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Irregular Verbs in English

Ovo je popis najeih nepravilnih glagola u engleskom jeziku. Prva tri su pomoni glagoli
(koji dakako mogu biti i glavni), zatim slijedi 50 opih glagola poredanih po frekvenciji.
Ova 53 nepravilna glagola pokrivaju vie od 90% svih pojava nepravilnih glagola u
engleskom jeziku. Prvih 14 pokriva vie od 50% pojava nepravilnih glagola.
Iza broja 50 slijede jo neki esti nepravilni glagoli koji se pojavljuju u jeziku ekonomije
(poredani po abecedi, a ne po uestalosti). Znate li barem znaenje svih ovih glagola?
Rank

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33

Base Form

Past Tense Form

be
do
have

was/were
did
had

say
make
go
take
come
see
know
get
give
find
think
tell
become
show
leave
feel
put
bring
begin
keep
hold
write
stand
hear
let
mean
set
meet
run
pay
sit
speak
lie

said
made
went
took
came
saw
knew
got
gave
found
thought
told
became
showed
left
felt
put
brought
began
kept
held
wrote
stood
heard
let
meant
set
met
ran
paid
sat
spoke
lay

Past Participle +

hrvatski

been
done
had

biti
raditi, initi
imati

said
made gone taken come seen known got/gotten (US) given found thought told
become shown left
felt
put
brought begun kept
held
written stood heard let
meant set
met
run paid sat spoken lain
-

rei
(na)praviti
ii, otii
uzeti
doi
vidjeti
znati
dobiti
dati
(pro)nai
misliti
rei
postati
pokazati
otii, napustiti
osjeati
staviti
donijeti
(za)poeti
drati
drati
pisati
stajati
uti
(do)pustiti
znaiti; misliti
(po)staviti
sresti; upoznati
trati; rukovoditi
platiti
sjediti
govoriti
leati

34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

lead
read
grow
lose
fall
send
build
understand
draw
break
spend
cut
rise
drive
buy
wear
choose
beat
catch
cost
eat
fly
forget
hide
hit
lay
lend
ride
sell
shine
shoot
shut
sing
sink
sleep
split
steal
strike
swim
teach
throw
wake
win

led
read
grew
lost
fell
sent
built
understood
drew
broke
spent
cut
rose
drove
bought
wore
chose
beat
caught
cost
ate
flew
forgot
hid
hit
laid
lent
rode
sold
shone
shot
shut
sang
sank
slept
split
stole
struck
swam
taught
threw
woke
won

led
read
grown lost
fallen sent
built
understood drawn broken spent
cut
risen
driven bought worn
chosen beaten caught cost
eaten
flown forgotten hidden hit
laid
lent
ridden sold
shone shot
shut
sung
sunk
slept
split
stolen struck swum taught thrown woken won
-

voditi
itati
rasti
izgubiti
pasti
(po)slati
graditi
razumjeti
vui; crtati
(s)lomiti
(po)troiti
rezati
podignuti se
voziti; pokrenuti
kupiti
nositi (odjeu)
birati, izabrati
pobijediti
uhvatiti
kotati
(po)jesti
letjeti
zaboraviti
sakriti
udariti
polei; namjestiti
posuditi
jahati, voziti (se)
prodati
sjati, blistati
pucati; fotografirati
zatvoriti
pjevati
(po)tonuti
spavati
razdvojiti, odvojiti
ukrasti
udariti, pogoditi
plivati
poduavati
baciti
bdjeti, biti budan
pobijediti; osvojiti

