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INSTITUTO DE TELECOMUNICAES

Relatrio de Actividades

2000

Relatrio de Actividades - 2000

Relatrio de Actividades - 2000

ndice
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Introduo.................................................................................................................. 5
Organizao interna.................................................................................................. 5
Projectos de mbito nacional ................................................................................... 7
Projectos comunitrios ............................................................................................. 7
Prmios ....................................................................................................................... 8
Produo Cientfica................................................................................................... 8
Conferncias e Seminrios...................................................................................... 10
Recursos humanos................................................................................................... 10

Relatrio de Actividades - 2000

Relatrio de Actividades - 2000

1. Introduo
O Instituto de Telecomunicaes (IT) uma instituio privada sem fins lucrativos,
de utilidade pblica, resultante da associao de quatro instituies com experincia e
tradies de investigao e desenvolvimento no sector das Telecomunicaes:

Instituto Superior Tcnico (IST),


Universidade de Aveiro (UA),
Faculdade de Cincias e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra (FCTUC),
Portugal Telecom, atravs da Portugal Telecom Inovao (PTI), ex Centro de
Estudos de Telecomunicaes (CET).

O IT est organizado em trs Plos: um em Aveiro, no Campus Universitrio da


Universidade de Aveiro (UA), outro em Coimbra, no Plo II da Universidade de
Coimbra (UC) e o terceiro em Lisboa, no IST.
A constituio do IT beneficiou do apoio do programa CIENCIA, num montante total
de 1,5 milhes de contos, atravs de trs contratos celebrados em 1991, com as instituies associadas. Este financiamento permitiu a construo de infra-estruturas nos
trs Plos e a aquisio de equipamentos para os respectivos laboratrios.
A instalao do Plo de Aveiro ficou concluda em 1993 e a dos plos de Lisboa e de
Coimbra em 1994. Nesse sentido pode-se considerar que, desde 1995, o IT desenvolve uma actividade em regime normal. Resumem-se, em seguida, algumas das actividades mais marcantes realizadas em 2000 deixando para os relatrios das linhas de investigao o seu desenvolvimento.

2. Organizao interna
A gesto do IT essencialmente descentralizada nos Plos. A gesto de cada Plo goza de ampla autonomia para a gesto corrente. A Comisso Executiva e os membros
das Comisses de Gesto dos Plos renem-se pelo menos uma vez por ms.
O Conselho Cientfico rene-se duas vezes por ano, para apreciar num caso o Plano
de Actividades e o Oramento e noutro o Relatrio de Actividades, bem como qualquer assunto que lhe seja proposto pela Comisso Executiva. O Plano de Actividades
e o Oramento, por um lado, e o Relatrio de Actividades e Contas (depois de certificadas) por outro, so seguidamente submetidos Assembleia Geral para aprovao.
Tanto o Plano de Actividades como o Relatrio de Actividades so discutidos e comentados com a Comisso de Aconselhamento.

Relatrio de Actividades - 2000


No ano de 2000 realizaram-se as seguintes reunies:

duas Assembleias Gerais, uma em Maro, em Lisboa, para aprovar o Relatrio de


Actividades e Contas de 1999 e outra em Dezembro, em Lisboa, para aprovar o
Plano de Actividades e Oramento para 2001;
reunies mensais da Comisso Executiva;
uma reunio com a Comisso de Aconselhamento, formada por trs especialistas
no domnio das telecomunicaes (Dr. Roland Hber, Prof. John OReilly e Prof.
Martin Tomlinson) actuando a ttulo pessoal que, em Junho, visitaram o Plo de
Lisboa, apreciaram detalhadamente as actividades do IT em 1999 e as propostas
para 2000 e formularam recomendaes para actividades futuras;
duas reunies do Conselho Cientfico, uma em Maro, em Lisboa, para discutir o
Relatrio de Actividades de 1999", e outra em Dezembro, em Aveiro, para preparao da proposta de Plano de Actividades para 2001 a submeter Assembleia Geral em Dezembro de 2000 e para continuar a discusso do documento de
Planeamento Estratgico do IT com particular incidncia na organizao interna.

Em meados de Dezembro foi recebida uma primeira resposta da Fundao para a


Cincia e Tecnologia (FCT) candidatura do IT a laboratrio associado que dever
ser negociada em 2001.
Tal como previsto, no ano de 2000 e em parte j em 2001, continuou a discusso sobre a Reviso Estratgica, com o objectivo de alcanar um novo esquema de organizao interna, mais bem adaptado ao ambiente interno do IT e, ao mesmo tempo, susceptvel de projectar uma imagem mais coerente do IT e das suas actividades. Assim
foram definidas trs temticas transdisciplinares que definem e caracterizam a actividade do IT:

Comunicaes mveis,
Comunicaes pticas,
Redes e Comunicaes Multimdia,

s quais acresce uma rea horizontal de Cincias Bsicas (Matemtica e Fsica Aplicadas e Teoria da Comunicao) e de Tecnologias de Suporte das Telecomunicaes
(Electrnica e Instrumentao e Medidas).
Esta deciso, pelo facto de ter sido tomada em finais de 2000, no transparece ainda
deste relatrio de actividades.

Relatrio de Actividades - 2000

3. Projectos de mbito nacional


Durante 2000 estiveram activos 30 projectos financiados pela FCT, no mbito do
programa PRAXIS XXI, dos quais 2 envolvendo mais de um Plo.
Na sequncia do concurso para projectos financiados pela FCT, com termo em Janeiro de 2000, foram seleccionados, para financiamento, 15 projectos apresentados por
equipas do IT, dos quais 9 se iniciaram ainda em 2000. Destes 15 projectos, 10
envolvem o Plo de Lisboa, 3 o Plo de Aveiro, 1 o Plo de Coimbra e 1 os Plos de
Aveiro e Lisboa.
No Plo de Aveiro, sob contrato com a Portugal Telecom (PT) decorreu actividade
em 11 projectos nas reas de redes e comunicaes integradas (7), rdio, microondas
e ondas milimtricas (1) e componentes pticos e opto-electrnicos (3). O Plo de
Lisboa, esteve tambm envolvido em 2 projectos por contrato com a PT .
A diminuio, muito significativa e infelizmente continuada, das encomendas da PT,
que afecta especialmente o Plo de Aveiro, influiu negativamente nos resultados deste exerccio. At ao momento, porm, uma gesto prudente tem permitido que esta
situao no afecte negativamente o normal funcionamento do IT.
Continuou a verificar-se uma dependncia, a nosso ver excessiva, num pequeno nmero de fontes de financiamento, das quais duas, a FCT e a PT, representam cerca de
90 % do montante total. Esta situao merece uma aco determinada no sentido de
encontrar fontes alternativas de financiamento.
Depois de prolongados esforos junto da FCT e do IST foi finalmente possvel, no
incio de 2001, conseguir a transferncia para o IT do financiamento plurianual
atribudo pela FCT ao IT-Lisboa que, at finais de 2000, foi geridos pelo IST. Esta
nova situao, com reflexos apenas no exerccio de 2001, permite uma maior
agilidade na movimentao dos fundos e uma maior transparncia na sua
contabilizao.

4. Projectos comunitrios
A participao do IT em projectos comunitrios de I&D, em particular no programa
ACTS (4 Programa Quadro da Unio Europeia) e no programa IST, decorreu no
mbito dos seguintes projectos:

TERA, no domnio dos resultados tcnico-econmicos do programa ACTS;


DIFFERENCE, em arquitectura de redes;
SAMBA, em comunicaes mveis de banda larga em ondas milimtricas;

Relatrio de Actividades - 2000

DICEMAN, em codificao de imagem (MPEG-7);


ATLAS, em transmisso ptica;
BRAHMS, em transmisso de banda larga via satlite;
SHUFFLE, em redes UMTS;
ASILUM, em sistemas UMTS.

Destes os primeiros 4 so continuao de projectos iniciados em exerccios anteriores


e chegaram ao seu termo. Os restantes 4 so novos projectos, do Programa IST.
A maioria destes projectos envolveram equipas de um nico plo: Lisboa, no caso do
DICEMAN e do BRAHMS e Aveiro, no caso do DIFFERENCE, TERA, ATLAS e
SHUFFLE. O projecto SAMBA inclui equipas dos Plos de Aveiro e Lisboa.
Equipas do IT participaram nos projectos COST 252, 255, 257, 259, 260 e 262.
Alguns dos projectos a que se faz referncia neste relatrio foram desenvolvidos em
colaborao com as instituies associadas.

5. Prmios
Jos Carlos Pedro e Nuno Borges de Carvalho receberam o 2000 IEE (Institution of
Electrical Engineers) Measurement Prize pelo seu trabalho Multi-Tone Intermodulation Distortion Performance of 3rd Order Microwave Circuits.

6. Produo Cientfica
A produo cientfica em 2000, foi a seguinte:

Teses de doutoramento

Concludas:
Submetidas:
Em curso:

13
10
41

Livros e captulos de livros

5
2
65

Teses de mestrado

Concludas:
Submetidas:
Em curso:

publicados
aceites para publicao

6
4

Artigos em revistas internacionais

Relatrio de Actividades - 2000

publicados

Comunicaes em conferncias internacionais

36
23
8

Artigos em revistas nacionais

publicados
aceites para publicao
submetidos

publicadas
aceites para publicao
submetidas

178
25
13

Comunicaes em conferncias nacionais

publicadas
aceites para publicao
submetidas

15
64
1

Aps um perodo (1994 1998) de crescimento muito rpido a produtividade cientfica do IT, em termos de publicaes, tem-se mantido aproximadamente constante.
Foi o que aconteceu em 1999 e tambm em 2000. Esta situao deve-se sobretudo
falta de novos alunos de doutoramento que, com a situao do mercado de emprego
do sector das telecomunicaes, tem sido quase impossvel recrutar em Portugal.
Um outro aspecto a que importa fazer referncia diz respeito ao reduzido nmero de
teses de doutoramento concludas ou submetidas face ao nmero de estudantes de
doutoramento. Trata-se de um aspecto preocupante que tem merecido a ateno do
Conselho Cientfico. Tanto quanto foi possvel apurar esta situao prende-se com o
facto de um nmero significativo dos actuais alunos de doutoramento serem docentes
de instituies de ensino superior no universitria aos quais no so nem exigidos
prazos apertados para a concluso do doutoramento nem concedidas dispensa de
servio docente e que portanto tendem a prolongar o perodo necessrio para
elaborao da tese por 6, 7 e mais anos.
Uma situao semelhante, embora muito menos grave, existiu a nvel do mestrado.
Este assunto tem vindo a ser atentamente acompanhado e evoluiu favoravelmente em
2000.

Relatrio de Actividades - 2000

7. Conferncias e Seminrios
A srie de seminrios temticos do IT , abertos a toda a comunidade cientfica nacional, foi continuada com trs seminrios: o primeiro sobre "Televiso Digital" decorreu
em Aveiro, em 21 de Janeiro de 2000, com uma segunda edio em 5 de Julho, em
Lisboa (no anfiteatro da Ordem dos Engenheiros), o segundo sobre "Redes pticas
Multigigabit", em Aveiro, em 28 de Junho de 2000 e o terceiro sobre "Optimizao"
decorreu, em Coimbra, em 27 de Setembro de 2000. As apresentaes tm vindo a ser
disponibilizadas no "site" do Plo de Coimbra.
O Plo de Lisboa do IT, em conjunto com o Instituto Superior Tcnico, organizou a
Conferncia BIANISOTROPICS 2000 - 8th International Conference on Electromagnetics of Complex Media, que teve lugar no Centro de Congressos do IST, de 27
a 29 de Setembro de 2000 e contou com a presena de 77 participantes de 21 pases.
Todo o IT, mas com particular impacto o Plo de Coimbra que tem os aspectos
logsticos a seu cargo, esteve envolvido na preparao da ConfTele2001 - 3
Conferncia de Telecomunicaes, prevista para 23 e 24 de Abril, no Casino da
Figueira da Foz
Foram organizadas diversas reunies no mbito dos projectos comunitrios e das
Aces de Cooperao COST em que as equipas do IT esto envolvidas.

8. Recursos humanos
Os recursos humanos do IT referidos a Dezembro de 2000 so os seguintes:
IT Lisboa

48 investigadores doutorados, dos quais 42 so docentes do IST e 5 so docentes


de outras instituies universitrias e de ensino superior
71 outros colaboradores, dos quais 45 so estudantes de doutoramento e 24 so
estudantes de mestrado
66 alunos de licenciatura do IST a realizar o projecto de fim de curso
1 funcionrio administrativo a tempo inteiro
1 funcionrio administrativo a tempo parcial
1 funcionrio tcnico a tempo inteiro

IT Coimbra

10

13 investigadores doutorados, 10 docentes da Universidade de Coimbra e 3


docentes de outras instituies de ensino superior

Relatrio de Actividades - 2000

29 outros colaboradores, dos quais 10 so estudantes de doutoramento e 13 so


estudantes de mestrado
20 alunos de licenciatura da FCTUC a realizar o projecto de fim de curso
1 funcionrio administrativo a tempo inteiro
1 funcionrio administrativo a tempo parcial

IT Aveiro

20 investigadores doutorados, docentes da Universidade de Aveiro


14 investigadores, funcionrios da Portugal Telecom Inovao;
55 outros colaboradores, dos quais 20 so estudantes de doutoramento, 16 so
estudantes de mestrado e 16 so bolseiros de investigao cientfica com bolsas do
IT ou PRAXIS XXI
28 alunos de licenciatura da Universidade de Aveiro a realizar o projecto de fim
de curso
6 funcionrios administrativos e tcnicos a tempo inteiro
1 funcionrio administrativo a tempo parcial

11

INSTITUTO DE TELECOMUNICAES

Annual Report

2000

Annual Report - 2000

Annual Report - 2000

CONTENTS
1. Introduction ............................................................................................................... 5
2. Management .............................................................................................................. 5
3. National Projects ....................................................................................................... 6
4. European Community Projects................................................................................ 7
5. Awards........................................................................................................................ 8
6. Scientific Output........................................................................................................ 8
7. Conferences and Seminars ....................................................................................... 9
8. Human resources..................................................................................................... 10
9. Projects ..................................................................................................................... 11
10. ANNEX Research Line Activities ....................................................................... 17
10.1 Lisbon Site................................................................................................................ 19
10.1.1 Radio Microwaves and Millimeter Waves.......................................................... 19
10.1.2 Integrated Circuits and Systems.......................................................................... 37
10.1.3 Signal and Image Processing .............................................................................. 45
10.1.3.1 Communication Theory and Pattern Recognition Group ................................... 45
10.1.3.2 Image Group ....................................................................................................... 53
10.1.3.3 Radio Communications Group............................................................................ 63
10.1.4 Optical Communications..................................................................................... 71
10.1.5 Electronic and Opto-electronic Components ...................................................... 75
10.1.6 Power Systems .................................................................................................... 79
10.1.7 Networks and Multimedia Communications ...................................................... 85
10.1.8 Technology and Materials................................................................................... 88
10.1.9 Instrumentation and Measurement...................................................................... 94
10.2 Coimbra Site .......................................................................................................... 104
10.2.1 Signal and Image Processing ............................................................................ 104
10.2.2 Optical Communications................................................................................... 110
10.2.3 Applied Mathematics ........................................................................................ 114
10.2.4 Power Systems .................................................................................................. 118
10.3 Aveiro Site.............................................................................................................. 124
10.3.1 Radio Microwaves and Millimeter Waves........................................................ 124
10.3.2 Networks and Multimedia Communications .................................................... 133
10.3.3 Optical Communications................................................................................... 141
10.3.4 Electronic and Opto-electronic Components .................................................... 147
10.3.5 Integrated Circuits and Systems........................................................................ 153

Annual Report - 2000

Annual Report - 2000

1. Introduction
Instituto de Telecomunicaes (IT) is a private, not-for-profit organisation, an
association of four institutions with experience and traditions in research and
development in the field of Telecommunications:

Instituto Superior Tcnico (IST);


Universidade de Aveiro (UA);
Faculdade de Cincias e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra (FCTUC);
Portugal Telecom (PT), through its research unit "Portugal Telecom Inovao",
(PTI), ex "Centro de Estudos de Telecomunicaes" (CET)

IT is organised around three sites: one in Aveiro, in the University Campus, another in
Coimbra, in Pole II of the University of Coimbra and the third one in Lisbon, in IST.
Setting up of IT was the result of a 1.5 billion escudos grant from Programme
CIENCIA, through three contracts signed in 1991. This investment enabled new
infrastructures to be built and research laboratories to be equipped in each site.
Installation was concluded in Aveiro in 1993 and in Lisbon and Coimbra in 1994.
Since 1995 IT activities proceed regularly. Key developments during 2000 are
sketched below leaving the details for the report of each individual research line.

2. Management
IT management is mostly decentralised by site. Site management enjoys ample
freedom to deal with current affairs. The Executive Board and the members of the site
management commissions that do not belong to the Executive Board meet at least
once a month.
The Scientific Board meets twice a year to comment on the Work Plan and Budget, on
the Annual Report and on any other subjects put forward by the Executive Board. The
Work Plan with the Budget and the Annual Report and Accounts (after legal
certification) are subsequently submitted to the General Assembly for approval.
Both the Work Plan and the Annual Report are discussed with the Advisory
Committee.
During 2000 the following meetings were held:

two meetings of the General Assembly one in March, in Lisbon, to approve the
1999 Annual Report, and another in December, in Lisbon, to approve the Plan
and Budget for 2001;

Annual Report - 2000

monthly meetings of the Executive Board;

one meeting with the Advisory Committee, formed by three independent experts
in the field of Telecommunications (Dr. Roland Hber, Prof. John OReilly and
Prof. Martin Tomlinson) acting in a personal capacity who, in June, visited IT, in
Lisbon, carried out a detailed survey of IT activities during 1999 and proposals for
2000, and issued recommendations for future activities;

two meetings of the Scientific Board, one in March to discuss the "1999 Annual
Report" and another in December, to discuss the Plan and Budget for 2001, to
be submitted to the General Assembly, and to have a further discussion on the
Strategic Review, with a particular emphasis on the internal organisation.

In mid December IT received a first answer from the Fundao para a Cincia e
Tecnologia (FCT) to its proposal to become an Associated Laboratory. It is expected
that this proposal will be discussed and negotiated during 2001.
As foreseen, during 2000 and early 2001, the Strategic Review continued to be
discussed in order to achieve an improved internal organisation, better adjusted to the
internal IT environment which at the same time, is capable to project a more coherent
image of IT and its activities. Following we have defined there multidisciplinary
thematic areas:

Mobile communications,
Optical communications,
Networks and Multimedia,

and an horizontal area on Basic Sciences (Applied Mathematics and Physics and
Communications Theory) and Enabling Technologies (Electronics and
Instrumentation and Measurements).
Since this decision was taken in the end of the year 2000 its consequences are not yet
apparent in this Annual Report

3. National Projects
During 2000, 30 projects financed by FCT, under PRAXIS Programme, were active, 2
of them involving teams from two sites.
After a call for proposals issued by FCT, in January 2000, 15 new proposals
submitted by IT teams were selected for funding. Out of these, 9 started in 2000.
From the 15 projects, 10 involve teams from the Lisbon site, 3 from the Aveiro site, 1
from the Coimbra site and 1 from both Aveiro and Lisbon sites.

Annual Report - 2000


IT-Aveiro on contract with Portugal Telecom (CET), was involved in 11 projects in
the areas of networks and integrated communications (7), radio microwave and
millimetre waves (1), and electronic and optoelectronic components (3). IT-Lisboa,
also on contract with Portugal Telecom (CET), was involved in 2 projects.
A continued and pronounced decrease in the PT orders, affected mainly the Aveiro
site, lead to substantial losses in the year 2000. So far careful and prudent has
prevented these to affect negatively the normal operation at IT.
There is still a marked dependence on a small number of sources of financing, two of
which, FCT and PT, represent about 90 % of all income. This situation requires a
more determined action in order to find out new sources of financing.
After years of efforts and requests, both to FCT and IST, it was accepted that from
2001 onwards, IT-Lisbon 'plurianual' funds (granted by FCT but managed by IST)
will be transferred and managed by IT. This new situation, which will only be
reflected in the 2001 accounts, will enable faster availability and more transparent
accountancy.

4. European Community Projects


IT participation in European Community research and developments projects, namely
in Programme ACTS (European Union 4th Framework Programme) and in
Programme IST included:

TERA, in the area of techno economic results from ACTS;


DIFFERENCE, in network architecture;
SAMBA, in wide band mobile communications in the millimetre band;
DICEMAN, in image coding (MPEG 7);
ATLAS, in optical transmission;
BRAHMS, in broadband access via satellite;
SHUFFLE, in UMTS networks;
ASILUM, in UMTS link capacity increase.

The first four of these projects begun in previous years and have now reached their
end. The remaining four are new projects in the scope of the IST Programme
Most of these projects involved teams from a single site: Lisbon in the case of
DICEMAN and BRAHMS and Aveiro in the case of DIFFERENCE, TERA, ATLAS
and SHUFFLE. Project SAMBA was jointly carried out by teams of Aveiro and
Lisbon.

Annual Report - 2000


IT teams participated in the following COST projects: 252, 255, 257, 259, 260 and
262.
Some of the European Community Projects mentioned in this report were carried out
in collaboration with the associates.

5. Awards
The 2000 IEE (Institution of Electrical Engineers) Measurement Prize was awarded to
Jos Carlos Pedro and Nuno Borges de Carvalho on their work Multi-Tone Intermodulation Distortion Performance of 3rd Order Microwave Circuits.

6. Scientific Output
The scientific output in 2000 was as follows:

PhD. Theses

6
4

Published:
Accepted for publication:
Submitted:

36
23
8

Published:

Papers in international conference proceedings

Published:
Accepted for publication:

Papers in national journals

13
10
41

Papers in international journals

Concluded:
Submitted:
On-going:

Books and book chapters

5
2
65

M.Sc. Theses

Concluded:
Submitted:
On-going:

Published:
Accepted for publication:
Submitted:

178
25
13

Annual Report - 2000

Papers in national conference proceedings

Published:
Accepted for publication:
Submitted:

15
64
1

After a period (1994 1998) of a very high growth rate IT scientific productivity, as
measured by its publications, has been more or less constant. This is what happened in
1999 and in 2000. We believe that this is due to the lack of new PhD students, which
have been all but impossible to hire, given the job market in the telecommunications
sector in Portugal.
Another aspect that deserved mention is the small number of concluded and submitted
PhD thesis given the number of PhD students. The Scientific Board has dealt
repeatedly with this subject. The situation seems to be due to the fact that a significant
number of PhD students are staff members of polytechnical schools to whom
deadlines are seldom imposed and who hardly ever get leave of absence and thus tend
to prolong the period to finish a PhD thesis for 6, 7 and more years.
A similar, albeit far less serious situation, has existed for M.Sc. Anyway matters have
improved markedly in 2000.

7. Conferences and Seminars


The series of IT thematic seminars, open to the whole scientific community,
continued. Three seminars were held in 2000: the first on "Digital Television" in
Aveiro, on January 21, with a second edition on July 5, in Lisbon (at Ordem dos
Engenheiros), the second on "Multigigabit Optical Networks", in Aveiro, on June 28,
and the third on "Optimisation", in Coimbra, on September 27. Presentations were
made available on the IT-Coimbra Internet site.
IT-Lisbon and IST organised BIANISOTROPICS 2000 - 8th International Conference
on Electromagnetics of Complex Media. This conference was held at IST, from 27 to
29 September 2000, with 77 participants coming from 21 countries.
All IT sites, with particular emphasis on the Coimbra site which in charge of logistics,
have been involved in the preparation of ConfTele2001 - 3rd Conference on
Telecommunications, foreseen to take place in April 23 and 24, at the Casino Figueira
da Foz.
A number of COST and Community Project meetings in which IT research teams
participated were organised and held.

Annual Report - 2000

8. Human resources
IT human resources referred to December 2000 are as follows:
IT Lisbon

48 researchers which hold a doctor degree, 42 are staff members from IST and 5
are staff members from other universities and institutions
71 other collaborators, of which 45 are PhD Students and 24 are MSc students
66 IST students doing their final year project
1 full-time administrative staff
1 part-time administrative staff
1 full-time technician

IT Coimbra

13 researchers which hold a doctor degree, 10 are staff members from FCTUC
and 3 are staff members from other polytechnical schools
29 other collaborators, of which 10 are PhD students and 13 MSc Students
20 FCTUC students doing their final year project
1 full-time administrative staff
1 part-time administrative staff

IT Aveiro

10

20 researchers holding a doctor degree, staff members from University of Aveiro


14 researchers, staff members from Portugal Telecom
55 other collaborators, of which 20 are PhD students, 16 are MSc students and 16
are BIC students holding a IT or FCT grant
28 University of Aveiro students doing their final year project
6 full-time administrative and technical staff
1 part-time administrative staff

Annual Report - 2000

9. Projects
Project
IRWLAN - Advanced Technologies for Wireless
Infrared Local Area Networks (PRAXIS
2/2.1/TIT/1578/95)
DAWN Dynamically Reconfigurable Optical
Network (PRAXIS 2/2.1/TIT/1573/95)

Group Funding
CO
PCSI

Site

PRAXIS

Aveiro

CO
PRAXIS
SCCEO

Aveiro

GENCLOCK Architectures for High-Speed


Clock Generation and Synchronization (PRAXIS
2/2.1/TIT/1592/95)
DOTE: Dimensioning and Resource Management
Optimisation Algorithms for Telecommunications
Networks (PRAXIS/P/EEI/12135/1998)
LinMix - Linearity Assessment in Active Mixers
(PRAXIS/P/EEI/14160/1998)
Visef - Video Coding and Transmission in
Wireless Networks (PRAXIS/P/EEI/10140/1998)

PCSI

PRAXIS

Aveiro

RCM

PRAXIS

Aveiro

RMOM PRAXIS

Aveiro

RMOM PRAXIS
CO
PSI

Aveiro /
Coimbra

ISAC- Implementation Aspects of a Mobile


Telecomunication Satellite System Payload with
Dynamic Channel Allocation (PRAXIS
2/2.1/TIT/1562/95)
Optimization in Physics
(PRAXIS/P/FIS/14195/98)
Nonlinear Optimization
(PRAXIS/PCTI/1999/MAT/35059)
Variational Models and Optimization (PRAXIS
XXI/PCEX/MAT/38/96)
Rec - Speech Recognition In Telecommunications
(PRAXIS 2/2.1/TIT/1558/98)
DSP-Based Winding Fault Diagnosis in Operating
Three-Phase Power Transformers
(PRAXIS/P/EEI/14151/1998)
SCCEO - Simulation and Characterisation of
Electrical and Optoelectronic Components.
(PRAXIS 2/2.1/TIT/1591/95)
Analog to Digital Converters Testing
(PRAXIS/P/EEI/13170/1998)

RMOM PRAXIS

Aveiro /
Lisboa

MA

PRAXIS

Coimbra

MA

PRAXIS

Coimbra

MA

PRAXIS

Coimbra

PSI

PRAXIS

Coimbra

SET

PRAXIS

Coimbra

IM
PRAXIS
SCCEO

Lisboa

IM

Lisboa

PRAXIS

Project
Group Funding
Site
High Processing Gain Communication System for Radio PRAXIS Lisboa
Selective Noise Channels
(PRAXIS/P/EEI/10249/1998)
ITCOM - Integration of Technologies for Mobile RMOM PRAXIS Lisboa
Communications (PRAXIS 3/3.1/TIT/35/94)

11

Annual Report - 2000


Microwave and Optical Devices for Transmission RMOM
and Switching Using Linear and Nonlinear Media
(PRAXIS 2/2.1/TIT/1663/95)
Compact Range Antenna Measurement System at RMOM
Millimetrewaves using Dielectric Lenses
(PRAXIS 2/2.1/TIT/1641/95)
Design and Optimisation of Shielded Solid Horns RMOM
(PRAXIS/P/EEI/12255/1998)
Sensors Production for Intelligent Network
RMOM
Applications (PRAXIS/P/EEI/12183/1998)
Integrated Circuits for High Efficiency Power
SET
Conversion, Using CMOS Technologies, Based on
NMOS Devices (PRAXIS 2/2.1/TIT/1655/95)
High Frequency Soft Switching Converters
SET
(PRAXIS/P/EEI/12026/1998)
SARA Sistema areo de reconhecimento
TCRP
automtico (Automated Systems for Air
Surveillance) (PRAXIS/3/3.1/CTAE/1947/95)
IMAPA - Integration of Stochastic and Structural TCRP
Models in Image and Pattern Analysis (PRAXIS
2/2.1/TIT/1580/95)
SIN - Integrated Systems for Communication and TCRP
Navigation. (PRAXIS 2/2.1/TIT/1583/95)
CMOS Multivariable Environmental Monitoring TM
Sensor (PRAXIS /P/EEI/12053/1998)
SENSION: Development of a reference
TM
microelectrode for medical applications
(PRAXIS/3/3.1./SENSION)
Thin film p-n junctions based on electroactive
TM
polymers (PRAXIS/PCEX/C/QUI/82/96)
Charge Transfer Solids: from Transition Metal
TM
Dichalcogenates to Synthetic Metals (PRAXIS
XXI 2/2.1/QUI/203/94)

Project
LEDA: Polymer LED Active Matrix
(PRAXIS/3/3.1/MMA/1792/95)
SPEED - Fast CMOS Detector Front Ends
(CERN/P/FIS/15195/1999)

PRAXIS

Lisboa

PRAXIS

Lisboa

PRAXIS

Lisboa

PRAXIS

Lisboa

PRAXIS

Lisboa

PRAXIS

Lisboa

PRAXIS

Lisboa

PRAXIS

Lisboa

PRAXIS

Lisboa

PRAXIS

Lisboa

PRAXIS

Lisboa

PRAXIS

Lisboa

PRAXIS

Lisboa

Group Funding

Site

TM

PRAXIS

Lisboa

PCSI

FCT
CERN

Aveiro

Earth Satellite Propagation Experiment at Ka


Band (POSI/36555/CHS/2000)
ILENA - Integration of Lens Antennas with
Printed Antenna Arrays (POSI/34860/CPS/2000)

RMOM FCT

Aveiro

RMOM FCT

Lisboa /
Aveiro

TRANSPARENT - TRANSPort, Access and


distRibution in optically multiplExed NeTworks
(POSI/34559/CPS/2000)

CO
MA

Coimbra

12

FCT

Annual Report - 2000


DWDM/ODC - Dense Wavelength Division
CO
Multiplexing Systems with Optical Dispersion
Compensation (POSI/35576/CPS/2000)
New Measurement Methods in Analog to Digital IM
Converters Testing (PCTI/ESE/32698/1999)
Global Monitoring Based on Smart Sensors for the IM
Environment Quality (PNAT/1999/EEI/15052/P)
RESOURCE: Radio Resource Optimization in
Radio
Third Generation Mobile Systems
(POSI/36336/CPS/2000)
Fiber Solitons: Propagation, Amplification and
RMOM
Switching (POSI/33379/CPS/2000)
LDMOSCA - Low Distortion RF MOS Circuits
RMOM
Advances (POCTI/ESE/1999/34074)
Mask-Configurable Intelligent Power Integrated SET
Circuits - Applications (POCTI/1999/ESE/ 34424)
Statistical and Structural Learning: Applications in TCRP
Multimedia Data Mining and Retrieval
(POSI/33143/SRI/2000)
Channel Estimation Techniques in Mobile
TCRP
Communications (POSI/34829/CPS/2000)
Signal and Image Processing in Synthetic
TCRP
Aperture Sensing (POSI/34071/CPS/2000)
ICCTI bilateral action IST/UEM 2000
IM
TERA Techno Economic Results From ACTS RCM
(ACTS 364)

FCT

Lisboa

FCT

Lisboa

FCT

Lisboa

FCT

Lisboa

FCT

Lisboa

FCT

Lisboa

FCT

Lisboa

FCT

Lisboa

FCT

Lisboa

FCT

Lisboa

ICCTI

Lisboa

EC-ACTS Aveiro

13

Annual Report - 2000

Project
Group
DIFFERENCE: Dissemination and Facilitation for RCM
European Research in Selected Chains (ACTS
207)
SAMBA - System for Advanced Mobile RMOM
Broadband Applications (ACTS 204)
DICEMAN - Distributed Internet Content Imagem
Exchange with MPEG-7 and Agent Negotiations
(ACTS 308)
BRAHMS Broadband Access for High Speed Radio
Multimedia via Satellite (IST-1999-10440)
SHUFFLE - An agent based approach for RMOM
controlling resources in UMTS networks (IST1999-11014)
ATLAS: All-optical Terabit per second Lambda- CO
Shifted transmission (IST-1999-10626-ATLAS)
SCCEO
ASILUM - Advanced Processing Schemes for RMOM
Link Capacity Increase in UMTS - funding by
European Commission, IST programme (IST- CO
1999-10471)
Development On Low Temperature Fuell Cell TM
With Methanol As A Fuell Option (JOE3-CT970049) (DG12-WSMN)
COST 252 - Evolution of Satellite Personal Radio
Communications from 2nd to Future Generation
Systems
COST 262 - Spread Spectrum Systems and Radio
Techniques
in
Wireless
and
Wired
Communications
COST 255 Radiowave Propagation Modeling Radio
for New SatCom Services at Ku-Band and Above
COST 257 - Impact of New Services on the RCM
Design and Performance of Broadband Networks
COST 259 - Wireless Flexible Personalised RMOM
Communications
Radio
COST 260 - Smart Antennas: Computer Aided RMOM
Design and Technology
ISO/MPEG-4 and 7
Imagem

Funding

Site

EC-ACTS Aveiro
EC-ACTS Aveiro
EC-ACTS Lisboa
EC-IST

Lisboa

EC-IST

Aveiro

EC-IST

Aveiro

EC-IST

Lisboa /
Aveiro

EC
JOULE

- Lisboa

EC-COST Lisboa
EC-COST Lisboa
EC-COST Lisboa
EC-COST Lisboa
EC-COST Lisboa
EC-COST Lisboa
Lisboa

Project
Group Funding
Site
EUPAS - European Project for ADC-based IM
Lisboa
devices Standardization
CESTA - Statistical characterisation and RCM PT
Aveiro
simulation of ATM traffic

14

Annual Report - 2000


GESACESSO: Management of Access Networks RCM
IN3Net: Unified Messaging Service
RCM

PT

Aveiro

PT

Aveiro

PIGRAF: Graphical User Interface Platform

PT

Aveiro

PT

Aveiro

PT

Aveiro

PT

Aveiro

PT

Aveiro

WDM SCCEO PT

Aveiro

SCCEO PT

Aveiro

RCM

DIMIP Dimensioning of IP Access Networks

RCM
Ipv6 - Estratgias de transio para IPV6 e RCM
implementao de uma rede
PRIQUAS: Planning of IP Networks supporting RCM
Quality of Service
REMATE - Integrated STB Receiver
RMOM
WDM
SYSTEMS:
Analysis
performance.
O-NODE: Optical node.

of

CAMADA WDM: Simulator for the optical layer SCCEO PT


based on WDM technology.
Calibration and test
IM
PT
ADAFO Distributed supply for optical links in SET
PT
remote areas
CO-SITE Co-siting of Wind Turbine Generators RMOM ICP
and Communication Antennas (project under
negotiation with Contractor)
TENIS Training and Educational Needs for the RCM INOFOR
Information Society
ECOCLIMAT
TM
PEDIP

Aveiro
Lisboa
Lisboa
Lisboa
Aveiro
Lisboa

PCSI
CORAL II

CO

Internal

Aveiro

QoS2000: Traffic Engineering of Networks RCM


supporting Quality of Service 2000
FERA: Planning Tool for ATM Access Networks RCM

Internal

Aveiro

Internal

Aveiro

TELECOMMAINTENANCE

SET

Internal

Coimbra

SET
PQMS POWER QUALITY MONITORING SET
SYSTEMS
Optical Protection
CO

Internal

Coimbra

Internal

Coimbra

Internal

Lisboa

TELEMAINTENANCE

Project
Teleconsulta em Neurologia

Group Funding

Site

RCM

Internal

Lisboa

Multiservice Traffic Modeling

RCM

Internal

Lisboa

Platform for Universal Access to Applications in a RCM


University Campus Environment
Quality-of-Service over Packet Networks
RCM

Internal

Lisboa

Internal

Lisboa

Traffic and Congestion Control in Multimedia RCM Internal


Networks
Cellular planning for non-uniform traffic RMOM Internal
distributions

Lisboa
Lisboa

15

Annual Report - 2000


Non-linear Pulse Propagation in Erbium Doped RMOM
Fiber Amplifiers
Components of VHF/UHF transceivers for RMOM
satellite communications
Health safety analysis for mobile communication RMOM
systems
Active Patch Arrays
RMOM

Internal

Lisboa

Internal

Lisboa

Internal

Lisboa

Internal

Lisboa

Active Filters

RMOM Internal

Lisboa

MMICs on Silicon technologies

RMOM Internal

Lisboa

PAPRICA: Power And Part Count Reduction PCSI


Innovative Communications Architecture
POLICOM : Power Line Communication Asic
PCSI

Lisboa

RAPID: Retargetability for Reusability of PCSI


Application-Driven Quadrature D/A Interface
Block Design
MIXMODEST: Mixed Mode in Deep Submicron PCSI
Technology
AURA: Automatic Retargetability of Quadrature PCSI
D/A Interface Blocks
RAPID
IC&D:
Information Capture & PCSI
Dissemination in RAPID
PAPRICA IC&D
PCSI

Lisboa

MIXMODEST IC&D:

PCSI

Lisboa

Lisboa
Lisboa
Lisboa
Lisboa
Lisboa

A detailed description of the activities performed by the research lines in the


three sites is presented in annex.

