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CIRCLE the letter of the word or group of words that best completes the sentence.

1. Mark Twain ..the years after the Civil War the Gilded Age.
A. called
B. calling
C. he called

D. his calls

2. Early..toes instead of hooves on their feet.


A. horses
B. had horses

D. horses having

C. horses had

3. ..grow close to the ground in the short Arctic summer.


A. Above tundra plants
C. Tundra plants are found
B. Tundra plants
D. For tundra plants
4. In 1867,..Alaska from Russians for $7.2 million.
A. purchased the United States
C. the United States purchase of
B. to purchase the United States
D. the United States purchased
5. Between 1725 and 1750, New England witnesses an increase in the specialization of .
A. occupations
B. occupies
C. they occupied
D. it occupied them
6. The large carotid artery to the main parts of the brain.
A. carrying blood
C. carries blood
B. blood is carried
D. blood carries
7. ..radio as the first practical system of wireless telegraphy.
A. Marconis development
C. Developing Marconi
B. The development by Marconi
D. Marconi developed
8. In 1975, the first successful space probe to..beginning to send information back to Earth.
A. Venus
B. Venus the
C. Venus was
D. Venus it was
9. The two biggest resort.Arkansas are Hot Springs and Eureka Springs.
A. in
B. towns in
C. towns are
D. towns are in
10.NASAs Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center ..control center for the Mercury, Gemini, and
Apollo space flights.
A. it was at the
B. it was the
C. was the
D. the

CIRCLE the letter of the underlined word or group of words that is not correct.
11. By the 1920s, many radio transmitters had been build.
A
B
C
D
12. Fish farming has rose in the United States in recent years.
A
B
C
D

13. In areas of volcanic activity, beach sand may contains dark minerals and little quartz.
A
B
C
D
14. Cro-Magnon man was names after the caves in southwest France where the first remains
A
B
C
were discovered.
D
15. Lassie, the famous collie who made her first screen appearance in 1943, has always be
A
B
C
played by a male dog.
D
16. A blue bigwig lizard stakes out a territory and will defending females within it against
A
B
C
courting males.
D
17. President George Washington was inaugurates on the steps of the Federal Building in
A
B
C
D
New York City.
18. By 1627, Plymouth had became a viable and growing community of fifty families,
A
B
C
twenty-two goats, fifteen cows, and more than fifty pigs.
D
19. Tobacco was the crop on which the eminence of Williamsburg and the prosperity of
A
B
C
Virginia were base.
D
20. Because there may be scores of genes in each suspect DNA region, scientists must
A
identifying and sequence the actual genes contributing to type I diabetes.
B
C
D
21. Cone shells live in much different seas and feed mainly on small fish and worms.
A
B
C
D
22. The leaves of the common sunflower are rough to the touch on both side.
A
B
C
D
23. Hemoglobin enables the red blood cells to carry oxygen and small numbers of carbon
A
B
C
D
dioxide.

24. Those with narcolepsy experience the uncontrollable desire to sleep, perhaps several
A
B
time in one day.
C
D
25. Another great artists of the time and possibly the most gifted silversmith in the colonies
A
B
C
was Paul Revere.
D
26. Alzheimers disease afflicts two in ten person over the age of seventy in the U.S.
A
B
C
D
27. The red cardinal spends many of its time feeding on the ground.
A
B
C
D
28. In the 1920s, Tulsa had a higher number of millionaire than any other U.S. city.
A
B
C D
29. Because Washington is a district and not a state, its residents have less rights than other
A
B
C
D
citizens.
30. Implosive consonants occur in many different language, but they are particularly
A
B
B
C
common in American Indian and African languages.
31. By the time Noah Webster reached his mid-twenties, he had already publish an elementary
A
B
C
D
speller.

STUDY the passages and CIRCLE the best answers to the questions that follow .
REM (rapid eye movement) sleep is a type of sleep that is important to humans. This type
of sleep generally occurs four or five times during one night of sleep. The duration of each of
these occurrences ranges from five minutes to forty minutes. The periods of REM sleep become
longer and longer as the night progresses.
Physical changes occur in the body to show that a person has transitioned from NREM
(non-rapid eye movement) sleep to REM sleep. Breathing becomes faster, the heart rate
increases, and, as the name implies, the eyes begin to move quickly.
Accompanying these physical changes in the body is a very important characteristic of
REM sleep. It is during REM sleep that dreams occur.

