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Ingls em

14 Lies
(verso 2015)

Nvel Bsico

Professor Rogrio Turgante

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Direitos Autorais
Todo material contido neste livro de propriedade do
Professor Rogrio Turgante. Nenhuma parte deste livro pode
ser reproduzida ou transmitida por qualquer forma ou meio,
eletrnica ou mecnica, incluindo fotocpia, gravao ou
transcrio, ou atravs de qualquer sistema de armazenagem,
sem a permisso expressa, por escrito, do autor, de acordo
com a legislao vigente.
Professor Rogrio Turgante
turgante@gmail.com
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SKYPE: prof.turgante

So Loureno, Minas Gerais.


2015
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ndice

Agradecimentos p. 06
Introduo p. 07
Como Usar Este Material p. 09
Smbolos de Pronncia de acordo com a Aprendizagem Acelerada
p. 10
Padres ou Modelos Gramaticais p. 12
Lesson 1 p. 13
Preparando a Ambincia
Grammar Pattern 1: Verb to be
Dialogue: At the English School
Conversation: Introduction
General Vocabulary
Lesson 2 p. 20
Vocabulary: Numbers (0 to 10), Names;
Grammar Pattern 2: Articles: a, an;
Dialogue: Formal Introductions
Lesson 3 p. 23
Dialogue: Is There Anything to Read?
Vocabulary: Countries
Grammar Pattern 3: There is/ are
Lesson 4 p. 27
Text: Joannes life Reading and Writing
Vocabulary: Classroom and House
Grammar Pattern 4: Plural Nouns
Lesson 5 p. 33
Vocabulary: Numbers 11 to Billions
Countries and Nationalities
Grammar Pattern 5: Have Got, Has Got
Dialogue: What Have You Got?
Lesson 6 p. 40
Vocabulary: Objects in a House, Verbs
Grammar Pattern 6: The Simple Present Tense
Dialogue: A Home Routine
Exercises

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Lesson 7 p. 50
Vocabulary: Verbs
Grammar Pattern 7: Revision of Simple Present
Dialogue: A Telephone Conversation
Exercises
Lesson 8 p. 61
Text: My Routine Reading and Writing
Conversation with Peter Paint
Exercises
Lesson 9 p. 65
Vocabulary: Days of the Week, Ordinal Numbers, Planets, Months of the
year, Seasons
Text: John, Suzanne, Gabriel and Olga Comprehension
Grammar Pattern 8 Present Continuous
Exercises
Conversation - Questionnaire
Lesson 10 p. 72
The English Alphabet
Wh-Questions
Family
Text: My Family
Grammar Pattern 9: Personal Pronouns, Possessive
Possessive Pronouns, Object Pronouns, Reflexive Pronouns
Exercises + Conversations

Adjectives,

Lesson 11 p. 79
Vocabulary: Time Expressions
Telling Time
Greetings and Leavetakings
Grammar Pattern 10: Prepositions
Text: Where Things Are
Exercises
Lesson 12 p. 86
Vocabulary The Weather, Clothes, Material
Dialogue: An Arrangement
Grammar Pattern 11: Past Verb be, Regular Verbs, Irregular Verbs
Exercises

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Lesson 13 p. 95
Vocabulary: Physical Characteristics (Adjectives) and Colours.
Exercises: Description
Dialogue: Which Colours?
Grammar Pattern 12 Degrees of Adjectives and Adverbs
Lesson 14 p. 103
Vocabulary: Adverbs of Frequency
Dialogue: How Often
Grammar Pattern 13: Adverbs
Conversation Questions.
Index 1: List of Verbs p. 107
Index 2: Verb Conjugation p. 110
Bibliografia Recomendada p. 113

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Agradecimentos
Gostaria de que coubessem neste pequeno espao tudo bem como o
nome de todos a quem eu quero de fato agradecer. Infelizmente no h
espao, mas vou colocar os principais que so minha famlia e amigos,
alm de profissionais e alunos, autores vrios, comunicadores,
professores e inspiradores importantes.
Inicialmente a Deus, ou se preferirem, Lei que a tudo e a todos rege,
pois ela tudo apoia desde que seja benfico, em prol do
desenvolvimento do homem.
minha linda esposa, por sua inestimvel parceria e apoio
incondicional, alm de inmeras qualidades, eu no teria conseguido
sem isso. Sua luz algo indizvel. Amo voc.
minha me, que j nos deixou, e ao meu pai, que sempre torceram
por mim. Seus ensinamentos valem mais que ouro! Amo muito vocs.
s minhas caras irms, Solange, Andrea e Patrcia, por sempre estarem
por perto, bem como aos meus cunhados, Gerson, Will e Beto por
merecerem estar com elas. Amo todos vocs.
Aos meus sobrinhos: Giulliana, Sabrina e Giovanni, Gabriella, Jssica,
Rebecca e Vernicca, lindos todos, pois vejo vocs todos como anjos
cados do cu! Que preservem sempre tal luz brilhando! Amo vocs
demais!
Agradeo a todos os alunos que durante esses anos todos me ensinaram
muito sobre a vida, sobre a Lngua Inglesa, sobre comunicao e muito
mais. Aos profissionais com quem trabalhei de uma forma ou outra.
Enfim, muito obrigado a voc tambm, leitor, seja professor, seja
estudante, seja interessado em estudos de Lngua.
Espero poder contribuir com este pequeno, mas valioso, trabalho para
seu proveito e enriquecimento.
Aproveitem!

Professor Rogrio Turgante.

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Ingls em 14 Lies!
Nvel Bsico

Introduo:
A Metodologia que voc tem agora em suas mos est baseada nas
mais recentes pesquisas sobre a aquisio de um idioma estrangeiro.
Voc vai se deparar com inmeras atividades, variedades de enfoques
em cada lio, em cada passo de seu progresso no decorrer deste livro.
Voc tem a seu dispor um meio pelo qual leva o praticante a atingir seu
objetivo de falar e dominar a Lngua Inglesa num espao de tempo
menor do que se pode imaginar, e tudo isso devido s tecnologias,
ferramentas avanadas, cincias atuais que impulsionam o aprendizado
a um nvel prtico e fcil, sem perder tempo com longas explicaes e
respeitando o tempo do aluno que o considera precioso, bem como seu
investimento em aprimorar ou aprender Ingls.
Baseamos toda essa Obra em PNL (Programao Neurolingustica),
Aprendizagem Acelerada, entre outras artes, ou cincias correlatas.
Tambm utilizamos aqui abordagens das mais eficientes usadas por
Institutos de idiomas, como as denominadas Task Approach e Skills
Approach. H inmeras obras, materiais didticos, metodologias com
tais abordagens, no entanto, alm de fazermos uso delas, tambm
acrescentamos ainda mais ao seu valor, a fim de atingirmos melhores
resultados, as tecnologias supracitadas.
Para obter bom domnio do Ingls, voc tem disponvel neste material
orientaes para fazer melhor uso dos seguintes itens tericos e
prticos:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Prtica de audio Listening;


Prtica de conversao e fala Speaking and Conversation;
Prtica de leituras Reading;
Prtica de produo escrita Writing;
Pronncia Pronunciation;
Aspectos tericos estrutura gramatical grammar structure;
Modelos e padres lingusticos patterns.

Assim, com base num modelo lingustico que facilita a aquisio das
estruturas gramaticais, voc percebe logo de incio que muito simples
e eficiente a aquisio de tais modelos ou padres (patterns), contanto
que se dedique alguns minutos sua prtica, atravs dos exerccios
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propostos nas lies ou em sala de aula pelo Professor que fizer uso
deste material.
Esses padres gramaticais so baseados na Gramtica Dialtica da
Lngua Portuguesa do Professor Doutor Alcebades Fernandes Jnior.
um vasto estudo que de uma maneira pragmtica, descritiva e
lingustica estuda toda a Lngua Portuguesa em oito nveis. O que
fazemos aqui aplicar alguns desses modelos na Lngua Inglesa,
fazendo com que o praticante perceba quo simples e fcil treinar seu
Ingls, treinando modelo por modelo, e sentindo-se cada vez mais
confiante de que assim progride rapidamente na aquisio da habilidade
de se comunicar bem em Ingls. Alertamos, outrossim, que para chegar
a um alto nvel de domnio de qualquer Idioma, so necessrias muitas
horas de prtica com professor particular habilitado para tal funo, ou
algo que o substitua a altura, se houver.
No prometemos mgica. Prometemos sim um resultado que esta Nova
Tecnologia pode fazer por voc, estudante de Lngua Inglesa. Esse
resultado se traduz na aquisio gradativa do domnio da Lngua, de
suas habilidades e estruturas fceis de serem absorvidas em tempo
vivel de trinta dias, aproximadamente, se fizer uma lio a cada dois
dias, em mdia! NO SE TRATA de domnio fluente da lngua em poucos
dias, mas da possibilidade de se comunicar em Ingls em poucos dias
de modo razovel, no nvel bsico. So dias de estudo e dedicao, e
no dias de leitura superficial. Alertamos que no h como chegar a um
alto nvel de fluncia, at o momento, que seja conhecido e real, em to
curto espao de tempo, pois preciso passar pelo bsico, intermedirio,
avanado e concluir bem tais nveis para poder ser considerado fluente.
Por outro lado, sabemos que possvel falar ingls em um curto espao
de tempo, mas num nvel inferior ao fluente. Escolas e mtodos que
prometem fluncia em poucas semanas ou meses, partindo do bsico,
so mentirosas, melhor seria se dissessem que h comunicao em
poucas semanas, mas no no nvel de fluncia total.
Este livro ideal para quem j estudou Ingls, e para quem tambm
iniciante.
Assim, dedique-se, e ter o resultado, simples assim.
Good Journey!
Prof. Rogrio T.

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Como Usar Esse Material:


Pronncia:
Nos dilogos, voc encontra trs linhas para cada sentena, ou seja, a
primeira linha est em Ingls; a segunda a pronncia, como se fosse
lido em Portugus, dando o valor de cada letra e slaba o mesmo que
dado em Portugus; e a terceira linha a traduo para o Portugus.
Exemplos:
Pessoa A: Hello, how are you?
Hlou, hau a:r iu:?
Ol, como est voc?
Pessoa B: I am fine, thanks, and you?
Ai m fain, thanks, and iu:?
Estou bem, obrigado, e voc?
importante notar que a segunda linha a usada por certos
profissionais que tenham a necessidade de se comunicar em muitas
lnguas que no conhecem, por exemplo, como o faz (ou fazia) o Papa
j se perguntou como ele l em cerca de quarenta lnguas e se faz
entender? Ele utiliza desse artifcio. Ele no aprende cada uma das
quarenta lnguas, ele apenas l a pronncia! S isso.
H uma cincia chamada Fontica que utiliza outros smbolos, chamados
tambm de smbolos fonticos, e eles se encontram no IPA
International Phonetic Alphabet. Contm os smbolos usados por todas
as lnguas para pronunciar qualquer som de qualquer lngua. Ele vasto
e um tanto complexo para se explicar aqui satisfatoriamente.
Preferimos, assim, para o objetivo deste curso, facilitar a vida do aluno
brasileiro, ensinando a pronunciar o Ingls com outros smbolos mais
simples.

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Smbolos para Pronncia Usados Neste Curso:


1. O smbolo /:/ indicar que o som da vogal anterior dever ser
alongado. Em Ingls h vogais longas e curtas, assim, seguem
alguns exemplos:
Fit - /fit/ - pronuncie um i normal;
Feet - /fi:t/ - pronuncie um i alongado, como se fossem dois: i+i;
Book - /buk/ - pronuncie um u normal;
Boot - /bu:t/ - pronuncie um u estendido, como se fossem dois: u+u.
2. // - esse smbolo usado para representar o som da vogal a tona,
como do portugus. Por exemplo, o a final da palavra casa, para,
Maria.
Ago - /-gou/ - gou a slaba tnica;
April - /ei-prl/ - ei a slaba tnica.
3. Nem sempre o som das vogais se refere s mesmas letras, por
exemplo: Life /laif/; live /liv/ (o som da letra i varia, nesses dois
exemplos, assim tambm muitas outras).
4. /w/ e /y/ esses smbolos representam um u bem curto,
normalmente usado em ditongo ou tritongo, e um i bem curto,
tambm usado em ditongo ou tritongo, exemplos: Way /wey/; year
- /ya:r/; young /yang/.
5. /h/ esse smbolo serve para indicar que o som da consoante deve
ser aspirado, como se fosse um suspirar house /hauz/; hall
/hu/. Simplesmente abra a garganta e solte o ar.
6. /j/ e /dj/ muitas palavras na Lngua Inglesa se pronunciam /dj/ e
no /j/, por exemplo: jump /djamp/; outras tm sim o som de um
/j/ bem suave, mais suave que o do Portugus: television /telvizjn/; vision /vi-zjn/.
7. /th/ e /dh/ - esses dois smbolos, apesar de serem parecidos, no so
iguais na pronncia de palavras com Th. Palavras como Thanks so
pronunciadas assemelhando-se a um c pronunciado por quem tem a
lngua presa (imitando o ex-presidente Lula, por exemplo! ). Deve-se
colocar a ponta da lngua entre os dois dentes (os superiores e os
inferiores) para faz-lo corretamente: observe isso no cinema. Tente
falar Mississipi como se fosse o ssi com a lngua presa, assim voc
obtm o som exato.
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10

/dh/ - J as palavras como this, that, pronuncia-se como um d


pronunciado com a ponta da lngua tocando o lado interno dos dentes
superiores, produzindo assim um som de d acompanhado de um
soprinho. Exemplos: Thanks /thanks/; thought /th:t/; this
/dhis/; that /dht/.
8. /r/ o som do r quando for a primeira letra da palavra,
consequentemente o primeiro som a ser pronunciado, sempre ser
como o r caipira, ou seja, como uma pessoa do interior
pronunciando o r de porta. Assim: Robert /R-b:t/; Richard
/Ri-tcha:d/. Observem que o segundo r (de Robert e de Richard)
omitido no Ingls britnico, e mesmo quando est entre vogais, em
alguns casos. Lembre-se, r no meio da palavra no se pronuncia no
ingls britnico e se alonga o som da vogal anterior (com o smbolo
/:/), exemplos: part - /pa:t/, Iron - /ai:on/.
Quando, porm, o r no for intervoclico, como, por exemplo, na
palavra group, ento se pronuncia normalmente, ainda que se
aproximando de um r bem puxado, como o do falante do interior:
group /gru:p/.
9. /tch/ e /sh/ indicamos com /tch/ as palavras que precisam ser
pronunciadas como se parecidas ao Atchim ou o tchau do
Portugus. E indicamos com /sh/ as que se pronunciam parecidas
com o nosso ch de chapu. Assim: Teacher /ti:-tch:r/; chair
/tcha:r/; sheep /shi:p/; cheap /tchi:p/.
10. // usamos esse smbolo para indicar a slaba tnica posterior ao
smbolo por exemplo: fantastic fantastik (a slaba tnica a
segunda tas).
Observao: voc, de posse desses detalhes, e lendo a linha da pronncia
como se fosse pronunciada lendo-a em portugus, conseguir obter um bom
domnio para se comunicar na Lngua Inglesa.

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11

Padres ou Modelos Gramaticais:


Chamamos aqui de Padres as estruturas bsicas que voc vai
aprender, uma a uma, em todo o curso. Acreditamos que de posse de
cerca de trinta delas, voc consegue se comunicar razoavelmente, e o
propsito desse curso: boa comunicao.

Exemplo: I am a student.
Pr + V+ comp.
Eu sou um (a) estudante.
Onde:
Pr = pronoun, ou pronome;
V= verb, ou verbo;
Comp. = complement, ou complemento.
Pronto! Voc acaba de aprender um simples padro que se repete em
qualquer comunicao. Onde quer que se faa necessria a
comunicao, voc usa esse modelo, ou variaes dele.
Agora, usemos variaes do mesmo na sua comunicao:
I am a doctor; I am a person; I am good; I am intelligent, I am
fantastic! I work here. I study there. Etc.
Voc pode usar uma infinidade de sentenas como essas, apenas
variando o complemento. Precisar de apenas obter seu vocabulrio
necessrio, o que vai conseguindo aqui aos poucos. Poder tambm
variar o pronome (PR): you are good, he is good, they are good, etc.
Assim, aos poucos voc vai tomando controle sobre essas variaes e
vai se comunicar cada vez melhor em Lngua Inglesa.
Conforme os modelos vo aparecendo, voc ter tambm as
informaes do que se pode fazer com eles e criar uma infinidade de
sentenas com tais padres e suas combinaes!

