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1. It is known that 5x = e x has a solution in the interval [0,1].

• (a) In order to approximate a solution on this interval by Newton’s Method, how must you rewrite the equation?

• (b) Write down the ﬁrst two approximations x 1 and x 2 to this solution using Newton’s Method with an initial guess of x 0 = 0. You may leave x 2 unsimpliﬁed.

• (c) Find the linearization of h(x) = e x 5x at a =

1

4

.

3

2. The parts of this problem are not related.

• (a) Compute lim x!1 (1 + kx) 1/x , where k is a positive constant.

• (b) Calculate the limit lim x!1

• x k kx+k 1

(x 1) 2

, where k is a positive constant.

4

d

(c) Verify the identity dx arcsec x =

1

x

p x

2 1 for x > 0.

• (d) Compute the most general antiderivative of f (x) = 4x + e 3x+3 cos x +11x 5/2 +17.

1

5

3. A rectangle with sides parallel to the x-axis and y-axis is inscribed inside the ellipse

• x 2

a 2

2

+ y = 1. Of all such rectangles, ﬁnd the dimensions

b 2

of the one with maximum

area. Hint: draw a picture!

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3

4. Consider the deﬁnite integral R 3 5xdx

• (a) Graph the integrand on the interval [-3,3] and compute the integral by interpreting it in terms of areas.

1

• (b) Using the fact that R 3 5xdx = 20, use properties of the integral to compute

3

R

1

5xdx. You may check you answer geometrically.

7

(c) Compute the integral using the deﬁniton (limit of Riemann sums) and right end-

n

points as sample points. You may use the formulas P =1 = n for any constant

j

and

n

P =1 j = n(n + 1)/2.

j

8

5. Suppose f (x) is a function deﬁned on all of R with the following properties:

 • f 0 and f 00 exist for all x (i.e. graph of f has no corners) • f (0) = 2, f (2) = 2, f (4) = 1 • f 0 (0) = f 0 (2) = f 0 (4) = 0 • f 00 ( 1) = f 00 (1) = f 00 (3) = 0 • f 0 (x) < 0 for x < 0 and 2 0 for 0 0 for 1
• (a) Find all the local maxima and minima inside the interval 2 <x< 5.

• (b) Find all the inﬂection points.

• (c) Sketch the part of the graph of y = f (x) that lies over the interval 2 x 5.

• (d) True or False: f (x) has a horizontal asymptote as x ! 1.

• (e) True or False: f (x) has a horizontal asymptote as x ! 1.

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6. The parts of this problem are not related.

• (a) A spherical balloon is inﬂated with helium at a rate of 8 cubic metres per second. How fast is the surface area increasing when the balloon has a radius of 2 metres?

• (b) Let f (x) = cos(x 2 ). Use the Mean Value Theorem to ﬁnd a number M such that

|f (b) f (a)| M |b a|

for all a, b satisfying 0 a b .

11

7. Consider the function y = f (x) given implicitly by 2y + sin(x + y )=2x.

• (a) Find the equation of the tangent line to the curve at the point ( 2 , ).

2

• (b) True or False: f (x) is increasing for all x.

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PART I

1. Calculate the following limits and derivatives

1

• (a) x!0

lim x sin , using the Squeeze Theorem.

x

d

• (b) dx h (arctanh x 2 ) p x 2 + 1 i

2

PART II

2. The parts of this problem are NOT related

• (a) Find the linearization of h(x) = e x 5x at a =

1

4

.

1

• (b) Compute the most general antiderivative of f (x) = 4x + e 3x+3 cos x + 11x 5/2 + 17 and check your answer.

• (c) Consider the function f (x)=4x e x . We know by the Intermediate Value Theorem that f (x) = 0 has at least one root in the interval [0, 1]. Explain why f (x) = 0 has at most one root in [0, 1]. Use principles of calculus, Mean Value Theorem, etc.

3

3. Consider the function y = f (x) given implicitly by 2y + sin(x + y )=2x.

• (a) Find the equation of the tangent line to the curve at the point ( 2 , ).

2

• (b) True or False: f (x) is increasing for all x.

4

4. A runner is jogging directly east at a steady rate of 18 ft/sec. A road running

perpendicular to the runner’s path is ahead of the runner. There is a bear on the

road who is south of the east-west path, and he is also running, at a steady rate

of 25 ft/sec.

• (a) Draw a diagram depicting the situation, carefully labeling all the variable quantities.

• (b) How fast is the distance between the jogger and the bear decreasing when the runner is 17 feet from the north-south road and the bear is 40 feet from the east-west path?

• (c) Given the data in part (b), does the jogger meet his demise, that is, will the

jogger and bear cross paths at the intersection of the two roads at the same

time?

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5. The function f (x) deﬁned for all x 6= 0 has second derivative f 0 0 (x)

f 0 0 (x)=2x

1

x 2 .

• (a) Determine at which x, if any, the graph of f (x) has inﬂection points.

• (b) Given the value f 0 ( 1) = 0, ﬁnd the ﬁrst derivative of f (x).

