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CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 INTRODUCTION
Handloom is an ancient industry in India. Kannur is traditionally been known
as one of the major handloom weaving agents of Kerala. The Chirakkal Weavers Co
operative Production and sales society is one of the leading c operative institute in
Kerala, in South India, having a wide range of products serving both domestic and
International Market.
Kannur is the main Handloom concentrated district in Kerala, for the
production of exportable item.
Chirakkal Weavers Co operative Society is well known for their quality of
products .But the attitude of customers towards the Handloom products is different
from individual to individual .If we compare the price of Handloom products with
other products available in the market, there is a slight increase and also close
substitutes are rushing in the market. So the society must capture strength to stick in
the market.

1.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY


To evaluate the effectiveness of training program in the organization.
To know whether the training program helped in increasing the job knowledge
and program at each level of the organization.
To find out whether the employee achieve the organizational goals.
To analyze the satisfaction in with the performance evaluation after the
training.
To study the level of increase in productivity of employees after training.

NEED AND IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY


In India millions of people with traditional skills will make a living by
producing handy craft goods including handlooms. Mahatma Gandhi during sufficient
and called for revival of rural hand craft and textiles .The handloom sectors
occupies a place of eminence in preserving the countrys heritage and culture and
play a critical role in economy. Handloom products are unique and each price is
different from others.
The handloom industry is largely rural based, and is an important provider of rural
non form employment. In fact, handloom is the largest employment provider after
agriculture. It employs 120 lakhs weaving families, and handloom production now
consists about 13 % of the countrys total textiles production.
Handloom enjoys an exclusive position in our textile and clothing exports. Indian
handloom exports constitute nearly 15% of the fabrics made up clothing exported
from India

1.3 SCOPE OF THE STUDY


The study on training program was conducted at Chirakkal Weavers Co
operative Production and sales society Ltd. The study includes familiarizing with
various human resource activities in the organization, with emphasis on training
methods, policies and procedures formulated and implemented by the organization. It

also includes the evaluation of satisfaction of the employee and also the effectiveness
of the training programmers and it also concerned on the evaluation of overall
performance of the organization.

1.4 METHODOLOGY
For the purpose of the study both primary and secondary data were used.

Primary data:
1. Personnel interview
2. By observation
3. By interaction with workers

Secondary data:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Company records
Annual report
Magazines
Journals

1.5 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY


1. Due to lack of time, complete data were not collected
2. It is Co operative Society so there are some refers and regulations from the
concerned authority to disclose current years financial reports.

CHAPTER 2
INDUSTRY PROFILE

2.1 INDUSTRY PROFILE


Handloom productions have national contribution to significant GDP and export
earnings. According to the Ministry at textile, export earnings have laid as 1998-1999
was Rs 1956 cores, current figures are respected to the around the same. The
Handloom Sector Provides employment for an estimated 12.5 million people and is
the largest rural employment provides to go to agriculture, generating jobs also in
semi urban and urban areas at India.
According to surveys, conducted by NGOs the country has more than 38, 00,000
Handlooms. In North Eastern States there are more than 15, 00,000 Domestic
Handlooms. Handlooms in North India and South India are geared for commercial
production for domestic and also exporting their products abroad.
Many Handloom centers well know tourist spots, drawing from places of India
and foreign countries as well. Thus the tourism Industries fortunes are in part
influenced the Handloom Sector and its frame. There are 32 other sectors benefiting

from Handloom sector, including transportations, financial services, marketing


services and maintenance services, hotels.
Handloom has an umbilical linkage with cotton farmers and rural formers and the
rural form economy. Agricultural labor gets employment in Handloom sector during
the non Agricultural seasons; the sector has self sustaining mechanism including
training for young weavers irrespective of genders.
Textile industry is flourishing day by day in India. But at the sometime Handloom
are facing various threats. There is negligence from the part of government towards
Handloom Industry. The grants and subsidies provided by the government are
reducing. Those Handloom Industries running in poor conditions are not getting
special attention from government.
Lack of experienced workers is another important problem faced by the industry.
The Industry does not able to recruit adequate for doing the work efficiently and
effectively. The mistakes from employees while producing results very serious
problems like deterioration in quality, changes in color affects the societies business
adversely. Due to this, many of the regular customers are returning the sold products.
So that sales return is increasing year by year. They never give any consideration that
this is a Handloom Industry; most of the products are handmade so there is a chance
of small defects.

HANDLOOM INDUSTRY IN KERALA


Historically, Kerala has long been a land of racial admixture and Co existence,
Kerala Handloom industry carries a vital role in states economy and fields of
employment. A very large number of looms are located in rural areas. There are men
and women weavers for whom weaving is a way of life. In early days majority of
handloom weavers followed the hereditary time. The main communities engaged in
weaving are saliyas and Devanges.
The Kerala handloom Industry is spread all over the state, but Handlooms are
concentrated in certain places. Kerala state Handloom Co Operative society (Hantex)
the apex organization of the co-operation Ltd.(HANVEEV)providing series

(especially marketing) to individual weavers are the principle development agencies


assisting the department of Handloom and textile.
Southern Kerala is famous for superfine products like sarees, Dothies and Set
mundu etc. But going to northern or Malabar scale main production changed to
coarser varieties like furnishing items, lead spreads, towels etc. The common products
in Kerala are thorthu (bathing towel) and lungies.
Almost 200,000 of people are earning their livelihood 75% of them are in Co
operative line. Almost 5 lakhs of people are depending on Handloom Industry. Around
500,000 Handloom both in private employment to about 1.25 lakhs weavers.

HANDLOOM INDUSTRY IN KANNUR


Kannur is traditionally been known as one of the major Handloom Weaving
agents of Kerala, the city of looms and Lores , is called MANCHESTER OF
KERALA. Handloom Industry is the most important and largest on the District.
Handloom clothes of Kannur have won international reputation.
The industry was confirmed to the production of a course varieties dhoti and
production of quality and exportable varieties of Handloom fabric was started when
Evingical Mission interred the field. The Handloom Industry which was once the
monopoly of private enterprise was since been organized on Co operative lines.
Famous Kannur sports shirting varieties like crape are the donation of this
district. The weavers are mainly working in industrial society, primary Handloom
weavers co operative society, private Handloom exporters and individual weavers
together constitute the Handloom sector in Kannur. The main products are shirting,
make ups, jacquarels furnishing, Turkish, earezha thorthu etc for domestic purpose.
Kannur Mundu is a popular variety.

The main centers of Kannur are Azhikode, Chirakkal, Kanhirode, Panoor,


Kuthuparamba and Kalliasery. There are 73 societies established in this district and
with about 50 exporters in private sector together have 13667 weavers.

