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Aula 00

Direitos Humanos e Cidadania p/ PRF - Policial - 2014/2015


Professor: Alyson Barros

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

Direitos Humanos e Cidadania


PRF -2014/15
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Consideraes Iniciais .........................................................................................2
Teoria geral dos direitos humanos. Conceito, terminologia, estrutura
normativa, fundamentao. .................................................................................5
Conceitos e Terminologia ................................................................................5
Estrutura normativa dos Direitos Humanos ....................................................11
Direitos Humanos e o cenrio Internacional ..................................................11
Fundamentao dos Direitos humanos ..........................................................14
Teoria Jusnaturalista de Direitos Humanos ....................................................15
Teoria Positivista e Histrica de Direitos Humanos ........................................18
Teoria Moralista, tica ou de Perelman .........................................................19
Resumo das Teorias .......................................................................................20
Direitos Humanos x Direitos Fundamentais ...................................................21
Caractersticas dos Direitos Humanos ............................................................22
Os princpios dos direitos humanos ...............................................................27
Geraes/Dimenses dos Direitos Humanos.................................................28
Referncias ........................................................................................................32
Indicaes Bibliogrficas ...................................................................................33
Questes ...........................................................................................................34
Questes com Comentrios e Gabaritos ..........................................................38
Consideraes Finais .........................................................................................44

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Observao importante: este curso protegido por direitos autorais
(copyright), nos termos da Lei 9.610/98, que altera, atualiza e consolida a
legislao sobre direitos autorais e d outras providncias.
Grupos de rateio e pirataria so clandestinos, violam a lei e prejudicam os
professores que elaboram o curso. Valorize o trabalho de nossa equipe
adquirindo os cursos honestamente atravs do site Estratgia Concursos.
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Professor Alyson Barros

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

Consideraes Iniciais
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E ai galera, beleza? Estamos nos adiantando para o prximo edital e

lanando em primeira mo o curso de Direitos Humanos e C idadania para


o concurso da Polcia Rodoviria Federal.
O

edital

do

concurso

anterior

pode

ser

acessado

aqui:

http://www.cespe.unb.br/concursos/DPRF_13/. Na poca foram 1.000 vagas e


a remunerao foi de atrativos R$ 6.106,81! A banca, como sempre, foi o
Centro de Seleo e Promoo Eventos Universidade de Braslia CESPE, uma
grande conhecida nossa e que orientar nosso curso atual. Caso mudem de
banca, reformularemos uma grande parte do nosso curso e no deixaremos
nenhum aluno para trs! Esse o compromisso Estratgia C oncursos. O
que importa ter todas as questes da prova contempladas aqui e aprovar em
massa!!! A batida ser pesada para aproveitarmos o tempo que temos.
Trabalharemos com 6 aulas, alm da aula demonstrativa, contendo toda
a teoria necessria para voc ficar fera nos contedos. Alm de uma
quantidade enorme de questes para voc afiar sua caneta para a prova.
Mas Alyson, ouvi falar de vdeo-aulas pera esse concurso, isso procede?
Procede caro concurseiro. Disponibilizaremos alguns tpicos, os fundamentais
para o CESPE, em vdeos de reviso. No precisa desembolsar nada a mais
para ter acesso!
Alm disso, temos o nosso frum de perguntas, onde o aluno poder
entrar em contato diretamente comigo para fazer perguntas, comentrios ou
at sugestes - no vale chorar pitangas! Vamos trabalhar muito, faremos o
que for necessrio para voc ir bem nesse concurso.

Professor Alyson Barros

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

Antes de comearmos, vou me apresentar. Sou Alyson Barros, sou


Analista do Planejamento e Oramento do Ministrio do Planejamento,
Oramento e Gesto. Graduado em psicologia, com algumas especializaes e
um mestrado. Trabalho com Coach para concurso e orientao de candidatos.
J trabalho com o contedo de direitos humanos h algum tempo e posso
garantir que no h segredo. No se inventa muita coisa em termos de
pegadinhas, to comum dessa banca, ou de questes em nvel Jedi. Como j
falei, uma boa abordagem da matria j capaz de te dar um excelente
subsdio para a prova. Aliais, No decorrer das aulas irei dar algumas dicas de
estudos e macetes para pegar bem a matria e no errar nenhuma questo na
prova, combinado?
Vejamos o nosso calendrio ento.

Aula 0

Teoria geral dos direitos humanos. Conceito, terminologia,

10/06

estrutura normativa, fundamentao.

Aula

14/06

Resoluo da ltima prova da PRF!


EXTRA
Aula 1

Aula 2

Aula 3

Afirmao histrica dos direitos humanos. Direitos humanos e

14/06

responsabilidade do Estado.
Direitos humanos na Constituio Federal. Institucionalizao

21/06

dos direitos e garantias fundamentais.


Poltica nacional de direitos humanos. Programas nacionais de

28/06

direitos humanos.
Globalizao e direitos humanos. As trs vertentes da

Aula 4

proteo internacional da pessoa humana. Direitos humanos,

5/07

direito humanitrio e direito dos refugiados.


Aula 5

A Constituio brasileira e os tratados internacionais de

Professor Alyson Barros

12/07
3

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

direitos humanos.
Aplicaes da perspectiva sociolgica a temas e problemas
contemporneos da sociedade brasileira: a questo da
Aula 6

igualdade jurdica e dos direitos de cidadania, o pluralismo

19/07

jurdico, acesso justia. Prticas judicirias e policiais no


espao pblico. Administrao institucional de conflitos no
espao pblico.

Voc est lendo a nossa aula demonstrativa. Ela mais curta, por
natureza e mais leve. Alguns dos tpicos aqui estudados sero extensamente
retomados nas aulas subsequentes. Mesmo assim, j tire suas dvidas em
nosso frum!
Vamos comear?
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Professor Alyson Barros

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

Teoria geral dos direitos humanos.


Conceito, terminologia, estrutura
normativa, fundamentao.
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Professor Alyson Barros

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

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Professor Alyson Barros

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

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Professor Alyson Barros

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

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Professor Alyson Barros

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

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/+2.( #( 2&7+%,1( %+<20+<&#+2/( =%( =1%/+( .1( #1&%&1( .,( ,/1.,?( ,+1( +#(
27+( <2,/&/<&21?( &2%1<2,/&/<&21?( ,+1( +#( 27+( .+( .&%+&/( <2,+/.&2%&(
(#+,#(=%(/%1/1.,(+(<27+2+,(&2/+%21<&21&,(
4#(&(=,,7+(=+%<++%?(.+&2&%(&%+&/,(#12,(;(#1(/1%+1(,+#=%+(
&2<#=+/1?(,%+(&,,?(;(,1/1%(&21&51%(+,,1(=1%/+(.(1,,2/(<#(#(+8<+%/(.(
+1/%&(&21(.1(:(42+%2<&1(1<&21(.+(&%+&/,(#12,(6(
&%+&/,(#12,(;(#(<2<+&/(=&,,#&<?(<2/%7+%,(+(+,/%/%12/+((
=&,,#&<?( =&,?( =%( #1&,( +( /+201( +%1.( 1<%.,( +( <2,+2,,( <#( 21(
42+%2<&1(.+(&+21?(&,/(2(0+(.(#(,+2/&.(2&<((<2/%7+%,?(=&,(1%+(
+,=1,( ( .&,<,,( +( 1( .+1/+?( +#( +%1?( =#&<,( ( +,/%/%12/+?( =&,( .&5(
%+,=+&/(,(+,/+,(.+(2.(+(/<1#(1(7&.1(.+(/.,1,(+(.+(<1.1(#1(
+,( %1#+2/%&1,?( +,/121.%1,( +( +&/&,/1,( .+( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( ,( ( <#2,(
1,(.&,/12<&1#(1(7&2<&1(</&.&121(.,(.&%+&/,(0#12,(.1(7&.1(.+((/.1,(+(.+(
<1.1(=+,,1(
,( =,&+,( %1#+2/%&1,( +2/+2.+#( +( +8&,/+#( .&%+&/,( .+( #1&%((
&#=%/2<&1( +( .&%+&/,( .+( #+2%( &#=%/2<&1( .&%+&/,( .+( =%&#+&%1( <1/+%&1( +((
Professor Alyson Barros

