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ASTRONOMY PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

SUPERNOVAE
By Jack Clayton and
Caleb Uhl

What Is A Supernova?
A supernova is the explosion of a star at the
end it’s life. The supernova can become billions of
times brighter than the star before it and at maximum
brightness can actually outshine an entire galaxy. It
expels a huge amount of mass, exceeding ten times
the mass of the star before the supernova, which
creates a massive shock-wave. This shock-wave
sweeps up an expanding shell of gas and dust which
forms supernova remnant. Supernovas can occur
in two different ways. Either a type one, or a
type two supernova. The Crab Nebula:
The Crab Nebula (above) is what is
Type Two Supernova: remaining from a massive star that
ended it’s life with a supernova. This
Type One Supernova: A type two supernova is a
result of when a star much supernova occurred almost one

Type one supernovas bigger than the sun dies and thousand years ago when chinese
occur in binary stars. A causes an explosion. When astronomers recorded it in 1054 in the
binary star is two stars the core burns out and the
constellation of Taurus. There is a
that are very close to star dies it releases great
forces of energy. In type II neutron star, or a pulsar, at the core of
each other and orbit
around each other. One supernovae, mass flows into the nebula that is rotating rapidly,
of the stars is much the core making it larger
energizing electrons that are emitting
smaller than the other and causes it to explode.
Because it cannot even radiation. The Crab Nebula is about
star. The smaller star is
called a white dwarf star. withstand its own weight. 6,500 light-years away from Earth and
In a type one supernova Neutrons are the only thing 5 light-years across.
a white dwarf pulls mass that can stop the implosion.
from another star very But when this happens
close to it and when it matter bounces off the hard
reaches about 1.4 times iron in the cold and it turns
as big as the sun it the implosion into an
explodes. Type I explosion.
supernovae show
hydrogen lines while type
II supernovae don’t show
hydrogen lines.

What Is Left Behind


After A Supernova?
After a supernova many different
What Is Left Behind
After A Supernova?
After a supernova many different
things can be created with the energy and
matter the explosion expels. Sometimes a
supernova leaves behind a small but very
dense star made up of almost all neutrons
or elementary particles called neutrons.
This star is called a neutron star. When a
neutron star becomes magnetized it rotates
rapidly. This is a pulsar. Other times, the
supernova creates an invisible object
called a black whole, which has an
incredibly powerful gravitational pull. Even
light can not escape the clutches of the
black hole. It is believed that supernovas
created heavy elements like iron, gold, and
uranium.