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INSTRUCTION MANUAL

MODEL 25HPV
Part No. 910-215A
3/20/04

COPYRIGHT 2004 BY R/D TECH, INC. All rights reserved.


No part of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or
mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system,
without the written permission of PanametricsJkaqqj, except where permitted by law. For
information address: info@Panametrics-NDT.com.
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Printed in the United States of America

910-215B

February 2004

PREFACE
The Model 25HPV Ultrasonic Gage has been designed and manufactured as a precision instrument.
Under normal working conditions it will provide long, trouble-free service.
Damage in transit - Inspect the unit thoroughly immediately upon receipt for evidence of external
or internal damage that may have occurred during shipment. Notify the carrier making the delivery
immediately of any damage, since the carrier is normally liable for damage in shipment. Preserve
packing materials, waybills, and other shipping documentation in order to establish damage claims.
After notifying the carrier, contact Panametrics-NDTTM so that we may assist in the damage claims,
and provide replacement equipment, if necessary.

WARRANTY
Panametrics-NDT guarantees the Model 25HPV to be free from defects in materials and
workmanship for a period of two years (twenty-four months) from date of shipment. The warranty
only covers equipment that has been used in a proper manner as described in this instruction manual
and has not been subjected to excessive abuse, attempted unauthorized repair, or modification.
DURING THIS WARRANTY PERIOD, PANAMETRICS-NDT LIABILITY IS STRICTLY
LIMITED TO REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF A DEFECTIVE UNIT AT ITS DISCRETION.
Panametrics-NDT does not warrant the Model 25HPV to be suitable for intended use, and assumes
no responsibility for unsuitability for intended use. Panametrics-NDT accepts no liability for
consequential or incidental damages including damage to property and/or personal injury.
This warranty does not include the transducer, transducer cable, charger, or battery. The customer
will pay shipping expense to the Panametrics-NDT plant for warranty repair; Panametrics-NDT will
pay for the return of the repaired equipment. (For instruments not under warranty, the customer will
pay shipping expenses both ways.)
Panametrics-NDT offers an optional third year warranty coverage, under the same terms, at the time
of purchase.
Panametrics-NDT reserves the right to modify all products without incurring the responsibility for
modifying previously manufactured products. Panametrics-NDT does not assume any liability for
the results of particular installations, as these circumstances are not within our control.

MODEL 25HPV

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 GENERAL INFORMATION............................................................................................... 1-1
2 BASIC OPERATION............................................................................................................. 2-1
2.1 Initial Setup.................................................................................................................... 2-1
3 SETUP AND CALIBRATION .............................................................................................. 3-1
3.1 Measurement Mode Selection (Velocity or Thickness) ................................................ 3-1
3.2 Choosing a Default or User-Defined Setup ................................................................... 3-1
3.3 Calibration ..................................................................................................................... 3-2
3.3.1 One Point Calibration (Velocity Measurement Mode Only).............................. 3-2
3.3.2 Two Point Calibration (Velocity or Thickness Measurement Mode)................. 3-3
3.3.3 Making Velocity Measurements (Velocity Measurement Mode) ..................... 3-4
3.3.3.1 Optional HPV/C Digital Caliper ..................................................................3-4
3.3.4 Making Thickness Measurements (Thickness Measurement Mode) ................. 3-5
3.4 Custom Setups ............................................................................................................... 3-5
3.4.1 Creating a Custom Setup .................................................................................... 3-5
4 GAGE FEATURES ................................................................................................................ 4-1
4.1 High/Low Alarm............................................................................................................ 4-1
4.2 Auto Shutoff .................................................................................................................. 4-2
4.3 Beeper Tone................................................................................................................... 4-3
4.4 Velocity/Thickness Display Blank or Hold ................................................................... 4-3
4.5 Calibration Lock ............................................................................................................ 4-3
4.6 Differential Display ....................................................................................................... 4-4
4.7 Language........................................................................................................................ 4-6
4.8 Measurement Display Update Rate ............................................................................... 4-6
4.9 Decimal Point ................................................................................................................ 4-7
4.10 Measurement Reset...................................................................................................... 4-7
4.11 Master Reset ................................................................................................................ 4-9
5 SCREEN DISPLAY FORMATS .......................................................................................... 5-1
5.1 Backlight........................................................................................................................ 5-1
5.2 Contrast.......................................................................................................................... 5-2
5.3 Measurement Screen...................................................................................................... 5-2
5.3.1 Measured Velocity/Thickness Value Area ......................................................... 5-2
5.3.2 First Status Line .................................................................................................. 5-2
5.3.3 Second Status Line.............................................................................................. 5-3
5.3.4 Fourth Status Line............................................................................................... 5-3
5.4 Calibration Screen ......................................................................................................... 5-4
5.4.1 Calibration Velocity Value Area ........................................................................ 5-4
5.4.2 First Status Line .................................................................................................. 5-4

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5.4.3 Fourth Status Line............................................................................................... 5-4


5.5 Application Setup Screens ............................................................................................. 5-5
5.5.1 Application Setup List ........................................................................................ 5-5
5.5.2 Setup Parameter List ........................................................................................... 5-6
5.5.3 PC Scope Screen Format .................................................................................... 5-6
5.6 View/Set Screen............................................................................................................. 5-7
5.7 Special Mode Screens.................................................................................................... 5-8
5.7.1 Special Mode Selection Screen........................................................................... 5-9
5.7.2 Parameter or Function Screen ............................................................................. 5-9
5.8 Status Screen................................................................................................................ 5-10
5.9 Error Help Screen ........................................................................................................ 5-10
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ....................................................................................... 6-1
6.1 Measurement Mode ....................................................................................................... 6-1
6.2 Application Setups......................................................................................................... 6-2
6.3 General........................................................................................................................... 6-6
6.4 Battery and Charger ....................................................................................................... 6-6
6.5 Special Gage Functions ................................................................................................. 6-7
BATTERY ............................................................................................................................... 7-1
7.1 Low Battery ................................................................................................................... 7-1
7.2 Charging Batteries ......................................................................................................... 7-1
7.3 Changing Battery Pack .................................................................................................. 7-2
7.4 Optional Battery Pack.................................................................................................... 7-2
THEORY OF OPERATION .......................................................................................................... 8-1
APPLICATIONS NOTES...................................................................................................... 9-1
9.1 Measurement Mode ....................................................................................................... 9-1
9.2 Transducer Selection...................................................................................................... 9-2
9.3 Factors Affecting Performance and Accuracy ............................................................... 9-2
9.4 Couplants ....................................................................................................................... 9-4
9.5 High Temperature Measurements.................................................................................. 9-5
9.6 Cable Lengths ................................................................................................................ 9-6
9.7 Waveform Displays Via PC Scope ................................................................................ 9-6
9.8 Pulser/Receiver and Gating Adjustments ...................................................................... 9-6
9.8.1 Pulser Power ....................................................................................................... 9-7
9.8.2 Maximum Gain ................................................................................................... 9-7
9.8.3 Initial Gain .......................................................................................................... 9-7
9.8.4 Main Bang Blank ................................................................................................ 9-8
9.8.5 Echo Window...................................................................................................... 9-8
9.8.6 Detect Mode........................................................................................................ 9-8
9.8.7 Echo 1 Detect, Echo 2 Detect ............................................................................. 9-9
9.8.8 Interface Blank.................................................................................................... 9-9

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9.8.9 Mode 3 Echo Blank ..........................................................................................


9.8.10 TDG Slope ......................................................................................................
10 MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING .................................................................
10.1 Basic Maintenance.....................................................................................................
10.2 Transducers................................................................................................................
10.3 Battery Care ...............................................................................................................
10.4 Error Messages ..........................................................................................................
10.5 Battery and Charger Problems...................................................................................
10.6 Measurement Problems .............................................................................................
10.7 Diagnostic Self Tests .................................................................................................
10.7.1 Display Test ....................................................................................................
10.7.2 Keyboard Test.................................................................................................
10.7.3 Hardware Test.................................................................................................
10.8 Software Upgrades.....................................................................................................
10.9 Customer Service.......................................................................................................
10.10 Repair Service..........................................................................................................
10.11 Replacement Parts & Accessories ...........................................................................

9-10
9-10
10-1
10-1
10-1
10-1
10-2
10-2
10-2
10-2
10-3
10-3
10-3
10-3
10-4
10-4
10-4

APPENDIX ISOUND VELOCITIES


APPENDIX IIPC SCOPE INTERFACE
APPENDIX IIIKEYBOARD FUNCTIONS

MODEL 25HPV

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GENERAL INFORMATION

The Panametrics-NDTTM Model 25HPV is a state-of-the-art, hand-held ultrasonic velocity/


thickness gage. This precision microprocessor-based instrument uses pulse-echo techniques to
measure material velocity/thickness when both sides of the test material are not easily accessible.
The Model 25HPV is designed with one basic goal in mindsimplicity of operation. A wide
velocity/thickness range makes the Model 25HPV an extremely versatile gage especially when
utilizing the gages three modes of operation with contact, delay line, and immersion transducers.
Transducer Auto-Recall, one of the gages unique features, simplifies gaging by allowing both
Standard Default and Custom Stored Transducer Setups. In general, one of the five Default
Transducer Setups is adequate for most applications. However, if your application requires a
special setup, the Model 25HPV offers five Custom Setup locations that may be programmed by
the user or by Panametrics-NDT.
The Model 25HPV is equipped with a serial communications port for connecting the gage to either
a DOS PC Scope program or new WIN25DL PC Scope software. Both programs allow the user to
make adjustments to transducer setups while viewing the RF Waveforms.
Other features include:

Thickness range: 0.050-25.00 in (1.25-635mm), depending on material and transducer


type

Large backlit display

High-Low Alarm functions

Differential Mode

Velocity Resolution 0.0001 in/sec (00.001mm/sec)

Thickness Resolution 0.001 in (00.01mm)

Display HOLD/BLANK mode

Long battery life

English/Metric units (inches or millimeters, or in/sec or mm/sec) with instant


conversion

Multiple Languages (English, French, German, Spanish)

Optional RF Waveform Oscilloscope output to your computer

Rugged case and a sealed keypad that is color-coded and provides tactile and audible
feedback

Semi-automatic keyboard calibration

Internal Self-Test Modes

Calibration lockout function to prevent accidental change to calibration or


measurement mode

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In addition, special prompts inform the user of instrument conditions such as: Active Transducer
Type and Setup, Low Battery, Loss of Signal (LOS), Calibration Mode, Alarms, and Differential
Mode.
Panametrics-NDTTM offers a wide variety of broadband contact, delay line and immersion
transducers for use with the Model 25HPV to permit optimum application of the gage on most
engineering materials. For applications assistance, please consult Panametrics-NDTor refer to
Table 6-1 on page 6-3 of this manual for a list of Default Transducer Setups and approximate
thickness ranges.

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BASIC OPERATION

The purpose of this section is to demonstrate how easy it is to make basic velocity/thickness
measurements with the Model 25HPV gage. The unit ships from the factory containing default
conditions for the transducer(s) you have purchased. Parameters may be changed after becoming
familiar with the more sophisticated gage features.

2.1

Initial Setup

Follow the initial setup procedure when operating the gage for the first time. To begin the initial
setup:
1. Plug the transducer cable into the transducer connector located on the top panel of the
Model 25HPV.
2. Connect the transducer to the other end of the cable.
3. Press the [ON/OFF] key to turn the gage on. The display will briefly show the following
message:

PANAMETRICS-NDTTM
Model 25HPV
SETUP: DEF-M1036
PROBE: M1036

Ensure that the probe type shown above matches the transducer you have attached to the
gage. This part number is engraved on the back or side of the transducer.

Note: If the probe type does not match the transducer, please refer to section 3.2
of this manual.
Approximately three seconds after the gage is turned on, one of the following screens
will appear depending whether the gage is set to the Velocity or Thickness mode:

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Velocity Mode

Thickness Mode

4. The current units are indicated on the right side of the display. To alternate measurement
units between inches (in/sec) and millimeters (mm/sec) press the [IN/MM] key. The
gage is now ready to make measurements based on the default settings and included test
block.

Note: The initial setup is not a substitute for doing a proper calibration. For
materials other than the included test block, see Section 3Setup and
Calibration.

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MODEL 25HPV

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SETUP AND CALIBRATION

3.1

Measurement Mode Selection (Velocity or Thickness)

The 25HPV Ultrasonic Velocity/Thickness gage can operate in either a Velocity or Thickness
mode. In Velocity mode, which is the default measurement mode, the gage calculates and displays
the material velocity based on a time of flight measurement and user entered Ref Value
(Thickness). The 25HPV can also operate like a standard ultrasonic thickness gage when the
Measurement mode is set to the Thickness mode.
Selecting Measurement mode:
1. Turn unit on.
2. Press [2nd F], [IN/MM] (SP MODE).
3. Press the [

] and [

] keys to select GAGE SETUP and press [ENTER].

