96
87
71x



102
99
99
96
96
110
94
101
101
99
100

102
100
102
101x
99
99


100x
103
101

100


94x
87
97
100
107

104


96
98
97x
88



100

100
99
100


103

102

94
101

91
101
102
92
57
55x




100
102

100
94
70
106
100
101
105
100
103
99
97
111
105
102


106x
87
98

99


103x
66
88
110
117

123


83
103

75



105

104
100
114


103

104
115
106
103
105
107

118
107
106
104
107
104
103
105

107
111
107

83
100

123x
85
83

100

85x
82
95
100
51
104

76
94
96

94
103
99
104
93

103
99
101
101
107
100
100
81
99
99
106
101
99

95

99x
108
93




104
101


86


105

100

86

112
155
89

111
101
105
104
91
110
109

107
106
90
114
99

102

110
106
106
103
107
103

102



101

63
58
92x
99

62



101

95
93

106

95



102
99
97
97
102
101

95



111

84
91
100
121

Antenatal care
coverage (%)
2003–2008*

Delivery care
coverage (%)
2003–2008*
Skilled
attendant Institutional
at birth
delivery

2005
Lifetime
risk of
maternal
death. 1 in:

At least
once

At least
four times

75x
33x
18x
47
75x
24

54
43x
9
10
34
32

65
77x

56
61
79
50


60x
69x
56x
57
51
39
22
50x
48

99x
94x
98
94

96

100
84x
88
78
81
85

92


74
93
98
84



91

99
100
88
88x
95x
97


63x

75

78



50


54

81


37
82
94



68
87x

94
70x
52


81x

99x
86x
57
98

55

99
41x
46
39
83
26

67
100

47
79
97
80
100


97
100x
99
100
42
63
98x
98


85x
55
96

57


42x
39
36
83
25

67


39
46
96
65
100


94

99
100
39

98x
97

10x
520x
730x
23
8
450
1x

130
980
410
160
630

110x
8

250
230
25
84
6x
5x
7x
95
8x
41
31
410
56
5x
100

8
520
690
66
4
560
3

290
910
1100
470
670

280
6
4
450
420
140
300
1
4
3
170
6
62
140
560

4
150

6900
53
32
1100
19200
45
25900

71
19
13
90
44

93
13300
12700
70
97
300
72
47600
7800
26600
240
11600
450
360
39

9600
240

82

113x
171
84




125
98


72


82

38
48x
58
37
11
45x

47x

27
41
55x
39
8

45
9
76x
71

35

96
90
79
81x



80
92
79
81x
70

81
75

94




70
66




40
57

91
35

77
16x

20
100
98x
55
46
94x

100
100
51
54
98
84
49
98x
86
61
98
93

17


52
37




32
54
98

45

85
48
98
86

410
9
100x
760
990
77x

13
0x
470
810
30
140x
460

74x
690
22
56

660
10
150
960
1200
97

11
12
510
1100
62
120
970
8

820
15
60

33
8500
290
45
12
350

7800
5000
38
18
560
200
15
8300

22
3300
670



106
101
93
98
94
132

83

45x

66
39
63
16
34
55
36
48



99
97
68
89
76x
95
95
44





31
53
22x
70
40
29

88x

99
99
63
55
57x
81
97
19



99
100
61
58
16x
81
99
18

270x

49
13
230
410
320
450

280



46

240
520
380
210

830



840

150
45
110
170

31

2003–2008*
reported

Adjusted

STATISTICAL TABLES

37

TABLE 8. WOMEN
Maternal mortality ratio†

Countries and
territories

Life
expectancy:
females as a
% of males
2008

Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Occupied Palestinian Territory
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda

38

Adult
literacy rate:
females as a
% of males
2003–2007*

Enrolment and attendance ratios:
females as a % of males
Net
Net
Contraceptive
primary school
secondary school
prevalence
2003–2008*
2003–2008*
(%)
enrolled attending enrolled attending
2003–2008*

Antenatal care
coverage (%)
2003–2008*
At least
once

At least
four times

Delivery care
coverage (%)
2003–2008*
Skilled
attendant Institutional
at birth
delivery

2005

2003–2008*
reported

Adjusted

Lifetime
risk of
maternal
death. 1 in:

105
105
109
103
102

106
104
104
101

107
107
106
108
106
112
109
103
109
112
110
121
107

105



102
37
80


92
87
59

99
86
99
90
101
99
97
100

99
99
100
84x

99
100
100
74
86

101
100
103
78
96x
99

101
102
102
101
99
100
93x
98
100
100
103
106
99



108x
70
88


101x

88



100
101
102




102


103

101
103x
116
63

105x
101
106
101
76

111

106
100
121
102
110
98
94
103
98


99
122



132x
65
87




83



99
100
127




103


88

79x
75x
72
11
15
23x

50
32x
30
17x

32
79
71
51
49x

43x
81x
68
70

36
54
47x


95x
90
46
58


99
100x
61

72x
79
96
91
91




98
94

96
100
99



78
15
47



86
28


55
91
87
70




89
76

13

100x
100x
74
33
39
100

99
99
39
100x
92
53
82
71
62
100
100x
99x
100x
100
98
100
52
100
98



74
17
35


97
99
34

92
52
85
72
44


98x

99
98

45

7x
15x
87
650


6x

23
280
0x
60
730x
120
190x
160
3
8x
10x
20
16
15
22
750

6
9
170
1800
1100

7

64
320

130
470
150
240
230
8
11
12
14
22
24
28
1300

10200
5900
150
7
18

7700

420
74

270
55
170
140
140
10600
6400
2700
6100
3700
3200
2700
16

106
109

106
106
106
107

105
106
111
110
103
106
106
108
111
105
111
97
105
106
105
108
110


99

89
89
61

101x
54
94

100


98
98
96
73x
95
97x


85
100
97

94
102

99

100
100
101


101
100
99

100
99
100
83x
102
101
100
99
95x
96
100




101

102
100

101




83
104x


93
100
103


100
98
100

124
114

111

76

106
71


101
87

108
103


138
121
100
95
97
86
112




105

78
108

79




49
117x


133
121
132


101
83
109

48
43x

30
32x
12
41

8
62x
74x
74x
27
15
60
81x
68
8
46
51

82x
58
37
77

95


97
90x
87
98

81


98x
74
26
92

99
64
90
85


84
89
98






40






65
6
56




79



49

100
100x

81
91x
52
99

43
100x
100
100
70
33
91

99
49
90
69


93
88
97




78
91x
62
99

25



85
9
89

98
19
88
74


70
73
97


29x

150

400
13
57
860
6x
4
17
140x
1000
170
6x
44
1100
150x
590
5x
5x
65x
97
12





18
980


2100
14
6
6
220
1400
400
4
58
450
72
390
3
5
130
170
110





1400
21


8
6200
13800
14200
100
12
110
16400
850
53
530
120
17400
13800
210
160
500

107
103
106
108
111
106
107
113

102

97

56x
100
99
80
84
100

80

100
96
88
97
100
101
96


96
98
93

100
98x
96
100

99

98

48x
125
104
110
86


91

99

70

107

83
100

94


20
17
23x
43
60
73
48
31
24

94
61
84

96
96
92
99
97
94


30
46x


68
54
83x

47

99
18
62
95x
98
95
91
100
98
42

99
10
63

97
89x
90
98
93
41

4

480x
140
45x
69x
29
14x

440

10
380
510

45
100
44
130

550

6500
35
38

1400
500
880
290

25

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

…TABLE 8
Maternal mortality ratio†
Life
expectancy:
females as a
% of males
2008

Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
(Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Adult
literacy rate:
females as a
% of males
2003–2007*

Enrolment and attendance ratios:
females as a % of males
Net
Net
Contraceptive
primary school
secondary school
prevalence
2003–2008*
2003–2008*
(%)
enrolled attending enrolled attending
2003–2008*

