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- Matter Waves and Buddhist Thought
- Diffuser Design
- Dielectric Wave Guide
- Waves
- Waves and Sound Worksheet
- SENARAI SEMAK ULANGKAJI
- Physics
- A Level Physics 11 June2012
- Subiecte IBP Examen
- Hydroacoustics
- 503_1
- Doc 91 B.P.S. IX Physics Chapter Notes 2014 15
- Sound Waves Theory E
- GEIT - ToFD Ultrasonics
- EOCQ_ans_13
- Rahman 2012_advances in Fluid Mechanics Ix
- park1999.pdf
- Ondas
- Simulado Ingles Portugues e Fisica Ita
- waves1

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1. A stretched string of length l is excited by plucking the string at right angles to

its length at a point which is a distance of

' l'

from one end and stopping the

4

vibration at the centre of the string with a finger. Find the number of antinodes

for the vibration corresponding to the first overtone.

2. Two pulses are created on the rope at points A & B respectively as shown in the

diagram

The rope is rotating about end A where as end B is free. If S A & S B are the

distances covered by pulse A & pulse B respectively in rope frame before they

cross each other. If

k=

SA

SB

k 1

, find the value of

distance of 2m from it. Find the minimum distance (in m) between the source

and the detector for which the detector detects a maximum of sound. Speed of

sound in air 360 m/s

4.

minimum distance of x(50 10) meter the sound is inaudible. Value of x is

Q

P

5. As shown in figure string PQR is stretched by

force

F = (3 10 kt) N, where k is a constant and t is

L=1m

R

time in second. At time t = 0, a pulse is

F = ( 3 -K (1 0 )t)N

generated at the end P of the string. For the

value of K (in N/s) if the value of force become

zero as the pulse reaches point Q.

6. A uniform horizontal rod of length 40 cm and mass 1.2 kg is supported by two

identical wires as shown in fig. A mass of 4.8 kg is placed on the rod so that the

same tuning fork may excite the wire on left into its fundamental vibrations and

that on right into its first overtone? The distance of the mass from the left end of

2

the rod in cm is Take g 10 m s

Page No 1

7. A uniform rope with length L and mass m is held at one end and whirled in a

horizontal circle with angular velocity .You can ignore the force of gravity on the

rope. The time required for a transverse wave to travel from one end of the rope to

the other is

, then value of n is

n

8. A piston of mass m 0.005 kg and area of cross section S 0.1 m 2 is placed near

one end of open organ pipe of length L = 5 m and area of cross section S. At the

other end a tuning fork of frequency f produces a traveling sound wave of

displacement amplitude A, which excites the pipe in to second overtone. The

coefficient of friction between piston and ground is 0.1 . Find the value of A

(in micrometer) at which the piston is about to shift towards left from the pipe.

Given bulk modulus of medium in the pipe is 104 N / m2 .

produced in it. The string is excited to vibrate with maximum displacement A0 .

Find the ratio of maximum kinetic energy of the string for its fundamental tone

to first overtone.

10.

x

sin t

L

is formed between the

y 2 A sin

points x L and x L . The separation between two such particles, which have

their

maximum velocity equal to half the maximum velocity of the antinodes and

L

which are closest to the particle present at x 0 , is k then find the value of k.

11. There is a source of sound (a tuning fork) moving towards a reflecting wall will a

speed of 30 m/s. The velocity of the sound in air is 330 m/s and the frequency

of the tuning fork is 600Hz. The observer is between the source and the wall

and is moving with some velocity V1 towards the wall. The beat frequency heard

by the observer is 4Hz. If the tuning fork is waxed, the frequency beats heard by

man becomes 3Hz. If new frequency of tuning fork is x 100 y 10 then find x y .

Page No 2

12. Two pulses traveling on the same string are describes by the function y1 and

y 2 generated from points A and B is in meter respectively

2

y2

2

x 4t 2

y1

x 2t

, where x (in metre) and t (in sec) are in the distance between A &

B is 1.5m, if the position where these two pulses will meet. (Shape of the pulse

does not

change) is x 10

m . Find x

x

y 5 sin

cos 40 t then the separation between two adjacent nodes is.

