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MD Helicopters, Inc.

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD HELICOPTERS INC.

CSPD1
Rotorcraft Flight Manual

FOR

MDHI 500D (369D) HELICOPTERS


Reissue 1: 18 JULY 1998

NOTE
This manual has been reprinted and now contains
Revisions 1 through 10

MD 500D

Cover

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL


REGISTRATION NO: _________________
SERIAL NO: _________________

F02001

Fi

Fii

CSPD1

MD 500D

Title Page

FAA APPROVED
ROTORCRAFT
FLIGHT MANUAL
Type Certificate No. H3WE
Approved By_____________________________________
Manager, Flight Test Branch, ANM-160L
Federal Aviation Administration
Los Angeles Aircraft Certification Office
Transport Airplane Directorate
Original Approval Date:

8 December 1976

Reissue #1, Revision 10:

____________________________

THE FAA APPROVED ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL CONSISTS OF THE FOLLOWING SECTIONS.
SECTION
SECTION
SECTION
SECTION
SECTION

II III IV V IX

LIMITATIONS
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
NORMAL PROCEDURES
PERFORMANCE DATA
OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT

THE HELICOPTER MUST BE OPERATED IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE OPERATING LIMITATIONS AS SET FORTH IN SECTION II OF THIS MANUAL AND
ANY ADDITIONAL LIMITATIONS FROM SECTION IX AS A RESULT OF AN INSTALLED OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT ITEM.
SECTIONS III, IV, AND V CONTAIN RECOMMENDED PROCEDURES AND DATA AND ARE FAA APPROVED.
THE ``AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS'' LISTED IN SECTION 04-00-00 OF CSP-HMI-2 SHALL BE COMPLIED WITH.
THIS MANUAL MUST BE KEPT IN THE HELICOPTER AT ALL TIMES.

Copyright E 1999-2011 by MD Helicopters, Inc.


All rights reserved under the copyright laws.

Revision 10

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CSPD1

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

LOG OF REVISIONS BY DATE


FAA / NONFAA REVISIONS
REVISION NUMBER AND DATE

REVISION NUMBER AND DATE


Original Issue . 6 December 1976

Revision 17 . . . . . 17 July 1995

Revision 1 . . . . . . 20 January 1977

Reissue #1 . . . . . 18 August 1998

Revision 2 . . . . . . 29 April 1977

Revision 1 . . . . . . 8 January 1999

Revision 3 . . . . . . 18 May 1977

Revision 2 . . . . . . 30 December 1999

Revision 4 . . . . . . 1 February 1978

Revision 3 . . . . . . 10 October 2000

Revision 5 . . . . . . 27 April 1979

Revision 4 . . . . . . 22 March 2001

Revision 6 . . . . . . 6 July 1979

Revision 5 . . . . . . 3 September 2004

Revision 7 . . . . . . 7 January 1980

Revision 6 . . . . . . 4 October 2006

Revision 8 . . . . . . 10 March 1980

Revision 7 . . . . . . 21 March 2007

Revision 9 . . . . . . 19 November 1980

Revision 8 . . . . . . 9 March 2009

Revision 10 . . . . . 11 May 1981

Revision 9 . . . . . . 30 September 2010

Revision 11 . . . . . 26 August 1981

Revision 10 . . . . . 30 August 2011

Revision 12 . . . . . 14 January 1982


Revision 13 . . . . . 29 September 1988
Revision 14 . . . . . 2 May 1989
Revision 15 . . . . . 24 April 1990

Approved By
Manager, Flight Test Branch, ANM-160L
Federal Aviation Administration
Los Angeles Aircraft Certification Office
Transport Airplane Directorate

Revision 16 . . . . . 1 April 1992

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Revision 10

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PARAGRAPH
Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PAGE
1

Title Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F-i

Log of Revisions By Date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F-ii

Summary of Revisions to the Rotorcraft Flight Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F-iii

List of Effective Pages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F-iv

Section I General
1-1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-1

1-2. Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-1

1-3. Rotorcraft Certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-1

1-4. Multi-Purpose Utility Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-1

1-5. Pilot's Briefing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-2

1-6. Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-2

1-7. Method of Presentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-4

1-8. Definition of Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-4

1-9. Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-5

1-10. Technical Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-7

1-11. Design and Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-8

1-12. Auto Reignition System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-11

1-13. Capacities and Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-12

1-14. Conversion Charts and Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-14

Section II Limitations
2-1. Flight Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-1

2-2. Environmental Operating Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-3

2-3. Airspeed Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-3

2-4. Weight Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-4

2-5. Rotor Brake Limitations (If Installed) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-5

2-6. Rotor RPM (Speed) Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-5

2-7. Powerplant Limitations Allison 250-C20B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-6

2-8. Powerplant Limitations Allison 250-C20R/2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-8

2-9. Electrical System Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-10

2-10. Starter Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-10

Revision 4

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ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

PARAGRAPH
2-11. Fuel System Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PAGE
2-10

2-12. Instrumentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-13

2-13. Placards and Decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-16

Section III Emergency and Malfunction Procedures


3-1. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-1

3-2. Warning and Caution Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-2

3-3. Engine Failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-3

3-4. Air Restart-Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-6

3-5. Low Rotor Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-7

3-6. Emergency Landing Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-7

3-7. Fire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-9

3-8. Engine Fuel Control System Malfunctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-14

3-9. Other Engine Caution Indications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-16

3-10. Main Rotor and Tail rotor Transmission Malfunctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-17

3-11. Flight Control Malfunctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-18

3-12. Abnormal Vibrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-22

3-13. Fuel System Malfunctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-22

3-14. Electrical System Malfunctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-24

3-15. Other Malfunctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-26

3-16. Emergency Egress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-27

3-17. Emergency Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-27

Section IV Normal Procedures


4-1. Preflight Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-1

4-2. Engine Pre-Start Cockpit Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-12

4-3. Engine Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-15

4-4. Engine RunUp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-17

4-5. Before Takeoff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-20

4-6. Takeoff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-21

4-7. Cruise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-22

4-8. Low Speed Maneuvering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-22

4-9. Practice Autorotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-23

4-10. Doors Off Flight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-24

4-11. Landing Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-24

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MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

PARAGRAPH
4-12. Running Landing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-13. Engine/Aircraft Shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-14. Post Flight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-15. Deceleration Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-16. Normal Engine Restart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-17. Noise Impact Reduction Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CSPD1

PAGE
4-24
4-25
4-27
4-27
4-28
4-28

Section V Performance Data


5-1.
5-2.
5-3.
5-4.
5-5.
5-6.
5-7.
5-8.

General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Density Altitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Airspeed Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Speed For Best Rate of Climb . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight - In ground Effect (IGE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Height Velocity Diagram/Gross Weight Limits For Height Velocity Diagram
Power Check - Allison 250-C20B Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Check - Allison 250-C20R/2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5-1
5-2
5-4
5-6
5-8
5-20
5-23
5-27

Section VI Weight and Balance Data


6-1.
6-2.
6-3.
6-4.
6-5.
6-6.
6-7.
6-8.

Weight and Balance Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Weight and Balance Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Equipment Removal or Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Weight and Balance Determination - Passenger Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . .
Longitudinal Loading of Cargo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Permissible Lateral Loadings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lateral Loading of Cargo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Internal Loading of Cargo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6-1
6-6
6-6
6-10
6-12
6-14
6-14
6-21

Section VII Handling, Servicing, and Maintenance


7-1.
7-2.
7-3.
7-4.
7-5.
7-6.
7-7.
7-8.
7-9.

Helicopter Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Use of External Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hoisting, Jacking, and Lifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ground Handling Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Moving and Towing Helicopter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parking and Mooring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing - General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel System - Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Oil System - Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Revision 4

7-1
7-1
7-1
7-3
7-4
7-5
7-7
7-14
7-15

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ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

PARAGRAPH
7-10. MainRotorand Tail Rotor Transmission - Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-11. Cleaning General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-12. Cleaning Fuselage Interior Trim and Upholstery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-13. Cleaning Aircraft Exterior and Rotor Blades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-14. Cleaning - Canopy and Door Transparent Plastic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-15. Fluid Leak Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-16. Preservation and Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-17. Flyable Storage - No Time Limit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-18. Cockpit Door Removal and Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-19. Special Operational Checks and Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PAGE
7-15
7-16
7-16
7-17
7-17
7-17
7-18
7-18
7-19
7-21

Section VIII Additional Operations and Performance Data


8-1. Hover Ceiling - Out of Ground Effect (OGE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8-1

Section IX Optional Equipment


9-1. General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-2. Listing - Optional Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-3. Optional Equipment Performance Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-4. Compatibility - Combined Optional Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-5. Operating Instructions: Cargo Hook Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-6. Operating Instructions: Anti-Ice Airframe Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-7. Operating Instructions: Four-Bladed Tail Rotor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-8. Operating Instructions - Emergency Floats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-9. Operating Instructions - Engine Air Inlet Diverter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-10. Operating Instructions - Utility Floats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-11. Operating Instructions: 369H9001 Litter Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-12. Operating Instructions: Hoist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-13. Operating Instructions: 369D290170 Litter Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-14. Main Rotor Blade Abrasion Tape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-15. Operating Instructions: Automatic Reignition (Early) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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MD 500D
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ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1

SUMMARY OF REVISIONS
TO THE ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL
SUMMARY OF REVISIONS
TO THE ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL
NOTE: Revisions are listed below by number with appropriate remarks.
Section II pages marked [C]* indicate FAA approved color pages.
Blackandwhite reproductions of color pages are not considered to be FAA
Approved.
REVISION
NUMBER
Revision 10

REMARKS
Front Matter: Replaced logo on title page.
Section VII: Table 7-1. Updated select engine oil and one-way lock
material and manufacturer information.
Paragraph 7-19. Added main rotor balance procedures.

Revision 10

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SECTION I
GENERAL
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PARAGRAPH

PAGE

1-1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2. Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3. Rotorcraft Certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4. Multi-Purpose Utility Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5. Pilot's Briefing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-6. Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-7. Method of Presentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-8. Definition of Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-9. Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-10. Technical Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-11. Design and Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-12. Auto Reignition System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-13. Capacities and Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 1-1. Fuel System: Standard Non Self-Sealing Fuel Tanks . . . . . . . . . .
Table 1-2. Fuel System: Optional Self-Sealing Fuel Tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 1-1. MD 500D Principal Dimensions - Standard Landing Gear . . . .
1-14. Conversion Charts and Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 1-2. Speed: MPH/Knots/KmH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 1-3. Temperature Conversion Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 1-3. Liquid Measure -U.S. Gallons to Liters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 1-4. Linear Measure - Inches to Centimeters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 1-5. Linear Measure - Feet to Meters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 1-6. Weight - Pounds to Kilograms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 1-4. Conversion Chart: Knots - Meters/Second . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 1-5. Conversion Chart: Inches of Mercury - Millibars . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 1-7. Standard Atmosphere Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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SECTION I
GENERAL
11. INTRODUCTION
The Rotorcraft Flight Manual has been prepared to provide the pilot with all
information necessary to accomplish the intended mission with the maximum
amount of efficiency and safety.

12. SCOPE
This manual meets all FAA requirements for APPROVED DATA and that data
is so designated.
MDHI has included additional supplemental data which is intended to provide
the pilot with information that enhances and eases his task.

13. ROTORCRAFT CERTIFICATION


The rotorcraft is certified by the Federal Aviation Administration under FAA
Type Certificate Number H3WE.
Certification of the aircraft has been accomplished in accordance with all appli
cable United States Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Adminis
tration Regulations in the normal helicopter category.
The FAA model designation is Model 369D.
The FAA/ICAO aircraft type designator is H500.
The MDHI commercial designation is MD 500D.

14. MULTIPURPOSE UTILITY OPERATIONS


The installation and use of certain optional equipment is approved by the FAA
and requires supplemental flight data when limitations, performance or proce
dures are affected. Refer to Section IX for Optional Equipment.
MDHI optional equipment items and STC items which are FAA approved for
the MD 500D may be installed and used.
FAA Approved
Revision 5

11

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ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
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15. PILOTS BRIEFING


Prior to flight, passengers should be briefed on the following.
Approach and depart the rotorcraft from the front in full view of the pilot,
being aware of the main and tail rotor.
Use of seat belts and shoulder harnesses.
Smoking.
The opening and closing of doors.
Evacuation of the aircraft in an emergency.
Location and use of emergency/survival equipment.
Securing baggage and cargo to prevent blockage of emergency egress.

16. ORGANIZATION
This manual is organized in the following manner:
FRONT MATTER:
Contains: Log of Revisions by Date, Table of Contents, Summary of Revi
sions, and the List of Effective Pages.
By referring to the Log of Revisions By Date, the pilot may review a chro
nological listing of changes to the Flight Manual.
Reading the Summary of Revisions will inform the pilot of what changes
have been made by paragraph reference. This summary contains only the
latest Flight Manual change.
The List of Effective Pages allows the pilot quick reference to page numbers
and their respective revision number. The pages listed should reflect the re
vision number that appears at the bottom of each page.
SECTION I - GENERAL
Information of general interest to the pilot, owner or operator of the aircraft
and general rotorcraft information and conversion charts.
SECTION II - LIMITATIONS (FAA Approved)
Specifically defines the limiting factors, procedures and parameters within
which the rotorcraft may be operated. FAA regulations require that limita
tions not be exceeded.
SECTION III -EMERGENCY AND MALFUNCTION PROCEDURES
(FAA Approved)
Problems which could be encountered in flight are defined and the proce
dures necessary to cope with or alleviate them are discussed. The data is
recommended by MDHI.
FAA Approved
12

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SECTION IV - NORMAL PROCEDURES (FAA Approved)


Normal operating procedures from preflight through shutdown. The data is
recommended by MDHI.
SECTION V - PERFORMANCE DATA (FAA Approved)
Aircraft performance as defined within certain conditions, such as airspeed,
weight, altitude, temperature, humidity, and wind velocity. Data is provided
in tabular or graph form to allow the pilot to determine the aircraft's capa
bilities in relation to the intended mission and prevailing conditions.
SECTION VI - WEIGHT AND BALANCE DATA
Provides aircraft weight and balance operational data in chart and table
form and provides examples that allow the pilot to accurately determine the
aircraft's gross weight, and whether the load is within longitudinal and lat
eral center of gravity limits. Also contained in this section are the original
weight and balance report and equipment list (equipment both required and
optional) installed on the aircraft at the time of licensing.
SECTIONVII - AIRCRAFT HANDLING, SERVICING, AND
MAINTENANCE
The information contained in this section is extracted from the Handbook of
Maintenance Instructions and is highly selective. The subjects chosen are
those with which the pilot may have direct involvement either while at his
normal base of operations or in the field.
SECTION VIII - ADDITIONAL OPERATIONS AND PERFORMANCE
DATA
The information provided in Section VIII is given by the manufacturer to
further assist the pilot in obtaining maximum utilization of the rotorcraft.
SECTION IX - OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT (FAA Approved)
Certain optional equipment is available for performance of specific tasks. In
many cases the equipment is removable and may be used in combination
with other optional items. Whenever the installation of an option affects
FAA approved limitations, normal/emergency procedures or performance
(Sections II thru V), an FAA approval is required. In addition, a tabular
listing of all options is provided as well as a table showing the compatibility
of the various options with one another.
At the front of each section a table of contents lists the data by paragraph
number, title, and page number.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

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17. METHOD OF PRESENTATION


General information in the various sections is provided in narrative form. Oth
er information is given in step-by-step procedures, graphs, charts, or tabular
form.
The information in the step-by-step procedure is presented in the imperative
mode; each statement describing a particular operation to be accomplished. Ex
pansion of the steps is accomplished as follows.
A WARNING brings to the pilots immediate attention that

WARNING equipment damage and/or personal injury will occur if the


instruction is disregarded placed after the instruction/step.

CAUTION

A CAUTION alerts the individual that equipment damage may result


if the procedural step is not followed to the letter placed after
the instruction/step.

NOTE: A NOTE expands upon and explains the preceding step and provides fuller
understanding of the particular operation.

A black change bar ( ) in the page margin designates the latest new or
points to changes
changed information appearing on that page. A hand
in the contents of an illustration.

18. DEFINITION OF TERMS


The concepts of procedural word usage and intended meaning that have been
adhered to in preparing this manual is as follows.
Shall has been used only when the application of a procedure is mandatory.
Should has been used only when the application of a procedure is recom
mended.
May and need not have been used only when the application of a proce
dure is optional.
The terms IMMEDIATELY, POSSIBLE, and PRACTICAL as used in this
manual refer to the degree of urgency with which a landing must be made.
LAND IMMEDIATELY - Execute a power-on approach and landing without
delay.
LAND AS SOON AS POSSIBLE - Execute a power-on approach and landing
to the nearest safe landing area that does not further jeopardize the aircraft
or occupants.
LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICAL - Extended flight is not recommended.
Whether to complete the planned flight is at the discretion of the pilot-in-com
mand. However, the nature of the specific problem or malfunction may dictate
termination of the flight before reaching the destination.
FAA Approved
14

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19. ABBREVIATIONS
A
AC
AGL
ALT
APU
ATT
AUTO
AUX

FAA

Air Conditioner
Above Ground Level
Alternate; Altitude
Auxiliary Power Unit
Attitude
Automatic
Auxiliary

FAR
FS
Ft

B
BAT
BLD

Battery
Bleed

GAL
GCU
GEN
GPU
GW

Gallons
Generator Control Unit
Generator
Ground Power Unit
Gross Weight
H

HD
Hg
HIRF

Density Altitude
Mercury
High Intensity Radiated
Field
Pressure Altitude
Horizontal Situation
Indicator
Hover
I

C
C
CAB
CAB HEAT
CAUT
CG
CKP(T)
Cm
COM
CCW
CW

Celsius
Cabin
Cabin Heat
Caution
Center of Gravity
Cockpit
Centimeters
Communication
Counter Clockwise
Clockwise

HP
HSI
HVR
IAS
ICS

D
dBA
DC
DIR

IFR
IGE
IGN
IMC

Decibel, A-weighted
Direct Current
Direction; Directional
E

EGT
ENG
EXT

Exhaust Gas Temperature


Engine
Extend; External
F

Federal Aviation
Administration
Federal Aviation
Regulation
Fuselage Station
Foot, Feet
G

IMP
INST
In
INST(R)
IVSI

Fahrenheit

Indicated Airspeed
Intercommunication
System
Instrument Flight Rules
In Ground Effect
Ignitor(s)
Instrument Meteorological
Conditions
Imperial
Instrument
Inches
Instrument
Instantaneous Vertical
Speed Indicator

FAA Approved
Revision 5

15

CSPD1

K
Kg
KCAS
KG
KIAS
Km
KmH
KTAS

Kilogram
Knots Calibrated Airspeed
Kilogram(s)
Knots Indicated Airspeed
Kilometer
Kilometers per Hour
Knots True Airspeed

PSI
PWR

Pounds per Square Inch


Power
Q

QTY

Quantity
R

R
RPM
RTR

Right
Revolutions per Minute
Rotor
S

Sec
SEL
SHP
SL
STBY
STA
STC

Seconds
Sound Exposure Level
Shaft Horsepower
Sea Level
Standby
Station
Supplemental Type
Certificate
System
T

L
L
LAT.
Lb(s)
LND
LONG.
LT

Left; Liters
Lateral
Pound(s)
Landing
Longitudinal
Light
M

M
MAN
Mbar
Min
MPH

SYS

Meters
Manual
Millibar
Minutes
Miles-Per-Hour
N

N1
N2
NAV
NR

TOP

Takeoff Power
V

VFR
VH

Visual FLight Rules


Maximum speed in level
flight at MCP
Valve
Visual Meteorological
Conditions
Never Exceed Speed
Versus
Best Rate of Climb Speed
U

VLV
VMC

Gas Producer Speed


Power Turbine Speed
Navigation
Rotor Speed

VNE
Vs
VY

O
OAT
OGE

Outside Air Temperature


Out of Ground Effect

U.S.

United States
W

WL

Water Line
X

P
PNL
POSN
PRI
PRESS
16

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

Panel
Position
Primary
Pressure

XMSN
XPNDR
FAA Approved
Revision 5

Transmission
Transponder

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1

110. TECHNICAL PUBLICATIONS


A file of technical publications is available to aid in obtaining maximum utili
zation of your rotorcraft. Revisions and new issue publications are provided to
continually update and expand existing data.
MDHI Publications Revisions and Reissues
Changes in limitations, procedures, performance, optional equipment, etc.,
require flight manual revisions and change or replace flight manual content
as appropriate. To ensure that MDHI manuals continue to show current
changes, revised information is supplied as follows.
Revisions
Change to parts of the manual by the replacement, addition and/or dele
tion of pages is done by revision. The List of Effective Pages that accom
panies each revision, identifies all affected pages. Such pages must be
removed from the manual and discarded. Added or replaced pages must
be put in and examined against the List of Effective Pages.
Reissues
Occasionally the manual may be reissued and is identified as ``Reissue
#1, Reissue #2'', etc. The preceding issue of the manual then becomes ob
solete and must be discarded. The reissue includes all prior revisions. All
pages in a reissue become ``Original'' pages. The reissue may also include
new or changed data. These changes will be identified on the ``Summary
of Revisions'' page as well as having change bars appear in the page
margin on the effected pages.
The following publications are available.
Pilot's Flight Manual (CSP-D-1).
Handbook of Maintenance Instructions (HMI)
Servicing and Maintenance
Instruments - Electrical - Avionics
Component Maintenance Manual (CMM)
Structural Repair Manual (SRM)
Illustrated Parts Catalog (IPC)
Service Information Notices and Letters
New and revised publications are available through MDHS Subscription Ser
vice. Further information may be obtained by contacting:
MD Helicopters, Inc.
M615-G048
4555 E McDowell Rd
Mesa, AZ 85215-9734
FAA Approved
Revision 5

17

CSPD1

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

or your local Service Center, Distributor, or Sales Company.


All persons who fly or maintain MDHI helicopters are urged to keep abreast of
the latest information by using the subscription service.

111. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION


The MD 369D helicopter is a 5 place, turbine powered, rotary-wing aircraft
constructed primarily of aluminum alloy. The main rotor is a fully articulated
five-bladed system, with anti-torque provided by a 2-bladed semi-rigid type
tail rotor. Power from the turboshaft engine is transmitted through the main
drive shaft to the main rotor transmission and from the main transmission
through a drive shaft to the tail rotor. An overrunning (one-way) clutch, placed
between the engine and main rotor transmission permits free-wheeling of the
rotor system during autorotation.
Airframe:
The airframe structure is egg-shaped and provides very clean aerodynamic
lines. The rigid, three-dimensional truss type structure increases crew safe
ty by means of its roll bar design, and by reduction in the number of poten
tial sources of failure. The airframe structure is designed to be energy ab
sorbing and fails progressively in the event of impact.
The fuselage is a semi-monocoque structure that is divided into three main
sections. The forward section is comprised of a pilot compartment and, di
rectly aft separated by a bulkhead, a passenger/cargo compartment. The pi
lot compartment is equipped with seats for the pilot and either one or two
passengers. A canopy of transparent tinted acrylic panels provide excellent
visibility. The left seat in the pilots compartment (looking forward) is the
pilot's seat (command position); in special military version helicopters, the
pilot's seat is on the right side.
The lower fuselage structure beneath the pilot/passenger floor contains com
partment space for the aircraft battery and provision for small cargo storage
or installation of avionics equipment. Access to the compartments is through
two floor door plates.
The cargo compartment in the center of the aircraft contains provisions for
installation of a bench or individual folding type seats for two passengers,
which are adjustable in height.
The aft section includes the structure for the tailboom attachment and en
gine compartment. Access to the engine compartment is provided through
clamshell doors contoured to the shape the fuselage.
The lower section is divided by the center beam and provides a housing for
the two fuel cells. Provisions for the attachment of a cargo hook are located
on the bottom of the fuselage in line with the center beam.
FAA Approved
18

Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1

The tailboom is a monocoque structure of aluminum alloy frames and skin.


The tailboom is the supporting attachment structure for the stabilizers, tail
rotor transmission and tail rotor. The tailboom also houses the tail rotor
transmission drive shaft; the one-piece dynamically balanced shaft requires
no intermediate couplings or bearings.
Landing gear:
The landing gear is a skid-type attached to the fuselage at 12 points and is
not retractable. Aerodynamic fairings cover the struts. Nitrogen charged
landing gear dampers act as springs and shock absorbers to cushion land
ings and provide ground resonance stability. Provisions for ground handling
wheels are incorporated on the skid tubes.
Helicopter interior:
The standard MD 500D requires a minimum crew of one pilot seated on the
left side of the cockpit. The passengers sit to the right, abreast of the pilot.
Seat belts are provided for all positions. In the military version, the center
seat is eliminated.
An instrument panel is located forward of the seat at the aircraft center
line. The panel incorporates standard flight and engine instruments in addi
tion to warning and caution lights. The panel also contains adequate space
provisions for various arrangements of communication and navigation equip
ment.
Seat belts are provided with several styles being offered. The seats and
belts are easily removed. Cargo compartment bench-type seats may be easi
ly folded out of the way or completely removed for accommodating cargo.
During cargo carrying operations, the compartment floor serves as the cargo
deck. Removable and interchangeable cargo tiedown fittings are available.
Four doors are installed on the helicopter-two on each side. The two for
ward doors permit access to the forward compartment for pilot and passen
gers. The two aft doors allow entry to the passenger/cargo compartment.
Transparent tinted windows are contained in the doors.
Power plant:
The power plant used is either the Allison Model 250-C20B or 250-C20R/2
gas turbine engine with a takeoff power rating of 420shp for the C20B and
450shp for the C20R/2. Only 375 shp at 103 percent N2 RPM is used for
takeoff; 350 maximum continuous shp provides sufficient power for all other
flight modes.
Limiting the maximum power to less than the maximum rated power pro
vides a higher engine critical altitude. The power turbine governor provides
automatic constant speed control of rotor RPM.
Drive System:
The overrunning clutch transmits power from the engine to the main drive
shaft. The clutch has no external controls and disengages automatically dur
FAA Approved
Revision 5

19

CSPD1

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ing autorotation and engine shutdown. The main drive shaft connects to the
main rotor transmission input shaft. The engine oil cooler blower is belt
driven off the main drive shaft. The oil cooler blower draws cooling air from
the air inlet fairing to supply ambient air to the engine and transmission
oil coolers and to the engine compartment.
The main rotor transmission is mounted on the basic airframe structure
above the passenger/cargo compartment. The transmission is lubricated by
its own air cooled lubrication system.
The main rotor static mast is non-rotating and is rigidly mounted to the
mast support structure. The rotor hub is supported by the rotor mast.
Torque is transmitted independently to the rotor through the main rotor
drive shaft. Lifting loads are prevented from being imposed onto the main
transmission eliminating thrust loading of transmission parts.
The tail rotor transmission is mounted on the aft end of the tailboom and
has a self-contained lubricant system. The tail rotor is mounted on the out
put shaft of the transmission and consists of two variable-pitch blades.
Main rotor system:
The helicopter utilizes a five bladed, fully articulated main rotor assembly
with unique features. While contemporary helicopters use torsion tension
straps in lieu of thrust bearing stacks to contain blade centrifugal loading
and allow feathering, the MDHS strap pack arrangement goes three steps
further. First, the strap configuration (while secured firmly to the hub) ac
tually allows the centrifugal load exerted by one blade to be countered by
the force exerted by the opposite two blades. Thus, very light centrifugal
loads are sensed by the hub. Second, the V-legs of the strap pack rotate as
driving members to turn the blades. Finally the straps are configured to al
low feathering and flapping of the blades. The main rotor blades are se
cured to the hub with quick release lever type pins.
Flight controls:
Cyclic, collective, and adjustable pedal controls are provided at the left crew
position (right position, military only). Adjustable friction devices, which
may be varied to suit the individual pilot, are incorporated in the cyclic, col
lective and throttle controls. In addition, electrical cyclic trim actuators al
low flight loads to be trimmed out. Since stick control forces are low, a hy
draulic boost system is unnecessary. An optional dual control system may be
easily removed to provide room for passengers or cargo.

FAA Approved
110

Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1

112. AUTO REIGNITION SYSTEM


The automatic reignition system provides automatic actuation of the ignition
exciter in the event that power is lost as a result of engine flameout.
The system senses signals from the engine power out warning unit and con
sists of a indicator light (RE IGN ARMED) on the instrument panel, a REIGN test switch, and the necessary electrical components and wiring to connect
the system. Power is supplied through the ENG OUT circuit breaker and the
system is armed by M/R transmission oil pressure.
Each time that an ENGINE OUT/low rotor warning is activated, the RE IGN
ARMED indicator will illuminate, showing that the ignition exciter has been
energized. This light will remain ON until manually reset after N1 and NR in
crease back above the values (55% N1/468 NR) that activate the ENGINE OUT/
low rotor warning.
The ignitor will stop firing once the N1 and NR increase above 55% N1/468 NR.

NOTE: In the event of a NR or N1 tach generator failure, the RE IGN ARMED indicator
will illuminate and the continuous duty ignition exciter will remain energized until
the engine is shut down or the auto reignition system is disarmed. The reignition
system is armed under all operating conditions.

Following any activation of the automatic reignition system as a result of


flameout due to snow, ice, or water ingestion, inspect the engine in accordance
with the appropriate Allison Operation and Maintenance Manual.
Yawing of the helicopter may or may not follow an engine flameout and reigni
tion sequence. Magnitude of the yaw will depend on forward speed and power
being used.
Failure or deactivation of the ENGINE OUT/low rotor waring system, renders
the reignition system inoperative.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

111

CSPD1

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

113. CAPACITIES AND DIMENSIONS


Table 11. Fuel System: Standard Non SelfSealing Fuel Tanks
Liters

Imp.
Gal

U.S.
Gal

Pounds/
Kilograms

Usable

235

51.7

62.1

421.9/191.4

Unusable

7.2

1.6

1.9

13.1/5.9

Total

242

53.3

64.0

435.0/197.3

Usable

235

51.7

62.1

403.5/183.0

Unusable

7.2

1.6

1.9

12.5/5.7

Total

242

53.3

64.0

416.0/188.7

Fuel Type
Jet-A

Jet-B

Table 12. Fuel System: Optional SelfSealing Fuel Tanks


Liters

Imp.
Gal

U.S.
Gal

Pounds/
Kilograms

Usable

226.8

49.9

59.9

407.0/184.9

Unusable

7.9

1.7

2.1

14.3/6.5

Total

234.7

51.6

62.0

421.3/190.8

Usable

226.8

49.9

59.9

389.4/176.7

Unusable

7.9

1.7

2.1

13.6/6.2

Total

234.7

51.6

62.0

403.0/182.0

Fuel Type
Jet-A

Jet-B

Capacities - Oil:
Engine oil tank: 3.0 U.S. quarts (2.84 L)
Main transmission: 12.0 U.S. pints (5.67 L)
Tail rotor transmission: 0.5 U.S. pints (236 cc; 0.23 L)
Dimensions:
Refer to Figure 1-1 for exterior dimensions.
FAA Approved
112

Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1

NOTES:
1. HELICOPTER ON GROUND. (MAXI
MUM
COMPRESSED DIMENSION 6.8).
2. IF OPTIONAL EXTENDED LANDING
GEAR IS INSTALLED, ADD 0.63 TO ALL
VERTICAL DIMENSIONS.
3. ALL DIMENSIONS IN FEET
F02001

Figure 11. MD 500D Principal Dimensions Standard Landing Gear


FAA Approved
Revision 5

113

CSPD1

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

114. CONVERSION CHARTS AND TABLES


EXAMPLE: CONVERT 100 KNOTS TO MPH AND TO KM/HR:
ENTER CHART AT 100 KNOTS AND FOLLOW ARROW TO SLOPING LINE. TO FIND MPH, MOVE LEFT AND READ
115 MPH. TO FIND KM/HR, MOVE RIGHT FROM THE SLOPING LINE AND READ 185 KM/HR

200

320
300

180

280
260

160

240
140

220
200

120
100

160
140

80

Km/Hr

MPH

180

120
100

60

80
40

60
40

20

20
0

0
0

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

180

Knots
F03003

Figure 12. Speed: MPH/Knots/KmH


FAA Approved
114

Revision 5

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1

TEMPERATURE
F

EXAMPLE:
CONVERT F TO C
KNOWN:
TEMPERATURE = 50 F

140

60

120

50

100

40

80

METHOD:
ENTER AT 50 F
READ 10 C ACROSS ON C SCALE

60
40

METHOD MAY BE REVERSED


TO FIND F WHEN C IS KNOWN

20

ALTERNATE METHOD:
F = (9/5 X C) + 32
C = 5/9(F - 32)

30
20
10
0
10
20

20

30

40

40

60

50

80

60

F03004

Figure 13. Temperature Conversion Chart


FAA Approved
Revision 5

115

CSPD1

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

Table 13. Liquid Measure U.S. Gallons to Liters


0

Liters

Liters

Liters

Liters

Liters

Liters

Liters

Liters

Liters

3.785

7.571

11.356

15.142

18.927

22.713

26.498

30.283

34.069

10

37.854

41.640

45.425

49.211

52.996

56.781

60.567

64.352

68.138

71.923

20

75.709

79.494

83.280

87.065

90.850

94.636

98.421

102.21

105.99

109.78

30

113.56

117.35

121.13

124.92

128.70

132.49

136.28

140.06

143.85

147.63

40

151.42

155.20

158.99

162.77

166.56

170.34

174.13

177.92

181.70

185.49

50

189.27

193.06

196.84

200.63

204.41

208.20

211.98

215.77

219.56

223.34

60

227.13

230.91

234.70

238.48

242.27

246.05

249.84

253.62

257.41

261.19

70

264.98

268.77

272.55

276.34

280.12

283.91

287.69

291.48

295.26

299.05

80

302.83

306.62

310.41

314.19

317.98

321.76

325.55

329.33

333.12

336.90

90

340.69

344.47

348.26

352.05

355.83

359.62

363.40

367.19

370.97

374.76

100

378.54

382.33

386.11

389.90

393.69

397.47

401.26

405.04

408.83

412.61

110

416.40

420.18

423.97

427.75

431.54

435.62

439.11

442.89

446.68

450.46

U.S.
Gallons

Liters

Table 14. Linear Measure Inches to Centimeters


Inches

Cm

Cm

Cm

Cm

Cm

Cm

Cm

Cm

Cm

Cm

2.54

5.08

7.62

10.16

12.70

15.24

17.78

20.32

22.86

10

25.40

27.94

30.48

33.02

35.56

38.10

40.64

43.18

45.72

48.26

20

50.80

53.34

55.88

58.42

60.96

63.50

66.04

68.58

71.12

73.66

30

76.20

78.74

81.28

83.82

86.36

88.90

91.44

93.98

96.52

99.06

40

101.60

104.14

106.68

109.22

111.76

114.30

116.84

119.38

121.92

124.46

50

127.00

129.54

132.08

134.62

137.16

139.70

142.24

144.78

147.32

149.86

60

152.40

154.94

157.48

160.02

162.56

165.10

167.64

170.18

172.72

175.26

70

177.80

180.34

182.88

185.42

187.96

190.50

193.04

195.58

198.12

200.66

80

203.20

205.74

208.28

210.82

213.36

215.90

218.44

220.98

223.52

226.06

90

228.60

231.14

233.68

236.22

238.76

241.30

243.84

246.38

248.92

251.46

100

254.00

256.54

259.08

261.62

264.16

266.70

269.24

271.78

274.32

276.86

FAA Approved
116

Revision 5

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1

Table 15. Linear Measure Feet to Meters


0

Meters

Meters

Meters

Meters

Meters

Meters

Meters

Meters

Meters

Meters

0.305

0.610

0.914

1.219

1.524

1.829

2.134

2.438

2.743

10

3.048

3.353

3.658

3.962

4.267

4.572

4.877

5.182

5.466

5.791

20

6.096

6.401

6.706

7.010

7.315

7.620

7.925

8.229

8.534

8.839

30

9.144

9.449

9.753

10.058

10.363

10.668

10.972

11.277

11.582

11.887

40

12.192

12.496

12.801

13.106

13.411

13.716

14.020

14.325

14.630

14.935

50

15.239

15.544

15.849

16.154

16.459

16.763

17.068

17.373

17.678

17.983

60

18.287

18.592

18.897

19.202

19.507

19.811

20.116

20.421

20.726

21.031

70

21.335

21.640

21.945

22.250

22.555

22.859

23.164

23.469

23.774

24.070

80

24.383

24.688

24.993

25.298

25.602

25.907

26.212

26.517

26.822

27.126

90

27.431

27.736

28.041

28.346

28.651

28.955

29.260

29.565

29.870

30.174

100

30.479

30.784

31.089

31.394

31.698

32.003

32.308

32.613

32.918

33.222

Feet

Table 16. Weight Pounds to Kilograms


0

Pounds

Kilograms

Kilograms

Kilograms

Kilograms

Kilograms

Kilograms

Kilograms

Kilograms

Kilograms

Kilograms

0.454

0.907

1.361

1.814

2.268

2.722

3.175

3.629

4.082

10

4.536

4.990

5.443

5.897

6.350

6.804

7.257

7.711

8.165

8.618

20

9.072

9.525

9.979

10.433

10.886

11.340

11.793

12.247

12.701

13.154

30

13.608

14.061

14.515

14.969

15.422

15.876

16.329

16.783

17.237

17.690

40

18.144

18.597

19.051

19.504

19.958

20.412

20.865

21.319

21.772

22.226

50

22.680

23.133

23.587

24.040

24.494

24.948

25.401

25.855

26.308

26.762

60

27.216

27.669

28.123

28.576

29.030

29.484

29.937

30.391

30.844

31.298

70

31.751

32.205

32.659

33.112

33.566

34.019

34.473

34.927

35.380

35.834

80

36.287

36.741

37.195

37.648

38.102

38.555

39.009

39.463

39.916

40.370

90

40.823

41.277

41.730

42.184

42.638

43.091

43.545

43.998

44.453

44.906

100

45.359

45.813

46.266

46.720

47.174

47.627

48.081

48.534

48.988

49.442

FAA Approved
Revision 5

117

CSPD1

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

KNOTS

METERS/SEC

50
25
45

40
20

EXAMPLE

35

CONVERT KNOTS TO METERS/SEC


KNOWN:
WIND SPEED = 25 KT

30

METHOD:
ENTER CHART AT 25 KT READ APPROXIMATELY 13 METERS/
SEC ACROSS ON METERS/SEC SCALE

15

25

METHOD MAY BE REVERSED


TO FIND KNOTS WHEN METERS/SEC ARE KNOWN

20

10

15

10

0
Figure 14. Conversion Chart: Knots Meters/Second
FAA Approved
118

Revision 5

F03005

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1

EXAMPLE 1: 29.44 IN. HG = 997 MBAR EXAM


PLE 2: 30.18 IN. HG = 1022 MBAR

29.5
29.4

29.3
29.2

31.1

30.4

31.0

30.3

30.9

30.2

29.1

30.8

30.1

29.0

IN. Hg

30.5

30.7

30.0

28.9

30.6

29.9

28.8

30.5

29.8

28.7

1035

1040

1045

1050

1055

29.7

28.6

29.6

28.5

29.5

28.4

1000

28.3

1005

1010

1015

1020

1025

1030

1035

28.2
28.1
28.0
945

950

955

960

965

970

975

980

985

990

995

1000

MILLIBARS

F03006

Figure 15. Conversion Chart: Inches of Mercury Millibars


FAA Approved
Revision 5

119

CSPD1

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

Table 17. Standard Atmosphere Table


Standard Sea Level Conditions:
Temperature:
59F (15C)
Pressure:
29.921 in. Hg (1013.25 mbar)
Density:
0.0023769 slugs/ft3 (1.225 kg/m3)
DENSITY
RATIO

1
p

1.0000

1.000

1000

0.9711

2000

ALTITUDE
(feet)

TEMPERATURE
(F)

PRESSURE
(mbar)

PRESSURE
(in. Hg)

PRESSURE
RATIO

15.00

59.000

1013.25

29.921

1.0000

1.0148

13.019

55.434

997.18

28.856

0.9644

0.9428

1.0299

11.038

51.868

942.14

27.821

0.9298

3000

0.9151

1.0454

9.056

48.302

908.14

26.817

0.8962

4000

0.8881

1.0611

7.076

44.735

875.12

25.842

0.8637

5000

0.8617

1.0773

5.094

41.196

843.08

24.896

0.8320

6000

0.8359

1.0938

3.113

37.603

811.99

23.978

0.8014

7000

0.8106

1.1107

1.132

34.037

781.86

23.088

0.7716

8000

0.7860

1.1279

-0.850

30.471

752.63

22.225

0.7428

9000

0.7620

1.1456

-2.831

26.905

724.29

21.388

0.7148

10000

0.7385

1.1637

-4.812

23.338

696.82

20.577

0.6877

11000

0.7155

1.1822

-6.793

19.772

670.21

19.791

0.6614

12000

0.6932

1.2011

-8.774

16.206

644.40

19.029

0.6360

13000

0.6713

1.2205

-10.756

12.640

619.44

18.292

0.6113

14000

0.6500

1.2403

-12.737

9.074

595.23

17.577

0.5875

15000

0.6292

1.2606

-14.718

5.508

571.83

16.886

0.5643

16000

0.6090

1.2815

-16.669

1.941

549.14

16.216

0.5420

17000

0.5892

1.3028

-18.680

-1.625

527.23

15.569

0.5203

18000

0.5669

1.3246

-20.662

-5.191

505.99

14.942

0.4994

19000

0.5511

1.3470

-22.643

-8.757

485.48

14.336

0.4791

20000

0.5328

1.3700

-24.624

-12.323

465.63

13.750

0.4595

21000

0.5150

1.3935

-26.605

-15.899

446.47

13.184

0.4406

22000

0.4976

1.4176

-28.587

-19.456

427.91

12.636

0.4223

23000

0.4806

1.4424

-30.568

-23.002

409.99

12.107

0.4046

24000

0.4642

1.4678

-32.549

-26.588

392.72

11.597

0.3874

25000

0.4481

1.4938

-34.530

-30.154

375.99

11.103

0.3711

(C)

FAA Approved
120

Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Limitations

SECTION II
LIMITATIONS
PARAGRAPH
2-1. Flight Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2. Environmental Operating Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3. Airspeed Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-4. Weight Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 2-1. Center of Gravity Envelope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PAGE
2-1
2-3
2-3
2-4
2-4

2-5. Rotor Brake Limitations (If Installed) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


2-6. Rotor RPM (Speed) Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-7. Powerplant Limitations Allison 250-C20B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 2-2. Maximum Allowable Output Shaft (N2 ) Limits (250-C20B) . . .

