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A panchang is a Hindu calendar and almanac, which follows traditional units of Indian timekeeping, and presents important dates and their calculations in a tabulated form

A typical Panchāngam may state tabulations of positions of

A panchang is a <a href=Hindu calendar and almanac , which follows traditional units of Indian timekeeping, and presents important dates and their calculations in a tabulated form A typical Panchāngam may state tabulations of positions of Sun , Moon , and other planets for every day of the year on a fixed place (longitude, latitude) and time of day (in 24-hour format IST). The users calculate the remaining data using the their relative difference from this fixed place and time. There are several panchāngas that contain information for more than one year. There is one Vishvavijaya Panchāngam that is for 100 years. Thus, the Government of India has prepared the Lahiri National Panchānga or the Indian national calendar astrology . The Lahiris 1957 (was proposed by Saha and Ephemeris in 1952), which is used in predictive published annually is the most widely used English almanac in Vedic astrology apart from in the many Panchāngas published in local languages, which are mostly based on the National Panchānga. n Vedic timekeeping, a tithi (also spelled thithi) is a lunar day, or the time it takes for the longitudinal angle between the Moon and the Sunto increase by 12°. Tithis begin at varying times of day and vary in duration from approximately 19 to approximately 26 hours There are 30 in each lunar month , named as : Tithi plays an important role along with good tithis nakshatra in Hindu's daily as well as special activities in selecting the tithis . tithis as well as bad muhurta . There are There are 30 tithis in each lunar month , named as : Shukla paksha Sl.No Krishn a paksha (dark fortnight) (bright fortnight) Deity and properties 1 Prathama Prathama The presiding deity of the first lunar day is Agni and it is good for all types of auspicious and religious ceremonies 2 Dwitiya Dwitiya Vidhatr or Bramha rules this lunar day and is good for the laying of foundations for buildings and other things of a permanent nature. 3 Tritiya Tritiya Gauri is the lord of this day and is good for the cuttings of one's hair and nails and shaving. Yama/Ganapati is lord of the 4th lunar day, which is good for the 4 Chaturthi Chaturthi destruction of one's enemies, the removal of obstacles, and acts of combat. 5 Panchami Panchami The Naaga or Serpents rules this day, which is favourable for " id="pdf-obj-0-13" src="pdf-obj-0-13.jpg">

Sun,

Moon, and other planets for every

day of the year on a fixed place (longitude, latitude) and time of day (in 24-hour format IST). The users calculate the remaining data using the their relative difference from this fixed place and time.

There are several panchāngas that contain information for more than one year. There is one Vishvavijaya Panchāngam that is for 100 years.

Thus, the

A panchang is a <a href=Hindu calendar and almanac , which follows traditional units of Indian timekeeping, and presents important dates and their calculations in a tabulated form A typical Panchāngam may state tabulations of positions of Sun , Moon , and other planets for every day of the year on a fixed place (longitude, latitude) and time of day (in 24-hour format IST). The users calculate the remaining data using the their relative difference from this fixed place and time. There are several panchāngas that contain information for more than one year. There is one Vishvavijaya Panchāngam that is for 100 years. Thus, the Government of India has prepared the Lahiri National Panchānga or the Indian national calendar astrology . The Lahiris 1957 (was proposed by Saha and Ephemeris in 1952), which is used in predictive published annually is the most widely used English almanac in Vedic astrology apart from in the many Panchāngas published in local languages, which are mostly based on the National Panchānga. n Vedic timekeeping, a tithi (also spelled thithi) is a lunar day, or the time it takes for the longitudinal angle between the Moon and the Sunto increase by 12°. Tithis begin at varying times of day and vary in duration from approximately 19 to approximately 26 hours There are 30 in each lunar month , named as : Tithi plays an important role along with good tithis nakshatra in Hindu's daily as well as special activities in selecting the tithis . tithis as well as bad muhurta . There are There are 30 tithis in each lunar month , named as : Shukla paksha Sl.No Krishn a paksha (dark fortnight) (bright fortnight) Deity and properties 1 Prathama Prathama The presiding deity of the first lunar day is Agni and it is good for all types of auspicious and religious ceremonies 2 Dwitiya Dwitiya Vidhatr or Bramha rules this lunar day and is good for the laying of foundations for buildings and other things of a permanent nature. 3 Tritiya Tritiya Gauri is the lord of this day and is good for the cuttings of one's hair and nails and shaving. Yama/Ganapati is lord of the 4th lunar day, which is good for the 4 Chaturthi Chaturthi destruction of one's enemies, the removal of obstacles, and acts of combat. 5 Panchami Panchami The Naaga or Serpents rules this day, which is favourable for " id="pdf-obj-0-29" src="pdf-obj-0-29.jpg">