• (c) Determine at which x, if any, the function f (x) has a local extrema (mini- mum/maximum).

6

6. Use appropriate methods of calculus to ﬁnd the exact values of the following

limits. If the limits do not exist, state this and justify your answer.

 (a) lim cos 6x cot 7x x!0 lim x!1 lim + ✓ x!0 1
• (c) x x

• (b) x k kx + k 1

(x 1) 2

, where k is a positive constant.

7

7. A local farm is constructing a 500-square-foot rectangular pen to hold horses and

cows. One side of the pen will be along a barn, so only three sides need to be

fenced in. There will also need to be a length of fence dividing the pen into

two components, perpendicular to the barn. This will separate the horses from

the cows. What should the pen’s dimensions be to minimize the total length of

fencing?

• (a) Draw a diagram and carefully label/identify all the variables involved.

• (b) Write down a single-variable function which needs to be minimized and give the domain of the function.

• (c) At what value does the function take on a minimum? Justify your answer using calculus.

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1. Consider the function f (x) = e x +e x

2

.

• (a) Sketch the graphs of e x and e x on the same plane.

• (b) Determine the range of f using part (a)

• (c) Find the inverse of f .

2

2. The parts of this problem are not related.

• (a) What is the

domain of ln x p x 2 1 ?

• (b) Sketch the graph of g (x) = p 4 x 2 and determine the range of g .

• (c) Simplify cot (arcsin x).

3

3. Assume

lim f (x) = L.

x!c

Using the - deﬁnition of a limit, prove that

for any real number .

lim f (x) = L,

x!c

4

4. Evaluate the following limits or state why it does not exist. Show and justify all steps.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(Hint: Squeeze Theorem)

 lim sin 3x x!0 tan 5x lim 1 sec 2 x x!0 x 2 lim x 2 + x 6 x!2 x 2x + 5 x 2 + x 6 lim x!2 x 2 2x lim x sin 1 x!0 x

5

5. Let A be a constant and deﬁne the function h(x) = x 3 + x 1 + Ax(x 1)(2x 1)

• (a) Show that h has a root in the interval [0, 1].

• (b) By calculating h(1/3) and h(2/3), show that for A su ciently large, h has at least 3 roots in the interval [0, 1].

6

6. With A and B constants, a function f is deﬁned by:

f (x) =

8

<

:

1

x

+ A,

|x|,

1

x

+ B,

if x < 1

if 1 x 1

if 1 < x

• (a) Find A and B so that f is continuous everywhere.

• (b) Sketch the graph of y = f (x).

• (c) At which points does f fail to be dierentiable? Explain the answer.

• (d) True or False: A continuous function is dierentiable.

7

7. Dierentiate the following functions

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

 e x 2 tan x csc(6x) sin 6x x 2 +x+5 x p x+1 e x (4x + 1000)

1

8. There is a line passing through (2, 0) which is tangent to the graph of y = 2 in the

x

ﬁrst quadrant. Find the equation of this line.

9

9.

Consider a particle moving along the x-axis, whose position is described by the function

12

s(t) = t , where position is measured in metres and t is seconds.

p

• (a) Use the deﬁnition of the derivative to compute the instantaneous velocity of the particle at time t = 3.

• (b) Next, use any technique you wish to compute the acceleration of the particle at t = 3.

• (c) Is the particle moving forward or backward at t = 3? Is the particle speeding up or slowing down at t = 3?

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Review Problems for exam 1

Note: these problems are in addition to the homework problems.

You can watch the solutions on the posted streaming power points.

• 1. Let

F (x) =

• 8 > <

> :

 x 3 + A x ∑ 2 6x +1 2
• (a) Find the value of A that makes F (x) continuous at x = 2.

• (b) For the constant A from (a): is F (x) diÆerentiable at x = 2?

• (c) Is F (x) diÆerentiable at x = 3?

• 2. Show that the equation x 3 = x 2 + 1 has at least one solution.

• 3. Use the deﬁnition of the derivative as a limit to ﬁnd the derivative of f (x) =

1

x + 2

• 4. Find the center and the radius of the circle x 2 + y 2 ° 2x + 4y = 0

• 5. Evaluate each of the following limits.

(a)

lim

x!3

p x ° p 3

x ° 3

+ 3x 2

(b) lim

x!0

tan (5x)

sin (3x)

(c) lim

x!3

|x ° 3|

x 2 ° 9

• 6. Find the derivatives of the following functions.

• (a) F (x) = s + 3

e

x

x

2

(d)

h(x) = x 2 ° ln x

3x + 2

! 9

(b) g (x) = 3 cos 4 x · sin x 9

(c) f (x) = e sin x

(e)

F (x) =

tan x(x 2 ° 4x)

ln x

• 7. Let g (x) be a diÆerentiable function such that g (1) = 2, g (2) = 5, g (3) = 7,

g (4) = 2, g 0 (1) = 3, g 0 (2) = 2, g 0 (3) = 8, g 0 (4) = 10. Let f (x) = x 2 + x.