Antenatal care
coverage (%)
2003–2008*
At least
once

At least
four times

Delivery care
coverage (%)
2003–2008*
Skilled
attendant Institutional
at birth
delivery

2005

2003–2008*
reported

Adjusted

Lifetime
risk of
maternal
death. 1 in:

118
103
106
103
106
110
110
106

100
98

83

101
98x
95

100
99
101
99
102
100

99

102


106


100
101

101
102
104
90
102


87

102


108


98

67
28x
84x
26
76x

65
38

99
97x

76

97
99
84

75


62


79x

99
99x
99x
43
99x
100x
100
74

99
99x

47


97
80

24
3x
7x
580
8x
18
28
150

18
37
8
950
11
20
24

5200
1000
8200
24
4800
2100
1400

108
105
105
102
101

99x
93x
53
78x
94

100
94x
76
101
101

102x
100
86
100
102

114

53
87
96

147x
102
56
93
93

77x
76
28
41
60

94x
91
47
94
94


29x
11x
60
71

95
88
36
47
69

95
64
24
48
68

61
160
370
590
560

57
150
430
830
880

610
280
39
27
43

76
77
78
75
80
85
71
94
99
97

86
71
87

94
93
98
86
96
96
94
99
100
98
101
96
94
97

96
96
101
91
95
96**
95
99**
101
98

96**
97
96**

90
88
91

92


104**
107
95
102
98**
88
99**

90
87
92
83
94
90**
85
105**
108
96

91**
91
92**

30
23
32
16
56
67
53
77
75
64

61
30
61

72
71
72
71
78
78
68
91
94
95

78
64
78

45
44
42
45

41**
34
74**
84


47**
35
47**

50
46
41
50
76
63
42
91
91
97

63
38
64

45
42
39
47
65
54
35
78
88
93

56
33
56














820
900
760
1100
210
350
500
150
130
46
8
450
870
400

26
22
29
17
140
110
59
350
280
1300
8000
76
24
92

SUMMARY INDICATORS
Africa#
Sub-Saharan Africa#
Eastern and Southern Africa
West and Central Africa
Middle East and North Africa
Asia#
South Asia
East Asia and Pacific
Latin America and Caribbean
CEE/CIS
Industrialized countries§
Developing countries§
Least developed countries§
World

104
104
104
104
105
105
104
105
109
114
107
105
104
106

§ Includes territories within each country category or regional group. Countries and territories in each country category or regional group are listed on page 44.

DEFINITIONS OF THE INDICATORS
Life expectancy – Number of years newborn children would live if subject to the mortality risks prevailing for the cross
section of population at the time of their birth.
Adult literacy rate – Number of literate persons aged 15 and above, expressed as a percentage of the total population in
that age group.

MAIN DATA SOURCES
Life expectancy – United Nations Population Division.
Adult literacy – UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS).
Primary and secondary school enrolment – UIS.

Enrolment and attendance ratios: females as a % of males – Girls’ net enrolment and attendance ratios divided by
those of boys, as a percentage.

Primary and secondary school attendance – Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS)
and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS).

Primary or secondary school net enrolment ratio – Number of children enrolled in primary or secondary school who
are of official primary or secondary school age, expressed as a percentage of the total number of children of official
primary or secondary school age.

Contraceptive prevalence – DHS, MICS, United Nations Population Division and UNICEF.

Primary school net attendance ratio – Number of children attending primary or secondary school who are of official
primary school age, expressed as a percentage of the total number of children of official primary school age.
Secondary school net attendance ratio – Number of children attending secondary or tertiary school who are of official
secondary school age, expressed as a percentage of the total number of children of official secondary school age.

Antenatal care coverage – DHS, MICS and other national household surveys.
Skilled attendant at birth – DHS, MICS, WHO and UNICEF.
Institutional delivery – DHS, MICS, WHO and UNICEF.
Maternal mortality – WHO and UNICEF.
Lifetime risk – WHO and UNICEF.

Contraceptive prevalence – Percentage of women in union aged 15–49 currently using contraception.
Antenatal care coverage – Percentage of women 15–49 years old attended at least once during pregnancy by skilled
health personnel (doctors, nurses or midwives) and the percentage attended by any provider at least four times.
Skilled attendant at birth – Percentage of births attended by skilled health personnel (doctors, nurses or midwives).
Institutional delivery – Proportion of women 15–49 years old who gave birth during the two years preceding the survey
and delivered in a health facility.
Maternal mortality ratio – Annual number of deaths of women from pregnancy-related causes per 100,000 live births.
The ‘reported’ column shows country-reported figures that are not adjusted for under-reporting and misclassification.
Lifetime risk of maternal death – Lifetime risk of maternal death takes into account both the probability of becoming
pregnant and the probability of dying as a result of that pregnancy accumulated across a woman’s reproductive years.

NOTES


x
y
*
**
#

† The maternal mortality data in the column headed ‘reported’ are those reported
by national authorities. Periodically, UNICEF, WHO, UNFPA and the World Bank
evaluate these data and make adjustments to account for the well-documented
problems of under-reporting and misclassification of maternal deaths and to
develop estimates for countries with no data. The column with ‘adjusted’
estimates for the year 2005 reflects the most recent of these reviews.

Data not available.
Data refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country.
Such data are not included in the calculation of regional and global averages.
Data refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country.
Such data are included in the calculation of regional and global averages.
Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified in the column heading.
Excludes China.
For a complete list of countries and territories in the regions and subregions, see page 44.

STATISTICAL TABLES

39

TABLE 9. CHILD PROTECTION
daughters

Attitude
towards
domestic
violence
2001–2008*

Child
disability
1999–2008*

Child
discipline
2005–2007*

total

total

total

total

Female genital mutilation/
cutting 1997–2007*
Child labour
(5–14 years) 1999–2008*
Countries and territories

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Côte d’Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon

40

total

male

30
12
5

24

7y
4y


7y

5
13

5

40
46
19y
22
5

6y


47y
19
45y
31

3y
47
53
3

5
27
25

5
35





32

8

10
8
7
6y
28


53



28
14
6

22

8y



8y

6
18

6

39
47
16y
22
7

7y


46y
19
45y
31

4y
44
54
3

6
26
24

6
36





29

8

12
7
8
9y
28


59



female

33
9
4

25

5y



5y

3
8

4

42
45
22y
22
4

4y


48y
19
45y
30

3y
49
51
2

4
28
25

3
34





34

8

7
8
5
4y
28


46



Child marriage
2000–2008*
total

43
8
2




10


12


64

7


34

26
6

24y


48
18
23
36


61
72


23

31


35





39

5

40
22
17
27

47

49



34

Birth registration
2000–2008*

urban

rural

total

urban

rural

womena
(15–49 years)
total


7
2




7





58

6


19

22
2




29
14
18
23


57
65


19

24


27





31

5



9


31

27



30


8
2




16





69

10


47

37
7




61
18
25
57


64
73


38

40


43





45

13



22


60

55



49

6
98
99

29

91y
96


94


10



94
60

74
100
58
89y


64
60
66
70


49
9
96y

90
83
81y


55

100y


99
31

89

78
85
99

32


7



89

12
97
99

34


97


96


13



92
68

76
99
66



86
62
71
86


72
36


97
87
88y


79

100y


99
33

90

82
85
99

43


29



90

4
98
99

19


95


92


9



97
56

72
100
52



58
60
66
58


36
3


77
83
75y


41

100y


99
30

82

70
85
99

24


5



87



















13







73


1


26
45







36







93



96


89

74



THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

b



















2







25


1


7
21







9







49



28y


63

38




30
68




22


49






12
47


5




71

55
56








76


65





76



9

50y




81




16
1y




12y





21



44



10







33

1y
48
3y

2y
3y














5y

8y









49
86







75




83

68



36




83


92


88








90







70

83

92








…TABLE 9
daughters

Attitude
towards
domestic
violence
2001–2008*

Child
disability
1999–2008*

Child
discipline
2005–2007*

total

total

total

total

Female genital mutilation/
cutting 1997–2007*
Child labour
(5–14 years) 1999–2008*
total

Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Holy See
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger

25
18

34


29
25
39
16
21

16


12
4y

11



6


2
26


4
11

7
23
21




32
26


34


16

16y


18
4
8
22

13y

31y


15
43

male

female

20
20

34


25
26
41
17
22

16


12
5y

12



7


2
27


4
10

8
25
21




36
25


35


18

15y


19
5
9
21

15y

30y


18
43

29
17

34


32
24
37
16
19

15


12
4y

9



5


2
25


3
13

6
21
21




28
26


33


15

16y


17
4
8
24

12y

33y


11
43

Child marriage
2000–2008*
total

36
17

22


35
63
24
20
30

39


47
24

17



9

10
7
25


10


11
23
38




39
50


71


35

25y


9
5
16
52

9

51


43
75

Birth registration
2000–2008*

urban

rural

total

urban

rural

24
12

15



45
14
15
27

33


29
15

16



7

10
6
19


7



13
25




29
38


60


27




7

12
39

6

41


36
42

45
23

28



75
32
22
33

46


56
33

19



11

7
9
27


14



26
49




42
53


77


44




12

21
60

11

54


55
84

55
92

51



43
39
93
81

94


41
55

95



89


99
48y


94
72


26
4y




75


73
53


56




98
98
85
31
65y
67

35


81
32

57
97

69



78
53
96
87

95


59
69

95



89


99
64y


96
84


39
5y




87



75


75




98
98
92
39
88y
83

42


90
71

54
87

42



33
33
92
78

93


35
43

96



88


99
44y


93
68


24
3y




72



45


42




99
99
80
28
59y
59

34


73
25

womena
(15–49 years)
total

78


4



96
45

















32







58








85


72















2

b

64


1



57
35

















21
















69


66















1

74
7

47



86
52
18
29

16


54
25

59



6

90y
10
68


38
81



59




28
28

70
75







20
10

36

35

23


17
70


30

21


2y











21



24







10















30




26
14

14







STATISTICAL TABLES

84
66

89




80
74








84



87


52



51
71




















79
61









41

TABLE 9. CHILD PROTECTION
daughters

Attitude
towards
domestic
violence
2001–2008*

Child
disability
1999–2008*

Child
discipline
2005–2007*

total

total

total

total

Female genital mutilation/
cutting 1997–2007*
Child labour
(5–14 years) 1999–2008*
Countries and territories

total

male

Nigeria
13y
Niue

Norway

Occupied Palestinian Territory

Oman

Pakistan

Palau

Panama
3
Papua New Guinea

Paraguay
15
Peru
19
Philippines
12
Poland

Portugal
3y
Qatar

Republic of Korea

Republic of Moldova
32
Romania
1
Russian Federation

Rwanda
35
Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Lucia

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Samoa

San Marino

Sao Tome and Principe
8
Saudi Arabia

Senegal
22
Serbia
10
Seychelles

Sierra Leone
48
Singapore

Slovakia

Slovenia

Solomon Islands

Somalia
49
South Africa

Spain

Sri Lanka
8
Sudan
13
Suriname
6
Swaziland
9
Sweden

Switzerland

Syrian Arab Republic
4
Tajikistan
10
Thailand
8
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 6
Timor-Leste
4
Togo
29
Tonga

Trinidad and Tobago
1
Tunisia

Turkey
5
Turkmenistan

Tuvalu

Uganda
36
Ukraine
7
United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

United Republic of Tanzania
36
United States

Uruguay
8y








5

17
20
13

4y


32
1

36





8

24
12

49




45


9
14
7
9


5
9
8
7
4
29

1

4


37
8


37

8y

42

female








2

12
19
11

3y


33
1

35





7

21
8

48




54


7
12
5
9


3
11
8
5
4
30

1

6


36
7


34

8y

Child marriage
2000–2008*
total

43


19

24



18
18
14




19


13





33

39
6

56




45
6

12y
34
19
5


13
13
20
4

24

8

18
7

46
10


41

Birth registration
2000–2008*

urban

rural

total

urban

rural

womena
(15–49 years)
total

27









13
10




16


9





31

23
4

34




35



24
14
1


15
13
12
3

15



17
9

27



23

52









31
22




22


14





37

55
8

66




52



40
33
6


12
13
23
4

36



22
6

52



49

30


96y






93
83




98


82





69

55
99

48




3
78y


33
97
30


95
88
99
94
53y
78

96

84
96

21
100


8

50


97y






95
87




98


79





70

75
99

62




6



53
98
38


96
85
100
95

93



87
96

24
100


22

21


96y






90
78




98


83





67

44
99

44




2



22
95
28


95
90
99
93

69



79
95

21
100


4

19


























28


94




98



89









6






1



15

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

b

10


























20


35




46



43y









1










4

65










24




21


48





32

65
6

85




76y




13
38



74y

21

53

8

39
38y

70
4


60




















2y





29


14

34









39





15
21








11y








95
























73

92









84



87
74

69

90

75





70




…TABLE 9
daughters

Attitude
towards
domestic
violence
2001–2008*

Child
disability
1999–2008*

Child
discipline
2005–2007*

total

total

total

total

Female genital mutilation/
cutting 1997–2007*
Child labour
(5–14 years) 1999–2008*
total

Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Child marriage
2000–2008*

male

female

total



8
16
23
12y
13y



9
15
21
11y
12y



6
16
24
12y
14y

29n
33n
34
35n
10
12**
13
10**
10
6

16***
30

30n
34n
36
34n
11
13**
13
10**
11
6

17***
31

28n
32n
32
35n
9
12**
12
10**
10
6

16***
28

Birth registration
2000–2008*

womena
(15–49 years)
total

b

urban

rural

total

urban

rural

7


10
32
42
34

9


3
28
32
20

7


13
35
49
44

100

92
88
22
10
74

100


94
38
16
83

100


86
16
6
71





23
1





20

70


64

85
48

3


4y
29




93
94

34
39
35
43
18
40**
46
19**
25
12

35**
48

22
27
27
28
12
25**
33
12**



23**
37

44
49
45
53
23
51**
58
25**



47**
54

41
35
31
39
76
45**
36
72**
89
92

50**
29

58
51
40
57
86
63**
53
81**

93

65**
42

33
28
24
32
68
38**
31
67**

92

39**
25

46
38
42
28









22
21
27
14









63
64
62
66

48**
54
35**

32

52**
62








3









89








SUMMARY INDICATORS
Africa#
Sub-Saharan Africa#
Eastern and Southern Africa
West and Central Africa
Middle East and North Africa
Asia#
South Asia
East Asia and Pacific
Latin America and Caribbean
CEE/CIS
Industrialized countries§
Developing countries§
Least developed countries§
World

§ Includes territories within each country category or regional group. Countries and territories in each country category or regional group are listed on page 44.

DEFINITIONS OF THE INDICATORS
Child labour – Percentage of children 5–14 years old involved in child labour at the moment of the survey. A child is considered to be
involved in child labour under the following conditions: (a) children 5–11 years old who, during the week preceding the survey, did at least
one hour of economic activity or at least 28 hours of household chores, or (b) children 12–14 years old who, during the week preceding the
survey, did at least 14 hours of economic activity or at least 28 hours of household chores.

MAIN DATA SOURCES
Child labour – Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS),
Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and other national
surveys.
Child marriage – MICS, DHS and other national surveys.

Child labour background variables – Sex of the child; urban or rural place of residence; poorest 20 per cent or richest 20 per cent of the
population constructed from household assets (a more detailed description of the household wealth estimation procedure can be found at
<www.childinfo.org>); mother’s education, reflecting mothers with and without some level of education.

Birth registration – MICS, DHS, other national surveys and
vital registration systems.