has prepared the

or the

A panchang is a <a href=Hindu calendar and almanac , which follows traditional units of Indian timekeeping, and presents important dates and their calculations in a tabulated form A typical Panchāngam may state tabulations of positions of Sun , Moon , and other planets for every day of the year on a fixed place (longitude, latitude) and time of day (in 24-hour format IST). The users calculate the remaining data using the their relative difference from this fixed place and time. There are several panchāngas that contain information for more than one year. There is one Vishvavijaya Panchāngam that is for 100 years. Thus, the Government of India has prepared the Lahiri National Panchānga or the Indian national calendar astrology . The Lahiris 1957 (was proposed by Saha and Ephemeris in 1952), which is used in predictive published annually is the most widely used English almanac in Vedic astrology apart from in the many Panchāngas published in local languages, which are mostly based on the National Panchānga. n Vedic timekeeping, a tithi (also spelled thithi) is a lunar day, or the time it takes for the longitudinal angle between the Moon and the Sunto increase by 12°. Tithis begin at varying times of day and vary in duration from approximately 19 to approximately 26 hours There are 30 in each lunar month , named as : Tithi plays an important role along with good tithis nakshatra in Hindu's daily as well as special activities in selecting the tithis . tithis as well as bad muhurta . There are There are 30 tithis in each lunar month , named as : Shukla paksha Sl.No Krishn a paksha (dark fortnight) (bright fortnight) Deity and properties 1 Prathama Prathama The presiding deity of the first lunar day is Agni and it is good for all types of auspicious and religious ceremonies 2 Dwitiya Dwitiya Vidhatr or Bramha rules this lunar day and is good for the laying of foundations for buildings and other things of a permanent nature. 3 Tritiya Tritiya Gauri is the lord of this day and is good for the cuttings of one's hair and nails and shaving. Yama/Ganapati is lord of the 4th lunar day, which is good for the 4 Chaturthi Chaturthi destruction of one's enemies, the removal of obstacles, and acts of combat. 5 Panchami Panchami The Naaga or Serpents rules this day, which is favourable for " id="pdf-obj-0-39" src="pdf-obj-0-39.jpg">

astrology. The

1957 (was proposed by Saha and

in 1952), which is used in predictive

published annually is the most widely used English almanac in Vedic astrology apart from

in

the many Panchāngas published in local languages, which are mostly based on the National

Panchānga. n Vedic timekeeping, a tithi (also spelled thithi) is a lunar day, or the time
Panchānga.
n Vedic timekeeping, a tithi (also spelled thithi) is a lunar day, or the time it takes for
the longitudinal angle between the Moon and the Sunto increase by 12°. Tithis begin at varying times
of day and vary in duration from approximately 19 to approximately 26 hours

There are 30

in each

lunar month, named as

: Tithi

: Tithi

plays an important role along

with

good

tithis
tithis
tithis nakshatra in Hindu's daily as well as special activities in selecting the tithis . tithis

nakshatra

in Hindu's daily as well as special activities in selecting the

tithis.

tithisas well as bad

muhurta. There are

There are 30

tithis

in each

lunar month, named as

:
:
     

Sl.No

Krishnapaksha

(dark fortnight)

(bright

fortnight)

Deity and properties [citation needed]

 

Prathama

 

The presiding deity of the first lunar day is Agni and it is good for all types of auspicious and religious ceremonies

Dwitiya

 

Vidhatr or Bramha rules this lunar day and is good for the laying of foundations for buildings and other things of a permanent nature.

Tritiya

 

Gauri is the lord of this day and is good for the cuttings of one's hair and nails and shaving.

   

Yama/Ganapati is lord of the 4th lunar day, which is good for the

Chaturthi

destruction of one's enemies, the removal of obstacles, and acts of combat.

Panchami

The Naaga or Serpents rules this day, which is favourable for

 

administering medicine, the purging of poisons, and surgery.

 
  • 6 Shashthi

Karttikeya presides over this day and is favourable for coronations, meeting new friends, festivities, and enjoyment.

  • 7 Saptami

The 7th lunar day is ruled by Surya; one may begin a journey, buy conveyances, and deal with other such things as a movable nature.

  • 8 Ashtami

The Rudra rule this day, which is good for taking up arms, building of one's defenses, and fortification.

  • 9 Navami

The Ambikaa rules this day, which is suitable for killing enemies, acts of destruction, and violence. Inauspicious for ceremonies and journeys.

  • 10 Dasami

The day is ruled by Dharmaraja and is auspicious for acts of virtue, religious functions, spiritual practices, and other pious activities.

   

Rudra rule this day; fasting, devotional activities, and remembrance of

  • 11 Ekadasi

the Supreme Lord are very favourable.This day has special religious significance in Hinduism and Jainismusually observed byfasting

   

The Vishnu or Aditya rules this day, which is auspicious for religious

  • 12 Dvadasi

ceremonies the lighting of the sacred fire, and the performance of one's duties.

  • 13 Trayodasi

The day is ruled by Cupid and is good for forming friendships, sensual pleasures, and festivities.

  • 14 Chaturdashi

Kali rules this day suitable for administering poison and calling of elementals and spirits.

 

The Pitru-devas rule the New Moon suitable for the propitiation of the

Manes and performance of austerities.Purnima is ruled by Moon and suitable for merry making,fire sacrifice

EM of asterism of the day, that is, the stellar mansion in which Moon is located for an observer at the center of the Earth. One Nakshatra equals 13 degrees:20 minutes. There are 27 Nakshatra in 360 degrees.