4. Press the [

] and [

] keys to highlight MEASUREMENT.

5. Press the [ ] or [
] key to select either THK (Thickness Mode) or VEL (Velocity
Mode) and press [MEAS].

3.2

Choosing a Default or User-Defined Setup

The Model 25HPV has the ability to use a wide variety of transducers through the Application
Recall feature. Stored within the gage are five Pre-Defined and five User-Defined application
setups that provide maximum flexibility for a wide range of applications. The Pre-Defined setups
always remain in the gage as defaults and cannot be removed. This section discusses how to
choose an appropriate stored transducer setup and how to calibrate the Model 25HPV for a specific
application.
1. Select a transducer for the desired application and connect it to the gage.

Note: To determine an appropriate transducer, please refer to page 6-3, Table


6.1Application Setup Name and Application. Use the table as a
guideline only; exact thickness ranges will vary depending on the
application.
2. While the gage is in the Measure mode, press [RECALL SETUP]. The following screen
will appear:

DEF-M2008
DEF-M106
DEF-M109
DEF-M110
DEF-M1036

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3. Use the [ ] and [ ] keys to scroll through the available stored setups until the correct
setup for the application is highlighted. A complete list of the available choices is as
follows:
ACTIVE
DEF-M106
DEF-M109
DEF-M110
DEF-M1036
DEF-M2008
USER-1
USER-2
USER-3
USER-4
USER-5

Note: The setups listed as USER-1 through USER-5 may be renamed for special
applications (see Section 3.4Custom Setups). For a complete description
see Section 9Application Notes.
4. Once the correct setup is highlighted, press [MEAS]. This action automatically recalls the
setup parameters for the chosen setup and brings the user back to the measure screen. Begin
taking measurements.

3.3

Calibration

In order to calibrate the 25HPV velocity/thickness gage the user must determine the Zero Offset of
the transducer and electronics. This process can be done in two ways: 1) a Single Point Calibration
(Velocity Measurement mode only) using one sample where the mechanical thickness and sound
velocity are known, or 2) a Two Point Calibration (Velocity or Thickness Measurement mode)
using two samples where the mechanical thicknesses are known and the samples have the same
material sound velocity.

Note: The gage comes with a two step steel block that can be used to perform a
Two Point Calibration. Using this block will provide good accuracy for
most velocity measurement applications. To achieve the highest degree of
accuracy when using the 25HPV in Thickness Measurement mode, the
user should calibrate on their own samples that represent their surface
conditions and material geometry. If samples other than the one provided
are used, the user must know the mechanical thickness of the samples,
and samples must have the same material sound velocity. The thickness of
these samples must be within the thickness measurement range for the
transducer.

3.3.1 One Point Calibration (Velocity Measurement Mode Only)


One Point Calibration requires one sample of known thickness and known Velocity.

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1. Press [RECALL SETUP].


2. Use the [ ] and [ ] keys to select the transducer and press [ENTER], or press [ENTER]
on the active transducer setup.
3. Use the [

] and [

4. Use the [ ] and [


[MEAS].

] keys to select Ref Vel and press [ENTER].


] keys to enter the known Ref Velocity of the block and press

5. Press [MEAS] once again to exit the App Setup screen.


6. Couple to a sample with the entered Ref Velocity and known thickness.
7. Press [CAL THICK] or [CAL THIN]. The gage will display a thickness.
8. When the thickness reading is steady, press [ENTER].
9. Use the [

] and [

] keys to enter the known thickness.

10. Press the [MEAS] key to complete the calibration process.

3.3.2 Two Point Calibration (Velocity or Thickness Measurement Mode)


Two Point Calibration requires two samples of the same material velocity and known thickness.
The velocity value does not need to be known.
1. Couple to a thick sample and press [CAL THICK]. The gage will display a thickness
reading.
2. When the thickness reading is steady, press [ENTER].
3. Use the [

] and [

] keys to enter the known thickness.

4. Couple the transducer to a thin sample and press [CAL THIN]. The gage will display a
thickness reading.
5. When the thickness reading is steady, press [ENTER].
6. Use the [

] and [

] keys to enter the known thickness.

7. Press the [MEAS] key to complete the calibration.

Note: If the user presses the [MEAS] key after the [CAL THICK] key, the
gage will automatically do a One Point Calibration using the current Ref
Vel that is stored in the active setup.

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3.3.3 Making Velocity Measurements (Velocity Measurement Mode)


1. Perform a One Point or Two Point Calibration.
2. Press the [REF VALUE] key. The current Reference Thickness Value will be displayed in
large characters in the center of the screen. If the samples thickness is different from this
Reference Value, use the [ ] and [ ] keys to enter the new Reference Thickness Value.
3. Press [MEAS].
4. The Ref Value will be shown on the 2nd line of the display.
5. Couple to a sample that has the same physical thickness as the Ref Value.
6. The gage will display the Velocity in the center of the screen.

3.3.3.1

Optional HPV/C Digital Caliper

1. Cable Connection

Remove the RS-232 environmental plug from the caliper, located in the RS-232 port
above the Fowler Sylvac label on the caliper.
Insert the HPV/CC cable into the calipers RS-232 slot with the words OPTO RS
232 facing down.
Plug the other end of the HPV/CC cable into the RS-232 port of the 25HPV.

2. Setting up the Units on the HPV/C Digital Caliper

Press Set Button or Mode Button to turn ON the digital caliper. (To turn OFF the
caliper: Press and Hold Set Button for 2 seconds.)
Press Mode Button and SET will be displayed (active for 3 seconds).
Press Mode button twice to display UNIT (active for 3 seconds).
Press Set Button to toggle between Inch and MM.

3. Setting up the 25HPV Velocity/Thickness Gage

Turn on the 25HPV.


Press [2ndF], [IN/mm] (SP Mode).
Use the
or
keys to highlight SP_2 Gage Setup, then press [ENTER].
Use the
or
keys to highlight MEASUREMENT.
Use the
or
keys to set the mode to VEL (Note: the digital caliper only
works when the gage is in Velocity mode).
Press [Meas]
Setup and calibrate the 25HPV as described in Section 3 of the 25HPV manual.

4. Sending the Digital Caliper Thickness Reading to the 25HPV

3-4

Use the digital caliper to measure the thickness of the material then press Set Button
and the displayed thickness value will be transferred to the 25HPV and be displayed in
the REF VALUE Box.
Couple the transducer to the location that was mechanically measured and the 25HPV
will display the velocity of the material.

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3.3.4 Making Thickness Measurements (Thickness Measurement Mode)


1. Perform a Two Point Calibration on sample representing the maximum and minimum
thickness range of the material to be tested.
2. Make sure the 25HPV is in Thickness Measurement mode (see Section 3.1).
3. Apply couplant to the measurement location and couple the transducer to the sample and
the thickness should be shown on the display.

3.4

Custom Setups

The Model 25HPV contains five User-Defined setups for custom applications that cannot be
measured with one of the five Pre-Defined setups. The gage may need adjustments to achieve
optimum performance for certain special or custom applications. This section describes how to
create and store new customized setups that are conveniently accessible and flexible.

Note: Adjustments to the Pulser/Receiver should be made only by a qualified


technician who is familiar with the basic theory of Ultrasonic Gaging and
the interpretation of Ultrasonic Waveforms. Many of these adjustments
effect the range and/or measurement accuracy of the Model 25HPV.
Adjustments should not be attempted without the use of a 25SM (PC
Scope accessory) or WIN25DL to monitor Waveforms.
Uniquely, PC Scope allows the operator to view the Waveforms on a
regular PC and does not require the use of an oscilloscope. For further
information on how to use PC Scope, refer to the 25SM or WIN25DL
User Manual.
Panametrics-NDTTM also offers free applications assistance from our Applications Lab. The lab is
able to provide sample evaluations and specific custom parameter settings for special applications.

3.4.1 Creating a Custom Setup


1. Connect the 25SM Scope monitor box to the Model 25HPV and the PC. Run the DOS PC
Scope or WIN25DL software. (Refer to the 25SM or WIN25DL User Manual for
instructions.)
2. Press [RECALL SETUP] from the Measure screen to bring up the Application Setup
screen.
3. Use the [ ] and [ ] keys to select one of the Pre-Defined setups that matches the
transducer type, or Frequency and Diameter of the selected transducer.

DEF-M106
DEF-M109
DEF-M110

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4. Press [ENTER] and the Detailed Setup Screen will be displayed:

5. If PC Scope is not being used, press the [ ] and [ ] keys to select individual setup
parameters. After selecting parameters, continue to Step 6.
If PC Scope is being used, press [RECALL SETUP] to enter the PC Scope mode and
one of the following screens will be displayed depending whether the gage is in Velocity
or Thickness mode.

Velocity Measurement Mode

Thickness Measurement Mode

Use the [ ] and [ ] keys to select individual setup parameters. After selecting
parameters, continue to Step 6. The following is a list of the available parameters that are
adjustable.
SetupNameMBBlnk
ProbeTypeEchWindow
RefVelDtectMode
ZeroEch1Dtect
PulserPWREch2Dtect
MaxGainI/FBlnk
InitGainM3EchBlnk
TDGSlope

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6. The operator may change the selected parameter by using available keystrokes shown in the
Available Keys Field at the bottom of the display. See examples below:

Available keys field

Available keys field

The two examples above show the available arrow options. The [ ] and [ ] keys select a
parameter while the [ ] and [
] keys change the value of a parameter. In some cases
(RefVel, Zero) the [ENTER] key must be pressed to change a parameter. There are many
adjustable parameters, all following the same type of format. All available keys appear on
the bottom of the screen.

Note: Once all parameters have been adjusted for a new application, store the
setup so that it may be recalled at any time. If an adjusted setup is not
stored it will be deleted when another setup is selected and the user will
have to manually change the parameters again.
7. Press [2nd F], [RECALL SETUP] (Save Setup) to store the modified setup while either
the Application Setup list or the Setup Parameter list is displayed.
The second line of this screen shows the original setup name used to create the custom
setup (unless the Setup Name parameter has been changed). To change the Save_As:
name to a new name, use the editing keys shown in the middle of the screen. The gage will
use the new name to store and recall the custom application setup.
8. After creating a new name, press [ENTER] to confirm the name. Press [MEAS] at any
time to return to the previous screen without changing the setup name or storing the setup.

Note: If you create a new custom setup, but dont change the name, the new
setup will have the same name as the previous setup.
9. After the new name is confirmed the following screen will be displayed:

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The third line of the screen shown above highlights the name of a custom setup location,
which will be replaced by the new setup. Select a custom setup location to overwrite the
new custom setup by using the [ ] or [
] keys.

Note: All the USER-N locations are just place-holders that only repeat the
default setup information, so they can be safely overwritten. Overwriting
any of the DEF-XXX default setups is not possible.
10. Press [ENTER] to store the specified setup name in place of the specified location, or
press the [MEAS] key to escape without storing the setup.

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GAGE FEATURES

The Model 25HPV has many additional velocity/thickness measurement features other than those
discussed in Section 2 and 3 that make the gage a reliable, versatile instrument. This section
outlines each features benefits and functionality.

4.1

High/Low Alarm

The Alarm feature provides a warning for the operator when a velocity/thickness reading goes
above or below a programmable alarm level. These levels are known as Setpoint Values. The
Alarm must be turned on from the gages Alarm Measure Mode in order for this feature to work.
When the alarm is activated and a displayed velocity/thickness reading extends beyond the
designated range, an alarm condition occurs sounding audible beeps and visual indicators. The
audible beep stops during LOS (Loss of Signal).
The images below show examples of a visual indicator when a low measure alarm condition
occurs. A LOW or HIGH message on the bottom of the screen replaces the standard ALRM
indicator.
Velocity Measurement Mode

Thickness Measurement Mode

LOW MEASURE ALARM CONDITION

To view and/or change the Alarm Setpoint Values:


1. Press the [ALARM] key from any Measure mode. The existing Low Alarm Setpoint
Value will be displayed with the word LOW indicated. Use the [ ] and [ ] keys to
change the value.
2. Press the [ALARM] key again to display the existing High Alarm Setpoint Value. Use the
[ ] and [ ] keys to change the value, or press [ENTER] to accept it. If the first number
entered is higher than the following number, the gage will intuitively interpret the lower
number as the Low Alarm Setpoint Value and the higher value as the High Alarm Setpoint
Value.

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Also note that Alarm Setpoint Values entered in one system of units (i.e. metric or inches)
will be displayed as the closest equivalent value if an alternate unit is selected.