2-5
2-5
2-6
2-7

2-8. Powerplant Limitations Allison 250-C20R/2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Figure 2-3. Maximum Allowable Output Shaft (N2 ) Limits (250-C20R/2) .

2-8
2-9

2-9. Electrical System Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


2-10. Starter Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-11. Fuel System Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 2-1. Unusable Fuel: Standard Non Self-Sealing Fuel Tanks . . . . . . . .
Table 2-2. Unusable Fuel: Optional Self-Sealing Fuel Tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 2-4. Operating Limitations when Using MIL-G-5572E Emergency
Fuel (Aviation Gasoline) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-12. Instrumentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 2-5. Instruments (Sheet 1 of 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-10
2-10
2-10
2-11
2-11
2-12
2-13
2-13

Figure 2-5. Instruments (Sheet 2 of 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-14

Figure 2-5. Instruments (Sheet 3 of 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-15

2-13. Placards and Decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Figure 2-6. VNE Placards - Allison 250-C20B (Sheet 1 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-16
2-16

Figure 2-6. VNE Placards - Allison 250-C20B (Sheet 2 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-17

Figure 2-7. VNE Placards - Allison 250-C20R/2 (Sheet 1 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-17

Figure 2-7. VNE Placards - Allison 250-C20R/2 (Sheet 2 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-18

Figure 2-8. Decals and Placards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-19

FAA Approved
Revision 9

2i

CSPD1
Limitations

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

PARAGRAPH

PAGE

This page intentionally left blank!

FAA Approved
2ii

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

Revision 9

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Limitations

SECTION II
LIMITATIONS
NOTE: Unless otherwise stated, the restrictions and limitations put forth in this section
apply to MD 500D (Model 369D) Helicopters equipped with either the Allison
250C20B or 250C20R/2 engines

21. FLIGHT RESTRICTIONS


Approved as a five place (maximum) helicopter.
Flight crew position:
The minimum flight crew consists of one pilot operating the helicopter from
the left seat with left-hand command controls. The right crew seat may be
used for an additional pilot when the approved dual controls are installed.

OR
The minimum flight crew consists of one pilot operating the helicopter from
the right seat with right-hand command controls. The left crew seat may
be used for an additional pilot when the approved dual controls are
installed.
Aerobatic flight is prohibited.
Hovering downwind with a cyclic trim failure (full forward) when wind is
above 15 knots is prohibited.
Installed equipment:
Certification is based on an Engine Failure Warning System, (including both
visual and audio indications), Low Rotor Warning System, Outside Air Tem
perature gauge, and Fuel Low caution light being installed and operable.
When the 369D23601-503 horizontal stabilizer assembly and the
M50452orthe369D21400-503mainrotor dampers are installed, the fol
lowing optional equipment items may also be installed.
STC optional equipment items which extend into the external airstream
and are FAA approved for use with the above components.
STC optional equipment items which are FAA approved and do not ex
tend into the external airstream.
McDonnell Douglas optional equipment items which are FAA approved,
except for the 429-4537 external stores kit.

FAA Approved
Revision 4

21

CSPD1
Limitations

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

Flight with doors removed is approved under the following conditions.


Approved doors-off configurations
All doors off.
Both rear doors off.
Any one door off.
Maximum VNE is 130 knots IAS for gross weights of 2501 pounds or
more and 120 knots IAS for 2500 pounds or less. Varia
tionsofVNEwithaltitudeisthesameaswithalldoorson.
All loose items properly secured or stowed.
Unoccupied seat cushions and seat backs properly secured or stowed.
Any object that is not properly secured may exit the aircraft during

WARNING flight. Items secured with Velcro tape should not be considered
properly secured (see Section IV, for Doors Off Flight).

VNE with doors removed: 130 KIAS or less (Ref. Figure 2-6 and Figure 2-7).
Flight with center front seat occupied is approved under the following
conditions.
Dual controls removed.
Center location seatback and seat cushion installed and secured.
Seat belt(s) and shoulder harness(es) installed and operable.

FAA Approved
22

Revision 4

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Limitations

22. ENVIRONMENTAL OPERATING CONDITIONS


Kinds of operations:
This rotorcraft is certified in the normal helicopter category for day and
night VFR operation when the appropriate instruments and equipment re
quired by the airworthiness and/or operating rules are approved, installed
and are in operable condition.
Maximum operating altitude:
Maximum operating density altitude is 16,000 feet.
Ambient temperature limitations:
From sea level to 6000 feet pressure altitude the maximum engine air inlet
ambient temperature is 54C (130F); from 6000 feet to 20,000 feet pressure
altitude the maximum temperature varies linearly from 54C to 27C (130F
to 80F), respectively. It is to be assumed that engine air inlet temperature
is the same as ambient (free air) temperature.
Cold weather operations:
Flight into known icing conditions is prohibited.
Flight operation is permitted in falling and/or blowing snow only when the
Automatic Engine Reignition Kit and Engine Failure Warning System are
installed and operable.

23. AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS


VNE is 156 KIAS or less (Ref. Figure 2-6 and Figure 2-7).
VNE is 131 KIAS (``barber pole'' on airspeed indicator) or less during autorota
tion (Ref. Figure 2-6 and Figure 2-7).
VNE is 130 KIAS or less when carrying less than 35 pounds of fuel (Ref.
Figure 2-6 and Figure 2-7).
VNE is 130 KIAS or less during doors off flight (Ref. Figure 2-6 and
Figure 2-7).

FAA Approved
Revision 4

23

CSPD1
Limitations

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

24. WEIGHT LIMITATIONS


Maximum gross weight: 3000 lbs.
Minimum flying gross weight: 1538 lbs.
Cargo deck capacity: 1300 lbs. (not to exceed 115 lbs. per square foot).
Utility stowage compartment:
Maximum weight in the utility stowage compartment is 50 pounds.
CG Limits:
Ensure helicopter CG and weight are within approved limits throughout
flight (Ref. Figure 2-1).
3000

FORWARD

2800

GROSS WEIGHT POUNDS

2600

2400
LATERAL
CG

LATERAL
+ CG

2200

2000

1800
MINIMUM FLYING WEIGHT
1538 POUNDS
1600

98

99

100

102

104

106

108
107.4

FUSELAGE STATION INCHES


FORWARD

ARCRAFT CENTERLINE
LATERAL CG LIMITS
3 INCHES

AFT

F02002

Figure 21. Center of Gravity Envelope

FAA Approved
24

Revision 4

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Limitations

25. ROTOR BRAKE LIMITATIONS (IF INSTALLED)


The rotor brake must be in the stowed position prior to engine starting.
The rotor brake may be applied after engine shutdown with the rotor at or be
low 205 RPM.

26. ROTOR RPM (SPEED) LIMITATIONS


Normal Operating Range: 487 RPM to 492 RPM (102 - 103 percent N2 )
Power on: maximum RPM is 492 RPM (Ref 103 percent N2)
Power on: minimum RPM is 487 RPM (Ref 102 percent N2)
Power off: maximum RPM is 523RPM (Ref 109 percent N2)
Power off: minimum RPM is 410RPM (Ref 87 percent N2)

FAA Approved
Revision 4

25

CSPD1
Limitations

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

27. POWERPLANT LIMITATIONS ALLISON 250C20B


Engine torque limits:
Maximum takeoff (5 minute): 87.2 psi torque.
Maximum continuous:
81.3 psi torque with TOT at or below 738C.
74.3 psi torque with TOT greater than 738C.
Transient torque limits:
87.3 to 93.0 psi torque for 15 seconds at 103 percent N2.
93.1 to 97.6 psi torque for 3 seconds at 103 percent N2.
Turbine outlet temperature limits:
Maximum takeoff (5 minute): 810C
Maximum for starting (lightoff): 150C
Maximum continuous:
755C with torque at or below 74.3 psi torque.
738C with torque greater than 74.3 psi torque.
Transient limits:
During start and shutdown: 810C and above for 10 seconds or less with
a momentary peak temperature of 927C for not more than 1 second.
During power changes in flight: 810C to 843C for 6 seconds.
Gas producer (N1) speed limits:
Maximum continuous: 105%.
Minimum: ground idle speed 64%.
Transient limits:
106% for 15 seconds.
Power turbine (N2) speed avoid range:
Steady-state operations between 75% and 88% are time limited and must
be recorded. Transition through the speed avoid range shall be accomplished
as quickly as possible.

CAUTION

Maximum cumulative steadystate time in the speed avoid range


is 1 minute.

NOTE: Refer to RollsRoyce CEB A721400.


FAA Approved
26

Revision 9

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Limitations

Power Turbine (N2) speed limits:

815
810

TOT, o C

760

704

POWER OFF
ROTOR
LIMIT (REF)

649

15 SECONDS

NORMAL
POWERON
OPERATION

POWER ON
ROTOR LIMIT

593

MAXIMUM

538

99

100 101 102 103 104 105

106 107 108

109

110 111

112 113

PERCENT SPEEDOUTPUT SHAFT (N2)


F02003

Figure 22. Maximum Allowable Output Shaft (N2 ) Limits (250C20B)


Engine oil system limits:
Flight operation temperature limits: 0C to 107C

NOTE: These engine oil temperature limits pertain to all gauge configurations. 0C is
when the needle is at the bottom of the yellow/green arc.
Flight operation pressure limits:
50 to 130 psi with the following minimums:
115 psi at 94 percent N1 and above.
90 psi at 79 percent N1.
50 psi below 79 percent N1.

FAA Approved
Revision 4

27

CSPD1
Limitations

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

28. POWERPLANT LIMITATIONS ALLISON 250C20R/2


Engine torque limits:
Maximum takeoff power (5 minute): 87.2 psi torque
Maximum continuous: 81.3 psi torque
Transient torque limits:
87.3 to 93.0 psi torque for 15 seconds at 103 percent N2.
93.1 to 97.6 psi torque for 3 seconds at 103 percent N2.
Turbine Outlet Temperature limits:
Maximum takeoff (5 minute): 810C
Maximum for starting (lightoff): 150C
Maximum continuous: 752C
Transient limits:
During start and shutdown: 810C and above for 10 seconds or less with
a momentary peak temperature of 927C for not more than 1 second.
During power changes in flight:
810C to 843C for 6 seconds for aircraft with ``analog only TOT indica
tor.
810C to 899C for 6 seconds for aircraft with ``analog/digital TOT indi
cator.
Gas Producer (N1) speed limits:
Maximum continuous: 105%.
Minimum: ground idle speed 64%.
Transient limits:
106% for 15 seconds.
Power turbine (N2) speed avoid range:
Steady-state operations between 75% and 88% are time limited and must
be recorded. Transition through the speed avoid range shall be accomplished
as quickly as possible.

CAUTION

Maximum cumulative steadystate time in the speed avoid range


is 1 minute.

NOTE: Refer to RollsRoyce CEB A724095.


FAA Approved
28

Revision 9

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Limitations

Power Turbine (N2) speed limits:

815
810

TOT, o C

760

704

POWER OFF
ROTOR
LIMIT (REF)

649

15 SECONDS

NORMAL
POWERON
OPERATION

POWER ON
ROTOR LIMIT

593

MAXIMUM

538

99

100 101 102 103 104 105

106 107 108

109

110 111

112 113

PERCENT SPEEDOUTPUT SHAFT (N2)


F02003

Figure 23. Maximum Allowable Output Shaft (N2 ) Limits (250C20R/2)


Engine oil system limits:
Flight operation temperature limits: 0C to 107C

NOTE: These engine oil temperature limits pertain to all gauge configurations. 0C is
when the needle is at the bottom of the yellow/green arc.
Flight operation pressure limits:
50 to 130 psi with the following minimums:
120 psi at 94 percent N1 and above.
90 psi at 79 percent N1.
50 psi below 79 percent N1.

FAA Approved
Revision 4

29

CSPD1
Limitations

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

29. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM LIMITATIONS


Generator limits:
Maximum continuous: 85 amps
85 to 150 amps: 10 minutes
>150 amps: 2 minute limit prior to takeoff during battery recharging cycle
only.
Battery limits:
Flight following a battery overtemperature of 160F (71C) or above is pro
hibited until the battery has been inspected.

210. STARTER LIMITATIONS


If ignition is not attained:
1 minute on, 1 minute off;
1 minute on, 23 minutes off;

211. FUEL SYSTEM LIMITATIONS


Fuel Specifications:
For additional information on fuels, refer to the appropriate Rolls Royce Opera
tion and Maintenance Manual.
Primary
Jet A (ASTM D-1655); Jet A-1 (ASTM D-1655); Jet B (ASTM-D-1655)
JP-1 conforming to ASTM D-1655, Jet A or Jet A-1
JP-4 (MIL-DTL-5624); JP-5 (MIL-DTL-5624); JP-8 (MIL-DTL-83133)
Arctic Diesel Fuel DF-A conforming to ASTM D-1655, Jet A or Jet A-1
Diesel No. 1 conforming to ASTM D-1655, Jet A or Jet A-1
Peoples Republic of China RP-3.
Alternate
AVGAS/JetA, A-1, JP-5 or JP-8 mixture may be used at ambient tem
peratures of 4C and below.
Refer to Rolls Royce Operation and Maintenance Manual for AVGAS
mix, cold weather fuel and blending instructions.
Emergency
Aviation Gasoline MIL-G-5572 (ASTM D 910).
MILG5572 aviation gasolines containing TriCresylPhosphate
CAUTION (TCP) additives shall not be used. Use of MILG5572E gasolines is
limited to a maximum of 6 hours of operation per engine overhaul
period and operation within safe conditions. (Ref. Figure 24).

CAUTION

210

When using alternate fuel mixtures or emergency fuels, the start


pump should remain on until the engine is shutdown. (Ref.
Figure 24).
FAA Approved
Revision 5

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Limitations

Table 21. Unusable Fuel: Standard Non SelfSealing Fuel Tanks


Liters

Imp.
Gal

U.S.
Gal

Jet-A

7.2

1.6

1.9

13.1/5.9

Jet-B

7.2

1.6

1.9

12.5/5.7

Fuel Type

Pounds/
Kilograms

Table 22. Unusable Fuel: Optional SelfSealing Fuel Tanks


Liters

Imp.
Gal

U.S.
Gal

Pounds/
Kilograms

Jet-A

7.9

1.7

2.1

14.3/6.5

Jet-B

7.9

1.7

2.1

13.6/6.2

Fuel Type

Cold weather operations:


Fuels must meet anti-icing capability of JP-4 when operating at 4C (40F)
or less.
The 250-C20R/2 (SP) engine does not require fuel anti-ice additives above
fuel temperatures of -30 F (-34C). However the continued use of anti-ice
additives under all temperature conditions is recommended to provide addi
tional protection against fuel system icing and microbiological contamina
tion.
Fuel filter:
Upon completion of the flight in progress, further flight is prohibited until
the fuel filter has been serviced following the illumination of the FUEL
FILTER caution light.
Fuel system purging:
Further flight is prohibited until the fuel system is purged (see HMI) following:
Engine flameout caused by fuel exhaustion.
Draining fuel from engine compartment fuel drains (if installed) without the
start pump on.
Engine shutdown using emergency fuel shutoff valve.
Motoring the helicopter engine without fuel in the fuel tank.

FAA Approved
Revision 4

211

CSPD1
Limitations

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

FUEL TEMPERATURE ~ DEG C


4

16,000
14,000

10,000

8,000

6,000

4,000

27

39

49

60

4,000

PROHIBITED
OPERATION

SAFE OPERATION
(START FUEL PUMP ON)

2,000

5,000

40

60

80

100

120

140

3,000

2,000

PRESSURE ALT ~ METERS

PRESSURE ALT ~ FEET

12,000

16

1,000

FUEL TEMPERATURE ~ DEG F

NOTES:
1. USE OF MILG5572E FUEL IS LIMITED TO
A MAXIMUM OF 6 HOURS OF OPERATION
PER ENGINE OVERHAUL PERIOD
2. TO CONSERVATIVELY ESTIMATE THE
FUEL TEMPERATURE, ASSUME IT TO BE
EQUAL TO THE HIGHEST TEMPERATURE
THE HELICOPTER HAS BEEN EXPOSED TO
DURING THE PRECEDING 24 HOURS

F03009

Figure 24. Operating Limitations when Using MILG5572E Emergency


Fuel (Aviation Gasoline)

FAA Approved
212

Revision 4

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Limitations

212. INSTRUMENTATION
RED

YELLOW

RED INDICATES MAXIMUM AND


MINIMUM OPERATING LIMITS;
THE EDGE OF A RED LINE IS THE
LIMITING VALUE; THE POINTER
SHOULD NOT ENTER THE RED
DURING NORMAL OPERATIONS.

GREEN

YELLOW INDICATES
CAUTIONARY OPERATING
RANGE.
BLUE
BLUE INDICATES SPECIAL
OPERATING CONDITIONS
125

75

1.

150

107
54
30

75

GREEN INDICATES
NORMAL OPERATING
RANGE

3 F

FUEL
LBS
X100

150

2.

150

3.

75

75

FUEL

LBS X 100
150

75

15

30

54

107

125

ENG OIL TEMP

DC
AMPS

_
150

ENG OIL TEMP

DC
AMPS

FUEL

75

LBS X 100
150

15

107

125

NOTE:
1. DEPICTS THE INSTRUMENT CLUSTER WHICH IS NO LONGER IN PRODUCTION
2. SHOWS THE REPLACING INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION.
3. SHOWS THE CURRENT CONFIGURATION

DC AMP
(AMMETER)

ENGINE OIL TEMP


(ENGINE OIL TEMPERATURE)
CURRENT CONFIGURATION - 3

150 AMPS

107 C

85 TO 150 AMP
(10 MINUTE LIMIT)
0 TO 85 AMPS

0 TO 107 C

ENGINE OIL TEMP


(ENGINE OIL TEMPERATURE)
EARLY CONFIGURATIONS - 1 & 2
107 C
0 TO 54 C
54 TO 107 C

FUEL QUANTITY
FUEL LOW CAUTION
35 POUNDS
12.5 POUNDS
F020051A

Figure 25. Instruments (Sheet 1 of 3)


FAA Approved
Revision 4

213

CSPD1
Limitations

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

DUAL TACHOMETER
(FACE SHOWN TWICE FOR CLARITY)

N2 RPM

ROTOR RPM

102 AND 103%

410 AND 523 RPM

102 TO 103%

410 TO 523 RPM

113%

20
40
9

160
180

140

2
3

90

80

AIRSPEED

80

5 4

20

PERCENT
RPM
60

50

150

30

N1

70

100

10

100

140

120

60

100

40
50

OIL
PRESS
PSI

100
N1 TACHOMETER

AIRSPEED

ENGINE OIL PRESSURE


(LATER CONFIGURATION)

59 AND 105

50 AND 130 PSI

64 TO 105

50 TO 90 PSI

156 KNOTS

90 TO 130 PSI

42 TO 156 KNOTS
MAX AUTOROTATION
SPEED 131 KNOTS

F020052

Figure 25. Instruments (Sheet 2 of 3)


FAA Approved
214

Revision 4

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Limitations

TURBINE
OUTLET TEMPERATURE

TORQUEMETER
87.2 PSI
81.3 TO 87.2 PSI
0 TO 81.3 PSI
74.3 PSI

810C
755 TO 810C
360 TO 755C
843C
738C

ALLISON 250-C20B

F020053

TURBINE OUTLET TEMPERATURE

TORQUEMETER
87.2 PSI
81.3 TO 87.2 PSI
0 TO 81.3 PSI

ANALOG / DIGITAL
400 TO 752C
752 TO 810C
810C
899C
927C
150C

ALLISON 250-C20R/2

ANALOG
810C
752 TO 810C
360 TO 752C
843C

F020054A

Figure 25. Instruments (Sheet 3 of 3)


FAA Approved
Revision 4

215

CSPD1
Limitations

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

213. PLACARDS AND DECALS


VNE IAS (KNOTS)
OAT

PRESS ALT X 1000

GROSS WT = 2000 OR LESS

10

12

14

16

30

145

139

134

129

124

120

115

110

106

20

153

147

142

137

131

126

121

116

102

155

149

144

138

133

128

111

150

145

139

123

103

150

140

113
105

10
0
10

156

20

155

147

126

30

152

143

115

40

148

130

108

146

124

104

45

155

18

NO FLIGHT

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 25K (85K MIN);


DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE

VNE IAS (KNOTS)


OAT

PRESS ALT X 1000

GROSS WT = 2001 TO 2500LB

10

12

14

16

30

145

139

134

129

124

120

115

105

90

20

153

147

142

137

131

126

114

97

84

155

149

144

138

126

105

90

150

143

115

98

85

127

106

91
86

10
0
10

156

20

147

117

99

30

129

109

93

40

119

101

88

115

98

85

45

142

18

NO FLIGHT

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 25K (85K MIN);


DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE

Figure 26. VNE Placards Allison 250C20B (Sheet 1 of 2)


FAA Approved
216

Revision 4

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Limitations

VNE IAS (KNOTS)


OAT

PRESS ALT X 1000

GROSS WT = 2501 TO 3000 LB

10

12

14

16

30

145

139

134

129

124

117

100

85

72

20

153

147

142

137

128

108

93

79

67

155

149

144

117

100

85

73

128

108

93

79

68

145

117

101

86

73

130

109

94

81

69

10
0
10

156

20
30

148

119

103

88

75

40

132

111

96

82

70

45

127

107

93

80

68

18

NO FLIGHT

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 25K (95K MIN);


DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE

Figure 26. VNE Placards Allison 250C20B (Sheet 2 of 2)


250C20R/ 2

VNE IAS (KNOTS)


OAT

PRESS ALT X 1000

GROSS WT = 2000 LB OR LESS

10

12

14

16

30
20

144
152

139
147

134
142

129
137

124
131

119
126

114
121

110
116

105
101

154

149

143

138

133

127

109

155

150

144

139

118

101

149

136

111
103

10
0
10

156

20

153

146

121

30

150

141

113

40

154

147

125

106

45

152

145

119

102

18

NO FLIGHT

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 22K (85K MIN);


DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE

Figure 27. VNE Placards Allison 250C20R/2 (Sheet 1 of 2)


FAA Approved
Revision 4

217

CSPD1
Limitations

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

250C20R/ 2

VNE IAS (KNOTS)


OAT

PRESS ALT X 1000

GROSS WT = 2001 TO 2500 LB

10

12

14

16

30
20

144
152

139
147

134
142

129
137

124
131

119
126

114
106

97
89

83
78

154

149

143

138

118

97

83

155

150

132

107

90

78

119

99

84
79

10
0
10

156

20

135

109

91

30

122

100

85

40

141

111

94

81

45

131

107

90

79

18

NO FLIGHT

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 22K (90K MIN);


DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE
250C20R/ 2

VNE IAS (KNOTS)


OAT

PRESS ALT X 1000

GROSS WT = 2501 TO 3000 LB

10

12

14

16

30
20

144
152

139
147

134
142

129
137

124
124

112
102

94
86

80
74

68
62

154

149

143

112

94

80

68

155

124

102

87

74

63

144

112

94

81

69

126

104

88

75

64

10
0
10

156

20
30

148

114

96

82

70

40

129

106

90

77

66

45

123

102

87

75

63

18

NO FLIGHT

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 22K (95K MIN);


DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE

Figure 27. VNE Placards Allison 250C20R/2 (Sheet 2 of 2)

FAA Approved
218

Revision 9

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Limitations

Minimum N1 Speed
Starting Recommendations
OAT, C

18 AND BELOW

18 TO 7

7 AND ABOVE

N1%

12

13

15

THIS HELICOPTER MUST BE OPERATED IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE OPERATING


LIMITATIONS SPECIFIED IN THE APPROVED ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL.

CAUTION CYCLIC
FORCES TO BE TRIMMED
TO NEUTRAL DURING
STARTUP AND SHUTDOWN

NOTE: Above placards located on instrument panel.


50 POUNDS MAXIMUM LOAD UNIFORMLY DISTRIBUTED

NOTE: Above placard located inside utility stowage compartment.


IF MOISTURE VISIBLE
AND OAT BELOW 5C
USE ANTIICE

NOTE: Above placard located by OAT gauge.


Figure 28. Decals and Placards

FAA Approved
Revision 9

219

CSPD1
Limitations

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

This page intentionally left blank!

FAA Approved
220

Revision 9

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1

SECTION III
EMERGENCY AND
MALFUNCTION PROCEDURES
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PARAGRAPH
3-1. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2. Warning and Caution Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 3-1. Warning and Caution Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3. Engine Failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Complete Power Loss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Partial Power Loss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-4. Air Restart-Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-5. Low Rotor Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-6. Emergency Landing Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Water Landing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-7. Fire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Fire on the Ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Fire During Flight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cabin Fire/Smoke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-8. Engine Fuel Control System Malfunctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel Control or Power Turbine governor Failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-9. Other Engine Caution Indications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Chip Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Low Engine Oil Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Torque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-10. Main Rotor and Tail rotor Transmission Malfunctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
M/R Transmission Oil Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
M/R Transmission Oil Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
M/R Transmission Chip Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tail rotor Transmission Chip Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-11. Flight Control Malfunctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Anti-Torque Failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
One Way Lock Failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cyclic Trim Failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-12. Abnormal Vibrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-13. Fuel System Malfunctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PAGE
3-1
3-2
3-2
3-3
3-3
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-7
3-7
3-9
3-10
3-11
3-12
3-14
3-14
3-16
3-16
3-16
3-16
3-17
3-17
3-17
3-17
3-17
3-18
3-18
3-19
3-20
3-22
3-22

FAA Approved
Revision 5

3i

CSPD1

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

PARAGRAPH
Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel Low . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-14. Electrical System Malfunctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Battery Overtemperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Generator Malfunction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-15. Other Malfunctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Air Particle Separator Filter Clogged (If installed) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-16. Emergency Egress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 3-2. Emergency Exits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-17. Emergency Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

FAA Approved
3ii

Revision 5

PAGE
3-22
3-23
3-24
3-24
3-25
3-26
3-26
3-27
3-27
3-27

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

SECTION III
EMERGENCY AND
MALFUNCTION PROCEDURES
31. GENERAL
The procedures contained in this section are recommendations to be followed in
the event of an emergency or malfunction that may potentially affect the safety
of the aircrew, passengers, aircraft, or personnel on the ground.
These procedures are recommended to minimize danger to the helicopter. How
ever, these procedures should not limit the pilot from taking additional actions
if the situation warrants.
In the event of an emergency or malfunction, the pilot's primary consider
ation is control of the aircraft. Then, the pilot must identify the problem
and perform the appropriate procedures relevant to the situation.
Terms such as ``land immediately'', ``land as soon as possible'', and ``land
as soon as practical'' are defined in Section I.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

31

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

32. WARNING AND CAUTION INDICATORS


Warning and caution indicators are located at the top of the instrument panel
(Ref. Figure 3-1).
A red warning or yellow caution indicator will illuminate and in some cases,
an audible warning will sound announcing a failure or malfunction.
Audible and visual warnings are provided for:
ENGINE OUT
LOW ROTOR
BATTERY TEMPERATURE CAUTION
AND WARNING LIGHTS

1. ENGINE OUT
2. TRANSMISSION OIL PRESSURE
3. TRANSMISSION OIL TEMPERATURE
4. GENERATOR OUT
5. ENGINE CHIPS
6. MAIN ROTOR TRANSMISSION CHIPS
7. TAIL ROTOR TRANSMISSION CHIPS
8. FUEL LOW
9. FUEL FILTER
10. PRESS TO TEST

ENGINE OUT AUDIBLE


WARNING HORN

CAUTION AND
WARNING LIGHTS
ENGINE

OUT

XMSN
OIL
PRESS

XMSN
OIL
TEMP

GEN
OUT

5
ENGINE

CHIPS

M/R
XMSN
CHIPS

T/R
XMSN
CHIPS

FUEL
LOW

FUEL

PRESS
TO
TEST

FILTER

10

FILTER
CLOGGED

STANDARD PANEL

ENGINE OUT AUDIBLE


WARNING HORN
CAUTION AND
WARNING LIGHTS

3 4

8 9 10 11
1. BATTERY TEMPERATURE
2. START PUMP ON
3. GENERATOR OUT
4. ENGINE CHIPS
5. MAIN ROTOR TRANSMISSION CHIPS
6. TAIL ROTOR TRANSMISSION CHIPS
7. FUEL LOW
8. FUEL FILTER
9. TRANSMISSION OIL TEMPERATURE
10. ENGINE OUT
11. TRANSMISSION OIL PRESSURE

OPTIONAL MILITARY PANEL

Figure 31. Warning and Caution Indicators

32

FAA Approved
Revision 5

F02006

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

33. ENGINE FAILURE


COMPLETE POWER LOSS
Indications: Red

ENGINE

warning indicator ON and audible warning in headset.

OUT

Left yaw (due to a reduction in torque)


Drop in engine speed.
Drop in rotor speed.
Change in noise level.

NOTE: The amount of yaw is dependent upon the amount of torque at the moment of
power loss. High torque will cause a large yaw while low torque will cause a
relatively small yaw.

Respond immediately to the ENGINE OUT/low rotor RPM warning

WARNING by adjusting collective to maintain rotor RPM within limits, then


check engine instruments and other indications to confirm engine
trouble.

Conditions: The failure indicators are actuated when N1 falls below 55% or NR falls
below 468 NR (Ref. 98 1% N2).
Procedures: Engine Failure - In Cruise at 500 Feet AGL or Above
F

Adjust collective pitch according to altitude and airspeed to maintain rotor


speed between 410 and 523 RPM.

Apply pedal pressure as necessary to control aircraft yaw.

Adjust cyclic control as necessary to control airspeed and flight path. Al


low airspeed to stabilize at 131 Knots IAS or lower (refer to VNE plac
ards).

NOTE: At airspeeds above maximum autorotational VNE (131 KIAS or less Ref. Section
II VNE Placards), use aft cyclic to maintain aircrafts attitude and slow to desired
airspeed as collective pitch is lowered. Increase collective as necessary after
entering autorotation to prevent rotor overspeed. If desired, operate at minimum
rotor speed to reduce rate of descent and/or extend glide distance.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

33

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

NOTE: The minimum rate of descent with power off will be attained at 60 KIAS and 410
NR.
The maximum glide distance with power off will be attained at 80 KIAS and 410
NR.
Glide distances attained during an actual engine out autorotation may be less
than the glide distances achieved during practice autorotations when operating
at reduced RPM (N2/NR needles joined).

34

After confirming complete loss of power, time and altitude permitting,


place twistgrip in cutoff and close fuel shutoff valve.

Select landing area and maneuver as required.

If operating at reduced rotor RPM to extend glide or reduce rate of de


scent, restore rotor RPM by lowering collective prior to flare out.

Flare as required for the terrain to reduce forward speed and rate of de
scent. Level aircraft before ground contact.

Touch down in a level attitude, increasing collective pitch to cushion land


ing.

Avoid the use of aft cyclic or rapid lowering of the collective pitch during
initial ground contact or any subsequent ground slide.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

Procedures: Engine Failure - Above 12 Feet and Below 500 Feet AGL
The Height - Velocity Diagram (Ref. Section V) depicts the combinations of air
speeds vs. altitudes wherein a successful autorotation landing can be made in
the event of an engine failure. Flight within the cross-hatched regions repre
sent airspeed/altitude combinations from which a successful autorotation land
ing may be difficult to perform. Operation within the cross-hatched area
should be undertaken with caution.
F

In the event of a power failure during takeoff/low level flight, the collec
tive pitch must be initially lowered to maintain rotor speed. The amount
and duration of collective reduction depends upon the airspeed and height
above the ground at which the power loss occurs.

As the ground is approached, flare as required to reduce forward speed


and rate of descent.

Touch down in a level attitude, increasing collective pitch to cushion land


ing.

Avoid the use of aft cyclic or rapid lowering of the collective during initial
ground contact or during ground slide.

Procedures: Engine Failure - Hovering Flight Below 12 Feet AGL


F

Do not reduce collective pitch.

Apply right pedal to prevent yawing.

Increase collective pitch as necessary to cushion landing.

PARTIAL POWER LOSS


Indications: Under partial power conditions, the engine may operate smoothly with
reduced power or it may operate erratically with intermittent surges of
power.
Procedures:
F

Turning the start pump ON may smooth out an erratic operating engine
and/or restore power enabling the pilot to fly to a favorable landing area.
However, do NOT disregard the need to land.

If possible, fly at reduced power to the nearest safe landing area and land
as soon as possible. Be prepared for a complete power loss at any time.
FAA Approved
Revision 5

35

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

34. AIR RESTART ENGINE


Because the exact cause of engine failure cannot be determined in flight, the
decision to attempt a restart will depend on aircraft altitude, time available,
rate of descent, and potential landing areas.

CAUTION

Do not attempt restart if a malfunction is suspected.

Conditions: At low altitude or when time is critical.


Procedures:
F

Close twist grip to cutoff position.

Press start/ignition button immediately.

NOTE: Pressing the starter button actuates the igniter. If N1 is 18 percent or above,

open twist grip immediately to ground idle. N1 speeds of 25 to 40 percent are


preferred for coolest and fastest restarts. Maintain safe autorotational airspeed.

Conditions: When altitude and time permit.


Procedures:

36

Perform normal engine start if N1 has decayed below 18 percent. Refer to


Section IV, Engine Starting.

Recommended airspeed is 60 knots IAS.

Advance twistgrip from ground idle to full open once N1 reaches 60 65%.

Collective pitch: increase as required once N2/NR are 103%.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

35. LOW ROTOR SPEED

Indications: Red

ENGINE

warning indicator ON and audible warning in headset.

OUT

Drop in rotor RPM.


Change in noise level.

NOTE: The LOW ROTOR warning is activated when NR falls below 468.
Conditions: Low rotor RPM will most commonly be associated with the following:
Engine Failure.
Transient rotor droop during large, rapid increases in power.
Governor failure producing an underspeed.
Procedures:
F

Respond immediately to the low rotor RPM warning by adjusting collec


tive to maintain rotor RPM within limits.

Check other Caution/Warning indicators and engine instruments to con


firm engine trouble and respond in accordance with appropriate proce
dures in this section.

36. EMERGENCY LANDING PROCEDURES


WATER LANDING
Conditions: Power off.
Procedures:
F

Adjust collective pitch as necessary to establish autorotation.

If time permits, open doors and push door handle full down to prevent
relatching.

Make autorotative approach, flaring as required to minimize forward


speed at touchdown.

Level aircraft and apply full collective pitch as contact is made with the
water.
FAA Approved
Revision 5

37

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

When aircraft begins to roll, lower collective to full down to minimize


blades skipping off the water.

Release safety harness and clear the aircraft as soon as the rotor blades
have stopped turning
Do not inflate personal flotation gear before exiting aircraft. Safe

WARNING exit will be restricted.

Conditions: Power on.


Procedures:
F

Descend to hovering altitude over water.

Open doors and push door handle full down to prevent relatching.

Passengers and copilot exit aircraft.

Fly a safe distance away from all personnel in the water to avoid injury.

Close twistgrip to the cutoff position and perform a hovering autorotation.

Allow aircraft to settle in a level attitude while applying full collective


pitch.

When aircraft begins to roll, reduce collective to full down to minimize


blades skipping off the water.

Release safety harness and exit the aircraft as soon as the blades have
stopped turning.
Do not inflate personal flotation gear before exiting aircraft. Safe

WARNING exit will be restricted

38

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

37. FIRE
The safety of the helicopter occupants is the primary consideration when a fire
occurs. Therefore, if airborne, it is imperative that the pilot maintain control of
the aircraft and land immediately. If the fire occurs on the ground or upon
landing from an inflight fire, it is essential that the engine be shut down, crew
and passengers evacuated and fire fighting begun immediately. If the situation
permits, a ``MAYDAY'' radio call should be made before electrical power is OFF
to expedite assistance from fire fighting and rescue personnel.
Indications: A pilot must rely on his senses to detect fire on board the aircraft. The
sound of electrical arcing, the smell of burning insulation, or the sighting
of smoke and/or flame are all possible indicators of an on board fire. Also,
the pilot may be notified of an on board fire by personnel outside the
aircraft via visual or audio communication methods.

CAUTION

At unprepared landing sites, dried grass or brush may catch fire


if allowed to contact hot engine exhaust.

Procedures: Cabin Smoke and Fume Elimination

CAUTION

Smoke and fume accumulation in the cabin can impede the pilots
ability to maintain control of the aircraft and execute a safe landing.
To protect the pilot and passengers from the effects of toxic fumes
and smoke, ventilate the cabin:

Cabin heat (if source of smoke is


the cabin heat duct)

OFF

Fresh air vent

OPEN

Pilot/Cabin door vents

OPEN AND FACING AFT

NOTE: If necessary, open pilots door (airspeed below 130 KIAS) to expedite smoke and
fume evacuation. Door will stabilize open a few inches in forward flight.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

39

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

Procedures: Aircraft Evacuation


F

A thorough preflight passenger briefing is essential for a quick and safe


evacuation of passengers and crew when fire is involved. How to release
seat belts, the opening of doors, the proper exiting of the helicopter
keeping head and hands low to avoid the main rotor, are all critical to
insure the safety of passengers and crew.

Procedures: Fire extinguisher


F

Pilots should be familiar with the operating instruction and hazards


associated with the particular type of fire extinguisher installed in their
aircraft. Classes (type) of fire for which it is approved, operating
instructions, and hazards associated with its use are listed on the
extinguisher.

Use of a fire extinguisher on a cabin fire while still airborne is NOT


recommended and should only be considered after all other means to
extinguish and control the fire have been tried. The pilot's first
responsibility is to fly the helicopter and land immediately. Once on the
ground, with passengers and crew evacuated, attention can be turned to
extinguishing the fire.

