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# CT1037N - Introduction to Communications

## Coursework: MCQ 2 - Spring 2011-12

The MCQ 2 part of the coursework is intended to help the student learn some of the fundamental
principles of Telecommunications through Multiple Choice Questions.

## All questions carry equal marks.

The answers to the questions should only be recorded by placing the letter which indicates the
from the WebCT site of this module.

Important:

The MCQ 1 and MCQ 2 coursework will be the main focus of the tutorial sessions.

Students may work as part of a group but should NOT copy each others work.

## This must be the students own work. Plagiarism is a punishable offence.

The marking of this coursework (MCQ 1 and MCQ 2) will be based not only on the answers
provided in the Answer Grid but also on how many times has a student attended the tutorial
sessions, i.e. if a student has only attended half of the tutorial sessions then the mark gained will
be based on the number of correct answers times 50 %.

Submission:

## Deadline: Week 10, Friday, 27th of April 2012.

The answers will be made available through WebLearn on Saturday noon, 28th of April 2012.
Dr. Nicholas Ioannides
6th February 2012

## CT1037N - Multiple Choice Questions - Part 2

Q1:

What is the bit rate of a communications system if the bit slot duration is 50 s?
(a) 10 kbps

Q2:

(b) 20 kbps

(c) 30 kbps

(d) 40 kbps

(e) 50 kbps

What is the number of characters transmitted per second if each character requires 7 bits and
the bit rate is 2100 bps?

(a) 100 characters (b) 200 characters (c) 300 characters (d) 400 characters (e)
characters
Q3:

Calculate the error probability of a system that produces 7 error bits out of a transmission of
5,700,000 bits?
(a) 1.75 x 10-7

Q4:

(b) 70

(c) 128

(d) 100

(e) 1024

(b) 7 : 1

(c) 1 : 5

(d) 1 : 10

(e) 10 : 1

(b) 700 %

(c) 20 %

(d) 10 %

(e) 1000 %

(a) 10 kbps

Q9:

## (e) 1.23 x 10-6

The information stored on a certain type of floppy disc is 4 MB. How long would it take to
transmit a disc-full of data over a fax-modem operating at 14.4 kbps?
(a) 4.63 mins

Q8:

## (d) 1.55 x 10-6

What is the duty cycle of a binary transmission with periodic time 1 ms when its bit slot
duration is 125 s?
(a) 12.5 %

Q7:

## (c) 1.75 x 10-6

What is the mark-space ratio of a binary transmission with periodic time 1 ms when its bit slot
duration is 125 s?
(a) 1 : 7

Q6:

## (b) 1.23 x 10-7

The ASCII code employs 7 bits. How many different characters can it support?
(a) 256

Q5:

500

(b) 20 kbps

(c) 30 kbps

(d) 40 kbps

(e) 50 kbps

What is the error probability of a system that produces 5 error bits out of a transmission of
568.7 Mb?
(a) 1.76 x 10-9

## (d) 17.58 x 10-8

(e) 3 x 108

Q10: What is the error probability of a system that produces 37 error bits out of a transmission that
lasts for 13 minutes and 8 seconds at a speed of 128 kbps?
(a) 3.5 x 10-9

Dr. N. Ioannides

Spring 2011-12

## Q11: A message is transmitted at 56600 bps using an asynchronous communications channel. It

takes 5 minutes and 45 seconds for the transmission to be completed. Nine (9) of the received
data bits are erroneous. What is the BER assuming no start, stop and parity bits have been
sent?
(a) BER = 1 x 10-9
(d) BER = 16.7 x 10-6

## (b) BER = 159 x 10-6

(e) BER = 45 x 10-9

## (c) BER = 0.461 x 10-6

Q12: A digital transmission of 20 Mbps has an error probability (BER) of 10 -4. What should the error
probability be if the total number of erroneous bits transmitted over 1 minute should not
exceed 100?
(a) BER = 1.12 x 10-9
(d) BER = 16.7 x 10-6

## (b) BER = 83.33 x 10-9

(e) BER = 45 x 10-9

## (c) BER = 461 x 10-6

Q13: How many bits are required to define all the characters for a 54-key computer terminal
assuming a 1:1 correspondence?
(a) 5.995 bits

(d) 91.53 %

(e) 95.9 %

## Q14: What is the coding efficiency of the code of question 13?

(a) 97.93 %

(b) 88.7 %

(c) 99.92 %

Q15: What is the efficiency of a binary code which can represent 111 equiprobable events?
(a) 50.18 %

(b) 79.12 %

(c) 87.45 %

(d) 97.06 %

(e) 100 %

Q16: What would the coding efficiency of a set of symbols comprising 3965 units be?
(a) 99.61 %

(b) 61.99 %

(c) 23.39 %

(d) 65.61 %

(e) 12.23 %

Q17: What would the coding efficiency of a set of symbols comprising 2065 units be?
(a) 99.88 %

