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Law Enforcement Unit / Police force of Indonesia

Kepolisian Negara Republic Indonesia

Indonesian National Police

1.) Crime Policing system

Effective Crime Control Technique / Program
Community-Oriented Policing (COP) programs
Mechanism of the Program (How it Works)
The development of Community-Oriented Policing (COP) programs assist police
in their efforts to reform, improve services to citizens, and reduce crime. COP
programs have improved the performance of the Indonesian police and built public
trust by fostering collaborative police-community partnerships that use a problemsolving approach to respond to the public safety needs and expectations of the
COP programs have provided opportunities for citizens to convey their concerns and
interests on various issues to authorities. The once fragile and sometimes
confrontational relationship between the police and the community has slowly
transformed, as more open, positive lines of communication between the two groups
have been established. Community members actively participate in monitoring local
public security issues and in providing oversight on the performance of the police. In
this way, COP has proven to be an effective model in resolving local public safety
and social issues and reducing crime levels.
Over the past four years, the program established 42 community task forces in four
provinces: Yogyakarta, East Java, Bali, and Central Java. It has been at the forefront
of police reform in Indonesia. These community policing programs have led to a near
30 percent reduction of crime in Malioboro, Yogyakarta, apprehension of child
traffickers in Putat Jaya, East Java, and a reduction of domestic violence in Tejakula,

Law enforcement collaboration with the community in the firth against lawless
Community-Oriented Policing (COP) programs
Mechanism of the Program (How it Works)
COP has two main components:

genuine involvement of the community in a partnership with the police.

a participatory decision making process in addressing social problems.

COP program is implemented with the participation of the working group or

they are called the Task Force.

Consists of Community representatives such as religious leaders,

teachers, and youth leaders, asa well as police officers working at the
community level.

Once established, the community task force holds a meeting with local
stakeholders to identify key social issues faced by their communities and
them develop action plans to address the issues.

The group continues to hold meetings and activities in a village meeting

hall, mosque or other designated community premises.

It has also joined forces with community radio stations which, through call
in talk shows, provide an additional forum for communication among
community members, local police, and government officials.

BEST PRACTICES. in the crime policing that can be applied or implemented in the

Practices that can be applied from the program is that, the system itself.
Because it directly defines the active participation and the role of the
community involved in prevention of crimes.

It also gives an aid to our Law enforcers because through community task
force they can easily identify key social issues faced by their communities
and then develop action plans to address those issues.

Following are the success achieve by the program:

Anti-Trafficking in Surabaya
Community groups in Surabaya identified the issue of child trafficking as
one of their most serious problems. Following the development of an
action plan, the task force undertook a series of meetings with the local
police and owners of night entertainment businesses in the area to
discuss measures to prevent child trafficking. While some business owners
did not join the cause, the task force managed to forge an effective
partnership among the wider community and the local police in countering
child-trafficking. Ultimately, this partnership resulted in the arrest of the
owner of "Barbara" Club on Dolly Street, Surabaya, for employing underage workers in the local sex industry.
Post-Disaster Community Building in Bantul
When the earthquake hit the district of Bantul in May 2006, community
services were stretched thin. COP programs in the affected areas were
tremendously valuable in adding to police resources; community groups in
those areas agreed to form community patrols to prevent post-disaster
looting and safeguard local security. The COP model provided these
communities with the opportunity to organize themselves, restore social
networks, and most importantly, to convey concerns to local police and
government officials. The COP model was so successful in this postdisaster situation, that five new COP working groups were subsequently
formed in earthquake-affected communities. A pesantren in Jetakan,
Bantul also adopted this model to strengthen the community and foster a
collaborative relationship with the local authorities. Every Thursday night,
they have Quranic recitations, followed by a discussion on how to interpret
the holy text in a post-disaster context. Local police and government
officials are regularly invited to the discussions.


Les is a village of 5,000 on the hilly northern coast of Bali. Most of its villagers earn a
living by fishing or planting. Since late 2004, Les has had a COP program. Ibu Luh
Manik, a retired teacher, told us how the COP program has brought changes to the
"Men, when they have problems or get drunk, are easy to hurt their wife and kids.
We, the neighbors, heard about it, but nothing could really be done. Who are we?
Mere villagers, on what ground should we intervene in other's household matters?"
"We were told that a wife can report the violence to the police. But, until something
really bad happens, it is just too
humiliating for one to have police officers, strangers, meddling in their family
Ibu Luh, with her vibrant voice, then told us the process of forming the COP
community group and how the villagers agreed that domestic violence should be one
of the key problems they address. The Foundation's partner subsequently introduced
the group to laws and regulations prohibiting domestic violence. Working with the
community radio station, public information on domestic violence was then
broadcasted regularly.
"Now," she continued, "we are able to step in and help if the violence occurs."
"Wives, as well, feel they have a closer and comfortable haven to go," amongst
fellow villagers: the COP group.
The village chief of Les, Pak Bekel I Nengah Alus, confirmed that there have been
three cases of domestic violence addressed by the COP group. Captain Astawa, The
Chief Police of Tejakula Sub-district, seconded that Les is the village with the least
number of domestic violence cases in his sector.