Nakshatra

Nakshatra <a href=( Sanskrit : नकततर , IAST : Naksatra) is the term for lunar mansion in Hindu astrology . A nakshatra is one of 27 (sometimes also 28) sectors along the ecliptic. Their names are related to the most prominent asterisms in the respective sectors. The starting point for the nakshatras is the point on the ecliptic directly opposite to the star Spica called Chitrā in Sanskrit (other slightly different definitions exist). It is called Meshādi or the [ citation needed ] The ecliptic is divided into each of the nakshatra s eastwards starting from this point. The number of nakshatras reflects the number of days in a sidereal month (modern value: 27.32 days), the width of a nakshatra traversed by the Moon in about one day. Each nakshatra is further subdivided into four quarters (or pada s). These play a role in popular Hindu astrology, where each pada is associated with a syllable, conventionally chosen as the first syllable of the given name o f a child born when the Moon was in the corresponding pada . The nakshatras of traditional bhartiya astronomy are based on a list of 28 asterisms found in the Atharvaveda (AVŚ 19.7) and also in the Vedanga Jyotisha . that lists them is the Shatapatha Brahmana . The first astronomical text In classical Hindu mythology ( Mahabharata , Harivamsa ) , the creation of the nakshatras is attributed to Daksha . They are personified as daughters of the deity and as mythological wives of Chandra , the Moon god, or alternatively the daughters of Kashyapa , the brother of Daksha. Each of the nakshatras is governed as 'lord' by one of the nine graha in the following sequence: o r Surya or Ketu (Sun), (South Lunar Node), Chandra Shukra (Mars), Budha (Venus), Ravi Rahu (Moon), Shani Mangala (North Lunar Node), Guru Brihaspati (Jupiter), (Saturn) and (Mercury). This cycle repeats itself three times to cover all 27 nakshatras. The lord of each nakshatra determines the planetary period known as the dasha , which is considered of major importance in forecasting the life path of the individual in Hindu astrology. In Vedic Sanskrit , the term náksatra ṣ may refer to any heavenly body, or to "the stars" collectively. The classical sense of "lunar mansion" is first found in the Atharvaveda , and becomes the primary meaning of the term in Classical Sanskrit . The following list of nakshatras gives the corresponding regions of sky, following Basham. No. Name Associated stars Description Image  Lord : Ketu (South lunar node)  Symbol : Horse's head  Deity : Ashvins , the horse- headed twins who are physicians 1 Ashvayuja β and γ Arietis to the gods  Indian zodiac : 0° - 13°20' Mesha  Western zodiac 26° Aries - 9°20' Taurus " id="pdf-obj-2-4" src="pdf-obj-2-4.jpg">
Nakshatra <a href=( Sanskrit : नकततर , IAST : Naksatra) is the term for lunar mansion in Hindu astrology . A nakshatra is one of 27 (sometimes also 28) sectors along the ecliptic. Their names are related to the most prominent asterisms in the respective sectors. The starting point for the nakshatras is the point on the ecliptic directly opposite to the star Spica called Chitrā in Sanskrit (other slightly different definitions exist). It is called Meshādi or the [ citation needed ] The ecliptic is divided into each of the nakshatra s eastwards starting from this point. The number of nakshatras reflects the number of days in a sidereal month (modern value: 27.32 days), the width of a nakshatra traversed by the Moon in about one day. Each nakshatra is further subdivided into four quarters (or pada s). These play a role in popular Hindu astrology, where each pada is associated with a syllable, conventionally chosen as the first syllable of the given name o f a child born when the Moon was in the corresponding pada . The nakshatras of traditional bhartiya astronomy are based on a list of 28 asterisms found in the Atharvaveda (AVŚ 19.7) and also in the Vedanga Jyotisha . that lists them is the Shatapatha Brahmana . The first astronomical text In classical Hindu mythology ( Mahabharata , Harivamsa ) , the creation of the nakshatras is attributed to Daksha . They are personified as daughters of the deity and as mythological wives of Chandra , the Moon god, or alternatively the daughters of Kashyapa , the brother of Daksha. Each of the nakshatras is governed as 'lord' by one of the nine graha in the following sequence: o r Surya or Ketu (Sun), (South Lunar Node), Chandra Shukra (Mars), Budha (Venus), Ravi Rahu (Moon), Shani Mangala (North Lunar Node), Guru Brihaspati (Jupiter), (Saturn) and (Mercury). This cycle repeats itself three times to cover all 27 nakshatras. The lord of each nakshatra determines the planetary period known as the dasha , which is considered of major importance in forecasting the life path of the individual in Hindu astrology. In Vedic Sanskrit , the term náksatra ṣ may refer to any heavenly body, or to "the stars" collectively. The classical sense of "lunar mansion" is first found in the Atharvaveda , and becomes the primary meaning of the term in Classical Sanskrit . The following list of nakshatras gives the corresponding regions of sky, following Basham. No. Name Associated stars Description Image  Lord : Ketu (South lunar node)  Symbol : Horse's head  Deity : Ashvins , the horse- headed twins who are physicians 1 Ashvayuja β and γ Arietis to the gods  Indian zodiac : 0° - 13°20' Mesha  Western zodiac 26° Aries - 9°20' Taurus " id="pdf-obj-2-6" src="pdf-obj-2-6.jpg">

(Sanskrit: नकततर,

IAST: Naksatra)

is the term for

in

nakshatra is one of 27 (sometimes also 28) sectors along the ecliptic. Their names are related to the

most prominent

in the respective sectors.

