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1.

Centrally Sponsored Schemes


Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) was approved by the Government of India
in 2000 for achieving the goal of universal elementary education in a time-bound
manner. It aims to provide useful and relevant elementary education for all
children in the 6-14 age groups by 2010. It lays emphasis on bridging school,
regional and gender gaps with the active participation of the community in the
management
of
schools.
The scheme is administered by the Department of School Education and Literacy.

2.

National Program of Mid Day Meal (MDM) was launched in 1995 with a
view to enhancing enrollment, retention and attendance and simultaneously
improving nutritional levels among children. The objectives of the scheme are:
(a) improving the nutritional status of children studying in Classes I-VIII in
government local body and government aided school and EGS /AIE centers; (b)
encouraging poor children belonging to disadvantaged sections to attend school
more regularly and help them concentrate on classroom activities; (c) providing
nutritional support to children of primary stage in drought-affected areas during
the
summer
vacation.
The scheme is administered by the Department of School Education and Literacy.

3.

Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) was approved by the


Government of India in 2008 for universalisation of access to and improvement
of quality of secondary education. It aims to provide useful and relevant
secondary education for all children in the 15-16 age groups by 2015. The
scheme envisages: (i) provision of infrastructure and resources for secondary
education to improve the quality of learning; (ii) provision for filling the missing
gaps in the existing secondary school system and (iii) provision for extra support
for education of girls, rural children and students belonging to SC / ST, minority
and other weaker sections of the society and (iv) a holistic convergent framework
for
implementation
of
various
schemes
in
secondaryeducation.
The scheme is administered by the Department of School Education and Literacy.

4.

National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) was launched in 2005. The


detailed framework for the implementation of the scheme provided for major
health sector reforms and support to States for a wide range of activities
designed to provide affordable, accessible and accountable health care. The 18
States with unsatisfactory health infrastructure have been classified as special
focus States. The thrust of the Mission is on establishing a fully functional,
community owned, decentralized health delivery system with inter-sectoral
convergence at all levels to ensure simultaneous action on a wide range of
determinants of health like water, sanitation, education nutrition, social and
gender
quality.
The scheme is administered by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

5.

Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) was launched in 1975


as a pilot scheme in 33 selected blocks but now is a centrally sponsored flagship
scheme for early childhood care and pre-school education. The scheme has
expanded nationwide covering 10.53 lakh anganwadi centers. The objectives of
ICDS are envisaged to be achieved through a package of six basic services viz.
supplementary nutrition, immunization, health check-up, referral; services, pre-

school non-formal education and nutritional and health education.


The scheme is administered by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
6.

Central Rural Sanitation Program (CRSP) was launched in 1986. The


Total Sanitation Campaign was launched in 1999 as a flagship program under
CRSP covering 578 rural districts. The scheme proposes to bring about an
improvement in the general quality of life through accelerated sanitation
coverage
in
the
rural
areas.
The scheme is administered by the Department of Drinking Water Supply.
7.
National Horticulture Mission was launched in 2005 with the aim of
promoting holistic growth of the horticulture sector through area based regionally
differentiated strategies. The objectives of the scheme included: enhancement of
horticulture production, improving nutritional security and income support to
farm households, convergence and synergy among multiple ongoing and
planned programs for horticulture development, promoting and disseminating
technologies and generate employment for skilled and unskilled specially
unemployed
youth.
The scheme is administered by the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation.
8.

Macro Management of Agriculture Scheme was launched in 2000 as a


centrally sponsored scheme. The overall aim of the scheme is all round
development in agriculture through Work Plans prepared by States. The specific
objectives of the scheme includes: reflection of local needs / crops / region
specific priorities; optimum utilization of scarce resources and removal of
regional
imbalances.
The scheme is administered by the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation.

9.

Agriculture Extension Programs aims to transmit latest technical


know-how to farmers. It also focuses on enhancing farmers knowledge about
crop techniques and helping them to increase productivity. This is done through
training courses, farm visits, on farm trials, kisan melas, kisan clubs and advisory
bulletins. The National Institute of Agriculture Extension Management is an apex
national institute under the Ministry of Agriculture. It assists the State
Governments, the Government of India and other public sector organizations in
effective management of their agricultural extension and other agricultural
management
systems.
The scheme is administered by the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation.

10.

Integrated Scheme on Oilseeds, Pulses and Maize was launched as a


centrally sponsored scheme in 2004. The scheme merged the four erstwhile
schemes on oilseeds, pulses, maize and oil palm. This was done in order to
provide flexibility to the States in implementation based on regionally
differentiated approach to promote crop diversification and to provide focused
approach
to
the
programs.
The scheme is administered by the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation.

11.

Integrated Watershed Development Programs aims at an integrated


approach to wastelands development based on village / micro watershed plans.
The program also aims at rural employment besides enhancing the contents of
peoples participation in the wastelands development programs at all stages,

which is ensured by providing modalities for equitable and sustainable sharing of


benefits
and
arising
from
such
programs.
The scheme is administered by the Department of Land Resources of the Ministry
of Rural Development.
12.

