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Situational Analysis

I. Physical Characteristics of the Province


Brief Historical Background
The province of Zambales was formally organized in 1572 after the exploration by Don
Juan de Salcedo. From 1972 to 1903, a period of 331 years the northern portion of Zambales
included the towns of Alaminos, Bolinao, San Isidro, Infanta, Anda, Ban, Agoo, all of which now
belong to Pangasinan. Among the earliest municipalities were Masinloc organized 1607 and
was first provincial capitol, Iba the present capitol was organized in 1611, and Sta. Cruz, the
northernmost municipality was formed a year later.
The name of the province was derived from the Malay word Samba meaning to
worship on the inhabitants were found by the Spaniards to be worshipping spirits called anitos.
The inhabitants were then referred to as Sambali or the spanized term Zambale hence the
term Zambales.
Boundaries/ Location
Zambales is located at the Western Coast of the Central Region. It show common
boundaries with Pangasinan on the North, Tarlac & Pangasinan on the East, Bataan on the South
and the China Sea in the West.
Zambales is a second class province with following positional subdivisions:
1. Congressional District

City (1): Olongapo City

Municipalities (3): Castillejos, San Marcelino, Subic

2. Congressional District II

City (0)

Municipalities (10): Botolan, Cabangan, Candelaria,Iba, Masinloc, Palauig, San Antonio,


San Felipe, San Marcelino and Sta. Cruz

Land Area/ Classification


The province is the second largest in Region III, covering a total area of 371,440 hectares
including Olongapo City classified as follows:

Land type/Classification

a. Timber Land

Area (Has)

243,604.9

a.1 Estb. Timberland

181,955.9

a.2 Forest Pasture

51,817

a.3 National Park

a.4 Military Reservation

8,600

a.5 Fishpond

1,223

b. Alienable &Disposable

Total

127,835.1

371,440

Soil Type
The soil of the province is classified into three (3) distinct groups. These are the soil of
swamps and marshes, soil of the coastal plain and the soil of the mountain. Zambales soil type is
as follows:
Soil Type

Area (has)

% Source

1. Undifferentiated

241,284

64.96

2. Antipolo Clay

60,130

16.96

3. Bani Clay

33,292

8.96

4. Angeles Sand

16,983

4.57

5. Qurangua Silt Loam

11,308

3.05

6. Cabangan

6,723

1.81

1,720

0.46

371,440

100.00

Mountain Soil

Sandy

Loam
7. Hydrosol

Total

The average pH value of the surface soil of Zambales range from 5.8 to 6.9 as far as soil
reaction & organic mater contents of the soil is concern, rice & other similar acid tolerant plants
can expect to grow normally or fairly well without lowering the pH of the soil. The province
soils contain organic mater with an average range of 1.5 to 2.5 % which is below normal level of
3.15% needed for high agricultural production.

Climate
Zambales belongs to the first type in accordance with the classification based on
rainfall. The principal climate characteristics of the first type are:
1. There is distinct wet and dry season: dry from November to April and wet during the rest

of the year.
2. The percentage of rainfall during the months from June to October is at least 89% of the

total precipitation of the year, while the rainfall from November to February does not
covered 125 of the total.
3. The amount of land coincides with average precipitation the clearest month are from

January to April (The cloudiest is from July to September).


4. The relative humidity was posted at eighty (80) percent.

Topography

The topography is gradually irregular with the coastal plains and valleys stretching from
Lingayen Gulf down south towards Subic Bay along the Western Coast and northern towards
177 Km South of Masinloc.
Hydrology
There are 34 rivers with numerous numbers of creeks following from the mountain
ranges in Zambales draining outward along plains and valleys toward the China Sea. The most
table with significant part to the socio-economic and political life of the people in Sto. Tomas
River in San Marcelino, Bucao River in Botolan, Tanguay River in Cabangan, Nayom and Bayto
Rivers in Sta, Cruz, Panglit River in Paluig, Bancal River in Botolan and Naculcol River in San
Marcelino and San Felipe Area.

