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Finance and Resources, Facilities Management

Sustainable Development Plan


2011 - 2014

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Finance and Resources, Facilities Management

Table of Contents
Executive Summary
Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 1
Context ..................................................................................................................................................... 1
Strategic Direction ................................................................................................................................... 1
Guiding Principles.................................................................................................................................... 2
Development of the Plan.......................................................................................................................... 2
Structure of the Plan ................................................................................................................................ 3
UWA Sustainable Development Plan 2011 - 2014 .................................................................................. 4
Energy.....................................................................................................................................4
Water................................................................................................................................. .6
Recycling.................................................................................................................................9
Transport................................................................................................................................13
Built Form...............................................................................................................................15
Landscape..............................................................................................................................18
Procurement...........................................................................................................................20
Communication and Engagement..........................................................................................23
Appendices
Appendix 1: Roadmap for Sustainable Development at UWA
Appendix 2: Sustainable Development Workshops Results
Appendix 3: Operational Initiatives
Appendix 4: Financial Modelling
Appendix 5: UWA Sustainable Development Summer Scholarships 2010/11
Appendix 6: Sustainable Development Plan Timeline and Capital Cost Summary
Appendix 7: Sources of Information

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The Sustainable Development Plan 2011 2014 (SD Plan) provides a strategic plan to guide the
Universitys sustainable development for the next 3 years. The SD Plan addresses a key Operation
Objective within the OPP, which is to make UWA an environmentally sustainable community, while
being mindful of the other aspects of sustainability, i.e., social and economic sustainability. The SD
Plan approaches sustainable development in the areas of:

Operational and technical aspects (principally in Facilities Management)

Policies (to be administered by Faculties, Sections, Schools,.)

Research (Faculties, Research Centres)

Communication and community engagement (all areas)

The SD Plan is structured into 8 focus areas, namely, Energy, Water, Recycling, Transport, Built
Form, Landscape, Procurement and Communication and Engagement. With the exception of
Procurement and Communication and Engagement, the strategic and operational objectives within
each focus area have been guided by consultative workshops conducted in 2010, and encompassing
all sections of the University.
Within each focus area, the strategic objectives, operational objectives and implementation strategies
are outlined. These inform the strategic direction of the SD Plan. The SD Plan also proposes some
initiatives to help achieve the operational objectives. These initiatives are supported by preliminary
feasibility studies and high-level financial modelling. These initiatives form the operational section of
the SD Plan. The operational section of the SD Plan is provided within the Appendices and is subject
to ongoing review to finalise costs. Once finalised, the operational initiatives will be considered within
the annual budget review.
The key recommendations arising from the Plan are:

To accept in principle the proposed targets pending further detailed feasibility studies and annual
review, in order to demonstrate UWAs commitment to sustainability and maintain its standing
within the GO8 and international universities community

To develop, ratify and implement sustainability policies within each of the key focus areas. This is
to be done in consultation with key stakeholders and reviewed by a working party to ensure that
they are in line with the Universitys strategic direction

To support the planning of a user pay system in the areas of Energy, Water and Built Form
(space)

To develop a ratings / measurement tool for Built Form and Landscape in order to develop
baseline data and assess the performance of future initiatives in those areas

To support further planning and business modelling of initiatives to assess their financial viability.
If adopted, the funding for these projects will be subject to approval through the annual budget
and planning review

To develop sub-Plans for Transport (completed), Recycling and Communication and


Engagement, in order to provide further details and costed recommendations in those focus
areas.

To support student scholarships in sustainable development research

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Introduction
This UWA Sustainable Development Plan 2011 2014 (SD Plan) outlines the Universitys plans to
progress the sustainable future that is clearly articulated in the Universitys Operational Priorities Plan
(OPP) 2009-2013. OPP strategies have been formulated with due consideration to the expected
impacts on the Universitys triple bottom line (social, environmental and economic). The OPP also
includes a specific operational objective which aims at making the University environmentally
sustainable with a focus on meeting the requirements of the National Greenhouse and Energy
Reporting Act.
The SD Plan translates the Universitys commitment to sustainable principles and practices into a set
of clear plans and programs designed to advance the Universitys vision of a more sustainable future.
The SD Plan covers all facets of University life, from teaching and research activities, building and
infrastructure, to community engagement and procurement, establishing optimal sustainable
development for an expanded university.

Context
The SD Plan has been developed in the context of the Universitys direction articulated in the OPP
with specific focus on making UWA an environmentally sustainable community. An overview of the
OPP, and how this plan aligns with the overall direction described in the OPP, together with the
guiding principles underpinning the SD Plan and steps taken to develop this plan are provided below.

Strategic Direction
The SD Plan has been formulated in the context of the Universitys mission to advance, transmit and
sustain knowledge and understanding through the conduct of teaching, research and scholarship at
the highest international standards, for the benefit of the Western Australian, Australian and
international communities and its vision to achieve international excellence. The University has
articulated its vision with the following defining characteristics:

High quality, as the pervading criterion for all our activities

Comprehensive, with a broad teaching and research profile in the arts, sciences, and
professions

Selective, within a comprehensive base, to develop particular areas of research strength and
emphasis

Research-intensive, with a strong teaching and research nexus across all our disciplines

Internationally focussed, for both the content and standards of our activities

Technologically innovative, to maximise our flexibility

Responsive, to meet the needs of the community, our students and our graduates

It has been developed to advance the direction articulated in the OPP which includes the following
over-arching Strategic Objectives:
To improve the quality of the student learning experience;
To improve the quality and impact, and productivity of research and research training;
To improve the Universitys positioning and reputation, and to develop strategic relationships
and community engagement; and
To develop our people and resources.
The SD Plan addresses a key Operational Objective, namely:

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

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The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

PR6:

To make UWA an environmentally sustainable community

The SD Plan builds on the associated implementation strategies articulated in the OPP (listed below).
Implementation Strategies
PR6.1

Develop a University strategic framework for environmental sustainability

PR6.2

Operate within local, national and international environmental legislation and standards

PR6.3

Increase the understanding of sustainability amongst our staff, students and community

Guiding Principles
The development of this SD Plan has been guided by the following principles and associated
pathways:
Critical Principles
The University as a role
model

Pathways
By leading through research and practice in sustainable development
initiatives

Clarity of goals

By setting and communicating ambitious and realistic goals for all


aspects of the University to maximise sustainable development potential

Building on the
Universitys research
strengths

By achieving excellence in research that can proactively contribute to


solving complex problems involved in creating a sustainable
organisation and world

A precautionary approach
to environmental
sustainability

By ensuring the lack of full scientific understanding is not used to justify


postponing measures designed to prevent likely irreversible
environmental damage

Commitment across all


levels of the organisation

By considering sustainable development issues in the Universitys


decision-making, planning and management processes

Inclusiveness and
integration

By seeking engagement and participation from the Universitys


community in all aspects of sustainable development

Shared responsibility for


outcomes

By promoting and encouraging sustainable development ethos to


ensure every member of the University community is aware of their
responsibilities

Benefits being shared by


all

By fostering sustainable development values in our students and staff,


through research, teaching, and operations

Development of the Plan


In 2009 the University of Western Australia introduced three key initiatives to significantly advance a
commitment to ensuring sustainable development of the university into the future.
The first of these was the introduction of the Vice Chancellors Sustainable Development Committee
(VCSDC) comprising a broad cross section of the universitys research, education and administrative
community.
Following the appointment of the VCSDC, a planning workshop was conducted to

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The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

canvas key principles and goals to guide the development of a Sustainable Development Plan for The
University of Western Australia resulting in a Roadmap for Sustainable Development at UWA, shown
in Appendix 1.
The second key initiative was the formation of a new Sustainable Development (SD) business unit
within Facilities Management. The primary focus of the ESD Business unit is to work with
representatives from across the University to develop the UWA Sustainable Development Plan, the
third key initiative.
In 2010, a series of consultative workshops, encompassing a broad cross section of the University
community, were carried out in key focus areas of sustainability to inform the SD Plan. The results of
these workshops are shown in Appendix 2. In 2011, the University will launch the Sustainable
Development Plan 2011 2014 which will prioritise its sustainability initiatives for the next few years
and help it meet its environmental goals.

Structure of the Plan


The SD Plan has been structured into 8 focus areas. These focus areas are Energy, Water,
Recycling, Transport, Built Form, Landscape, Procurement and Communication and
Engagement.
For each focus area, the whole of UWA baseline data has been provided where available. In most
cases, the baseline year of 2008 was chosen, as the mandatory National Greenhouse and Energy
Reporting Act (NGER) was introduced that year, giving rise to more stringent record keeping and
reporting standards. Most G08 Universities have also adopted the 2008 baseline. A key performance
indicator (KPI) (e.g., tonnes of greenhouse gases emitted for Energy) was chosen as well as
proposed reduction targets. The proposed targets strongly correlate with the Sustainable
Development targets of other G08 Universities.
The strategic section of the SD Plan outlines the strategic objectives as well as operational
objectives and associated implementation strategies. The operational section of the SD Plan
provides a list of proposed initiatives or recommendations to help achieve the performance targets
and is shown in Appendix 3.
Within Appendix 3, the estimated reduction in KPI and the financial details of the initiatives are
provided. The estimates provided are highly indicative due to the difficulty in predicting actual system
performance, staff and student responsiveness and the variability between sites and buildings.
Furthermore, all costs are ball park figures, derived from feasibility studies carried out by external
consultants, advice from internal technical expertise or student research findings. The financial
evaluations of the initiatives are provided in Appendix 4, together with the general parameters and
assumptions used in calculations and modelling. Although indicative, the information provided, such
as discounted payback periods, assists with decision making regarding project viability and
prioritisation.
Subsequent to the adoption of the Strategic SD Plan, detailed operational plans in the form of Project
Initiation Documents (PIDs) or Sustainable Development sub-Plans will be submitted for endorsement
through the university governance system. In addition to the sub-Plans, the SD Plan is supported by
various Facilities Management annual operational, business and management plans and programs,
which are the coordinated efforts of various sections within Facilities Management. These documents
will contain more detailed information and provide an annual review of the SD Plan.

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

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The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

UWA Sustainable Development Plan 2011 - 2014


Energy

Focus Area:

Strategic Objective: To demonstrate commitment to achievement of worlds best practice in


energy conservation, management and research

Description:

Energy use at UWA comprises approximately 80% electricity, 15% gas and
5% from other fuels. Electricity use at UWA comprises approximately 20%
in lighting, 15% in central chilled water production and distribution, 25% in
heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) and other mechanical
services and 40% in equipment, such as computers and research
equipment. Gas is mainly used in hot water and heating water boilers (90%)
and in kitchens and research equipment (10%). 95% of UWA energy is
procured from energy retailers, Alinta and Synergy. The electricity rate
increased by 17% in July 2010 and the gas rate increased by 80% in March
2011 as a result of contract renewals (3 and 5 year terms respectively).
Another factor that will affect energy costs is the Carbon Pollution Reduction
Scheme (CPRS). There is currently uncertainty surrounding the CPRS,
however, for the purposes of financial analysis, a rate of $10 per tonne of
CO2-e emitted, imposed from 2012 onwards, has been assumed.

Baseline Data:

43,000 tonnes CO2-e emissions (2008 levels)

Proposed Targets:

20% reduction (i.e., 34,400 tonnes CO2-e emissions) by 2020 from 2008
levels
37% actual reduction (from 2020 levels)

Figure 1. UWA Greenhouse gas (CO2-e) emissions from energy use

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

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The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Operational Objectives (Energy)


Operational Objectives
Executive endorsement of Energy
related policies and procedures

Implementation Strategies

Develop or update a set of energy related policies and


procedures consistent with the UWA policy framework

These policies may include but are not limited to the following:

Energy conservation policy


Building management and occupation policy
Travel related policies (e.g., fleet vehicles and air travel)

Seek endorsement and ratification of policies via the appropriate


approvals process

Installation of monitoring and reporting hardware and software

Develop a plan to introduce reporting system to building users,


including display location and exposure, education and
awareness program, etc.