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

.&%+&/,( .+( ,+2.1( <1/+%&1( .&%+&/,( &.,( +( <+%/,( +( .&%+&/,( &2<+%/,( ((


1,+(&#=,,7+&,(.+(,+%+#(%+1&51.,(,/1,(=,&+,(<22.+#(1((&2/+%1&.1.+(
+(1(&2/+%.+=+2.2<&1(.,(.&%+&/,(<#(1(2+<+,,&.1.+(.+((+,/%1/;&1,(.&+%+2<&1.1,(
.+(%+1&51?(<#(1(2+<+,,&.1.+(.+(+,/1++<+%((=%&%&.1.+,(21(1((
,( =,&+,( +,/121.%1,( .+( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( /%1101#( <#( 1( &.+&1( ( .+(
+( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( ( +( /1#;#( +#( 1/1( <#( ++,( ( ,+( <22.+#( <#( ( 1(
.++,1(.+(12.&.,(+(#1%&21&,_?(2#(+8/%+#(+?(2/%?(+(.&%+&/,((0#12,(
<2%#1#( #1( &.+&1( /( =,&/&71( +( /( 12/,/&<1( +( ;( ,2/+,+( .( ( +( .+( #1&,((
+( 1( 0#12&.1.+( =%.5&( +1,( .1,( =2/1,?( &#&&516( ,+1( ( =%+( /<1%( 2(
1,,2/(<#=%#+/+(2+1/&71#+2/+(,+1(=%+(/<1%(21((&.+&1(1(+,/%11_((
,( 7&,+,( +&/&,/1,( +2/+2.+#( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( <#( 1,,2/( =1%1( +2/+((
#&/( +#( &2&<&1.1?( =1%1( /;<2&<,?( =1%1( +,=+<&1&,/1,( ( 7&( +( .&%+&/,((
0#12,(;(1,,2/(=1%1(+,=+<&1&,/1,(1,?(%+.5&,(1(&,,(;(=%+#/&<?(((+(
,(.&,/12<&1(.(<&.1.(#1&,(<##?(+(/1#;#(;(,+&/(.+(.&%+&/,((0#12,(
+81/1#+2/+( 21( ,&/1( +( 21( <2.&( +#( +( ,+( +2<2/%1( ( ,/1,( =,&+,?( +#(
+%1?(+71#(1(#1(1/1(=2/1?(%+,&.1?((,<%%&,/1(+(%<%/&<1(+#(.&%+&/,(
0#12,(&,/12<&1#(1(=,,&&&.1.+(.+((1/1(&2/+%1(+(&#=&<1(=%#?(
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.+( =/&<1,( =&<1,( =1/1.1,( ( =+,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,?( .1( ,<&+.1.+( <&7&(
%12&51.1( +( =1%/&<&=12/+( .+( %#1( ( 1/[2#1( +( &2.+=+2.+2/+?( .1( <#2&.1.+(
&2/+%21<&21( 2( ,+2/&.( 1#=( +( ( .+( <1.1( =+,,1( +#( ,+2/&.( +,=+<&<( #(
,#1?(+,/1,(=,&+,(.+,<#=%#+/+#(
,(=%/&<1,(,<%%&,/1,(+(=2/1&,(,+(+#%1#(.+(.&%+&/,(0#12,((12.(
1#1(/%1;.&1(1,,(1;#((#(%=(,<&1((<1%(+((.&%+&/,(0#12,(
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+,+<+,+(.+(+(.&%+&/,(0#12,(.&5+#(%+,=+&/(1(<22/(.1,(<2.&+,(.+(
7&.1?(&2<,&7+(+(+,=+<&1#+2/+?((<%&1(.+((<2.&+,(=1%1(+(,+1#(+7&/1.1,(1,(
7&1+,( +( 1( 7&.1( .1,( =+,,1,( ,+1( ( =%#7&.1( 1( #8&#?( ,+#( 1.#&/&%(
%+/%<+,,,((
,( =,/%1,( =%/&<1,( +( /%1/1#( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( .+( %#1( %+,&.1( ((
%<%/&<1( .( #1&,( 21,+( ( <%%+( .( =%<+.&#+2/( .( +( 1( #;%&/( .((
1,,2/?(.+(%+%1(<#(%#1(.+(=%/+((.+(15(,+#(+(+,/+1(2((2<+(
Professor Alyson Barros

10

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

<+2/%1(.1(.+<&,(+(.1(1(,/+(/&=(.+(=,&<&21#+2/(+,&71,+((.+(1&%#1%(1(
&#=%/2<&1(2.1#+2/1(.+(%/1+<+%(1(%12&51(&2.+=+2.+2/+((.1(,<&+.1.+(
<&7&( +?( 1( #+,#( /+#=?( /1#;#( .+( 17121%( 2( ( <#=%#+/&#+2/( .( ,/1.(
<#( 1+2/+( .+( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( ( 1/( +( ( ( ,/1.( ;( 7&,/( <#( #( %12.+(
7&1.%?(#1,(&,,(2((+,<,1(.+(,+%(#((1+2/+(%+1&51.%(.,(.&%+&/,(0#12,(
,/+( /&=( .+( =,/%1( 1%+( #( .1( ( 2+<+,,&.1.+( .+( +,/1++<+%( &2/+%1( +2/%+( 1(
,<&+.1.+(<&7&(+((=.+%(=&<?((21(=+%,=+</&71(.+(+,=1,(.+(=1%/&<&=1(.&%+/1(
+(%+1#+2/+(=&<1?((+((,#+2/+(;(=,,7+(<#((%/1+<&#+2/(.1(1/2#&1(
.1(,<&+.1.+(<&7&(+(#((%1(1/(.+(%12&51(<&.1.(
5,&%6(
0//=6.02+/%%.&%+&/,#&&/12/+,<1%21%&<1%21%&,,&.&,.&,<
&=&21<27+&/,.0=.((
(
(

0(+11+/)#+,/&2/)3()4&+%&()51,/#()
(

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#( +( <22/( .+( 2%#1,( %.&<1,( ,( &%+&/,( #12,( ,+( +8=%+,,1#(

#(/+,+?(+#(/.1,(1,?(<#(7+%+#,(1(=1%/&%(.1(=%8&#1(11?(,(&2,/%#+2/,(
2.1#+2/1&,( +( =%.5+#( ++&/,( =1%1( 1( .+,<%&( +( 1%12/&1( .,( .&%+&/,(
0#12,( 2( #2.?( ,+#( =%+5( .,( /+8/,( &2%1<2,/&/<&21&,?( ,( ,( /+8/,(
<2,/&/<&21&,(+(,(/%1/1.,(+(1<%.,(&2/+%21<&21&,(
(

+%+#,( 1,/12/+( +,,+,( <2<+&/,( 21( 11( ,+&2/+( +( 1( 2( .+( /.( (

<%,( 15,+( #&,/+%?( 2+,,+( ##+2/?( /%11%( %+7+,( <2,&.+%1+,( 1<+%<1( .,(
.&%+&/,(0#12,(+((<+2%&(&2/+%21<&21(
(

4&+%&()51,/#()%))%#6+&)7#%+#/&#/)
(
42,&.+%12.(1(0&,/%&<&.1.+(.,(.&%+&/,?(.+,/1<1,+(1(<01#1.1(<2<+=(
<2/+#=%2+1(.+(.&%+&/,(0#12,?(+(7+&(1(,+%(&2/%.5&.1(=+1(+<1%1(.+(
&%+&/,( #12,( .+( &+21( .+( ( ,,1( <2<+=( ;( #1( +7?( 21/%1( +(