The starting point for the nakshatras is the point on the ecliptic directly opposite to the

Nakshatra <a href=( Sanskrit : नकततर , IAST : Naksatra) is the term for lunar mansion in Hindu astrology . A nakshatra is one of 27 (sometimes also 28) sectors along the ecliptic. Their names are related to the most prominent asterisms in the respective sectors. The starting point for the nakshatras is the point on the ecliptic directly opposite to the star Spica called Chitrā in Sanskrit (other slightly different definitions exist). It is called Meshādi or the [ citation needed ] The ecliptic is divided into each of the nakshatra s eastwards starting from this point. The number of nakshatras reflects the number of days in a sidereal month (modern value: 27.32 days), the width of a nakshatra traversed by the Moon in about one day. Each nakshatra is further subdivided into four quarters (or pada s). These play a role in popular Hindu astrology, where each pada is associated with a syllable, conventionally chosen as the first syllable of the given name o f a child born when the Moon was in the corresponding pada . The nakshatras of traditional bhartiya astronomy are based on a list of 28 asterisms found in the Atharvaveda (AVŚ 19.7) and also in the Vedanga Jyotisha . that lists them is the Shatapatha Brahmana . The first astronomical text In classical Hindu mythology ( Mahabharata , Harivamsa ) , the creation of the nakshatras is attributed to Daksha . They are personified as daughters of the deity and as mythological wives of Chandra , the Moon god, or alternatively the daughters of Kashyapa , the brother of Daksha. Each of the nakshatras is governed as 'lord' by one of the nine graha in the following sequence: o r Surya or Ketu (Sun), (South Lunar Node), Chandra Shukra (Mars), Budha (Venus), Ravi Rahu (Moon), Shani Mangala (North Lunar Node), Guru Brihaspati (Jupiter), (Saturn) and (Mercury). This cycle repeats itself three times to cover all 27 nakshatras. The lord of each nakshatra determines the planetary period known as the dasha , which is considered of major importance in forecasting the life path of the individual in Hindu astrology. In Vedic Sanskrit , the term náksatra ṣ may refer to any heavenly body, or to "the stars" collectively. The classical sense of "lunar mansion" is first found in the Atharvaveda , and becomes the primary meaning of the term in Classical Sanskrit . The following list of nakshatras gives the corresponding regions of sky, following Basham. No. Name Associated stars Description Image  Lord : Ketu (South lunar node)  Symbol : Horse's head  Deity : Ashvins , the horse- headed twins who are physicians 1 Ashvayuja β and γ Arietis to the gods  Indian zodiac : 0° - 13°20' Mesha  Western zodiac 26° Aries - 9°20' Taurus " id="pdf-obj-2-38" src="pdf-obj-2-38.jpg">

star

called

Chitrā

in
in

(other slightly different definitions exist). It is called

Meshādi

or the

"start of Aries". [citation needed]

The ecliptic is divided into each of thenakshatras eastwards starting from this

point. The number of nakshatras reflects the number of days in a

(modern value: 27.32

days), the width of a nakshatra traversed by the Moon in about one day. Each nakshatra is further

subdivided into four quarters (or

padas). These play a role in popular Hindu astrology, where

each pada is associated with a syllable, conventionally chosen as the first syllable of the given nameof

a child born when the Moon was in the corresponding pada.

The nakshatras of traditional bhartiya astronomy are based on a list of 28 asterisms found in

the

Nakshatra <a href=( Sanskrit : नकततर , IAST : Naksatra) is the term for lunar mansion in Hindu astrology . A nakshatra is one of 27 (sometimes also 28) sectors along the ecliptic. Their names are related to the most prominent asterisms in the respective sectors. The starting point for the nakshatras is the point on the ecliptic directly opposite to the star Spica called Chitrā in Sanskrit (other slightly different definitions exist). It is called Meshādi or the [ citation needed ] The ecliptic is divided into each of the nakshatra s eastwards starting from this point. The number of nakshatras reflects the number of days in a sidereal month (modern value: 27.32 days), the width of a nakshatra traversed by the Moon in about one day. Each nakshatra is further subdivided into four quarters (or pada s). These play a role in popular Hindu astrology, where each pada is associated with a syllable, conventionally chosen as the first syllable of the given name o f a child born when the Moon was in the corresponding pada . The nakshatras of traditional bhartiya astronomy are based on a list of 28 asterisms found in the Atharvaveda (AVŚ 19.7) and also in the Vedanga Jyotisha . that lists them is the Shatapatha Brahmana . The first astronomical text In classical Hindu mythology ( Mahabharata , Harivamsa ) , the creation of the nakshatras is attributed to Daksha . They are personified as daughters of the deity and as mythological wives of Chandra , the Moon god, or alternatively the daughters of Kashyapa , the brother of Daksha. Each of the nakshatras is governed as 'lord' by one of the nine graha in the following sequence: o r Surya or Ketu (Sun), (South Lunar Node), Chandra Shukra (Mars), Budha (Venus), Ravi Rahu (Moon), Shani Mangala (North Lunar Node), Guru Brihaspati (Jupiter), (Saturn) and (Mercury). This cycle repeats itself three times to cover all 27 nakshatras. The lord of each nakshatra determines the planetary period known as the dasha , which is considered of major importance in forecasting the life path of the individual in Hindu astrology. In Vedic Sanskrit , the term náksatra ṣ may refer to any heavenly body, or to "the stars" collectively. The classical sense of "lunar mansion" is first found in the Atharvaveda , and becomes the primary meaning of the term in Classical Sanskrit . The following list of nakshatras gives the corresponding regions of sky, following Basham. No. Name Associated stars Description Image  Lord : Ketu (South lunar node)  Symbol : Horse's head  Deity : Ashvins , the horse- headed twins who are physicians 1 Ashvayuja β and γ Arietis to the gods  Indian zodiac : 0° - 13°20' Mesha  Western zodiac 26° Aries - 9°20' Taurus " id="pdf-obj-2-100" src="pdf-obj-2-100.jpg">