Develop a plan of a user pay system

Seek support and feedback of stakeholders

Engage Finance Officer to implement and administer system

Review viability of technical improvements in building services,


e.g., lighting, air-conditioning

Where viable, submit for inclusion in annual Life Cycle Renewal


or Minor Works capital budgets

Improving energy efficiency of


equipment

Review viability of technical improvements in equipment

Develop PIDs for approvals and implementation

Increasing the percentage of energy


produced from renewable sources

Conduct feasibility studies for on-site or off-site renewable


energy generation

Develop PIDs for viable renewable energy projects

Monitoring and reporting of energy


consumption for each building

Reducing energy use through user


accountability (user pay system)

Improving energy efficiency of


buildings

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

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Stakeholders

Timeframe

Operational
Initiatives
(Appendix 3)

FM /
University
Secretary

2013

E1

FM

2013

E3

FM/ FS /
Faculties and
Sections

2013

E2

FM

2014

E4,E5,E6

FM

2014

E7

FM / Graduate
Research
School /
Faculties

TBA

E8

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Water

Focus Area:

Strategic Objective: To responsibly manage water through conservation, re-use, research and
innovation

Description:

UWA uses approximately 260,000 kL of scheme water This cost includes a


charge for all waste water discharged to the sewer. At UWA, scheme water
is used mainly in toilets (50%), air-conditioning cooling towers (30%),
research equipment (10%), wash down equipment (including in kitchens)
(6%) and swimming pools (3%). UWA uses approximately 125 kL of
groundwater, most of which is returned to the aquifer. Groundwater is used
mainly for irrigation as well as pre-cooling of the MCS building. Groundwater
usage is monitored by the Department of Water and UWA is currently not
charged for its groundwater use. However, this may change in the future.
UWA uses minimal stormwater and greywater, due to the high costs of
retrofitting and maintaining water harvesting and recycling installations.
However, stormwater re-use has been used successfully in the manufacture
of deionised water in the MCS building. It is not known if the cost of water
will increase in the future, however, UWA water usage may increase by
approximately 4,000 kL with the completion and occupation of the new
Oceans Institute in 2014.

Baseline Data:

222,000kL (11.4 kL/EFTSL) (2008 levels)

Proposed Target:

20% reduction (i.e., 180,000 kL / 7.11 kL / EFTSL) by 2020 from 2008


levels
38% actual reduction (from 2020 levels)

Figure 2. UWA water use (kL)

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

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The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Operational Objectives (Water)

Operational Objectives
Executive endorsement of Water
related policies and procedures

Implementation Strategies

Develop or update a set of water related policies and procedures


consistent with the UWA policy framework

These policies may include but are not limited to the following:

Water conservation policy


Irrigation water policy
Stormwater policy
Industrial Waste Management policy

Seek endorsement and ratification of policies via the appropriate


approvals process

Installation of monitoring and reporting hardware and software

Develop a plan to introduce reporting system to building users,


including display location and exposure, education and
awareness program, etc.

Develop a plan of a user pay system

Seek support and feedback of stakeholders

Engage Finance Officer to implement and administer system

Increase the percentage of recycled


water use

Review viability of water harvesting and re-use systems

Where viable, submit for inclusion in annual Infrastructure capital


budgets

Reduce mains water use in


buildings and grounds

Review viability of water saving technologies in toilets and


research equipment

Where viable, submit for inclusion in annual Life Cycle Renewal,


Infrastructure or Minor Works capital budgets

Conduct feasibility studies in ways to reduce or re-use waste


water from Central Plant

Monitoring and reporting of water


consumption for each building

Reducing water use through user


accountability (user pay system)

Reduce mains water use in Central


Plant cooling towers

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

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Stakeholders

Timeframe

Operational
Initiatives
(Appendix 3)

FM /
University
Secretary

2013

W1

FM

2014

W3

FM / FS /
Faculties and
Sections

2013

W2

FM

2014

W6

FM

2014

W4, W7, W9

FM /
Graduate

TBA

W5

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Operational Objectives

Implementation Strategies

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Where viable, submit for inclusion in Infrastructure capital budget

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Stakeholders
Research
School

Timeframe

Operational
Initiatives
(Appendix 3)

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Focus Area:

Recycling

Strategic Objective: Aim for Zero Waste through reduction and recycling programs and research
Description:

UWA produced approximately 400 tonnes of waste in 2010. Approximately


50% of this waste is recycled. The rate of waste disposal (general and comingled recycled) generally increases about 3.5% per year. The University
currently recycles cardboard, plastics, batteries, toner cartridges and ewaste. The proposed recycling target is to achieve Zero Waste by 2020.
This will be supported by an onsite storage facility to manage waste
streams. Ideally this should be integrated into a Services Precinct which will
contain similar industrial activities.

Baseline Data:

194 tonnes general waste / 182 tonnes recycled waste (2008 levels)

Proposed Target:

Zero Waste (100% recycled waste) by 2020

(a)

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

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The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

(b)
Figure 3. UWA Waste (tonnes) (a) Business as Usual and (b) Zero Waste by 2020

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

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The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Operational Objectives (Recycling)

Operational Objectives
Executive endorsement of
Recycling and waste related
policies and procedures

Implementation Strategies

Develop or update a set of recycling related policies and


procedures consistent with the UWA policy framework

These policies may include but are not limited to the following:

Establish services precinct for


recycling operations

Ensure efficient waste management


operations to maximise recycling
and minimise contamination

Green procurement policy


Waste management policy
Demolition and construction waste policy

Seek endorsement and ratification of policies via the


appropriate approvals process

Incorporate recycling waste collection facility within services


precinct as per Campus Plan 2010

Incorporate planning and design of facility with future capital


projects within the services precinct

Develop a Recycling Plan including;


maintaining a network of recycling stations throughout
the campus and within buildings

Stakeholders

Timeframe

Operational
Initiatives
(Appendix 3)

FM / University
Secretary /
Strategic
Procurement

2013

R1

FM

2014

R5

FM

2012

R5

FM

2013

R2

FM

2013

R3

FM / Graduate

2013

R4

centralising the management of skip bins to minimise


contamination
Maximise recycled content of
building materials

Minimise demolition and


construction waste to landfill

Review feasibility of an on-site

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Develop a measurement tool to capture recycled content of


building materials in all building and refurbishment projects

Include specification for recycled content of building materials


within building guidelines and policies

Develop a measurement tool to capture amount of building


waste recycled

Include specification for construction waste management within


building guidelines and policies

Conduct feasibility study for an on-site facility where organic

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The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Operational Objectives

Implementation Strategies

organic waste facility (bio-gas)

waste can be converted to bio-gas for campus use

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Possible student research opportunity

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Stakeholders
Research
School

Timeframe

Operational
Initiatives
(Appendix 3)

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Focus Area:

Transport

Strategic Objective: To provide students, staff and visitors equitable, efficient and reliable access
to, from and between UWA campuses

Description:

At UWA, there is a heavy reliance on single occupancy vehicles (SOV) as a


means of commuting. However, the decrease in percentage of trips made
by single occupancy vehicles and the increase in uptake of public
transportation, from 2003 to 2010, particularly by students, is encouraging.
This is a result of the Universitys efforts in the promotion of active
commuting as well as its policy of maintaining the number of carparking
bays to 3420. As a Strategic Specialised Centre (under Directions 2031),
the university is well placed to capitalise on high volume transport initiatives
to reduce the carbon footprint resulting from travel related emissions. This
section of the SD Plan is supported by the UWA Transport Plan.

Baseline Data:

61% of trips made by staff and 38% of trips made by students are via single
occupant vehicles (SOV) (2010 levels)

Proposed Target:

20% reduction (i.e., 50% of trips made by staff and 30% of trips made by students
are via SOV) by 2020 (from 2010 levels)

Figure 4. Proportion of all trips to and from UWA by travel mode for staff and students in 2003 and
2010

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

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The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Operational Objectives (Transport)

Operational Objectives

Implementation Strategies

Stakeholders

Timeframe

Operational
Initiatives
(Appendix 3)

FM

2011

T1

FM

2012

T2,T6

FM / Public
Transport
Authority

2014

T3,T4,T7

T5

Executive endorsement of UWA


Transport Plan (underway)

Develop a strategic Transport Plan for Executive endorsement

Develop an operational Transport Plan for budget approvals


and implementation

Promote active commuting


alternatives

Engage a Travelsmart Officer and develop a Travelsmart


program

Investigate feasibility of a Universal Pass for public


transportation

Improve facilities for cyclist

Improve facilities for pedestrians

Improve public transport services

Local Govt
Authorities

Encourage HR policies that promote flexible work


arrangements.

Review timetabling and scheduling of course contact hours

2014

Promote the use of telecommunications to enable working off


campus. Continual improvement of web-based learning
experience (eLearning / iLecture)

Executive /
HR /
Timetabling
and Venues
Unit / IS /
Student
Services

Endorse campus planning documents such as Crawley


Campus Plan 2010 which addresses future developments and
urban planning

Executive /
FM / Colleges
/ Student
Services

2013

Improve services to encourage


active commuting

Promote flexible work


arrangements to reduce congestion

Increase local accommodation for


staff, students and visitors around
Crawley and other major UWA
campuses

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

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The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Focus Area:

Built Form

Strategic Objective: To create an environment for learning, teaching, working, and living that is
productive, dynamic and enjoyable while being socially, environmentally and
economically responsible

Description:

There are approximately 240 buildings on the Crawley campus. This


corresponds to approximately 350,000 m2 of gross floor area (GFA) or 15.5
m2 GFA / EFTSL. This is higher than the Tertiary Education Facilities
Management Association (TEFMA) benchmark of just under 15 m2 GFA /
EFTSL. Due to the varying ages of the buildings on Crawley, the
sustainability of the buildings (e.g., energy and water efficiency) varies
greatly. Part of the SD Plan will be to develop a UWA specific ratings
system by which to measure a buildings sustainability standard.
Sustainable development of the campus should be considered in a precinct
context where sustainability is aggregated rather than focussed on a single
building. As the Crawley campus expands to the west the built form will
include a more diverse style of development where precincts will be
characterised by a mix of accommodation, research, retail and service
facilities. This urban neighbourhood style of mixed use development will add
positively to the economic and social vibrancy of the community and will
contribute to environmental sustainability through increased land use
efficiency and a reduced carbon footprint.

Baseline Data:

Number of buildings on campus with an acceptable level of sustainability


(UWA Building Ratings system to be developed). Assessment of buildings
to be carried out and form the baseline data for future initiatives i.e., a,2012
baseline

Proposed Target:

100% of all built forms to be compliant with sustainability policies (to be


developed) by 2020
50% of all built forms to achieve an acceptable level of sustainability (UWA
Building Ratings system to be developed) by 2020

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The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Operational Objectives (Built Form)

Operational Objectives

Implementation Strategies

Executive endorsement of Campus


Plan 2010

Ensure sustainability principles are


applied comparably across the
precinct and campus

Executive endorsement of Built


Form related policies and
procedures

Develop or update a set of built form related policies and


procedures consistent with the UWA policy framework

These policies may include but are not limited to the following:

Draft Campus Plan 2010 (which includes architectural and built


form principles to be adopted) is currently under review for
endorsement
Develop precinct plans, e.g., research, cultural, sports, etc.
precincts, with a focus on sustainability

Sustainable space utilisation policy


Sustainable building design policy
Building management and operation policy

Seek endorsement and ratification of policies via the


appropriate approvals process

Improve space utilisation within


buildings

Develop and apply space utilisation and accountability policy

Assist Faculties and Sections to improve space utilisation


through re-allocation and refurbishment

Promote flexible work


arrangements to improve space
utilisation

Encourage HR policies that promote flexible work


arrangements.