Land Capability, Slope category Distribution by Municipality in Hectare:


Municipalit
y

Total Land
Area

Slope Category
(%)
0-3%

3-8%

8-15%

15-30%

30% and
over

Sta. Cruz

41460

9113

6160

6075

813

19231

Candelaria

38760

7554

1259

2464

2518

29965

Masinloc

30600

4509

915

1002

1953

18185

Palauig

31000

4396

733

1465

2198

22208

Iba

15338

2284

198

1192

9935

10770

Botolan

61370

6180

1236

4944

3156

45854

Cabangan

23940

1441

1296

1401

2802

16999

San Felipe

10370

1067

978

817

754

6554

San Narciso

7160

2123

1321

494

1296

1926

San Antonio

20500

820

482

1302

5745

12150

San
Marcelino

44092

3148

1080

2819

4228

32817

Castillejos

8650

1394

816

701

1517

4222

Subic
Total

27920

913

404

884

1288

24431

361110

44942

16914

25262

39678

244314

Descriptive Analysis of Slope Category: (Source of Data: Bureau of Soils,1980)


0 3% - Good crop land, gently sloping that can be cultivated safely using ordinary good
farming practices suited for subdivision/settlement.
3 8% - Land can be cultivated safely, moderately sloping, severely wooded land that can be
cultivated safely carefully planted, conservation practices is applied. Suited for
subdivision/settlement if erosion control manner be applied.
8 15% - Steeply slopping, good manage for planted and forestry
15 30 % - Very steep land wooded, rough with shallow soil that can be used for grazing or for
forestry is handed with care.
30% and over Suited average for wildlife and recreation.

Source of Data: Bureau of Soils (1980)


Ethnic Groups
The ethnic groups are Zambal, Ilocanos and tagalong. Zambal is classified into three as
follows: Sambali Bolinao, Sambali Botolan and Sambali Tina.
Mother tongue
Zambal, Ilocano, Tagalog
Population
As of year 2000. Population is at 627,802 with Olongapo City as the highly populated
area followed by the towns of Subic and Sta. Cruz. It has a population density of 169 per sq. km.
and estimated to grow by 1.61% annually.
Labor Force/Employment
As of April 2003, employment is counted at 226,000 with an employment rate of 80.5%.

Natural Resources

The province is endowed with a number of resources from mineral deposits, crops and
other agricultural and marine products. The City, however, have a limited agricultural area of 44
hectares which is basically subsistence in nature.
Marine Products.
The sea abounds with a number of fish species which include frigate tuna, yellow fin and
squid. Likewise, there are a number of fishponds especially in the towns of San Felipe and
Cabangan where milkfish, tilapia and prawn are raised, the latter being exported to Taiwan and
Japan. Deep sea fishes or aquarium fishes are also available in Masinloc and Subic.
Mineral Resources
Copper, chromite, gabbro, and talc are among the top minerals of the province. There are
______ small mining companies operating in the Northern Zambales.
Agricultural Products
Rice, mango and banana are among the prime products of Zambales. Other products
being produced on cluster basis are spring onions in San Narciso, Sweet Potatoes in Cabangan
and Castillejos and Cashew in Candelaria.
Utilities:
Power. All the municipalities are fully energized with 245 barangays out of the 247
barangays lighted. Remained unlighted are the islands of Barangay San Salvador in
Masinloc and Barangay Magalawa in Palauig. Power supply is generated and supplied by
the TRANSCO and serviced by Zambales Electric Company (ZAMECO) I and II
covering the municipalities of Sta. Cruz to Botolan, and Cabangan to Subic, respectively.
Olongapo City is serviced by the Public Utility Department under the city government.
Power Generating Facilities:
Subic Power Corporation
Location
Installed Capacity

Subic Bay Freeport Zone


116 MW

Masinloc Coal Fired Thermal Power Plant


Location

Bani, Masinloc

Installed Capacity

600 MW

Water. All the municipalities in the province have their water system, 10 of which are
serviced by the Local Water Districts. On the other hand, the City of Olongapo is
supplied by Subic Water, Inc. with an average daily of production of 60,000 cu.m.
Communication. The province enjoys the development in information and
communications technology having 7 telephone companies. Telephone service covers the
whole province except for the towns of Candelaria, Cabangan and Palauig. Three cellular
phone networks are also available within the province to include those not reached by
landline phones.
In radio broadcasting, there are 5 companies that operate in the City and province
while all television networks can be availed using the CATV or the DREAM satellite to
view local and international shows.
Transportation. The province is accessible by land, water and air transport. There are
two bus companies operating in the province; one is cooperative with a pool of bus liner
operators while the other is cooperative of jeepney operators with transport franchise
from Olongapo City to as far as San Felipe and vice versa. In the Northern part of the
province, a number of jeepney associations also operate from San Felipe to Sta. Cruz
with differing routes within the area.
In Olongapo City, there are four bus companies operating with routes going to Manila,
Baguio, Bataan, Nueva Ecija and Pangasinan.
Car rentals and taxi are available in Olongapo City while van-for-rent are available in all
towns of the province.
With Zambales proximity to the Subic International Airport and Subic Seaport, flights
and portcalls are available at the zone.
Existing Airports and Airstrips

