1 Votos favoráveis0 Votos desfavoráveis

193 visualizações5 páginasThis study represents weight optimization of hollow circular, rectangular and airfoil composite beam by using sub problem approximation method in ANSYS. A three dimensional static analysis of large displacement type has been carried out for hollow circular, rectangular and airfoil composite beams. Weight of beam was objective function, material parameter, geometrical, ply thickness, ply angles and load. In order to validate the results, one loop of simulation is benchmarked from results in literature. Ultimately, best set of optimized design variable is proposed to reduce weight under static loading condition.

Dec 31, 2015

© © All Rights Reserved

PDF, TXT ou leia online no Scribd

This study represents weight optimization of hollow circular, rectangular and airfoil composite beam by using sub problem approximation method in ANSYS. A three dimensional static analysis of large displacement type has been carried out for hollow circular, rectangular and airfoil composite beams. Weight of beam was objective function, material parameter, geometrical, ply thickness, ply angles and load. In order to validate the results, one loop of simulation is benchmarked from results in literature. Ultimately, best set of optimized design variable is proposed to reduce weight under static loading condition.

© All Rights Reserved

193 visualizações

This study represents weight optimization of hollow circular, rectangular and airfoil composite beam by using sub problem approximation method in ANSYS. A three dimensional static analysis of large displacement type has been carried out for hollow circular, rectangular and airfoil composite beams. Weight of beam was objective function, material parameter, geometrical, ply thickness, ply angles and load. In order to validate the results, one loop of simulation is benchmarked from results in literature. Ultimately, best set of optimized design variable is proposed to reduce weight under static loading condition.

© All Rights Reserved

- MSc Aerospace Dissertation
- ACI-350 Concrete Beam Design 1.1
- HandBook stuctural steel
- IJAIEM-2013-10-29-053
- TEDDS Engineering Library (AU)
- 2. Q & a -National Structural Code of the Philippines
- How to Estimate Deflection
- Lecture6 Shear Force and Bending Moment in Beams
- 03 Deflection
- hull as a beam
- Study of Structural Action of Superstructures on Ships 48
- Combined Streess
- sm- QP
- Exercise 5
- Copy of RC Beam Design CCAA_Revised 1.2 JWW
- Jarmai Farkas SRWC 2008
- Civil engineering
- 1586_C006
- RCC 11 Deflection
- s165content.pdf

Você está na página 1de 5

Mr. Sachin M. Shinde1 Mr.C.C. Pawar2

1,2

Assistant Professor

1,2

Department of Mechanical Engineering

1,2

Karmayogi Engineering College, Pandharpur

Abstract This study represents weight optimization of

hollow circular, rectangular and airfoil composite beam by

using sub problem approximation method in ANSYS. A

three dimensional static analysis of large displacement type

has been carried out for hollow circular, rectangular and

airfoil composite beams. Weight of beam was objective

function, material parameter, geometrical, ply thickness, ply

angles and load. In order to validate the results, one loop of

simulation is benchmarked from results in literature.

Ultimately, best set of optimized design variable is proposed

to reduce weight under static loading condition.

Key words: Hollow Circular, Rectangular and Airfoil

Composite Beam, Sub Problem Approximation Method

I. INTRODUCTION

Composite materials have found increasing use in aerospace

and civil engineering construction. One of the common

areas of application is panels and rectangular construction

where composite materials with complex lay-ups are used.

The following beam properties can be improved when

composite materials are used: specific strength, specific

stiffness, weight, and fatigue life. The thin-walled beams of

open cross-sections are used extensively in space systems as

space erectable booms installed on spacecraft; in

aeronautical industry both as direct load-carrying members

and as stiffener members. In addition, they are used as well

in marine and civil engineering, whereas the I-beams, in the

fabrication of flex beams of bearing less helicopter rotor [1].

Thin- walled structures are integral part of an aircraft [2].