3

14. A siren placed at a railway platform is emitting sound of frequency 5 kHz. A

passenger sitting in a moving train A records a frequency of 5.5 kHz. While

the train approaches the siren. During his return journey in a different train

B be records a frequency of 6.0 kHz while approaches the same siren. The

ratio of the velocity of train B to that train A is

15. The speed of a transverse wave, going on a wire having a length 50 cm and

mass 5.0 gm, is 80 m/s. The area of cross-section of the wire is 1.0 mm 2 and

its Youngs modulus is 16 109 N/m2. Find the extension (in mm) of the wire

over its natural length.

16. For a sound source of intensity W/m 2 , corresponding sound level is

17.

A sound source emits two sinusoidal sound waves, both of wavelength

, along paths A and B as shown in fi gure. The sound travelling along

path B is refl ected from four rigid surfaces as shown and then

interferes at point Q, producing minimum intensity at that point. The

, fi nd the value of N:

N

Page No 3

18.

100.25 , where is the wave length. S 1 leads

are two points on the line joining S 1 and S2 as

S2 in phase by /2. A and B

shown in figure. The ratio of

amplitudes of source S1 and S2 are in ratio 1:2. Find the ratio of intensity at

B

.

A

B to that at A,

19.

fundamental mode. Amplitude at the centre of the string is 4 mm.

Find the seperatation between the two points having amplitude 2

mm.Express your answer in metre

20.

sound source kept in between the pipes excites both the pipes at

their respective second lowest resonant frequencies. If I f LA 1.5m . find

length of the pipe B ( LB ) in metre. (Neglect end

Correction)

21.

A string sustains a standing wave. The points A, B, C, D and E are such that

each have displacement amplitude = 2 mm as shown in figure.

If x B x A x C x B x D x c x E x D = 15mm, Find maximum

displacement amplitude (in mm)

22.

In a car race, sound signals emitted by the two cars are detected by the

detector on the straight track at the end point of the race. Frequencies

Page No 4

23.

observed are 330Hz and 360 Hz and the original frequency of both the cars is

300 Hz. The race ends with the separation of 100 m between the cars.

Assume that both the cars move with constant velocities and that velocity of

sound is 330m/s. Find the time taken (in s) by the winning car.

An ant sitting on a string can pull the string with a maximum force up to

three times of its own weight. A sine wave of amplitude A

24.

25.

10

in vertical plane

2

string so that ant will not fall from the string. (Neglect the variation of tension

2

in the string due to weight of the ant g 10m / s ).

The average power transmitted across a cross-section by two sound waves

moving in the same direction and in the same medium is equal. The wave

lengths of two sound waves are in the ratio of 1:2, then find the ratio of their

pressure amplitudes.

String -1 is connected with string -2, the mass per unit length in string -1 is

1 and the mass per unit length in string -2 is 4 1 , the tension in the strings

4

2

1

x

of the energy

9

incident

26.

The string fixed at both ends has standing wave nodes for which distance

between adjacent nodes is x1. The same string has another standing wave

nodes for which distance between adjacent nodes is x2. If l is the length of

x2

1

1

27.

28.

A simple harmonic wave of amplitude 2mm is travelling along positive x-axis.

At a given instant, displacement for two different particles on the wave is 1

mm and 2 mm along positive Y direction. If wavelength of wave is 48 mm

then find minimum separation between mean positions of the particles (in

mm)

A closed organ pipe vibrates in its first overtone mode. The pressure variation

is maximum at 0.40m from open end. If the length of pipe is

29.

2.4

m then x=

x

-----A string of length 0.40m and mass 10-2 kg is tightly clamped at its ends. The

tension in the string is 1.6 N. Identical wave pulses are produced at one end

at equal intervals of time t , minimum value of t (in sec) which allows

constructive interference between successive pulses is

Page No 5

x

seconds. Then x is

10

30.

The successive resonance frequencies are 425 Hz, 595 Hz and 765 Hz for a

certain organ pipe. The speed of sound in air is 340 m/sec. Find the length of

the pipe (in m).

31 Two instruments having stretched strings are being played in unison. When the

tension of one of the instruments is increased by

Page No 6

Find n.

Integer

1

7

13

19

25

31

Answers

6

2

2

8

3

14

1

20

8

26

6

2

5

2

2

2

3

9

15

21

27

3

4

2

2

2

4

10

16

22

28

4

3

6

4

2,6

5

11

17

23

29

2

9

8

1

1

6

12

18

24

30

5

8

9

1

1

Integer solutions

1.

and for first overtone 6 loop

node.