If a fire extinguisher is discharged in the cabin, use only the amount of


extinguishing agent necessary to extinguish the fire. This will minimize
the adverse effects of the particular agent being used in a confined and
occupied space. Ventilate the cabin area as soon as possible after
extinguishing the fire.
Use extreme caution when attempting to extinguish an aircraft fire

WARNING on the ground. The possibility of an explosion should not be


disregarded!

ENGINE FIRE ON THE GROUND


Conditions: Engine fire during starting
An engine fire during start could be caused by an overloading of fuel in
the combustion chamber and a delayed ignition of the fuel resulting in
flame emanating from the engine exhaust. This condition is normally
accompanied by a rapid rise in TOT. To extinguish the fire:
Procedures:
F

Twistgrip

CUTOFF

Starter

MOTOR UNTIL TOT IS BELOW 150C

Fuel shut-off valve

PULL TO CLOSE

310

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

Conditions: Engine compartment fire


Procedures:
F

Twistgrip

CUTOFF

Fuel shutoff valve

PULL TO CLOSE

BATTERY/EXT PWR switch

OFF

Passengers/crew

EVACUATE
IF TIME AND SITUATION PERMIT:

Rotor brake (if installed)

APPLY

Secure area

HAVE PASSENGERS AND SPECTATORS


MOVE A SAFE DISTANCE FROM THE AIRCRAFT

Fire extinguisher

USE AS APPROPRIATE

ENGINE FIRE DURING FLIGHT


Conditions: At low altitude (AGL)
Procedures:
F

Land immediately

POWER ON APPROACH AND LANDING


WITHOUT DELAY

Twistgrip

CUTOFFAS SOON AS HELICOPTER IS ON


GROUND

Fuel shutoff valve

PULL TO CLOSE

BATTERY/EXT PWR switch

OFF

Passengers/crew

EVACUATE

FAA Approved
Revision 5

311

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

Conditions: At high altitude (AGL)


Procedures: Prevailing circumstances such as altitude (AGL), available landing areas,
and confirmation of engine fire must be considered in order to determine
whether to execute a power-on approach, as described for low altitude
(AGL) fires, or a power off autorotational descent to the ground. If a
power off descent is chosen proceed as follows.
F

Collective

DOWN TO ESTABLISH AUTOROTATION TO


SELECTED AREA

Twistgrip

CUTOFF

Fuel shutoff valve

PULL TO CLOSE

Radio

MAYDAY CALL

Execute autorotational landing

MAINTAIN CONTROL

BATTERY/EXT PWR switch

OFF

Passengers/crew

EVACUATE

CABIN FIRE/SMOKE
Conditions: On ground
Procedures:
F

Twistgrip

CUTOFF

BATTERY/EXT PWR switch

OFF

Passengers/crew

EVACUATE
IF TIME AND SITUATION PERMIT:

Rotor brake (if installed)

APPLY

Secure area

HAVE PASSENGERS AND SPECTATORS


MOVE A SAFE DISTANCE FROM THE AIRCRAFT

Fire extinguisher

USE AS APPROPRIATE

312

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Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

Conditions: In flight
Procedures:
F

Land immediately

POWER ON APPROACH AND LANDING


WITHOUT DELAY

Air vents

VENTILATE CABIN AS NECESSARY

Twistgrip

CUTOFFAS SOON AS HELICOPTER IS ON


GROUND

BATTERY/EXT PWR switch

OFF

Passengers/crew

EVACUATE

IF UNABLE TO LAND IMMEDIATELY AND FIRE SOURCE


CAN BE IDENTIFIED:
F

Malfunctioning system

OFF

Fire extinguisher

USE AS NECESSARY

Cabin

VENTILATE

Land

AS SOON AS POSSIBLE
IF FIRE SOURCE IS UNKNOWN:

Cabin heat

OFF

Generator

OFF

All electrical circuits


(not required for safety of flight)

OFF

Cabin

VENTILATE

Land

AS SOON AS POSSIBLE

FAA Approved
Revision 5

313

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

38. ENGINE FUEL CONTROL SYSTEM MALFUNCTIONS


FUEL CONTROL OR POWER TURBINE GOVERNOR FAILURE
Indications: Failure is indicated by an instrument needle fluctuation.
A rise or drop of:
N1
N2/NR
TOT
Torque
Conditions: Failure Producing an Overspeed.
Indications: Engine torque, TOT, N1 and N2/NR, suddenly increasing.
Possible right yaw.
Procedures:
F

Increase collective to load the main rotor, simultaneously rolling the twist
grip toward the ground idle position until control of N2 speed is obtained.

Manually control N2 speed (102-103%) with the pilots twistgrip.

If operating RPM cannot be controlled, close twistgrip to CUTOFF and


make an autorotational landing.

CAUTION

314

Immediate pilot action is necessary because engine torque, TOT,


N2, and rotor rpm may suddenly increase above approved limits.
When shutting down the engine, do not reduce collective pitch until the rotor rpm has decreased to within the normal operating
range.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

Conditions: Failure Producing an Underspeed:


Indications:
N2/NR decaying.
Possible left yaw.
Possible low rotor warning indication.
Procedures:
F

Lower collective to maintain rotor RPM in the green (410-523) and at


tempt level flight at 60 knots IAS.

If power is insufficient for level flight or a power-on decent, make an au


torotational landing.

Conditions: Power Turbine Governor Surge.


Indications: N2 fluctuating: governor not maintaining pre-set speed (102-103%N2).
Procedures:

NOTE: Turning the start pump ON may allow the engine to operate smoothly. If

operation of the engine returns to normal, it may be possible to fly to a favorable


landing area, however do not disregard the need to land.
F

Beep N2 to maximum.

Control N2 manually with twistgrip (102% to 103% N2).

NOTE: This action takes the governor out of the system allowing the pilot manual control
of the N2 and should eliminate the surge.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

315

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

39. OTHER ENGINE CAUTION INDICATIONS


ENGINE CHIP DETECTOR
Indications: Yellow

ENGINE
CHIPS

indicator ON.

Conditions: Metal contamination of oil.


Procedures:
F

Land as soon as possible.

LOW ENGINE OIL PRESSURE


Indications: Oil pressure decreasing below normal operating range (Ref. Section II).
Conditions: In flight.
Procedures:
F

Land as soon as possible.

Shut engine down.

Conditions: On ground.
F

Shut engine down.

ENGINE TORQUE
Indications: Loss of engine torque indication.

NOTE: Loss of torque indication may be the result of broken torque meter tubing.
Conditions: In flight.
Procedures:
F

Land as soon as possible.

Shut engine down.

Conditions: On ground.
F

316

Shut engine down.


FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

310. MAIN ROTOR AND TAIL ROTOR TRANSMISSION MALFUNCTIONS


M/R TRANSMISSION OIL PRESSURE
Indications: Red

XMSN
OIL
PRESS

indicator ON.

Conditions: Transmission oil pressure low.


Procedures:
F

Land as soon as possible.

M/R TRANSMISSION OIL TEMPERATURE


Indications: Red

XMSN
OIL
TEMP

indicator ON.

Conditions: Transmission oil temperature exceeds maximum limit.


Procedures:
F

Land as soon as possible.

M/R TRANSMISSION CHIP DETECTOR


Indications: Yellow

M/R
XMSN
CHIPS

indicator ON.

Conditions: Metal contamination of oil.


Procedures:
F

Land as soon as possible.

TAIL ROTOR TRANSMISSION CHIP DETECTOR


Indications: Yellow

T/R
XMSN
CHIPS

indicator ON.

Conditions: Metal contamination of oil.


Procedures:
F

Land as soon as possible.


FAA Approved
Revision 5

317

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

311. FLIGHT CONTROL MALFUNCTIONS


ANTI-TORQUE FAILURE
Different types of failure may require slightly different techniques for optimum
success in recovery. Therefore, it is not possible to provide a standardized solu
tion for an anti-torque emergency.
The nose of the aircraft will turn right with power application. The nose of the
aircraft will turn left with power reduction.
Conditions: Complete loss of thrust - forward flight
This involves a break in the drive system (ie., a broken drive shaft) that
causes the tail rotor to stop turning, resulting in a complete loss of
thrust. Directional control becomes dependant on airspeed and power
setting.
Indications: Failure is normally indicated by an uncontrollable (by pedal) yawing to the
right.
Procedures:
F

Reduce power by lowering collective.

Adjust airspeed between 50 to 60 knots.

Use left lateral cyclic in combination with collective pitch to limit left
sideslip to a reasonable angle.

If conditions permit, place the twistgrip in the ground idle position once a
landing area is selected and perform a normal autorotation. Plan to touch
down with little or no forward speed.

Conditions: Complete loss of thrust - at a hover


Indications: Failure is normally indicated by an uncommanded right turn.
Procedures: Place the twistgrip in the ground idle position and perform a hovering
autorotation.
When hovering at altitudes within the crosshatched areas

WARNING depicted on the Height Velocity Diagram (Ref. Section V), reduce

altitude to 12 feet or less prior to placing the twistgrip in the ground


idle position and performing a hovering autorotation.

318

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Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

Conditions: Anti-torque failure, fixed tail rotor pitch setting.


Procedures:
F

Adjust power to maintain 50 to 60 knots airspeed.

Perform a shallow approach and running landing to a suitable area,


touching down into wind at a speed between effective translational lift
and 30 knots. Directional control may be accomplished by small adjust
ments in throttle and or collective control.

ONE WAY LOCK FAILURE


NOTE: The oneway lock assembly is a selfcontained hydraulic unit that prevents aft
feedback forces in the longitudinal cyclic control system.

Indications: Aft feedback in the cyclic at high airspeed and/or during pull ups from
high airspeed or higher than normal forces required to move the cyclic
longitudinally.

NOTE: If the oneway lock has a push rod shaft or check valve seizure in the closed

valve position, a pull or push of 10 to 20 pounds will be necessary to open the


hydraulic relief valve and bypass the check valve. This additional pull or push
will be required for each subsequent longitudinal movement of the cyclic stick.
Temporary forces as high as 40 pounds may be experienced when flying in
turbulence.

Procedures:
F

Reduce airspeed to 100 KIAS or less.

Limit cyclic movement to those movements required to safely fly the heli
copter. Abnormal or extreme control inputs are not necessary.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

319

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CYCLIC TRIM FAILURE


Indications: Inability to reduce cyclic forces with the cyclic trim switch. The failure will
be one of the following types.
Control of the helicopter is the primary consideration of a pilot

WARNING confronted with any type of trim motor or switch malfunction. The

pilotincommand should land the helicopter immediately if the


pilots physical condition, strength, or threshold of fatigue, would
compromise their ability to safely control the helicopter in
continued flight.

Indications: Inoperative trim


Conditions: The trim motor fails to respond to application of the cyclic trim switch in
one or more directions.
Procedures:

320

Establish a safe flight condition that produces the least cyclic control
force. Normally straight and level at the last trimmed airspeed.

Actuate the trim switch thru all positions in an attempt to restore trim
capability and determine the extent of trim failure. If restored, trim to a
near neutral position and land as soon as practical avoiding further trim
ming.

If trim failure is determined to be in all directions, and control of the he


licopter can be maintained safely, check/reset TRIM circuit breaker.

Land as soon as practical if unable to re-establish full cyclic trim control


with the pilot's cyclic.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

Conditions: Runaway trim


Indications: An uncommanded longitudinal or lateral cyclic trim actuation. The cyclic
may move to a full travel position or some intermediate position resulting
in cyclic forces up to the maximum. Uncommanded movement can occur
after cyclic trim switch actuation or as a result of an electrical short.

NOTE: Runaway cyclic trim failures can produce cyclic stick forces of approximately 30

pounds in the direction of the runaway. Although the forces required to move the
cyclic will be higher than normal, the helicopter will respond normally to all cyclic
inputs by the pilot.

Procedures:
F

Establish a safe flight condition that produces the least cyclic control
force.

NOTE: If a forward longitudinal runaway trim failure is experienced, it may be possible

to reduce cyclic stick forces by maintaining higher airspeeds. Cyclic stick forces
may be reduced if an aft longitudinal runaway trim failure is experienced by
maintaining slower airspeeds. Lateral runaway trim forces cannot be reduced
by adjusting flight conditions.
F

Utilize left hand and legs, as necessary, to apply pressure against the cy
clic stick to relieve the right hand loads and conserve strength for land
ing. Use collective friction to prevent unwanted collective movement and
associated power change. Be prepared to respond to any emergency re
quiring the use of collective pitch.

Actuate the trim switch thru all positions, several times if necessary, as
this will generally re-establish trimming capability. When restored, trim
to a near neutral position and land as soon as practical avoiding further
trimming.

If trim runaway is to the full forward position, accomplish landing into


the wind and do not hover downwind in winds in excess of 15 knots.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

321

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

312. ABNORMAL VIBRATIONS


Indications: Sudden, unusual or excessive vibrations occurring during flight.
Conditions: The onset of unusual or excessive vibrations in the helicopter may be an
indication of problems in the rotor or drive train systems.
Procedures:
F

LAND AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.

No further flights should be attempted until the cause of the vibration


has been identified and corrected.

313. FUEL SYSTEM MALFUNCTIONS


FUEL FILTER
Indications: Yellow

FUEL
FILTER

indicator ON.

Conditions: A predetermined pressure differential across the filter has been reached
and an impending bypass condition exists.
Procedures:
F

Turn on start pump.

Continue flight.

CAUTION
F

If any unusual engine indications or conditions occur, land as soon


as possible.
Service the fuel filter prior to the next flight. (Ref. the HMI and the Alli
son Engine Operation and Maintenance Manual).

NOTE: Following the completion of the flight in progress, additional flight is prohibited
until the fuel filter has been serviced.

322

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

FUEL LOW
Indications: Yellow

FUEL
LEVEL
LOW

indicator ON when approximately 35 pounds of fuel

(22.5 LBS usable) remain in fuel tank.

CAUTION

Never use the FUEL LEVEL LOW light as a working indication of


fuel quantity.

Procedures:
F

Avoid large steady side slip angles and uncoordinated maneuvers.


Sideslips may cause fuel starvation and result in unexpected power

WARNING loss or engine failure. Avoid large steady side slip angles,
uncoordinated maneuvers, or speeds above 130 knots IAS when
FUEL LEVEL LOW caution indicator is illuminated.

Land as soon as possible.


Fuel consumption rates vary with power demand. Pilots should

WARNING land prior to fuel exhaustion. Fuel exhaustion will result in engine
flameout.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

323

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

314. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM MALFUNCTIONS


BATTERY OVERTEMPERATURE
Indications: Red

indicator ON.
160F

Conditions: Battery overtemperature at 160F(71C) or above.


Procedures:
F

Battery switch: OFF.

Land as soon as possible

NOTE: No further flights are authorized until battery is inspected and cause of overtemp
corrected.

Indications: Yellow

indicator ON.
140F

Conditions: Battery overtemperature at 140F (60C).


Procedures:
F

Battery switch: OFF

Battery must remain off line during remainder of flight.

NOTE: The Yellow BAT TEMP 140F light will go out after the battery has cooled to
below 140F (60C).

No further flights are authorized until battery is inspected and cause of overtemp
corrected.

324

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

GENERATOR MALFUNCTION
Indications: Yellow

GEN
OUT

indicator ON, and ammeter indicating zero.

Conditions: Generator is not powering electrical bus.


Procedures:
F

Check generator (GEN) circuit breaker IN.

Turn the generator switch OFF, then ON to reset.

If GEN OUT indicator remains ON or comes back ON, pull generator cir
cuit breaker OUT and insure generator switch is in the ON position for
the remainder of the flight.

NOTE: The generator switch must be in the ON position to enable the Engine Out/Low
Rotor audio warning to function as required.
F

If GEN OUT indicator remains ON, reduce electrical load to a minimum.

Land as soon as practical.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

325

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

315. OTHER MALFUNCTIONS


ENGINE AIR PARTICLE SEPARATOR FILTER CLOGGED (IF INSTALLED)
Indications: Yellow

indicator ON.
FILTER
CLOGGED

NOTE: Certain flight conditions may cause the yellow caution indicator to flicker

momentarily. The FILTER BYPASS DOOR should be opened only when a


steady illumination of the caution indicator is five seconds or more.

Conditions: A predetermined pressure differential has been reached across the engine
air inlet.
Procedures:
F

FILTER BYPASS control handle: OPEN

SCAV AIR: OFF

Service particle separator prior to next flight (Ref. HMI).

CAUTION

326

To prevent compressor erosion avoid operation in a dirty or dusty


environment with the filter bypass door open.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Emergency and
Malfunction Procedures

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

316. EMERGENCY EGRESS


Pilot compartment doors:
Pilot doors function as primary and emergency exits.
Cabin doors:
Passenger doors function as primary and emergency exits.
EXIT

TO
OPEN

TO
LOCK

PILOT COMPARTMENT DOOR LH (TYPICAL)

PILOT/PASSENGER COMPARTMENT DOOR EXIT


F03012

Figure 32. Emergency Exits

317. EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT


First Aid Kit:
The first aid kit is located on the right side forward edge of the pilot's seat
structure.
The kit is a commercial type containing the items necessary to render lim
ited emergency first aid.
Fire Extinguisher:
The fire extinguisher is located on the pilot side forward door frame.
Refer to the ``FIRE'' paragraph in this section for recommended use of fire
extinguisher.
FAA Approved
Revision 9

327

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Malfunction Procedures

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Revision 9

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

S E C T I O N IV
NORMAL PROCEDURES
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PARAGRAPH

PAGE

4-1. Preflight Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Figure 4-1. Pilot's Preflight Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-2. Instrument Panel (Sheet 1 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-2. Instrument Panel (Sheet 2 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-3. Cyclic and Collective Stick Grips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-1
4-2
4-9
4-10
4-11

4-2. Engine Pre-Start Cockpit Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-12

4-3. Engine Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-15

4-4. Engine RunUp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-17

4-5. Before Takeoff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-20

4-6. Takeoff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-21

4-7. Cruise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-22

4-8. Low Speed Maneuvering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-22

4-9. Practice Autorotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-23

4-10. Doors Off Flight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-24

4-11. Landing Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-24

4-12. Running Landing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-24

4-13. Engine/Aircraft Shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-25

4-14. Post Flight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-27

4-15. Deceleration Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-27

4-16. Normal Engine Restart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-28

4-17. Noise Impact Reduction Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-28

FAA Approved
Revision 9

4i

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

PAGE

PARAGRAPH

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FAA Approved
4ii

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

Revision 9

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

SECTION IV
NORMAL PROCEDURES
41. PREFLIGHT REQUIREMENTS
NOTE: The checks described in this Section apply to the standard configuration MD

500D and do not include certain optional equipment items. Preflight checks for
optional equipment items may be found in Section IX of this manual. If your
helicopter is equipped with STCd items, refer to the STC holders flight manual
supplement.

``CHECK'' means to observe the helicopter and note any obvious damage.
Damage is defined as any condition that is not normal or not within limits.
Examples of conditions to look for are: inoperable equipment, excessive leak
age, discoloration caused by heat, loose attachment, dents, cracks, punctures,
abrasion, chafing, galling, nicks, scratches, delamination and evidence of corro
sion. These are the most common types of damage, however, checks should not
be limited to these items.
Further checks shall be performed before the next flight if discrepancies are
noted to determine if the aircraft is airworthy. Flight is prohibited when unrep
aired damage exists which makes the aircraft unairworthy.
Have a thorough understanding of operating limitations. (Ref. Section II).
Service helicopter as required. (Ref. Section VII and CSP-HMI-2).
Determine that helicopter loading is within limits. (Ref. Sections II and VI).
Checkhelicopterperformancedata.(Ref. Sections V, VIII and IX).

CAUTION

Be sure to include a review of the appropriate flight manual


supplemental data for type of optional equipment installed
(including STC items) as a regular part of preflight planning.

Perform Pilot's Daily Preflight Check prior to the first flight of the day.
Perform Pilot's Preflight Check prior to subsequent flights that same day.
Brief passengers on relevant operational procedures and associated hazards
(Ref. Sec. I, Pilot's Briefing).

FAA Approved
Revision 4

41

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

F02007

Figure 41. Pilots Preflight Guide

42

FAA Approved
Revision 4

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

DAILY PREFLIGHT CHECKS


PRELIMINARY CHECKS
F

Fuel cell drain valve-take sample (Start pump OFF)

CHECK FOR
CONTAMINANTS

Anti-ice fuel filter drain valve (if installed) take sample


(Start pump ON)

CHECK FOR
CONTAMINANTS

Do not open fuel filter drain valve unless start pump is ON. An

WARNING unexpected flameout or power loss may occur if air is allowed to


enter the fuel system.

EXTERIOR
FUSELAGE FORWARD END 
F

Aircraft tiedowns and covers

REMOVED

Aircraftattitudeforweakordamagedlanding gear
dampers

CHECK

Canopy for condition and cleanliness

CHECK

OAT thermometer sun shield

CHECK

Fresh air vent

NO OBSTRUCTIONS

Pitot tube

NO OBSTRUCTIONS

Tail rotor pedals for condition and


securityofquick-releasepins(both sides with dual
controls)

CHECK

Landing light and anticollision light

CHECK

FAA Approved
Revision 4

43

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

FUSELAGE RH SIDE 
F

Skid, strut fairings, strut cuffs

CHECK

Position light, skid tip

CHECK

Fuel tank vent

NO OBSTRUCTIONS

Fuselage skin

CHECK

Passenger steps for condition and security

CHECK

Passenger and cargo doors condition and latching

CHECK

M/R transmission oil level

CHECK

M/R transmission oil filter bypass indicator (if installed)

CHECK

Fuel level; cap security

CHECK

Engine oil level; cap security

CHECK

NOTE: Oil level should be checked within 15 minutes after shutdown.


F

Overhead canopy for condition and cleanliness

CHECK

Main rotor hub, pitch control rods, blade dampers,


swashplate and mast

CHECK

Lead-lag link attach nuts for cracks

CHECK

Main rotor blades for chordwise cracks on the underside of


the blade skin and doubler. If existing, the cracks will be at
the leading and trailing edges of the root fitting in the area
of the two most outboard bolts or outermost end of lower
root fitting.

CHECK

Oil cooler air inlet

NO OBSTRUCTIONS

Engine air inlet/plenum chamber

NO OBSTRUCTIONS
OR FOREIGN
OBJECTS

CAUTION

When the helicopter has been parked outside during falling or


blowing snow, remove accumulated ice and snow from engine inlet
area and all helicopter exterior surfaces. Also open plenum chamber access door and visually determine that the inlet screen or particle separator (if installed) has not become clogged with ice and
snow.

Static port

NO OBSTRUCTIONS

All inspections doors/panels

SECURED

44

FAA Approved
Revision 9

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

TAILBOOM/TAIL ROTOR 
F

Tailboom

Position and anti collision lights


Stabilizers (vertical, horizontal and end plates)

F
F

F
F
F
F

Tail skid
Tail rotor gearbox attachment to tailboom for security and
condition
Chip detector and wiring
Control push-pull rod and bellcrank
Tail rotor transmission oil level
Output shaft dust cover, retainer nut, tang washer, rubber
bumper.

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

CHECK: NO DAMAGE
ALLOWED
CHECK
CHECK: NO DAMAGE
ALLOWED
CHECK
CHECK
CHECK
CHECK
CHECK
CHECK

Check for torque stripe paint across retainer nut, tang washer, and
fork assembly. If torque stripe on nut and tang washer is not in
line with stripe on drive fork, the tang washer inner key tang may
be sheared. Advise maintenance.
F
Tail rotor drive fork conical bearings (if installed):
F F
Pivot tail rotor hub and fork through full range of travel CHECK
and check for axial play between the conical bearing
inner and outer races. No play is allowed.
F
Tail rotor drive fork elastomeric bearings (if installed):
NOTE: Check bearing for general condition. Elastomeric bearings are suspected of
being unserviceable if rubber deterioration or separation, or a vibration is noted.
Evidence of light swelling, pock marks and crumbs are surface conditions and
are not indications of bearing failure.

CAUTION

F
F

Apply teetering force by hand to tail rotor blades


(stop-to-stop). Check for fork-to-bearing bond failure.
Failure is indicated by any motion between outer
bearing cage and fork (bearing turns in fork).
F
Teeter blades stop-to-stop. Observe four radial molded
ridges on each bearing as teetering takes place. If ridges
assume continuous curved shape, bearings are intact.
Discontinuity in molded ridges indicates bearing failure.
Tail rotor pitch bearing
F
Hold tail rotor hub firmly and check lead-lag play at tip
of each blade. Play in excess of approximately 0.25 in.
on either blade may not be acceptable.
Tail rotor blades and pitch links

CHECK

CHECK

ADVISE
MAINTENANCE AS
NECESSARY
CHECK

NOTE: Visually check each tail rotor blade abrasion strip for evidence of debonding
along the abrasion strip/airfoil bond line.

FAA Approved
Revision 6

45

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

CHECK: NO DAMAGE
ALLOWED

Tail rotor drive shaft coupling


F

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

Rock tail rotor back and forth in plane of rotation and check main rotor blades
for coincidental movement.

NOTE: If tail rotor blade tip can move in excess of 3/4 inch (1.9 cm) without coincidental
movement of the main rotor blades, inspect tail rotor drive shaft couplings in
accordance with the Handbook of Maintenance Instructions.
CHECK

Main rotor blades for condition and abrasion strip for


condition and bonding (do not handle trim tabs)

Overrunning clutch (turn main rotor blade forward then aft) CHECK

All inspection panels

SECURED

ENGINE COMPARTMENT 
F
F

F
F
F
F
F
F
F

Engine mounts, mounting pads, and firewalls


Landing gear attach points, rear dampers (leaks and
inflation)
Engine oil, air, and fuel lines
Scavenge oil filter bypass indicator (if installed)
Fuel filter bypass indicator (C20R/2 SP only)
Engine electrical connections
Fuel control, N2 governor, and associated linkages
Exhaust ducts
Engine compartment doors for condition and security

CHECK
CHECK
CHECK
CHECK
CHECK
CHECK
CHECK
CHECK
CHECK

FUSELAGE LH SIDE 
F

Skid, strut fairings; strut cuffs

CHECK

Position light, skid tip

CHECK

Pilot and cargo doors-condition and latching

CHECK

Passenger steps for condition and security

CHECK

Fuselage skin

CHECK

Overhead canopy

CHECK

Battery compartment vent

NO OBSTRUCTIONS

46

FAA Approved
Revision 4

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

FUSELAGE UNDERSIDE 
F

Fuselage skin

CHECK

Fuel tank and other vents

NO OBSTRUCTIONS

Cargo Hook (if installed)

CHECK

Antennas

CHECK

INTERIOR
AFT COMPARTMENT

Impeller belt

CHECK

Fuel cell access doors

SECURED

Controls access door

SECURED

Loose equipment or cargo

SECURED

NOTE: Refer to Paragraph 410 if planning doors off flight.


F

Seats, seat belts, and shoulder harness

CHECK

Compartment doors closed and latched

CHECK

FORWARD COMPARTMENT
F

Battery compartment

CHECK

Fire extinguisher and first aid kit

CHECK

Loose equipment or cargo

CHECK

NOTE: Refer to Paragraph 410 if planning doors off flight.


F

Seats, seat belts, and shoulder harness

CHECK

Interior and exterior lights (all switches OFF after check)

CHECK

FAA Approved
Revision 4

47

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

PREFLIGHT CHECKS
Perform these checks prior to subsequent flights of the same day.
F

Fluid levels

CHECK

Engine compartment - fluid leaks and


bypass indicators

CHECK

Air inlet screens/particle separator

CHECK

Fuel cap, access doors and panels

CHECK

Main rotor blades

CHECK

Tailboom and empennage

CHECK

Tail rotor rotor blades

CHECK

Cargo and loose equipment

CHECK

Crew and cabin doors

CHECK

48

FAA Approved
Revision 4

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

CLOCK

CAUTION AND
WARNING LIGHTS
ALTIMETER
AIRSPEED INDICATOR
SCAVENGE AIR
(IF INSTALLED)
ANTI-ICE SWITCH
(250-C20R/2)
DUAL TACHOMETER
INDICATOR
TORQUE
GAGE

TURBINE OUTLET
TEMPERATURE (TOT)
INDICATOR
INSTRUMENT CLUSTER

N1 TACHOMETER
FUEL SHUTOFF
VALVE

FRESH AIR VENT


CONTROL

ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE INDICATOR

KEY SWITCH
REIGN
ARMED

AUTOMATIC
REIGNITION PANEL

AUTO REIGN
TEST

OFF

AUTOMATIC
REIGNITION RESET
BATTERY SWITCH
OPTIONAL
EQUIPMENT
PANEL

STANDARD

F02008

Figure 42. Instrument Panel (Sheet 1 of 2)


FAA Approved
Revision 4

49

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CAUTION AND
WARNING LIGHTS

1. BATTERY TEMP
2. START PUMP ON
3. GEN OUT
4. ENGINE CHIP
5. MR/XMSN CHIP
6. T/R CHIP
7. FUEL LOW
8. FUEL FILTER
9. XMSN OIL TEMP
10. ENGINE OUT
11. XMSN OIL PRESS.

ENGINE OUT AUDIBLE


WARNING HORN
1

2 3 4 5 6

9 10

HOOD LIGHT
(5 PLACES)

11

ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
INDICATOR
AIRSPEED
IINDICATOR

ALTIMETER

TORQUE
GAUGE

TOT
INDICATOR

N1
TACHOME
TER

HOOD

N2 AND
NR TACHOMETER

AMMETER

ENGINE
OIL
TEMP

FUEL

CABIN VENT
CONTROL

BOLT LIGHT
(2 PLACES)

INSTRUMENT CLUSTER
(3-PACK)

COVER ASSY

LIGHT CONTROL
PANEL ASSY

SWITCH PANEL ASSY

OPTIONAL MILITARY

Figure 42. Instrument Panel (Sheet 2 of 2)

410

FAA Approved
Revision 4

F02009

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

SWITCH HOUSING

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

SWITCH HOUSING

LANDING LIGHT
SWITCH

IDLE RING
PILOTS THROTTLE
TWIST GRIP

COPILOTS
TWIST GRIP

GOVERNOR
INCREASE/DECREASE
SWITCH

THROTTLE
TWIST GRIP
FRICTION NUT
COPILOTS
COLLECTIVE
(OPTIONAL)

GOVERNOR
INCREASE/DECREASE
SWITCH

COLLECTIVE
STICK FRICTION NUT

PILOTS
COLLECTIVE STICK

DWN
L
CARGO HOOK
RELEASE
UP

CYCLIC TRIM
R

SPARE OR
GUN POD
ELEVATION

START
BUTTON

PILOTS
COLLECTIVE

CARGO HOOK
RELEASE (OPTION)

DWN
R
CYCLIC TRIM
SWITCH

HOIST
GUILLOTINE

L
ARMAMENT
TRIGGER

ICS/COMM
TRIGGER

UP

FLOATS
INFLATION

FLOAT INFLATE
SWITCH (OPTION)

OPTIONAL MILITARY GRIP


STANDARD CYCLIC GRIP

F02010

Figure 43. Cyclic and Collective Stick Grips


FAA Approved
Revision 4

411

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

42. ENGINE PRESTART COCKPIT CHECK

ELECTRICAL POWER OFF


F

All cabin doors CLOSED AND SAFELOCKED

CHECK

Tail rotor pedals

ADJUST

NOTE: Adjust pedal position to insure that the pedals can be moved throughout the
entire range of travel.

Tail rotor pedal lock pins

SECURED

Seat belt and shoulder harness for proper fit and


engagement of buckle

FASTENED

NOTE: Insure center seat shoulder harness crosses over center of body.
F

Operationofshoulderharnessinertia lock

CHECK

Cyclic, collective(frictionoff) and pedals

FULL TRAVEL

Cyclic stick

NEUTRAL, FRICTION
ON

NOTE: Cyclic stick longitudinal neutral position is about 35 percent (1/3) travel from full
aft; lateral position may be determined by centering the friction control knob in
the guide link.

Tail rotor pedals

CENTERED

Collective stick

FULL DOWN
FRICTION ON

Landing light

OFF

Air filter bypass control handle (if installed)

CHECK SECURITY
AND POSITION

Rotor brake handle (if installed)

STOWED

Cabin heat (if installed)

OFF

Engine anti-ice (Allison 250-C20B)

OFF

Magnetic compass heading

CHECK

VNE card

SELECT

Static position of all instruments

CHECK

412

FAA Approved
Revision 4

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

Altimeter

SET

All electrical switches

OFF

Radio switches

OFF

Circuit breakers

IN

Fuel shutoff valve

OPEN (IN)

CAUTION

Attempting to start the engine with any bleed air devices ON, may
result in a Hot start.

ELECTRICAL POWER ON
F

Electrical power: Battery or external power start

BATTERY/EXT PWR switch:set to BATTERY for


battery start; to EXT for external power start

If used, connect GPU.

AS REQUIRED

NOTE: Minimum capacity 20V dc with 500 amp load.

Maximum capacity 28.5V dc with 500 amp load.

Lights

AS REQUIRED

Key switch

ON

Engine Out Warning System/Auto Reignition System Checks

NOTE: Refer to Section IX, Paragraph 915 for additional Automatic Reignition
operations.

GEN switch ON then OFF to check audible engine out warnings (both external
horn in the cabin and internal within the ICS system).

Hold AUTO RE-IGN TEST switch in the TEST position. Verify the RE-IGN and
ARMED lights illuminate and the sound of the engine ignitor firing is heard.
Release the AUTO RE-IGN TEST switch.

Press the RE-IGN light to reset (extinguish) the light.

Fuel gauge

CHECK READING

All other instruments

CHECK

XMSN OIL PRESS,ENGINE OUT, and GEN


warning/caution lights

ON

FAA Approved
Revision 8

413

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

F
F

Press-to-testcautionandwarning lights
F

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CHECK
CHECK

Caution light dim switch

NOTE: Caution lights will return to bright when all power is removed (BATTERY and
GEN OFF) and restored, or by pulling and resetting the PNL LT circuit breaker.

Press-to-testAIR FILTER CLOGGED (if installed) and


BATTERY warning and caution lights.

Cyclic trim control check:

Momentarily motor cyclic trim controlforward, left,


right, aft (listen for motor actuation)

Twistgrip to FULL OPEN, return to GROUND IDLE STOP,


then to CUTOFF position.

414

FAA Approved
Revision 4

CHECK

OPERATE
CHECK

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

43. ENGINE START


F

Cyclic stick - trimmed neutral; friction ON

CAUTION

RECHECK

Do not attempt engine start with cyclic stick in positions other than
neutral. Damage to rotor head and controls will result.

Collective stick - full down; friction on

RECHECK

Twistgrip - CUTOFF position

RECHECK

Generator switch OFF

RECHECK

Start pump

AS REQUIRED

NOTE: Start pump required when using alternate or emergency fuel (Ref. to Section II).
F

Rotors

CLEARED

Start/ignition button

PRESS AND HOLD

NOTE: Starter time limits are: 1 minute ON, 1 minute OFF; 1 minute ON, and 23 minutes
OFF.

Rotate twistgrip to ground idle for ignition when N1 indicates 12 to 15 percent (see
Section II, Minimum N1 Speed Starting Recommendations Placard).

NOTE: Peaking of N1 below 15 percent may occur during cold weather starting

conditions. Under these conditions, a start may be attempted at a minimum of


12 percent N1. GPU starts are recommended when normal cranking speed
cannot be obtained by using the battery.

FAA Approved
Revision 4

415

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

CAUTION

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

During starts, overtemperatures above 810C for 10 seconds or


less with a momentary peak at 927C for not more than 1 second are
permitted. Consult Allison Operation and Maintenance Manual if
these limits are exceeded.
ABORT START IF:
1. An immediate temperature rise is not observed on the TOT indicator.
2. No indication of engine oil pressure is observed.
3. Main rotor is not rotating by 25 percent N1 (Refer to Allison Operation and Overhaul Manual.)
4. A zero or positive indication is observed on ammeter (this may
indicate a failure in the starting circuit that may deenergize the
starter creating conditions favorable for a hot start).

Abort start procedures:

Close twistgrip to the cutoff position.

Use starter to continue motoring engine for at least ten seconds or until TOT
decreases below 150C.

Start/ignition button-release at 58 to 60 percent N1

RELEASE

Engine oil pressure50 to 130 psi

CHECK

NOTE: During cold weather operation, 150 psi oil pressure is allowable following an

engine start. Remain at ground idle RPM until normal oil pressure limits are
attained.

Allcautionandwarningindicators out

CHECK

NOTE: Transmission oil pressure warning (XMSN OIL PRESS) indicator will go out

within 30 seconds from engine lightoff for 369D25100 series transmissions, or


within 60 seconds for 369F5100 transmissions. The auto reignition ARMED light
ON; GEN OUT indicator will remain on until the generator switch is moved to the
GEN position.
The reignition indicator may illuminate when the transmission warning light goes
out. After ground idle RPM is attained, press the REIGN light to reset.

Engine idle speed -64 to 65 percent N1

CAUTION

416

CHECK

During engine operation at ground idle, keep pedals centered. Pedal bungee will tend to depress left pedal, thereby decreasing N2/NR
speed.
FAA Approved
Revision 5

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

F
F

CHECK

All other engine instruments


F

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

N2 engine and rotor rpm indicators for superimposed needles.

CAUTION

Malfunctions are indicated if rotor and engine rpm indicator


needles are not superimposed. Shut down engine if this condition
exists.

NOTE: Superimposed means within 1/2 a needle width. The relative positions of the
superimposed needles should remain constant during powered flight.

AS REQUIRED

Start pump

44. ENGINE RUN UP


NOTE: Refer to Section II Power turbine (N2) speed avoid range.

Avoid continuous operation of engine between 90 and 98 percent N2 if Allison


AD 830302 has not been complied with (Allison 250C20B only).

NOTE: Checks with an asterisk (:) need only be performed prior to the first flight of the
day. Insure that an Auto Reignition Check is performed prior to flying into falling
or blowing snow.

SELECT

Electrical power

BATTERY/EXT PWR switch

SELECT BATTERY

External power start

DISCONNECT GPU

Set generator (GEN) to ON (GEN OUT caution light out;


ammeter will show charge)

OPERATE AND
CHECK

NOTE: Monitor N1 and TOT when turning generator switch ON.

If N1 decays below 60 percent or TOT approaches 810, turn generator OFF and
increase N1 speed with twistgrip to 70 percent, then reset generator to ON.
During the initial recharging period after a battery start, electrical loads may
exceed 150 amps for a short period of time (2 minute limit). The electrical load
should be less than 150 amps prior to takeoff or activation of any additional
electrical equipment.

Avionics (as required)

ON AND CHECK

Cyclic friction

RELEASE AND SET


AS DESIRED
FAA Approved
Revision 7

417

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

FULL OPEN

Twistgrip

CAUTION

CAUTION

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

Check for unusual aircraft vibration or noise while accelerating


from ground idle to flight idle. If any unusual vibration or noise occurs, this may be an indication of a loose or defective tailrotor dirveshaft damper. Shut aircraft down and advise maintenance.

Avoid rapid acceleration when parked on slippery surfaces.

NOTE: If the engine has been shut down for more than 15 minutes, stabilize at idle for
1 minute before increasing power.

:ENGINE CONTROLS/ENGINE OUT AND


LOW ROTOR WARNING/AUTO REIGNITION CHECKS
NOTE: Refer to Section IX, Paragraph 915 for additional Automatic Reignition
operations.

Press reignition (RE-IGN) light

LAMP OUT

N2 high beep range- 104% to 105%

CHECK

N2 low beep range-98% or less

CHECK

Low rotor warning-on at 98 1%

CHECK ENGINE OUT


LIGHT AND AUDIO
HORN ON

RE-IGN indicator light

ON

Set N2 to 102%

ESTABLISH

Press RE-IGN indicator light

LAMP OUT

CAUTION

418

Pulling the engine out warning system circuit breaker will disarm
the auto reignition and engine out/low rotor warning systems.

