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Isolated Footing Design

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Isolated Footing Design(ACI 318-05)


Design For Isolated Footing 1
Footing No.
-

Group ID
-

Length

Foundation Geometry
Width

Thickness

4300.000 mm

4300.000 mm

1000.000 mm

Footing No.

Footing Reinforcement

Bottom Reinforcement(Mz)

Bottom Reinforcement(Mx)

Top Reinforcement(Mz)

#16 @ 125 mm c/c

#25 @ 315 mm c/c

#25 @ 315 mm c/c

Pedestal Reinforcement
Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel

#16 @ 125 mm c/c

Trans Steel

28 - #25 #8 @ 380 mm

Isolated Footing 1

Input Values
Footing Geomtery
Design Type : Calculate Dimension
Footing Thickness (Ft) : 1000.000 mm
Footing Length - X (Fl) : 4300.000 mm
Footing Width - Z (Fw) : 4300.000 mm
Eccentricity along X (Oxd) : 0.000 mm
Eccentricity along Z (Ozd) : 0.000 mm

Column Dimensions
Column Shape : Rectangular
Column Length - X (Pl) : 999.998 mm
Column Width - Z (Pw) : 699.999 mm

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Pedestal
Include Pedestal? Yes
Pedestal Shape : Rectangular
Pedestal Height (Ph) : 1100.000 mm
Pedestal Length - X (Pl) : 1000.000 mm
Pedestal Width - Z (Pw) : 600.000 mm

Design Parameters
Concrete and Rebar Properties
Unit Weight of Concrete : 25.000 kN/m3
Strength of Concrete : 30.000 MPa
Yield Strength of Steel : 420.000 MPa
Minimum Bar Size : #8
Maximum Bar Size : #25
Minimum Bar Spacing : 100.000 mm
Maximum Bar Spacing : 500.000 mm
Pedestal Clear Cover (P, CL) : 75.000 mm
Footing Clear Cover (F, CL) : 75.000 mm

Soil Properties
Soil Type : Drained
Unit Weight : 20.000 kN/m3
Soil Bearing Capacity : 200.000 kN/m2
Soil Surcharge : 0.000 kN/m2
Depth of Soil above Footing : 1500.000 mm
Cohesion : 0.000 kN/m2

Sliding and Overturning


Coefficient of Friction : 0.500
Factor of Safety Against Sliding : 1.500
Factor of Safety Against Overturning : 1.500
------------------------------------------------------

Design Calculations
Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 4300.000 mm


Initial Width (Wo) = 4300.000 mm

Load Combination/s- Service Stress Level


Load Combination
Number

Load Combination Title

25

1DL + 1LL(1)

26

1DL + 1LL(R)

27

1DL + 0.6WL(+X)

28

1DL + 0.6WL(+Z)

29

1DL + 0.6WL(-X)

30

1DL + 0.6WL(-Z)

31

1DL + 0.7WL(+X)

32

1DL + 0.7WL(+Z)

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33

1DL + 0.7WL(-X)

34

1DL + 0.7WL(-Z)

35

1DL + 0.45WL(+X) + 0.75LL(1)

36

1DL + 0.45WL(+X) + 0.75LL(R)

37

1DL + 0.45WL(+Z) + 0.75LL(1)

38

1DL + 0.45WL(+Z) + 0.75LL(R)

39

1DL + 0.45WL(-X) + 0.75LL(1)

40

1DL + 0.45WL(-X) + 0.75LL(R)

41

1DL + 0.45WL(-Z) + 0.75LL(1)

42

1DL + 0.45WL(-Z) + 0.75LL(R)

43

1DL + 0.75LL(1)

44

1DL + 0.75LL(R)

Load Combination/s- Strength Level


Load Combination
Number

Load Combination Title

1.4DL

10

1.2(DL + TL) + 1.6LL + 0.5LR

11

1.2DL + 1.6LR + LL

12

1.2DL + 1.6LR + 0.8W(+X)

13

1.2DL + 1.6LR + 0.8W(-X)

14

1.2DL + 1.6LR + 0.8W(+Z)

15

1.2DL + 1.6LR + 0.8W(-Z)

16

1.2DL + 1.6WL(+X) + LL + 0.5LR

17

1.2DL + 1.6WL(-X) + LL + 0.5LR

18

1.2DL + 1.6WL(+Z) + LL + 0.5LR

19

1.2DL + 1.6WL(-Z) + LL + 0.5LR

20

1.2DL + LL

21

0.9DL + 1.6 WL(+X)