Subic International Airport


Location
: Subic Bay Freeport Zone
Runway
: 2,744 meters

Naulo Point

Location

: Phil. Navy Coast Guard Station

Runway

Hermana Mayor (Private)


Location
: Bilay, Sta. Cruz, Zambales
Runway
: 1,000 meters

Iba Airport
Location
Runway

: 1,000 meters

: Sto. Rosario, Iba, Zambales


: 1,000 meters

Castillejos Airport (Private)


Location
: Magsaysay, Castillejos, Zambales
Runway
: 1,000 meters

Existing Wharves and Piers

Subic Seaport
Baloganon Pier Head, Masinloc, Zambales
Oyon Bay, Masinloc, Zambales
Masinloc, Zambales
Port Dizon, Matain, Subic, Zambales
Subic Shipyard, Cawag, Subic, Zambales
Subic Fish Port, Wawandue, Subic, Zambales

Shipping Lines and their Destinations

Wan Hai
-Taiwan
American President Lines (APL)
-Manila: Kaohsiung, Taiwan:
Hongkong, Singapore

Maerks Lines

- Manila; Kaohsiung, Taiwan;


Hongkong, Singapore

Support Amenities
Educational
Institutions

2 agricultural schools
5 computer schools
2 technical/vocational schools

15 collegiate schools
5 graduate schools
Health Facilities

5 government hospitals
9 private hospitals
285 bed capacity

Banking Institutions

Commercial Banks
Development Banks
Savings and Loan Banks
Rural Banks
Cooperative Banks

Tourism Oriented Establishments


Hotels (accredited by DOT)
Resorts
Other tourism related companies
Other resorts (not accredited)

6
6
8
78

Recreational Facilities
Movie Houses
Beach/Cottage Resorts

1
115

Industrial Estates and Industrial Zones


There is one special economic zone and one Freeport Zone in the province host to more than
600 locators in the manufacturing, trading, and service sectors. Within the Freeport zone are two
industrial parks managed by private corporations.
Three more potential sites in Sta. Cruz, Candelaria and Masinloc are declared for economic
zone development. Recently, the provincial government is looking at the development of another
economic zone in Cawag, Subic with an area of 600 hectares.
Subic Bay Freeport Zone
Location
Total Land Area

: Subic Bay Area


: 18,000 hectares

Private Industrial Parks

Subic Techno Park


Location
Total Land Area

: Subic Bay Freeport Zone


: 60 hectares

Subic Bay Industrial Park


Location
Total Land Area

: Subic Bay Freeport Zone


: 300 hectares

Subic Special Economic Zone


Location
Total Land Area

: Cawag, Subic, Zambales


: 72 hectares

II. Food Security Situation


A. Sufficiency Level

The total crop production area of the province is 33,402 hectares and 20,323
hectares are devoted to rice production (2007). From 2004 to 2007, the effective rice
production area ranges from 28,245 to 30,539 hectares or an average of 29,102.2
hectares. In 2007, area harvested is 28,437 hectares with a total production of 108,364
metric tons. With this, Zambales alone incurred a surplus of 5150 metric tons of milled
rice. The municipalities of San Marcelino, Palauig, Candelaria and Sta, Cruz gave the
highest surplus. San Marcelino, San Felipe, Cabangan and Iba on the other hand, are
able to sustain their own rice requirements while Subic, Castillejos, San Antonio, Botolan
and Masinloc failed to satisfy the local demand or requirement. However, the province
attained a 109 % rice self sufficient level, the surplus if supplied to Olongapo City is not
enough to meet the demand of the city populace only 21 % of their requirement was
satisfied.
The area and production of corn in the province is very much deficient. Both
white corn and yellow corn failed to satisfy the local requirement and the livestock feed
requirements of the province. Only 877.2 and 3045.4 metric tons of white and yellow
corn were produced respectively in 2007. Based on our production, the province has a
total deficit of about 10,674.8 MT.
Root crops such as cassava, ube, sweet potato and gabi were planted to 2000.69
hectares which registered the highest production of 20,826.7 metric tons since 2004.Last
year data indicated that province incurred a big supply for the province which is about
16,586 MT .The surplus needs to bring outside the province to avoid product
deterioration.
The present mango production situation of the province indicates that there is an
excess production of 6904.1 MT (CY 2006). Total production is recorded at 13,654.36 MT.
The total requirement of the province is only 49% of the total production. The excess
production is transported to Manila and other regions. Manila absorbs most of our
mango and others are exported to other country.