FAA Approved
Revision 8

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

:ENGINE BLEED AIR SYSTEMS CHECKS


F

CABIN HEAT (if installed) - ON - Observe 30-40C


increase in TOT, then OFF.

CHECK TOT
INCREASE/
DECREASE

Engine ANTI-ICE ON - Observe increase 10-20C in TOT,


then OFF.

CHECK TOT
INCREASE/
DECREASE

SCAV-AIR Switch ON (if installed) observe slight rise in


TOT (about 5C).

CHECK TOT
INCREASE AND SET
SWITCH AS DESIRED

NOTE: If no increase in TOT is observed, operation of the scavenge air system may be
checked by verifying that the flapper door (scavenge air outlet) is open.

:THROTTLE RIGGING CHECK


NOTE: If the flight will involve rolling the twistgrip to the ground idle position while

airborne (Autorotation training, maintenance test flight, etc.) this check must be
performed even thought it may not be the first flight of the day.

N2 102%

RECHECK

Pilot's twistgrip

SNAP TO IDLE

CAUTION

If engine flames out, do not try to recover by opening twistgrip.


Close twistgrip to CUTOFF and monitor TOT.

If engine flames out, refer to the HMI for proper throttle control rigging.

If dual controls are installed, repeat procedure using


copilot's twistgrip.

RECHECK

Twistgrip

FULL OPEN

N2 - 102%

RECHECK

FAA Approved
Revision 4

419

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

45. BEFORE TAKEOFF


F

All caution and warning lights out

RECHECK

Engine oil pressure-90 to 130 psi

RECHECK

Ammeter

CHECK READING

NOTE: Ammeter reading will fluctuate slightly when anticollision lights are on.
F

All cabin doors closed and safelocked

RECHECK

Cabin heat

AS DESIRED

NOTE: Hover performance is reduced with cabin heat ON (Ref. Sections V and VIII).
F

RELEASE AND
SET AS DESIRED

Collective control friction

When removing collective friction, be alert for abnormal collective

WARNING loads that would cause the collective to raise by itself.


F
F

Cyclic response check:


F

With collective pitch full down, gently move cyclic stick


and observe rotor tip for correct movement and track

CHECK

All instruments in the green

CHECK

Position and anti collision lights

AS REQUIRED

SCAV AIR (if installed)

AS DESIRED

NOTE: Air filtration is improved with SCAVAIR on, however, hover performance is
reduced (Ref. Sections V, and VIII.

Pitot Heat (if installed)

AS REQUIRED

Engine ANTI-ICE:

AS REQUIRED

Use engine ANTI-ICE when OAT is below 5C (41F) and visible moisture is
present.

Check for TOT increase when turning anti-ice ON

NOTE: Hover performance is reduced with ANTIICE ON (Ref. Sections V and VIII).
420

FAA Approved
Revision 4

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

46. TAKEOFF
NOTE: For takeoff in noisesensitive areas, refer to paragraph 417 for noise impact
reduction procedures.

Determine that hover area and takeoff path are clear.

Follow normal helicopter takeoff procedure with N2 set at 103 percent.

NOTE: Governed N2 rpm should increase 1/2 to 1 percent on takeoff adjust as


necessary to maintain N2 at 103 percent.

Follow recommended takeoff profile shown in Height Velocity Diagram (Ref.


Section V).
If sudden unusual or excessive vibrations should occur during

WARNING flight, a precautionary landing should be made. No further flights


shall be attempted until the cause of the vibration has been
identified and corrected.

NOTE: Momentary fluctuation in indicated airspeed may occur during acceleration and

climbout. This fluctuation is characterized by a rapid rise in indicated air speed


to approximately 40 knots, followed by a drop back to 30 knots and then normal
increase as determined by the rate of acceleration. Maintain recommended
takeoff profile to minimize fluctuation. Indicated airspeed is unreliable when
climbing at less than 40 knots IAS.

Use Cyclic trim as desired to minimize stick forces.

NOTE: Proper longitudinal trim is established when small fore and aft cyclic movements
require the same force.

FAA Approved
Revision 4

421

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

47. CRUISE
F
F

Cyclic trim: use proper trimming procedures described for climbout.


AS DESIRED

SCAV AIR (if installed)

Above 50 knots and 50-foot altitude above terrain, select N2 between 102
and 103 percent for best comfort level.

Use engine anti-icing when OAT is below 5C (41F) and visible moisture
conditions prevail.

48. LOW SPEED MANEUVERING


F

Maneuvers that exceed thrust capability of the tail rotor should be avoided.

NOTE: Conditions where thrust limits may be approached are: High density altitude,

high gross weight, rapid pedal turns, and placing the helicopter in a down wind
condition. These conditions may exceed the thrust capability of the tail rotor.

Extreme aircraft attitudes and maneuvers at low speeds should be avoided.


Uncoordinated turns/maneuvers may cause fuel starvation with

WARNING less than 35 pounds of fuel on board.

Observe the crosshatched regions of Height Velocity Diagram

WARNING (Ref. Section V). These represent airspeed/altitude combinations

from which a successful autorotation may be difficult to perform.


Operation within the cross hatched area in not prohibited, but
should avoided.

422

FAA Approved
Revision 4

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

49. PRACTICE AUTOROTATION


Perform throttle rigging check prior to attempting practice

WARNING autorotations (paragraph 44). Misrigging of the throttle control


may result in inadvertent flameout during rapid closing of the
twistgrip to the ground idle position.

Uncoordinated turns/maneuvers may cause fuel starvation with


less than 35 LBS of fuel. Do not practice autorotations if the FUEL
LEVEL LOW caution indicator is ON.

CAUTION

Do not perform intentional full touchdown autorotation with blade


tracking reflectors installed on blade tips.

Make practice autorotation landings as follows:


For autorotation descent, the twistgrip should be in the full open or ground
idle position. However, if a practice autorotation landing (minimum engine
power) is desired, rotate the twistgrip to the ground idle position.
Increase collective pitch after establishing autorotation to prevent rotor
overspeed if flight is at high gross weight or high density altitude. To re
duce rate of descent or to extend gliding distance, operate at minimum rotor
rpm. Restore ROTOR RPM (NR) by lowering collective prior to flareout.
If a power recovery is desired, lower collective to fulldown, rotate the
twistgrip to the full openposition, verify that N2 is between 102 and 103
percent and that fullengine power is available prior to increasing collective.
Conduct practice autorotation at 131 knots IAS or below (see VNE placards).
Maintain rotor between 420 and 523 by use of the collective control.

NOTE: Keeping the rotor above 420 RPM will place the engine above the N2 speed
avoid range.

CAUTION

Refer to Section II Power turbine (N2) speed avoid range.

NOTE: Glide distances attained during an actual engine out autorotation may be less

than the glide distances achieved during practice autorotations when operating
at reduced RPM (N2/NR needles joined).
Touchdown in a level attitude.
Avoid use of aft cyclic control or rapid lowering of collective pitch during
initial ground contact or during ground slide.
FAA Approved
Revision 9

423

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

Autorotation RPM:
Normal rotor RPM (collective fully down) is 4855 RPM at 2250 pounds
gross weight at sea level, 60 knots. Rotor speed will decrease approximately
10 RPM for each 100 pound reduction in gross weight and increase approxi
mately 6.5 RPM for each 1000 foot increase in density altitude. For gross
weights greater than 2250 pounds, increase collective control as required to
maintain approximately 485 RPM.

410. DOORS OFF FLIGHT


Doors off flight is permitted in accordance with the restrictions noted in Sec
tion II.
Any object that is not properly secured may exit the aircraft

WARNING during flight.

Items secured with Velcro (i.e., first aid kit, seat cushions) should
not be considered properly secured.
Secure or stow in the baggage compartment all loose equipment.
Secure or remove unoccupied seat cushions.
Use ear protection.

411. LANDING APPROACH


Set N2 at 103 percent.
Set SCAV-AIR (if installed) as desired.

412. RUNNING LANDING


Maximum recommended ground contact speed is 30 knots for smooth hard sur
face.
Avoidrapidloweringof thecollective after ground contact.
Avoid the use of aft cyclic after ground contact.

424

FAA Approved
Revision 4

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

413. ENGINE/AIRCRAFT SHUTDOWN

CAUTION

Care should be taken when rotating the twistgrip to the ground idle
position and from ground idle to the cutoff position if the helicopter
is parked on a icy or slippery surface (helicopter may spin in direction of main rotor blade rotation).

NOTE: Shut down the engine before exiting the helicopter unless safety or operational
considerations dictate otherwise.

PERFORM
DECELERATION
CHECK

Pilot's twistgrip

NOTE: To insure proper engine performance, perform the deceleration check during
shut down after the last flight of the day (see paragraph 415).

Twistgrip to GROUND IDLE detent-hold for 2 minutes

SET

Collective stick

FULL DOWN
FRICTION ON

Cyclic stick (neutral position -approximately


1/3 from full aft)

TRIM TO NEUTRAL
APPLY FRICTION

All unnecessary bleed air and electrical equipment

OFF

Pedals (maintain until rotor has stopped)

CENTERED

Twistgrip from GROUND IDLE to CUTOFF position

SET

NOTE: Immediately after closing twistgrip to the CUTOFF position, a dual tachometer

needle split should occur with NR lagging behind N2. If no needle split occurs,
check overrunning clutch for proper operation per HMI.
To ensure throttle cutoff, hold twistgrip in cutoff position until N1 decelerates to
zero and TOT is stabilized. Check for TOT decrease.

CAUTION

An afterfire (recognized by a rapid increase in TOT) can occur during shutdown if fuel cutoff is not complete. If an afterfire occurs, immediately engage the starter and motor the engine to minimize the
temperature encountered. To extinguish the fire, continue motoring the engine with the twistgrip in the CUTOFF position and pull
out the fuel shutoff valve. Observe TOT limits.
FAA Approved
Revision 4

425

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

NOTE: If thumping or a rapping sound is heard from the drive train during the final

revolution of the main rotor, inspect the tail rotor drive shaft couplings in
accordance with the HMI.

Engine out warning at 55 percent N1

CHECK

Auto reignition light

ON

CAUTION

Do not use collective pitch to slow rotor.

Generator switch

OFF

NAV/COM switches

OFF

All other switches

OFF

Rotorbrake (if installed) - applyat205 rpm or less,


release during last rotor revolution

APPLY

CAUTION

Care should be taken when applying the rotor brake if the helicopter
is parked on slippery or icy surface. The tail rotor has little effect
controlling torque at less than normal operating RPM when the engine is not driving the rotor system. Full control of the helicopter
during these conditions may be limited.
Damage to the rotor blades and strap pack can result from sudden
stopping of rotor.

Rotor brake handle stowed (up)

CHECK

BATTERY/EXTERNAL PWR switch

OFF

Key switch

OFF

426

FAA Approved
Revision 4

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

414. POST FLIGHT


F

Aircraft-investigateanysuspected damage

CHECK

Fuel and oil leaks

CHECK

Engine oil tank for correct oil level

REPLENISH IF LOW

NOTE: Oil level should be checked within 15 minutes after shutdown.


F

COMPLETE

Logbook entries

NOTE: Record total number of Torque Events (TEs). Ref. HMI2, Section 040000.
F

Flight manual and equipment

STOWED

Aircraft tiedowns, covers

SECURED

415. DECELERATION CHECK


F

Generator (GEN) switch

OFF

Pilot's twistgrip

FULL OPEN

Pilot's collective control

FULL DOWN
FRICTION ON

Stabilize N2 at exactly 103 percent (BEEP as required) for


15 seconds

SET

Pilot's twistgrip

SNAP TO IDLE

Begin time check with stop watch. Stop time as N1 passes through 65 per
cent. Observe elapsed time. Minimum allowable lapsed time is 2 seconds.

NOTE: Practice or retakes may be required before proficiency can be obtained in


deceleration timing.

If deceleration time is less than two seconds, make two more checks to con
firm time. If confirmed time is less than the allowable minimum, refer to
the applicable Allison Operation and Maintenance Manual
If engine flames out, do not try to recover by opening twistgrip.
Close twistgrip to the CUTOFF position and monitor TOT.
If engine flames out, refer to the HMI.

CAUTION
F

ON

Generator switch
FAA Approved
Revision 8

427

CSPD1
Normal Procedures

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

416. NORMAL ENGINE RESTART


Do not exceed 150C residual TOT when ignition is attempted.
Reduce TOT by motoring engine with starter. Speeds in excess of 15 percent
N1 may be experienced.

417. NOISE IMPACT REDUCTION PROCEDURES

CAUTION

Safe operation of the helicopter always has the highest priority. Utilize the following procedures only when they will not conflict with
safe helicopter operation.

Certain flight procedures are recommended to minimize noise impact on sur


rounding areas. It is imperative that every pilot subject the public to the least
possible noise while flying the helicopter.
Takeoff:
Takeoff using maximum takeoff power at the speed for best rate of climb
(Ref. Section V).
Proceed away from noise sensitive areas.
If takeoff must be made over noise sensitive area, distance (altitude) is best
form of noise suppression.
Cruise:
Maintain 1000 feet minimum altitude where possible.
Maintain speed of no more than 110 knots over populated areas.
Keep noise sensitive areas to left side of helicopter.
Coordinated turns at around the speed for best rate of climb cause no ap
preciable change in noise.
Sharper turns reduce area exposed to noise.
Approach:
Use steepest glideslope consistent with passenger comfort and safety.
Keep noise sensitive areas to left side of helicopter.

428

FAA Approved
Revision 4

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Performance Data

Section V
Performance Data
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PARAGRAPH
5-1. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-2. Density Altitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 5-1. Density Altitude Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-3. Airspeed Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 5-2. Airspeed Calibration Curve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-4. Speed For Best Rate of Climb . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 5-3. Speed for Best Rate of Climb . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-5. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight - In ground Effect (IGE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 5-4. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight, IGE, 3.5 Foot Skid Clearance,
Standard Landing Gear,
Allison 250-C20B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 5-5. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight, IGE, 3.5 Foot Skid Clearance,
Extended Landing Gear,
Allison 250-C20B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 5-6. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight, IGE, 6 Foot Skid Clearance,
Standard Landing Gear, 2 or 4-Bladed Tail Rotor,
Allison 250-C20B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 5-7. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight, IGE, 3.5 Foot Skid Clearance,
Standard or Extended Landing Gear, 4-Bladed Tail Rotor,
Allison 250-C20B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 5-8. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight, IGE, 3.5 Foot Skid Clearance,
Utility Floats Installed,
Allison 250-C20B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 5-9. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight, IGE, 5 Foot Skid Clearance,
Utility Floats Installed,
Allison 250-C20B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 5-10. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight, IGE, 3.5 Foot Skid Clearance,
Standard Landing Gear,
Allison 250-C20R/2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 5-11. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight, IGE, 3.5 Foot Skid Clearance,
Extended Landing Gear,
Allison 250-C20R/2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PAGE
5-1
5-2
5-3
5-4
5-5
5-6
5-7
5-8

5-9

5-10

5-11

5-12

5-13

5-14

5-15

5-16

FAA Approved
Revision 5

5i

CSPD1
Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

PARAGRAPH
PAGE
Figure 5-12. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight IGE, 6 Foot Skid Clearance,
Standard Landing Gear, 2-Bladed Tail Rotor,
Allison 250-C20R/2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-17
Figure 5-13. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight, IGE, 3.5 Foot Skid Clearance,
Standard or Extended Landing Gear, 4-Bladed Tail Rotor,
Allison 250-C20R/2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-18
Figure 5-14. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight, IGE, 6 FootSkidClearance,
Standard Landing Gear, 4-BladedTailRotor,
Allison 250-C20R/2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-19
5-6. Height Velocity Diagram/Gross Weight Limits For Height Velocity
Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-20
Figure 5-15. Height Velocity Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-21
Figure 5-16. Gross Weight Limits for Height Velocity Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-22
5-7. Power Check - Allison 250-C20B Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-23
Figure 5-17. Power Check Chart-Allison 250-C20B Engine . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-25
5-8. Power Check - Allison 250-C20R/2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-27
Figure 5-18. Power Check Chart-Allison 250-C20R/2 Engine . . . . . . . . . .
5-29

FAA Approved
5ii

Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Performance Data

SECTION V
PERFORMANCE DATA
51. GENERAL
This section contains baseline helicopter performance information as defined
within certain conditions such as airspeed, weight, altitude, temperature, wind
velocity and engine power available. Data is applicable to the basic helicopter
without any optional equipment installed unless otherwise noted.

NOTE: Unless otherwise stated, the performance data put forth in this section applies
to MD 500D (Model 369D) Helicopters equipped with either the Allison
250C20B or 250C20R/2 engines.

Select the appropriate power check, and hover performance charts for type of
engine installed. (See Engine or Airframe Log Book.)
Select the appropriate hover performance charts for type of optional equipment
and engine installed.
Main rotor blade abrasion tape:

NOTE: Helicopters having main rotor blades with 18 inch abrasion strips and

369D21104 abrasion tape installed, refer to Section IX Main Rotor Blade


Abrasion Tape for IGE hover performance.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

51

CSPD1
Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

52. DENSITY ALTITUDE


Description:
The chart allows a quick estimation of the density altitude when pressure
altitude and OAT are known. This chart should be used for determining
density altitude for use with gross weight limits for the HV Diagram and
speed for Best Rate of Climb Chart. This chart can also be used to deter
mine true airspeed.
Use of Chart:
To determine density altitude, the pilot must know pressure altitude and
outside air temperature. Enter bottom of chart with known or estimated
OAT, move up to known pressure altitude line, move to left and note densi
ty altitude.

NOTE: Pressure altitude is found by setting 29.92 (1013 mb) in kolsman window
altimeter error.

To determine true airspeed convert indicated airspeed (IAS) to calibrated


airspeed (CAS) utilizing the Airspeed Calibration Curve (Figure 5-2). Read
value on right of chart opposite known density altitude. Multiply CAS by
this value to determine true airspeed.
Examples:
Wanted
Find density altitude
Known
OAT= -15C
HP= 6,000
Method
Follow -15C line to 6,000 ft pressure altitude line; read density altitude
(3800 ft).
Wanted
Find TAS
Method
Read directly across from density altitude: (3800 ft). Note density factor
of 1.058.
1. Find calibrated airspeed (Ref. Figure 5-2)
2. Find true airspeed
130 KIAS = 130.5 KCAS
130.5 KCAS  1.058 = 138.1; round to 138 knots true airspeed.

52

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

20000
1.36
1.34
18000

1.32
1.30

16000

1.28
1.26

14000

1.24
1.22

DENSITY ALTITUDE - FEET

12000

1.20
1.18

10000

1.16
1.14

8000
1.12
1.10

6000

1.08
4000

1.06
1.04

2000
1.02
0

1.00
0.98

-2000
-40

-30

-40 -30 -20 -10

-20

-10

10

20

30

10
20
TEMPERATURE - C
40 50 60 70
TEMPERATURE - F

30

80

90

40

100 110

50

120

60

130 140
F03020

Figure 51. Density Altitude Chart


FAA Approved
Revision 5

53

CSPD1
Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

53. AIRSPEED CALIBRATION


Description:
The chart shows the difference between indicated and calibrated airspeeds.
Indicated airspeed (IAS) corrected for position and instrument error equals
calibrated airspeed (CAS).
Use of Chart:
To determine calibrated airspeed, the pilot must know the indicated air
speed.
Example
WANTED: Calibrated airspeed
KNOWN: Indicated airspeed = 120 knots
METHOD: Enter the bottom of the chart at the indicated airspeed of 120
knots. Move up to the airspeed calibration line; move left and read 117
knots, calibrated airspeed.
By entering the chart from the opposite direction, calibrated airspeed
may be converted to indicated airspeed.

54

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

180

160

CALIBRATED AIRSPEED KNOTS

140

120

100

80

60

40

20

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

180

INDICATED AIRSPEED KNOTS


F02011

Figure 52. Airspeed Calibration Curve


FAA Approved
Revision 5

55

CSPD1
Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

54. SPEED FOR BEST RATE OF CLIMB


Description:
This chart shows the indicated airspeed to use for the best rate of climb at
any given density altitude.
Use the chart as illustrated by the example below.
Example:
WANTED: Speed for best rate of climb
KNOWN: Density altitude = 5000 feet
METHOD: Enter the left side of chart at the known density altitude of
5000 feet. Move to the right along line and read 62 KIAS as the speed for
best rate of climb.

56

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Performance Data

16000

14000

12000

DENSITY ALTITUDE FEET

10000

8000

6000

4000

2000

0
0

20

40

60

80

100

INDICATED AIRSPEED KNOTS


(CORRECTED FOR INSTRUMENT ERROR)

F03013

Figure 53. Speed for Best Rate of Climb


FAA Approved
Revision 5

57

CSPD1
Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

55. HOVER CEILING VS GROSS WEIGHT IN GROUND EFFECT (IGE)


Description:
The hover ceiling charts show the maximum hover weight capability in
ground effect (IGE) for known conditions of pressure altitude and outside
air temperature (OAT), or alternately, the maximum hover ceiling for a
known gross weight and outside air temperature.
Ensure that the appropriate hover ceiling chart for type of engine

WARNING and optional equipment installed is selected prior to determining


IGE hover performance.

The Hover Ceiling vs Gross Weight charts are based on:


1. Takeoff power at 103 % N2
2. Cabin heat and engine anti-ice OFF
3. Electrical load of 10 amps

NOTE: For aircraft equipped with particle separators, hover performance is reduced

with scavenge air (SCAV AIR) on.


If the helicopter is equipped with a Donaldson particle separator, hover
performance is reduced 60 LB with SCAV AIR on.
If the helicopter is equipped with a APM particle separator, hover performance
is reduced 55 LB with SCAV AIR on.

Use of Chart:
The following example explains the correct use of the chart in Figure 5-4.
To determine the maximum gross weight for hovering at 3.5ft skid height,
the pilot must know the pressure altitude and the outside air temperature.
Example
WANTED: Maximum gross weight for hover at 3.5 feet skid height at
takeoff power.
KNOWN:
PA = 8000 feet; OAT = 25C
METHOD: Select the appropriate chart and enter the chart at 8000 PA.
Move horizontally across to the 25 OAT line. At this point, move direct
ly down to the bottom of the chart and read off the gross weight scale:
2700 pounds.
If mist eliminator is installed, reduce weight capability by 40 LBS.

NOTE: Controllability during downwind hovering, sideward and rearward flight has been
demonstrated to be adequate in winds up to 17 knots.

58

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

THIS CHART BASED ON CABIN HEAT, ENGINE ANTI-ICE OFF, ELECTRICAL LOAD 10 AMPERE, APPLICABLE TO
PARTICLE SEPARATOR (SCAVENGE OFF) OR STANDARD ENGINE AIR INLET
REDUCE WEIGHT:
1. 55LB WITH SCAVENGE AIR ON (APM SEPARATOR)
2 .60LB WITH SCAVENGE AIR ON (DONALDSON SEPARATOR)
3. 40LB WITH MIST ELIMINATOR

INCREASE WEIGHT: 50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON MAIN


ROTOR BLADES ONLY
DECREASE WEIGHT: 50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON TAIL
ROTOR BLADES ONLY

16000

INCREASE (OR DECREASE) WT.


CAPABILITY LBS (ABOVE CRITICAL
ALTITUDE) PER 10 AMP REDUCTION (OR
INCREASE) IN ELECTRICAL LOAD
OATC -5
DWT
1

PRESSURE ALTITUDE - FEET

14000

15
2

35
3

12000
NOT VERIFIED WHEN MAIN ROTOR
BLADES HAVING ABRASION STRIPS
ARE INSTALLED

10000

8000

6000

4000
REDUCE WEIGHT CAPABILITIES lbs AS FOLLOWS:
(APPLICABLE TO ALL TEMPERATURES)
PRESSURE
ALT. FT.
SL TO 4000
8000
12000
16000

2000

CABIN
HEAT
220
152
111
86

ANTIICE
232
157
117
89

BOTH
469
306
227
172

0
2000

2200

2400

2600

2800
3000
GROSS WEIGHT - POUNDS

3200

3400

<<<< ALLISON 250-C20B >>>>

3600

F020121

Figure 54. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight, IGE, 3.5 Foot Skid Clearance,
Standard Landing Gear,
Allison 250C20B
FAA Approved
Revision 5

59

CSPD1
Performance Data

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

THIS CHART BASED ON CABIN HEAT, ENGINE ANTI-ICE OFF, ELECTRICAL LOAD 10 AMPERE, APPLICABLE TO
PARTICLE SEPARATOR (SCAVENGE OFF) OR STANDARD ENGINE AIR INLET
REDUCE WEIGHT:
1. 55LB WITH SCAVENGE AIR ON (APM SEPARATOR)
2 .60LB WITH SCAVENGE AIR ON (DONALDSON SEPARATOR)
3. 40LB WITH MIST ELIMINATOR

INCREASE WEIGHT: 50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON MAIN


ROTOR BLADES ONLY
DECREASE WEIGHT: 50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON TAIL
ROTOR BLADES ONLY

16000
INCREASE
(OR
DECREASE)
WT.
CAPABILITY LBS (ABOVE CRITICAL
ALTITUDE) PER 10 AMP REDUCTION (OR
INCREASE) IN ELECTRICAL LOAD
OATC -5
DWT
1

14000

15
2

35
3

NOT VERIFIED WHEN MAIN ROTOR


BLADES HAVING ABRASION STRIPS
ARE INSTALLED

PRESSURE ALTITUDE - FEET

12000

10000

8000

6000

4000
REDUCE WEIGHT CAPABILITIES lbs AS FOLLOWS:
(APPLICABLE TO ALL TEMPERATURES)

2000

PRESSURE
ALT. FT.
SL TO 4000
8000
12000
16000

CABIN
HEAT
220
152
111
86

ANTIICE
232
157
117
89

BOTH
469
306
227
172

0
2200

2400

2600

2800

3000

3200

3400

3600

GROSS WEIGHT - POUNDS

<<<< ALLISON 250-C20B >>>>


Figure 55. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight, IGE, 3.5 Foot Skid Clearance,
Extended Landing Gear,
Allison 250C20B

510

FAA Approved
Revision 5

F020122

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

THIS CHART BASED ON CABIN HEAT, ENGINE ANTI-ICE OFF, ELECTRICAL LOAD 10 AMPERE, APPLICABLE TO
PARTICLE SEPARATOR (SCAVENGE OFF) OR STANDARD ENGINE AIR INLET
REDUCE WEIGHT:
1. 55LB WITH SCAVENGE AIR ON (APM SEPARATOR)
2 .60LB WITH SCAVENGE AIR ON (DONALDSON SEPARATOR)
3. 40LB WITH MIST ELIMINATOR

16000

INCREASE WEIGHT: 50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON MAIN


ROTOR BLADES ONLY
DECREASE WEIGHT: 50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON TAIL
ROTOR BLADES ONLY
INCREASE (OR DECREASE) WT.
CAPABILITY LBS (ABOVE CRITICAL
ALTITUDE) PER 10 AMP REDUCTION (OR
INCREASE) IN ELECTRICAL LOAD
OATC -5
DWT
1

14000

15
2

35
3

NOT VERIFIED WHEN MAIN ROTOR


BLADES HAVING ABRASION STRIPS
ARE INSTALLED

12000

PRESSURE ALTITUDE - FEET

MAXIMUM INTERNAL
GROSS WEIGHT
GROSS WEIGHTS ABOVE
3000 LB MUST BE EXTERNAL
AND JETTISONABLE

10000

8000

6000

4000
REDUCE WEIGHT CAPABILITIES lbs AS FOLLOWS:
(APPLICABLE TO ALL TEMPERATURES)
PRESSURE
ALT. FT.
SL TO 4000
8000
12000
16000

2000

CABIN
HEAT
220
152
111
86

ANTIICE
232
157
117
89

BOTH
469
306
227
172

0
2000

2200

2400

2600

2800

3000

3200

3400

3600

GROSS WEIGHT - POUNDS


NOTE: FOR EXTENDED LANDING GEAR SKID HEIGHT IS 5 FEET.

F020123

<<<< ALLISON 250-C20B >>>>


Figure 56. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight, IGE, 6 Foot Skid Clearance,
Standard Landing Gear, 2 or 4Bladed Tail Rotor,
Allison 250C20B
FAA Approved
Revision 5

511

CSPD1
Performance Data

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

THIS CHART BASED ON CABIN HEAT, ENGINE ANTI-ICE OFF, ELECTRICAL LOAD 10 AMPERE, APPLICABLE TO
PARTICLE SEPARATOR (SCAVENGE OFF) OR STANDARD ENGINE AIR INLET
REDUCE WEIGHT:
1. 55LB WITH SCAVENGE AIR ON (APM SEPARATOR)
2 .60LB WITH SCAVENGE AIR ON (DONALDSON SEPARATOR)
3. 40LB WITH MIST ELIMINATOR

INCREASE WEIGHT: 50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON MAIN


ROTOR BLADES ONLY
DECREASE WEIGHT: 50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON TAIL
ROTOR BLADES ONLY

16,000

INCREASE (OR DECREASE) WT.


CAPABILITY LBS (ABOVE CRITICAL
ALTITUDE) PER 10 AMP REDUCTION (OR
INCREASE) IN ELECTRICAL LOAD

14,000

OATC -5
DWT
1

35
3

NOT VERIFIED WHEN MAIN ROTOR


BLADES HAVING ABRASION STRIPS
ARE INSTALLED

12,000
PRESSURE ALTITUDE - FEET

15
2

-25 C

10,000

-15 C
-5 C

8000
5 C
15 C

6000
25 C
35 C

4000
REDUCE WEIGHT CAPABILITIES lbs AS FOLLOWS:
(APPLICABLE TO ALL TEMPERATURES)

2000

PRESSURE
ALT. FT.
SL TO 4000
8000
12000
16000

CABIN
HEAT
220
152
111
86

ANTIICE
232
157
117
89

BOTH

45 C

469
306
227
172

0
2200

2400

2600

2800

3000

3200

3400

GROSS WEIGHT-POUNDS

<<<< ALLISON 250-C20B >>>>


Figure 57. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight, IGE, 3.5 Foot Skid Clearance,
Standard or Extended Landing Gear, 4Bladed Tail Rotor,
Allison 250C20B

512

FAA Approved
Revision 5

3600
F020124

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

THIS CHART BASED ON CABIN HEAT, ENGINE ANTI-ICE OFF, ELECTRICAL LOAD 10 AMPERE, APPLICABLE TO
PARTICLE SEPARATOR (SCAVENGE OFF) OR STANDARD ENGINE AIR INLET
REDUCE WEIGHT:
1. 55LB WITH SCAVENGE AIR ON (APM SEPARATOR)
2 .60LB WITH SCAVENGE AIR ON (DONALDSON SEPARATOR)
3. 40LB WITH MIST ELIMINATOR

INCREASE WEIGHT: 50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON MAIN


ROTOR BLADES ONLY
DECREASE WEIGHT: 50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON TAIL
ROTOR BLADES ONLY

16000
INCREASE (OR DECREASE) WT. CAPABILITY LBS
(ABOVE CRITICAL ALTITUDE) PER 10 AMP
REDUCTION (OR INCREASE) IN ELECTRICAL LOAD
OATC
DWT

14000

-5
1

15
2

35
3

PRESSURE ALTITUDE - FEET

12000
MAXIMUM INTERNAL
GROSS WEIGHT
GROSS WEIGHTS ABOVE
3000 LB MUST BE EXTERNAL
AND JETTISONABLE

10000

8000

6000

4000
REDUCE WEIGHT CAPABILITIES lbs AS FOLLOWS:
(APPLICABLE TO ALL TEMPERATURES)
PRESSURE
ALT. FT.
SL TO 4000
8000
12000
16000

2000

CABIN
HEAT
220
152
111
86

ANTIICE
232
157
117
89

BOTH
469
306
227
172

0
2000

2200

2400

2600
2800
3000
GROSS WEIGHT - POUNDS

3200

3400

<<<< ALLISON 250-C20B >>>>

3600
F020125

Figure 58. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight, IGE, 3.5 Foot Skid Clearance,
Utility Floats Installed,
Allison 250C20B
FAA Approved
Revision 5

513

CSPD1
Performance Data

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

THIS CHART BASED ON CABIN HEAT, ENGINE ANTI-ICE OFF, ELECTRICAL LOAD 10 AMPERE, APPLICABLE TO
PARTICLE SEPARATOR (SCAVENGE OFF) OR STANDARD ENGINE AIR INLET
REDUCE WEIGHT:
1. 55LB WITH SCAVENGE AIR ON (APM SEPARATOR)
2 .60LB WITH SCAVENGE AIR ON (DONALDSON SEPARATOR)
3. 40LB WITH MIST ELIMINATOR

INCREASE WEIGHT:

50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON MAIN


ROTOR BLADES ONLY
DECREASE WEIGHT: 50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON TAIL
ROTOR BLADES ONLY

INCREASE (OR DECREASE) WT.


CAPABILITY LBS (ABOVE CRITICAL
ALTITUDE) PER 10 AMP REDUCTION (OR
INCREASE) IN ELECTRICAL LOAD

16000

OATC -5
DWT
1

15
2

35
3

14000

MAXIMUM INTERNAL
GROSS WEIGHT

PRESSURE ALTITUDE - FEET

12000

GROSS WEIGHTS ABOVE 3000


LB MUST BE EXTERNAL AND
JETTISONABLE

10000

8000

6000

4000

REDUCE WEIGHT CAPABILITIES lbs AS FOLLOWS:


(APPLICABLE TO ALL TEMPERATURES)
PRESSURE
ALT. FT.
SL TO 4000
8000
12000
16000

2000

CABIN
HEAT
220
152
111
86

ANTIICE
232
157
117
89

BOTH
469
306
227
172

0
2000

2200

2400

2600
2800
3000
GROSS WEIGHT - POUNDS

3200

3400

<<<< ALLISON 250-C20B >>>>


Figure 59. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight, IGE, 5 Foot Skid Clearance,
Utility Floats Installed,
Allison 250C20B

514

FAA Approved
Revision 5

3600
F020126

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

THIS CHART BASED ON CABIN HEAT, ENGINE ANTI-ICE OFF, ELECTRICAL LOAD 10 AMPERE, APPLICABLE TO
PARTICLE SEPARATOR (SCAVENGE OFF) OR STANDARD ENGINE AIR INLET
REDUCE WEIGHT:
1. 55LB WITH SCAVENGE ON
2. 40LB WITH MIST ELIMINATOR INSTALLED

INCREASE WEIGHT: 50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON MAIN


ROTOR BLADES ONLY
DECREASE WEIGHT: 50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON TAIL
ROTOR BLADES ONLY
INCREASE (OR DECREASE) WT.
CAPABILITY LBS (ABOVE CRITICAL
ALTITUDE) PER 10 AMP REDUCTION
(OR INCREASE) IN ELECTRICAL LOAD

16000

OATC -5
DWT
1

15
2

35
3

NOT VERIFIED WHEN MAIN ROTOR


BLADES HAVING ABRASION STRIPS
ARE INSTALLED

14000

PRESSURE ALTITUDE - FEET

12000

10000

8000

6000

4000
REDUCE WEIGHT CAPABILITIES lbs AS FOLLOWS:
(APPLICABLE TO ALL TEMPERATURES)
PRESSURE
ALT. FT.
SL TO 4000
8000
12000
16000

2000

CABIN
HEAT
289
256
176
129

ANTIICE
396
316
217
157

BOTH
639
557
381
278

0
2200

2400

2600

2800
3000
GROSS WEIGHT - POUNDS

3200

<<<< ALLISON 250-C20R/2 >>>>

3400

3600
F030172

Figure 510. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight, IGE, 3.5 Foot Skid Clearance,
Standard Landing Gear,
Allison 250C20R/2
FAA Approved
Revision 5

515

CSPD1
Performance Data

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

THIS CHART BASED ON CABIN HEAT, ENGINE ANTI-ICE OFF, ELECTRICAL LOAD 10 AMPERE, APPLICABLE TO
PARTICLE SEPARATOR (SCAVENGE OFF) OR STANDARD ENGINE AIR INLET
REDUCE WEIGHT:
INCREASE WEIGHT: 50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON MAIN
ROTOR BLADES ONLY
1. 55LB WITH SCAVENGE ON
DECREASE WEIGHT: 50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON TAIL
2. 40LB WITH MIST ELIMINATOR INSTALLED
ROTOR BLADES ONLY
INCREASE (OR DECREASE) WT. CAPABILITY LBS
(ABOVE CRITICAL ALTITUDE) PER 10 AMP
REDUCTION (OR INCREASE) IN ELECTRICAL LOAD

16000

OATC -5
DWT
1

15
2

35
3

NOT VERIFIED WHEN MAIN ROTOR


BLADES HAVING ABRASION STRIPS
ARE INSTALLED

14000

PRESSURE ALTITUDE - FEET

12000

10000

8000

6000

4000
REDUCE WEIGHT CAPABILITIES lbs AS FOLLOWS:
(APPLICABLE TO ALL TEMPERATURES)
PRESSURE
CABIN
ANTIBOTH
ALT. FT.
HEAT
ICE
SL TO 4000
289
396
639
8000
256
316
557
12000
176
217
381
16000
129
157
278

2000

0
2200

2400

2600

2800

3000

3200

3400

3600

GROSS WEIGHT - POUNDS

<<<< ALLISON 250-C20R/2 >>>>


Figure 511. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight, IGE, 3.5 Foot Skid Clearance,
Extended Landing Gear,
Allison 250C20R/2

516

FAA Approved
Revision 5

F030362

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

THIS CHART BASED ON CABIN HEAT, ENGINE ANTI-ICE OFF, ELECTRICAL LOAD 10 AMPERE, APPLICABLE TO
PARTICLE SEPARATOR (SCAVENGE OFF) OR STANDARD ENGINE AIR INLET
REDUCE WEIGHT:

50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON MAIN


ROTOR BLADES ONLY
DECREASE WEIGHT: 50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON TAIL
ROTOR BLADES ONLY
INCREASE WEIGHT:

1. 55LB WITH SCAVENGE ON


2. 40LB WITH MIST ELIMINATOR INSTALLED
MAXIMUM INTERNAL
GROSS WEIGHT

GROSS WEIGHTS ABOVE


3000 LB MUST BE EXTERNAL
AND JETTISONABLE

16000

INCREASE (OR DECREASE) WT.


CAPABILITY LBS (ABOVE CRITICAL
ALTITUDE) PER 10 AMP REDUCTION (OR
INCREASE) IN ELECTRICAL LOAD
OATC -5
DWT
1

15
2

35
3

NOT VERIFIED WHEN MAIN ROTOR


BLADES HAVING ABRASION STRIPS
ARE INSTALLED

PRESSURE ALTITUDE - FEET

14000

12000

10000

8000

6000

4000

REDUCE WEIGHT CAPABILITIES lbs AS FOLLOWS:


(APPLICABLE TO ALL TEMPERATURES)
PRESSURE
CABIN
ANTIBOTH
ALT. FT.
HEAT
ICE
SL TO 4000
289
396
639
8000
256
316
557
12000
176
217
381
16000
129
157
278

2000

0
2200

2400

2600

2800
3000
3200
GROSS WEIGHT - POUNDS

3400

3600

NOTE: FOR EXTENDED LANDING GEAR SKID HEIGHT IS 5 FEET.

F030372

<<<< ALLISON 250-C20R/2 >>>>


Figure 512. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight IGE, 6 Foot Skid Clearance,
Standard Landing Gear, 2Bladed Tail Rotor,
Allison 250C20R/2
FAA Approved
Revision 5

517

CSPD1
Performance Data

16,000

THIS CHART BASED ON CABIN HEAT, ENGINE ANTIICE OFF, ELECTRICAL LOAD 10 AMPERE, APPLICA
BLE TO PARTICLE SEPARATOR (SCAVENGE OFF) OR STANDARD ENGINE AIR INLET
INCREASE WEIGHT: 50 LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON
MAIN ROTOR BLADES ONLY
REDUCE WEIGHT:
DECREASE WEIGHT: 50 LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON
1) 55 LB WITH SCAVENGE ON
TAIL ROTOR BLADES ONLY
2) 40 LB WITH MIST ELIMINATOR INSTALLED

14,000

INCREASE (OR DECREASE) WT.