Review timetabling and scheduling of course contact hours.

Promote the use of telecommunications to enable working off


campus. Continual improvement of web-based learning
experience (eLearning / iLecture).

Develop and apply a UWA specific ratings systems in order to


assess sustainability of existing and new buildings

Develop a university wide built form


ratings system (e.g., Greenstar
ratings)

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Ratings system should take consideration of the whole of

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Stakeholders

Timeframe

Operational
Initiatives
(Appendix 3)

Executive / FM

2011

B1

FM

2014

B2

FM / University
Secretary

2013

B3

FM

2013

B4

Executive / HR
/ Timetabling
and Venues
Unit / ITS /
Student
Services

2014

B5

FM

2013

B6

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Operational Objectives

Implementation Strategies

Stakeholders

Timeframe

Operational
Initiatives
(Appendix 3)

FM

TBA

B7

precinct rather than individual buildings

Enhance sustainability of existing


buildings

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Ratings system can assist with assessing the sustainability of


UWA buildings and help focus development / refurbishment in
some areas

Investigate and apply environmentally sustainable principles to


existing buildings where practical (buildings for water
catchment, energy capture and generation, vertical gardens,
etc.)

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The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Focus Area:

Landscape

Strategic Objective: To enhance and conserve the Universitys cultural and natural landscapes
Description:

UWAs landscapes include its natural, urban, heritage and cultural


landscapes. UWA maintains an enviable landscape portfolio characterised
by its integration with its urban developments. Sustainable landscape
development includes the use of green infrastructure such as green roofs,
vertical gardens, water harvesting in the landscape and on the buildings to
increase the operating efficiency of building and add to the biodiversity of
the campus. As the university expands into the town, the landscape will be
used to visually integrate the campus and create an urban ecology to
promote biodiversity, improve the operating efficiency of the built form and
promote health and wellbeing.

Baseline Data:

Landscape character, e.g., area, richness, biodiversity, etc. (to be defined


and measurement metrics to be developed), i.e., a 2012 baseline

Proposed Target:

To maintain or improve UWAs landscape character (measurement metrics


to be developed) to 2020 and beyond

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The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Operational Objectives (Landscape)

Operational Objectives

Implementation Strategies

Executive endorsement of Crawley


Village Landscape Masterplan

Executive endorsement of
Landscape related policies and
procedures

Develop or update a set of landscape related policies and


procedures consistent with the UWA policy framework

These policies may include but are not limited to the following:

Develop a Crawley Village Landscape Masterplan which will


build on the landscape principles outlined in the UWA Campus
Plan 2010

Enhancement of landscape character


Passive and active recreation spaces
External teaching and learning spaces
Urban design
Green infrastructure
Heritage Landscape Management Plan

Seek endorsement and ratification of policies via the


appropriate approvals process

Develop a university wide


landscape ratings system or
metrics

Develop and apply a UWA specific ratings systems in order to


assess landscape character, such as richness and diversity

Ratings system can assist with assessing the sustainability of


UWA landscapes and help focus development / rehabilitation in
some areas

Explore initiatives which enhance


the landscape of the University,
involving student research and
community engagement

Conduct research or feasibility studies into initiatives such as:

Green infrastructure / vertical gardens


Carbon sequestration potential of UWA sites
Improving biodiversity linkages in key catchment areas

Develop plans and promote community engagement in


landscape initiatives, such as:

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Applied sustainability gardens


College vegetable gardens

Page 19

Stakeholders

Timeframe

Operational
Initiatives
(Appendix 3)

Executive /
FM

2013

L1, L6

FM /
University
Secretary

2013

L2

FM

2013

L3

FM / Graduate
Research
School

2014

L4,L5,L7

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Focus Area:

Procurement

Strategic Objective: To ensure that all UWA staff and their representatives who make
purchasing decisions are aware of and adopt sustainable procurement
principles and practices

Description:

Sustainable Procurement implies that procurement activities are


ecologically sound, socially just and economically viable, and that they will
continue to be so for future generations. UWA is committed to ensuring that
all the goods and services it purchases are manufactured, delivered, used
and disposed of in an environmentally and socially responsible manner and
deliver long term value for money.

Baseline Data:

To be determined (2011 baseline)

Proposed Target:

Improvements in Sustainable Procurement practices

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 20

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Operational Objectives (Procurement)

Operational Objectives
Executive endorsement of
Sustainable Procurement policies
and procedures

Implementation Strategies

Develop or update a set of procurement policies and


procedures consistent with the UWA policy framework

These policies may include but are not limited to the following:

Locally produced goods and services


Environmental best practice
Corporate governance
Ethical procurement
Product stewardship

Stakeholders

Timeframe

Operational
Initiatives
(Appendix 3)

Strategic
Procurement /
Legal
Services /
University
Secretary

2013

P1

Seek endorsement and ratification of policies via the


appropriate approvals process

Ensure the University applies


sustainable procurement principles
in the area of Energy

Establish Green Energy / Low Carbon Policy for Energy Supply


Agreements

FM / Strategic
Procurement

2014

P4

Ensure the University applies


sustainable procurement principles
in the area of Water

Develop a program to reduce/ eliminate the purchase of bottled


water

FM / Guild /
University
Club

2012

P5

Ensure the University applies


sustainable procurement principles
in the area of Recycling

Centralise the procurement of paper to ensure recycled content

Centralise the procurement of office furniture to ensure recycled


content

Conduct a feasibility study into the introduction of a centralised


fleet of electric vehicles

Develop a carbon offset program for UWA travel

Develop and apply sustainable procurement checklist to all


construction and maintenance projects

Streamline and standardise the process of procurement of


products and services for construction and maintenance needs

Ensure the University applies


sustainable procurement principles
in the area of Transport
Ensure the University applies
sustainable procurement principles
in the area of Built Form

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 21

FM / Strategic
Procurement

P2,P6

FM

2013

P7,P8

FM

2013

P3

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Operational Objectives

Implementation Strategies

Stakeholders

Timeframe

Operational
Initiatives
(Appendix 3)

Develop a Sustainability Preferred Suppliers List

Ensure the University applies


sustainable procurement principles
in the area of Landscape

Develop policies to ensure that sustainable materials and plants


are used in turf, irrigation and horticultural practices

Develop policies and guidelines to protect the UWA heritage


landscape from diseases introduced through
procurement.(such as Phytophthora protection)

FM

2013

P9,P10

Ensure the University applies


sustainable procurement principles
in the area of Teaching and
Research

Develop a plan to incorporate sustainable procurement within


procurement practices in the area of teaching and research.
This may include:

Research
Services /
Health and
Safety /
Strategic
Procurement

2014

P11

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Procurement of chemicals and other hazardous


materials
Feasibility of e-Freezers

Page 22

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Focus Area:

Communication and Engagement

Strategic Objective: The strategic objective is directly related to a Strategic Objective articulated
in the Operational Priorities Plan 2009 2013, which is to improve the
Universitys positioning and reputation, and to develop strategic
relationships and community engagement. It is also linked to Operational
Objectives:

ERCE 2: To develop strategic relationships between the University


and decision makers and leaders, particularly in industry and
business, government at all levels, and the wider community and

ERCE 3: To enhance the Universitys engagement with graduates


and friends, and the wider community

Description:

UWA have been active in promoting its sustainability initiatives within UWA
and its communities over the past few years. Examples of this include the
Green Building Office, recycling programs and Travelsmart Programs.
Communications and engagement in the area of sustainability will be greatly
enhanced by the launch of the Sustainable Development website (February
2011) and the development of a Communications and Engagement Plan
(2012). Furthermore, collaboration between UWA operational and
administrative sections, key research areas, industry partners and the
surrounding community as a whole will deliver tangible outcomes in relation
to important sustainability issues.

Baseline Data:

Participation in sustainability events (2008)


A measure of awareness of UWA Sustainable Development (2011)

Proposed Target:

Increase in participation by UWA staff and students in sustainability events


by 100% by 2020

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 23

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Operational Objectives (Communication and Engagement)

Operational Objectives
Executive endorsement of a
Communication and Engagement
Plan

Implementation Strategies

Stakeholders

Timeframe

Operational
Initiatives
(Appendix 3)

FM/ Public
Affairs /
Student Guild

2012

C1

FM / Public
Affairs

2012

C2,C4

All

2012

C3

Develop communication and engagement plans and strategies


which may include, but are not limited to, the following:

Sustainable Development website


Social marketing schemes
Social media
Green Building program
Annual program of events
School Managers Forum
Support for Guild Environmental Collective

Develop a database of industry partners in order to better target


research and funding opportunities in sustainability

Engage with industry partners (businesses and government


bodies) that may be interested in pursuing sustainability
initiatives with the University (e.g., funding, guest speakers,
research opportunities, etc.)

Identify key contacts within FM to engage with the University


and wider community

Identify key contacts within each Faculty or Section (e.g.,


Sustainability Officer) to champion and promote sustainability
within their area

Develop and apply a Communications and Engagement Plan

Introduce a core Sustainability Unit


in first year coursework

Review and coordinate via the Board of Coursework Studies for


possible inclusion within New Courses 2012

Executive /
Board of
Coursework
Studies

2012

C5

Support student research


scholarships in the area of
sustainable development

The Summer School Research Scholarship program in the area


of sustainable development was introduced in 2010/11

FM / Graduate
Research
School

On-going

C6

Develop strategic partnerships in


the area of sustainability

Enhance the Universitys


engagement with staff, students
and the wider community in the
area of sustainability

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 24

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Operational Objectives

Implementation Strategies

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

The topics and student researchers involved in the 2010/11


program are shown in Appendix 5

Page 25

Stakeholders

Timeframe

Operational
Initiatives
(Appendix 3)

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Appendix 1 :
Roadmap for Sustainable Development at UWA

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 26

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Roadmap for Sustainable Development at UWA


Vice-Chancellors Introduction
This Roadmap for Sustainable Development at the University of Western Australia (UWA) has been developed to advance the Universitys commitment to a
sustainable future. In particular it advances the University Operational Priorities Plan (OPP) operational objective that is aimed at making the University
environmentally sustainable with a focus on meeting the requirements of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007. This is done by
articulating initial guiding critical principles, and suggesting outcomes and possible steps that will be considered in developing the UWA Sustainable
Development Plan (the Plan).

Context
The University is committed to achieving a sustainable future for itself and for the communities it serves. Its teaching and research contribute to
understanding and disseminating findings in relation to important sustainability issues, while its activities have ongoing environmental impacts.
The commitment to achieving a sustainable future is clearly articulated in the Universitys OPP for 2009-2013. OPP strategies have been formulated with due
consideration to the expected impacts on the Universitys triple bottom line (social, environmental and economic) and the OPP includes a specific operational
objective which aims at making the University environmentally sustainable with a focus on meeting the requirements of the National Greenhouse and Energy
Reporting Act 2007.
To significantly advance its commitment to ensuring the sustainable development of the University into the future, UWA introduced the following three key
initiatives in 2009:

establishment of the Vice Chancellors Sustainable Development Committee (VCSDC)

a planning workshop was held in June 2009 to canvas key principals and goals to guide the development of a UWA Sustainable Development Plan

the establishment of an Environmental Sustainable Development business unit within Facilities Management to oversee the development of the
University of Western Australia Sustainable Development Plan and to integrate sustainability initiatives into the Universitys operations.