Good class!!

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12

Lesson 1
1. Relaxamento:
sabido que se a mente e as emoes esto equilibradas e
devidamente relaxadas, aprende-se melhor. Assim, voc pode
potencializar sua capacidade de aprendizagem, se fizer as seguintes
etapas, antes de comear seus estudos, em sua casa:
a. Coloque de fundo uma msica clssica ou instrumental, de
preferncia que expressa alegria e no tristeza ;
b. Respire: enche o pulmo de ar, vagarosamente, e depois expire pela
boca esvaziando os pulmes faa isso de trs a sete vezes apenas;
c. Desse modo, sua mente fica mais aberta e concentrada, e suas
emoes no controle. Agora concentre os olhos na posio da
terceira viso (no centro da testa, um ponto entre as
sombrancelhas): esse ponto conhecido neurolingusticamente como
um grande facilitador de aprendizagem.
Toda vez que estiver
enfrentando alguma dificuldade e precisar se manter no seu
autocontrole, faa isso, ou melhor, pode fazer os itens a, b e c.
Mantenha os olhos fixos de maneira natural, sem fazer esforos,
nesse terceiro ponto, por uns trinta segundos apenas, ou um minuto
j suficiente.
Observao: o primeiro passo este: preparar sua ambincia para
voc aproveitar o mximo. Procure tambm fazer seus estudos num
local isolado, longe de perturbaes, barulho ou outras interferncias, se
possvel.
2. Leia o dilogo abaixo, pronunciando em voz baixa, para si mesmo na
primeira vez, e em voz alta na segunda leitura.

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13

In this Lesson:
Verb to be;
Conversation: Introduction;
General Vocabulary;
Conversation Practice.
_________________________
At the English School
At dhi inglish sku:l
Na escola de ingls
John: Hello, Peter!
djn: hlou, pit:r
John: Ol, Peter!
Peter: Hello, John, how are you?
Pit:r: hlou, djn, hau a:r yu:
Peter: Ol, John, como est voc?
John: I am fine, and you?
djn: ai m fain, and yu:
John: Eu estou bem, e voc?
Peter: I am okay! Let me introduce you to my friend.
Pit:r: ai m oukey! Lt mi introdyus yu: tu: may frynd.
Peter: Eu estou bem! Deixe-me apresent-lo minha amiga.
Peter: Julie, this is John. John, this is Julie.
Pit:r: djuli: , dhis is djn. Djn, dhis is djuli:
Peter: Julie, este o John. John, esta a Julie.
Julie: Oh, nice to meet you, John.
djuli: , nais tu: mi:t yu:, djn.
Julie: , prazer em conhec-lo, John.
John: Nice to meet you, too, Julie. Beautiful name!
djn: nais tu: mi:t yu: tu:, djuli: byutiful neim!
John: Prazer em conhec-la tambm, Julie. Bonito nome!
Julie: Thanks! So, where are you from, John?
Djuli: thanks! Sou, wa:r a:r yu: from, djn?
Julie: Obrigado! Ento, de onde voc , John?

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14

John: I am from Brazil, I am Brazilian. How about you, Julie?


------: ai m from brazil, ai m brazilian. Hau baut yu:, djuli:?
------: Eu sou do Brasil, sou brasileiro. E quanto a voc, Julie?
Julie: I am from France. I am French.
-----: ai m from frans. Ai m frntch.
-----: eu sou da Frana. Sou francesa.
John: Peter, how do you call that object over there?
-----: pit:r, hau du yu: kul dhat obdjkt ouv:r dha:r?
-----: Peter, como se chama aquele objeto logo ali?
Peter: Ah, it is a ruler.
------: ah, it iz a rul:r.
------: ah, uma rgua.
John: ok, thanks! But what is that?
-----: oukey, thanks! Bt ut is dhat?
-----: ok, obrigado! Mas o que aquilo?
Peter: ah... it looks like Julies purse, I think.
------: a:... it lu:ks laik djuli:z p:rs, ai think.
------: ah... isso se parece com a bolsa da Julie, eu penso.
Julie: Yeah, thats right. It is my purse.
-----: ya, dhats rayt. It is may p:rs.
-----: Sim, est certo. minha bolsa.
------------------------------------------- Pratique esse dilogo com algum ou sozinho, como se interpretasse
e no apenas lesse, ou seja, coloque emoo suficiente em cada
orao. Faa quantas vezes forem necessrias at se sentir
plenamente confiante de seu domnio;
Observe tambm o vocabulrio e v memorizando-o;
Para melhorar sua fluncia, sugiro que preste ateno pronncia de
msicas ou filmes em ingls. Voc pode estudar sozinho ou com um
professor particular;
Esta primeira atividade desta lio serve de exemplo para outras que
seguiro. para voc ir se acostumando com a pronncia enquanto
vai lendo a segunda linha. Nas lies que seguem, a segunda linha
conter apenas a representao da pronncia das palavras novas a
fim de que voc consiga obter a memorizao da pronncia de todas
as palavras. Ao fim do livro, voc ter a segunda linha com somente
uma ou outra palavra, por se tratar de palavra nova.
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15

Second Activity:
Scond activity:
Segunda atividade:
Pattern one:
Patt:n wn:
Padro um:
Leia os exemplos e pratique abaixo:
Nesta seo voc aprender um modelo, um padro de comunicao
que, sem o qual, no se pode comunicar bem em Lngua Inglesa. De
posse dele, por sua vez, voc pode usar vrias outras combinaes que
aos poucos vai aprendendo. Com alguns poucos modelos, qualquer
pessoa, que os praticou um pouco, consegue se comunicar, entender e
se fazer entender bem.
Pattern One
To be Present Simple Tense
Singular

Plural

1. I am

1. We are

2. You are

2. You are

He is
3. She is
It is

3. They are

Exerccios
1. Complete with to be:
1. He ........ a good student.
2. She ....... a good friend.
3. We ........ great colleagues.
4. They ....... lawyers.
5. I .......... intelligent.
6. You ........ very good.
7. This ......... nice.
8. Peter ........ Julies friend.
9. Julie.........from France.
10. She ....... French
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16

Negative Form:
I am not
You are not
He is not
She is not
It is not

We are not
You are not
They are not

Contracted Forms: is not = isnt; are not = arent. E tambm: Youre


not, hes not, shes not, its not, were not, theyre not.
2. Complete (with negative form, or affirmative):
1. John ............ a teacher.
2. Julie .............. a doctor.
3. Peter ................ from Russia.
4. Madonna ................ an engineer.
5. Justin Bieber .................. a pilot.
6. Ex-president Lula....................... a writer.
7. President Barack Obama ....................... a plumber.
8. This.................... a park.
9. That ................... a house, that ............... a building.
10. This ................. my television but that .............. your car.
11. John and Peter .brothers.
12. I . a student.
13. We ............. students.
Interrogative Form:
Am I a teacher?
Are you.....?
Is he........?
etc.
Na forma interrogativa, o verbo vem antes do pronome, como acima
exposto.

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17

Exercise 3:
Passe as vinte e trs oraes acima (dez do primeiro e as treze do
segundo exerccio) para a forma interrogativa.
1. .................................................................................................
2. .................................................................................................
3. .................................................................................................
4. .................................................................................................
5. .................................................................................................
6. .................................................................................................
7. .................................................................................................
8. .................................................................................................
9. .................................................................................................
10. ...............................................................................................
11. ...............................................................................................
12. ...............................................................................................
13. ...............................................................................................
14. ...............................................................................................
15. ...............................................................................................
16. ...............................................................................................
17. ...............................................................................................
18. ...............................................................................................
19. ...............................................................................................
20. ...............................................................................................
21. ...............................................................................................
22. ...............................................................................................
23. ...............................................................................................

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Exercise 4:
Tente responder o questionrio abaixo como se estivesse batendo papo
com um amigo.
Questions:
1. What is your name?
2. What is your address?/e-mail address?
3. What is your telephone number?
4. Where do you live?
5. Where do you study?
6. Where do you work?
7. What do you do at the weekends?
8. What is your favourite kind of music?
9. What is your favourite place to visit?
10. What is your favourite type of food?
Answers:
1. .................................................................................................
2. .................................................................................................
3. .................................................................................................
4. .................................................................................................
5. .................................................................................................
6. .................................................................................................
7. .................................................................................................
8. .................................................................................................
9. .................................................................................................
10. ...............................................................................................

Okay, student! End of Lesson One!

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Lesson 2:
In this Lesson:
Vocabulary: numbers: 0 to 10;
General vocabulary;
Articles: a, an;
Dialogue: Formal Introductions.
Conversation Practice.
____________________
Extra Vocabulary:
Name nome;
/Neim/
Full name nome completo;
/fu:l neim/
Surname sobrenome;
/s:rneim/
Middle name nome do meio;
/midl neim/
Last name ltimo nome;
/last neim/
First name primeiro nome;
/f:st neim/
Numbers:
/nmb:rz/
1 one; 2 two; 3 three; 4 four; 5 five;
/wan/ /tu:/
/thri:/
/f:r/
/faiv/
6 six; 7 seven; 8 eight; 9 nine; 10 ten; 0 zero.
/siks/
/svan/ /eit/
/nain/
/tn/ /zirou/
PS: para nmeros de telefones, diz-se /ou/ para zero, exemplo: My
phone number is 6408.6091 - /six f:r ou eit six ou nain wan/.
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Dialogue
Daialaug
Dilogo
Formal Introductions
Fo:rmal introdcshans
Apresentaes Formais
1. Bernard: Hello, Tom! How are you?
B:rna:d: hlou, tom! Hau a:r iu: ?
Bernard: Ol, Tom! Como voc est?
2. Tom: Fine, thanks, Bernard. How about you?
Tom: fain, thanks, b:rna:d. hau baut iu: ?
Tom: Bem, obrigado, Bernard. E quanto a voc?
3. B: I am very well, thank you.
Ai m vri ul, thank iu:
Estou muito bem, obrigado.
4. T: I am glad to see you, Bernard!
Ai m glad tu: si: iu: , ba:rna:d!
Estou feliz em ver voc, Bernard!
5. B: Tom, Id like to introduce you Jane. She is Scottish.
Tom, aid laik tu: introdius iu: djein. Shiz sctish.
Tom, eu gostaria de apresentar a voc Jane. Ela escocesa.
6. Jane: How do you do!
Djein: hau du iu: du.
Jane: Como vai.
7. Tom: How do you do!
Tom: hau du iu: du.
Tom: Como vai.

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Pattern Two a/an


Before consonant sound: use a e.g. a book, a table.
Before vowel sound: use an e.g. an apple, an old man.
1. Complete with a or an:
1. It is ..... pen.
2. This is ..... pencil.
3. That is ...... book.
4. That is ...... copybook.
5. She is ...... teacher.
6. He is ........ student.
7. It is ....... blackboard.
8. It is ....... chalk.
9. It is.......eraser.
10.
It is....... sharpener.
11.
It is.........ruler.
12.
It is.........orange.
13.
It is.......year.
14.
It is ......elephant.
15.
This is .........hour.
16.
It is ........egg.
17.
He is ........honest man.
18.
It is ..........University.
19.
It is .........used car.
20.
It is .........unusual thing.
2. Conversation
1. Whats your phone number?
2. Whats your mobile phone number?
3. Whats your house number?
4. Whats your ID number?
5. Whats your credit card number?
6. Whats the date today?
7. Whats the date tomorrow?
8. Whens your birthday?
9. Whens your favourite date?
10.
Whens Christmas?

End of Lesson Two.


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Lesson Three
In This Lesson:
Dialogue: Is There Anything to Read?
Countries;
There is/ are;
Conversation.
Dialogue:
Is There Anything to Read?
Iz dha:r anithin tu: ri:d?
H algo para ler?
1. Marie: Hi, Jane, are you busy?
Mari: hai, djein, a:r iu: bizi?
Marie: Oi, Jane, voc est ocupada?
2. Jane: No, Im not. Why?
-----: Nou, aim nt. Uai?
-----: No, eu no estou. Por qu?
3. M: Id like to go to the library. Come with me then, please!
M: aid laik tu: gou tu: dh laibrari. Cm uith mi: dhen, pli:z
M: Eu gostaria de ir biblioteca. Venha comigo ento, por favor.
4. J: Okay, lets go there!
J: oukei, lts gou dha:r
J: ok, vamos l.
5. M: Can you see? I want to find a book about History.
M: Kan iu: si: ai uant tu: faind a bu:k baut histori
M: Pode ver? Eu quero encontrar um livro sobre Histria.
6. M: Excuse me, Sir. Are there books about the history of Greece?
M: Ekskiuz mi: sa:r. A:r dha:r bu:ks baut dh histori f gri:s
M: Com licena, Senhor. H livros sobre a Histria da Grcia?

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7. Attendant: Well, let me think: yes, there are some on that direction
over there. Up there you can find.
Atendant: ul, lt mi: think/ ys, dha:r a:r sam on dhat dircshn
ouv: dha:/
ap dh:a yu: kan faind.
Atendente: Bem, deixe-me pensar: sim, h alguns naquela direo
logo ali. L voc pode encontrar.
8. M: ok, thanks!
M: oukei, thanks
M: ok, obrigada.
9. J: Oh, and let me know too: is there anything about the history of
Rock? I love RocknRoll!
J: , an lt mi: nou tu: iz dha:r anithin bout dh history f rok
ai la:v roknroul
J: , e deixe-me saber tambm: h algo sobre a histria do Rock? Eu
adoro Rock and Roll!
10.

Att.: Ops, sorry, I dont think so, Madam!


At. : uups, sry, ai dont think sou, madam
At: ops, desculpe-me, eu no acho que haja, madame!

11.

J: Ok, thanks anyway!


J: oukei, thanks ani-wey
J: ok, obrigada mesmo assim.
1. Game:
Unscramble the words below:
Anscrambl dh uo:rds bilou
Desembaralhe as palavras abaixo:

1. pgeyt Egypt (example)


2. diian I ..........................
3. altiy I ...........................
4. ndaaac C .......................
5. lednagn E .....................
6. eeecgr G.......................
7. najpa J.........................
8. ncefra F........................
9. xocime M.
10.
rizalb B..

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Pattern Three: There Is, There Are


Affirmative:
Singular: there is a banana on the bowl.
Plural: there are bananas on the bowl(s).
Negative:
Singular: There is not (isnt) a banana.
Plural: There are not (arent) bananas.
Interrogative:
Singular: Is there a banana?
Plural: Are there bananas?
2. Practise:
Complete with there is or there are:
1. ................................. a car in my garage.
2. ............................. a lamp in my bedroom.
3. .......................... a towel in my bathroom.
4. .......................... a sofa in my living room.
5. ......................... books on the bookcase.
6. .................... lots of moons around Saturn.
7. ..................beautiful people on the streets.
8. ........................ a moon around the Earth.
9. ...................a beautiful person close to me.
10. ....................... many things to do.
3. Turn the sentences above into negative and interrogative
forms.
Negative:
1. .................................................................................................
2. .................................................................................................
3. .................................................................................................
4. .................................................................................................
5. .................................................................................................
6. .................................................................................................
7. .................................................................................................
8. .................................................................................................
9. .................................................................................................
10. ...............................................................................................
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Interrogative:
1. .................................................................................................
2. .................................................................................................
3. .................................................................................................
4. .................................................................................................
5. .................................................................................................
6. .................................................................................................
7. .................................................................................................
8. .................................................................................................
9. .................................................................................................
10. ...............................................................................................
4. Conversation: Answer the Questons:
Part 1:
1. Whats there in your house?
2. Whats there in your living room?
3. Whats there in your garage?
4. Whats there in your kitchen?
5. Whats there in your bathroom/bedroom?
6. Is there a garden in your house?
7. Is there a microwave oven in your kitchen?
8. Are there motorcycles/bycicles in your garage?
9. Are there sofas in your kitchen?
10.
Are there lamps under your bed?
Part 2 (look at p. 30 and 40 to 42):
a. Describe your house;
b. Describe your work place;
c. Describe a city you like to visit.