(AVŚ 19.7) and also in the

that lists them is the

Nakshatra <a href=( Sanskrit : नकततर , IAST : Naksatra) is the term for lunar mansion in Hindu astrology . A nakshatra is one of 27 (sometimes also 28) sectors along the ecliptic. Their names are related to the most prominent asterisms in the respective sectors. The starting point for the nakshatras is the point on the ecliptic directly opposite to the star Spica called Chitrā in Sanskrit (other slightly different definitions exist). It is called Meshādi or the [ citation needed ] The ecliptic is divided into each of the nakshatra s eastwards starting from this point. The number of nakshatras reflects the number of days in a sidereal month (modern value: 27.32 days), the width of a nakshatra traversed by the Moon in about one day. Each nakshatra is further subdivided into four quarters (or pada s). These play a role in popular Hindu astrology, where each pada is associated with a syllable, conventionally chosen as the first syllable of the given name o f a child born when the Moon was in the corresponding pada . The nakshatras of traditional bhartiya astronomy are based on a list of 28 asterisms found in the Atharvaveda (AVŚ 19.7) and also in the Vedanga Jyotisha . that lists them is the Shatapatha Brahmana . The first astronomical text In classical Hindu mythology ( Mahabharata , Harivamsa ) , the creation of the nakshatras is attributed to Daksha . They are personified as daughters of the deity and as mythological wives of Chandra , the Moon god, or alternatively the daughters of Kashyapa , the brother of Daksha. Each of the nakshatras is governed as 'lord' by one of the nine graha in the following sequence: o r Surya or Ketu (Sun), (South Lunar Node), Chandra Shukra (Mars), Budha (Venus), Ravi Rahu (Moon), Shani Mangala (North Lunar Node), Guru Brihaspati (Jupiter), (Saturn) and (Mercury). This cycle repeats itself three times to cover all 27 nakshatras. The lord of each nakshatra determines the planetary period known as the dasha , which is considered of major importance in forecasting the life path of the individual in Hindu astrology. In Vedic Sanskrit , the term náksatra ṣ may refer to any heavenly body, or to "the stars" collectively. The classical sense of "lunar mansion" is first found in the Atharvaveda , and becomes the primary meaning of the term in Classical Sanskrit . The following list of nakshatras gives the corresponding regions of sky, following Basham. No. Name Associated stars Description Image  Lord : Ketu (South lunar node)  Symbol : Horse's head  Deity : Ashvins , the horse- headed twins who are physicians 1 Ashvayuja β and γ Arietis to the gods  Indian zodiac : 0° - 13°20' Mesha  Western zodiac 26° Aries - 9°20' Taurus " id="pdf-obj-2-109" src="pdf-obj-2-109.jpg">

Shatapatha Brahmana. [citation needed]

The first

text

Nakshatra <a href=( Sanskrit : नकततर , IAST : Naksatra) is the term for lunar mansion in Hindu astrology . A nakshatra is one of 27 (sometimes also 28) sectors along the ecliptic. Their names are related to the most prominent asterisms in the respective sectors. The starting point for the nakshatras is the point on the ecliptic directly opposite to the star Spica called Chitrā in Sanskrit (other slightly different definitions exist). It is called Meshādi or the [ citation needed ] The ecliptic is divided into each of the nakshatra s eastwards starting from this point. The number of nakshatras reflects the number of days in a sidereal month (modern value: 27.32 days), the width of a nakshatra traversed by the Moon in about one day. Each nakshatra is further subdivided into four quarters (or pada s). These play a role in popular Hindu astrology, where each pada is associated with a syllable, conventionally chosen as the first syllable of the given name o f a child born when the Moon was in the corresponding pada . The nakshatras of traditional bhartiya astronomy are based on a list of 28 asterisms found in the Atharvaveda (AVŚ 19.7) and also in the Vedanga Jyotisha . that lists them is the Shatapatha Brahmana . The first astronomical text In classical Hindu mythology ( Mahabharata , Harivamsa ) , the creation of the nakshatras is attributed to Daksha . They are personified as daughters of the deity and as mythological wives of Chandra , the Moon god, or alternatively the daughters of Kashyapa , the brother of Daksha. Each of the nakshatras is governed as 'lord' by one of the nine graha in the following sequence: o r Surya or Ketu (Sun), (South Lunar Node), Chandra Shukra (Mars), Budha (Venus), Ravi Rahu (Moon), Shani Mangala (North Lunar Node), Guru Brihaspati (Jupiter), (Saturn) and (Mercury). This cycle repeats itself three times to cover all 27 nakshatras. The lord of each nakshatra determines the planetary period known as the dasha , which is considered of major importance in forecasting the life path of the individual in Hindu astrology. In Vedic Sanskrit , the term náksatra ṣ may refer to any heavenly body, or to "the stars" collectively. The classical sense of "lunar mansion" is first found in the Atharvaveda , and becomes the primary meaning of the term in Classical Sanskrit . The following list of nakshatras gives the corresponding regions of sky, following Basham. No. Name Associated stars Description Image  Lord : Ketu (South lunar node)  Symbol : Horse's head  Deity : Ashvins , the horse- headed twins who are physicians 1 Ashvayuja β and γ Arietis to the gods  Indian zodiac : 0° - 13°20' Mesha  Western zodiac 26° Aries - 9°20' Taurus " id="pdf-obj-2-123" src="pdf-obj-2-123.jpg">