CHAPTER 3
COMPANY PROFILE

3.2 COMPANY PROFILE


The Chirakkal Weavers Co operative production and sales society was
established in the year 1947 under the Madras Co operative societies Act, 1932. This
workers society is one of the leading to Co operative institutions of Kerala, is South
India, having a wide range of products serving both domestic and international
market, its address shall be chirakkal village, Chirakkal post, in the Taluk of Kannur is
the district, and its operation shall be confined to Chirakkal Puzhathi Amsoms. The
object of the society is to improvement of the handloom industry and at the economic
condition of weavers. The liability of the members of the society shall be limited to
the share capital subscribed by them. The value of each shares shall the paid either is
one bump summer allotment or in installment.
Kannur is the main Handloom concentrated district in Kerala, for the
production of exportable item. The Malabar furnishing in the field of handloom

export market are mainly produced from here. 90% of the total products is being
normally exported through various organizations working at Handloom export
Chirakkal Village has an outstanding broad in this regard.
The society is blessed with traditional art of weaving for Handloom products
with the touch or originality and creativity. The secret of the fabric from Chirakkal
Weavers is the excellent structure and texture of cloth, unique color combination,
width and craftsmanship. The clusters of weavers of this society have driven the
technology of Handloom products to the international arena in producing the most eco
friendly products. Handloom clothes of excellent qualities are exported to Asian and
European countries. Handloom furnishing and made ups of Kannur has high
reputation is international market. There are about 3,000 weavers belonging to all
communities working in cooperative field as well as private sector. The handloom
furnishing and made ups of cannanore has high reputation in international market
.best weaving quality and azofree dying with best fastness are identifies fabrics
Chirakkal Weavers Co operative Society is well known for their quality of
products. But the attitude of customers towards the Handloom products is different
from individual. If we compare price of handloom products with other substitutes
available in market, there is a slight increase which creates hesitation in the minds of
customers in buying the products. Competitions are very strong in the market. Close
substitutes are rushing in the market. So the society must capture the strength to stick
in the market.

OBJECTIVES OF THE COMPANY


To improve and develop handloom industry.
To enhance economic conditions of the weavers.
To organize weavers to provide raw materials to the individual weavers
for processing their goods.
To save their rich tradition of Handloom.
To increase the export quality of the products by introduction of latest
technology in weaving and stitching
To market products of the individual weavers
To provide regular work to all weavers. To create more employment
especially to women

MOTTO OF THE SOCIETY


Each for all, all for each
The companys Motto is to give job and good benefits to the workers.

LOCATION
The society is situated at Chirakkal Village of Chirakkal panchayat. It is very
near to national highway junction at Valapattanam about 6km of north of district
headquarters, Kannur, in Kerala State, in South India.

BANKERS OF CHIRAKKAL WEAVERS

State bank of India, Kannur


Indian Bank, Chennai
Kannur district co operative bank
Kodiyery vanitha co-operative society

ROUTE MAP
Air
Calicut and Mangalore is the nearest airport of Kannur. Mangalore and Calicut are
serviced by daily flights from Mumbai (Bombay), Chennai (madras) and Delhi other
international airports of Kerala are Cochin and Trivandrum
Rail
Kannur is well connected by rail from all parts of India. The train journey from
Mumbai to Kannur is very pleasant as the same passes through the coastal area of
konkan
Road
Calicut Thalassesry-Kannur- chirakkal
Mangalore Kasargod Thaliparmba-Chirakkal

COMPANYS ADDRESS
The Chirakkal Weavers Co operative production and sales society limited
No. F 12Chirakkal
Kannur - 670 011, Kerala.
Phone no: 0091-497-2778239
Fax no: 0031-497-277924
Email: chitex@yahoo.co.in
Web: www.chirtex.org

ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE
An organization is a group of individual coordinated into different levels of
authority and segment of specialization for the purpose of achieving the goals
and objections of the organization. It is also understood as a dynamic process
and a managerial activity which is necessary for bringing people together in
pursuit of common objections. Whether it is a sole trader or a partnership
concern of a limited company modern business organization are no longer the
one man show , resources are pooled so also managerial skills.
The organization structure provides a basis of network or framework
for managers and other employees for performing various functions. The
structure also facilities work flow in the organization.

Top level management


This level consists of board of directors, president and secretary. The
functions of this level include determination of organization goals and
objectives, overall planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling.

Middle level management


This stands between top management and supervisory management
level. This level coordinates the functions of both top management and

supervisory management. It consists of manager, clerk, accountants and other


subordinates.

Supervisory management
It is concerned with the efficient in using resources of the organization.
it is an execution of the policies and procedure making a serious of decision
with well defined and promises various assistance and quality controllers and
constitutes this level.

3.1 ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE


Board of Directors

Secretary
2.1 Weavers Co Operative production

Manager

Production supervisor

Weaving Master

Clerk

Dyeing Master

Weaving Worker Dyeing Worker

Store keeper

Quality checker

Accountant

3.3 PRODUCT PROFILE


The Kannur based handloom made ups and home furbishing industry has witnessed
good growth due to quality weaving azofree dying with high performance. The
Society has about 50 workers who are not trained to take up export quality production
and looms up to width 120 inches. Dyeing capacity is not less than any 120 bundles
per day (VAT dyeing). It has also tied up with other co operative production centers to
milk bulk order. It has fully fledged dye house and use only permitted colors and
chemicals. At most care is taken at different stages from dyeing, minding etc to
weaving.
The final product is appraised by qualified weaving master to ensure the
quality before goods goes to the customers. Besides, the productions of range at
furnishing, made ups, mats terry towels seer, succer tucks and double cloths, garments
are also been produced as a mark of appreciation to these performances, the
government of India has sanctioned a Handloom Development Center and a quality
dyeing unit to this co operation.
The Chirakkal Weavers Co operative Society supplies it products through 5-6
depots under their apex units, the Kerala State Handlooms and Handweav. The central
and state government fixes rebate during festivals.

The various products of the Chirakkal Weavers Co Operative Society are:

Bed sheets
Sarees
Lungies
Dhoties
Pillow Covers
Curtain Cloth
Sheet
Made ups
Mats
Terry towels
Ticks
Double cloths

3.1 STRUCTURE OF PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT


BOARD OF DIRECTOR

SECRETARY
MANAGER

Production
supervisor

Weaving
masters
Weaving
workers

Senior
keeper

Dyeing
masters
Dyeing
workers

Store
keeper

Quality
keeper

Account
officer

CHAPTER 4
DEPARTMENTAL STUDY

PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT

4.1 PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT


Production is the process of transforming raw materials or purchased
components in to finished products for sale. It begins from requisition of the
production resources and with manufacturing goods or providing goods. Production is
the basic activity of all industrial units. The end of the product of production activity
is producing of goods and services for the satisfaction of human needs.
Production Management is the process of planning, organizing, directing and
controlling the activities of the production function. Both manufacturing and service
organizing fall in to the scope of production management and inclusion with service it
is called operation management. In a smaller organization production, servicing and
control are handled by a single person. The larger the organization grows the
functions are handled by different specialist.

