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Total number of hours (per semester) from

curriculum (84)

SYLLABUS

Name of discipline

PHYSIOLOGY
Type of final evaluation (E / V /
Year of study
II
II
C)
Numbers of
Discipline regime (Co compulsory, Op optional F - facultative)
Co
credits
Total number of
Total number of hours from
Total number of individual
50 hours per
84
curriculum
study hours
semester
Semester
*

Head of the discipline

E2
10
134

Prof. Dr. Simona Mihaela Slatineanu

* If the discipline has more semester of study, fill one syllabus for each semester
Faculty

Medicine

Medicina

Departament

Morpho-functional Sciences

Total
Morphofunctional Sciences
84

Profile

Medicine

Specialisation

Medicine

C**

42

42

** C course, L labs activities, P project or


Medicine
practical lessons
Medicine

Minimum knowledge needed by students to understand the course concepts / internships / practical
lessons
basic knowledge (high school) about anatomy and physiology of the body;
knowledge about cellular physiology (1st year)
knowledge about biochemistry, biophysics, cell biology (1st year)

Objectives of the discipline


General objective:
The students will gain knowledge about the normal functions of the body and will be able to understand
into an integrative manner physiological processes, from cell to organism, thus gaining a solid foundation
for clinical medical sciences.
Educational offer of the discipline:
- theoretical training of the students in order to assimilate knowledge through systematic information on
functional integration phenomena from cell to organism
- presentation of some theoretical concepts during the practical classes by classic experiments (video) and
various computer simulations (mostly interactive);
- acquiring the practical skills by the students on proper execution of some manoeuvres, based on accurate
procedures and understanding the issues explored;

- education of medical students in the spirit of the accurateness of the medical act, and the understanding
of the basic science crucial role for its level and for their professional training.
Lecture syllabus
Hours No.
PHYSIOLOGY AND FUNCTIONAL EXPLORATIONS
LECTURE 1. Digestion physiology. Morphological and functional characteristics of
the digestive system. Mechanical and physical phenomena along digestion and their
control.

42

LECTURE 2. Digestion physiology. Chemical transformation of food along


digestion. Digestive secretions and their regulation.

LECTURE 3. Digestion physiology. Absorption of the nutrients. Regulation of food


intake: hunger, satiety, energy metabolism and weight status.

LECTURE 4. Liver physiology. Roles of the liver: digestive, metabolic, excretory.


PBL: jaundice types.

LECTURE 5. Physiology of the endocrine glands: morpho-functional characteristics


of the endocrine glands. The concept of hormone, synthesis, transport, action
mechanisms of hormones.

LECTURE 6. Mechanisms of the hormone secretion regulation. Morphological and


functional characteristics of the neuro-endocrine transducers

LECTURE 7. Physiology of adenohypophysis. Physiology of neurohypophysis

LECTURE 8. Physiology of thyroid gland. Physiology of the parathyroid glands.


Phospho-calcic metabolism.

LECTURE 9. Physiology of the adrenal glands. Physiology of endocrine pancreas.


Physiology of the epiphysis. Physiology of endocrine thymus

LECTURE 10. Physiology of the gonads

LECTURE 11. Physiology of the central nervous system: morpho-functional


organization of CNS. Reflex center function of the spinal cord, medulla oblongata,
ponce, mesencephalon, reticular formation.

LECTURE 12. Physiology of the afferent systems. Physiology of mechanoreceptors.


Physiology of the visual receptor. Physiology of the auditory receptor. Physiology of
the vestibular receptor.

LECTURE 13. Physiology of the olfactory receptor. Physiology of the taste receptor.
Physiology of the conduction pathways. Physiology of somatosensory cortical areas.

LECTURE 14. Phsyiology of the efferent systems. Physiology of the pyramidal


system. Physiology of the extrapyramidal system

Practical lessons syllabus - 42 ORE


PL 1: Oral digestion: sampling of saliva; secretory mechanisms; chemical examination
of saliva; digestive role and thermolability of the salivary amylase
PL 2: Gastric digestion: gastric juice sampling; secretory mechanisms; HCl and
lactic acid determination, measurement of the gastric juice acidity; action of
labferment

3
3

PL 3: Intestinal digestion: bile, pancreatic and intestinal juice sampling; secretory


mechanisms; determination of the pancreatic amylase.

PL 4: Differentiation of gastric and intestinal proteolysis products; in vitro intestinal


motility.