0.2385 in/S

3. Press [MEAS] while in the view/set Alarm Setpoint Value mode to select the Alarm
Measure mode.

Note: If the previous mode was a Differential Measure mode, then pressing the
[ALARM] key will disable the Differential mode.
4. Press the [ALARM] key to disable the alarm while in an Alarm Measure mode.

4.2

Auto Shutoff

By default, the gage turns off automatically after about six minutes when the gage remains idle.
This safety feature prevents the battery from running low if the gage is left unattended for a long
period of time without being turned off. The shutoff time period may be set from 6 to 18 minutes,
or disabled entirely.
To view or change the Auto Shutoff parameters:
1. Press [2nd F], [IN/MM] (SP Mode) to display a list of Special Modes.
a. Use the [

] and [

] keys to select SP-2 (Gage Setup). Press [ENTER].

b. Use the [

] and [

] keys to select Inactive Time.

c. Use the [ ] or [
MIN, or 18 MIN.

] keys to change the Inactive Time between OFF, 6 MIN, 12

2. Disable the auto shutoff by choosing OFF for the Inactive Time parameter.
3. Press the [MEAS] key to return to the Measure mode.

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4.3

February 2004

Beeper Tone

The Beeper sounds when any keys on the gage are pressed and certain actions occur. The Beeper is
enabled (turned on) by default. If the Beeper is not desired, it may be disabled.
To enable or disable the beeper tone:
1. Press [2nd F], [IN/MM] (SP mode) to display a list of Special Modes.
2. Use the [

] and [

] keys to select SP-2 (Gage Setup). Press [ENTER].

3. Use the [
or OFF.

] and [

] keys to select Beeper and use the [

] or [

] keys to choose ON

4. Press [MEAS] to return to the Measure mode.

4.4

Velocity/Thickness Display Blank or Hold

By default, the gage blanks its last measured and displayed velocity/thickness value when LOS
occurs (Blank mode). In other words, when the gage stops reading a signal the screen will not
show any velocity/thickness reading, thus appearing blank. The Hold function (Hold mode), on the
other hand, freezes the last measured velocity/thickness even when LOS occurs.
To change to the Hold mode from the Blank mode:
1. Press [2nd F], [IN/MM] (SP mode).
2. Use the [

] and [

] keys to select SP-2 (Gage Setup). Press [ENTER].

3. Use the [

] and [

] keys to select HOLD/BLANK.

4. Use the [

] or [

] keys to toggle between Hold and Blank.

5. Press [MEAS] to return to the Measure mode.

4.5

Calibration Lock

The Calibration Lock protects calibration values and application setups so they cannot be altered,
but may be viewed. However, all other gage setups can still be changed.
To enable the Calibration Lock:
1. Press [2nd F], [IN/MM] (SP Mode).
2. Use the [

] and [

] keys to select SP-2 (Gage Setup). Press [Enter].

3. Use the [

] and [

] keys to select CAL LOCK.

4. Use the [ ] and [


] keys to select ON. The Calibration Lock prompt CAL LOCKED
will be displayed in the second field of the first status line indicating that the Calibration
Lock is active.
6. Press [MEAS] to return to the Measure mode with the calibration locked.

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Differential Display

The Differential Velocity/Thickness display shows a velocity/thickness reading as the difference


between the actual Measured Velocity/Thickness and a user set Differential Reference Value as
defined below:
(Differential Vel./Thick.) = (Measured Vel./Thick.) - (Differential Reference Vel./Thick.)

Differential Velocity/Thickness:

Allows the user to view and change a Velocity/Thickness


Differential Reference Value, and also to select the display
of the Differential Velocity/Thickness.

Differential Reference Value:

The units and resolution of the Differential Reference


Value and the Differential Velocity/Thickness are the
same as those selected for the velocity measurement.

The following Table shows the different thickness readings derived from the same sequence of
four measurements when Differential Measure modes are selected and the gage is set to Thickness
Measurement mode.
Table 4-1: Thickness Readings during Differential Measure Modes
Measured
Thickness

Differential
Reference Value

Differential
Thickness

0.070"

0.100"

-0.030"

0.105"

0.100"

0.005"

0.120"

0.100"

0.020"

0.085"

0.100"

-0.015"

To view, set, or change the Differential Reference Value:


1. Press the [2nd F], [ALARM] (DIFF) key while in the Measure mode. A screen titled
DIFFERENTIAL will display the current Differential Reference Value, which may be
changed using the [ ] and [ ] keys. The Differential Reference Value display is shown
below:

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Velocity Measurement Mode

Thickness Measurement Mode

VIEWSET DIFFERENTIAL REFERENCE

2. To select the Differential Measure mode from the Set/View Differential mode, press
[MEAS]. If the gage was in the Measure or Alarm Measure mode before [2nd F],
[ALARM] (DIFF) was pressed, then the Differential Measure mode will be selected.

Note: Differential Measure and Alarm Measure are mutually exclusive modes
and cannot be active simultaneously.
Differential Measure modes are indicated by the word MEAS in the fourth field of the
first status line and the word DIFF in the third field of the bottom status line. The
example below shows the Differential Measure mode while in the Thickness
Measurement mode:

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3. Return the gage to the Measure Mode from the Set/View Differential mode or any
Differential Measure mode by pressing the [2nd F], [ALARM] (DIFF) key. The
Differential Reference Value will be stored and can be recovered for later use.

4.7

Language

English is the default language in the Model 25HPV gage. However, it is easy to change the
language specification to French, German, or Spanish. When a language other than English is
specified, most text will be shown in the specified language, although some text will remain in
English.
To change the default language:
1. Press [2nd F], [IN/MM] (SP Mode).
2. Use the [

] and [

] keys to select SP-2 (Gage Setup). Press [ENTER].

3. Use the [ ] and [ ] keys to select the Language option and use the [
select another language.

] or [

] keys to

4. Press [MEAS] to return to the Measure mode.

4.8

Measurement Display Update Rate

The rate at which the measured velocity/thickness value is updated on the display may be adjusted
between 1, 2, 5, or 10 measurements per second, averaging with or without QBAR (see Note
below). The default measurement rate is 2 measurements per second.

Note: Averaging is used for the highest degree of accuracy/stability. A five


measurement running average is calculated and displayed at a 10
measurement per second rate.
The QBAR (quality bar), is an indicator of measurement stability shown
on the third status line. The length of the QBAR is proportional to the
measurement stability. A short QBAR indicates relatively unstable
readings, which vary from one to the next. A long QBAR indicates stable
readings, that is, readings that do not vary from one another. Averaging
with QBAR aids in finding optimum transducer coupling in some
applications.
For each measured material a combination of factors affect how fast the least significant digit of
the velocity/thickness value changes, such as:

measurement rate setting


transducer type
speed of transducer movement

In general, the operator should use a measurement rate and technique that yields a fast response to
transducer placement and movement without encountering fluctuation from the least significant
digit.

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To display the current Measurement Rate:


1. Press [2nd F], [CAL THICK] (MEAS RATE). The rate will be displayed on the second
status line.
2. To change the Measurement Rate, press [ ] or [
second status line. The available settings are:

] until the desired rate is shown on the

Meas Rate = 1/sec


Meas Rate = 2/sec
Meas Rate = 5/sec
Meas Rate = 10/sec
Averaging - No QBAR
Averaging - QBAR
Measurements remain active during this time and rate changes occur immediately.
3. To remove the Measurement Rate display, press [MEAS].

4.9

Decimal Point

By default, the Decimal Point (.) is used for accurate velocity/thickness values in the Model 25HPV.
The operator may choose to use a comma (,) instead of the period by changing the parameters.
To change the decimal point to the comma:
1. Press [2nd F], [IN/MM], (SP Mode).
2. Use the [

] or [

] keys to select SP-2 (Gage Setup). Press [ENTER].

3. Use the [

] or [

] keys to select Decimal Point.

4. Use the [

] or [

] keys to select either the period or comma.

5. Press the [MEAS] key to return to the Measure mode.

4.10

Measurement Reset

The Measurement Reset restores the gage to the measurement default parameters. This may be a
useful feature to new operators while becoming familiar with the advanced feature setups, as well
as experienced operators to create an efficient short-cut to a known configuration. The
measurement calibration and setup is NOT affected by Measurement Reset.

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The parameters will reset to the following:

Measure mode with Differential and Alarms turned off

Differential Setpoint Value = 0.0 in/sec or 0.508mm/sec in Velocity mode,


or 0.000 in/mm in Thickness mode

Low Alarm Setpoint Value = 0.0200 in/sec or mm/sec in Velocity mode, or


0.000 in/mm in Thickness mode

High Alarm Setpoint Value = 0.6692 in/sec or 17.000mm/sec in Velocity


mode, or 25.000 in (635.00mm) in Thickness mode

CAL function unlocked

Measurement Update Rate = 2 per second

Blank velocity/thickness display during LOS condition

Backlight off

LCD Contrast set to normal

Inactive Time = 6 minutes

Beeper ON

To perform the Measurement Reset:


1. Press [2nd F], [IN/MM] (SP MODE).
2. Use the [

] or [

] keys to select SP-3 (Gage Reset). Press [ENTER].

3. Use the [ ] or [ ] keys to select Measure Reset. Press [ENTER]. The following screen
will be displayed:

4. Press the [ENTER] key to confirm the Measure Reset selection, or to go directly back to
the selection screen by pressing [MEAS].
(When the [ENTER] key is pressed, a beep and a message Reset Complete confirms
that a Measure Reset has been performed and the reset selection screen is shown.)

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February 2004

Master Reset

The Master Reset function resets all of the gages parameters to default settings.

Note: This feature is a powerful tool; use with caution.


To perform a Master Reset:
1. Press [2nd F], [IN/MM] (SP MODE).
2. Use the [

] or [

] keys to select SP-3 (Gage Reset). Press [ENTER].

3. Use the [

] or [

] keys to select Master Reset. Press [ENTER].

4. Press the [ENTER] key to confirm the Master Reset selection, or to go directly back to the
selection screen by pressing [MEAS].
(When the [ENTER] key is pressed, a beep and a message Reset Complete confirms
that a Master Reset has been performed and the reset selection screen is shown.)
5. Press [MEAS] to return to the Measure mode, or go to the Special mode selection list and
select Main Special Mode Menu.

Note: After a Master Reset, your last transducer setup remains as the active
setup in the gage.

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February 2004

SCREEN DISPLAY FORMATS

The Model 25HPV shows the measured velocity/thickness and all other information on a 2.3"W x
1.6"H (58mm x 41mm) Liquid Crystal Display (LCD). The display is easily readable in normal
working conditions, ambient lighting, and a wide range of temperatures. There is a switchable
internal backlight to enable reading the display in low light conditions, as well as a contrast control
to optimize display readability at extreme temperatures and poor lighting.
The screen display is a graphics type, which means that it can display different types of
information in different formats. The Model 25HPV displays information in five basic screen
formats.
1. Measurement Screen: Shows the velocity/thickness reading in large digits in the center of
the display surrounded by other measurement information and gage conditions.
2. Calibration Screen: Similar to the Measurement Screen but is for Calibration.
3. Application Setup Screens (3):
a. A list of measurement setups from which the proper setup for particular measurement
applications may be chosen.
b. A list of parameter values for each setup, which may be customized for unusual
applications.
c. An active velocity/thickness measurement and a parameter value that allow changing
the parameter value using the PC Scope.
4. View/Set Screen: Shows the value of a parameter such as Differential Reference or
Velocity/Thickness in large digits in the center of the display with additional information on
the top and bottom status lines.
5. Special Mode Screens (2): Allows normal gage measurements to be customized for special
requirements. These screens also allow the gage to be reset to known default conditions and
run tests on various internal parts of the gage.

5.1

Backlight

The gage displays the best contrast in bright light. However, the screen is easily readable in
subdued light or even complete darkness by using the built-in electroluminescent backlight.
To turn on the display backlight:
1. Press the key with the light bulb symbol. When the backlight is turned on, a light bulb symbol
on the gage display will appear above the units indicator.
2. The backlight may be switched off by pressing the light bulb key again.

Note: To prevent unnecessary drain on the battery, use the backlight only when
needed. The backlight turns off when the gage is shut down, and after a
Master or Measurement Reset.

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February 2004

5.2

910-215B

Contrast

Normally, the display contrast requires no adjustment. However, at extreme temperatures, such as
below 32F (0C) and above 104F (40C), contrast adjustment may be required.
To adjust display contrast:
1. Press [2nd F], [LIGHT BULB] (LCD ADJ).
2. Press [

] to darken the display or [

] to lighten the display.

To stop adjusting display contrast:


1. Press either [MEAS] or [ENTER] to stop the [

] and [

] keys from adjusting contrast.

2. Restore contrast to the default setting by performing a Measurement or Master Reset.

5.3

Measurement Screen

The Measurement Screen is displayed when the Model 25HPV is in the velocity/thickness
measuring mode. The Measurement Screen is divided into several fields where particular types of
information are located.