16

Annual Report - 2000

10. ANNEX Research Line Activities

17

Annual Report - 2000

18

Annual Report - 2000

10.1 Lisbon Site


10.1.1 Radio Microwaves and Millimeter Waves
Human Resources
Collaborators

Afonso M. Barbosa

Ph. D.

Full Professor, IST

Carlos Salema

Ph. D.

Full Professor, IST

Joo Costa Freire

Ph. D.

Associate Professor, IST

Carlos A. Fernandes

Ph. D.

Associate Professor, IST

Carlos R. Paiva

Ph. D.

Associate Professor, IST

Maria Joo do Rosrio

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, IST

Luis M. Correia

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, IST

Custdio O. Peixeiro

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, IST

Antnio L. Topa

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, IST

Joo Caldinhas Vaz

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, IST

Pedro M. Ramos

M. Sc.

Assistant, IST

Other Collaborators

Jorge Torres

Ph. D. Student

Adjunct Professor, ISEL

Fernando R. Janeiro

Ph. D. Student

Assistant, ISCTE

Jorge R. Costa

Ph. D. Student

Assistant, ISCTE

Fernando Fortes

Ph. D. Student

Assistant, ISEL

Mrio Silveirinha

Ph. D. Student

Assistant, FCT-UC

Fernando Velez

Ph. D. Student

Assistant, UBI

Joo Gil

Ph. D. Student

Assistant, IPL

Filipe Cardoso

Ph. D. Student

Assistant, IPS

Antnio Serrador

M. Sc. Student

Assistant, ISEL

Henrique J. Silva

M. Sc. Student

Assistant, ISEL

Fernando Azevedo

M. Sc. Student

Assistant, ISEL

19

Annual Report - 2000

Joaquim Oliveira

M. Sc. Student

Assistant, IPBI

Gabriela Marques

M. Sc. Student

Grant, DEEC/IST

Rui Espadinha

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Hugo Rebordo

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Daniel Antunes

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Alberto Marinho

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Joo Sarmento

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Henrique Ferreira

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Pedro Camilo

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Ricardo Andr

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Joo Cruz Belo

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Pedro Vieira da Silva

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Antnio Teixeira

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

lvaro Coelho

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Vitor Silva

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Miguel Pinto

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Cristina Mota

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Nuno Profrio

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Manuel Barbosa

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Pedro Brs

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Carlos Bonito

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Srgio Miguel Vaz

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Rodrigo Rodrigues

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Tiago Marques

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Idlio Gomes

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Abel Tom

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Frederico Ferreira

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Gonalo Rey

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Krzysztof Platek

Lic. Student

Grant SOCRATES, Univ. Warsaw

20

Annual Report - 2000

Miguel Carames

Lic. Student

Grant SOCRATES, Univ. Valencia

Juan Mendez

Lic. Student

Grant SOCRATES, Univ. Valencia

Teresa Condello

Lic. Student

Grant SOCRATES, Univ. Valencia

Manuel Fuentes Osorio

Lic. Student

Grant SOCRATES, Univ. Pisa

Luca Fauro

Lic. Student

Grant SOCRATES, Univ. Pisa

Jorge Silva

Lic. Student

Lab. Technician, IST

Carlos Brito

Technician

Lab. Technician, IST

Projects

FCT - PRAXIS XXI 3/3.1/TIT/35/94 ITCOM (Integration of Technologies for


Mobile Communications)
Integration of the mobile terminal RF front end transceiver with MMICs. Project
management (Carlos Fernandes, Carlos Salema, Lus Corrreia, J. Costa Freire).

FCT PRAXIS XXI 2/2.1/TIT/1663/95 Microwave and Optical Devices for


Transmission and Switching Using Linear and Nonlinear Media.
Linear media: (i) Leaky modes in three-dimensional chiral and pseudochiral
planar waveguides; (ii) -NRD: Pseudochiral Non-Radiative Dielectric
waveguide. Nonlinear media: (i) Amplification of WDM solitons in erbium-doped
fiber amplifiers; (ii) Soliton switching in multiple-core fiber arrays (Afonso M.
Barbosa, Carlos R. Paiva, Antnio L. Topa).

FCT PRAXIS XXI 2/2.1/TIT/1562/95 ISAC Implementation Aspects of a


Mobile Telecommunication Satellite System Payload with Dynamic Channel
Allocation.
The main objective is to put forward a set of suggestions for the implementation
of a satellite payload RF, given its usage in a mobile communications system with
dynamic channel allocation. The activities carried out during 2000 were: (i)
Design/fabrication/test
of
passive
microstrip
patch
arrays;
(ii)
Design/fabrication/test of a hybrid active phase shifters and design of a monolithic
active phase shifter with BiCMOS and CMOS technologies; (iii) Integration of
phase shifters into the arrays; (iv) Test of the active arrays (Custdio Peixeiro,
Joo Caldinhas Vaz, J. Costa Freire).

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - 2/2.1/TIT/1641/95 Compact Range Antenna Measurement


System at Millimetrewaves Using Dielectric Lenses.
The objective of the project is to update the positioning system of the existing
millimetrewave anechoic chamber, to implement a phase retrieval algorithm from

21

Annual Report - 2000


amplitude measurements, and develop new system measurement control software.
The positioning system was specified and acquired, and work continued on signal
phase extraction from amplitude measurements (Carlos A. Fernandes, Afonso
Barbosa).

FCT PRAXIS XXI P/EEI/12256/1998 Design and Optimization of Shielded


Solid Dielectric Horns.
The objective is to develop new feeding strategies of shielded solid dielectric
horns, to improve the operation bandwidth. Extensive simulation studies were
carried out and compared with experimental results to identify the underlying
physical phenomena, and establish design strategies. A paper on this subject will
be presented in ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications (Carlos
A. Fernandes, Carlos Salema).

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - P/EEI/12183/1998 Sensors Production for Intelligent


Network Applications.
The objective is to design a RF CMOS Single Chip for Remote Control Systems
(M. Joo Rosrio)

FCT POSI/33379/CPS/2000 Fiber Solitons: Propagation, Amplification and


Switching.
This project analyzes the transmission and switching of fiber solitons and will
consider three main research areas: (a) WDM soliton transmission with dispersion
management and in-line control; (b) WDM soliton propagation in erbium-doped
fiber amplifiers (EDFA's) and in erbium-doped fiber couplers; (c) soliton
switching in nonlinear fiber couplers. In WDM soliton communication systems it
is necessary to fully understand the combined effect of dispersion management
with in-line soliton transmission control. The amplification of WDM solitons in
erbium-doped fiber couplers may prove more efficient than the most common
amplification using EDFA's. Finally, in nonlinear fiber couplers, it is necessary to
study the problem of soliton switching - especially when multiple-core nonlinear
fiber couplers are considered. Moreover, mismatched two-core nonlinear fiber
couplers - where the group-velocity dispersion is different for each core - may
have an interesting application as logical gates (Carlos R. Paiva, Antnio L.
Topa).

FCT POSI/34860/CPS/2000 - ILENA - Integration of Lenses with Printed Array


Antennas
The objective is to study the integration of printed passive feeds with shaped
dielectric lenses, to produce compact and low-cost beam-shaping antennas. Work
has started on multi-shell lenses, and has progressed into non-uniform continuous

22

Annual Report - 2000


refractive index lenses, using artificial media. One paper on complex media will
be presented at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, and two
other on lenses and also on complex media were submitted for the 2001 IEEE APS International Symposium (Carlos A. Fernandes, Custdio Peixeiro, Mrio
Silveirinha).

FCT - POCTI/ESE/1999/34074 - LDMOSCA - Low Distortion RF MOS Circuits


Advances
Development of new models for CMOS and LDMOS transistors and
improvements on existing ones. Implemention of power amplifiers with those
devices, for mobile communications (Maria Joo Rosrio, Nuno Borges de
Carvalho, Joo Caldinhas Vaz, Jos Carlos Pedro). To start January 2001.

IST-1999-10741-ASILUM: Advanced SIgnal processing schemes for Link


capacity increase in UMTS.
Development of wideband directional channel models for the characterization of
propagation between mobile terminals and base stations, in terms of adaptive
antennas. Collaboration in a measurement campaign held in Germany.
Development of algorithms for adaptive antennas in the specific scenarios of
UMTS (Lus M. Correia).

COST 259: Wireless Flexible Personalized Communications


Development of propagation models for outdoor environments in the UHF and
millimeter wavebands: at the UHF band, models have been developed for urban
scenarios and tested in the city of Lisbon for GSM with the collaboration of
TELECEL; the work in the millimeter waveband has been done within the
characterization of the propagation channel, for both the average decay of power
and signal fading. Also some work was done on traffic aspects, especially
concerning its characterization on the time and space domains, and on
optimization of cellular planning, namely by developing algorithms for
minimizing the number of base stations for given quality conditions (Lus M.
Correia).

COST 260: Active and Phased Array Antennas.


Design of new type of printed and non-printed antennas and arrays for mobile
communications (Custdio Peixeiro, Carlos Fernandes, Afonso Barbosa)

ICP - Co-Site - Study of the Impact of Wind Turbine Power Generators on Radio
Telecommunications.
Analytical models for characterization of the obstruction and scattering produced
by the wind turbine and supporting tower at VHF and UHF were developed and
tested. Measurements using scaled models in anechoic chamber were used for
23

Annual Report - 2000


model validation. These models were applied to a test case, and some guidelines
for establishing a clearance zone around a wind turbine were identified. A paper
on this subject will be presented in ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on
Telecommunications, and another in ACES 2001 (Carlos A. Fernandes, Carlos
Salema).

Non-linear Pulse Propagation in Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifiers (internal


project).
Soliton amplification in EDFA's: spectral characterization, WDM systems, noise
and equalization using Erbium doped fiber couplers (Afonso M. Barbosa, Carlos
R. Paiva, Antnio L. Topa).

Health safety analysis for mobile communication systems (internal project).


Some attention is being devoted to this area, by evaluating the maximum
transmitted power that is possible at the mobile phone for mobile communications
systems, due to limitation imposed by safety considerations. Also the case of
buildings with GSM base stations on top or in the vicinity has been analyzed (Lus
M. Correia).

Cellular planning for non-uniform traffic distributions (internal project)


Optimization of cellular planning parameters, like the ratio of division into microand macro-cells and cell radius for both cell types, in the real case of non-uniform
distributions of traffic in city environments. Deployment cost is being considered
as well. These activities are being developed for both GSM and UMTS, as far as
actual systems are concerned; a more theoretical approach is also being done,
addressing the deployment of future Mobile Broadband Systems (Lus M.
Correia).

MMICs on Silicon technologies (internal project)


Test of microwave power amplifiers using chip on board technology. Test of a
low noise down converter for GSM (900MHz) specifications using conventional
CMOS technology. (M. Joo Rosrio).

Active Patch Arrays (internal project)


Implementation and test of active patch arrays for X band, (Custdio Peixeiro, M.
Joo Rosrio).

Active Filters (internal project)


Study, design and test of monolithic active filters with Si technology. It was
designed and fabricated a BiCMOS band pass filter. The use of SiGe BiCMOS
technology is under study. This work is partially developed in cooperation with

24

Annual Report - 2000


the IRCOM from Limoges University (Joo Caldinhas Vaz, M. Joo Rosrio, J.
Costa Freire).

Components of VHF/UHF transceivers for satellite communications (internal


project)
Design, implementation and test of a VHF power amplifier (Joo Caldinhas Vaz,
J. Costa Freire).

Ph. D. Theses

Jorge Torres (supervisor: J. Costa Freire), Instituto Superior Tcnico, to be


concluded in 2001 (subject: Multifunction Monolithic Microwave Integrated
Circuits)

Fernando Fortes (supervisor: M. Joo Rosrio), Instituto Superior Tcnico, to be


concluded in 2001 (subject: Monolithic Microwave Power Amplifiers)

Pedro Miguel Pinto Ramos (supervisor: Carlos Paiva), Instituto Superior Tcnico,
to be concluded in 2001 (subject: Soliton switching in nonlinear fiber couplers)

Jorge Manuel Lopes Leal Rodrigues da Costa (supervisor: Carlos Paiva, cosupervisor: Afonso Barbosa), Instituto Superior Tcnico, to be concluded in 2001
(subject: Amplification of wavelength-division-multiplexed solitons in erbiumdoped fiber couplers)

Fernando Manuel Tim Tim Janeiro (supervisor: Carlos Paiva, co-supervisor:


Antnio Topa), Instituto Superior Tcnico, to be concluded in 2001 (subject:
Chirality and non-linearity in fiber optics: Leaky mode characterization and
dispersion management in WDM soliton communication systems).

Fernando Velez (supervisor: Luis M. Correia), Instituto Superior Tcnico,


submitted in 2000 (subject: cellular planning for mobile broadband systems in
urban environments).

Joo Gil (supervisor: Luis M. Correia), Instituto Superior Tcnico, started in 1999
(subject: application of adaptive antennas to mobile broadband systems).

Filipe Cardoso (supervisor: Luis M. Correia), Instituto Superior Tcnico, started


in 1999 (subject: characterization of the radio channel for mobile broadband
systems).

Mrio Gonalo Silveirinha (Supervisor: Carlos A. Fernandes), Instituto Superior


Tcnico de Coimbra, started in 1999 (subject: Design of Non-Uniform Refractive
Index Dielectric Lens Antennas).

M. Sc. Theses

Jos Estevez (supervisor: Luis M. Correia; co-supervisor Joo Bento), Instituto


Superior Tcnico, concluded in 2000 (subject: application of geographical
information systems to cellular planning of mobile communication systems).
25

Annual Report - 2000

Gabriela Marques (supervisor: Luis M. Correia), Instituto Superior Tcnico,


submitted in 2000 (subject: wideband channel modeling for micro-cells in
UMTS).

Antnio Serrador (supervisor: Luis M. Correia), Instituto Superior Tcnico,


started in 1999 (subject: optimization of UMTS cellular planning).

Henrique Jos da Silva (supervisors: M. Joo Rosrio and Custdio Peixeiro),


Instituto Superior Tcnico, submitted in 2000 (subject: Active Printed Antennas).

Fernando Azevedo (supervisor: M. Joo Rosrio), Instituto Superior Tcnico, to


be concluded in 2001 (subject: CMOS Monolithic DECT RF receiver front end).

Guilherme Mascarenhas (supervisor: J. Costa Freire), Instituto Superior Tcnico,


to be concluded in 2001 (subject: monolithic active phase shifters with CMOS
technology).

Joaquim Oliveira (supervisor: Joo Caldinhas Vaz), Instituto Superior Tcnico, to


be concluded in 2001 (subject: MMICs with BiCMOS technology).

Publications
Books and Book Chapters
A. M. Barbosa, A. L. Topa (Eds.) - Proceedings of BIANISOTROPICS 2000 - 8th
International Conference on Electromagnetics of Complex Media, ISBN 972-981151-2, 2000.
C. Fernandes, "Lens Antennas for MMW applications", paper in Wireless Flexible
Personalized Communications, L. M. Correia (Ed.), John Wiley & Sons, to appear in
2001
C. Fernandes, "Shaped-beam antennas", Chapter in Handbook of Antennas in
Wireless Communications, L. Godara (Ed.), CRC Press, to appear in June 2001.
Luis M. Correia (ed.), Wireless Flexible Personalised Communications, to be
published by John Wiley, Chichester, UK, 2001

Papers in Journals
P. M. Ramos and C. R. Paiva, Self-Routing Switching of Solitonlike Pulses in
Multiple-Core Nonlinear Fiber Arrays, Journal of the Optical Society of America B,
Vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 1125-1133, July 2000
Nuno C. Gonalves and Luis M. Correia, A Propagation Model for Urban Microcellular Systems at the UHF Band, IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology,
Vol. 49, No. 4, pp. 1294-1302, July 2000.

26

Annual Report - 2000


J. R. Costa, C. R. Paiva, and A. M. Barbosa, Modified Split-Step Fourier Method for
the Numerical Simulation of Soliton Amplification in Erbium-Doped Fibers with
Forward-Propagating Noise, accepted for publication, IEEE Journal of Quantum
Electronics.
A. L. Topa, C. R. Paiva, and A. M. Barbosa, "Least Squares Boundary Residual
Method for the Analysis of Step Discontinuities in Open Chiral Waveguides",
submitted to AE International Journal of Electronics and Communications.
Jorge Torres and J. Costa Freire, Monolithic SPST Switch for L Band, accepted for
publication in IEEE - Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 49,
June 2001.
Joo Caldinhas Vaz and J. Costa Freire, "Millimeter Wave Monolithic Power
Amplifier for Mobile Broadband System", accepted for publication in IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Special Issue on Advances in
RF/MW Power Amplifiers, June 2001.
K. W. Tam, P. Vitor, J. Costa Freire and R. P. Martins, MMIC active bandpass filters
based on parallel lumped and transversal networks, submitted to IEEE Microwave
Guided Wave Lett., 2000.
Fernando Fortes and M. Joo Rosrio, "A Second Harmonic Class F Power Amplifier
In Standard CMOS Technology", accepted for publication in IEEE Transactions on
Microwave Theory and Techniques, Special Issue on Advances in RF/MW Power
Amplifiers, June 2001.

Papers in Conference Proceedings


F. M. Janeiro, A. L. Topa, and C. R. Paiva, Dispersion-Managed Wavelength
Division Multiplexed Soliton Systems with Filtering, in Proceedings of PIERS 2000
- Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, p. 45, Cambridge,
Massachusetts, USA, July 5-14, 2000
J. R. Costa, P. M. Ramos, C. R. Paiva, and A. M. Barbosa, Wavelength Division
Multiplexing with Solitons in Erbium-Doped Fiber Couplers, in Proceedings of
PIERS 2000 - Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, p. 46, Cambridge,
Massachusetts, USA, July 5-14, 2000
P. M. Ramos and C. R. Paiva, Analysis of Solitonlike Pulse Switching in
Mismatched Two-Core Fiber Couplers, in Proceedings of PIERS 2000 - Progress in
Electromagnetics Research Symposium, p. 49, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, July
5-14, 2000

27

Annual Report - 2000


A. L. Topa, C. R. Paiva, and A. M. Barbosa, Leakage Effect in Pseudochiral
Waveguides, in Proceedings of PIERS 2000 - Progress in Electromagnetics
Research Symposium, p. 95, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, July 5-14, 2000
A. L. Topa, C. R. Paiva, and A. M. Barbosa, Mode Orthogonality in Pseudochiral
Planar Waveguides, IEEE-AP/URSI2000, URSI Digest USNC/URSI Radio
Science Meeting, p. 65, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, July 16-21, 2000
A. L. Topa, C. R. Paiva, and A. M. Barbosa, Radiation Control on a Step
Discontinuity of a Grounded Chiral Slab, in Proceedings of Bianisotropics 2000
8th International Conference on Electromagnetics of Complex Media, pp. 325-328,
Lisbon, September 27-29, 2000
J. R. Costa, P. M. Ramos, C. R. Paiva, and A. M. Barbosa, "A Numerical Study of
WDM Pulse Equalization in Twin-Core Fiber Amplifiers," LEOS 2000 - 13th Annual
Meeting - IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Proceedings - Vol. 1, pp. 275-276,
Rio Grande, Puerto Rico, 13-16 November 2000
P. M. Ramos, J. R. Costa, and C. R. Paiva, "A Numerical Study of Pulse Switching in
Nonlinear Nonuniform Fiber Bragg Gratings," LEOS 2000 - 13th Annual Meeting IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Proceedings - Vol. 2, pp. 661-662, Rio
Grande, Puerto Rico, 13-16 November 2000
A. L. Topa, C. R. Paiva, and A. M. Barbosa, Design of Pseudochiral -NRD
Directional Couplers, in Proceedings of APMC 2000 Asia-Pacific Microwave
Conference, pp. 1238-1241, Sydney, December 3-6, 2000.
Luis M. Correia, Propagation Aspects of Wireless Broadband Communications in
Outdoors Scenarios, Proc. of AP2000 - Millennium Conference on Antennas and
Propagation, Davos, Switzerland, Apr. 2000
Luis M. Correia, An Evaluation of Propagation Models for Micro-Cells in Both
GSM Bands, Proc. of AP2000 - Millennium Conference on Antennas and
Propagation, Davos, Switzerland, Apr. 2000
Lus M. Correia, Present and Future of Mobile Communications: from GSM to
UMTS (in Portuguese), Actas das VI Jornadas Cientfico-Pedaggicas em
Engenharia Electrotcnica e Electrnica, EST/IPS, Setbal, Portugal, Apr. 2000.
Zbigniew Opechowski and Luis M Correia, Analysis of Traffic Distributions in
GSM, Proc. of MIKON2000 XIII International Conference on Microwaves, Radar
and Wireless Communications, Wroclav, Poland, May 2000
Fernando J. Velez and Luis M. Correia, Deployment Scenarios for Mobile
Broadband Communications, Proc. of PIMRC2000 - IEEE 11th International

28

Annual Report - 2000


Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, London, UK,
Sep. 2000
Fernando J. Velez and Luis M. Correia, Classification and Characterization of
Mobile Broadband Services, Proc. of VTC2000 Fall - IEEE 52nd Vehicular
Technology Conference, Boston, MA, USA, Sep. 2000
Francisco Monteiro and Luis M Correia, Mobility Effects on Teletraffic in GSM,
Actas de XV Simposium Nacional de la URSI, Zaragoza, Spain, Sep. 2000
Luis M Correia, Exposition to radiation coming from antennas located on the top of
buildings (in Portuguese), Actas de VIII Jornadas Portuguesas de Proteco contra
Radiaes, Lisbon, Portugal, Nov. 2000
H. J. da Silva, M. Joo Rosrio and C. Peixeiro, X Band Aperture Coupled Active
Microstrip Antenna, proceedings of the Millennium Conference on Antennas &
Propagation, AP2000, Davos, Switzerland, April 2000.
J. Rosa, R. Nunes, A. Moleiro and C. Peixeiro, Dual Band Microstrip Patch Antenna
Element with Double U Slots for GSM, Proceedings of the IEEE 2000 Antennas and
Propagation International Symposium, pp. 1596-1599, Salt Lake City, Utah, U. S. A.,
July 2000.
A. Moleiro, J. Rosa, R. Nunes and C. Peixeiro, Dual-Band Microstrip Patch Antenna
Element with Parasitic for GSM, Proceedings of the IEEE 2000 Antennas and
Propagation International Symposium, pp. 2188-2191, Salt Lake City, Utah, U. S. A.,
July 2000.
R. Nunes, A. Moleiro, J. Rosa and C. Peixeiro, Dual Band Microstrip Patch Antenna
Element with Shorting Pins for GSM, Proceedings of the IEEE 2000 Antennas and
Propagation International Symposium, pp. 2208-2211, Salt Lake City, Utah, U. S. A.,
July 2000.
H. J. da Silva, M. Joo Rosrio and C. Peixeiro, X Band Aperture Coupled Active
Microstrip Patch Antenna Array, Proceedings of the 2000 USNC/URSI National
Radio Science Meeting, pp. 102, Salt Lake City, Utah, U. S. A., July 2000.
C. Peixeiro, Microstrip Rectangular Ring Bandpass Filter Element for GSM,
Proceedings of the 2000 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference, Sydney, Australia,
December 2000.
M. Rodrigo, C. A. Fernandes; "Shaped Dielectric Lens fed by a Printed Element for
WLANS at 40 GHz", Proc. of Millennium Conference on Antennas and Propagation,
AP2000, Davos, Switzerland, April 2000.

29

Annual Report - 2000


M. Silveirinha, C. A. Fernandes; "Shaped Double-Shell Dielectric Lenses for
Wireless Millimeter Wave Communications", Proc. 2000 IEEE AP-S International
Symp., Salt Lake City, Utah, 1674-1677, Jul 2000.
L. Anunciada, C. A. Fernandes; "Location of Shaped Beam Antennas for Uniform
Coverage in Indoor Millimetrewave Communications", Proc. PIMRC' 2000, London,
UK, pp. 1505-1509, Sep 2000.
C. A. Fernandes, L. Anunciada.; "Constant Flux Illumination of Square Cells for mmWave Wireless Communications", Proc. APMC 2000, Sydney, Australia, Dec 2000.
M. Joo do Rosrio, Joo Caldinhas Vaz, J. Costa Freire, "MMIC Lumped and
Transversal Filters with Si Technology", Proc. APMC 2000, Sydney, Australia, Dec
2000.
Guilherme Mascarenhas, Joo Caldinhas Vaz, J. Costa Freire, "CMOS active
inductors for L Band", Proc. APMC 2000, Sydney, Australia, Dec 2000.
A. L. Topa, C. R. Paiva, and A. M. Barbosa, Theory of Inhomogeneous Planar
Layered Waveguides with Transverse Anisotropy, accepted for presentation at 2001
URSI International Symposium in Electromagnetic Theory, Vancouver, Canada, May
13-17, 2001.
Fernando J. Velez and Luis M. Correia, Capacity Analysis in a Multi-service Mobile
Broadband System, accepted for presentation at EPMCC2001 4th European
Personal Mobile Communications Conference, Vienna, Austria, Feb. 2001.
Miguel Carames, Fernando J. Velez and Luis M. Correia, Teletraffic Engineering in
UMTS FDD Mode Networks, accepted for presentation at EPMCC2001 4th
European Personal Mobile Communications Conference, Vienna, Austria, Feb. 2001.
A. L. Topa, C. R. Paiva, and A. M. Barbosa, Continuous and Discrete Spectrum of
3D Waveguides with Complex Media Radiative and Leakage Behavior, accepted
for presentation at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira
da Foz, Portugal, April 2001.
P. M. Ramos, J. R. Costa, and C. R. Paiva, Pulse Switching in Nonlinear Fiber Bragg
Gratings, accepted for presentation at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on
Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, Portugal, April 2001.
F. M. Janeiro, A. L. Topa, and C. R. Paiva, Optimal Dispersion Maps in Filtered
Wavelength Division Multiplexed Soliton Systems, accepted for presentation at
ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, Portugal,
April 2001.

30

Annual Report - 2000


P. M. Ramos and C. R. Paiva, All-Optical Logical Gates with Solitonlike Pulses in
Mismatched Two-Core Fiber Couplers, accepted for presentation at ConfTele 2001 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, Portugal, April 2001.
J. R. Costa, P. M. Ramos, C. R. Paiva, and A. M. Barbosa, Amplification of
Wavelength Division Multiplexing in Multi-Core Erbium Doped Amplifiers,
accepted for presentation at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications,
Figueira da Foz, April 2001.
Fernando J. Velez and Luis M Correia, Impact of Mobility in Mobile Broadband
Systems Multi-service Traffic, accepted for presentation at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd
Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, April 2001.
M. Gabriela Marques and Lus M. Correia, A Wideband Directional Channel Model
for UMTS Micro-cells, accepted for presentation at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference
on Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, April 2001.
Hugo Arajo, Jos Costa and Luis M. Correia, Analysis of traffic models for
GSM\GPRS, accepted for presentation at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on
Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, Abr. 2001.
Joo Chaves, Pedro Oliveira and Luis M. Correia, Comparison of Propagation
Models for Small Urban Cells in GSM 900 and 1 800, accepted for presentation at
ConfTele 2001 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, April 2001.
Joo M. Gil and Lus M. Correia, An Implementation of Beamforming Adaptive
Algorithms to Particular Mobile Propagation Conditions in UMTS, accepted for
presentation at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da
Foz, April 2001
Pedro Assuno, Rui Estevinho and Luis M. Correia, Assessment of cellular
planning methods for GSM, accepted for presentation at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd
Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, April 2001
H. J. da Silva, M. Joo Rosrio and C. Peixeiro, From Passive Microstrip Single
Patch Antennas to Active Microstrip Patch Arrays, accepted for presentation at
ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, Portugal,
April 2001.
M. G. Silveirinha, C. Fernandes, "Calculation of the Effective Permittivity of a
Artificial Dielectric using a Boundary Element Method", accepted for presentation at
ConfTele 2001 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira-da Foz, Portugal,
April 2001.

31

Annual Report - 2000


C. Salema, C. Fernandes, A. Martins and J. Costa, "Radiation Patterns of Shielded
Dielectric Horns: Analytical vs Simulation Approaches", accepted for presentation at
ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira-da Foz, Portugal,
April 2001
J. Eira, P. Antnio, C. Fernandes, "Feasibility of Steered Shaped Beam Dielectric
Lens Antenna for Mobile Communications at mm-Waves", accepted for presentation
at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira-da Foz, Portugal,
April 2001
M. G. Marques, C. Fernandes; "Building Obstruction in Satellite Mobile
Communication Systems", accepted for presentation at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd
Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira-da Foz, Portugal, April 2001.
Joo Caldinhas Vaz, Luc Delage and J. Costa Freire, "2GHz Si BiCMOS Active
Inductors", accepted for presentation at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on
Telecommunications, Figueira-da Foz, Portugal, April 2001.
C. Salema, C. Fernandes, Luca Fauro, "TV Interference from Wind Turbines",
accepted for presentation at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications,
Figueira-da Foz, Portugal, April 2001
A. L. Topa, C. R. Paiva, and A. M. Barbosa, "Semileaky Modes in Dielectric
Pseudochiral Slabs", submitted for 2001 USNC/URSI National Radio Science
Meeting, Boston, U. S. A., July 2001.
Naftali Herscovici, Manuel Fuentes Osorio, and Custodio Peixeiro, "Minimization of
a Rectangular Patch using Genetic Algorithms", submitted for presentation at the
2001 IEEE AP-S International Symposium, Boston, U. S. A., July 2001.
Teresa Condello and Custodio Peixeiro, "Dual Band Dual Polarization Slotted
Microstrip Patch Antenna Element", submitted for presentation at the 2001 IEEE APS International Symposium, Boston, U. S. A., July 2001.
Custodio Peixeiro and Carlos A. Fernandes, "Analysis of Microstrip Patch Antenna
Elements Using Several Software Packages", submitted for presentation at 2001
USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Boston, U. S. A., July 2001.
M. G. Silveirinha, C. Fernandes, "Efficient Computation of the Quasi-Static Effective
Permittivity for Non-Cubical Periodic Lattices", submitted for presentation at 2001
IEEE AP-S International Symposium, Boston, Jul. 2001.
M. G. Silveirinha, C. Fernandes, "Cylindrical Non-Homogeneous Anisotropic Lenses
using Artificial Media", submitted for presentation at 2001 IEEE AP-S International
Symposium, Boston, Jul. 2001.

32

Annual Report - 2000

Miscellaneous

Afonso Barbosa, Chairman of BIANISOTROPICS 2000 8th International


Conference on Electromagnetics of Complex Media, 27-29 September 2000,
Lisbon, Portugal.

Afonso Barbosa, Guest Editor of AE International Journal on Electronics and


Communications special issue on Electromagnetics of Complex Media, July
2001.

Afonso Barbosa, reviewer for IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation,


AE International Journal on Electronics and Communications, 30th European
Microwave Conference, and ConfTele 2001 3rd Conference on
Telecommunications.

Carlos Paiva, reviewer for Journal of the Optical Society of America A and
ConfTele 2001 3rd Conference on Telecommunications.

Antnio L. Topa, Local Organizer of BIANISOTROPICS 2000 8th International


Conference on Electromagnetics of Complex Media, 27-29 September 2000,
Lisbon, Portugal.