End of Lesson Three.

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Lesson Four
In This Lesson:
Text: Joannes Life reading and writing;
General Vocabulary;
Plural Nouns;
Conversation Practice.
Text
1. Read the text below: Joannes life
Hi, my name is Joanne, I am 27 years old, I am a teacher and I work at
a good school I love it! I like reading, especially in English, because I
study English and I need it for my future, and my job or studies, too. I
am single and I live with my parents, John and Beatrice. I live in
California. I have three sisters and a brother. They are nice. I love
them! And my future? I want to study more to get my Master Degree
and work at a university. I love teaching. How about you?

Leia o texto acima em voz alta para praticar.

Explore o vocabulrio. O uso do dicionrio deve servir para consultar


apenas as palavras desconhecidas. No traduza tudo, palavra por
palavra. Isso cria uma dependncia de traduo, ou seja, voc deve
se libertar da dependncia da sua Lngua-me para entender o texto
em Ingls: entenda-o EM INGLS, acostume sua mente s
estruturas, formao da frase, em Ingls, e assim voc vai
progredindo. Quando achar uma palavra desconhecida, circule-a e
anote seu significado ao lado dela apenas. Limite-se a isso.

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2. Writing:
Escreva um texto seguindo o mesmo modelo acima sobre voc.
PS: No escreva em Portugus para traduzi-lo. Escreva-o EM INGLS. A
sua mente deve ser programada para agir em Ingls, e no para
depender do Portugus para usar o Ingls. Isso faz sentido para voc?
Programe-a corretamente ento, ou nunca vai adquirir Fluncia em
Ingls. Para fazer isso, siga as instrues do Reading e do Writing como
acabei de expor acima.
Comece assim: Hi, my name is... ______________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

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Pattern Four
Plural Nouns

Adding s:

Door doors;
Book books.

Nouns ending in z, s, ch, sh and x add es.

Church churches; box boxes.

Irregular nouns:

Man men; woman women; child children; foot feet; tooth


teeth; mouse mice; goose geese; person people; this these;
that those.
PS: adjectives dont change the form in the plural: a beautiful car
beautiful cars.
3. Exercise: Change the following sentences into plural:
1. She is a good teacher. They are good teachers.
2. The pen is blue._____________________________________
3. He is my friend. ____________________________________
4. The cup is on the table. ______________________________
5. The child is happy. __________________________________
6. The mouse is on the TV. ______________________________
7. The goose is in the lake. ______________________________
8. The woman is beside the man. _________________________
9. That person is tall. _________________________________
10. The foot is on the ground.___________________________
11. The tooth is white.________________________________

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Vocabulary
Classroom:

Desk carteiras escolares/ escrivaninha;


Blackboard quadro negro, lousa;
Whiteboard quadro branco;
Chalk giz;
Marker Caneta para quadro branco;
Eraser apagador, borracha;
Rubber borracha (britnico);
Copybook, notebook caderno;
Diary agenda;
Rucksack (Br)/ Backpack (Am) mochila;
Bag bolsa;
Pencil case estojo;
Pen caneta;
Pencil lpis, lapiseira;
Ruler rgua;
Colour pencils lpis de cores;
Sharpener apontador de lpis.

House:

Living room sala de estar;


Dining room sala de jantar;
Kitchen cozinha;
Bedroom quarto, dormitrio;
Rooms cmodos;
Bathroom banheiro;
Toilet banheiro;
Laundry lavanderia;
Garage garagem;
Playground rea de lazer;
Library biblioteca;
Study sala de estudos;
Office escritrio;
Corridor- corredor;
Stairs escadas;
Attic sto;
Basement poro;
Swimming pool piscina;
Golf field campo de golfe;
Tennis court quadra de tnis;
Sauna sauna.

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4. Practise:
Use the vocabulary from lessons 1 to 4 and Patterns 1, 2, 3 and 4 to
write sentences:
Examples:
Pattern 1: Be I am in the living room;
Pattern 2: a/an I am a doctor.
This is an apple on my desk;
Pattern 3: There are books on the tennis court.
Pattern 4: The men are in the study.
Faa trs de cada:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Pattern
Pattern
Pattern
Pattern

1: _______________________________________________
2:_______________________________________________
3: _______________________________________________
4:_______________________________________________

5.
6.
7.
8.

Pattern
Pattern
Pattern
Pattern

1: _______________________________________________
2:_______________________________________________
3: _______________________________________________
4:_______________________________________________

9. Pattern 1:
10. Pattern
11. Pattern
12. Pattern

_______________________________________________
2:_____________________________________________
3: ____________________________________________
4:_____________________________________________

PS: Se voc recordar bem, os padres de um a quatro so bem simples.


Apenas reutilize aqui os mesmos, porm com o novo vocabulrio
aprendido at o momento. O intuito deste exerccio ir criando certa
autonomia em sua livre construo de frases. Sei que no fcil, por
um lado, porm, a mesma coisa de tudo o que voc j viu at o
momento. Esse exerccio serve tambm pra voc fixar e reforar os
quatro padres adquiridos at o momento.

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5. Conversation: Answer the Questions:


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

How many people are there in your house?


How many children live with you?
How many men do you work/study with?
How many women do you work/study with?
How many teeth does a person have in the mouth?
When you sit down, do you lift your foot and cross the leg?
Which one?
7. When do you raise your both feet?
8. Where do you go on foot?
9. How many children do you (want to) have?
10. Whats the plural of mouse? Can you see two right now?
Answers:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
.

End of Lesson Four.

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Lesson Five
In This Lesson:
General Vocabulary;
Numbers 11 to billions;
Countries and Nationalities;
Pattern 5: have got, has got.
Dialogue: What Have You Got?
Conversation Practice.
Vocabulary: 1. Cardinal Numbers 11 billions:
11 eleven ilvn;
12 twelve tulv;
13 thirteen th:rti:n;
14 fourteen f:rti:n;
15 fifteen fifti:n;
16 sixteen siksti:n;
17 seventeen svnti:n;
18 eighteen eiti:n;
19 nineteen nainti:n;
20 twenty tuenti ou tueni;
21 twenty-one tuenti - uan;
22 twenty-two tuenti tu:;
23 twenty-three tuenti thri:;
30 thirty th:rti;
40 forty f:rti;
50 fifty fifti;
60 sixty siksti;
70 seventy svnti;
80 eighty eiti;
90 ninety nainti;
100 a hundred (one hundred) a hndred, ou uan hndred;
200 two hundred tu: hndred;
1,000 a thousand (one thousand) a thauznd, ou uan thauznd;
1,000,000 a million a milin;
1,000,000,000 a billion a bilin.
PS: os demais nmeros so combinaes dos acima, por exemplo: 5,345 = five
thousand, three hundred and forty-five. Em Ingls, comparado com o Portugus, para
os numerais, onde h pontos, usamos vrgula; e onde h vrgula, usamos ponto.
Exemplo: 5,000,000 five million (em Ingls), 5.000.000 cinco milhes (em
Portugus); 5.7(ingls), 5,7 (portugus); US$ 545.78, five hundred and forty-five
dollars, and seventy-eight cents, R$ 545,78.

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1. Countries and Nationalities:


Afghanistan Afghan or Afghani;
Angola Angolan;
Argentina Argentinian or Argentine;
Australia Australian;
Austria Austrian;
Belgium Belgian;
Bolivia Bolivian;
Brazil Brazilian;
Bulgaria Bulgarian;
Canada Canadian;
Chile Chilean;
China Chinese;
Colombia Colombian;
Cuba Cuban;
Czech Republic Czech (/tchk/);
Denmark Danish, Dane;
Ecuador Ecuadorian;
Egypt Egyptian;
England English;
Finland Finnish;
France French;
Germany German;
Greece Greek;
Guyana Guyanese;
Hungary Hungarian;
Iceland Icelandic, Icelander;
India Indian;
Indonesia Indonesian;
Iran Iranian;
Iraq Iraqi;
Ireland Irish;
Israel Israeli;
Italy Italian;
Jamaica Jamaican;
Japan Japanese;
Korea Korean;
Kuwait Kuwaiti;
Lebanon Lebanese;
Madagascar Malagasy;
Malaysia Malaysian;
Mexico Mexican;
Morocco Moroccan;
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Netherlands (Holland) Dutch;


New Zealand New Zealander;
Nigeria Nigerian;
Norway Norwegian;
Oman Omani;
Pakistan Pakistani;
Panama Panamanian;
Paraguay Paraguayan;
The Philippines Philippine, Filipino;
Poland Polish, Pole;
Peru Peruvian;
Portugal Portuguese;
Russia Russian;
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian;
Scotland Scottish;
Senegal Senegalese;
Singapore Singaporean;
South Africa South African;
Spain Spanish;
Suriname Surinamese, Surinamer;
Sweden Swedish;
Switzerland Swiss;
Taiwan Taiwanese;
Thailand Thai;
Turkey Turkish;
Ukraine Ukrainian;
The United Kingdom British;
The United States (North) American;
Uruguay Uruguayan;
Venezuela Venezuelan;
Vietnam Vietnamese;
Wales Welsh;
Zimbabwe Zimbabwean.

Esses acima so alguns dos pases e nacionalidades que voc necessita


saber, por ora!

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Exercises:
1. Answer the Questions:
1. How old are you? I am 25 (years old).
2. How old is your mother? She is 72 years old.
3. How old is you brother? ___________________________________
4. How old are you? ________________________________________
5. How old is your sister? ____________________________________
6. How old is your best friend? ________________________________
7. How old am I (the teacher)? ________________________________
8. How old is the President of Brazil? ___________________________
9. How old is Mick Jagger? ___________________________________
10. How old are your sisters and brothers? _____________________
_________________________________________________________
2. Write the numbers above from exercise 1:

3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

e.g. (example):
1. 25 = twenty-five;
2.72 = seventy-two;
______________________________;
______________________________;
______________________________;
______________________________;
______________________________;
______________________________;
______________________________;
______________________________.

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Dialogue
(indicamos aqui somente a pronncia das palavras novas)
What Have You Got?
1. Sue: Hi, Paula. What have we got for dinner?
Su: ....., Paula. Ut hav ui gt f: din:r
Sue: Oi, Paula. O que temos para o jantar?
2. Paula: Hi, Sue. I think weve got some sandwiches.
.........: ........... .......... uiv gt sm sanduitchis
.........: Oi, Sue. Eu acho que ns temos alguns sanduches.
3. S.: Sandwiches! Mmm, I dont want to eat sandwiches today...
S.: .................................... uant ........ i:t.............. tu:dei...
S.: Sanduches! Mmm, Eu no quero comer sanduches hoje...
4. P.: Okay, we can buy something to prepare for dinner, then.
P.: .................. kan bai smthin tu: pri:pa:r f:r ..........., dhen.
P.: Ok, ns podemos comprar algo para preparar para o jantar,
ento.
5. S.: Hmmm, maybe! What do you suggest?
S.: .........., meib ......................... sudjst
S.: Hmmm, talvez! O que voc sugere?
6. P.: We could see some salad, lettuce, onions, tomatoes, and
carrots... and we could make some rice with fish. I love fish!!
P.: ...... ku:ld si: sm salad, lts, nions, toumatous, and krts...
and ui ku:ld meik sm rais uidh fish. Ai lv fish!
P.: Ns podemos ver alguma salada, alface, cebolas, tomates, e
cenouras... e podemos fazer um arroz com peixe. Eu adoro peixes!!
7. S.: No, Sister, Ive got a better idea!
S.: ...., sist:r, .............. bt:r aidia!
S.: No, irm, eu tenho uma idia melhor!
8. P.: Really? Which one?
P.: ri:li
uitsh uan
P.: Verdade? Qual?

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9. S.: How about a Pepperoni Pizza? I love it!


S.: hau baut a peperoni pitsa ai lvit
S.: Que tal uma pizza de peperone? Eu amo isso!
10.

P.: Sue, you have got to take care of your weight! But you
are right! Lets order a pizza, then!
P.: su:, ........................... teik ka:r f i:r ueit
Bt, iu a:r rait lts :rd:r a pitsa dhen
P.: Sue, voc tem de cuidar de seu peso! Mas, voc est certa!
Vamos encomendar uma pizza, ento.
Pattern 5

Have got = have = possuir, ter.


e.g. (example): I have got a car = I have a car; He has got a TV = he
has a TV.
Conjugation:
I have got
You have got
He has got
She has got
It has got
We have got
You have got
They have got
Contractions:
Affirmative: I have got = Ive got; He has got = Hes got;
Negative: I have not got = I havent got; he has not got = he hasnt
got.
Interrogative: Have I got? Has he got? (no contractions)
Exercises:
1. Complete the sentences:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Ive got a car but I ____________________________ an aeroplane.


Shes got a TV but she __________________________ a computer.
Weve got a lesson to study but we_____________ a game to watch.
They_________ a lot of money because they____________ a big
company.
5. He ______________________ a motorbike but he hasnt got a bike.
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2. Game: Put the sentences in the right order:


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

a you dog have got. = You have got a dog.


a I cat have white got. ____________________________________.
She got has a 49 inches TV not. ____________________________.
They house big got not have a to live. ________________________.
Joanne work got has not tomorrow to. _______________________.

3. Put the five sentences from the game above into Interrogative form.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________

Exercise 4: Conversation
1. What have you got for dinner?
2. What has Dilma got in her pocket?
3. What has J Soares got in his bag?
4. What have you got in your house?
5. What have you got to drink?
6. Have you got an umbrella?
7. Have you got any pets?
8. Have you got any problem?
9. What time have you got to go?
10.
When has the new president got to assume the new
position?

End of Lesson Five!

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39

Lesson 6
In this Lesson:
General Vocabulary;
Simple Present Tense;
Dialogues;
Exercises;
Conversation.
Vocabulary:
House:
Objects in the living room objetos na sala de estar:
Sofa, couch sof;
Armchair poltrona;
Table mesa;
Lamp abajur;
Rug tapete;
Carpet carpete;
Painting quadro, pintura;
Plants plantas;
Vase vaso;
Television televiso;
Radio rdio;
Stereo system aparelho de som;
DVD player aparelho de DVD;
Blu-ray player aparelho de Blu-ray;
CD Player toca-cd;
Bookshelf prateleira de livros (estante de livros);
Cushions almofadas.
Objects in the Kitchen cozinha:
Stove fogo (am);
Cooker fogo (br);
Oven forno;
Microwave oven forno de micro-ondas;
Blender liquidificador;
Sink pia;
Refrigerator(am.)/fridge (br.) geladeira;
Freezer freezer;
Table mesa;
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Cupboard armrio de cozinha;


Chairs cadeiras;
Plate prato;
Fork garfo;
Knife faca;
Spoon colher;
Glass copo;
Cup xcara;
Saucer pires;
Bowl travessa;
Pan panela;
Frying pan frigideira;
Matches fsforos;
Lighter- isqueiro;
Bottle garrafa;
Jar pote;
Kettle chaleira.
Verbs:
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To

bake assar (bakery padaria);


fry fritar;
freeze congelar;
cut cortar;
roast assar;
cook cozinhar;
boil ferver;
chop picar, cortar em pedacinhos;
wash lavar;
peel descascar.

Objects in the bedroom:


Bed cama;
Wardrobe guarda-roupa;
Rug tapete;
Painting quadro;
Bookshelves estantes de livro;
Mirror espelho;
Comb pente;
Brush escova;
Clothes roupas;
Shoes sapatos;
Pillow travesseiro;
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Cushion almofada;
Bedspread roupa de cama;
Blankets cobertores;
Mattress colcho;
Terrace/Balcony/Varanda varanda, sacada;
Window janela;
Door porta.
Objects in the Bathroom
Mirror espelho;
Vanity (am) pia (do banheiro);
Toilet vaso sanitrio;
Shower ducha, chuveiro;
Bath banho;
Bathtub banheira;
Toothbrush escova de dentes;
Toothpaste pasta de dentes;
Dental floss fio dental (to floss the teeth passar fio dental entre os
dentes);
Lipstick batom;
Soap sabonete;
Shampoo xampu;
Towel toalha;
Hairpin grampo de cabelo.
Objects in the Laundry
Washing machine mquina de lavar;
Clothes roupas;
Water gua;
Clothes pegs pegador de roupas.
Dialogue A Home Routine
1. Mum: Hi, little angel! Do you want some milk?
Mm: hai, lit:l ndja:l du: iu: uant sm milk
Me: Oi, pequeno anjo! Voc quer um leite?
2. Son: No, mummy, thanks!
Sn: Nou, mami, thnks
Filho: No, me, obrigado!

