Você está na página 1de 23

MECHANICAL & ELECTRICAL WORKS

MEASUREMENT (SBEQ3213)
Week 5 : Sanitary Plumbing System

Sr. Dr. Sarajul Fikri Mohamed


Faculty of Built Environment

STAGES OF PLUMBING SYSTEM IN BUILDING


COLD WATER SERVICES

SANITARY FITTINGS

SOIL, WASTE & VENT PIPE

UNDERGROUND DRAINAGE

WASTE DISPOSAL SYSTEM

Separate system

Combined system

DEFINITIONS
1) SOIL PIPE
Means a pipe (not being a drain) which conveys soil
water either alone or together only with waste water
or rainwater or both.
2) WASTE PIPE
Means a pipe (not being a drain or overflow pipe)
which conveys waste water either alone or together
only with rainwater.
3) VENT PIPE
Means a pipe (not being a drain) open to external air
at its highest point, which ventilates a drainage
system either by connection to the drain or to a soil
pipe or waste pipe and does not convey any soil
water, waste water or rainwater.

DEFINITIONS
4) WASTE WATER
Means used water not contaminated by soil water
(solid waste) or trade effluent.
5) SOIL WATER
Means used water contaminated with solid waste or
trade effluent.

BASIC ARRANGEMENTS
Basic arrangements of soil, waste and vent pipe in
building:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Single stack system


One pipe system
Two pipe system
Modified system

NOTE:
The limit for measurement purposes, soil, waste and
vent pipe are measured BEGINNING from the
SANITARY FITTING to the FIRST MANHOLE from any point

UPVC PIPE FOR SANITARY PLUMBING

MEASUREMENT OF SOIL & WASTE PIPES


ITEMS TO BE MEASURED
1) PIPEWORK
Types of materials used:
a. Cast iron (coated) to B.S 416
i. Medium grade
ii. Heavy grade
iii. Extra heavy grade
b.

Unplasticised polyvinyl chloride (uPVC) pipes

CAST IRON PIPE FOR SANITARY PLUMBING

THE INSTALLATION OF SOIL


PIPES BEFORE CASTING THE
GRUND FLOOR SLAB

MEASUREMENT OF SOIL & WASTE PIPES


ITEMS TO BE MEASURED
1) PIPEWORK (continued)
Pipes are measured in METRE stating the type and
nominal size, method of jointing and fixing (Clause
Q.8.1 4).
Normally at ground level, soil and waste pipe are laid
in trench or embedded in floor slab while at upper
floor level, pipes are fixed using pipe support i.e
hangers. Vertical main pipe or the stack is normally
located in service ducts in building and are fixed to
wall using brackets.

SANITARY PIPE SYSTEM

SANITARY PLUMBING THROUGH BEAM

MEASUREMENT OF SOIL & WASTE PIPES

2) PIPE FITTINGS

Pipe fittings i.e branch, elbow etc. shall be measured in NUMBER


as
EXTRA OVER the pipe in which they occur.
Coated cast iron Medium Grade pipe to B.S 416 and fitting
to B.S 1130 with rubber roll ring joint as described:
A. 50 mm diameter waste pipe fixed to wall with approved
brackets.
- m
B. 100 mm diameter soil pipe fixed to ceiling including 12 mm
diameter mild steel hangers at 600 mm centers.
- m
C. Extra over for 50 mm diameter bend.

- NO.

D. Extra over for 100 mm upright Y branch.

- NO.

MEASUREMENT OF SOIL & WASTE PIPES


3) PIPE SUPPORT

Sometimes soil and waste pipe requires pipe support


especially when fixed under ceiling of concrete flat
roof (upper floor level) i.e hangers.
Q.12.1 Standard pipe support shall be given in the
description of the pipes stating the TYPE AND SPACING
of the support.
Q.12.2
Non-standard pipe supports shall be
described and ENUMERATED.

MEASUREMENT OF SOIL & WASTE PIPES


4) FITTINGS
a) Floor trap
b) Gully trap

Traps are measured in NUMBER stating the kind and


quality, nominal size and method of fixing.

EXAMPLE
Approved 75 mm cast iron floor outlet S trap with 75
mm diameter chromium plated grating and frame
with
one outlet for 75 mm diameter cast iron waste
and setting trap in concrete slab and jointing to pipes
(m/s).
- NO.

MEASUREMENT OF SOIL & WASTE PIPES


5) TESTING
Measured as ITEM and stating the type of test required
etc.
( same as for cold water installation).
NOTE:
If the pipe is required to be laid in trench in the
ground, then an item must be measured for
excavation (SECTION V)

MEASUREMENT OF SOIL & WASTE PIPES


SECTION V : DRAINAGE
Drains
V.2 Excavation
Excavating pipe trenches shall be given in METRES
stating the starting level, the depth-range in
increments of 2.00 m and the average depth within
the depth-range to the nearest 0.25 m.
Excavating curved trenches shall be so described
irrespective of the radius.
Trenches to receive pipes not exceeding 200 mm
nominal size may be group together and so
described.

MEASUREMENT OF SOIL & WASTE PIPES


SECTION V : DRAINAGE
Drains
V.2 Excavation
Trenches to receive pipes exceeding 200 mm nominal
size shall be given separately stating the size of pipe.
EXAMPLE
Excavate trench for pipe not exceeding 200 mm nominal
size starting from ground level not exceeding 2.00 m
deep average 0.75 m deep.
- METRE

THANK YOU
for your kind attention