Essence of good production management centers round a trio of forecasting,


planning and control of production. The result of good production management are
reflected in the servicing of many interested parts in production machine of a nation
such as the consumers, the investors, the community, the supplier, the employers and
the nation as a whole.

4.2 PRODUCTION SYSTEM CHART


INPUT

CONVERSION

OUTPUT

Production system receives inputs in the form of materials. These are changed
by converting sale system in to output. The core of a production system is conversion
subsystem, where materials and machines are are used to convert input in to product
and services.

PRODUCTION FUNCTIONS
Production function means the functional relationship between input and
output. The transformation of input to output is the meaning of production. There

exist a relationship between input and output, i.e., a change in the quality of input
leads to the change in the quality of output. Input means those things which are used
for producing goods and services. Production is creation of values or utilities.
There are four production factors.
a)
b)
c)
d)

Land
Labor
Capital
Organization

PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT IN CWCS


In cwcs, production department is the most important functional area, for the smooth
flow of organization. Without production department, there is no business. So the
success of the organization mainly depended upon production department. Production
department helps to perform all activities related to the production of production in
efficient way. Production management simply means management of production is
necessary. Production management is the process of planning, organizing, directing
and controlling of production process. Production management as defined as the
designed operation and improvement of the transformation process which converts
various inputs into desired output of products and services
In cwcs , Board of directors deals with decision relating to the new design and
control of production process. So that resulting goods and services are proceed
according to certain specification in the amount and by the schedule demanded at a
minimum cost
The production manger takes decision for smooth functioning of he production
process, while taking the decision he must consider the following matters.

Availability of raw materials (yarn, dyes) in cheaper at a right time


Produce maximum products at quality
Introduce new designs or color contribution in dying process
Minimizing the wastage of time during the production stage
Provide instruction
To yarn helper, dying master about the production

SCOPE OF PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT


The scope of production department course a wide range of area. It include long term
strategic decisions and operational decisions
1) Production section and design:- The product mix makes our system either
efficient or inefficient. Choosing the products, keeping the mission and overall
objectives in mind is the key to success. Design of the products makes the firm
competitor or competitive.
2) Process selection and planning: - selection of the process include taking
decision about technology, machines and equipments, process planning,
detailing the stages of process give us an idea of optimum automation and
mechanism.
3) Facilities location: - here the decision is taken on where to locate the
operation of production. It is a long term decision; location should be possible
to cut down production and distribution costs.
4) Layout and material handling: - plant layout deals with arrangement of
machines and plant facilities. The machines should be so arranged that how of
the production remains smooth. There should not be any overlapping
duplication or interruption in production flow. The department should be laid
out in such a way that the cost of material handling is reduced.

5) Capacity planning: - this deals with procurement of productive resources.


Capacity refers to the level of output of conversion process over a period of
time. Capacity is planned for short term as well as for long term.
6) Production planning: - planning is a pre operational continuity. It is aim at
anticipating probable difficulties so that they can be eliminated before they
materialize .production planning aims at setting the goals or target and
allocating the existing resources namely machines, materials and plant
services among varied production operations so that their best possible use can
be made in the light of set goals on standards.
7) Production control: - control is a management technique which aims to see
that the activities are carried on in line which the pre determined standards. In
case of production activity, production control tries to see that actual
manufacturing confirm with the pre determined standards and influence of
production.
8) Inventory control: - it deals with control over raw materials, finished
products etc. the management of these items is closely related with the
production function. And it is included in production management. The low
material supplied should be purchased at the right time, right quantity. From
right source and at the right place. Store keeping is also an important aspects
in production management
9) Quality control :- the long term success of business largely depends on its
ability to maintain the quality standards as decided by the management and
prescribed items of specification like size, color, shape , etc. the quality
control is maintained by taking the actual production and by ascertain whether
they confirm to set standards.
10) Maintenance and replacement :- it includes proactive methods to avoid
machines break down maintenance, policies regarding repair and replacement
decisions.

STRUCTURE OF PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT

Board of directors

Secretary

Manger

Carpenter

Dyeing

Dyeing

Weaving

Dyeing

Dyeing

PLANT LAYOUT
Plant layout refers to the arrangements of machinery, equipment and other
industrial facilities such as receiving department, tool rooms, maintenance rooms and
employees amenities for the purpose of achieving quickest and smoothest production
at least cost.
In Chirakkal Weavers society, the equipments are arranged as per functions
performed i.e., here the process layout is used. This also referred as group layout or
functional layout. As per this layout, materials moves long distance and along crisiscrossing plans. A quality of raw materials is issued to the machines for first situation
in another part of factory.
This type of layout is suitable for the society as there is non- repetitive or
intermittent type of production and also, the fabrics are manufactured at irregular
interval and by different sequence of operation.
It makes better utilization of skill of workers and the machinery. There is
greater flexibility in production and efficient supervision is possible. It is easier to
handle breakdown and there happens no interception in production due to breakdown
of any one machine.

PLANT UTILITIES
Plant Utilities refers to such services as lighting, ventilation, air-conditioning, and
sanitation and noise control. All these deserve die to consideration from operation
management as they contribute to increased efficiency and greater output.

LIGHTING

Natural daylight is utilized which is both economical and good for eyes. Artificial
lighting and air-conditioning system is also provides. Most modern generation also
available in the organization

VENTILATION AND CLEANLINESS

There are sufficient windows, doors and partitions which allow free
circulation of fresh and natural air. The organization and surroundings are also kept
cleaned every day.

RAW MATERIALS

The main raw materials for the handloom industry include yarn in different

counts.
The cotton yarns are mainly used but as per the requirements polyster, rayon,

silk, polyester and blended from are used.


Dyes of different groups such as vat dyes, Azoic dyes, Reactive dyes, Disperse

dyes etc.
Chemicals such as bleaching powder and hydrogen peroxide for bleaching.
Dye ingredients like soda ash, soda hydrogen, sulphate acids and caustic soda

dye, pigments for fabric painting, finishing agents.


Utilities like stream water, firewood, furnace oil.