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3. M.: Ok, how about some juice, orange juice, Honey?


M.: ...., .......................... dju:s, randj dju:s, hni:
M. Ok, que tal algum suco, suco de laranja, meu bem?
4. S.: Okay, then... I like orange juice! Do you have some bread?
S.: ........, ....... Ai laik .......................................................
........ brd
S.: OK, ento... Eu gosto de suco de laranja! Voc tem
algum po?
5. M.: I think so, let me see... Yep! Here you are!
M.: .......... sou, lt mi: si: ... ip hi:r iu: a:r
M.: Eu penso que sim, deixe-me ver.... Sim! Aqui est!
6. S.: What are you doing, Mum?
S.: ut a:r iu: du:in, mm
S.: O que voc est fazendo, me?
7. M.: Just washing some clothes. Then I will prepare lunch for you to
go to the school, Honey!
M.: dj:st ushin sm clou:dhs. Dhan ai uil pripa:r Lntch f:r iu:
to gou tu: sku:l, hni:
M.: S lavando algumas roupas. Ento eu prepararei almoo para
voc ir escola, querido!
8. S.: Ok. Can I watch TV after my breakfast?
S.: ..... Kn ai utsh tivi aft:r mai breikfast
S.: Ok. Posso assistir TV aps meu caf da manh?
9. M.: Ok, Honey, but brush your teeth always when you wake up, ok?
M.: ...., ........., ....... brsh i:r ti:th :ueis uen iu: ueik ap,..........?
M.: Ok, Querido, mas escove seus dentes sempre quando acordar, ok?
10. S.: I always brush when I get up, Mum!
S.: Ai :ueis brsh uen ai gt ap, mm
S.: Eu sempre escovo quando eu me levanto, Me!

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Observations:
1.

Little angel a pronncia americana lir:l ou lid:l (o d central


bem suave, parecido com um r), enquanto que a britnica lit:l
ou, dependendo da regio, da mesma forma que a americana. Little
angel pode ser pequeno anjo ou anjinho, mas, antes da traduo
literal, tambm uma forma carinhosa de tratamento.

2.

Mom, mommy, mum, mummy, so formas carinhosas para Me,


mame, mezinha, etc. As duas primeiras so americanas, e as
duas ltimas, britnicas. A palavra mummy tambm significa
mmia.
Honey literalmente significa mel. Aqui forma carinhosa de
tratamento podendo ser usada para homens, mulheres, crianas,
mas de preferncia com algum com quem se tenha alguma
intimidade. Seu significado pode ser Meu Bem, Meu Anjo, Meu
Doce, Querido, Querida, etc.
Here you are uma expresso idiomtica, o mesmo que here it
is.
Repare na diferena de pronncia entre washing e watching! A
segunda tem um espirro (do tch), como se fosse da palavra
atchim ou mesmo tchau.
Wake up acordar; get up levantar-se da cama.
As refeies caf da manh, almoo e jantar so respectivamente
em Ingls breakfast, lunch e dinner (/din:r/). Lanche sandwich
ou coffee break (pausa para o caf). Diner (/dain:r/) um
pequeno restaurante.
Voc tem nesse dilogo trs formas verbais importantes que
veremos cada vez mais: o modal can (no veremos por ora); o
present simple, e o present continuous (veremos mais nas lies
adiantes).

3.

4.
5.
6.
7.

8.

Pattern 6: Present Simple Tense


Conjugation:
Affirmative:
Singular:
(Eu) I drink coffee
(Tu) You drink coffee
(Ele) He drinks coffee
(Ela) She drinks
(Ele/ela - neutro) It drinks
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Plural:
(Ns) We drink
(Vs) You drink
(Eles) They drink
Negative:
I do not drink
You do not drink
He does not drink
She does not drink
It does not drink
We do not drink
You do not drink
They do not drink
PS: contractions: do + not = dont; does + not = doesnt.
Interrogative:
Do I drink coffee?
Do you drink coffee?
Does he drink ..........?
Does she drink .........?
Does it drink.......?
Do we drink.......?
Do you drink......?
Do they drink........?

PS: na afirmativa, acrescenta-se s para he, she, it. Isso ocorre


somente na afirmativa, j que nas formas negativas e interrogativas
usa-se o auxiliar does para as terceiras pessoas do singular. Observe
que sempre na interrogativa ocorre uma inverso da posio do verbo
auxiliar com o pronome.
O acrscimo de s ocorre para todos os casos, exceto o verbo to be e
os modais, assunto tratado futuramente. H uma exceo para o verbo
have, que passa a ser has para as terceiras do singular (he, she, it)
lembra-se do pattern 5, no ?

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Exercises:
Complete with the correct conjugation of the verb in brackets in the
affirmative form:
1. They ........................................................... a new house. (have)
2. She ......................................................... a beautiful doll. (have)
3. He and I ...................................... many things in common. (have)
4. Jean ....................................................................... soda. (like)
5. John ............................................................ a new flat. (have)
6. Peters dog ............................................ a beautiful colour. (have)
7. Peters dogs ................................................. good names. (have)
8. Peters dog........................................................ beautiful. (be)
9. The children ........................................................ intelligent. (be)
10. The women ......................................... sitting on the sofa. (be)
11. The mice ...........................................walking on the table. (be)
12. I ................................................. early everyday. (wake up)
13. You ..............................................to bed late sometimes. (go)
14. Maria .................................................... to work at 9 am. (go)
15. Peter ......................................... his car to his company. (drive)
16. The secretary...........................a new computer to work. (have)
17. His office ............................................ three paintings. (have)
18. Joanne generally ........................................... at her desk. (sit)
19. We always .................................................... by car. (travel)
20. I .................................................... pizza every Saturday. (eat)
Exercise 2: turn
interrogative form.

these

20

sentences

into

negative

form

and

Negative:
1. .................................................................................................
2. .................................................................................................
3. .................................................................................................
4. .................................................................................................
5. .................................................................................................
6. .................................................................................................
7. .................................................................................................
8. .................................................................................................
9. .................................................................................................
10. ...............................................................................................
11. ...............................................................................................
12. ..............................................................................................
13. ...............................................................................................
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14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................

Interrogative:
1. .................................................................................................
2. .................................................................................................
3. .................................................................................................
4. .................................................................................................
5. .................................................................................................
6. .................................................................................................
7. .................................................................................................
8. .................................................................................................
9. .................................................................................................
10. ...............................................................................................
11. ...............................................................................................
12. ...............................................................................................
13. ...............................................................................................
14. ...............................................................................................
15. ...............................................................................................
16. ...............................................................................................
17. ...............................................................................................
18. ...............................................................................................
19. ...............................................................................................
20. ...............................................................................................

Complement to Pattern 6: Third Person Singular:


1. Adicione s para a maioria dos verbos em ingls na terceira pessoa
do singular. Ex:
I work he works; I play he plays; I write she writes.
2. Verbos terminados com y precedidos de consoante, adicione ies no
lugar de y:
I study she studies.

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3. Verbos terminados em o, acrescente es:


I go he goes; we do she does.
4. Verbos terminados em: s, sh, ch, x, z, adicione es:
They reach it reaches; I teach she teaches; we kiss she kisses, I
wash she washes.
Exercise 3:
Correct the sentences below:
1. Joe go to school everyday. Joe goes to school everyday.
2. Marie do her homework at school.____________________________
3. Peter study hard._________________________________________
4. Susan play basketball._____________________________________
5. Tanaka speak Japanese.____________________________________
6. George try to learn music.__________________________________
7. Samantha dance ballet.____________________________________
8. My dog like swimming._____________________________________
9. The father kiss the boy.____________________________________
10. The child eat banana.____________________________________
Exercise 4: turn these ten sentences above into negative and
interrogative form.
Negative:
1. .................................................................................................
2. .................................................................................................
3. .................................................................................................
4. .................................................................................................
5. .................................................................................................
6. .................................................................................................
7. .................................................................................................
8. .................................................................................................
9. .................................................................................................
10. ...............................................................................................

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Interrogative:
1. .................................................................................................
2. .................................................................................................
3. .................................................................................................
4. .................................................................................................
5. .................................................................................................
6. .................................................................................................
7. .................................................................................................
8. .................................................................................................
9. .................................................................................................
10. ...............................................................................................
Exercise 5 Conversation
1. Do you study? What do you study?
2. Do you have a pet? Which one do you have?
3. Does your sister/ brother have a house or a flat?
4. Does your mother/father work or study?
5. Do I speak English?
6. Do you like dancing?
7. What do you like doing at the weekends?
8. What do you want for your future?
9. Where do you go after work?
10.
Where does your husband/ wife/ boyfriend/ girlfriend go
after work?
11.
Who do you live with?
12.
Who likes pasta in your house?
13.
When do you work/ study?
14.
When do you go to the cinema/ theatre?
15.
Why do you like chocolate/ sweets/ vegetables/ meat?
16.
Why does the President of Brazil worry about the inflation?
17.
Why do you study English?
18.
Which do you prefer: cinema or videos? Why?
19.
Which does your husband/ wife/ boyfriend/ girlfriend (etc.)
prefer: cinema or video? Why?
20.
How do you go to work/ school/ restaurants (etc.)?
21.
Do you like sports? What kind?
22.
What about your husband/ wife/ boyfriend/ girlfriend?
End of Lesson 6.

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Lesson 7
Lesson 7:
Vocabulary: Verbs
Grammar Pattern 7: Revision of Simple Present
Dialogue: A Telephone Conversation
Exercises
Vocabulary:
Common activities and verbs:
1. arrive chegar;
2. be ser, estar;
3. beat bater;
4. become tornar-se;
5. begin comear, iniciar;
6. bend inclinar, curvar, dobrar;
7. bet apostar;
8. bind atar, encadernar;
9. bit morder;
10. bleed sangrar;
11. blow soprar;
12. break quebrar;
13. build construir;
14. breed produzir, criar;
15. bring trazer;
16. burn queimar;
17. burst estourar, rebentar, explodir;
18. buy comprar;
19. call chamar, ligar (telefonar);
20. cast lanar;
21. catch pegar, agarrar;
22. choose escolher, selecionar;
23. clean limpar;
24. cleave fender;
25. climb trepar, subir;
26. close fechar;
27. come vir;
28. cost custar;
29. creep rastejar;
30. cut cortar;
31. dare ousar;
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32. deal negociar, lidar;


33. dig cavar;
34. do fazer;
35. draw desenhar, puxar;
36. dream sonhar;
37. drink beber;
38. drive dirigir;
39. dwell morar;
40. eat comer;
41. fall cair;
42. feed alimentar;
43. feel sentir;
44. fight lutar, combater;
45. fill preencher;
46. find achar, encontrar;
47. flee fugir;
48. fling atirar;
49. fly voar;
50. forbear abster-se;
51. forget esquecer;
52. forgive perdoar;
53. forsake abandonar;
54. freeze gelar, congelar;
55. get adquirir, obter, conseguir, ganhar, pegar, chegar, tornar
(esses so os significados mais comuns);
56. gild dourar;
57. give dar, conceder;
58. go ir;
59. grave gravar (em placa de metal, etc.);
60. grow crescer;
61. guess pensar, fazer uma idia, deduzir;
62. hang pendurar, suspender, enforcar;
63. have ter, possuir;
64. hate odiar;
65. hear ouvir;
66. hide esconder;
67. hit ferir, abater, bater, chocar-se;
68. hold segurar, manter;
69. hurt ferir, magoar, machucar, doer;
70. keep manter, preservar, segurar, conservar, guardar;
71. kneel ajoelhar;
72. knit fazer croch;
73. know saber;
74. laugh rir, gargalhar;
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75. lay pr, colocar;


76. lead conduzir, liderar, guiar;
77. lean inclinar, apoiar-se;
78. leap saltar;
79. leave deixar, partir, sair;
80. lend emprestar;
81. let deixar, permitir;
82. lie jazer, deitar;
83. lie mentir;
84. light acender, iluminar;
85. listen- escutar;
86. load carregar, transportar;
87. look olhar;
88. lose perder;
89. love amar, adorar;
90. make fazer, produzir;
91. mean significar, querer dizer;
92. meet encontrar, ir a um encontro, conhecer (algum ou algo) no
primeiro encontro;
93. mistake errar, enganar-se;
94. mow ceifar;
95. need precisar, necessitar;
96. open abrir;
97. owe dever, ter dvida;
98. paint pintar;
99. pay pagar;
100. pick pegar, suspender;
101. play tocar (instrumento musical, ou aparelho musical), brincar,
atuar (no teatro);
102. print imprimir;
103. put colocar, pr;
104. quit parar, cessar, desistir;
105. read ler;
106. remember lembrar-se
107. ride cavalgar, andar de motocicleta, etc.;
108. ring tocar campainha, sino, telefonar;
109. rise levantar-se;
110. run correr;
111. saw serrar;
112. say dizer;
113. search buscar, procurar;
114. see ver;
115. seek procurar;
116. sell vender;
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117.
118.
119.
120.
121.
122.
123.
124.
125.
126.
127.
128.
129.
130.
131.
132.
133.
134.
135.
136.
137.
138.
139.
140.
141.
142.
143.
144.
145.
146.
147.
148.
149.
150.
151.
152.
153.
154.
155.
156.
157.
158.
159.
160.

send enviar;
set pr, colocar;
sew costurar;
shake sacudir, mexer, abalar;
shape - dar forma, formar, modelar;
shave barbear-se;
shine brilhar;
shoot atirar (com arma);
show mostrar, demonstrar;
shrink encolher, contrair-se;
shut trancar, fechar;
sing cantar;
sink afundar;
sit sentar;
slay matar;
sleep - dormir;
slide - deslizar;
smell cheirar;
smile sorrir;
snow nevar;
sow semear;
speak falar;
speed acelerar;
spend gastar;
spill espalhar, espirrar (gua ou algum lquido) ;
spin girar, entranar;
spit cuspir;
split rachar, dividir, separar;
spread distribuir, espalhar, alastrar, estender;
spring florescer, saltar;
stand permanecer, ficar de p, tolerar, aguentar;
stay ficar, hospedar-se;
steal roubar;
stick cravar, grudar, fixar;
sting picar, espetar;
stink feder, cheirar mal;
stride dar passos largos;
strike bater, matar, ferir, fazer greve;
strive esforar-se;
study estudar;
swear jurar, xingar;
sweat suar, transpirar;
sweep - varrer;
swim nadar;
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161.
162.
163.
164.
165.
166.
167.
168.
169.
170.
171.
172.
173.
174.
175.
176.
177.
178.
179.
180.
181.
182.
183.
184.
185.
186.
187.
188.
189.
190.
191.
192.
193.

swing balanar;
take tomar, pegar, apanhar;
talk conversar;
taste experimentar com o paladar, saborear;
teach ensinar;
tear rasgar;
telephone telefonar;
tell dizer, contar;
think pensar;
thrive prosperar;
throw arremessar, lanar;
thrust empurrar;
touch tocar, encostar;
travel viajar;
tread pisar;
trust confiar;
turn tornar, virar;
type digitar;
understand- entender, compreender;
wake acordar;
watch assistir (TV, ou uma apresentao), observar;
want querer;
wash lavar;
wear vestir, usar;
weave tecer;
wed casar-se;
weep chorar;
wet molhar;
wither murchar;
win vencer, ganhar;
wind girar, serpentear;
work trabalhar;
write escrever.
Dialogue Hobbies Telephone Conversation:

1. Michael: Hello! Michael speaking.


Maikou: hlou maikou spi:kin
Michael: Al! Michael falando.
2. Sandra: oh, hi, Michael, its Sandra!
Sandra: , hai, ............, ..... ............
Sandra: , oi, Michael, a Sandra!
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3. M.: Sandra, how nice to hear your voice!