That is the reason why many researchers consider it in their

studies and published it in scholarly articles. Chan and his

students focused on thin-walled beams with different crosssections. Among their studies, Chan and Dermirhan [3]

considered first a rectangular cross section thin-walled

composite beam. They developed a new and simple closedform method to calculate its bending stiffness. Then, Lin

and Chan [4] continued the work with an elliptical cross

section thin-walled composite beam. Later, Syed and Chan

[5] included hat-sectioned composite beams. And most

recently, Rao and Chan [6] expanded the work to consider

laminated tapered tubes. Ascione et al. [7] presented a

method that formulates a one-dimensional kinematical

model that is able to study the static behavior of fiberreinforced polymer thin-walled beams. Its well known that

the statics of composite beam is strongly influenced by shear

deformability because of the low values of the elastic shear

module. Such a feature cannot be analyzed by Vlasovs

theory, which assumes that the shear strains are negligible

along the middle line of the cross-section. Ferrero et al. [8]

proposed that the stress field in thin-walled composite

beams due to at twisting moment is not correctly modeled

by classical analytical theories, so numerical modeling is

essential. Therefore, they developed a method with a simple

way of determining stress and stiffness in this type of

structures where the constrained warping effect can be taken

into account. They worked with both open and closed cross

sections. Also, to check the validity of the method for

structures made of composite materials, a beam with thin,

composite walls were studied. Wu et al. [9] presented a

procedure for analyzing the mechanical behavior of

laminated thin-walled composite box beam under torsional

load without external restraint. Some analyses have been

formulated to analyzed composite box beam with varying

levels of assumptions [10-13]. Therefore, analysis of

Rectangular beam under varying loading condition is key to

improve the design and provide good agreement in results.

II. SIMULATION

To perform optimization, present work considers following

three cases of cantilever beams made of graphite/epoxy

composites:

Hollow circular

Hollow rectangular

Hollow Aero foil

Input data for above three cases have been taken

from literature (see Table 1). FE analysis results are

benchmarked using ANSYS. These models are termed as

baseline models for further optimization and probabilistic

design to meet remaining objectives of thesis. Present work

uses FEM package ANSYS for analyses of composite beam

of hollow circular, rectangular, airfoil shape. All input

parameter for base model are given in table1. Element

selected for meshing the geometry of the specimen is shell

181. Material Properties of epoxy graphite are entered.

Figure 1 shows hollow circular beam meshed model

contains 1178 number of nodesand1162 number of

elements.

Hollow

Hollow

Input

Hollow Aero

Circular

Rectangular

Parameters

Foil [14]

[15]

[11]

Length = 2540 Lwing = 1680

Length =

mm

mm

1524 mm

Wouter =

LChord = 56

OD =

Geometry

101.62 mm

mm

101.6 mm

Douter = 50.82

Aero foil

twall = 15.2

mm

shape

mm

twall = 2.0 mm

NACA0012

E11 =

E11 = 146.79

E11 = 142

146.85

GPa

GPa

Material

GPa

E22 = E33 =

E22 = E23 =

E22 = E33

10.30 GPa

9.8 GPa

836

(IJSRD/Vol. 3/Issue 08/2015/217)

= 11.03

GPa

G12 =

G13 =

6.21 GPa

G23 =

3.86 GPa

12 = 13

= 0.28

23 = 0.5

tlayer =

0.127 mm

[+2030/7030]s

G12 = G13 =

G12 = G13 =

6.20 GPa

6.0 GPa

G23 = 4.82

G23 = 4.83

GPa

GPa

12 = 13 =

12 = 13 =

0.28

0.42

23 = 0.5

23 = 0.5

tlayer = 0.32

tlayer = 0.127

mm

mm

Top =

[+60]6

[0/+452/90]s

Bottom = [0/452/90]s

Side =

[(0/90)s]2

Load

4.45 KN

1.78 KN

1.0 N

Table 1: Input parameters for baseline model

Figure 2 shows hollow rectangular beam meshed

model contains 2304 number of nodes and 2286 number of

elements. Figure 3shows hollow airfoil beam Meshed model

contains 3549 number of nodes and 3360 number of

elements

Beam

3

Aero Foil Wing

172.00

169.40

1.51

Table 2: Comparison of Literature and ANSYS results

III. INTRODUCTION TO OPTIMIZATION USING ANSYS

The ANSYS can determine an optimum design, a design

that meets all specified requirements yet demands a

minimum in terms of expenses such as such as weight (or

volume), stress, cost, and other factors. Virtually any aspect

of design can be optimized: dimensions, shape, placement of

supports, natural frequency, material property, and so on.