PL 5: Intestinal digestion. Chemical examination of bile. Emulsifying properties of


bile.
PL 6: Physiology of the endocrine glands. Methods for the study of the function of
endocrine glands; Physiology of the pituitary gland: radioimmunoassay of pituitary
hormones; role of the pituitary in melanogenesis, action of oxytocin upon the uterine
smooth muscle.

PL 7: Physiology of the endocrine glands. Physiology of the thyroid and parathyroid


glands: determination of basal metabolism, reflexography.

PL 8: Physiology of the endocrine glands. Physiology of gonads and adrenocortical


glands: early pregnancy diagnosis: Galli- Mainini test and immunological methods;
Thorn test,.

PL 9: Physiology of the somatic effector system Dinamometry. Chronaxy. Global


and motor unit electromyography.
PL 10: Physiology of the peripheral nervous system. Relative infatigability of nerve.
Motor conduction speed, electronervogram, sensitive conduction speed. H reflex.
PL 11: Reflex function of the spinal cord and medulla oblongata. Laws of spinal cord
reflexes. Somatic and vegetative reflexes of clinical relevance.

3
3

PL 12: Physiology of the central nervous system. Electroencephalography; evoked


cortical potentials.

PL 13: Sensorial physiology; Determination of taste threshold. Determination of


visual acuity. Determination of tactile discrimination threshold; Audiometry.

PL 14: Practical exam

Practical skills achieved by the end of the year/semester


1. Measurement of the gastric juice acidity and secretor debits
2. Bile pigment detection
3. Pancreatic amylase determination
4. Early pregnancy test (Galli-Mainini test)
5. Dinamometry. Chronaxy
6. Somatic reflexes of clinical relevance (biceps, triceps, stylo-radial, ulnar, patellar, achillean)
7. Pupillary reflexes examination (pupillary light reflex, accommodation reflex)
8. Determination of taste threshold
9. Determination of visual acuity
10. Determination of tactile discrimination threshold.

Percentage of final grade


(Total = 100%)

The final grade results from


exam / colloquium answers (final evaluation):
MCQ test
Oral and practical exam

50%
35%

- final answers at the practical lessons

15.00%

- revisions tests during the semester

7.50%

- activities like subjects / papers / essays / translations /


projects etc.
- other activities (SPECIFY): colloquium

7.50%

Describe the practical final evaluation E / V (eg written paper (descriptive and / or multiple
choice test and / or problems, etc.), oral examination, individual or group colloquium, project,
etc.).
- Oral practical exam followed by unique MCQ test

Estimate the total time (hours per semester) of the individual study activities required
(fill with 0 activities not required)
3
1. Reading and study of the lecture notes
8. Preparing oral presentations
1
2. Study after book, lecture handouts
3. Study of the minimal references
indicated
4. Suplimentary documentation at the
library
5. Specific activity training
Seminars and / or LABORATORY
6. Making of themes, essays, translations,
etc...
7. Preparing control papers

9. Preparing final examination

20

10. Consultations

11. Practical documentation

12. Internet documentation

13. Other activities ....

14. Other activities....

3
2

TOTAL number of hours of individual


study (per semester) =50

Compulsory references:
1. Berne RM, Levy MN, Koeppen BM, et al: Berne & Levy: Principles of
Physiology, 5th ed. St. Louis, Elsevier Mosby, 2004

2. Guyton AC, Hall JE: Textbook of Medical Physiology, 11th Ed. Philadelphia,
Saunders, 2006.
3. Slatineanu SM, Dumitriu IL, Vata LG, Cojocaru E, Gurzu B: Principles and
methods for practical lessons of physiology, 1st ed. Iasi, Gr T Popa, 2012
4. Slatineanu SM, Dumitriu IL, Vata LG, Cojocaru E, Gurzu B: Handbook of
practical physiology and functional explorations, 1st ed. Iasi, Gr T Popa, 2012
Supplementary references for Physiology lectures and practical lessons
1. Despopoulos A, Silbernagl S: Color Atlas of Physiology, 5th ed. Thieme, 2003
2. Ganong WF: Review of Medical Physiology, 22nd ed. New York, McGraw-Hill,
2005
3. Sherwood L: Fundamentals of physiology: a human perspective, 3rd ed. Belmont,
Calif., Brooks/Cole, 2006.

Date:

Signature of Didactic activity coordinator