(b) 84.71 %

(c) 78.66 %

(d) 91.77 %

(e) 95.81 %

Q18: What would the coding efficiency of a set of symbols comprising 65511 units be?
(a) 99.01 %

(b) 90.91 %

(c) 99.997 %

(d) 100 %

(e) 95.93 %

Q19: In digital communications all decimal data is transmitted in a binary encoded form using
ones and zeroes. What is the binary equivalent code of the decimal number 1985?
(a) 11110100001
(d) 11101100101

(b) 11110100011
(e) 11111010001

(c) 11111000001

Q20: In digital communications all decimal data is transmitted in a binary encoded form using
ones and zeroes. What is the BCD code of the decimal number 1985?
(a) 0101100010010001
(d) 1010011011100011

(b) 1010000110011000
(e) 0001100010011010

(c) 0001100110000101

Q21: Consider a 6-bit word. How many different unique bit patterns can be used to represent
Dr. N. Ioannides

Spring 2011-12

information?
(a) 16

(b) 32

(c) 64

(d) 128

(e) 256

(c) 0 63

(d) 0 127

(e) 0 255

## Q22: What is the range of a 6-bit word?

(a) 0 15

(b) 0 31

Q23: Consider a 12-bit word. How many different unique bit patterns can be used to represent
information?
(a) 512

(b) 1024

(c) 2048

(d) 4096

(e) 8192

(c) 0 2047

(d) 0 4095

(e) 0 8191

## Q24: What is the range of a 12-bit word?

(a) 0 511

(b) 0 1023

Q25: Consider a 16-bit word. How many different unique bit patterns can be used to represent
information?
(a) 4096

(b) 8192

(c) 16384

(d) 32768

(e) 65536

(c) 0 16383

(d) 0 32767

(e) 0 65535

(a) 0 4095

(b) 0 8191

## Q27: Why is a Rollover cable used in computer networks?

(a) To connect a hub to a switch
(b) To connect the serial port of a computer to the console port of a router through an RJ45 to
(c) To connect a local host to a remote host
(d) To connect the two management ports (console and Aux) of a router together
(e) There is no such cable used in computer networking
Q28: A Cross-Connect cable is used to connect:
(a) PC to PC
(d) Hub to Switch

## (b) Switch to Switch

(e) All of the above

(c) Router to PC

Q29: The amount of information (bits) that can flow through a network over a specific period of
time (second) is identified as bandwidth. Why is bandwidth important?
(a) It is limited by the laws of physics and by technology
(b) It is not free
(c) Requirements for bandwidth are growing at a rapid rate
(d) It is critical to network performance
(e) All of the above

Dr. N. Ioannides

Spring 2011-12

## CT1037N Coursework MCQ 2

Q30: Which source of noise does NOT interfere or affect the RF transmission of a WLAN?
(a) Bluetooth
(d) Laser noise
Q31.

## (b) Mobile telephones

(c) Microwave ovens
(e) Fog and very high moisture conditions

What does UTP cable rely on to reduce signal degradation caused by EMI and RFI?
(a) Shielding
(d) RJ-45 connectors

Q32.

(c) Insulation

What is the total bandwidth offered by a full duplex 10BASE-T cable connection?
(a) 5 Mbps
(d) 20 Mbps

Q33.

(b) Cancellation
(e) Ghost reflections

(b) 10 Mbps
(c) 15 Mbps
(e) 10base-T operates only in Half-Duplex

What is the total bandwidth offered by a full duplex 10BASE-2 cable connection?
(a) 5 Mbps
(d) 20 Mbps

(b) 10 Mbps
(c) 15 Mbps
(e) 10base-2 operates only in Half-Duplex

(a) 128

(b) 256

(c) 512

(d) 1024

(e) 2048

(d) 8192

(e) 16384

## Q35: What is the dynamic range of a 12-bit ADC?

(a) 1024

(b) 2048

(c) 4096

Q36: What resolution would a linear 12-bit ADC provide if the full scale input is 5 V?
(a) 0.244 mV

(b) 2.44 mV

(c) 1.22 mV

(d) 0.122 mV

(e) 4.88 mV

Q37: What resolution would a linear 18-bit ADC provide if the full scale input is 7 V?
(a) 26.7 V

(b) 31.2 V

(c) 54.6 V

(d) 76.9 V

(e) 56.2 V

Q38: Assuming that the dynamic range of an ADC is split into a million parts then the parts per
million (ppm) associated with a 32-bit ADC will be:
(a) 57.29 x 10-12

## (e) 232.8 x 10-12

Q39: The Nyquist Theorem states that a signal must be sampled at least how many times its highest
frequency?
(a) once

(b) twice

## (e) five times

Q40: Which effect takes place if a signal is sampled fewer times than what the Nyquist Theorem
recommends?
(a) offset