Professor Alyson Barros

11

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

0&,/%&<1?( .1( 1,+( .1,( 7&,+,( 1<+%<1( .,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( .+,+277&.1,( 1=,( 1(
!+2.1(+%%1(2.&1((
(

/12.( #( =<( 2( /+#=?( +#( #( =1,,1.( 2( /( .&,/12/+?( ( #2.(

=%+,+2<&(1/%<&.1.+,(1/;(+2/(&2;.&/1,(=1%1(1(0#12&.1.+((,(1,(1%%&+,(
.(215&,#(1,,1%1#(1(%=1(<#((#2.(,+(7&(.&12/+(.1(&#&22<&1(.(&#(
1/%17;,(.1(0+<1/#+(2<+1%(
(

( 2+,,+( <+2%&( +( <%%+( #( +,%( &2/+%21<&21( .+( %+<2,/%( .+(

.&%+&/,( 0#12,( <#( =1%1.&#1( +( %++%+2<&1( ;/&<( 1( %&+2/1%( 1( %.+#(


&2/+%21<&21( <2/+#=%2+1( &7+,12?( ( ( .&,<,,( ,%+( .&%+&/,(
0#12,( 2( <+2%&( &2/+%21<&21( 7&,( 1( ++71( .( <2<+&/( .+( 0#+#( ,+#(
71%(+(,+#(.&%+&/,(=1%1(#(0#+#(+(=,,&(+,,2<&1(+(+(.+7+(,+%(%+,=+&/1.(
+/&<1#+2/+( =1%1( 1;#( .1,( <2<+=+,( &.+&<1,( .( ,/1.( ( 1/;( .(
%.+21#+2/(%.&<(!%+(+,/+(/&#?((=,+%%1(<1,(#(,;%&(%+=.&((
<1%1</+%&51(.(0#+#(1=+21,(=+(,+(7&;,(%.&<(%#1?(=&,(/12/((215&,#(
<#( ( 1,<&,#( 1,<+2.+%1#( 1( =.+%( .+2/%( .( 1.%( .+( +1&.1.+( +(
=%#7+%1#(+2<.&,(+#(2#+(.1(+&((( %.+#( &2/+%21<&21( %+/#( ,(
<2<+&/,(12/&12,(.+(#%1&.1.+?(.&2&.1.+?(&%+&/(4,#=&/1(+(=15(
(

4#( <2,+2<&1( .( =,+%%1?( +( .( +,%( .+( %+<2,/%( .,(

.&%+&/,(0#12,?(1(<#2&.1.+(&2/+%21<&21(7&(+#+%&%((&%+&/(:2/+%21<&21(
.,( &%+&/,( #12,( +( 1( 271( +&( .( &%+&/( 42,/&/<&21( <&.+2/1( (
&%+&/(:2/+%21<&21?(<#+(1(,+%(.+&2+1.((,&,/+#1(2%#1/&7(&2/+%21<&21(
.+(=%/+(.,(.&%+&/,(0#12,(212/(+((&%+&/(42,/&/<&21(<&.+2/1(
/+,/+#20( 1( 1+%/%1( 1,( =%&2<=&,( .1( .&2&.1.+( 0#121( 21( +1%1( .,(
/+8/,(<2,/&/<&21&,(&7+,12?((
(

#( ,&2&&<1/&7( +2[#+2( %.&<( +( =/&<( <#+1( 1( <%%+%( +#( 2(

.+,,1,(#.121,(18&&<1,(21(%+1(+2/%+(,(=1,+,(+(2(#.(<#(,(=1,+,(
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#1&,( #( =%+#1( .+( %&,.&( .#;,/&<1( :,,( ,&2&&<1( +( 1( =%/+( .,(
.&%+&/,(0#12,(2(.+7+(%+.5&%,+(1(.#2&(%+,+%71.(.(,/1.?(=&,(1%1(
1( =%#( .1( .&2&.1.+( 0#121( ;( .+( &2/+%+,,+( &2/+%21<&21( ( <2,+2<&1(
&#+.&1/1( .+,,1( 2( ;( +( 1( ,+%12&1( 1,/1( .( ,/1.( =1,,( 1( ,+%(

Professor Alyson Barros

12

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

%+1/&7&51.1( 21( #+.&.1( +#( +( ,( 1.#&/&.1,( &2/+%7+2+,( 2( =12( 21<&21( +#(


=%(.1(=%/+(.,(.&%+&/,(0#12,((
(

)( %12.+( #1%<( .+,,1( /%12,&( ;( 1( +<1%1( 2&7+%,1( .,( &%+&/,(

#12,?( .+( ( 1( ++71( &#=,&21( ( &%+&/( :2/+%21<&21( .,( &%+&/,(


#12,( #+.&12/+( 1( 1.( .+( &2#+%,( &2,/%#+2/,( &2/+%21<&21&,( .+(
=%/+?( <2+%&2.( 1,/%( 18&&<( +( 2&.1.+( 71%1/&71( 1( +,,+( <1#=( .(
&%+&/?( <#( 21,+( 21( 2&7+%,1&.1.+?( &2.&7&,&&&.1.+( +( &2/+%.+=+2.2<&1( .,(
.&%+&/,(0#12,(&7+,12?((
(

)(=%<+,,(.+(2&7+%,1&51(.,(.&%+&/,(0#12,(=+%#&/&(1(%#1(.+(

#(,&,/+#1(&2/+%21<&21(.+(=%/+(.+,,+,(.&%+&/,(,,+(,&,/+#1(;(<#=,/(=%(
/%1/1.,( &2/+%21<&21&,( .+( =%/+( +( %++/+#?( ,%+/.?( 1( <2,<&2<&1( ;/&<1(
<2/+#=%2+1( <#=1%/&01.1( =+,( ,/1.,?( 21( #+.&.1( +#( +( &27<1#( (
<2,+2,(&2/+%21<&21(1<+%<1(.+(/+#1,(<+2/%1&,(1,(.&%+&/,(0#12,?(21(,<1(.1(
,1711%.1( .+( =1%#+/%,( =%/+/&7,( #2&#,( ( .( #2&#( ;/&<( &%%+./7+_(
&7+,12?((
(

(+<1%1(.,(&%+&/,(#12,(.+(&+21(.+(?(%+&/+%1(1(<2<+=(

.1( +<1%1( 2&7+%,1( .+( &%+&/,( #12,( .+( ?( 1( 1&%#1%( +#( ,+(
=1%%1((+6(
>.,( ,( &%+&/,( .( 0#+#( ,( 2&7+%,1&,?( &2.&7&,7+&,?(
&2/+%.+=+2.+2/+,( +( &2/+%%+1<&21.,( ( <#2&.1.+(
&2/+%21<&21( /+#( .+( <2,&.+%1%( 1#+2/+( ,( &%+&/,( .(
0#+#?( .+( %#1( ,/1( +( +&/1/&71( +( <#( &1( 21,+(
#%1( ,+( .+71#( /+%( ,+#=%+( =%+,+2/+( ( ,&2&&<1.( .1,(
+,=+<&&<&.1.+,( 21<&21&,( +( %+&21&,( +( ,( 12/+<+.+2/+,(
0&,/%&<,?( </%1&,( +( %+&&,,?( <#=+/+( 1,( ,/1.,?(
&2.+=+2.+2/+#+2/+( .,( ,+,( ,&,/+#1,( =/&<?( +<2#&<( +(
</%1?( =%#7+%( +( =%/++%( /.,( ,( &%+&/,( .( 0#+#( +(
&+%.1.+,(2.1#+2/1&,_(
,<1%+<&.,(+,/+,(=%&#+&%,(<2<+&/,?(71+(1+%/1%(+(2(<1#=(.(&%+&/(
;( <##( +2<2/%1%#,( ./%&21.%+,( <#( =,/%1,( 1,/1#+2/+( 12/1[2&<1,?(
=%/12/?( 71+( +,<1%+<+%?( ( +( +,/1#,( 1&2.1( +#( 2( &2<&( .+,,+( 1=%+2.&51.(
,%+(&%+&/,(#12,?(12,(=2/,(2,(1&,(1(./%&21(1/1(=.+(121%_(
Professor Alyson Barros

