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# Course in ANSYS

Example0702

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

## Example Plate with a hole

A

Objective:
Determine the maximum stress in the x-direction for
point A and display the deformation figure
Create a submodel to increase the accuracy of the FEA
without increasing the computational effort significantly?
Topics:
Element type, Real constants, modeling, mapped mesh,
plot results, output graphics, path operations,
submodeling
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

E = 210000N/mm2
n = 0.3
a = 200mm
b = 100mm
t = 10mm
r = 10mm
s = 100N/mm2

Steps in Submodeling
The process for using submodeling is as
follows:
Create and analyze the coarse model.
Create the submodel.
Perform cut boundary interpolation (CBI).
Analyze the submodel.
Verify that the distance between the cut
boundaries and the stress concentration is
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

Example - title
Utility Menu > File > Change Jobname
/jobname, Example0702_coarse

GUI
Command line entry
Enter: Example0702_coarse

## Utility Menu > File > Change Title

/title, Plate with a hole

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

## Example Areas Rectangle

Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Areas > Rectangle > By Dimensions
Create an area given by X=(0,100) and Y=(0,50)
Enter 0 or
leave empty
Enter 100

Press OK

Enter 0 or
leave empty

Enter 50

## Note: Keypoints (4 kps) and lines

(4 lines) are automatically generated
(also numbered automatically)
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

## Example Areas Rectangle

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

## Example Areas Circle

Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Areas > Circle > Solid Circle
Create an area given by (X,Y)=(0, 0) and Radius=10

Enter 10
Press OK
Note: Keypoints (4 kps) and lines
(4 lines) are automatically generated
(also numbered automatically)
AutoDesk Inventor
Syllabus
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Example - Area

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

Example - Operate
Preprocessor > Modeling > Operate > Booleans > Subtract > Areas
Create the final area by subtracting the circular area from the rectangular area
Note: Bottom left corner of ANSYS GUI

## Select the rectangular area and press OK

Note: Bottom left corner of ANSYS GUI

## Select the circular area

Press OK

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

Example Areas

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

10

Example - Numbering

## Switch on Keypoint, Line, and Area Numbers

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

11

## List Keypoint, Lines, and Areas

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

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## Plot Keypoint, Lines, and Areas

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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## Example Element Type

Preprocessor > Element Type > Add/Edit/Delete

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

14

## Example - Element Type

Preprocessor > Element Type > Add/Edit/Delete
Select Plane strs w/thk

Press Options
element.
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

15

## Example Real Constants

Preprocessor > Real Constants > Add

## Place the cursor

on the relevant
element and
press OK

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

16

## Example - Real Constants

Preprocessor > Real Constants > Add

Enter 10

Press Close
to finish
Press OK
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

17

## Example - Material Properties

Preprocessor > Material Props > Material Models

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

Double Click
to step in the
material tree

18

## Example - Material Properties

Preprocessor > Material Props > Material Models
Enter 210000
Modulus of elasticity

to Close

Enter 0.3
Poissons ratio

Press OK

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

19

Example - Meshing
Preprocessor > Meshing > Size Cntrls > ManualSize > Lines > Picked Lines

Select/Pick
Lines to
specify
mesh size
for

## Pick the two

longest lines
Press OK when finish with selection
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

20

## Example Mesh Size

3 Element subdivisions

6 Element subdivisions

5 Element subdivisions

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

21

## Select L2 and L3 to create

a topologically four sided
geometry

Press OK
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

22

Example - Meshing
Preprocessor > Meshing > Mesh > Areas > Mapped > 3 or 4 sided
Select individual areas
to be meshed
NB: It is often
necessary to Clear
the model for
example if Element
Type or model
geometry is to be
changed

## Select all areas defined

to be meshed
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

23

## Example Mapped Mesh

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

24

## Example Analysis Type

File > Write DB log file
Enter example0702_coarse.lgw

## Solution > Analysis Type > New Analysis

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

25

Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Displacement > On Lines
Select UY to fix the plate in the y-direction
Select the
bottom straight
line

Press OK
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

26

Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Displacement > On Lines
Select UX to fix the plate in the x-direction
Select the left
straight line

Press OK
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

27

Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Pressure > On lines

Select the
right
straight line
Enter -100

Press OK
to finish
Note: Pressure acts normal and
AutoDesk
inward toInventor
a surface
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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Example - Save
Display of Analysis model

## Save the model

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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Example - Solve
Solution > Solve > Current LS

Press OK

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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Example - Solve
Press Close
Press here
to Close

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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## Example Contour Plot

General Postproc > Plot Results > Contour Plot > Nodal Sol
Select Stress
Select SX for stresses in
x-direction