M.: Sandra, hou nais tu: hia:r iu:r vis
M.: Sandra, que bom ouvir sua voz!
4. S.: Thanks, Michael! Likewise!
S.: ..........., ............ laikuaiz
S.: Obrigado, Michael! Digo o mesmo!
5. M. So, would you like to go somewhere tonight?
M.: Sou, u:ldiu: laik tu: gou: smua:r tu:nait
M.: Ento, voc gostaria de ir para algum lugar hoje noite?
6. S.: No, Michael, Im sorry, I cant. I am studying for the test
today.
S.: Nou, .........., ...... sri, .... ........ . ....... stdin f:r dh tst
tu:dei
S.: No, Michael, eu sinto muito, no posso. Estou estudando
para o teste hoje.
7. M.: Mmm, what a pity! What about Saturday?
M.: Mmm, ut a piti urbau:t sat:dei
M.: Mmm, que pena! E quanto a sbado?
8. S.: I dont know, I think I go to the gym. Perhaps we could meet
and go for a walk on the park.
S.: ai dont nou, ai think ai gou tu: dh djim. P:rhaps ui: ku:ld
mi:t end gou f:r a uo:lk on dh pa:rk.
S.: Eu no sei, eu acho que vou para a academia. Talvez ns
possamos nos encontrar e ir dar uma volta no parque.
9. M.: Well, we could do better: how about travelling to the beach?
There we can do many things.
M.: ul, ui: ku:lddu: bt:r hau baut travelin to dh bi:tch
dha:r ui: kan du: meni dhins.
M.: Bem, ns podamos fazer melhor: que tal viajarmos para a
praia? L podemos fazer muitas coisas.
10. S.: Ill think about it. Let me know if you have any other idea,
right?
S.: au think abutit. Lt mi: nou if iu: haveni dhar aidia,
rait
S.: Eu vou pensar sobre isso. Informe-me se tiver qualquer
outra idia, certo?

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11. M.: Ok, Sandra, I will! Thanks anyway!


M.: oukei, sandra, ai ui:l thanks eniuei
M.: Ok, Sandra, eu o farei! Obrigado mesmo assim!
12. S.: Thank you too, Michael! Bye!
S.: ................ tu: ............. bai
S.: Obrigado voc, Michael! Tchau!
13. M.: See you then!
M.: si: iu: dhen.
M.: At mais!
Observations:
1.

Likewise significa o mesmo a voc, uma expresso idiomtica;

2.

Would o verbo auxiliar do futuro do pretrito, ou seja, o passado


do will. Se voc disser I will study significar eu estudarei; se voc
disser I would study significar eu estudaria. As abreviaes so
Id, e Ill. Voc ter mais detalhes em breve, nas aulas futuras;

3.

See you then, significa te vejo ento serve para despedidas. Voc
tambm pode usar:
See you tomorrow vejo voc amanh, at amanh;
See you later vejo voc mais tarde, at mais tarde;
See you next week at a semana que vem;
Till/Until tomorrow at amanh ( menos comum, mas tambm
se usa);
See you/ya at mais!

4.

Pronncia: voc deve ter percebido que em alguns trechos comeam a


aparecer palavras cujas pronncias ocorrem juntas, como se fossem
uma s palavra: quando uma palavra terminar com consoante e a
seguinte iniciar com vogal, ocorre o que denominamos Linking, ou
quando a primeira acabar em vogal e a seguinte iniciar com
consoante. Por exemplo: What about you - /utbau:tiu/ ou
/urabu:riu/ - a segunda a pronncia americana; e a primeira,
britnica.
A partir de agora, fique mais ATENTO (A) a isso, j que j est ciente
disso agora. Isso tambm vai te ajudar a entender o que OUVE nos
filmes e em msica. Alis, voc tem treinado muito com suas
msicas? Pois, continue oua e cante, e leia junto, ao menos uma
msica especificamente por semana, para que seja bem trabalhada,
ok?

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Patterns:
Revision of Patterns: Comparison between be
and other verbs in the Present Simple Tense.
A Conjugao verbal do verbo be difere da dos demais verbos. Voc j
viu uma e outra, mas bom compararmos para que o contraste nos
seja til.
Verb be:
1.

Para a primeira pessoa do singular I.


Affirmative: I am a teacher.
Negative: I am not a basketball player.
Interrogative: Am I a doctor?

2.

Para as pessoas: you, we, they.


Aff.: You are a student.
Neg.: We are not engineers.
Int.: Are they intelligent?

3.

Para as terceiras do singular: he, she, it.


Aff. He is a psychologist.
Neg.: She is not a nurse.
Int.: Is it a pencil?

A common verb: play.


1.

Para as pessoas: I, we, you, they.


Affirmative: I play football.
Negative: You dont play rugby.
Interrogative: Do they play handball?

2.

Para as terceiras do singular: he, she, it.


Aff.: He plays guitar.
Neg.: She doesnt play chess.
Int.: Does it play the game automatically?

No verbo be, o auxiliar o prprio be (nas suas trs formas am, is e


are); para os demais verbos, no presente simples o do (para I, you,
we, they), e does (para he, she, it) na maioria dos verbos, porm, voc
s os usa na negativa e interrogativa.

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Exercise 1:
A. Correct the sentences below:
1. Peter go to school and talk to his friends.
Peter goes to school and talks to his friends.
2. John watchs TV everyday.
_________________________________________________________
3. Maria like juice with pizza while she see her favourite films on TV.
_________________________________________________________
4. Joanne play the piano very well.
_________________________________________________________
5. George read his book to be ready for the test.
_________________________________________________________
6. Elaine swim a lot when she travel to the beach on holiday.
_________________________________________________________
7. Roger give some lessons to us!
_________________________________________________________
8. The lessons is easy.
_________________________________________________________
9. Mr. Kawasaki are a good writer.
_________________________________________________________
10. Rachel dance on the rain, because she practise to the presentation
on the theatre.
_________________________________________________________
11. Beatrice are a very good student and always get good marks on the
tests!
_________________________________________________________
12. Paul cook very well he love cooking.
_________________________________________________________
13. Barack Obama wantes something.
_________________________________________________________
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14. The President do her role; some people like, others doesnt.
_________________________________________________________
15. My favourite kind of music are RocknRoll.
_________________________________________________________
16. I am work at that company. I am study at the University after work.
_________________________________________________________
17. We meets our friends once a month.
_________________________________________________________
18. They dances samba.
_________________________________________________________
19. I am loves studying Mathematics.
_________________________________________________________
20. She see the sun and smile!
_________________________________________________________
B. Turn these 20 sentences above into negative and interrogative forms.
Negative:
1. .................................................................................................
2. .................................................................................................
3. .................................................................................................
4. .................................................................................................
5. .................................................................................................
6. .................................................................................................
7. .................................................................................................
8. .................................................................................................
9. .................................................................................................
10. ...............................................................................................
11. ...............................................................................................
12. ...............................................................................................
13. ...............................................................................................
14. ...............................................................................................
15. ...............................................................................................
16. ...............................................................................................
17. ...............................................................................................
18. ...............................................................................................
19. ...............................................................................................
20. ...............................................................................................
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Interrogative:
1. .................................................................................................
2. .................................................................................................
3. .................................................................................................
4. .................................................................................................
5. .................................................................................................
6. .................................................................................................
7. .................................................................................................
8. .................................................................................................
9. .................................................................................................
10. ...............................................................................................
11. ...............................................................................................
12. ...............................................................................................
13. ...............................................................................................
14. ...............................................................................................
15. ...............................................................................................
16. ...............................................................................................
17. ...............................................................................................
18. ...............................................................................................
19. ...............................................................................................
20. ...............................................................................................

Exercise 2: Work in Pairs ask and answer the 20 questions above


about yourself.
Example: 1. Do you go to school and talk to your friends?

End of Lesson Seven.


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Lesson Eight!
In this Lesson
Text: My Routine Reading and Writing
Conversation with Peter Paint
Exercises
Text: My Routine
Read the text below:
Hi, my name is Peter Paint, I am talking to you, Student, and Id like to
say that I love studying English, especially when I am listening to music
at home. Let me tell you about me a little.
Well, to start, Id like to tell you about my family: I live in Wonderland,
a fantastic place to live! I love it! I live with my father, my mother and
my little sister. I am young, I study in a good school, I go there in the
mornings. My Mum prepares my breakfast, and then I eat a fruit and
drink some milk while she washes the dishes.
After that, my mother tells me to brush my teeth, because I always
forget it! Well, after some minutes, I get ready for school, put on my
uniform, and I wait for the school bus to take me to study.
The bus arrives, I get on the bus and I go... I arrive at the school, say
hello to my friends, and I attend classes from 7 a.m. to 12 p.m. I return
home, eat my lunch, so I can relax watching TV. I love cartoons, they
are really nice! Especially Super Heroes!
I sleep a little in the afternoons. At about 6 p.m., I take a shower then I
play with my little sister. Shes nine. We have dinner at about 8.30
p.m., then my father and mother talk to us, because they love us, they
love to listen to us, and to tell us some stories from their past. It is
really important, I think. Sometimes, it is not possible, but thats ok!
Well, then I finally go to bed! I sleep from 10.30 p.m. to 6 a.m., and...
everything starts again!
At the weekends, we always go somewhere, like the cinema, the theatre
or to the park.
I love my family! For my future I want to be a storyteller, you know, to
tell stories to a lot of people! Maybe I will write some books!
Now, I like listening too! Tell me about you, My New Friend. How is your
life?

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Exercise 1:
a. Releia o texto e sublinhe todas as palavras novas, depois as consulte
num bom dicionrio;
b. Leia-o mais uma vez, ou quantas julgar necessrias, at que
compreenda o assunto central, sobre o que est Peter Paint falando
JAMAIS TRADUZA! Pense em Ingls, ou nunca vai adquirir domnio
sobre a Lngua Inglesa;
c. Leia em voz alta mais uma vez para treinar a fala, a pronncia;
d. Treino de velocidade (fluncia): leia trs vezes seguidas rapidamente
para melhorar sua leitura ao MXIMO. O objetivo obter
naturalidade, uma leitura que flua com espontaneidade.
Exercise 2.
Escreva um texto seguindo o do Peter Paint como modelo, relatando
sobre sua rotina. Para facilitar seu trabalho, voc pode usar as questes
abaixo para aos poucos construir seu texto.
Lembre-se de que quanto mais servir-se da Lngua Portuguesa para
pensar em Ingls, mais difcil estar tornando sua aquisio do Domnio
da lngua estrangeira. Assim, responda as questes abaixo como se
estivesse mesmo de frente para Peter Paint, conversando com ele,
responda em Ingls apenas oralmente, primeiro. Responda as questes
pela segunda vez como se conversasse mesmo com algum, ou melhor,
com o Peter!
Caso ache difcil falar sozinho, procure um colega para praticar com
voc, de preferncia algum que saiba mais do que voc.
Quando j tiver praticado mesmo bastante oralmente, ento se sente
para elaborar o seu texto EM INGLS! No o faa JAMAIS em Portugus
para depois traduzir, isso compromete o seu ganho! Voc prefere
ganhar mais ou menos? Ento, acredite em mim, ok?
Pense no Peter, na sua histria acima e.... Ele simplesmente aparece na
sua frente agora tchaaam!
Agora com vocs!
Boa conversa!
Good conversation!

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Hello, my friend, Its me, Peter! So, please, tell me about you:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.

What is your name, please?


Are you Brazilian?
In which State do you live?
How old are you?
Tell me about your family, please.
Do you have brothers or sisters?
Do you have children?
Are you single or married?
How old is your mother?
How about your father?
And your sisters and brothers?
What do you do? Whats your occupation?
Do you like your work or school?
Do you study, or want to study in the future?
What time do you usually wake up?
What time do you usually get up?
I eat a lot in the mornings, and you?
What is your favourite hobby?
How many hours per day do you work or study?
Do you watch TV?
I love cartoon, do you like it? What type is your favourite?
Do you have friends?
Which part of the day do you like the most? I love the school time,
in the mornings its really good to play with my classmates there!
I love Mathematics, how about you? What is your favourite subject?
Do you wear a uniform to go to school or work?
What do you do in the mornings, afternoons and evenings?
At what time do you usually take your shower?
What do you eat for breakfast? And for lunch and dinner?
Do you have a pet?
How is your weekend, what do you do on Saturdays and Sundays?
What do you like the most about your routine?
Are you appreciating your English Studies?
Well, it is good to make new friends, Dear New Friend! Anything
else to comment?
Remember, I am Peter! See you then! It was nice to meet you!
Have a nice day!

Hi, my name is...


_____
Agora para e pense um pouquinho.
J se passaram oito lies, no mesmo?
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Tem sido importante a voc? Tem gostado? Espero que sim. Voc j se
deu conta do quanto j aprendeu at o momento e de quanto j
reforou o que j sabia, ou precisava relembrar com mais clareza e
segurana? Tem se sentido seguro para se comunicar um pouquinho
agora? Se realmente algum vier bater um papo como o acima, uma
conversa de amigos, informal, sobre rotinas, voc conseguiria se
comunicar bem, ou razoavelmente, por cerca de uns quinze minutos?
Dez, talvez?
O mais importante no falar certo, mas SIM falar, se comunicar!
Muitos nativos, ingleses e americanos, qualquer um, enfim, cometem
inmeros erros em sua lngua (conjugam verbos erroneamente, erram
um detalhe ou outro sempre, usam preposio nem sempre da melhor
forma, etc.). Um exemplo: no aprendemos a usar o does para he,
she, it? Pois , muitos nativos simplesmente dizem no dia-a-dia she
dont like it! O correto no isso, mas tem nativo que fala isso sim!
Comunique-se, isso sim importante! Esse o meu objetivo at o
momento: que voc consiga bater aquele papo acima razoavelmente
com segurana com qualquer pessoa. Veja-se numa cena dessas,
consegue?
O segundo objetivo que voc tenha adquirido conhecimento suficiente
para saber como construir oraes, e saber se expressar cada vez
melhor na Lngua Inglesa. Nisso est a importncia das estruturas da
lngua, que voc aprendeu e est aprendendo nos Patterns, o que
certamente facilita muito sua aquisio e domnio na prtica. Assim que
se adquire gramtica: num contexto enquanto se aplica tais estruturas.
Com essa prtica constante, tudo vai rpido demais, contanto que voc
o faa num bom ritmo, at sentir que de fato domina completamente
cada estrutura, cada modelo.

Congratulations!
Just go on!

End of Lesson Eight.

