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Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1999 Aladdin Enterprises. All rights
reserved.

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This software is provided AS-IS with no warranty, either express or


implied.
This software is distributed under license and may not be copied,
modified or distributed except as expressly authorized under the terms
of the license contained in the file LICENSE in this distribution.
For more information about licensing, please refer to
http://www.ghostscript.com/licensing/. For information on
commercial licensing, go to http://www.artifex.com/licensing/ or
contact Artifex Software, Inc., 101 Lucas Valley Road #110,
San Rafael, CA 94903, U.S.A., +1(415)492-9861.
$Id: font2c.ps,v 1.5.2.1 2003/12/12 22:07:58 giles Exp $
font2c.ps
Write out a PostScript Type 0 or Type 1 font as C code
that can be linked with the interpreter.
This even works on protected fonts, if you use the -dWRITESYSTEMDICT
switch in the command line. The code is reentrant and locationindependent and has no external references, so it can be put into
a sharable library even on VMS.

/font2cdict 100 dict dup begin


% Define the maximum string length that all compilers will accept.
% This must be approximately
%
min(max line length, max string literal length) / 4 - 5.
/max_wcs 50 def
% Define a temporary file for writing out procedures.
/wtempname (_.tmp) def
% ------ Protection utilities ------ %
% Protection values are represented by a mask:
/a_noaccess 0 def
/a_executeonly 1 def
/a_readonly 3 def
/a_all 7 def
/prot_names
[ (0) (a_execute) null (a_readonly) null null null (a_all)
] def
/prot_opers
[ {noaccess} {executeonly} {} {readonly} {} {} {} {}
] def
% Get the protection of an object.
/getpa
{ dup wcheck
{ pop a_all }
{
% Check for executeonly or noaccess objects in protected.
dup protected exch known
{ protected exch get }
{ pop a_readonly }
ifelse
}

ifelse
} bind def
% Get the protection appropriate for (all the) values in a dictionary.
/getva
{ a_noaccess exch
{ exch pop
dup type dup /stringtype eq 1 index /arraytype eq or
exch /packedarraytype eq or
{ getpa a_readonly and or }
{ pop pop a_all exit }
ifelse
}
forall
} bind def
% Keep track of executeonly and noaccess objects,
% but don't let the protection actually take effect.
.currentglobal
false .setglobal
% so protected can reference local objs
/protected
% do first so // will work
systemdict wcheck { 1500 dict } { 1 dict } ifelse
def
systemdict wcheck not
{ (Warning: you will not be able to convert protected fonts.\n) print
(If you need to convert a protected font, please\n) print
(restart the program and specify the -dWRITESYSTEMDICT switch.\n) print
flush
(%end) .skipeof
}
if
userdict begin
/executeonly
{ dup //protected exch //a_executeonly put readonly
} bind def
/noaccess
{ dup //protected exch //a_noaccess put readonly
} bind def
end
true .setglobal
systemdict begin
/executeonly
{ userdict /executeonly get exec
} bind odef
/noaccess
{ userdict /noaccess get exec
} bind odef
end
%end
.setglobal
% ------ Output utilities ------ %
% By convention, the output file is named cfile.
% Define some utilities for writing the output file.
/wtstring 100 string def
/wb {cfile exch write} bind def
/ws {cfile exch writestring} bind def
/wl {ws (\n) ws} bind def

