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1.ThedoctortoldCharlietoloseweightandexercisevigorouslyforfortyfiveminutesaday.

Thissentencehastwoindependentclauses.
Thissentencehasnoindependentclauses.
Thissentencehasoneindependentclause.
Responses:

2.ThedoctorwasworriedthatCharliewasputtingontoomuchweight.
Thesectioninblueisanindependentclause.
Theindependentclauseis"Thedoctorwasworried."
Thissentencehasnoindependentclause.
Responses:

3.Charliehasahardtimestickingtoadiet;hereallylovesrich,sweetdesserts.
Thissentencehastwoindependentclauses.
Thissentencehasoneindependentclause.
Thissentencehasnoindependentclauses.
Responses:

4.Infact,thelasttimehetriedtoloseweight,heendedupactuallygainingweight.
"heendedupactuallygainingweight"istheonlyindependentclause.
Thesectioninblueistheindependentclause.
Thissentencehastwoindependentclauses.

Responses:

5.Charliehasdecidedtohireapersonaltrainerbecauseheisworriedabouthisheart.
Thesectioninblueisanindependentclause.
Thissentencehastwoindependentclauses.
"Charliehasdecidedtohireapersonaltrainer"istheindependentclause.
Responses:

6.Hisnewpersonaltrainer,whosenameisAdrianaBongiorno,thinksCharliemaybealostcause.
Thepartinblueisnotanindependentclause.
Thepartinblueisanindependentclause.
Thissentencehastwoindependentclauses.
Responses:

7.Thatshecanmakehimdotheexercisesbutnotsticktothediet.
Thepartinblueistheindependentclause.
Thissentencehastwoindependentclauses.
Thissentencehasnoindependentclause.

Responses:

8.HeisverygoodaslongasMissBongiornoisaround,buthegoestothefreezerforicecreamwhenshe
leaves.
Thissentencehasthreeindependentclauses.
Thissentencehastwoindependentclauses.
Thissentencehasoneindependentclause.
Responses:

9.Charliemustlearnthateatingallthosesweetsmaygivehimatemporarypleasurebutthatit'snotgood
forhisheartandthathewouldfeelbetterabouthimselfifhestoppedeatingallthoserichandsweetfoods
thatarenotgoodforhim.
Theindependentclausehasthreewords.
Theindependentclausebeginswiththefirst"that."
Thissentencehasseveralindependentclauses.
Responses:

10.MissBongiornoisstartingtomakeadifference,though,andCharlieisstartingtomakesomeprogress.
Thissentencehasoneindependentclause.
Theclausefollowing"though"isadependentclause.
Thissentencehastwoindependentclauses.
Select the option that best describes the arrangement of clauses within each sentence.
Sometimes the description will refer to only the underlined part of a sentence. Read all the
options carefully before making your choice.

1.BeforeRaoulboughthisnewcar,herememberedthathisgrandmothermightgivehimheroldsedan.
Theindependentclauseis"BeforeRaoulboughthisnewcar."
Theindependentclauseinthissentencecontainsonlytwowords.
Therearetwoindependentclauseshere.

2.Alicia'swristbegantohurt,andhermothermadeadoctor'sappointmentforher.
Theunderlinedpartisthesoleindependentclausehere.
Therealindependentclausebeginswith"and."
Thissentencecontainstwoindependentclauses.

3.Zippingaroundtheparkinherlittlesportster,Judithabegantofeel,atlast,likeamillionaire.
Theunderlinedpartistheindependentclause.
Trickquestion:thereisnoindependentclause.
Theindependentclausebeginswith"Juditha."

4.AlthoughJerzyhadtakenseveralcoursesincomputerscience,hecouldn'tsolvetheproblemswithhis
harddrive.
Theunderlinedpartistheindependentclause.
Theindependentclausebeginswiththeword"he."
Thesentencecontainstwoindependentclauses.

5.TheCelticshavebeguntheirlongjourneybacktochampionshipbasketball,workingseriouslyon
fundamentalsandbeginningtoattractnewfanstothegame.
Thesentenceisonelongindependentclause.
Thesentencecontainstwoindependentclauses.
Onlytheunderlinedpartistheindependentclause.