SOURCES OF RAW MATERIALS


The main raw materials for the handloom industry are yarn.mainly the raw materials
are collected from

Yarn society in Kannur


Co operative spinning mill
Erode in Tamilnadu
Chovva
Attic
Indicom

Yarn
Yarn is the most important raw materials in cws. If the yarn is not available,
the production will stop. It is critical material in the society. The inter
depended and the inter relationship objectives in production can be seen in
terms of the procurements, storage, and yarn distribution. There are mainly
four types of 3 yarn is used in cwcs they are

Cotton
Viscore
Liven
Silk

Dyes
Dye is an important raw materials in cwcs, which is mainly used for changing
the color of yarn, it is mainly used for giving dyes to the each yarns, dyed
includes wide range of colors like blue, green, violets, orange, yellow, pink,
brown etc. there are three types of dyes. They are

Vat dyes
Teactive dyes
Nefthol bare
Vat dyes includes
Yellow GCN
Yellow 3RT
Orange 3G
Orange PRT
Red 3B

Red 6B
Blue BC
Blue 3R
Reactive dyes includes
Portion
Rum sole

Caustic soda
Caustic soda is an act as an agent to give and sustain dyes in yarn in the
dyeing process.
Hydrogen peroxide
It provides for removing the natural coloring lata in the yarn by a process
known a bleaching powder and hydrogen peroxide.

PRODUCTION PROCESS
Production Process converts input like materials, labor and capital in to some
tangible outputs. Steps of production process
1. PLANNING
Production Plan is charted out on the basis of customers order and also
for regular local market. This plan is finalized by holding a meeting of board
of directors.
2. SAMPLE DEVELOPMENT
The company develops various designs such as woven printed fabric swatches
and it can be directly taken for bulk production or to prepare full size samples.
3. APPROVAL OF SAMPLES
Develops samples are forwarded to lawyers along with cost particulars.
Customers approve or reject the sample. If approved, the designs are sent back
to production centers for production with specific remarks on quantity to be
produced and any changes required in color and patterns. The Society also

produces the design according to the samples provided by customers and those
samples are forwarded to the weaving masters and production is done
accordingly.
4. PROCUREMENT OF YARN
After the approval of sample required raw materials such as yarn, dyes
and chemicals are procured. The raw materials are obtained from the co
operative mills, NABARD and also from private agencies and stored in
societys god own.
5. PROCESSING OF YARN
The required yarns are collected from godowns and toed up in to lots.
Yarn when procured is either is given as raw yarn only or it is passed through
the following processor according to the requirements. The yarn is transferred
to various processing centers. Raw yarn need to transfer to weavers. In the
processing centers yarn is passed through the following process.
a) Boiling:
Grey cotton yarn as such is not directly suitable for dying or
bleaching as it contains natural impurities such as fats waxes, coloring
matter peclino, broken leaves etc. this is done by boiling by yarn with hot
alkaline soap solution in kier under high pressure or in open lacks without
pressure at 90-95 Degree Celsius temperature.
b) Bleaching :
In order to obtain white material and facilitate the production
of pale and bright shades, it is necessary to remove the material coloring
matter is yarn by a process called bleaching with the help of bleaching
powder or hydrogen peroxide.
c) Squeezing
The boiled wet yarn is then squeezed to eliminate water which
is then ready for coloring.
d) Dyeing
The yarn is then dyed using VAT dyes. VAT dyes are used
because of their fastness to light washing, rubbing and perspiration
even to hypochlorite bleaching. They are used in the production of
colored shirting, sarees, laboring material, window curtains and fabrics
that are frequently subjected to laundering. There dyes include a wide
range of colors

e) Drying
Dyed yarn is dried in dryer and put in sunlight to extract
moisture from yarn. Dried yarn is then transferred to the stores from
where it is handed over to weavers. Quantity specifications are made in
regard to the number of wefts and warps in each pick.

f) Bobbin Winding
The collected yarns are then wounded into a bobbin that is the
threads are placed in to bundles in the required pattern and the process
is called bobbin winding.
g) Warping
Warps are the set of yarn placed lengthwise in the loom
forming lengthwise thread of a woven textile. Warping is done and this
is then rolled out and supplied to weavers.
h) Twisting (Piercing)
It is the next process which comes after warping .twisting
makes the yarn more free and gives neat to the work. It is done with
hand and need lot of practice.
i) Weft Winding (Pirn Winding)
Different patterns of weft are also made. Weft is the set of yarns
carried by the shuttle and voked at the right angle with the warp. This
roll is called pern.
j) Weaving
The warp and weft are inter lace and turned to bring it out as a
woven textile That is weaving the warp and weft is inter voked at right
angles. The warp yarns are held in place on a loom and the weavers
inserts the weft yarn. A better form of loom is known as Jacquard
looms to weave out different design can be weaved out easily in this
loom.
k) Measuring and Inspection
Before packing, weaved out fabric is measured and inspected to
meet the specifications. Any defeat in the material will lead to the
rejection of material.
L) Stitching and Packing
After measuring and inspection the material is given to stitching
section for perfection. At each step the inspection is done by the

weaving masters. Stitched material is folded neatly and ironed. Then it


is taken to the packing section for packing. Then the cloth is ready for
sale.

YARN PURE HOUSING

3.3 PRODUCTION PROCESS


COLLECTION FROM GODOWN

DYEING

BOILING

COLOURING

BOBBIN WINDING

WARPING

SUPPLY WARP TO WEAVERS

TWISTING

WEFT BINDING

WEAVING

MEASURING AND INSPECTION

STITCHING AND PACKING

STRENGTH AND RANGE OF PRODUCTION


The strength of the company or society extends to 280 looms up to width 120
inches including Dobby Jacquard up to 90inches and heavy up to 40inches dyeing
capacity is not less than any 120bundles per day (VAT dyeing). It has also tied up with
other co-operative production center to meet bulk order. It has fully fledged dye
house and use only permitted colors and chemical which do not contain any harmful
amines almost carries taken at different stages of dying, winding, denting and joining,
beaming and weaving
The final product is appraised by qualified weaving master to ensure the
quality before goods goes to the customers besides, the production of range of
furnishing , made ups ,mats , terry towels ,seer and double cloths , garments are also
been produced. As a mark of appreciation to their performance the government of
India has sanctioned a handloom development center and a quality dyeing unit to this
co-operation.
The companies supply its product through 5-6 depots under Kerala state
handloom and HANVEV government fixed relate during festivals and other occasions

MARKETING DEPARTMENT

4.4 STRUCTURE OF MARKETING DEPARTMENT

Marketing Functions

Functions of
exchanging

Physical

Facilitating

4.2 MARKETING DEPARTMENT


According to Philip kolter- marketing is a social and managerial process by
which individuals and groups obtain what they need, want and through creating,
offering and exchanging products of value with others.
Marketing touches every aspect of our lives, from our birth to death. Our
entire life, our life styles and existence and continuously affected by marketing.
Marketing is social and managerial process by which individuals and groups obtain
what they need and want through creating and exchanging products and values.
The society has no specialized marketing department. The main marketing
activity of the society is to market their products locally and internationally. The
products are procured on the given order by the customers. So the samples or
brochures are the sources of marketing the products.
The company produces its products for domestic consumption and for
exporting. It exports mainly to Hongkong. It exports also to countries like UK, USA
and Muscat. Samples are obtained from the foreign customers with their detailed
specification like color, design, thickness etc.
The society supplies its products during relate. During the rebate period these
products attract a large number of customers which makes handloom competitive in
terms of price. About 75% of sales are during rebate period.