The Roadmap follows these initiatives and has been written in consultation with key stakeholders under the guidance of the VCSDC to provide guiding critical
principles and targets for the development of the UWA Sustainable Development Plan (the Plan).

Processes to Develop the Roadmap


The key processes integral to developing the plan as a working document developed and owned by the University community include:

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

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The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Timeframe
2009

2010 -2012

2013

Activity
1. Initial planning workshop to develop a Roadmap for Sustainable
Development at UWA, outlining the critical principles guiding the
plan and a series of outcomes to be achieved by 2013.

2. UWA wide workshops to develop the Vision Principles Objectives


and Goals for Sustainable Development (SD) focus areas
3. Development of draft strategies, actions, KPIs and reporting for SD
focus areas
4. UWA wide review of draft plan for each SD focus area

5. Final review of University of Western Australia Sustainable


Development Plan by VC Sustainable Development Committee
6. Submission of University of Western Australia Sustainable
Development Plan to University Governance Committees for
endorsement.

Whilst recognising sustainability as a responsibility, the University of Western Australia has also seized the opportunity to integrate research with
sustainability initiatives. To that end the focus in 2010 will be to increase sustainable practices in a number of focus areas including energy, recycling and
transport. The introduction of these initiatives will be a collaborative process in conjunction with key research areas of Social Change and the Centre for Built
Environment and Health, thus ensuring that sustainability at the University is integrated across all streams of activity.
The creative use of the education and research resources of the University to test and pilot sustainability initiatives promises exciting outcomes for the
University as a whole and it is anticipated that as the plans development progresses, other inspiring collaborations will be developed.
Professor
Vice
and Chair (Advisory Committee for Sustainable Development)

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 28

Alan

Robson
Chancellor

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Critical principles and pathways of adoption


As a responsible member of the international community, the University of Western Australia will develop its leadership position in sustainable development
guided
by
the
following
principles
and
associated
pathways:
Critical principles

Pathways

Clarity of goals

By setting and communicating ambitious and realistic


goals for all aspects of the University to maximise
sustainable development potential

Commitment across all levels of the


organisation

By considering sustainable development issues in the


Universitys
decision-making,
planning
and
management processes

Building
on
the
research strengths

By achieving excellence in research that can


proactively contribute to solving complex problems
involved in creating a sustainable organisation and
world

Universitys

Inclusiveness and integration

By seeking engagement and participation from the


Universitys community in all aspects of sustainable
development

A precautionary approach to future


planning

By ensuring the lack of full scientific understanding is


not used to justify postponing measures to prevent
degradation where there is significant risk of
irreversible environmental damage

Shared responsibility for outcomes

By
promoting
and
encouraging
sustainable
development ethos to ensure every member of the
University community is aware of their responsibilities.

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 29

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Critical principles

Pathways

The University as a role model

By leading through research and


sustainable development initiatives

Benefits being shared by all

By fostering sustainable development values in our


students and staff, through research, teaching, and
operations

practice

in

Proposed Outcomes of the Sustainable Development Plan


It is proposed that the Sustainable Development Plan that will be developed under this Roadmap will lead to the following outcomes.
Key Outcomes
1. The advancement and dissemination of sustainable development knowledge

2. A plan for sustainable development at the University with best practice targets
and systems for assessment of performance

3. Identification and promotion of internal exemplars of best practice


4. A culture of sustainable thinking across and within the Universitys people and
activities

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

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The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Key Outcomes

5. The University is a leader for the practices of Sustainable Development

6. Sustainable Development results in increased health and wellbeing of staff and


students

7. Funding sources identified to support Sustainable Development

8. A Communication Plan for University Sustainable Development completed,


implemented and working effectively
9. Evaluations of development proposals for University sites include sustainability
as a criteria for success

10. The University will have established a Centre for Ethics and Sustainable
Development

Next Steps
It is planned to use this Roadmap to stimulate discussion about the Sustainable Development Plan and the steps to be undertaken to develop the Plan. The
principles, outcomes and steps to be taken will be modified in light of these discussions. The Vice-Chancellors Sustainable Development Committee would
welcome constructive feedback on the direction outlines in this document.
Comments may be directed to Professor Alistar Robertson, Deputy-Chair of the Committee (phone: 6488 2698 or email: alistar.robertson@uwa.edu.au) or to
the Committees Executive Officer, Ms Lyn Peacock (phone: 6488 1669 or email: Lyn.Peacock@uwa.edu.au) or Associate Director, Environmental
Sustainable Development, Helen Whitbread (phone 6488 4776 or email: Helen.Whitbread@uwa.edu.au ).

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 31

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Appendix 2 :
Sustainable Development Workshops Results
Energy Planning Workshop (17/3/10)
Recycling Planning Workshop (24/3/10)
Transport Planning Workshop (12/5/10)
Built Form Planning Workshop (18/8/10)
Water Planning Workshop (18/8/10)
Landscape Planning Workshop (18/8/10)

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

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The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

ENERGY PLANNING WORKSHOP, MARCH 17 ,2010


SCOPE

AIMS

GOALS (by 2013)

Energy used during travel including;

Commuter travel (e.g., review of carparking, public


transportation and accommodation arrangements for
staff and students)

Air travel (e.g., reduce air travel through use of


telecommunications or purchase of carbon offsets)

UWA vehicles (e.g., incentives for use of higher fuel


efficiency vehicles or electric / hybrid vehicles and
provision of charging stations and bike riding
facilities)

Demonstrate commitment, including;

Achieving best practices in comparison to other Gof8


universities, eventually aiming for worlds best
practices

Gaining recognition and building a reputation as a


world leader in energy research and thought (e.g,
nobel prize winning research)

Gaining recognition and building a reputation for its


commitment towards energy efficient design and
management of its built forms (e.g., integrating
technologies into the campus)

Showcasing the UWA urban village as a model


precinct in terms of achieving energy efficiencies
through scale (e.g., district level heating and cooling,
using the river for transport)

Integrating a sustainability culture to the student body


and wider community

Contributing to debate and research

Petitioning for university rankings to include energy


use and conservation

Responsibility

Responsibility rests with all levels of the university


community; however, accountability should be
administered on a sectoral basis across campus

An energy policy would need to be articulated at the


highest level in order to garner commitment and
support from staff and students

A central committee for energy efficiency should be


set up to provide a forum for information and access
to expert support

Commitment from staff and students to low energy


transport alternatives is required. This works in
conjunction with a review of the parking policy, an
improvement in public transportation and cycling
facilities and accessible neighbouring student
accommodation.

An NGER equivalent reporting system should be


available to senior management

Faculties or Schools should be rewarded for


achieving certain energy benchmarks or targets

Staff and students should undergo an induction or


offered education on energy conservation to foster
an energy conservation culture and awareness

Energy used within buildings including;

Environmentally sustainable planning and design of


new buildings

Retrofitting of existing buildings (e.g., PV cladding)

Monitoring and reporting of building energy usage

Efficient use of space (e.g., during student vacation)

Air-conditioning of buildings (review of airconditioning policy and temperature setpoints)


Research and development of energy projects,
encompassing;

Visible / explicit examples of research

Research into energy generation (e.g., solar,


photovoltaic, off campus production to offset oncampus usage)

Research into energy reduction

Research into carbon capture (e.g, biosequestration)

Allocation of funding for the development of energy


research projects

Review of drivers of research (e.g., economics or


regulatory)
Review of energy usage policy, including;

Metering of energy usage

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Reduce net energy use, including;

Continuing to reduce its absolute energy use and


carbon footprint

Producing renewable energy (e.g., to supply its base


load or becoming a net generator during off-peak
periods)

Being able to monitor, report and display energy


usage for each building and School or Faculty

Maximising business efficiencies driven by


benchmarks
Develop partnerships, including;

Partnerships with energy providers (renewable and


non-renewable sources) in order to influence through

Page 33

Reduction

Conversion of green waste and kitchen waste into


bio-energy (bio-gas), compost and soil improvers

Consideration of water as a form of energy and


therefore subject to similar principles of conservation

Target for 2.0MWs of renewable energy generation


by 2013

Set energy targets (per EFT staff and student)

Reduce unmetered energy consumption

Reduce LCD use in favour of low energy alternatives


(blackboard)

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

ENERGY PLANNING WORKSHOP, MARCH 17 ,2010


SCOPE

Rewards for performance

Energy budgets for Schools / Faculties


Review of procurement policies and practices,
including;

Procurement process to incorporate life cycle cost


analyses (triple bottom line decision making)

Offset of CO2 emissions through procurement of


greenpower

Consideration of embodied energy

AIMS
purchasing

Collaborations with Go8 and other universities

Developing links with world leaders in the field of


energy practices (e.g., Yale University)

Partnerships with businesses and industries (e.g., oil


and gas companies) to promote research and
development in renewable energies

Review of energy reporting requirements, including;

Incorporating environmental sustainability standards


within university rankings and assessments (TEQSA,
Gof8)

Setting targets (for energy usage and production)


Promoting
University
wide
commitment
and
involvement, including;

Student engagement, involvement and education


(e.g., guild activities, incorporating an ESD unit within
the curriculum of every course)

Alumni and community engagement

Staff support and acceptance (tangible


representation of UWAs commitment to ESD, i.e.,
cultural and behavioural demonstration)
NOTE: This scope item would be applicable to the overall
SD plan.

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 34

GOALS (by 2013)


Research

Development of one or more renewable energy


sources (e.g., bio fuels, solar, wind, geothermal or
hydropower)

Existence of an operational geothermal facility on


campus by 2013

Existence of an operational geothermal facility on


QEII site

Existence of wind turbines on the roofs of some


buildings

Existence of 2 ELV recharging stations on campus


for electric vehicles

Reticulation of services between Crawley and QEII


sites to achieve energy efficiencies (model urban
precinct)

Approval of the Transport Plan and the existence of


a light rail transit system by 2013

Approval of UniverCity or UWA / QEII Activity Centre


Plan by 2013

Research into the effectiveness of different media to


promote sustainable behaviour

Research into smart grids (EVs)

Use of automated product delivery and storage


systems (e-Freezers)

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

RECYCLING PLANNING WORKSHOP, MARCH 24 ,2010


SCOPE
Responsibility

Areas to cover office public commercial campus


operations in building grounds students research
teaching

Whole community
Reduce

Printing

Reduce amount of waste not just recycle

AIMS

Position sustainability as an elite university positive


use of logo and green marks

Zero waste to landfill

Useful product outcome (energy)

Students taught recycling and waste mgt Recycling


as a commodity or cost neutral

Aim for zero waste through recycling , composting

Rethink + RRR

Education of UWA community

Coordinated and comprehensive data approach (


assessment)

Recycle

e-waste Paper Cardboard Plastics Research waste


Hazardous waste Green waste Building water
construction materials Furniture Office equipment
cartridges human waste
Policy

Purchasing to include recycling

Policy for procurement

GOALS by 2013
Responsibility
Executive

Comprehensive recycling plan endorsed by senate

Highest executive commitment through policy

Staff commit to policy procurement and operating


process
Program

Public place recycling rolled out across all campus


Regular feedback reporting

Audits per faculty / dept competition and prizes


Comprehensive plan and system in place for
recycling

Communication on recycling objectives and targets


against what has been achieved

Provide space / mechanisms to permit recycling

Single coordinated recycling of wet waste ( food )

Building waste coordination

Recycling program in place for e- waste

On campus recycling hub ( large items)