Antnio L. Topa, Guest Editor of AE International Journal on Electronics and


Communications special issue on Electromagnetics of Complex Media, July
2001.

Antnio L. Topa, reviewer for IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation.

Luis M. Correia, reviewer for IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, IEEE


Transactions on Antennas and Propagation and Wireless Personal
Communications, XVIII Brazilian Symposium on Telecommunications,
VTC2001 Spring - IEEE 53rd Vehicular Technology Conference, 30th European
Microwave Conference and ICC2001 IEEE International Conference on
Communications.

Luis M. Correia, member of the Technical Committee of PIMRC'2000 - IEEE


11th International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio
Communications, EPMCC2001 - 4th European Personal Mobile Communications
Conference, VTC2001 Spring - IEEE 53rd Vehicular Technology Conference,
International Symposium on 3G Infrastructure and Services, and PIMRC'2001 IEEE 12th International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio
Communications.

Luis M. Correia, Chairman of COST 259.

Luis M. Correia, evaluator and auditor of EU IST projects.


33

Annual Report - 2000

Luis M Correia, external examiner of Ph.D. theses of: Samuel Betrencourt,


Characterization of the Propagation Channel in Vehicular and Train Tunnels (in
French), Universit de Lille, Lille, France, Jan. 2000; Henrik Brjeson, Radio
Wave Propagation in Narrow Environments. Measurements and Models,
Department of Applied Electronics, Lund University, Lund, Sweden, Mar. 2000.
External examiner of Master theses of: Telmo Fernandes, Allocation of Channels
in Cellular Networks Using Neural Networks and Genetic Algorithms (in
Portuguese), Dep. of Electric Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology,
University of Coimbra, Portugal, Dec. 2000.

Custdio Peixeiro, reviewer for IEEE Signal Processing Society, 4th European
Mobile Communications Conference (Vienna, Austria, February 2000) and
Journe National de Microondes (France, 2001).

Carlos A. Fernandes worked on the integration of lens antennas with printed


antenna arrays, in order to obtain high gain antennas with low side lobe level.
Collaboration with University of Rennes I - France, in the frame of an official
scientific exchange program.

Carlos A. Fernandes worked on the design and development of antennas for GSM
and UMTS applications, including smart antennas. Use of optimization
procedures based on Genetic Algorithms.

Carlos A. Fernandes worked on the preparation of collaboration with Antenna


Group of Queen Mary and Westfield College for the design of a compact
switchable beam lens antenna fed by active array elements with integral Photonic
Band Gap diplexer.

Carlos A. Fernandes worked on the installation of a precision mechanics


workshop for prototype construction.

Carlos A. Fernandes, reviewer for Journe National de Microondes, France, 2001.

Carlos Salema, national delegate to the IST Programme Management Committee.

Carlos Salema, Chairman of the Steering Committee that performed the mid-term
evaluation of the TEN-TELECOM programme of the European Commission.

Carlos Salema, Chair of the College of Electrical Engineering of the Portuguese


Association of Engineers (Ordem dos Engenheiros).

Carlos Salema, chairman of panel of evaluators of the IBM Scientific Award.

Carlos Salema, member of the board of evaluators of the Degrees in Electrical


Engineering for the Foundation of Portuguese Universities.

34

Annual Report - 2000

J. Costa Freire, Member of the Technical Committee of Journes Nationales


Microondes, Futuroscope, France 2001.

M. Joo Rosrio, reviewer for Journe National de Microondes, France, 2001.

Joo Caldinhas Vaz, reviewer for XV Conference on Design of Circuits and


Integrated Systems, Montpellier, France, 2000 and Journe National de
Microondes, France, 2001.

J. Costa Freire, chairman of IEEE Portugal Section joint chapter on


MTT/AP/ED/SSC.

Seminars

C. Fernandes, "Shaped Dielectric Lens Antennas for 4th Generation Mobile


Communications", Invited Talk, Queen Mary and Westfield College, London,
Sep. 2000.

J. Costa Freire, "Design and Test of MMICs for Mobile Communications (activity
at IT/IST)", University of Limoges, France, May 2001.

Carlos Salema, Television: An Evolutionary Approach, conference in the


Seminar on Digital TV, Portuguese Association of Engineers (Ordem dos
Engenheiros), Lisboa.

Carlos Salema, Mathematics: What for? at the Forum on Mathematics, Escola


Superior de Tecnologia, Viseu.

Carlos Salema, IT - A New Solution for an Old Problem, at the PortugueseSlovenian R&D Workshop, Lisboa.

35

Annual Report - 2000

36

Annual Report - 2000

10.1.2 Integrated Circuits and Systems


Human Resources
Collaborators

Jos E. Franca

Ph. D.

Full Professor, IST

Carlos A. Leme

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, IST

Joo C. Vital

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, IST

Nuno Horta

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, IST

Other Collaborators

Rui P. Martins

Ph. D.

Vice rector, FCT/Univ. Macau

Yan Yan Qiu

Ph. D.

Grant, IST

Jorge Guilherme

Ph. D. Student

Assistant, IPT

Joo Goes

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, UTL/FNL

Xu Jingnan

Researcher

Grant, IST

U Seng Pan

Ph. D. Student

Grant, IST

Nuno Garrido

Ph. D. Student

Rui Neves

Ph. D. Student

Ricardo Reis

Ph. D. Student

Pun Pang

Ph. D. Student

Eduardo Viegas

Ph. D. Student

Marco Pereira

M. Sc. Student

Marco Oliveira

Research Student

Grant, IST

Vitor Silva

Research Student

Grant, IST

Jos Barros

Research Student

Grant, IST

Emanuel Rella

Research Student

Nuno Teixeira

Research Student

Grant, IST

lvaro Geraldes

Research Student

Grant, IST

Rui Giro

Research Student

Grant, IST

Grant, IST

Grant, IST

37

Annual Report - 2000

Miguel Bugalho

Research Student

Renato Torres

Research Student

Jos Iria

Research Student

Rui Moura

Research Student

Grant, IST

Nuno Brs

Research Student

Grant, IST

Joo Serras

Research Student

Grant, IST

Ana Marcelino

Secretary

Staff member IST

Paula Silva

Secretary

Staff member IST

Projects
The main focus and strategic scientific objectives of Group are in the field of
analogue-digital integrated circuits, including analogue and digital signal processing
techniques, design of components, circuits and systems in silicon technologies, as
well as design-oriented testing and computer-aided design, which are vital for the
development of state-of-the-art microsystems. International competitiveness is of
paramount concern to the group activities.
-

Stimulation of final year students of electrical engineering to undertake advanced


research projects, preferably leading to the completion of post-graduation
programs.

Creation of modern computational and instrumentation facilities as well as easy


access to advance processing technologies for integrated circuit manufacturing.

Stimulation of closer links to the national industry, both through the undertaking
of joint cooperative research projects as well as through the development of
continuing education and training courses of professionals.

Development of an European-wide, diversified funding-base for the continuous


development of state-of-the-art research development projects.

During 2000, research activities were carried-out in the following cooperative


projects:

38

ECOCLIMAT
Objectives: Research and development of sensorial microsystems and power line
carrier modems for home system applications, notably for automatic management
of energy. Participants: The IST Centre for Microsystems is part of a national
consortium led by ATECMIC. Sponsor: Ministry of Industry through the PEDIP
program.

Annual Report - 2000

PAPRICA: Power And Part Count Reduction Innovative Communications


Architecture
Objectives: Specify design, build and validate the DECT and DCS application
Demonstration Board. Participants: ATMEL/ES2 (France), IST (Portugal), Matra
Communications (France).

POLICOM : Power Line Communication Asic


Objectives: The objective of this project is the design of a low-cost, easyinstallation, robust system to allow communication between different equipment
using the low-voltage power line. It will cover a whole range of apllications from
remote power reading to home-automation and remote control for indutrial
applications. Participants: SAINCO (Spain), ATMEL ES2 (France), Instituto
Superior Tcnico (Portugal), SANTEL (Sweden).

RAPID: Retargetability for Reusability of Application-Driven Quadrature D/A


Interface Block Design.
Objectives: The objective of this project is to develop an advanced methodology
to support the design of Quadrature D/A Interface blocks aiming at their
reusability by an automatic retargetting procedure with minimal changes on their
stuctural sub-blocks.Participants: CM-IST Coordinator (Portugal), IMSE-CNM
(Spain), Chipidea (Portugal).

MIXMODEST: Mixed Mode in Deep Submicron Technology.


Objectives: The most important objective of the project is to obtain a design
methodology including basic stuctures and circuits that will enable future state of
the art analogue functions, such as front-ends, to be implemented in a basic
mainstream digital 0.35m and 0.25m CMOS technology. Participants:
ALCATEL Microelectronics Coordinator, IMSE, IST, UNIPAV, KULeuven

AURA: Automatic Retargetability of Quadrature D/A Interface Blocks.


Objectives: The objective of AURA is to develop an advanced methodology to
support the design of Quadrature D/A Interface blocks aiming at their reusability,
for different specifications, by an automatic retargeting procedure with minimal
changes on their structural sub-blocks. Participants: CM-IST (Portugal), IMSECNM-CSIC (Spain), Chipidea (Portugal).

RAPID IC&D: Information Capture & Dissemination in RAPID.


Objectives: The design cluster aims at the further development and broad
industrial introduction of Low Power Design (LPD) and Mixed Signal Design
(MSD). The objectives are to foster excellence in design skills, and to bring these
skills to broad industrial use. Participants: CM-IST (Portugal), IMSE-CNM-CSIC
(Spain), Chipidea (Portugal).
39

Annual Report - 2000

PAPRICA IC&D:
Objectives: The main goal of the project is to demonstrate the capability of the
CMOS technology in RF low power design in order to achieve a significant power
reduction in wireless terminals. Participants: CM-IST (Portugal), ATMEL
(France), MATRA NORTEL (France).

MIXMODEST IC&D:
Objectives: The major objective of this work package is to substantially contribute
to the level and the amount of information that is disseminated by the Mixed
Signal Cluster project. This information will be generated from the experience
obtained and the know how created in the performing the RTD work of the
Mixmodest project. Participants: Alcatel Microelectronics (Belgium), Instituto de
Microelectronica de Sevilla (Spain), Instituto Superior Tcnico (Portugal),
Universit Degli Studi di Pavia (Italy), and Katholieke Universiteit Van Leuven
(Belgium).

Ph. D. Theses

Antnio Gano, (supervisor: Prof. Jos de Albuquerque Epifnio da Franca),


Instituto Superior Tcnico, in preparation, (subject: Design and Applications of
Sensorial Microsystems Combining Monolithic and Thick Film Hybrid Integrated
Technologies).

Nuno Garrido, (supervisor: Prof. Jos de Albuquerque Epifnio da Franca),


Instituto Superior Tcnico, in preparation, (subject: Design of adaptive analog
filters for magnetic front-end read channels).

R. Neves, (supervisor: Prof. Jos de Albuquerque Epifnio da Franca), Instituto


Superior Tcnico, to be concluded in 2001, (subject: Signal processing and
Conversion Techniques for Narrow Bandwidth Applications).

Jorge Guilherme, (supervisor: Prof. Jos de Albuquerque Epifnio da Franca),


Instituto Superior Tcnico, to be concluded in 2001, (subject: Design techniques
for logarithmic analog-digital conversion in CMOS technology).

Ricardo Reis, (supervisor: Prof. Carlos Azeredo Leme), Instituto Superior


Tcnico, in preparation, (subject: Nanopower delta-sigma modulators)

P. Pang, (supervisor: Prof. Jos de Albuquerque Epifnio da Franca), Instituto


Superior Tcnico, in preparation, (subject: CMOS Analog Techniques for
Quadrature Modulators in RF Front-Ends).

40

Annual Report - 2000

Eduardo Viegas, (supervisor: Prof. Carlos Azeredo Leme), Instituto Superior


Tcnico, in preparation, (subject: Circuitos Integrados para Comunicaes
Mveis).

M. Mota, (supervisor: Prof. Jos de Albuquerque Epifnio da Franca), Instituto


Superior Tcnico, concluded in 2000, (subject: High-Resolution Time-to-Digital
Converters for High Energy Physics Experiments).

J. Goes, (supervisor: Prof. Joo Paulo Vital), Instituto Superior Tcnico,


concluded in 2000 (subject: High-Resolution and High-Speed Analog-Digital
Converters Using Linearization Techniques).

M. Sc. Theses

M. Pereira, (supervisor: Prof. Joo Paulo Vital), Instituto Superior Tcnico, in


preparation (subject: Automatic Layout Generation Methodologies of Analogue
Modules for CMOS Integrated Circuits).

Publications
Books and Book Chapters
J. Goes, J. Vital, J. Franca, Systematic Design for Optimisation of Pipeline ADCs,
Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001.

Papers in Journals
F. A. P. Baruqui, A. Petraglia, S. K. Mitra, J. E. Franca, Efficient Design of
Integrated Switched-Capacitor Decimation Filters, IEEE Transactions on Circuits
and Systems, Part II: Analog and Digital Signal Processing, pp. 1314-1318,
November 2000.
Seng-Pan U, Rui P. Martins, Jos E. Franca, Improved Switched-Capacitor
Interpolators with Reduced Sample-and-Hold Effects, IEEE Transactions on
Circuits and Systems Part II: Analog and Digital Signal Processing, Vol. 47, No. 8,
pp. 665, August 2000.
U. Seng-Pan, R. P. Martins, J. E. Franca, An Input Sample-and-Hold Rolloff
Released SC Technique for Analog Interpolation, IEEE Transactions on Circuits
and Systems Part II: Analog Digital Signal Processing, 2000.
Y. Y. Qiu, C. A. Leme, L. Alccer, J. E. Franca, A CMOS Humidity Sensor with onchip Calibration, Accepted for publication in Sensor and Actuator A, 2000.

41

Annual Report - 2000

Papers in Conference Proceedings


F. A. P. Baruqui, A. Petraglia, J. E. Franca, S. K. Mitra, CMOS Switched-Capacitor
Decimation Filter for Mixed-Signal Video Applications, 26th European Solid-State
Circuits Conference (ESSCIRC2000), Stockholm, Sweden, September 2000.
J. Goes, J. C. Vital, L. Alves, N. Ferreira, P. Ventura, E. Bach, J. E. da Franca, R.
Koch, A Low-Power 14-b 5 MS/s CMOS Pipeline ADC with Background Analog
Self-Calibration, 26th European Solid-State Circuits Conference (ESSCIRC2000),
Stockholm, September, 2000.
Kong-Pang Pun, Jos E. Franca, C. Azeredo Leme, Dymanic I/Q Mismatch
Correction in Quadrature Receivers, in The First Portugal-China Workshop on
Solid-State Circuits, Shanghai, P. R. China, pp. 13, October 25-27, 2000.
R. Moura, N. Vargas, R. Machado, O. Sinnen, N. Horta, SYMAN V1.0: Symbolic
Analysis Tool for Both Classroom and Analog Design Automation Environments, in
Proc. SMACD2000, 6th International Workshop on Symbolic Methods and
Applications in Circuit Design, Lisboa, Portugal, pp. 29, October 12-13, 2000.
Seng-Pan U, R. P. Martins, J. E. Franca, Experimental Results of SC Fractional
Multirate Converters with Intermittent Polyphase Structures, in The First PortugalChina Workshop on Solid-State Circuits, Shanghai, P. R. China, pp. 28, October 2527, 2000.
Jing Nan Xu, J. Vital, J. E. Franca, Full Custom Parameterized Cell Design, its
Reuse and Layout Retargeting, in The First Portugal-China Workshop on Solid-State
Circuits, Shanghai, P. R. China, pp. 116, October 25-27, 2000.
Yan Yan Qiu, C. Azeredo Leme, K. P. Pan, L. Alccer, J. E. Franca, A Callibrated
Humidity Sensor made by CMOS Process Plus one Post Processing Step, in The
First Portugal-China Workshop on Solid-State Circuits, Shanghai, P. R. China, pp.
69, October 25-27, 2000.
Nuno C. Horta, Maria H. Fino, Joo C. Soares, Symbolic Techniques Applied to
Switched-Currents ADCs Synthesis, in Proc. IEEE International Symposium on
Circuits and Systems, Geneva, Switzerland, Vol. III, pp. 129, May 28-31, 2000.
Seng-Pan U, Rui P. Martins, Jos E. Franca, A Linear-Phase Halfband SC Video
Interpolation Filter with Coefficient-Sharing and Spread-Reduction, in Proc. IEEE
International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Geneva, Switzerland, Vol. III, pp.
177, May 28-31, 2000.

42

Annual Report - 2000


Antnio J. Gano, Jos E. Franca, New Multiple Input Fully Differential Variable
Gain CMOS Instrumentation Amplifier, in Proc. IEEE International Symposium on
Circuits and Systems, Geneva, Switzerland, Vol. IV, pp. 449, May 28-31, 2000.
KongPang Pun, Jos E. Franca, Carlos A. Leme, Wideband Digital Correction of I
and Q Mismatch in Quadrature Radio Receivers, in Proc. IEEE International
Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Geneva, Switzerland, Vol. IV, pp. 661, May 2831, 2000.
Y. Qiu, C. Azeredo Leme, J. E. Franca, CMOS Humidity Sensor with Calibrated
Voltage Output, in Proc. The 14th European Conference on Solid-State
Transducers, Copenhegen, Denmark, pp. 49, 27-30 August, 2000.
YanYan Qiu, Carlos Azeredo Leme, L. Alccer, J. E. Franca, A CMOS Humidity
Sensor with On-Chip Calibration, in Proc. 8th International Meeting on Chemical
Sensors, Basel, Switzerland, pp. 192, 2-5 July, 2000.
K. P. Pun, J. E. Franca, C. Azeredo Leme, A Digital Method for the Correction of
I/Q Phase Errors in Complex Sub-sampling Mixers, Proc. Southwest Symposium on
Mixed Signal Design, San Diego, California, USA, pp. 171-174, 2000.
Joarez Monteiro, Antnio Petraglia, Carlos Azeredo Leme, Filtro Recursivo
Programvel a Capacitor Chaveado, in Proc. of XIII Congresso Brasileiro de
Automtica, Florianpolis , Santa Catarina, Brasil, 11-14 de Setembro, 2000.
Y. Y. Qiu, K. P. Pun, C. Azeredo Leme, J. E. Franca, An SC Interface and
Calibration Circuit for CMOS Humidity Sensor, Proc. European Solid State Circuit
Conference, Stockholm, September, 2000.
K. P. Pun, J. E. Franca, C. Azeredo Leme, A Switched-Capacitor Image Rejection
Filter in Complex IF Receivers, in Proc. Asia-Pacific Conference of Circuits and
Systems, Tianjing, China, December, 2000.
Joarez Monteiro, Antnio Petraglia, Carlos Azeredo Leme, A Digitally
Programmable IIR Switched-Capacitor Filter for CMOS Technology, to be presented
at ISCAS2001, Sydney, Australia, June 2001.
Jorge Guilherme, P. Figueiredo, P. Azevedo, G. Minderico, A. Leal, J. Vital, Jos
Franca, A Pepeline 15-b 10-Msample/s Analog-to-Digital Converter for ADSL
Applications, to be presented at ISCAS2001, Sydney, Australia, June 2001.
Joo Vital, Carlos Fachada, Joo Goes, Jos Franca, Pipelined ADCs-Platforms for
High-Speed Embedded Data Conversion, ESD-MSD Workshop on Embedded Data
Converters, Stockholm, September 22, 2000.

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Annual Report - 2000


J. Guilherme, P. Figueiredo, G. Minderico, A. Leal, C. Carvalho, J. Vital, J. Franca,
A Pipeline 15-b 10-Msamples/s Analog-to-Digital Converter for ADSL
Applications, ESD-MSD Workshop on Embedded Data Converters, Stockholm,
September 22, 2000.
J. Vital, J. Goes, J. Franca, Design Considerations for a High-Speed Low-Power 14b Pipeline CMOS ADC, International Symposium on Advanced Analog CMOS
Circuits-CMOS Technology for Low Power Analog Circuits and RF Applications,
Syufu-Kaikan, Yotsuya, Tokyo, December 18, 2000.

44

Annual Report - 2000

10.1.3 Signal and Image Processing


10.1.3.1 Communication Theory and Pattern Recognition
Group
Human Resources
Collaborators

Jos Manuel Nunes Leito

Ph. D.

Full Professor, I.S.T.

Mrio Alexandre Teles de Figueiredo

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, I.S.T.

Ana Luisa Nobre Fred

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, I.S.T.

Fernando Duarte Nunes

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, I.S.T.

Jos Manuel Bioucas Dias

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, I.S.T.

Jos Eduardo C. R. C. Sanguino

M. Sc.

Assistant, I.S.T.

Francisco Alberto Sena da Silva

M. Sc.

Assistant, I.S.T.

Other Collaborators

Fernando M. Gomes de Sousa

Ph. D. student, IST

Adjunct Professor, I.S.E.L.

Paulo Alexandre C. Marques

Ph. D. student, IST

Adjunct Professor, I.S.E.L.

Tiago A. Marques da Silva

M. Sc. Student, IST Assistant, IPS

Projects

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - 3/3.1/CTAE/1947/95 - SARA Sistema areo de


reconhecimento automtico (Automated Systems for Air Surveillance)
Multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional project co-ordinated by the Department
of Mechanical Engineering of IST, dealing with the communications (data-links)
and navigation (differential GPS Global Positioning System) aspects.

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - 2/2.1/TIT/1583/95 - SIN - Integrated Systems for


Communication and Navigation
Approved by PRAXIS XXI in 1996, this project started in 1997. Differential GPS
navigation, in which the communication between the mobile platform and the base
station plays an essential role. Finished in 2000.

45

Annual Report - 2000

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - 2/2.1/TIT/1580/95 - IMAPA - Integration of Stochastic and


Structural Models in Image and Pattern Analysis
Approved by PRAXIS XXI in 1996, and started 1997. Development of
image/pattern analysis techniques combining stochastic and structural models and
methods. Application areas considered included: medical imaging, remote
sensing images, and financial document images. Finished in 2000.

FCT - POSI/33143/SRI/2000 - Statistical and Structural Learning: Applications in


Multimedia Data Mining and Retrieval
Team: Mrio A. T. Figueiredo and Ana L. N. Fred. To start on January 2001

FCT - POSI/34829/CPS/2000 - Channel Estimation Techniques in Mobile


Communications
Team: Fernando D. Nunes and Jos M. N. Leito. To start on January 2001

FCT - POSI/34071/CPS/2000 - Signal and Image Processing in Synthetic


Aperture Sensing
Team: Jos M. B. Dias and Paulo C. Marques. To start on January 2001

Ph. D. Theses

Jos Eduardo Charters Ribeiro Cunha Sanguino (supervisor: Jos M. N. Leito),


Instituto Superior Tcnico. In preparation. (Subject: Positioning and navigation
based on differential GPS).

Francisco Alberto Sena da Silva (supervisor: Jos M. N. Leito). Instituto


Superior Tcnico. In preparation.
(Subject: Importance sampling for
communication systems simulation).

Fernando Manuel Gomes de Sousa (supervisor: Jos M. N. Leito), Instituto


Superior Tcnico. In preparation. (Subject: Open loop structures for digital
communications; DSP based implementations).

Paulo Alexandre Carapinha Marques (supervisor: Jos M. B. Dias), Instituto


Superior Tcnico. In preparation. (Subject: Mobile Targets Detection and
Tracking in Synthetic Aperture Radar).

M. Sc. Theses

Tiago Arajo Marques da Silva (supervisor: Jos M. B. Dias), Instituto Superior


Tcnico. To be concluded in 2001. (Subject: Absolute phase estimation in
interferometry).

Ana P. Falco (supervisor: Jos M. B. Dias), Instituto Superior Tcnico. To be


concluded in 2001. (Subject: Image classification in remote sensing).

Sandra V. B. Jardim (supervisor: Mrio A. T. Figueiredo), Instituto Superior


Tcnico, in preparation (subject: Automatic analysis of fetal ultrasound images).

46

Annual Report - 2000

Artur Ferreira (supervisor: Mrio A. T. Figueiredo), Instituto Superior Tcnico, in


preparation (subject: Dictionary-based methods for image compression and
analysis).

Publications
Books and Book Chapters
M. Figueiredo, J. Leito and A. K. Jain, Elements of Bayesian Theory and Markov
Random Fields for Image Analysis. To be published by Springer Verlag (New York) .

Papers in Journals
J. Dias and J. Leito, Nonparametric estimation of mean Doppler and spectral
width, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 1, pp. 271-282,
2000.
M. Figueiredo, J. Leito and A. Jain, Unsupervised contour representation and
estimation using B-splines and a minimum description length criterion. in IEEE
Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 1075-1087, June 2000.
A. Vailaya, M. Figueiredo, A.K.Jain, and H. J. Zhang, "Image classification for
content-based indexing", in IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 10, no. 1,
pp. 117-130, January 2001.
M. Figueiredo and R. Nowak,"Wavelet-Based image estimation: An empirical Bayes
approach using Jeffreys' noninformative prior", in IEEE Transactions on Image
Processing, accepted with revisions, 2001.
J. Dias and J. Leito, Lidar inversion of backscattering and extinction coefficients: a
stochastic filtering approach, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote
Sensing. Submitted.

Papers in Conference Proceedings


F. S. Silva and J. Leito, Fast simulation of digital phase detectors using importance
sampling, accepted for the ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications,
Figueira da Foz, Portugal, 2001.
F. S. Silva and J. Leito, Error floor assessment of digital phase detectors with
carrier phase tracking: a large deviations approach, accepted for the IEEE
International Symposium on Information Theory ISIT2001, Washington D.C.,
U.S.A., 2001.
F. S. Silva and J. Leito, Importance sampling evaluation of digital phase detectors
based on extended Kalman-Bucy filters, accepted for the IEEE International

47

Annual Report - 2000


Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing ICASSP2001, Salt Lake
City, UT, U.S.A., 2001.
J. Sanguino, S. Marques, L. Pontes, and J. Leito, Operational aspects of a DGPSbased vessel traffic system, 2000 ESA Conference on Data Systems in Aerospace
DASIA2000, Montreal, Canada, 2000.
F. Nunes and J. Leito, Improving UAV-Ground Digital Links with GPS Data, in
Proceedings of UAVs Fifteenth International Conference, pp. 15.1-15.7, Bristol,
U.K., 2000.
F. Nunes and J. Leito, M-DPSK Receiver for Doppler-Shift Mobile
Communications, accepted for the Third IEEE Signal Processing Workshop on
Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications SPAWC2001, Taiwan,
R.O.C., 2001.
F. Nunes and J. Leito, Adaptive M-DPSK Scheme for Fading Channels, accepted
for the ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz,
Portugal, 2001.
F. Nunes and J. Leito, Adaptive Scheme for M-DPSK Signals in LEO Satellite
Communications, accepted for the IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference VTC2001, Rhodes Island, Greece, 2001.
F. Nunes and J. Leito, M-DPSK Detection, Channel Estimation and Power Control
in LEO Satellite Communications, accepted for the IEEE International Conference
on Communications ICC2001, Helsinki, Finland, 2001.
P. Marques and J. Dias, Optimal detection and imaging of moving objects with
unknown velocity, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Synthetic
Aperture Radar - EUSAR'00, pp. 561-564, Munich, Germany, 2000.
P. Marques and J. Dias, SAR moving objects trajectory estimation: solving the blind
angle ambiguity with a single sensor, in IEEE International Geoscience and Remote
Sensing Symposium- IGARSS'00, vol. 1, pp. 77-80, Honolulu, 2000.
P. Marques and J. Dias, Moving Targets in Synthetic Aperture Images: A Bayesian
Approach, in IEEE International Conference on Image Processing-ICIP'00, vol. VI,
pp. 685-688, Chicago, IL, U.S.A., 2000.
A. Fred and J. Leito, Clustering Under a Hypothesis of Smooth Dissimilarity
Increments, in Proceedings of the 15th Int'l Conference on Pattern Recognition ICPR'2000, pp 190-194, Barcelona, Spain, 2000.
A. Fred and J. Leito, Partitional vs Hierarchical Clustering using a Minimum
Grammar Complexity Approach, in Proceedings of the International Workshop on
48

Annual Report - 2000


Statistical and Syntactical Pattern Recognition, Springer-Verlag, Alicante, Spain,
2000.
Milho, A. Fred, J. Albano, N. Baptista, and P. Sena, An Auxiliary System for
Medical Diagnosis Based on Bayesian Belief Networks, in Proceedings of the 12th
Portuguese Conference on Pattern Recognition, RecPad'2000, pp 271--276, Porto,
Portugal, 2000.
Milho and A. Fred., A User-Friendly Development Tool for Medical Based on
Bayesian Networks, in Proc. 2nd Inernational Conference on Enterprise Information
Systems - ICEIS'2000, pp 178-180, Staffordshire, U.K., 2000.
A. Fred., Computation of Substring Probabilities in Stochastic Grammars, in
Proceedings of the International Colloquium on Grammatical Inference - ICGI'2000,
Springer-Verlag, pp 103-114, 2000.
A. Fred and J. Filipe., Syntax-Directed Translation Schemes for Multi-Agent
Systems Conversation Modeling, in Proceedings of the 2nd International
Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - ICEIS'2000, pp 132-138,
Staffordshire, U.K., 2000.
M. Figueiredo and A. K. Jain, "Unsupervised Selection and Estimation of Finite
Mixture Models", in Proceedings of the International Conference on Pattern
Recognition - ICPR'2000, vol. 2, pp. 87-90, Barcelona, Spain, 2000.
M. Figueiredo, "On Gaussian Radial Basis Function Approximations: Interpretation,
Extensions, and Learning Strategies", in Proceedings of the International Conference
on Pattern Recognition - ICPR'2000, vol. 2, pp. 618-621, Barcelona, Spain, 2000.
R.Nowak and M. Figueiredo, "Unsupervised segmentation of Poisson data", in
Proceedings of the International Conference on Pattern Recognition - ICPR'2000,
vol. 3, pp. 159-162, Barcelona, Spain, 2000.
R. Cunha, M. Figueiredo, and C. Silvestre, "Simultaneous Compression and
Denoising of Side Scan Sonar Images Using the Discrete Wavelet Transform", in
IEEE/MTS Oceans 2000 Conference, Providence, R.I., U.S.A., 2000.
V. Venkatachalam, R. Nowak, R. Baraniuk, and M. Figueiredo, Unsupervised SAR
image segmentation using recursive partitioning," in Proceedings of the SPIE 14th
Annual International Symposium on Aerospace/Defense Sensing, Simulation, and
Control. Algorithms for Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery VII, SPIE vol. 4053,
Orlando, FL, 2000.

49

Annual Report - 2000


M. Figueiredo, "Unsupervised sparse regression", in Mathematical Research Sciences
Institute Workshop on Nonlinear Estimation and Classification, Berkeley, CA,
U.S.A., 2001 (accepted).

Miscellaneous
Invited talks

M. Figueiredo, "Probabilistic frameworks for deformable contours", invited talk in


WDM2000 - VISIT Summer School and Workshop on Deformable Models,
Gullmarstrand (Sweden), August 2000

M. Figueiredo, "Recursive segmentation of Poisson fields", invited talk in the


U.R.S.I. National Radio Science Meeting, Boulder, CO (USA), January 2000.

Editorial activity

Jos M. B. Dias: Associate Editor for IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems.

Refereeing activity

Mrio A. T. Figueiredo: reviewer, IEEE Transactions on Image Processing; IEEE


Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology; IEEE Transactions
on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence; IEEE Transactions on Neural
Networks;

Ana L. N. Fred: reviewer, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine


Intelligence; International Conference on Pattern Recognition - ICPR2000, 5th
International Colloquium on Grammatical Inference; ICEIS2000 Second
International Conferences on Enterprise Information Systems;

Jos M. B. Dias: reviewer, IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing; IEEE


Transactions on Circuits and Systems; IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and
Remote Sensing;

Paulo C. Marques: reviewer, IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic


Systems

Participation in International Organizations

Jos M. N. Leito: National Delegate, TC-TIST (COST Telecommunications


Technical Committee).

Organization of International Workshops

50

Third International Workshop on Energy Minimization Methods in Computer


Vision and Pattern Recognition EMMCVPR-2001.
Co-chairs: M. Figueiredo, A. K. Jain, and J. Zerubia

Annual Report - 2000


Location: Sophia Antipolis, France
Date: 3-5 September 2001
Sponsors: International Association for Pattern Recognition (IAPR) and the
French National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Control (INRIA).

Workshop on Pattern Recognition in Information Systems WPRIS2001.


Co-chairs: A. Fred and A. Jain.
Location: Setbal, Portugal.
Date: 6-7 July 2001.
Sponsor: International Association for Pattern Recognition IAPR.

Committees

A. Fred: member, Scientific Committee of the 2nd International Conference on


Enterprise Information Systems, ICEIS2000, University of Staffordshire, UK,
2000.

A. Fred: member. Scientific Committee of the 5th International Colloquium on


Grammatical Inference, ICGI2000, Lisboa, 2000.

A. Fred: member, Scientific Committee for the area of Pattern Recognition and
Neural Networks 15th International Conference on Pattern Recognition,
ICPR2000, Lisboa, 2000.

51

Annual Report - 2000

52

Annual Report - 2000

10.1.3.2

Image Group

Human Resources
Collaborators

Fernando Manuel Bernardo Pereira

Ph.D.

Associate Professor, IST

Maria Paula dos Santos Queluz

Ph.D.

Assistant Professor, IST

Paulo Luis Serras Lobato Correia

M.Sc.

