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STATE community of persons more or less numerous occupying a definite

portion of territory completely free of external control and processing an organized


government to w/c a great body of inhabitants render habitual obedience.
ELEMENTS OF STATE EXISTENCE:

People in habitual of the state


o There is no legal requirement as to the number of people who will
compose the state.
o Practical Requirement
Neither be too large nor too small
Territory fixed portion of the earths surface inhabited by the people of the
state
Sovereignty supreme power to command and enforce obedience.
Government agency that carries the will of the state
o 3 Branches of the Government
Legislative Makes the Law
Executive Enforces/ Implements the Law
Judicial Interprets the Law
o Classification of the Government
According to the holders of the governmental powers
Monarch Rule of one
o Absolute Monarchy
King has all the powers
o Constitutional/ Limited Monarchy
King has limited power
A type of monarchy that exist in the present
era
Aristocracy Rule of the few
o Ruled by wealthy and educated people
Democracy rule of the many
o Direct
The power of the government is controlled
directly by the people
o Indirect
Also called REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT
OR REPUBLIC
Citizens elect representatives to make laws
and decisions
According to tenure of the official
Hereditary
Elective
According to the distribution or concentration of government
powers
Unitary
o All powers comes from the central government

The power of the local government is limited which


is given by the central government
Federal
o Power of the national and local government is equal
but there are some powers that the local
government cannot exercise for example the power
to declare war
According to the relationship between legislative and executive
Presidential
o The powers of the 3 branches of the Government
(Legislative, Executive, Judicial) is separated
because of the principle of separation of
powers but it is not absolute because they are coequal, co-existing, and coordinate
o

THEREFORE THE PHILIPPINE GOVERNMENT IS DEMOCRACY, ELECTIVE, UNITARY, AND


PRESIDDENTIAL

Location

Region
(regional designation)

National
Capital Region

Island
group

Luzon

Regional
center

Manila

(Region I)

17[hide]

(NCR)

Ilocos Region

Component local
government units

Luzon

San Fernando

Caloocan
Las Pias
Makati
Malabon
Mandaluyong
Manila
Marikina
Muntinlupa
Navotas
Paraaque
Pasay
Pasig
Pateros
Quezon City
San Juan
Taguig
Valenzuela

5[hide]

(La Union)

Dagupan[22]
Ilocos Norte
Ilocos Sur
La Union
Pangasinan

Location

Region
(regional designation)

Cordillera
Administrative
Region

Island
group

Luzon

Regional
center

Component local
government units

Baguio

7[hide]

(CAR)

Abra
Apayao
Baguio[23]
Benguet
Ifugao
Kalinga
Mountain
Province

Cagayan Valley

Luzon

Tuguegarao

6[hide]

(Region II)

Central Luzon
(Region III)

Luzon

San Fernando

Batanes
Cagayan
Isabela
Nueva Vizcaya
Quirino
Santiago[22]

9[hide]

(Pampanga)

Angeles[23]
Aurora
Bataan
Bulacan
Nueva Ecija
Olongapo[23]
Pampanga
Tarlac
Zambales

Location

Region
(regional designation)

CALABARZON

Island
group

Luzon

Regional
center

Component local
government units

Calamba

6[hide]

(Region IV-A)

MIMAROPA

Luzon

Calapan

Batangas
Cavite
Laguna
Lucena[23]
Quezon
Rizal

6[hide]

(Region IV-B)

Bicol Region

Luzon

Marinduque
Occidental

Mindoro
Oriental Mindoro
Palawan
Puerto

Princesa[23]
Romblon

Legazpi

7[hide]

(Region V)

Albay
Camarines Norte
Camarines Sur
Catanduanes
Masbate
Naga[22]
Sorsogon

Location

Region
(regional designation)

Western Visayas

Island
group

Visayas

Regional
center

Component local
government units

Iloilo City

6[hide]

(Region VI)

Negros Island
Region

Visayas

(NIR or Region XVIII)

Bacolod and
Dumaguete[A]
(interim)

3[hide]

Central Visayas

Visayas

Aklan
Antique
Capiz
Guimaras
Iloilo
Iloilo City[23]

Cebu City

Bacolod[23]
Negros
Occidental
Negros Oriental

6[hide]

(Region VII)

Bohol
Cebu
Cebu City[23]
Lapu-Lapu[23]
Mandaue[23]
Siquijor

Location

Region
(regional designation)

Eastern Visayas

Island
group

Visayas

Regional
center

Component local
government units

Tacloban

5[hide]

(Region VIII)

Zamboanga
Peninsula
(Region IX)

Mindanao

Biliran
Eastern Samar
Leyte
Northern Samar
Ormoc[22]
Samar
Southern Leyte
Tacloban[23]

Pagadian

5[hide]

Isabela City[25]
Zamboanga

City[23]
Zamboanga del

Norte
Zamboanga del
Sur

Zamboanga
Sibugay

Location

Region
(regional designation)

Northern Mindanao

Island
group

Regional
center

Mindanao

Cagayan de
Oro

(Region X)

Caraga

Mindanao

Component local
government units

7[hide]

Bukidnon
Cagayan de

Oro[23]
Camiguin
Iligan[23]
Lanao del Norte
Misamis

Occidental
Misamis Oriental

Butuan

6[hide]

(Region XIII)

Agusan del

Norte
Agusan del Sur
Butuan[23]
Dinagat Islands
Surigao del

Norte
Surigao del Sur

Location

Region
(regional designation)

Davao Region

Island
group

Regional
center

Mindanao

Davao City

Component local
government units

6[hide]

(Region XI)

Compostela

Valley
Davao City[23]
Davao del Norte
Davao del Sur
Davao Oriental
Davao
Occidental

SOCCSKSARGEN

Mindanao

Koronadal

6[hide]

(Region XII)

Autonomous
Mindanao
Region
in Muslim Mindanao

Cotabato
Cotabato City[22]
General

Santos[23]
Sarangani
South Cotabato
Sultan Kudarat

Cotabato City

5[hide]

(ARMM)

Basilan
(excluding Isabela City)

Lanao del Sur


Maguindanao
Sulu
Tawi-Tawi