6.Ernestowantedtospendthenightstudying,buthiswifehadotherideas.
Thesentencecontainstwoindependentclauses.
Onlytheunderlinedpartofthesentenceisanindependentclause.
Thesentenceisonelongindependentclause(withacompoundverb).

7.Thecrowdbegantoclapandcheerastheteamenteredthroughacloudofsmoke.
Thesentencecontainstwoindependentclauses.
Theindependentclausebeginswiththeword"as."
Theunderlinedpartistheindependentclause.

8.Gordyworkedhiswayuptomiddlemanagementbutkeptonwishingforabetterjob.
Theunderlinedpartofthesentenceistheindependentclause.
Thesentenceisoneindependentclause.
Thesentencecontainstwoindependentclauses.

9.Gesualdobegantoleaparoundtheroomwhenhiswifefedhimthejalapeopeppers.
Theindependentclauseisthepartofthesentencenotunderlined.
Theindependentclauseisthepartofthesentencethatisunderlined.
Thesentencecontainstwoindependentclauses

10.HeitorsignedthecontractbutneveragreedtopurchasetheCDs.
Thissentencecontainstwoindependentclauses.
Theunderlinedpartisthecompleteindependentclause.
Theentiresentenceisoneindependentclause.

The Ingredients of Independent


Clauses
Clickwithinthesmallcircletotheleftofyourchoiceforeachanswer.Ajavascriptboxwillappeartotell
youthatyourchoiceiscorrectorincorrect.Afterclicking"OK"withinthejavascriptalert,youmaytry
anotheranswerorproceedtothenextquestionifyourfirstchoicewascorrect.Thephrase"prescriptively
correct"meansthatotherpossibilitiesmightbeacceptableininformalwritingorspeech,butthe
prescriptivelycorrectoptionwouldbemostrecommendedforformal,academicwriting.
IfyouwouldliketoreviewthenatureofIndependentClausesbeforetakingthisquiz(oratanytimeduring
it),clickHERE.

1.Whichofthefollowingwordsisacoordinatingconjunction?
A.although
B.however
C.nevertheless
D.Alloftheabove
E.Noneoftheabove

2.Whichofthefollowingwordsisasubordinatingconjunction?
A.although
B.however
C.nevertheless
D.Alloftheabove
E.Noneoftheabove
3.Whichofthefollowingsentencesisprescriptivelycorrect?
A.Thespacestationhasbeendamaged;therefore,wemustabandonit.
B.Thespacestationhasbeendamaged,therefore,wemustabandonit.
C.Thespacestationhasbeendamaged,thereforewemustabandonit.
D.Alloftheabove
E.Noneoftheabove
4.Whichofthefollowingsentencesisacommasplice?
A.Thespacestationhasbeendamaged;therefore,wemustabandonit.

B.Thespacestationhasbeendamaged,therefore,wemustabandonit.
C.Thespacestation,hasbeendamagedthereforewemustabandonit.
D.Alloftheabove
E.Noneoftheabove
5.Whichofthefollowingsentencesisaruntogethersentence?
A.Thespacestationhasbeendamaged;therefore,wemustabandonit.
B.Thespacestationhasbeendamaged,therefore,wemustabandonit.
C.Thespacestationhasbeendamagedthereforewemustabandonit.
D.Alloftheabove
E.Noneoftheabove
6.Whichofthefollowingsentencesisprescriptivelycorrect?
A.Therearemanygoodexamplesofthisinhiswriting,oneis:
B.Theimplicationsareobvious,theadjectivegoldengivestheimpressionofgood.
C.Thepeacockhasnomonetaryvalue,ratheritis"anothermouthtofeed."
D.Alloftheabove
E.Noneoftheabove
7.Whichofthefollowingsentencesisprescriptivelycorrect?
A.Mrs.Biberwasnotevil;shewasjustwrong.
B.Mrs.Biberwasnotevil,shewasjustwrong.
C.Mrs.Biberwasnotevilthereforeshewasjustwrong.
D.Mrs.Biberwasnotevilshewasjustwrong.
E.Mrs.Biberwasnotevilneverthelessshewasjustwrong.
8.Whichofthefollowingisaconjunctiveadverb?
A.nevertheless
B.however
C.thus
D.Alloftheabove
E.Noneoftheabove
9.Whichofthefollowingisacoordinatingconjunction?
A.and
B.for
C.nor