Re use bank
Staff students visitors

Materials recycled into useful gear by students

Education / induction

Students educated and supported in waste mgt


strategies

Regular engagement of the green team ( students)


by the UWA Guild and supported by the exec

Visitors aware knowledgeable of Unis waste mgt


strategies

Consistent office recycling

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 35

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

RECYCLING PLANNING WORKSHOP, MARCH 24 ,2010


SCOPE

AIMS

GOALS by 2013
Partnerships

Local govt partnerships

Council corporation industry engagement


Purchase

Purchase agreements to comply with ESD policy by


removing waste from site

Purchasing policy reviewed and updated also ewaste

Funding commitments negotiated within industry and


other stakeholders for research
Reduce

Use less glossy paper green paper handouts

Reduce landfill waste - 90%

50% reduction in landfill waste


Research

Feasibility for on-site biogas power plant

Kitchen waste into energy

Promote research in recycling

Research thesis project prizes

Faculties research ( impact assessment )


curriculum practices and operations

Defined research targets - investigate trends and


opportunities

Seek research funding mechanisms

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 36

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

TRANSPORT PLANNING WORKSHOP, MAY 12 ,2010


SCOPE
Improving / increasing local accommodation including:

College accommodation, possibly co-funded by UWA

Neighbouring residential accommodation

Staff and student accommodation

Short stay for visitors

Shared housing, homestay and temporary (e.g.,


transportables) options for students

Shuttle services for accommodation slightly further


away

Influencing local government planning and zoning


restrictions

Promoting Ecovillage / residential University /


UniverCity concept

Floating accommodation (Matilda Bay)


Effecting behavioural change through:

Incentives and rewards for commuters

Parking permit costs

Research behavioural change triggers

Awareness of environmental impacts

Promotion and awareness of health benefits

Promotion and awareness of pedestrian and cycling


facilities (O-Day, Travel Smart campaign, walking
buddies, forums)

Promotion and awareness of alternative transport


options

AIMS

Provide students, staff and visitors with access to


reasonable short and long stay accommodation
within surrounding neighbourhoods to allow shorter
commuting times and to create a Univercity
experience.

Explore options to reduce traffic and parking


congestion during peak hours by timetabling (after
hours), flexible work arrangements and use of
telecommunications.

Discourage the use of single occupancy vehicles and


encourage the use of public transportation, walking
or cycling as a means of travel to and from UWA
sites.

Review of the parking management to establish a


more efficient system and a more equitable
arrangement between staff and students.

Community

Review working arrangements (consider travel time


within work hours, flexible work hours, home based
work, extend operating hours, timetabling

Urban planning and design of sites better use of


satellite sites, local retail and accommodation, cycle
paths, public transport hubs, carparks

Parking policy parking bays (car-pooling, small


car bays, number of staff vs student vs visitor bays)
and parking fees (match public transport charges,
increased permit charges, pay-as-you park charges,
E-charge)

Financial incentives for pedestrian and cyclists


salary package bicycles, subsidised bicycles, staff
salary recognition

Financial incentives for public transport


subsidised public transport, transport allowance, link
Smart Rider to campus card, recognise time taken
on public transport

Promotion and awareness bike breakfast,


transport surveys, Travel Smart campaign, walking
buddies)

Partnership with the Public Transport Authority


to investigate other public transport options (ferry,
trams, light rail)
Campus

Improved facilities for pedestrians shuttle


services, pedestrian crossings, footbridges,
underpass, colonnades, lighting, safety
considerations

Improved facilities for cyclists cycle paths, bike


fleets, collectives, bike loans, safety considerations,
end-of-trip facilities, bike shops, bike storage

Improved public transport services (partnership

Review of public transportation, including

Subsidised public transport

Link campus card to Smart Rider

Transport allowance

UWA sponsored bus

Improved bus shuttle services to and from satellite


campuses and student accommodation hubs (e.g.,

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

GOALS CCC by 2013

Page 37

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

TRANSPORT PLANNING WORKSHOP, MAY 12 ,2010


SCOPE
city, Vic Park, etc.)

Extended bus service (after hours, out-of-semester,


frequency)

Bicycles on buses and trains

Investigating other public transport options (ferry bus


service, tram, light rail)

Facilities at interchanges (more parking, beverage


outlets, shops, bike transfer nodes)

AIMS

Curriculum

Research sustainable transport options

Research behavioural change triggers and barriers to


change

Encourage pedestrians and cyclists

Financial incentives - salary packaging bicycles,


subsidies

Van / car shuttle services between various UWA


sites

Facilities for pedestrians (pedestrian crossings,


umbrellas, footbridge, colonnades, subway /
underpass)

Facilities for cyclists (end-of-trip, bike shop, bike


loan, bike collective, cycle paths )
Review of parking system

Small car bays

Multi-storey carparks / carparks in buildings

Review parking fee structure (after-hours fees, based


on carbon footprint of vehicle, pay-as-you-park,
postcode restrictions for staff, increased fees for
staff)

Incentives for car-pooling

Move activities to satellite sites to alleviate parking at


Crawley
Reducing congestion, through:

Timetabling (e.g., tri-mesters, 7-days a week, parttime)

Flexible work and study arrangements (e.g., work

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

GOALS CCC by 2013


with Public Transport Authority) bicycles on buses
and trains, increase frequency, increase out-ofsemester service, increase after hours service,
service to south of Crawley campus, facilities at
terminals

Page 38

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

TRANSPORT PLANNING WORKSHOP, MAY 12 ,2010


SCOPE
from home, web-based learning

AIMS

GOALS CCC by 2013

BUILT FORM PLANNING WORKSHOP, AUGUST 18 ,2010


SCOPE

Campus and precinct planning to encompass


community engagement, student accommodation,
mixed use spaces, river engagement, etc. (Crawley
Village)

Timetabling and alternative working arrangements


(e.g., work from home, flexible work and lecture
times) to reduce space requirements

Focus areas (international student community, Guild


Rec Centre)

AIMS

Create an environment for learning, working, living,


recreation, social interaction and biodiversity (Live
Learn Play at UWA)

Maximise utilisation of built form spaces including


building, car parking and green spaces

Enhance the research into the interaction of the built


form and land

GOALS CCC by 2013


Community

Plan for mixed use (retail, accommodation), shared


buildings operating for extended hours

Plan for buildings with greater life cycle rather than


temporary accommodation

Remove barriers and allow greater access and


permeability between campus (e.g., Stirling Highway
and Fairway)

Precinct planning rather than planning and designing


singular 5 star buildings

Develop a university wide built form ratings for


campuses

Incentives for Faculties to use space efficiently (e.g.,


charging rent)

Space planning and maximising utilisation rates to


avoid building where possible

Alternative teaching, learning and working spaces


(e.g., open plan, less cellular, more interactive
spaces)
Campus

Utilise poorly use areas more efficiently (e.g., tennis


courts, glass houses, research areas on roofs)

Apply environmentally sustainable principles to


buildings (buildings for water catchment, energy
capture and generation, vertical gardens, etc.)

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 39

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Use buildings as a teaching model for students


(apply best practice, metering, energy savings)
Audit and assess existing buildings for their best use
(e.g., Physics suitable for office accommodation)

Curriculum

Research into built form options to enhance social


sustainability principles

Research into University appropriate ratings systems


for built forms

Research into renewable energy sources (green


walls, PE, wind turbines, solar)

Research into alternative energy sources (e.g., trigeneration, pre-cooling, phase change)

WATER PLANNING WORKSHOP, AUGUST 18 ,2010


SCOPE

Water harvesting and re-use on-site recycling,


use buildings and carparks to harvest water

Potable water set high reduction targets for water


savings, staff and student awareness and education

Stormwater no discharge to the river, find wider


uses for rainwater

Groundwater use in place of potable water for


certain applications

Biodiversity / Landscape features and


management change to supportable biodiversity
(natives), no or safer fertilisers

Community engagement - community gardens,


partnership with councils and Watercorp

Research and innovation optimise geothermal


energy in place of electric chillers

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

AIMS

Be a global exemplar of self sustaining closed loop


water system.

Using and creating leading edge technology to find


solution to effective water management

Minimise water use and waste, maximise water


capture and re-use

Page 40

GOALS CCC by 2013


Community

Partnerships with local government and water


supplier

Endorse water policy

Set water reduction targets

Monitor daily usage of all buildings and publish via


interactive website

Website also used to monitor stormwater collection

Publicise water savings initiatives undertaken

Showcase successes (e.g., SunFair and Open Days)

Incentives / prizes for meeting / exceeding target


reduction levels

Use river frontage as part of transport plan

Reduce water use in toilets

Engage with external partners to form collaborative


initiatives in water-wise projects (councils / schools /
clubs, etc.)

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

WATER PLANNING WORKSHOP, AUGUST 18 ,2010


SCOPE

AIMS

GOALS CCC by 2013


Campus

Fit water meters to all buildings

Reduce toilet water use through retrofitting with water


efficient fittings

Replace lawn with native plants / wetlands for


wastewater filtration

All new buildings to house composting toilets

Conversion to waterless urinals and nitrogen


phosphorus toilets within 5 years

Use groundwater or stormwater to offset cooling


tower mains water use by 50% within 3 years

Install rainwater collection points across campus and


on new buildings for irrigation use

Transportation infrastructure to include river ferry

Investigate and alternative to airconditioning, thus


reducing cooling tower water use

Conversion of waste to potable water (Rottnest


Island)

Use wastewater for Crawley irrigation (as per Sports


Park)

Use of Sports Park perimeter as a biodiverse land


filter within 3 years
Curriculum

Postgraduate courses where students are involved in


the design / research / engineering, etc. of water
wise initiatives

Utilise in-house expertise to drive new courses and


integrated programs across faculties

Research into the integration of ecological processes


and practices for filtering process

Research into Quantum hot water systems (not solar


or gas) used in the Antarctic

Investigate alternative energy sources (e.g.,


geothermal) in lieu of cooling towers

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 41

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

WATER PLANNING WORKSHOP, AUGUST 18 ,2010


SCOPE

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

AIMS

Page 42

GOALS CCC by 2013

Research into aerogel insulation to reduce the


cooling load and use of airconditioning.

Sustainability core unit across all courses

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

LANDSCAPE PLANNING WORKSHOP, AUGUST 18 ,2010


SCOPE

Integrate landscape with the built form (landscape as


recreation, teaching and learning spaces)

Education and awareness of landscape sustainability


and character

Research (e.g., green infrastructure and carbon


sequestration)

Urban design (University Village Concept)

Management and administration of landscape

AIMS
Develop a connection between the landscape,
environment and people
Preserve the landscape as an active learning
environment
Demonstrate leadership in integrated landscape
systems
To be grid free in 15 years

GOALS CCC by 2013


Community

Develop landscape policy to preserve or enhance


landscape

Urban design to enhance community access and


involvement, student activity, greater transport
options and improved pedestrian and cycling facilities

Community engagement
Campus

Increase the amount of green space (possibly


vertical)

Investigate environmentally sustainable features fpr


the landscape such as solar powered lighting, water
harvesting and treatment (e.g., from carpark run-off),
recycling and passive energy reduction strategies

Audit and review of low use / poorly used spaces

Use of artwork

Consideration of wildlife preservation and


enhancement (double levels within 5 years)
Curriculum

Student research projects with practical applications


(e.g., DREAMFIT)

Incorporate sustainability unit for all courses

Funding and scholarships for landscape research

Annual research symposium on sustainable


applications, supported by industry

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 43

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Appendix 3 :
Operational Initiatives

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 44

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Proposed Initiatives (Energy):


1

Initiative

Benefits / rationale

E1. Develop, ratify and implement energy


policies,
procedures

guidelines,

plans

consistent

with

Financial
payback
(Appendix 4)

Possible funding
source (if any)

TBD

N/A

N/A

TBD

N/A

FM Utilities budget

N/A

N/A

(Infrastructure /

Expected
CO2-e
reduction

The policies available in this area were

and

developed some time ago and require

UWA

review and updating. A clear and

framework, in the areas of:

consistent set of policies will assist in the

conservation

understanding of responsibilities.

air-conditioning
building and equipment use
travel (fleet vehicles and air travel)
E2. Develop a plan to introduce a user pay
system,

including

consultative

workshops to gauge support

Users are more likely to conserve


energy if there is a financial incentive to
do so. Low energy users can also be
advocated as internal exemplars.