Any ANSYS item that can be expressed in terms of

parameters is a candidate for design optimization.

A. Design Optimization Data Flow

The Fig. 4 shows the flow of information during a design

optimization within ANSYS. The analysis file must exist as

a separate entity. The optimization database is not part of the

ANSYS model database.

Deflection values in different beams have been

obtained using FEA tools and compared with corresponding

literature results. Percentage error is calculated and it is

found that percentage error is less than 5%. Various stress

results are also below allowable limits of material. Error in

FE and analytical results occurs because of various reasons

such as choice of element in FE analysis, size of elements,

etc.

Deflection (mm)

Case

Description

Literature

%

ANSYS

[11,14-15]

Error

Hollow

1

30.00

29.35

2.17

Circular Beam

Hollow

2

515.00

507.01

1.55

Rectangular

An optimization problem is formulated for hollow circular

beam. Objective of the optimization process is shape and

weight optimization. Design variables are geometric,

material and loading conditions whereas state variables are

bending stress and deflection. Limits for design variables

and state variables are obtained from probabilistic design.

Table 3 shows limits used for various design and state

variables. An optimization problem is given as

1) Minimize weight

Subjected to:

R_ lower limit < R< R_ upper limit

L_ lower limit < L < L_ upper limit

TP _ lower limit <TP<TP_ upper limit

1_ lower limit < 1< 1 _ upper limit

2_ lower limit < 2< 2_ upper limit

Exx _ lower limit <Exx<Exx_ upper limit

Eyy _ lower limit <Eyy<Eyy_ upper limit

Ezz _ lower limit <Ezz<Ezz_ upper limit

Gxy _ lower limit <Gxy<Gxy_ upper limit

Gyz _ lower limit <Gyz<Gyz_ upper limit

Gxz _ lower limit <Gxz<Gxz_ upper limit

PRxy _ lower limit <PRxy<PRxy_ upper limit

837

(IJSRD/Vol. 3/Issue 08/2015/217)

PRxz _ lower limit < PR xz<PRxz_ upper limit

F_lower limit<F<F_ upper limit

Optimization Variable Lower limit Upper limit

R

42.67

58.10

L

1478.7

1573.5

Exx

1.03E+05

2.04E+05

Eyy

6.86E+03

1.46E+04

Ezz

7.24E+03

1.48E+04

PRxy

0.12109

0.47099

PRyz

0.1798

0.46542

PRxz

0.06677

0.4875

Gxy

4382.9

8035.1

Gyz

2.71E+03

5.10E+03

Gxz

4.49E+03

8.08E+03

Tp

0.08604

0.16352

-13.517

-26.673

1

46.391

90.382

2

F

-2827.6

-5719.3

Table 3: Optimization variables and its limits for hollow

circular beam

After creating parametric model, optimization steps

are performed in ANSYS.

Present study optimization process uses sub

problem approximation method. The sub problem

approximation method can be described as an advanced

zero-order method in that it requires only the values of the

dependent variables, and not their derivatives. There are two

concepts that play a key role in the sub problem

approximation method: the use of approximations for the

objective function and state variables, and the conversion of

the constrained optimization problem to an unconstrained

problem.

Optimization problem runs 30 sets and gives

optimized set. Fig. 5 shows progress of optimization. Set 24

found to bet optimized and volume reduces from initial

7358800 to 5761700 mm3. Fig. 6 shows optimal set for

hollow circular beam under given conditions.

An optimization problem is formulated. Objective of the

optimization process is shape and weight optimization.

Design variables are geometric, material and loading

conditions whereas state variables are bending stress and

deflection.