Child marriage – Percentage of women 20–24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old.

Female genital mutilation/cutting – MICS, DHS and other
national surveys.

Birth registration – Percentage of children less than five years old who were registered at the moment of the survey. The numerator of this
indicator includes children whose birth certificate was seen by the interviewer or whose mother or caretaker says the birth has been
registered.

Attitudes towards domestic violence – MICS, DHS and
other national surveys.

Female genital mutilation/cutting – (a) Women – the percentage of women 15–49 years old who have been mutilated/cut. (b) Daughters
– the percentage of women 15–49 years old with at least one mutilated/cut daughter.

Child disability – MICS, DHS and other national surveys.
Child discipline – MICS, DHS and other national surveys.

Attitudes towards domestic violence – Percentage of women 15–49 years old who consider a husband to be justified in hitting or
beating his wife for at least one of the specified reasons. Women were asked whether a husband is justified in hitting or beating his wife
under a series of circumstances, i.e., if his wife burns the food, argues with him, goes out without telling him, neglects the children or
refuses sexual relations.
Child disability – Percentage of children 2–9 years old who screen positive to at least one of the questions on disability.
Child discipline – Percentage of children 2–14 years old who experience any psychological or physical punishment.

NOTES


y
n
*
**
***
#

Data not available.
Data refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country.
Such data are included in the calculation of regional and global averages.
Excludes Nigeria.
Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified in the column heading.
Excludes China.
Excludes China and Nigeria.
For a complete list of countries and territories in the regions and subregions, see page 44.

STATISTICAL TABLES

43

STATISTICAL TABLES

Summary indicators
Averages presented at the end of each of
the 10 statistical tables are calculated using
data from the countries and territories as
classified below.

UNICEF REGIONAL CLASSIFICATION
Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa; North Africa (Algeria, Egypt,
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Morocco, Tunisia)

UPDATES OF UNICEF REGIONAL AND
COUNTRY CLASSIFICATIONS
Beginning with this special edition of
The State of the World’s Children, UNICEF
reports statistical indicators for two
continents – Africa and Asia – as well
for regional and country groupings.

Sub-Saharan Africa
Eastern and Southern Africa; West and
Central Africa; Djibouti and the Sudan

Africa includes all countries and territories
of Eastern and Southern Africa, and West
and Central Africa, and the following
countries and territories of the Middle East
and North Africa: Algeria, Djibouti, Egypt,
the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Morocco,
the Sudan and Tunisia.
Sub-Saharan Africa now includes Djibouti
and the Sudan, as well as all the countries
and territories of Eastern and Southern
African, and West and Central Africa. As a
consequence of these changes, regional
estimates for sub-Saharan Africa published
in previous editions of The State of the
World’s Children are not strictly comparable
with those published in this issue.
Asia includes all countries and territories of
South Asia, and East Asia and the Pacific.
Industrialized countries/territories are
defined as those countries and territories
that are not included in the UNICEF Regional
Classification.
Developing countries/territories are
classified as such for purposes of statistical
analysis only because there is no established
convention for the designation of ‘developed’
and ‘developing’ countries or areas in the
United Nations system.
Least developed countries/territories are
those countries and territories classified as
such by the United Nations.

44

Eastern and Southern Africa
Angola; Botswana; Burundi; Comoros; Eritrea;
Ethiopia; Kenya; Lesotho; Madagascar;
Malawi; Mauritius; Mozambique; Namibia;
Rwanda; Seychelles; Somalia; South Africa;
Swaziland; Uganda; United Republic of
Tanzania; Zambia; Zimbabwe
West and Central Africa
Benin; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Cape Verde;
Central African Republic; Chad; Congo; Côte
d’Ivoire; Democratic Republic of the Congo;
Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana;
Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali;
Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Sao Tome and
Principe; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
Middle East and North Africa
Algeria; Bahrain; Djibouti; Egypt; Iran
(Islamic Republic of); Iraq; Jordan; Kuwait;
Lebanon; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Morocco;
Occupied Palestinian Territory; Oman; Qatar;
Saudi Arabia; Sudan; Syrian Arab Republic;
Tunisia; United Arab Emirates; Yemen
Asia
South Asia, East Asia and the Pacific
South Asia
Afghanistan; Bangladesh; Bhutan; India;
Maldives; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
East Asia and Pacific
Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; China; Cook
Islands; Democratic People’s Republic of
Korea; Fiji; Indonesia; Kiribati; Lao People’s
Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Marshall
Islands; Micronesia (Federated States of);
Mongolia; Myanmar; Nauru; Niue; Palau;
Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Republic of
Korea; Samoa; Singapore; Solomon Islands;
Thailand; Timor-Leste; Tonga; Tuvalu;
Vanuatu; Viet Nam

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

Latin America and Caribbean
Antigua and Barbuda; Argentina; Bahamas;
Barbados; Belize; Bolivia (Plurinational State
of); Brazil; Chile; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba;
Dominica; Dominican Republic; Ecuador;
El Salvador; Grenada; Guatemala; Guyana;
Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Mexico;
Nicaragua; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Saint
Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent
and the Grenadines; Suriname; Trinidad and
Tobago; Uruguay; Venezuela (Bolivarian
Republic of)
CEE/CIS
Albania; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Belarus;
Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria;
Croatia; Georgia; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan;
Montenegro; Republic of Moldova; Romania;
Russian Federation; Serbia; Tajikistan; The
former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia;
Turkey; Turkmenistan; Ukraine; Uzbekistan
UNICEF COUNTRY CLASSIFICATION
Industrialized countries/territories
Andorra; Australia; Austria; Belgium;
Canada; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark;
Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Greece;
Holy See; Hungary; Iceland; Ireland; Israel;
Italy; Japan; Latvia; Liechtenstein; Lithuania;
Luxembourg; Malta; Monaco; Netherlands;
New Zealand; Norway; Poland; Portugal; San
Marino; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden;
Switzerland; United Kingdom; United States
Developing countries/territories
Afghanistan; Algeria; Angola; Antigua and
Barbuda; Argentina; Armenia; Azerbaijan;
Bahamas; Bahrain; Bangladesh; Barbados;
Belize; Benin; Bhutan; Bolivia (Plurinational
State of); Botswana; Brazil; Brunei
Darussalam; Burkina Faso; Burundi;
Cambodia; Cameroon; Cape Verde; Central
African Republic; Chad; Chile; China;
Colombia; Comoros; Congo; Cook Islands;
Costa Rica; Côte d’Ivoire; Cuba; Cyprus;
Democratic Republic of the Congo;
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea;
Djibouti; Dominica; Dominican Republic;
Ecuador; Egypt; El Salvador; Equatorial
Guinea; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Fiji; Gabon; Gambia;
Georgia; Ghana; Grenada; Guatemala;
Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Guyana; Haiti;