/wt {wtstring cvs ws} bind def


%
%
%
%

Write a C string. Some compilers have unreasonably small limits on


the length of a string literal or the length of a line, so every place
that uses wcs must either know that the string is short,
or be prepared to use wcca instead.
/wbx
{ 8#1000 add 8 (0000) cvrs dup 0 (\\) 0 get put ws
} bind def
/wcst
[
32 { /wbx load } repeat
95 { /wb load } repeat
129 { /wbx load } repeat
] def
("\\) { wcst exch { (\\) ws wb } put } forall
/wcs
{ (") ws { dup wcst exch get exec } forall (") ws
} bind def
/can_wcs
% Test if can use wcs
{ length max_wcs le
} bind def
/wncs
% name -> C string
{ wtstring cvs wcs
} bind def
% Write a C string as an array of character values.
% We only need this because of line and literal length limitations.
/wca
% <string> <prefix> <suffix> wca { 0 4 -2 roll exch
{
% Stack: suffix n prefix char
exch ws
exch dup 19 ge { () wl pop 0 } if 1 add
exch dup 32 ge 1 index 126 le and
{ 39 wb dup 39 eq 1 index 92 eq or { 92 wb } if wb 39 wb }
{ wt }
ifelse (,)
} forall
pop pop ws
} bind def
/wcca
% <string> wcca { ({\n) (}) wca
} bind def
% Write object protection attributes. Note that dictionaries and arrays are
% the only objects that can be writable.
/wpa
{ dup xcheck { (a_executable|) ws } if
dup type dup /dicttype eq exch /arraytype eq or
{ getpa }
{ getpa a_readonly and }
ifelse prot_names exch get ws
} bind def
/wva
{ getva prot_names exch get ws
} bind def
% ------ Object writing ------ %
/wnstring 128 string def

% Convert an object to a string to be scanned at a later time.


/cvos
% <obj> cvos <string>
{
% We'd like to use == and write directly to a string,
% but we can't do the former because of operators,
% and we can't do the latter because we can't predict
% how long the string would have to be....
wtempname (w) file dup 3 -1 roll wproc closefile
wtempname status pop pop pop exch pop string
wtempname (r) file dup 3 -1 roll readstring pop exch closefile
} bind def
% Write a string/name or null as an element of a string/name/null array.
% Convert any other kind of value to a token to be read back in.
/wsn
{ dup null eq
{ pop (\t255,255,) wl
}
{ dup type /nametype eq { wnstring cvs } if
dup type /stringtype ne { cvos (255,) ws } if
dup length 256 idiv wt (,) ws
dup length 256 mod wt
(,) (,\n) wca
}
ifelse
} bind def
% Write a packed string/name/null array.
/wsna
% <name> <(string|name|null)*> wsna { (\tstatic const unsigned char ) ws exch wt ([] = {) wl
{ wsn } forall
(\t0\n};) wl
} bind def
% Write a number or an array of numbers, as refs.
/isnumber
{ type dup /integertype eq exch /realtype eq or
} bind def
/wnums
{ dup isnumber
{ (real_v\() ws wt (\),) ws }
{ { wnums } forall }
ifelse
} bind def
% Test whether a procedure or unusual array can be written (printed).
/iswx 4 dict dup begin
/arraytype { { iswproc } isall } def
/nametype { pop true } def
/operatortype { pop true } def
% assume it has been bound in
/packedarraytype /arraytype load def
end def
/iswnx 6 dict dup begin
/arraytype { { iswproc } isall } def
/integertype { pop true } def
/nametype { pop true } def
/realtype { pop true } def
/stringtype { pop true } def
/packedarraytype /arraytype load def
end def
/iswproc
% <obj> iswproc <bool>
{ dup xcheck { iswx } { iswnx } ifelse

1 index type .knownget { exec } { pop false } ifelse


} bind def
% Write a printable procedure (one for which iswproc returns true).
/wproca 3 dict dup begin
/arraytype
{ 1 index ({) writestring
{ 1 index ( ) writestring 1 index exch wproc } forall
(}) writestring
} bind def
/packedarraytype /arraytype load def
/operatortype { .writecvs } bind def % assume binding would work
end def
/wproc
% <file> <proc> wproc { dup type wproca exch .knownget { exec } { write==only } ifelse
} bind def
%
%
%
%
%

Write a named object. Return true if this was possible.


Legal types are: boolean, integer, name, real, string,
array of (integer, integer+real, name, null+string),
and certain procedures and other arrays (see iswproc above).
All other objects are either handled specially or ignored.
/isall
% <array> <proc> isall <bool>
{ true 3 -1 roll
{ 2 index exec not { pop false exit } if }
forall exch pop
} bind def
/wott 8 dict dup begin
/arraytype
{ woatt
{ aload pop 2 index 2 index exec
{ exch pop exec exit }
{ pop pop }
ifelse
}
forall
} bind def
/booleantype
{ { (\tmake_true\(&) } { (\tmake_false\(&) } ifelse ws
wt (\);) wl true
} bind def
/integertype
{ (\tmake_int\(&) ws exch wt (, ) ws
wt (\);) wl true
} bind def
/nametype
{ (\tcode = (*pprocs->name_create)\(i_ctx_p, &) ws exch wt
(, ) ws wnstring cvs wcs
% OK, names are short
(\);) wl
(\tif ( code < 0 ) return code;) wl
true
} bind def
/packedarraytype
/arraytype load def
/realtype
{ (\tmake_real\(&) ws exch wt (, (float)) ws
wt (\);) wl true
} bind def
/stringtype
{ ({\tstatic const unsigned char s_[] = ) ws

