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Cisco certification training

Instructor:- ASHOK TAMBE

Contact us :- 9930157345 ashok tambe

CCNA 200-120

Training for
CCNA,CCNP,
CCNA SECURITY
CCIP,
MPLS, BGP, IPV6
NETWORK+, SEURITY+

Cisco certification training


Instructor:- ASHOK TAMBE

https://www.facebook.com/Networkingwanschool

Copyright 2013 NETworkingWANschool

Cisco Icons and Symbols

Router

Wireless
Router

Workgroup
Switch

Access Point

Wireless
Connectivity

Secure Router

Firewall

IP Phone

Mobile
Access
Phone

Home Office

Small
Business

Line: Serial
Line: Ethernet

2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

v1.02

CCNA 200-120

Part I : Networking Basics Introduction

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

Networking Concepts Introduction


Network definition
Network is a collection of network devices (i.e. switches and routers) along with
end systems (i.e. PCs and servers). Networks carry many types of data (i.e. voice,
video and data) to/from many locations (i.e. Branch Office, Home Office, etc

End User

Branch office
ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

Home Office

Headquarters

Network definition

CCNA 200-120

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

Headquarters: The main site where everyone is ultimately connected. It is where the bulk
of the information is located. Main offices typically have higher bandwidth coming into
them than smaller locations. Within the headquarters site there may be multiple Local Area
Networks (LANs) attached.
Types of Remote Locations:
Branch Office: Smaller office where a group of people work. Typically a lot of the resources they
are accessing are stored at the headquarters (main site).
Home Office: Place where an individual works from a somewhat permanent location. Again,
most of the resources they are accessing are stored at the headquarters.
Mobile User: Mobile users typically connect to the headquarters or branch office while on travel.

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

Businesses needed a solution that would successfully


address the following three problems:
How to avoid duplication of equipment and resources
How to communicate
efficiently
Understanding
How to set up and
manage
a network
OSPF
LSAs
Businesses realized that networking technology could
increase productivity while saving money.

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

Networking Concepts Introduction


The Purpose of Networks

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120
Describe the various elements that make up a network
The various elements that make up a network:Devices
These are used to communicate with one another
Medium
This is how the devices are connected together
Messages
Information that travels over the medium
Rules (protocols )
Governs how messages flow across network

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

Common Network Components

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

Networking Devices
Equipment that connects directly to a network segment is referred to as a device.
These devices are broken up into two classifications.
end-user devices
network devices

Understanding
OSPF
LSAs
End-user devices include computers,
printers,
scanners, and other devices that provide
services directly to the user.
Network devices include all the devices that connect the end-user devices together
to allow them to communicate

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120
Repeater

Hub

Networking Devices

Not used in todays network

Bridge

Understanding
OSPF LSAs
Switch
Widely used in todays network

Router

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

Repeater
A repeater is a network device used to regenerate a signal. Repeaters regenerate analog or
digital signals distorted by transmission loss due to attenuation. A repeater does not
perform intelligent routing.

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

Hub

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Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

Bridge

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

CCNA 200-120

Switch
switches add more intelligence to data transfer management.
Switches can determine whether data should remain on a LAN or not, and
they can transfer the data to the connection that needs that data.

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

Router
Routers have all capabilities of the previous devices. Routers can regenerate signals,
concentrate multiple connections, convert data transmission formats, and manage
data transfers. They can also connect to a WAN, which allows them to connect LANs
that are separated by great distances.

