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Method of joints

Problem
Find the force acting in all members of the truss shown in Figure T-01.

Solution

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MD=0
3AV+50(1)=80(0.75)
AV=3.33 kN
FH=0
AH=80 kN

MA=0
3RD=50(2)+80(0.75)

RD=53.33 kN
At joint A

FV=0
35FAB=3.33

FAB=5.56 kN tension
FH=0
FAE+45FAB=80
FAE+45(5.56)=80
FAE=75.56 kN tension
At joint B

FH=0
FBC=45FAB
FBC=45(5.56)
FBC=4.45 kN tension
FV=0
FBE=35FAB
FBE=35(5.56)
FBE=3.34 kN compression
At joint E

FV=0
35FCE=FAE
35FCE=3.34

FCE=5.57 kN tension
FH=0
FFE+45FCE=FAE
FFE+45(5.57)=75.56
FFE=71.11 kN tension

At joint F

FV=0
FCF=50 kN tension
FH=0
FDF=FFE
FDF=71.11 kN tension
At joint C

FH=0
45FCD+45FCE+FBC=80
45FCD+45(5.57)+4.45=80

FCD=88.87 kN compression
FV=0
35FCD=35FCE+FCF
35(88.87)=35(5.57)+50

53.3=53.3

check

At joint D

FH=0
45FCD=FDF
45(88.87)=71.11

71.1=71.1

check

FV=0
RD=35FCD
53.33=35(88.87)
53.3=53.3
Summary

check

FAB=5.56 kN tension
FAE=75.56 kN tension
FBC=4.45 kN tension
FBE=3.34 kN compression
FCD=88.87 kN compression
FCE=5.57 kN tension
FCF=50 kN tension
FDF=71.11 kN tension
FFE=71.11 kN tension

Problem 002-mj
The structure in Fig. T-02 is a truss which is pinned to the floor at point A, and
supported by a roller at point D. Determine the force to all members of the truss.

Solution 002-mj

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MD=0
6RA=5(12)+3(20)
RA=20 kN

MA=0
6RD=1(12)+3(20)
RD=12 kN
At joint A

FV=0
215FAG=RA
215FAG=20

FAG=21.82 kN compression
FH=0
FAB=25FAG
FAB=25(21.82)
FAB=8.73 kN tension
At joint G

FV=0

215FBG+12=215FAG
215FBG+12=215(21.82)

FBG=8.73 kN tension
FH=0
FFG=25FAG+25FBG
FFG=25(21.82)+25(8.73)
FFG=12.22 kN compression
At joint B

FV=0
215FBF=215FBG

FBF=FBG
FBF=8.73 kN compression
FH=0
FBC=FAB+25FBG+25FBF
FBC=8.73+25(8.73)+25(8.73)
FBC=15.71\tensionkNtension
At joint F

FV=0
215FCF+215FBF=20
215FCF+215(8.73)=20

FCF=13.09 kN compression
FH=0
FEF+25FCF=25FBF+FFG
FEF+25(13.09)=25(8.73)+12.22
FEF=10.48 kN compression
At joint C

FV=0

215FCE=215FCF

FCE=FCF
FCE=13.09 kN tension
FH=0
FCD+25FCE+25FCF=FBC
FCD+25(13.09)+25(13.09)=15.71
FCD=5.24 kN tension
At joint E

FV=0
215FDE=215FCE

FDE=FCE
FDE=13.09 kN compression
FH=0
FEF=25FCE+25FDE
10.48=25(13.09)+25(13.09)
10.5=10.5

check

At joint D

FV=0
RD=215FDE
12=215(13.09)
12=12

check

FH=0
FCD=25FDE
5.24=25(13.09)
5.24=5.24
Summary

check

FAB = 8.73 kN tension


FAG = 21.82 kN compression
FBC = 15.71 kN tension
FBF = 8.73 kN compression
FBG = 8.73 kN tension
FCD = 5.24 kN tension
FCE = 13.09 kN tension
FCF = 13.09 kN compression
FDE = 13.09 kN compression
FEF = 10.48 kN compression
FFG = 12.22 kN compression
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Method of members
Problem 003-mm
For the structure shown in Fig. (MM)-P003 below, determine the reactions at A and D
and the internal force in member CF.

Solution 003-mm

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From the FBD of the whole system

MD=0
2Ax=3(60)+6(30)
Ax=180 kN

MA=0
2Dx=3(60)+6(30)
Dx=180 kN
From the FBD of member ABC

Fx=0
35FCF=Ax
35FCF=180

FCF=300 kN

MB=0
3Ay=1.5(45FCF)
3Ay=1.2(300)
Ay=120 kN
From FBD of the whole system

FV=0
Dy=Ay+60+30
Dy=120+60+30
Dy=210 kN
Summary

Ax=180 kN leftward
Ay=120 kN downward
Dx=180 kN rightward

Dy=210 kN upward
FCF=300 kN tension

Problem 006-fr
In the structure shown in Fig. P-006(FR-H), all members are assumed to be solid
rigid members. The system is pinned to the wall at point A and supported by a roller
at point E. Calculate the force on member BD and the reactions at A and E.

Solution 006-fr

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MA=0
4RE=6(120)
RE=180 kN

FH=0
AH=RE

answer

AH=180 kN

answer

FV=0
AV=120 kN

answer

MA=0
3(213FBD)=6(120)
FBD=432.67 kN

Section method
Problem 417
Using the method of sections, determine the force in members BD, CD, and CE of the
roof truss shown in Fig. P-417.

Solution 417

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MF=0
12RA=4(360)
RA=120kN
MC=0

3FBD=4(120)
FBD=160kN compression

answer

FV=0
35FCD=120

FCD=200kN compression
MD=0
3FCE=8(120)
FCE=320kN tension

answer

Problem 003-ms
The truss in Fig. T-04 is pinned to the wall at point F, and supported by a roller at
point C. Calculate the force (tension or compression) in members BC, BE, and DE.

Figure T-04

Solution 003-ms

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From section to the left of a-a

FV=0
529FBE=80+60

FBE=150.78 kN tension

answer

ME=0
5FBC=6(80)+2(60)
FBC=120 kN compression

answer

MB=0
5FDE=4(80)
FDE=64 kN tension
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answer