Mango Production and Consumption by Municipality, Zambales, 2006

Municipality

Population

Total Mango

Consumption

Surplus/

Production

(MT)

(Deficit)

(MT)

(MT)

Botolan

53,759

1118.91

537.59

581.32

Cabangan

22,427

367.91

224.27

143.64

Candelaria

23,079

855.97

230.79

625.18

Castillejos

37,092

355.62

370.92

(15.3)

Iba

38,895

3365.52

388.95

2976.57

Masinloc

38,642

1450.42

386.42

1064

Palauig

30,908

3675.13

309.08

3366.05

San Antonio

28,746

110.94

287.46

(176.52)

San Felipe

17,000

151.03

170

(18.97)

San Narciso

32,464

104.11

324.64

(220.53)

San Marcelino

23,024

249.65

230.24

19.41

Sta. Cruz

49,308

1143.37

493.08

650.29

Subic

79,508

705.78

795.08

(89.3)

Olongapo City

200,170

2001.7

(2001.7)

6750.22

6904.1

TOTAL

675,021

13654.36

2006 DATA, BAS-Zambales


On the other hand, vegetables including legumes were planted in 1583.6 hectares
generally raised after the first cropping season. The total produced of the province was
registered at 10,688.53 MT (2007). The 2007 data showed that the province has no enough
supply of veggies to satisfy the local demand. To meet the demand of Zambaleos, some
traders hauled/delivered vegetables from other province and regions like in Bulacan,
Pangasinan and Baguio.

Poultry and Livestock Production and Consumption


Local production of chicken meat and eggs were very low, out of 2735.6 MT demand for
chicken meat only 664.6 MT were supplied by the combined production of broiler and native
chicken. The same is true with the egg production. Supply was only 1.6 MT against the

requirements of 1,791.82 MT. This situation is clearly manifested by continuous delivery of


broiler meat and eggs from other provinces in order to meet the provinces demand.
In the same manner, beef production has a deficit of 71%.Production reached only to
625.76 MT from a total requirement of 2,188.48 MT. The pork supply of the province is 1,492
MT or only 29 % of the total demand of the province.
Fish Production and consumption
The province total fish production (2007) is 20,501 metric tons. The municipal fish
production is 9014.6 metric tons or 43% of the total production, 7604.82 metric tons or 37% for
inland and aquaculture and 3881.29 or 18% for commercial fishing vessels from the ports of
Subic, Masinloc and Sta. Cruz.
The province has a 6,822,940 kilos surplus of fish production or 149 sufficiencies. From
the total production of 20,501 MT less the provinces consumption of 13,678 MT including
Olongapo City. This shows that the province consumed 66% of the total production and the
remaining production was exported to nearby provinces and as far as Metro Manila.
However, based on the data gathered from the Municipal Agriculture Office, the
province incurred insufficiency in some agricultural commodities like rice, corn, vegetables,
other fruits, poultry and livestock but incurred surplus in root crops, mango and fish.
This indicates that low production in some agricultural commodities is due to focus on
the production of rice due to the call of the national government on rice sufficiency program.
Rice is one of the important commodities of the nation thus a support from the government is
more than that from other banner programs. Irrigation machineries like the STW and other farm
implements are also made available as well as the restoration and rehabilitation of irrigation
facilities Quality seeds are being subsidized including free distribution of location specific
interventions to enhance rice farmers productivity.
This also shows that production of other agricultural commodities is mainly incidental or
an alternate after rice which means that priority crop for the farmers is rice. Data also shows
that areas for other commodities are very minimal as to compare to areas devoted to rice
production.
Shifting to other commodities is possible but it might be detrimental to rice production
because data shows that from the total land area of the province only 33,402 hectares are
intended for crop production or only 8 % of the province total land area. The area devoted to
rice production is 60 % of the total crop production of the province which is classified into

irrigated, rainfed and upland. This indicates that any area shifted from rice to other commodity
might possibly ebb the production of the prime commodity.