1) Minimize weight

Subjected to:

W_ lower limit <W<W_ upper limit

D_ lower limit <D<D_ upper limit

L_ lower limit < L < L_ upper limit

TP _ lower limit < TP <TP _ upper limit

1_ lower limit < 1< 1 _ upper limit

2_ lower limit < 2< 2_ upper limit

3_ lower limit < 3< 3_ upper limit

4_ lower limit < 4< 4_ upper limit

Exx _ lower limit <Exx<Exx_ upper limit

Eyy _ lower limit <Eyy<Eyy_ upper limit

Ezz _ lower limit <Ezz<Ezz_ upper limit

Gxy _ lower limit <Gxy<Gxy_ upper limit

Gyz _ lower limit <Gyz<Gyz_ upper limit

Gxz _ lower limit <Gxz<Gxz_ upper limit

PRxy _ lower limit <PRxy<PRxy_ upper limit

PRyz _ lower limit <PRyz<PRyz_ upper limit

PRxz _ lower limit < PR xz<PRxz_ upper limit

F_lower limit<F<F_ upper limit

Limits for design variables and state variables are

obtained from probabilistic design. Table 4 shows limits

used for various design and state variables.

Optimization Variable Lower limit Upper limit

W

85.368

116.23

D

43.273

59.07

L

2502.3

2589.6

Exx

9.13E+03

1.94E+05

Eyy

6.76E+03

1.38E+04

Ezz

7.38E+03

1.38E+04

PRxy

0.19034

0.38232

PRyz

0.30962

0.68528

PRxz

0.19762

0.36229

Gxy

4358.7

8195.1

Gyz

4.48E+03

8.07E+03

Gxz

3.27E+03

6.21E+03

Tp

0.21628

0.42676

0

6.745

1

32.164

61.406

2

29.847

58.795

3

62.64

115.89

4

F

-1184.4

-2436.9

Table 4: Optimization variables and its limits for rectangular

beam

After creating parametric model, optimization steps

are performed in ANSYS. Present study optimization

process uses subproblem approximation method.

Optimization problem runs 31 sets and gives optimized set.

Fig. 7 shows progress of optimization. Set 30 found to bet

optimized and volume reduces from initial 1982500 to

1133500 mm3. Fig. 8 shows optimal set for hollow circular

beam under given conditions.

838

(IJSRD/Vol. 3/Issue 08/2015/217)

F

0.66274

1.2192

Table 5: Optimization variables and its limits hollow

rectangular beam

After creating parametric model as discussed in

Chapter 3, optimization steps are performed in ANSYS.

Present study optimization process uses sub problem

approximation method. Optimization problem runs 30 sets

and gives optimized set. Fig. 9 shows progress of

optimization. Set 29 found to bet optimized and volume

reduces from initial 146460 to 81098 mm3. Fig.10 shows

optimal set for hollow circular beam under given conditions.

D. Optimization of Aero Foil Wing:

An optimization problem is formulated for aero foil wing.

Objective of the optimization process is shape and weight

optimization. Design variables are geometric, material and

loading conditions whereas state variables are bending stress

and deflection.

1) Minimize weight

Subjected to:

R_ lower limit < F< F_ upper limit

L_ lower limit < L < L_ upper limit

TP _ lower limit < TP < TP _ upper limit _ lower limit <

< _ upper limit

Exx _ lower limit <Exx<Exx_ upper limit

Eyy _ lower limit <Eyy<Eyy_ upper limit

Ezz _ lower limit <Ezz<Ezz_ upper limit

Gxy _ lower limit <Gxy<Gxy_ upper limit

Gyz _ lower limit <Gyz<Gyz_ upper limit

Gxz _ lower limit <Gxz<Gxz_ upper limit

PRxy _ lower limit <PRxy<PRxy_ upper limit

PRyz _ lower limit <PRyz<PRyz_ upper limit

PRxz _ lower limit < PR xz<PRxz_ upper limit

F_lower limit<F<F_ upper limit

Limits for design variables and state variables are

obtained from probabilistic design. Table 5 shows limits

used for various design and state variables.