13

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

<#(1(<1+1(.+(7<,(%(&,,(71#,(+,/.1%(1,(%12.+,(+,<1,(.+(=+2,1#+2/(
1<+%<1(.,(.&%+&/,(0#12,(
(
(

81#3/,%#/9:)3()4&+%&();1,/#()
(
1%1(+812.%+(.+(%1+,(?(&2#+%1,(,(1,(/+%&1,(.+,+277&.1,(2(
,+2/&.(.+(,/&&<1%(+(+,<1%+<+%((2.1#+2/(.,(.&%+&/,(0#12,?(.+,/1<12.
,+?( =%;#?( 1( &%#! 6.(,&.7#(&?( 1( &%#! 8(#&#1#(&( +( 1( &%#! 7#(&! .!
%! 9%%7,( ( &2<#=1%7+( &#=%/2<&1( .,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( 2.1#+2/1&,(
2( <2,++( ,+%( +8=&<1.1( =%( 1+%( .1,( /+%&1,( +8&,/+2/+,?( +( ,+( #,/%1#(
&2,&<&+2/+,((
( &%#! 6.(,&.7#(&( 2.1#+2/1( ,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( +#( #1( %.+#(
,=+%&%(2&7+%,1?(&#/7+(+(&2.+%%7+(%(+,,1(/+%&1?(,(.&%+&/,(0#12,(
2.1#+2/1&,( 2( ,( <%&1( .,( +&,1.%+,?( /%&21&,( ( %&,/1,?( +?(
<2,++2/+#+2/+?(2(=.+#(.+,1=1%+<+%(.1(<2,<&2<&1(.,(0#+2,(
(

( &%#! 8(#&#1#(&( 2.1#+2/1( 1( +8&,/2<&1( .,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( 21(

%.+#( 2%#1/&71?( +212/( +/&#1( #12&+,/1( .1( ,+%12&1( ==1%( +,/1(


%#1?( ,#+2/+( ,+%&1#( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( 2.1#+2/1&,( 1++,( +8=%+,,1#+2/+(
=%+7&,/,(2(%.+21#+2/(%.&<(=,&/&71.(
(

( &%#! 7#(&! .! %! 9%%7,( +2<2/%1( 1( 2.1#+2/1( .,(

.&%+&/,(0#12,(2.1#+2/1&,(21(=%=%&1(+8=+%&2<&1(+(<2,<&2<&1(#%1(.+(#(
.+/+%#&21.(=7?(+(1<11(=%(<2&%1%((.+2#&21.(!#%&(%)+,).!(
5,&%6(%1+,?((
(

+812.%+(.+(%1+,(<#=+#+2/16(1(%+1&.1.+?(1,(/+%&1,(,+(<#=+/1#?(

.+7+2.( <+8&,/&%+#?( =&,( ,#+2/+( 1( =1%/&%( .+( #1( <2,<&2<&1( ,<&1( /+%&1( .+(
+%+#12?( 1,+1.1( =%&2<&=1#+2/+( +#( 71%+,( &81.,( 21( <%+21( .+( #1( %.+#(
2&7+%,1?( ,=+%&%( +( &#/7+( /+%&1( ,21/%1&,/1?( ;( +( ( +&,1.%( ( ,(
/%&21&,(+2<2/%1#(,,/%1/(=/&<(+(,<&1(=1%1(%+<20+<+%+#(1(+8&,/2<&1(.+(
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%.&<(/+%&1(=,&/&7&,/1_(
Professor Alyson Barros

14

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

=+,1%( .+,,1( .&,/&2( 1,/12/+( .&./&<1( +( +<&.1/&71?( =%+<&,1%+#,(

1=%2.1%( #( =<( #1&,( 2+,,1,( /+%&1,( =1%1( +,<1%+<+%#,( 12,( .+/10+,( )(


=%&#+&%( +,<1%+<&#+2/( 1&( ,+%( ,%+( 1( <%%+2/+( 6.(,&.7#(&?( +( 1<%+.&/1(
21( 12/+%&%&.1.+( .,( .&%+&/,( 2.1#+2/1&,( <#( %+1( 1( ,+( %+<20+<&#+2/(
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(
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,&2[2&#( .+( ,21/%1&,#?( %+=%+,+2/1( 1( +8&,/2<&1( .+( #( .&%+&/( 2.1.( 21(
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Professor Alyson Barros

15

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

+%27;3!%!<#/=,#>!?!

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(
Professor Alyson Barros

16

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

4#(<2,+2<&1(.+,,1(7&,(,(.&%+&/,(0#12,(2(,((=1,,7+&,(.+(
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=1=+(.+(%+<20+<+%(/.,(,(.&%+&/,(<2,&.+%1.,(21/%1&,?(&2+%+2/+,((<2.&(
0#121(.&%+&/,(21/%1&,((
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Professor Alyson Barros

17

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

8! ! .&/! %! #%#&(! .%! ,! #(! (%#! ! .%! !


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Professor Alyson Barros

18

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

#(/+%#,(%.&<,?(+,/1(.&,<,,(1=1%+<+(2#(.+1/+(#&/(<##((+(
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&.+&1(.++2.&.1(=+,(1.+=/,(.1(/+%&1(.,(.&%+&/,(2.1#+2/1&,(;((+(,#+2/+(
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19
Professor Alyson Barros

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

+( ( 0#+#( ,+( +2<2/%1( .+( ,1/&,15+%( ,1,( 2+<+,,&.1.+,( +,,+2<&1&,( ,,&#?(


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Professor Alyson Barros

20

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

%&+#( 2,( .&%+&/,( 21/%1&,_( ,,&#?( ( ,&#=+,( 1/( .1( =+,,1( ,+%( 0#121(
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Professor Alyson Barros

21

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

+6(=+,1%(( .1(( 71%&1(( 2(( =12(( .+(( =,&/&71(&2/+%21<&21((&2/+%2(


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( &#&2&%( 1( %+1( .+( 1/1( .1( ,+%12&1( .( +,/1.( =%( ,+%( #( <1#=( 2.+( (
+,/1.(2(=.+(1.+2/%1%?(&2/+%+%&%?(%+,/%&2&%(
( +<&=%<&.1.+( 2.+( 2( =.+( 017+%( .+,%+,=+&/( ( 1#+11( 1,( .&%+&/,(
0#12,( 12.( .1( %+1( .+( %+<&=%<&.1.+( +8&,/+2/+( +2/%+( ,( +,/1.,(
=%&2<&=1#+2/+(12/(1(1,=+</(=/&<(+(+<2[#&<(.+#,(1&2.1(<&/1%(<#(
<1%1</+%,/&<1,6( /+%( 1,=+</( &.+&<( 1,/12/+( .+,+277&.?( =%( ,+%( #( .&%+&/(
=&/&51.(7+%,12.(,%+(1(%+1(+2/%+(=.+%(+(=+,,1(<1%1</+%&512.((=.+%(
<#( 1( 2+<+,,&.1.+( .+( =%/+( +( 1( 1%12/&1?( 1( #+,#( /+#=?( .1( &+%.1.+( .(
0#+#(
( %%+,,&7&.1.+( ( +( ,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( +8&+#( #1( /1( <2,/12/+( .(
&2.&7.(<#((+,/1.?(<2,+&2.(+2/1#+2/+(+(=%%+,,&71#+2/+(,+,(.&%+&/,?(
#(1(#(
( ( 7&1( .,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( 12.( .( %#=&#+2/( .1( =15( #2.&1?( ;(
#1( <1%1</+%,/&<1( +8/%+#1#+2/+( &#=%/12/+( =1%1( ( .&%+&/( &2/+%21<&21( 2.+(
2+#(#+,#(1(#1&,(%17+(1#+11((%.+#(&2/+%21<&21(=.+(,=%&#&%(,(.&%+&/,(
0#12,(
,(%#1,(+(7+%,1#(,%+(.&%+&/,(0#12,(,(<+2/+,?(&#=+%1/&71,((#1(
%&1(+%1?(!%6)(+>,!?(.+(%+,=+&/(1(+,/+,(.&%+&/,(
.+,+(/1#;#(<&/1%(<#(<1%1</+%,/&<1,(.,(.&%+&/,(0#12,?(1(1/2#&1?(2(
,+2/&.( .+( ,+%( ( .&%+&/( +( 7&,1( =%/++%( ( 0#+#( <2/%1( 1,( 1/%<&.1.+,( .,(
Professor Alyson Barros