dup dup can_wcs { wcs } { wcca } ifelse


(;) wl
(\tmake_const_string\(&) ws exch wt
(, a_readonly, ) ws length wt (, (const byte *)s_\);) wl
(}) wl true
} bind def
end def
% Write some other kind of object, if known.
/wother
{ dup otherobjs exch known
{ otherobjs exch get (\t) ws exch wt ( = ) ws wt (;) wl true }
{ pop pop false }
ifelse
} bind def
% Top-level procedure.
/wo
% name obj -> OK
{ dup type wott exch .knownget { exec } { wother } ifelse
} bind def
% Write an array (called by wo).
/wap
% <name> <array> wap { dup xcheck not 1 index wcheck not and 1 index rcheck and
{ pop pop }
{ (\tr_set_attrs\(&) ws exch wt (, ) ws wpa (\);) wl }
ifelse
} bind def
/wnuma {
% <name> <array> <element_C_type> <<type>_v> wnuma ({\tstatic const ref_\() ws exch ws (\) a_[] = {) wl exch
% Stack: name type_v array
dup length 0 eq {
(\t) ws 1 index ws (\(0\)) wl
} {
dup {
(\t) ws 2 index ws (\() ws wt (\),) wl
} forall
} ifelse exch pop
% Stack: name array
(\t};) wl
dup wcheck {
(\tcode = (*pprocs->scalar_array_create)\(i_ctx_p, &) ws exch wt
(, (const ref *)a_, ) ws dup length wt
(, ) ws wpa (\);) wl
(\tif ( code < 0 ) return code;) wl
} {
(\tmake_const_array\(&) ws exch wt
(, avm_foreign|) ws dup wpa (, ) ws length wt
(, (const ref *)a_\);) wl
} ifelse
(}) wl
} bind def
/woatt [
% Integers
{ { { type /integertype eq } isall }
{ (long) (integer_v) wnuma true }
}
% Integers + reals
{ { { type dup /integertype eq exch /realtype eq or } isall }
{ (float) (real_v) wnuma true }
}
% Strings + nulls

{ { { type dup /nulltype eq exch /stringtype eq or } isall }


{ ({) ws dup (sa_) exch wsna
(\tcode = (*pprocs->string_array_create)\(i_ctx_p, &) ws exch wt
(, \(const char *\)sa_, ) ws dup length wt (, ) ws wpa (\);) wl
(\tif ( code < 0 ) return code;) wl
(}) wl true
}
}
% Names
{ { { type /nametype eq } isall }
{ ({) ws dup (na_) exch wsna
(\tcode = (*pprocs->name_array_create)\(i_ctx_p, &) ws 1 index wt
(, \(const char *\)na_, ) ws dup length wt (\);) wl
(\tif ( code < 0 ) return code;) wl
wap (}) wl true
}
}
% Procedure
{ { iswproc }
{ dup cvos
% Stack: name proc string
({\tstatic const unsigned char s_[] = ) ws
dup dup can_wcs { wcs } { wcca } ifelse
(;) wl
(\tcode = (*pprocs->ref_from_string)\(i_ctx_p, &) ws 2 index wt
(, \(const char *\)s_, ) ws length wt (\);) wl
(\tif ( code < 0 ) return code;) wl
wap (}) wl true
wtempname deletefile
}
}
% Default
{ { pop true }
{ wother }
}
] def
% Write a named dictionary. We assume the ref is already declared.
/wd
% <name> <dict> <extra> wd { 3 1 roll
({) ws
(\tref v_[) ws dup length wt (];) wl
dup [ exch
{ counttomark 2 sub wtstring cvs
(v_[) exch concatstrings (]) concatstrings exch wo not
{ (Skipping ) print ==only (....\n) print }
if
} forall
]
% Stack: array of keys (names)
({) ws dup (str_keys_) exch wsna
(\tstatic const cfont_dict_keys keys_ =) wl
(\t { 0, 0, ) ws length wt (, ) ws 3 -1 roll wt (, ) ws
dup wpa (, ) ws dup wva ( };) wl pop
(\tcode = \(*pprocs->ref_dict_create\)\(i_ctx_p, &) ws wt
(, &keys_, \(const char *\)str_keys_, v_\);) wl
(\tif ( code < 0 ) return code;) wl
(}) wl
(}) wl
} bind def