5.3.1 Measured Velocity/Thickness Value Area


The large area in the center of the screen is for displaying the measured velocity/thickness value
including the selected units and resolution.

5.3.2 First Status Line


The first status line has three fields that are used in the Measurement Screen.
1. The basic Measurement Screen differs from other screens such as the PC Scope and
Calibration screens because the first and second fields are blank, and the third field contains
the prompt MEAS N (where N refers to the selected detection method).
2. The rightmost field of the first status line is only used to display the LOS (Loss Of Signal)
prompt when the Model 25HPV cannot detect a signal from the transducer.

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February 2004

5.3.3 Second Status Line


When either Measurement Rate or Display Blank/Hold is selected, the status of those two
functions is shown on the second status line.

MEAS RATE = 2/SEC

0.2230 in/S

5.3.4 Fourth Status Line


The leftmost field of the fourth status line is used to indicate that the [2nd F] key has been pressed.
The Model 25HPV will interpret the next keystroke according the second function name printed
above the keys on the keypad.
The second field shows the primary available keys for that function.
The third field is used to indicate the following:

The Alarm Measure mode is enabled, (ALRM)

The Alarm Measure mode is enabled and the measurement is less than the low
setpoint, (flashing LOW)

The Alarm Measure mode is enabled and the measurement is greater than the high
setpoint, (flashing HIGH)

The Differential Measure mode is active, (DIFF)

The fourth field is used to indicate the occurrence of an operational error. Press [2nd F], [REF
VALUE], (STATUS) for more information when E is displayed here.
The rightmost field always shows an estimate of the remaining battery capacity (see Section 7.1).

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February 2004

5.4

910-215B

Calibration Screen

The Calibration Screen, similar to the Measurement screen, is used during material sample
calibrations. Please refer to the Calibration Screen below, which shows several field divisions
where particular information is located.
Calibration Measurement mode uses
echo detection method 1, 2, or, 3

Cal Thick Calibration

Indicates Loss of Signal

VEL

MEAS 1
MEAS 2
MEAS 3

LOS

1st Status Line


2nd Status Line (not used)

Calibration Thickness Value


3rd Status Line (not used)
4th Status Line
E

Battery capacity

Keyboard 2ND Function


Available keys

Error

5.4.1 Calibration Velocity Value Area


The large area in the center of the screen displays the measured or entered thickness value of the
calibration sample(s).

5.4.2 First Status Line


The Calibration Screen uses three of the four first status line fields.

The second field indicates that Cal Thick or Cal Thin calibration is selected.

The third field indicates the detection method used to measure the calibration sample
material by displaying MEAS N (where N is 1, 2, or 3).

The rightmost field of the first status line is only used to display the LOS prompt when
the Model 25HPV cannot detect a signal from the transducer.

5.4.3 Fourth Status Line


The Calibration Screen uses four of the five fields of the fourth status line.

5-4

The leftmost field of the fourth status line indicates that the [2nd F] key has been
pressed, and the gage will accept the secondary function from the next key pressed,
which is shown above the keys on the keypad.

The second field shows the primary available keys for the selected function.

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5.5

February 2004

The third field is blank.

The fourth field indicates the occurrence of an operational error. Press [2nd F], [REF
VALUE] (STATUS) for more information when E is displayed here.

The rightmost field always shows an estimate of the remaining battery capacity.

Application Setup Screens

There are three different screens used by the Application Setup function: Setup Selection List;
Setup Parameter List; and PC Scope Screen Format. Most users will only need to be familiar with
the Setup Selection List in order to choose the proper setup when changing to a new measurement
application. The Setup Parameter List and PC Scope Screen Format are only used when custom
setups are required for special applications.

5.5.1 Application Setup List


The Application Setup List is the initial screen shown when [RECALL SETUP] is pressed. The
Measurement Setup List screen format is shown below:
Function name

Name of Active,
i.e. current Setup
List of Setups: selected
Setup highlighted

Available keys

Battery monitor

APPLICATION SETUP SELECTION LIST


The highlighted name on the top line identifies the function as Application Setup.
The middle portion of the screen is a partial list of all the available Setup names. The highlighted
item identifies the selected setup. The selection highlight may be moved and the list may be
scrolled to show all names by using the [ ] and [ ] keys.
The first field of the bottom status line shows when the [2nd F] key has been pressed. The second
field shows the primary available keys. The third field shows E when an error occurs. The
rightmost field shows the battery capacity remaining.

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5.5.2 Setup Parameter List


When a particular setup from the list above is selected for viewing, a list of parameter values is
displayed. The Setup Parameter List screen format is shown below:
Function name

Partial list of Parameter


values with selection
highlighted
E

2ND F
Keyboard 2ND Function
Available keys

Error
Battery capacity
remaining

SETUP PARAMETER LIST


The highlighted name on the top line identifies the function as Application Setup.
The middle portion of the screen is a partial list of the parameter names and values for the selected
setup. The highlighted item identifies the selected parameter, which may be moved. The [ ] and
[ ] keys allow the user to scroll through all the parameters in the list. In addition, the [ ] and
[
] keys can change the setup parameter values.
The first field of the bottom status line shows when the [2nd F] key has been pressed. The second
field shows the primary available keys. The third field shows E when an error occurs. The
rightmost field shows the battery capacity remaining.

5.5.3 PC Scope Screen Format


The PC Scope Screen Format is used in conjunction with the optional PC Scope, which allows
echo waveforms and detection markers to be shown on a personal computer while measurements
are simultaneously taken and parameters changed. This function is only required when creating
custom measurement setups for special measurement requirements. The PC Scope Measurement
Screen format is shown below:

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February 2004

MEAS 1
MEAS 2
MEAS 3

MEAS1

Measured Velocity/
Thickness Value

The highlighted area of the first status line identifies the function as PC Scope. The second field
indicates that measurements are being made and which detection method is being used. The
rightmost field shows LOS prompt when there is loss of signal.
The second status line shows the name of the selected parameter and its value. Change parameter
names by using the [ ] and [ ] keys, and change parameter values by using the [ ] and [
]
keys.
The middle portion of the screen shows the measured velocity/thickness value in large digits.
The first field of the bottom status line shows when the [2nd F] key has been pressed. The second
field shows the primary available keys. The third field is not used. The fourth field shows E when
an error occurs. The rightmost field shows the battery capacity remaining.

5.6

View/Set Screen

The purpose of the View/Set screen is to review and/or change the current value of the following
gage parameters:
Differential Measurement Reference (see Section 4.6)

Alarm Setpoints (see Section 4.1)

Refer to the figure below for the following discussion of the format of this screen:

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The top status line indicates the view/set function name.


The middle area of the screen shows the value being viewed or changed in large numerals.
The first field of the bottom status line shows when the [2nd F] key has been pressed. The second
field shows the primary available keys. On the Alarm Set Point screen, the third field shows either
LOW or HIGH to indicate which Alarm Setpoint is being displayed. The fourth field shows E
when an error occurs. The rightmost field shows the battery capacity remaining.

5.7

Special Mode Screens

There are two screens used by the Special Mode function: special mode names, which offers gage
function selections; and a parameter or function screen that list parameters that can be changed or
functions that can be performed. Refer to the image below:

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February 2004

SP-1 GAGE TESTS


List of Special modes

SP-2 GAGE SETUP


SP-3 GAGE RESETS

5.7.1 Special Mode Selection Screen


Enter the Special Mode Selection Screen by pressing [2nd F], [IN/MM] (SP MODE). The top line
of the screen identifies this mode as SPECIAL MODE SELECT.
The central area shows a list of the Special Function names. Select a highlighted name by pressing
[ENTER], or move the highlighted item to another name using the [ ] and [ ] keys.
The first field of the bottom status line shows when the [2nd F] key has been pressed. The second
field shows the primary available keys. The third field shows E when an error occurs. The
rightmost field shows the battery capacity remaining.

5.7.2 Parameter or Function Screen


Select a name from the Special Mode Selection screen to enter the Parameter or Function Screen.

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Function name

Parameter or function list

2ND F

Keyboard 2ND Function


Available keys

Error
Battery capacity
remaining

SPECIAL MODE PARAMETER OR FUNCTION SCREEN


The top line of the screen gives the name of the special function whose parameters or functions are
displayed below.
The central area shows a list of functions or changeable parameters for the selected Special
Function. Use the [ ] and [ ] keys to highlight various menus, and press [ENTER] to select
the highlighted item. Use the [ ] or [
] keys to change a highlighted parameter.
The first field of the bottom status line shows when the [2nd F] key has been pressed. The second
field shows the primary available keys. The third field shows E when an error occurs. The
rightmost field shows the battery capacity remaining.

5.8

Status Screen

The Status Screen briefly summarizes the gage setup such as: Current Application Setup, Current
Transducer Type, and Software Version Number.
1. To review the Status Screen, press [2nd F], [REF VALUE] (STATUS).
2. To return to the Measure mode, press [MEAS].

5.9

Error Help Screen

Whenever the gage detects an operational error, the character E is displayed on the fourth status
line just to the left of the battery capacity value. The error condition is also signaled by an extra
long duration beep.
The problem may be identified by pressing [2nd F], [REF VALUE] (STATUS) while the E is
displayed. An Error Help Screen that explains the problem will be shown.
Press [MEAS] to return to the Measure mode where corrective action may be taken if necessary.

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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

6.1

Measurement Mode

PERFORMANCE
Material Velocity Range

02000 in/S to .66929 in/S


(0.5080mm/S to 17.0000mm/S)

Thickness Range

Thickness measurements fall within a range depending on the


setup, material, and transducer. Detailed ranges for each
standard setup are specified in Table 6-1 in Section 6.3
Application Setups.
In general, selecting the proper setup allows velocity
measurements for the following ranges:
Steel:
0.050" to 25.000"
(1.25mm to 635.00mm)
Plastic:
0.020" to 2.000"
0.50mm to 50.00mm)

Material Velocity Resolution

.0001 in/S (.001mm/S)

Zero Cal Range

0.00 to 999.99 zero counts

Measurement Display Update


Rate

Keypad selectable: 1, 2, 5, 10 measurements per second,


averaging, or averaging with Quality Bar. Averaging is a
running average of 5 measurements at a 10/sec update rate.

Differential Reference Range

0.0 to 25.000 in (635.00mm)


0 to .6692 in/sec (17.000mm/sec)

Differential Reference
Resolution

Same as current gage resolution

Alarm Setpoints Range

Velocity mode:
Thickness mode:

Alarm Setpoint Resolution

MODEL 25HPV

0.0 to .6692 in/sec


(17.000mm/sec)
0.0 to 25.000 in
(635.00mm)

Same as current gage resolution

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February 2004

910-215B

FUNCTIONS
Units

The measurement units are keypad selectable as either inches or


millimeters.

Resolution

If fixed at 00.001 in (00.01mm) Thickness mode, and 0.0001in/


sec (00.001mm/sec) Velocity mode

Echo Detection Methods

The following are selected as part of the Application Setup.


(See Section 6.2Application Setups.)
Mode 1: Time between excitation pulse and first echo following
blank period using contact transducers.
Mode 2: Time between the interface echo and the first backwall
echo. Normally used with delay line or immersion transducers.
Mode 3: Time between a pair of backwall echos following the
interface echo. Normally used with delay line or immersion
transducers.

Hold/blank

The velocity/thickness display during LOS may be set to either


HOLD the last reading during LOS or BLANK the display
during LOS.

Differential

The velocity/thickness display may be set to display either


actual measured velocity/thickness or the difference between
the measured velocity and a user-set Differential Velocity/
Thickness Reference Value. The default is a Diff. Ref. Value
of 0.000 and Diff Measure mode OFF.

Alarm

The gage may be set to indicate visually and audibly whenever


the measured velocity/thickness is less than a user-set Low
Alarm value or greater than a user-set High Alarm value.
The default is Low Alarm value = 0.000, High Alarm value =
full scale, and Alarm Measure mode OFF

6.2

Application Setups

Application Setups are a set of stored configurations of the gage parameters for various
measurement applications. Setups are optimized for such application features as material,
thickness range, and required accuracy or resolution.
When the gage is turned on, the last Setup used is automatically selected and the gage is ready to
make similar measurements.
If the application has changed, choose an Application Setup name based on the new application
(refer to Table 6-1).

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Note: A transducer of the type specified for the selected setup should be
plugged into the gage.

Table 6-1: Application Setup Name and Application


Setup Name

Probe Type

Typical Application

DEF-M106

M106

DEF-M109

M109

DEF-M110

M110

Grainy and/or rough surfaced metals up to 10" or


250mm

DEF-M1036

M1036

Grainy and/or rough surfaced metals up to 20" or


508mm

DEF-M2008

M2008

Fiberglass up to 3" or 75mm

Very coarse grained and/or rough surfaced metals up to


20" or 508mm

Note: The maximum thickness measuring capability depends on the attenuation characteristics of
the material.