E3. Identify and install electricity and gas


meters to unmetered buildings. Ensure

This is essential for the implementation


of the user pay system (E2).

that building meters are functioning and

Capital

able to be monitored by the Building


Management System (BMS). Extend
and

improve

data

collection

Minor Works)

and

reporting capabilities of the BMS.


E4. Retrofitting of light fittings in some

Lighting accounts for 20% of campus

areas, including:

electrical load. This initiative has the

Installation of motion sensors in all

dual effect of reducing energy costs as

toilets, corridors, stairways

well as reducing on-going maintenance

Upgrade light fittings (e.g., replace


incandescent
specular

lamps

reflective

or

costs.

(1

building per year)

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

40 years

Works) / Life cycle


renewal

install

fittings)

Capital (Minor
0.9%

Page 45

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Initiative

Continual

upgrade

3
Expected
CO2-e
reduction

Benefits / rationale

of

Financial
payback
(Appendix 4)

Possible funding
source (if any)

28 years

Works) / Life cycle

external

lighting to more energy efficient


fittings and extend BMS controls to
all external security lights
E5. Review of Central Plant and chilled

Central Plant comprises 15% of campus

water network including:

electrical load. The effective utilisation of

Installation of a second chilled water

Central Plant has been identified as the

storage tank on Crawley (funding

area of highest potential to reduce

has been allocated)

energy consumption. The installation of

Retrofit chilled water system to

a second chilled water storage tank has

encompass air-conditioned spaces

been shown to be financially viable [9]

not currently on the network (e.g.,

committee.

Capital (Minor
4.7%

renewal

Civil and Mechanical Engineering


offices)
E6. Extend BMS and access control to

HVAC

comprises

25%

of

campus

integrate with HVAC system within

electrical load. The ability to control the

buildings

HVAC system following feedback from


Capital (Minor

the access control system would result


in energy savings. An example of this is

6.3%

22 years

renewal

the ability to remotely turn off airconditioning

when

the

room

Works) / Life cycle

is

unoccupied
E7. Enable computer power savings by

In most offices, 50% of people leave

switching off computers at night and

their computers on overnight. Applying

when not in use. This can be remotely

this power savings to the computers

programmed by ITS and Faculty IT

managed by ITS and Faculty IT could

departments through software

result in large potential savings

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 46

4.5%

14 years

Faculty IT / IS

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Initiative

Benefits / rationale

E8. Use of renewable energy sources

Energy from renewable sources will

rather than purchased energy

lower net energy costs and emissions.

On-site geothermal (underway)

Geothermal - currently underway

Solar Energy (Preliminary feasibility

Solar Energy RECOMMEND for

by Doug Pearce shows that this is

further feasibility and approvals

viable for the campus)

Wind Energy RECOMMEND for

Wind

Energy

(requires

initial

feasibility to assess viability)

Expected
CO2-e
reduction

9%

inclusion in Summer Scholarships


program

Totals for Energy Initiatives

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

25.4%

Page 47

Financial
payback
(Appendix 4)

Possible funding
source (if any)

13 - 16 yrs

Capital
(Infrastructure)

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Proposed Initiatives (Water):


1

Initiative

Benefits / rationale

W1. Develop, ratify and implement water


policies,

guidelines,

procedures

plans

consistent

with

and
UWA

3
Expected
water
reduction
(Appendix
3)

Financial
payback
(Appendix 4)

Possible funding
source (if any)

TBD

N/A

N/A

TBD

N/A

FM Utilities Budget

N/A

N/A

(Infrastructure /

The policies available in this area were


developed some time ago and require
review

and

updating.

clear

and

framework, in the areas of:

consistent set of policies will assist in the

conservation

understanding of responsibilities

water harvesting and re-use


building water management
irrigation water management
stormwater

and

groundwater

management
W2. Develop a plan to introduce a user pay

Users are more likely to conserve water

system and conduct workshops to

if there is a financial incentive to do so.

gauge support

Low water users can also be advocated


as internal exemplars

W3. Identify and install water meters to


unmetered

buildings

and

grounds

This is essential for the implementation


of the user pay system (W2)

Ensure that meters are functioning and


able to be monitored by the Building
Capital

Management System (BMS). Extend


and

improve

reporting

data

capabilities

collection
of

the

and

Minor Works)

BMS.

Ensure all new installations, e.g., water


harvesting systems, irrigation systems,
etc. are metered
W4. Retrofitting of water efficient fittings in
toilets, such as:
Smart flush / waterless urinals

Toilets accounts for 50% of water use.


maximum water savings

15.9%

3 years

Works) / Life cycle


renewal

Time flow taps

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Capital (Minor

Retrofitting of toilet fittings would result in

Page 48

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Initiative

Benefits / rationale

3
Expected
water
reduction
(Appendix
3)

Financial
payback
(Appendix 4)

Possible funding
source (if any)

Low flow (9L) shower heads


W5. Review of water use in Central Plant

Loss of water through evaporation at the

cooling towers, including:

cooling

Reuse of cooling tower water (e.g.,

comprises 30% of campus water use.

within an adjacent new building)

Further

towers

in

Central

technical

and

Plant
financial

Central Plant waste water re-use

investigation is required to determine if

Irrigation water for cooling towers

potential water and cost savings exist.

(requires filters, settling tanks, etc.)

NOTE: reduced use of air-conditioning or

TBD

TBD

0.9%

10 years

increasing supply air temperature will

Capital
(Infrastructure)

result in less water loss (air-conditioning


policy). Further study be undertaken to
determine strategies and feasibilities.
Recommend

inclusion

in

Summer

Scholarship Program.
W6. Stormwater harvesting and re-use
(Glasshouses irrigation)

Stormwater collection tanks exist in the


Glasshouses area. It would be beneficial
to adapt the existing installation to re-use
the water for glasshouses irrigation
(currently from scheme water). It has
been

suggested

that

retrofitting

stormwater and greywater harvesting


and re-use facilities would not yield
viable payback [9]. Nevertheless, each
new capital project should review its
viability during planning and design

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 49

Capital
(Infrastructure)

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

3
Expected
water
reduction
(Appendix
3)

Initiative

Benefits / rationale

W7. Extend groundwater irrigation network

90% of irrigation water at Crawley is

to the whole campus, including

supplied through groundwater. There

Ken and Julie Michael Building

remain parts of the campus irrigation

Administration / Hackett Hall area

network that are still using scheme

Great Court

water.

Significant

savings

can

Financial
payback
(Appendix 4)

Possible funding
source (if any)

1.1%

5 years

N/A

N/A

1.1%

TBD

be

Capital
(Infrastructure)

realised by converting these areas to


groundwater irrigation
W8. Install stormwater separators to arrest

This initiative does not result in any water

any pollution that may be discharged

savings,

into the river

environmentally responsible initiative as

however,

it

is

an

it reduces the risk of contamination of the

Capital
(Infrastructure)

Swan River. Separators are required at 2


remaining stormwater discharge outlets
W9. Relocate process water return lines to

Process

water

is

major

water

eliminate losses to sewer in MCS

consumer in the MCS building (42%). By

building

diverting the return lines on the process


water of some experimental set-ups,
major losses to sewer can be avoided

Totals for Water Initiative

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

19%

Page 50

Capital
(Infrastructure)

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Proposed Initiatives (Recycling):


1

Initiative

Benefits / rationale

R1. Develop, ratify and implement waste


management

policies,

guidelines,

3
Expected
waste
reduction
(Appendix
3)

Financial
payback
(Appendix 4)

Possible funding
source (if any)

TBD

N/A

N/A

TBD

N/A

N/A

TBD

N/A

N/A

TBD

TBD

TBD

The policies available in this area require


review

and

updating.

clear

and

plans and procedures consistent with

consistent set of policies will assist in the

UWA framework, in the areas of:

understanding of responsibilities

green procurement
recycling
demolition and construction waste
e-waste
R2. (Re-use) Develop a measurement and
reporting tool for

UWA recycling in

building and refurbishment projects

Re-use

database

will

assist

in

reporting internally and externally on the


% of materials recycled in UWAs
building projects.

R3. (Reduce) Develop a measurement and

Reduce

database

reporting tool for reduction of resource

establishing

purchases

resource reduction.

R4. (Recycle) Conduct a feasibility study

cost

will

assist

savings

in

through

An organic waste facility will reduce the

into the establishment of an organic

general

waste facility for energy and compost

methane gas for internal use and provide

production.
for

recycling

operations,

including:
establishing

to

landfill,

capture

organic material for horticultural use.

R5. Develop a permanent and efficient


system

waste

Maintaining an efficient and centralised


system of recycling will facilitate the
Universitys objective of Zero Waste. If

central

194 tonnes

waste

the collection facility is incorporated

(100%

collection point for recyclable waste

within a new building project within the

reduction)

within a proposed Services Precinct

Services Precinct, the capital costs

general

(as per Campus Plan 2010)

should be substantially lower. Due to

waste /

maintaining a network of recycling


stations throughout the campus and

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

extended

payback

period,

it

is

recommended that a Recycling Plan be

Page 51

-ve NPV

Capital /
Cleaning Services

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Initiative

Benefits / rationale

within buildings
centralising the management of skip

developed for further feasibility and


approvals

bins to maximise recycling and


minimising skip contamination

Totals for Recycling Initiatives

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 52

3
Expected
waste
reduction
(Appendix
3)

Financial
payback
(Appendix 4)

Possible funding
source (if any)

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Proposed Initiatives (Transport):


1

Initiative

Benefits / rationale

T1. Endorsement and implementation of the

The UWA Transport Plan was developed

UWA Transport Plan 2009

3
Expected
reduction
in SOV

Financial
payback
(Appendix 4)

Possible funding
source (if any)

in 2009 and will be presented for SRC


endorsement in April 2011. Endorsement

20%

TBD

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

TBD

N/A

of the Transport Plan would support the

Parking Reserve
Fund

realisation of the 2020 targets


T2. Engage a Travelsmart Officer and

The TravelSmart programs and other

develop and implement a Travelsmart

community engagement programs will

Program

support UWAs push towards active


commuting. A TravelSmart Officer will be
able to coordinate UWAs participation in

Parking Reserve
Fund

programs and promotions by the Public


Transport Authority
T3. Develop a Pedestrian Plan to improve

The development and implementation of

the facilities for pedestrians, addressing

a Pedestrian Plan will help promote

aspects of:

walking as a means of commuting for

safety

those living locally and in surrounding

lighting

way-finding

the development of the Plan within the

shelter

Summer Scholarship program

end-of-trip facilities

suburbs. Implementation cost TBD from


Pedestrian Plan. Possible inclusion for

T4. Develop a Cycle Plan to improve

The development and implementation of

facilities for cyclist, addressing aspects

a Cycle Plan will help promote cycling as

of:

a means of commuting for those living

safety

locally

or

in

surrounding

cycle paths

end-of trip facilities

development of the Plan within the

bike hire and repair facilities

Summer Scholarship program

bike storage and security

T5. Promote and facilitate flexible working


and teaching, including
Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Possible

inclusion

for

the

These initiatives will help reduce traffic


and parking congestion during peak
Page 53

Fund

suburbs.