22

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

+,/1.,?( 2#( =12( &2/+%2( +( &2/+%21<&21( %( &,,?( ,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( .+7+#(


,+%( +2/+2.&.,( 2( <#( ,&#=+,( &#&/+,( &#=,/,( 1( +,/1.?( #1,?( <#( #(
<22/(.+(71%+,(=1%1(1(=,&/&71(.,(=.+%+,(=&<,_(
( /&#1( <1%1</+%,/&<1( +( =.+( ,+%( 1=2/1.1( ;( 1( =%+,2( .+( 1=&<1&&.1.+(
.&%+/1( .,( /%1/1.,( .+( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( 2( #&/( &2/+%2( +7+( ,+%( +2/+2.&.1(
<#(1(1<.1.+(.+(&27<1%(+,/+,(.&%+&/,(.+&2&.,(&2/+%21<&21#+2/+(
2,(/%&21&,(&2/+%2,(
5,&%6(/+0?((
(
(

=+,1%( .+,,1( &2/+%+,,12/+( =+%,=+</&71( %+1&51.1( =+1( 1/%1?( .+7+#,(

+2/+2.+%(,(&%+&/,(#12,(=+1,(,1,(<,,&<1,(.+,<%&+,()(+,/.(.(.&%+&/(
<2,/&/<&21(+(.(.&%+&/(&2/+%21<&21(1<+%<1(.,(.&%+&/,(0#12,(2,(=+%#&/+(
1&%#1%(+(,(.&%+&/,(0#12,(1=%+,+2/1#(1,(,+&2/+,(<1%1</+%,/&<1,6(
1 &,/%&<&.1.+(
2&7+%,1&.1.+(
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+ :%%+22<&1&&.1.+(
:21&+21&&.1.+(
:#=%+,<%&/&&&.1.+(
0 :27&1&&.1.+(
& 4#=+#+2/1%&.1.+(
+/&7&.1.+(
:2/+%.+=+2.2<&1(
,,1,( <1%1</+%,/&<1,( ,+%7+#( 2( ,( <#( =1%#+/%,( .+( %12&51( .1(
,<&+.1.+?( <#( %+=%+,+2/1#( 71%+,( .1( 2( &2/+%+%2<&1( +,/1/1( 21( +,+%1( .1(
&2.&7&.1&.1.+?(%+,=+&/12.((71%(;/&<(.1(.&2&.1.+(.1(=+,,1(0#121(
+1#,(.+/101.1#+2/+(<1.1(#(.+,,+,(<2<+&/,6((
(
#(&#2#%6( ,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( ,( %/,( .( =%<+,,( 0&,/%&<( +,( ,(
<2,/%.,( %1.1#+2/+( +( +8=12.+#( ,1( 1,+( 1( 2( .1,( .;<1.1,( ,,1(
+7( 0&,/%&<1( .,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( ,&2&&<1( +( ,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( 2(
Professor Alyson Barros

23

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

%1#(<%&1.,(1=+21,(.+(#1(7+5?(#1,(+2/1#+2/+(+77&.,(=1%1((+(/+#,(0+(
( +,,1( 0&,/%&<&.1.+( ;( +8=12,&71?( 2( ,+( 1.#&/&2.( 1( ,=%+,,( ( .+( .&%+&/,( (
%+<20+<&.,(21(%.+#(%.&<1((1&%#1(.+(%=,?(=%(+8+#=?(/+#(%1.(
+&,(+(<2,/&/&+,(1(1#=&1%+#((1%<1(%.&<(1<+%<1(.,(2.1#+2/,(.1(
.&2&.1.+( 0#121( ,,1( <1%1</+%,/&<1( ;( 1( 1,+( =1%1( 1,( +%1+,.&#+2,+,( .,(
.&%+&/,(0#12,?(+(7+%+#,(1.&12/+((
8%,#!8!!96((

(<1%1</+%,/&<1(.,(.&%+&/,(0#12,(1(,1(/+#=%1&.1.+(+#(

%+1((0&,/%&<&.1.+(.+(<1.1(21(

+&/( 0.!&6( ;( 1( =%&&( .+( ,=%+,,( .+( .&%+&/,(

=%&&( .+( ( %+/%<+,,( ),+%7+( +( 1( =%&&( .+( %+/%<+,,(


=%+(1(,=%+,,(.+(.&%+&/,(+(2(1(%+,/%&(1((.&%+&/,?(1&21?(.+(
#1(#12+&%1(+%1?(,(.&%+&/,(<#=%/1#(&#&/1+,(
(
,#1%(7#%! 1( 1%122<&1( .+,,+,( .&%+&/,( +21( /.,( ,( &2.&7.,?(
&2.+=+2.+2/+( .+( 21<&21&.1.+?( ,+8?( %11?( <%+.( ( <27&<( =/&<( &,&<1(
+=%+,+2/1( ( %+1/&7&,#( </%1?( ,+1( 2( ,+2/&.( .+( +( +,,+,( .&%+&/,( ,+(
.+,/&21#( 1( /.1,( 1,( =+,,1,( ,+#( 1+%( /&=( .+( .&,<%&#&21?( ,+1( 21(
1%122<&1( /+%%&/%&1( 2&7+%,1( +#( /.( ( #2.( +,,+( #.?( 2( 0(
&#&/1+,( /+%%&/%&1&,( ( =%/+( .1( .&2&.1.+( 0#121( ( <1%1</+%,/&<1( .1(
2&7+%,1&.1.+( .,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( ,&2&&<1( +( +,,+,( .&%+&/,( .+&81%1#( .+( ,+%(
1=+21,( &2/+%2,( =1%1( ,+%+#( .+( /.,( ,( =7,?( +( +,,1( +,/( #2.&1( .+#12.1(
1/&/.+,(.1(<#2&.1.+(&2/+%21<&21(+,,+(,+2/&.(11,+(+#(!&,/+#1(1(.+(
%/+(1,(&%+&/,(#12,_(
&( .+=&,( .1( !+2.1( +%%1( 2.&1?( +( .1( +<1%1( 2&7+%,1( .,(
&%+&/,(#12,(+(+,,+(=%&2<=&(120(#1&,(%1(1(+<1%1(2&7+%,1(
.,( &%+&/,( #12,( ,( .&%+&/,( 2&7+%,1&,( ,( +22<&1.,( 1( /.,( +( /#( 1(
<2.&(.+(0#12,?(,+#(2+20#1(.&,<%&#&21(
>+#,(=%+#1,(<#(+,,1(.+&2&3(!&#?(=&,?(1=+,1%(.+(1<%+.&/1%#,(21(
2&7+%,1&.1.+( .,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( +( 1( ,1( ,<1( =+1( .&2&.1.+( 0#121?( ;(
<#=+8( +( .&<&( =%#7+%( /1( <2<+&/( +2/%+( </%1,( .&+%+2/+,( ,,&#?( +,,1(
<2<+=( 2&7+%,1&,/1( .,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( <,/#1( ,+%( <2%2/1.1( <#( (
Professor Alyson Barros