Optimization Variable Lower limit Upper limit

CHL

47.044

64.053

L

1630.1

1734.5

Exx

9.98E+04

1.97E+05

Eyy

6.09E+03

1.30E+04

EZZ

6.43E+03

1.32E+04

PRxy

0.18164

0.40649

PRyz

0.1798

0.46542

PRxz

0.10017

0.43128

Gxy

4234.7

7763.4

Gyz

2.81E+03

5.29E+03

Gxz

4.34E+03

7.81E+03

Tp

0.08604

0.16352

40.552

80.018

Fig. 10: Initial and optimal sets for aero foil wing

IV. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION FOR OPTIMIZATION OF

COMPOSITE BEAMS

Optimization process is carried out using ANSYS.

Subprogram method is used for optimization. Approximate

30 sets are required to carry out optimization of beams

within given optimization variables. It is found that up to

45% weight can be saved for beams depending on input

variables

Volume or Weight

Case

Description

%

Initial

Optimized

Saving

Hollow Circular

1

7358800

5761700

21.70

Beam

Hollow

2

Rectangular

1982500

1133500

42.82

Beam

3

Aero Foil Wing

146460

81098

44.62

Table 6: Comparison of Literature and ANSYS results

REFERENCE

[1] Lee, J., and Lee, S., Flexural-torsional behavior of

thin-walled composite beams, ELSEVIER, Thinwalled Structures, vol. 42, 2004, pp. 1293-1305.

[2] Mitra, M., Gopalakrishnan, S., and Seetharama, M., A

new super convergent thin walled composite beam

element for analysis of box beam structures,

839

(IJSRD/Vol. 3/Issue 08/2015/217)

Structures, vol. 41, 2004, pp. 1491-1518.

[3] Chan, W. S., and Demirhan K. C., A Simple ClosedForm Solution of Bending Stiffness for Laminated

Composite Tubes, Journal of Reinforced Plastic &

Composites, vol. 19, 2000, pp. 278-291.

[4] Lin, C. Y., and Chan, W. S., A Simple Analytical

Method for Analyzing Laminated Composites

Elliptical Tubes, Proceedings of the 17th Technical

Conference of American Society of Composites.

[5] Syed, K. A., and Chan, W. S., Analysis of HatSectioned Reinforced Composite Beams, Proceedings

of American Society for Composites Conference.

[6] Rao, C., and Chan, W. S., Analysis of Laminated

Composites Tapered Tubes", Department of

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of

Texas at Arlington.

[7] Ascione, L., Feo, L., and Mancusi, G., On the statical

behavior of fiber-reinforced polymer thin-walled

beams, ELSEVIER, Composites, Part B, vol. 31,

2000, pp. 643-654.

[8] Ferrero, J. F., Barrau, J. J. , Segura, J. M. , Castanie, B.

, and Sudre, M., Torsion of thin-walled composite

beams with mid plane symmetry", ELSEVIER,

Composite Structures, vol. 54, 2001, pp. 111-120.251

[9] Wu, Y., Zhu, Y., Lai, Y., Zhang, X., and Liu, S.,

Analysis of thin-walled composite box beam under

Torsional load without external restraint, ELSEVIER

Thin-walled Structures, vol. 40, 2002, pp. 385-397.

[10] Chuanxian, C., Researches on bending and torsional

stiffness of thin-walled carbon epoxy box beam,

Mechanics and Practice, Beijing University Press,

1985.

[11] Chandra, R., Stemple, A. D., and Chopra I., Thinwalled composite beams under bending, torsional and

extensional loads, Journal Aircraft, 1990, vol. 27,

619-626.

[12] Fei, Y., A theory for bending and torsion of the

composite single cell thin-walled beam", Mechanics

and Practice, 1994, vol. 16, pp. 37-40.

[13] Min, J. S., Hyo, C. M., and In, L., Static and dynamic

analysis of composite box beamsusing large deflection

theory. Computer & Structures, 1995, vol. 57, pp. 635642.