% Write character dictionary keys.


% We save a lot of space by abbreviating keys which appear in
% StandardEncoding or ISOLatin1Encoding.
% Writes code to declare and initialize enc_keys_, str_keys, and keys_.
/wcdkeys
% <dict> wcdkeys {
% Write keys present in StandardEncoding or ISOLatin1Encoding,
% pushing other keys on the o-stack.
(static const charindex enc_keys_[] = {) wl
dup [ exch 0 exch
{ pop decoding 1 index known
{ decoding exch get ({) ws dup -8 bitshift wt
(,) ws 255 and wt (}, ) ws
1 add dup 5 mod 0 eq { (\n) ws } if
}
{ exch }
ifelse
}
forall pop
]
({0,0}\n};) wl
% Write other keys.
(str_keys_) exch wsna
% Write the declaration for keys_.
(static const cfont_dict_keys keys_ = {) wl
(\tenc_keys_, countof\(enc_keys_\) - 1,) wl
(\t) ws dup length wt ( - \(countof\(enc_keys_\) - 1\), 0, ) ws
dup wpa (, ) ws wva () wl
(};) wl
} bind def
% Enumerate character dictionary values in the same order that
% the keys appear in enc_keys_ and str_keys_.
% <proc> is called with each value in turn.
/cdforall
% <dict> <proc> cdforall { 2 copy
{ decoding 3 index known
{ 3 -1 roll pop exec }
{ pop pop pop }
ifelse
}
/exec cvx 3 packedarray cvx
/forall cvx
5 -2 roll
{ decoding 3 index known
{ pop pop pop }
{ 3 -1 roll pop exec }
ifelse
}
/exec cvx 3 packedarray cvx
/forall cvx
6 packedarray cvx exec
} bind def
% ------ Writers for special objects ------ %
/writespecial 10 dict dup begin
/FontInfo { 0 wd } def

/Private { 0 wd } def
/CharStrings
{ ({) wl
dup wcdkeys
(static const unsigned char values_[] = {) wl
{ wsn } cdforall
(\t0\n};) wl
(\tcode = \(*pprocs->string_dict_create\)\(i_ctx_p, &) ws wt
(, &keys_, (const char *)str_keys_, \(const char *\)values_\);) wl
(\tif ( code < 0 ) return code;) wl
(}) wl
} bind def
/Metrics
{ ({) wl
dup wcdkeys
(static const ref_(float) values_[] = {) wl
dup { (\t) ws wnums () wl } cdforall
(\t0\n};) wl
(static const unsigned char lengths_[] = {) wl
{ (\t) ws dup isnumber
{ pop 0 }
{ length 1 add }
ifelse wt (,) wl
} cdforall
(\t0\n};) wl
(\tcode = \(*pprocs->num_dict_create\)\(i_ctx_p, &) ws wt
(, &keys_, str_keys_, (const ref *)values_, lengths_\);) wl
(\tif ( code < 0 ) return code;) wl
(}) wl
} bind def
/Metrics2 /Metrics load def
/FDepVector pop

% (converted to a list of font names)

end def
% ------ The main program ------ %
% Construct an inverse dictionary of encodings.
[ /StandardEncoding /ISOLatin1Encoding
/SymbolEncoding /DingbatsEncoding
/KanjiSubEncoding
]
dup length dict begin
{ mark exch dup { .findencoding exch def } stopped cleartomark
} forall
currentdict end /encodingnames exch def
% Invert the StandardEncoding and ISOLatin1Encoding vectors.
512 dict begin
0 1 255 { dup ISOLatin1Encoding exch get exch 256 add def } for
0 1 255 { dup StandardEncoding exch get exch def } for
currentdict end /decoding exch def
/writefont
% cfilename procname -> [writes the current font]
{ (gsf_) exch concatstrings
/fontprocname exch def