Assistant, IST

Other Collaborators

Paulo Jorge Loureno Nunes

Ph.D. Student

Assistant, ISCTE

Lus Ducla Soares

Ph.D. Student

Assistant, ISCTE

Carla Raquel Zibreira

M.Sc. Student

IST

Joo Manuel Valentim

M.Sc. Student

IST, Grant FCT

Joo Miguel Ascenso

M.Sc. Student

IST

Toms Brando

M.Sc. Student

IST

Wilfrid Manhente

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Joo Galhordas

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Lus Faustino

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Fernando Fonseca

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Nuno Patricio

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Marco Oliveira

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Nuno Pinto

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Miguel Soares

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Nuno Correia

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Projects

ACTS 308 - DICEMAN - Distributed Internet Content Exchange with MPEG-7


and Agent Negotiations (sponsored by the European Commission DG XIII):
Objective: DICEMAN intends to provide a solution to what is probably the single
biggest problem facing the archive content industry and its consumers today.
Content holders have vast quantities of material, which they would like to sell.
Content consumers have a growing need to access and purchase this content.
53

Annual Report - 2000


However, todays business model is primarily based on paper, videotapes and
CDs, and the postal system, making it slow, expensive and cumbersome. In this
era of digital content and global digital networks, it is time a digital solution to
this problem revolutionized the industry. DICEMAN aims to do this by:
Opening up valuable databases of multimedia content by making them easier
to search, using advanced forms of descriptions and indexing, and advanced
forms of user interfaces
Enabling the location of the best content for the purpose, both locally and
globally, over electronic networks, using agent-based assistants to users and
provider.
Enabling the exchange and trading of multimedia content over electronic
networks using standardized interfaces to electronic databases.
Partners: 8 companies, namely IBM (D), INA (F), CSELT (I) and KPN (NL)
Duration: 2 years, starting in May 1998 (end in May 2000).
Note: participation through IST.
IST participation: The activity at IST in 2000 was mainly concentrated on the
development of face detection and tracking tool and the corresponding interactive
editor. The face detection and tracking tool is based on colour and shape. The first
stage consists in a pixel-based colour segmentation algorithm of the HSV colour
space. For this purpose, a study about the skin-colour distribution of faces in
natural images was first performed. The second stage recognises that an ellipse
can approximate the outline of a human face shape in several positions. In this
stage, an algorithm based on the Hough Transform is used to perform ellipse
detection with some shape constraints. The system implemented has been tested
for a wide variety of natural sequences and the experimental results show that the
algorithm is robust to changes of position, size, orientation and number of faces in
an image.

54

ISO/MPEG-4 and 7 (no sponsor):


Objective: Research and standardisation of object-based audiovisual
representation and indexing methodologies.
Partners: Hundreds of universities and companies from all over the world.
IST participation: In 2000, IST mainly contributed to:
Implementation of the MPEG-4 Video profiles and levels
Evaluation and development of alternatives for the MPEG-4 Video Buffering
Verifier mechanism
Development and evaluation of MPEG-7 shape description tools
Identification of MPEG-21 vision and objectives

Annual Report - 2000


A few technical contributions have been presented to MPEG regarding the topics
listed above. Moreover F.Pereira was the editor of the MPEG-7 Requirements and
MPEG-7 Interoperability and Conformance documents and chaired the Ad Hoc
Group on MPEG-7 Interoperability and Conformance for some months.

Ph. D. Theses

Paulo Luis Serras Lobato Correia (supervisor: Prof. Fernando Pereira), Instituto
Superior Tcnico, to be concluded in 2001 (subject: Video analysis for objectbased representation environments)

Luis Ducla-Soares (supervisor: Prof. Fernando Pereira), Instituto Superior


Tcnico, in preparation (subject: Object-based error resilient video representation
techniques)

Paulo Jorge Loureno Nunes (supervisor: Prof. Fernando Pereira), Instituto


Superior Tcnico, in preparation (subject: Join rate control for object-based video
representation schemes)

M. Sc. Theses

Carla Zibreira (supervisor: Fernando Pereira), Instituto Superior Tcnico, to be


presented, already finished (subject: Analysis and description of shape
information).

Joo Valentim (supervisor: Fernando Pereira), Instituto Superior Tcnico, to be


presented, already finished (subject: An alternative complexity model for the
MPEG-4 visual standard).

Joo Ascenso (supervisor: Fernando Pereira), Instituto Superior Tcnico, in


preparation (subject: Detection and tracking of human faces).

Joo Magalhes (supervisor: Fernando Pereira), Instituto Superior Tcnico, in


preparation (subject: Advanced universal multimedia access processing).

Toms Brando (supervisor: Paula Queluz), Instituto Superior Tcnico, in


preparation (subject: Digital watermarking).

Publications
Books and Book Chapters
P. Lamy, J. Martinho, T. Rosa and M.P. Queluz, "Content-based Watermarking for
Image Authentication", in Information Hiding, Lecture Notes in Computer Science,
Springer, vol. LNCS-1768, 2000

55

Annual Report - 2000

Papers in Journals
P.Nunes, F.Marques, F.Pereira, A.Gasull, A contour-based approach to binary shape
coding using a multiple grid chain code, Signal Processing: Image Communication,
Special Issue on Shape Coding, vol. 15, n 7-8, pp. 585-599, May 2000.
R. Koenen, F. Pereira, MPEG-7: a standardised description of audiovisual content,
Signal Processing: Image Communication, Special Issue on MPEG-7 Technology,
vol.16, n1-2, pp. 5-13, September 2000.
F.Pereira, MPEG-4: concepts, tools and applications, Journal de Rseaux et
systmes rpartis - calculateurs paralleles, Special Issue on Image and Video, vol. 12,
n 3-4, pp. 299-313, 2000
C.Zibreira, F.Pereira, Image description and retrieval using MPEG-7 shape
descriptors, in Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries, from the
series Lectures Notes in Computer Science, Springer, September 2000.
M.P. Queluz, Authentication of digital images and video: generic models and a new
contribution, accepted to Signal Processing: Image Communication, to appear in
2001.

Papers in Conference Proceedings


F.Pereira, MPEG-4: concepts, tools and applications, International Symposium on
Image/Video Communications over Fixed and Mobile Networks, Rabat Morocco,
April 2000.
J.Ascenso, P.Correia, F.Pereira, A face detection solution integrating automatic and
user assisted tools, 11th Portuguese Conference on Pattern Recognition
(RECPAD2000), Porto - Portugal, May 2000.
F.Pereira, Visual data representation: recent achievements and future developments,
European Conference on Signal Processing (EUSIPCO2000), Tampere - Finland,
September 2000.
P.Correia, F. Pereira, Estimation of video object's relevance, European Conference
on Signal Processing (EUSIPCO2000), Tampere - Finland, September 2000.
L.Ducla Soares, F.Pereira, Influence of encoder parameters on the decoded video
quality for MPEG-4 over W-CDMA mobile networks, Int. Conf. on Image
Processing (ICIP2001), Vancouver Canada, September 2000.
P.Correia, F.Pereira, Objective evaluation of relative segmentation quality, Int.
Conf. on Image Processing (ICIP2001), Vancouver Canada, September 2000.

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Annual Report - 2000


C.Zibreira, F.Pereira, Image description and retrieval using MPEG-7 shape
descriptors, Fourth European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology
for Digital Libraries, Lisboa Portugal, September 2000.
F.Pereira, MPEG-7: multimedia content description standard, Korea Telecom
International Symposium 2000, Seoul South Korea, October 2000.
M.P. Queluz and P. Lamy, "Spatial watermark for image verification", IST/SPIE Electronic Imaging' 2000 - Security and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents II,
San Jose - USA, January 2000.
T. Brando, M.P. Queluz and A. Rodrigues, "Performance improvement of spatial
watermarking through efficient non-binary channel coding", accepted for IST/SPIE Electronic Imaging' 2001 - Security and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents III,
San Jose - USA, January 2001.
T. Brando and M.P. Queluz, "Improving spread spectrum based image watermarking
through non-binary channel coding", accepted for ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on
Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz - Portugal, April 2001

Deliverables and Reports


F.Pereira, About profiling in MPEG-7, Document MPEG2000/6011, Geneva
Switzerland, May 2000.
Lus Faustino, Segmentao de Vdeo Baseada na Anlise do Movimento, (in
Portuguese), Degree Project, IST, March 2000
Miguel Soares and Nuno Correia, Modelos 3D para Planeamento de Redes
Celulares, (in Portuguese), Degree Project, IST, September 2000

Miscellaneous
Fernando Pereira

IEEE Senior Member since April 1999.

Expert in Telecommunications by Ordem dos Engenheiros in November 1999.

Member of the Executive Committee of the Specialisation


Telecommunications at Ordem dos Engenheiros since October 1999.

Project evaluator for the IST European Programme (Action 6) by invitation of the
European Commission, in July and November 2000.

External auditor for the IST Project Advisor.

on

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Annual Report - 2000

Chairman of the Ad Hoc Group on MPEG-7 Interoperability and Conformance


Requirements, since October 2000.

Editor of the MPEG-7 Requirements and MPEG-7 Interoperability,


Conformance and Profiling documents.

Talks

Normas MPEG: da passividade interactividade, Instituto Superior de Cincias


do Trabalho e da Empresa, Lisboa - Portugal, January 2000.

The MPEG-4 and MPEG-7 visual standards, Seminrio sobre Televiso Digital,
Aveiro - Portugal, January 2000.

The MPEG-4 standard: what role in MPEG-21 ?, Workshop on MPEG-21,


Noordwijkerhout Holland, March 2000.

Applications of MPEG-4, MPEG-4 and MPEG-7 IAB Tutorial Workshop,


International Academy of Broadcasting, Montreux Switzerland, May 2000

Projectos europeus: nem tudo o que brilha ouro !, Interveno no Seminrio


Potencialidades do 5 Programa Quadro de IDT para a Indstria Portuguesa,
Ordem dos Engenheiros, June 2000

New trends on visual information representation, Hanyang University, Seoul


South Korea, October 2000

MPEG-4: enabling new broadcasting experiences, Workshop on Digital


Television and New Interactive Services, Expo2000, Portuguese Pavilion,
Hannover Germany, October 2000.

Academic Committees

Member of the Committee for the M.Sc. Thesis Meta-informao no


armazenamento e recuperao de documentos multimdia, by Susana Maria
Silva Santos Gaio, at Faculdade de Engenharia, Universidade do Porto, 2000.

Member of the Committee for the Ph.D. Thesis Codificao fontica: codificao
de fala baseada em segmentos classificados foneticamente by Eng. Carlos
Eduardo de Meneses Ribeiro, at Instituto Superior Tcnico, Universidade Tcnica
de Lisboa, February 2000.

Member of the Committee for the Ph.D. Thesis Rigid structure from video by
Eng. Pedro Manuel Quintas Aguiar, at Instituto Superior Tcnico, Universidade
Tcnica de Lisboa, July 2000.

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Annual Report - 2000

Evaluator of Ph.D. Proposal by Eng. Alberto Albiol Colomber, entitled Video


indexing using multimodal information, from Universidad Politcnica de
Valencia, Valencia - Spain, December 2000.

Supervisor of the Final Year Project Simulador de comunicaes mveis de


vdeo by Joo Miguel Ribeiro Galhordas e Wilfrid Salvador Manhente.

President of the Evaluation Committee of the Habilitation a Diriger des


Recherches entitled Segmentation spatio-temporelle des images animes.
Application au codage efficace et a lanalyse de contenu de la video numerique
by Jenny Benois-Pineau at cole Polytechnique de lUniversit de Nantes, in
November 2000.

Conference Collaboration

Member, Program Committee of the Conference Visual Communications and


Image Processing (VCIP2000) hold in Perth - Australia, in June 2000.

Member, Scientific Committee of the International Symposium on Image/Video


Communication over Fixed and Mobile Network hold in Rabat - Morocco, in
April 2000.

Member, Program Committee of the 10th International Packet Video Workshop


hold in Cagliari Italy, in May 2000.

Member, Organising Committee of the Workshop and Exhibition on MPEG-4


hold in the context of ISCAS2000 in Geneva Switzerland, in May 2000.

Member, Program Committee of the Conference Visual Communications and


Image Processing (VCIP2000) to be held in San Jose - USA, in January 2001.

Member, Scientific Committee of the Picture Coding Symposium (PCS2001) to


be held in Seoul South Korea, in April 2001.

Member, Technical Committee of the 11th International Packet Video Workshop


to be held in Taejon South Korea, in April 2001.

President, Program Committee of the International Conference on Media Futures


to be held in Florence Italy, in May 2001.

Member, Organising Committee of the Second Workshop and Exhibition on


MPEG-4 to be held in San Jose USA, in June 2001.

Member, Program Committee of the 3 Symposium on Advanced Concepts for


Intelligent Vision Systems to be held in Baden-Baden - Germany, in July 2001.

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Annual Report - 2000

Member, Program Committee of the International Workshop on Interactive


Distributed Multimedia Systems to be held in Lancaster UK, in September
2001.

Member, Program Committee of the Workshop on Image Analysis for Multimedia


Interactive Services (WIAMIS2001) to be held in Tampere - Finland, in May
2001.

Member, Program Committee of the 10 Encontro Portugus de Computao


Grfica to be held in Lisboa - Portugal, in October 2001.

Member, Organising Committee of the International Conference on Image


Processing (ICIP) 2002, as European Liaison, to be held in Rochester USA, in
2002.

Member, Organising Committee of the International Conference on Image


Processing (ICIP) 2003, as Tutorials Chairman, to be held in Barcelona Spain, in
2003.

Journal Collaboration

Area Editor, Signal Processing: Image Communication Journal, published by


EURASIP.

Associate Editor, IEEE Transactions of Circuits and Systems for Video


Technology.

Guest editor, Special Issue on MPEG-7 Technology from Signal Processing:


Image Communication, September 2000.

Member, Selection Committee for the Best Paper Award for IEEE Transactions
on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, in 2000.

Reviewer, Signal Processing (EURASIP), Image Communication Journal


(EURASIP), IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology,
Proceedings of IEEE, Journal of Real-Time Imaging, IEEE Journal on Selected
Areas in Communications, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine
Intelligence, ETRI Journal, IEEE Transactions on Multimedia and several
international conferences.

Paula Queluz

Reviewer, IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology and
The Journal of Electronic Imaging.

Session Chair, Electronic Imaging 2000 Conference, San Jose - USA, January
2000.

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Annual Report - 2000

Project Auditor, IST European Programme.

Member of the Committee for the M.Sc. Thesis Proteco de Direitos de Autor
no Meio Digital e seu Impacto no Comrcio Electrnico, by Joaquim Jos
Gonalves Marques, at Instituto Superior de Cincias do Trabalho e da Empresa,
Lisbon, June 2000.

Supervisor of the M.Sc. Thesis Automatic classification of urban areas using


satellite images and non-spectral information , by Jorge Rocha.

Supervisor of the Final Year Project Segmentao de Vdeo Baseada na Anlise


do Movimento, by Lus Faustino.

Supervisor of the Final Year Project Modelos 3D para Planeamento de Redes


Celulares , by M. Soares and N. Correia.

Supervisor of the Final Year Project Assinatura Digital de Imagens - II, by F.


Fonseca and N. Patrcio.

Supervisor of the Final Year Project Modelos 3D para Planeamento de Redes


Celulares - II, by M. Oliveira e N. Pinto.

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Annual Report - 2000

62

Annual Report - 2000

10.1.3.3

Radio Communications Group

Human Resources
Collaborators

Francisco Antnio Bucho Cercas

Antonio Jos Castelo Branco Rodrigues Ph.D.

Assistant Professor, IST

Amrico Manuel Carapeto Correia

Ph.D.

Associate Professor, ISCTE

Augusto Afonso de Albuquerque

Ph.D

Full Professor, ISCTE

Carlos Manuel Gutierrez S da Costa

Ph.D.

Associate Professor, ISCTE

Jorge Manuel Nunes Pereira

Ph.D.

Assistant Professor, IST

Ph.D.

Associate Professor, ISCTE

Other Collaborators

Mrio Pedro G. Marques da Silva

Ph. D. Student Marinha

Joo Pedro Eira

Ph. D. Student Grant, FCT

Alexandre Passos Almeida

Ph. D. Student ISCTE

Francisco Antnio Monteiro

M.Sc. Student

Pedro Manuel Geada Borda de gua M.Sc. Student

Joo Filipe Santos Belchior

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Nuno Alexandre Vigrio

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Hugo Miguel da Cruz Louro

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Patrcia Alexandra Freixial

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Luciano Manuel Oliveira

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Diogo Diogo

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Pedro Ao

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Ravindra Queluz Gaunencar

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Nuno Alexandre Monteiro

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Pedro Miguel Raio

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Joo Ricardo Lino

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Eva Vieira

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Diogo Nunes Sampaio Beja

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project


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Annual Report - 2000

Antnio Carlos N. R. Pacheco

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Margarida Isabel Albuquerque

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Helder Seong Chay

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Bruno Fazenda

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

David Lopes

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Joo Henrique Paulo

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Pedro Azevedo

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Pedro Teixeira

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Gonalo Crispim

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Luis Miguel Silva

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Pedro Marques

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Paulo Guerreiro

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Pedro Amaral

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Projects

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - P/EEI/10249/1998 High Processing Gain System for


Selective Noise Channels:
Objective: To conceive a new type of receiver using even balanced codes such as
TCH in order to achieve high processing gains in noisy channels such as power
lines.
Partners: Institute of Telecommunications (Lisbon) and INESC.
IT participation: The state of the art of TCH codes was presented together with a
new study of its correlation and spectral characteristics, envisaging the target
objectives of the project.

FCT - POSI/36336/CPS/2000 RESOURCE: Radio Resource Optimization in


Third Generation Mobile Systems:
Objective: To develop general planning tools for third generation mobile systems.
Partners: Institute of Telecommunications (Lisbon).
IT participation: In 2000, studies of the capacity of UMTS Radio Interface were
performed for different services with variable bit rate.

IST-1999-10440-BRAHMS Broadband Access for High Speed Multimedia via


Satellite:
Objective: To define a Broadband Satellite Access System concept which is
generic to different terminal types and access networks, providing multimedia

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Annual Report - 2000


services for fixed users. It is also based on convergence between fixed and mobile
multimedia networks.
Partners: Alcatel Space Industries, CSELT, University of Rome, Integrasys S.A.,
Mitsubishi ITE, SINTEF, France Telecom/CNET and PTI Portugal Telecom
Inovao (Aveiro).
IT participation: Contributions were presented to WG1 dealing with expected new
services and market for future BMSS (Broadband Mobile Satellite Services).

COST 252 Evolution of Satellite Personal Communications from 2nd to Future


Generation Systems (no sponsor):
Objective: Research and standardisation of satellite personal communications and
its integration with terrestrial systems for future generations.
Partners: Around 30 universities, operators and companies from all over Europe.
IT participation: In 2000 this project concluded all its activities and has prepared a
proposal for a follow on Action together with COST 253. F. Cercas acted as
leader of Working Group 3 and has contributed for the final report.

COST 255 Radiowave Propagation Modeling for New SatCom Services at KuBand and Above (no sponsor):
Objective: Research and standardisation of propagation models for new satellite
services at higher frequency bands.
Partners: Around 50 universities, operators and companies from all over Europe.
IT participation: In 2000 this project concluded all its activities and has prepared a
proposal for a follow on Action.

COST 259 Wireless Flexible Personalised Communications (no sponsor):


Objective: Research and standardisation of mobile, personal and wireless systems
and networks.
Partners: Around 80 universities, operators and companies from all over Europe.
IT participation: In 2000, contributions were presented to WG1 dealing with
technical aspects on the combination of multicarrier and CDMA techniques for
optimization of the capacity of future mobile networks. A. Rodrigues acted as a
rapporteur from COST 252 and 255 and has contributed for the final report.

COST 262 Spread Spectrum Systems and Techniques in Wireless and Wired
Communications (no sponsor):
Objective: To increase the knowledge of spread spectrum techniques and
applications for any wireless and wired system and to propose generic products
and methods for a variety of possible applications.
Partners: Around 30 universities, operators and companies from all over Europe.

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Annual Report - 2000


IT participation: Some contributions were presented in this area, namely by Ph.D.
students of this group.

Ph. D. Theses

Mrio Pedro Guerreiro Marques da Silva (supervisor: Prof. Amrico Correia),


Instituto Superior Tcnico, in preparation (subject: Software Defined Radio)

Alexandre Passos de Almeida (supervisor: Prof. Francisco Cercas), Instituto


Superior de Cincias do Trabalho e da Empresa, in preparation (subject: Improved
TCH Receiver for Wireless Communications)

Joo Pedro Barata da Eira (supervisor: Prof. Antnio Rodrigues), Instituto


Superior Tcnico, in preparation (subject: Receivers for Wideband Mobile
Systems)

M. Sc. Theses

Francisco Antnio T. B. Nunes Monteiro (supervisor: Prof. Antnio Rodrigues),


Instituto Superior Tcnico, to be concluded in 2001 (subject: Multi-h Coded
Modulation in Multipath Fading Channels)

Pedro Manuel Geada Borda de gua (supervisor: Prof. Francisco Cercas),


Instituto Superior Tcnico, to be concluded in 2001 (subject: Communications in
Power Lines Using Spread Spectrum with TCH codes)

Publications
Books and Book Chapters
F. Cercas, A. Correia et al., Third Generation Mobile Communication Systems,
Section 5.7.3 TCH Codes in CDMA, edited by R. Prasad, W. Mohr and W.
Konhauser, published by Artech House, 2000, pp. 151-153.
A. Rodrigues, Wireless flexible personalised communications, edited by L. Correia,
to be published, contribution (Section 2.1.1) for Chapter OFDM and frequency
domain techniques.

Papers in Journals
A. Correia, A. Rodrigues, F. Cercas, Frequency-Hopping versus Interference
Cancellation for TD-CDMA, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications,
Special Issue on Spread Spectrum for Global Communications, Vol. 18, n 1, January
2000, pp.42-52.

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Annual Report - 2000

Papers in Conference Proceedings


A. Correia, A. Hottinen, R. Wichman, Space-Time Transmitter Diversity Schemes
for Wideband CDMA, Proceedings of the IEEE Conference, VTC2000-Spring,
Tokyo, Japan, May 2000.
M. Silva, A. Correia, A, MAI Cancellation with Commutation Signaling,
Proceedings of the IEEE Conference, VTC2000-Spring, Tokyo, Japan, May 2000.
H. Pinto, J. Silva, A. Rodrigues, Uplink Capacity of the WCDMA FDD Mode in
UMTS Networks for mixed services, IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC
Fall 2000), Boston, EUA, 24-28 September 2000, pp. 2617-2624.
T. Brando, M. P. Queluz, A. Rodrigues, Performance improvement of spatial
watermarking through efficient non-binary channel coding, SPIE Photonics West
2001- 13th Annual Symposium on Electronic Imaging, San Jose, EUA (to be presented
on 22-25 January 2001).
P. Sebastio, F. Cercas and A. Cartaxo, Efficient Simulation Performance of TCH
Codes with 3 State Markov Model, The 4th World Multiconference on Systemics,
Cybernetics and Informatics SCI2000, Orlando, Florida, USA, July 23-26, 2000.
N. Sarmento, F. Cercas, A. Trindade, Impact of Antenna Array Geometry on the
Performance of Mobile Communication Systems - Part II, The 4th World
Multiconference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics SCI2000, Orlando,
Florida, USA, July 23-26, 2000.
M. Silva, A. Correia, Parallel Interference Cancellation with Commutation
Signaling, Proceedings of IEEE Conference, ICC2000, New Orleans, U.S.A., June
2000.
A. Correia, A. Hottinen Complex Constellations for WCDMA with Transmitter
Diversity, Proceedings of the IEEE Conference, ISSSTA2000, New Jersey, USA.
F. Monteiro, F. Cercas, Understanding Digital Communication Physical Layer, XV
Symposium Nacional de la Unon Cientfica Internacional de Radio URSI2000,
Zaragoza, Spain, September 13-15, 2000, pp. 307-308.
T. Brando, M. P. Queluz, A. Rodrigues, Improving spread spectrum based image
watermarking through non-binary channel coding, ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference
on Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, 23-24th April 2001 (accepted for
publication).
F. Monteiro, A. Rodrigues, Sub-optimum detection of coded continuous phase
modulation in radio channels, ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on
Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, 23-24th April 2001 (accepted for publication).
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Annual Report - 2000


A. Correia, Optimised Orthonormal Complex Constellations for Transmitter
Diversity, ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz,
23-24th April 2001 (accepted for publication).

Miscellaneous
Final Year Projects

Automatic Tracking System for LEO Satellites, Antnio Carlos Nunes


Rodrigues Pacheco.

Generation and Demodulation of Spread Spectrum Signals, Diogo Nunes


Sampaio Beja.

Performance of Efficient Modulation Systems for Mobile Cellular Radio, Joo


Filipe Santos Belchior.

Fixed and Dynamic Channel Allocation in GSM Networks, Hugo Miguel da


Cruz Louro and Nuno Alexandre Barbosa Vigrio (in cooperation with Telecel
Portugal).

Traffic Management Between Layers GSM 900/1800, Patrcia Alexandra


Freixial and Eva Trindade Vieira (in cooperation with TMN Portugal).

Optimization of GSM/GPRS Mobile Networks, Diogo Alexandre Bento


Rochinha Diogo and Pedro Miguel da Silva Ao (in cooperation with Siemens
Portugal and Telecel - Portugal).

Capacity Estimation of Packet-switched Services over UMTS Networks,


Luciano Manuel Moleirinho de Oliveira (in cooperation with Motorola UK).

Multiservice Performance Analysis for UMTS/IMT Systems, Margarida Isabel


Rodrigues Pinto de Albuquerque and Helder Seong Chay, (in cooperation with
Motorola UK).

Simulation of SDH Network Elements I, Pedro Teixeira and Gonalo Crispim.

Simulation of SDH Network Elements II, Paulo Guerreiro and Pedro Amaral.

Video Platform over SDH, Luis Miguel Silva and Pedro Marques.

Intelligent Network Services, Bruno Fazenda and David Lopes.

SDH Network Planning, Joo Henrique Paulo and Pedro Azevedo.

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Annual Report - 2000


Francisco Cercas

Director of the degree course in Engineering on Teleccomunications and


Informatics, ISCTE - Instituto Superior de Cincias do Trabalho e da Empresa
(Lisbon).

Workshop co-chairman and local coordinator of the Seventh International


Workshop on Digital Processing Techniques for Space Communications DSP2001, to be held on 1-3 October 2001, Sesimbra, Portugal, organized by the
European Space Agency and Instituto of Telecommunications, in co-operation
with Inmarsat and sponsored by IEEE Portugal Section.

Member of the Committee for the Ph.D. Thesis Service quality and network
efficiency of the satellite component of Universal Mobile Communications
Systems by Wolfgang Krewel and supervised by Prof. Gerard Maral, at Ecole
Nationale Suprieure des Tlcommunications de Paris (ENST), France, 31st
March 2000.

Reviewer, IEEE International Conference on Communications ICC2001, to take


place in Helsinki, June 2001.

Presenter, module for Course on Mobile Services and Networks: Coding Theory
for Application in Spread Spectrum Systems, 24th February 2000, PT Inovao,
Aveiro, Portugal.

Project evaluator, IST 2000 European Programme, Action Line IV.4.1: RealTime and Large-Scale Simulation and Visualisation Technologies, by invitation
of the European Commission, in 19-25 November 2000.

Project evaluator, IST 2000 European Programme, Action Line V.1.1: CPA1:
Extended Home Environments, by invitation of the European Commission, in 48 December 2000.

National Portuguese Delegate and WG3 leader, COST 252 project Evolution of
Satellite Personal Communications from 2nd to Future Generation Systems.

National Portuguese Delegate, COST 255 project Radiowave Propagation


Modeling for New SatCom Services at Ku-Band and Above.

Antnio Rodrigues

Review organizer and reviewer, IEEE International Conference


Communications ICC2001, to take place in Helsinki, June 2001.

Reviewer, Electronics Letters.

Reviewer, ConfTele 2001, 3rd Conference on Telecommunications.

on

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Annual Report - 2000

Presenter, module for Course on Mobile Services and Networks: Multiple Access
Techniques, February 2000, PT Inovao, Aveiro, Portugal.

National Portuguese Delegate, COST 259 project Wireless Flexible Personalised


Communications.

Consultant, ICP Instituto de Comunicaes de Portugal, regarding the


attribution of UMTS licenses.

IST DEEC representative for International Relations and Cooperation with


PALOP (African Countries with Portuguese as Official Language ) since October
2000.

Amrico Correia

Reviewer, Wireless Personal Communications, Kluwer Publ.

Reviewer, Transactions on Communications, IEEE.

Reviewer, IEEE International Conference on Communications ICC2001, to take


place in Helsinki, June 2001.

National Portuguese Delegate, COST 262 project Spread Spectrum Systems and
Techniques in Wireless and Wired Communications.

Carlos S da Costa

President of the Scientific Committee of the Department of Science and


Information Technologies, ISCTE - Instituto Superior de Cincias do Trabalho e
da Empresa.

Vice-President of the Department of Science and Information Technologies,


ISCTE.

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Annual Report - 2000

10.1.4 Optical Communications


Human Resources
Collaborators

Antnio A. Moreira

Ph. D.

Associate Professor, IST

Adolfo V. T. Cartaxo

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, IST

Joo J. O. Pires

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, IST

Other Collaborators

Jos A. P. Morgado

Ph. D. Student

Grant, AFA

Lus G. C. Cancela

Ph. D. Student

Assistant, ISCTE

Joo L. Rebola

Ph. D. Student

Grant FCT

Daniel D. Fonseca

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Ruben Soares Lus

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Eduardo Miguel Silva

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Joo Pedro Veiga

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Mrio Rui G. Leiria

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Joo J. G. Horta

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Lus M. Deslandes

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Projects

FCT - POSI/35576/CPS/2000 - Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing


Systems with Optical Dispersion Compensation (DWDM/ODC)
The project focuses on the performance analysis of dense WDM (DWDM)
systems and all-optical transport networks with optical dispersion compensation
(ODC). The work undertaken within the project in year 2000 was the development
of analytical formulation for performance evaluation of optically preamplified
receivers with arbitrary optical filters; comparison of performance in anomalous
and normal propagation regimes of dispersion supported transmission technique.

Optical Protection (internal project)


This project was concluded in 2000. Its main objective was to study and
demonstrate the possibility of realizing network functions, such as add-drop
multiplexing and protection in optical domain. During the year 2000 the add-drop
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Annual Report - 2000


multiplexer developed in previous years was used to simulate an optical ring in
order to show the protection capabilities. This ring was also used to transmit SDH
trafic and to study the relationship between the performance measured by the SDH
multiplexer and the performance measured at the optical level.

Ph. D. Theses

Jos A. P. Morgado (supervisor: Adolfo Cartaxo), Instituto Superior Tcnico,


started 1999 (subject: Limitations imposed by active devices in optical fibre
communication systems).

Luis G. C. Cancela (supervisor: Joo Pires), Instituto Superior Tcnico, started


1999 (subject: Multichannel optical networks based on hierarchical ring
topologies).

Joo L. Rebola (supervisor: Adolfo Cartaxo), Instituto Superior Tcnico, started in


2000 (subject: Wavelength division multiplexing communication systems and
networks).

Publications
Papers in Journals
A. Cartaxo, J. Morgado, Analysis of semiconductor laser frequency noise taking into
account multiple reflections in the external cavity, IEE Proceedings, Part J Optoelectronics, vol. 147, n5, pp. 335-344, October 2000.
A. Cartaxo, J. Morgado, Rigorous simulation and analysis of semiconductor laser
dynamics taking multiple reflections in the external cavity into account, accepted for
publication in Fiber and Integrated Optics.
J. Morgado, A. Cartaxo, Dispersion supported transmission technique: comparison
of performance in anomalous and normal propagation regimes, accepted for
publication in IEE Proceedings, Part J Optoelectronics.
Lus G. C. Cancela, and Joo J. Pires, "Evaluation of crosstalk requirements for large
optical space switches based on directional couplers", submitted for publication in
IEE Proceedings, Part J - Optoelectronics.

Papers in Conference Proceedings


A. Cartaxo, J. Morgado, On the steady-state stability of external-cavity
semiconductor lasers operating at the strong feedback regime, presented at
Applications of Photonic Technology 2000 - Photonics North, Quebec, Canada, June
2000.

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A. Cartaxo, J. Morgado, On the assessment of transmission performance of externalcavity semiconductor lasers, presented at Applications of Photonic Technology 2000
- Photonics North, Quebec, Canada, June 2000.
J. Morgado, A. Cartaxo, Influence of dispersion propagation regime on the
dispersion supported transmission performance, presented at Applications of
Photonic Technology 2000 - Photonics North, Quebec, Canada, June 2000.
J. Morgado, A. Cartaxo, Influence of relative intensity noise enhancement by fiber
nonlinearity on dispersion supported transmission system performance, presented at
Applications of Photonic Technology 2000 - Photonics North, Quebec, Canada, June
2000.
J. Rebola, A. Cartaxo, Optimisation of level spacing in quaternary optical
communication systems, presented at Applications of Photonic Technology 2000 Photonics North, Quebec, Canada, June 2000.
P. Sebastio, F. Cercas, A. Cartaxo, Efficient simulation performance of TCH codes
with 3 states Markov model, World Multiconference on Systemics, Cybernetics and
Informatics, ISBN: 980-07-6695-2, pp. 256-261, Orlando, Florida, E. U. A., 23-26 de
July 2000.
J. Morgado, A. Cartaxo, On the semi-analytical estimation of laser noise influence
on direct detection transmission system performance, accepted for presentation at
ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, April 2001.
J. Rebola, A. Cartaxo, On the quaternary level spacing signalling optimisation for
increasing the transmission distance in optical communication systems, accepted for
presentation at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da
Foz, April 2001.
J. Rebola, A. Cartaxo, New Gaussian approximation for the performance evalutation
of optical receivers with arbitrary optical and electrical filters, accepted for
presentation at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da
Foz, April 2001.
R. Lus, D. Fonseca, A. Cartaxo, Comparison between DWDM transmission systems
over SMF and NZDSF with 2540Gb/s signals and 50GHz channel spacing,
accepted for presenation at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications,
Figueira da Foz, April 2001.
D. Fonseca, R. Lus, A. Cartaxo, Design and performance of AWG multiplexer /
demultiplexer in DWDM systems, acceppted for presentation at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd
Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, April 2001.

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Annual Report - 2000


Lus G. C. Cancela, J. Pires, "Rigorous evaluation of crosstalk requirements for large
optical space switches based on directional couplers", accepted for presentation at
ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, April 2001.

Reports
Daniel Diogo Fonseca and Ruben Soares, Estudo de realizabilidade de sistemas de
transmisso ptica multi-canal com modulao externa de capacidade 1Tbit/s,
Report of Final Year Project at IST (supervisor: A. Cartaxo).
Eduardo Miguel da Silva and Joo Pedro Veiga Sistemas de transmisso ptica
multi-canal de capacidade 1Tbit/s utilizando transmisso suportada na disperso,
Report of Final Year Project at IST (supervisor: A. Cartaxo).
Joo J. G. Horta and Lus M. Deslandes, "Analysis and simulation of an WDM optical
network with optical protection," Report of Final Year Project at IST (supervisor J.
Pires).