[14] Shinde,S.M.,Ronge,B,P,Pawar,P.P.,

Probabilistic

Design and Random Optimization of Aerofoil

Composite by Using Finite Element Method,

www.ijera.com Vol. 3, Issue 5, Sep-Oct 2013, pp.0105

[15] Jiang, Sun, Milan Ruziicka, A Calculation Method of

Hollow Circular Composite Beam under General

Loadings, Bulletin of Applied Mechanics, 2006,

vol.3, pp.05114 2006

[16] Shinde S.M., Probabilistic Design and Random

Optimization of Circular Composite by Using Finite

Element Method,IJMET,Volume 5, Issue 4, April

(2014), pp.206-215.

[17] Mr.Sachin M.

Shinde,

Prof.Dr.B.P.

Ronge,

Prof.Dr.P.M.Pawar, "Probabilistic Design of Hollow

Airfoil Beam by Using Finite Element Method", Vol. 4

- Issue 10 (October - 2014), International Journal of

ISSN: 2248-9622 , www.ijera.com

[18] Mr. ShindeSachin M, "Probabilistic Design of Hollow

Circular Composite Structure by using Finite Element

Method", Vol. 4 - Issue 10 (October - 2014),

International Journal of Engineering Research and

Applications (IJERA) , ISSN: 2248-9622 ,

www.ijera.com

840

- MSc Aerospace DissertationEnviado poranirudh666
- ACI-350 Concrete Beam Design 1.1Enviado pornhulugalla
- HandBook stuctural steelEnviado porOnn Lajer
- IJAIEM-2013-10-29-053Enviado porAnonymous vQrJlEN
- TEDDS Engineering Library (AU)Enviado porRamil S. Artates
- 2. Q & a -National Structural Code of the PhilippinesEnviado porKenneth Punla
- How to Estimate DeflectionEnviado porMAXIMODRAGON
- Lecture6 Shear Force and Bending Moment in BeamsEnviado porsamurai7_77
- 03 DeflectionEnviado porforemar
- hull as a beamEnviado porCemGüler
- Study of Structural Action of Superstructures on Ships 48Enviado porKurt Zarwell
- Combined StreessEnviado porPavan Kishore
- sm- QPEnviado porRam Moorthi
- Exercise 5Enviado porvenkat venki
- Copy of RC Beam Design CCAA_Revised 1.2 JWWEnviado porFerdie Tolosa
- Jarmai Farkas SRWC 2008Enviado porKariim Diíb
- Civil engineeringEnviado porAkash Ingale
- 1586_C006Enviado porioanciornei
- RCC 11 DeflectionEnviado porEngr Swapan
- s165content.pdfEnviado pormani170487
- Engg Final ExamEnviado porTanner Leakos
- Optimum Design of Differential Gear SystemEnviado porVinayak Rao
- Module 1Enviado porantonio
- 003 a Reb Sit Floc MechEnviado porSee Kiat Pang
- Cai 2003Enviado porاحمد حسين
- amosssEnviado porAshok Pradhan
- Introduction to Meshing.docxEnviado portauasi
- Introduction to Meshing.docxEnviado portauasi
- 6 1 Shearing StressesEnviado porAhmad Tamimi
- 1Beam Deflections by DIMEnviado porJanice Bumagat