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Table 6-2: Thickness Ranges


Probe Type

Thickness Range for Steel

Thickness Range for LDPE

M101

0.5"-20"

12mm-508mm

0.2"-5"

5mm-125mm

M102

0.2"-20"

5mm-508mm

0.1"-3"

2.5mm-75mm

M103

0.1"-20"

2.5mm-508mm

0.075"-3"

2mm-75mm

M106

0.075"-20"

2mm-508mm

0.050"-3"

1.2mm-75mm

M1036

0.075"-20"

2mm-508mm

0.050"-5"

1.2mm-125mm

M109

0.050"-20"

1.2mm-508mm

0.040"-2"

1.0mm-50mm

M110

0.050"-10"

1.2mm-250mm

0.040"-1"

1.0mm-25mm

M201

0.050"-0.5"

1.2mm-25mm

0.040"-0.5"

1.0mm-12mm

M206

0.050"-1.0"

1.2mm-25mm

0.040"-0.5"

1.0mm-12mm

M207

0.100"-1.0"

2.5mm-25mm

0.075"-0.5"

2.0mm-12mm

M2008

High density/smooth fiberglass:


0.2"-3" 5.0mm-75mm

Woven roving/rough surfaced fiberglass:


0.2"-1" 5.0mm-25mm

Note: The maximum thickness measuring capability depends on the attenuation characteristics of
the material.

Setup Quantity

There are 5 factory default setups and space for 5 custom or


user defined setups

Custom Application Setups

Applications that are not covered by any of the default setups


can be measured by creating a custom setup for the special
application. This setup may be done by adjusting the
parameters of the closest default setup.
A description of the setup parameters, which can be adjusted to
make a custom setup, is listed in Table 6-3 below:

6-4

MODEL 25HPV

910-215B

February 2004
.
Table 6-3: Setup Parameter Description

Name

Description

Units/Resolutions/Range

ProbeType

Transducer type

MatlVel

Ultrasonic sound velocity of material .02000 - .66929"/s (0.5080 to be measured


17.0000mm/s)

Zero

Zero calibration factor

0 -999.99

PulserPwr

Pulser power

30, 60, or 110 Volts

MaxGain

Maximum receiver gain

0 - 79.6dB, 1dB steps

InitGain

Initial T.V.G. gain

0 - MaxGain, 1dB steps

TVGSlope

Time Varied Gain slope

0 - 26.5dB/s, 0.1dB/s steps

MBBlank

Main Bang Blank

55ns to 200s, 0.14s steps. 22ns or Echo


Window time interval, whichever is
less

EchWindow

Echo window. Echo detect gate


55ns to 200s, .014 s steps. 55ns or MB
which begins at end of MB Blank in Blank time interval, whichever is less
mode 1 or interface echo in modes 2
& 3. The value reported for the end of
Echo Window is relative to the Main
Bang.

DtectMode

Echo Detect Mode

1, 2 or 3

Ech1Dtect

Detection polarity of first echo

+ or -

Ech2Dtect

Detection polarity of second echo

+ or -

I/FBLANK

Blank after Interface echo

0 -20000 ns, 14 ns steps

M3EchBlnk

Blank after first measured backwall


echo in mode 3

0 - 20000 ns, 14 ns steps

MODEL 25HPV

One of the many Panametrics-NDTTM


transducer types from the setup list.

6-5

February 2004

6.3

910-215B

General
.

Display

Dot matrix, graphics, Super Twisted Nematic, monochrome,


transflective, liquid crystal display
Viewable area is 2.22" x 1.51" (56.28mm x 38.36mm).
Electroluminescent backlight. Contrast is adjustable from the
keypad.

Keypad

Sealed and embossed membrane surface. Tactile and audible


feedback color-coded graphics 15 keys.

Tranducers

Can be used with contact, delay line, and immersion


transducers from 0.5MHz to 5.0MHz. Default setups are
provided for the five (5) Panametrics-NDTTM probes listed in
Section 6.3Application Setups and Table 6-2 in this section.

Physical

Size:

6.4

7.70" x 3.39" x 1.70"


(195.6mm x 86.2mm x 66.9mm)
Weight:
1.3 lb. (0.59 kg)
Case:
Material is Lexan
Construction:
Dust and splash proof
Operating Temperature: 0C to 50C

Battery and Charger

Battery Description

Nickel Cadmium, rechargeable, rated 6 Volts at 700 mAHr

Battery Run Time

30 hours typical, 10 hours with backlight on continuously

Battery Charge Time

7 hours (using 26CA PLUS)

Charger

External wall plug-in charger for 100VAC, 115VAC, and


230VAC inputs (Panametrics-NDTTM Part # 26CA PLUS)

Optional

Operation with four (4) disposable alkaline AA cell is


available as a factory installed option, 70 hours typical run time.

6-6

MODEL 25HPV

910-215B

6.5

February 2004

Special Gage Functions

General

Access many gage functions, which do not require frequent


changing, by using the Special or SP keypad mode.
These features may all be accessed by pressing [2ND F], [IN/
MM] (SP MODE). Then use [ ], [ ], and [ENTER] to select
a category of SP functions (SP-1 thru SP-3). Finally a particular
function may be selected and modified by using [ ], [ ],
[ ], [
], and [ENTER].

List of Special Functions

SP-1

Gage Tests
Display Test
Keyboard Test
Hardware Test

SP-2

Gage Setup
Inactive Time:
off, 6*, 12, 18
Beeper:
on* or off
Language:
English, French, German, Spanish
Decimal Point:
period* or comma
Hold/Blank:
Blank* or Hold
Cal Lock:
on or off*
* Indicates the features default value.

SP-3

Resets
Measure Reset:

Master Reset:

MODEL 25HPV

Std. resolution, 2/sec measure rate,


0.000 diff. value, diff mode OFF,
0.000 low alarm setpoint, full scale
high alarm setpoint, alarms OFF,
min OFF, max OFF, BLANK on
LOS, Cal lock OFF, default
contrast, auto shutdown on, auto
shutdown 6 minutes, backlight
OFF, low velocity resolution
Resets ALL parameters

6-7

910-215B

February 2004

BATTERY

An internal 6V battery pack using rechargeable Nickel Cadmium (NiCd) batteries powers the
Model 25HPV. Panametrics-NDTTM supplies the gage with the Model 26CA PLUS Charger/AC
Adapter battery pack. Other chargers may reduce battery life and will void the gages warranty.

7.1

Low Battery

The gage operates for at least 20 hours between charges under normal conditions (excluding
High Measure Rates, or activated backlight). The screen always displays the current battery
status in the lower right corner using an indicator to show the remaining battery life with a
maximum indication of 99%.

7.2

Charging Batteries

The batteries are fully charged when shipped, but to ensure the longest operating time they
should be recharged before using. To charge the batteries, simply plug the cable from charger
into the socket on the top of the gage. Normal charging time for a completely discharged battery
is about 8 hours. When the remaining charge drops to about 1% of a full charge, the gage
automatically shuts off. If the battery is insufficiently charged, then the gage will automatically
turn off to prevent damage to the battery.

Caution: Charging batteries for more than 16 hours at a time may reduce
battery life.
During charging, the gage can be operated in the usual way with little effect on charging time.
However, the battery status indicator is not valid when the charger is plugged in and cannot be
used to determine the remaining charge time.
Even an uncharged battery will maintain the stored calibration values and velocity data for
several weeks. Moreover, the gage has an internal back-up battery to maintain data in memory
even when the main battery is completely removed. This internal battery, with the main battery
installed, lasts five to seven years during normal use of the gage and does not require recharging.
However, to preserve the life of both batteries, it is not recommended to leave the gage without a
battery, or with an uncharged main battery for long periods of time. Please note that the backup
battery does not have a status indicator.

MODEL 25HPV

7-1

February 2004

7.3

910-215B

Changing Battery Pack

After several hundred recharges, the batteries lose their ability to hold a full charge and require
replacement. Follow the steps below to change the battery pack:
1. Access the battery compartment through the back cover of the gage.
2. Remove the cover by loosening the captive screw.
3. Extract the battery by gently unplugging the old battery.
4. Plug in and install a new battery.
5. Replace the back cover and tighten the captive screw in place.
As mentioned before, the content of the internal memory, which includes velocity and zero
calibration data will be preserved by the back-up battery. The total back-up time is around 5000
hours and every time the gage is left without the main battery, part of this total time is deducted.

7.4

Optional Battery Pack

Non-rechargeable alkaline batteries are available as a factory installed option. The operating time
for these batteries is about 2-3 times longer than NiCd batteries. However, primary batteries
normally cannot be charged. Therefore the gage, equipped with alkaline batteries, cannot use the
charger-AC adapter and consequently cannot be operated from an AC main line even if the
alkaline batteries are removed or replaced by NiCd batteries.

7-2

MODEL 25HPV

910-215B

February 2004

THEORY OF OPERATION

The Panametrics-NDTTM Model 25HPV Ultrasonic Velocity/Thickness Gage operates on the


Pulse/Echo principle. This principle works by precisely timing the reflection of high frequency
sound waves from the transducer to the far wall of a test piece. This technique, derived from sonar,
has been widely applied to nondestructive testing because it permits accurate measurement of
material velocity/thickness even though only one side may be accessable.
The Model 25HPV uses a variety of piezoelectric transducers that generate bursts of mechanical
vibrations, or sound waves, when excited by short electrical pulses. The frequency of these sound
waves is far beyond the limit of human hearing; from one million to 20 million cycles per second,
versus a typical limit of less than 20 thousand cycles per second for the human ear. Sound at these
very high frequencies does not travel well through air, so a coupling medium such as a drop of
liquid (usually propylene glycol, glycerin, water, or oil) is used between the transducer and the test
piece.
The sound waves, generated by the transducer coupled to the test piece, reflect back from the
opposite side of the test piece. The same transducer then receives the reflected sound waves and
converts them into electrical pulses. The gage amplifies the received signal, digitizes a selected
portion of the wavetrain, and then very precisely measures a time interval corresponding to one
round trip of the sound waves in the test piece. This measurement is made in one of three modes as
described below.
The gage, when in the Velocity Measurement mode and calibrated to the Zero Offset of the
transducer, computes the velocity of the test material using the relationship:
2 ( Ref Value )
V = ---------------------------------t t0

where

the velocity of sound in the material

the measured round-trip transit time of the pulse

t0 =
Ref Value =

MODEL 25HPV

the zero offset factor (to correct for transducer wearplate delay,
cable delay, and other fixed delays)
User set mechanical thickness at measurement location

8-1

February 2004

910-215B

The gage, when in Thickness Measurment mode and calibrated to the Zero Offset of the transducer
and velocity of the material, computes the thickness of the test material using the relationship:
V ( t t0 )
x = --------------------2

where

the thickness of the material

the velocity of sound in the material

the measured round-trip transit time of the pulse

t0 =

the zero offset factor (to correct for transducer wearplate delay,
cable delay, and other fixed delays)

The Model 25HPV can employ any of three (3) measurement modes to calculate pulse transit time.
The selection of the proper mode for a given application is dependent on a number of factors
discussed in detail in Chapter 9Application Notes.
Mode 1 is utilized with contact transducers. In this mode, the measurement is made from the initial
excitation pulse to the first returning echo from the backwall of the test piece. The MTI marker
indicates the Measured Time Interval.
Mode 2 is utilized with delay line and immersion transducers. In this mode, the measurement is made
between an interface echo marking the time the sound wave enters the test piece and the first backwall
echo. The MTI marker indicates the Measured Time Interval.
Mode 3 is also utilized with delay line and immersion transducers. In this mode, the measurement
is made between two successive backwall echoes that follow an interface echo. The MTI Marker
indicates the Measured Time Interval.

8-2

MODEL 25HPV

910-215B

February 2004

Battery

Power
Supply

ROM

RAM

LCD

Pulser

AGC
Amplifier

Detector

Control and Measure

Keyboard

Transducer

Charger

RS-232 Output

Figure 8.1: Model 25HPV Block Diagram


Figure 8-1 is a block diagram of the Model 25HPV. The pulser, under the control of the
microprocessor, provides a unidirectional broadband spike voltage impulse to a heavily damped
broadband ultrasonic transducer. The broadband ultrasonic pulse generated by the transducer is
coupled to the test piece by means of liquid couplant. Echoes returning from the back or inside
surface of the test piece are received by the transducer and converted to electrical signals, which in
turn are fed to the receiver AGC amplifier. The microprocessor-based control and timing logic
circuits both synchronize the pulser and select the appropriate echo signals that will be used for the
time interval measurement.