Miscellaneous

A. Cartaxo, reviewer for IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology, IEEE


Photonics Technology Letters, IEE Proceedings Part J - Optoelectronics,
Electronics Letters and SPIE Optical Engineering

A. Cartaxo, technical evaluator of European projects for the Information Society


Technologies program by invitation of Comission of European Communities.

J. Pires, reviewer for IEEE /OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology.

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10.1.5 Electronic and Opto-electronic Components


Human Resources
Collaborators

Artur Lopes Ribeiro

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, IST

Jorge Torres Pereira

Ph. D.

Associate Professor, IST

Carlos Ferreira Fernandes

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, IST

Other Collaborators

Paulo Santos Almeida

M. Sc. Student

Grant, FCT

Francisco Balanca

Lic. Studente

IST, Final Year Project

Tnia Santos

Lic. Studente

IST, Final Year Project

Vtor Cardoso

Lic. Studente

IST, Final Year Project

Projects

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - 2/2.1/TIT/1591/95 - Simulation and Characterisation of


Electrical and Optoelectronic Components:
Development of a Transfer Matrix method to model the laser structures with
several discontinuities in the longitudinal direction in the high-level injection
regime.
Development of modelling tools to analyse the multi-mode waveguide structures
to be used in the MMI devices.
Development of the modelling tool previously used to study the time-domain
behaviour of DFB lasers to preview the bandwidth correlation with structure and
working parameters.

M. Sc. Theses

Paulo Santos Almeida (supervisor: Artur Lopes Ribeiro), Instituto Superior


Tcnico, submitted in 2000 (subject: Design of Multi-Mode Interference
Components).

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Annual Report - 2000

Publications
Papers in Journals
C. Ferreira Fernandes, "Hole-Burning Corrections in the Stationary Analysis of DFB
Laser Diodes", Materials Science & Engineering B - Solid State Materials for
Advanced Technology, vol. B74/1-3, pp.75-79, May 2000.
C. Ferreira Fernandes, "Impact of Structural Changes in the Corrugation on the DFB
laser characteristics", Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, Vol. 25, N.5,
pp.352-355, 2000.
J. M. Torres Pereira, "Self-Heating Effects at CW Operation of MQW Long
Wavelength Lasers", Materials Science & Engineering B - Solid State Materials for
Advanced Technology, vol. B74/1-3, pp.84-88, May 2000.

Papers in Conference Proceedings


C. Ferreira Fernandes, "Mode Selectivity in Bulk and Quantum Well DFB Lasers",
SBMO-IX Simpsio Brasileiro de Microondas e Optoelectrnica Proceedings - Joo
Pessoa , Brazil, pp.580-583, August 2000.
C. Ferreira Fernandes, "Above-Threshold Analysis of Modified Laser Structures",
EPNC'2000 - XVI Symposium of Electromagnetic Phenomena in Nonlinear Circuits
Proceedings, pp.175-178, September 2000.
J. M. Torres Pereira, "The Effect of the Current Pulse Shape on the Transient
Response of 1.3 m MQW Lasers", SBMO-IX Simpsio Brasileiro de Microondas e
Optoelectrnica Proceedings - Joo Pessoa , Brazil, pp.576-579, August 2000.
J. M. Torres Pereira, "Large-Signal Modulation of MQW Long-Wavelength Lasers",
EPNC'2000 - XVI Symposium of Electromagnetic Phenomena in Nonlinear Circuits
Proceedings, pp.171-174, September 2000.
A. Lopes Ribeiro, "Two-Dimensional Hysteresis Modelling and Loss Evaluation in
Magnetic Circuits", International Conference on Magnetism 2000 - Recife, Brazil,
p.253, August 2000.
Jorge Manuel Torres Pereira, "The Influence of the Input Signal Shape on the LargeSignal Modulation Response of InGaAsP Quantum Well Lasers", accepted for
publication in ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da
Foz, Portugal, April 2001.

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C. F. Fernandes, "Threshold and Above-Threshold Performance of Various
Distributed Feedback Laser Diodes", accepted for publication in ConfTele 2001 - 3rd
Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, Portugal, April 2001.

Miscellaneous

C. Ferreira Fernandes - Work on DFB laser diodes using the Transfer Matrix
Method (TMM). Extension to the analysis of different structures, such as the
quantum well (QW) lasers, or in the longitudinal direction, such as the DBR
lasers.

J. Torres Pereira - Work on the laser dynamics namely, Pulse Code Modulation
(PCM) of multiple-quantum-well (MQW) lasers of the Fabry-Perot type.

A. Lopes Ribeiro - Work on Multi-Mode-Interference (MMI) devices, with


special attention to the MMI devices working as directional couplers, dividers and
combiners.

Jorge Torres Pereira, reviwer for IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices.

Artur Lopes Ribeiro, reviewer for International Conference on Magnetism,


Recife-Brazil, 2000.

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10.1.6 Power Systems


Human Resources
Collaborators

Mrio Lana

Ph. D.

Full Professor, IST

M. I. Castro Simas

Ph. D.

Associate Professor, IST

M. Beatriz Vieira Borges

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor

A. Victor Anunciada
leader)

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor (group

Other Collaborators

Antnio Pedro Casimiro

Ph.D. Student

Grant, PRAXIS XXI

Pedro Santos

Ph.D. Student

Assistant IPPE

Stanimir Valtchev

Ph.D. Student

Assistant, ISTransp.

Saulo Finco

Ph.D.

Senior Researcher, ITI

Joo Pedro Beirante

MSc. Student

Assistant, ESTI

Raul Domingos Monteiro

MSc. Student

Assistant, IPT

Floriberto Lima

MSc. Student

Assistant, IST

Francisco Nunes

MSc. Student

Assistant, IPT

Marco Teixeira

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Rui Santos

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Pedro Santos

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Armando Dmaso

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Jos Silva

Lic.

Project Engineer

Projects

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - 2/2.1/TIT/1655/95 - Integrated Circuits for High Efficiency


Power Conversion, Using CMOS Technologies, Based on NMOS Devices
A new methodology was developed which enables important improvements in
Smart Power designs using arrays based on a unique NMOS cell type in matrix
arrangements suitable to implement generic functions required by power control
blocks. This design procedure enables low cost semicustom designs and new ICs
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configuration strategies of easy industrial implementation towards Smart Power
using standard CMOS technologies, in order to: (a) provide cell libraries of
programmable matrix arrangements based on NMOS structures, to implement the
required functions towards power conversion and power amplification, by means
of convenient metal layers interconnections; (b) provide circuit topologies, that
implement required functions, handling high voltages, to control, drive, sense and
protect devices, resorting, exclusively, to NMOS structures; (c) optimise LDSD
and LDD NMOS transistors, increasing breakdown voltage up to 50V, using a
submicron standard CMOS technology, through the use of new devices (GSLDD
and GSLDSD); (d) decrease significantly low series production cost; (e) reduce
turn-around production cycle; and (f) enable the reuse of functional blocks. The
same methodology can also be applied to sophisticated Smart Power technologies,
for fast prototyping. National and International patents are pending.

FCT - PRAXIS XXI P/EEI/12026/1998 - High Frequency Soft Switching


Converters
Study and development, theoretical analysis and simulation of the Zero Voltage
Switching DC-DC converter. Simulation of alternative energy storage topologies:
saturable inductor, inductor with energy recover to the supply, two winding
inductor with energy recover to the load. Development and optimization of a new
topology that uses an LC snubber in order to optimize the ZVS range of operation
while increasing the duty cycle. This new topology showed to present better
performance in terms of effective duty cycle and ZVS range, however presenting
a small increase in the switches conduction losses. Development, analysis,
simulation and prototype realization of a new topology for a power factor
corrector based in a two stage flyback converter. Development, analysis,
simulation and prototype realization of a new concept for soft switching, based on
supply interruption. This concept was introduced in a one phase inverter for
electrical machine drive.

FCT - POCTI/1999/ESE/34424 - Mask-Configurable Intelligent Power Integrated


Circuits - Applications
Generation of pre-processed Intelligent Power Integrated Circuits (IPICs) to be
configured using only top metal masks. To promote conditions to design
mask-configurable IPICs, resorting to low cost equipment. Development of new
strategies for Smart Power fast-prototyping for new industrial products
implementation, namely, for modern mobile communications systems, medical
equipments, robotics, toys and automotives (M. I. Castro Simas). To start January
2001.

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Annual Report - 2000

ADAFO Distributed supply for optical links in remote areas, sponsored by


Portugal Telecom Inovao SA
Development of a 400VDC supply link with independent connections to the
mains network and local conversion to 48VDC. Link design with cable
optimization, design of the AC-DC, 1kW conversion equipment and DC-DC 48V
50W power supplies.

Ph. D. Theses

Saulo Finco (supervisor: M. I. Castro Simas), Universidade Estadual de


Campinas, concluded in 2000 (subject: Cost Effective Smart Power ICs).

Antnio Pedro Padez Casimiro (supervisor: M. I. Castro Simas), Instituto Superior


Tcnico, to be concluded in 2001 (subject: Cost Effective Smart Power ICs).

Pedro Nuno Mendona dos Santos (supervisor: M. I. Castro Simas), Instituto


Superior Tcnico, to be concluded in 2002 (subject: Power Switching Cells
towards Smart Power ICs).

Stanimir Valtchev (supervisor: M. B. Vieira Borges), Instituto Superior Tcnico,


started in 2000, (subject: Resonant Converters for Contactless Energy
Transmission).

M. Sc. Theses

Ral Domingos Monteiro (supervisor: A. V. Anunciada), Instituto Superior


Tcnico,concluded in 2000 (subject: Soft Switching by Supply Interrupt).

Floriberto Lima (supervisor: A. V. Anunciada), Instituto Superior Tcnico, to be


concluded in 2001 (subject: Active Power Filters).

Joo Pedro Ruivo Beirante (supervisor: M. B. Vieira Borges), Instituto Superior


Tcnico, to be concluded in 2001 (subject: Zero Voltage Switching Conversion
Optimization Techniques).

Publications
Papers in Journals
P. Santos, A. P. Casimiro, M. Lana and M. I. Castro Simas, "CMOS Compatible HV
Gate-Shifted LDD-NMOS", IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, to be published
in May 2001.

Papers in Conference Proceedings


A. P. Casimiro, S. Finco, P. Tavares, F. Behrens and M. I. Castro Simas, "Integration
Strategies for Smart Power Fast Prototyping", in CD Proceedings of IEEE Industry
Applications Society Annual Meeting, IAS2000, Rome, Italy, October 2000.
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Beatriz V. Borges and A. V. Anunciada, A New Single-Phase Power Factor
Correction Converter, in Procc. of Applied Power Electronics Conference,
APEC00, vol.1, pag. 182 187, New Orleans, USA February 2000.
Beatriz V. Borges and J. P. Beirante, Full Bridge Zero Voltage Switched Phase
Shifted DC-DC Converter with Enlarged Duty Cycle and ZVS Range, in Procc. of
the 9th International Conference on Power Electronics and Motion Control EPE PEMC00, vol.2, pag.2.1 - 2.6, Kosice, Eslovquia September 2000.
Floriberto Lima and Victor Anunciada, Novel Uninterruptible Power Supply Using
High Frequency ZVS Cycloconverters, IEEE International Symposium on Industrial
Electronics, ISIE 2000, Cholula, Mexico

Miscellaneous
Other lines of Research

CoolMOS - Modelling and Characterization (M. I. Castro Simas).

MOS reliability parameters, modelling and characterization (P. Santos, M. I.


Castro Simas)

Resonant converters for contactless energy transmission (Stanimir Valtchev, M.


B. Vieira Borges)

Active Power Filters (Victor Anunciada, Raul Monteiro, Floriberto Lima)

Other technical activities

M. I. Castro Simas -Delegate to CYTED Microelectronics, responsible for the


submission of a new sub-program proposal Analog ICs and Smart Power.

M. I. Castro Simas -Delegate to the European Working Group, of IEEE, IAS,


Industrial Power Converter Subcommittee and Power Electronic Devices and
Components Subcommittee.

M. I. Castro Simas -Reviewer for Trans. on Power Electronics and Trans. on


Electron Devices;

M. I. Castro Simas -Referee for Evaluation of Merits of Olav Thorsen and


Magnus Dalva for Academic Promotion to Professor requested by NTNU,
Norwegian Technical University, Trondheim, Norway.

Victor Anunciada - Reviewer for Trans. on Industrial Electronics ;

Victor Anunciada - Referee for Power Electronics Specialists Conference ;

Victor Anunciada - Referee for Prmio Inovao Jovem Engenheiro 2000

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Annual Report - 2000


Patent Requests

National: PTR n. 102297 - Dispositivos para Circuitos Integrados Inteligentes de


Potncia - Aplicaes", M. I. Castro Simas, Saulo Finco, A. P. Casimiro, P.
Santos, Frank Behrens e Carlos I. Z. Mammana.

International via PCT: PCT/PT00/00003: "Mask Configurable Smart Power


Circuits Applications and Devices", M. I. Castro Simas, Saulo Finco, A. P.
Casimiro, P. Santos, Frank Behrens e Carlos I. Z. Mammana.

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Annual Report - 2000

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Annual Report - 2000

10.1.7 Networks and Multimedia Communications


Human Resources
Collaborators

Jos Manuel. Brzio

Ph. D.

Associate Professor, IST

Carlos Alberto Belo

Ph. D.

Associate Professor, IST

Joo Lus Sobrinho

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, IST

Antnio Carlos Almeida

M. Sc.

Assistant, IST

Other Collaborators

Daniel Zaragoza

Ph. D. Student

Assistant, EST Setbal

Kindoki Kimanima

M.Sc. Student

Grant, Bartolomeu Dias

Nuno Miguel Ribeiro

MSc Student

Assistant, I.P. Setbal

Joo Silva

B. Sc. Student

Grant, Teleconsulta

Pedro Alonso

B. Sc. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Joo Neves

B. Sc. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Projects

Multiservice Traffic Modeling


In this project were studied models for multiservice multirate traffic and models
for multicomponent calls and their application in the study of QoS support in
multiservice networks.

Platform for Universal Access to Applications in a University Campus


Environment
In this project was completed the definition of the architecture of a system for
allowing users of portable computers universal access to the applications found in
a University campus environment. The definition of an appropriate middleware
platform for such system and the development of key modules was done. This
project led to an M. Sc. Thesis, and was concluded in 2000.

Quality-of-Service over Packet Networks


In this project, routing algorithms for Quality-of-Service (QoS) provision in
packet-switched networks were investigated. A generic characterization of the
QoS paths for which hop-by-hop routing is possible and for which a generalized

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Annual Report - 2000


Dijkstras algorithm correctly computes optimal paths has been found. The
characterization is given in terms of an algebra of link and path weights that
satisfy certain properties. The work in this project gives a contribution to
fundamental research on QoS routing, but it also has an application in and was,
in fact, motivated by todays Internet routing architecture, which uses hop-byhop routing and where one of its routing protocols, OSPF, computes paths with
Dijkstras algorithm.

Teleconsulta em Neurologia
This project is a national follow up of the EC funded European Neurological
Network project (ENN Telematics programme). This project provided support
and maintenance to the teleconsultation systems deployed in the Lisbon area by
the ENN project.

Traffic and Congestion Control in Multimedia Networks


This project developed activity in the study of congestion control mechanisms for
packet networks using router rate control stateless algorithms. In the project was
also included work on the study of the behaviour of waiting queues with ON-OFF
input traffic.

Ph. D. Theses

Antnio Carlos Almeida (supervisor: Carlos Alberto Belo), Instituto Superior


Tcnico, to be concluded in 2001 (subject: Quality of Service and Traffic Control
in Multimedia Networks).

Daniel Zaragoza (supervisor: Carlos Alberto Belo), Instituto Superior Tcnico,


first year (subject: Traffic Models in Multimedia Communications).

M. Sc. Theses

Nuno Miguel Ribeiro (supervisor: Jos Manuel. Brzio), Instituto Superior


Tcnico, submitted in 2000 (subject: A Platform for Universal Access to
Applications in a University Campus Environment).

Kindoki Kimanima (supervisor: Carlos Alberto Belo), Instituto Superior Tcnico,


to be concluded in 2001 (subject: Dynamic Multilink Connections for Point-toPoint Communications).

Publications
Papers in Journals
F. Velez. L. Correia, J. Brzio, "Frequency Reuse and System Capacity in Mobile
Broadband Systems: Comparison between the 40 and 60 GHz Bands," accepted for
publication in Wireless Personal Communications, Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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Annual Report - 2000

Papers in Conference Proceedings


A. Almeida, C. Belo, Source rate encoding mechanisms for binary congestion
control, 8th IFIP Workshop on Performance Modelling and Evaluation of ATM & IP
Networks, Ilkley, UK, Jul. 2000.
Y. Luo, R. Galli, D. Sanchez, A. Bennassar, A. Almeida, M. Dias, A Cooperative
Architecture Design System via Communication Network, in Proc. 8th International
Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering, Stanford, CA, USA,
Aug, 1417, 2000.
A. Almeida, C. Belo, A proposal for binary congestion control with rate-based
sources and stateless routers, in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Networks,
Singapore, Sep. 2000.
N. Ribeiro, J. Brzio, "Campus Personal Computing: Uses, Evolution, and new
Perspectives," to appear in Proc. ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on
Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, Portugal, April 2001.
J. L Sobrinho, Algebra and Algorithms for QoS Path Computation and Hop-by-Hop
Routing in the Internet, to appear in Proc. INFOCOM2001, Anchorage, Alaska,
April 2001.
D. Zaragoza, C. Belo, Queue behaviour with ON-OFF input processes: an intuitive
approach, to appear in Proc. ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on
Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, Portugal, April 2001.

Miscellaneous

Jos Brzio: National Delegate, Management Committee of COST Action 257,


"Impact of new Services on the Design and Performance of Broadband
Networks"; proposer of COST Action 279, "Analysis and Design of Advanced
Multiservice Networks supporting Mobility, Multimedia, and Internetworking";
referee for IEE Electronic Letters.

Carlos Belo: National Delegate, Management Committee of COST Action 257.

Patents

S. Krishnakumar, J. L. Sobrinho, "A wireless LAN distributed access procedure


providing priority for voice transmissions," U.S. Patent Number 6,014,087, issued
on January 2000.

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Annual Report - 2000

10.1.8 Technology and Materials


Human Resources
Collaborators

L. Alccer

Ph.D.

Full Professor, IST

R. T. Henriques

Ph.D.

Associate Professor IST

J. M. F. Morgado

Ph.D.

Assistant Professor IST

Other Collaborators

Manuel Matos

Ph.D. Student

ISEL

Nunzio Barbagallo

Ph.D. Student

Grant, Univ. Bologna

A. C. Ribeiro

Ph.D. Student

Grant, PRAXIS XXI

Ana Charas

Ph.D. Student

Grant, PRAXIS XXI

Projects

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - 3/3.1/MMA/1792/95 - POLYMER LED ACTIVE MATRIX


Polymer LEDs of the ITO/PPV/M (M=Al) type were fabricated on glass
substrates and their characteristics were measured. An amorphous silicon thin film
transistor array was fabricated to be used as the active element of a polymer LED
active matrix.

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - 3/3.1b./SENSION - Development of a reference


microlelectrode.
A reference electrode using a polymer gel reference electrolyte is being developed
in two diferent configurations for use in pH sensors for medical applications. A
bulk electrolyte filling the catheter tube where the reference electrode is
immersed, and a film covering the reference interface.

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - PCEX/C/QUI/82/96 - Thin film p-n junctions based on


electroactive polymers:
Thin film p-n junctions were prepared from blends of PPV (poly(p-phenylenevinylene) and poly(ethylene-oxide) doped with lithium salts and their physical
characteristics were studied.

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Annual Report - 2000

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - P/EEI/12053/1998 - CMOS Multivariable Environmental


MOnitoring Sensor
The project involves investigation of humidity sensing materials and the design
and fabrication of a novel, low-cost, compact, wide-range humidity and
temperature sensing device for house, building and industrial climate control.

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - 2/2.1/QUI/203/94 - Charge Transfer Solids. From


Transition Metal Dichalcogenates to Synthetic Metals.
The work done under this project consisted on the detailed study of the electric
and magnetic properties of charge transfer complexes containing transition metal
bis-dithio(seleno)lenes.

Contract Ministry of Industry (PEDIP) - ECOCLIMAT


The goal is to develop a capacitive humidity sensor and a temperature sensor
together with signal conditioning and interface circuitry to be manufactured by
CMOS (Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor) technology.

JOE3-CT97-0049(DG12-WSMN) - Development on Low Temperature Fuell Cell


with methanol as a fuell option
Our activities in this project, during 1998 consisted on the synthesis of new
polymers for the proton exchange membranes of fuell cell prototypes.

Ph. D. Theses

Antonieta Caneco Ribeiro (supervisor: L. Alcacer); Instituto Superior Tecnico.


Started in 1998; (subject: Development of Reference Microlelectrodes for
Microsensors).

Ana Maria Matos Charas (supervisor: L. Alcacer; co-supervisor: J. Morgado);


Instituto Superior Tecnico. Started in 1998; (subject: Synthesis and
Characterization of new Soluble Conjugated Polymers for LEDs).

Nunzio Barbagallo (supervisor: L. Alcacer; co-supervisor: J. Morgado); Instituto


Superior Tecnico.Started in 1998; (subject: Polymer LED active matrices).

Publications
Books and Book Chapters
Polmeros Condutores (Conducting Polymers), in portuguese, Jorge Morgado and
Lus Alccer, in Os Materiais nos Anos 2000, edited by P. J. Ferreira and M.
Amaral Fortes, IST Press; in press.

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Annual Report - 2000

Papers in Journals
Synthesis of Porphyrin-PPV copolymers for Application in LEDs., R. Iqbal, G.
Yahioglu, L. R. Milgrom, S. C. Moratti, A. B. Holmes, F. Cacialli, J. Morgado and R.
H. Friend,Journal of Materials Science.: Materials In Electronics 11, 97-103 (2000).
Electrochemical and electroluminescent properties of random copolymers of
fluorine- and alkoxy-substituted poly (p-phenylene vinylene)s, R. Riehn, J. Morgado,
R. Iqbal, S. C. Moratti, A. B. Holmes, S. Volta and F. Cacialli, Macromolecules 33,
3337 (2000).
Environmental aging of poly(p-phenylene vinylene) based light-emitting diodes, J.
Morgado, R. H. Friend and F. Cacialli, Synth. Met. 114, 189 (2000).
Tuning the red emission of a soluble poly(p-phenylene vinylene) upon grafting of
porphyrin side groups, J. Morgado, F. Cacialli, R. H. Friend, R. Iqbal, G. Yahioglu,
L. R. Milgrom, S. C. Moratti and A. B. Holmes, Chem. Phys. Lett. 325, 552 (2000).
Frster energy transfer and control of the luminescence in blends of an orangeemitting poly (p-phenylene vinylene) and a red-emitting tetraphenylporphyrin, J.
Morgado, F. Cacialli, R. Iqbal, S. C. Moratti, A. B. Holmes, G. Yahioglu, L. R.
Milgrom and R. H. Friend, Journal of Materials Chemistry, in press.
J. Costa Pessoa, I. Cavaco, I. Correia, D. Costa, R. T. Henriques & R. D. Gillard,
Preparation and characterisation of new oxovanadium(IV) Schiff base complexes
derived from salicyldaldehyde and simple dipeptidesInorganica Chimica Acta, 305,
7-13 (2000).
D. Belo, H. Alves, E. B. Lopes, V. Gama, R. T. Henriques, M. T. Duarte, M.
Almeida, A. Perez-Benitez, C. Rovira & J. Veciana, New dithiothiophene complexes
for conducting and magnetic materials; Synthetic Metals, in press.
D. Belo, H. Alves, E. B. Lopes, M. T. Duarte, V. Gama, R. T. Henriques, M.
Almeida, A. Perez-Benitez, C. Rovira & J. Veciana, Gold Complexes with
dithiothiophene ligands; A metal based on a neutral molecule. Chemistry: A
European Journals, in press.

Papers in Conference Proceedings


Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells Based on Poly(p-Phenylene Vinylene)
Copolymers With Ion Transporting Side Groups, J. Morgado, R.H. Friend, F.
Cacialli, B.S. Chuah, H. Rost, D.-H. Hwang, S.C. Moratti and A.B. Holmes, E-MRSSpring Meeting, Estrasburgo, Frana, May 30-June 2, 2000, Synthetic Metals, in the
press.

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Annual Report - 2000


Synthesis and Optical Properties of Poly(Fluorene)-Based Alternating Copolymers,
A. Charas, N. Barbagallo, J. Morgado and L. Alccer, E-MRS-Spring Meeting,
Estrasburgo, Frana, May 30-June 2, 2000, Synthetic Metals, in the press.
Alteration of the Photo and Electroluminescent Properties of Poly(p-Phenylene
Vinylene) upon Addition of Indium Chloride, J. Morgado, D.S. Thomas, R.H. Friend
and F. Cacialli, E-MRS-Spring Meeting, Estrasburgo, Frana, May 30-June 2, 2000,
Synthetic Metals, in the press.
Optical and Morphological Investigations of Non-Homogeneity in PolyFluorene
Blends, J. Morgado, R.H. Friend, F. Cacialli, E. Moons, E-MRS-Spring Meeting,
Estrasburgo, Frana, May 30-June 2, 2000, Synthetic Metals, in the press.
Luminescence Properties of a PPV-based Statistical Copolymer with Glyme-like
Side Groups, J. Morgado, F. Cacialli, R.H. Friend, B.S. Chuah, H. Rost, S.C. Moratti
and A.B. Holmes, International Conference on Science and Technology of Synthetic
Metals - ICSM 2000, Gastein, Austria, 15-21 de Julho 2000, Synthetic Metals, in the
press.
Electrical Characterisation of PN Junctions of PPV and Silicon, P. Stallinga, A.
Charas, J. Morgado, H.L. Gomes and L. Alccer, International Conference on Science
and Technology of Synthetic Metals - ICSM 2000, Gastein, Austria, 15-21 de Julho
2000, Synthetic Metals, in the press.
Light-emitting electrochemical cells based on PPV derivatives; J. Morgado;
Meeting do Workgroup3 (WG3)- Functional Polymers, COST ACTION 518, Milo,
Itlia, 19-20 de Fevereiro de 2000.
Light- Emitting Diodes Based on Polymer Blends. Influence of Phase Separation.,
J. Morgado, E. Moons, R.H. Friend and F. Cacialli, General Workshop - COST
ACTION 518 - Molecular Materials and Functional Polymers for Advanced
Devices, Patras, Greece, 22-25 de Junho, 2000.
Luminescent Probes of Solid State Demixing of Conjugated Polymer Blends
Induced by Contact with a Non-Solvent, J. Morgado, E. Moons, R.H. Friend and F.
Cacialli , International Conference on Science and Technology of Synthetic Metals ICSM 2000, Gastein, Austria, 15-21 de Julho 2000.
Physical Processes in Polymer Based Light-Emitting Diodes, Jorge Morgado,
Workshop on Electronic and Magnetic Properties of Low-Dimensional Materials,
vora, 13-16 September, 2000.

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Nanotechnology in Microsystems, L. Alccer and J. Morgado, The First PortugalChina Workshop on Solid-State Circuits, Shanghai, FuDan University, P.R.China,
October 25-27, 2000.
Solid State Demixing of Polymer Blends by Contact with a Non-Solvent, J.
Morgado, R.H. Friend, E. Moons and F. Cacialli, MRS Fall Meeting, Boston,
November 27-30, 2000.
Synthesis and Characterisation of Alternating Copolymers Based on 9,9-(Di(2Ethylhexyl) Fluorene, A. Charas, N. Barbagallo, J. Morgado and L. Alccer, General
Workshop Action Cost 518 - Molecular Materials and Functional Polymers for
Advanced Devices, Patras, Greece, 22-25 de Junho, 2000.
Light-emitting Devices based on Poly(p-phenylene vinylene) Derivatives with IonCoordinating Side Groups, J. Morgado, F. Cacialli, R. H. Friend, B.S. Chuah, S.C.
Moratti and A. B. Holmes, Gordon Research Conference on Electronic Processes in
Organic Materials, Salve Regina University, Newport, Rhode Island, EUA, July 30 August 4, 2000.
Evidencing Phase Separation in Polymer Blends by Means of Photo- and
Electroluminescence Studies, J. Morgado, E. Moons, R. H. Friend and F. Cacialli,
XXV European Congress on Molecular Spectroscopy - EUCMOS XXV, Coimbra, 27
August-1 September, 2000.
Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Radical Ion Salts Derived from Multisulfur
TTF Derivatives and [M(mnt)2] (M=Au, Ni, Pt, Fe, Co) Anions, C. Rovira, E.
Ribera, A. Prez-Bentz, J. Vidal-Gancedo, S. Le Moustarder, E. Mollins, I. Mata, R.
Rousseau, E. canadell, J. Veciana, J. Morgado, R. Henriques, M. Almeida, J.-P.
Schoeffel, J.-P. Pouget, D. Arcon, A. Lappas, S. Margadonna and K. Prassides,
Workshop on Molecular Conductors and Magnets (Cost D14 Action-Molecular
Functional Materials), Lisboa, October 19-21, 2000.
The Use of Complementary Scanning Probe Microscopies for the Study of
Electroluminescent Polyfluorene Composites, R. Stevenson, R. G. Milner, D.
Richards, J. Morgado, E. Moons, D.-J. Kang, M. Blamire and F. Cacialli, Condensed
Matter and Materials Physics Conference 2000, University of Bristol, UK, December
19-21, 2000.

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93

Annual Report - 2000

10.1.9 Instrumentation and Measurement


Human Resources
Collaborators

Pedro Manuel Brito da Silva Giro

Ph.D.

Associate Professor, IST

Antnio Manuel da Cruz Serra

Ph.D.

Associate Professor, IST

Helena Maria dos S. Geirinhas Ramos

Ph.D.

Assistant Professor, IST

Francisco Andr Corra Alegria

M. Sc.

Assistant, IST

Maria da Conceio F. L. M. C. Macedo

M. Sc.

Assistant, IST

Raul Daniel Lavado Carneiro Martins

M. Sc.

Assistant, IST

Manuel Jos Freire Fonseca da Silva

B. Sc.

Assistant, IST

Other Collaborators

Jos Miguel Costa Dias Pereira

Ph. D.

Coordinator Prof., IP Setubal

Octavian Adrian Postolache

Ph. D.

Researcher, FCT Grant

Mouhaydine Tlemani

Ph. D. Student

Assistant, U. vora

Paulo Jorge Maia dos Santos

M. Sc. Student

Assistant, U. Algarve

Jos Fernando M. L. Mariano

M. Sc. Student

Assistant, U. Algarve

Mrio Jorge S. Couto Alves

M. Sc. Student

Assistent, IP Setbal;

Joaquim Rodrigues Caseiro

M. Sc. Student

Grant, IT

Pedro Miguel Pinelo Cruz

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Daniela M. S. Campos

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Telmo Edgar da Costa Cabrita

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Pedro Miguel do Carmo Russo

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Nuno Filipe Fontes Morgadinho Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Pedro Miguel A. F. da Silva

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

Vitor Manuel Pires Brs

Lic. Student

IST, Final Year Project

94

Annual Report - 2000

Projects

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - P/EEI/13170/1998 - Analog to Digital Converters Testing


New testing methods for the dynamic characterisation of Analog to Digital
Converters were developed. Time domain (sine-fitting), frequency domain (FFT)
and statistical domain (histogram test) were considered. A special attention was
given to the use of Gaussian noise as the stimulus signal of the histogram test.
Experimental test beds for ADC testing were designed and fabricated. Simulation
tools and prototypes were developed in order to compare theoretical and
experimental results for the different methods.

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - 2/2.1/TIT/1591/95 SCCEO: Simulation and


Characterisation of Electronic and Optoelectronic Devices
During this final year of the project, a computer vision system applied to the
automatic calibration of analog and digital measuring instruments was finished.
The development of new static measurement method for analog to digital
converters testing was concluded. Numerical simulation and experimental
validation were carried out.

FCT - PCTI/ESE/32698/1999 - New Measurement Methods in Analog to Digital


Converters Testing
A new testing method, developed within this project, based on the use of small
triangular waves superimposed to a variable DC level, proved to substitute with
great advantage the traditional static test of Analog to Digital Converters (ADCs).
The work is now in a pre-normative phase and it will be tested in the near future
in different reference Metrological Institutions in Europe and USA. An automatic
measurement procedure was developed for this purpose.

FCT - PNAT/1999/EEI/15052/P - Global Monitoring Based on Smart Sensors for


the Environment Quality
During the first month of work in this new project, sensors to be used for the
evaluation of the quality of the water at Tejo estuary were tested in different
environmental conditions.

EUPAS - EUropean Project for ADC-based devices Standardization


During 2000, the work was focused in the improvement of the European rules
concerning the test methods for analog-to-digital converters and sample-and-hold
circuits, with emphasis on their dynamic behaviour. The effect of EMI in ADC
testing was studied.

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Annual Report - 2000

Calibration and Test - Contract with the Lab. of Metrology CET-TELECOM


Lisboa.
Automatic HF calibration systems based on PC and calibrators were implemented.

ICCTI bilateral action IST/UEM 2000


During 2000, the work within this project was focus on the assignment of an
Automatic Instrumentation Laboratory at the Electrical Engineering Faculty of
Universidade Eduardo Mondlane in Mozambique.

Ph. D. Theses

Manuel Jos Freire Fonseca da Silva (supervisor: Antnio M. C. Serra), Instituto


Superior Tcnico, in preparation (subject: Impedance measurement system based
in self-adjusted bridges).

Francisco Andr Corra Alegria (supervisor: Antnio M. C. Serra), Instituto


Superior Tcnico, in preparation (subject: Uncertainty analysis of the results
obtained by the Histogram Method in ADC testing).

Mouhaydine Tlemani (supervisor: Antnio M. C. Serra), Instituto Superior


Tcnico, in preparation (subject: Simulation characterisation and error correction
in Analog to Digital Converters).

Maria da Conceio Falco Lbano Monteiro Costa Macedo (supervisor: Antnio


M. C. Serra), Instituto Superior Tcnico, in preparation (subject: Comparation of
existing ADC standards and development of new testing techniques).

Raul Daniel Lavado Carneiro Martins (supervisor: Antnio M. C. Serra), Instituto


Superior Tcnico, in preparation (subject: Dynamic characterisation of ADCs by
using gaussian noise as the stimulus signal).