B. AFFORDABILITY:

Price of agricultural inputs has been the usual problem of farmers. For example,
in one cropping season, farm-input requirement for one hectare is eleven thousand five
hundred ninety six pesos and fifty five pesos (11,596.55) including labor (Source: GAP 12
Steps in Rice Production). For an ordinary farmer who has no other source of income,
this amount will be a big problem.

C. INFRASTRUCTURE AND TRANSPORT FACILITIES

1. Transport:

Except for some motorized boats and bancas used as inter-island travel to and
from poblacion, the province is accessible by land transportation. Due to good road
condition, there are two (2) land transportation companies plying Zambales, namely:
the Victory Liner Inc. and the ZAMODCA.

The Province including Olongapo City has constructed and maintained its road
network. It has 236.84 km of existing national roads, 242.39 km. of existing
provincial roads 156.19 km. of municipal roads and 579.65 km. of Barangay, 27.84
km. of upland access road and 1376.67 L.M. of provincial bridges. Farm-to-market
roads amount to 309.389 km.

There are Four (4) public airports situated at Castillejos, Iba, Sta. Cruz and Subic.
Private airports are located at Benguet Consolidated Mines in Coto, Masinloc, the
Acoje Mines and the Island of Hermana Mayor which is both located in Sta. Cruz. The
province has top grade international sea port and airport facilities in Subic, which
can accommodate both cargo and people moving to and from number of
international destinations. Seaports of Zambales includes Masinloc BCL Port
(Petron), Masinloc ESSO Port Matalviz, Masinloc Oyom Bay Pier, Subic BCI/Dizon
Port, and the Subic Fishermens Port.

2. Electric and Water Supply

All Municipalities by their electric power from the Zambales Electric Cooperative
(ZAMECO). ZAMECO I supplies power to 339.433 households while ZAMECO II
supplies 41,485 households. Zambales is now fully energized and with the
completion of the Masinloc Coal Power Plant, Electric supply with in the province is
more than sufficient.

On the other hand, most of the households have potable water supplied by Subic
Water. Other sources come from rivers, springs, deep wells and the Subic Bay
Freeport Surface Water Division Dam.

3. Telecommunication Facilities

Telecommunication services in the province are provided by PLDT, Digitel, Piltel,


Butel, and Smart. RCPI and LBC are also part of their telecommunication facilities
together with 14 post offices in the province.

4. Educational Facilities

The rise of literacy rate of Zambales may be attributed to the increase in school
population, the success of the adult education program and innovative instructural
methodologies. There are 15 public high schools and 23 private schools. Likewise,
the three (3) existing vocational school, namely: the Western Luzon Agricultural
College in San Marcelino and Botolan, the Ramon Magsaysay Memorial School of
Arts and Trades at Iba and the Candelaria School of Fisheries at Candelaria were
integrated into one (1) university now named the Ramon Magsaysay Technological
University (RMTU) with campuses at San Marcelino, Botolan, Iba, Sta. Cruz and
Candelaria with extension campuses at Subic, Castillejos and Masinloc. It offers
vocational, agri-related courses, law, engineering courses. The province has three
colleges namely, Magsaysay College at San Narciso and Columban College at Sta.
Cruz and Olongapo and Virgin Delos Remedios College at Masinloc. The province also
opens the campus of the premier merchant marine school of the country, the PMMA
complex at San Narciso, Zambales. Two computer colleges can also be found at Iba.
These are: the AMA Computer Learning and Micro-Asia College of Science and
Technology.

5. Media Infrastructure

Newspapers regularly published in Zambales are the following: Olongapo


Express, Olongapo News, Zambales News, Zambales Profile, Pahayagan and Sunstar
Subic. Further, three AM and three FM station are accessible. The AM stations are:
DWRF (5 kw), DWGO (2.5 kw) and DWHL(1 kw). The FM station are DWSL (5 kw),
DWOK (5 kw) and DZOR (2 kw).

Accessibility to agricultural product is not a problem in Zambales. We have the


Farm-to-Market Roads constructed in different municipalities. We have also available
post harvest facilities like 257 units MPDP, unit Mechanical Dryers, 5 units SWIP and 349
units STW.