STATISTICAL NOTES

Measuring human development
An introduction to Table 10
Honduras; India; Indonesia; Iran (Islamic
Republic of); Iraq; Israel; Jamaica; Jordan;
Kazakhstan; Kenya; Kiribati; Kuwait;
Kyrgyzstan; Lao People’s Democratic
Republic; Lebanon; Lesotho; Liberia; Libyan
Arab Jamahiriya; Madagascar; Malawi;
Malaysia; Maldives; Mali; Marshall Islands;
Mauritania; Mauritius; Mexico; Micronesia
(Federated States of); Mongolia; Morocco;
Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia; Nauru;
Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Niue;
Occupied Palestinian Territory; Oman;
Pakistan; Palau; Panama; Papua New
Guinea; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Qatar;
Republic of Korea; Rwanda; Saint Kitts and
Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent and the
Grenadines; Samoa; Sao Tome and Principe;
Saudi Arabia; Senegal; Seychelles; Sierra
Leone; Singapore; Solomon Islands; Somalia;
South Africa; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Suriname;
Swaziland; Syrian Arab Republic; Tajikistan;
Thailand; Timor-Leste; Togo; Tonga; Trinidad
and Tobago; Tunisia; Turkey; Turkmenistan;
Tuvalu; Uganda; United Arab Emirates;
United Republic of Tanzania; Uruguay;
Uzbekistan; Vanuatu; Venezuela (Bolivarian
Republic of); Viet Nam; Yemen; Zambia;
Zimbabwe
Least developed countries/territories
Afghanistan; Angola; Bangladesh; Benin;
Bhutan; Burkina Faso; Burundi; Cambodia;
Central African Republic; Chad; Comoros;
Democratic Republic of the Congo; Djibouti;
Equatorial Guinea; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Gambia;
Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Haiti; Kiribati;
Lao People’s Democratic Republic; Lesotho;
Liberia; Madagascar; Malawi; Maldives;
Mali; Mauritania; Mozambique; Myanmar;
Nepal; Niger; Rwanda; Samoa; Sao Tome and
Principe; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Solomon
Islands; Somalia; Sudan; Timor-Leste; Togo;
Tuvalu; Uganda; United Republic of Tanzania;
Vanuatu; Yemen; Zambia

If development is to be measured by a
comprehensive and inclusive assessment,
it is also necessary to appraise human as
well as economic progress. From UNICEF’s
point of view, there is a need for an agreed
method of measuring the level of child
well-being and its rate of change.
The under-five mortality rate (U5MR) is used
in Table 10 (pages 46–49) as the principal
indicator of such progress. In 2008, the
estimated number of children who died
before their fifth birthday stood at 8.8 million.
In 1970, by comparison, around 17 million
children were dying every year – highlighting
a significant long-term decline in the global
number of under-five deaths.
The under-five mortality rate has several
advantages as a gauge of child well-being.

First, the U5MR measures an end result
of the development process rather than
an ‘input’ such as school enrolment level,
per capita calorie availability or number
of doctors per thousand population – all
of which are means to an end.

Second, the U5MR is known to be the
result of a wide variety of inputs: for
example, antibiotics to treat pneumonia;
insecticide-treated mosquito nets to
prevent malaria; the nutritional wellbeing and health knowledge of mothers;
the level of immunization and oral
rehydration therapy use; the availability
of maternal and child health services,
including antenatal care; income and
food availability in the family; the
availability of safe drinking water and
basic sanitation; and the overall safety
of the child’s environment.

Third, the U5MR is less susceptible to the
fallacy of the average than, for example,
per capita gross national income (GNI).
This is because the natural scale does
not allow the children of the rich to be
one thousand times more likely to survive,
even if the human-made scale does
permit them to have one thousand times
as much income. In other words, it is
much more difficult for a wealthy minority

to affect a nation’s U5MR, and it therefore
presents a more accurate, if far from
perfect, picture of the health status of
the majority of children and of society
as a whole.
The speed of progress in reducing the
under-five mortality rate can be assessed
by calculating its average annual rate of
reduction (AARR). Unlike the comparison
of absolute changes, the AARR reflects
the fact that the lower limits to U5MR are
approached only with increasing difficulty.
As lower levels of under-five mortality are
reached, for example, the same absolute
reduction represents a greater percentage
reduction. The AARR therefore shows a
higher rate of progress for a 10-point
reduction, for example, if that reduction
happens at a lower level of under-five
mortality. A 10-point decrease in the underfive mortality rate from 100 to 90 represents a
reduction of 10 per cent, whereas the same
10-point decrease from 20 to 10 represents a
reduction of 50 per cent. (A negative value
for the percentage reduction indicates an
increase in the U5MR during the period
specified.)
When used in conjunction with gross
domestic product (GDP) growth rates, the
U5MR and its rate of reduction can therefore
give a picture of the progress being made by
any country, territory or region, and over any
period of time, towards the satisfaction of
some of the most essential of human needs.
As Table 10 shows, there is no fixed
relationship between the annual reduction
rate of the U5MR and the annual rate of
growth in per capita GDP. Such comparisons
help shed light on the relationship between
economic advances and human
development.
Finally, the table gives the total fertility
rate for each country and territory and the
corresponding average annual rate of
reduction. It is clear that many of the nations
that have achieved significant reductions
in their U5MR have also achieved significant
reductions in fertility.

STATISTICAL TABLES

45

TABLE 10. THE RATE OF PROGRESS

Countries and territories

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Côte d’Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic People’s
Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic
of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland

46

Under-5
mortality
rate

Average annual
rate of reduction (%)Θ

GDP per capita
average annual
growth rate (%)

Under-5
mortality
rank

1970

1990

2000

2008

1
125
66
172
2
136
116
97
158
172
72
130
136
58
140
130
167
107
23
44
58
120
83
100
153
140
11
12
41
19
158
88
10
3
147
102
105
32
22
120
140
25
158
158
172
172

320
107
202



68

21
29


80
239


24
100
256
288
241

142
135

33
280
229

213
22
151
237

83
117
104
197
142
63
82
232

40

260
46
64
9
260

29
56
9
9
98
25
16
149
18
24
10
43
184
148
122
23
50
56
11
18
201
189
117
149
8
63
178
201
22
46
35
128
104
18
22
150
13
14
11
12

257
24
48
5
239
19
21
36
6
6
69
20
13
91
15
18
6
27
144
106
86
17
81
34
8
17
188
178
106
147
6
41
181
205
11
36
26
114
116
17
13
138
8
9
7
6

257
14
41
4
220
12
16
23
6
4
36
13
12
54
11
13
5
19
121
81
54
15
31
22
7
11
169
168
90
131
6
29
173
209
9
21
20
105
127
15
11
114
6
6
4
4

1.0
4.2
5.7



4.3

4.2
5.9


8.0
2.4


4.4
4.2
1.7
3.3
3.4

5.2
4.4

3.0
1.7
1.0

1.8
5.1
4.4
1.4

6.6
4.7
5.4
2.2
1.6
6.3
6.6
2.2

5.2

0.1
6.6
2.5
4.5
0.9

3.3
4.9
2.3
4.5
5.6
3.6
1.6
5.6
2.7
3.4
3.9
4.5
2.3
3.3
4.5
2.4
2.7
5.2
2.5
2.7
1.0
0.7
1.5
0.7
1.6
4.3
0.2
-0.2
5.0
4.4
3.1
1.1
-1.1
1.0
3.9
1.5
4.3
4.7
5.6
6.1

1
70
36
56
15

45
59
33
56
63
48
25
64
39
46
50
56
34
45
56
35
38
61
36
39
16
11
23
12
25
54
3
-4
59
54
43
18
-22
17
50
24
54
57
64
67

57

70

55

55

55

1.2

0.0

0

5
172
39
140
79
95
97
109
14
56
158
27
109
188

240
16

72
125
138
236
163



230

16

199
9
123
18
62
53
90
62
198
150
18
210
22
7

199
6
106
16
39
34
47
33
168
89
11
148
18
4

199
4
95
11
33
25
23
18
148
58
6
109
18
3

0.9
2.9

6.9
3.5
4.8
4.8
4.8



0.5

4.1

0.0
4.5
1.4
2.7
3.5
4.2
7.6
6.9
1.6
5.3
6.1
3.6
1.1
4.7

0
56
23
39
47
53
74
71
25
61
67
48
18
57

-2.4
2.0

4.7x
2.1
1.3
4.1
-1.9


1.5x

0.7
2.8

Reduction
since 1990
(%)Θ
1970–1990 1990–2008

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

1970–1990 1990–2008


-0.7x
1.6


8.3x
-0.7

1.5
2.4

1.9
-1.3x
0.4
1.7

2.2
2.9
0.3

-1.1

8.2
2.3
-2.2x
3.4x
1.3
1.1

3.3
2.0

-1.3
-1.0
1.5
6.6
2.2
0.1x
3.1

0.7
-1.9


6.1x


5.3
1.4

3.4
2.2
1.8
6.2
2.3
1.8
4.0
1.1
2.4x
3.3
2.2x
3.9
1.8
2.3
1.2
5.0
1.5
10.4x
4.0
1.4
-0.3x
2.7
2.5
-2.0
6.3x
0.7
2.1
3.8
-0.7
2.4
3.6
9.0
1.3
-0.4
0.4