BRAND NAME
Branding is a marketing technique. In the society the products are sold out to
the public without the brand name. But the products of the society are familier and
attractive is the local and international market.

ADVERTISEMENT
Advertisement is very less in the society. Brochures are published during
festival season and cultural events

PUBLICITY AND EXHIBITIONS


The society participates in National Handloom Exports; District level events,
crafts meals etc in different parts of the country for publicity. Such activities of the
society are supportive to the handloom agencies, weavers and consumers.

MARKETING MIX
Marketing Mix is the set of contribute tactical marketing tools products, price,
place and promotion that the firm wants to produce response that it wants in the target
market.

Products
Products means the goods and services combination the company
offers to the market. It includes product variety, quality, features, brand name,
packing services, warranties etc.
The society produces wide range of handloom products. Export oriented items
are made up, jacquard furnishing, Turkish towel, thorthu, sating sheet, lungies
etc. all the raw materials and finished goods are being ensured of the quality.

The products are sold out without any specific brand name.
Price
Price is the amount of money; customers have to pay to obtain the
product. It is the most critical and most flexible element in the marketing mix.
The co operative society does not have legitimate right of making profit but
they need finance for every process in the organization. NABARD provides
them financial support.
The societys products are generally priced high but because of high quality
and reputation, while pricing the products, the cost fact is considered. Largest

customers are still having the brand loyalty on the product.


Promotion

Promotion means the activity that communicates the merits of the


products and pursues target customers to lay It. Advertising, personal selling,
sales promotion and public relations are considering factors for promoting a
product.
For promoting the sales during festival seasons like Onam, Vishu, Christmas
etc. The society gives an opportunity to the consumers for enjoying the

government rebate of 20% on its products.


Publicity of Public Relation
This component of promotion is found effective through the

organization; dont make any payment for publicity.


Personnel Selling
Personnel selling are another important aspect of marketing mix. The
process of selling is ensured by personnel selling supported by advertisement
and sales promotion. It refers to oral and face to face communication and
presentation between a sales representatives and more prospective buyers in an
attempt to influence other in a purchase situation with the customer for the

purpose of making sales.


Place
Place includes those activities that makes the product available to the
customer. It includes channel coverage assortment of location transportation
inventory and logistics. The Chirakkal weavers sell both to domestic market
as well as international market. It sells most of it product through its apex
organization.

The society directly sells their fabrics to some of their

customer like the Sanav home collection Bangalore. 20% of the government
rebate is provided during festival season. The fabrics of the society are
stored in warehouse near production unit. The goods are stored in store from
where they are taken into packing section as power requirements.

COMPETITION
Competition is the most common feature of modern day because it enables
both the organization and economy to grow and prosper. Unhealthy competition is a
threat.

CHANNELS OF DISTRIBUTION
There is less chance of distribution. The manufactured goods are directly sold or
distributed with the co operation of many agencies.

Generally, the marketing department faces lot of problems like lack of


standardization, inadequate market intelligence, and insufficient holding capacity.
A large number of artists and craftsman continue substantially on middle men of
supply of their inputs and market including outlets that appropriate most of their
profit. Sales of handloom products mainly depend on rebate allowed on them. Volume
of inventories when rebates are not operates becoming quite large

Brand name
Branding means giving a name sign symbol, design or combination of all so as to
distinguish the product from other similar products. In other words branding means
having the product by which it is known and remembered by the consumers. It helps
the manufacturer to distinguish it from rival products and guides the consumer to
identify it. In chirakkal weavers they follows family branding strategy that means
society uses and only brand name i.e. chintex .

SALES TURNOVER
Due to severe competition from power loom sector and other large scale units
and because of lack of standardization, sales turnover of the society is seen to be
decreasing in recent years.

FINANCE DEPARTMENT

4.5 STRUCTURE OF FINANCE DEPARTMENT


Board of directors

Secretary

Senior clerk

Accountant

Accountant officer

The chirakkal weavers co-operation society has board of directors taking all
the decisions regarding the financial aspects of the company. The secretary assists the
board of directors. The senior clerk, the accountant officer works under secretary in
taking financial decision.

4.3 FINANCE DEPARTMENT


Every enterprise, whether big or small needs finance to carry its operation to
achieve its goals. Finance makes the wheel of business run smoothly. Finance has
become an integral part of business
Finance refers to the management of flow of money through an organization,
i.e., it is concerned with managing flow of money into business and flow of money
firm business.
Finance department records classified and present information for manufacture
and other activities of the firm. It makes an analysis of cost of manufacturing,
marketing and administration and prorates the control report and other decision
making data to all levels of management for the purpose of controlling and reducing
art.
Finance department suggest ways and means for reducing cost-relating to
employees working in the firm and is concerned with maintenance of books of
account and preparation of financial statement.

FUND MANAGEMENT

Assessing the daily, requirement of cost and making arrangement for

withdrawal of cash
Transfer of funds to the bank account
Budgeting.