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

Network Media
Coaxial Cable

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

Twisted Pair

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

CCNA 200-120

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

Fiber Optics

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

Categorizing Networks
Classifying Networks by Geography :-

LAN

WAN

MAN

PAN

CAN

Classifying Networks by Topology :-

Understanding
Ring ,Bus ,Start ,Hub&spoke, full mesh OSPF
,partialLSAs
mesh
Classifying Networks by Architecture :-

Peer to Peer Architecture

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

Client Server Architecture

CCNA 200-120

LAN
A LAN connects network devices over a relatively short distance. A networked office building, school, or
home usually contains a single LAN, though sometimes one building will contain a few small LANs (perhaps
one per room), and occasionally a LAN will span a group of nearby buildings. In TCP/IP networking, a LAN is
often but not always implemented as a single IP subnet. In addition to operating in a limited space, LANs
are also typically owned, controlled, and managed by a single person or organization. They also tend to use
certain connectivity technologies, primarily Ethernet

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

WAN

CCNA 200-120

WAN spans a large physical distance. The Internet is the largest WAN, spanning the
Earth. A WAN is a geographically-dispersed collection of LANs. A network device called
a router connects LANs to a WAN. In IP networking, the router maintains both a LAN
address and a WAN address.
A WAN differs from a LAN in several important ways. Most WANs (like the Internet) are
not owned by any one organization but rather exist under collective or distributed
ownership and management. WANs tend to use technology like ATM, Frame Relay and
X.25 for connectivity over the longer distances. AKA INTERNETWOEKING

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

MAN

CCNA 200-120

A Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) is a medium-size network which is larger than LAN but smaller than
WAN. Normally it occupies in large geographical area than a local are network(LAN), it can starts
from several blocks of buildings to entire cities. It simply has similar role like internet service provider(ISP)
but mostly for coporate users with LANs. MAN is not owned by single organisation, but generally owned by
partnership of users or single network provider who sells high sped network services to many users. MAN
normally provides high speed internet connection using fibre-optic cables for users to shared and exchange
their information real time. The distance for the network usually covers an area of 5 to approximately 50
kilometres. However, the cost of setting all parts for this network is very expensive and need to be wellconstrcuted as its need to go along with the telephone line network in that specific area. MAN networks are
use in variety of system such as cable television system, network of fire station, newspaper/media etc.

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

(PAN)

CCNA 200-120

A personal area network (PAN) is the interconnection of information technology devices within
the range of an individual person, typically within a range of 10 meters. For example, a person
traveling with a laptop, a personal digital assistant (PDA), and a portable printer could
interconnect them without having to plug anything in, using some form of wireless technology.
Typically, this kind of personal area network could also be interconnected without wires to the
Internet or other networks.

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

Network topology

CCNA 200-120

Network topology defines the structure of the network.


One part of the topology definition is the physical topology, which is the actual layout of the wire or
media.
The other part is the logical topology , which defines how the media is accessed by the hosts for
sending data.

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

Bus topology
A physical bus topology :- is a physical topology in which network nodes are
arranged in a linear format, with each node connected directly to the network cable
with a T-connector or tap.

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

Ring topology

CCNA 200-120

A physical ring topology is a network topology in which all network nodes are
connected in a continuous circle.

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

Star topology
A physical star topology is a network topology that uses a
central connectivity device, such as a hub, with separate
connections to each node

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

Hub&spoke

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

full mesh

Understanding
OSPF LSAs

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

CCNA 200-120

Partial mesh

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

Client Server Architecture

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

Peer to Peer Architecture

switch

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

CCNA 200-120
Converged network

Converged network
A type of network that can carry voice, video & data over the
same network

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

networking model,
A networking model, sometimes also called either a networking architecture or
networking blueprint, refers to a comprehensive set of documents.
Individually, each document describes one small function required for a network;
collectively, these documents define everything that should happen for a
computer network to work. Some documents define a protocol,

Today, the world of computer networking uses one networking


model: TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol).

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

networking model,
Today, the world of computer networking uses one networking model: TCP/IP
(Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol).
However, the world has not always been so simple. Once upon a time,
networking protocols didnt exist, including TCP/IP.
Vendors created the first networking protocols; these protocols supported only
that vendors computers. For example, IBM published its Systems Network
Architecture (SNA) networking model in 1974.
Other vendors also created their own proprietary networking models
As a result, if your company bought computers from three vendors,
network engineers often had to create three different networks based on the
networking models created by each company, and then somehow connect those
networks, making the combined networks much more complex.

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

networking model,
Figure shows the general idea of what a companys enterprise network might have
looked back in the 1980s, before TCP/IP became common in enterprise internetworks.