(b) drift

(c) cooling

(d) aliasing

(e) overheating

Dr. N. Ioannides

Spring 2011-12

## CT1037N Coursework MCQ 2

(a) + 5 dBm

(b) 0 dBm

(c) 5 dBm

(d) 10 dBm

(e) 13 dBm

Q42: The bandwidth of a system is taken as the frequency at which the output power of the system
reduces with respect to the low frequency output power by a factor of:
(a) 0.5

(b) 1

(c) 2

(d) 3

(e) 4

Q43: An analogue signal of baseband bandwidth 4 kHz is to be sampled and transmitted as sampled
data. What is the minimum sampling frequency?
(a) 2 kHz

(b) 4 kHz

(c) 6 kHz

(d) 8 kHz

(e) 10 kHz

Q44: The baseband bandwidth of commercial voice is 3.4 kHz. What would the guard band of the
sampled data be if it was sampled at 8 kHz?
(a) 0.6 kHz

## (e) 11.4 kHz

Q45: The maximum sampling frequency of a sampling circuit is 16 kHz. What would the maximum
sampled frequency of an analogue signal be if the sampling theorem is observed?
(a) 4 kHz

(b) 8 kHz

(c) 16 kHz

(d) 32 kHz

(e) 64 kHz

Q46: An analogue signal of baseband bandwidth 4 kHz is to be sampled and be transmitted in PulseCode-Modulated (PCM) form using 8-bit words. What would the data stream rate be?
(a) 4 kHz

(b) 8 kHz

(c) 16 kHz

(d) 32 kHz

(e) 64 kHz

## Q47: What is the quantization error in a 10-bit unipolar, 5 V FSR, ADC?

(a) 1.22 mV

(b) 2.44 mV

(c) 4.88 mV

(d) 9.77 mV

(e) 19.53 mV

Q48: What is the actual step size of a certain 12-bit unipolar ADC whose nominal FSR is 8V?
(a) 12.23 mV

(b) 24.43 mV

(c) 1.04 mV

(d) 2.5 mV

(e) 1.95 mV

Q49: 62 analogue signals of baseband bandwidth 4 kHz are sampled, multiplexed and transmitted as
PCM data, each sample being assigned an 8-bit word. For purposes of control another two 8bit words are included in each frame time. What is the data rate of this multiplexed
transmission?
(a) 512 kbps

## (e) 8.192 Mbps

Q50: 15 analogue signals of baseband bandwidth 6 kHz are sampled at twice the minimum
sampling rate and are multiplexed as Pulse-Amplitude-Modulated (PAM) signals using a
synchronization signal of the same time width as the samples. Assuming no gaps between the
synchronization signal and the samples what is the transmission rate using the rule Bit
rate=1/sample width?
(a) 384 kHz

Dr. N. Ioannides

Spring 2011-12

## CT1037N Coursework MCQ 2

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)

They have no period and their value cannot be determined at any instant.
They have a period but their value cannot be determined at any instant.
They have a period and their value can be determined at any instant.
They have no period but their value can be determined at any instant.
None of the above is true.

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)

## Periodic and deterministic.

Periodic but not deterministic.
Not periodic and not deterministic.
All of the above.
None of the above.

(a) 1,000 Hz

(b) 1,500 Hz

(c) 2,000 Hz

(d) 2,500 Hz

(e) 5,000 Hz

(a) 0.2 ms

(b) 0.4 ms

(c) 0.6 ms

(d) 0.8 ms

(e) 1 ms

(d) 8,000 Hz

(e) 16,000 Hz

## Q55: What is the fundamental frequency of a signal given by:

x(t) = 3 + 4 cos (4000 t) + 3 sin (4000 t)
2 cos (8000 t) + 3 sin (8000 t)
+ cos (12000 t) sin (12000 t)
(a) 1,000 Hz

(b) 2,000 Hz

(c) 4,000 Hz

Q56: What is the sum of the 1st and 3rd harmonic frequencies of a signal given by:
x(t) = 3 + 4 cos (4000 t) + 3 sin (4000 t)
2 cos (8000 t) + 3 sin (8000 t)
+ cos (12000 t) sin (12000 t)
(a) 4,000 Hz

Dr. N. Ioannides

(b) 12,000 Hz

(c) 20,000 Hz

(d) 16,000 Hz

(e) 8,000 Hz

Spring 2011-12

## CT1037N Coursework MCQ 2

Q57. What is the sum of the 2nd and 4th harmonic frequencies of a signal given by:
x(t) = 3 + 4 cos (4000 t) + 3 sin (4000 t)
2 cos (8000 t) + 3 sin (8000 t)
+ cos (12000 t) sin (12000 t)
0.5 cos (16000 t) + 3 sin (16000 t)
(a) 4 kHz

(b) 8 kHz

(c) 12 kHz

(d) 16 kHz

(e) 20 kHz

Deadline: Week 10, Friday, 27th of April 2012. Submit MCQ 2 via WebLearn.

Dr. N. Ioannides

Spring 2011-12