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

32

## Example Contour Plot

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

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## See next page

for selection

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

34

## Example Select Nodes

Select the
indicated
nodes

AutoDesk Enter
InventorOK when finished
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

35

## Select Stress, SCOMP

Press OK
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

36

## Example List Results

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

37

Plot Nodes

## Only 11 FE nodes are

displayed the same nodes as
selected previously

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

38

## Select Pick All

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

39

## Example - Plot - Nodes

Plot Nodes

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

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## Example - Plot - Nodes

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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41

## See next page for selection

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

42

## Example Define Path - By Nodes

Select the
indicated
nodes
Note: the
selection
order is
important
start from the
hole
AutoDesk Enter
InventorOK when finished
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

43

## Enter an appropiate name, e.g. SSX

Enter OK
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

44

## Example Map onto Path

Select Stress, SX
Press OK
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

45

## Example Plot Path on Graph

Select SX

Press OK

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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## Example Plot Path on Graph

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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47

Steps in Submodeling
The process for using submodeling is as
follows:
Create and analyze the coarse model.
Create the submodel.
Perform cut boundary interpolation (CBI).
Analyze the submodel.
Verify that the distance between the cut
boundaries and the stress concentration is
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

48

Example - title
Utility Menu > File > Change Jobname
/jobname, Example0702_fine

GUI
Command line entry
Enter: Example0702_fine

## Utility Menu > File > Change Title

/title, Plate with a hole

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

49

## Example Areas Rectangle

Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Areas > Rectangle > By Dimensions
Create an area given by X=(0,25) and Y=(0,25)
Enter 0 or
leave empty
Enter 25

Press OK

Enter 0 or
leave empty

Enter 25

## Note: Keypoints (4 kps) and lines

(4 lines) are automatically generated
(also numbered automatically)
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

50

## Example Areas Rectangle

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

51

## Example Areas Circle

Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Areas > Circle > Solid Circle
Create an area given by (X,Y)=(0, 0) and Radius=10

Enter 10
Press OK
Note: Keypoints (4 kps) and lines
(4 lines) are automatically generated
(also numbered automatically)
AutoDesk Inventor
Syllabus
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

52

Example - Area

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

53

Example - Operate
Preprocessor > Modeling > Operate > Booleans > Subtract > Areas
Create the final area by subtracting the circular area from the rectangular area
Note: Bottom left corner of ANSYS GUI

## Select the rectangular area and press OK

Note: Bottom left corner of ANSYS GUI

## Select the circular area

Press OK

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

54

Example Areas

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

55

Example - Numbering

## Switch on Keypoint, Line, and Area Numbers

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

56

## List Keypoint, Lines, and Areas

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

57

## Plot Keypoint, Lines, and Areas

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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## Example Element Type

Preprocessor > Element Type > Add/Edit/Delete

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

59

## Example - Element Type

Preprocessor > Element Type > Add/Edit/Delete
Select Plane strs w/thk

Press Options
element.
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

60

## Example Real Constants

Preprocessor > Real Constants > Add

## Place the cursor

on the relevant
element and
press OK

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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61

## Example - Real Constants

Preprocessor > Real Constants > Add

Enter 10

Press Close
to finish
Press OK
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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62

## Example - Material Properties

Preprocessor > Material Props > Material Models

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

Double Click
to step in the
material tree

63

## Example - Material Properties

Preprocessor > Material Props > Material Models
Enter 210000
Modulus of elasticity

to Close

Enter 0.3
Poissons ratio

Press OK

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

64

Example - Meshing
Preprocessor > Meshing > Size Cntrls > ManualSize > Lines > Picked Lines

Select/Pick
Lines to
specify
mesh size
for

## Pick the two

longest lines
Press OK when finish with selection
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

65

## Example Mesh Size

6 Element subdivisions

12 Element subdivisions

10 Element subdivisions

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

66

## Select L2 and L3 to create

a topologically four sided
geometry

Press OK
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

67

Example - Meshing
Preprocessor > Meshing > Mesh > Areas > Mapped > 3 or 4 sided
Select individual areas
to be meshed
NB: It is often
necessary to Clear
the model for
example if Element
Type or model
geometry is to be
changed

## Select all areas defined

to be meshed
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

68

## Example Mapped Mesh

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

69

Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Displacement > On Lines
Select UY to fix the plate in the y-direction
Select the
bottom straight
line

Press OK
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

70

Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Displacement > On Lines
Select UX to fix the plate in the x-direction
Select the left
straight line