22

0.9DL + 1.6 WL(-X)

23

0.9DL + 1.6 WL(+Z)

24

0.9DL + 1.6 WL(-Z)

Applied Loads - Service Stress Level


LC

Axial
(kN)

Shear X
(kN)

Shear Z
(kN)

Moment X
(kNm)

Moment Z
(kNm)

25

1845.640

0.601

-10.870

-22.418

-2.324

26

1376.480

0.472

-7.902

-16.370

-1.587

27

1397.650

0.680

-8.076

-16.917

-4.343

28

1364.140

0.701

68.899

266.485

-3.299

29

1397.650

0.085

-8.078

-16.925

3.036

30

1431.160

0.216

-85.017

-300.304

0.074

31

1397.650

0.716

-8.076

-16.916

-4.798

32

1358.550

0.742

81.731

313.720

-3.579

33

1397.650

0.022

-8.079

-16.926

3.812

34

1436.740

0.176

-97.837

-347.533

0.357

35

1733.640

0.730

-10.172

-21.041

-4.285

36

1381.780

0.634

-7.945

-16.504

-3.684

37

1708.380

0.748

47.652

192.272

-3.420

38

1356.640

0.651

49.802

196.095

-2.862

39

1733.650

0.288

-10.174

-21.048

1.489

40

1381.780

0.189

-7.946

-16.510

1.954

41

1758.910

0.385

-67.978

-234.347

-0.877

42

1406.930

0.287

-65.673

-229.098

-0.334

43

1733.640

0.566

-10.173

-21.043

-2.150

44

1381.780

0.469

-7.945

-16.506

-1.599

LC

Axial
(kN)

Moment X
(kNm)

Moment Z
(kNm)

Applied Loads - Strength Level


Shear X
(kN)

Shear Z
(kN)

1956.730

0.643

-11.302

-23.691

-2.273

10

2346.890

-16.299

-48.202

241.528

99.895

11

2091.280

0.711

-12.202

-24.913

-2.472

12

1643.270

0.844

-9.410

-19.422

-6.042

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13

1643.280

0.086

-9.415

-19.438

5.400

14

1598.400

0.891

93.347

359.379

-3.978

15

1688.150

0.237

-112.111

-398.214

0.360

16

2114.621

1.263

-12.391

-25.510

-11.227

17

2114.630

-0.258

-12.402

-25.548

12.038

18

2024.230

1.344

193.708

736.099

-7.138

19

2205.010

0.057

-218.241

-787.007

1.900

20

2125.190

0.693

-12.482

-25.801

-2.644

21

1257.880

1.002

-7.268

-15.220

-8.673

22

1257.890

-0.590

-7.273

-15.241

10.857

23

1168.700

1.062

197.959

739.551

-5.927

24

1347.070

-0.236

-212.247

-769.863

3.051

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000 kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000 kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 18490000.000 mm2
o
o
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
= 14305272.924 mm2
max

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.

P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).


qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size


Length (L2) = 4300.000

mm

Governing Load Case :

# 25

Width (W2) = 4300.000

mm

Governing Load Case :

# 25

Depth (D2) = 1000.000

mm

Governing Load Case :

# 25

Area (A2) = 18490000.000 mm2

Pressures at Four Corners

Pressure at
corner 1
(q1)

Pressure at
corner 2
(q2)

Pressure at
corner 3
(q3)

Pressure at
corner 4
(q4)

Area of footing
in uplift (Au)

(kN/mm2)

(mm2)

41

0.0002

0.0002

0.0001

0.0001

0.000

41

0.0002

0.0002

0.0001

0.0001

0.000

37

0.0001

0.0001

0.0002

0.0002

0.000

37

0.0001

0.0001

0.0002

0.0002

0.000

Load Case

(kN/mm2)

(kN/mm2)

(kN/mm2)

If Au is zero, there is no uplift and no pressure adjustment is necessary. Otherwise, to account for uplift, areas of negative pressure will be set to zero
and the pressure will be redistributed to remaining corners.

Summary of Adjusted Pressures at 4 corners Four Corners


Pressure at

Pressure at

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Pressure at

Pressure at

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corner 1 (q1)

corner 2 (q2)

corner 3 (q3)

corner 4 (q4)

Load Case

(kN/mm2)

(kN/mm2)

(kN/mm2)

(kN/mm2)

41

0.0002

0.0002

0.0001

0.0001

41

0.0002

0.0002

0.0001

0.0001

37

0.0001

0.0001

0.0002

0.0002

37

0.0001

0.0001

0.0002

0.0002

Check for stability against overturning and sliding

Factor of safety against


sliding

Factor of safety against


overturning

Load Case
No.