In classical Hindu mythology (Mahabharata,

Harivamsa), the creation of the nakshatras is attributed

to Daksha. They are personified as daughters of the deity and as mythological wives of Chandra, the

Moon god, or alternatively the daughters of

Kashyapa, the brother of Daksha. [1]

Each of the nakshatras is governed as 'lord' by one of the

in the following

sequence:

or

Ketu (Sun),
Ketu
(Sun),

(South Lunar Node),

sequence: o <a href=r Surya or Ketu (Sun), (South Lunar Node), Chandra Shukra (Mars), Budha (Venus), Ravi Rahu (Moon), Shani Mangala (North Lunar Node), Guru Brihaspati (Jupiter), (Saturn) and (Mercury). This cycle repeats itself three times to cover all 27 nakshatras. The lord of each nakshatra determines the planetary period known as " id="pdf-obj-2-169" src="pdf-obj-2-169.jpg">
sequence: o <a href=r Surya or Ketu (Sun), (South Lunar Node), Chandra Shukra (Mars), Budha (Venus), Ravi Rahu (Moon), Shani Mangala (North Lunar Node), Guru Brihaspati (Jupiter), (Saturn) and (Mercury). This cycle repeats itself three times to cover all 27 nakshatras. The lord of each nakshatra determines the planetary period known as " id="pdf-obj-2-173" src="pdf-obj-2-173.jpg">
(Mars), Budha
(Mars),
Budha

(Venus), Ravi

(Moon),

(North Lunar Node), Guru

(Jupiter),

(Saturn) and

(Mercury). This cycle repeats itself three times to

cover all 27 nakshatras. The lord of each nakshatra determines the planetary period known as

the

dasha, which is considered of major importance in forecasting the life path of the individual in

Hindu astrology.

 

In

Vedic Sanskrit, the term

náksatra ṣ

may refer to any heavenly body, or to "the stars" collectively. The

classical sense of "lunar mansion" is first found in the

Atharvaveda, and becomes the primary meaning

 

of the term in

The following list of nakshatras gives the corresponding regions of sky, following Basham. [4]

No.

Name

Associated stars

Description

Image

     

Lord: Ketu (South lunar

 

node)

Symbol : Horse's head

 Symbol : Horse's head

Deity : Ashvins, the horse-

headed twins who are physicians

1

to the gods

Indian zodiac: 0° - 13°20'

Mesha

Western zodiac 26° Aries -

 

9°20' Taurus

     

Lord: Shukra (Venus)

 

Symbol: Yoni, the female

organ of reproduction

organ of reproduction

Deity: Yama, god of

2; 7

"the bearer"

Indian zodiac: 13° 20' -

   

26°40' Mesha

Western zodiac 9° 20' - 22°

 

40' Taurus

   

Lord: Surya (Sun)

 

Symbol: Knife or spear

 Symbol : <a href=Knife or spear " id="pdf-obj-3-105" src="pdf-obj-3-105.jpg">

Deity : Agni, god of fire

Indian zodiac:

an old name of the

3

Pleiades; personified as

the nurses of Kārttikeya,

26°40' Mesha - 10° Vrishabha

a son of Shiva.

 

Western zodiac 22° 40'

Taurus - 6° Gemini

 
   

 

Symbol: Cart

 Symbol : Cart

Indian zodiac: 10° - 23°20'

4; 9

"the red one", a name

of Aldebaran. Also

known as brāhmī

Vrishabha

Western zodiac 6° - 19°20'

Gemini

 
   

Lord: Mangala (Mars)

 

Symbol: Deer's head

 Symbol : Deer's head

Deity: Soma, Chandra, the

Moon god

5; 3

"the deer's head". Also

Indian zodiac: 23° 20'

known asāgrahāyanīṇ

Vrishabha - 6° 40' Mithuna

Western zodiac: 19°20'

Gemini - 2°40' Cancer

 
   

Lord: Rahu (North lunar

 

node)

node)

Symbol: Teardrop, diamond,

a human head

6; 4

Deity : Rudra, the storm god

"the moist one"

Indian zodiac: 6° 40' - 20°

   

Mithuna

Western zodiac: 2° 40' - 16°

 

Cancer

     

Lord: Guru (Jupiter)

 

Symbol : Bow and quiver

 Symbol : Bow and quiver

Punarvasu (dual)

Deity : Aditi, mother of the

"the two restorers of

gods

7; 5

goods", also known

Indian zodiac: 20° Mithuna -

asyamakau "the two

3°20' Karka

chariots"

 