Implementation cost TBD from Cycle


Plan.

Parking Reserve

Parking Reserve
Fund

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Initiative

Benefits / rationale

3
Expected
reduction
in SOV

HR policies that encourage flexible

hours as well as facilitate working /

work arrangements

teaching / learning for those with difficult

Reviewing

timetabling

and

Financial
payback
(Appendix 4)

Possible funding
source (if any)

commuting to the University

scheduling of course contact hours

Enhance

connectivity

to

the

of

web-

University IT network

Continual
based

improvement
learning

(eLearning

financial

incentives

iLecture)
T6. Introduce

to

U-Pass system has been successfully

promote active commuting (e.g., U-

implemented in several universities in

pass)

the United States and New Zealand. UPass feasibility for UWA has been
carried
Further

out

by

Regan

Bleechmore.

and

consultation

feasibility

TBD

TBD

TBD

N/A

Parking Reserve
Fund

underway for possible introduction in


2012
T7. Improve public transport services in

Improving the public transport system will

partnership with the Public Transport

help

Authority, including

transportation and reduce reliance on

frequency, reliability and efficiency

SOV.

of service

Transport Plan and U-Pass

end-of-trip facilities

additional routes or after hours

with
This

the

uptake

initiative

of

relates

public
to

the

service

additional options, such as ferries or


light rail

Totals for Transport Initiatives

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

20%

Page 54

Parking Reserve
Fund

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Proposed Initiatives (Built Form):


1

Initiative

Benefits / rationale

B1. Endorse Campus Plan 2010, which

The

Campus

Plan

2010

3
Expected
improvem
ent in built
form
rating

sets

architectural and built form principles,

principles

which has implications on the social,

to

be

adopted

by

the

environmental

and

Financial
payback
(Appendix 4)

Possible funding
source (if any)

N/A

N/A

N/A

TBD

N/A

Capital

TBD

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

TBD

N/A

out

outlines the architectural and built form


University

economic

sustainability of future buildings


B2. Develop and endorse precinct plans

Precinct

Planning

ensures

that

(research, cultural, sports, etc.) as an

sustainability

extension of the Campus Plan

comparably across the precincts and

principles

are

applied

campus rather than to stand alone


buildings
B3. Develop, ratify and implement built

The policies available in this area require

form policies, guidelines, plans and

review

procedures

consistent set of policies will assist in the

consistent

with

UWA

framework, in the areas of:

and

updating.

clear

and

understanding of responsibilities

Space utilisation
Sustainable building design
Building management and operation
B4. Develop a plan to introduce a user pay
system

for

space

and

Encouraging Faculties and Sections to

conduct

release any unused or inefficiently used

workshops to gauge support. This

space through financial incentives, may

system should reward the release of

alleviate

space rather than charge for use of

accommodation, and hence the need for

space

new buildings. Efficient space users can

the

need

for

additional

also be advocated as internal exemplars


B5. Promote and facilitate flexible working

These initiatives may help improve space

and teaching, including

utilisation, through:

HR policies that encourage flexible


work arrangements

Reviewing

timetabling

and

scheduling of course contact hours

Enhance

connectivity

More staff / students working /


learning from home

to

the

Extended use of lecture theatres


through timetabling

University IT network
Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 55

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Continual
based

improvement
learning

of

web-

(eLearning

iLecture)
B6. Develop a UWA specific Built Form

This will assist with assessing the

Ratings system (similar to Green

sustainability of UWA building and help

Building

focus

Council

of

Australias

development

of

buildings

Greenstar ratings) and apply to new and

considered unsustainable. This will also

existing buildings. The database of

ensure

building sustainability ratings will form

principles are applied to new buildings

sustainable

N/A

N/A

TBD

TBD

development

the baseline for future initiatives


B7. Enhance
existing

the

sustainability

buildings.

Examples

of

Following assessment of a building or

of

precinct as per the UWA Built Form

improvements include:

Retrofitting window treatments and

Ratings

system,

any

insulation

require

Vertical gardens

financial analysis

Energy capture and generation

further

feasibility

Totals for Built Form Initiatives

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

sustainability

improvements to be carried out will

Page 56

study

and

Capital /
Life cycle renewal

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Proposed Initiatives (Landscape):


1

Initiative

Benefits / rationale /
recommendation

L1. Endorse Campus Plan 2010, which

The

Campus

Plan

2010

sets

3
Expected
change in
landscape
metrics

landscape

adopted by the University

implications on the social, environmental

which

Financial
payback
(Appendix 4)

Possible funding
source (if any)

N/A

N/A

N/A

TBD

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

TBD

TBD

out

outlines the landscape principles to be

principles,

has

and economic sustainability of future


landscapes
L2. Develop,

ratify

and

implement

The policies available in this area require

landscape policies, guidelines, plans

review

and procedures consistent with UWA

consistent set of policies will assist in the

framework, in the areas of:

understanding of responsibilities

and

updating.

clear

and

Landscape character
Passive

and

active

recreation

spaces
External

teaching

and

learning

spaces
Urban design
Green infrastructure
Heritage landscape
L3. Develop

(quantitative?)

landscape
to

metrics

measure

This will assist with assessing the

the

sustainability of UWA landscapes and

characteristics of a landscape, e.g., its

help focus development / rehabilitation in

richness, diversity, pattern, etc. The

some areas

metrics can then be applied to UWAs


significant landscape areas to form the
baseline data for future landscape
initiatives
L4. Develop flagship green Infrastructure

Green infrastructure such as vertical

project. Preliminary feasibility has been

gardens, appear to be a good method of

developed by xx as part of the Summer

utilising energy reduction and water

Scholarship program 2010/11

recycling technologies in an integrated


built form / landscape environment. It
would
element

also
of

be

visual

UWAs

sustainability
Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 57

landscape

commitment

to

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Initiative

Benefits / rationale /
recommendation

3
Expected
change in
landscape
metrics

L5. Review biodiversity in key catchment

Improvements

areas and develop and implement a

improvements

plan to improve biodiversity linkages

ecosystem. Biodiversity would form a

in
in

biodiversity
the

health

Financial
payback
(Appendix 4)

Possible funding
source (if any)

TBD

N/A

External funding

TBD

N/A

N/A

N/A

imply
of

an

part of the landscape metrics


L6. Develop a Crawley Village Landscape
Masterplan

The

Crawley

Masterplan

will

Village

Landscape

establish

design

principles outlined in the UWA Campus


Plan

2010

detailing

the

landscape

linkage between the University in a Park


and the University in a Town.
L7. Investigate

bio-

This would not result in a change to the

sequestration

the

potential

of

the

landscape character, however, it may be

University

determined

by

the

beneficial to understand the energy

numbers and types of trees on UWA

offset potential for future energy reporting

grounds).

and the impact of future developments

(as
This

carbon

initiative

has

been

undertaken by Maria Thomason as part

on the campus sequestration store.

of the Summer Research Scholarship


Program 2010/11

Totals for Landscape Initiatives

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 58

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Proposed Initiatives (Procurement):


1

Initiative

P1. Develop,

ratify

Sustainable
guidelines,

Benefits / rationale

and

implement

The policies available in this area need

policies,

to be developed. A clear and consistent

Procurement
plans

3
Expected
change in
Procurement
Practices

and

procedures

consistent with UWA framework, in the

set

of

policies

will

assist

in

Costs

Financial
payback
(Appendix 4)

Possible funding
source (if any)

N/A

Capital Ex

Operating Ex
(p.a.)

TBD

N/A

N/A

N/A

TBD

TBD

TBD

N/A

TBD

N/A

N/A

N/A

the

understanding of responsibilities

areas of:
Locally produced goods and services
Environmental best practice
Corporate governance
Ethical Procurement
Product stewardship
P2. Develop and implement a Procurement

This may lead to a more efficient

Plan for the procurement of products

procurement

and

procurement decisions

services

for

office

and

process

and

better

administrative needs, for example:


Centralise the procurement of paper
to ensure recycled content
Procurement

of

office

furniture

through Facilities Management


P3. Develop and implement a Procurement

This may lead to a more efficient

Plan for the procurement of products

procurement

and services for construction and

procurement decisions. This initiative is

maintenance needs, for example:

currently

Develop a list of preferred suppliers,

Strategic

consultants and contractors

process

being

(quotations,

and
tendering,

and

by

Facilities

Management

contractors
contracts,

etc.)
Develop a checklist of sustainable
products (e.g., furniture made from
sustainable timber or paints and
Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

better

implemented

Procurement

Standardise process of engaging


consultants

and

Page 59

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Initiative

3
Expected
change in
Procurement
Practices

Benefits / rationale

Costs

Financial
payback
(Appendix 4)

Possible funding
source (if any)

Capital Ex

Operating Ex
(p.a.)

N/A

N/A

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

finishes with low volatile organic


compounds)
Develop a Sustainability Preferred
Suppliers List
P4. Energy - Establish Green Energy / Low
Carbon

Policy

for

Energy Supply

Agreements

The amount of green energy/low carbon


available

through

Energy

providers

has

impact

an

Service
on

the

Universitys Carbon footprint and Energy


Management Plan
P5. Water - Develop a program to reduce/
eliminate the purchase of bottled water

Bottled

water

is

2500

times

more

expensive than tap water. Removing


bottled water form the University will
contribute

to

broader

environmental

N/A

sustainability
P6. Recycling develop a database of

The database available in this area

Sustainability preferred suppliers

needs to be developed. A consistent


database

will

assist

in

guiding

sustainable procurement throughout the


university
P7. Travel /Transport- conduct a feasibility
study

into

the

introduction

of

centralised fleet of electric vehicles

Under the NGER reporting requirements


UWA is required to report on vehicle
emissions. An electric vehicle fleet will
reduce the carbon emissions by XXXX

P8. Travel /Transport- develop

a carbon

offset program for UWA Travel

A UWA based Carbon Offset program


will generate revenue that can be used in
UWA energy abatement programs

P9. Landscape develop policies to ensure

Biodiversity

values

are

protected

that sustainable materials and plants

through the use of materials and plants

are

that maximise the health of the soil, and

used

in

turf,

irrigation

and

horticultural practices.

underground

water

and

maximise

carbon sequestration opportunities.


P10. Landscape develop policies and
guidelines
heritage

to

protect

landscape

the

from

Protecting the landscape from introduced

UWA

diseases is critical to maintaining the

diseases

heritage environment of the Crawley

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

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The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Initiative

3
Expected
change in
Procurement
Practices

Benefits / rationale

introduced through procurement.(such

Costs

Financial
payback
(Appendix 4)

Possible funding
source (if any)

Capital Ex

Operating Ex
(p.a.)