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Lesson Nine
In this lesson:
Vocabulary: Days of the Week, Ordinal Numbers, Planets, Months of the
year, Seasons
Text: John, Suzanne, Gabriel and Olga Comprehension Exercises
Grammar Pattern 8 Present Continuous
Exercises
Conversation - Questionnaire
______
Vocabulary:
Days of the week:
Dias da semana:
Monday Segunda-feira;
mndei
Tuesday Tera-feira;
tiusdei
Wednesday Quarta-feira;
uensdei
Thursday Quinta-feira;
th:rsdei
Friday Sexta-feira;
fraidei
Saturday Sbado;
Sat:rdei
Sunday Domingo.
sandei
Corresponding Planets:
Earth Terra;
Uranus Urano;
Neptune Netuno;
Pluto Pluto.
Moon Lua Monday;
Mars Marte Tera;
Mercury Mercrio Quarta-feira;
Jupiter Jpiter Quinta;
Venus Vnus Sexta;
Saturn Saturno Sbado;
Sun Sol Domingo.
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Months of the Year:


January;
February;
March;
April;
May;
June;
July;
August;
September;
October;
November;
December.
Seasons:
Summer Vero;
Autumn (Fall) Outono;
Winter Inverno;
Spring Primavera.
Ordinal Numbers:
1st first;
2nd second;
3rd third;
4th fourth;
5th fifth;
6th sixth;
7th seventh;
8th eighth;
9th ninth;
10th tenth;
11th eleventh;
12th twelfth;
13th thirteenth;
14th fourteenth;
15th fifteenth;
16th sixteenth;
17th seventeenth;
18th eighteenth;
19th nineteenth;
20th twentieth;
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21st twenty-first;
22nd twenty-second;
23rd twenty-third;
24th twenty-fourth;
25th twenty-fifth;
...
30th thirtieth;
31st thirty-first;
32nd thirty-second;
33rd thirty-third;
...
40th fortieth;
41st forty-first;
...
50th fiftieth;
51st fifty-first;
...
60th sixtieth;
70th seventieth;
80th eightieth;
90th ninetieth;
100th a (one) hundredth;
200th two hundredth;
1,000th a thousandth;
2,000th two thousandth;
1,000,000th a millionth;
1,000,000,000th a billionth.
______
Read the text below: John, Suzanne, Gabriel and Olga.
1. John works hard. He is a teacher. He gives six classes every day.
Right now, he is planning his next classes. He is also correcting
some exercises from his students. He loves that! He likes going to
the school and meeting his friends too. He is going to Bahia on his
vacation, but now he is thinking about the good marks his
students are getting in a text, some are not so good, though.
2. Suzanne also works hard. She is a lawyer. She helps her clients,
goes to the court, talks to the judge, and right now she is helping
her secretary with some documents. She is looking at a computer
website to find some information about a new regulation in the
Brazilian Law. She is married and has two kids: a boy and a girl.
She loves them! She is travelling to Fortaleza on her next
vacation, but now she is thinking about a case.
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3. Gabriel is a tennis player. He is a professional athlete and he is


always travelling to participate in tournaments. Right now, he is in
a tennis court playing at his best! He is from England, but he is
having a game in France. He is really concentrated, so he can do
his best performance. He sometimes wins, and sometimes he
loses. He`s got some gold medals in his collection. This
Tournament is being good for him he is probably going to be
champion again! The first place is difficult to get, perhaps he gets
the second, perhaps the third place who knows? After the game,
he is driving to a restaurant with some friends. He loves his
friends! His family is going too.
4. Olga is a nurse. She treats her patients at California Hospital. She
works hard, too. She helps her patients, she puts some bandages
on the wounds, measures the temperature, gives them pills,
remedies, and she gives much love to each one! Everybody
considers her a great friend, too, not a simple nurse, but also a
good friend. She is from Denmark, but she is living in the USA
right now. She is studying for her Master Degree, and she wants
to teach at the University, too. She is single, but she has a
boyfriend, Doctor James. They love each other and they are
getting married in the future, but now they are thinking about
their career.
Comprehension exercises:
Answer the following questions with complete sentences:
Text 1:
1. What is Johns job?
2. Does he work a lot?
3. How many classes does he give everyday?
4. What is he doing right now?
5. What else is he doing?
6. Does he like his job?
7. What else does he like doing?
8. Where is he going to on his next vacation?
9. What is he thinking about at this moment?
10. Are all his students getting good marks?

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Text 2:
1. What is Suzannes occupation?
2. Does she work just a little?
3. What are some things she usually does?
4. What is she doing right now?
5. What more is she doing?
6. Why is she looking at a website?
7. Is she married?
8. How many children does she have?
9. Where is she going on her next vacation?
10. What is she thinking about now?
Text 3:
1. Is Gabriel a professional tennis player or an amateur?
2. Is he always travelling? Why?
3. What is he doing right now?
4. Where is he from? Is he in his country now?
5. What does he do to get his best performance?
6. Does he always win?
7. Is he going to win this tournament?
8. Does he have a collection?
9. What is he doing after the game?
10. How about his family?
Text 4:
1. What is Olgas occupation?
2. Where does she work?
3. Why isnt she just a simple nurse?
4. Is she a good friend? Why?
5. Whats her nationality?
6. Where is she living now?
7. Is she studying? What?
8. What does she want for her future?
9. Is she married?
10. What is she thinking about now?

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Pattern Eight Present Continuous

Form: Pr. + be + V. ing


Example: I am studying.
Meaning: Eu estou estudando.
Use: usa-se o Present Continuous (ou Present Progressive) para
expressar uma ao em progresso, em continuidade.

Pr (Pronoun) = I;
Be = am;
V. ing = Studying.
Variaes: As conjugaes para todas as trs pessoas do singular e do
plural so as mesmas que para o verbo to be:
I am
You are
He is
She is
It is
We are
You are
They are

studying.

Negative form:
Assim como no verbo to be: I am studying I am not studying, etc.
Interrogative form:
Idem ao verbo to be: She is dancing Is she dancing?
Exercise: Conversation
A. Questionnaire:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

What are you doing right now?


Are you going to school tomorrow?
Is your father or mother working today?
Is your wife or husband playing sports at this weekend?
Are you going to the cinema this Sunday?
Are we studying Italian?
Is the telephone ringing?
Are you listening to classical music when studying English?
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9. Which book are you reading at the moment?


10. Are you having dinner out today? Why? Why not?
11. Where are you going tonight?
12. What are you doing today?
13. Where are you going tomorrow morning?
14. What is your sister or brother doing on Saturday evening?
15. What is your mother cooking on December, 24th?
16. What are you drinking at midnight on December, 31st?
B. Dialogue:
Complete the dialogue with the correct form of the verbs in brackets in
the present continuous tense:
Paul: Hey, Suzanne, how are you?
Suzanne: Hi, Paul, Im fine. I .......................... (go) to the cinema.
Would you like to go?
Paul: Sure, it is a good idea! Which films are they ....................(show)
today?
Suzanne: Ah, I dont know exactly. There are some choices there. I like
love stories. They ............................(say) there is a good one today.
Paul: Great! Are we...............................(eat) popcorn there? I love it!
Suzanne: Well, how about if we ........................ (drive) to a new
restaurant after that?
Paul: Thats ok! I .................................................. (pick up you) at
your home at 7pm, okay?
Suzanne: Good, Paul! See you later, then! Bye!
Paul: Bye!

End of Lesson Nine.

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Lesson Ten
In this Lesson:
The English Alphabet
Wh-questions
Family
Text: My Family
Grammar Pattern 9: Personal Pronouns, Possessive
Possessive Pronouns, Object Pronouns, Reflexive Pronouns.
Exercises + Conversations.

Adjectives,

Vocabulary:
The Alphabet
A ei
B bi
C si
D di
Ei
F f
G dji
H eidj
I ai
J djei
K kei
L l
M m
N n
O ou
P pi
Q kiu
R a:r
S s
T ti
U iu
V vi
W dbliu
X ks
Y uai
Z zi (ou tambm zd).

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Short Exercise:
Spell you name: Soletre seu nome: ...
Spell my name:
How do you spell elephant?
How do you spell entrepreneur?
How do you spell your fathers name?
And your mothers name?
And your childrens names?
Whquestions:
What o que/ qual
Which o que/ qual
When quando
Where onde
To where para onde
Why por qu
Who quem
Whom quem (quando se refere ao objeto direto/ indireto)
Whose cujo, de quem
How como
How old are you? (quo velho voc?) Qual sua idade?
How tall are you? Qual sua altura?
How many quantos, quantas (sempre com substantivos no plural)
How much quanto, quanta (sempre com substantivos no singular).
Short exercise:
1. What is your name?
2. Which do you prefer: red or blue?
3. Whose pen is that?
4. How are you?
5. How old are you?
6. How tall are you?
7. How much water do you drink per day?
8. How many glasses of water do you drink per day?
9. Where do you live?
10. Where are you going to at 9 am tomorrow?
11. When do you usually travel?
12. Who is your best friend?
13. Whom does he/she live with?
14. Why do you study English?

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Family:
Parents pais
Relatives parentes
Mother me
Father pai
Brother irmo
Sister irm
Cousin primo, prima
Wife esposa
Husband- marido
Grandmother av
Grandfather av
Son filho
Daughter filha
Children, kids filhos
Granddaughter neta
Grandson neto
Nephew sobrinho
Niece sobrinha
Mother-in-law sogra
Father-in-law sogro
Brother-in-law cunhado
Sister-in-law cunhada
Son-in-law genro
Daughter-in-law nora
Stepfather padrasto
Stepmother madrasta
Stepson enteado
Stepdaughter enteada
Stepbrother o filho de minha madrasta/ de meu padrasto
Stepsister a filha de minha madrasta/ de meu padrasto
Half-brother meio-irmo
Half-sister meio-irm.

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Short exercise: Tell me about your family:


1. Do you have any brothers or sisters? How many?
2. What are your parents names?
3. Do you have children?
4. Do you want to have children?
5. What are your cousins names?
6. How old are your grandparents?
7. How about your grandchildren?
8. Have you got any brother-in-law or sister-in-law? How many?
9. Have you got a father-in-law and a mother-in-law?
10. What are their names?
Text:
Exercise 1. Read the text below:
My Family
Let me tell you a little about my family. My father is a lawyer, he is 70,
he loves his job. My mother was a psychologist, she died last year and
she loved her job, too. I have got three sisters, Solange, Andrea and
Patricia. Solange is 46, she is a teacher, just like me, but she teaches
children. She is married and has got three children: Giulliana, Giovanni,
and Sabrina.
Andrea is 42, she is a lawyer, just like my father. She is married and
has got a daughter, Gabriella. Patricia is a teacher too, just like my older
sister Solange, that is, she teaches children too. She is married and has
got three daughters, my lovely nieces Jssica, Rebecca and Vernicca.
So, I have got six nieces and a nephew. It is a big family, when they are
all together, the noise is great too! And I love them all!
Well, now about me: I am married and I live with my wife, Giane. My
parents are divorced. My father got married again and lives in another
city. I have got a stepmother, and she has got a son and a daughter, so
they are my stepbrother and my stepsister.
Now, how about you? Tell me about your family.

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Exercise:
Write a text similar to the above telling about your family.
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
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Pattern Nine: Pronouns


1. Personal Pronouns
I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They
Examples: I love pizza, She studies hard.
2. Possessive Adjectives
My
Your
His
Her
Its
Our
Your
Their
Examples: My car is blue, her book is yellow.
3. Possessive Pronouns
Mine
Yours
His
Hers
Its
Ours
Yours
Theirs
Examples: Mine is interesting, that car is mine; hers is yellow, that book
is hers.
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4. Object Pronouns
Me
You
Him
Her
It
Us
You
Them
Examples: Give me my book, give her a present; look at me, look at
him; talk to them; tell us a good story.
5. Reflexive Pronouns
Myself
Yourself
Himself
Herself
Itself
Ourselves
Yourselves
Themselves
Examples: She looks at herself at the mirror; she does her work by
herself; We write the exercises ourselves; They play the piano by
themselves; I listen to myself on the radio.
Exercise 1: Look back at the text My Family and take notes of the:
Personal pronouns, possessive adjectives, possessive pronouns, object
pronouns and reflexive pronouns.
Exercise 2 Write
Three sentences
Three sentences
Three sentences
Three sentences
Three sentences

about your family:


with personal pronouns;
with possessive adjectives;
with possessive pronouns;
with object pronouns;
with reflexive pronouns.

End of Lesson 10
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Lesson Eleven
In This Lesson
Vocabulary: Time Expressions
Telling Time
Greetings and Leavetakings
Grammar Pattern 10: Prepositions
Text: Where Things Are
Exercises
Vocabulary:
Divisions of time:
Today hoje
Tonight esta noite, hoje noite;
This morning esta manh, hoje de manh
This afternoon esta tarde, hoje tarde
Late tarde (atrasado)
Early cedo (adiantado)
Last - ltimo, passado
Yesterday ontem
Yesterday afternoon ontem tarde
Last night ontem noite
Last week semana passada
Last weekend fim de semana passado
Last month ltimo ms, ms passado
Last Summer Vero passado
Last year ano passado
Next decade na prxima dcada
Next January no prximo ms de Janeiro
Last century sculo passado
Next millennium prximo milnio
The day after tomorrow depois de amanh
The day before yesterday anteontem
Telling the time
(Dizendo as horas)
What time is it? Ou: What is the time? Que horas so?
a.m. ante meridiem
p.m. post meridiem
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half meia (trinta minutos)


a quarter um quarto (quinze minutos)
to, until, till para
past passados (minutos passados)
after aps (minutos aps)
oclock em ponto (para horas exatas)
sharp/ on the dot em ponto.
Midday meio-dia.
Noon meio-dia.
Midnight meia-noite.
Dawn madrugada, amanhecer.
Twilight Crepsculo.
Sunrise nascer do Sol.
Sunset pr do Sol.
Hour horas.
Minute minuto.
Second segundo.
Fraction of second frao de segundo.
Day dia.
Week semana.
Fortnight quinzena.
Month ms.
Semester semestre.
Year ano.
Decade dcada.
Century sculo.
Millennium milnio.
Era era
Age era, idade.
Examples:
7.00 am Its seven a.m.; its seven oclock in the morning.
7.05 am Its seven oh five (oh, que se pronuncia /ou/, equivale ao
zero); its five past seven in the morning.
7.10 am Its seven-ten, Its ten after seven (no Ingls americano
usa-se after).
7.15 am Its seven-fifteen; Its a quarter past seven.
7.30 am Its seven-thirty; Its half past seven.
7.45 am Its seven-forty-five; Its fifteen to eight.
7.50 am Its seven-fifty; Its ten till eight.
11.59 am Its eleven-fifty-nine in the morning.
12.00 pm Its twelve pm, Its noon, Its midday.
12.00 am Its midnight, its twelve a.m.
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Greetings and leave-takings:


(Cumprimentos e despedidas)
Hi Oi, Ol
Hello ol, al
Good morning bom dia
Good afternoon boa tarde
Good evening boa noite (ao chegar)
Good night boa noite (ao sair)
Bye tchau
Goodbye adeus, tchau.
Farewell adeus.
So long adeus.
Expressions:
Thanks obrigado.
Thanks a lot muito obrigado.
Thank you obrigado
Thank you very much muito (muitssimo obrigado)
Im sorry desculpa-me, sinto muito.
Sorry desculpa-me, sinto muito.
Excuse me com licena.
Please por favor, por gentileza.
Yes, please! sim, por favor.
No, thanks! No, obrigado.
Pardon!/ I beg your pardon!/ Pardon me! Como? O que disse? (pode
repetir, no entendi!).
Welcome de nada!
You are welcome de nada!
Dont mention it! de nada!
Anytime! de nada!
Dont worry de nada!
Never mind! de nada!
Not at all! de nada!
Nothing at all! de nada!
Forget it! de nada!
Ok!/ Its ok! de nada!

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Exercise 1 Read the text: Where things are.


He is at the door, looking at his girlfriend. Patricia is a very nice girl, she
is 23. Shes standing in front of the painting, which is on the wall,
appreciating that art. Her sister is inside the room, beside her older
brother Allan. Allan is on the sofa. The TV is among many objects. All
the objects are around the TV. If you look carefully, you can see a little
ball behind the desk, and under the table there is a cat sleeping quietly.
Over the dinner table there is a beautiful lamp. You can see some
flowers on the right side of the piano, and a vase on the left side.
There is beautiful tapestry far from the central room, and close to the
armchair there is an old machine. Next to the machine there is an old
magazine.
Now let me tell you about interesting ways to move around. First, you
go to the central room, and there youll see good art objects, besides
the beautiful tapestry, too. Then, turn left to go to the side room, where
you observe the piano from that old epoch. It is made of wood, probably
from Ireland. I have to buy one for me, because I loved that! While you
look through the window, you will smell the perfume of good flowers and
plants from that charming garden over there. It is just fantastic!
Pattern Ten
Prepositions
1. In em, dentro
2. Out - fora
3. On em, em contato, sobre
4. Off desconectado, desconectando, sem contato (contrrio a on)
5. At em (indicando proximidade ou local especfico ou aproximado)
6. Around ao redor, em volta
7. Through - atravs
8. Beside ao lado de
9. Amidst entre (mais do que trs coisas ou pessoas)
10. Among idem ao 9
11. Amongst idem ao 9
12. Between entre (para apenas duas coisas ou objetos, ou pessoas)
13. Over sobre, acima (sem contato)
14. Under abaixo, embaixo
15. Below - abaixo
16. Above - acima
17. From de (indicando origem, fonte)
18. Far from longe de
19. In front of na frente de
20. Opposite em frente de
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21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.