Press OK
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

71

Example - Submodel

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

72

## Example - Steps in Submodeling

The process for using submodeling is as
follows:
Create and analyze the coarse model.
Create the submodel.
Perform Cut Boundary Interpolation (CBI).
Analyze the submodel.
Verify that the distance between the cut
boundaries and the stress concentration is
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

73

## The following tasks are involved in performing

the cut boundary interpolation:
1. Identify and write the cut-boundary nodes
2. Restore the full set of nodes, write the database to
Jobname.DB
3. To do the cut boundary interpolation restore the coarse
model
4. Enter POST1
5. Point to the coarse results file
6. Read in the desired set of data from the results file
7. Initiate cut-boundary interpolation
8. All interpolation work is now done

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

74

## Example CBI: Step 1

Plot Nodes

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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75

## See next page

for selection

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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## Example CBI: Step 1

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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## Example CBI: Step 1

Plot Nodes

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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## Example CBI: Step 1

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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## Example CBI: Step 1

Press OK

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Enter example0702_cutboundary

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80

## The following tasks are involved in performing

the cut boundary interpolation:
1. Identify and write the cut-boundary nodes
2. Restore the full set of nodes, write the database to
Jobname.DB
3. To do the cut boundary interpolation restore the coarse
model
4. Enter POST1
5. Point to the coarse results file
6. Read in the desired set of data from the results file
7. Initiate cut-boundary interpolation
8. All interpolation work is now done

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

81

## Select Pick All

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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82

## The following tasks are involved in performing

the cut boundary interpolation:
1. Identify and write the cut-boundary nodes
2. Restore the full set of nodes, write the database to
Jobname.DB
3. To do the cut boundary interpolation restore the
coarse model
4. Enter POST1
5. Point to the coarse results file
6. Read in the desired set of data from the results file
7. Initiate cut-boundary interpolation
8. All interpolation work is now done

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

83

## Example CBI: Step 3

Enter example0702_coarse.db

Press OK

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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84

## Example CBI: Step 3

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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85

## The following tasks are involved in performing

the cut boundary interpolation:
1. Identify and write the cut-boundary nodes
2. Restore the full set of nodes, write the database to
Jobname.DB
3. To do the cut boundary interpolation restore the coarse
model
4. Enter POST1
5. Point to the coarse results file
6. Read in the desired set of data from the results file
7. Initiate cut-boundary interpolation
8. All interpolation work is now done

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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86

## Select All items

Browse to find the result file
see next page

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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87

## Example CBI: Step 4-6

Enter example0702_coarse.rst
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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88

## The following tasks are involved in performing

the cut boundary interpolation:
1. Identify and write the cut-boundary nodes
2. Restore the full set of nodes, write the database to
Jobname.DB
3. To do the cut boundary interpolation restore the coarse
model
4. Enter POST1
5. Point to the coarse results file
6. Read in the desired set of data from the results file
7. Initiate cut-boundary interpolation
8. All interpolation work is now done

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

89

## Example CBI: Step 7

Press OK

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Browse to find
example0702_cutboundary

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90

## Example CBI: Step 7

Enter example0702_fine.db

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

Press OK

91

## Example CBI: Step 7

Press OK
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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## Example CBI: Step 8

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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Example - Solve
Press Close
Press here
to Close

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

94

## Example Contour Plot

General Postproc > Plot Results > Contour Plot > Nodal Sol
Select Stress
Select SX for stresses in
x-direction

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

95

## Example Contour Plot

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

96

## See next page

for selection

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

97

## Example Select Nodes

Select the
indicated
nodes

AutoDesk Enter
InventorOK when finished
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

98

## Select Stress, SCOMP

Press OK
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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99

## Example List Results

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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100

Plot Nodes

## Only 21 FE nodes are

displayed the same nodes as
selected previously

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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101

## Select Pick All

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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102

## Example - Plot - Nodes

Plot Nodes

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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103

## Example - Plot - Nodes

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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104

## See next page for selection

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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105

## Example Define Path - By Nodes

Select the
indicated
nodes
Note: the
selection
order is
important
start from the
hole
AutoDesk Enter
InventorOK when finished
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

Syllabus

106

## Enter an appropiate name, e.g. SSX

Enter OK
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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107

## Example Map onto Path

Select Stress, SX
Press OK
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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108

## Example Plot Path on Graph

Select SX

Press OK

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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## Example Plot Path on Graph

AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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110

You can include commands to be
executed when the program starts up in
the start71.ans file.

## Clears (zeros out) the database stored in

memory. Clearing the database has the same
effect as leaving and reentering the ANSYS
program, but does not require you to exit.
AutoDesk Inventor
Computational Mechanics, AAU, Esbjerg

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111