PREPARATION OF BALANCE SHEET

Preparation of bank reconciliation statement


Passing adjusted journal entries
Resistant disbursement statement trial balance preparation
Preparation of budget, budgetary control etc.
Co-ordination with statutory auditors
Preparation of statements of received and payable

SOURCE OF FUNDS
1. Share
It is share in the capital of a company at the face value
2. Government Grant
Government provides various grants to various co-operative societies but
now a day this grant amount is become less.
3. Loan from NABARD
NABARD provides various grants to the society to purchase yarn dye and
other chemicals which are essential in the production process.
4. Cash Credit
The society facilitated by cash credit by district co-operative bank with 11%
interest.
5. Deposits
Deposits may at the discretion of board of Directors we received at any time
from members and non members. Deposits from members shall be given
performance to deposits from non members.
Thrift deposits
Fixed deposits
Recurring deposits
Home safe deposits
a. Thrift deposits
Every weaver member shall so long as he continues to be member at the rate
of 6 paise for every rupee of wage earned by him, when a members fund has
amounted to Rs. 10/-, it shall be carried to his share capital account. When the
share capital to the recurring deposits account for a period fixed by the
members.

b. Fixed deposits
A fixed deposit is the deposit of a fixed amount of money for a fixed period of
time. No fixed deposit shall be received for a sum less than Rs. 5 or an exact
multiple for a period less than 6 months.
c. Recurring deposits
A recurring deposits is a deposit by a person who undertaken to pay to the
society every month a fixed amount of 1 rupee or a sub multiple there of a

period 12, 24, 45, 84 or 132 months. Every recurring depositor shall pay this
monthly deposit before the end of the calendar month to which it relates
failing which he shall be charged a fire of 2 paisa per rupee per month or
fraction there of a every rupee over due.
d. Home safe deposits
A home safe deposits made by a person who undertaken to deposits at this
convenience in a home safe. Any amount that he can spare and pay the
contents there of into the society every month for a period of 12 months.
Amount paid to the credit of home safe deposit account by the fourth day of
the month shall be calculated at the rate of the of paisa per rupee. The total
amount together with the interest accrued will be payable to the deposition in
the 13th month. No interest shall at any time be allowed on fractions of rupee.
Every home safe depositor will be applied with a pass book free of charges
and with a home safe and look at a cost of 6 ps.

SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTING
Chirakkal Weavers Co-operative society prepares various accounts they are:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

Journal
Leger
Cashbook
Sundry debtors A/C
Trail balance A/C
Profit and loss A/C
Balance sheet

3.6 STRUCTURE OF FINANCE DEPARTMENT

Board of directors

Secretary

Senior clerk

Accountant

Accountant
officer

HUMAN RESOURCE DEPARTMENT

HUMAN RESOURCE DEPARTMENT

Human management is the management of work force or human resource in


an organization. It is an integral or inherent part of management. It is concern with the
managerial and operative functions, with a view to attaining the organization goals
economically and effectively and meeting the individual and societal goals. Such
management effectively described the process of planning, directing, development
and utilization of human resources in an organization.
Personnel management has been traditionally received as an inherent part of
management which is concerned with the human resources of the organization. It is
concerned with managing resources people at work.
Human resources are the most valuable and unique resets of an organization.
The successful management of organizations human resources is an exciting, dynamic
and challenging task, especially at a time when the world has become a global village
and economics are to a state of flex. The scarcity of talented resources and the
growing expectation of the modern day workers have further increased the complexity
of the human resource function.
It covers all levels of personnel including blue colors workers as well as white
collar workers. It is concerned with getting the best result with the collaboration of
people the significance of personnel management has increased with the growth of
industrial undertaken. This is a modern concept which involves a range of ideas and
practices in managing people.
The various aspects of personnel functions relates to procurement
development compensation and moderation of the personnel. The personnel manager
carries out the function of personnel department. It develops the sources of
requirement select the people and helps in the line manager to place and adjusts them.
Even though specific human resource functions are the responsibility of the human
resource department, the actual management of human resource is the responsibility
of all the managers in an organization. It is there for necessary.
For all managers to understand and give due importance to the different
human resources policies and activities in the organization. Like other department,
personnel management can also be organized on a department is subdivided into small

sections to deal with man power planning, recruitment, selection, training and
development health and safety, compensation etc.
Personnel management involves the activities which are related with the
procurement and development of human resource towards the organizational goal.
The main object of personnel department is effective utilization of human resources. It
serves the integration of individuals and groups with the organization by reconnecting
individuals or groups with those of an organization in such a manner that the
employees feel the presence of involvement, commitment and loyalty towards it.
If you want 10 days of happiness, grow grains. If you want 10 years of
happiness, group a tree. If you want 100 years of happiness, grow people. According
to National Institute of Personnel Management, personnel management simply talks
of dealing with human relationship.
According to Edwar.B.Flippo, personnel management is the planning
organizing, directing and controlling of the procurement, development, compensation,
integration, maintenance and separation of human resources to the end that individual,
organization and social objectives are accomplished.

Nature of HRM
Relationship between worker & employees
Workers and employee Remuneration
3.7 FUNCTIONS OF HRM
Human Resource Management

Workers maintenance

Workers & motivation

Thus it is clear that the scope of personnel management is very wide. It


includes all activities which help the management in getting the work done by the
labor force in the best possible manner. To accomplish the main objective of
organization. The growth of the society resulted in to the growth of labor unions
also.

OBJECTIVES

Maintaining better human relations in the organization by the development,

application and evaluation of policies and procedures


Optimizing contribution and achieving integration of goals of the

organization with those of individuals


To attain desirable working relationship between employees and employers,

employers and employees.


Providing various services and welfare facilities to the personnel.
To identify and satisfy the needs of individual by offering various monitoring

and non- monitoring rewards.


To achieve and maintain high morale among employees in the organization
by serving better human relations.

The personnel departments of Chirakkal weavers society have specially four


objectives that is;
1.
2.
3.
4.

Societal
Organization
Functional
Personnel

PERSONNEL DEPARTMENT IN CHIRAKKAL WEAVERS


Personnel policies

To carry at the main objectives which have been laid down as the desirable

minimum of general employment policies


To provide such conditions of employment and procedures will enable all the
employees to develop a sincere sense of unity with the enterprises and carry

out duties in efficient manner


To product the common interest at all the organization
To provide for the payment of fair and adequate wages and salary to workers
so that their healthy cooperation may be ensured for an efficient working at

the undertaking
To provide security at employment to the uncertainties of future
To provide medical facilities like reimbursement at medical expense
To provide vacation with pay
To give educational facilities to the workers children
Sickness, death and majority benefits and allowances are given,

Following matters are involved in the personnel policies


1) MANPOWER PLANNING
In chirakkal weavers co-operative society manpower planning and policies are
mainly classified into 3 categories
a) Determination of manpower need
i. Nature of work
ii. Qualification
iii.
Training and selection

b) Recruitment and selection


i. To assign job to employees for which they appear least qualified on the
ii.
iii.

basis of selection techniques


Employment of local people
Employment through hereditary

3.8 HUMAN RESOURCE COMPOSITION


TYPE

NO

EMPLOYEES
SECRETARY

MANAGER

ACCOUNTANT

SENIOR CLERK

WEAVING MASTER

DYEING MASTER

YARN CUSTODIAN

STORE KEEPER

PACKER

ATTENDER /PUNE

TOTAL

14

WEAVERS

168

Recruitment and selection


The process of identification of different sources of personnel department is
known as recruitment. It precedes the process of selection of right candidates various
position in the organization. In chirakkal weavers the members of board of directors
are selected as per rule 35 of Kerala co-operation societies rule. The board of director
shall elect president and secretary among themselves. Other managing personnels are

appointed from the public service commission list. The weavers are also appointed
directly by hereditary or by skill.