TBD

TBD

$TBD

$TBD

Campus.

as Phytophthora protection)
P11. Develop and implement a Procurement

procurement

and

procurement decisions. Workshops may

services

for

teaching

and

research needs, e.g.,

This may lead to a more efficient

Plan for the procurement of products

process

and

better

need to be conducted to canvass Faculty

Procurement of hazardous materials,

support for centralised procurement of

such

some

as

radioactive

materials,

products, taking into account

chemicals, biological materials, etc.

regulatory

E-Freezers

handling, transport, disposal, etc.

requirements

Totals for Procurement Initiatives

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

TBD

Page 61

for

storage,

N/A

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Proposed Initiatives (Communication and Engagement):


1

Initiative

Benefits / rationale

C1. Develop

and

3
Expected
increase
in
participati
on

implement

The communication and engagement

engagement

plan will outline the programs, events,

plan for all focus areas, encompassing:

media, etc. for the focus areas of Energy,

SD website

Water, Recycling, Transport, Built Form,

Social marketing and media

Landscapes and Procurement. Operating

Green building program

expenditure

Annual program of events

Communications and Engagement Plans

communication

and

TBD

Financial
payback
(Appendix 4)

Possible funding
source (if any)

FM Sustainability

TBD

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Fund

pending

School Managers Forum


C2. Develop

database

partnerships

in

of

the

strategic
area

of

To

better

target

sustainability

opportunities

sustainability, including key research


interests
C3. Develop a database of key contacts

To

assist

with

dissemination

of

within FM, Faculties (e.g., Sustainability

information

Officers) and the wider community

promote sustainability within their area

C4. Develop

database

of

external

funding opportunities
C5. Introduction

to

champion

and

To better target sustainability funding


opportunities

core

Sustainability underlies all aspects of our

year

lives. A core first year unit for all courses

coursework. Review and coordinate via

would ensure that students have a

the Board of Coursework Studies for

fundamental

possible inclusion within New Courses

appreciation for sustainability

Sustainability

of

and

unit

relevant
in

first

understanding

and

2012
C6. Support for research projects that may

The

Summer

assist the University in the various

program

sustainability focus areas

covers

is

Research

currently

topics

Scholarship

underway

in

and

sustainable

development. A list of possible projects


and the projects undertaken in 2010/11
Scholarship

program

are

shown

in

Appendix 5

Totals for Communication and Engagement Initiatives


Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 62

TBD

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 63

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Appendix 5 :
UWA Sustainable Development Summer
Scholarships (Summer 2010 / 2011)

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 64

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

UWA SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUMMER


SCHOLARSHIPS
SUMMER OF 2010/11
The University is offering four summer scholarships aimed at students completing their
third year of study in 2010. Other undergraduate students may apply.
The scholarships are worth $5,000 each and are to provide a salary to each of four
students to work for eight weeks during the forthcoming summer break. The successful
scholars will work on small research projects aimed at underpinning decisions to be
made by the University on sustainable development projects on campus. The initiative
is directly supported by the Vice-Chancellor as part of the Universitys development of
a Sustainable Development Plan for the University properties and operations.
Application for scholarships is to be done in the following way:
1. Students must apply to do research on one of the issues provided in the attached
list
2. Students must approach and seek agreement of an academic staff member from
the listed UWA Faculty who would be available to serve as their academic
supervisor during the period of the project
3. Apply for the scholarship using the following information
Name and full contact details of the applicant
Current enrolment status and academic record
A statement on why you are interested in the proposed issue and the skills
you bring to addressing the project (1 page or less)
Name and short statement of expertise of academic staff member who will
supervise the project (half page max)
Period over which the project will be done in the summer of 2010/11
Signatures of both the student and academic supervisor
4. Please send applications as e-mail attachments to:
Professor Alistar Robertson, Pro Vice-Chancellor (Research)
alistar.robertson@uwa.edu.au, marked SD Summer Scholarship
Applications due by COB November 17th
Successful applicants will be notified on 24th November
Successful applicants will be required to submit a report to their academic supervisor
and relevant UWA Facilities Management staff member before the start of Semester 1
2011. Each scholarship may be required to provide a verbal presentation of findings at
the first meeting of the UWA Vice-Chancellors Advisory Committee in 2011.

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 65

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

UWA Summer Internship 2010 Possible Sustainable Development Research Projects


ITEM
1

ISSUES / RISKS
SOLAR PANELS

FOCUS AREA

Doug
Pearce
Research into the
Feasibility of Solar
Panel Installation at
the
Crawley
Campus

ALVA

LANDSCAPE,
ENERGY

Maria
Thomason
Carbon
Sequestration
Storage on the
University
of
Western Australias
Crawley campus

FNAS

VERTICAL GARDENS

LANDSCAPE

Tobias Beale and


Sally Farrah

ALVA

Vertical gardens appear to be a good method of utilising energy reduction and


water recycling technologies in an integrated built form / landscape environment.
UWA Facilities Management would like to investigate the feasibility of
implementing vertical gardens to a building on campus, including a study of capital
and on-going cost commitments.

BUILT FORM

WATER RECYCLING

WATER

CARBON CAPTURE
UWA is committed to reducing its carbon footprint. Furthermore, the introduction
of a carbon tax appears imminent. Given its existing landscape portfolio, FM
would like to explore the opportunity of offsetting its carbon footprint through biosequestration.

FACULTY

ENERGY

Various solar panel options, which supply electricity to homes / buildings using
solar energy, are commercially available. There are significant variations in price
and technical performance specifications between the different products. Further
research is required to assess and compare the technical differences and
effectiveness of the various products. Given the performance efficiencies, the
payback period for the various alternatives could then be calculated.
2

STUDENT NAME

There is an opportunity to integrate natural ecological processes with water


filtration for irrigation or for other uses. An example of this would be to utilise the
ecological processes inherent in the Taxonomic Gardens to filter water for
irrigation of plants in the adjacent glasshouses. An appropriate water capture and
recycling system would need to be designed.

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 66

Vertical Gardens
ENERGY
WATER

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

ITEM
5

ISSUES / RISKS

FOCUS AREA

ENERGY EFFECIENT MUSEUMS

ENERGY

Museums and art galleries are inherently energy inefficient buildings due to the
need to maintain strict environmental conditions, such as constant temperature
and humidity levels. Research into methods of delivering the required
environmental controls more energy efficiently is required.

BUILT FORM

MCGILLIVRAY TUARTS

LANDSCAPE

STUDENT NAME

FACULTY

It has been observed that the Tuart trees on the McGillivray Sports Complex are
susceptible to attack by a new species of lerps. The health of the trees requires
examination. Proposal of a method to prevent further attack would be beneficial.
7

WATER FOUNTAINS VERSUS BOTTLED WATER

WATER

There is a cost associated with the installation of drinking fountains throughout the
campus. This cost comes in the form of additional infrastructure required as well
as water wastage. The option of purchasing bottled water versus the provision of
drinking fountains needs to be considered.
8

ON SITE BIO-GAS PLANT

ENERGY

UWA produces a large amount of organic waste material, e.g., green waste,
kitchen waste, etc. Does an opportunity exist to utilise the waste material in an
on-site bio-gas facility, which can in turn, supply some of the campus energy
needs?

RECYCLING

UNIVERSAL PASS FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORT

TRANSPORT

FMDHS
9

It has been proposed by the Transport Plan 2009, the Active Commuting Survey
2010 conducted by CBEH and the Transport Workshop 2010, that the uptake of
public transport would be greatly enhanced by the provision of a Universal pass.
This U pass could be linked to the student / staff card and provided at little or no
cost to the users. The feasibility of implementing a U pass system requires further
investigation.

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 67

Regan Bleechmore
UWA
U-Pass
Feasibility Study

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

ITEM
10

ISSUES / RISKS
SOCIAL MARKETING
There is currently considerable work being undertaken within various sections of
the University in the area of sustainability. However, there is a lack of awareness
and understanding amongst the greater community with regards to the work being
undertaken. In order to promote sustainability to a wider audience and to bring it
front of house, a social marketing strategy needs to be developed. This strategy
may involve a memorable catchphrase (in the vein of Slip Slop Slap) and involve
various media and social networking sites.

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 68

FOCUS AREA

STUDENT NAME

ENGAGEMENT

Nichola
Burton
The
Social
Marketing
of
Sustainability:
A
Psychological
Perspective

FACULTY
FLPS

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Appendix 7 :
Sources of Information

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 69

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

University of Western Australia, 2009, Operational Priorities Plan, viewed 27 October 2010,
<http://www.registrar.uwa.edu.au/university_planning/strategic_operational_plans/opp>
Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, 2007, National Greenhouse and Energy
Reporting, viewed 30 October 2010, < http://www.climatechange.gov.au/reporting>
Alinta Sales Pty. Ltd, Electricity Supply Agreement between UWA and Alinta Sales Pty Ltd for
Crawley site, effective 1 July 2010
Alinta Sales Pty. Ltd, Gas Supply Agreement between UWA and Alinta Sales Pty Ltd for Crawley site,
effective 1 March 2011.
Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, 2011, Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme
design
overview,
viewed
11
February
2011,
<http://climatechange.gov.au/en/government/initiatives/cprs/carbon-price-design/overview.aspx>
Vice Chancellors Advisory Committee for Sustainable Development, Energy Planning Day, 17 March
2010, Ken and Julie Michael Building
Wright, G., personal communication, 2011
Alberfield Pty Ltd, University of Western Australia Crawley Campus Energy Audit Report, Document
No. 61904-RP-001, Rev 0, Fremantle
Humphries, T., personal communication, 2011
Manessis, M. , 2010, UWA Crawley Campus Site Cooling Source Report, Perth.
Hall, K., personal communication, 2011
Langoulaut, J., 2011, email, 4 March 2011, <jason.langoulant@uwa.edu.au>
Wun, J., personal communication, 2011
Pearce, D., 2011, Research into the Feasibility of Solar Panel Installation at the Crawley Campus,
University of Western Australia, Perth.
Vice Chancellors Advisory Committee for Sustainable Development, Water Planning Workshop, 18
August 2010, UWA Watersports Complex.
Water Corporation, 2009, Water Efficiency Management Plan (WEMP) Annual Report 2008 2009,
University of Western Australia, Perth
Walsh, G., personal communication, 2011
HFM Asset Management, 2010, Water Review MCS Building UWA, Perth.

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

Page 70

The University of Western Australia Facilities Management

Tywnham, A., personal communication, 2011


Vice Chancellors Advisory Committee for Sustainable Development, Recycling Planning Day, 24
March 2010, Ken and Julie Michael Building
The University of Western Australia, 2011, Campus Plan 2010, viewed 15 December 2010,
<http://www.uwa.edu.au/campusplanning/plan/2010>
Department of Planning, Western Australian Planning Commission, 2010, Directions 2031 and
Beyond,
viewed
20
December
2010,
<http://www.planning.wa.gov.au/Plans+and+policies/Publications/2224.aspx>
French, S., Giles-Corti, B. And IAnson, K., 2010, 2010 UWA Commuting Survey Vol I and II, Centre
for the Built Environment and Health, University of Western Australia, viewed 10 November 2010,
<http://www.sph.uwa.edu.au/research/cbeh/projects/commuting-behaviour/>
SKM, 2009, UWA Strategic Transport Plan v5, University of Western Australia, Perth.
Tyrrell-Clark, D., personal communication, 2011
Vice Chancellors Advisory Committee for Sustainable Development, UWA Transport Plan
Stakeholder Workshop, 12 May 2010, Ken and Julie Michael Building.
Bleechmore, R., 2011, UWA U-Pass Feasibility Study, University of Western Australia, Perth
Currie and Brown, 2008, 2008 TEFMA Benchmark Survey Audit Report, Australia.
Cameron, R., personal communication, 2011
Vice Chancellors Advisory Committee for Sustainable Development, Built Form Planning Workshop,
18 August 2010, UWA Watersports Complex.
Whitbread, H., personal communication, 2011
Ivanovski, D., personal communication, 2011
Beale, T. and Farrah, S., 2011, Vertical Gardens, University of Western Australia, Perth
Vice Chancellors Advisory Committee for Sustainable Development, Landscape Planning Workshop,
18 August 2010, UWA Watersports Complex.
Thomason, M., Carbon Sequestration Storage on the University of Western Australias Crawley
Campus, University of Western Australia, Perth.
Strategic Procurement, 2010, University Policy on: Sustainable Procurement (Draft), University of
Western Australia, Perth
Howard, T., personal communication, 2011

Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2013

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