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna (PMGSY) was launched in 2000 as a


fully funded Centrally Sponsored Scheme to provide road connectivity in rural
areas of the country. The program envisages connecting all habitations with a
population of 500 persons and above (250 persons and above in respect of hill
States, the tribal and desert areas). About 1.67 lakhs unconnected eligible
habitations need to be taken up with 3.65 lakh km of new rural roads under the
program. It also aims at upgrading 3.68 lakh km of existing though routes / major
link
routes.
The scheme is administered by the Ministry of Rural Development.

13.

Indira Awas Yojna (IAY) is in operation since 1985-86 with the basic aim
to provide assistance for the construction / up gradation of dwelling units for
below poverty line (BPL) rural households of SCs, STs and freed bonded laborer
categories. Since 1993-94 the scope of the scheme was extended to non-SC/ST
category of the rural BPL subject to the condition that the benefits to the nonSC/ST poor would not be more than 40% of the total IAY allocation.
The scheme is administered by the Ministry of Rural Development.

14.

Accelerated Rural Water Supply Program (ARWSP) is one of the six


components of Bharat Nirman to be implemented in four years from 2005-2009
to cover 55,067 uncovered habitations about 3.31 lakh slipped-back habitations
and 2.17 lakh quality-affected habitations. It is centrally sponsored scheme
which aims at tackling arsenic and fluoride contamination on a priority basis.
The scheme is administered by the Department of Drinking Water Supply.

15.

National Rural Employment Guarantee Program (NREGP) was


launched in 2006 with 200 districts being covered in its first year of operation.
The program has been subsequently extended to cover 330 districts (2007-08)
and aims to cover the entire country in (2008-09) well before the target date for
full coverage under the Act. The primary objective is to provide guaranteed work
for 100 days for any household wishing to have such employment. Although all
households are eligible the expectation is that only the poorest sections, i.e.,
landless labor and marginal farmers would actually seek work. The secondary
objective is to ensure that employment generated was from works that raise
farm productivity and thus increase farm productivity and incomes and
employment
over
time.
The scheme is administered by the Ministry of Rural Development.

16.

National Food Security Mission was launched in 2007 to address the


stagnating food grain production and an increasing need of the growing
population. The major objective of the scheme is to increase production and
productivity of wheat, rice and pulses on a sustainable basis so as to ensure food
security of the country. The approach is to bridge the yield gap in respect of
these crops through dissemination of improved technologies and farm
management practices. The Scheme covers 133 districts in 12 States of the

country.
The Scheme is administered by the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation.

17.

Micro Irrigation was launched during the Tenth Plan period to introduce
new irrigation techniques viz. Micro and Sprinkler Irrigation for economizing the
use of water and increase productivity of unit of water. The Scheme will be
available to all the farming community in the country and the focus will be for
efficient utilization of various inputs as water, fertilizer etc & increase in
productivity
and
quality
of
produce.
The Scheme is administered by the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation.

18.

Technology Mission on Horticulture for NE Region including


Sikkim, Uttaranchal, H.P and J&K was launched in 2001-02 for integrated
development of Horticulture. The Scheme aims at improving the production and
productivity of horticulture crops by harnessing the potential of the region and
has a special emphasis on Low Volume, High Value, Less Perishable Horticulture
Crops.
The Department of Agriculture and Cooperation will be the nodal department for
the Mission.

19.

Swaranjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojna was launched in 1999 with the


objective of bringing the assisted poor families above the Poverty Line through
self employment. The Scheme works through organizing the rural poor into Self
Help Groups through the process of social mobilization, their training and
capacity
building
and
provision
of
income
generating
assets.
The Scheme is administered by the Ministry of Rural Development.

20.

DRDA Administration was launched as a centrally sponsored scheme in


1999 to strengthen and professionalize the DRDA administration that is
responsible for implementing the anti-poverty programs. This Scheme is funded
in the ration of 75:25 by the central and state government.
The Scheme is administered by the Ministry of Rural Development.

21.

National Means cum Merit Scholarship Scheme was launched in


2008 to award 100,000 scholarships to the gifted or meritorious students whose
parental income is not more than Rs. 1, 50,000 per annum from all sources. Each
State / UT shall have a fixed quota to scholarship which will be decided on the
basis on enrolment of students in Class VII and VIII in the State / UT concerned
and population of children of concerned age group of Class VII and VIII. The
scheme would provide reservation to different categories as the per the State /
UT
norms.
The Scheme is administered by the Department of School Education and Literacy.
22.
Strengthening of Teachers Training Institutions was launched in
1987-88 to create a strong infrastructure and institutionalized training system for
both elementary and secondary school teachers. The scheme also provides for
strengthening of the State Council of Educational Research and Training (SCERT).
The Scheme is administered by the Department of School Education and Literacy.

23.