Performance appraisal
Once the workers are selected trained and motivated than he is appraised. The
workers are daily appraised. This well makes the management to get job according to
requirement in chirakkal weavers the workers are apprised every morning and
provided the necessary instruction for the work.

Timing shift
Employees

9.00 am -06.00 pm

Workers

8.30 am 5.30 pm

Wage and salary administration


Compensation refers to a wide range of financial and non-financial rewards to
the employees for their services rendered to the organization. It is paid in the form of
wages salaries and employees benefits such as casual leave, insurance, maternity
leave, and retirement benefits etc.

3.9 Remuneration Structure


Nature of job

Remuneration

Secretary

Basic pay, D.A, P.F, Bonus

Accountant

Basic pay, D.A, P.F, bonus

Workers

Wages (piece rate system of wages)P.F,


Bonus, D.A, ESI

BOD, president, other, subordinates

Honorarium, sitting, allowances

Basic pay
Remuneration is paid in the form of salary and wages. The salary is paid to the
exclusive according to the seniority and position held by rate system. If the workers

create any defect in the products they produce, them they well have to bear the
expense by accepting the defect product

Dearness Allowances
This is given to the own employees as well as weavers registered with the cooperation. He companys D.A is calculated on 8.33% of the basic pay. D.A allowances
very in case weavers according to the products they produce.

Contributory provident fund


Both the employer and employee contribute monthly to this fund. Employer
contributes monthly to the fund. Employer contribution is 12% of basic salary of the
employees and the equivalent amount is deducted from the salary of the employee.
The employee gets PF after his retirement at the age of 58. It carries an interest of
8.33%.

Bonus
Bonus is paid as share of profit. Bonus is also given as a certain percentage of
production. Here is given during festivals like Onam, Vishu, ramzan etc. for
employees

Employees State Insurance


E.S.I scheme is funded by the contribution from employer and employee. The
employers rate of contribution 4.74% of the total age bill and every employee
contributes 1.75% of this wages.

BENEFITS UNDER E.S.I SCHEME


1. Sickness Benefit
In case of sickness the employees are provides with sickness benefit. On presence
medical certificate reimbursement of expense is done
2. Maternity Benefit
Women employees on presentation of certificate a sum with maternity of Rs. 1000
should be produced.
3. Disablement benefit
A person suffering from disablement as a result of employment injury is
entitled with periodical payment
4. Dependents benefit

Dependents of an insured person who dies as a result of an employment


injuring are entitled to compensation

5. Gratuity
The society provides a payment of gratuity at the rate of 15days wages for
each completed yarn of service.
6. Canteen facilities
The society is having its our canteen. The canteen provides tea and means
at subsidized rates for employers and employees

PRESENT RATE
Tea

Rs.3

Meals

Rs.6

Leave facilities
The employees are given 13 days paid holidays including public holidays

3.10

LIST OF HOLIDAYS FOR THE YEAR 2014

Republic day

January 26

Sivarathri

February 27

Vishu

April 14

Vishu

April 15

Vishu

April 16

May day

May 1

Independence day

August 15

Onam

September 6

Onam

September 7

10

Onam

September 8

11

Gandhi jayanthi

October 2

12

Vijaya dasami

October 3

13

Deepavali

October 22

Maternity leave
The women employees availed with the maternity leave of 81 days along with
maternity benefits

Scholarships
Scholarships are provided with the children of weavers who pass out with excellent of
marks. A sum of Rs.500 is provided to SSLC students, Rs.550 for higher secondary
student and Rs.1000 for college students. The marriage benefits are also given to
employees for their childrens marriage.

Trade union
Trade union is essential organization for the protection and promotion of the
interests of their members in particulars and workers in general. Trade unions are
associations of workers having some common objectives in the society Center of
Indian Trade Union (CITU) affiliated to CPM is the main union. Trade unions
increase the bargaining power of employees and help to preserve their rights and
enable them to claim their share in profile

Attendance card

Weavers are provided with attendance card which should be submitted in


morning and afternoon wages are based on it.

4.1JOB TRAINING
Training is teaching, or developing in oneself or others, any skills and
knowledge that relate to specific useful competencies. Training has specific goals
of improving one's capability, capacity, productivity and performance. It forms the
core of apprenticeships and provides the backbone of content at institutes of
technology.
After selecting the best candidates, it is necessary to impact training for them
to make them fully for the job they are supposed to handle. Training is the process
of increasing the knowledge and skill of an employee for doing a particular job.
Every company must have a systematic training program for the growth and
development of the employees.

goals
Training is an organizedOrganizational
activity for increasing
the knowledge and skill of the
people for definite purpose. The trainees acquire technical knowledge, skills and
problem solving ability by undergoing training programs. In chirakkal weavers on
the job training is imported to the workers for 15-30 days. Training is mainly
given request of the panchayat for 5-6 months along with stipend are in return

Assessments of training needs

facilities are provided by panchayat.

Establishment of training goals

4.1TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT


Implementation of training programs

Evaluation of results

ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION


TABLE SHOWING SEX RATIO OF THE TRAINING EMPLOYEES
TABLE NO: 4 1
GENDER

NO OF TRAINEES

PERCENTAGE (%)

MALE

10

40

FEMALE

15

60

TOTAL

25

100

Table no: 4.1 indicate that the majority of training employees, i.e., 60% are female.
The remaining position constitute male. The above survey shows that the percentage
of female trainees is more than the percentage of male trainees.
Chart 1: chart showing sex ratio of trainees

60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
MALE

FEMALE

TABLE SHOWING EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATION OF TRAINEES


TABLE NO: 4. 2
CATEGORY

NO OF TRAINEES

PERCENTAGE (%)

BELOW 10TH

20

SSLC

15

60

DEGREE

DIPLOMA

12

TOTAL

25

100

The table shows that among the sample taken (25) educational qualification of
5 trainees is below 10th only 2 of them have diploma. The remaining trainees passed
10th. It is clear that trainees are not elected according to their educational qualification.

Chart 2: Chart showing the educational qualification of trainees

60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
BELOW 10TH

10TH PASS

DEGREE

DIPLOMA

TABLE SHOWING TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE ABOUT HANDLOOM OF


TRAINEES
TABLE N0:4. 3
CATEGORY

NO OF TRAINEES

PERCENTAGE (%)

YES

20

NO

20

80

TOTAL

25

100

Table No: 4.3 shows that the majority of trainees did not have technical
knowledge about the handloom, i.e. 80% trainees do not have knowledge. The
remaining 20% have the knowledge about handloom.

