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ROLL NO: 153


Technology Information, Forecasting & Assessment Council is an
autonomous body set up under the Department of Science & Technology
(DST) in 1988. It is mandated to undertake Technology assessment and
forecasting studies in select areas of national importance, watch global
technology trends, promote key technologies and provide information on
technologies. Inputs based on TIFAC activities and pursuits have been
useful in setting directions for future preferred technological development
options in important socio-economic sectors One of the major
contributions of TIFAC to the nation has been the Technology Vision 2020
document which was brought out in 1996. This unique and pioneering
exercise which was guided by Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam, the then Chairman of
TIFAC, covered areas of economy with potential for technological
interventions to make significant progress in these areas to position India
as a developed economy by the year 2020. The exercise involved more
than 5,000 experts from academia, industry and the government and
culminated in 22 documents covering 17 sectors. Each volume provided
directions for national initiatives in that technology area and also to build
a strong basis for a policy framework not only for investment but also for
the development of an integrated science and technology policy both at
the state(s) and national levels. As a follow-up to Technology Vision 2020
exercise, seven sectors were picked up for technology development and
demonstration in the form of mission-mode activities. Many successful
technology projects were implemented and demonstrated- for a large
scale impact in the respective sectors.


With the role of technology in the economic progress of a nation being

increasingly recognized and appreciated, efforts are being made globally
to develop technology strengths and make the industries competitive, for
well-rounded development of the society. The developing countries
specially have shown a marked rise in the pace of economic growth in
recent years with focus on Science, Technology & Innovations. If the
trends available are to be believed, there is likely to be a shift in economic
power towards the third world countries in the 21st century. Changes in
the global economic scenario, growing aspirations of Indian population for
better living and the fact that India would be a developed nation by 2035,
have challenged TIFAC to delineate a vision for the country. Having
commended Technology Vision 2020 in the 1990s to catapult India into
the league of developed countries, TIFAC has now geared-up itself to
deliver Technology Vision 2035 for India. To be prepared on a consultative
framework, the Technology Vision 2035 would take into account our
capabilities and competitiveness, accommodate regional aspirations,
priorities & disparities and placed as a referential document. The vision, it
is hoped, will inspire and prompt the stake-holders across the spectrum to
chart technological trajectories through subjective interpretations.
Towards evolving this document, a mammoth visioning exercise has been
taken up to envision the technologies that would be required to take on
the scenario in 2035. To be rooted in the peoples aspirations/ perception
about India in 2035 and the technologies that will enable their realization,
exercise is being done through interaction with stake-holders,
brainstorming meetings at regional level, group meetings with experts,
thematic questionnaires and theme-based interactive sessions with young
students, faculty & technocrats etc. In order to get comprehensive
insights into deep future, Advisory Committees comprising of expert
groups have been formed to cover the 11 areas viz. Educational
Technologies, Energy, Environment, Food & Agriculture, Global change
issues, Information & Communication Technologies, Infrastructure,
Materials & Manufacturing Technologies, Medical Sciences & Health Care,
Transportation and Water. These Committees are mandated to oversee
generation of Scenario Reports for respective sectors. An apex body
comprising of the social scientists, economists, S&T leaders and
Chairpersons of Advisory Committees will guide in synthesis of Technology
Vision 2035 from scenarios in the Reports from all the sectors put
together. The draft document is proposed to be put in public domain for
inviting suggestions before it is formally released. At present, Advisory
Committees for various sectors are guiding preparation of sectoral reports
and Questionnaire being evolved to make the exercise inclusive in widest
sense. Also an array of meetings with experts is being organized in
different regions where views on S&T perspectives for a developed India

are sought and discussed at length, to find out regional issues that would
merit technology intervention.
Objectives of the Energy Technologies Vision 2035

Identifying the trends in energy needs of our people by 2035

Identifying the appropriate mix of technologies to fulfil those needs
Identifying the investments in energy R&D, energy related
infrastructure and energy education/ training.