However, a problem lies on the priority projects, considering that we are facing the
adverse effects of El Nio phenomenon aggravated by insufficient irrigation systems.
What our farmers need are more irrigation facilities to anticipate any effect of drought in
areas mostly dependent on rain especially this time that rain has been delayed for three
(3) months.

III. SWOT ANALYSIS

Table 5. Summary of Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats


COMMODITY: RICE

STRENGTHS

WEAKNESSES

Available skilled and dedicated Agricultural Extension workers

Presence of irrigation facilities (51% of the total rice area)

Supportive provincial /municipal government

Available potential areas for expansion

Presence of Accredited Seed Growers

Presence of Agricultural suppliers/dealers and rice millers

Good condition of road network

High cost of production

Inadequate modern post harvest facilities

Improper water management practices

Inactive farmers organization

Inadequate supply of hybrid/certified seeds

No available seed growers for F1

Lack of production capital

Poor/lack of drainage system

Low adoption rate of high quality seeds

Medium level of farm mechanization

Unstable palay price

Inadequate benefits of Agricultural Extension Workers

Underdeveloped Farm to Market Roads

Limited palay procurement by NFA

OPPORTUNITIES

THREATS

Government price support

Calamities

Government production support

Continuing increases in cost of farm

in place

Availability of Postharvest

inputs

facilities

Increasing mining and quarrying


activities/operations

Available government support

Peace and order

for modern post harvest

Conversion of prime agricultural

facilities

lands to residential, commercial and

More seed growers are willing

industrial uses

to train

Pests and diseases

Introduction of biotechnology

Problem soil continue to prevail

Presence of Ports (Subic Bay

Climate change due to global

Freeport Zone)

warming

Wide potential rice areas

Siltation due to mining/quarrying

Increased seed production

Continuous population growth

areas/seed growers

Dwindling farm labor due to urban

Availability of modern
technology for adoption

and overseas employment

Botolan-Tarlac and Sta. CruzMangatarem roads for funding

SCTEX linking Zambales to


Northern Luzon

COMMODITY: CORN

STRENGTHS

WEAKNESSES

Available skilled and dedicated Agricultural Extension workers

Supportive provincial /municipal government

Available potential areas for expansion

Presence of high yielding corn seed varieties (Hybrid and Bt)

Presence of Agricultural suppliers/dealers

Good condition of road network

Increasing population of poultry and livestock

High cost of production

Low yield

Unavailability of yellow corn seeds supplier or dealer

Inadequate modern post harvest facilities

Price manipulation by middlemen

Unorganized farmers/producers

Inadequate supply of hybrid and Bt corn seeds

Lack of production capital

Lack of STW

Low adoption rate of high quality seeds

Medium level of farm mechanization

Unstable corn grains price

Inadequate benefits of Agricultural Extension Workers

Underdeveloped Farm to Market Roads

Limited local corn buyers

Problem soils

OPPORTUNITIES

Government production support


in place

Availability of Postharvest
facilities

Available government support


for modern post harvest

THREATS

Calamities

Continuing increases in cost of farm


inputs.

Peace and order

Conversion of prime agricultural

facilities

lands to residential, commercial and

Introduction of Bt corn

industrial uses

Presence of Ports (Subic Bay

Pests and diseases

Freeport Zone)

Climate change due to global

Wide potential areas

Availability of modern

warming

technology for adoption

Botolan-Tarlac and Sta. CruzMangatarem roads for funding

SCTEX linking Zambales to


Northern Luzon

COMMODITY: HIGH VALUE COMMERCIAL CROPS (Mango)

STRENGTHS

WEAKNESSES

Quality Mango Fruits

Opportunity Land

Quality Planting Materials (Sweet Elena)

Technical Expertise

Export Potentials

Organized Mango Growers/Contractor/


Stakeholders

Processor

Trading Center

Service Center

Slow adoption of technology

Lack of Local Government Support

Unstable Price

Seasonality

Non-used of safety gadget

Lack of Capital

Stringent requirements for loan

High interest loan

Marketing System

Manipulate price by traders

OPPURTUNITIES

THREATS

Dollar Export/Earner

Advance communication Technology (FITS)