D.Alloftheabove
E.Noneoftheabove
10.Whichofthefollowingisasubordinatingconjunction?
A.since
B.although
C.when
D.Alloftheabove
E.Noneoftheabove

Dependent Clauses and Types of


Sentences
Clickwithinthesmallcircletotheleftofyourchoiceforeachanswer.Ajavascriptboxwillappeartotell
youthatyourchoiceiscorrectorincorrect.Afterclicking"OK"withinthejavascriptalert,youmaytry
anotheranswerorproceedtothenextquestionifyourfirstchoicewascorrect.Thephrase"prescriptively
correct"meansthatotherpossibilitiesmightbeacceptableininformalwritingorspeech,butthe
prescriptivelycorrectoptionwouldbemostrecommendedforformal,academicwriting.
IfyouwouldliketoreviewDependentClausesbeforetakingthisquiz(oratanytimeduringit),click
HERE.

1.Whatistrueofthefollowingexample?"Manypeopleprobablythinkthatpolitenessissimplya
sociallubricant."
A.Itcontainsaprepositionalphrase.
B.Itcontainsanadjectivalclause.
C.Itcontainsanadverbialclause.
D.Itcontainsanounclause.
E.Noneoftheabove.

2.Whatistrueofthefollowingexample?"Theexpandingeconomyofthe1920screatednewfreedom
foryoungpeople,whobegantobreakawayfromtheirfamiliesandliveontheirown."
A.Itcontainsanounclause.
B.Itcontainsanadverbialclause.
C.Itcontainsarelativeclause.
D.Itcontainsnodependentclause.
3.Whatistrueofthefollowingexample?"Ifsocietyasawholecannotberejuvenated,theindividual
needstoworkforpersonalcertainty."
A.Itcontainsanounclause.
B.Itcontainsanadverbialclause.
C.Itcontainsanadjectivalclause.
D.Itcontainsanappositivephrase.
E.Noneoftheabove.
4.Whatistrueofthefollowingexample?"HedidnotcareaboutwhyIwantedadog."
A.Itcontainsanounclause.
B.Itcontainsanadverbialclause.
C.Itcontainsanadjectivalclause.
D.Itcontainsanappositivephrase.
E.Noneoftheabove.
5.Whatistrueofthefollowingexample?"Themanwhosedogyouwantedishere."
A.Itcontainsanounclause.
B.Itcontainsanadverbialclause.
C.Itcontainsarelativeclause.
D.Itcontainsanappositivephrase.
E.Noneoftheabove.

6.Whatistrueofthefollowingexample?"Collegestudentswhospendfouryearsontheirdegrees
generallymakemoremoneythangraduatesoftwoyearcolleges."
A.Itcontainsarestrictivenounclause.
B.Itcontainsanonrestrictivenounclause.
C.Itcontainsarestrictiverelativeclause.
D.Itcontainsanonrestrictiverelativeclause.
E.Noneoftheabove.
7.Whatistrueofthefollowingexample?"Youmighthurtyourselfifyoudon'twatchout."
A.Itcontainsanounclause.
B.Itcontainsanadverbialclause.
C.Itcontainsanadjectivalclause.
D.Itcontainsanappositivephrase.
E.Noneoftheabove.
8.Whatistrueofthefollowingexample?"Amanhadjustmarriedanautomobile."
A.Itisasimplesentence.
B.Itisacomplexsentence.
C.Itisacompoundsentence.
D.Itisacompoundcomplexsentence.
E.Noneoftheabove.
9.Whatistrueofthefollowingexample?"Theapeisaccepted,andsitsquietlysmokingacigarand
readinganewspaper,whichheholdsupsidedown."
A.Itisasimplesentence.
B.Itisacomplexsentence.
C.Itisacompoundsentence.
D.Itisacompoundcomplexsentence.
E.Noneoftheabove.
10.Whatistrueofthefollowingexample?"Hedoesn'tlikeit,buthewantsittolikehim."
A.Itisasimplesentence.
B.Itisacomplexsentence.
C.Itisacompoundsentence.
D.Itisacompoundcomplexsentence.
E.Noneoftheabove.