M. Sc. Theses

Paulo Jorge Maia dos Santos (supervisor: Pedro M.S. Giro), Instituto Superior
Tcnico, concluded in 2000 (subject: Telemetric System for Water Quality
Monitoring).

Jos Fernando Morais Lopes Mariano (supervisor: Helena M. G. Ramos), Instituto


Superior Tcnico, in preparation (subject: Modelling of analog to digital
converters).

Joaquim Rodrigues Caseiro (supervisor: Antnio M. C. Serra), Instituto Superior


Tcnico, in preparation (subject: Calibration of HF measuring instruments).

96

Annual Report - 2000

Publications
Papers in Journals
J. Brando Faria, Octavian Postolache, J. Dias Pereira and P. Silva Giro, "
Automated Characterization of a Bifurcated Optical Fiber Bundle Displacement
Sensor Taking into Account Reflector Tilting Effects", Microwave and Optical
Technology Letters, Volume 26, Number 4, pp. 242-247, August 2000.
J. M. D. Pereira, O. Postolache, P. M. B. S. Giro and M. Cretu, Minimizing
Temperature Drift Errors of Conditioning Circuits Using Artificial Neural Networks,
IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. 49, N 5, pp. 11221127, October 2000.
F. Alegria, A. Cruz Serra, " Automatic Calibration of Analog and Digital Measuring
Instruments Using Computer Vision ", IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and
Measurement vol. 49, n. 1, pp. 94-99, February 2000.
R. Martins, A. Cruz Serra, "ADC characterization by using the histogram test
stimulated by Gaussian noise Theory and experimental results", Measurement,
Elsevier Science B. V., vol. 27, n. 4, pp. 291-300, June 2000.
A. Cruz Serra, "A new measurement method for the static test of ADCs ", Journal of
Computer Standards & Interfaces, Elsevier Science B. V., vol. 22, n. 2, pp. 149-156,
June 2000.
F. Alegria, A. Cruz Serra, "Computer vision applied to the automatic calibration of
measuring instruments", Measurement, Elsevier Science B. V., vol. 28, n. 3, pp. 185195, October 2000.
R. Martins, A. Cruz Serra, " ADC interbit modulation: description, detection and
quantification ", accepted for publication in Journal of Computer Standards &
Interfaces, 2001.
F. Alegria, A. Cruz Serra, "Influence of frequency errors in the variance of the
cumulative histogram", accepted for publication in IEEE Transactions on
Instrumentation and Measurement, April 2001.
F. Alegria, P. Arpaia, P. Daponte, A. Cruz Serra, "An ADC Histogram Test Based on
Small-Amplitude Waves", accepted for publication in Measurement, Elsevier Science
B. V., 2001.
J. M. Dias Pereira, A. Cruz Serra, P. Silva Giro, "Modeling and Software
Compensation of Gain and Offset Errors in Interleaved ADC Systems", submitted for
publication in IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement.

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Annual Report - 2000


P.M.B. Silva Giro, O.A. Postolache, J.A.Brando Faria, J.M.C. Dias Pereira, "An
Overview and a Contribution to the Optical Measurement of Linear Displacement",
submitted for publication in IEEE Sensors Journal.

Papers in Conference Proceedings


Pedro M. B. Silva Giro, "Metrological Quality of Measured and Evaluated Values
Using Automated Measuring Systems", Conference on Precision Electromagnetic
Measurements (CPEM'2000) Digest, pp.604-605, Sydney, Australia, May 2000.
O. Postolache, M. D. Pereira, P. Giro and M. Cretu, "An Optical Displacement Meter
Based on a Light-to-Frequency Converter", Proceedings of XVI IMEKO World
Congress, Volume II, pp. 265-269, Vienna, Austria, September 2000.
O. Postolache, M. D. Pereira, P. Giro and C. Fosalau, "Application of Neural
Structures in Water Quality Measurements", Proceedings of XVI IMEKO World
Congress, Volume IX, pp. 353-358, Vienna, Austria, September 2000.
J.M. Dias Pereira, A. Cruz Serra and P. Giro, "Flexible ADC: A Dither and
Oversampling Based Solution to Improve the Performance of ADC Systems",
Proceedings of XVI IMEKO World Congress, Volume X, pp. 103-108, Vienna,
Austria, September 2000.
Pedro M. B. Silva Giro, "Acreditao de Laboratrios de Ensaios e de Calibrao
Segundo a Norma ISO/IEC 17025", Proceedings of the II Brazilian Congress of
Metrology, Metrochem-2000/Enlab-2000, pp. 22-28, December 2000.
Pedro M. B. Silva Giro, "Sistema Portugus da Qualidade: Presente e Futuro",
Proceedings of the II Brazilian Congress of Metrology, Generalist Papers, pp. 62-69,
December 2000.
F. Correa Alegria, Pasquale Arpaia, Pasquale Daponte, A. Cruz Serra, " ADC
histogram test using small-amplitude input waves", XVI IMEKO World Congress
Proceedings, Vol. X, pp. 9-14,Viena, Austria, September, 2000.
M. Fonseca da Silva, A. Cruz Serra, Errors in parameter estimation of quantized
sinusoids, XVI IMEKO World Congress Proceedings, Vol. IX, pp. 83-88,Viena,
Austria, September, 2000.
F. Correa Alegria, A. Cruz Serra, "Influence of frequency errors in the variance of the
cumulative histogram", Conference on Precise Electromagnetic Measurement
Proceedings, CPEM 2000, pp. 585-586, Sidney, Australia, June 2000.
Pasquale Arpaia, A. Cruz Serra, Pasquale Daponte, Conceio Lbano Monteiro
"ADC testing based on IEEE 1057-94 Standard some critical notes", IEEE

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Annual Report - 2000


Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference Proceedings, IMTC/2000,
vol. 1, pp. 119-124, Baltimore, USA, May 2000.
A. Cruz Serra, "New measurement procedure for the static test of ADCs", IEEE
Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference Proceedings, IMTC/2000,
vol. 2, pp. 866-871, Baltimore, USA, May 2000.
J. Halmek, M. Kasal, A. Cruz Serra, "Harmonic distortion and ADC", XVI IMEKO
World Congress Proceedings, Vol. X, pp. 147-152,Viena, Austria, September, 2000.
A. Cruz Serra, Caracterizao de Conversores Analgico-Digitais - uma tarefa
fundamental na moderna Metrologia ", Anais do II Congresso Brasileiro de
Metrologia Metrologia 2000, Vol. 2, pp. 198-207, So Paulo, Brazil, December
2000.
Helena M. Geirinhas Ramos and F. Corra Alegria, Characterization of ADCs
Using a FM Signal, CPEM2000 Conference Digest, pp. 583-584, Sydney, Australia,
May 2000.
Helena M. Geirinhas Ramos, Caracterizao de Conversores Analgico Digitais com
Sinais FM, SEMETRO-2000, pp. 189-197, S.Paulo, Brazil, December 2000.
F. Correa Alegria, Pasquale Arpaia, Pasquale Daponte, A. Cruz Serra, "ADC
histogram test by triangular small-waves", accepted for publication in IEEE
Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference Proceedings, IMTC/2001,
Budapest, Hungary, May 2001.
F. Correa Alegria, A. Cruz Serra, "Variance of the cumulative histogram of ADCs due
to frequency errors", accepted for publication in IEEE Instrumentation and
Measurement Technology Conference Proceedings, IMTC/2001, Budapest, Hungary,
May 2001.
Conceio Lbano Monteiro, Pasquale Arpaia, A. Cruz Serra, "Phase spectrum
analysis for detecting ADC hysteretic distortion", accepted for publication in IEEE
Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference Proceedings, IMTC/2001,
Budapest, Hungary, May 2001.
J.M. Dias Pereira, O. Postolache, A. Cruz Serra, P. Silva Giro, "A Discrete and Cost
Effective ADC Solution Based on a Pulse-Width Modulation Technique", accepted
for publication in ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira
da Foz, Portugal, April 2001.
O. Postolache, M. Pereira, P. Giro, "A Linear displacement Tilt Self-Corrected
Transducer Based on a Discrete Position Detector, accepted for publication in

99

Annual Report - 2000


ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, Portugal,
April 2001.
F. Correa Alegria, A. Cruz Serra, Study of the Variance of the Cumulative
Histogram", accepted for publication in ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on
Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, Portugal, April 2001.
Octavian Postolache, Pedro Giro, Miguel Pereira, A Sudy of Neural Processing
Application in Multitransducer Systems, submitted to 7s Jornadas Hispano-Lusas
de Engenharia Elctrica, Madrid, Spain, July 2001.
Octavian Postolache, Pedro Giro, Miguel Pereira, An Intelligent CO Sensor Using
Neural Networks, submitted to 7s Jornadas Hispano-Lusas de Engenharia
Elctrica, Madrid, Spain, July 2001.
Octavian Postolache, Pedro Giro, Miguel Pereira, Air Contaminants Measurement
Based on Neural Processing and PIC16F877 Hardaware Support, submitted to 10th
International Metrology Congress, Saint-Louis, France, October 2001.
J. M. Dias Pereira, O. Postolache, P. Silva Giro, An Electrical Power Measurement
System Based on a Low-Cost Microcontroller, submitted to 10th International
Metrology Congress, Saint-Louis, France, October 2001.
Octavian Postolache, Pedro Giro, Miguel Pereira, Cristian Fosalau, A
Microcontroller-Based ANN Implementation for Data Sensor Processing, submitted
to IMEKO TC4 TEMI 2001, Lisboa, Portugal, September 2001.
J.M. Dias Pereira, O. Postolache, P. Silva Giro, A. Cruz Serra, A Smart Capacitive
Transducer with Autocalibration Capabilities, submitted to IMEKO TC4 TEMI 2001,
Lisboa, Portugal, September 2001.
M. Fonseca da Silva, A. Cruz Serra, "New proposal to assure convergence of sine
fitting algorithms", submitted to IMEKO TC4 TEMI 2001, Lisboa, Portugal,
September 2001.
R. Martins, A. Cruz Serra, "Nonlinearities of Generators - their perception, analytic
description and representation in ADC statistical testing techniques, submitted to
IMEKO TC4 TEMI 2001, Lisboa, Portugal, September 2001.

Miscellaneous

Prof. Pedro M. B. Silva Giro, Senior Member of IEEE.

Prof. Pedro M. B. Silva Giro, member of Instrumentation and Measurement


Confederation (IMEKO) Technical Committee, TC1 - Education and Training in
Measurement and Instrumentation.

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Annual Report - 2000

Prof. Pedro M. B. Silva Giro, member of the Scientific Committee of Caderno


do CEFAT from the Faculty of Engineering of Oporto University.

Prof. Pedro M. B. Silva Giro, Consultant and Auditor of the Portuguese Institute
for Quality (IPQ).

Prof. Pedro M. B. Silva Giro and Prof. Antnio M. Cruz Serra, reviewers for
IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement.

Prof. Antnio M. Cruz Serra, reviewer for Measurement Journal, Elsevier Science
B. V..

Prof. Antnio M. Cruz Serra, reviewer for the Journal of Computer Standards &
Interfaces, Elsevier Science B. V..

Prof. Antnio M. Cruz Serra, member of the editorial board of the International
Journal of Computer Standards & Interfaces, Elsevier Science B. V..

Prof. Antnio M. Cruz Serra, member and Scientific Secretary of the Technical
Committee on Measurement of Electrical Quantities (TC-4) of the Instrumentation
and Measurement Confederation (IMEKO).

Prof. Antnio M. Cruz Serra, reviewer and member of Technical Program


Committee for the IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology
Conference Proceedings, IMTC/2001, to be held in Budapest, Hungary, May
2001.

Prof. Antnio M. Cruz Serra, reviewer and member of Technical Program


Committee of the 5th Workshop on ADC modeling and testing held in Vienna,
Austria, September, 2000.

Prof. Antnio M. Cruz Serra, vice-president of the Department of Electrical and


Computer Engineering, IST.

Prof. Antnio M. Cruz Serra, in charge of the collaboration within the European
Programme SOCRATES Programme: Higher Education (ERASMUS) between
the DEEC, Instituto Superior Tcnico and the Dip. dellInformazione ed
Ingegneria Elettrica, University of Salerno, Italy and the Dip. di Ingegneria
dellInformazione ed Ingegneria Elettrica, University of Sanio-Benevento, Italy.

Prof. H. Geirinhas Ramos, in charge of the collaboration within the European


Programme SOCRATES Programme: Higher Education (ERASMUS) between
the DEEC, Instituto Superior Tcnico and the Dep. of Electrical Engineering of
the University of Iasi, Romania.

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Annual Report - 2000

Prof. H. Geirinhas Ramos, in charge of the collaboration with the Centro de


Electrnica e Instrumentao, Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, within the
Cooperation Convnio ICCTI/UEM-2000.

Prof. H. Geirinhas Ramos, Expert Evaluator of the V Programme of the CE.

Modelling and testing of interleaved ADCs systems were performed. The use of
dither techniques to linearise ADCs transfer functions was studied (J. M. Costa
Pereira, P. M. Silva Giro and A. Cruz Serra).

The development of an impedance measurement system based on self-adjusted


measurement bridges continued. Sine fitting algorithms to increase the accuracy
of the system were developed. (A. Cruz Serra and M. F. Silva).

Research and development on sensors and transducers, particularly on data


processing and interfacing was incremented. The main purpose is environmental
monitoring (O. Postolache, P. M. Silva Giro and J. M. Dias Pereira).

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Annual Report - 2000

103

Annual Report - 2000

10.2 Coimbra Site


10.2.1 Signal and Image Processing
Human Resources
Collaborators

Lus Vieira de S

Ph. D.

Associate Professor, FCTUC

Vitor Mendes Silva

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, FCTUC

Fernando Perdigo

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, FCTUC

Lus Silva Cruz

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, FCTUC

Eduardo S Marta

M. Sc.

Assistant, FCTUC

Emanuel Martins

M. Sc.

Assistant, FCTUC

Paulo Monteiro

M. Sc.

Assistant, FCTUC

Mrio Silveirinha

Lic.

Assistant, FCTUC

Other Collaborators

Srgio Maciel Faria

Ph. D.

Coordinator Professor, IPL

Pedro Amado Assuno

Ph. D.

Coordinator Professor, IPL

Nuno Rodrigues

M. Sc.

Assistant, IPL

Carlos Manuel Ribeiro

Lic.

Assistant, IPL

Carla Lopes

M. Sc. Student

Assistant, IPL

Marco Gomes

Lic.

Grant, IT

Jos Claudio Nunes

Lic. Student

FCTUC, Final Year Project

Catarina Gomes Alves

Lic. Student

FCTUC, Final Year Project

Nuno Baptista Pereira

Lic. Student

FCTUC, Final Year Project

Helder Teixeira Monteiro

Lic. Student

FCTUC, Final Year Project

Helder Pereira Cruz

Lic. Student

FCTUC, Final Year Project

Joo Sargao Paliteiro

Lic. Student

FCTUC, Final Year Project

Joo Plcido Santos

Lic. Student

FCTUC, Final Year Project

Arlindo Veiga

Lic. Student

FCTUC, Final Year Project

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Annual Report - 2000

Orlando Antunes

Lic. Student

FCTUC, Final Year Project

Rui Fernandes

Lic. Student

FCTUC, Final Year Project

Projects

FCT - PRAXIS XXI P/EEI/10140/1998 VISEF: Video Coding and


Transmission in Wireless Networks
The main contribution of the research line to the project was in the subject of
Error recovery and concealment for visual coded objects. In this context several
mechanisms included in JPEG2000 and MPEG-4 (texture objects) for error
robustness were tested. The study of error correction techniques in bidirectional
wireless channels with feedback capabilities was also performed.

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - 2/2.1/TIT/1558/95 REC: Speech Recognition Applied to


Telecommunications.
This project, in collaboration with INESC and FEUP, was concluded in May
2000. The main tasks performed by IT were: Recognition of spelled names and
Robust recognition of digits and natural numbers. The project organized a oneday Workshop were the contributions of the several teams were presented
(http://speech.inesc.pt/rec/program.html).

Ph. D. Theses
Eduardo S Marta (supervisor: Lus Vieira de S), University of Coimbra, in
preparation (subject: Speaker independent phoneme transmission)
Paulo Paiva Monteiro, (supervisor: Lus Vieira de S and Joaquim Jdice), University
of Coimbra, in preparation (subject: III digital filter design and signal modelling)
Emanuel Gustavo Bebiano Castro Martins (supervisor: Srgio Manuel Maciel de
Faria and Vitor Manuel Mendes da Silva), University of Coimbra, in preparation
(subject: Visual quality enhancement of video transmission over wireless channels)

M. Sc. Theses
Nuno Rodrigues Morais Rodrigues (supervisor: Srgio Manuel Maciel de Faria and
Vitor Manuel Mendes da Silva), University of Coimbra, concluded (subject: Low bit
rate video coding using geometric transforms)
Carla Alexandra Lopes (supervisor: Fernando Perdigo), University of Coimbra, in
preparation (subject: Noise suppression for speech recognition)

105

Annual Report - 2000

Publications
Papers in Journals
J.B. Santos, F. Perdigo, "Automatic defects classification - a contribution", accepted
for publication in NDT&E International, Elsevier Science Ltd

Papers in Conference Proceedings


A. E. G. Silva, N. M. M. Rodrigues, S. M. M. de Faria "Low bit rate MPEG-4
video coding with 2D mesh, 1st IEEE South-American Workshop on Circuits
and Systems SAWCAS'2000 Telecommunications Applications, Rio de Janeiro,
Brasil, 22-24 November, 2000.
A. E. G. Silva, N. M. M. Rodrigues, S. M. M. de Faria "MPEG-4 Low
Bit Rate Video Coding Using 2D Meshes, accepted for presentation on ConfTele
2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, 22-24 April, 2001.
Nuno Rodrigues, Vitor Silva e Srgio Faria, Low Bit Rate Video Coding with
Spatial and Luminance Transformations, accepted for presentation on ConfTele 2001
- 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, Portugal, April 2001.
Paulo Monteiro, Lus Vieira de S and Joaquim Jdice, Direct Time-Domain Filter
Synthesis: a Procedure for Finding Global Optima in First Order Filters, Proceedings
of the 11th Portuguese Conference on Pattern Recognition, pp. 381-385, Porto, Maio,
2000.
Nuno Rodrigues, Vitor Silva e Srgio Faria, Luminance Transformations for
Stereoscopic Low Bit Rate Video Coding, accepted for presentation on Picture
Coding Symposium 2001, Seoul, Korea, April 2001.
Luis A. da Silva Cruz, John W. Woods, "Adaptive Motion Vector Vector
Quantization for Video Coding", ICIP2000, Vancouver, Canada
Silveirinha, M, C. A. Fernandes; "Shaped Double-Shell Dielectric Lenses for
Wireless Millimeter Wave Communications", Proc. 2000 IEEE AP-S International
Symp., Salt Lake City, Utah, 1674-1677, Jul 2000.
M. G. Silveirinha, C. Fernandes, "Calculation of the Effective Permittivity of a
Artificial Dielectric using a Boundary Element Method", accepted for presentation at
ConfTele 2001 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira-da Foz, Portugal,
April 2001.
M. G. Silveirinha, C. Fernandes, "Efficient Computation of the Quasi-Static Effective
Permittivity for Non-Cubical Periodic Lattices", submitted for presentation at 2001
IEEE AP-S International Symposium, Boston, Jul. 2001.
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Annual Report - 2000


M. G. Silveirinha, C. Fernandes, "Cylindrical Non-Homogeneous Anisotropic Lenses
using Artificial Media", submitted for presentation at 2001 IEEE AP-S International
Symposium, Boston, Jul. 2001.

Miscellaneous

The Research Line supports 5 final year projects of 10 students of the Electrical
and Electronic Engineering Department. The project titles are: "Internet PBX",
"Data compression system based on vector quantization", "DSP based telephone
call digital recording system", "Turbo codes for signal processing" and "Real time
simulator of a video codec"

Lus Vieira de S

Member, Executive Board of Instituto de Telecomunicaes.

Member, Organizing and Scientific Committees of ConfTele 2001 - 3rd


Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, Portugal, April 2001.

Reviewer, ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da


Foz, Portugal, April 2001.

National Delegate, COST249 action Continuous Speech Recognition over the


Telephone Line.

Fernando Perdigo

Organized the COST249 meeting held in Coimbra in February, 2000.

Member, Organizing Committee of ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on


Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, Portugal, April 2001.

Reviewer, IACAS-2001, 2001 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and


Systems, 6-9 Maio, 2001, Sydney, Australia.

Reviewer, ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da


Foz, Portugal, April 2001.

"Supresso de Rudo em Sistemas de Reconhecimento de Fala", invited talk at


Federal University of Rio de Janeiro - LPS, September, 2000.

"Auditory Models for Speech Recognition", REC Workshop, Lisbon, May,8 2000.

Vitor Silva

Reviewer, IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology and
Signal Processing: Image Communications.

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Member, Organizing Committee of ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on


Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, Portugal, April 2001.

Reviewer, ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da


Foz, Portugal, April 2001.

Eduardo S Marta

Mechanisms Underlying Human Phoneme Communication, REC Workshop,


Lisbon, May,8, 2000.

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10.2.2 Optical Communications


Human Resources
Collaborators

Henrique J. A. da Silva

Ph. D.

Associate Professor, FCTUC

Other Collaborators

Mrio M. Freire

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, UBI

Alessandro M. Melo

Ph. D. Student

Grant, CAPES-Brazil

Joo G. P. dos Reis

M. Sc.

Engineer, ONI

Telmo R. C. Fernandes

M. Sc.

Assistant, IPL

Joo S. Pereira

M. Sc. Student

Assistant, IPL

Lus M. M. Mendes

M. Sc. Student

Assistant, IPL

Mrio M. C. dos Reis

M. Sc. Student

Engineer, EDP

Nuno S. Almeida

Researcher

Grant, Proj. TRANSPARENT

Projects

FCT - POSI/34559/CPS/2000 - TRANSPARENT (TRANSPort, Access and


distRibution in optically multiplExed NeTworks)
The global objective of the project is to build an integrated environment for
simulation and performance evaluation of transport, access and distribution optical
networks, exploring emergent technologies and new methodologies, and seeking
for new mathematical models as well as improved numerical algebra and
optimisation algorithms. The main activities are: assessment of blocking
performance in WDM networks; evaluation of transmission performance in WDM
networks; performance evaluation of multi-channel soliton transmission and
switching; assessment and performance evaluation of spread spectrum multiple
access techniques; modelling and simulation of passive and active photonic
devices.

Ph. D. Theses

110

Mrio Marques Freire (supervisor: Henrique J. A. da Silva), Universidade da


Beira Interior, concluded in 2000 (subject: Performance Studies of
Communication Networks Incorporating Non Linear Applications of
Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers).

Annual Report - 2000

Alessandro Marques de Melo (supervisor: Henrique J. A. da Silva), Faculdade de


Cincias e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra, started in 2000 (subject:
Soliton Transmission in WDM Systems).

M. Sc. Theses

Telmo Rui C. Fernandes (supervisor: Henrique J. A. da Silva), Faculdade de


Cincias e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra, concluded in 2000 (subject:
Dynamic Channel Assignment in Cellular Networks using Neural Networks and
Genetic Algorithms).

Lus Miguel M. Mendes (supervisor: Henrique J. A. da Silva), Faculdade de


Cincias e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra, to be concluded in 2001
(subject: Transmission Interfaces for SCM Optical Communication Systems).

Joo da Silva Pereira (supervisor: Henrique J. A. da Silva), Faculdade de Cincias


e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra, to be concluded in 2001 (subject:
Spreading Codes and Modulation Techniques for 3rd Generation Mobile
Communication Systems).

Mrio M. C. Alves dos Reis (supervisor: Henrique J. A. da Silva), Faculdade de


Cincias e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra, to be concluded in 2001
(subject: Measurement Techniques for Characterisation of Semiconductor Lasers
and Optical Amplifiers).

Publications
Papers in Journals
Mrio M. Freire and Henrique J. A. da Silva, Assessment of Blocking Performance
in Wavelength Routed Chordal Ring Networks, submitted for publication in
IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking.
Mrio M. Freire and Henrique J. A. da Silva, Assessment of Blocking Performance
in Unidirectional and Bidirectional Wavelength Routed Ring Networks, submitted
for publication in Journal of High Speed Networks.

Papers in Conference Proceedings


Mrio M. Freire and Henrique J. A. da Silva, Influence of Chord Length on the
Blocking Performance of Wavelength Routed Chordal Ring Networks, in
Preliminary Proceedings of The Fifth Working Conference on Optical Network
Design and Modelling (ONDM2001), Part 1: Monday, Vienna, Austria, February 57, 2001, International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP), Working Group
on Photonic Networking (WG 6.10). To be published also by Kluwer Academic
Publishers.

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Mrio M. Freire and Henrique J. A. da Silva, Influence of Wavelength Interchange
on the Blocking Performance of Wavelength Routed Chordal Ring Networks,
accepted for presentation at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications,
April 23-24 2001, Figueira da Foz, Portugal.
Mrio M. Freire and Henrique J. A. da Silva, Performance Assessment of Dispersion
Supported Transmission Followed by Wavelength Conversion Based on Cross Gain
Modulation at 20 Gbit/s, accepted for presentation at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference
on Telecommunications, April 23-24, 2001, Figueira da Foz, Portugal.
Lus M. M. Mendes and Henrique Silva, "SCM Optical Communication System
Implementation without Optical Isolators", accepted for presentation at ConfTele
2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, April 23-24, 2001, Figueira da Foz,
Portugal.
Lus M. M. Mendes and Henrique da Silva, "Automatic optical power control for
semiconductor lasers", accepted for presentation at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on
Telecommunications, April 23-24, 2001, Figueira da Foz, Portugal.
Telmo R. C. Fernandes and Henrique Silva, "Solving the Channel Assignment
Problem Using Neural Networks and Genetic Algorithms", accepted for presentation
at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, April 23-24, 2001,
Figueira da Foz, Portugal.
Mrio M. Freire and Henrique J. A. da Silva, Performance Comparison of
Wavelength Routed Optical Networks with Chordal Ring and Mesh-Torus
Topologies, IEEE International Conference on Networking, Colmar, France, July
10-13, 2001, submitted for presentation.

Miscellaneous
Research Reports

Performance Assessment of Error Detection and Correction Techniques in


Wireless Digital Communications - final year student project, Daniel M. do
Carmo, (supervisor: Henrique J. A. da Silva), DEE/FCTUC, 2000.

Reviewing Activities

Henrique J. A. da Silva, reviewer for IEE Proceedings, Optoelectronics.

Henrique J. A. da Silva, reviewer for 3rd Conference on Computer Networks,


CRC 2000, November 16-17, Viseu, Portugal.

Henrique J. A. da Silva, reviewer for ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on


Telecommunications, April 23-24, Figueira da Foz, Portugal.

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Other Activities

Henrique J. A. da Silva, coordinator, project TCE-G (Telecommunications and


Computers Engineering - Graduation), LAESEC network (Latin-American and
European Scientific and Educational Cooperation), European Programme ALFA.

Henrique J. A. da Silva, member Organising Committee, ConfTele 2001 - 3rd


Conference on Telecommunications, April 23-24, Figueira da Foz, Portugal.

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10.2.3 Applied Mathematics


Human Resources
Collaborators

Joaquim Joo Jdice

Ph. D.

Full Professor, UC

Madalena Gomes Martins

Ph. D.

Associate Professor, UC

Maria Celeste Gouveia

Ph. D.

Associate Professor, UC

Other Collaborators

Lus Merca Fernandes

M. Sc.

Coordinator Professor, IPT

Joo Manuel Patrcio

B. Sc.

Assistant Professor, IPT

Projects

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - PCEX/MAT/38/96 - VARIOP - Variational Models in


Optimization
Project Leader: I. Figueiredo (Dep. Matemtica - Univ. Coimbra)
Other Researchers: J. J. Jdice, L. M. Fernandes, J. M. Patrcio

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - P/FIS/14195/98 - Optimization in Physics


Project Leader: Orlando Oliveira (Dep. Fsica - Univ. Coimbra)
Other Researchers: J. Jdice.

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - PCTI/1999/MAT/35059 - Nonlinear Optimization


Project Leader: L. N. Vicente (Dep. Matemtica - Univ. Coimbra)
Other Researchers: J. Jdice.

FCT - POSI/34559/CPS/2000 - TRANSPARENT - Transport, Access and


Distribution in Optically Multiplexed Networks
Project Leader: H. Silva.
Other Researchers: J. J. Jdice, M. Martins, M. C. Gouveia, J. M. Patrcio.

Ph. D. Theses

Lus Merca Fernandes, Instituto Politcnico de Tomar (supervisor: Joaquim Joo


Jdice), to be concluded in 2001 (subject: Complementarity problems and
applications).

Jorge Santos, Instituto Politcnico de Viseu (co-supervisor: Joaquim Joo Jdice),


in progress (subject: Global optimization and applications in finance).

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Pedro Tavares, Universidade de Coimbra (co-supervisor: Joaquim Joo Jdice), in


progress (subject: Localization models in civil engineering).

Isabel Ribeiro, Universidade do Porto (co-supervisor: Joaquim Joo Jdice), in


progress (subject: Optimization models in structural engineering).

Paulo Monteiro, Universidade de Coimbra (supervisors: Luis S, Joaquim Joo


Jdice), in progress (subject:
Optimization models for filtering in
telecommunications).

Joo Patrcio, Instituto Politcnico de Tomar (co-supervisor: Joaquim Joo


Jdice), in progress (subject: Solution of linear and nonlinear network problems).

Maria do Carmo Brs, Universidade Nova de Lisboa (supervisor: Joaquim Joo


Jdice), in progress (subject: Complementarity problems and global optimization).

Marcelo Queiroz, Universidade de So Paulo, Brasil (co-supervisor: Joaquim Joo


Jdice), in progress (subject: Structured optimization models and applications).

M. Sc. Theses

Silvrio Rosa, Universidade da Beira Interior (co-supervisor: Joaquim Joo


Jdice), in progress (subject: Complementarity problems and applications in
contact models).

Clia Antunes Rolo, Universidade de Coimbra (supervisor: Maria Celeste


Gouveia), in progress (subject: Theory for generalized inverses of linear operators
in Hilbert spaces).

Publications
Papers in Journals
M. Martins, D. J. Evans, W. Yousif, The accelerated overrelaxation quadrant
interlocking iterative method, Int. Jour. Comp. Math. 76(2000), pp. 119-137.
L. Portugal, M. Resende, G. Veiga, J. Jdice, A truncated primal-infeasible dualfeasible interior point network flow method, Networks 35(2000), pp. 91-108.

Papers in Conference Proceedings


A. P. Costa, I. Figueiredo, J. Martins, J. Jdice, Instabilidade direccional de sistemas
com contacto unilateral e atrito: formulao em termos de complementaridade, Actas
do VI Congresso de Mecnica Computacional, vol. I, pp. 645-654, M. Vila Real, J.
Grcio, eds., Universidade de Aveiro, 2000.
P. Monteiro, L. S, J. Jdice, Direct time-domain filter synthesis: a procedure for
finding global minima in first order filters, Actas do RECPAD 2000, Universidade
do Porto, 2000.

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Miscellaneous
Research Topics

Complementarity Problems: design and implementation of interior-point


algorithms, active set algorithms, sequential quadratic and complementarity
algorithms (J. Jdice, L. Fernandes, J. Patrcio).

Global optimization: application of complementarity algorithms to bilevel


programming, quadratic programming, bilinear programming and nonlinear
programming problems with complementarity constraints (J. Jdice, L.
Fernandes).

Discrete optimization: global optimization and meta-heuristics algorithms for


nonlinear and complementarity problems with discrete variables (J. Jdice).

Applications to: variational models in civil and mechanical engineering,


localization models in civil engineering, portfolio selection and other financial
models, network models in electrical engineering, eigencomplementarity
problems in mechanical engineering, models for filtering in telecommunications,
models for gauge selection in quantic chromodynamics (J. Jdice, J. Patrcio).

Preconditioning techniques for the acceleration of convergence of iterative


methods for linear systems of equations (M. Martins).

Partitions of matrices in the analysis of convergence of some iterative methods


(M. Martins).

Pseudo-Charactodory functions and hermitian Toeplitz matrices (M. C.


Gouveia).

Iterative methods for systems of linear equations associated with partial


differential equations (M. Martins).

Participation in Organizing and Scientific Committees

APMOD (Applied Mathematical Programming and Modeling) Conference,


London, March 2000 (J. Jdice - Programme Committee).

X CLAIO, Latin-American Conference on Operations Research and Systems,


Mexico City, Mexico, September 2000 (J. Jdice - Programme Committee).

Refereeing Activities for Scientific Journals

Mathematical Reviews (J. Jdice)

Mathematical Programming (J. Jdice)

Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications (J. Jdice)

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Annual Report - 2000

Annals of Operations Research (J. Jdice)

Computers and Operations Research (J. Jdice)

Linear Algebra and its Applications (J. Jdice)

Other Relevant Activities

J. Jdice is Associate Editor of the following journals:


International Abstracts of Operations Research;
TOP- Journal of the Spanish Statistical and Operations Research Society;
Investigacin Operativa;
Computational Optimization and Applications;
Optimization and Engineering;
Advanced Modeling and Optimization.

J. Jdice is Editor-in-Chief of the journal Investigao Operacional.

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10.2.4 Power Systems


Human Resources
Collaborators

Eduardo de Sousa Saraiva

Ph. D.

Full Professor, FCTUC

Antnio Joo Marques Cardoso

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, FCTUC

Andr Manuel dos Santos Mendes

M. Sc.

Assistant, FCTUC

Srgio Manuel ngelo da Cruz

M. Sc.

Assistant, FCTUC

Nuno Miguel Trigo de Miranda

Lic.