CAPABILITY LBS (ABOVE CRITICAL
ALTITUDE) PER 10 AMP REDUCTION (OR
INCREASE) IN ELECTRICAL LOAD

ISA

OATC -5
DWT
1

12,000
PRESSURE ALTITUDE - FEET

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

15
2

35
3

NOT VERIFIED WHEN MAIN ROTOR


BLADES HAVING ABRASION STRIPS
ARE INSTALLED

ISA + 20

OAT C
-25

10,000

-15

8000

-5
5

6000

15
25

4000

2000

0
2200

35
REDUCE WEIGHT CAPABILITIES lbs AS FOLLOWS:
(APPLICABLE TO ALL TEMPERATURES)
PRESSURE
CABIN
ANTIBOTH
ALT. FT.
HEAT
ICE
SL TO 4000
289
396
639
8000
256
316
557
12000
176
217
381
16000
129
157
278

2400

2600

45

2800
3000
GROSS WEIGHT-POUNDS

3200

3400

3600

NOTE: SKID CLEARANCE 4.5-FEET FOR STANDARD LANDING GEAR.

<<<< ALLISON 250-C20R/2 >>>>


Figure 513. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight, IGE, 3.5 Foot Skid Clearance,
Standard or Extended Landing Gear, 4Bladed Tail Rotor,
Allison 250C20R/2

518

FAA Approved
Revision 5

F030412

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

THIS CHART BASED ON CABIN HEAT, ENGINE ANTI-ICE OFF, ELECTRICAL LOAD 10 AMPERE, APPLICABLE TO
PARTICLE SEPARATOR (SCAVENGE OFF) OR STANDARD ENGINE AIR INLET
REDUCE WEIGHT:
INCREASE WEIGHT: 50lb WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON
1. 55lb WITH SCAVENGE ON
MAIN ROTOR BLADES ONLY
2. 40lb WITH MIST ELIMINATOR INSTALLED:
DECREASE WEIGHT: 50lb WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON
TAIL ROTOR BLADES ONLY
MAXIMUM INTERNAL
GROSS WEIGHT

16000

GROSS WEIGHTS ABOVE


3000 LB MUST BE EXTERNAL
AND JETTISONABLE

14000

INCREASE (OR DECREASE) WT.


CAPABILITY LBS (ABOVE CRITICAL
ALTITUDE) PER 10 AMP REDUCTION (OR
INCREASE) IN ELECTRICAL LOAD
OATC -5
DWT
1

PRESSURE ALTITUDE - FEET

12000

15
2

35
3

NOT VERIFIED WHEN MAIN ROTOR


BLADES HAVING ABRASION STRIPS
ARE INSTALLED

10000

8000

6000

4000

2000

REDUCE WEIGHT CAPABILITIES lbs AS FOLLOWS:


(APPLICABLE TO ALL TEMPERATURES)
PRESSURE
CABIN
ANTIBOTH
ALT. FT.
HEAT
ICE
SL TO 4000
289
396
639
8000
256
316
557
12000
176
217
381
16000
129
157
278

0
2200

2400

2600

2800

3000

3200

3400

3600

GROSS WEIGHT - POUNDS


NOTE: FOR EXTENDED LANDING GEAR SKID HEIGHT IS 5 FEET.
F030373

<<<< ALLISON 250-C20R/2 >>>>


Figure 514. Hover Ceiling VS Gross Weight, IGE, 6 Foot Skid Clearance,
Standard Landing Gear, 4Bladed Tail Rotor,
Allison 250C20R/2
FAA Approved
Revision 5

519

CSPD1
Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

56. Height Velocity Diagram/Gross Weight Limits For Height Velocity


Diagram
Description:
Airspeed/altitude combinations to be avoided in the event of an engine fail
ure during takeoff are shown in the Height Velocity diagram (Ref.
Figure 5-15).
Conditions:
The height velocity diagram is based on sea level, standard day conditions,
over a smooth hard surface at 3000 pounds gross weight.
Use of Chart:

CAUTION

Observe the crosshatched regions of the Height Velocity Diagram.


These represent airspeed/altitude combinations from which a
successful autorotation landing would be difficult to perform.
Operation within the crosshatched area is not prohibited, but
should be avoided.

The recommended takeoff profile line shows the airspeed/altitude combina


tions recommended for takeoff.
The unmarked region represents the area in which safe autorotational land
ings may be performed with average pilot skill and reaction time.
Gross Weight Limits for Height Velocity Diagram (Ref. Figure 5-16)
Description
The gross weight limits for this chart show the reduction in gross weight
required as a function of density altitude in order for the Height Velocity
curve to apply.
Use of Chart
Use chart to determine gross weight at which Height Velocity curve will
apply for other density altitudes above sea level.
Example
WANTED: Gross weight for Height Velocity Diagram
KNOWN: Density altitude = 2000 feet
METHOD: Enter left side of chart at 2000 feet density altitude. Move
right to the line; move down and note 2900 pounds gross weight.

520

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

500

400

CSPD1
Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

SMOOTH HARD SURFACE, WIND CALM


AVOID OPERATION IN CROSS HATCHED AREAS

ALTITUDE ABOVE TERRAIN FEET

300

200

RECOMMENDED
TAKEOFF PROFILE

100

20

40

60

80

100

INDICATED AIRSPEED KNOTS

120

140

F030161

Figure 515. Height Velocity Diagram


FAA Approved
Revision 5

521

CSPD1
Performance Data

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

7000

6000

DENSITY ALTITUDE FEET

5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

0
2000

2200

2400

2600

2800

3000

3200

GROSS WEIGHT POUNDS

F030162

Figure 516. Gross Weight Limits for Height Velocity Diagram

522

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Performance Data

57. POWER CHECK ALLISON 250C20B ENGINE


Description:
The Power Check Chart shows the relationship of engine torque, turbine
outlet temperature, and horsepower at various conditions of pressure alti
tude and OAT for an Allison 250-C20B engine producing specification power
as installed in the MD 500D helicopter. The primary purpose of this chart
is its use as an engine performance trending tool to aid in determining
whether the engine is producing specification power, or if engine power de
terioration has occurred.

NOTE: Power check data taken at regular intervals should be plotted to monitor trends
in engine condition. See Allison 250C20 Series operational and Maintenance
Manual for additional information on trend analysis.

The power check chart is based on the following conditions:


103 percent N2 .
Cabin heat and engine anti-ice OFF.
Particle separator SCAV AIR OFF.
10 amperes electrical load.
Engine bleed valve closed.
Use Of Chart:
The primary use of the chart is illustrated by the example below and by
the sample arrows shown on the chart. To determine power check values, it
is necessary to read and record engine TORQUE PRESSURE, TURBINE
OUTLET TEMPERATURE, PRESSURE ALTITUDE, and OAT while the he
licopter is flown in level flight at 103 percent N2.

WARNING

Do not exceed engine/aircraft limits.


Accessories required for safe flight should be operated during each
check.

WARNING

Maintain separation from objects in air or on the ground.


Reset altimeter if required after obtaining pressure altitude.

NOTE: Best power check data is obtained at 87.2 psi torque or 810C TOT, this will
ensure engine operation with bleed valve closed. Allow engine to stabilize at
least one minute at the test power setting before recording data.
FAA Approved
Revision 5

523

CSPD1
Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

Example:
WANTED Check engine performance
DATA OBTAINED DURING FLIGHT:
Torque = 87.2 psig
TOT = 780C
PA = 1000 feet
OAT = 20C
METHOD
1. Enter the bottom right of the chart at 87.2 psig torque. Move up
along the 87.2psig torque line to the 1000 foot pressure altitude curve,
move left to the 20C OAT curve; now move down and read specification
TOT of 790C.
2. Compare the specification TOT of 790C with the TOT observed dur
ing flight (780C for this example). The TOT that wasobserved is lower
than the specification TOT. If the TOT observed had been higher than
the specification TOT read from the chart, some power deterioration will
have occurred and the performance data given in this manual may not
be obtained.
3. When trend check procedures indicate engine power deterioration, re
fer to the Allison Operation and Maintenance Manual for corrective ac
tion.

NOTE: Data obtained during engine engine operation with the bleed valve not fully
closed will result in incorrect comparisons of actual versus specification TOT.

If a mist eliminator is installed, subtract 5C from the TOT read during flight
before comparing it with the specification TOT.
4. Actual engine horsepower may be obtained by entering the bottom of
the chart at the observed engine torque pressure, moving up along the
torque line to the Sea Level Pressure Altitude curve, and then moving
right to read the engine shaft horsepower.

524

FAA Approved
Revision 5

AMBIENT TEMPERATURE

4000 FT

6000 FT

8000 FT

10000 FT

16000 FT

12000 FT

CSPD1
Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

14000 FT

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

2000 FT

PRESSURE ALTITUDE

400

SEA
LEVEL
350

300

250

200

TOT LIMIT 810

(122 F)
50 C

40 C (104 F)

30 C (86 F)

20 C (68 F)

(30 F)
0 C

10 C (50 F)

(14 F)
-10 C

N2 103%, CABIN HEAT & ANTI-ICE OFF


SCAVENGE BLEED-OFF ELECTRICAL
LOAD 10 AMPS

SHAFT HORSEPOWER

TO READ POWER
REFLECT OFF
SEA LEVEL LINE

AREA OF ENGINE
OPERATION WITH
BLEED VALVE OPEN

150

TORQUE LIMIT 87.2 PSI


100

510

550

600

650

700

750

800

20

30

TURBINE OUTLET TEMPERATURE


DEGREES CELSIUS
MODIFIED 250-C20B ENGINE POWER CHECK CHART
WITH BLANKED OUT AREA FOR ENGINE OPERATION WITH BLEED VALVE OPEN

Figure 517. Power Check Chart Allison 250C20B Engine


FAA Approved
Revision 9

525

40

50

60

70

80

MAX 90
TORQUE

TORQUE (PSI)
F030211

CSPD1
Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

This page intentionally left blank!

526

FAA Approved
Revision 9

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Performance Data

58. POWER CHECK ALLISON 250C20R/2


The Power Check Chart shows the relationship of engine torque, turbine outlet
temperature, and horsepower at various conditions of pressure altitude and
OAT for an Allison 250-C20R/2 engine producing specification power as in
stalled in the MD 500D helicopter. The primary purpose of this chart is its use
as an engine performance trending tool to aid in determining whether the en
gine is producing specification power, or if engine power deterioration has oc
curred.

NOTE: Power check data taken at regular intervals should be plotted to monitor trends
in engine condition. See Allison 250C20 Series operational and Maintenance
Manual for additional information on trend analysis.

The C20R/2 Power Check Chart is based on the same conditions as the C20B
Power Check Chart. First, an adjustment to the OAT should be made before
entering the chart (add 2.5C if the data was taken in a hover or 1C if the
data was taken in forward flight). The second change is the addition of ``Accel
eration Bleed Valve Open'' lines to the chart; any reflection of data that falls
below the appropriate dashed altitude reference line should be disregarded as
it may involve a partially open engine accelerating bleed valve.

NOTE: If a mist eliminator is installed, subtract 5C from the TOT read during flight
before comparing it with the specification TOT.
Example 1:
WANTED:

Check engine performance

DATA OBTAINED DURING FLIGHT:


Torque
TOT
PA
OAT

=
=
=
=

87.2 psig
750C
1000 feet
19C

Specification TOT (from chart): 755C


Compare the specification TOT of 755C with the TOT observed during
flight (750C for this example). The TOT that wasobserved is lower than
the specification TOT. If the TOT observed had been higher than the speci
fication TOT read from the chart, some power deterioration will have oc
curred and the performance data given in this manual may not be obtained.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

527

CSPD1
Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

Example 2:
WANTED:

Check engine performance

DATA OBTAINED DURING HOVERING:


Torque = 42.0 psig
TOT = 650C
PA = 8000 feet
OAT = 7.5C

NOTE: Be sure to add 2.5C to the observed OAT before continuing.


Specification TOT (from chart): 645C
Compare the specification TOT of 645C with the TOT observed during
flight (650C for this example). The TOT that was observed is higher than
the specification TOT. However, note that the junction of the 10C curve
with the 645C TOT line lies below the 8000 foot (PA) bleed line (dashed
line). Thus it is an inappropriate region in to which to determine power.
The higher-than-spec TOT is probably due to the accelerating bleed valve
being partially opened rather than the engine having some power deteriora
tion. IF POSSIBLE, START OVER AND CHECK THE ENGINE PER
FORMANCE AT A HIGHER POWER SETTING (ie., powered flight).

528

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

ADD TO AMBIENT TEMPERATURE


2 1/2C (4 1/2F) IN HOVER
1C (2F) IN FORWARD FLIGHT

CABIN HEAT, ANTI-ICE OFF


SCAVENGE BLEED OFF
ELECTRICAL LOAD 10 AMPS

400

TORQUE LIMIT 87.2 PSI

TOT LIMIT 810 C

ACCELERATING BLEED VALVE OPEN


AVOID ENGINE CHECK IN REGION
BELOW APPROPRIATE ALTITUDE LINE

300

TO READ POWER
REFLECT OFF
SEA LEVEL LINE

250

200
500

525

550

575

600

625

650

675

700

725

750

775

800

TURBINE OUTLET TEMPERATURE

30

35

40

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

TORQUE (PSI)

(DEGREES CELSIUS)

F030212

Figure 518. Power Check Chart Allison 250C20R/2 Engine


FAA Approved
Revision 9

25

529

SHAFT HORSEPOWER

350

CSPD1

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

Performance Data

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

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530

FAA Approved
Revision 9

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

S E C T I O N VI
WEIGHT AND BALANCE DATA
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PARAGRAPH

PAGE

6-1. Weight and Balance Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Table 6-1. Center of Gravity Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 6-1. Longitudinal Center of Gravity Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 6-2. Reference Coordinates (Sheet 1 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 6-2. Reference Coordinates (Sheet 2 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 6-3. Station Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-2. Weight and Balance Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-3. Equipment Removal or Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 6-4. Sample Weight and Balance Report (Sheet 1 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 6-4. Sample Weight and Balance Report (Sheet 2 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 6-5. Sample Weight and Balance Record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-4. Weight and Balance Determination - Passenger Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-5. Longitudinal Loading of Cargo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-6. Permissible Lateral Loadings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-7. Lateral Loading of Cargo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 6-6. Fuel Station Diagram (Jet-A at 6.8 Pounds per Gallon)
(Sheet 1 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 6-6. Fuel Station Diagram (Jet-B at 6.5 Pounds per Gallon)
(Sheet 2 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 6-2. Weights and Longitudinal Moments - Pilot, Passenger, Baggage
Table 6-3. Weights and LateralMoments - Pilot, Passenger, Baggage . . . . .
Table 6-4. Weight and Loading for 369H90035-503 Seating and Belts
for Four Installation (High Density Seating) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-8. Internal Loading of Cargo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 6-5. Cargo Weight Versus Loop Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 6-7. Cargo Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6-1
6-1
6-2
6-3
6-4
6-5
6-6
6-6
6-7
6-8
6-9
6-10
6-12
6-14
6-14

Revision 9

6-16
6-17
6-18
6-19
6-20
6-21
6-21
6-22

6i

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Weight and Balance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

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6ii

Revision 9

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

SECTION VI
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
DATA
61. WEIGHT AND BALANCE CHARACTERISTICS
Weight and balance characteristics:
Maximum certified gross weight - 3000 pounds.
Minimum flying weight - 1538 pounds.
Longitudinal Reference Datum100 inches forward of rotor centerline (rotor
hub centerline is located at Station 100).
Cargo Deck Capacity - 1300 pounds (not to exceed 115 pounds per square
foot)
Utility Stowage Compartment Limited to 50 pounds
Center of Gravity Limits:
Lateral ``+'' is right of centerline; lateral ``-'' is left of centerline when look
ing forward.
Table 61. Center of Gravity Limits
Gross Weight

Longitudinal C.G. Limit


(Sta-in.)

Lateral C.G. Limit


(Sta-in.)

(lb)

Forward

Aft*

(+) Right, (-) Left

3000

99.0

103.0

3.0

2500

99.0

104.5

3.0

2000

99.0

106.0

3.0

1538

99.0

107.4

3.0

*NOTE: The aft longitudinal C. G. limit varies linearly from a gross weight of 3000
pounds at Station 103.0 to 1538 pounds at Station 107.4

Revision 5

61

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

3000

2800

2600

GROSS WEIGHT POUNDS

2400

2200

2000

1800

1600
1538
MINIMUM
FLYING WEIGHT

96

97

98

99

100

102

104

106

108
107.4

110

LONGITUDINAL ARM (INCHES)

F03019

Figure 61. Longitudinal Center of Gravity Limits

62

Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

STA
78.5
CG OF COPILOT
PASSENGER

ROTOR C
L
STA
STA
100.0
124.0
CARGO COMPARTMENT

STA
28.0

STA
174.0

+ 13.0

+ 12.2
REFERENCE
DATUM

0.0

12.2

13.0

CG OF PILOT
STA
105.0

STA
73.5

CG OF RIGHT
SIDE FWD
PASSENGER

STA
78.5

TW0 PLACE COCKPIT


LEFT HAND COMMAND

ROTOR C
L
STA
STA
124.0
100.0
CARGO COMPARTMENT

STA
28.0

STA
174.0

+ 18.1

+ 12.2
REFERENCE
DATUM

+2.6
CG OF FWD
PASSENGER
13.0

12.2

CG OF PILOT
STA
71.5

STA
105.0

STA
73.5

STA
78.5

THREE PLACE COCKPIT


WITH SINGLE CONTROLS

ROTOR C
L
STA
STA
100.0
124.0
CARGO COMPARTMENT

CG OF PILOT
STA
28.0

STA
174.0

+ 13.4

+ 12.2
REFERENCE
DATUM

0.0

12.2

13.0

CG OF COPILOT
STA
73.5

STA
105.0

TWO PLACE COCKPIT


RIGHT HAND COMMAND
F030201A

Figure 62. Reference Coordinates (Sheet 1 of 2)

Revision 5

63

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

LATERAL
``+'' CG

REFERENCE
CENTERLINE

FORWARD

STA
100.0
STA
28.0

99.0 107.4
PERMISSIBLE CG LIMITS

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

SLING POINT

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

OIL TANK-RH SIDE

LEVELING PLUMB
STA 92.6
REFERENCE DATUM

FIRE WALL
JIG POINT
AFT JACKING
POINT STA 197.2

STA 174.0
BHD

STA 284.0

ENGINE SECTION
BATTERY

STA
78.5

STA
124.0

FUEL CELL
COMPARTMENT

JIG POINT
FWD JACKING POINT
STA 96.9
BL "25.6
WL 11.98

F030202

Figure 62. Reference Coordinates (Sheet 2 of 2)

64

Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

F02020

Figure 63. Station Diagram

Revision 5

65

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

62. WEIGHT AND BALANCE CRITERIA


Use the delivered weight as recorded in the Weight and Balance Record in
serted in this section to perform all weight and balance computations. Deliv
ered weight includes oil and unusable fuel.

63. EQUIPMENT REMOVAL OR INSTALLATION


Removal or addition of equipment must be entered on the repair and alteration
report form, FAA 337, in accordance with Federal Air Regulations which shall
then become part of the helicopter log book file.
Record the weight and balance effects of these changes in the Weight And Bal
ance Record inserted in this section.
Use the balance and station diagrams as an aid for weight and balance
changes.

66

Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

Figure 64. Sample Weight and Balance Report (Sheet 1 of 2)

Revision 5

67

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

Figure 64. Sample Weight and Balance Report (Sheet 2 of 2)

68

Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

DATE

IN

OUT

ITEM NO.

AIRCRAFT MODEL
369E

ACTUAL BASIC WEIGHTDELIVERY

DESCRIPTION OF ARTICLE OR MODIFICATION

SERIAL NUMBER

WEIGHT

ARM

LONG
IN LB

MOMENT

ADDED (+)

WEIGHT

ARM

LONG
IN LB

MOMENT

WEIGHT

1471.5

OF

109.3

ARM

LONG

160790

IN LB

MOMENT

RUNNING TOTAL
BASIC AIRCRAFT

PAGE 4

Hughes Helicopters, Inc.

REMOVED ()

WEIGHT CHANGE

REGISTRATION NUMBER

CONTINUOUS HISTORY OF CHANGES IN STRUCTURE OR EQUIPMENT AFFECTING WEIGHT AND BALANCE

BASIC WEIGHT AND BALANCE RECORD

MD 500D
(Model 369D)
ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

Revision 5

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

F03022

Figure 65. Sample Weight and Balance Record

69

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

64. WEIGHT AND BALANCE DETERMINATION PASSENGER


CONFIGURATION
To determine that the gross weight and longitudinal center of gravity (fore and
aft) for a given flight are within limits, proceed as follows:
Obtain aircraft delivered weight and moment from the Weight and Balance
Record inserted in this section.
Determine weights and moments of useful load items (Ref. Figure 6-2, and
Table 6-2).
Add above items (see Example I).
Determine corresponding center of gravity for gross weight by dividing total
moment by gross weight. This computation must be done with zero fuel
gross weight and with mission fuel gross weight (see Example I).

NOTE: If loadings are not symmetrical about the aircraft centerline, determine lateral
CGs as described in Paragraphs 6-6 and 6-7.

CAUTION

Weight and balance must be computed for minimum front seat


weight prior to loading any passengers in rear seats with only pilot
in front. Ballast, if required, must be carried.

NOTE: Ballast may be carried in the utility stowage compartment or stowed and secured
by seat belt and shoulder harness in opposite front seat. Ballast may consist of
shot, sandbags, or similar material, adequately contained and secured.

610

Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

EXAMPLE I. Longitudinal CG Calculation Passenger


Items

Weight
(lb)

Delivered Weight

Moment
(in.lb)

1,471

160,790

Pilot

170

12,495

Passenger - Fwd Outboard

170

12,495

Passenger - Fwd Center

170

12,155

Passenger - Aft R/H

170

17,850

Passenger - Aft L/H

170

17,850

Utility Stowage (Station 55)

20

1,100

Baggage (under seat)

40

4,400

2,381

239,135

416

40,694

2,797

279,829

1. Zero Fuel Weight


Add: Fuel
2. Gross Weight
F

Calculation of Longitudinal CG

CG (Zero Fuel Weight):


239,135
Moment at Zero Fuel Weight
=
= 100.4 in.
Zero Fuel Weight
2,381

CG (Gross Weight):
Moment at Gross Weight
Gross Weight

279,829
= 100.0 in.
2,797

NOTE: The CGs fall within the limits specified in paragraph 61.

Revision 5

611

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

65. LONGITUDINAL LOADING OF CARGO


The large aft compartment of the Model 369D provides great flexibility in the
variety of cargo loads it can accommodate.
In general, the placement of cargo CG within 4 inches of the center of the
compartment will ensure that the helicopter will be within the approved CG
limits.
To determine the gross weight and center of gravity for a given flight are with
in limits, proceed as follows.
Establish the weight of the cargo load.
Determine the location of the cargo longitudinal CG by measuring the dis
tance to the cargo from the jacking point located on the side of the fuselage
(station 96.9).
Cargo CG = 96.9 measured distance (inches); ie., + if aft of mark, - if for
ward of mark.
Obtain the cargo moment:
Cargo Moment = Cargo Weight x Cargo CG
Perform weight and balance as previously described for passenger configura
tion.

612

Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

EXAMPLE II. Longitudinal CG Calculation Passenger and Cargo


Weight
(lb)

Items
Delivered Weight

Moment
(in.lb)

1,471

160,790

Pilot

170

12,495

Passenger - Fwd Outboard

170

12,495

Cargo

800

80,800

2,611

265,780

389

38,000

3,000

303,780

1. Zero Fuel Weight


Add:

Fuel

2. Gross Weight
F

Calculation of Longitudinal CG

CG (Zero Fuel Weight):


265,780
Moment at Zero Fuel Weight
=
= 101.8 in.
Zero Fuel Weight
2,611

CG (Gross Weight):
Moment at Gross Weight
Gross Weight

303,780
= 101.9 in.
3,000

NOTE: The CG falls within the limits specified in Table 61.

Revision 5

613

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

66. PERMISSIBLE LATERAL LOADINGS


Safe operation of this helicopter requires that it be flown within established
lateral as well as longitudinal center of gravity limits.
It is therefore imperative that lateral center of gravity control be exercised.
All combinations of internal and external loadings are permissible if gross
weight, longitudinal, and lateral center of gravity considerations permit.
For crew and passenger lateral center of gravity, see Figure 6-2.

67. LATERAL LOADING OF CARGO


To determine if the gross weight and lateral center of gravity for a given flight
are within limits. Proceed as follows:
Find weight of load.
Determine lateral location (station) of load center of gravity.
Measure load distance from aircraft centerline (lateral station zero), right
(+); left (-).
Obtain the lateral load moment as follows:
Lateral moment = weight X lateral station. (See Example III.)

614

Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

EXAMPLE III. Lateral CG Calculation Passenger and Cargo


Weight
(lb)

Items
Delivered Weight

Lateral
Arm (in)

Lateral Moment
(in.lb)

1,471

Pilot (L/H)

170

-13.0

-2,210

Passenger - Fwd (R/H)

170

+18.1

+3,077

Cargo

800

+2.0

+1,600

2,611

+0.9

+2,467

389

3,000

+0.8

+2,467

1. Zero Fuel Weight


Add:

Fuel

2. Gross Weight
F

Calculation of Lateral CG

CG (Zero Fuel Weight):


Moment at Zero Fuel Weight
=
Zero Fuel Weight

+2,467
=
2,611

+0.9 in.

+2,467
=
3,000

+0.8 in.

CG (Gross Weight):
Moment at Gross Weight
Gross Weight

NOTE: The CG falls within the limits specified in Table 61.

Revision 5

615

616

Revision 5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

60

65

2. MAXIMUM USABLE FUEL QUANTITY IS


407.5 POUNDS

1. MAXIMUM FUEL QUANTITY IS 420.5 POUNDS

5. MAXIMUM USABLE FUEL QUANTITY IS


422 POUNDS.
OPTIIONAL SELF SEALING TANKS

4. MAXIMUM FUEL QUANTITY IS 435 POUNDS

3. FUEL CG VARIES WITH QUANTITY

2. TOTAL WEIGHT OF FUEL IS DEPENDENT UPON


THE SPECIFIC GRAVITY AND TEMPERATURE
VARIATION SHOULD BE ANTICIPATED IN
GAUGE READINGS WHEN TANKS ARE FULL.

NOTES:
1. WEIGHTS AND MOMENTS BASED ON JET A FUEL.
(ASTM D1655) AT 6.8 POUNDS PER GALLON

FUEL WT AND CG CURVE USING JET A

LONGITUDINAL C.G. (INCHES)

98.5 99

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

90 90.5 91 91.5 92 92.5 93 93.5 94 94.5 95 95.5 96 96.5 97 97.5 98

FUEL
WEIGHT
POUNDS
460
440
420
400
380
360
340
320
300
280
260
240
220
200
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0

EXAMPLE: Find fuel moment for 340 lb fuel:


1. Enter chart at 340 lb on fuel weight scale. From that point, move to right along the 340 lb line until
reaching the fuel weight CG curve. Now move down to the longitudinal CG scale to find the fuel
station (CG) of approximately 96.80 in.
2. Multiply 96.80 in (station) by 340 lb (fuel weight) to arrive at 32,912 in lb (moment).

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data
MD 500D
(Model 369D)

F030231A

Figure 66. Fuel Station Diagram (JetA at 6.8 Pounds per Gallon) (Sheet 1 of 2)

FUEL QUANTITY (GALLONS)

Revision 5

LONGITUDINAL C.G. (INCHES)

90 90.5 91 91.5 92 92.5 93 93.5 94 94.5 95 95.5 96 96.5 97 97.5 98

2. MAXIMUM USABLE FUEL QUANTITY IS


389.5 POUNDS

1. MAXIMUM FUEL QUANTITY IS 402 POUNDS

5. MAXIMUM USABLE FUEL QUANTITY IS


403.5 POUNDS
OPTIIONAL SELF SEALING TANKS

4. MAXIMUM FUEL QUANTITY IS 416 POUNDS

3. FUEL CG VARIES WITH QUANTITY

2. TOTAL WEIGHT OF FUEL IS DEPENDENT UPON


THE SPECIFIC GRAVITY AND TEMPERATURE
VARIATION SHOULD BE ANTICIPATED IN
GAUGE READINGS WHEN TANKS ARE FULL.

NOTES:
1. WEIGHTS AND MOMENTS BASED ON JET B
(ASTM D1655) AT 6.5 POUNDS PER GALLON

FUEL WT AND CG CURVE USING JET B

98.5 99

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

60

65

FUEL
WEIGHT
POUNDS
460
440
420
400
380
360
340
320
300
280
260
240
220
200
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0

EXAMPLE: Find fuel moment for 340 lb fuel:


1. Enter chart at 340 lb on fuel weight scale. From that point, move to right along the 340 lb line until
reaching the fuel weight CG curve. Now move down to the longitudinal CG scale to find the fuel
station (CG) of approximately 97.10 in.
2. Multiply 97.10in (station) by 340 lb (fuel weight) to arrive at 33,014 inlb (moment)

MD 500D
(Model 369D)
CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

FUEL QUANTITY (GALLONS)

F030232A

Figure 66. Fuel Station Diagram (JetB at 6.5 Pounds per Gallon) (Sheet 2 of 2)

617

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

Table 62. Weights and Longitudinal Moments Pilot, Passenger, Baggage


Pilot and Passenger Weights and Longitudinal Moments
Moment
(in.lb)

Moment
(in.lb)

Moment
(in.lb)

Pilot or Fwd
R/H Passenger
Station 73.5

Center Fwd
Passenger
Station 71.5

Aft Passenger
R/H and L/H
Station 105.0

Passenger
Weight (lb)

120

8,820

8,580

12,600

140

10,290

10,010

14,700

160

11,760

11,440

16,800

170

12,495

12,155

17,850

180

13,230

12,870

18,900

200

14,700

14,300

21,000

220

16,170

15,730

23,100

240

17,640

17,160

25,200

Baggage Weights and Longitudinal Moments


Baggage
Weight
(lb)

Moment
(in.lb)

Moment
(in.lb)

Moment
(in.lb)

Moment
(in.lb)

Utility Stowage
Compartment
Station 52.9

Fwd Bulkhead
Station 87

Under Seat
and Center
Station 110

Behind Seat
Station 120

10

529

870

1,100

1,200

20

1,058

1,740

2,200

2,400

30

1,587

2,610

3,300

3,600

40

2,116

3,480

4,400

4,800

*50

2,645

4,350

5.500

6,000

60

5,220

6,600

7,200

70

6,090

7,700

8,400

80

6,960

8,800

9,600

90

7,830

9,900

10,800

100

8,700

11,000

12,000

*Maximum Capacity

618

Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

Table 63. Weights and Lateral Moments Pilot, Passenger, Baggage


Moment
(in.lb)

Moment
(in.lb)

Moment
(in.lb)

Moment
(in.lb)

Passenger
Weight
(lb)

Pilot L/H and


Passenger
R/H FWD
Station +13.0
(2Place Cockpit)

Passenger
R/H FWD
Station +18.1

(3Place Cockpit)

Passenger
Center Fwd
Station +2.6

(3Place Cockpit)

Aft Passenger
R/H and L/H
Station 12.2

120

1560

+2172

+312

1464

140

1820

+2534

+364

1708

160

2080

+2896

+416

1952

170

2210

+3077

+442

2074

180

2340

+3258

+468

2196

200

2600

+3620

+520

2440

220

2860

+3982

+572

2684

240

3120

+4344

+624

2928

BAGGAGE WEIGHTS AND MOMENTS


Baggage Weight (lb)
Station +12.8

Moment
(in.lb)

10

+128

20

+256

30

+348

40

+512

50

+640

Revision 5

619

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CG OF PASSENGERS
FUEL FILLER
INLET LINE
RH
(+)

+12.0 IN.
+5.2 IN.

FWD C
L
LH
()

KIT WEIGHT = 17.9 LB


KIT CG = 101.4 IN. LONGITUDINAL
1.0 IN. LATERAL

12.0 IN.

STA
78.5

STA
109.2

STA
95.5

STA
124.0

F03024

Aft Compartment Passenger Weights and Longitudinal Moments


(High Density Seating)
Table 64. Weight and Loading for 369H90035503 Seating and Belts
for Four Installation (High Density Seating)

620

Passenger (s)
(lb)

Moment (In. lb),


Fwd position
(Sta 95.5)

Moment (in.-lb),
Aft Position
(Sta 109.2)

150

14,300

16,400

175

16,700

19,100

200

19,100

21,800

225

21,500

24,600

250

23,900

27,300

275

26,300

30,000

300

28,700

32,800

325

31,000

35,500

350

33,400

38,200

375

35,800

41,000

400

38,200

43,700

Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

68. INTERNAL LOADING OF CARGO

The following instructions should be followed when carrying internal cargo.


Rope, cable, or equivalent must have a minimum loop strength of 1,800
pounds.
Restrain the cargo from shifting by using the correct number of restraining
loops in accordance with Table 6-5.
Position restraining loop in accordance with Figure 6-7.
Cargo deck capacity is 1300 pounds (not to exceed 115 pounds per square
foot).
View II shows typical tiedown for 500-pound cargo.
Restraint loops are to be secured as indicated and tied to the cargo to pre
vent slippage of the loops.
Variations of the tiedown are allowable, providing total restraint require
ments are met.
Caution should be exercised to keep the cargo from bearing against the cen
ter slanted portion of the aft bulkhead.
Table 65. Cargo Weight Versus Loop Restraint
Number of Required Restraint Loops
Cargo
(lb)

Forward
Restraint

Aft
Restraint

Vertical/Lateral
Restraint

Up to 100

101 to 300

301 to 400

401 to 600

601 to 800

801 to 1000

1001 to 1100

1101 to 1200

1201 to 1300

*Note the 7th and 8th loops are to use the outboard seat belt attach
fitting (Station 124).

Revision 5

621

CSPD1
Weight and Balance Data

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

VIEW I
LOOP FOR VERTICAL AND
LATERAL RESTRAINT

CARGO FLOOR

VIEW SHOWING LOCATION OF CARGO TIEDOWN POINTS


AND LOOPS - MINIMUM LOOP STRINGTH - 1800 LB

VIEW II

WRAP COONTAINER WITH SIMILAR STRAP SUCH


THAT LOOPS CANNOT SLIP

CARGO FLOOR

VIEW SHOWING 500 LB CARGO RESTRAINED

Figure 67. Cargo Restraint

622

Revision 5

F02023

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Handling Servicing
and Maintenance

S E C T I O N VII
HANDLING, SERVICING
AND MAINTENANCE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PARAGRAPH
7-1. Helicopter Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PAGE
7-1

7-2. Use of External Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7-1

7-3. Hoisting, Jacking, and Lifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Figure 7-1. MD 369D Helicopter - Major Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-4. Ground Handling Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 7-2. Ground Handling Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-5. Moving and Towing Helicopter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7-1
7-2
7-3
7-3
7-4

7-6. Parking and Mooring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Figure 7-3. Parking and Mooring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-7. Servicing - General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 7-1. Servicing Materials (Operating Supplies) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 7-4. Servicing Points (Sheet 1 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 7-4. Servicing Points (Sheet 2 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-8. Fuel System - Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7-5
7-6
7-7
7-7
7-12
7-13
7-14

7-9. Engine Oil System - Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7-15

7-10. MainRotorand Tail Rotor Transmission - Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7-15

7-11. Cleaning General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7-16

7-12. Cleaning Fuselage Interior Trim and Upholstery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7-16

7-13. Cleaning Aircraft Exterior and Rotor Blades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7-17

7-14. Cleaning - Canopy and Door Transparent Plastic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7-17

7-15. Fluid Leak Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7-17

7-16. Preservation and Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7-18

7-17. Flyable Storage - No Time Limit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7-18

7-18. Cockpit Door Removal and Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Figure 7-5. Pilot and Passenger/Cargo Door Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-19. Special Operational Checks and Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Main Rotor Hub Balancing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7-19
7-20
7-21
7-22

Revision 10

7i

CSPD1
Handling Servicing
and Maintenance

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

This page intentionally left blank!

7ii

Revision 9

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Handling, Servicing,
and Maintenance

SECTION VII
HANDLING, SERVICING,
AND MAINTENANCE
71. HELICOPTER COMPONENTS
The major components of the helicopter are shown in Figure 7-1.

72. USE OF EXTERNAL POWER


An external receptacle is located at the right side of the pilot's compartment
seat structure. The right door must be open to use the receptacle. Any source
of external 28-volt, direct-current power with sufficient amperage rating may
be used. Engine starting requirements are approximately 375 amperes, mini
mum.
Before connecting external power, be sure that helicopter main electrical power
selector switch is OFF.
After power is connected to receptacle, power switch must be set to EXT posi
tion to connect external power to helicopter electrical system.

73. HOISTING, JACKING, AND LIFTING

CAUTION

Hoisting, lifting, and jacking of the helicopter shall only be


performed by qualified maintenance personnel with the proper
equipment and tools as specified in the Handbook of Maintenance
Instructions. Failure to follow the specified procedures may result
in damage to aircraft components.

Revision 5

71

CSPD1
Handling, Servicing,
and Maintenance

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

HORIZONTAL STABILIZER

MAIN ROTOR INSTALLATION


VERTICAL STABILIZER
TAIL ROTOR
TRANSMISSION
FLIGHT CONTROLS
INSTALLATION

TAILBOOM
AFT SECTION
INSTALLATION

TAIL ROTOR
ASSEMBLY
ENGINE
INSTALLATION

FORWARD SECTION
INSTALLATION
MAIN TRANSMISSION
AND POWER TRAIN
ENGINE ACCESS
DOORS
CARGO DOOR
PILOT DOOR
ASSEMBLY

LOWER SECTION INSTALLATION

LANDING GEAR

F02-024

Figure 71. MD 369D Helicopter Major Components

72

Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Handling, Servicing,
and Maintenance

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

74. GROUND HANDLING WHEELS


Standard ground handling wheels, available as a special tool for helicopters not
equipped with floats, are used for moving helicopter by hand and for towing
helicopter (Ref. Figure 7-2).
At regular intervals, check that wheel tire pressure is a maximum of 80 to 90
psi.

WARNING:
BE SURE LOCK SNAPS INTO POSITION
SHOWN BEFORE RELEASING JACK HANDLE
LOCK
TOW BAR FITTING

WHEELS LOWERED AND


LOCKED (HELICOPTER
RAISED)

JACK HANDLE
HANDLE LOCK PIN

GROUND HANDLING WHEELS


AND JACK ASSEMBLY

SKID TUBE
(RIGHT SIDE SHOWN)
SKID FITTING
WHEELS RAISED
(HELICOPTER LOWERED)

F02-025

Figure 72. Ground Handling Wheels

Revision 5

73

CSPD1
Handling, Servicing,
and Maintenance

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

75. MOVING AND TOWING HELICOPTER


Manual moving:

CAUTION

Excessive leadlag load applied to the main rotor blades during


ground handling can result in damage to the elastomeric damper
buns and failure of the damper assembly. Operators should use
extra caution to avoid leadlag loads in excess of 35 pounds at
the tip of the main rotor blades.

Ensure all stress panels are installed on helicopter before moving.


Attach ground handling wheels (Ref. Figure 7-2) and hold tail up while low
ering the wheels (raising helicopter).
Manually move helicopter on ground handling wheels by balancing at tail
boom and pushing on rear fuselage portion of air frame.
Towing:
Tow helicopter on ground handling wheels by attaching suitable tow bar to
tow bar fittings. If tow bar is not equipped to keep front ends of skid tubes
from dragging, have an assistant balance helicopter at tailboom.
Ensure all stress panels are installed on helicopter before moving.

CAUTION

74

Except under extreme emergency conditions, do not tow helicopter


at speeds over 5 mph. Do not allow front end of skid tubes to drag
on ground. Avoid sudden stops and starts and short turns which
could cause helicopter to turn over. Allow inside wheel to turn (not
pivot) while helicopter is being turned. Safe minimum turning radius is approximately 20 feet.

Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Handling, Servicing,
and Maintenance

76. PARKING AND MOORING


Parking (Ref. Figure 7-3):

CAUTION

To prevent rotor damage from blade flapping (droop stop pounding) as a result of air turbulence from other aircraft landing, taking
off or taxiing or sudden wind gusts, rotor blades should be secured
whenever helicopter is parked.

Locate helicopter slightly more than blade clearance from nearby objects on
most level ground available.
Apply friction to lock cyclic and collective sticks so that friction control
knobs are positioned as follows: neutral for cyclic stick an full down for col
lective stick.
Secure main rotor blades as follows.
Turn blades until one blade is directly above tailboom (Ref. Figure 7-3).
Install blade socks on all blades.
Secure blade sock tiedown cord for blade located above tailboom to tailboom.
Secure other blade sock tiedown cords to fuselage jack fittings or cabin
steps.

CAUTION

When securing blade sock tiedown cords, take up slack, but do not
apply excessive bending loads on blades.

Mooring (Ref. Figure 7-3):


Whenever severe storm conditions or wind velocities higher than 40 knots
are forecast, helicopter should be hangared or evacuated to safer area.
Park helicopter and remove main rotor blades.
Install pitot tube cover.
Fill fuel tank (if possible).
Apply friction to lock cyclic and collective sticks.
Secure helicopter to ground by attaching restraining lines (cable or rope) be
tween jack fittings and stakes or ground anchors.
Install air inlet fairing cover on air inlet front fairing.
Install engine exhaust cover on exhaust tailpipe.

Revision 5

75

CSPD1
Handling, Servicing,
and Maintenance

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

BLADE SOCK
(5 PLACES)

TIEDOWN TETHER

CABLE OR
MANILA ROPE

MOORING ANCHOR
(4 PLACES)
ENGINE EXHAUST
COVER
ZIPPER

AIR INLET
FAIRING
COVER

PITOT TUBE
COVER
TIE CORD

PITOT TUBE
COVER INSTALLATION

FUEL CELL
ACCESS DOOR
LOCKPIN

LOCKPIN
STOWAGE

JACK FITTING

FUESELAGE
STRUCTURE
JACK FITTING
TO MOORING
ANCHOR

ENGINE AIR INLET


FAIRING COVER
INSTALLATION

TO BLADE
SOCK
JACK FITTING INSTALLATION
(TYPICAL 2 PLACES)

Figure 73. Parking and Mooring.

76

DOOR
ACCESS
LATCH

Revision 5

F02-026

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Handling, Servicing,
and Maintenance

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

77. SERVICING GENERAL


Servicing helicopter includes replenishment of fuel, changing or replenishment
of oil and other such maintenance functions.

NOTE: Check the appropriate RollsRoyce Operation and Maintenance Manual for
complete listing of approved lubricants.

Fuels, oils, other servicing materials and capacities are listed in Table 7-1.
Locations of servicing points are shown in Figure 7-4.
Table 71. Servicing Materials (Operating Supplies)
1. Tail Rotor Transmission - Capacity 0.5 US Pt (0.23 Liter)
Use the materials listed under Item 4 or decal on transmission (Refer to SB369D-209).
2. Main Transmission (369D25100) - Capacity: 12.0 US Pt (5.67 liters)
Use the materials listed under Item 4 or Mobil AGL (See Footnote 4).
3. Main Transmission (369F5100) - Capacity: 14.0 US Pt (6.62 liters).
Use Mobil AGL only (See Footnote 4).
4. Engine - Capacity: 3.0 US Qt. (2.84 liters)
Ambient Temperature

Oil Type

0C (32F) and above

MIL-PRF-23699C or subsequent preferred

0C (32F) to -40C (-40F)

MIL-PRF-23699C or subsequent preferred or


MIL-PRF-7808G or subsequent

-40C (-40F) and below

MIL-PRF-7808G or subsequent only

Specification

Material

Manufacturer

MILPRF7808 (see Footnote 2 and 3)


American PQ Lubricant 6899

American Oil and Supply Co.


238 Wilson Ave.
Newark, NJ 07105

BP Turbo Oil 2389


Exxon Turbo Oil 2389

BP Corporation North America Inc.


1500 Valley Rd
Wayne, NJ 074702040

Brayco 880

Air BP Lubricants
Maple Plaza II 1N
6 Campus Drive
Parsippany, NJ 07054

Mobil Avrex S Turbo 256

ExxonMobil Oil Corp.


Exxon
3225 Gallows Rd.
Fairfax, VA 220370001

Revision 10

77

CSPD1
Handling, Servicing,
and Maintenance

Specification
MILPRF7808 (Cont.)

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

Material

Manufacturer

Mobil RM201A

ExxonMobil Oil Corp.


Exxon
3225 Gallows Rd.
Fairfax, VA 220370001

Mobil RM184A

ExxonMobil Oil Corp.


Exxon
3225 Gallows Rd.
Fairfax, VA 220370001

Stauffer Jet 1

Stauffer Chemical Co.


380 Madison Ave.
New York, NY 10017

AeroShell Turbine Oil 500

Shell Aviation, Ltd


Site Office
London, SE1 7NA, GBR

Royco Turbine Oil 500

Chemtura Corporation
Anderol Division
215 Merry Ln.
East Hannover, NJ 079363900

American PQ Lubricant 6700

American Oil and Supply Co.


238 Wilson Ave.
Newark, NJ 07105

BP Turbo Oil 2380


Exxon Turbo Oil 2380

BP Corporation North America Inc.


1500 Valley Rd
Wayne, NJ 074702040

Caltex RPM Jet Engine Oil 5

Caltex Petroleum Corp


380 Madison Ave.
New York, NY 10017

Castrol 5050

Castrol Industrial North America


Inc.
775 Louis Dr.
Warminster, PA 189742827

Chevron Jet Engine Oil 5

Chevron International Oil Co.


555 Market Street
San Francisco, CA 94105

MILPRF23699 STD

78

Revision 10

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

Specification
MILPRF23699 STD
(Cont)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

Material

CSPD1
Handling, Servicing,
and Maintenance

Manufacturer

Hatcol 3211

Chemtura Corporation
Hatco Division
1020 King Georges Post Rd.
Fords, NJ 088632329

Mobil Jet Oil II

ExxonMobil Oil Corp.


Exxon
3225 Gallows Rd.
Fairfax, VA 220370001

Stauffer Jet II

Stauffer Chemical Co.


380 Madison Ave.
New York, NY 10017

Turbonycoil 600 (TN 600)

SOC NYCO
66, Avenue des Champs Elysees
Paris, 75008, FRA

AeroShell Turbine Oil 560

Shell U.K. Oil Products Ltd.


SSSC Glasgow
Gate 5, Oil Sites Rd.
Ellesmere Port,
Cheshire, CH65 4FS, GBR

Royco Turbine Oil 560

Chemtura Corporation
Anderol Division
215 Merry Ln.
East Hannover, NJ 079363900

BP Turbo Oil 2197

BP Corporation North America Inc.


1500 Valley Rd
Wayne, NJ 074702040

Mobil Jet 254

ExxonMobil Oil Corp.


Exxon
3225 Gallows Rd.
Fairfax, VA 220370001

Mobil Jet 291

ExxonMobil Oil Corp.


Exxon
3225 Gallows Rd.
Fairfax, VA 220370001

MILPRF23699 HTS

Revision 10

79

CSPD1
Handling, Servicing,
and Maintenance

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

Material

Specification

Manufacturer

SAE AS5780 SPC


BP Turbo Oil 2380
Exxon Turbo Oil 2380

BP Corporation North America Inc.


1500 Valley Rd
Wayne, NJ 074702040

Mobil Jet Oil II

ExxonMobil Oil Corp.


Exxon
3225 Gallows Rd.
Fairfax, VA 220370001

BP Turbo Oil 2197

BP Corporation North America Inc.


1500 Valley Rd
Wayne, NJ 074702040

Mobil Jet 254

ExxonMobil Oil Corp.


Exxon
3225 Gallows Rd.
Fairfax, VA 220370001

SAE AS5780 HPC

5. Fuel Cells - Standard Nonself-sealing, Capacity: 64.0 US Gal (242 liters), 416 pounds
Optional Self-sealing, Capacity: 62.0 US Gal (234 liters), 402 pounds.
Refer to Rolls-Royce 250 Series Operations Manual for complete fuel speci
fications.
MIL-DTL-5624 JP-4

MIL-DTL-5624 JP-5

ASTM D 1655 Jet A

ASTM D 1655 Jet A-1


Peoples Republic of China
RP-3.

ASTM D 1655 Jet B


ASTM D 6615 Jet B

JP-1 conforming to ASTM D


1655, Jet A or Jet A-1

Arctic Diesel Fuel DF-A


(W-F-800B) conforming to
ASTM D 1655, Jet A or Jet
A-1

Diesel No. 1 conforming to MIL-DTL-83133, grade JP-8


ASTM D 1655, Jet A or Jet
A-1

CAUTION: At 4.4C (40F) and below, fuel must contain anti icing additive that meets
MIL-I-27686 requirements. For blending information and authorized fuels,
refer to the appropriate Rolls-Royce Operation and Maintenance Manual.
6. Overrunning Clutch (369A5350) - Capacity: 1.64 US Oz (45cc) Use the materials listed
under item 4 but not Mobil AGL (See Footnote 4).
7. Overrunning Clutch (369F5450) - Capacity: 3.64 US Oz. Use Mobil AGL
(See Footnote 4).

710

Revision 10

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Handling, Servicing,
and Maintenance

8. One-Way Lock - Capacity: 0.67 US Oz (20cc)


MIL-PRF-5606
Brayco Micronic 756 and 756PH

Specialty Products Division


1001 West 31st Street
Downers Grove
Illinois 60515

Aero Shell Fluid 41

Shell Oil Co.

Royco 756

Anderol Inc

Mobil Aero HF

ExxonMobil Lubricants

Invarol FJ 13

ESSO Saf
2, rue des Martinets
92569 Rueil-Malmaison
Cedex, France

Brayco Micronic 783

Castrol Industrial North America


Inc.

Royco 783

Anderol Inc.

Hydraunycoil FH-6

NYCO, S.A.

MIL-PRF-6083

9. Battery (NiCad) - Capacity: As required


MS36300

Distilled Water

Any acceptable source

Footnotes:
(1)

Oils approved for use in main transmission and tail rotor transmission are synthetic
lubrication oils that have a certified Ryder Gear Value in excess of 2500 pounds per
inch.

(2)

Not a preferred lubricant for transmissions. Use MIL-PRF-7808 lubricating oil in


transmission only when other oils are not available.

(3)

For Model 250 Series engine oil change requirements and restrictions on mixing of oils,
refer to the Rolls-Royce Operation and Maintenance Manual.
DO NOT use Mobil AGL oil in 250 Series engines.

(4)

Do not use MobilSHC626lubricationoil designatedas


NOTFORAVIATIONUSE"onthelabel. Refer to SB369D-209.

WARNING: Only discretionary mixing of oils within an oil series is permitted without a time
penalty. Use of mixed oils from different series in an engine is limited to five hours
total running time during one overhaul period. Adequate maintenance records
must be maintained to ensure that the five hour limit is not exceeded. Failure to
comply with oil mixing restrictions can result in engine failure.

Revision 10

711

CSPD1
Handling, Servicing,
and Maintenance

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

OIL FILTER BYPASS INDICATOR


(369F5100 M/R TRANSMISSION ONLY)

TRANSMISSION OIL LEVEL SIGHT GAUGE

MAIN TRANSMISSION
FILLER

MAIN TRANSMISSION
DRAIN VALVES

BATTERY

LIQUID LEVEL
SIGHT GAGE
ONE-WAY LOCK
RESERVOIR

OVERBOARD OIL
DRAIN LINE
ENGINE ACCESSORY
GEARBOX DRAIN

EXTERNAL POWER
RECEPTCLE

BREATHER FILLER

ENGNE OIL
TANK FILLER
FUEL CELL
DRAIN VALVE
GROUND
RECEPTACLE

FUEL SYSTEM
FILLER

LIQUID LEVEL
SIGHT GAGE

TAIL ROTOR
TRANSMISSION DRAIN

F02-027-1

Figure 74. Servicing Points (Sheet 1 of 2)

712

Revision 10

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ENGINE WASH
FITTING

CSPD1
Handling, Servicing,
and Maintenance

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

ENGINE OIL
TANK DRAIN
MAIN TRANSMISSION
OIL COOLER DRAIN

ENGINE OIL
COOLER DRAIN

SCAVENGE OIL FILTER

STATION 137.50 BULKHEAD

OIL FILTER BYPASS INDICATOR

250-C20/R2 SP ENGINE

BYPASS INDICATOR

ENGINE FUEL FILTER


F02-027-2

Figure 74. Servicing Points (Sheet 2 of 2)

Revision 10

713

CSPD1
Handling, Servicing,
and Maintenance

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

78. FUEL SYSTEM SERVICING


Refueling vehicle should be parked a minimum of 20 feet from helicopter dur
ing fueling operation.
Before starting fueling operation, always ground fueling nozzle or fuel truck to
GROUND HERE receptacle (Ref. Figure 7-4) or to another bare metal location.
Comply with the following precautions when servicing the fuel system.
Turn off electrical switches and disconnect any external power from

WARNING helicopter. Electrically ground helicopter prior to refueling or


defueling. Static discharge spark in presence of fuel vapors can
cause fire or an explosion.

Cold weather fuels:


Grade JP-4 (MIL-T-5624), grade JP-5, and grade JP-8 (MIL-DTL-83133,
(or later) type fuels contain anti-ice additive which conforms to
MIL-I-27686 (or later). These fuels do not require additional anti-ice addi
tive.
Cold weather fuel mixtures
To assure consistent starts at temperatures at or below 4C (40F), a
mixture of AVGAS and jet fuels (other than JP-4 or Jet B) may be used.
The alternate avgas-jet fuel mixture is not recommended for warm
weather operation.
Refer to Rolls-Royce Operation and Maintenance Manual for additional
cold weather fuel mix and blending instructions.
Filling:
The fuel system has two fuel cells that are interconnected for simultaneous
flow and venting.
Refuel the helicopter with the proper fuel as soon after landing as possible
to prevent moisture condensation.
Keep fuel nozzle free of all foreign matter.
Fuel tank servicing is through the cell filler neck on the right side of the
fuselage. The right side fuel cell contains the gravity filler port and cap.
Check filler cap for security after refueling.

714

Revision 10

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Handling, Servicing,
and Maintenance

Fuel draining:
Fuel draining should be accomplished with helicopter as level as possible.
The fuel system may be defueled in two ways: One is to defuel through the
filler port, using a pump. The other method is to open the drain valve on
fuselage underside.
The fuel cell drain valve is spring-loaded closed and is opened by depress
ing an internal plunger.
After defueling, be sure to check drain valve for leakage.

79. ENGINE OIL SYSTEM SERVICING


The engine oil tank filler is on the right side of the helicopter (Ref.
Figure 7-4). A liquid level sight gauge for checking oil level in tank is visible
through a transparent window near the filler.

NOTE: Oil level should be checked within 15 minutes after shutdown.


Replenish with correct oil until oil level is FULL on sight gauge.

CAUTION

DO NOT use Mobil SHC 626 oil in the engine oil system.

Make certain that oil tank filler cap is secured after servicing.

710. MAIN ROTOR AND TAIL ROTOR TRANSMISSION SERVICING


Main rotor transmission:
Check transmission oil level at liquid level sight gauge (Ref. Figure 7-4)

NOTE: Indicated oil level may be incorrect if aircraft is not level or has been ground
handled in a taillow attitude since last flight.

Replenish with correct oil until oil level is at the dashed lines above the
ADD mark on sight gauge.

CAUTION

Mixing of oils within an oil series, not in the same group, is not recommended. If oils of different groups are mixed, flush and reservice gearbox. Mixing of oils from different series is prohibited.

NOTE: If oil was drained from transmission cooler, ground run helicopter for 15 minutes
after replenishing with oil and recheck oil level at sight gauge. Replenish oil as
necessary. This purges air from the oil cooling system and ensures that entire
oil cooling system is full.

Fill main transmission by lifting breather-filler cap and inserting funnel


into opening. Check that spring-loaded cap closes when funnel is removed.

Revision 10

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MD 500D
(Model 369D)

Tail rotor transmission:


A liquid level sight gauge for checking oil level is located on the rear of the
transmission housing.
Check oil level by viewing sight gauge.
Servicing of the tail rotor transmission should be performed by maintenance
personnel.

711. CLEANING GENERAL


General cleaning of oil and dirt deposits from the helicopter by using dry
cleaning solvent, standard commercial grade kerosene or a solution of deter
gent soap and water.
Exceptions that must be observed are specified in the following cleaning para
graphs.

CAUTION

Some commercial cleaning agents, such as readily available


household cleaners, contain chemicals that can cause corrosive
action and/or leave residue that can result in corrosion. Examples
of cleaning agents that are not to be used are Fantastic and 409
type cleaners, or locally made strong soap cleaners.

712. CLEANING FUSELAGE INTERIOR TRIM AND UPHOLSTERY


Clean dirt or dust accumulations from floors and other metal surfaces with
vacuum cleaner or small hand brush.
Sponge soiled upholstery and trim panels with a mild soap and luke-warm wa
ter solution. Avoid complete soaking of upholstery and trim panels. Wipe solu
tion residue from upholstery with soft cloth dampened with clean water.
Remove imbedded grease or dirt from upholstery and carpeting by sponging or
wiping with an upholstery cleaning solvent recommended for the applicable
fabric (nylon, vinyl, leather, etc).

NOTE: If necessary, seat upholstery may be thoroughly dry-cleaned with solvent. When
complete dry cleaning is performed, upholstery must be reflameproofed to
comply with Federal Aviation Regulation Part 27.

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CSPD1
Handling, Servicing,
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713. CLEANING AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR AND ROTOR BLADES


CAUTION

Use care to prevent scratching of aluminium skin when cleaning


main rotor blades. Never use volatile solvents or abrasive materials.
Never apply bending loads to blades or blade tabs during cleaning.

Wash helicopter exterior, including fiberglass and composite components and


rotor blades, when necessary, using a solution of clean water and mild soap.

NOTE: Avoid directing soapy or clean water concentrations toward engine air intake
area and instrument static ports.

Clean surface stained with fuel or oil by wiping with soft cloth dampened by
solvent, followed by washing with clean water and mild soap.
Rinse washed areas with water and dry with soft cloth.

714. CLEANING CANOPY AND DOOR TRANSPARENT PLASTIC


Clean outside surfaces of plastic by rinsing with clean water and rubbing light
ly with palm of hand.
Use mild soap and water solution or aircraft type plastic cleaner to remove oil
spots and similar residue.

CAUTION

Never attempt to dry plastic panels with cloth. To do so causes


any abrasive particles lying on plastic to scratch or dull surface.
Wiping with dry cloth also builds up an electrostatic charge that
attracts dust particles from air.

After dirt is removed from surface of plastic, rinse with clean water and let air
dry or dry with soft, damp chamois.
Clean inside surfaces of plastic panels by using aircraft type plastic cleaner
and tissue quality paper towels.

715. FLUID LEAK ANALYSIS


Main or tail rotor transmission oil leak:
Oil leakage, seepage or capillary wetting at oil seals or assembly joint lines
of main or tail rotor transmission are permissible if leakage rate does not
exceed 2cc per hour (one drop per minute).
An acceptable alternate rate of leakage from either transmission is if oil
loss is not more than from full to the add mark on sight gauge within 25
flight hours.

Revision 10

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MD 500D
(Model 369D)

NOTE: n transmission input gear oil seals with less that 2 hours of operation, some

seepage or wetting of adjacent surfaces is normal until seal is wetted and


wornin (seated). If seepage continues at rate of one drop per minute or less,
seal may be continued in service. Check transmission oil level and observe
seepage rate after every 2 hours of operation. Shorter inspection periods may
be required if seal leakage appears to be increasing.

Engine oil leaks:


Refer to engine operating and maintenance manual for definition of permis
sible engine oil leakage.
Landing gear damper hydraulic fluid leaks:
Hydraulic fluid leakage from any landing gear dampers is not permissible.
If leakage is present, damper assembly should be overhauled as required
and a serviceable unit installed. If leaking landing damper is not replaced
when leakage is noticed, continuation of damper in service can cause inter
nal damage that might not otherwise occur.

NOTE: It is normal for a thin hydraulic oil film to remain on damper piston as a result of

wiping contact with piston seal. Newly installed dampers may also have slight
oil seepage from oil trapped in end cap threads during damper assembly. Neither
of these should be considered damper leakage or cause from damper
replacement.

716. PRESERVATION AND STORAGE


A helicopter placed in storage or nonoperative status must have adequate in
spection, maintenance and preservation to avoid unnecessary deterioration of
airframe and components or equipment.
Extent of preventive maintenance that is to be performed on the helicopter for
storage up to 45 days, storage up to 6 months, and indefinite storage is cov
ered in the HMI.

717. FLYABLE STORAGE NO TIME LIMIT


Inspection before storage:
Perform Daily Preflight Check (Ref. Section IV).
Ensure that fuel cells are full (topped off), and that oil in engine oil tank
and main and aft transmissions is at FULL level.
Storage:
To maintain a flyable storage condition, ground runup must be performed at
least once every 5 days.
Perform daily preflight check.

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CSPD1
Handling, Servicing,
and Maintenance

tart engine (Ref. Section IV). After idle stabilizes, accelerate engine to
103 percent N2. Operate until oil temperature shows an increase and
ammeter reads zero.
Shut down engine (Ref. Section IV).
Replenish fuel as necessary.
Open movable air vents in each cargo door; positioning air vent openings
downward.
Install covers and equipment used to park and moor helicopter.
Install static ground.
Before next flight:
Remove covers and equipment used to park and moor helicopter.
Perform daily preflight check (Ref. Section IV).

718. COCKPIT DOOR REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION


Door removal:
Open door.
Remove interior cover plates (pilot's side - remove fire extinguisher).
Pull lower hinge pin up to remove.
While holding door, rotate upper hinge pin until hinge pin tab clears the
slot and pull down on pin to remove.
Remove door.
Stow hinge pins and cover plates.
Door installation:
Place door hinges into door frame and hold open.
While holding door open, push in and rotate upper hinge pin until hinge
pin tab enters and fully seats in the slot.
Install lower hinge pin.
Install interior cover plates.
Install fire extinguisher (pilot's side).

Revision 10

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MD 500D
(Model 369D)

DOOR FRAME

PILOT'S DOOR

PASSENGER/CARGO COMPARTMENT DOOR


(LH SHOWN, RH SIMILAR)

FUSELAGE
STRUCTURE

TAB

HINGE PIN

DOOR HINGE

DOOR
STRUCTURE

Figure 75. Pilot and Passenger/Cargo Door Removal

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CSPD1
Handling, Servicing,
and Maintenance

719. SPECIAL OPERATIONAL CHECKS AND PROCEDURES


The following checks are typically utilized as part of a post maintenance run up
associated with scheduled inspections, troubleshooting or maintenance on specific
aircraft systems. Refer to the Handbook of Maintenance Instruction (HMI-2) for
the recommended use and frequency of the following checks.
Cleaning engine compressor:
Refer to Figure 7-4 for water wash provision location (if installed).
Engine compressor cleaning should be performed by qualified personnel in
accordance with the RollsRoyce Engine Operation and Maintenance Manual.
The following information is provided for pilots assisting qualified personnel
in the cleaning process.
The starter-generator can be used to motor the Rolls-Royce 250 Series
engine for compressor cleaning cycle.
Input voltage should be 24 vdc, but it is permissible to use 12 vdc.
To prevent starter-generator damage, duty cycle (cranking) time limits
that must not be exceeded are:
24 vdc External
Auxiliary Power

24 vdc Helicopter
Battery Power

25 Seconds ON

30 Seconds ON

30 Seconds OFF

2 Minutes OFF

25 Seconds ON

30 Seconds ON

30 Seconds OFF

2 Minutes OFF

25 Seconds ON

30 Seconds ON

30 Minutes OFF

30 Minutes OFF

12 vdc External Auxiliary Power


2 Minutes ON
30 Minutes OFF
2 Minutes ON

NOTE: Current required by startergenerator to maintain 10 percent N1 rpm should be


approximately 150 amperes with 12 vdc input.

Revision 10

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ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

Procedures:
F

Ensure engine anti-ice, cabin heat, and scav air (if installed) are off prior
to engine wash or rinse.

Water injection will be started three seconds prior to starter engagement.

Motor the engine with the twistgrip in CUTOFF.

Release starter switch as necessary to maintain between 5% and 10% N1


speed during the wash/rinse.

Water injection will continue during coast down until N1 stops.

Allow engine to drain through the outer combustion case drain valve.

Within 15 minutes of the water rinse, operate the engine at idle for five
minutes and actuate anti-ice, cabin heat, and scav-air (if installed) sys
tems for one minute to purge and evaporate all residual water .

MAIN ROTOR HUB BALANCING


NOTE: Refer to HMI2, Section 181000. This procedure shall be performed by

qualified maintenance personnel only. Hub balancing is performed at 103% N2


with the main rotor blades removed.
F

Follow the normal Pre-start and Engine Start procedures in Section IV


except:
Before starting, place governor increase/decrease switch at minim
um beep by pressing and holding switch down for several seconds.

CAUTION

After completing start, turn generator on and increase twistgrip to flight


idle: do not delay.
Observe N2 speed avoid range limits during this procedure and
exercise caution when increasing twistgrip to flight idle position to
avoid N2 overshoots.
Using the governor increase/decrease switch, carefully increase N2 speed
to 103%.
After balance data is recorded:

From 103% N2, shutdown engine.

NOTE: Shut down from 103% N2. Do not observe two minute cooldown at ground idle.

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CSPD1
Additional Operations
and Performance Data

S E C T I O N VIII
ADDITIONAL OPERATIONS
AND PERFORMANCE DATA
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PARAGRAPH
8-1. Hover Ceiling - Out of Ground Effect (OGE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 8-1. Hover Ceiling Versus Gross Weight, Out of Ground Effect,
Takeoff Power, Two or Four Bladed Tail Rotor,
Allison 250-C20B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 8-2. Hover Ceiling Versus Gross Weight, Out of Ground Effect,
Takeoff Power, Two or Four Bladed Tail Rotor
Allison 250-C20R/2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 8-3. Hover Ceiling Versus Gross Weight, Out of Ground Effect,
Utility Floats Installed, Takeoff Power,
Allison 250-C20B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Revision 9

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8-2

8-3

8-4

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CSPD1
Additional Operations
and Performance Data

SECTION VIII
ADDITIONAL OPERATIONS AND
PERFORMANCE DATA
81. HOVER CEILING OUT OF GROUND EFFECT (OGE)

CAUTION

Select the appropriate hover performance chart for the engine


(Allison 250C20B or 250C20R/2) and/or optional equipment
installed.

Description:
The hover ceiling chart shows the maximum hover weight capability, out of
ground effect (OGE), at take off power for known conditions of pressure alti
tude and outside air temperature, or alternately, the maximum hover ceiling
for a known gross weight and outside air temperature.
The hover ceiling vs gross weight charts are based on:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Takeoff power at 103% N2


Cabin heat and engine anti-ice OFF
Electrical load of 10 amps
Wind less than 3 knots

Use of chart:
To determine OGE hover performance, refer to Section V, Hover Ceiling
(IGE), ``Use of chart''.

NOTE: Aircraft with 4bladed tail rotors:

Pilots should be aware that the IGE directional controllability tests have
demonstrated that the twobladed tail rotor has more margin than the
fourbladed tail rotor. OGE directional controllability in winds greater than 3
knots has not been determined for either tail rotor configuration.

Revision 5

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ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

THIS CHART BASED ON CABIN HEAT, ENGINE ANTI-ICE OFF, ELECTRICAL LOAD 10 AMPERE, APPLICABLE TO
PARTICLE SEPARATOR (SCAVENGE OFF) OR STANDARD ENGINE AIR INLET
REDUCE WEIGHT:
1. 55LB WITH SCAVENGE AIR ON (APM SEPARATOR)
2 .60LB WITH SCAVENGE AIR ON (DONALDSON SEPARATOR)
3. 40LB WITH MIST ELIMINATOR

INCREASE WEIGHT:

50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON MAIN


ROTOR BLADES ONLY

DECREASE WEIGHT:

50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON TAIL


ROTOR BLADES ONLY
INCREASE
(OR
DECREASE)
WT.
CAPABILITY LBS (ABOVE CRITICAL
ALTITUDE) PER 10 AMP REDUCTION (OR
INCREASE) IN ELECTRICAL LOAD

16000
NOT VERIFIED WHEN MAIN ROTOR
BLADES HAVING ABRASION STRIPS
ARE INSTALLED

14000

OATC -5
DWT
1

15
2

35
3

MAXIMUM INTERNAL
GROSS WEIGHT

PRESSURE ALTITUDE - FEET

12000
GROSS WEIGHTS ABOVE
3000 LB MUST BE EXTERNAL
AND JETTISONABLE

10000

8000

6000

4000
REDUCE WEIGHT CAPABILITIES lbs AS FOLLOWS:
(APPLICABLE TO ALL TEMPERATURES)
PRESSURE
ALT. FT.
SL TO 4000
8000
12000
16000

2000

0
2000

2200

CABIN
HEAT
220
152
111
86

ANTIICE
232
157
117
89

2400

BOTH
469
306
227
172

2600

2800
3000
GROSS WEIGHT - POUNDS

3200

3400

<<<< ALLISON 250-C20B >>>>


Figure 81. Hover Ceiling Versus Gross Weight, Out of Ground Effect,
Takeoff Power, Two or Four Bladed Tail Rotor,
Allison 250C20B

82

Revision 5

3600
F02013

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

18000

CSPD1
Additional Operations
and Performance Data

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

THIS CHART BASED ON WINDS LESS THAN 3 KNOTS, CABIN HEAT, ENGINE ANTI-ICE OFF, ELECTRICAL LOAD 10
AMPERE, APPLICABLE TO PARTICLE SEPARATOR (SCAVENGE OFF) OR STANDARD ENGINE AIR INLET
REDUCE WEIGHT:
INCREASE WEIGHT:
50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON MAIN
ROTOR BLADES ONLY
1. 55LB WITH SCAVENGE ON
DECREASE WEIGHT:
50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON TAIL
2. 40LB WITH MIST ELIMINATOR INSTALLED
ROTOR BLADES ONLY
NOT VERIFIED WHEN
MAIN ROTOR BLADES
HAVING ABRASION STRIPS
ARE INSTALLED

INCREASE (OR DECREASE) WT.


CAPABILITY LBS (ABOVE CRITICAL
ALTITUDE) PER 10 AMP REDUCTION (OR
IJNCREASE) IN ELECTRICAL LOAD

25

16000

15

OATC -5
DWT
1

15
2

35
3

5
5

14000

MAXIMUM INTERNAL
GROSS WEIGHT

PRESSURE ALTITUDE FEET

15

GROSS WEIGHTS ABOVE


3000 LB MUST BE EXTERNAL
AND JETTISONABLE

25

12000
35
10000
45

8000

6000

4000
REDUCE WEIGHT CAPABILITIES lbs AS FOLLOWS:
(APPLICABLE TO ALL TEMPERATURES)

2000

PRESSURE
ALT. FT.
SL TO 4000
8000
12000
16000

CABIN
HEAT
289
256
176
129

ANTIICE
396
316
217
157

BOTH
639
557
381
278

0
2000

2200

2400

2600

2800

3000

3200

3400

3600

GROSS WEIGHT POUNDS

<<<< ALLISON 250-C20R/2 >>>>

F030442

Figure 82. Hover Ceiling Versus Gross Weight, Out of Ground Effect,
Takeoff Power, Two or Four Bladed Tail Rotor
Allison 250C20R/2

Revision 5

83

CSPD1
Additional Operations
and Performance Data

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

THIS CHART BASED ON CABIN HEAT, ENGINE ANTI-ICE OFF, ELECTRICAL LOAD 10 AMPERE, APPLICABLE TO
PARTICLE SEPARATOR (SCAVENGE OFF) OR STANDARD ENGINE AIR INLET
REDUCE WEIGHT:
1. 55LB WITH SCAVENGE AIR ON (APM SEPARATOR)
2 .60LB WITH SCAVENGE AIR ON (DONALDSON SEPARATOR)
3. 40LB WITH MIST ELIMINATOR

INCREASE WEIGHT:

50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON MAIN


ROTOR BLADES ONLY
DECREASE WEIGHT: 50LB WITH ABRASION STRIPS ON TAIL
ROTOR BLADES ONLY

HOVER OGE BASED ON HUGHES TAHOE TEST


ADJUSTED TO BE CONSISTENT WITH IGE HOVER

INCREASE (OR DECREASE) WT.


CAPABILITY LBS (ABOVE CRITICAL
ALTITUDE) PER 10 AMP REDUCTION (OR
INCREASE) IN ELECTRICAL LOAD

16000

OATC -5
DWT
1

15
2

35
3

14000
MAXIMUM INTERNAL
GROSS WEIGHT
GROSS WEIGHTS ABOVE
3000 LB MUST BE EXTERNAL
AND JETTISONABLE

PRESSURE ALTITUDE - FEET

12000

10000

8000

6000

4000
REDUCE WEIGHT CAPABILITIES lbs AS FOLLOWS:
(APPLICABLE TO ALL TEMPERATURES)

2000

PRESSURE
ALT. FT.

CABIN
HEAT

ANTIICE

BOTH

SL TO 4000
8000
12000
16000

220
152
111
86

232
157
117
89

469
306
227
172

0
2000

2200

2400

2600

2800

3000

3200

3400

3600

GROSS WEIGHT - POUNDS

<<<< ALLISON 250-C20B >>>>


Figure 83. Hover Ceiling Versus Gross Weight, Out of Ground Effect,
Utility Floats Installed, Takeoff Power,
Allison 250C20B

84

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CSPD1
Optional Equipment

S E C T I O N IX
OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PARAGRAPH
9-1. General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-2. Listing - Optional Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 9-1. Optional Equipment - Model 369D Helicopter
(250-C20B or C20R/2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 9-2. Optional Equipment - Model 369D Helicopter (250-C20B) . . . . .

PAGE
9-1
9-1

9-3. Optional Equipment Performance Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


9-4. Compatibility - Combined Optional Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 9-3. Optional Equipment Compatibility - Model 369D Helicopter . . .

9-2
9-3
9-3

9-5. Operating Instructions: Cargo Hook Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Figure 9-1. VNE Placards - C20B or C20R/2 Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-2. Cargo Hook Release - Electrical and Mechanical . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-3. Cargo Hook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-6. Operating Instructions: Anti-Ice Airframe Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-4. Anti-Ice Airframe Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-5. Anti-Ice Fuel Filter Switch and Indicator Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-7. Operating Instructions: Four-Bladed Tail Rotor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 9-4. Center of Gravity Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-6. Longitudinal Center of Gravity Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-7. Lateral Center of Gravity Limits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-8. Operating Instructions - Emergency Floats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-8. VNE Placards - Allison 250-C20B (Sheet 1 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-8. VNE Placards - Allison 250-C20B (Sheet 2 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-9. VNE Placards - Allison 250-C20R/2 (Sheet 1 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-9. VNE Placards - Allison 250-C20R/2 (Sheet 2 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-10. Float Pressure Gauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-9. Operating Instructions - Engine Air Inlet Diverter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-11. VNE Placards (Sheet 1 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-11. VNE Placards (Sheet 2 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

9-5
9-7
9-8
9-10
9-13
9-15
9-16
9-17
9-21
9-22
9-23
9-25
9-28
9-29
9-30
9-31
9-34
9-37
9-38
9-39

FAA Approved
Revision 8

9-2
9-2

9i

CSPD1
Optional Equipment

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

PARAGRAPH
9-10. Operating Instructions - Utility Floats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-12. VNE Placards (Sheet 1 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-12. VNE Placards (Sheet 2 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-13. Height-Velocity Diagram - Utility Floats Installed . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-14. Airspeed Calibration Curve - Utility Floats Installed . . . . . . . .
9-11. Operatinig Instructions: 369H9001 Litter Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-15. VNE Placard - Bubble Window Glass Installed . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-16. Speed For Best Rate of Climb . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-12. Operating Instructions: Hoist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-17. Airspeed Calibration Curve with Hoist Kit Installed . . . . . . . . .
Table 9-5. Center of Gravity - Variable Load Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 9-6. Weights/Centers of Gravity - Hoist Installations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 9-7. Permissible Right Hand Hoist Loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 9-8. Permissible Left Hand Hoist Loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PAGE
9-41
9-44
9-45
9-48
9-49
9-51
9-52
9-54
9-57
9-61
9-62
9-63
9-64
9-65

9-13. Operating Instructions: 369D290170 Litter Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Figure 9-18. VNE Placard - Bubbles Extended (Sheet 1 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-18. VNE Placard - Bubbles Extended (Sheet 2 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-19. VNE Placards - Bubbles Retracted (Sheet 1 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-19. VNE Placards - Bubbles Retracted (Sheet 2 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-20. Litters in Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-21. Litters Secured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-22. Stowage Bags and Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-23. Litter Kit Components Stowed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-24. Litter Kit Component Installed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-25. Bubble Door Latch Decal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-26. Speed For Best Rate of Climb . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-14. Main Rotor Blade Abrasion Tape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-27. Hover Performance, IGE 3.5-Foot Skid Height,
Extended Landing Gear, Takeoff Power, 103 Percent N2 . . . . .
Figure 9-28. Hover Performance, IGE, 3.5-Foot Skid Height,
Standard Landing Gear, Takeoff Power, 103 Percent N2 . . . . . .
9-15. Operating Instructions: Automatic Reignition (Early) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 9-29. Auto Reignition Switch Panel Locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

9-67
9-70
9-71
9-71
9-72
9-74
9-75
9-76
9-77
9-78
9-79
9-81
9-83

9ii

FAA Approved
Revision 8

9-84
9-85
9-87
9-88

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment

SECTION IX
OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT
91. GENERAL INFORMATION
This section provides general supplemental information on optional equipment
for the MD 500D Helicopter. The information includes a listing of usable op
tional equipment and compatibility of combined equipment on the helicopter.
Supplemental data is prepared and included in this section whenever the in
stallation of that equipment affects the FAA Approval Data for Limitations
(Section II), Emergency and Malfunction Procedures (Section III), Normal Pro
cedures (Section IV), and Performance Data (Section V).
The Flight Manual Supplemental Data is to be used in conjunction with the
basic Flight Manual data and takes precedence over that data when the equip
ment is installed.

CAUTION

Be sure to include a review of the appropriate flight manual


supplemental data for type of optional equipment installed
(including STC items) as a regular part of preflight planning.

92. LISTING OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT


Table 9-1 lists MDHI optional equipment items available that require addition
al operating instructions. This table does not include non-MDHI STC items
that may be FAA approved for use. Other optional equipment items may be
found in the HMI. These kits are approved and usable on the 369D Helicopter
Equipped with either the Allison 250-C20B or C20R/2 engines.
Table 9-2 lists optional equipment kits and flight manual supplements ap
proved and usable on the 369D Helicopter equipped with the allison 250-C20B
engine only. This table does not include non-MDHI STC items that may be
FAA approved for use.

SPECIAL NOTE:
Items in the table marked with an asterisk (*) are optional equipment items that
have had their supplemental data incorporated into the main body of the flight
manual and are identified by the statement, ``If installed''.
FAA Approved
Revision 5

91

CSPD1
Optional Equipment

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

Table 91. Optional Equipment Model 369D Helicopter (250C20B or C20R/2)


Publication
No.

Equipment

*Pitot heat
CSP-D-1
*Extended landing gear
CSP-D-1
*Rotor brake
CSP-D-1
*Engine air particle separator filter - APM filter
CSP-D-1
Cargo hook
CSP-D-1 Section IX
Emergency floats - with squib valves
CSP-D-1 Section IX
Four-bladed T/R
CSP-D-1 Section IX
*Indicates data incorporated into the flight manual (Sections I thru VII where appropriate).
NOTE: See Table 9-2 for Optional Equipment Supplements certified for model 369D helicopters
equipped with Allison Model 250-C20B engines only.
Table 92. Optional Equipment Model 369D Helicopter (250C20B)
Publication
No.

