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Capacitacin Ingeniera

Clase 4

Normas
Calidades
Acero

NORMAS

ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials)

RIELES:

CARACTERISTICAS DE FABRICACION DE PERFILES LAMINADOS:

MATERIAL PERFILES Y CHAPAS:

ASTM A1 Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Tie Rails


ASTM A6/A6M Standard Specification for General Requirements
for Rolled Steel Plates, Shapes, Sheet Piling and Bars for Structural Use

ASTM A36/A36M Standard Specification for Carbon Structural Steel


ASTM A572/572M Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Columbium-Vanadium
Structural Steel

CAOS:

CHAPAS CONFORMADAS GALVANIZADAS: ASTM A653/653M Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) or Zinc-Iron

ASTM A53/A53M Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated, Welded and Seamless
ASTM A500 Standard Specification for Cold-Formed Welded and Seamless Carbon Steel Structural Tubing in
Rounds and Shapes
Alloy-Coated (Galvanized) by the Hot-Dip Process

BULONES:

ASTM A307 Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Bolts and Studs, 60 ksi Tensile Strength
ASTM A325 Standard Specification for Structural Bolts, Steel, Heat-Treated, 120/105 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength
ASTM A490 Standard Specification for Structural Bolts, Steel, Heat-Treated, 150 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength

TUERCAS:

ASTM A563 / A563M Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts

ARANDELAS:

ASTM F436/F436M Standard Specification for Hardened Steel Washers

GALVANIZADO:

ASTM A123/A123M Standard Specification for Zinc (Hot-Dip Galvanized) Coatings on Iron and Steel Products
ASTM A153/A153M Standard Specification for Zinc-Coated (Hot Dip) on Iron and Steel Hardware
ASTM A780 Repair of Damaged and Uncoated areas of hot-dip galvanized coatings

NORMAS

AISC (American Institute of Steel Construction)

Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges

MANUAL OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION - Allowable Stress Design Specification for Structural Steel
Buildings (ASD)

MANUAL OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION - Allowable Stress Design Connections Vol 2 (ASD)

MANUAL OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION - Load and Resistance Factor Design Specification for Structural
Steel Buildings (LRFD)

MANUAL OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION - Load and Resistance Factor Design Connections Vol 2
(LRFD)

MANUAL OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION Specification for Structural Steel Buildings (ASD + LRFD)

Seismic Provisions for Structural Steel Buildings (LRFD/ASD)

Detailing for Steel Construction (NSD AISC)

NORMAS

AWS (American Welding Society)


AWS D1:1 Structural welding code: normas de soldadura,
procedimientos, calificacin de soldadores, ensayos, etc.

AWS D1:1 pto 5.23: tolerancias de perfiles soldados


AWS A3.0 Standar welding terms and definitions.

NORMAS

CIRSOC

(Centro de Investigacin de los Reglamentos Nacionales de Seguridad para las Obras Civiles)

CIRSOC 101 - Cargas y sobrecargas gravitatorias

CIRSOC 102 Accin del viento sobre las construcciones

CIRSOC 103 Construcciones sismoresistentes

CIRSOC 104 Accin de nieve y hielo sobre las construcciones

CIRSOC 105 Superposicin de acciones

CIESOC 106 Coeficiente de seguridad

CIRSOC 107 - Accin trmica climtica sobre las construcciones

CIRSOC 301 Estructuras de acero para edificios

CIRSOC 304 Estructuras de acero soldadas

NORMAS

SSPC (Steel Structures Painting Council): Especificaciones de tratamientos


de superficies de acero (pinturas)

SJI (Steel Joist Institute): Normas para vigas livianas reticuladas soldadas

SDI (Steel Deck Institute): Normas para tableros metlicos (solos o compuestos)

AGA (American Galvanizers Asociation):

RCSC (Research Council on Structural Connections):

ANSI/NAAMM (National Association of Architectural Metal Manufacturers):

Recomendaciones sobre
galvanizado

normas de
conexiones abulonadas

normas de grating (MBG 531/532)

NORMAS

NFPA (National Fire Protection Administration): normas de fuego

MBMA (Metal Building Manufactures Association): normas de los


fabricantes de galpones

AASHTO (American Association of State Highway and Transportation


Officials):

normas para puentes (NSBA)

AISI (American Iron and Steel Institute):

normas de perfiles de chapa conformada

(correas, secciones viga cinter, etc.)