infinitive past simple

past participe

jedno od znaenja

arise

arose

arisen

dii se, nastati, nastajati

awake

awoke

awoken

probuditi

be

was/were

been

biti

beat

beat

beaten

tui

become

became

become

postati

begin

began

begun

poeti

bend

bent

bent

iskriviti

bet

bet

bet

kladiti se

bind

bound

bound

povezati

bite

bit

bitten

ujesti

bleed

bled

bled

krvariti

blow

blew

blown

duvati

break

broke

broken

prekinuti

bring

brought

brought

doneti

broadcast

broadcast

broadcast

emitovati

build

built

built

graditi

burst

burst

burst

planuti

buy

bought

bought

kupiti

catch

caught

caught

hvatati

choose

chose

chosen

birati

come

came

come

doi

cost

cost

cost

kotati

creep

crept

crept

gmizati

cut

cut

cut

isei

deal

dealt

dealt

trgovati *

dig

dug

dug

kopati

do

did

done

initi

dive

dived/dove

dived

roniti

draw

drew

drawn

crtati

dream

dremt

dremt

sanjati

drink

drank

drunk

piti

drive

drove

driven

voziti

dwell

dwelt

dwelt

stanovati, iveti

eat

ate

eaten

jesti

fall

fell

fallen

pasti

feed

fed

fed

hraniti

feel

felt

felt

osetiti

fight

fought

fought

boriti se

find

found

found

nai

flee

fled

fled

beati

fly

flew

flown

leteti

forbid

forbade

forbidden

zabraniti

forget

forgot

forgotten

zaboraviti

forgive

forgave

forgiven

oprostiti

freeze

froze

frozen

zamrznuti

get

got

got

imati, dati, dobijati

give

gave

given

davati

go

went

gone

otii

grow

grew

grown

rasti

hang

hung

hung

okaiti

have

had

had

imati

hear

heard

heard

uti

hide

hid

hidden

sakriti

hit

hit

hit

baciti

hold

held

held

drati

hurt

hurt

hurt

povrediti, boleti

keep

kept

kept

zadrati

kneel

knelt

knelt

kleknuti

know

knew

known

znati

lay

laid

laid

poloiti

lead

led

led

biti na elu

leave

left

left

odlaziti

lend

lent

lent

pozajmiti

let

let

let

dozvoliti

lie

lay

lain

lagati

lihgt

lit

lit

svetleti

lose

lost

lost

izgubiti

make

made

made

napraviti

mean

meant

meant

misliti

meet

met

met

poznati se sa...

pay

paid

paid

platiti

put

put

put

staviti

read

read (red)*

read (red)*

itati

ride

rode

riden

jahati

rise

rose

risen

poveati

run

run

run

trati

say

said

said

rei

see

sow

seen

videti

seek

sought

sought

traiti

sell

sold

sold

prodati

send

sent

sent

poslati

set

set

set

postaviti

sew

sewed

sewn/sewed

iti

shake

shook

saken

zatresti

shine

shone

shone

svetleti

shoot

shot

shot

1.gadjati, 2. snimiti (film)

show

showed

shown/showed

pokazati

shrink

shrank

shrunk

skupiti se

shut

shut

shut

zatvoriti

sing

sang

sung

pevati

sink

sank

sunk

tonuti

sit

sat

sat

sesti

sleep

slept

slept

spavati

slide

slid

slid

klizati

speak

spoke

spoken

govoriti

spend

spent

spent

potroiti

spit

spat

spat

pljunuti

split

split

split

podeliti

spread

spread

spread

rairiti

spring

sprang

sprung

odsoiti skoiti

stand

stood

stood

stajati

steal

stole

stolen

krasti

stick

stuck

stuck

zabosti

sting

stung

stung

ujesti, ubosti (pela)

stink

stank

stunk

smrdeti

strike

struck

struck

trajkovati

swear

swore

sworn

zakleti se

sweep

swept

swept

istiti

swim

swam

swum

plivati

swing

swung

swung

njihati se

take

took

taken

uzeti

teach

tought

tought

poduavati

tear

tore

torn

pocepati

tell

told

told

kazati

think

thought

thought

misliti

throw

threw

thrown

baciti

understand

understood

understood

razumeti

wake

woke

woken

razbuditi

wear

wore

worn

obui

weep

wept

wept

plakati

win

won

won

pobediti

write

wrote

written

pisati

Primeri upotrebe frazalnih glagola u engleskom jeziku. Phrasal verbs examples.

Frazalni Primer
gla
upotrebe
gol

Objanjenje
znaenja

get on

This boy will get on in life.


If you want to get on in life

Ovaj deak e uspeti u


ivotu.

get on

Get on this bus.

Popni se na ovaj
autobus.

get off

Does she know where to get off the train?

Da li zna gde treba da


sie sa voza?

get on with

Are you getting on with your mother-in-law?

Da li se slae sa
svekrvom?

get out

The car stopped and a woman got out.

* uoiti razliku get off


za voz i autobus, a get
out za auto, taksi

get about

He is not young any more but he gets about a


lot.

On nije vie mlad, ali je


jo uvek vrlo mnogo u
pokretu.

get up

I usually get up early.

Obino ustajem rano


ujutru. get up = get out
of bed

get away

I hooked a fish but it got away.

escape, Uhvatio sam


ribu ali je pobegla.

take after

I am not like my mam and dad; I take after my


uncle George.

take after = resemble


someone, liiti na
nekoga

take on

Her application was successful so they took her


on as an assistant
manager. He took on a lot of workers in his
factory.

zaposliti,
angaovati; ...pa su je
angaovali kao ...
Zaposlio je mnogo
radnika u svojoj fabrici.

take off

Your shoes are dirty. Take them off.

Cipele su ti prljave.
Skini ih.

take off

When is the aeroplane going to take off'?


After refueling we took off.

take off = leave the


ground, poleteti,
uzleteti
Nakon sipanja goriva,
poleteli smo.

take away

If you take away 32 from 100, what do you get?

take away = oduzeti ,


Ako oduzmemo 32 od
100 ta dobijamo?

set off

What time shall we set off tomorrow?


She reversed off the grass and set off down the
road.

set off = begin


journey, poi, krenuti
Vratila se sa trave i
krenula niz put.

go off

The terrorists planted a bomb on the plane but


fortunately it didn't go off.
The probability of nuclear weapon going off by
accident is slight.

go off = explode,
eksplodirati (u
kontekstu bombe)
Verovatnoa da doe
do sluajne eksplozije
nuklearnog oruija je
mala.

look into

The police are looking into the crme.

look into = investigate;


Policija istrauje zloin.

bring down

The scandal brouht down the government.

bring down = cause to


fall; Skandal je oborio
vladu.

bring about The crisis has been brouhgt about by the


council's mistakes.

bring about = cause


something to happen;
Kriza je nastala zbog
greaka odbora.