Scheme for setting up of 6000 Model Schools at Block level as


Benchmarks of Excellence was launched in 2007 towards fulfillment of the
overall objective of universalizing secondary education. The model school is
expected to have the same infrastructure and facilities as a Kendriya Vidyalaya
with stipulations on the pupil-teacher ratio, ICT usage, holistic educational
environment, appropriate curriculum and emphasis on output and outcome.
The Scheme is administered by the Department of School Education and Literacy.
24.
Adult
Education
and
Skill
Development
Program
The Scheme is administered by the Department of School Education and Literacy.
25.
Information and Communication Technology in Schools was
launched in 2004 to provide opportunities to secondary stage students to
develop ICT skills and also for ICT aided learning process. The Scheme is a major
catalyst to bridge the digital divide amongst students of various socio-economic
and
other
geographical
barriers.
The Scheme is administered by the Department of School Education and Literacy.
26.
National Mission in Education through ICT aims to leverage the
potential of ICT in teaching and learning process for the benefit of all teachers in
Higher Education Institutions in any time any where mode. The objective is to
extend computer infrastructure and connectivity to over 18000 colleges in the
country including each of the departments of nearly 400 universities and
institutions of national importance as a part of its motto to provide connectivity
up
to
the
last
mile.
The Scheme is administered by the Department of Higher Education.
27.
Setting up of New Polytechnics & Strengthening of Existing
Polytechnics was launched in 2008 to encourage vocational education and skill
development. The scheme provides for setting up of 1000 polytechnics,
strengthening of 500 existing polytechnics, construction of womens hostel in
500 polytechnics and revamping of community polytechnic scheme and
increasing
their
number
from
669
to
1000.
The Scheme is administered by the Department of Higher Education
28.
National AIDS Control Program including STD Control aims to
provide every person living with HIV access to quality care and a dignified life. It
is recognition of the epidemic as a developmental problem rather than a mere
public
health
issue.
The Scheme is administered by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
29.
National Afforestation Program was launched during the Tenth Plan
period by merging the earlier existing schemes. The overall objective of the
scheme is to develop the forest resources with peoples participation, with focus
on improvement in livelihoods of the forest-fringe communities, especially the
poor. It operates through the decentralised institutions of Joint Forest
Management Committee (JFMC) at the village level, and Forest Development
Agency
(FDA)
at
the
forest
division
level.
The Scheme is administered by the Ministry of Environment and Forests.
30.
National River Conservation Plan was launched in 1995 to cover 18
major rivers in 10 States of the country. Under this action plan pollution
abatement
works
are
being
undertaken
up
in
46
towns.
The Scheme is administered by the Ministry of Environment and Forests.
31.
National Land Records Modernization Program was launched in 2008
with the objective of ushering in the system of conclusive titles with title
guarantee
in
the
country.
The Scheme is administered by the Department of Land Resources.
32.
Post-Matric Scholarship & Book Banks for SC Students was
launched in 2003 with the objective of providing financial assistance to the
Scheduled Caste Students studying at post matriculation or post-secondary

stage to enable them to complete their education. These scholarships are


available for studies in India only and are awarded by the government of the
State / UT to which the applicant actually belongs. Students whose parents /
guardians income from all sources does not exceed Rs.10, 000 per annum.
The Scheme is administered by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
33.
Multi Sectoral Development Program for Minorities in selected
minority concentration districts was launched in 2006. It aims at a focused
attention of government programs in identified 90 districts of the country.
The Program is implemented by the Ministry of Minority Affairs.
34.
Scheme of PMS, Book Bank and Upgradation of Merit of ST Students aims
to provide financial assistance to students belonging to Scheduled tribes
pursuing Post-Matriculation recognized institutions. The Scheme covers
professional, technical as well as non-professional and non-technical courses at
various levels and the scheme also includes correspondence courses including
distance
learning
and
continuing
education.
The Scheme is administered by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
35.
Assistance to States for creating Infrastructure for the
Development and Growth of Exports (ASIDE) was launched in 2002.The
Scheme provides for development of export infrastructure which will be
distributed to the States according to a pre-defined criteria. The earlier EPIP, EPZ
and
CIB
schemes
have
been
merged
into
ASIDE.
The Scheme is administered by the Department of Commerce.
36.
Product / Infrastructure Development for Destinations and
Circuit aims at improvement of existing product and developing new tourism
products to the world standard. The scheme envisages master planning of the
selected destinations and circuits so as to develop them in a integrated and
holistic
manner.
The Scheme is implemented by the Ministry of Tourism.
37.
Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojna was launched in 2007.The objective of
the scheme is to protect below poverty line households from major health shocks
that involve hospitalization. Specifically BPL families are entitled to more than
700 in-patient procedures with a cost of up to Rs. 30,000 per annum for a normal
registration fee of Rs. 30. Pre-existing conditions are covered and there is no age
limit.
The scheme is administered by the Ministry of Labor and Employment
38.
Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojna (SJSRY) was launched in 1997. It
aims to provide gainful employment to the urban poor, unemployed or underemployed through setting up of self employment ventures or provision of wage
employment.
The Scheme is administered by the Department of Urban Development and
Poverty Alleviation.
39.
E&I for States from CRF