- Experimental Investigation of Influence of Pipe Elbow on Coefficient of Discharge of VenturimetresEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Review of Nature Inspired Technique for Minimize Energy Consumption in Wireless Sensor NetworksEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Bird Strike Analysis on Single Piece WindshieldEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Sensorless Speed Control of Brushless DC motor Using Back EMF ObserverEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Design of Vehicle positioning System Based on ARMEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Synthesis and Characterization of Sisal & Hemp Fiber Reinforced Hybrid CompositesEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Analysis of Friction and Lubrication Conditions of Concrete/Formwork InterfacesEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Utilization of Glass Powder in Fly Ash BricksEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Active Vibration Control of Cantilever Beam by using PZT Patches: A ReviewEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Review on Active Vibration Control of Beam using PZT PatchesEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- DE Duplication Verification on Multimedia Data Stored in CloudEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Grid Connected WECS with Multi-Level NPC Shunt Active Power FilterEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- SVM Based Classification & Remote Detection Of Photoplethysmorgraphic SignalEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Data Hiding in Audio-Video using Anti Forensics Technique for AuthenticationEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Design and Analysis of Flywheel for Weight OptimizationEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Study of Thermal Performance of Longitudinal Fin of Rectangular Profile for Different MaterialsEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Effect of Rice Husk and Rice Husk Ash on Coconut Fiber Reinforced Polyester CompositesEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Grid Connected Solar Photovoltaic System with Converters ControlEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Fuzzy Logic Execution in Boiler ControlEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Seismic Analysis and Design Steel Framed Multi- Storied BuildingEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Usage of Static VAR Compensator to Achieve the Voltage Stability During Transmission and DistributionEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Seismic Analysis of Multi-Story Building with Underneath Satellite Bus Stop Having Service Soft Story and Moment Transfer BeamsEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Energy Efficient Input-Output Section for RF ApplicationEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Isolation of Phytophthora Palmivora (Butl.) Pathogenic to Papaya plant in Thiruvarur Dt.Enviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Techniques and Technologies for Monitoring Nitrate in Potable Water - A ReviewEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- A Review Paper on Optimization of Turning on En31 Material by Taguchi ApproachEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Authentication and Security Biometrics System based on Face Recognition and Palm RecognitionEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- VLSI Implementation of Aging-Aware Reliable Multiplier with Adaptive Hold LogicEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Background Modeling and Moving Object DetectionEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Identification of Intra-Cardiac Masses Based on Advanced ACM Segmentation using Multiclass SVM ClassifierEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD

- eeg tutorialEnviado porfivalen1_443898619
- VP Director Strategic Sourcing Operations in Philadelphia PA Resume Richard StoyEnviado porRichardStoy
- AEHQ5440Enviado porrodiziano
- EAGLETON, Terry. Base and Superstructure RevisitedEnviado porFaloss
- Sub Politics on BeckEnviado porm_y_tanatus
- Solution Set to Problems (DT-LTI Systems) - Realization of DT SystemsEnviado porMartine Jimenez
- Electrical Engineer's CVEnviado porSajid Ali
- Media_Composer_Effects_and_CC_Guide_8.3.pdfEnviado pormxpablomx
- Innovation Management at 3MEnviado porShreeya Shakya Risal
- Laughlin (1999) Collective InductionEnviado porAleta Cohn
- A540A540M-11 Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel Bolting for Special ApplicationsEnviado porChutha
- Dynamics of Mahakam DeltaEnviado porAugust Setiawan
- Fast and Effective Embedded Systems Design Applying the ARM Mbed Part 2Enviado porHumbertoAlbanBermeo
- RSPile_-_Axially_Loaded_Piles_Theory_Manual.pdfEnviado porserialamine
- Intel Core i5 Comparison ChartEnviado porXghdhb
- In Call FlowEnviado porPrathyusha Vijay
- Reviewer in SocupolEnviado porDianne Villanueva
- ANSYS_LS-DYNA_MAPDL_14.5_L08_PostprocessingEnviado porpercys99
- The MindPower Jackpot SystemEnviado porDavid Villaraco
- %qscanEnviado porArun Sharma
- System Administrator Engineer IT in Kansas City MO Resume Louis PluymaekersEnviado porLouisPluymaekers
- Technology EpiphaniesEnviado porPhạm Văn Tưởng
- success_with_addition_and_subtraction_gr_1.pdfEnviado pordacrys2001us
- SteyrEnviado porinforlex
- Triggering Oscillographic RecordingEnviado porSellappan Muthusamy
- vimsottari rectifEnviado porRajender Saluja
- 07 Goodbred and Saito Tide Dominated DeltasEnviado porquocthanghue
- Institute of Tobacco ( ICAR) APEnviado porDiwakar Sharma
- Installation Qualification Sample ProtocolEnviado porRashel Hasan
- Lecture 8 Random VariablesEnviado porAzam-Savaşçı Anderson Mohammad

## Muito mais do que documentos

Descubra tudo o que o Scribd tem a oferecer, incluindo livros e audiolivros de grandes editoras.

Cancele quando quiser.