Technology Vision 2035 discusses:

As a sequel to the Technology Vision 2020 commended by it to the
country in 1996, TIFAC has geared itself towards scripting the Technology
Vision 2035, a document that would comprehensively assess the
technologies besides identification of the priorities, demand drivers,
constraints & opportunities. An Inclusive and consultative approach is
being followed for the exercise.
Manpower needs Assessment for Science & Technology in India

A team of TIFAC scientists and Project Associates have completed a study

on the S & T manpower needs for Science & Technology (S&T) in India.
The report covers the following:

Stock of S&T manpower (Natural Sciences, Engineering, Medicine,

Agriculture & Veterinary) has been estimated degree wise (PhD, Post
Graduate, Graduate etc.) and projected in the future.
Current Status and Demand of S&T manpower in academia, industry
and health and the government sector have been projected for
2012, 2017 and 2022.
Different scenarios have been drawn in the projection of manpower
in R&D in next 10 years.

Technology Refinement & Marketing Programme (TREMAP)

Technology Refinement and Marketing Programme (TREMAP), with the
objective of pushing innovative products / prototypes, up the
commercialization cycle, towards market through a network of Technology
Commercialization Facilitator (TCF) agencies, facilitated transfer of five
technologies of individual innovators to industry.
Patent Facilitating Centre (PFC)

During this period PFC has conducted nine (9) Patent/IPR awareness
workshops in various states, sensitizing about 1500 scientists and
technologists. Under the National Programme for Training of Scientists and
Technologists, entrusted by DST, PFC has conducted one training
programme on IPR and WTO issues for the scientists from August 22-26,
2011 which was attended by 31 scientists from various scientific
organizations. The second programme would be organized in the month of
January, 2012 at Mumbai. PFC has technically examined more than 73
requests and out of that 34 cases from various institutes were
recommended for patent filing which includes 6 PCT applications. The
sixth batch of the 73 women scientists completed their one year training
in IPR in May 2011. Nine technology scan reports based on patent analysis
were prepared.
Technology Innovation/ Demonstration Programmes
TIFAC-SIDBI Revolving Fund for Technology Innovation Programme
The programme was launched jointly with SIDBI with the objective of facilitating
Indian industries to
scale up technology innovations which are not yet proven at scale-up or
commercial level in the country in 2010. The programme synergizes strengths &
capabilities of TIFAC and SIDBI for carrying out technical and financial appraisals
of project proposals respectively. During the year, around eighteen new project
proposals were technically appraised by TIFAC out of which four project proposals
were technically recommended to SIDBI for financial appraisal. Two projects were
supported and technically monitored and reviewed. Several others are in
Umbrella Scheme On Technology Vision 2020 Projects in Mission Mode
(TV 2020)
Two projects, one at Varanasi district of U.P on Quality Mode Production in RiceWheat Cropping System through Farmers Interest Groups and the other at Kota
and Jaipur districts of Rajasthan on On Farm Demonstration and Commercial
Cultivation of Trichoderma as Bio-Pesticide & Growth Promoter are being
implemented. Under the project at Varanasi, U.P. the net income of farmers has
been significantly increased to the tune of 20-25% with adoption of quality mode
production methods.
In the project at Kota and Jaipur districts, the incidence of diseases, especially
root rot in Groundnut, was significantly reduced through IPM practices. Similar
results were achieved in wheat, soybean, barely, vegetables, etc.
Collaborative Automotive R & D (CAR)