2.7
-1.0
3.0
3.6x
2.5x
2.5

-3.7
1.8
-1.8
1.6
3.8
1.4
2.5
2.8
20.6
-0.9x
5.1x
2.4
1.4
2.8

Total
fertility rate

Average annual
rate of reduction (%)

1970

1990

2008

7.7
4.9
7.4

7.3

3.1
3.2
2.7
2.3
4.6
3.6
6.5
6.9
3.1
2.3
2.2
6.3
6.6
6.7
6.6
2.9
6.6
5.0
5.7
2.2
6.6
6.8
5.9
6.2
2.2
7.0
6.0
6.5
4.0
5.5
5.6
7.1
6.3

5.0
7.9
2.0
4.0
2.6
2.0

8.0
2.9
4.7

7.2

3.0
2.5
1.9
1.5
3.0
2.6
3.7
4.4
1.7
1.9
1.6
4.5
6.7
5.9
4.9
1.7
4.7
2.8
3.2
1.7
6.8
6.6
5.8
5.9
1.7
5.3
5.8
6.7
2.6
2.3
3.1
5.5
5.4

3.2
6.3
1.7
1.8
2.4
1.8

6.6
1.9
2.4

5.8

2.2
1.7
1.8
1.4
2.1
2.0
2.3
2.3
1.5
1.3
1.8
2.9
5.4
2.6
3.5
1.2
2.9
1.9
2.1
1.4
5.9
4.6
2.9
4.6
1.6
2.7
4.8
6.2
1.9
1.8
2.4
4.0
4.4

2.0
4.6
1.4
1.5
1.5
1.4

1970–1990 1990–2008

-0.2
2.6
2.3

0.1

0.1
1.2
1.9
2.4
2.2
1.6
2.8
2.2
3.1
1.0
1.7
1.7
-0.1
0.6
1.5
2.6
1.7
2.9
2.8
1.1
-0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2
1.5
1.4
0.1
-0.1
2.1
4.3
2.9
1.2
0.8

2.3
1.2
0.9
4.2
0.4
0.5

1.0
2.5
3.8

1.2

1.6
2.1
0.1
0.3
1.8
1.4
2.7
3.5
0.5
2.2
-0.6
2.4
1.2
4.5
1.9
1.9
2.7
2.2
2.4
1.1
0.8
2.1
3.8
1.4
0.3
3.7
1.0
0.4
1.7
1.6
1.4
1.8
1.1

2.7
1.7
0.9
0.8
2.6
1.4

4.0

2.4

1.9

2.6

1.4

6.2
2.1
7.4

6.2
6.3
5.9
6.2
5.7
6.6
2.1
6.8
4.5
1.9

7.1
1.7
6.2

3.5
3.7
4.6
4.0
5.9
6.2
1.9
7.1
3.4
1.7

6.0
1.8
3.9

2.6
2.6
2.9
2.3
5.3
4.6
1.7
5.3
2.7
1.8

-0.7
1.2
0.9

2.9
2.7
1.3
2.3
-0.2
0.3
0.4
-0.2
1.5
0.3

0.9
-0.6
2.6

1.5
2.0
2.6
3.0
0.6
1.6
0.9
1.6
1.2
-0.3

…TABLE 10

France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Holy See
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People’s
Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
(Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal

Under-5
mortality
rate

Average annual
rate of reduction (%)Θ

GDP per capita
average annual
growth rate (%)

Total
fertility rate

Average annual
rate of reduction (%)