Western zodiac 16° - 29°20'

 

Cancer

   

 

Symbol : Cow's udder, lotus,

arrow and circle

arrow and circle

Deity : Br ṛhaspati, priest of

8; 6

"the nourisher", also

the gods

Indian zodiac: 3°20'

known as sidhya ortisyaṇ

-16°40' Karka

Western zodiac 29°20'

 

Cancer - 12°40'Leo

   

Lord: Budha (Mercury)

 

Symbol: Serpent

Deity : Sarpas or Nagas,

 Deity : Sarpas or <a href=Nagas , " id="pdf-obj-4-199" src="pdf-obj-4-199.jpg">

deified snakes

9; 7

δ, ε, η, ρ, and σHydrae

Indian zodiac: 16°40' - 30°

"the embrace"

Karka

Western zodiac 12°40' - 26°

 

Leo

   

Lord: Ketu (south lunar

 

node)

Symbol : Royal Throne

 Symbol : Royal Throne

Deity : Pitrs, 'The Fathers',

10;

family ancestors

  • 15 "the bountiful"

Indian zodiac: 0° - 13°20'

 

Simha

Western zodiac 26° Leo -

 

9°20' Virgo

   

Lord: Shukra (Venus)

 

Symbol : Front legs of bed,

hammock, fig tree

hammock, fig tree

Deity : Aryaman, god of

patronage and favours

"first reddish one"

Indian zodiac: 13°20' -

26°40' Simha

Western zodiac 9°20' -

 

22°40' Virgo

     

Lord: Surya (Sun)

 

Symbol: Four legs of bed,

 

hammock

hammock

Deity : Bhaga, god of

 

marital bliss and prosperity

"second reddish one"

Indian zodiac: 26°40'

 

Simha- 10° Kanya

Western zodiac 22°40' Virgo

 
 

-

6° Libra

   

Lord: Chandra (Moon)

 

Symbol: Hand or fist

 Symbol : Hand or fist

Deity : Savitr, the Sun god

Hasta

Indian zodiac: 10° - 23°20'

"the hand"

Kanya

Western zodiac 6° - 19°20'

 

Libra

   

Lord: Mangala (Mars)

 

Symbol: Bright jewel or

pearl

pearl

Deity : Indra, chief of the

"the bright one", a name

of Spica

-

gods

Indian zodiac: 23°20' Kanya

6°40' Tula

Western zodiac: 19°20' Libra

 
 

-

2°40' Scorpio

   

Lord: Rahu (north lunar

 Lord : Rahu (north lunar

node)

Symbol: Shoot of plant, coral

Deity : Vayu, the Wind god

"Su-Ati (sanskrit) Very

Indian zodiac: 6°40' - 20°

good" name of Arcturus

Tula

Western zodiac 2°40' - 16°

Scorpio

Literal meaning of the word ‘Yoga’ is addition; and Nithya Yoga is derived from addition of

sun and moon position in Zodiac and these specify some characteristic of the persona.

There are 27 ‘Yogas’, and this is the reason that their length is 13 degrees and 20

Minutes each, just like

Vishakumbha

Triumphant - (achievements over others, victorious over enemies, gets the property, wealthy)

Preeti:

Happy- (well liked, fascinated to the opposite gender, enjoys life with serenity.)

Aayushman:

well-rooted-(good well-being and long life, enthusiastic.)

Saubhagya:

Good Wealth-(enjoys a contented life full of prospects, happy)

Shobhana

Beautiful-(radiant body and behavior sensualist, passionate with sex.)

Atiganda:

Danger-(problematic life due to many difficulties and accidents; unforgiving and annoyed)

Sukarma:

Plentiful-(performs honorable activities, generous and benevolent, prosperous.)

Dhriti:

Enjoyment-(enjoys the prosperity, goods and life-partners of others; pampers in the friendliness of others.)

Shoola:

Argumentative-(argumentative and conflicting, argumentative, angry.)

Ganda:

Worrying-(imperfect ethics or principles, worrying personality)

Vriddhi:

Perspicacity-(intellectual, unscrupulous and discriminating; life constantly progresses with age.)

Dhruva:

Persistent, Dependable-(stable personality, able to focus and persevere, rich) etc.

Panchang Karana is based upon the Lunar Day or Tithi. Actually, a Karan is just half of a

Tithi. Technically, a Karan is said to be completed when the difference between the

location of the Moon and Sun crosses multiple of six degrees.(11 in no.).

Bav Karana

Individuals born in Bav Karana in Asdivology are spiritual and like to be involved in holy activities. They are divuthful and have faith in giving their best to any work that’s given to them.

Baalav Karana

Like the earlier Karana, Baalav Karana also gives a spiritual nature to

the person. People born in Balav Karana may do pilgrimage and spend more time of their life doing spiritual activities.

Kaulav Karana

A person born in the Kaulav Karana is very friendly. This Karana gives its people some of the best talents like love and caring.

Taitil Karana

Persons born in Taitil Karana are very lucky. They have a wealthy life and become a possessor of buildings and properties. Love has an important role in their life and maybe this is the reason they diveat people open-mindedly.

and
and

vedic

texts describe units of

measurements, from Paramanṣu (about

years). According to these texts, the creation

and destruction of the universe is a cyclic process, which repeats itself forever. Each cycle starts with

the birth and expansion (lifetime) of the universe equaling 311.04 trillion years, followed by its complete

annihilation (which also prevails for the same duration). The current Universe was created in Padma

kalpa, the last day Kalpa of 50th year of Brahma. This is 10.51 billion years ago. This figure is close to

the modern estimated

age of the universe in 13.79 billion years.