Behind - atrs
Inside dentro, lado de dentro
Outside fora, lado de fora
Of de (relao)
For para, de (preposio que no indica movimento)
To para (preposio que indica movimento)
Near - prximo
Next to prximo a
Close to prximo a
About sobre, a respeito de,
By por, ao lado de
Besides alm de
With com
Without sem.

Exercise 2: underline all the prepositions in the text above.


Exercise 3: complete with the best preposition:
1. The teachers and the students are ..................... the class.
2. The story is ......... this newspaper.
3. The girl is .................Moscow, she is Russian.
4. The computer is imported .................... Japan.
5. The book is ......... the table.
6. The table is ......... the living room.
7. The living room is ........... the house.
8. The house is ........... my district.
9. I live ...... New York City.
10. My birthday is ............ January.
11. My birthday is ............ January, 31st.
12. I travel ........ the weekend.
13. I go ........ your house ........ 8 oclock.
14. I work ........... Monday ............... Friday.
15. I study ............ 7 am ............. noon.
16. The Post Office is ........... number 37, ............ Ibirapuera
Avenue, .. So Paulo City.
17. The snack bar is ................... here, and the restaurant is
.............. to this place, just five minutes by car.
18. That tall building is ............. my house I can see the entrance
.......... my balcony.
19. Number two is .............. number one and number three.
20. The pencil is ............. those twelve pens.

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Exercise 4: Write a text describing your house or a beautiful place to


visit. (descreva sua casa ou um local bonito para se visitar conforme
texto do modelo acima).
_________________________________________________________
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_________________________________________________________
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_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
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_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
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Exercise 5: Conversation Practise the prepositions.


Answer the questions below:
1. Where do you live?
2. Where is your living room?
3. Where is the toilet?
4. Where is the sofa?
5. Where is the most beautiful painting?
6. Is there a plant in your house?
7. Where do you keep your books?
8. Where is the dog?
9. Where do you study/ work?
10.
What time do you go to work?
11.
When do you study/ work?
12.
What do you like to talk about?
13.
Who do you live with?
14.
Why do you study English?
15.
What do you study English for?
16.
When were you born?
17.
When is your birthday?
18.
When do you go to school/ college/ university?
19.
Tell me about your routine using some prepositions.
20.
Tell me about the objects in your house, using the
prepositions. Where are the things in your living room, kitchen,
bedroom, etc.?

End of Lesson Eleven.

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Lesson Twelve
In This Lesson
Vocabulary The Weather, Clothes, Material
Dialogue: An Arrangement
Grammar Pattern 11: Past Verb be, Regular Verbs, Irregular Verbs
Exercises
Vocabulary:
The Weather:
O tempo, o clima:
Cloudy nublado;
Foggy nevoento;
Rainy chuvoso;
Sunny ensolarado;
Drizzling chuvoso;
Pouring chuvoso (chuva pesada);
Hot quente
Warm quente
Cold frio
Clothes:
Roupas:
Cloth pano, roupa
Shoes sapatos
Tennis shoes tnis
Tennis tnis
Sneakers (am.) tnis
Sandals- sandlias
Flip flop chinelos
Socks meias
Stockings meia-cala feminina
Shorts shorts
Pants calas
Trousers calas
Jeans jeans
Belt cinto
Underwear roupa ntima
Panties calcinhas
Bra suti
Underpants cueca
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Shirt camisa social


T-shirt camiseta esporte
Polo shirt camisa polo
Blouse blusa, blusinha
Sweater suter
Tie gravata
Suit terno
Tuxedo smoking
Dress vestido
Skirt saia
Hat chapu
Cap bon
Glasses culos
Sunglasses culos de sol
Earrings brincos
Pierce pierce
Bracelet pulseira
Watch relgio de pulso (de parede clock)
Ring anel, aliana
Necklace colar, gargantilha, correntinha
Jacket palet, jaqueta
Jumpers moleton, macaco.
Material
Glass vidro
Paper papel
Wood madeira (adjetivo: wooden)
Gold ouro (adjetivo: golden)
Silver prata
Bronze bronze
Fabric tecido
Plastic plstico
Leather couro
Wool l
Cotton algodo
Silk seda
Iron ferro
Steel ao
Rubber borracha

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Dialogue
1. Laura: Hi, Jennifer, are you ok?
Laura: ....., djenif:r, ...................
Laura: Oi, jennifer, voc est bem?
2. Jennifer: Hi, Laura! Fine, and you? Where were you yesterday?
............: ....................!
.............................? Ua:r u:r iu:
ist:dei
Jennifer: Oi, Laura! Bem, e voc? Onde voc estava ontem?
3. Laura: Oh, yeah! I was at home. I heard you went to the cinema
alone.
........................... ai us at houm. Ai h:rd iu: uent tu: dh cinema
aloun
Laura: Oh, sim! Eu estava em casa. Eu ouvi que voc foi ao cinema
sozinha.
4. J.: Yes, I did. I tried to call you up, but didnt find you. Your
telephone didnt answer!
J.: is, ai did. Ai traid tu: kliu: ap, bt didnt faindiu. I:r tlfoun
didnt nsw:a:r
J.:Sim, eu fui. Eu tentei te ligar, mas no a encontrei. Seu telefone
no respondeu.
5. L.: Yeah, youre right! It was broken down. They fixed it for me today
in the morning.
L.: ia, iua:rait! Ituz brouk:n daun. Dhei fiksedit f:r mi tudeiin
dh m:rnin
L.: Sim, voc est certa! Estava quebrado. Eles o arrumaram para
mim hoje de manh.
6. J.: Well, what a pity! No problem, maybe some other time.
J.: ul, uta piti! Nou prblm, meib sm dh:r taim.
J.: Bem, que pena! Sem problemas, talvez numa outra vez.
7. L.: Sure. How about next weekend?
L.: shu:r. haubaut nkstuikend
L.: Claro. Que tal na semana que vem?
8. J.: Great! Thats a good idea!
J.: Greit! Dhatz a gu:dadia
J.: timo! uma boa idia!

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9. L.: Alright, then!


L.: lrait, dhen!
L.: Est certo, ento!
10.

J.: Okay, Ive got to go. See ya!


J.: oukei, aivgtu: gou. Siia:
J.: Ok, eu tenho de ir. At mais!

11.

L.: See ya, bye!


L.: Siia:, bai!
L.: At, tchau!
Pattern 11
Simple Past Tense (part 1)
Verb be

Affirmative form:

1. I was
2. You were
3. He was
She was
It was
1. We were
2. You were
3. They were

Negative form: I was not = I wasnt; You were not = you werent.

Interrogative form: Was I...? Were you...? Etc.

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Practise 1: Complete with be in the simple past tense:


A)
1. Jane ............. absent from class yesterday.
2. I ................. in the classroom last Thursday.
3. He ................. a good fellow!
4. Peter ............. a nice guy!
5. Susan and Peter ............... married, now they are not anymore.
6. You and I ................. at the University last week.
7. There ............ many students in class the day before yesterday.
8. The book ................ interesting!
9. The films ........... great!
10. We ............... at home at 8.00 pm yesterday.
B) Put these ten sentences above into interrogative and negative forms:
Negative:
1. _______________________________________________________
2. _______________________________________________________
3. _______________________________________________________
4. _______________________________________________________
5. _______________________________________________________
6. _______________________________________________________
7. _______________________________________________________
8. _______________________________________________________
9. _______________________________________________________
10. _____________________________________________________
Interrogative:
1. _______________________________________________________
2.________________________________________________________
3. _______________________________________________________
4. _______________________________________________________
5. _______________________________________________________
6. _______________________________________________________
7. _______________________________________________________
8. _______________________________________________________
9. _______________________________________________________
10. _____________________________________________________

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Simple Past Tense


Regular Verbs (part 2)
Affirmative:
1. I played football yesterday.
2. You played...
3. He played...
She played...
It played...
1. We played
2. You played
3. They played...
Negative: 1. I did not play football. = I didnt play football.
2. You did not play ... = You didnt play...
Etc.
Interrogative: Did I play football?
Did you play...?
Etc.

Practise 2:
A) Complete with the simple past tense of the verbs in brackets.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

I ....................... (study) hard for the test.


You ................... (play) the guitar well in the Rock Concert.
Maria ................ (dance) waltz beautifully in the party.
Jonathan ...............(talk) a lot with his friends.
Gerard ....................(look) at the mirror.
Mr. Tanaka .................. (resolve) that Math problem.
Julian ...................... (listen) to that CD already.
Judy ...................... (brush) her teeth at 6.00 am yesterday.
Washington ..................... (stay) in bed, because he ........ (be)
sick.
10. We .................... (decide) to go to the restaurant for a pizza.

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B) Put these ten sentences above into negative and interrogative forms.
Negative:
1. _______________________________________________________
2. _______________________________________________________
3. _______________________________________________________
4. _______________________________________________________
5. _______________________________________________________
6. _______________________________________________________
7. _______________________________________________________
8. _______________________________________________________
9. _______________________________________________________
10. _____________________________________________________
Interrogative:
1. _______________________________________________________
2.________________________________________________________
3. _______________________________________________________
4. _______________________________________________________
5. _______________________________________________________
6. _______________________________________________________
7. _______________________________________________________
8. _______________________________________________________
9. _______________________________________________________
10. _____________________________________________________
Simple Past Tense
Irregular Verbs (part 3)
Affirmative:
1. I saw that picture.
2. You saw that picture.
3. He saw that picture.
She saw...
It saw...
1. We saw...
2. You saw...
3. They saw...

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Negative form:
1. I did not see that picture. = I didnt see that picture.
2. You did not see...
Etc.
Interrogative form:
1. Did I see that picture?
2. Did you see....?
Etc.
PS: For a list of irregular verbs, look at the Appendix at the end of the
book.
Practise 3:
A) Complete with the irregular verbs in brackets using the simple past
tense. (Para esse exerccio, consulte a lista de verbos irregulares no
final do livro).
1. I ....................... (write) a letter to my son.
2. Marie ..................(speak) to her students.
3. Jason ................. (see) the yellow taxi at her door.
4. We ..................... (read) lots of books this semester.
5. They ................... (say) something inadequate.
6. You ..................... (hear) that song of that Musical Group.
7. Scott ................... (break) my bicycle.
8. Joanne .................. (be) at school yesterday.
9. Sonia .................... (take) that bus at 6.00 am to work.
10. Kelly ................. (cut) the carrots with the knife.
B) Put these ten sentences above into negative and interrogative
forms.
Negative:
1.________________________________________________________
2.________________________________________________________
3. _______________________________________________________
4. _______________________________________________________
5. _______________________________________________________
6. _______________________________________________________
7. _______________________________________________________
8. _______________________________________________________
9. _______________________________________________________
10. _____________________________________________________
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Interrogative:
1.________________________________________________________
2.________________________________________________________
3. _______________________________________________________
4.________________________________________________________
5.________________________________________________________
6. _______________________________________________________
7. _______________________________________________________
8. _______________________________________________________
9. _______________________________________________________
10. ______________________________________________________
Suggestion: Twice a week, write a sentence for each verb from your
list, at least 50 verbs per week. Then, put them into negative and
interrogative forms. Use stickers if you like.
Exercise 4: Conversation practise the Simple Past Tense.
Answer:
1. What did you do last weekend?
2. What was the last film you watched?
3. When did you last go to the beach?
4. Where did you go? What did you do there?
5. How did you get there?
6. How did you get here (to this class) today?
7. What did you eat yesterday?
8. Where were you last night?
9. Tell me about a film you liked.
10.
Tell me your routine yesterday how was that?

End of Lesson 12
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Lesson 13
In This Lesson
Vocabulary: Physical Characteristics (Adjectives) and Colours.
Exercises: Description
Dialogue: Which Colours?
Grammar Pattern 12 Degrees of Adjectives and Adverbs
Vocabulary:
Physical Characteristics:
Adjectives:
Short baixo; curto (short hair = cabelos curtos; short person = pessoa
baixa);
Average height altura mediana;
Tall alto (a);
Fat - gordo (a);
Average weight de peso mdio;
Slim/Thin magro (a);
Blond hair cabelos louros;
Brown hair cabelos castanhos;
Black hair cabelos negros;
Red hair cabelos ruivos;
Grey/Gray hair cabelos grisalhos;
Long hair cabelos longos;
Short hair cabelos curtos;
Wavy hair cabelos ondulados;
Curly hair cabelos encaracolados;
Straight hair cabelos lisos;
Green eyes olhos verdes;
Blue eyes olhos azuis;
Brown eyes olhos castanhos;
Light brown eyes olhos castanhos claros;
Dark brown eyes olhos castanhos escuros;
Blonde louro (a);
White person pessoa de cor branca;
Black person pessoa de cor negra;
Brunette moreno (a).

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Extra Practise:
Descreva a si mesmo, depois outra pessoa (seu irmo, irm, me, pai,
um amigo, etc.) conforme o exemplo:
I am tall, average weight, I have brown eyes, brown hair, I am elegant,
beautiful, and modest! How about you? And your father, mother,
sister, brother, wife, husband, etc.?
.....................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................
Colours:
Blue azul;
Red vermelho;
Yellow amarelo;
Green verde;
Purple roxo, prpura;
Orange laranja;
Pink cor de rosa;
Gray/grey cinza;
Brown marrom;
Beige bege;
Black preto;
White branco;
Lilac lils;
Violet violeta.

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Extra Practise:
Answer with complete sentences:
Examples:
1. Whats the colour of your hair? My hair is brown.
2. Whats the colour of your eyes? My eyes are blue.The colour of my
eyes is blue.
Answer:
1. Whats the colour of your hair?
2. Whats the colour of your eyes?
3. Whats the colour of your pants?
4. Whats the colour of your socks?
5. Whats the colour of your T-shirt /shirt?
6. Whats the colour of your jacket?
7. Whats the colour of your house?
8. Whats the colour of your sofa?
9. Whats the colour of your (dream) car/motorcycle/bike?
10. Whats the colour of your shoes?

Dialogue: Which Colours?


1. Julie: Hi, Samantha. Did you see the T-shirts I bought?
Juli: hai, samantha. Didiu si: dh tish:rts ai b:t
Julie: Oi, Samantha. Voc viu as camisas que eu comprei?
2. Samantha: No, Julie. Where are they?
S.: .......... .......................................
S.: No, Julie, onde esto?
3. J.: Theyre right here. Look. I loved this green one!
J.: ............................ . ....... . .. lvd dhis gri:n wn
J.: Esto bem aqui. Olhe. Eu amei esta verde!
4. S.: Yeah, quite beautiful, indeed! But that greener one is fantastic!
S.: ia: , kwait byutiful, indi:d! Bt dhat gri:n:r wn iz fantastik
S.: Sim, bem bonita, de fato! Mas aquela mais verde fantstica!

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5. J.: Youre right. Look at this, even greener than the two other green.
Really dark green!
J.: iua:rait. Lu:kadhiz, ivan gri:n:r dhan dh tu: dh:r gri:n.
Ri:li da:rk gri:n!
J.: Voc est certa. Olha isso, at mesmo mais verde do que as duas
outras verdes. Verde bem escuro!
6. S.: Great, I love green! It reminds me of Ecology...
S.: .............................. it rimaindz mi: f Iklodji
S.: timo, eu amo verde! Isso me lembra Ecologia...
7. J.: Yeah, I love them too. Which skirt did you like the best?
J.: .................................. . uitch sk:rt didiu laik dh bst
J.: Sim, eu as amo tambm. Qual saia voc gostou mais?
8. S.: I liked the whiter one, thats just great!
S.: Ai laikt dh uait:r wn, dhatz djast greit
S.: Eu gostei da mais branca, ela simplesmente excelente!
9. J.: Yeah, but I prefer the less white.
J.: ................. prif:r dh ls uait.
J.: Sim, mas eu prefiro a menos branca.
10.

S.: Thats excellent too!


S.: dhatzkslent tu:
S.: excelente tambm!