Collaborative Automotive Research (CAR) is an inter-ministerial program led by

Office of Principle Scientific Adviser to the Government of India, implemented
through TIFAC and the sectoral ministries of Heavy Industries, Electronics and
Road Transportation are supporting the program. The mandate of CAR program is
to develop a process by which automotive related R&D can be conducted
cooperatively between government, industry, academia and national labs. The
following four key areas were chosen for conducting pre-competitive R&D: (a)
Automotive Electronics & Control Systems (b) Advanced Materials &
Manufacturing (c) IC Engine & Power-train (d) Electric & Hybrid Electric Vehicles.
Five projects are ongoing.
Targeted Programmes in Other Important Areas:
Bioprocess & Bioproducts Programme
Two projects were completed. In the first one entitled Development of
prostaglandins & advanced intermediates in partnership with Hygeia
Laboratories, a pilot-plant commissioned with its equipment, utility systems,
pipelines etc. for the manufacture of prostaglandins. In the second project
entitled Development and optimization of enzymatic process for producing
Stevioside from Stevia leaves, in partnership with M/s. Stanpack Pharma Pvt.
Ltd. at Baddi, Himachal Pradesh, the process for producing stevioside from stevia
leaves was successfully optimized in the project, by way of setting up a
production unit. Four other projects, including Centre for Biofuels at the National
Institute for Interdisciplinary Science & Technology (NIIST), Thiruvananthapuram,
for undertaking cutting edge research activities in bio-refinery related
technologies, Process development for production of L-arginine by fermentation
in collaboration with Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTU) & M/s
Celestial Labs Ltd., Efficient utilization of jatropha seed cake by detoxification in
collaboration with Osmania University (OU) & M/s. Naturol Bioenergy Ltd.,
Hyderabad, Development of biotransformation process for synthesis of chirally
pure compounds in association with IIT- Bombay and M/s Sci Molecules India Pvt.
Ltd., Pune are pursued towards achieving the objectives.
Technology Up gradation of select MSME clusters
TIFAC has an ongoing program focused towards providing R&D support to Micro
Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME), on a sustainable basis and plan
technological interventions in select MSME cluster. The Progress during the
period is as below:
Technology Gap Studies for Sanganer Handmade Paper Industry cluster, and
rubber manufacturing units implemented by NIT-Agartala were completed. 12
Technology Gap Analysis Studies have been commissioned in the year 2011 in 11
MSME clusters in India with nearby and capable Knowledge Partners in areas
such as readymade garments (Tirupur & Delhi/NCR), plastic cluster (Mumbai and
Delhi/NCR), sewing machine (Ludhiana), bicycle parts cluster (Ludhiana), textile
cluster (Panipat), etc. Six draft reports on Technology Gap Analysis Studies have
been submitted respectively by the Knowledge Partners for the MSME clusters

namely, for the Sewing Machine Cluster (Ludhiana), Bicycle Parts

Cluster(Ludhiana), Plastic Cluster(Delhi/NCR), Mini Gas Cylinder
Cluster(Meerut), Voltage Stabilizer Cluster(Meerut), and Electronics
Cluster(Mohali). Four Validation Workshops have been conducted in the Mini
Gas Cylinder Cluster (Meerut), Voltage Stabilizer cluster, (Meerut), Mini gas
cylinder cluster, (Meerut), Sewing Machine Cluster (Ludhiana) and Electronics
cluster (Mohali) to validate the findings of the draft studies.
TIFAC has taken lead in getting the cupolas of the cluster to be redesigned to
make them more energy efficient. Once the designing is done, the industry puts
its own resources to carry out the modification as per the design under the
supervision of the Centre. During the period, three cupolas were converted and
more are in pipeline.
Special Linkages
India International Institute for Applied System Analysis (IIASA) Programme: As a
capacity building initiative under the IIASA Programme, two Indian researchers
participated in the Young Scientist Summer Program (YSSP) at IIASA jointly
funded by IIASA and TIFAC.
Major and Unique National Facilities created : NIL
Important collaborations (national and global) established:
Collaborative Automotive R & D (CAR) CAR has been closely associated with
Department of Heavy Industry (DHI) and National Manufacturing
Competitiveness Council (NMCC) and developed a Technology Roadmap as part
of input for newly initiated program on National Mission on Electric Mobility
(NMEM). CAR-Fraunhofer Gesellschaft collaboration: This initiative aimed at
bringing together Indian academia and industry with laboratories under the
Fraunhofer, Germany for joint technology development efforts. After two
consultation workshops jointly, four consortium projects were developed, for
consideration of funding. One of them was taken up by TDB (MultiJoin
Techniques for joining Aluminum with other metals) and an agreement has been
signed between Indian and German parties.