MODEL 25HPV

8-3

February 2004

910-215B

If echoes are not detected during a given measurement period, the gage will shut down to save
power until a new measurement cycle is required. If echoes are detected, the timing circuit will
precisely measure an interval appropriate for the selected measurement mode, and then repeat this
process a number of times to obtain a stable, averaged reading. The microprocessor then uses this
time interval measurement, along with sound velocity and zero offset information stored in the
Random Access Memory (RAM), to calculate velocity. Finally, the velocity is shown on the
Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) and updated at a selected rate.

8-4

MODEL 25HPV

910-215B

February 2004

APPLICATIONS NOTES

The Model 25HPV Ultrasonic Velocity/Thickness Gage is a versatile and easy to use instrument
that provides precise, repeatable velocity readings in a wide variety of applications when proper
technique is employed. This section discusses advanced gage usability and measurement
techniques to assist in challenging applications.
To take maximum advantage of the gages versatility, the user should be familiar with the basic
principles of ultrasonic nondestructive testing. There are several textbooks that discuss this subject
in detail, as well as classroom training opportunities. Consult Panametrics-NDTTM for further
information.

9.1

Measurement Mode

The Model 25HPV is capable of operating in three measurement modes, representing three
alternate ways of timing echoes. Mode selection is usually based on the requirements of a
particular application as described below:
Mode 1: Measurements are made between an excitation pulse and the first backwall echo
from the test piece, using contact-type transducers. Mode 1 is a general purpose test mode,
and is normally recommended for use, unless one of the conditions described under
Modes 2 or 3 is present. A modified version of Mode 1 is used with the M2008 transducer
only.
Mode 2: Measurements are made between an interface echo representing the near surface
of the test piece and the first backwall echo, using delay line or immersion transducers.
Mode 2 is most often used for high-temperature measurements with high-temperature
delay line transducers; measurements on sharp concave or convex radiuses; in confined
spaces with delay line or immersion transducers; and for on-line measurement of moving
material with immersion transducers.
Mode 3: Measurements are made between two successive backwall echoes, using delay
line or immersion transducers. This mode may be employed only when clean multiple
backwall echoes appear, which typically limits its use to materials of relatively low
attenuation and high acoustic impedance such as fine-grained metals, glass, and ceramics.
Mode 3 typically offers the highest measurement accuracy and the best minimum
thickness resolution in a given application, at the expense of penetration, and it is used
when accuracy and/or resolution requirements cannot be met in Mode 1 or Mode 2.
Ultrasonic velocity/thickness measurements utilizing contact transducers in Mode 1 are generally
the simplest to implement and may be used in the majority of applications. For most materials the
contact method of measurement provides the highest coupling efficiency of ultrasound from the
transducer into the test piece. Mode 1 contact measurements can generally be used with the Model
25HPV when minimum material thickness does not fall below approximately 0.025" (0.6mm) of
plastic or 0.050" (1.25mm) of metal, test material is at room temperature, and geometry permits
contact coupling. Mode 2 and Mode 3 measurements with delay line and immersion transducers
are, as noted above, generally recommended when application requirements preclude use of Mode
1. The M2008 transducer uses a modified Mode 1 measurement.

MODEL 25HPV

9-1

February 2004

9.2

910-215B

Transducer Selection

The selection of the appropriate transducer for a given application is based on the range and
resolution of the thickness measurement required, the acoustic properties of the test material, and
part geometry. Choose the best mode by experimenting with test standards representing the
desired range of measurement. Generally, the highest frequency and smallest diameter transducers
that give acceptable results over the required range is recommended. Small diameter transducers
are easily coupled to test material and permit the thinnest couplant layer at a given contact
pressure. Furthermore, higher frequency transducers produce echo signals of faster rise time and
thereby enhance the precision of velocity measurements. On the other hand, the acoustic properties
or surface condition of the test material may require larger, low frequency transducers to overcome
poor coupling or signal losses due to scattering or attenuation.
The Model 25HPV is programmed with five (5) different internal setups for use with a wide
variety of transducers. Five (5) additional custom setups may be created for special applications
not measurable by any of the standard internal setups. In some applications, optimum performance
will entail the use of more than one transducer. Table 6-1, in Section 6-3, lists some common
transducers and typical measurement ranges. For further information on specific transducer
recommendations, consult Panametrics-NDTTM.

Note: For best results, only recommended Panametrics-NDT transducers should


be used with the Model 25HPV, insuring suitable electrical impedance,
bandwidth, sensitivity, and Main Bang recovery characteristics. While the
gage may work with transducers from other manufacturers, PanametricsNDT cannot guarantee performance. Additionally, transducers must be
maintained in good condition. Broken or cracked wearplates, worn delay
lines, and thermal damage will all degrade performance and affect
measurements.

9.3

Factors Affecting Performance and Accuracy


1. Calibration: The accuracy of any ultrasonic measurement is only as good as the accuracy
and care with which the gage has been calibrated. The Model 25HPV is shipped from the
factory with standard setups for a number of transducers and applications. In some cases it
will be desirable to optimize these setups for specific measurement situations, as described
in Section 3. In all cases, it is essential that the Cal Thick and Cal Thin, also described in
Section 3, are performed whenever the transducer is changed. Periodic checks with
samples of known velocity are recommended to verify that the gage is operating properly.
2. Surface Roughness of the Test Piece: The best measurement accuracy is obtained when
both the front and back surfaces of the test piece are smooth. If the contact surface is
rough, then the minimum thickness that can be measured will be increased because of
sound reverberating in the increased thickness of the couplant layer. Additionally, if either
test piece surface is rough it may cause distortion in the returning echo due to the slightly
different multiple sound paths seen by the transducer, resulting in measurement
inaccuracies.

9-2

MODEL 25HPV

910-215B

February 2004

3. Coupling Technique: In Mode 1 (contact transducer) measurements, the couplant layer


thickness is part of the measurement and is compensated by a portion of the zero offset. If
maximum accuracy is to be achieved, then the coupling technique must be consistent. In
order to accomplish consistent measurements, use a couplant of reasonably low viscosity;
employ only enough couplant to achieve a reasonable reading; and apply the transducer
with uniform pressure. A little practice will show the degree of moderate to firm pressure
that produces repeatable readings. In general, smaller diameter transducers require less
coupling force to squeeze out the excess couplant than larger diameter transducers.
In all modes, tilting the transducer distorts echoes and causes inaccurate readings, as noted
below.
4. Curvature of the Test Piece: A related issue to this section involves the alignment of the
transducer with respect to the test piece. When measuring on curved surfaces, it is
important that the transducer be placed approximately on the centerline of the part and
held as steadily to the surface as possible. In some cases a spring-loaded V-block holder
may be helpful for maintaining this alignment. In general, as the radius of curvature
decreases, the size of the transducer should be reduced, and the more critical transducer
alignment will become. For very small radii, an immersion approach will be necessary. In
some cases it may be useful to observe the waveform display via the PC Scope option as
an aid in maintaining optimum alignment. Practice the best way to hold a transducer with
the aid of a waveform display.
On curved surfaces it is important to use only enough couplant to obtain a reading. Excess
couplant will form a fillet between the transducer and the test surface where sound will
reverberate and possibly create spurious signals that may trigger false readings.
5. Taper or eccentricity: If the contact surface or back surface of the test piece is tapered or
eccentric with respect to the other, the return echo will be distorted due to the variation in
sound path across the width of the beam. Accuracy of measurement will be reduced. In
severe cases no measurement will be possible.
6. Acoustic Properties of the Test Material: There are several conditions found in certain
engineering materials that can potentially limit the accuracy and range of ultrasonic
velocity measurements:
a. Sound Scattering: In materials such as cast stainless steel, cast iron, fiberglass, and
composites, sound energy will scatter from individual crystallites in the casting or
boundaries of dissimilar materials within the fiberglass or composite. Porosity in any
material can have the same effect. Gage sensitivity must be adjusted to prevent
detection of these spurious scatter echoes. This compensation can in turn limit the
ability to discriminate a valid return echo from the backside of the material, thereby
restricting measurement range.
b. Sound Attenuation or Absorption: In many organic materials such as low density
plastics and rubbers, sound energy is attenuated very rapidly at the frequencies used
for ultrasonic gaging. This attenuation typically increases with temperature. The
maximum thickness that can be measured in these materials will often be limited by
attenuation.

MODEL 25HPV

9-3

February 2004

910-215B

7. Phase Reversal or Phase Distortion: The phase or polarity of a returning echo is


determined by the relative acoustic impedances (density x velocity) of the boundary
materials. The Model 25HPV assumes the customary situation where the test piece is
backed by air or a liquid, both of which have a lower acoustic impedance than metals,
ceramics, or plastics. However, in some specialized cases, such as measurement of glass
or plastic liners over metal, or copper cladding over steel, this impedance relationship is
reversed and the echo appears phase reversed. In these cases it is necessary to change the
appropriate Echo Detection polarity as discussed in Section 3 in order to maintain
accuracy.
A more complex situation can occur in anisotropic or in homogeneous materials such as
coarse-grain metal castings or certain composites, where material conditions result in the
existence of multiple sound paths within the beam area. In these cases phase distortion can
create an echo that is neither cleanly positive nor negative. Careful experimentation with
reference standards is necessary in these cases to determine effects on measurement
accuracy.

9.4

Couplants

A wide variety of couplants may be used in ultrasonic gaging. We have found that propylene
glycol (Couplant A) is suitable for most applications. For a list of other suitable couplants typical
for velocity measurements, please refer to Table 9-1 below.

9-4

MODEL 25HPV

910-215B

February 2004

Table 9-1: Couplants


Couplant Type

Purpose

Description

Temperature

A Propylene
Glycol

Smooth surfaces

General purpose
Non-corrosive
Washes off easily with
water

Max. 200F
(90C)

B Glycerin

Rough surfaces;
Highly attenuating
material

General purpose
Slightly viscous
High acoustic impedance

Max. 200F
(90C)

D Gel

Rough surfaces: sandcast metals, fiberglass


lay-ups, weld
inspections, overhead
surfaces, and vertical
walls

Slides across wide


surfaces
Does not drip or run

Max. 200F
(90C)

Remains a stable liquid or


paste without boiling off
when used at intended
temperatures

500 1000F
(260 540C)

Easy removal at high


temperatures

32 540F
(0 280C)

Non-toxic
Biodegradable

0 600F
(-12 315C)

Customizable viscosity
Winterizing capability

32 130F
(0 54C)

E-2 High Temp

F-2 Medium Temp

Test material at elevated


temperatures

G-2 Medium Temp


HP-G Powdered

Powdered couplant

HP-C-G Powdered

Powdered couplant with


corrosion inhibitor

Note: For more information, refer to our Ultrasonic Transducer Catalog, or call your local
Panametrics-NDTTM Representative.

9.5

High Temperature Measurements

Measurements at elevated temperatures (higher than approximately 125F or 50C) represent a


special category. Standard contact transducers will be damaged or destroyed by exposure to
temperatures higher than this limit because of the varying thermal expansion coefficients of the
materials use to construct them, which will cause disbonding at elevated temperatures. Contact
transducers should never be used on a surface that is too hot to comfortably touch with bare
fingers.

MODEL 25HPV

9-5

February 2004

910-215B

High temperature measurements with the Model 25HPV will always be done in Mode 2 or Mode 3
with either a delay line transducer (using an appropriate high temperature delay line) or an
immersion transducer. Consult Panametrics-NDTTM for further information on specific transducer
selection.
Sound velocity in all materials changes with temperature, normally increasing as the material gets
colder and decreasing as it gets hotter, with abrupt changes at freezing or melting points. This
effect is much greater in plastics and rubber than it is in metals or ceramics. For maximum
accuracy, the gage sound velocity setting should be calibrated at the same temperature where
measurements will be made. Measurement of hot materials with a gage set to room temperature
sound velocity will often lead to significant error.
Finally, at temperatures greater than approximately 200F or 100C, special high temperature
couplants are recommended. Refer to Table 9-1 or consult Panametrics-NDT for details.

9.6

Cable Lengths

The Model 25HPV should normally be used with transducer cables no longer than approximately
6 feet or 1 meter. The maximum length of cable that can be used in a specific case will depend on
the type of transducer and minimum thickness to be measured. Generally, very long cables are not
recommended, except in certain specialized cases (usually involving low frequency transducers).
Particular attention must be paid to the problems of electrically matching the transducer to the
cable, accounting for attenuation of the signal in the cable, and compensating for pulse transit time
through the cable. Consult Panametrics-NDT for further information.