24

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

%7&#1#(! ! 2.7&.76( 1,( 7&<&,,&/.+,( </%1&,( .+( <1.1( =1,( ,+%&1( #( +2/%17+( (
1&%#1( .1( 71&.1.+( .+( #( #+,#( %=( .+( .&%+&/,( +#( /.,( ,( =1,+,( (
4%%+2/+( +1/&7&,/1( 1+1( +( ,( #+&,( </%1&,( +( #%1&,( .+( #1( ,<&+.1.+(
.+7+#(,+%(%+,=+&/1.,?(1&2.1(+(+#(=%+5(.,(.&%+&/,(0#12,(.+,,1(#+,#1(
<#2&.1.+( +,,1( =+%,=+</&71?( +( +2%1+<+( ( 2&7+%,1&,#?( +8&,/+( #1(
=%+=2.+%2<&1( .,( 1/%+,( </%1&,( .+( <1.1( =7( 21( .+/+%#&21( .+( 1&,(
,+%&1#( ,( 1/%+,( 2&7+%,1&,( .1( <2.&( 0#121( =+,1%( .1,( &2/+%#&27+&,(
.&,<,,+,( 1<+%<1( .+( &#&/+,( +2/%+( +,,1,( .1,( <%%+2/+,?( =%+71+<+( 1( &.+&1( .+(
=%/+(2&7+%,1( 1,(.&%+&/,(0#12,(1<&#1( .(%+1/&7&,#(</%1((+,/+(2(
=.+( ,+%( &2%1.?( /1#=<( ,/&&<1( ( +&/&#1( <2./1,( +( 1/+2/+#( (
.&2&.1.+(0#121(
8%,#!8!!96((

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1+%( %=( 0#12( #0+%+,?( 2+%,?( 0#1+/&7,?(


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(
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<+8&,/+2/+,(21(%.+#(%.&<1(12.(+,/&7+%+#(<&.&2.()(+8+#=(#1&,(121(
.+,,1( <&,( .+( .&%+&/,( ;( 1( &+%.1.+( .+( +8=%+,,?( +( .+7+( ,+%( 01%#2&51.(
<#( 1( =%/+( .1( &#1+#( +( .1( 7&.1( =%&71.1( )( <2<+&/<017+( 1&( ;( 1(
01%#2&51(.+(.&%+&/,(0#12,(
8%,#!8!!96((

+#(,(.&%+&/,(2.1#+2/1&,(,(1,/,(

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.+(&2%#1?(<#2&<1(+(=&2&(

=+,1%( .+( 2( 017+%( .&%+&/( 1,/( .)&( !,?( +8&,/+#(

.&%+&/,(.+(<1%/+%(1,/(&%2&(!,(<#((.&%+&/((=%&&(
.+(/%/%1(<#(+((.&%+&/(.+(=%&&(.+(+,<%17&.(
(
Professor Alyson Barros

25

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

((%,2#7#%6(,(.&%+&/,(0#12,(,(&2+%+2/+,(1(,+%(0#12?(/+2.(=%(1,+(
,( 71%+,( ,=%+#,( .( 0#+#( +( ,1( .&2&.1.+( 1,=+</( #1/+%&1?( 1,,#&2.(
=,&(2%#1/&71(.+(.+,/1+(1,=+</(%#1(
(
%,.,2##7#%6( 2( ;( =,,7+( 1( %+22<&1( .,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,?( =&,?( <#(
,(.&%+&/,(&2+%+2/+,((<2.&(0#121?(2&2;#(=.+(1%&%(#(.+(,1(=%=%&1(
21/%+51( +,,1( <1%1</+%,/&<1( ,%+#( .&,<,,+,( &#=%/12/+,( =1%1( 1( ./%&21?(
<#(1(%+22<&1(1(.&%+&/((7&.1(+(1(+/12,&1?((1%/(+((,&<.&(
(
,7#%,#7#%6(2(;(=,,7+(1&+21%(.&%+&/,(0#12,((+,,+,(.&%+&/,(2(,(
/%12,+%7+&,(1(1+%(//(%1/&/((2+%,(
(
8%(2#&##7#%6( ,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( 2( ,+( .+1,1#( ( ,+( =+%.+#( <#( (
.+<%,(.(/+#=(2(=%+,<%+7+#(
(
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%+,=2,1&&51(<&7&?(1.#&2&,/%1/&71(+(<%&#&21(
(
87%%,&#%! ,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( .+7+#( ,+%( ,+%71.,( 2(
&,1.1#+2/+?( #1,( .+( %#1( <22/1( +( &2/+%1/&71( <#( 1,( .+#1&,( 2%#1,?(
=%&2<=&,(+(+/&7,(+,/1/.,(=+(+&,1.%(
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4#=+#+2/1%( 1( +,,1( <1,,&&<1?( +812.%+( .+( %1+,( ( 1&2.1(
.+,<%+7+(.1,(<1%1</+%,/&<1,((&1.1,(1(<2/+8/(%1,&+&%6(
(
4%&#1#%6( 1( 1/1( .( .+%( &<( .+7+( ,+%( 2( ,+2/&.( .+( 1%12/&%( 1(
++/&71( .,( .&%+&/,( +( 1%12/&1,( 2.1#+2/1&,( =%+7&,/,?( <#( #+<12&,#,(
<+%<&/&7,?(=1%1(/12/?(#1( 7+5(+(1(42,/&/&(+.+%1(2(,+(,1/&,15(<#((
,&#=+,(%+<20+<&#+2/(1,/%1/(
(

Professor Alyson Barros

26

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

,&%%8%,,2#6( 1,( 7%&1,( =%+7&,+,( <2,/&/<&21&,?( 1=+,1%( .+( 1/[2#1,?(


=,,+#( .&7+%,1,( &2/+%,+<+,( =1%1( 1/&2&%+#( ,1,( &21&.1.+,( ,,&#?( =%(
+8+#=((&+%.1.+(.+(<#(+,/(&2/&#1#+2/+(&1.1((1%12/&1(.+(01+1,(
<%=,?(+#(<#(1(=%+7&,(.+(=%&,(,#+2/+(+#(1%12/+(.+&/((=%(%.+#(
.+(1/%&.1.+(.&<&1(<#=+/+2/+(
(
(

()+&#&()3()3&+%&();1,/#()
(
1%1( 4#=1%1/( ?( ,( =%&2<=&,( 2.1#+2/1&,( .,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,(
<1,,&&<1#,+(+#(.1,(%.+2,6(
1 ),(+(.&5+#(%+,=+&/(1,(71%+,(;/&<,(,=%+#,(
1

&+%.1.+(

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1

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.+,/1<1#,+( ( <01#1.1( /%1.+( .1( %+7( %12<+,16( ,( 71%+,( .1( &+%.1.+?( .1(
&1.1.+(+(.1(%1/+%2&.1.+((,&.1%&+.1.+((&.+&1(.+(7#%%(15(%++%2<&1(
(,#&,,(.+(/.,(+#(1<+(.1,(2%#1,(=%(++,(+.&/1.1,(4#(+#(+8=%+,,1((
1/%?( #1( ]( ,<&+.1.+( &7%+( ;( 1+1( +( +.+<+( ,( +&,( +( +1( =%=%&1(
+,/1++<+( +( 1,( 7+%212/+,( =%( +1( +,<0&.,_( )( =%&2<=&( .1( #/.7%( 15(
%++%2<&1((1&(.,(=%&7&;&,?(/%1/12.(/.,(.+(#12+&%1(&,2[#&<1(=+%12/+(
1( +&( ( 1( 4&%,#%( ( ,&.1%&+.1.+( =%+2.+,+( 1,( &.+&1,( +( /.,( ,(
%+,=2,7+&,( =+1,( <1%2<&1,( ( 2+<+,,&.1.+,( .+( 1+%( &2.&7.( ( %=(
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<1,,&&<1,(+#(.1,(+,=;<&+,6(1(<01#1.1(&%%+71&&.1.+(+(1(<#=+#+2/1%&.1.+(
,&.%&1( ( #%1/#7#%( /+#( <#( <2,+2<&1( ( =%&&( .+( ,=%&#&%(
.&%+&/,( 2.1#+2/1&,( =%( 7&1( .+( 271,( %+%1,( <2,/&/<&21&,( ( <27+2+,(
27
Professor Alyson Barros