Under-5
mortality
rank

1970

1990

2000

2008

1970

1990

2008

172
46
30
86
172
47
172
120
77
16
6
54
48

83
153
188
49
66
81
64
172
167
172
83
172
105
86
21
61
140
70

18

311

26
179
32

165
326


222

172
40
16
191
170
190
125
23

34
61
17
110

154
156
59

9
92
153
47
9
118
11
40
77
231
240
88
151

55
17
7
116
86
73
53
9
11
10
33
6
38
60
105
89
15
75

5
87
131
35
5
111
7
20
47
185
218
72
109

40
10
4
94
56
48
48
7
7
6
32
5
27
44
128
63
13
51

4
77
106
30
4
76
4
15
35
146
195
61
72

31
7
3
69
41
32
44
4
5
4
31
4
20
30
128
48
11
38

3.5

3.5

5.3
2.1
5.3

3.8
1.7


1.9

5.7
4.3
4.1
2.5
3.4
4.8
4.3
4.7

6.1
3.1
5.2
5.3

1.9
2.8
6.8

4.5
1.0
2.0
2.5
4.5
2.4
5.6
5.4
4.4
2.5
1.2
2.0
4.1

3.2
4.9
4.7
2.9
4.1
4.6
1.0
4.5
4.4
5.1
0.3
2.3
3.6
3.9
-1.1
3.4
1.7
3.8

56
16
31
36
56
36
64
63
55
37
19
31
52

44
59
57
41
52
56
17
56
55
60
6
33
47
50
-22
46
27
49

2.2
0.2
0.7
3.2
2.3
-2.0
1.3
4.2x
0.2
0.2x
0.1
-1.6
-0.3

0.8
3.0
3.2
2.1
4.7
-2.3

2.8
1.9
2.8
-1.3
3.0
2.5x

1.2
-5.3
-6.8x

1.5
-1.0
0.4
2.4
1.4
2.1
2.8
2.7
1.4
1.3
-2.6
2.4
-2.0

1.6
3.3
2.5
4.7
2.4
2.7

5.5
1.7
1.2
0.7
1.0
2.2
3.5
0.1
2.5
1.8x
0.0

2.5
4.7
6.1
2.6
2.0
7.0
2.4
4.6
6.2
6.8
6.1
5.6
5.8

7.3
2.0
3.0
5.5
5.5
6.6
7.4
3.9
3.8
2.5
5.5
2.1
7.9
3.5
8.1

7.2
4.9

1.8
5.2
6.1
2.2
1.4
5.6
1.4
3.8
5.6
6.7
5.9
2.6
5.4

5.1
1.8
2.2
4.0
3.1
4.8
6.0
2.1
3.0
1.3
2.9
1.6
5.5
2.8
6.0

3.5
3.9

1.9
3.3
5.1
1.6
1.3
4.3
1.4
2.3
4.1
5.4
5.7
2.3
3.5

3.3
1.4
2.1
2.7
2.2
1.8
4.1
2.0
2.8
1.4
2.4
1.3
3.1
2.3
4.9

2.2
2.5

1.7
-0.5
0.0
0.9
1.9
1.1
2.5
0.9
0.6
0.1
0.2
3.8
0.3

1.7
0.6
1.6
1.5
2.8
1.6
1.0
3.1
1.2
3.2
3.1
1.5
1.8
1.1
1.5

3.6
1.2

-0.4
2.5
1.0
1.8
0.2
1.5
0.2
2.9
1.7
1.2
0.2
0.6
2.4

2.5
1.6
0.2
2.1
2.0
5.4
2.2
0.4
0.4
-0.3
1.2
1.2
3.2
1.2
1.1

2.7
2.3

54
147
130
45
17
112
193
153
188
30
34
158
89
7
158
72
24
112
112

211

56
167
269
140


23
189
336
52

374
28
103
224
86
110

157
17
40
101
219
38
10
16
9
167
225
18
111
250
11
49
129
24
45

86
15
24
109
174
24
6
11
5
132
162
10
55
217
7
39
122
19
26

61
9
13
79
145
17
2
7
3
106
100
6
28
194
6
36
118
17
17

1.5

1.7
2.5
1.0
6.5


4.7
0.6
2.0
5.3

2.0
4.7
3.7
2.8
6.4
4.5

5.3
3.5
6.2
1.4
2.3
4.5
8.9
4.6
6.1
2.5
4.5
6.1
7.7
1.4
3.4
1.7
0.5
1.9
5.4

61
47
68
22
34
55
80
56
67
37
56
67
75
22
45
27
9
29
62


3.4

2.8
-4.2



2.7
-2.3
-0.1
4.0

-0.3
6.5

-0.9
5.1x
1.6

4.2
4.9
2.6
2.1
1.8
1.8x

3.4
3.2
-0.3
0.6
3.4
6.0x
2.2
2.6x
-1.0
0.6x
3.7
1.6

6.0
1.9
5.1
5.8
6.8
7.6

2.3
2.0
7.3
7.3
5.6
7.0
6.7
2.1

6.8
3.7
6.7

6.0
1.9
3.1
4.9
6.5
4.8

2.0
1.6
6.3
7.0
3.7
6.1
6.4
2.0

5.9
2.2
3.4

3.5
1.4
1.8
3.3
5.1
2.7

1.3
1.7
4.7
5.5
2.6
2.0
5.5
1.3

4.5
1.8
2.2

0.0
0.0
2.4
0.8
0.2
2.3

0.7
1.1
0.8
0.2
2.0
0.7
0.2
0.0

0.7
2.5
3.4

3.1
1.7
2.9
2.2
1.4
3.2

2.2
-0.3
1.6
1.3
2.1
6.1
0.9
2.7

1.5
1.2
2.4

69
172
66
149
72
20
35
65
63
60





183
280
177
103

237

58
8
98
15
88
249
120
72

142

47
5
63
14
54
183
107
77
51
85

39
4
41
8
36
130
98
42
45
51





3.7
0.6
1.9
1.8

2.6

2.2
3.9
4.8
3.5
5.0
3.6
1.1
3.0

5.7

33
50
58
47
59
48
18
42

64





2.0
-1.0x
1.5
-2.3x

1.2

-0.7

2.5
0.5
2.2
4.3
8.1x
2.0

1.9

6.9

7.5
2.4
7.1
6.6
6.1
6.5

6.1

5.0

4.2
1.9
4.0
6.2
3.4
5.2

5.2

3.6

2.0
1.6
2.4
5.1
2.3
3.4

2.9

1.7

2.9
1.2
2.8
0.3
2.9
1.1

0.9

1.8

4.1
0.7
3.0
1.2
2.2
2.5

3.2

Reduction
since 1990
(%)Θ
1970–1990 1990–2008

1970–1990 1990–2008

1970–1990 1990–2008

STATISTICAL TABLES

47

TABLE 10. THE RATE OF PROGRESS

Countries and territories

Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Occupied Palestinian Territory
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda

48

Under-5
mortality
rate

Average annual
rate of reduction (%)Θ

GDP per capita
average annual
growth rate (%)

Total
fertility rate

Average annual
rate of reduction (%)

Under-5
mortality
rank

1970

1990

2000

2008

1970

1990

2008

167
158
91
13
9

172
91
136
42
120
97
49
89
96
81
153
172
146
167
112
125
130
26
116
130

16
21
161
309
265

16


180

70
155
76
174
89
35
66
87
52

52
40
210

8
11
68
305
230

9
38
31
130
21
31
91
42
81
61
17
15
20
9
37
32
27
174
26
23

6
8
42
227
207

5
29
17
108
16
26
77
34
41
36
10
7
14
6
24
23
24
186
21
17

5
6
27
167
186

4
27
12
89
15
23
69
28
24
32
7
4
10
5
17
14
13
112
16
13

3.5
3.2
4.3
0.1
0.7

2.9


1.6

4.1
2.7
3.0
3.8
1.9
3.6
7.4
7.4
8.8

2.4
2.0
0.9

2.6
3.4
5.1
3.3
1.2

4.5
1.9
5.3
2.1
1.9
1.7
1.5
2.3
6.8
3.6
4.9
7.3
3.9
3.3
4.3
4.6
4.1
2.4
2.7
3.2

38
45
60
45
19

56
29
61
32
29
26
24
33
70
48
59
73
50
44
54
56
52
36
38
43

1.6
0.8
-3.7
-2.2
-1.4

3.2

3.3
3.0

0.3
-0.7
2.8
-0.6
0.6

2.6


1.8x
0.9x
1.2
6.3x
5.3x

2.1
2.0
2.0
-0.4
1.4

2.5
-2.4x
2.1x
1.7
-0.1x
2.8
-0.5
-0.1
2.8
1.9
4.4
1.8


-0.4
2.7
1.7
1.5
2.9
1.3

2.4
3.1
6.9
7.6
6.6

2.5
7.9
7.2
7.0

5.3
6.2
5.7
6.3
6.3
2.2
2.8
6.9
4.5
2.6
2.9
2.0
8.2

6.1

1.6
2.1
4.8
7.9
6.6

1.9
6.4
6.6
6.1

3.0
4.8
4.5
3.8
4.3
2.0
1.5
4.4
1.6
2.4
1.9
1.9
6.8

3.4

1.7
2.0
2.7
7.1
5.3

1.9
5.0
3.0
4.0

2.5
4.1
3.0
2.6
3.1
1.3
1.4
2.4
1.2
1.5
1.3
1.4
5.4

2.0

2.2
2.0
1.9
-0.2
0.0

1.5
1.0
0.4
0.7

2.8
1.2
1.2
2.5
1.8
0.4
3.1
2.3
5.2
0.3
2.0
0.3
0.9

2.9

-0.6
0.1
3.1
0.6
1.3

-0.1
1.4
4.3
2.4

0.9
0.9
2.2
2.2
1.9
2.7
0.6
3.3
1.6
2.7
2.0
1.7
1.3

2.9

130
94
193
35
102
29
153
136
7
188
149
172
72
4
52
172
120
27
91
43
188
167
116
53
125




105

280

61
363
27


101


24
84
169
71
175
13
18
128

98

24
50
15
101
43
149
29
16
278
7
15
10
38
200
56
9
29
124
51
84
7
8
37
117
32

23
34
6
99
23
131
13
14
252
4
10
5
37
200
73
6
21
115
38
124
4
6
22
94
20

13
26
2
98
21
108
7
12
194
3
8
4
36
200
67
4
15
109
27
83
3
5
16
64
14




0.2
3.2

6.7
1.3
6.7


4.9


4.9
5.3
1.5
1.7
3.7
3.1
4.1
6.2

5.6

3.4
3.6
11.2
0.2
4.0
1.8
7.9
1.6
2.0
4.7
3.5
5.1
0.3
0.0
-1.0
4.5
3.7
0.7
3.5
0.1
4.7
2.6
4.7
3.4
4.6