/cfname exch def


/cfile cfname (w) file def
% Remove unwanted keys from the font.
currentfont dup length dict begin { def } forall
{ /FID /MIDVector /CurMID } { currentdict exch undef } forall
/Font currentdict end def
% Replace the FDepVector with a list of font names.
Font /FDepVector .knownget
{ [ exch { /FontName get } forall ]
Font /FDepVector 3 -1 roll put
}
if
% Find all the special objects we know about.
% wo uses this to write out references to otherwise intractable objects.
/otherobjs writespecial length dict dup begin
writespecial
{ pop Font 1 index .knownget { exch def } { pop } ifelse
}
forall
end def
% Define a dummy FontInfo, in case the font doesn't have one.
/FontInfo 0 dict def
% Write out the boilerplate.
Font begin
(/****************************************************************) wl
( Portions of this file are subject to the following notice(s):) wl
systemdict /copyright get wl
FontInfo /Notice .knownget
{ (----------------------------------------------------------------) wl wl
} if
(****************************************************************/) wl
() wl
(/* ) ws cfname ws ( */) wl
(/* This file was created by the ) ws product ws ( font2c utility. */) wl
() wl
(#undef DEBUG) wl
(#include "ccfont.h") wl
() wl
% Write the procedure prologue.
(#ifdef __PROTOTYPES__) wl
(ccfont_proc\() ws fontprocname ws (\);) wl
(int) wl
fontprocname ws ((i_ctx_t *i_ctx_p, const cfont_procs *pprocs, ref *pfont)) w
l
(#else) wl
(int) wl
fontprocname ws ((i_ctx_p, pprocs, pfont) i_ctx_t *i_ctx_p; const cfont_procs
*pprocs; ref *pfont;) wl
(#endif) wl
({\tint code;) wl
(\tref Font;) wl
otherobjs
{ exch pop (\tref ) ws wt (;) wl }
forall

% Write out the special objects.


otherobjs
{ exch writespecial 2 index get exec
}
forall
% Write out the main font dictionary.
% If possible, substitute the encoding name for the encoding;
% PostScript code will fix this up.
{ /Encoding /PrefEnc }
{ Font 1 index .knownget
{ encodingnames exch .knownget { def } { pop } ifelse }
{ pop }
ifelse
}
forall
(Font) Font FontType 0 eq { 5 } { 1 } ifelse wd
% Finish the procedural initialization code.
(\t*pfont = Font;) wl
(\treturn 0;) wl
(}) wl
end
% Font
cfile closefile
} bind def
end def

% font2cdict

% Compute the procedure name from the font name.


% Replace all non-alphanumeric characters with '_'.
/makefontprocnamemap 256 string
0 1 255 { 2 copy 95 put pop } for
(0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz)
{ 2 copy dup put pop } forall
readonly def
/makefontprocname
% <fontname> makefontprocname <procnamestring>
{ dup length string cvs
dup length 1 sub -1 0
{
% Stack: string index
2 copy 2 copy get //makefontprocnamemap exch get put pop
}
for
} def
/writefont { font2cdict begin writefont end } def
% If the program was invoked from the command line, run it now.
[ shellarguments
{ counttomark dup 2 eq exch 3 eq or
{ counttomark -1 roll cvn
(Converting ) print dup =only ( font.\n) print flush
% Ensure that we get a clean copy of the font from the
% file system.
2 {
% do both local and global
currentglobal not setglobal
dup undefinefont
} repeat

findfont setfont
(FontName is ) print currentfont /FontName get ==only (.\n) print flush
counttomark 1 eq
{
% Construct the procedure name from the file name.
currentfont /FontName get makefontprocname
}
if
writefont
(Done.\n) print flush
}
{ cleartomark
(Usage: font2c fontname cfilename.c [shortname]\n) print
( e.g.: font2c Courier cour.c\n) print flush
mark
}
ifelse
}
if pop