2. At any distance

But

in rope frame

pulse will be meeting at a distance

4.

L 10 log10

I

I0

30 10log10

I

I

(x 2 ) 2

1000

I0

I0

(20) 2

400

1000

x 20 1000 200 10 m .

x

Page No 7

from A.

5.

3 (10K)t dx

3 102

dt

L

dx

0

10

3 10kt dt

30

6. Conceptual

7.

8.

9.

energy in fundamental tone

10.

Page No 8

Hence separation =

11.

Apparent frequency of source

Beat frequency

The source moves with a velocity 1m/s towards the wall.

When the tuning fork is waxed let its frequency become n

Beat frequency

n = 450 Hz = new frequency of tuning fork.

12.

is travelling along negative x direction.

Speed of wave

is = 2 m/s

Speed of wave is =

Suppose they meet at a distance x from A

from A.

13.

14.

15.

3

2

The linear mass density is

5 103

1.0 102 kg/m

50 102

v

Page No 9

T v 2

(1.0 102 ) 6400 64 N

Y

T/A

L / L

TL

AY

64 0.50

2 mm.

1.0 10 6 16 109

L

16.

= 7d 3d = 4d

[Note that there is no phase change in refl ections from mirror in case

of sound]

For being out of phase :

3

x = 4d = ; ;................

2

d =

2

8

The charge on the capacitor when current reaches 0

q0 = (0R).C1

For minimum d,

17.

4d =

When the switch is in position 2, this charge is shared with capacitor C 2 and

at steady state potential across C1 is equal to that across C 2. The energy lost

in this process

q

1 CC

U = . 1 2 0

2 C1 C2 C1

18.

C1C2

= 2 . C C (0R)2

1

2

4

2

2

4

2

2

19.

2

A

1

a

Hence = =

9

3a

B

= 3m

Page No 10

y = 2A sin kx cos t

y = A as amplitude is 2A.

A = 2A sin kx

2

1

x =

x1 = m

6

4

2

and

. x = +

x 2 = 1.25 m x 2 x 1 = 1m

2

3

20.

3V

A

For pipe B, second resonant frequency is second harmonic thus f =

2V

2 LB

3V

2V

Equating, 4 L = 2 L

A

B

L B =

21.

4

4

LA =

.(1.5) = 2m.

3

3

X E X A 4 15 60mm

taking n0de N as origin, we have

a A sin kx

2 2

here, a 2 mm , k

60

15

and x B ' N

2

2

so, 2 A sin

7.5 A sin

4

60

or A 2 mm

22.

Apparent frequencies of sound emitted by car 1 and car 2 as detected at

end point are

V

V

, f 2 f0

V V1

V V2

330

330 300

,

330 V1

330

360=300 330 V

2

V1 30m / s and V2 55 m / s

f1 f 0

The distance between both the cars just when the 2 nd car reaches end point B

(as shown in figure ) is

100m V2t V2t t 4s

23.

At the highest point

Page No 11

mg 3mg m amax

4mg m 2 A

4g

2

A

2

T

1

P 2 A2 sV

2

1 f 2

Since 1 , 1 1

2 f 2 2 1

Since P1 P2 , 1 A1 2 A2 ,

A1 2 1

A2 1 2

24.

Pressure amplitude, p0 B0 Ak

A1 k1

A2 k2

A 2

1

A2 1

p0 1 / p0 2

1 2

1

2 1

2

25.

2v2

Et At

Ei Ai

v1 v2

26.

1

2 1

4

9

x1 n 1

x2 n k l

x2

l

,k 2

x1 l kx1

27.

Page No 12

y

t X

sin 2

A

T ;

y1 1, A 2,

t x1

1

sin 1 rad

6

T

2

y1 2, A 2,

t x2

sin 1

T

rad

4

2

t x1 1

T 12

t x2 1

T 8

x x

1

substract 1 2

24

x1 x2

24

28.

29.

node, it is given,

0.4 m

4

1.6 m

3 3

But L 1.6 1.2m

4 4

102

m mass per unit length

0.4

2

2.5 10 kg / m

T

8 m / sec

m

t min

30.

2 L 2 0.4

0.10sec

v

8

ratio of resonance frequencies 5:7:9, hence pipe is closed. For a closed pipe

V

4 L

425 Hz 5

l 1m

31

Initially

Finally

Page No 13

Page No 14

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