Botolan-Tarlac and Sta. Cruz-Mangatarem roads for funding

SCTEX linking Zambales to Northern Luzon

Pest & Disease

Calamity

High Cost of Inputs

Misused of Pesticide

Human Health/Environment Hazard

Climate change due to global warming

COMMODITY: VEGETABLE

STRENGTHS

WEAKNESSES

Available skilled and dedicated Agricultural Extension workers

Supportive provincial /municipal government

Available potential areas for vegetable production

Presence of vegetable seed companies

Presence of high yielding vegetable seed varieties

Presence of Agricultural suppliers/dealers

Good condition of road network

High cost of production

Inadequate modern post harvest facilities

Inactive farmers organization

Lack of production capital

Lack of STW

Low adoption rate of high quality seeds and modern technology

Underdeveloped Farm to Market Roads

OPPURTUNITIES

THREATS

Government production support


in place

Introduction of Hybrid
Presence of Ports (Subic Bay
Freeport Zone)

Wide potential areas

Availability of modern

Continuing increases in cost of farm

Peace and order

Conversion of prime agricultural


industrial uses

Botolan-Tarlac and Sta. CruzMangatarem roads for funding

lands to residential, commercial and

technology for adoption

Calamities
inputs.

technology

SCTEX linking Zambales to


Northern Luzon

Pests and diseases

Climate change due to global


warming

Continuous population growth

Dwindling farm labor due to urban


and overseas employment

COMMODITY: FISHERIES (Aquaculture)

STRENGTHS

WEAKNESSES

Presence of hatchery personnel


Technical Expertise

Lack of personnel/No Technical personnel in the municipality

Lack of fingerlings

Poor quality of fingerlings

High cost of inputs

Lack of Technical/know how

No government support

Post Harvest facilities

OPPURTUNITIES

THREATS

Untapped fishery areas for development

Demand (Locally/foreign)

Expansion

Government

Organization of producers for marketing

Industrialization

Siltation due to mining activities

Natural Calamity

Pollution

Occurrence of red tide

Occurrence of fish disease/fish kill due to White Spot Syndrome virus (WSSV)

Peace and Order

Poaching

COMMODITY: LIVESTOCK

STRENGTHS

WEAKNESSES

Vast pasture areas for small large animals

Technical Expertise

Availability of Superior genetic animal

Presence of Animal breeding centers

Government Support]

Available Technology

FMD free province Avian flu

Limited supply of biologics from the government

Lack of government support

Lack of Veterinary doctors

Lack of organized group in livestock and poultry accreditation

High price of feeds

Lack of capital

No. of livestock auction market

Regulations (Hot Meat)

OPPURTUNITIES

THREATS

Expansion

Better post harvest facilities (House, auction markets)

Better post production activities (by products)

Better Income (IGPs)

Better Marketing System

Complimentary farming system

Potential export earner

Infusion of (genetically) better breads

Seasonal avian migration site

Prevalence of economically important animal disease

Conversion of pasture areas for biofuel production

Urbanization

Peace in Order

IV. ACTION PLAN


A. OBJECTIVES:

General Objective:
1. To attain food sufficiency in the province of Zambales specifically rice within a five year

period from 2009 to 2013.


Specific Objectives:
1. To increase rice yield from 3.9 tons to 6 tons per hectare.
2. To satisfy the food requirements per capita consumption of every Zambaleos.

3. To minimize 3rd degree malnutrition among the populace of the province.


4. Uplift the living condition of every farmer or farm family through increased productivity

and income.
5. To cater the needs on food requirements of other non agricultural communities.

B. IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES:

1. Provision of high quality seeds and other planting materials


2. Provision of farm inputs and location specific interventions.
3. Expansion of rice seed production area.
4. Campaign for the establishment of plant nurseries in every municipality.
5. Production of other high value commercial crops like coconut
6. Establishment

of

science

and

technology

based

farming

system/technology

demonstration.
7. Improve irrigation systems through restoration and rehabilitation.
8. Put up additional infrastructures, farm equipments such as shallow tube wells, farm to

market roads and post harvest facilities etc.


9. Establish market centers in some strategic locations.
10. Put up additional fish ports in coastal municipalities.
11. Provide credit assistance for agricultural development and livelihood projects.
12. Provision of effective and efficient extension services such as trainings for Agricultural

Extension Workers, farmers, fisher folks, rural youth and rural women.
13. Networking with other government agencies and NGOs involved in food production.
14. Strengthening of existing cooperatives and farmers association.
15. Establishment of Farmers/Fisherfolks Information and Technology Service Centers in all

municipalities.

16. Maintenance of quality broadstock and fingerling distribution