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

&2/+%21<&21&,?( ,+2.( #1( 7+5( ,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( %+<20+<&.,( 2( ;( =,,7+(


,1( +8/&2( 4#( %+1( ( 287%%,&#%( (7#0#?( +,/1( ,+( ,/&&<1( 2(
=,/1.( 2/&<( .+( +( 1( +,,2<&1( .( ,+%( 0#12( ;( #1( ,?( &2.+=+2.+( .1(
+8&,/2<&1( .1( #/&=&<&.1.+( .+( .&+%+21,?( &2.&7&.1&,( +( ,<&1&,?( &&<1,( +(
</%1&,?(+(+8&,/+#(21(0#12&.1.+(
(
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%+/9%(4&,%#(%()3()4&+%&()51,/#()
(

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!1+#,( .1( +7( 0&,/%&<1( 21( <2&,/1( .+( &%+&/,( #12,( +( +,,1,(

<2&,/1,( 11%1%1#( 1( 1,+( <2<+&/1( .+( /%110( .+,,+,( .&%+&/,( ,1#+2/+(


171#,(.1(,<+,,(.+(+%1+,(.+(.&%+&/,(0#12,(/1#+2/+(=%++%&#,(1(
+8=%+,,( .&#+2,( .+( .&%+&/,_( +( +%1( .+( .&%+&/,_( 8=&<6( 1( +8=%+,,(
+%1+,(.+(.&%+&/,_(&2.5(1(%1<&<2&(.+(,+2<&1?(,<+,,(.+(.&%+&/,(+(+(
+,/+,(,(,,/&/.,(#(=+(/%(1(7+%.1.+?(2(0(,,/&/&(.+(.&%+&/,?(
#1,(<#=+#+2/1(),(.&%+&/,(0#12,(,+(,#1#(+(%+=%+,+2/1#(1(/+2.2<&1(
21/%1( .+( 11%1#+2/( ;#( .&,,?( 1( +8=%+,,( .&#+2,+,( .+( .&%+&/,_( ;(
+8=%+,,(#1&,(/&&51.1(+(1<+&/1(=+1(./%&21(#2.&1(#.+%21((.+,=+&/(.+,,1(
.&+%+21(.+(1=&<1?(<1,(,1&1(+#(,1(=%71?(,1&1(+(,(,&2[2&#,((
(./%&21(<1,,&&<1(+#((.&#+2,+,(.,(.&%+&/,(0#12,(
&%+&/,(.+(=%&#+&%1(.&#+2,(&2.&7&.1&,((2+1/&7,(
&%+&/,(.+(,+2.1(.&#+2,(,<&1&,?(+<2[#&<,(+(</%1&,(
(.&%+&/,(=,&/&7,(
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+#%#&(!.,(!%!9#%#!+#%,(3!#%%!

Professor Alyson Barros

28

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

),(.&%+&/,(2.1#+2/1&,(.+(=%&#+&%1(.&#+2,(,(,(<01#1.,(.+(
.&%+&/,(<&7&,(+(=/&<,?(+(+21#(,(.&%+&/,((7&.1?((&+%.1.+?(
1( =%=%&+.1.+?( ( &1.1.+( %#1( 1,( &+%.1.+,( .+( +8=%+,,(
<+/&71?( ,( .&%+&/,( .+( =1%/&<&=1( =/&<1( +( 1&2.1?( 1#1,(
1%12/&1,( =%<+,,1&,( +=%+,+2/1#( ,( .&%+&/,( <&7&,( +( =/&<,( .(
=7?( /%1.5&.,( 2( 71%( &+%.1.+( !( <2,&.+%1.,( 2+1/&7,(
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,+2.( <2,1%1.,( <#( #1&,( &2/+2,&.1.+( 2( #&/( &2/+%21<&21?(
Professor Alyson Barros

29

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

=%&2<&=1#+2/+(2(+(,+(%++%+(1(.&%+&/((=15?(1(.+,+277&#+2/(
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++,(.+=+2.+(1(<2<%+/&51(.1(,<&+.1.+(1+%/1(.(/%?(
Professor Alyson Barros

30

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

+#( ,1( .&#+2,( .+( #8&#1( 2&7+%,1&.1.+?( =1%1( 1( 1(


=1%+<+( ( #2.( &2<&21%,+( 2( =12( .+( /.1,( 1,( %+1+,( .+(
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Professor Alyson Barros

31

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

(
(
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(
(
(

Referncias
(
):?(12&++(+%,=+</&71(0&,/%&<1(.,(.&%+&/,(0#12,(+(,(27,(.&%+&/,(
:26(!:?(&<1%.(+%+&%1(+(4%.((
7,( .&%+&/,6( <2&,/1,( +( .+,1&,(
4%&/&16(%?((
(
>?( 12210?( ,( %&+2,( .( >/1&/1%&,#( ( &,=27+( +#6(
0//=6.02+/%%.&%+&/,12/0&,/#1%<,0.01%+2./%&+2,//1&/1%&,
#=.(<+,,1.(+#(20(.+(((
(
):)?(%+%/((%1(.,(&%+&/,?(=((&(.+(12+&%6(41#=,?((
(
):!?(1(4%,(.+(.&%+&/(<2,/&/<&21(!(16(10+&%,?((
(
4):?((4?(&%+&/,(#12,((!+,/+,(+.1&<1,(::?(1,,(2.?(
(
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4)>)?( &( 2.+%( ( 1&%#1( 0&,/%&<1( .,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( !(
16(!1%1&71?((
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((1&%#1(0&,/%&<1(.,(.&%+&/,(0#12,(!(16(!1%1&71?((
(
4?( ( ?( !=&++%?( ( +( +?( 4( 4( &%+&/,( 0#12,( ( /+&%( .+( 4%,( ( (
&%+&/(&((
(
:?( 1#( .+( %+( &%+&/,( 0#12,( +( <&.1.12&1( !( 16( .+%21?(
(
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:):!?( &#&/%&( >:!?( +21%.( >+%&1( +%1( .,( .&%+&/,( 2.1#+2/1&,(
1(+.(!(16(.&/%1(+7&,/1(.,(>%&21&,?((
(
):)?( 1%<+( ( &%+&/( 42,/&/<&21( +.( +7( /1( +( 1#=( ( !( 16(
;/.?((=(
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>:!?( 4;&1( =1%+<&.1( %#1,( ( %#1,( ( )( ,/1++<&#+2/( .,( &%+&/,(
#12,(>%12,%#?(1%&1?(7(?(=((.&(,=+<&1((
Professor Alyson Barros

32

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

(
?(401&#(&2)(!(8%!&+(!(16(1%/&2,(2/+,?((
(
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<#=1%1/&7(.,(,&,/+#1,(%+&21&,(+%=+(&2/+%1#+%&<12(+(1%&<12(!(16(
!1%1&71?((
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?(&+(&,&1(.(.&%+&/(!(16(!1%1&71?((
(
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Indicaes Bibliogrficas
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(

