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HISTRIA

7 ano

L, com muita ateno, o enunciado que se segue e, depois


de analisares cuidadosamente os documentos apresentados,
responde de forma clara, objectiva e cuidada. Boa Sorte!

Grupo I
(A Herana do Mediterrneo Antigo: Os Gregos no sculo V a. C.)
I.1 Observa atentamente o mapa do documento 1.

Zona
Rural

B
A
Porto
Documento 1

Documento 2

I.1.1 Faz a legenda do mapa do documento 2, indicando o nome dos mares em falta.
A - _______________

B - _______________

C - _______________

I.1.2 Descreve as condies naturais do territrio grego.


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I.1.3 Define, tendo em ateno o documento 1, cidade-estado.


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I.2 Analisa cuidadosamente os documentos 3 e 4.

Documento 3

Documento 4

I.2.1 Apresenta duas das principais caractersticas da economia ateniense.


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I.3 Atenta nos documentos 5 a 7.
Temos um regime poltico que no nos faz invejar as leis das cidades vizinhas. Pelo contrrio, em vez de querermos
imit-las, somos o seu modelo e exemplo. O nome desse regime democracia, porque procura satisfazer o maior
nmero de pessoas e no apenas uma minoria. As nossas leis concedem os mesmos direitos a todos os cidados [...]. S
o valor de cada cidado conta para atribuio de distines e honras. O mrito vale mais do que a fortuna. A pobreza
no impede que um cidado capaz desempenhe cargos pblicos na polis. [...] Somos tolerantes, mas mantemo-nos fiis
aos magistrados e s leis.
[...] Numa palavra, a nossa cidade a escola da Grcia.
Tucdides,
Histria da Guerra do Peloponeso, sc. V a. C.
Documento 5

B
C

E
Documento 7
Populao Ateniense (Meados sculo V a. C.)

F
G
Documento 6

I.3.1 Faz a legenda do quadro do documento 6, substituindo as letras pela informao em falta.
A - _______________
B - _______________

C - _______________
__________________

D - _______________
E - _______________

F - _______________
G - _______________

II.3.2 Caracteriza o regime poltico descrito no documento 5, existente em Atenas no sculo V a. C.


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I.3.3 Apresenta trs limitaes apontadas Democracia Ateniense.
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I.4 Examina os documentos 8 a 10.


Os deuses e os homens
Penso que Hesodo e Homero (poetas gregos do sculo VIII a. C.) foram os que inventaram os deuses e a sua filiao:
deram-lhes os nomes, atriburam-lhes honras e artes e descreveram a sua forma.
Xenofonte, Econmico
Documento 8

Os deuses e os homens
Segundo a opinio dos mortais, os deuses foram gerados, tm trajes como eles e a mesma voz e corpo. Tudo quanto h
de vergonhoso e censurvel lhes foi atribudo: roubos, adultrios e mentiras.
Herdoto, Histrias
Documento 9

Documento 10 (Busto de Zeus)

I.4.1 Refere como os Gregos caracterizavam os seus Deuses.


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I.5. Analisa atentamente o documento 11.

Documento 11

I.5.1 Identifica o edifcio presente no documento 11.


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I.5.2 Indica os gneros teatrais gregos.
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I.5.3 Apresenta as diferenas entre os dois gneros teatrais.
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I.6. Observa os documentos 12 e 13.

Documento 12

Documento 13

I.6.1 Identifica a ordem arquitectnica em que foi construdo o edifcio do documento 12.
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I.6.2 Refere trs das principais caractersticas da Arte Grega.
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I.7. Imagina que s um Ateniense do sculo V a. C. e que viajas numa mquina do tempo at actualidade.
I.7.1 Descreve a herana da tua civilizao.
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FIM