Monitor, FCTUC

Other Collaborators

Lus Manuel Ramos de Oliveira

Researcher Assistant, UALG

Manuel Antnio Marques Esteves

Researcher Assistant, IPL

Natlia dos Santos Gameiro

Researcher Assistant, IPL

Nuno Jos de Abreu e Sousa C. Gil

Researcher Assistant, IPL

Ana Carla Vicente Vieira

Researcher Assistant, IPT

Accio Manuel Raposo Amaral

Researcher Assistant, ISEC

Bruno Andr Pereira Santos Gomes

Lic. Student Grant, PRODEP

Maria Teresa Barroca Delgado

M. Sc.

Researcher

Antnio Campos

M. Sc.

IPC

Emlia Silva Sousa

Lic. Student FCTUC, Final Year Project

Jos Manuel Dias V. de Jesus Rpas

Lic. Student FCTUC, Final Year Project

Paulo Emanuel S Silva

Lic. Student FCTUC, Final Year Project

Joo Pedro A.P.B. Barranca

Lic. Student FCTUC, Final Year Project

Projects

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - P/EEI/14151/1998 DSP-Based Winding Fault Diagnosis


in Operating Three-Phase Power Transformers
Funded by FCT, the major aim of this project basically comprises the
development of a prototype, able to provide a complete and reliable diagnosis of

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Annual Report - 2000


the operating condition of three-phase power transformers, particularly regarding
the occurrence of winding faults.
For that purpose, a modelling and simulation study was conducted, concerning
either the normal operation or the failure mode behaviour of three-phase power
transformers, in order to provide an evaluation of the suitability of diagnostic
techniques, which can be applied without taking transformers out of service and
which can also provide a fault severity criteria. The experimental validation work
was also already performed.
The on-going activities are mainly related to the prototype hardware and software
development.

TELECOMMAINTENANCE
This project is intended to explore adequate strategies for diagnosing the
occurrence of faults in telecommunications power supply systems. The ultimate
purpose is to include the diagnostic routines into the control module, therefore
allowing for the introduction of remedial control strategies soon after failure
occurrence and thereby improving reliability and maintainability. In other words it
is envisaged the development of fault tolerant telecommunications energy
systems.
Outside of the large switching centers, the switch-mode rectifier/charger rules,
since it is ideally suited for the low power requirements and the potentially
harsher environment. In almost all of these type of systems the location is
unmanned; so reliability, fault tolerance, repairability and monitoring are
important.
For that purposes, a modelling and simulation study is being conducted,
concerning either the normal operation or the failure mode behaviour of switchmode power supplies. Based on the analysis of the results to be obtained, the fault
tolerant strategies that can be adopted against a complete system failure will be
evaluated.

PQMS POWER QUALITY MONITORING SYSTEMS


Reliability and quality are requirements which are particularly important for
premium power sources.
This project is related to the development of a software tool that runs under the
Labview environment, and which is intended to provide suitable power quality
indices based on the on-line monitoring of the supply quantities (voltages and
currents).
The analysis of the power quality indices, with reference to existing standards,
graphical displays and statistical processing are among the specified outputs of
this recently started project.
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Annual Report - 2000

TELEMAINTENANCE
This project is related to the development and implementation of a remote
maintenance system, which is ideally suited for equipments installed at
geographically dispersed locations, usually unmanned.
The work developed so far encompasses the definition of the communications
channels, protocols, data formats, user interface and the development of the
remote unit, in a Labview environment.

Ph. D. Theses

Adrito Neto Alcaso (supervisor: Antnio Joo Marques Cardoso), Universidade


de Coimbra, started in 1999 (subject: Fault Tolerance in CSI-Fed Synchronous
Motor Drives).

Andr Manuel dos Santos Mendes (supervisor: Antnio Joo Marques Cardoso),
Universidade de Coimbra, started in 1999 (subject: Self Diagnostic Techniques
for Variable Speed Induction Motor Drives).

Srgio Manuel ngelo da Cruz (supervisor: Antnio Joo Marques Cardoso),


Universidade de Coimbra, started in 2000 (subject: Stator-Side Asymmetries of
Three-Phase Inverter-Fed Induction Machines.

Antnio Campos (supervisor: Eduardo Saraiva), Instituto Superior Tcnico,


started in 2000 (subject: Converters).

M. Sc. Theses

Lus Manuel Ramos Oliveira (supervisor: Antnio Joo Marques Cardoso),


Faculdade de Cincias e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra, to be concluded
in 2001 (subject: Fault Analysis and Diagnostics of Three-Phase Power
Transformers).

Manuel Antnio Marques Esteves (supervisor: Antnio Joo Marques Cardoso),


Faculdade de Cincias e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra, to be concluded
in 2001 (subject: Prototype Development for a DSP-Based Winding Fault
Diagnosis in Operating Three-Phase Power Transformers).

Natlia dos Santos Gameiro (supervisor: Antnio Joo Marques Cardoso),


Faculdade de Cincias e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra, to be concluded
in 2001 (subject: Switched Reluctance Motors Fault Diagnosis).

Ana Carla Vicente Vieira (supervisor: Antnio Joo Marques Cardoso), Faculdade
de Cincias e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra, to be concluded in 2001
(subject: Maintenance Management and Organization in an Educational
Establishment).

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Accio Manuel Raposo Amaral (supervisor: Antnio Joo Marques Cardoso),


Faculdade de Cincias e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra, started in 1999
(subject: Telecom- munications Power Supply Systems Maintenance).

Maria Teresa D. Barroca Delgado do Outeiro (supervisor: Eduardo Saraiva),


concluded in 2000 (subject: Modelizao de uma Cascata Hipossncrona com
duas Pontes de Tirstores e sem Bobine de Alisamento).

Publications
Books and Book Chapters
E.S. Saraiva, Complementos de Mquinas Elctricas (Apndice 8): Sistemas
Electromecnicos No Lineares, edited by ESSaraiva, UC-FCT-DEE 2000.

Papers in Journals
S. M. A. Cruz, A J. M. Cardoso, "Rotor Cage Fault Diagnosis in Three-Phase
Induction Motors by Extended Park's Vector Approach", Electric Machines and
Power Systems, vol. 28, N 4, pp. 289-299, April 2000.
S. M. A. Cruz, A J. M. Cardoso, "Diagnosis of the Multiple Induction Motor Faults
using Extended Park's Vector Approach", International Journal of COMADEM, vol.
4, N 1, pp. 19-25, January 2001.
M.T.B.D. Outeiro and E.S. Saraiva, Cascata Hipossncrona com duas Pontes de
Tirstores e sem Bobine de Alisamento accionando uma carga do tipo ventilador,
Revista Ingenium, II Srie, N 53, November 2000, pg. 86-90.

Papers in Conference Proceedings


S. M. A. Cruz, A J. M. Cardoso, "Rotor Cage Fault Diagnosis in Three-Phase
Induction Motors, by the Synchronous Reference Frame Current Park's Vector
Approach", Proceedings of the International Conference on Electrical Machines, vol.
II, pp. 776-780, Espoo, Finland, August 2000.
L. M. R. Oliveira, A. J. M. Cardoso, "Three-Phase, Three-Limb, Steady-State
Transformer Model: The Case of a Ynzn Connection", Proceedings of the IASTED
International Conference "Power and Energy Systems", pp. 467-472, Marbella,
Spain, September 2000.
S. M. C. Cruz, A. J. M. Cardoso, "Stator Winding Fault Diagnosis in Three-Phase
Synchronous and Asynchronous Motors, by the Extended Park's Vector Approach",
Conference Record of the 2000 IEEE Industry Applications Conference, CD-ROM, 7
pp., Roma, Italy, October 2000.

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Miscellaneous
Antnio Joo Marques Cardoso

Supervisor of the Provas de Aptido Pedaggica e Capacidade Cientfica, Davide


Srgio Baptista da Fonseca, Universidade da Beira Interior, to be concluded in
2001 (subject: Fault Tolerance in Electromechatronic Systems).

Supervisor of PRODEP II Estgio Profissional, Bruno Andr Pereira Santos


Gomes, Instituto de Telecomunicaes Plo de Coimbra, to be concluded in
2001 (subject: Fault Diagnosis in Three-Phase Synchronous Machines).

Supervisor/co-supervisor of 4 final year projects at the Departamento de


Engenharia Electro- tcnica da Faculdade de Cincias e Tecnologia da
Universidade de Coimbra.

Presenter of a seminar "Casos Prticos de Diagnstico de Avarias em Motores de


Induo Trifsicos em Ambiente Industrial", Instituto Superior de Engenharia de
Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal, April 2000.

Reviewer for IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, IEEE Transactions on


Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics and for the UKACC
International Conference on Control 2000, University of Cambridge, UK,
September 2000.

Session chairman and presenter of two invited seminars: "Condition Monitoring


and Diagnostics of Power Transformers" and "Condition Monitoring and
Diagnostics of Electrical Equipment", Second Asian-Pacific Conference on
Systems Integrity and Maintenance, Nanjing, P. R. China, August 2000.

Honorary Professor of Albert Schweitzer International University.

Honorary Member of the International Biographical Centre Advisory Council,


Cambridge, England.

Member of the International Editorial Board of the International Journal of


Condition Monitoring and Diagnostic Engineering Management, published by
COMADEM International, Birmingham, UK.

Member of the Electrical Machines Committee and of the Industrial Drives


Committee of the Industry Applications Society of the Institute of Electrical and
Electronics Engineers (IEEE).

Actively involved, as an expert, in the field of standardisation on condition


monitoring and diagnostics, both at a national and international level, where he
has been acting as a convenor of ISO/TC 108/SC 5 Advisory Group C (Condition

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Annual Report - 2000


monitoring of electrical motors and generators, for the purposes of diagnostics),
Advisory Group D (Condition monitoring and diagnostics of power transformers)
and Working Group 10 (Condition monitoring and diagnostics of electrical
equipment), and also member of several Working Groups of ISO, IEC and CEN.

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Annual Report - 2000

10.3 Aveiro Site


10.3.1 Radio Microwaves and Millimeter Waves
Human Resources
Collaborators

Jos Carlos Neves

Ph. D.

Full Professor, UA

Jos Carlos Pedro

Ph. D.

Associate Professor, UA

Joo Nuno Matos

Ph. D.

Associate Professor, UA

Jos Rocha Pereira

Ph. D.

Associate Professor, UA

Armando Carlos Rocha

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, UA

Nuno Borges de Carvalho

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, UA

Antnio Navarro

Ph. D

Assistant Professor, UA

Manuel Dinis

Eng.

Engineer, PT Inovao

Mrio Rui

Eng.

Engineer, IT

Other Collaborators

Victor Santos

Ph. D. Student

Grant, FCT

Joana C. Madaleno

Ph. D. Student

Grant, FCT

Joo Tavares

Ph. D. Student

Grant, PRAXIS XXI

Pedro Tavares de Pinho

Ph. D. Student

Grant, FCT

Ruben Leote Mendes

M. Sc. Student

Grant, ERASMUS, U. Kiel

Joo Paulo Madaleno

M. Sc. Student

Eliseu Macedo

M. Sc. Student

Grant, IT

Jos Garcia

M. Sc. Student

Grant, IT

Susana de Jesus Mota

M. Sc. Student

Grant, FCT

Paulo Jesus

M. Sc. Student

Mrio Santos

M. Sc. Student

Joo Santos

Eng.

Grant, IT

Joo Paulo Almeida

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

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Annual Report - 2000

Jos Pedro Cardoso

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Carlos Eduardo Alheiro

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Pedro M. Emdio Moreira

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Nuno Cardoso

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Adriano Santos

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Manuel Nora

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Ricardo Vidal

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Sergio Freire

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Marco Ventura

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Bruno Peralta Gaspar

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Elizeu Calegari

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Bruno Marques

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Sergio Pires

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Jos Silva

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Adriano Santos

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Jorge Machado

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Carlos Pires de Jesus

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Jos Rodrigues Fernandes

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Nuno A. G. T. de Oliveira

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Filipe Nuno P. de Matos

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Miguel Antnio Matos

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Jos Manuel Pinto

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Jos Carlos Maia

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Miguel Jorge Sousa

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Joo Paulo Martins

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Mehdi Rostami

Lic. Student

Grant, IT

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Annual Report - 2000

Projects

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - P/EEI/14160/1998 - LinMix Linearity Studies in Active


Mixers
Two main work areas were addressed in the 1st year of LinMix Project. The first
one was the development of an appropriate nonlinear MESFET model for mixer
distortion calculations. Taking into account the importance of the cold-FET mixer
for highly linear applications, special emphasis was put on the FETs triode-zone
modelling.
The second area was the development of a microwave nonlinear circuit simulator.
This simulator is an upgrade of one already in use in our group, in which a mixedmode harmonic balance machine now substituted the multi-tone spectral balance
algorithm, previously adopted. The HB algorithm was applied to mixers driven
with multi-tone signals, by utilising two different innovative artificial frequencymapping techniques.

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - 2/2.1/TIT/1562/95 - ISAC-Implementation Aspects of a


Mobile Telecommunication Satellite System Payload with Dynamic Channel
Allocation
Under the nonlinear microwave device modelling activities of ISAC, a physical
simulator was concluded and tested. This simulator implements a quasi-static
version of the drift-diffusion model for FET devices, and uses a 2-dimensional
mesh according to the finite-differences formulation. The Poisson and ChargeContinuity equations are solved using a partially coupled method, which is a
variant of the classic Sharfter-Gummel approach. First simulation tests made with
this simulator proved its use, but also showed the amounts of computer time
needed.
Under the activities of highly linear microwave amplifier design, the studies on
modelling and measuring multi-tone distortion were emphasised. A novel cochannel distortion ratio, which does not suffer from the disadvantages discovered
for the NPR standard, was proposed and fully tested. The supporting theory and
the measurement set-up allow the proposal of a new multi-tone distortion
characterisation standard, which suffered already wide publication and the 2000
IEE Measurement Prize.

IST-1999-11014 - SHUFFLE - An agent based approach for controlling resources


in UMTS networks (subcontract for PT Inovao)
The main objective of this project is to test and evaluate software agents
technology and to assess its suitable to perform and control the resources
management in third generation mobile networks and to evaluate new business

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models strategies. The work performed consisted in the identification of the
system architecture and in the identification of actions to be taken at radio level in
order to change and adapt the capacity of the network to respond to unpredictable
hot spot situations.

FCT POSI/34860/CPS/2000 - ILENA Integration of Lenses with Printed


Antennas
The purpose of this project is to develop new millimetrewave antenna
configurations to be used in 4th generation mobile communications systems and
wireless networks. In collaboration with IT-Lisboa.

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - P/EEI/10140/1998 Video Coding and Transmission in


Wireless Networks
The main objective of this project consists of studying and developing video
coding algorithms and transmission techniques, which allows attaining high
quality video services over the 3rd generation of mobile networks. With the
construction of a complete simulation model of a CDMA (Code Division Multiple
Access) transmission channel representative of the future cellular mobile link, the
algorithms that make a robust video transmission over those hostile environments
will be assessed.

FCT - POSI/36555/CHS/2000 Earth Satellite Propagation Experiment at Ka


Band
The project intends to collect data on Earth-Satellite atmospheric propagation path
to study and model ice induced depolarisation, wet and dry scintillation as well as
rain induced fade dynamics. The main work developed consisted on the
specification of the hardware of the propagation receiver, study of beacon
amplitude/phase detection alternatives for a maximum dynamic range and
specification of pre-processing software. Versatile bias removal user-friendly
procedures for crosspolar discrimination as well as clear sky amplitude reference
level estimation were studied. Software development was started.

ACTS 204 - SAMBA: System for Advanced Mobile Broadband Applications


Radio propagation simulations using measured antennas radiation patterns
designed and fabricated for the SAMBA Trial Platform in the scenarios chosen for
the field trials. These results are being compared with measured data gathered
during field trials. The objective is to further assess the simulation tool validation
as well to study the propagation phenomena faced in MBS deployment. During
this year, more field trials in indoor scenarios were realised, including the test of
handover procedure. A document was produced (Deliverable DE15). Furthermore,

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techniques for Channel Impulse response measurement in the frequency domain
were identified.

REMATE - Integrated STB Receiver (founded by PT)


The main objective of this project is to develop an integrated satisfying the
consumer's requirements at an attractive and competitive cost. REMATE STB is
actually a gateway between the digital broadcasting satellite network and a home
cable TV (HCTV) network. HCTV delivers TV programs at ultra high frequencies
(UHF) according to 625-line PAL system and thus any conventional TV set can
be plugged in. REMATE complies with the Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB)
standards. The prototype has already been demonstrated.

Ph. D. Theses

Victor Santos (supervisor: Jos Neves), Universidade de Aveiro, started in 1998


(subject: Resource Management on Mobile Satellite Systems).

Joana Catarino Madaleno (supervisor: Jos Carlos Pedro), Universidade de


Aveiro, in progress / (subject: Microwave Linear Amplifier Design).

Joo Tavares (supervisor: Antnio Navarro), Universidade de Aveiro, in progress


(subject: Parameter Optimisation in Coding and Transmission of TV signals).

Manuel Dinis (supervisor: Jos Neves), Universidade de Aveiro, in progress,


(subject: Broadband Mobile Communications).

Pedro Renato Tavares Pinho (supervisor: Jos Fernando da Rocha Pereira),


Universidade de Aveiro, in progress (subject: Antenna for mobile terminals)

M. Sc. Theses

Joo Paulo Madaleno (supervisor: Jos Carlos Pedro), Universidade de Aveiro, to


be concluded in 2001 (subject: Design of highly linear microwave mixers).

Ruben Leote Mendes (supervisor: Joo Nuno Matos), Universidade de Aveiro,


concluded in 2000, (subject: Digital Modulator/Demodulator).

Joo Tavares (supervisor: Antnio Navarro), Universidade de Aveiro, concluded


in 2000 (subject: Video Signal Transmission over Radio Channels).

Eliseu Macedo (supervisor: Antnio Navarro), Universidade de Aveiro, in


preparation (subject: Multi-program Digital TV Receiver).

Pedro Renato Tavares Pinho (supervisor: Jos Fernando da Rocha Pereira),


Universidade de Aveiro, concluded in 2000 (subject: Antenna for a mobile
terminal for the 1.91 to 2.2 GHz Band).

Susana de Jesus Mota (supervisor: Armando Rocha) , Universidade de Aveiro, to


be concluded in 2001 (subject: Wideband Direccional Channel Modelling for
Mobile Communication Systems).

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Jos Garcia (supervisor: Armando Rocha), Universidade de Aveiro, to be


concluded in 2001 (subject: Cellular Coverage for Wide Band Systems ).

Paulo Jos Jesus (supervisor: Jos Rocha Pereira, co-supervisor: Jos Fernandes),
Universidade de Aveiro, in preparation (subject: Smart Antenna).

Mrio Santos (supervisor: Jos Neves) Universidade de Aveiro, in preparation


(subject: TV Distribuition System)

Publications
Papers in Journals
A. Navarro, M. Rostami, J. N. Matos, Low-cost, programmable oscillator operates
at 2 GHz, EDN, 11th May 2000.
Monteiro, V., Matos, J. N., Simulador de Comunicao com Modulao Spread
Spectrum, Electrnica e Telecomunicaes, Revista do DETUA, vol. 2, n7, pp. 914919, Janeiro de 2000.
Susana Mota, Ado Silva, Manuel Dinis and Jos Fernandes, "Radio Transmission
and Experimental Channel Characterisation Using an MBS Platform Operating in
the 40 GHz Band", Wireless Personal Communications Journal, Kluwer Academic
Publishers, Accepted for publication.

Papers in Conference Proceedings


J. C. Pedro and N. B. Carvalho, "A Novel Setup for Co-Channel Distortion Ratio
Evaluation", 2000 IEEE Intern Microwave Theory and Tech. Symposium Digest,
pp.1851-1854, Boston, June 2000.
N. B. Carvalho and J. C. Pedro, "Two-Tone IMD Assymetry in Microwave Power
Amplifiers", 2000 IEEE Intern. Microwave Theory and Tech. Symposium Digest,
pp.445-448, Boston, Jun. 2000.
J. C. Pedro and N. B. Carvalho "Artificial Frequency-Mapping Techniques for MultiTone Harmonic Balance", 2000 IEEE Intern. Symposium on Microwave Theory and
Tech., Invited paper presented at the Workshop on New Developments in MixedMode Techniques for Nonlinear Circuit Design, Workshop Notes, pp.87-111, Boston,
June 2000.
J. A. Garcia, M. L. de la Fuente, J. M. Zamanillo, A. Mediavilla, A. Tazn, J. C.
Pedro and N. B. Carvalho "Intermodulation Distortion Analysis of FET Mixers under
Multitone Excitation", 30th European Microwave Conf. CD-ROM, Paris, September.
2000.

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Victor Santos, Miguel Conceio, Vitoriano Pereira, Manuel Dinis, Jos Neves A
New Dynamic Channel Allocation Technique: Simplified Maximum Packing,
Vehicular Technology Conference 2000 Spring, vol.2, pp. 1390 1394, Tokyo, Japan,
15 18 May of 2000.
T. Sammut (Editor), I. Mertzanis, C. Meenan, G. Sfikas, E. Del Re, R. Fantacci, G.
Giambene, V. Santos, M. Dinis, J. Neves, M. Werner, J. Bostic, C. Delucchi, M.
Mohorcic, Ales Svigelj, Gorazd Kandus, Chapter 3: Network Aspects Of Dynamic
Satellite Multimedia Systems, COST 252 Final Report, April 13, 2000. (Submitted
to the European Commission in the ambit of the COST 252 programme).
Victor Santos, Manuel Dinis, Jos Neves, Maximum Packing Technique
Performance Evaluation, To be presented and published in the proceedings of the
ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, Portugal,
23 24 April de 2001. Accepted for publication.
Victor Santos, Manuel Dinis, Jos Neves, Optimization Methods Inclusion on a New
Dynamic Channel Allocation Technique Formulation, To be published in the
proceedings of the ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira
da Foz, Portugal, 23 24 April de 2001. Accepted for publication.
Monteiro, V. , Matos, J. N.Gameiro, A., Spread Spectrum Communication
Simulator, XV Symposium Nacional de la Unin Cientfica Internacional de Radio,
Zaragoza, Setembro 2000
A. Navarro, L.Sousa, P.Silva and A. Gameiro, An Asymmetric Wireless Point-topoint Communication System for Wideband Applications, Int. Conference on Signal
Processing Applications and Technology, Texas-USA, 2000.
A. Navarro and J. Tavares, Statistical Analysis of H.263 Video Coding and Forward
Protection in Error Prone Channels, Int. Conference on Signal Processing
Applications and Technology, Texas-USA, 2000.
J. Tavares and A. Navarro, Improving Error Robustness of H.263 Bitstreams,
ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Fig. da foz, Portugal,
Accepted for Publication.
N. Cardoso, A. Santos and A. Navarro, Protecting MPEG-4 Video Object Bit
Streams, ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Fig. da foz,
Portugal, Accepted for Publication.
Pedro Pinho, J. R. Pereira , Antenna for mobile terminal for the 1.91 to 2.2 GHz
Band, Proceedings of AP2000 Conference, pag 387, Davos, Switzerland, April 2000.

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Rocha, E. Gomes, J. Neves, Radiometer Data Pre-processing Software for
Propagation Studies, AP2000 Proceedings on CD, Davos, Switzerland, April 2000.
Rocha, J. Neves; Moderate rain rate characterisation for small fade margin systems,
Submitted for 2001 IEEE AP-S International Symposium, Boston, EUA.
Rocha, J. Neves, Cloud and gases attenuation by radiometer measurements,
accepted, International Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Manchester, U.K,
April 2001.
Rocha, A. Corga, V. Oliveira, J. Neves, Statistical processing of radiometer data
using MatLab, accepted, 11th International Conference on Antennas and
Propagation, Manchester, U.K, April 2001.
Jos Garcia, Manuel Dinis and Jos Fernandes, Performance Evaluation of a Cellular
Millimetrewave Mobile Broadband System Demonstrator, ConfTele 2001 - 3rd
Conference on Telecommunications, Fig. da foz, Portugal, Accepted for publication.

Miscellaneous

Jos Carlos Pedro and Nuno Borges de Carvalho received the 2000 IEE
(Institution of Electrical Engineers) Measurement Prize for their work entitled
Multi-Tone Intermodulation Distortion Performance of 3rd Order Microwave
Circuits.

Jos Carlos Pedro, reviwer for IEEE Trans. on Signal Processing magazine;
Journal of Optics Pure and Applied Optics magazine, IEE Electronics Letters,
ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications and Journes Nationales
de Microondes.

Nuno Borges de Carvalho, reviwer for IEEE Trans. on Microwave Theory and
Techniques and Journes Nationales de Microondes.

Jos Carlos Pedro e Nuno Borges de Carvalho: Portuguese Patent Pending on


Sistema de Medida de Distoro No Linear Co-Canal, n 102521.

Manuel Dinis, Session Chairman, IST Mobile Communication Summit 2000


Conference, Galway, Ireland.

Manuel Dinis, reviewer for IEE 3G2001 Conference, London, UK.

Manuel Dinis, reviewer for ConfTele 2001


Telecommunications , Figueira da Foz, Portugal.

3rd

Conference

on

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10.3.2 Networks and Multimedia Communications


Human Resources
Collaborators

Henrique Teixeira de Sousa

Lic.

Engineer, IT

Rui T. Valadas

Ph. D.

Associate Professor, UA

A. Manuel de Oliveira Duarte Ph. D.

Full Professor, UA

Luis Miguel Silva

M. Sc.

BU Director, PT Inovao

Jos Gouveia Leal

Lic.

BU Director, PT Inovao

Amaro F. de Sousa

M. Sc.

Assistant, UA

Antnio Duarte Nogueira

M. Sc.

Invited Assistant, UA

Telma Mota

M. Sc.

Enginner, PT Inovao

Jos Pedro Fernandes

M. Sc.

Enginner, PT Inovao

Jorge Gonalves

M. Sc.

Enginner, PT Inovao

Fernando Bastos

M. Sc.

Enginner, PT Inovao

Nuno Silva

M. Sc. student

Enginner, PT Inovao

Luis Corteso

M. Sc. student

Engineer, PT Inovao

Manuel Fernandes

Lic.

Engineer, PT Inovao

Jos Manuel Maio

Lic.

Engineer, PT Inovao

Luis Enes

Lic.

Engineer, PT Inovao

Other Collaborators

Paula Cristina Couto

Ph. D. student

Grant, PRAXIS XXI

Susana Isabel Sargento

Ph. D. student

Grant, PRAXIS XXI

Victor Macedo Marques

Ph. D. student

Grant, PRAXIS XXI

Paulo Salvador Ferreira

Ph. D. student

Grant, PRAXIS XXI

Carlos Lopes Borges

M. Sc. student

Grant, PRAXIS XXI

Carlos Santiago

M. Sc. student

Grant, IT

Jorge Patro

M. Sc. student

Grant, IT

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Annual Report - 2000

Jos Lino Teixeira

M. Sc. student

Grant, IT

Sebastian Gonalves

Researcher

Grant, IT

Filipe Joel Ferreira

Researcher

Grant, IT

Cristina Maria Noversa

Researcher

Grant, IT

Jos Antnio Parente

Researcher

Grant, IT

Carla Pinto de Paiva

Researcher

Grant, IT

Nicolau Matilde Ramos

Researcher

Grant, IT

Ricardo Nuno Cadime

Researcher

Grant, IT

Manuel Romeiro

Researcher

Grant, IT

Octvio Pereira

Researcher

Grant, IT

Fernando Grangeia

Researcher

Grant, IT

Mrio Videira

Researcher

Grant, IT

Leandro Vieira

Researcher

Grant, IT

Miguel Figueiredo

Researcher

Grant, IT

Luis Morgado

Researcher

Grant, IT

Victor Gonalves

Researcher

Grant, IT

Projects

CESTA: Statistical characterisation and simulation of ATM traffic


The project started in 1997 and ended in April 2000. The main objective of the
project was the development of a dimensioning tool for ATM networks that
integrates traffic model fitting and selection procedures with optimisation routines
for cost-effective dimensioning and resource management. The main results were:
(i) developments of two software packages, one for traffic analysis and the other
for network design, (ii) development of methods for parameter estimation of ATM
traffic models, (iii) development of methods for rare event simulation, (iv)
formulation and development of optimisation models for several network design
problems, (v) study and development of meta-heuristics based on genetic
algorithms for solving optimisation problems.

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - P/EEI/12135/1998 DOTE: Dimensioning and Resource


Management Optimisation Algorithms for Telecommunications Networks
This project investigates optimisation algorithms and heuristics suitable for
dimensioning and resource management of telecommunications networks. It is a

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Annual Report - 2000


joint project with the Dept. of Statistics and Operations Research, Faculty of
Sciences, University of Lisbon. The activities concentrated on ATM networks: (i)
research of heuristics and meta-heuristics; (ii) dimensioning of hierarchical
networks; (iv) dimensioning for the support of conversational, retrieval and pointmultipoint services.

PRIQUAS: Planning of IP Networks supporting Quality of Service


This project studied the impact in network dimensioning of IP QoS technologies
and developed the first version of a dimensioning tool. The following activities
were carried out: (i) study of IntServ and DiffServ architectures, (ii) study of
MPLS technology, (iii) study of QoS routing protocols, (iv) development of
dimensioning tool.

FERA: Planning Tool for ATM Access Networks


This project developed a planning tool for ATM access networks.

QoS2000: Traffic Engineering of Networks supporting Quality of Service 2000


This project researched several issues related to traffic engineering of networks
supporting quality of service: (i) traffic modelling for ATM and IP traffic; (ii)
admission control algorithms; (iii) scheduling algorithms; (iv) algorithms and
heuristics for dimensioning. One PhD student spent a period at Rice University
(hosted by Prof. Edward Knightly).

DIMIP: Dimensioning of IP Access Networks


The goal of this project is to research IP based access networks supporting QoS
differentiation. During this year the project concentrated on the architectural
aspects, including the definition of network elements, the allocation of functions
to network elements, the signalling protocols and the migration aspects from
current access network technologies.

PIGRAF: Graphical User Interface Platform;


PGRAF project investigated most recent knowledge advance in the design of user
interfaces and has built a modular platform, not tied to proprietary solutions, to
support user interfaces in the area of network topological representations. The
main objective for this platform is the support, in a multi-user environment, of
client interfaces with different views, built with Java and made persistent in a
central repository, taking into account as a main concern, network representations
made up with thousands of objects. During 2000 two main results were achieved.
In first one the graphics server was rebuilt on C++ in HP/UX supporting multiuser access to graphical information with persistence based on Oracle database
and with a rules engine supporting status propagation between objects. The second
main result was the client API built on Java 2 and based on JViews library that
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Annual Report - 2000


supports the visual representation of network topology. Those two modules
interact using CORBA with embedded XML. XML was also introduced on
interface between the server and the host system. There were also other significant
results obtained: a guidelines report on graphical user interfaces and the support
provided to other projects using the platform.

GESACESSO: Management of Access Networks


The main goal of this project was to perform research studies on management
interface between NML Network Management Layer and EML Element
Management Layer, applied to UMTS Radio Access Networks and focused on:
independence of network equipment providers and full automation of
management processes. The project was based on the analysis of the work done by
TMF - Telecommunications Management Forum, on the Telecommunications
Operations Map - TOM, and by 3GPP - 3rd Generation Partnership Project.
The project produced a deliverable that was an input for a M. Sc. Thesis, where
the management architecture, management information models and detailed IRPs
Integration Reference Points for Resource Provisioning, Alarm Management
and Performance Management, were defined.

IN3Net: Unified Messaging Service


The objective of this project is to study and propose solutions for merging two
worlds, the IN world (telephony network) and the Internet world. In this project it
was developed a prototype (Unified Messaging Service) that allows listen, send,
reply and manage voice-mail and e-mail messages from any standard or cellular
phone, as well by the web. This service integrates technologies like IVR
(Interactive Voice Response), TTS (Text To Speech), email e web.

Ipv6
This project started in May 2000. Since then, several of the main objectives were
accomplished: (1) theoretical study of the IPv4 to IPv6 transition mechanisms; (2)
practical implementation of several scenarios were the 6to4 and 6over4 transition
mechanisms were tested; (3) practical implementation of scenarios to test IPv6
routing protocols, namely BGP4+ and (4) theoretical and practical study of
Anycast and Multicast over IPv6.

ACTS 207 DIFFERENCE: Dissemination and Facilitation for European


Research in Selected Chains
The project ended Feb. 2000. The Portuguese involvement was concerned with
IP-related aspects in future integrated networks, specially from the point of view
of Quality of Service. The projects developed several concepts concerned with the

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Annual Report - 2000


implementation of end-to-end Qos services and its management, including issues
as distributed management and software agents usage in QoS-enabled networks.

ACTS 364 TERA: Techno Economic Results From ACTS


Project sponsored by the ACTS programme, European Union. TERA is the ACTS
project responsible for the analysis and evaluation of deployment scenarios for the
provision of multimedia communication services. A business case approach was
used, with focus on both the incumbents and new entrants strategies.
Consideration has been given to the techno-economic evaluation of various
multimedia services and network alternatives, under several demographic
conditions. The results of this project are relevant to a wide variety of
stakeholders: network operators, service providers, equipment suppliers,
regulators, regional and national authorities, etc.

TENIS: Training and Educational Needs for the Information Society


The purpose of this project is the identification of training and educational needs
as driven by the emergence of an information society. This also involves the
characterisation of new professional profiles created by the utilisation on
information technologies and communications in a variety of activity sectors.

Ph. D. Theses

Amaro Fernandes de Sousa (supervisor: Manuel de Oliveira Duarte), University


of Aveiro, submitted (subject: Transport Protocols for Multimedia
Communications in Broadband Networks).

Antnio Duarte Nogueira (supervisor: Rui Valadas), University of Aveiro, in


preparation (subject: Statistical Characterization of ATM Traffic).

Paula Cristina Couto (supervisor: Rui Valadas), University of Aveiro, in


preparation (subject: Wireless ATM Local Area Networks).

Susana Isabel de Miranda Sargento, (supervisor: Rui Valadas), University of


Aveiro, in preparation (subject: Resource Management and Traffic Control in
ATM Networks).

Paulo Jorge Salvador Serra Ferreira, (supervisor: Rui Valadas), University of


Aveiro, in preparation (subject: Traffic Engineering for Multiservice Broadband
Networks).

Victor Manuel Letra Macedo Marques, (supervisor: Manuel de Oliveira Duarte),


University of Aveiro, in preparation (subject: Multimedia Services in ATM
Networks).

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Annual Report - 2000

M. Sc. Theses

Lus Antnio Teles de Almeida Rodrigues Pinheiro (supervisor: Rui Valadas),


University of Aveiro, concluded (subject: Dynamic Routing in
Telecommunication Networks).

Fernando Jos Rodrigues Henriques Simes Bastos (supervisor: Rui Valadas),


University of Aveiro, concluded (subject: Management of Quality of Service in
Telecommunications Networks).

Carlos Miguel Ferreira Soares Borges Lopes (supervisor: Rui Valadas), University
of Aveiro, submitted (subject: Genetic Algorithms for Dimensioning ATM
Networks).