!+(7<(&,+%(<#=%1%(12,(&7%,(=1%1(,+(+2/%+/+%(+#(,+(##+2/(.+(

1(.,(+,/.,?(&,/(12,(+?(21(#&201(=&2&?(,(,(#+0%+,(.(#+%<1.(
!( 1,( #1&%+,( %++%2<&1,( =1%1( 1,( 12<1,( 1/1&,( +( .( #( #( +#1,1#+2/(
,%+(1(#1/;%&1(+(/%1101%+#,()7&1#+2/+(+(2(<%+#(/.((+.&/1?(#1,(
(1.1%(1(%+7&,1%(1(=1%/+(.1(#1/;%&16(
(
!( 7&1( &7+,12( ( +#%#&(! .,(! %! .(&#;! ,&%,2#,7( .&/%1( !1%1&71(
(.((
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!( 7&1( &7+,12( ( &%+&/,( 0#12,( +( ( &%+&/( 42,/&/<&21( :2/+%21<&21(
.&/%1(!1%1&71(((+.&((
(
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!1%1&71(((+.&((
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Professor Alyson Barros

33

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

(
(

Questes
(
(

41%,( <+1,?( ,+=1%+&( 12,( +8+%<<&,( =1%1( 1( 11( .+( 0+( 1=+21,( =1%1(

1+<+%#,(&201(#+/1(;(/+%(#1(#;.&1(.+((+,/+,(.+(<2<%,(1(<1.1(11(
( ,+&%( 7<( &%( %+,=2.+%( 1( ( +,/+,( %=&.1,( 1<+%<1( .( <2/+.( +(
+,/.1#,(0+(+(+(+,/.1%+#,(21,(=%8&#1,(11,((1((12<0(.+1,9((
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1(,%/+9(
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4#( %+1( 1( <2<+&/?( ( +7( +( ( 1%122<&1( .,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,?(

1,,&21+(1(=(<%%+/1(
1( ),( <01#1.,( .&%+&/,( .+( ,&.1%&+.1.+( <%%+,=2.+#?( 2( =12( .,( .&%+&/,(
2.1#+2/1&,?( 1,( .&%+&/,( .+( ,+2.1( +%1?( +( ,+( &.+2/&&<1#( <#( 1,(
&+%.1.+,(<2<%+/1,?(1<+2/12.((=%&2<=&(.1(&1.1.+(
((,;<(?(&21%,+(#1(271(1,+(2(,&,/+#1(.+(=%/+(.,(.&%+&/,(
2.1#+2/1&,?( 21( #+.&.1( +#( +( &( 2++( +( ,( ,/1.,( =1,,1%1#( 1( 1<0+%( 1,(
.+<1%1+,(.+(.&%+&/,(+#(,1,(42,/&/&+,((
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+?(2+,,+(,+2/&.?(++,(,(.&%&&.,(1(<1.1(,+%(0#12(&,1.1#+2/+(<2,&.+%1.?((
+( ,+( ,/&&<1( +#( %15( .1,( .&+%+21,( .+( 21<&21&.1.+?( ,+8?( %11?( <%+.( (
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.,( ,/1.,( 12/( 2( =12( &2/+%21<&21( ,?( 1,,&#?( ,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,(
=,&/&71.,(21,(42,/&/&+,?(21,(+&,?(2,(/%1/1.,(&2/+%21<&21&,(
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.&%+&/,( 0#12,( <#+( 1( ,+( <2,&.1%( ( +,,1( ;=<1?( ,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,(
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#(+,=1(<+2/%1(21(1+2.1(.1,(%12&51+,(&2/+%21<&21&,(
Professor Alyson Barros

34

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

(
4!((((44((:2,=+/%(.+(<&1((4&7&(
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<1.,(2((=%&2<=&(.1(&1.1.+(+(%1/+%2&.1.+(2&7+%,1(

Professor Alyson Barros

35

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

( ,( .+( ,+2.1( +%1?( 1( <2/%%&?( +21/&51#( ( =%&2<=&( .1( &+%.1.+( .(


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+8+%<<&( .,( .&%+&/,?( =%+,+%7,( ( %+=1%,?( 12.( 7&1.,?( <#( <%%+(
12.?( 2( 1%/&( ?( ?( .1( 42,/&/&( +.+%1?( ;( 1,,+%1.( ( .&%+&/( (
&2.+2&51?( =+( .12( #1/+%&1( ( #%1( .+<%%+2/+( .1( 7&1( .,( .&%+&/,( (
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Professor Alyson Barros

36

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

1( ( %+<20+<&#+2/( .,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( 21,( 42,/&/&+,( <1%1</+%&51( 1(


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+( ,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,?( 0&,/%&<1#+2/+( 2.1.,( 2( &%+&/( 1/%1?( 2+<+,,&/1#(
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Professor Alyson Barros

37

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

Questes com Comentrios e


Gabaritos
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1,,&21+(1(=(<%%+/1(
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2.1#+2/1&,?( 1,( .&%+&/,( .+( ,+2.1( +%1?( +( ,+( &.+2/&&<1#( <#( 1,(
&+%.1.+,(<2<%+/1,?(1<+2/12.((=%&2<=&(.1(&1.1.+(
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+( ,+( ,/&&<1( +#( %15( .1,( .&+%+21,( .+( 21<&21&.1.+?( ,+8?( %11?( <%+.( (
<27&<(=/&<&,&<1(
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1/%&.1.+,(,(1&,(,+(1/%&&((=.+%(=/&<(.+(+.&/1%(2%#1,?(/12/(2(&2/+%&%(
.,( ,/1.,( 12/( 2( =12( &2/+%21<&21( ,?( 1,,&#?( ,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,(
=,&/&71.,(21,(42,/&/&+,?(21,(+&,?(2,(/%1/1.,(&2/+%21<&21&,(
+(4#((&#(.1(%&#+&%1(+%%1(2.&1?(1(+,/%/%1(.(.&%+&/(&2/+%21<&21(.,(
.&%+&/,( 0#12,( <#+( 1( ,+( <2,&.1%( ( +,,1( ;=<1?( ,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,(
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1(,,+,(,(,(.&%+&/,(.+(/+%<+&%1(+%1(

Professor Alyson Barros

38

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

( !+( 1=%2.1%#,( 21( 0&,/%&1( .,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,?( ( =.+#,(


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Professor Alyson Barros

39

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

+(,(&/+2,(,,++2/+,(
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1(),(.&%+&/,(2.1#+2/1&,(,%+#(/.,(.+(#1(7+5?(2(,+(%&&21#(.+(=%<+,,(
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Professor Alyson Barros

40

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

!%+(,(.&%+&/,(+(1%12/&1,(2.1#+2/1&,?(;(<%%+/(1&%#1%,+(+6(
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<( 1,( 1%12/&1,( /#( <1%/+%( &2,/%#+2/1?( ,( #+&,( .+,/&21.,( 1( 1,,+%1%( (
+8+%<<&( .,( .&%+&/,?( =%+,+%7,( ( %+=1%,?( 12.( 7&1.,?( <#( <%%+(
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&>!]>!5!
Professor Alyson Barros

41

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

((),(/%1/1.,(+(<27+2+,(&2/+%21<&21&,(,%+(.&%+&/,(0#12,(
+(%+#(1=%71.,?(+#(<1.1(41,1(.(42%+,,(1<&21?(+#(.&,(/%2,?(
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Professor Alyson Barros

42

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

<( ;( %+<#+2.7+( 1( =,&/&71( .,( .&%+&/,( 0#12,( ,+#?( <2/.?( 7&.1%( ,1(
2.1#+2/1( 2( &%+&/( 1/%1?( =+%#&/&2.( ( =11/&2( %+<20+<&#+2/( .+(
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Professor Alyson Barros

43

Curso de Direitos Humanos e Cidadania para a PRF


Professor Alyson Barros
Aula 0

Consideraes Finais
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Professor Alyson Barros

44

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