Along XDirection

Along ZDirection

About XDirection

About ZDirection

25

2380.244

131.603

135.955

1715.308

26

2533.786

151.347

156.005

1994.637

27

1774.312

149.397

153.147

898.993

28

1697.257

17.268

12.442

1072.298

29

14194.494

149.360

153.092

1815.604

30

5663.366

14.389

10.985

13857.044

31

1685.101

149.397

153.151

823.297

32

1599.706

14.523

10.516

993.542

33

54842.362

149.342

153.077

1377.685

34

6966.346

12.532

9.534

418422.766

35

1882.914

135.128

139.391

1015.893

36

1890.531

150.862

155.294

1027.628

37

1820.718

28.580

20.032

1173.390

38

1821.854

23.815

16.961

1205.910

39

4772.681

135.102

139.354

6684.560

40

6341.783

150.843

155.256

3309.978

41

3603.018

20.406

15.817

3538.889

42

4220.112

18.442

14.190

5559.987

43

2428.493

135.115

139.377

1770.343

44

2555.644

150.862

155.284

1994.646

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - X Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along X-Direction : 32
Governing Disturbing Force : 0.742 kN

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Governing Restoring Force : 1186.982 kN


Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 1599.706
Critical Load Case for Overturning about X-Direction : 34
Governing Overturning Moment : -552.987 kNm
Governing Resisting Moment : 5272.036 kNm
Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 9.534

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - Z Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along Z-Direction : 34
Governing Disturbing Force : -97.837 kN
Governing Restoring Force : 1226.077 kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 12.532
Critical Load Case for Overturning about Z-Direction : 31
Governing Overturning Moment : -6.301 kNm
Governing Resisting Moment : 5187.994 kNm
Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 823.297

Shear Calculation
Punching Shear Check

Total Footing Depth, D = 1000.000mm


Calculated Effective Depth, deff =
For rectangular column,

D - Ccover - 1.0 = 899.600


mm

1 inch is deducted from total depth to cater bar dia(US Convention).

Bcol / Dcol = 1.667


Effective depth, deff, increased until 0.75XVc

Punching Shear Force

Punching Shear Force, Vu = 1985.320 kN, Load Case # 10


From ACI Cl.11.12.2.1, bo for column=

6798.400 mm

Equation 11-33, Vc1 =

12238.523 kN

Equation 11-34, Vc2 =

20285.380 kN

Equation 11-35, Vc3 =

11125.930 kN

Punching shear strength, Vc =

0.75 X minimum of (Vc1, Vc2, Vc3) =

8344.448 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vu hence, OK

Along X Direction
(Shear Plane Parallel to Global X Axis)

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From ACI Cl.11.3.1.1, Vc =

3518.585 kN

Distance along X to design for shear,


Dx =

950.400 mm

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vux where Vux is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column caused by bending
about the X axis.
From above calculations,

0.75 X Vc =

2638.939 kN

Critical load case for Vux is # 19

786.536

kN

0.75 X Vc > Vux hence, OK

One-Way Shear Check


Along Z Direction
(Shear Plane Parallel to Global Z Axis)

From ACI Cl.11.3.1.1, Vc =

3518.585 kN

Distance along X to design for shear, Dz =

750.400

mm

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vuz where Vuz is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column caused by bending
about the Z axis.
From above calculations,

0.75 X Vc =

2638.939 kN

Critical load case for Vuz is # 10

436.520

kN

0.75 X Vc > Vuz hence, OK

Design for Flexure about Z Axis


(For Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis)

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Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the X direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of Reinforced Concrete
Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1)
Critical Load Case # 10
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.02973

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02230

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

0.00177

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.471

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about Z axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1650.000 mm

Ultimate moment,

787.018

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

874.465

kNm

Required

0.00060

OK

Since

6858.221 mm2

Area of Steel Required, As =

Selected bar Size = #25


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = = 100.000 mm
Selected spacing (S) = 317.308 mm
Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 187.772 mm
UnSafe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#25 @ 8001.000 mm o.c.

