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Genocide is not just a murderous madness; it is, more deeply, a politics that promises a utopia beyond politics - one

people, one land, one truth, the

end of difference. Since genocide is a form of political utopia, it remains an enduring temptation in any multiethnic and multicultural society in
crisis.1 Genocide has been defined in Article 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948) as "any of the
following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: killing members of the
group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about
its physical destruction in whole or in part2 ; imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; [and] forcibly transferring children of
the group to another group." To prevent genocide is an intent that could not be achieved by a mere piece of paper embodying piece agreements. In
this contemporary time, there must be a resort to some kind of forces because the innocent lives that could be saved through peaceful agreements do
not even equate to the lives lost due to this genocidal intent.
The documentary, Ghost of Rwanda presents the condition of Rwanda more than a decade ago of the methodical killing of Tutsi civilians
by militia forces, the police and the army. It showed the brutal loss of humanity where more than 800, 000 Rwandans were murdered at that time.
More than that, it brought into light the roles, contributions done by the international community, the key officials and some of the personalities who
had lived out from genocide. It gives us an idea of the unfortunate experience of Rwanda including the process of victimizations and the ideologies of
the perpetrators. In the worlds historical timeline of genocide, the slaughter in Rwanda was just subsequent to the genocide or mass atrocities that
have happened in Armenia, the Holocaust, Cambodia and Bosnia.2 Genocide, being recognized as an international crime, is a prohibition that the
international community must prevent. The international community, just like in the earlier genocides, is expected to aid the states involved in such
distress. Being an international crime, it is a crime to the whole international society, not only to a specific ethnic, race or nationality.
Here, it is important to note that the non-intervention policy of US had a great contribution in the fall of thousands of lives in Rwanda. We
are putting the blame to the cowardice of the powerful America and to the whole international community. As we can glean from the documentary,
former UN Secretary had said that the failure of Rwanda is ten times greater than the failure of Yugoslavia, because in the latter, the international
community was interested and was involved. However, in Rwanda nobody was interested. It is the reason why they have been fighting with two
problems: the tragedy and the indifference of the international community. US could have acceded to the request of the UN Troops in Rwanda for an
additional troop to conquer the battle. The original purpose of bringing the troops of General Dallaire for peace agreement was clearly cannot be
pursued because of the greater degree of genocidal intent of the Hutus extremist. Actions could have been undertaken if only national interest did not
prevail over the humanitarian responsibilities. To relate this with Machiavelli in his The Prince, he advocated the use of force of a leader in ruling his
people. The use of force is a virtue which a prince (leader) must possess because leader cannot always use fortresses against the enemies. According
to him, people who oppose change are always more vocal than those who benefit from change. 3. In relation to the present issue, a leader of a State
cannot always use fortresses such as peaceful agreement to create and achieve a harmonious State. In times where people abused such grant and
oppose such change, their personal intent would prevail. It is right to resort to the use of force for prevention and attainment of national goals. The
lives of the people that would be sacrificed in accomplishing the purpose is an honor and the lives of the thousands of people that could be spared out
of this massive killing is a victory.
Apparently, we have seen in those times of turmoil not only the brutal killings, the failure of the UN troops but most of all the
failure of enforcement of our international law instruments. We have known the outlawing of genocide and crimes against humanity, but the measures
inscribed and laid down were never put into practice. The ghost of Rwanda was such a traumatic experience. It was a call for the international
community, to every State, civil actors and to all people to act, to care and to have an interest to pursue a genocide-free countries. It is an objective
which cannot be achieved in the instant and done overnight. To pursue this international interest along with all other purposes, it requires cooperation,
courage, awareness, concern and most of all the reinforcement of our international laws, restructuring of systems and further plan for action.
1.Michael Ignatieff
2. http://endgenocide.org/learn/past-genocides/