9.7

Waveform Displays Via PC Scope

The PC Scope option for the Model 25HPV provides the ability to display ultrasonic waveforms
and gage setup parameters (including gate locations) on a computer monitor. While this option is
not required for basic gage operation, the PC Scope can be very useful as an aid in the following:
establishing custom transducer setups
verifying the validity of velocity readings when signals may be distorted due to
material acoustic properties
overcoming part geometry
coupling difficult conditions
operating near the minimum or maximum range for a given setup
Detailed information on the use of PC Scope is found in its accompanying manual.

9.8

Pulser/Receiver and Gating Adjustments

In addition to providing programmed standard transducer setups, the Model 25HPV permits the
user to create custom setups by changing a series of pulser/receiver and gating parameters.
Custom setups are used when the measurement requirements of a particular application are not
optimally met by one of the standard setups. In some cases, a Model 25HPV will be shipped from
the factory pre-programmed with one or more custom setups to meet special customer
requirements. In any case, users may wish to create custom setups of their own.
The adjustments described in this section should be made only by a qualified technician who is
familiar with the basic theory of ultrasonic gaging and the interpretation of ultrasonic waveforms.

9-6

MODEL 25HPV

910-215B

February 2004

Many of these adjustments are interactive, and all of them have an effect on the measurement
range and/or measurement accuracy of the Model 25HPV. In most cases adjustments should not be
attempted without monitoring waveforms via the PC Scope option. Additionally, when
establishing a custom setup for a specific application, it is essential to verify performance on
reference standards representing the material(s) and thickness range to be measured.

9.8.1 Pulser Power


Excitation pulse (Main Bang) voltage may be adjusted in three steps of 30, 60, and 110 Volts.
Higher voltages may provide greater penetration at the expense of near surface resolution,
especially in Mode 1, while lower voltages may provide better near surface resolution at the
expense of penetration. For most applications the 110 Volt setting provides the best signal-to-noise
ratio for returning echoes.

9.8.2 Maximum Gain


Maximum available receiver gain may be adjusted from 0.0dB to 79.6dB. The Model 25HPV uses
Automatic Gain Control (AGC) and Time Dependent Gain (TDG) functions to automatically
adjust receiver gain to an optimum level when an echo is detected. When no echo is being detected
(LOS prompt), gain will rise to the maximum level set by Initial Gain, Slope, and Maximum Gain.
If maximum gain is set too high, the gage may hang up on transducer noise or other spurious
signals. If it is set too low, returning echoes may not be boosted high enough for detection. In
general, for a given application the Max Gain should be set high enough that all echoes of interest
are detected, but a steady LOS prompt is displayed when the transducer is not coupled to a test
piece.

9.8.3 Initial Gain


Initial Gain and TDG Slope are part of a Time Dependent Gain system that may be used to
optimize near-surface resolution while providing a higher maximum gain for thicker samples.
Initial Gain may be adjusted from 0dB to the maximum defined by the Max Gain setting. This
parameter sets an upper limit on receiver gain in the vicinity of the excitation pulse (Mode 1) or
interface echo (Modes 2 and 3). By effectively making the excitation pulse or interface echo
smaller, the TDG system permits detection of echoes occurring close to pulse or echo in time.
The TDG system is also used in measurements of highly scattering materials, such as cast metals
and fiberglass, to minimize detection of scatter echoes occurring ahead of the backwall. From the
initial gain level, receiver gain slopes up to the maximum gain level at the rate determined by the
TDG Slope setting. Initial Gain setting is most critical in applications where minimum thickness
measurement must be optimized, and should always be set with the aid of a reference standard
representing that minimum. In cases where minimum thickness capability is less important than
penetration, and scatter echoes are not a problem, Initial Gain may simply be set equal to Max
Gain.

MODEL 25HPV

9-7

February 2004

910-215B

9.8.4 Main Bang Blank


The Main Bang Blank creates a blank or dead zone (up to 18 microseconds from the excitation
pulse) where it is not possible to detect echoes. The blank is used to prevent detection of the
trailing edge of the excitation pulse as if it were a backwall or interface echo. In Modes 2 and 3,
the setting of the Main Bang Blank is not critical; it merely needs to be set at some point between
the end of excitation pulse ringdown and the interface echo. In Mode 1, however, the length of the
Main Bang Blank determines the minimum thickness that can be measured, and it must be
positioned with care after selecting the Initial Gain level. If the Main Bang Blank is too short, then
the gage will hang up on the excitation pulse and readings will not be possible. If the Main Bang
Blank is too long, then the minimum measurable thickness will be unnecessarily restricted. In
general, set the Main Bang Blank just beyond the point where the gage hangs up, and test with the
transducer both coupled to and uncoupled from the test material to ensure accurate measurements.

9.8.5 Echo Window


The Echo Window is the time interval in each Main Bang period during which the gage is enabled
to detect Echoes. The Echo Window interval begins at the end of the Main Bang Blank. The end of
the Echo Window depends on the DtectMode and EchWindow parameters as shown in Table 9-2:
Table 9-2: Echo Window
DtectMode = 1

DtectMode = 2 or 3

Echo Window Starts:

At end of Main Bang Blank

At end of Main Bang Blank

Echo Window Ends:

EchWindow xsec following


Main Bang

EchWindow xsec following


the detected interface Echo

Note: xsec where x is the parameter set by the user.


In Mode 1, the Echo Window may usually be set to any value greater than the round-trip pulse
transit time in the thickest or slowest piece of material to be measured. The exact setting is not
critical as long as it is long enough to include the farthest echo of interest. In Modes 2 and 3, the
Echo Window is limited to the time interval between successive interface echoes. The end of the
Echo Window must be set ahead of the second interface echo to prevent detection of that echo,
which in turn will determine a maximum measurable thickness for Mode 2 and Mode 3 setups. In
applications involving Mode 2 and Mode 3 immersion measurements, this condition must apply
throughout the range of water paths to be used.

9.8.6 Detect Mode


The Detect Mode function selects Mode 1, Mode 2, or Mode 3 measurements. See Table 9.2 for
further explanation.

9-8

MODEL 25HPV

910-215B

February 2004

9.8.7 Echo 1 Detect, Echo 2 Detect


Echo 1 Detect and Echo 2 Detect select positive or negative polarity echo detection as determined
by application requirements. Selection is dependant on mode of measurement and type of test
material. Note that "positive" and "negative" polarity refer to processed echoes displayed on the
PC Scope.
Mode 1: In Mode 1 with contact transducers, Echo 1 is the backwall echo and Echo 2 is
not applicable. Echo 1 is normally negative. An exception occurs in measurement of a
material of low acoustic impedance bonded to a material of high impedance (such as
plastic or rubber over metal), where the echo is phase-reversed and positive detection for
Echo 1 is appropriate.
Mode 2: In Mode 2 with delay line or immersion transducers, Echo 1 is the interface echo
and echo 2 is the backwall echo. Echo 1 is normally positive for high impedance materials
such as metals and ceramics, and negative for low impedance materials such as most
plastics. Echo 2 is normally negative unless the backwall echo represents the sort of
low-to-high impedance boundary described above.
Mode 3: In Mode 3 measurements with delay line or immersion transducers, Echo 1 is the
interface echo and Echo 2 represents the backwall echoes. Since Mode 3 generally
involves measurement of high impedance materials, the general rule is to set Echo 1
positive and Echo 2 negative. In some special cases involving difficult geometries, phase
distortion may cause the positive side of the backwall echoes to be better defined than the
negative side; in such cases set Echo 2 positive.

9.8.8 Interface Blank


Use Interface Blank in Modes 2 and 3 only. Interface Blank represents a blank or dead zone up to
20 microseconds in length that follows the leading edge of the interface echo. In Mode 2, the
Interface Blank prevents detection of trailing lobes or cycles of the interface echo, which might
otherwise be detected as backwall echoes, resulting in a hang-up condition.
The Interface Blank should be set as short as possible to avoid unnecessarily restricting minimum
measurable thickness. The Initial Gain function will often help reduce interface echo amplitude
and permit use of a shorter interface blank. Check Interface Blank settings with the transducer both
coupled to and uncoupled from the test material.
In Mode 3, the Interface Blank selects which pair of backwall echoes will be measured. In most
conditions, the Interface Blank would be set just short of the first backwall echo. However, as a
practical matter, the first backwall echo from thin materials is often distorted or lost in the
interface ringdown, and with some challenging geometries (such as tight radiuses) later pairs of
backwall echoes may be cleaner than early ones. In these cases the Interface Blank should be set to
a length that insures detection of a clean and well-defined pair of backwall echoes, even if they are
not the first two.

MODEL 25HPV

9-9

February 2004

910-215B

9.8.9 Mode 3 Echo Blank


The function of Mode 3 Echo Blank in Mode 3 is analogous to that of Interface Blank in Mode 2
or Main Bang Blank in Mode 1. This function creates a blank or dead zone up to 20 microseconds
long following the leading edge of the first detected backwall echo, to prevent detection of trailing
lobes or cycles of that echo and the resulting gage hang-up. Because Mode 3 Echo Blank limits
minimum measurable thickness, set the controls as short as possible, which seldom need to be
longer than a few hundred nanoseconds. Special cases may be an exception where mode
conversion effects on curved samples cause significant spurious signals between legitimate echo
peaks; in such cases set the Mode 3 Echo Blank as long as necessary to prevent detection of the
spurious signals.

9.8.10 TDG Slope


The Time Dependent Gain (TDG) Slope function controls the rate receiver gain slopes up from the
Initial Gain level to the Max Gain level. The Slope may be set from 0.0 to 26.5dB per microsecond.
Generally, TDG Slope should be set as high as possible to reach maximum gain as quickly as
possible without having the gage hang up on spurious signals.

9-10

MODEL 25HPV

910-215B

February 2004

10

MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING

10.1

Basic Maintenance

The Model 25HPV case is sealed to prevent environmental liquids and dust from entering the
gage. However, it is not completely waterproof. Therefore, the unit should never be immersed in
any fluid.
Use the rubber plug that comes with the unit to protect the I/O connector and charger connector
from contamination, particularly in areas where airborne dust and aerosols are present. Use the
protective pouch to provide shock and scratch protection. The Model 25HPV case is designed to
withstand rough usage in the field, however, the gage is an electronic instrument, and it can be
damaged if not handled with some care. In particular, observe the following procedures:

Never press a key with a hard or sharp object.


When connecting cables to the gage, first align the connector with the mating receptacle
on the gage (the I/O connector contacts are up, and the charger half-moon insert is up),
then carefully insert the connector straight into the receptacle.
When removing cables from the gage, first grasp the connector (not the cable), then
gently pull out from the gage. Note that the tabs on the sides of the I/O connector must
be pressed while removing it.
Do not throw or drop the gage.

Clean the protective pouch, case, keypad, and display windows with a damp cloth and mild
detergent if necessary. Do not use strong solvents or abrasives.

10.2

Transducers

The ultrasonic transducers or probes used with the Model 25HPV are rugged devices that need
little care. They are not indestructible however, and attention to the following items will result in
the longest life span possible.
1. High temperature measurements should be made only with designated high temperature
transducers. Surfaces hotter than approximately 125F/50C will damage or destroy
standard transducers through contact.
2. The cables can be damaged by cutting, pinching, or pulling. Care must be taken to prevent
mechanical abuse to the cables. Never leave a transducer where a heavy object could be
placed on the cable. Never remove a transducer from the gage by pulling on the cable
pull on the metal connector only. Never tie a knot in the transducer cable.
3. Some transducer wear is normal, though excessive wear will limit transducer life. Severe
wear at the transducers tip degrades performance and measuring may become erratic or
impossible. To minimize wear, do not scrape or drag the transducer across rough surfaces,
and if using a delay line transducer, replace the plastic delay line when worn.

10.3

Battery Care

See Section 7Battery.

MODEL 25HPV

10-1

February 2004

10.4

910-215B

Error Messages

During the gages operation, an error message prompt may occur. An E displayed in the error box
next to the battery life indicator signifies either a problem with the operating procedure, or possibly
a physical problem with the gage itself. Press [2nd F], [REF VALUE] (Status) for more
information when E is displayed.

10.5

Battery and Charger Problems

If the gage does not turn on, or if it turns off immediately after activation, it is likely that the
battery is completely uncharged. Try to charge the battery for 10-15 minutes and then turn on the
gage with the charger plugged in.
a. If the gage starts to work, then the problem is most likely because of an uncharged
battery. Continue charging in accordance with Section 7.2.
b. If after attempting to recharge the battery per Section 7.2, the gage will only run when
the charger is connected, then try replacing the battery. Under normal use, the battery
should last through several hundred discharge-charge cycles.
c. If the gage does not turn on even with the charger connected, then the gage itself or the
charger requires service.