Proprietary Models to the Open TCP/IP Model

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

networking model,

CCNA 200-120

To reduce complexity The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) took


on the task to create such a model, starting as early as the late 1970s, beginning
work on what would become known as the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI)
networking model.

ISO had a noble goal for the OSI model: to standardize data
networking protocols to allow communication between all computers
across the entire planet.

Another formal effort from a U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) to


create an open, vendor-neutral, public networking model called
TCP/IP model
However, by the end of the 1990s, TCP/IP had become the common choice, and OSI
fell away
ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

networking model,
The OSI model, because of a slower formal standardization process as compared with TCP/IP,
never succeeded in the marketplace And TCP/IP, the networking model originally created
almost entirely by a bunch of volunteers, has become the most prolific network model ever
In the twenty-first century, TCP/IP model dominates.
The TCP/IP model both defines and references a large collection of protocols that allow
computers to communicate.
To define a protocol, TCP/IP uses documents called Requests for Comments (RFC). (You can
find these RFCs using any online search engine.)

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

networking model,
To understand a networking model, each model breaks the functions into a small
number of categories called layers. Each layer includes protocols and standards that
relate to that category of functions. TCP/IP actually has two alternative models, as shown
in Figure

The model on the left shows the original TCP/IP model listed in RFC 1122,
The TCP/IP model on the right is a common method used today

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

networking model,

CCNA 200-120

Note :- OSI no longer exists as a networking model that could be used instead of TCP/IP,
although some of the original protocols referenced by the OSI model still exist
So, while you will never need to work with a computer that uses OSI, to understand modern
networking terminology, you need to understand something about OSI.
Comparing OSI and TCP/IP
The OSI model has many similarities to the TCP/IP model from a basic conceptual
perspective. It has (seven) layers, and each layer defines a set of typical networking
functions. As with TCP/IP, the OSI layers each refer to multiple protocols and standards
that implement the functions specified by each
layer.

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120
OSI Layers

7 Application

Away

6 Presentation

Pizzas

5 Session

Sausage

4 Transport

Take

3 Network

Not

2 Data Link

Do

1 Physical

Please

The OSI Model will be


used throughout your
entire networking
career!

Memorize it!

Please Do Not Take Sausage Pizzas Away (Layers 1 to 7)


ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120
Networking models use layers to help humans categorize and understand the many functions
in a network, networking models use layers for many reasons.
Benefits of layered protocol specifications:
Less complex: Compared to not using a layered model, network models break the concepts
into smaller parts
Standard interfaces: The standard interface definitions between each layer allow multiple
vendors to create products that fill a particular role, with all the benefits of open competition
Easier to learn: Humans can more easily discuss and learn about the many details of a
protocol specification
Easier to develop: Reduced complexity allows easier program changes and faster product
development
Multivendor interoperability: Creating products to meet the same networking standards
means that computers and networking gear from multiple vendors can work in the same
network
Modular engineering: One vendor can write software that implements higher layersfor
example, a web browserand another vendor can write software that implements the lower
layersfor example, Microsofts built-in TCP/IP software in its OSs.

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120
OSI Encapsulation Terminology
Every layer in OSI or TCP/IP model contain various types of protocols the
Information about these protocols are added to data while transmitting over the
Network . These information are protocols specific . These information known as
Header & Footer or trailer
When these header & trailer are added to data ,then entire structure known as PDU
(protocol data unit )

Data

PDU
Every layer in OSI or TCP/IP model have there own PDU (explain later )
The process of adding header & trailer in known as Encapsulation
The process of removing header & trailer is known as Decapsulation
Every layer in OSI or TCP/IP model either perform Encapsulation Or Decapsulation

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120
OSI Encapsulation Terminology
OSI Encapsulation and Protocol Data Units

The TCP/IP &OSI model uses terms such as segment, packet, and frame to refer to
various layers and their respective encapsulated data

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool

CCNA 200-120

ASHOK TAMBE
Copyright 2015 NETworkingWANschool