Find the exact value of: (a) (gf ) 0 (2)

(b)

! 0

f (3)

g

• 8. Solve log (5x) + log (x ° 1) ° 2=0

(c) (g ± f )(1).

• 9. (a) Describe the rectilinear motion given at time t (in seconds) by s(t) = 20 + 8t ° t 2 (in

meters), for 0 t 10.

• (b) Find the total distance traveled.

10. Find the domain of the function f (x) = ln (x 2 ° 4)

1

PART I

1. (a) Find the exact value of sin + 2 cos .

3

3

(b) If f (x) is the square of the distance from the point (2, 1) to a point (x, 3x +2)

on the line y = 3x +2, then f (x) is a quadratic function, f (x) = Ax 2 + Bx + C .

Find A, B , and C .

2

PART II

• 2. Consider f (x) = 3x 2 +1

x 2 9 .

• (a) What is the domain of f ?

• (b) By evaluating relevant limits, determine the equations of all vertical asymp- totes of the graph of f (x). If there are none, say so and explain why not.

• (c) By evaluating relevant limits, determine the equations of all horizontal asymp- totes of the graph of f (x). If there are none, say so and explain why not.

3

3. True or False. If true, prove the statement; if false, provide a counterexample.

• (a) A continuous function is dierentiable.

• (b) The following function is continuous at x = 1:

f (x) = 3x + 1, if x 1

x

2 +x 2

x

4 x 3

,

if x > 1

• (c) The function r (x) = |x 17| is continuous at x = 17

17

x

4

4. Dierentiate the following functions

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

e x 2 tan x csc(6x)

sin 6x

x

2 +x+5

p

x

x+1

e x (4x + 1000)

5. The parts of this problem are related.

• (a) Use the deﬁnition of derivative to ﬁnd the derivative of f (x) =

• (b) Find an equation of the tangent line to the graph of y =

x

1

x

x 1

x

.

at the point

where x = 2. In case you were unable to do part (a), you may use the fact

that f 0 (2) =

1

4

.

6

6. At time t, in seconds, the coordinate s(t), in feet, of a particle moving on a line

is given by

s(t) = t 2 8t + 18.

• (a) Find the particle’s average velocity over each of the time interval [4, 4.1]. Give your answer as a single number (you do not need to simplify) with appropriate units.

• (b) Calculate the particle’s average velocity over the time interval [4, 4 + 4t], where 4t > 0. Simplify your answer.

• (c) Find the particle’s instantaneous velocity at t = 4. Use the meaning of velocity in terms of limits.

7

7.

Let A be a constant and deﬁne the function h(x) = x 3 + x 1 + Ax(x 1)(2x 1)

• (a) Show that h has a root in the interval [0, 1].

• (b) By calculating h(1/3) and h(2/3), show that for A su ciently large, h has at least 3 roots in the interval [0, 1].

8

8. Let f (x)=5x + 4 so that

L = lim

x!2 f (x) = 14.

• (a) Draw a graph of f (x) and identify the "-neighbourhood of L = 14 for " = 0.01.

• (b) For " = 0.01, ﬁnd a corresponding value of such that, for all x 6= 2:

if 2 <x< 2 + , then L " <

f (x) < L + ".

Although you may use your graph as a guide, do this algebraically.

• (c) Prove, using the "- deﬁnition of a limit:

lim 5x + 4 = 14.

x!2

9

Review Problems for ﬁnal exam

Note:

• 1. The material covered in this set of problems doesn’t contain the material for the ﬁrst and

the second exam. You should look for the sets of problems and the streaming power points

for the ﬁrst and the second exams.

• 2. These problems are an addition to the homework problems.

• 3. You can watch the solutions on the posted streaming power points.

• 1. A continuous function f (x) is such that Z f (x)dx = °4 and Z 0 f (x)dx = °10.

3

0

5

5

Find Z f (x)dx.

3

• 2. Find

(a) Z x 2 e x 3 +4 dx

(b) Z sin x cos xdx

1

(c) Z 4 ° x dx

(d) Z

t 2

dt

t ° 1

• 3. Evaluate

Z 4
(a)

1

1 ° x

p x

• dx (b) Z

0

ln 2

• x (c) Z 2 p x(x 3 ° p x + x )dx

e

+ 2 dx

1

5

p

e x

• 4. Approximate the area under the curve y = x 2 + 2x ° 1, above the x-axis and between

x = 1 and x = 4 using a Riemann sum with n = 3 and left hand endpoint of each of the

subintervals.

• 5. Let f (x) = Z x t 3 sin (e t )dt.

5

d

(a) Find dx f (x).

(b) Evaluate f (5).

• 6. A farmer can get \$3 per bushel of apples on September 15th. If he sell after that the

price drops 10 cents per bushel per day. On September 15th, the farmer has 200 bushels of

apple on the trees and the corps is increasing at a rate of 2 bushels per day. When should

the farmer pick the apples to maximize revenue?

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