Equipment
*Engine air particle separator filter - Donaldson filter

CSP-D-1

Litter kit

CSP-D-1 Section IX

Emergency floats - with solenoid valves

CSP-D-1 Section IX

Hoist

CSP-D-1 Section IX

Anti-ice airframe fuel filter

CSP-D-1 Section IX

Utility floats

CSP-D-1 Section IX

Litter kit

CSP-D-1 Section IX

M/R blade abrasion tape kit

CSP-D-1 Section IX

Engine air inlet diverter

CSP-D-1 Section IX

*Indicates data incorporated into the flight manual (Sections I thru VII where appropriate).

93. OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT PERFORMANCE DATA

SPECIAL NOTE:
Optional equipment that affect hover performance require addition
al hover performance charts. Optional Equipment IGE hover perfor
mance charts are located in Section V and Optional Equipment OGE
hover performance charts are located in Section VIII.
IGE hover perfromance charts for helicopters having main rotor
blade abrasion tape are found in paragraph 9-14.

92

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Optional Equipment

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

94. COMPATIBILITY COMBINED OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT


Table 93. Optional Equipment Compatibility Model 369D Helicopter
Compatibility: Blank=Yes; X=No: (x)=Installable/Not usable
Optional
Equipment

Part Number
(369H/369D)

A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

F.

G.

H.

(1)
(2)

A.

Emergency Floats

369D290121-501,
-505, -507, -515,
-517, -519

B.

Litter Kit

369H90011

(x)
(6)

C.

Extended Landing
Gear Kit

369D290007-BSC
, -501, -503,
-505, -507, -509,
-511

D.

Engine Air
Particle Separator

369H90148-503,
-505

E.

Hoist Kit
(3) (4)

369H90070-513,
-521, -522

F.

Cargo Hook

369H90072-501,
-507

(1)
(2)

G.

Utility Floats
(5)

369D290086-BSC
, -501

H.

Four-Bladed Tail
Rotor

369D292500

I.

Anti-Ice Fuel
Filter

369H90022-BSC

J.

Litter Kit

369D290170

K.

Main Rotor
Abrasion Tape

369D21104

L.

Engine Air
Particle Separator
Filter

369H90148-507,
-509

M.

Engine Air Inlet


Diverter

369D292044
369D292045

N.

Allison
250-C20R/2
Engine

369D298000

I.

J.

K.

L.

(8)

X
(x)
(6)

(1)
(7)

N.

(x)

(1)
(7)
X

X
X

X
X

(x)

X
X

X
(8)

NOTES:
(1) Cyclic stick grip kit 369H90129-505 must be installed.
(2) For functional use of cargo hook, emergency floats must be in stowed configuration for either standard or extended landing gear.
(3) Not compatible with 369H90045, *(wheels, pneumatic), Military 369D only.
(4) Not compatible with 369H90126, *(wheels, compact), Military 369D only.
(5) Not compatible with 369D90045, *(wheels, pneumatic), or with standard landing gear.
(6) Hoist useable only after kit supplied basic shape door window glass installed.
(7) External loads may not be carried on the Hoist AND the Cargo Hook simultaneously.
(8) NOT approved for emergency float kits with solenoid valves installed.
*Remove before flight.

FAA Approved
Revision 9

93

CSPD1
Optional Equipment

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

This page intentionally left blank!

94

FAA Approved
Revision 9

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Cargo Hook Kit

95. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS: CARGO HOOK KIT


PART I
GENERAL
The MDHI 369H90072-501 and -507 Cargo Hook Kit consists of a cargo hook
which attaches to the fuselage keel beam, electrical connections to provide the
pilot with cargo release or jettison capability using a switch on the cyclic stick,
and a manual backup release mechanism. The cargo hook kit is designed to
carry hook loads up to 2000 pounds.
When the kit is installed, an owner or operator holding a valid Rotorcraft Ex
ternal Load Operator Certificate may utilize the helicopter for transportation of
external cargo when operated by a qualified pilot. OPERATIONS WITH CAR
GO ON THE HOOK SHALL BE CONDUCTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH AP
PLICABLE PORTIONS OF FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS PART 133.
Information provided in these operating instructions is presented with the in
tent of furnishing important data that can be used in the Rotorcraft Load
Combination Flight Manual. The Combination Flight Manual, which is re
quired by FAR Part 133, will be prepared by the applicant to obtain the rotor
craft External Load Operator Certificate.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

95

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Cargo Hook Kit

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

PART II
LIMITATIONS
Weight Limitations:

CAUTION

Maximum takeoff and landing gross weight 3000 pounds. Weight


in excess of 3000 pounds must be external and jettisonable.

Maximum Rotorcraft - Load Combinations operating gross weight 3550


pounds (FAR 133).
Center of Gravity Limitations:
Center of gravity not to exceed the limits certificated for the basic helicop
ter.
For gross weights greater than 3000 pounds, center of gravity limits for
3000 pounds apply.
Cargo Hook Limitations:
Cargo hook structural load limit is 2000 pounds.
Airspeed Limitations:
With no load on hook, airspeed limits are unchanged.
With load on hook, airspeed limits are presented on the exterior load VNE
placards. The airspeed presented on these placards apply to either C20B or
C20R/2 engine installations.

NOTE: Use caution as size and shape of load, and load attaching cable size and length

may affect flight characteristics. Satisfactory flight characteristics have been


demonstrated with a compact 2000 pound load suspended on a 3/8inch cable
5 feet long.

Altitude Limitations:
Maximum operating altitude is 14,000 feet density altitude.

96

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Cargo Hook Kit

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

Placards:
Make placards stating approved load class(es) and occupancy limitations.
Display placards in a conspicuous location in cockpit.
Placard stating, ``External Load Limit 2000 Pounds'' installed on or next to
cargo hook.
EXTERIOR LOAD
VNE IAS (KNOTS)
OAT
C

PRESS ALT X 1000


0

GROSS WT = 3200 LB OR LESS


8

10

12

14

30

75

20

65

10

75

66

10

80

16

18

77

20

68

30

79

NO FLIGHT

40
45

EXTERIOR LOAD
VNE IAS (KNOTS)
OAT
C

PRESS ALT X 1000


0

GROSS WT = 3201 TO 3550 LB


8

30

10

12

72

59

20

79

65

10

72

59

0
10

80

20

66

73

59

16

18

66

30

74

40

68

45

79

14

78

61

NO FLIGHT

65

Figure 91. VNE Placards C20B or C20R/2 Engine


FAA Approved
Revision 5

97

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Cargo Hook Kit

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

PART III
EMERGENCY AND
MALFUNCTION PROCEDURES
ENGINE FAILURE:
The presence of an external load may further complicate a failed engine
condition. Release of loads attached through the cargo hook should be ac
complished as soon as practical; consistent with other safety of flight factors
(rotor RPM, altitude, airspeed, ground personnel safety, etc).

EMERGENCY RELEASE:
Actuate mechanical release handle to release cargo in the event of an elec
trical failure. Operate handle quickly and deliberately (Ref. Figure 9-2).

NOTE: Ground support personnel should manually assure positive reset of the cargo
hook after use of mechanical release, prior to further cargo pickups.

Static electricity discharge:


Instruct ground crew to insure that the helicopter has been electrically
grounded prior to attaching cargo to drain charges of static electricity that
may build up in flight.

CARGO HOOK MECHANICAL RELEASE

CARGO HOOK
ELECTRICAL RELEASE

CYCLIC-MOUNTED ELECTRICAL HOOK RELEASE

CARGO HOOK
RELEASE CABLE

MECHANICAL HOOK RELEASE


F02028

Figure 92. Cargo Hook Release Electrical and Mechanical

98

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Cargo Hook Kit

PART IV
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Normal Operation:
Preflight
Place battery switch in BAT position and check that HOOK circuit
breaker is in.
Push cargo load ring into hook throat. Cargo hook keeper should permit
easy entrance into throat. Leave ring in hook for remainder of operation
al checks (Ref. Figure 9-3).
Pull aft and downward on load ring; hook must remain in locked posi
tion.
Operational Checks
Check electrical and emergency operation of cargo hook release (Ref.
Figure 9-3).
Check operation of external release knob (located on left side of cargo
hook body).
Hookshouldreturntotheclosedpositionafterabove checks.
Move pilot's cyclic to all extreme positions. Cargo hook must remain
locked and external release knob must not rotate.
With load ring in cargo hook, swing hook to the limits of trav
elinalldirections. Hookmustremainintheclosed position.
Inflight
Check cargo HOOK circuit breaker IN.

CAUTION

Use care to avoid passing load attaching cables over landing gear
skid tube when attaching load to hook with helicopter on the
ground.
Apply collective smoothly when lifting cargo.
Activate cargo release switch on cyclic stick to release cargo.

FAA Approved
Revision 9

99

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Cargo Hook Kit

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

EXTERNAL RELEASE
(TURN CLOCKWISE)

ELECTRICAL WIRE HARNESS


KEEPER

MANUAL RELEASE CABLE


HOOK (LOAD BEAM)

KEEPER
KEEPER

CORRECT RIGGING
LOAD ARM
PRIMARY CIRCULAR RING
ENGAGING LOAD ARM

LOAD
ARM
CIRCULAR
PRIMARY
LOAD RING

INSIDE
DIAMETER
PRIMARY
LOAD RING

SECONDARY LOAD MEMBER


SECONDARY MEMBER
(RING OR SHACKLE)

VIEW LOOKING
FORWARD
TO LOAD

TO LOAD
TO LOAD

F60-052-3

Figure 93. Cargo Hook

910

FAA Approved
Revision 9

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Cargo Hook Kit

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

PART V
PERFORMANCE DATA
Refer to Section V for IGE hover performance or Section VIII for OGE hover
performance to assist in planning operations with the cargo hook.

PART VI
WEIGHT AND BALANCE DATA
The following table of Cargo Hook Loading Data should be used by the opera
tor to assist in evaluating the helicopter center of gravity for various hook load
weights.
Cargo Hook Loading Data:
Cargo Longitudinal CG = 99.3
Cargo Weight
(lb)

Moment/100
(in.-lb)

100

99

200

199

300

298

400

397

500

497

600

596

700

695

800

794

900

894

1000

993

1100

1092

1200

1191

1300

1291

1400

1390

1500

1490

1600

1589

1700

1688

1800

1787

1900

1887

2000

1986
FAA Approved
Revision 9

911

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Cargo Hook Kit

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

This page intentionally left blank!

912

FAA Approved
Revision 9

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
AntiIce Airframe Fuel FIlter

96. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS: ANTIICE AIRFRAME FUEL FILTER

PART I
GENERAL
The MDHI Anti-Ice Airframe Fuel Filter is designed to strip the fuel of ice
particles prior to entering the engine fuel system. Installation of the filter
will delete the requirement for use of fuel containing anti-ice additives.
The anti-ice airframe fuel filter incorporates a filter unit mounted in series
between the aircraft fuel system and the engine fuel system. Electrical and
mechanical equipment sense the build-up of ice in the filter unit and will
automatically illuminate a cockpit caution on the annunciator panel and
turn on the start pump. When the filter becomes fully clogged, a by-pass
valve contained in the filter unit opens and the fuel by-passes the filter ele
ment.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

913

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
AntiIce Airframe Fuel FIlter

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

PART II
LIMITATIONS
Altitude limitations:
If ground temperature prior to flight is 5C or less, flight operations are
limited to 12,000 feet pressure altitude maximum.
If ground temperature prior to flight is above 5C, flight operations are lim
ited to 14,000 feet pressure altitude maximum, but not to exceed limitations
of Section II.
Anti-Ice fuel additives:
Installation of the Anti-Ice Airframe Fuel Filter eliminates the need for
anti-ice fuel additives in the fuel (i.e., Prist).
Placards:
Anti-Ice Airframe Fuel Filter Installation
For ground temp of 5C or less max ALT 12,000 HP.
For ground temp greater than 5C max ALT 14,000 HP.

PART III
EMERGENCY AND
MALFUNCTION PROCEDURES
ANTI-ICE AIRFRAME FUEL FILTER
Indications: Yellow

FUEL
FILTER

caution indicator ON.

PRESS TO
RESET

NOTE: Once system is activated, the caution light will remain ON until reset by pressing
the FUEL FILTER caution light.

Icing may be verified by momentarily depressing the fuel filter caution light. If the
caution light does not come back on in approximately 3 seconds, pull and reset
the FUEL ANTIICE circuit breaker to verify that icing conditions do not exist
(Ref. Figure 95).
Conditions: Anti-ice airframe fuel filter becoming clogged with ice or other solid
contaminants.
Procedures:
F

914

Land as soon as practical.


FAA Approved
Revision 5

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
AntiIce Airframe Fuel FIlter

PART IV
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Preflight checks:
Battery switch - BATTERY or EXT PWR
Start Pump - ON
Do not open drain valve unless start pump is ON. An unexpected

WARNING flameout or power loss may occur if air is allowed to enter the fuel
system.

Drain any residual water in the filter unit through the drain valve on the
bottom of the filter unit (Ref. Figure 9-4).

NOTE: If aircraft has been exposed to freezing temperatures, failure to drain may be due
to ice formation in the filter element.
Start Pump - OFF

TEST
BUTTON

FIREWALL

FILTER
BOWL

ANTI-ICE DRAIN
VALVE

F02017

Figure 94. AntiIce Airframe Fuel Filter


FAA Approved
Revision 5

915

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
AntiIce Airframe Fuel FIlter

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

System operation check:


With BATTTERY or EXT PWR on, verify that FUEL ANTI-ICE circuit
breaker is IN and the dimming switch is in the BRT position (Ref.
Figure 9-5).
If FUEL FILTER light is illuminated, depress to ensure that system is re
set.
Depress red press-to-test button located on the top of the filter unit; hold
for 5 seconds; FUEL FILTER and start pump lights should come on.
Release press-to-test button; FUEL FILTER and start pump lights should
remain on.
Depress FUEL FILTER caution light on panel; FUEL FILTER and start
pump lights should go out. Caution system is reset.
Post flight filter cleaning:
When ambient temperature is expected to go below freezing, any water in
the filter unit should be drained following completion of the flight.
Following any actuation of FUEL FILTER light, fuel filter should be serv
iced (Ref. HMI-2).

DIMMING
SWITCH

F02016

FUEL ANTI-ICE
CIRCUIT BREAKER

Figure 95. AntiIce Fuel Filter Switch and Indicator Panel

916

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
FourBladed Tail Rotor

97. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS: FOURBLADED TAIL ROTOR

PART I
GENERAL
The MDHI Four-Bladed Tail Rotor Kit has been developed to reduce the exter
nal noise signature of the helicopter. It consists of two principal assemblies, a
four bladed tail rotor, and gearbox. The pedal bungee has been changed to
compensate for tail rotor produced loads.
There is a weight increase of 9.4 pounds which will cause an aft C.G. shift of
0.6 to 0.9 inch depending on gross weight. The exact shift must be determined
by individual helicopter weight and balance.
The four-bladed tail rotor turns at reduced RPM thus substantially reducing
the external noise signature which is a function of rotor tip speed.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

917

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
FourBladed Tail Rotor

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

PART II
LIMITATIONS
Flight restrictions:

NOTE: MD 500D (Model 369D) helicopters equipped with the Allison 250C20R/2
engine and the fourbladed tail rotor kit are approved in combination only with
the optional equipment depicted in Section IX, Table 91.

Rotor speed limits:


Minimum RPM: Power Off 415 NR (lower red bar on rotor tachometer).
Center of gravity envelope:
The forward CG limit is 99.0 inches; the aft CG varies linearly from 103.0
inches at 3000 pounds gross weight, to 106.0 at 2000 pounds, then linearly
to 108.1 at minimum flying weight of 1592 pounds (Ref. Table 9-4).
The lateral CG limits are 3.0 inches at gross weights from 3000 to 2000
pounds, then vary linearly to 1.7 inches at 1592 (Ref. Table 9-4).

918

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
FourBladed Tail Rotor

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

PART III
EMERGENCY AND
MALFUNCTION PROCEDURES
ENGINE FAILURE
Conditions: In flight.
Procedures:
F

Allow the speed to reduce to 131 knots IAS or lower (see VNE placard).
Maintain rotor speed between 415 and 523 RPM by use of collective con
trol.

Maximum gliding distance is obtained at 80 knots and 415NR.

Minimum rate of descent is obtained at 60 knots and 415NR.

PART IV
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Preflight check:
F

Output shaft dust cover, retaining nut,


tang washer, and rubber bumper

CHECK

NOTE: Deformation of the teetering stop support portion of the retaining nut may indicate
that excessive T/R flapping has occurred and should be inspected in accordance
with the HMI prior to flight.

Engine start:
F

NEUTRAL

Pedals

CAUTION

Excessive tail rotor flapping will result if pedals are not in neutral position.

NOTE: The pedal bungee is an overcenter type. Consequently, if not restrained, the

pedals will snap from one side to the other when moving through its load center
position.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

919

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
FourBladed Tail Rotor

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

Low speed maneuvering:

CAUTION

Certain maneuvers may cause extreme T/R flapping and pounding


of the T/R teetering stop support portion of the retaining nut (felt
and heard by the pilot as a momentary medium frequency vibration).
These maneuvers usually involve rapid yaw rates that allow the
T/R to pass through the relative wind line. Maneuvers such as
simulating a T/R failure in a hover, rapid pedal turns at speeds
above translational lift, and uncoordinated agricultural type turns
may fall into this category and should be avoided.
Repeated pounding of the stop support may lead to the shearing
of the inner key on the tang washer and subsequent loosening
of the retaining nut.

Practice autorotation:
Practice autorotation should be conducted at 131 knots IAS or below (see
VNE placards). Maintain rotor speed between 415 and 523 RPM by use of
collective control.
Maximum gliding distance is obtained at 80 knots; 415NR.
Minimum rate of descent is obtained at 60 knots; 415NR.
Engine/aircraft shut down:

CAUTION

Maintain pedals in center position until rotor has stopped turning to prevent excessive tail rotor flapping.

PART V
PERFORMANCE DATA
Hover performance:
IGE controllability has been demonstrated to be adequate in winds up to 17
knots from any direction - the least favorable wind azimuth, which would
have the least left pedal margin, is 45 degrees right of the nose.
Refer to Section V for IGE hover performance.

920

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
FourBladed Tail Rotor

PART VI
WEIGHT AND BALANCE DATA
Weight and balance characteristics:
See Table 9-4 and Figure 9-6 and Figure 9-7 for CG limits.
Table 94. Center of Gravity Limits
Gross Weight
(lb)

Longitudinal C.G. Limit


(Sta-in.)

Lateral C.G. Limit


(Sta-in.)

Forward

Aft

(+) Right, (-) Left

3000

99.0

103.0

3.0

2500

99.0

104.5

3.0

2300

99.0

105.1

3.0

2000

99.0

106.0

3.0

1592

99.0

108.1

1.7

The forward CG limit is 99.0 inches; the aft CG varies linearly from 103.0
inches at 3000 pounds gross weight, to 106.0 at 2000 pounds, then linearly
to 108.1 at minimum flying weight of 1592 pounds.
The lateral CG limits are 3.0 inches at gross weights from 3000 to 2000
pounds, then vary linearly to 1.7 inches at 1592 pounds.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

921

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
FourBladed Tail Rotor

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

3000

2800

GROSS WEIGHT-POUNDS

2600

2400

2200

2000

1800

1600
1592 LB
98

99

100

101

102

103

104

105

106

107

108 109
108.1

LONGITUDINAL ARM - INCHES

F02014

Figure 96. Longitudinal Center of Gravity Limits

922

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
FourBladed Tail Rotor

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

3000
FORWARD
2800

GROSS WEIGHT-POUNDS

2600
(-) LEFT
LATERAL
CG LIMIT

2400

(+) RIGHT
LATERAL
CG LIMIT

AIRCRAFT
CENTERLINE

2200

2000

1800

1592- 1600
1500

-5

-4

-3

-2
-1
0
+1
+2
-1.7
+1.7
LATERAL ARM-INCHES

+3

+4

+5
F02015

Figure 97. Lateral Center of Gravity Limits.


FAA Approved
Revision 5

923

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
FourBladed Tail Rotor

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

PART VII
HANDLING SERVICING
AND MAINTENANCE
Servicing materials for the 4-bladed tail rotor transmission are the same as
the 2-bladed tail rotor transmission (Ref. Section VII).

PART VIII
ADDITIONAL OPERATIONS
AND PERFORMANCE DATA
Refer to Section VIII for OGE hover performance data.

924

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Emergency Floats

98. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS EMERGENCY FLOATS

PART I
GENERAL
MDHI Emergency Float Kit, consists of inflatable bag-type floats intended for
use in emergency landings only, during over-water operation. It is furnished
with squib-actuated valves and with steel pressure vessels.
The floats are normally carried in the stowed configuration, mounted as a com
pact package on top of each skid. Individual press-to-test lights are provided
to check the condition of the electrical actuation circuits for each float. These
lights, along with a circuit breaker, are located on the optional equipment pan
el. A recessed switch is provided on the cyclic stick for the pilot to initiate in
flation when required. The switch activates valves allowing air or nitrogen
stored in pressure vessels within the float packages to inflate the floats. An op
tional Night Landing Kit is available consisting of dual belly mounted sealed
beam lights, a circuit breaker, and a three position switch installed on the col
lective control. Forward position illuminates the standard nose mounted land
ing light; center position is off; and aft position illuminates the belly lights.
Night flight over water is permitted with the night landing light kit installed.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

925

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Emergency Floats

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

PART II
LIMITATIONS
Night flight over water beyond autorotational capability to ground is prohib
ited, unless 369D292032 Night Landing Kit is installed.
Flight with floats inflated, or at time of inflation, is limited to the conditions of
altitude and temperature presented on the EMERGENCY FLOATS INFLATED
VNE PLACARD.
Operations with the emergency floats inflated is limited to flight to a servicing
facility for repacking and recharging the system. Airspeed with the floats in
flated is limited. Refer to the appropriate VNE placards (Ref. Figure 9-8 and
Figure 9-9).
Environmental operating conditions:
Operating temperature range
Operational temperature range for over water-flight is:
-25F (-31.7C) minimum
+117F (+47C) maximum
Altitude limits - floats inflated
For water and ground landings, change of altitude is limited to 6500 feet
below the altitude at inflation or to 6500 feet below the maximum alti
tude to which the inflated floats are subsequently flown. This assumes
the normal variation in ambient temperature associated with altitude
changes.

NOTE: If the allowable altitude change noted above is exceeded, the minimum

operational float pressure (2.0 psig) for water and ground landings may not be
available.

Airspeed limits:
With floats stowed
With floats stowed, airspeed limitations are presented on the VNE IAS
(knots) FLOATS STOWED placards (Ref. Figure 9-8 and Figure 9-9).
For float inflation
Maximum speed for float inflation is 81 knots IAS at less than 6,000
feet altitude, 77 knots IAS at 6,000 feet altitude and above.

926

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Emergency Floats

Gross weight limitations:


Maximum gross weight is 3000 pounds.
Minimum gross weight is 1680 pounds.
Center of gravity limits:
Gross Weight (lb)

Longitudinal C.G. Limit


(Sta-in.)

Lateral C.G. Limit


(Sta-in.)

Forward

Aft*

(-) Left, (+) Right

3000

99.0

103.0

3.0

2500

99.0

104.5

3.0

2000

99.0

106.0

3.0

1680

99.0

107.0

3.0

* NOTE: The aft longitudinal C. G. limit varies linearly from a gross weight of 3000
pounds at Station 103.0 to 1680 pounds at Station 107.0.
Placards:
When emergency floats are installed, the following placards are required:
Placard 1. WARNING: FLOAT INFLATION ABOVE 81 KNOTS IAS
AT LESS THAN 6,000 FEET ALTITUDE, 77 KNOTS IAS
AT 6,000 FEET AND ABOVE, IS PROHIBITED.
Placard 2. NIGHT FLIGHT OVER WATER BEYOND AUTOROTATION
CAPABILITY TO GROUND IS PROHIBITED.

NOTE: Placard 2 not required if 369D292032 Night Landing Kit is installed.


VNE Placards
Refer to Figure 9-8 for helicopters equipped with Allison 250-C20B en
gines.
Refer to Figure 9-9 for helicopters equipped with Allison 250-C20R/2 en
gines.

CAUTION

Be sure to select the appropriate VNE Placard for type of engine


installed in helicopter.

Kit compatibility:
The passenger step kit may not be installed in combination with emergency
floats.
FAA Approved
Revision 5

927

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Emergency Floats

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

EMER FLOATS INFLATED


VNE IAS (KNOTS)

OAT
C

PRESS ALT X 1000


0

10

12

30

98

91

77

20

94

84

97

91

77

94

85
78

10

GROSS WT = 1680 TO 3000 LB

101

0
10

97

91

20

94

85
79

30

98

92

40

95

87

45

100

14

16

18

NO FLIGHT

94

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 22K


(85K MIN); DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE

FLOATS STOWED
VNE IAS (KNOTS)

OAT

PRESS ALT X 1000

GROSS WT = 1680 TO 2000 LB

10

12

14

16

30

145

139

134

129

124

120

115

110

106

20

153

147

142

137

131

126

121

116

102

155

149

144

138

133

128

111

150

144

139

123

103

155

152

148

140

113

153

150

146

124

105

148

143

10
0
10

156

20
30

155

152

40

154

150

45

153

18

NO FLIGHT
SQUIB VALVE

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 25K


(85K MIN); DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE

Figure 98. VNE Placards Allison 250C20B (Sheet 1 of 2)

928

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Emergency Floats

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

FLOATS STOWED
VNE IAS (KNOTS)

OAT

PRESS ALT X 1000

GROSS WT = 2001 TO 2500 LB

10

12

14

16

30

145

139

134

129

124

120

115

103

87

20

153

147

142

137

131

126

112

94

82

155

149

144

138

123

103

87

150

139

112

95

82

155

152

125

104

89

154

144

114

97

84

127

106

10
0
10

156

20
30

155

152

40

154

150

45

153

18

NO FLIGHT
SQUIB VALVE

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 25K


(90K MIN); DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE

FLOATS STOWED
VNE IAS (KNOTS)

OAT

PRESS ALT X 1000

GROSS WT = 2501 TO 3000 LB

10

12

14

30

145

139

134

129

124

116

97

83

20

153

147

142

137

127

105

90

77

155

149

143

115

97

83

127

105

90

78

142

116

98

84

71

128

106

91

79

99

86

10
0
10

156

20
30

148

118

40

131

109

45

125

16

18

NO FLIGHT
SQUIB VALVE

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 25K


(95K MIN); DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE
Figure 98. VNE Placards Allison 250C20B (Sheet 2 of 2)
FAA Approved
Revision 5

929

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Emergency Floats

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

250 C20R/2
EMER FLOATS INFLATED
VNE IAS (KNOTS)

OAT
C

PRESS ALT X 1000


0

10

12

96

87

74

99

92

82

96

87

74

30
20
10

101

GROSS WT = 1680 TO 3000 LB

99

92

82

10

96

88

75

20

99

92

83

30

96

88

77

40

100

93

84

45

98

91

82

14

16

18

NO FLIGHT

SQUIB VALVE

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 25K (85K


MIN); DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE

250 C20R/2
FLOATS STOWED
VNE IAS (KNOTS)

OAT

PRESS ALT X 1000

GROSS WT = 2000 LB OR LESS

10

12

14

16

30

144

139

134

129

124

119

114

110

105

20

152

147

142

137

131

126

121

116

100

154

149

143

138

133

127

109

155

150

144

139

120

101

154

151

147

135

111

153

149

146

122

103

10
0
10

156

20
30

154

151

148

141

113

40

153

150

146

125

105

45

152

149

145

121

102

18

NO FLIGHT
SQUIB CONFIG.

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 25K


(95K MIN); DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE
Figure 99. VNE Placards Allison 250C20R/2 (Sheet 1 of 2)

930

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Emergency Floats

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

250 C20R/2
FLOATS STOWED
VNE IAS (KNOTS)

OAT

PRESS ALT X 1000

GROSS WT = 2001 TO 2500 LB

10

12

14

16

30

144

139

134

129

124

119

114

96

82

20

152

147

142

137

131

126

104

88

76

154

149

143

138

114

96

82

155

150

128

105

89

77

154

151

115

98

83

153

131

106

90

78

10
0
10

156

20
30

154

151

117

100

84

40

153

139

108

92

80

45

152

127

105

89

77

18

NO FLIGHT
SQUIB CONFIG.

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 25K


(95K MIN); DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE

250 C20R/2
FLOATS STOWED
VNE IAS (KNOTS)

OAT

PRESS ALT X 1000

GROSS WT = 2501 TO 3000 LB

10

12

14

16

30

144

139

134

129

124

111

91

77

66

20

152

147

142

137

123

100

84

70

63

154

149

139

111

91

77

66

155

123

100

84

71

63

140

111

92

78

66

124

102

85

72

63

10
0
10

156

20
30

142

113

94

79

67

40

127

104

87

74

64

45

121

100

84

71

63

18

NO FLIGHT
SQUIB CONFIG.

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 25K


(95K MIN); DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE
Figure 99. VNE Placards Allison 250C20R/2 (Sheet 2 of 2)
FAA Approved
Revision 5

931

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Emergency Floats

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

PART III
EMERGENCY AND
MALFUNCTION PROCEDURES
EMERGENCY FLOAT INFLATION
CAUTION

If emergency occurs at airspeeds greater than maximum


permissible float inflation speed, i.e., 81 knots IAS at less than 6,000
feet altitude, 77 knots IAS at 6,000 feet altitude and above, reduce
speed to an appropriate value prior to float inflation. Do not exceed
airspeed limits of the EMERGENCY FLOATS INFLATED VNE placard.

NOTE: Inflations have been demonstrated up to 90 knots IAS in autorotation and in


powered flight.

Procedures:
F

Check float circuit breaker IN.

Actuate float inflation switch. (Only momentary switch actuation is re


quired.)

Inflation should be accomplished at 2,000 feet or less above landing sur


face to minimize differential pressure change with altitude change.

For over-water operation in conditions near the Height-Velocity Diagram,


immediate pilot reaction will be required to ensure float inflation prior to
water contact.

Make a normal landing approach. Minimize forward speed prior to water


contact. Recommended water contact speed 10 knots or less. Do not lower
collective until forward speed is 5 knots or less. Landings have been dem
onstrated at gross weights up to 3,000 pounds and touchdown speeds up
to approximately 10 knots.

If emergency occurs at night over water, the dual landing lights should
not be illuminated above 1000 feet in order to preserve battery power. Ap
proach and landing as noted above.

NOTE: Landings should be made with the helicopter as level as possible laterally and

the nose of the helicopter slightly high. Onefloatfirst landings may produce
undesirable but controllable yaw.

932

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Emergency Floats

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

PART IV
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Preflight checks:
Check condition and security of stowed float package.
Check pressure gauge in each float package. If the pressure vessel is at
70F (21.1C), the pressure should read within 3000 to 3500 psig (Ref.
Figure 9-10).
Kit Part No.
369D290121

Pressure
Vessel Type

Charge Pressure
Range, psig

-501, -505
-507, -509

Steel
(2370039)

3000 - 3500

-515, -517

Composite
(369D292474)

3000 - 3100

Indicated gauge pressure will increase (decrease) approximately, as tabu


lated below, per 1F (1C) increase (decrease) in temperature of the pressure
vessel.
Charge
Pressure

Psig F

Psig C

3000

5.7

10.2

3100

5.9

10.5

3500

6.6

11.9

Cockpit check:
Set BATTERY switch in proper position (BATTERY when using rotorcraft
battery. EXT PWR when using an external power source.)
Check FLOATS circuit breaker IN.
LH

RH

FLT

FLT

Press to test float


indicator. Two LH and two RH indicator lamps
should illuminate indicating that each circuit is operational.
Landing:

CAUTION

Taillow landings on hard surfaces should be avoided, as stress


damage to the float extensions may occur.
FAA Approved
Revision 5

933

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Emergency Floats

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

In-flight float inflation data:


Float inflation time and altitude required for deployment are presented be
low. Time is affected by temperature. Deployment altitude is based on a sta
bilized autorotational rate of descent of 1800 feet per minute. It was calcu
lated using the tabulated float inflation time, and a two second increment
for pilot reaction time:
Float Inflation Time

9.0 sec
6.3 sec

Temps up to 21C
Temps above 21C

Altitude Required For Deployment

330 feet Temps up to 21C


250 feet Temps up to 21C

PRESSURE GAGE
INSPECTION WINDOW

RIGHT HAND SKID (LEFT HAND SIMILAR)


PRESSURE GAGE

F02030

Figure 910. Float Pressure Gauge

934

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Emergency Floats

PART V
PERFORMANCE DATA
Hover Performance with Stowed Floats
No change from that of the basic helicopter with extended landing gear.

PART VII
HANDLING SERVICING
AND MAINTENANCE
Inspection and functional checks of the emergency float system should be con
ducted in accordance with applicable installation instructions.

FAA Approved
Revision 9

935

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Emergency Floats

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

This page intentionally left blank!

936

FAA Approved
Revision 9

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Engine Air Inlet Diverter

99. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS ENGINE AIR INLET DIVERTER

PART I
GENERAL
The MDHI Engine Air Inlet Diverter Kit (either 1 or 2 piece) inhibits ingesting
foreign objects into the engine air inlet which might be of sufficient mass to
puncture the inlet screen/particle separator and damage the engine. It reduces
ingestion of large dust and sand particles. It also reduces ingestion of snow and
slush, which may accumulate on the canopy at very slow speeds to be subse
quently swept toward the inlet when forward speed is increased. The kit in
cludes a hub and engine air inlet cover to prevent the entrance of snow and
water when the helicopter is parked.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

937

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Engine Air Inlet Diverter

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

PART II
LIMITATIONS
Environmental operating conditions:
Maximum operating OAT is 28C at sea level, with 2.0C per 1000 feet
lapse rate.
Airspeed limits:
VNE is limited to 125 knots IAS or less (Ref. Figure 9-11).
VNE is limited to 100 knots IAS or less during autorotation (Ref.
Figure 9-11).
Kit Compatibility:
The Mist Eliminator, 369D290125-21, may not be used with the Engine Air
Inlet Diverter Kit.
The Inlet Diverter Kit is not approved for use with the Allison 250-C20R/2
engine.
Placards:
VNE IAS (KTS) INLET DIVERTER
OAT
C

PRESS ALT X 1000


0

30
20
10
0

GROSS WT = 2000 LB OR LESS

10

12

14

16

120

115

111

106 101

97

122

117

112

107

93

124

119

102

114

94

125

10
20
30

NO FLIGHT

40
45

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 25K


(85K MIN); DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE
Figure 911. VNE Placards (Sheet 1 of 2)

938

FAA Approved
Revision 5

18

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Engine Air Inlet Diverter

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

VNE IAS (KTS) INLET DIVERTER


OAT
C

PRESS ALT X 1000

GROSS WT = 2001 TO 2500 LB

10

12

14

16

120

115

111

106

96

81

122

117

105

89

75

117

96

81

106

89

76

30
20
10

125

0
10

18

118

20
30

NO FLIGHT

40
45

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 25K


(95K MIN); DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE
VNE IAS (KTS) INLET DIVERTER
PRESS ALT X 1000

GROSS WT = 2501 TO 3000 LB

10

12

14

16

120

115

108

91

76

63

20

119

99

84

70

58

10

108

91

76

64

119

99

84

70

59

108

92

OAT
C

30

125

10
20

18

121

30

NO FLIGHT

40
45

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 25K


(90K MIN); DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE
Figure 911. VNE Placards (Sheet 2 of 2)

FAA Approved
Revision 8

939

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Engine Air Inlet Diverter

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

PART III
EMERGENCY AND
MALFUNCTION PROCEDURES
AIR RESTART - ENGINE
Procedures:
F

Follow the emergency air restart procedure described in Section III.

Recommended pressure altitude is 11,000 feet or below.

PART IV
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Cruise:
If at high cruise speed engine oil temperature approaches its limit, it may
be reduced by reducing airspeed.

940

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Utiltiy Floats

910. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS UTILITY FLOATS

PART I
GENERAL
The MDHI Utility Float Kit is designed to facilitate operation of the helicopter
from both land and water. The kit consists of two multicell bag type floats, two
aft skid tube extensions, two sets of stabilizing surfaces, and the necessary
hardware for attachment. The floats mount on Extended Landing Gear.
An optional Night Landing Lighting Kit is available consisting of dual belly
mounted sealed beam lights, a circuit breaker, and a three position switch
installed on the collective control. Forward position illuminates the standard
nose mounted landing light; center position is off; and aft position illuminates
the belly lights. Night flight over water is permitted with the night landing
lighting kit installed.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

941

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Utiltiy Floats

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

PART II
LIMITATIONS
Float inflation pressure:
Minimum float operational pressure is 2.0 psig.
Types of operation:
Night flight over water beyond autorotation capability to ground is prohib
ited, unless Night Landing Lighting Kit is installed .
Takeoff and landing on water at night is prohibited, unless Night Landing
Lighting Kit is installed.
Environmental operating conditions:
Changes of altitude are limited in accordance with the following.
The water landing site altitude may be at any altitude equal to or higher
than the takeoff base altitude, provided that the descent from the peak
altitude flown does not exceed 7700 feet.

NOTE: Each float cell has a pressure relief valve nominal setting of 5 psig. If the above
noted allowable decrease in altitude is exceeded, minimum operational float
pressure (2.0 psig) may not be available should the relief valve function at its
lower tolerance limit. This assumes the increase in temperature with decrease
in altitude is the standard lapse rate, i.e., (+) 3.6F per () 1000 feet.

For takeoff from a high altitude base with the water landing site at a
lower altitude:

942

If the float pressure


(psig) at takeoff is:

The allowable altitude


decrease (feet) is:

2.0

2.5

1300

3. 0

2700

3.5

4300

4.0

5900

4.5

7700

5.0

9500

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Utiltiy Floats

NOTE: To account for anticipated variations in ambient temperature or water


temperature at a scheduled landing site, the following procedure should be used
to maintain the minimum 2. 0 psig inflation pressure.

For ambient (air) temperature or water temperature colder than the temperature
at initial inflation, float inflation pressure should be increased 0.5 psig (above) the
minimum 2.0 psig) for each 15F decrease in temperature anticipated.
Example:
70F Ambient temperature at time of inflation minus
-45F Anticipated water temperature at scheduled landing sited equals
25F Temperature decrease
Inflation pressure change to account for temperature change
(25 B 15) x 0.5 psig = 0.8 psig
Minimum float inflation pressure for this operation would be
2.0 psig + 0.8 psig = 2.8 psig

NOTE: Temperature increase will increase float inflation pressure and need not be
considered.

Center of gravity (C.G. Envelope):

NOTE: The installation of the float kit contributes to an aft shift of the C.G. For conditions
requiring pilot only operations, ballast will be required in the utility stowage
compartment or front seat. The operator should determine the proper amount of
ballast required to remain within the aft C. G. limit for the zero fuel condition .

Placards:
Placards 1, and 2, are required when the utility floats are installed.
PLACARD #1

NIGHT FLIGHT OVER WATER BEYOND


AUTOROTATION
CAPABILITY
TO
GROUND PROHIBITED.

PLACARD #2

MINIMUM FLOAT PRESSURE 2.0 PSIG.