32. The subject of this passage is


A. the human need for REM sleep
B. physical changes in the human body

C. the characteristics of REM sleep


D. why people sleep

33. According to the passage, how often does REM sleep occur in one night?
A. Once
B. Twice
C. four or five times
D. Forty times
34. A REM sleep period of forty minutes would most likely be which period of REM sleep?
A. The first period
C. The third period
B. The second period
D. The fourth period
35. The word progresses in line 4 is closest in meaning to
A. continues
B. darkens
C. falls

D. sleeps

36. The word transitioned in paragraph 2 could best be replaced by


A. breathed
B. increased
C. fallen

D. moved

37. The N in NREM probably stands for which of the following words?
A. Nine
B. Non
C. Name
D. Night
38. According to the passage, all of the following occur during REM sleep EXCEPT that
A. the rate of breathing increases
C. the eyes remain steady
B. the heart rate speeds up
D. dreams take place
39. The word Accompanying in line 8 could best be replaced by which of the following?
A. Along with
B. In spite of
C. In contrast to
D. Because of
40. Where in the passage does the author discuss the length of periods of REM sleep?
A. Line 1
B. Line 3
C. Line 6-7
D. Lines 8-9

Many people picture sharks as huge , powerful, frightening predators, ready at any
moment to use their sharp teeth to attack unwary swimmers without provocation. There are
numerous fallacies, however, in this conception of sharks.
First, there are about 350 species of shark, and not all of them are large. They range in
size from the dwarf shark, which can be only 6 inches (.5 feet) long and can be held in the palm
of the hand, to the whale shark, which can be more than 55 feet long.
A second fallacy concerns the number and type of teeth, which can vary tremendously
among the different species of shark. A shark can have from one to seven sets of teeth at the
same time, and some types of shark can have several hundred teeth in each jaw. It is true that the
fierce and predatory species do possess extremely sharp and brutal teeth used to rip the prey
apart; many other types of shark, however, have teeth more adapted o grabbing and holding than
to cutting and slashing.
Finally, not all sharks are predatory animals ready to strike out at humans on the least
whim. In fact, only 12 of the 350 species of shark have been known to attack humans, and a

shark needs to be provoked in order to attack. The types of shark that have the worst record with
humans are the tiger shark, the bull shark, and the great white shark. However, for most species
of shark, even some of the largest types, there are no known instances of attacks on humans.
41. The authors main purpose in the passage is to
A. categorize the different kinds sharks throughout the world
B. warn humans of the dangers posed by sharks
C. describe the characteristics of shark teeth
D. clear up misconceptions about sharks
42. The word unwary in line 2 is closest in meaning to
A. strong
B. combative
C. careless

D. fearful

43. Dwarf in line 5 refers to something that is probably


A. large
B. powerful
C. dangerous

D. short

44. The longest shark is probably the


A. whale shark
B. great white shark C. bull shark

D. tiger shark

45. Which of the following is NOT true about a sharks teeth?


A. All sharks have teeth
C. A shark can have hundreds of teeth
B. A shark can have six rows of teeth
D. All sharks have extremely sharp teeth
46. A jaw in line 9 is
A. a part of the sharks tail
B. a part of the stomach

C. a backbone
D. a bone in the mouth

47. Prey in line 10 is something that is


A. fierce
B. hunted

C. religious

D. shared

48. The passage indicates that a shark attacks a person


A. for no reason
C. only if it is bothered
B. every time it sees one
D. only at night
49. It can be inferred from the passage that a person should probably be the least afraid of
A. a dwarf shark
C. a bull shark
B. a tiger shark
D. a great white shark
50. Where in the passage does the author give the proportion of shark species that act
aggressively toward people?
A. Lines 4-6
B. Lines 9-11
C. Lines 13-14
D. lines 15-16