Pattern 12
Degrees of Adjectives
1. One or two syllable adjectives
a. Comparative of Equality: The weather is hot today, as hot as
yesterday. (to quente quanto);
b. Comparative of Inferiority: The weather is less hot today than
yesterday. (menos quente que);
c. Superlative of Inferiority: The weather is the least hot of the summer
today. (o Menos quente deste vero);
d. Comparative of Superiority: The weather is hotter than yesterday.
(mais quente que ontem);
e. Superlative of Superiority: Today the weather is the hottest of this
summer. (O mais quente de todo o vero).

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Observando atentamente, percebe-se: h uma espcie de graduao


que vai do Inferior extremo, ao Superior extremo, ou seja:
Superlativo de Inferioridade the least hot;
Comparativo de Inferioridade less hot than;
Comparativo de Igualdade as hot as;
Comparativo de Superioridade hotter than;
Superlativo de Superioridade the hottest.
Outros exemplos: pretty, tall, dark
Superl. Inferiority

Comp. Inferiority

Comp. Equality

Comp. Superiority

Super. Superiority

The least pretty

Less pretty than

As pretty as

Prettier than

The prettiest

The least tall

Less tall than

As tall as

Taller than

The tallest

The least dark

Less dark than

As dark as

Darker than

The darkest

H tambm os adjetivos com duas, trs slabas, ou mais:


Exemplos:
The least beautiful

Less beautiful than

As beautiful as

More beautiful than

The most beautiful

The least intelligent

Less intelligent than

As intelligent as

More intelligent
than

The most intelligent

The least interesting

Less interesting
than

As interesting as

More interesting
than

The most
interesting

The least
attractive

Less attractive
than

As attractive as

More attractive
than

The most
attractive

Special cases: good, bad, far.


Good better the best;
Bad worse the worst;
Far farther the farthest.
Essas so formas irregulares para os Comparativos de Superioridade e
os Superlativos de Superioridade.

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Practise:
A. Complete with the comparative of superiority:
1. She is younger (young) than I am.
2. Mrs. Spielberg is much ................... (old)............ I expected.
3. So Paulo is ................ (big) ............... Macei.
4. That CD is ................... (good) ..................... this one.
5. That book is ............................. (interesting) ............... mine.
6. The weather today is ................... (hot).............. yesterday.
7. This exercise is ................. (easy).............. I thought.
8. Jane is ................... (attractive)................... Susan.
9. Robert is ................ (tall) ................ Mary.
10. J Soares is................... (fat) ................... Fausto.
B. Write:
1.

Three sentences about you or your family using the Superlative of


Inferiority:
a. _______________________________________________________
b. _______________________________________________________
c. _______________________________________________________
2.

Three sentences about you or your family using the Comparative


of Inferiority:
d. _______________________________________________________
e. _______________________________________________________
f. _______________________________________________________
3.

Three sentences about you or your family using the Comparative


of Equality:
g. _______________________________________________________
h. _______________________________________________________
i. _______________________________________________________
4.

Three sentences about you or your family using the Comparative


of Superiority:
j. _______________________________________________________
k. _______________________________________________________
l. _______________________________________________________

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5.

Three sentences about you or your family using the Superlative of


Superiority:
m. _______________________________________________________
n. _______________________________________________________
o. _______________________________________________________
Pattern 12 extension
Comparative Degree of Adverbs
1. One-syllable adverbs:
Soon sooner
Fast faster
Well better
Badly worse
2. Two-syllable (or more) adverbs:
Quickly more quickly
Carefully more carefully
Attentively more attentively
Beautifully more beautifully
Exercise:
A. Find the corresponding adverbs:
1. rapid rapidly (rpido rapidamente);
2. fast fast;
3. quick - .................
4. good - .................
5. bad - ...................
6. exciting - .....................
7. beautiful - .......................
8. loud - ......................
9. frequent - .....................
10. easy - .....................

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B. Complete with the comparative of the adverbs:


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

She writes more rapidly (rapid) than I do.


Felipe Massa drives .................. (fast) .............. Schummy!
Maria types the letter ......................(quick) .............. Paula.
This sweet tastes .................. (good).............. that one.
I think that candidate shows himself much ...................
(bad).............. the other one.
6. This actor works ...................... (exciting) ....... Keanu Reeves, in
my opinion.
7. She dances ballet ...................... (beautiful) ............. Peter.
8. He is playing his guitar .................... (loud) ............. the bass
guitar.
9. I come here ..................... (frequent) ............ Gloria.
10. I am doing this exercise ...................................... (easy)
............... the previous one.

Conversation Practise the degrees of adjectives:


Answer:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Whos the tallest person in your house/ work?


Who is taller, you or your brothers or sisters (or father, mother)?
In your opinion, whats the best film you watched?
In your opinion, whos the best writer?
In your opinion, whos the best singer?
Can you compare your two last jobs?
Can you compare two cities you like?
Can you compare some types of food you like?

End of Lesson 13.


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Lesson 14
In This Lesson
Vocabulary: Adverbs of Frequency
Dialogue: How Often
Grammar Pattern 13: Adverbs
Conversation Questions.
Vocabulary:
Adverbs of frequency:
100% - always - sempre;
95% - almost always quase sempre;
90% - generally geralmente;
90% - usually geralmente;
85% - 90% - normally normalmente;
80% - frequently frequentemente;
80% - often frequentemente;
50, 60% - sometimes s vezes;
50, 60% - Once in a while s vezes;
30% - seldom raramente;
30% - rarely raramente;
15% - hardly ever quase nunca;
15% - almost never quase nunca;
00% - never nunca.
Esses so alguns exemplos de advrbios de frequncia. Os percentuais
acima so meramente ilustrativos.
PS:
Ever = at any time = em algum momento;
Never = at no time = em nenhum momento (n+ever = negao de
ever);
Forever for all the moments para sempre.
Always = at all time = em todo momento.

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Dialogue
1. Stewart: Hi, Jean, whats up?
Stiu:rt: ............ utzap
Stewart: Oi, Jean, como vai?
2. Jean: Fine, and you? How often do you go to the gym?
Ji:n: ....................... hau fn dyu: gou tu dh djim
Jean: Bem, e voc? Com que frequncia voc vai academia?
3. S.: Ah, not quite often. I think at least once a week. What about you?
S.: Ah, nt kuaitfn. Ai thinkat li:stwansa uik. utbautiu
S.: Ah, no muito frequentemente. Eu acho que pelo menos uma vez
por semana. E quanto a voc?
4. J.: Well, I always go there, but sometimes I stay home. I usually
cook, or wash, or do some housework, too.
J.: ul, ai lueiz gou dha:r bt smtaims ai stei hum. Ai yusjwali
ku:k, :r wsh, :r du: sam hauzw:rk, tu:
J.: Bem, eu sempre vou. Mas s vezes eu fico em casa. Eu sempre
cozinho, ou lavo, ou fao alguma tarefa de casa, tambm.
5. S.: Really? Do you live alone?
S.: ri:li? Dyu: liv lun
S.: Verdade? Voc mora sozinha?
6. J.: Yep! I live on my own. Thats why I hardly ever go out.
J.: ....... ai livonmaion. Dhatzwai ai hardliv:r gou aut.
J.: Sim! Eu moro s. Por isso que eu quase nunca saio.
7. S.: Well, but you can go out if you are well organized.
S.: ....... btiu kn gou aut ifyu:a:r wl:rgnaizd
S.: Bem, mas voc pode sair se for bem organizada.
8. J.: Yeah, thats my problem. I am almost never too organized.
J.: ........................ prblm. .................tu: :rgnaizd.
J.: Sim, esse meu problema. Eu nunca sou to organizada.
9. S.: I know how it is! I do the same with my family: my son, my wife,
although they now are better.
S.: ai nou hauitiz! Aidu: dh seim uith mai fmili: mai sn, mai waif,
dhou dhey naua:r bt:r.
S.: Eu sei como isso! Eu fao o mesmo com minha famlia: meu
filho, minha esposa, embora eles estejam melhores agora.
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10.

J.: I hope I can learn that, too.


J.: ai houpai kn l:rn dht, tu:
J.: Eu espero que eu possa aprender isso tambm.

11.

S.: Dont worry! Youll certainly learn it!


S.: dontwory yu:l s:rtainli l:rnit.
S.: No se preocupe! Voc certamente aprender.

Pattern 13
Adverbs

Adv.

Adv.

1. He speaks very slowly.

Verb

2. He drives carefully.

Adj.

3. He is very intelligent.

Os advrbios modificam: 1. Outro advrbio; 2. Um verbo; 3. Um


adjetivo.
Da mesma forma que um adjetivo uma caracterstica de um
substantivo, o advrbio seria a de outro advrbio, ou verbo, ou adjetivo.
Exemplos:
A large tree (adjetivo);
A pretty girl (adjetivo);
He plays his music loud (advrbio);
They work well (advrbio).

Practise:
A. Complete with adverbs or adjectives:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

She always does her composition ...................... (careful).


He is a very.................... (careful) driver.
Come ................ (quick), we need your help.
You cook .................. (well/good).
The old lady walks ............... (slow).
She is very................. (slow).
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7. I work................. (hard).
8. He is a ................. (hard) worker.
9. He ................ (hard) does his homework.
10. I can do all these exercises...................... (easy).
11. They are pretty ................... (easy).
12. Her dance is ................... (beautiful).
13. She dances ..................... (beautiful).
Conversation: Answer these questions as if youre talking to a friend:
1. Were you at home yesterday?
2. What were you doing?
3. Who were with you yesterday at 3.00 pm?
4. Where did you go on Saturday?
5. Did you see television?
6. What else did you do?
7. Tell me about your routine last Tuesday, please.
8. How often do you go to the gym?
9. How often do you go to the cinema?
10. How often do you stay home at weekends?
11. How often do you read a book?
12. How often do you practise any sports?
13. How often do you listen to music?
14. How often do you watch TV?
15. How often do you cook?
16. Do you drive? How well do you drive?
17. Did you do your homework yesterday?
18. How well did you do it?
19. What did you like the most about this book?
20. Are you doing it easily?

End of Lesson 14.

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Appendix
List of Irregular Verbs
Base Form
Arise
Awake

Past
Arose
Awoke

Past Participle
Arisen
Awakened

Bear
Beat
Become
Begin
Bend
Bet
Bite
Bleed
Blow
Bring
Build
Burst
Cast
Catch
Choose
Come
Cost
Cut
Deal
Dig
Do
Draw
Drink
Drive
Eat
Fall
Feed
Feel
Fight
Find
Fly
Forget
Forgive
Freeze
Get

Bore
Beat
Became
Began
Bent
Bet
Bit
Bled
Blew
Brought
Built
Burst
Cast
Caught
Chose
Came
Cost
Cut
Dealt
Dug
Did
Drew
Drank
Drove
Ate
Fell
Fed
Felt
Fought
Found
Flew
Forgot
Forgave
Froze
Got

Born
Beaten
Become
Begun
Bent
Bet
Bitten
Bled
Blown
Brought
Built
Burst
Cast
Caught
Chosen
Come
Cost
Cut
Dealt
Dug
Done
Drawn
Drunk
Driven
Eaten
Fallen
Fed
Felt
Fought
Found
Flown
Forgotten
Forgiven
Frozen
Got/ Gotten

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Meaning
Levantar, erguer
Despertar,
acordar
Gerar
Bater
Tornar-se
Iniciar
Curvar
Apostar
Morder
Sangrar
Soprar
Trazer
Construir
Explodir
Lanar
Pegar
Escolher
Vir
Custar
Cortar
Negociar, lidar
Cavar
Fazer
Desenhar
Beber
Dirigir
Comer
Cair
Alimentar
Sentir
Lutar, combater
Achar
Voar
Esquecer
Perdoar
Congelar
Obter,
conseguir, pegar
107

Give
Go
Grow
Hang

Gave
Went
Grew
Hung

Given
Gone
Grown
Hung

Have
Hear
Hide
Hit
Hold
Hurt

Had
Heard
Hid
Hit
Hel
Hurt

Had
Heard
Hidden
Hit
Held
Hurt

Keep

Kept

Kept

Know
Lay
Lead
Leave

Knew
Laid
Led
Left

Known
Laid
Led
Left

Lend
Let
Lie
Light

Lent
Let
Lay
Lit

Lent
Let
Lain
Lit

Lose
Make
Mean

Lost
Made
Meant

Lost
Made
Meant

Meet
Owe
Pay
Quit
Read
Ride

Met
Owed
Paid
Quit
Read
Rode

Met
Owed
Paid
Quit
Read
Ridden

Ring

Rang

Rung

Rise
Run
See

Rose
Ran
Saw

Risen
Run
Seen

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Dar, doar
Ir
Crescer
Pendurar,
dependurar,
suspender,
enforcer
Ter
Ouvir
Seconder, omitir
Bater
Segurar, pegar
Ferir, machucar,
doer
Conserver,
preserver,
pegar, segurar
Saber, conhecer
Por, botar
Liderar
Deixar, partir,
sair
Emprestar
Deixar, permitir
Deitar, jazer
Acender,
iluminar
Perder
Fazer, produzir
Significar,
querer dizer
Encontrar
Dever
Pagar
Parar
Ler
Cavalgar, dirigir
moto ou
bicicleta
Tocar
campainha
Levantar, erguer
Correr
Ver
108

Seek

Sought

Sought

Shake

Shook

Shaken

Sell
Send
Set

Sold
Sent
Set

Sold
Sent
Set

Shave
Shine
Shoot

Shaved
Shone
Shot

Shaved
Shone
Shot

Show

Showed

Shown

Shrink
Shut
Sing
Sink
Sit
Sleep
Slide
Speak
Speed
Spend
Spin
Split
Spread
Spring
Stand

Shrank
Shut
Sang
Sank
Sat
Slept
Slid
Spoke
Sped
Spent
Spun
Split
Spread
Sprang
Stood

Shrunk
Shut
Sung
Sunk
Sat
Slept
Slid
Spoken
Sped
Spent
Spun
Split
Spread
Sprung
Stood

Steal
Stick
Swear
Sweep
Swim
Swing
Take
Teach
Tear
Tell
Think
Throw

Stole
Stuck
Swore
Swept
Swam
Swang
Took
Taught
Tore
Told
Thought
Threw

Stolen
Stuck
Sworn
Swept
Swum
Swung
Taken
Taught
Torn
Told
Thought
Thrown

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Procurar,
perseguir
Misturar,
chacoalhar
Vender
Enviar
Colocar,
configurar
Barbear-se
Brihar
Atirar (com
revlver ou
arma)
Mostrar,
demonstrar
Encolher
Trancar
Cantar
Afundar
Sentar
Dormir
Escorregar
Falar
Acelerar
Gastar
Girar
Separar, dividir
Espalhar
Florescer
Permanecer,
ficar de p
Roubar
Fixar
Jurar, xingar
Varrer
Nadar
Balanar
Tomar, pegar
Ensinar, lecionar
Rasgar
Contar, dizer
Pensar
Arremessar,
lanar
109

Wake

Woke

Woke

Wear
Wet
Win
Write

Wore
Wet
Won
Wrote

Worn
Wet
Won
Written

Acordar,
despertar
Vestir
Molhar
Vencer, ganhar
Escrever

Appendix 2
Verb conjugation examples:
Simple Present Tense (to be)
I am
You are
He is
She is
It is
We are
You are
They are
Present Continuous (to be)
I am being
You are being
He is being
She is being
It is being
We are being
You are being
They are being

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Simple Future Tense (to be)


I will be
You will be
He will be
She will be
It will be
We will be
You will be
They will be
Future Continuous (to work)
I will be working
You will be working
He will be working
She will be working
It will be working
We will be working
You will be working
They will be working
Future with going to (to work)
I am going to work
You are going to work
He is going to work
She is going to work
It is going to work
We are going to work
You are going to work
They are going to work

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Past Simple Tense (to be)


I was
You were
He was
She was
It was
We were
You were
They were
Past continuous (to work)
I was working
You were working
He was working
She was working
It was working
We were working
You were working
They were working

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Bibliografia Recomendada:
1. Graded Exercises in English, by Robert Dixson;
2. Ingls Passo a Passo, by Charles Berlitz;
3. Clockwise, Editora Oxford.
Todos os textos e exerccios foram criados pelo autor, Professor
Rogrio Turgante.
Todos direitos reservados de acordo com a Legislao Vigente.
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Contatos com o Autor pelo Skype: prof.turgante

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