UBC (Uniform Building Code):

normas generales de construccin

NORMAS
EUROCODE
ENV 1090-1.1996 Execution of steel structures Part 1:
General rules and rules for buildings - CEN :

tolerancias de montaje y

de fabricacin

ENV 1993-1-1.1992. Eurocode 3: Design for steel


structures - CEN Actualmente se estn revisando para su edicin final

ENV 1994-1-1. Eurocode 4: Design of composite steel


and concrete structures Hay partes especficas para puentes.

NORMAS

NORMASDE
DEESTRUCTURAS
ESTRUCTURASDE
DEACERO
ACERO
NORMAS
MATERIALES
MATERIALES

CALCULOYYDISENO
DISENO
CALCULO

FABRICACION
FABRICACION

MONTAJE
MONTAJE

AISC
AISC

ASTM
ASTM
EN
EN
IRAM-IAS
IRAM-IAS
AISI
AISI

CIRSOC
CIRSOC

AISC
AISC

UBC
UBC

AWS
AWS

SDI
SDI

ASTM
ASTM

SJI
SJI

AGA
AGA

RCSC
RCSC

SSPC
SSPC

AISI
AISI

RCSC
RCSC

AASHTO
AASHTO
EUROCODE
EUROCODE

AISC
AISC
SJI
SJI
SDI
SDI
EUROCODE
EUROCODE

Calidades de ACERO para estructuras


Chapa para Perfiles doble T soldados (vigas y columnas):

IRAM-IAS F26 o ASTM A-36 / F36 o ASTM572 Gr50

Perfiles laminados (UPN, IPN, IPE, L, HEB, W) :

IRAM-IAS F26 o ASTM A-36 o ASTM572 Gr50

Correas de chapa conformada en fro: (correas)

IRAM-IAS F24 o COMERCIAL (sin calidad)

Arriostramientos redondos:

IRAM-IAS F24 / F26 o ASTM A-36

ASTM A53 o ASTM A500 o COMERCIAL

Caos

Calidades de ACERO para estructuras

EQUIVALENCIAS DE NORMAS ACEPTADAS


Norma Americana

Norma Argentina

Norma Europea

ASTM

IRAM - IAS 500-503

EN

no hay equivalencia

F-24

no hay equivalencia

ASTM A-36

F-26

S275JR

ASTM A-572 Gr50 / A992

F-36

S355JR

Calidades de ACERO para estructuras

CALIDADES DE CHAPA
Rt [Mpa] E [Mpa]
A%
denominacin
F-24
F-26
F-36
A-36
A572 Gr 50
A992
A53 GrB
A252 Gr2
ST 37
ST 42
ST 52

norma
IRAM-IAS U 500-503
IRAM-IAS U 500-503
IRAM-IAS U 500-503
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
DIN ENS235JR
DIN ENS275JR
DIN ENS355JR

mn./max
360-510
400-560
510-680
400-550
450
450
410
475
340-470
410-560
490-630

mn.
235
250
355
250
345
345-450
240
240
235
275
355

mn.

composicin qumica
C% C%+1.6Mn% P% S% Si%
max
max
max max max

26 0.21
22 0.26
22 0.22
20-23 0.25
21 0.23
21 0,23

26 0.21
22 0.24
22 0.27

0.38
0.50
Mn 1.35
Mn 0,5-1,5

0.045
0.045
0.030
0.040
0.040
0,035

0.050
0.050
0.035
0.050
0.050
0,045

0.350
0.350
0.350
0.400
0.400
0,4

Mn 1.50
Mn 1.60
Mn 1.70

0.055 0.055 0.055 0.055 0.055 0.055 0.600

NORMAS

NORMAS

NORMAS

NORMAS

NORMAS

NORMAS