10.6

Measurement Problems

If in the process of measurement the gage gives unstable, erroneous readings, or no readings at all
it can be due to the following reasons:

10.7

The transducer being used does not match the application setup that has been selected
The application setup being used is not appropriate for the actual application
The Zero Offset is not calibrated
Insufficient couplant, especially on rough or curved surfaces
Insufficient amount of couplant between delay line and face of transducer in delay line
transducers
Bad transducer and/or RF cablesubstitute another transducer and/or cable

Diagnostic Self Tests

The Model 25HPV gage has several built-in tests to aid in a localizing hardware problems and to
verify correct hardware operation. To call up these tests turn on the gage and press [2ND F], [IN/
MM] to enable access to the special (SP) modes. Use [ ] and [ ] arrows to select SP-1 (Gage
Tests) and press [ENTER]. Then use [ ] and [ ] arrows to select desired test and press
[ENTER].

10-2

MODEL 25HPV

910-215B

February 2004

10.7.1 Display Test


The Display Test checks the Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) and its driving circuitry. Observe the
pattern of right angle dark area periodically expanding and receding from/to the upper left corner of
the display. Verify that there are no illuminated pixels in the dark part of the display and that there
are no dark pixels in the illuminated part of the display.
To finish the Display Test press [REF VALUE].

10.7.2 Keyboard Test


The Keyboard Test checks each key on the keyboard and interface circuits.
1. Observe the keyboard template on the gage display.
2. Press each key in turn, except [ON/OFF], and verify that the corresponding square on the
display reverses brightness, i.e. exhibits light characters on the dark background.
3. If the beeper is on, each press will be followed by beep.
4. When the [REF VALUE] key is first pressed, the prompt ESC will appear.
5. When the [REF VALUE] key is pressed a second time, the keyboard test will quit and the
previous test select screen will be shown. The [ON/OFF] key turns the gage off.

10.7.3 Hardware Test


The Hardware Test shows the results of an internal test of certain components from the Model
25HPV hardware. Displayed numbers should be within the ranges shown below:
DET_OFFSET1000025-000230
DET_OFFSET2 000025-000230
SAMP_OFFSET 000025-000230
THRESHOLD000025-000230
HS_COUNTERPASS

Note: After completing any of the above tests, press [MEAS] to return to the
measurement mode.

10.8

Software Upgrades

The Model 25HPV operation is controlled by a software program stored in the reprogrammable
Read Only Memory (ROM).
The operating program can easily be changed by the user. Simply connect the gage to a personal
computer, which allows Panametrics-NDT TM to offer operating program revisions on floppy disks.
Such revisions may include small improvements, fixes to minor bugs, or new major features.
Any ROM upgrade offered within one year of purchase will be free of charge. After that, standard
rates apply. Panametrics-NDT will perform the installation of any upgrade at the factory if

MODEL 25HPV

10-3

February 2004

910-215B

requested. Certain options are also installable by way of ROM changes. Consult PanametricsNDTTM for more detail.

10.9

Customer Service

Application, sales or problem-solving assistance is available directly from Panametrics-NDT. Call


(781) 899-2719 or toll free in the U.S.A. (800) 225-8330.

10.10 Repair Service


Panametrics-NDT will repair any Model 25HPV gage at its Waltham, Massachusetts, USA
factory. In addition, some local Panametrics-NDT dealers and agents are able to do repairs at
customer sites or at their own facilities.

10.11 Replacement Parts & Accessories


Replacement parts and accessories for the Model 25HPV are available from Panametrics-NDT.

10-4

MODEL 25HPV

910-215B

February 2004

APPENDIX ISOUND VELOCITIES


The following is a tabulation of the ultrasonic velocity in a variety of common materials. It is
provided only as a guide. The actual velocity in these materials may vary significantly due to a
variety of causes such as composition, preferred crystallographic orientation, porosity, and
temperature. Therefore, for maximum accuracy, establish the sound velocity in a given material by
first testing a sample of the material.
Table I-1: Sound Velocities of Various Materials (Longitudinal Wave Velocity)
Material

V (in./uSec)

V(mm/uSec)

Ref

Alumina, Al203 99.5%

0.4013

10.19

Aluminum, rolled

0.2530

6.420

Aluminum, 6061T6

0.2510

6.383

Beryllium

0.5073

12.89

Brass, yellow 70 Cu, 30 Zn

0.1850

4.700

Brass, yellow 70 Cu, 30 Zn

0.1726

4.385

Copper, rolled

0.1972

5.010

Duraluminum, 17S

0.2487

6.320

Fused Silica

0.2349

5.968

Fused Silica

0.2335

5.932

Glass, crown

0.2008

5.100

Glass, flint

0.1567

3.980

Glass, pyrex

0.2220

5.640

Iron, Armco

0.2345

5.960

Lead, rolled

0.0771

1.960

Lucite

0.1055

2.680

Magnesium, drawn annealed

0.2270

5.770

Molybdenum

0.2470

6.250

Monel

0.2105

5.350

Nickel

0.2377

6.040

Nylon

0.1031

2.735

Polyethylene

0.0705

1.950

MODEL 25HPV

Appendix I-1

7/17/00

910-215A

Table I-1: Sound Velocities of Various Materials (Longitudinal Wave Velocity)


Material

V (in./uSec)

V(mm/uSec)

Ref

Polystyrene

0.0925

2.350

Silicone Rubber RTV

0.0373

0.948

Steel, low alloy

0.2259

5.734

Steel, mild

0.2346

5.960

Steel, 1% C

0.2339

5.940

Steel, 1% C, hardened

0.2305

5.854

Stainless Steel #347

0.2278

5.790

Titanium

0.2370

5.990

Tungsten, drawn

0.2129

5.410

Uranium

0.1330

3.370

Water

0.0590

1.498

Zinc, rolled

0.1657

4.210

Zinc, extruded

0.1756

4.460

References
D. L. Folds, Experimental Determination of Ultrasonic Wave Velocities in Plastics, Elastomers,
and Syntactic Foam as a Function of Temperature, Naval Research and Development Laboratory,
Panama City, Florida, 1971.
J. R. Fredericks, Ultrasonic Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1965.
Handbook of Chemistry and Physics Chemical Rubber Co., Cleveland, Ohio, 1963.
W. P. Mason, Physical Acoustics and the Properties of Solids, D. Van Nostrand Co., New York,
1958.
E. P. Papadakis, Panametrics - unpublished notes, 1972.

Appendix I-2

MODEL 25HPV

M106

0.2260in/S

252.57

110V

63.4db

14.3db

8.5db/S

527.82nS

200.00S

-slope

N/A

N/A

N/A

Ref Velocity

Zero

Pulser Voltage

Max Gain

Init Gain

TVG Slope

Main Bang Blank

Echo Window

Detect Mode

Echo 1 Detect

Echo 2 Detect

Interference Blank

Mode 3 Echo Blank

DEF- M106

Probe Type

Setup Name

MODEL 25HPV
N/A

N/A

N/A

-slope

200.00S

527.82nS

8.5db/S

14.3db

63.4db

110V

237.72

0.2260in/S

M109

DEF- M109

N/A

N/A

N/A

-slope

200.00S

500.04nS

10.4db/S

23.1db

53.4db

110V

236.42

0.2260in/S

M110

DEF- M110

Table I-2: Default Transducer Setups

N/A

N/A

N/A

-slope

200.00S

1.12S

4.8db/S

12.8db

69.3db

110V

251.03

0.2260in/S

M1036

DEF- M1036

N/A

N/A

N/A

-slope

99.99S

1.30S

26.5dbS

51.5db

63.7db

110V

200.00

0.1080in/S

M2008

DEF- M2008

910-215B
February 2004

Appendix I-3

Appendix I-4

M101

0.2260in/S

252.34

110V

60.0db

25.0db

1.0db/S

5.69S

200.00S

-slope

N/A

N/A

N/A

Ref Velocity

Zero

Pulser Voltage

Max Gain

Init Gain

TVG Slope

Main Bang
Blank

Echo Window

Detect Mode

Echo 1 Detect

Echo 2 Detect

Interference
Blank

Mode 3
Echo Blank

DEF-M101

Probe Type

Setup Name

N/A

N/A

N/A

-slope

200.00S

3.13S

2.0db/S

21.2db

53.1db

110V

272.77

0.2260in/S

M102

DEF3-M102

N/A

N/A

N/A

-slope

200.00S

1.59S

3.7db/S

13.1db

60.0db

110V

258.56

0.2260in/S

M103

DEF-M103

0nS

430.59nS

-slope

+slope

9.50S

8.00S

10.0db/S

34.0db

50.0db

110V

200.73

0.1000in/S

M206

DEF2P-M206

0nS

375.03nS

-slope

+slope

9.50S

8.00S

10.0db/S

21.2db

55.0db

110V

199.94

0.2260in/S

M206

DEF2M-M206

Table I-3: Additional Common Transducer Setups

0nS

1.33S

-slope

-slope

9.50S

8.00S

6.0db/S

30.9db

33.4db

110V

199.74

0.1000in/S

M207

DEF2P-M207

0nS

1.08S

-slope

+slope

9.50S

8.00S

26.5db/S

8.1db

30.3db

110V

200.12

0.2260in/S

M207

DEF2M-M207

February 2004
910-215B

MODEL 25HPV

910-215B

February 2004

APPENDIX IIPC SCOPE INTERFACE


Mechanical Description
The Input-Output (IO) connector is located on the top left of the Model 25HPV case. This
connector is a six position modular telephone style receptacle. The mating connector should be
inserted with the gold contacts up and pushed straight in until it snaps into place. In order to
withdraw the connector, squeeze the tabs on each side to release the latch, and pull straight out.
This connector is used to interface the R5 to the PC Scope interface box and the WIN25DL
Interface Program.
Panametrics-NDTTM provides complete cables to directly connect the Model 25HPV to devices
with standard DB-25 male and female connectors and also the IBM PC-AT 9 male pin serial I/O
connector. The information in the following tables allow verification of compatibility with
particular equipment and aid in constructing a custom cable if necessary.
Table II-1: Cable Compatibility
Model 25HPV
I/O Connector

Wire Color

Signal Name

IBM PC-AT
Connector

STD DB25
Pin #

Foil/tinned
copper

Ground

Red

Data from Gage

Orange

Data to Gage

Yellow

Auxiliary +5V
Out

Green

DTR from Gage

Blue

DSR to Gage

20

MODEL 25HPV

Appendix II-1

910-215B

February 2004

APPENDIX IIIKEYBOARD FUNCTIONS


This section lists of all of the keystroke functions available on the Model 25HPV. Functions are
listed in two groups: single keystroke keys, and two key functions requiring the use of the [2nd F]
key. The image below represents the keyboard layout on the gage.

Single Keystroke Functions


KEY

COLOR

FUNCTION

GREEN

Turn the gage ON and OFF.

RED

1. Return to Measure mode when the gage is in


Calibration, ID View, Setup and SP modes.
2. Reset key after SEND or PRINT commands if they
failed.

MODEL 25HPV

Appendix III-1

February 2004

Appendix III-2

910-215B

BROWN

1. Select a highlighted function.


2. Save the setup at one of the USER locations in the
setup list.

GREEN/BLACK

1. Enter numeric values.


2. Scroll through menus.
3. Adjust LCD contrast.
4. Change the measurement rate.

GREEN/BLACK

Change values in the Setup mode.

BLUE

Initiate Cal Thick Calibration mode.

BLUE

Initiate Cal Thin Calibration mode.

BLUE

Use when entering th reference thickness value. The Ref


Value key is the mechanical thickness at the measurment
location.

YELLOW

Enables Alarm Measure mode and displays consequently


(after each application) first low, then high alarm
setpoints. The third application turns the Alarm Measure
mode OFF.

YELLOW

Toggles between English and Metric units.

MODEL 25HPV

910-215B

February 2004

PURPLE

Activates secondary functions from other keys,


which are printed above the keys on the keypad. The
second function remains active for only one
keystroke. Repetitive pressing of the [2ND F] key
turns the second function ON and OFF. (See
Keystrokes Utilizing [2nd F] below.)

ORANGE

Turns the backlight ON and OFF.

Keystrokes Utilizing [2nd F]


KEY

MODEL 25HPV

COLOR

FUNCTION

PURPLE, YELLOW

Enables Differential Measure mode and displays the


differential setpoint. Second application of this
function turns the Differential mode OFF.

PURPLE, BLUE

Shows an information screen with the following data:


1.
Application Setup Name
2.
Software revision number
3.
Transducer Type
4.
Error explanation if appropriate
Second press of function or [MEAS] key returns the
gage to the Measure mode.

PURPLE, BLUE

Allows the user to change the measurement rate by


up and down arrows. The selected measurement rate
is displayed in the message window. To remove
message from displays, press [MEAS].

PURPLE, ORANGE

Allows the user to adjust the display contrast.

PURPLE, YELLOW

Places the gage into Special mode. Allows the user to


select SP-1, SP-2, or SP-3. Press the [MEAS] key to
return to the Default mode.

Appendix III-3