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Critical Analysis of Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003

Republic Acts of the Philippines

R.A. No. 9208

Submitted to:

Prof. Mel Rose Dingal

Submitted by:

Jeo Rej Fulgar

Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act. Of 2003

Republic Acts of The Philippines
R.A. No. 9208

The Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003, (Republic

Acts of The Philippines) R.A. No. 9208, is a consolidation of Senate
Bill No. 2444 and House Bill No. 4432. It was enacted and passed
by Congress of the Philippines' Senate of the Philippines
and House of Representatives of the Philippines (12th Congress of
the Philippines, 20012004) assembled on May 12, 2003 and
signed into law (List of Philippine laws) by President Gloria
Macapagal-Arroyo on May 26, 2003. It institutes policies to
eliminate and punish human trafficking,
especially women and children, establishing the necessary
institutional mechanisms for the protection and support of
trafficked persons. It aims "to promote human dignity, protect the
people from any threat of violence and exploitation, and mitigate
pressures for involuntary migration and servitude of persons, not
only to support trafficked persons but more importantly, to ensure

their recovery, rehabilitation and reintegration into the

mainstream of society."


R.A. No. 9208 made the Philippines one of the few Asian
countries in Asia that have enacted an anti-trafficking legislation.
The law establishes an Inter-Agency Council Against Trafficking
(IACAT), first chaired by Raul M. Gonzalez, and composed of
government agencies, non-government organizations and other
civic organizations for the effective formulation of a
comprehensive and integrated program to prevent and suppress
the trafficking in persons. The Development for Women Network
(DAWN), PMRW member organization, and the National
Commission on the Role of Filipino Women and the Coalition
Against Trafficking in Women-Asia Pacific (CATW_AP) supported
the successful passage of the law. This penal law was
implemented by the issued RULES AND REGULATIONS
IMPLEMENTING REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9208- Anti-Trafficking Act,
pursuant to the authority of IACAT under Sec. 29 of R.A 9208.

Human Trafficking is an increasingly pressing issue for the

international community. Trafficking in persons, especially women
and girls, is a major challenge of the present time. Until now, it is
estimated that hundreds of thousands of people annually
becomes victims of such crime. For me this policy is needed for
the safety of any person in a certain place. We need this policy
cause people nowadays can just drag you up in van or any car

and just kidnap you and the next thing you know is youre in an
another place with people around you raising prices for you and
selling you like youre in an auction sale. This law will help a child,
a woman or a man, any person from being abducted against ones
will for prostitution, forced labor and slavery, sex tourism, debt
bondage, trafficking in persons, child abduction, sexual
exploitation and even pornography. With this policy it would give
much help to stop these illegal acts against a person cause every
human has freedom and nobody must not take away ones
freedom for the benefits of others and for ones self.


Every Person will benefit from this policy because it

would help lessen human trafficking in any types possible. It
would help a child, a man or a woman from being abducted
against ones will. With this policy every person will know the
consequences of the act of human trafficking, how to avoid it,
what to do when someone has been abducted, who to contact,
what case to be filed and to spread the word that not all the time
you can trust people you just met and must always take
precautions and think before you act, be cautious when talking to
a total stranger. We dont know what other people think and when
that time comes we might just get unlucky.

This policy will benefit the people and give awareness

not to trust false friends and give justice to the victims of human
trafficking and give them courage to speak about what traffickers
did to them and their experiences because there are some cases

of human trafficking when victims are abducted the become

traumatized that they are afraid to speak or tell anyone what
theyve experienced and who did it to them and also they are
afraid that the abductors might kill them as well if they speak or
tell anyone about it.

With this law, victims will also have support from

different organizations. Organizations that help stop human
trafficking and also help them by providing temporary residency
status, relief from deportation, shelter, and access to legal,
medical, and psychological services. Global awareness of human
trafficking is growing, but the level of knowledge remains very
low. This increases the vulnerability of potential victims. With this
policy, it would benefit all people about human trafficking and
also give them knowledge and awareness about this illegal act.


It is practical that we apply this policy because

nowadays, people who are victims of poverty are the ones
playing a big role about human trafficking, majority are the
innocent childrens. Childrens would be abducted by force which
leads to child labor, sexual abuse, prostitution and many more
inhuman acts traffickers do. There is a scenario that cyber
stalking can also lead to human trafficking especially these days
that our technology has been advanced. First, the trafficker will
stalk you by using youre the internet or the network. For
example, your Facebook account, youve got all the details about
yourself in your Facebook, infos, like and dislikes, address,

everything you do can be known with the use of it. This could be
an advantage to any human trafficker. They could stalk you with
it, know where you love, how to get your attention and when that
happens, with just a blink of an eye, youll realize that youre far
away from home and anything bad can possibly happen and we
dont want that to happen to any child or any person. So, it is
appropriate that we are aware of this law so that we would not be
ignorant on what to do, what to react, who to call, what a person
is getting into and especially who to trust. This Law also functions:

1. To foster awareness, global commitment and action to

counter human trafficking in partnership with different
stakeholders including governments, the international
community, non-government organizations and other
elements of civil society and the media.
2. To assist countries in creating and strengthening support
structures for victims of human trafficking.
3. Reducing both the vulnerability of potential victims and the
demand for exploitation in all its forms.
4. Ensuring adequate protection and support to those who do
fall victims and support the efficient prosecution of the
criminals involved, while respecting the fundamental rights
of all persons.
5. Government agencies accommodate the need of victims of
trafficking, including timely access to health and social

These are just some of the thing that this law can do to the
victims and to the criminals. So as an individual it is right that
we are aware of what is going on to our brothers and sisters
around the world and what this law means and wants to