Various units of time are used across the Vedas, Puranas, Mahabharata, Suryasidhanta etc. [citation

Especially, Nimesha's multiple, it varies to 3, 10, 15, 18, 20, 27, 30, 45, 48, 60. At the lower end,

these are pretty consistent. The Complete Hindu metrics of time (KālaVyavahāra) can be summarised

as below.

Sidereal metrics[edit]

   
 

Unit

Definition

Equivalence (Approx.)

Truti

ततरटट

 

0.031

µs

Renu

ररणण

  • 60 Truti

1.86 µs

Lava

लव

  • 60 Renu

0.11 ms

Līks ṣaka

ललकक

  • 60 Lava

6.696 ms

Lipta

टलपतत

   

Vipala

टवपल

  • 60 Leekshaka

0.401

s

Pala

पल

  • 60 Lipta

24.1056 s

     

Vighat i

टवघटट

Vinādī

टवनतडल

Ghat i

घटट

   

Nādī

नतडल

60 Vighat ṛi

24 min

Danda

दणड

Muhūrta

मणह तर

2 Ghat ṛi

48 min

Naks atra Ahorātram (Sidereal

नकततर

60 Ghat ī

24 h

Day)

अहहरतततरमत

30 Muhūrta

24 h

 

Alternate system

   

Unit

Definition

Equivalence (Approx.)

Truti

 

35.5 µs

 

Tatpara

100 Truti

3.55 ms

 

Nimesha

30

Tatpara

106.7 ms

 

Kās tṣ hā

30

Nimesha

3.2 s

Kalā

  • 30 1.6 min

Kās ṛt ṛhā

Muhūrta

  • 30 48 min

Kalā

Naks atra Ahorātram (Sidereal

 

24 h

Day)

  • 30 Muhūrta

Small units of time used in the Vedas[edit]

   

Unit

Definition

Equivalence (Approx.)

Paramānuṇ

26.3 µs

 

Anuṇ

2 Paramān ṛu

57.7 µs

 

Trasarenuṇ

3 An ṛu

158 µs

 

Trutiṇ

3 Trasaren ṛu

474 µs

 

Vedha

100 Trut i

47.4 ms

 

Lava

3 Vedha

0.14 s

Nimesaṇ

3 Lava

0.43 s

Ksanṇ

aṇ

3 Nimesha

1.28 s

Kāstṇhāṇ

5 Ks ṛan ṛa

6.4 s

Laghu

15 Kās ṛt ṛhā

1.6 min

 

Danda

15 Laghu

24 min

 

Muhūrta

2 Danda

48 min

Ahorātram (Day)

30 Muhūrta

24 h

Masa (Month)

30 Ahorātram

30 days

Ritu (Season)

2 Masa

2 months

Ayana

3 Rutu

6 months

Samvatsara (Year)

   

Ahorātram of Deva

2 Ayana

360 days

Reckoning of time among other entities[edit]

Among the Pitr ṛs (forefather)[edit]

1 human

(15 days) = 1 day (light) or night of the Pitr ṣs.

1 human month (30 days) = 1 day (light) and night of the Pitr ṣs.

30 days of the Pitr ṣs = 1 month of the Pitr ṣs = (30 × 30 = 900 human days).

12 months of the Pitr ṣs = 1 year of the Pitr ṣs = (12 months of Pitr ṣs × 900 human days = 10800

human days).

The lifespan of the Pitr ṣs is 100 years of the Pitr ṣs (= 36,000 Pitr ṣ days = 1,080,000 human

days = 3000 human years) <a href= " id="pdf-obj-10-113" src="pdf-obj-10-113.jpg">

days = 3000 human years) [citation needed]

1 day of the Devas = 1 human year

1 month of the Devas = 30 days of the Devas

1 year of the Devas (1 divine year) = 12 months of the Devas

Among the Devas[edit]

 

The life span of any Hindu

spans nearly (or more than) 4.5 million years. Statistically, we can also

look it as:

12000 Deva Years = Life Span of Devas = 1 Mahā-Yuga.

The

Visṣnṣu Purānṣa Time measurement section of the

Visṣnṣu Purānṣa Book I Chapter III explains the

above as follows:

2 Ayanas (6-month periods, see above) = 1 human year or 1 day of the devas

4,000 + 400 + 400 = 4,800 divine years (= 1,728,000 human years) = 1 Satya Yuga

3,000 + 300 + 300 = 3,600 divine years (= 1,296,000 human years) = 1 Tretā Yuga

2,000 + 200 + 200 = 2,400 divine years (= 864,000 human years) = 1 Dvāpara Yuga

1,000 + 100 + 100 = 1,200 divine years (= 432,000 human years) = 1 Kali Yuga

12,000 divine year = 4 Yugas (= 4,320,000 human years) = 1 Mahā-Yuga (also is equaled to

12000 Daiva (divine) Yuga)

[2*12,000 = 24,000 divine year = 12000 revolutions of sun around its dual]

.