Carlos Jorge Santiago (supervisor: Rui Valadas), University of Aveiro, submitted


(subject: Genetic Algorithms for Dimensioning ATM Networks).

Ricardo Nuno Vicente Cadime (super visor: Manuel de Oliveira Duarte),


University of Aveiro, submitted (subject: Quality of Service in Multimedia
Networks).

Lus Pedro de Oliveira Cardoso (supervisor: Rui Valadas), University of Aveiro,


to be concluded in 2001 (subject: Algorithms for Dimensioning ATM Networks
with Dynamic Routing).

Jos Lino Teixeira (supervisor: Rui Valadas; co-supervisor: Jorge Gonalves),


University of Aveiro, to be concluded in 2001 (subject: Specification and
Implementation of an Information Model for a Radio Access Network).

Antnio Barreiros (super visor: Manuel de Oliveira Duarte), University of Aveiro,


to be concluded in 2001 (subject: Strategic Regional Telecommunications
Planning: Concepts and Issues).

Jorge Miguel Barbosa Patro (supervisor: Rui Valadas), University of Aveiro, in


preparation (subject: Resource Management of MPLS Networks).

Publications
Papers in Conference Proceedings
Jos Lus Oliveira, Rui Aguiar, Network and Desktop Management Convergence,
HICCS33 33rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Maui, Hawaii,
January 2000.
Jos Lus Oliveira, Rui Aguiar, Rui Pedro Lopes, Integration of service, network and
system management: current and forthcoming trends, 4th World Multiconference on
Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics (SCI2000) / 6th International Conference on
Information Systems Analysis and Synthesis (ISAS2000), Orlando, USA, July 23-26,
2000.

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Annual Report - 2000


Castro, E. A., A.M. Oliveira Duarte, J.M. Jardim, P. Pego, Network externalities:
impact on service uptake, IEEE ICC 2000, New Orleans, 19-10 July 2000.
Silva, Ldia Oliveira, A. M. Oliveira Duarte, M. Palcios, A. Lemos, C. Cardoso, F.
Borrego, A Comunidade Lusfona na Internet: que presena e que futuro?, VI
Congresso Luso-Afro-Brasileiro de Cincias Sociais As Cincias Sociais nos
Espaos de lngua Portuguesa: Balanos e Desafios, Faculdade de Letras da
Universidade do Porto, Porto, 5 a 9 Setembro 2000.
A. Nogueira, R. Valadas, Analysing the versatility of the 2-MMPP traffic model,
Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Communication Systems
Networks and Digital Signal Processing, CSNDSP2000, Bournemouth, UK, July 1820, 2000, pp. 261-266.
P. Couto, R. Valadas, Performance of Packet Reservation Frame-based MAC
Protocols for Wireless ATM Networks, Proceedings of the Second International
Symposium on Communication Systems Networks and Digital Signal Processing,
CSNDSP2000, Bournemouth, UK, July 18-20, 2000, pp. 402-412.
A. de Sousa, R. Valadas, L. Gouveia, Dimensioning ATM Networks using 2-Layer
Hierarchical Virtual Path Layouts, Proceedings of the 9th International Conference
on Telecommunications Modeling and Analysis, March 15-18, 2001, Dallas, Texas,
USA, aceite para publicao.
A. de Sousa, L. Gouveia, R. Valadas, ATM Network Dimensioning Based on 2Layer Hierarchical Virtual Path Layouts, The 5th INFORMS Telecommunications
Conference, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 5 a 8 de Maro de 2000, pp. 120-122.
R. Cadime, A. de Sousa e A. M. Oliveira Duarte, A DMIF over RSVP/IP Protocol
Stack: Experimental Results for MPEG-4 Multimedia Streaming", Proceedings of
SPIE International Symposium on Information Technologies 2000, Photonics East,
Boston, USA, 5 a 8 Novembro 2000.

Miscellaneous

Rui Aguiar, Quality of Service in IP Networks, invited talk at the Seminar in


Networks and Service IP, organized by PT Inovao, in 20/3/2000, at
Europarque, Santa Maria da Feira.

Rui Valadas, reviewer for IEEE Communications Letters, IEEE INFOCOM 2000
and Computer Communications.

Co-supervision of Ph.D Thesis

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Annual Report - 2000

Ldia de Jesus Oliveira Loureiro da Silva, Dept. Communications and Arts, Univ.
Aveiro, PhD Programme in Communication Sciences and Technologies, Univ.
Aveiro (subject: Cognitive and Social Implications of Communications Networks
Globalization), to be concluded in 2001, (supervisor: Manuel de Oliveira Duarte;
co-supervisor: Armando Jorge Oliveira, Dept. Communication and Arts, Univ.
Aveiro).

Co-supervision of M.Sc Dissertations

Antnio Pascoal Leandro, Aveiro Digital City Office, M.Sc. Programme in


Innovation and Development Policies, Univ. Aveiro (subject: Organizational and
Operational Scenarios for a Digital University), to be concluded in 2001,
(supervisor: Manuel de Oliveira Duarte).

Manuel Antnio Esteves Batista, Polytechnic Institute, Viseu (subject: New


Telematics and Home Automation Technologies for the Support of Disabled
People with Special Needs), to be concluded in 2001, (supervisor: Manuel de
Oliveira Duarte).

Organisation of events

Organisation of a workshop on the theme: Telecommunications and


Competitiveness. This is an activity associated with project TELA (PRAXIS
XXI) and had the collaboration of the Regional Development Agency, a joint
venture of the University of Aveiro, PEDIP (Portuguese Programme for Industrial
Development) and AIDA (Industrial Association for the District of Aveiro).

Participation of Members in Academic Management

140

By appointment of the Rector of the University of Aveiro Manuel de Oliveira


Duarte has acted as chairman of Comisso Instaladora da Escola Superior de
Design, Gesto e Tecnologias da Produo, a Politechnical Institute under
creation by the University of Aveiro.

Annual Report - 2000

10.3.3 Optical Communications


Human Resources
Collaborators

J. Ferreira da Rocha

Ph. D.

Full Professor, UA

Rui F. S. Ribeiro

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, UA

Marcelino Pousa

Lic.

Researcher, PT Inovao

Atlio M. S. Gameiro

Ph. D.

Associate Professor, UA

Paulo M. P. Monteiro

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, UA

Antnio L. J. Teixeira

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, UA

Manuel Violas

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, UA

Antnio M. R. Tavares

Lic.

Assistant, UA

Other Collaborators

Mrio J. Neves de Lima

Ph. D. Student

Grant, FCT

Rui P. Oliveira Alves

Ph. D. Student

Grant, FCT

Lus Carneiro Gonalves

Ph. D. Student

Grant, FCT

Paulo Marques

Ph. D. Student

Adjunct Professor, IP C. Branco

Antnio Morgado

Ph. D. Student

Grant, FCT

Ado Silva

M. Sc Student

Grant, FCT

Pedro Nuno Pinho

M. Sc Student

Grant, IT

M de Lurdes de Sousa

Lic. Student

Grant, IT

Tiago N. G. Maia

Lic. Student

Grant, IT

Alexandre M. M. Costa

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Antnio J. L. Jorge

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Carlos M. da S. Coelho

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Jos Lus J. F. Santo

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Nuno A. C. Albuquerque

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Rui Srgio R. Almeida

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

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Ailton Rompo

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Pedro Almeida

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Antnio Pinho

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Edgardo Costa

Lic. Student

UA, Final Year Project

Projects

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - 2/2.1/TIT/1573/95 - DAWN - Dynamically Reconfigurable


Optical Network
Several effects of optical filtering in optical systems performance have been
assessed by means of simulation and analytical descriptions. Some of the aspects
observed were the multiple type of available optical filters effects, their cascading
results and the miss-alignment of the filters or the data source.

FCT - PRAXIS XXI 2/2.1/TIT/1578/95 IRWLAN Advanced Technologies


for Infrared Wireless Local Area Networks
Development of advanced technologies for infrared wireless LANs. Investigation
on adaptive transmission baud rate transmission systems and angle diversity
receiver techniques to improve the performance of a non-oriented optical
transmission system.

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - P/EEI/10140/1998 VISEF: Video Coding and


Transmission in Wireless Networks
This project is done in collaboration with RMOM. For the year 2000, the activities
carried out at IT Aveiro, include: study of joint source-channel coding techniques
for video; development of a WCDMA link level evaluation platform to assess the
transmission of video in a 3G environment. The integration of the source
processing units with the transmission units is part of the planned work for 2001.

IST-1999-10626 ATLAS - All-optical Terabit per second Lambda-Shifted


In the ATLAS project fibre-optic WDM transmission over 500-1,000 km with an
aggregate capacity around 1 Tbit/s is investigated by adopting return-to-zero
signal format and the dispersion management technique, without resorting to
intermediate regeneration. Different network architectures using All Optical
Wavelength Converters (AOWC) are currently under investigation. This project
wants to assess the problems encountered when high capacity fibre transmission is
associated with an intermediate AOWC, namely what is the maximum signal
distortion tolerated at the AOWC input and what is the maximum output distortion
tolerated by the further propagation down the rest of the link.

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IST-1999-10741-ASILUM: Advanced SIgnal processing schemes for Link


capacity increase in UMTS.
This project is done in collaboration with RMOM. For the year 2000, the activities
carried out at IT Aveiro, include: development of a link level evaluation platform
for UMTS-TDD. The platform includes a reference link to be used as a
benchmark and an advanced link that includes signal processing modules,
prerforming array processing and multiuser detection.

CORAL II (internal project)


A laboratory test set-up was built that allows to demonstrate the viability of
transmission with precoding for multipath channels. The test set up includes a
channel estimation algorithm implemented on a DSP, precoding unit,
implemented in a FPGA, I-Q modulator and demodulator, and a complete
regenerator.

Ph. D. Theses

Antnio M. R. Tavares (supervisor: A. M. de Oliveira Duarte and Rui T.


Valadas), Universidade de Aveiro, to be concluded in 2001 (subject: Optical
Wireless Local Area Networks)

Rui Pedro Oliveira Alves, (supervisor: Atlio Gameiro), Universidade de Aveiro,


to be concluded in 2001. (subject: Coding Techniques for Infrared Systems).

Mrio Jos Neves de Lima (supervisor: J. Ferreira da Rocha), Universidade de


Aveiro, to be concluded in 2002 (subject: Optimization of WDM optical
communication systems).

Lus Carneiro Gonalves, (supervisor: Atlio Gameiro), Universidade de Aveiro,


in progress. (subject: Advanced Signal Processing Techniques for Multipath
Channels).

Antnio Morgado (supervisors: Atlio Gameiro and J. Fernandes), Universidade


de Aveiro, in progress. (subject: Pre-equalization array techniques for vectorial
multipath channels).

Paulo Marques (supervisors: Atlio Gameiro and J. Fernandes), Universidade de


Aveiro, in progress. (subject: Estimation techniques for vectorial multipath
channels).

M. Sc. Theses

Pedro Nuno Pinho (supervisor: Atlio Gameiro), Universidade de Aveiro, to be


concluded in 2001. (subject: Simulation platform for UMTS-TDD).

Ado Silva (supervisor: Atlio Gameiro), Universidade de Aveiro, to be concluded


in 2001. (subject: Software implementation of multiuser detection algorithms).

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Publications
Papers in Journals
A. Gameiro, Synchronous and Quasi-Synchronous Optical CDMA with Balanced
Complementary Receivers, IEE Proceedings, Optoelectronics, Oct. 2000.
A. Gameiro, Influence of the Laser Diode Nonlinearity in Fiber-FedMicrocellular
Networks, Journal of Fiber and Integrated Optics, June 2000.
M. J. N. Lima, A. L. J. Teixeira, J. R. F. da Rocha, "Simultaneous filtering and
dispersion compensation in WDM systems using apodised fibre gratings", Electronics
Letters, vol. 36, No. 16, pp. 1412-1414, August 2000.
A. D. Reis, J. F. Rocha, A. S. Gameiro, J. P. Carvalho Effects of Prefiltering on the
Symbol Synchronizer Performance, Rev. do Dep. de Eelect. e Telecom., p.90, Univ.
Aveiro, September 2000.
Jorge R. A. Pinto, Tiago N. G. Maia, A. Nolasco Pinto and Rui S. Ribeiro
Characterization and Modelling of Output Timing Jitter Measured in a Gain
Switching Semiconductor Laser Optical Soliton Source, Rev. do Dep. de Eelect. e
Telecom., Univ. Aveiro, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 78-74, Oct. 2000.

Papers in Conference Proceedings


A. Gameiro, Optical CDMA Networks with Bipolar Codes, Proc. of Conf. on
Optical Networks Design and Modelling, ONDM2000, Athens, Feb. 2000.
A. Gameiro, Maximum Likelihood Symbol Synchronization in Channels with Data
Dependent Noise, Proc. of IEEE Symposium on Information Theory, June 2000.
A. Gameiro, Capacity Enhancement of DS-CDMA Synchronous Channels by
Frequency-Shift Filtering, Proc. of PIMRC2000, Sept. 2000.
A. Gameiro, Cyclostationary Based Technique to Enhance the Capacity of
Synchronous DSSS CDMA Channels, Proc. of ISITA2000, Nov. 2000.
R. Alves and A. Gameiro, TCM codes for infrared WLANs, Proc. of VTC2000,
Sept. 2000.
A. Navarro, P. Silva, L. Sousa and A. Gameiro, An Asymmetric Wireless Point-topoint Communication System for Wideband Applications, Proc. of ICSPAT2000,
Sept. 2000.
A. Morgado, L. Gonalves, P. Pinho, J. Fernandes and A. Gameiro, Advanced
Space-Time Multiuser Receiver for Uplink TDD Mode of UMTS, Proc. of IST 2000,
Summit on Mobile Communications, Sept. 2000.

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A. L. J. Teixeira, M. J. N. Lima, J. R. F. da Rocha, Effects of Gratings Enter
Frequency Tolerances in WDM Optical Networks, LEOS 2000, Puerto Rico, V2,
pp.484-485, November 2000.
A. L. J. Teixeira, M.J.Lima, J. R. F. da Rocha, "Optimization of apodized fiber
grating devices for WDM demultiplexing in linear and non-linear systems",
OECC2000 proceedings , Chiba, Japan, V1, pp.218-219, 10-14 July 2000
A. L. J. Teixeira, M.J.Lima, J.R.F. da Rocha, "Influence of the Laser Detuning on
Optical WDM Network Performance", ICTON 2000, Poland, pp.19-22, 5-8 June de
2000
A. D. Reis, J. F. Rocha, A. S. Gameiro, J. P. Carvalho Manual and Automatic Data
Synchronizers, International Conference on Telecommunications, p.1076, Acapulco,
Mexico, 22-25 May 2000.
A. D. Reis, J. F. Rocha, A. S. Gameiro, J. P. Carvalho Synchronous and
Asynchronous Sequential Synchronizers, 2th International Symposium on
Communication Systems & Digital Signal Processing, p.44, Bournemouth, United
Kingdom, 18-20 July 2000.
A. D. Reis, J. F. Rocha, A. S. Gameiro, J. P. Carvalho Sincronismo de Smbolo em
Comunicaes Digitais, XIII Congresso de Engenharia e Cultura da Ordem dos
Engenheiros, Porto 21-23 September 2000.
A. D. Reis, J. F. Rocha, A. S. Gameiro, J. P. Carvalho "A New Technique to Measure
the Jitter", ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz,
Portugal, 15-16 April 2001.
Mrio J. N. Lima, Antnio L. J. Teixeira, Jos R. F. da Rocha, "Redes de Bragg para
filtragem em comunicaes pticas", Actas da 12 Conferncia Nacional de Fsica,
pp. 443-444, Setembro 2000, Figueira da Foz.
Mrio J. N. Lima, Antnio L. J. Teixeira, Jos R. F. da Rocha, "Impact of optical
filtering on the channel density of WDM systems", Proceedings of 2nd Workshop on
Fibre and Optical Passive Components, pp. 204-209, June 2000, Pavia, Italy.
Jorge R. A. Pinto, Tiago N. G. Maia, A. Nolasco Pinto and Rui S. Ribeiro, Timing
Jitter in an Optical Soliton Source Based on a Gain-Switched Semiconductor Laser,
accepted for presentation at ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications,
Figueira da Foz.

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Miscellaneous
3rd

A. Gameiro, reviewer for ConfTele


Telecommunications, PIMRC2000.

Paulo Monteiro, reviewer for Electronics Letters.

F. Rocha and R. Ribeiro, reviewers for ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on


Telecommunications.

UA/IT Lic. Last Year Project (1999/2000) Integration of Angle Diversity


Receiver Techniques into an Optical Wireless Transmission System.

UA/IT Lic. Last Year Project (1999/2000) Implementation of an Adaptive Data


Rate Communication System using Repetitive Pulse Position Modulation.

UA/IT Lic. Last Year Project (1999/2000) Simulation, Analysis and


Optimisation of an Experimental Optical Communication System at 2.5 Gbit/s.

UA/IT Lic. Last Year Project (2000/2001) Infrared Wireless Transmission


System.

UA/IT Lic. Last Year Project (2000/2001) Implementation and Optimisation of


an Optical Transmission System at 10 Gbit/s.

UA/IT Lic. Last Year Project (2000/2001) Receivers for Multigigabit Optical
Single-Side Band Signals.

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2001

Conference

on

Annual Report - 2000

10.3.4 Electronic and Opto-electronic Components


Human Resources
Collaborators

Joo Lemos Pinto

Ph. D.

Associate Professor, UA

Armando Nolasco Pinto

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, UA

Marcelino Pousa

Lic.

Researcher, PT Inovao

Teresa Almeida

Lic.

Researcher, PT Inovao

Other Collaborators

Paulo Sergio Andr

Ph. D. Student

Grant Praxis XXI

Rogrio Nogueira

Ph. D. Student

Grant IT

Paulo Almeida

M. Sc.

Researcher, IT

Helena Silva

M. Sc. student

Researcher, IT

Jorge Pinto

Lic. Student

Researcher, IT

Tiago Maia

Lic. Student

Final Year Project, UA

Pedro Almeida

Lic. Student

Final Year Project, UA

Ailton Rompo

Lic. Student

Final Year Project, UA

Projects

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - 2/2.1/TIT/1573/95 - DAWN - Dynamically Reconfigurable


Optical Network
This project proposes a new architecture for WDM wireless networks, that allows
a dynamical tuning of the network nodes. In this new architecture the optical
signals with different wavelength will be generated in the same node. At each
node the wavelength will be selected by an optical filter.

IST-1999-10626 - ATLAS: All-optical Terabit per Second Lambda-Shifted


transmission
Study of intrachannel nonlinear effects in strong periodic management dispersion
systems at 40 Gb/s.

CAMADA WDM: Simulator for the Optical Layer Based on WDM Technology.
An optical communication simulation tool was customized and several systems
were analysed. The studies were centred in comparative analyses between
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Annual Report - 2000


laboratorial set-ups and simulations models. Special attention was given to new
dispersion compensation techniques.

O-NODE: Optical Node


A point-to-point WDM technology demonstrator was implemented, in order to
allow the study of add-drop multiplexing and dispersion compensation. An adddrop multiplexer was specified and is in the final stage of implementation.

WDM ANALYSIS: Analysis of WDM networks performance.


The main objective will be the development of a numerical tool in order to study
and optimise the performance of WDM telecommunication systems

Ph. D. Theses

Paulo Srgio Brito Andr, (supervisor. Joo Lemos Pinto), Universidade de


Aveiro, second year (subject: Components for high-speed photonic networks).

Rogrio Nogueira, (supervisor. Joo Lemos Pinto and Jos Ferreira da Rocha),
Universidade de Aveiro, first year (subject: Fibre Bragg Gratings).

Publications
Papers in Journals
P. S. Andr, A. N. Pinto, J. L. Pinto, T. Almeida, M. Pousa, Development of a 10 Gb/s
Optical Soliton Source, accepted for publication on Proceedings of SPIE.
P. S. Andr, A. N. Pinto, J. L. Pinto, T. Almeida, M. Pousa, Selective and Wavelength
Transparent Optical Add - Drop Multiplexer Based on Fibre Bragg Gratings,
accepted for publication on Radioteknika & Eletronika.
P. S. Andr, J. L. Pinto, A. N. Pinto, Teresa Almeida, Performance degradations due
to crosstalk in multiwavelength optical networks using optical Add Drop
Multiplexers, Revista do Departamento de Electrnica e Telecomunicaes da
Universidade de Aveiro, DETUA, Vol 3, N 2, pp. 78-84, September 2000.
J. R. A. Pinto, T. N. G. Maia, A. N. Pinto e R. Ribeiro, Characterization and
Modelling of Timing Jitter in an Optical Soliton Source Based on a Gain-Switching
Semiconductor Laser, Revista do Departamento de Electrnica e Telecomunicaes
da Universidade de Aveiro, DETUA, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp 78-84, 2000.

Papers in Conference Proceedings


P. S. Andr, A. J. Teixeira, J. L. Pinto, M. C. Medeiros and J. F. Rocha, Performance
Analysis of Wavelength Conversion Based on Cross-Gain Modulation in Reflective
Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers, submitted to IMOC2001.

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Annual Report - 2000


P. S. Andr, J. Pinto, A. N. Pinto, J. L. Pinto, T. Almeida, F. Morgado and M. Pousa,
Strictly Non-Blocking Optical Path Cross Connect System for DWDM Wavelength
Path Networks, accepted for presentation SCI2001.
R. Nogueira, J. L. Pinto, J.F. Rocha, Impairments of Optical Filtering in DWDM
Networks, accepted for presentation SCI2001.
A. Nolasco Pinto, Paulo Almeida, and Jos Ferreira da Rocha, Nonlinear intrachannel effects in dispersion-managed data transmission systems, NLGW'01,
Clearwater, USA, accepted for presentation, 2001.
Paulo Almeida and A. Nolasco Pinto, Impairments on 40 Gbit/s per Channel WDM
Optical System with Wavelength Conversion, accepted for presentation, ConfTele
2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications.
A. Nolasco Pinto, Paulo Almeida, and Jos Ferreira da Rocha, Intra-Channel
Nonlinear Effects in Dispersion Compensated High Speed Optical Communication
Systems, accepted for presentation, ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on
Telecommunications.
P. S. Andr, J. Pinto, T. Almeida, A. Nolasco Pinto, F. Morgado, J. L. Pinto, M.
Pousa, Strictly Non-Blocking Optical Cross Connect for WDM Wavelength Path
Networks, accepted for presentation, ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on
Telecommunications.
P. S. Andr, A. Nolasco Pinto, T. Almeida, J. L. Pinto, M. Pousa, Optical Add-Drop
Multiplexer Based on Fibre Bragg Gratings for Wavelength Division Multiplexing
Networks, accepted for presentation, ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on
Telecommunications.
P. S. Andr, Antnio L. J. Teixeira, J. F. da Rocha, J. L. Pinto, All Optical Parametric
Frequency Conversion Based on Cross Gain Modulation on a Reflectivity
Semiconductor Optical Amplifier, accepted for presentation, ConfTele 2001 - 3rd
Conference on Telecommunications.
I. Abe, O. Frazo, P. S. Andr, J. C. Cardozo da Silva, H. J. Kalinowski, J. L. Pinto,
F. M. Arajo, The use of Fibre Bragg Gratings Filters in Optical Communications,
accepted for presentation, ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications.
M.C.R Medeiros, I. Darwazeh, L.Moura, A. Teixeira, P. S. Andr, M. Lima and J. da
Rocha, Dynamically Allocated Wavelength WDM Network Demonstrator, accepted
for presentation , ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications.

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Annual Report - 2000


P. S. Andr, J. L. Pinto, Optimising a Mach-Zhender modulation Characteristics for
10 Gbit/s Lightwave Systems, accepted for presentation , ConfTele 2001 - 3rd
Conference on Telecommunications.
Jorge R. A. Pinto, Tiago N. G. Maia, A. Nolasco Pinto, Rui S. Ribeiro, Timing Jitter
in an Optical Soliton Source Based on a Gain- Switching Semiconductor
Semiconductor Laser, accepted for presentation, ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on
Telecommunications.
Rogrio Nogueira, A. Nolasco Pinto, J. Ferreira da Rocha and J. Lemos Pinto,
Homodyne Crosstalk Optimization in Cascaded OADMs by Polarization Control,
accepted for presentation, ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications.
Rogrio Nogueira, Jorge Pinto, A. Nolasco Pinto, J. Ferreira da Rocha and J. Lemos
Pinto, Optical Test Platform for High Bit Rate DWDM Systems, accepted for
presentation , ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications.
P. S. Andr, A. N. Pinto, J. L. Pinto, T. Almeida, M. Pousa, Development of a 10
Gb/s Optical Soliton Source, ROMOPTO 2000, Conference Proceedings pp. 6,
Budapest, Romania, September 2000.
A. Nolasco Pinto, A New Generation of Optical Receivers Based on Adaptive
Detection, OSA00, Providence, USA, 2000.
P. S. Andr, A. N. Pinto, J. L. Pinto, Optical Communications on the Physics
teaching, Physics Teaching in Engineering Education PTEE 2000, Conference
Proceedings pp. 6, Budapest, Hungry, June 2000
P. S. Andr, A. N. Pinto, J. L. Pinto, T. Almeida, M. Pousa, Selective Wavelength
Transparent Optical Add - Drop Multiplexer Based on Fibre Bragg Gratings, ICTON
2000, Conference Proceedings pp 15, Gdansk, Poland, June 2000.
P. S. Andr, O. Frazo , Teresa Almeida , F. M. Arajo , J. L. Pinto, N ptico de
Remoo e Adio de Canais Sintonizvel Baseado em Redes de Bragg em Fibra
ptica, XII Physics National Conference Fsica 2000, Conference Proceedings pp.
147, Figueira da Foz, Portugal, September 2000..
P. S. Andr, A. N. Pinto, J. L. Pinto, T. Almeida, M. Pousa, Optical Add-Drop
Multiplexer Based on Fibre Bragg Gratings for the ITU WDM Systems, 6 Spanish
Optical Meeting, Conference Proceedings pp. 407, Medina del Campo, Spain,
September 2000.

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Annual Report - 2000

Deliverables
PROJECTO CAMADA WDM
Paulo Almeida, Paulo Andr, Rogrio Nogueira, Maria Helena Silva, Armando
Nolasco Pinto, Teresa Almeida, Marcelino Pousa, Joo Lemos Pinto, Simulao de
Redes pticas II Relatrio 2 - FASE II, Projecto Camada WDM P115, November
2000
Maria Helena Silva, A. Nolasco Pinto, Paulo Srgio Andr, Paulo Almeida, Rogrio
Nunes Nogueira, Joo Lemos Pinto, Teresa Almeida, Marcelino Pousa, Tcnicas de
Estimativa de Desempenho 1 Especificao Relatrio 01/ Fase I, Projecto ANDES
P152, December 2000.
Paulo Srgio Andr, Antnio Teixeira, Jorge Pinto, Teresa Almeida, Joo Lemos
Pinto, Marcelino Pousa, Armando Nolasco Pinto, Especificao do Cross Connect Relatrio 01 / Fase II, projecto O-NODE P114, October 2000.
Paulo Srgio Andr, Rogrio Nunes Nogueira, Jorge Pinto, Armando Nolasco Pinto,
Teresa Almeida, Joo Lemos Pinto, Marcelino Pousa, Demonstradores Add-Drop
multiplexer ptico e anel WDM - 1 Resultados experimentais - Relatrio 4 Fase II,
projecto O-NODE P114, July 2000.
R. Nogueira, Armando Nolasco Pinto, Paulo Srgio Andr, J. Pinto, P. Almeida,
Teresa Almeida, Joo Lemos Pinto, Marcelino Pousa, Anlise optimizao e
simulao de redes pticas, parte 1 - Relatrio 04 / Fase I, projecto CAMADA
WDM P115, June 2000.
R. Nogueira, Paulo Srgio Andr, J. Pinto, Armando Nolasco Pinto, P. Almeida,
Teresa Almeida, Joo Lemos Pinto, Marcelino Pousa, Relatrio Tcnico Anual Relatrio 03 / Fase I, projecto O-NODE P114, June 2000.
Paulo Almeida, Paulo Srgio Andr, Rogrio Nogueira, Jorge Pinto, Armando
Nolasco Pinto, Antnio Teixeira, Teresa Almeida, Marcelino Pousa, Relatrio
Tcnico Anual - Relatrio 03 / Fase I, projecto CAMDA WDM - P115, June 2000
Paulo Srgio Andr, Rogrio Nogueira, Jorge Pinto, Joo Lemos Pinto, Armando
Nolasco Pinto, Teresa Almeida, Marcelino Pousa, Joo Lemos Pinto, Simulao de
Sistemas Experimentais Relatrio 2/ Fase I, projecto CAMADA WDM P115,
March 2000.
Rogrio Nogueira, Jorge Pinto, Armando Nolasco Pinto, Paulo Srgio Andr, Teresa
Almeida, Joo Lemos Pinto, Marcelino Pousa, Propagao de mltiplos
comprimentos de onda num demonstrador WDM Relatrio 2/ Fase I, projecto ONODE P114, March 2000.

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Annual Report - 2000

Miscellaneous

Organization of the first Seminar on Multigigabit Optical Networks, IT Aveiro, 28


June 2000.

The support of one final year project involving 2 students of the Electronics and
Telecommunications Department of the University of Aveiro: Simulation,
analysis and optimization and implementation of a 10 Gb/s Communication
System: the study was focused on implementattion and optimization of a short
optical pulse source.

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Annual Report - 2000

10.3.5 Integrated Circuits and Systems


Human Resources
Collaborators

Dinis Magalhes dos Santos

Ph. D.

Full Professor, UA

Jos Luis Vieira Cura

Ph. D.

Assistant Professor, UA

Rui Lus Andrade Aguiar

M. Sc.

Assistant, UA

Paulo Mo Cheia

Lic.

Engineer, PT Inovao

Other Collaborators

David Marques

Research Student

Grant, FCT

Rui Antunes

Research Student

Grant, FCT

Luis Nero Alves

Research Student

Assistant, IPL

Projects

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - 2/2.1/TIT/1592/95 - GENCLOCK - Architectures for


High-Speed Clock Generation and Synchronization.
During 1998, the project focused on the development of multi-point distribution
systems, with special emphasis on architectural and modeling aspects. New
generic and scaleable clock distribution architectures have been developed, and
jitter modeling has been analyzed for these (and other) distribution approaches
(concluded 9/2000)

FCT - PRAXIS XXI - 2/2.1/TIT/1578/95 - IRWLAN - Advanced Technologies


for Wireless Infrared Local Area Networks.
The project has developed several front-ends for IR optical communication, and
has confronted the produced circuits with practical system results. A full IR
receiver (comprising a front-end, a clock recovery system, an optimum
demodulator and a decoder) has also been produced. Signal to noise measuring
units have been designed. This project was carried out with the cooperation of the
Optical Communications Research Line (concluded 10/2000)

FCT - CERN/P/FIS/15195/1999 - SPEED- Fast CMOS Detector Front Ends


Development of fast front ends for particle spectrometry. To be concluded in
2001.

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Annual Report - 2000

Ph. D. Theses

Rui L. Aguiar (supervisor: Dinis M. Santos), Universidade de Aveiro, submitted


in 2000, (Title: Mtodos Activos para a Distribuio de Relgio de Alta Preciso
em Sistemas CMOS).

M. Sc. Theses

David Marques (supervisor: Dinis M. Santos), Universidade de Aveiro, concluded


in 2000, (Title: Sistema de Multiplexagem para Tributrios Sncronos e
Assncronos)

Luis Nero Alves (supervisor: Dinis M. Santos), Universidade de Aveiro,


concluded in 2000, (Title: Medio da Relao Sinal-Rudo em Receptores
pticos Atmosfricos)

Publications
Papers in Journals
Eduardo de Vasconcelos, Rui L. Aguiar, Frame synchronization Circuit for high
transmission rate CMOS systems, Electronic Letters, Vol. 36, n 18, August 2000,
pp.1592-1593.
P. Crespo, J. van der Marel, V. Chepel, M. I. Lopes, Dinis Santos, L. Janeiro, V.
Solov, R. Ferreira Marques and A. J. P. L. Policarpo, Pulse Processing for the Liquid
Xenon Multiwire Ionisation Chamber, IEEE Tran. Nucl. Sci., Vol. 47 n 6, pp. 10381044, December 2000

Papers in Conference Proceedings


Jos L. Cura, Rui L. Aguiar, A Low Noise Differential Receiver for Line-of-sight
Communications, accepted for presentation, ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on
Telecommunications, Figueira da Foz, April 2001.
Antnio Tavares, Rui L. Aguiar, Jos L. Cura, Rui T. Valadas, Dinis M. Santos,
Advanced Technologies for Infrared Wireless Indoor Local Area Networks, accepted
for presentation, ConfTele 2001 - 3rd Conference on Telecommunications, Figueira da
Foz, April 2001.
Lus Nero Alves, Rui Aguiar, Eduardo de Vasconcelos, Jos Lus Cura, A Sectored
Receiver for Infra-red Wireless Networks, ISCAS'2000, IEEE International
Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Geneva, May 2000, pp. V.429-V.432.
Eduardo de Vasconcelos, Rui Aguiar, Frame Detection in High Bit-Rate CMOS
Systems, ICECS'2000, 7th IEEE Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems,
Lebanon, Dec 2000.
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Annual Report - 2000


Lus Nero Alves, Jos Lus Cura, Rui Aguiar, Dinis M. Santos, An Eight Sector
Wireless Infrared Receiver, ICECS'2000, 7th IEEE Conference on Electronics,
Circuits and Systems, Lebanon, Dec 2000.
Rui Aguiar, D. M. Santos, Highly Efficient Multi-point Clock Distribution Networks,
ICECS'2000, 7th IEEE Conference on Electronics, Circuits and System, Lebanon,
Dec 2000.
Rui Aguiar, D. M. Santos, Oscilatorless Clock Multiplication, accepted for
presentation, ISCAS'2001, IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and System,
Sydney, May 2001.
Jos L. Cura, Rui L. Aguiar, Dynamic Range Boosting for Wireless Optical
Receivers, accepted for presentation, ISCAS'2001, IEEE International Symposium on
Circuits and Systems, Sydney, May 2001.

Miscellaneous
Research topics not directly related to telecommunications activities:

NOISE Noise Studies in CMOS Detector Front Ends. Concluded August 2000.
Funding: FCT (CERN Fund).

155