80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
YES

NO

TABLE SHOWING THE LEVEL OF STIPEND SYSTEM OF TRAINEES


TABLENO: 4.4
CATEGORY

NO OF TRAINEES

PERCENTAGE (%)

YES

25

100

NO

TOTAL

25

100

Table no: 4.4 shows 100% of trainees gets stipend along with training

Chart 4: Chart showing the level of stipend system of trainees

100%
90%
80%
70%
60%

PERCENTAGE OF
TRAINEES

50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
YES

NO

TABLE SHOWING SATISFACTION OF TRAINEES REGARDING THE


TRAINING

TABLE NO: 4.5


CATEGORY

NO OF TRAINEES

PERCENTAGE (%)

HIGHLY SATISFIED

20

80

SATISFIED

16

DIS-SATISFIED

TOTAL

25

100

Table no: 4.5 shows that the majority of trainees (80%) are highly satisfied regarding
the training only 45 of the trainees are dis-satisfied where as remaining (4%) trainees
are satisfied.

16%

4%
HIGHLY SATISFIED
80%

SATISFIED
DIS-SATISFIED

TABLE SHOWING THE HOW LONG THE EMPLOYEES HAVE BEEN


WORKING IN THE ORGANIZATION

TABLE NO: 4.6


CATEGORY

NO OF TRAINEES

PERCENTAGE (%)

LESS THAN

12

1-5

20

5-10

36

ABOVE 10

32

TOTAL

25

100

Table No:4.6 indicates that 36% employees are working for the past 5-10yeasr, 32%
g employees are working for the past 10 year above and 12% and 20% of employees
have1-5and5-10years work

12%
32%

LESS THAN
20%

5-Jan
10-May
ABOVE 10

36%

TABLE SHOWING WHETHER THE TRAINING HELPS TO IMPROVE


EMPLOYEE- EMPLOYER RELATIONSHIP

TABLE NO: 4.7


RESPONSE

NO OF TRAINEES

PERCENTAGE (%)

YES

15

60

NO

10

40

TOTAL

25

100

Table No: 4.7 show that 60% of employees trainees agree that the training
helps to increase employee-employer relationship. 40% trainees have disagree and
have no opinion about the employee-employer relationship

Chart 7. Chart showing the employee-employer relationship

40

YES
NO

60

TABLE SHOWING THE TRAINING HELPS TO INCREASE THE


MOTIVATION LEVEL OF EMPLOYEES

TABLENO: 4. 8
RESPONSE

NO OF TRAINEES

PERCENTAGE (%)

YES

20

80

NO

20

TOTAL

25

100

Table No: 4.8 shows that 80% of trainees are motivated by the training
provided by the organization and 20% employees are not motivated by the training

Chart 8: chart showing the training helps to increase the motivation

20%

YES
80%

NO

TABLE SHOWING THE USE OF NEW TECHNOLOGY FOR TRAINING


THE EMPLOYEES

TABLE NO: 4.9


RESPONSE

NO OF TRAINEES

PERCENTAGE (%)

YES

18

72

NO

28

TOTAL

25

100

Table No: 4.9 shows that 72% of trainees says that the organization use new
and modern technology for training them and 28% of trainees disagree with it.
Chart 9: chart showing the use new technology for the training the employees

28%

72%

YES
NO

TABLE SHOWING THE PRACTICE HELP THE EMPLOYEES IN


IMPROVING THEIR CAREER

TABLE NO: 4. 10

RESPONSE

NO OF TRAINEES

PERCENTAGE (%)

YES

22

88

NO

12

TOTAL

25

100

Table No: 4.10 show that 88% of employees say that their training helps in
improving their career and 12% of employees says that the training doesnt help in
improving their career.

12%

YES
NO

88%

Chart 10:
chart showing the improvement of career in trainees

CHAPTER 5
FINDINGS, SUGGESTIONS AND
CONCLUSION

5.1 FINDINGS

The female weavers are seen mostly in this firm


Stipend is provided for the trainees
Trainees are satisfied with their training program
Employees have high work experience

Training helps in employees-employer relationship


Trainings help to increase the motivation level
Training program helps in improving the employees career

5.2 SUGGESTIONS

Male weavers should be made attracted to the organization


Modernization and up-gradation of technology should be innovated
Measures are provided for attracting freshers to this field
Provide some extra benefits to workers for their additional efforts
Trainees are not elected according to their educational qualifications
Majority of trainees did not have technical knowledge about the
handloom

5.3 CONCLUSION
Taking the country as a whole the handloom sector has been receiving
increasing attention from the government, industrialist and business this is reflected in
the market performance in recent years. Indias handloom societies have come to

occupy an important place in national and international market. Handloom societies


have come a long way in terms of quality, value and share in total textile business.
Handloom sector can play an important role in not only uplifting the poor
village weavers but also for increasing the national income in the form of foreign
exchange leanings, it is observed that chirakkal weavers co-operative society Ltd. is
where the real potential lies.
Taking into account the strength and weakness environment threats faced and
the opportunities still available for chirakkal for the next seven years for sustaining its
operations in a variable manner and fulfill its mandate of extending support to the
looms registered with chirakkal weavers

APPENDIX
QUESTIONNAIRE
1. Name :
2. Age :

3. Sex

MALE

FEMALE

4. educational qualification
BELOW
10TH

10TH PASS

DEGREE

DIPLOM
A

5. Did you technically studied about Handloom?


YES

NO

6. Do you get stipend along with training?


YES

NO

7. Are you satisfied with the job training provided in the organization
HIGHLY
SATISFIED

SATISFIED

DIS- SATISFIED

8. For how long have you working for this organization?


a) Less than 1 year b) 1-5 years
c) 5-10 years d) more than 10 years
9. Does training helps to improve employee-employer relationship?
a) Yes
b) No
10. Does training helps to increase the motivation level of employees?
a) Yes
b) No
11. Whether the management is new technologies for training the employees?
a) Yes
b) No
12. Does the training practice help the employees in improving their career?
a) Yes
b) No

BIBLIOGRAPHY
1. Reports and published materials of the company
2. Human resource management
C.B Memorial

3.
4.
5.
6.

Marketing Management
Financial Management
Operations management
Journals and websites

Philip kotler
I.M Panday
ashwathappa
www.chirtex.com

BOOKS
Philip kotlav, marketing management

WEBSITES
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OTHERS
Official document
Direct personal interviews with official & workers