46
48
87
3
51
28
76
25
30
57
47
60
5
0
-20
56
48
12
47
1
57
38
57
45
56

3.3



-1.5
-0.7

2.9
-0.5
5.6


3.4
-0.9
0.1
1.9
3.0
0.1
-2.2x
3.0
1.8
1.2
2.0

4.7

3.7
3.1


0.4
1.1
3.8x
1.8
0.6
3.7
3.7
3.6
-1.3

1.2
2.4
4.0
3.8
1.4
1.7
2.3
0.9
1.3
-1.5
3.0

6.0
6.1

6.5
7.3
7.4
2.4

5.8
3.0
2.5
2.3
6.9
7.2
5.6
2.9
4.3
6.6
5.7
6.9
2.0
2.0
7.6
6.9
5.6

3.0
4.8

5.4
5.8
6.7
2.1

5.5
1.8
2.0
1.5
5.9
6.6
3.7
1.3
2.5
6.0
2.7
5.7
2.0
1.5
5.5
5.2
2.1

2.1
4.0

3.8
3.1
5.0
1.6

5.2
1.3
1.3
1.4
3.9
6.4
2.5
1.4
2.3
4.2
2.4
3.5
1.9
1.5
3.2
3.4
1.8

3.6
1.2

0.9
1.1
0.5
0.6

0.3
2.7
1.0
2.0
0.8
0.4
2.1
3.9
2.7
0.5
3.6
0.9
0.1
1.4
1.6
1.4
4.8

1.9
1.0

1.9
3.5
1.7
1.5

0.3
1.8
2.6
0.5
2.3
0.2
2.0
-0.4
0.5
2.0
0.7
2.7
0.4
0.3
3.0
2.3
0.9

140
40
35
107
77
102
100
61
72
18



219
42
54
187
200


197

36
184
150
23
34
50
84
99
53
186

19
129
122
20
34
27
42
71
42
158

11
93
98
19
35
21
22
48
36
135



1.9
3.0
2.3
6.6
4.3


0.3

6.6
3.8
2.4
1.1
-0.2
4.8
7.4
4.0
2.1
1.8

69
49
35
17
-3
58
74
52
32
27



-0.6

0.5
2.5
2.0


0.7
-1.8x
0.0
1.6
5.1
3.4
2.4
4.1

3.6

3.1
6.3
7.1
5.9
3.5
6.6
5.6
6.3

7.1

2.1
5.3
6.3
4.6
2.4
3.6
3.1
4.3

7.1

1.4
6.5
4.3
4.0
1.6
1.8
2.1
2.5

6.3

1.9
0.8
0.6
1.3
1.8
3.0
3.0
1.9

0.0

2.2
-1.1
2.2
0.8
2.2
3.8
2.1
3.1

0.6

Reduction
since 1990
(%)Θ
1970–1990 1990–2008

THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN | SPECIAL EDITION

1970–1990 1990–2008

1970–1990 1990–2008

…TABLE 10

Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
(Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Under-5
mortality
rate

Average annual
rate of reduction (%)Θ

GDP per capita
average annual
growth rate (%)

Total
fertility rate

Average annual
rate of reduction (%)

Under-5
mortality
rank

1970

1990

2000

2008

1970

1990

2008

116
149
158
33
149
125
70
79

34
84
21
218
23
53

116

21
17
9
157
11
24
74
27

19
11
7
139
8
18
62
29

16
8
6
104
8
14
38
33

2.4
8.0
4.2
1.6
3.7
4.0

7.3

1.5
4.2
2.3
2.3
1.8
3.0
3.7
-1.1

24
53
33
34
27
42
49
-22


-4.9x
2.0

2.2
0.9

1.1x

-0.1
-0.1x
2.4
1.9
2.0
1.6
1.5
-0.2

2.1
6.6
2.3
6.8
2.2
2.9
6.5
6.3

1.9
4.4
1.8
6.2
2.0
2.5
4.2
4.9

1.3
1.9
1.8
5.6
2.1
2.1
2.3
4.0

0.6
2.0
1.2
0.4
0.6
0.7
2.2
1.2

1.9
4.5
-0.1
0.6
-0.3
1.0
3.4
1.2

109
125
49
14
38

63

308
181
122

32
56
127
172
79

23
30
98
169
102

18
14
69
148
96

3.4

4.4
0.3
2.2

3.2
7.7
3.4
0.8
-1.1

44
75
46
14
-22

-1.6


-2.3
-0.4

0.1
6.0
1.5
0.0
-1.9x

5.4
7.0
8.6
7.4
7.4

3.4
3.7
8.1
6.5
5.2

2.5
2.1
5.2
5.8
3.4

2.2
3.2
0.3
0.7
1.8

1.7
3.2
2.4
0.6
2.3

231
236
213
261
193
150
197
120
122
90
24
161
241
142

168
184
167
206
77
87
124
54
52
51
10
99
179
90

152
166
147
188
56
71
99
41
33
37
7
86
150
78

132
144
120
169
43
54
76
28
23
23
6
72
129
65

1.6
1.2
1.2
1.2
4.6
2.7
2.3
4.0
4.3
2.8
4.4
2.4
1.5
2.3

1.3
1.4
1.8
1.1
3.2
2.6
2.7
3.6
4.5
4.4
2.8
1.8
1.8
1.8

21
22
28
18
44
38
39
48
56
55
40
27
28
28

0.9
0.0

-0.6
-0.2
4.1
2.0
5.4
1.4

2.3
2.1
-0.2
2.3

1.9
1.7
1.6
1.5
2.2
6.7
4.3
7.4
1.6
2.0
1.8
4.3
2.8
2.4

6.7
6.7
6.8
6.6
6.8
5.6
5.7
5.6
5.3
2.8
2.3
5.8
6.8
4.7

5.9
6.3
6.0
6.6
5.0
3.2
4.3
2.6
3.2
2.3
1.7
3.7
5.9
3.2

4.6
5.1
4.8
5.3
2.9
2.3
2.9
1.9
2.2
1.7
1.7
2.7
4.4
2.5

0.6
0.3
0.6
0.1
1.5
2.8
1.5
3.8
2.5
1.1
1.4
2.3
0.7
2.0

1.4
1.2
1.2
1.2
3.1
1.8
2.2
1.7
2.0
1.6
0.1
1.7
1.6
1.3

Reduction
since 1990
(%)Θ
1970–1990 1990–2008

1970–1990 1990–2008

1970–1990 1990–2008

SUMMARY INDICATORS
Africa#
Sub-Saharan Africa#
Eastern and Southern Africa
West and Central Africa
Middle East and North Africa
Asia#
South Asia
East Asia and Pacific
Latin America and Caribbean
CEE/CIS
Industrialized countries§
Developing countries§
Least developed countries§
World

§ Includes territories within each country category or regional group. Countries and territories in each country category or regional group are listed on page 44.

DEFINITIONS OF THE INDICATORS

MAIN DATA SOURCES

Under-five mortality rate – Probability of dying between birth and exactly five years of age,
expressed per 1,000 live births.

Under-five mortality rate – Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, World
Health Organization, United Nations Population Division and the World Bank).

Reduction since 1990 (%) – Percentage reduction in the under-five mortality rate (U5MR)
from 1990 to 2008. The United Nations Millennium Declaration in 2000 established a goal of a
two-thirds (67 per cent) reduction in U5MR from 1990 to 2015. This indicator provides a current
assessment of progress towards this goal.

GDP per capita – World Bank.
Fertility – United Nations Population Division.

GDP per capita – Gross domestic product (GDP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers
plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output. GDP per capita is
gross domestic product divided by midyear population. Growth is calculated from constant price
GDP data in local currency.
Total fertility rate – Number of children who would be born per woman if she lived to the end of
her childbearing years and bore children at each age in accordance with prevailing age-specific
fertility rates.

NOTES


x
Θ

#

Data not available.
Data refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country.
Such data are not included in the calculation of regional and global averages.
A negative value indicates an increase in the under-five mortality rate since 1990.
For a complete list of countries and territories in the regions and subregions, see page 44.

STATISTICAL TABLES

49

On 20 November 2009, the global community celebrates the 20th anniversary
of the adoption by the United Nations General Assembly of the Convention on the
Rights of the Child, the unique document that sets international standards for the
care, treatment and protection of all individuals below age 18. To celebrate this
landmark, the United Nations Children’s Fund is dedicating a special edition of
its flagship report The State of the World’s Children to examining the Convention’s
evolution, progress achieved on child rights, challenges remaining, and actions to
be taken to ensure that its promise becomes a reality for all children.

United Nations Children’s Fund
3 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017, USA
pubdoc@unicef.org
www.unicef.org
Design and prepress production: Prographics, Inc.
US $15.00
ISBN: 978-92-806-4445-6
Sales no.: E.10.XX.2
© United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
November 2009

ISBN 978-92-806-4445-6

9 789280 644456

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