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Required development length for bars =

=304.800 mm

Available development length for bars, DL


=

1575.000 mm

Try bar size

# 25

Area of one bar = 490.870

Number of bars required, Nbar =

mm2

14

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max
Total reinforcement area, As_total =

Nbar X (Area of one bar) =

6872.180 mm2

deff = D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar) 912.500


=
Reinforcement ratio,

0.00175

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear


distance between bars, Cd =

mm

max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0,


Min. User Spacing) =

317.308

mm

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars

Design for Flexure about X axis


(For Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis)

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the Z direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of Reinforced Concrete
Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1)
Critical Load Case # 19
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.02973

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02230

From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

0.00177
16.471

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

Calculate reinforcement ratio


Design for flexure about X axis is
performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dz =
Ultimate moment,

file:///C:/Staad.foundation%205.3/CalcXsl/footing.xml

for critical load case

1850.000 mm
1370.518 kNm

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Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

Required

1522.798 kNm

0.00111

OK

Since
Area of Steel Required, As =

6667.631 mm2

Selected Bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 100.000 mm
Selected spacing (S) = 125.273 mm
Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 187.772 mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 3175.000 mm o.c.

Required development length for bars =

=304.800 mm

Available development length for bars, DL


=

1775.000 mm

Try bar size

# 16

Area of one bar = 201.064

Number of bars required, Nbar =

mm2

34

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max
Total reinforcement area, As_total =

Nbar X (Area of one bar) =

deff = D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar)


=
Reinforcement ratio,

887.500

mm

0.00179

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear


distance between bars, Cd =

6836.180 mm2

max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0,


Min. User Spacing) =

125.273

mm

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.
As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based on selfweight, soil depth
and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

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Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.02973

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02230

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

0.00177

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.471

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about A axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1850.000 mm

Ultimate moment,

404.689

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

449.654

kNm

0.00033

Since

OK

Required

Area of Steel Required, As =

6667.631 mm2

Selected bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 100.000 mm
Selected spacing (S) = 125.273 mm
Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 187.772 mm
UnSafe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 125 mm o.c.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis

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First load case to be in pure uplift #


Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mz. Find the area of steel required
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.02973

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02230

From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

0.00177

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.471

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about A axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1650.000 mm

Ultimate moment,

321.918

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

357.687

kNm

0.00025

Since

OK

Required

6858.221 mm2

Area of Steel Required, As =

Selected bar Size = #25


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 100.000 mm
Selected spacing (S) = 317.308 mm
Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 187.772 mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#25 @ 317 mm o.c.

Pedestal Design Calculations

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Critical Load Case:

10

Strength and Moment Along Reinforcement in X direction


Bar size :
Number of Bars :

25 mm
28

Steel Area : 12449.9994 sq.mm


Neutral Axis Depth (Xb): 76.9150

mm

Strength and Moment from Concrete


Cc =

1632.698 kN

Mc =

437.533

kNm

Calculate strength and moment from one bar.


Distance between extreme fiber and
bar,

db

87.500

Strain in bar,

-0.0004

Maximum Strain,

0.0021

mm

as
-0.083

kN/mm2

0.0020
as
0.000
-40.521
-8.611
Total Bar Capacity,
Capacity of Column =

kN
kNm

Cs =

- kN
3129.443

Cc + Cs =

- kN
1496.745

Total Bar Moment,


Total Moment =

kN/mm2

Ms =

211.192

kNm

Mc + Ms =

648.725

kNm

Strength and Moment Along Reinforcement in Z direction


Bar size :
Number of Bars :

25 mm
28

Steel Area : 12449.9994 sq.mm


Neutral Axis Depth (Xb): 98.9491

mm

Strength and Moment from Concrete


Cc =

1260.254 kN

Mc =

578.213

kNm

Calculate strength and moment from one bar.


Distance between extreme fiber
and bar,

db

file:///C:/Staad.foundation%205.3/CalcXsl/footing.xml

87.500

mm

11/2/2015

Isolated Footing Design

Page 14 of 14

Strain in bar,

0.0003

Maximum Strain,

0.0021

as
0.069

kN/mm2

0.0020
as
16.452

kN/mm2

21.552

kN

8.890
Total Bar Capacity,
Capacity of Column =
Total Bar Moment,
Total Moment =

kNm

Cs =

- kN
2757.002

Cc + Cs =

- kN
1496.748

Ms =
Mc + Ms =

563.591

kNm

1141.804 kNm
0.972

Check for bi-axial bending,

Design Moment Mnx= 3.678 kNm


Design Moment Mnz= 1114832.127 kNm
Total Moment Mox= 648736.982 kNm
Total Moment Moz= 1141824.643 kNm
if Mnx or Mnz = 0, then D = 1.0
otherwise, D = 1.24
Print Calculation Sheet

file:///C:/Staad.foundation%205.3/CalcXsl/footing.xml

11/2/2015