NOTE: Placard 1 not required if 369D292032 Night Landing Lighting Kit is installed.
Refer to Figure 9-12 for VNE placards with utility floats installed.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

943

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Utiltiy Floats

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

UTILITY FLOATS
VNE IAS (KNOTS)

OAT
C

PRESS ALT X 1000


0

30

GROSS WT = 2000 OR LESS

10

12

14

16

130

125

120

115

110

100

127

122

110

91

20
10

18

125 100

133

111

10

127

101

20

113

94

30

104

40

116

97

45

112

94

92

NO FLIGHT

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 2K


(85K MIN); DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE

UTILITY FLOATS
VNE IAS (KNOTS)

OAT
C

PRESS ALT X 1000


0

GROSS WT = 2001 TO 2500 LBS

10

12

14

130

125

120

111

93

20

123

102

86

10

111

93

123

102

86

112

94

30

133

10
20

125

104

88

30

114

96

82

40

129

106

90

45

122

102

87

16

NO FLIGHT

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 2K


(90K MIN); DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE
Figure 912. VNE Placards (Sheet 1 of 2)

944

FAA Approved
Revision 5

18

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Utiltiy Floats

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

UTILITY FLOATS
VNE IAS (KNOTS)

OAT
C

PRESS ALT X 1000


0

30

10

12

14

130

125

108

93

79

118

100

86

129

106

92

79

118

100

86
80

20
10

133

GROSS WT = 2501 TO 3000

10

130

109

93

20

119

101

87

30

132

110

95

82

40

121

103

89

76

45

117

100

86

16

18

NO FLIGHT

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 2K


(95K MIN); DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE

Figure 912. VNE Placards (Sheet 2 of 2)


Kit combination limitations:
The Passenger Step Kit 369H90060 may not be installed in combination
with utility floats.
The Cargo Hook Kit may be used in combination with the utility floats.
With an external load on the hook, the VNE limitations of the Cargo Hook
Kit apply. The external load on the hook is limited to 1865 lbs maximum.
Litter Kits may not be used in combination with the utility floats.
The Four-Bladed Tail Rotor Kit may not be used in combination with the
utility floats.
The C20R/2 engine may not be used in combination with the utility floats.
The hoist kit may not be used with in combination with the utility floats.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

945

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Utiltiy Floats

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

PART III
EMERGENCY AND
MALFUNCTION PROCEDURES
AUTOROTATIONAL LANDING
Procedures:
F

Make a normal autorotational approach. Minimize forward speed prior to


water contact.

Recommended water contact speed 10 knots or less. Do not lower collec


tive until forward speed is 5 knots or less.

Landings have been demonstrated at gross weights up to 3000 pounds and


touchdown speeds up to approximately 15 knots.

NOTE: Landings should be made with the helicopter as level as possible laterally and
the nose of the helicopter slightly high. Onefloatfirst landings may produce
undesirable but controllable yaw.

If emergency occurs at night over water, the dual landing lights should not be
illuminated above 1000 feet altitude in order to preserve battery power.

PART IV
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Rotor engagement on water:
Determine that sufficient clearance exists between the helicopter and any
obstacle during engine start. Tail swing, before directional control is ob
tained, will be approximately 200 degrees.
Landing:
Make a normal landing approach. Minimize forward speed prior to water
contact. Recommended water contact speed 10 knots or less. Do not lower
collective until forward speed is 5 knots or less. Landings have been demon
strated at gross weights up to 3000 pounds and touchdown speeds up to
approximately 15 knots.

NOTE: Landings should be made with the helicopter as level as possible laterally and
the nose of the helicopter slightly high. Onefloatfirst landings may produce
undesirable but controllable yaw.

946

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Utiltiy Floats

Water taxiing:
Water taxi speed should be less than 10 knots. It will be necessary to use
some collective pitch to taxi at greater than 5 knots.
Some collective pitch may be required under certain conditions to stop heli
copter during water taxi. The use of aft longitudinal cyclic is not completely
effective under all conditions.
Rotor brake application on water:
Determine that sufficient clearance exists between the helicopter and any
obstacle during rotor brake application. Azimuth change will be approxi
mately 200 (nose left).

PART V
PERFORMANCE DATA
Hover performance:
Refer to Section V for IGE hover performance data.
Height-Velocity diagram:
Refer to Figure 9-13.
Airspeed calibration:
Refer to Figure 9-14.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

947

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Utiltiy Floats

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

SMOOTH HARD SURFACE


OR CALM WATER
WIND CALM
AVOID OPERATION IN
CROSS-HATCHED AREAS

ALTITUDE ABOVE TERRAIN - FEET

600

500

400

RECOMMENDED TAKEOFF
PROFILE

300

200

100

20

40

60

80

100

120

INDICATED AIRSPEED - KNOTS


(CORRECTED FOR INSTRUMENT ERROR)

Figure 913. HeightVelocity Diagram Utility Floats Installed

948

FAA Approved
Revision 5

140
F02031

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Utiltiy Floats

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

180

160

140

CALIBRATED AIRSPEED - KNOTS

120

100

80

60

40

20

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

180

INDICATED AIRSPEED - KNOTS


(CORRECTED FOR INSTRUMENT ERROR)
F02032

Figure 914. Airspeed Calibration Curve Utility Floats Installed


FAA Approved
Revision 5

949

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Utiltiy Floats

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

PART VII
HANDLING SERVICING
AND MAINTENANCE
Inspection and functional checks of the utility float system should be conducted
in accordance with applicable installation instructions.

PART VIII
ADDITIONAL OPERATIONS
AND PERFORMANCE DATA
Refer to Section VIII for OGE hover performance charts.

950

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369H9001 Litter Kit

911. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS: 369H9001 LITTER KIT

PART I
GENERAL
The MDHI Litter Kit has been designed to facilitate rapid conversion of the
helicopter to an air ambulance configuration. The Litter Kit provides for trans
porting one or two litter patients as well as one or two attendants in the cargo
compartment of the helicopter.
The kit consists of two litters, folding litter support structure, attaching hard
ware, and two special doors. The special doors incorporate provisions for quick
installation of bubble windows which permit high speed and/or long distance
transportation of patients and attendants. Also included in the kit is a set of
basic shape door window glass panels for quick interchange with the bubble
glass panels, for normal operation.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

951

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369H9001 Litter Kit

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

PART II
LIMITATIONS
Litters Installed Configuration:
With litters installed, operations must be conducted with the 369H92733
bubble glass window panels installed. Observe the airspeed limits depicted
on the VNE placard (Ref. Figure 9-15).
Litters Removed Configuration:
If the litters are removed and the 369H92733 bubble glass door panels re
main installed, observe the airspeed limits depicted on the VNE placard
(Ref. Figure 9-15).
If the litters are removed and the 369H92731 basic shape door glass panels
are installed, observe the flight manual limitations stated in Section II.
Airspeed Limitations:

NOTE: With the 369H92733 bubble glass window panels installed the following
airspeed limitations apply.

Maximum speed (VNE) is limited to 113 knots (130 mph) IAS.

LITTER KIT

VNE IAS (KNOTS)


OAT
C

PRESS ALT X 1000


0

GROSS WT = 1538 TO 3000 LB

10

12

14

108

104

100

93

81

20

110

99

81

10

104

93

110

99

88

105

93

82

30

113

10
20

111

99

89

30

106

95

83

40

112

45

109

16

18

NO FLIGHT

101

Figure 915. VNE Placard Bubble Window Glass Installed

952

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369H9001 Litter Kit

PART IV
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Restraining belts for litter occupants should be secure prior to flight. Belts are
to be installed with the fixed length, PN 369H6511-11; -13 (with buckle) at
tached to the outboard fitting, on each side of helicopter.
Attendants should remain seated with belts fastened as much as possible, es
pecially during takeoff and landing.
When rear seats are installed, seats belts must be installed in accordance with
the Basic HMI, Vol 2.

PART V
PERFORMANCE DATA
Bubble glass installed:
With the bubble glass installed the speed for the best rate of climb is af
fected.
Speed for best rate of climb
Refer to Figure 9-16.
Hover Performance
The hover performance as shown in Section V or Section VIII is reduced
by 15 pounds.
Bubble glass removed:
The performance of the helicopter remains unchanged.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

953

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369H9001 Litter Kit

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

13000

12000

11000

10000

9000

DENSITY ALTITUDE -FEET

8000

7000

6000

5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

0
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

INDICATED AIRSPEED - KNOTS


(CORRECTED FOR INSTRUMENT ERROR)

Figure 916. Speed For Best Rate of Climb

954

FAA Approved
Revision 5

80

90

100
F02040

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369H9001 Litter Kit

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

PART VI
WEIGHT AND BALANCE DATA
ITEM

WEIGHT
(Lbs.)

Longitudinal C.G.
(inches)

Lateral C.G.
Inches

Litter Kit - without special doors

52.8

93.1

0.0

Special doors with bubble windows (2)**

41.2

98.2

0.0

Special doors with standard windows (2)**

23.6

100.6

0.0

*MDHI Part No. 369H90011


**MDHI Part No. 369H90085
Aircraft loadings with litter kit are permissible for as many as seven persons
(based on 170 pounds each), provided the gross weight of 3000 pounds is not
exceeded. Some loading conditions may result in a limitation to the fuel supply.
Substantial differences in the weight of the passengers will necessitate a
weight and balance analysis to assure center of gravity limits are maintained.
The following longitudinal center of gravity stations should be used to deter
mine weight and balance if required:
LONGITUDINAL CG
(inches)

LATERAL CG
(inches)

Pilot

73.5

-13.0

Forward Passenger

73.5

+18.1

Forward Center Passenger

71.5

+2.6

Litter Load (lower)

92.4

0.0

Litter Load (Upper)

96.4

0.0

Litter Attendant(s)

116.0

0.0

ITEM

Fuel

(Ref. Section VI.)

FAA Approved
Revision 9

0.0

955

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369H9001 Litter Kit

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

This page intentionally left blank!

956

FAA Approved
Revision 9

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Hoist

912. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS: HOIST

PART I
GENERAL
The MDHI Hoist No. 369H90070-521 (left side installation), -522 (right side
installation) is a fixed position, electrically operated unit; the left hand instal
lation applies to aircraft with a right hand pilot station and the right hand
installation applies to aircraft with a left hand pilot station. Part No.
369H90070-513 covers provisions for the hoist installation.
The hoist assembly is designed for rapid installation and removal to facilitate
maximum utility of the helicopter. Approximately 110 feet of cable is provided
with limit switches incorporated to automatically stop the hoist at either ex
treme. The rate of travel of the cable is approximately 60 feet per minute. The
pilot is provided with a recessed cable cutter button on the cyclic stick. The
hoist operator is provided with a safety harness, a three position switch to
raise or lower the cable, and a guarded cable cutter button. The cable cutter is
a redundant circuit, electrically initiated, pyrotechnic device. A door hold-open
device (door retainer) is provided for use during hoisting operation.
When the kit is installed, an owner or operator holding a valid Rotorcraft Ex
ternal Load Operator Certificate may utilize the helicopter for hoisting opera
tions, compensation for hire, when operated by a qualified pilot. OPERATIONS
WITH A LOAD ON THE HOIST SHALL BE CONDUCTED IN ACCORDANCE
WITH APPLICABLE PORTIONS OF FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS
PART 133. The operator may obtain a multiple airworthiness certificate under
provisions of FAR 21.187.
Information provided in this supplement is presented with the intent of fur
nishing important data that can be used in the Rotorcraft Load Combination
Flight Manual. The Combination Flight Manual, which is required by FAR
Part 133, will be prepared by the applicant to obtain the rotorcraft External
Load Operator Certificate.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

957

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Hoist

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

PART II
LIMITATIONS
Weight Limitations:
Maximum gross weight, including load on hoist, is 3000 pounds. Minimum
flying weight, no load on hoist, is 1538 pounds.

NOTE: Ballast must be added as required to meet minimum flying weight of 1538
pounds.

Center of Gravity Limitations:


During hoisting operations
Longitudinal C.G. stations same as that for the basic helicopter as a
function of gross weight.
Lateral C.G. limits +5.0, -5.5 inches for all gross weights.
For all other operations with hoist cable stowed: same as those for the basic
helicopter.
Hoist Limitations:
Hoist structural load limit is 300 pounds.
Airspeed Limitations:
With no load on hoist, cable stowed and door closed, airspeed limits are the
same as those for the basic helicopter, except that the maximum is 130
knots IAS.
During hoisting operation or with door hold-open device in place, flight is
limited to the hover regime (17 knots forward, rearward, or sideward).
Kit Combination Limitations:
The 369H90070 Hoist may not be installed in combination with the
369D90121 Emergency floats.
The 369H90070 Hoist may not be installed in combination with the
369D290086 Utility Floats.
The 369H90070 Hoist may not be operated when the 389H90011 Litter kit
is installed. When litters are removed and only the 369H92731 Flat Glass
Doors are installed, hoist operation is permitted.
When the 369H90060 Passenger Step Kit is installed in combination with
the hoist, the step on the same side as the hoist must be removed during to
hoisting operations.
Simultaneous loads may not be carried on the 369H90072 Hook and the
hoist.

958

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Hoist

Placards:
Make placards stating approved load class(es) and occupancy limitations;
display placards in conspicuous location in cabin.
``External Load Limit 300 Pounds'' installed on the hook.

NOTE: 300 pounds is the allowable loading limit on the hoist hook.
Minimum Flight Crew:
For hoist operation, minimum flight crew is two, consisting of pilot and
hoist operator.
Rescue Operation:
Use of the hoist for personnel is restricted to rescue and should be limited
to removal of the person from a place of peril or imminent peril to a safe
place.

PART III
EMERGENCY AND
MALFUNCTION PROCEDURES
Emergency Release:
Hoist operator may jettison hoist load by lifting guard on cable cutter but
ton and pressing button to cut cable.
Pilot may jettison load by depressing recessed cable cut button located on
the cyclic stick grip.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

959

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Hoist

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

PART IV
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Normal Operation:
Check hoist circuit breaker IN.
Check cable cut circuit breaker IN.
Hoist operator must wear an approved safety harness (provided with hoist)
during all hoisting operations.
While in hover regime over hoist operations site, bring the hook over the
door as the door is opened, slide the bar latch into door slot to lock door in
open position.
Operator may move cable up or down by means of the three position switch
provided in the cargo compartment.
Prior to moving away from hoist operation site, the cable should be stowed,
electrical connector disconnected, and the door closed: with the cable ex
tended, speed is limited to 17 knots.

PART V
PERFORMANCE DATA
Airspeed Calibration:
Indicated airspeed (IAS) corrected for position and instrument errors, equals
calibrated airspeed (CAS). See Figure 9-17.

960

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Hoist

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

160
R/H HOIST KIT (STOWED)
L/H HOIST KIT (STOWED)
140

120

CALIBRATED AIRSPEED - KNOTS

100

80

60

40

20

0
0

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

INDICATED AIRSPEED - KNOTS


(CORRECTED FOR INSTRUMENT ERROR)
F02033

Figure 917. Airspeed Calibration Curve with Hoist Kit Installed

FAA Approved
Revision 5

961

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Hoist

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

PART VI
WEIGHT AND BALANCE DATA
The following tables should be used by the operator as a guide to determine
the maximum hoist load which permits operation within the certificated center
of gravity envelope. The maximum hoist load of 300 pounds and the maximum
gross weight of the helicopter, 3000 pounds, must not be exceeded. (Refer to
Loading Examples for table use.)
Table 9-5 notes centers of gravity used for the variable load items in the deter
mination of allowable hoist loads.
Table 9-6 notes weights and centers of gravity for the components of the vari
ous hoist installations.
Table 9-7 and Table 9-8 note permissible right hand or left hand hoist loads.
Table 95. Center of Gravity Variable Load Items
Longitudinal
C.G. (in.)
R/H

L/H

Pilot

73.5

Forward Passenger

Lateral
C.G. (in.)
R/H

L/H

73.5

-13.0

+13.4

73.5

73.5

+18.1

-13.4

Hoist Attendant

106.0

106.0

+14.0

-14.0

Hoist Load

100.5

100.5

+25.5

-30.1

962

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Hoist

Table 96. Weights/Centers of Gravity Hoist Installations

Item

Weight
(Pounds)

Longitudinal C.G.
(Inches)

Lateral C.G.
(Inches)

R/H

L/H

R/H

L/H

369H90070-513
Provisions

4.6

82.6

82.6

-3.7

-3.7

369H90070-521
Assembly

30.8

100.6

-24.4

369H90070-522
Assembly

30.8

100.6

26.4

369D292551
Fuselage Chafing Bar

3.9

101.8

101.8

26.0

-26.0

369D292556
Skid Chafing Bar

3.0

90.7

-42.7

369H90070-521
Installation

42.3

98.0

-23.6

369H90070-522
Installation

39.3

98.7

22.8

FAA Approved
Revision 5

963

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Hoist

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

Table 97. Permissible Right Hand Hoist Loads*


Pilot Weight
(Pounds)

Forward
Passenger
Weight
(Pounds)

Attendant Weight (Pounds)


150

175

200

225

Permissible Hoist Loads (Pounds)

**0
150
175
200
225

0
256
240
224
208

0
245
229
213
197

0
234
218
202
186

0
223
207
191
175

175

**0
150
175
200
225

0
278
262
246
230

0
267
251
235
219

0
256
240
224
208

0
245
229
213
197

200

0
150
175
200
225

300
300
284
268
252

300
289
273
257
241

294
278
262
246
230

283
267
251
235
219

225

0
150
175
200
225

300
300
300
290
274

300
300
295
279
263

300
300
284
268
252

300
289
273
257
241

150

*Permissible hoist load may be increased 9 pounds for each 10 pounds of ballast or
passenger weight placed at seat location opposite hoist load during hoisting operations
to 300 pounds maximum.
**Aft c.g. limit is exceeded for this condition. Refer to Section VI.

964

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Hoist

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

Table 98. Permissible Left Hand Hoist Loads*


Pilot Weight
(Pounds)

Forward
Passenger
Weight
(Pounds)

Attendant Weight (Pounds)


150

175

200

225

Permissible Hoist Loads (Pounds)

150

**0
150
175
200
225

0
284
276
268
260

0
276
268
260
252

0
267
259
251
243

0
258
250
242
234

175

**0
150
175
200
225

0
300
295
287
279

0
295
287
279
271

0
286
278
270
262

0
278
270
262
253

200

0
150
175
200
225

300
300
300
300
299

300
300
300
298
290

300
300
297
289
281

300
297
289
281
273

225

0
150
175
200
225

300
300
300
300
300

300
300
300
300
300

300
300
300
300
300

300
300
300
300
292

*Permissible hoist load may be increased 9 pounds for each 10 pounds of ballast or
passenger weight placed at seat location opposite hoist load during hoisting operations
to 300 pounds maximum.
**Aft c.g. limit is exceeded for this condition. Refer to Section VI.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

965

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Hoist

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

LOADING EXAMPLES
Right Hand Hoist
NUMBER 1:
Pilot

= 175 Pounds

Attendant Weight

= 175 Pounds

Forward Passenger Weight

= 175 Pounds

Find: Permissible Hoist Load

= ???

Refer to Table 9-7, Part B for given weights. The maximum allowable hoist load is
251 pounds.
NUMBER 2:
Pilot Weight

= 200 Pounds

Attendant Weight

= 225 Pounds

Forward Passenger Weight

= 200 Pounds

Find Permissible Hoist Load

= ?

Refer to Table 9-8, Part C for the given weights. The maximum allowable hoist load
is 235 pounds.

966

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369D290170 Litter Kit

913. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS: 369D290170 LITTER KIT

PART I
GENERAL
The MDHI 369D290170 Litter Kit has been designed to facilitate rapid conver
sion of the helicopter to an air ambulance configuration. The Litter Kit pro
vides for transporting oNE or two litter patients as well as oNE or two atten
dants in the cargo compartment of the helicopter. The kit consists of two litters
(369D290200), litter rack (369D290190), rack support (369D290171), two fold
ing seats (369D290221), and two special bubble doors (369D290150. The
bubbles of the doors have two positions: when the litters are not in use, the
door bubbles are latched in the retracted position; with litters installed, the
door bubbles are latched in the extended position.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

967

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369D290170 Litter Kit

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

PART II
LIMITATIONS
Litters installed configuration:
With litters installed, operations must be conducted with the doors in the
extended position, and limitations C through G apply.
When the attendant seat/seats (PN 369D290233) are installed, seat belts
and shoulder harnesses (PN 369H92252 and 369H9513 respectively) must
be installed.
Litters removed configuration:
If the litters are removed and the doors are placed in the retracted posi
tions, limitations C through F and H apply.
Weight limitations:
Maximum gross weight with the litter kit installed is 3000 pounds.
Minimum gross weight with the litter kit installed is 1775 pounds.
The pilot shall ensure that the longitudinal aft C.G. limit is not exceeded
under all loading conditions.
Center of gravity limitations:
Center of gravity limitations are as tabulated below.
Gross Weight
(lb)

Longitudinal C.G. Limit


(Sta-in.)

Lateral C.G. Limit


(Sta-in.)

Forward

Aft*

(+) Right, (-) Left

3000

99.0

103.0

3.0

2500

99.0

104.5

3.0

2000

99.0

106.0

3.0

1775

99.0

106.6

3.0

*NOTE: The aft longitudinal C. G. limit varies linearly from a gross weight of 3000 pounds at
Station 103.0 to 1775 pounds at Station 106.6

968

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369D290170 Litter Kit

Minimum power off rotor speed:


With the litter kit installed, the minimum power off main rotor rpm is 430.

NOTE: When the litter kit door bubbles are installed, install red radial line 1/16 by 1/4 inch
on the glass face of the rotor tachometer at 430 rpm.

Airspeed limitations with door bubbles extended:


Maximum speed (VNE) is limited to 113 knots IAS.
At altitude, reduce VNE as shown on the VNE placard (Ref. Figure 9-18).
Airspeed limitation with door bubbles retracted:
Maximum speed (VNE) is limited to 144 knots IAS.
At altitude, reduce VNE as shown on the VNE placard (Ref. Figure 9-19).

FAA Approved
Revision 5

969

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369D290170 Litter Kit

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

LITTER KIT

VNE IAS (KNOTS) BUBBLES EXTENDED


OAT
C

PRESS ALT X 1000


0

14

16

30

110

102

20

110

94

10

102

GROSS WT = 1775 TO 2000 LB


8

10

113

12

111

10

103

20

97

30

105

40

99

45

111

18

95

NO FLIGHT

96

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 18.K


(85 K MIN); DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE

LITTER KIT

VNE IAS (KNOTS) BUBBLES EXTENDED


OAT
C

PRESS ALT X 1000


0

GROSS WT = 2001 TO 2500 LB


8

10

30

12

14

16

109

96

82
75

20

112

105

89

10

109

97

82

112

105

89

76

10

109

98

83

20

107

91

77

113

30

110

99

85

40

107

93

79

105

90

77

45

112

18

NO FLIGHT

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 14 K


(90 K MIN); DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE

Figure 918. VNE Placard Bubbles Extended (Sheet 1 of 2)

970

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369D290170 Litter Kit

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

LITTER KIT

VNE IAS (KNOTS) BUBBLES EXTENDED


OAT
C

PRESS ALT X 1000


0

10

12

14

16

109

103

90

74

61

112

106

99

81

67

109

103

90

74

61

30
20

113

10

GROSS WT = 2501 TO 3000 LB

112

106

99

82

68

10

109

103

91

75

62

20

106

100

83

69

30

110

104

92

77

64

40

107

101

85

71

58

106

99

82

68

45

112

18

NO FLIGHT

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 6 K


(95 K MIN); DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE

Figure 918. VNE Placard Bubbles Extended (Sheet 2 of 2)

LITTER KIT

VNE IAS (KNOTS) BUBBLES RETRACTED


OAT
C

30

PRESS ALT X 1000


0

10

12

14

16

139

134

129

124

119

114

110

105

142

136

131

126

121

116

101

143

138

133

127

110

141

136

13

121

102

139

133

128

111
103

20
10
0

GROSS WT = 1775 TO 2000 LB

144

10
20

141

136

131

123

30

139

134

128

113

40

142

137

131

126

106

45

141

136

130

122

103

18

NO FLIGHT

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 23 K


(85 K MIN); DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE

Figure 919. VNE Placards Bubbles Retracted (Sheet 1 of 2)


FAA Approved
Revision 5

971

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369D290170 Litter Kit

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

LITTER KIT

VNE IAS (KNOTS) BUBBLES RETRACTED


OAT
C

PRESS ALT X 1000


0

30

10

12

14

16

139

134

129

124

119

114

103

87

142

136

131

126

112

94

81

143

138

123

103

87

141

136

112

95

82

139

125

104

88
83

20
10
0

GROSS WT = 2001 TO 2500 LB

144

10
20

141

136

114

96

30

139

128

106

90

40

142

137

117

99

85

45

141

136

113

96

82

18

NO FLIGHT

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 23 K


(90 K MIN); DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE

LITTER KIT

VNE IAS (KNOTS) BUBBLES RETRACTED


OAT
C

30

PRESS ALT X 1000


0

10

12

14

16

139

134

129

124

116

96

80

65

142

136

127

105

88

73

143

115

96

80

85

127

106

88

73
66

20
10
0

GROSS WT = 2501 TO 3000 LB

144

10

143

116

97

81

20

128

107

89

75

30

118

99

82

68
62

40

131

109

92

77

45

126

105

88

74

18

NO FLIGHT

FOR AUTOROTATION VNE REDUCE SPEED BY 23 K


(90 K MIN); DO NOT EXCEED CHART VNE

Figure 919. VNE Placards Bubbles Retracted (Sheet 2 of 2)

972

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369D290170 Litter Kit

PART IV
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Restraining belts provided for litter occupants should be secure prior to flight.
Belts are to be installed with the fixed length, PN 369H6511-11, -13 (with
buckle) attached to the outboard fitting, on each side of helicopter.
Attendants should remain seated with belts and shoulder harnesses fastened as
much as possible, especially during takeoff and landing.

NOTE: When rear seats are installed, seat belts and shoulder harnesses must be
installed in accordance with the Basic HMI, Vol 2.

Stowage:
Stow litters by disengaging latches located on bottom side of litters.
Lay all buckle and strap assemblies inside of first litter and fold in half.
Second litter is stowed by laying two sets of buckles and straps inside of lit
ter and folding litter in half. (Ref. Figure 9-20).
Position litters as shown in Figure 9-21. Secure in place with strap assem
blies.
Position stowage bag on flat surface. Slide support arm assemblies and sup
port braces into compartments as shown in Figure 9-22. Secure flaps on
stowage bag.
Stow attendant seats by releasing locking pins located at bottom of seat
supports.
Fold attendant seats against aft bulkhead and secure using straps mounted
on bulkhead.
Position litters aft of eyebolts on cargo floor.
Place stowage bag on top of litters with brace compartment aft of litters.
Place two of the support arms on top of brace (Ref. to Figure 9-23).
Ensure litters and stowage bag are in place and secure, using strap assem
blies mounted on bulkhead and cargo floor.

FAA Approved
Revision 5

973

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369D290170 Litter Kit

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

STRAP
ASSEMBLIES

LATCHES

SECOND
LITTER

FIRST
LITTER

F02034

Figure 920. Litters in Position

974

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369D290170 Litter Kit

STRAP ASSEMBLIES
SECURED

F02035

Figure 921. Litters Secured

FAA Approved
Revision 5

975

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369D290170 Litter Kit

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

STOWAGE
BAG
BRACES

SUPPORT ARM ASSEMBLIES


(LOCKED POSITION)

F02036

Figure 922. Stowage Bags and Components

976

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369D290170 Litter Kit

ATTENDANT
SEATS

STOWAGE BAG AND


STOWED COMPONENTS

ATTENDANT SEAT
STRAP ASSEMBLIES

LITTER KIT STRAP


ASSEMBLIES

EYEBOLT

BRACES
(STOWED)

F02037

Figure 923. Litter Kit Components Stowed

FAA Approved
Revision 5

977

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369D290170 Litter Kit

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

Installation:

CAUTION

Litter doors are springloaded. When opening doors stand clear


to avoid coming in contact with opening action of doors.

Open litter doors for access to litter kit.


Release strap assemblies securing stowage bag and litters to cargo floor.
Remove stowage bag and litters. Lay stowage bag on flat surface.
Open flaps on stowage bag and remove support arm assemblies and braces.
Position support arm assemblies in slots provided in bulkhead mounted sup
port on forward bulkhead of cargo compartment (Ref Figure 9-24).
Position braces on underside of arm supports so braces form a cross. Secure
braces by tightening thumbscrews on arm supports.
Ensure that handles on arm supports are in down position.
Disengage strap assemblies securing litters. Unfold litters and engage
latches on underside of litters.
SUPPORT ARM
ASSEMBLIES
BRACES

HANDLE
(UNLOCKED POSITION)
THUMBSCREW
ATTENDANT SEAT

LITTER

F02038

Figure 924. Litter Kit Component Installed

978

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369D290170 Litter Kit

Position litter on arm support and slide litter to engage latching on support
arm (Ref Figure 9-24).
With litters in position rotate handle to engage latching mechanism.

NOTE: If handle does not latch, rotate counterclockwise to loosen. If handle is too loose,
rotate clockwise to tighten.

Disengage stowed attendant seat straps and secure attendant seats to cargo
floor using latching mechanism on seat assembly.
Operation of bubble doors:
Locate latch handle on forward side of litter doors.
To open bubble doors first rotate handle outboard, then pull handle forward.
Bubble door will swing open. Refer to Figure 9-25 for location of decal.
To close bubble doors push on bubble to engage latching mechanism.
DECAL

LATCH HANDLE

BUBBLE DOOR
(OPEN)

F02039

Figure 925. Bubble Door Latch Decal


FAA Approved
Revision 5

979

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369D290170 Litter Kit

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

PART V
PERFORMANCE DATA
Speed for Best Rate of Climb:
The variation of speed for best rate of climb with altitude is shown on
Figure 9-26.
Hover Performance:
The hover performance is reduced by 15 pounds when the litter kit is
installed.

980

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369D290170 Litter Kit

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

13000

12000

11000

10000

9000

DENSITY ALTITUDE -FEET

8000

7000

6000

5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

0
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

INDICATED AIRSPEED - KNOTS


(CORRECTED FOR INSTRUMENT ERROR)

80

90

100
F02040

Figure 926. Speed For Best Rate of Climb


FAA Approved
Revision 5

981

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
369D290170 Litter Kit

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

PART VI
WEIGHT AND BALANCE DATA

Item
Litter Kit*

Weight
(pounds)

Longitudinal
C.G.
(inches)

141.0

96.3

0.0

*Part No. 369D290170


Aircraft loadings with litter are permissible for as many as seven persons
(based on 170 pounds each), provided the gross weight of 3000 pounds is
not exceeded. Some loading conditions may result in a limitation of the fuel
supply. Substantial differences in the weight of the passengers will necessi
tate a weight and balance analysis to assure center of gravity limits are
maintained. Ballast may be required when only one front seat is occupied or
when six persons (170 pounds each) and 350 pounds or more of fuel is car
ried.

CAUTION

C.G. outoflimits condition can occur if the aircraft is improperly


loaded. Observe to gross weight and center of gravity limits as
stated in this manual.

The following center of gravity locations should be used to determine a weight and balance
if required:
Item

Longitudinal C.G.
(inches)

Lateral C.G.
(inches)

Pilot

73.5

-13.0

Forward Passenger

73.5

+18.1

Forward Center Passenger

71.5

+2.6

Litter Load (Lower)

93.0

0.0

Litter Load (Upper)

98.5

0.0

Litter Attendant(s)

116.0

0.0

Ref. Section VI

0.0

Fuel

982

FAA Approved
Revision 5

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Main Rotor Blade Abrasion Tape

914. MAIN ROTOR BLADE ABRASION TAPE

PART I
GENERAL

The MDHI main rotor blade abrasion tape kit, Part No. 369D21104, is recommended for
blades which are subject to a highly abrasive environment. Installation of the stainless
steel abrasion tape to the leading edge of the main rotor blade (Ref. DN-39) will retard
leading edge erosion and help towards maintaining a normal blade life.

PART II
LIMITATIONS
Kit compatiblity:
The main rotor blade abrasion tape kit is approved for use on Model 369D
helicopters having main rotor blades 369D2100-BSC only.

PART V
PERFORMANCE DATA
Hover performance:
See Figure 9-27 for IGE hover performance for aircraft with 3.5-foot skid
height and abrasion tape installed (extended landing gear).
See Figure 9-28 for IGE hover performance for aircraft with 3.5-foot skid
height and abrasion tape installed (standard landing gear).

FAA Approved
Revision 5

983

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Main Rotor Blade Abrasion Tape

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

THIS CHART BASED ON CABIN HEAT, ENGINE ANTI-ICE OFF, ELECTRICAL LOAD 10 AMPERES. APPLICABLE
TO STANDARD INLET AND PARTICLE SEPARATOR WITH SCAVENGE OFF. REDUCE WEIGHT BY 60 POUNDS WITH
SCAVENGE ON.
INCREASE (OR DECREASE) WT.
CAPABILITY LBS (ABOVE CRITICAL
ALTITUDE) PER 10 AMP REDUCTION
(OR INCREASE) IN ELECTRICAL LOAD

6000

OATC -5
DWT
1

15
2

35
3

4000
MAXIMUM INTERNAL
GROSS WEIGHT
GROSS WEIGHTS ABOVE
3000 LB MUST BE EXTERNAL
AND JETTISONABLE

2000

0000

8000

6000

4000
REDUCE WEIGHT CAPABILITIES lbs AS FOLLOWS:
(APPLICABLE TO ALL TEMPERATURES)
PRESSURE
ALT. FT.
SL TO 4000
8000
12000
16000

2000

CABIN
HEAT
220
162
111
86

ANTIICE
232
157
117
89

BOTH
489
306
227
172

0
2000

2200

2400

2600

2800

3000

3200

3400

3600

GROSS WEIGHT - POUNDS

<<<<ALLISON 250-C20B>>>>
Figure 927. Hover Performance, IGE 3.5Foot Skid Height,
Extended Landing Gear, Takeoff Power, 103 Percent N2

984

FAA Approved
Revision 5

F02041

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Main Rotor Blade Abrasion Tape

THIS CHART BASED ON CABIN HEAT, ENGINE ANTI-ICE OFF, ELECTRICAL LOAD 10 AMPERES. APPLICABLE TO
STANDARD INLET AND PARTICLE SEPARATOR WITH SCAVENGE OFF. REDUCE WEIGHT BY 60 POUNDS WITH
SCAVENGE ON.
INCREASE (OR DECREASE) WT.
CAPABILITY LBS (ABOVE CRITICAL
ALTITUDE) PER 10 AMP REDUCTION
(OR INCREASE) IN ELECTRICAL LOAD

16000

OATC -5
DWT
1

15
2

35
3

14000
MAXIMUM INTERNAL
GROSS WEIGHT

PRESSURE ALTITUDE - FEET

12000

GROSS WEIGHTS ABOVE


3000 LB MUST BE EXTERNAL
AND JETTISONABLE

10000

8000

6000

4000
REDUCE WEIGHT CAPABILITIES lbs AS FOLLOWS:
(APPLICABLE TO ALL TEMPERATURES)
PRESSURE
ALT. FT.
SL TO 4000
8000
12000
16000

2000

CABIN
HEAT
235
164
120
86

ANTIICE
245
170
124
91

BOTH
472
335
240
177

0
2000

2200

2400

2600

2800

3000

3200

3400

3600

GROSS WEIGHT - POUNDS

<<<<ALLISON 250-C20B>>>>

F02042

Figure 928. Hover Performance, IGE, 3.5Foot Skid Height,


Standard Landing Gear, Takeoff Power, 103 Percent N2
FAA Approved
Revision 9

985

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Main Rotor Blade Abrasion Tape

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

This page intentionally left blank!

986

FAA Approved
Revision 9

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Early Automatic Reignition
PN 369H90118518 and 515

915. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS: AUTOMATIC REIGNITION (EARLY)


PART I
GENERAL
The Automatic Engine Reignition Kit provides automatic reignition of the en
gine in the event that power is lost as a result of engine flameout.
When the system is armed by means of the cockpit switch, the ARMED indica
tor light is illuminated. Main rotor speed less than 98% or N1 speed less than
55%, depending on the throttle position, will illuminate the RE-IGN indicator
light in the cockpit and energize the engine ignition exciter to reignite the en
gine.

PART II
LIMITATIONS
Flight into falling or blowing snow is only permitted with the automatic reigni
tion system armed and operable.

PART IV
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Preflight Checks
A ground check of the system operation may be made as follows:
F

Turn battery switch to BATT or EXT power. Verify that circuit breakers
for warning panel lights and engine out warning are in the in position
(standard instrument panel).

Turn automatic reignition arming switch to ARM; ARMED light and REIGN light will come on..

Press RE-IGN light switch; RE-IGN light will go out. Press auto, RE-IGN
light stays out ARMED Light continues to stay on.

NOTE: Ignition actuation in the engine compartment may be heard while in the cockpit.
F

Turn ARMED switch OFF.

Start engine.
FAA Approved
Revision 8

987

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Early Automatic Reignition
PN 369H90118518 and 515

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

LATER
MODIFIED AUTO
REIGNITION
SWITCH AND
INDICATOR
PANEL

EARLY UNMODIFIED AUTO


REIGNITION SWITCH AND
INDICATOR PANEL
NOTE: SHOWN WITH
SWITCH GUARD REMOVED

F02075

Figure 929. Auto Reignition Switch Panel Locations

NOTE: With engine running and N2 above 981 percent, arm system. The ARMED light
should be on; the REIGN light should be off.
F

Reduce RPM using beep or twist grip, to less than 98 percent. The REIGN light should come on indicating that the ignition exciter has been en
ergized.

To extinguish the RE-IGN light, keep engine RPM above 98% and press
RE-IGN light. Light should go out.

NOTE: The ARMED light may be dimmed along with other warning and caution lights
if desired, by use of the dimmer switch.
F

To dim ARMED light, push dimmer switch in; to return to bright, turn
BATT and GEN switches off, then on. The RE-IGN light will not dim.

NOTE: Pulling and resetting the warning panel light circuit breaker will also return the
ARMED light to bright (standard instrument panel).

Pulling and resetting the instrument light circuit breaker will also return the
ARMED light to bright (optional military instrument panel).
F

988

It is recommended that the system be ARMED during all flight opera


tions.
FAA Approved
Revision 8

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Early Automatic Reignition
PN 369H90118518 and 515

Before Takeoff
F

Arm system prior to takeoff.

Each time that the Engine Failure/Low Rotor RPM Warning is activated
with the system ARMED, the RE-IGN light will come on, indicating that
the ignition exciter has been energized.

NOTE: The REIGN light will remain on until manually reset. The reignition system will
continue to function normally whether reset switch has been reset or not.

In event of NR or N1 tach generator failure, the REIGN light will illuminate and
the continuous duty ignition exciter will be energized until the engine is shut down
or the reignition system is disarmed.
Preflight checks - LATER, UNMODIFIED SYSTEM:

CAUTION

Pulling out the ENG OUT circuit breaker will disarm the Auto
Reignition system.

Following any activation of reignition system caused by flameout from snow,


ice or water ingestion, inspect engine in accordance with the appropriate Rolls
Royce 250 Series Operation and Maintenance Manual.

FAA Approved
Revision 8

989

CSPD1
Optional Equipment
Early Automatic Reignition
PN 369H90118518 and 515

ROTORCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL

MD 500D
(Model 369D)

System Checks following completion of TB369D-005:

NOTE: The principle change to the system removes the manual reset requirement of the
automatic reignition indicator light to automatic reset once the event that caused
the reignition condition is not present.
Before engine start
F

Verify ARMED and RE-IGN lights come on when switch is placed in the
ARM or TEST position.

Verify hearing igniter firing.

Verify RE-IGN light turns off after switch is returned to the off position.
Engine Run-up for later systems with the ARM switch and EPO box.

Set switch to ARM and check that ARMED light is on.

Set N2 above 98%, the RE-IGN light should be off.

Reduce RPM to below 98%, the RE-IGN light should illuminate.

Set N2 to 103%, the RE-IGN light should go out.


Engine Run-up for later systems with the TEST switch

990

ARMED light should be on following engine start.

Set N2 above 98%, the RE-IGN light should be off.

Reduce RPM to below 98%, the RE-IGN light should illuminate.

Set N2 to 103%, the RE-IGN light should go out.

FAA Approved
Revision 8