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BARANGAY PAWA

Historical Background
Sometime in the 18th century, while the
Spaniards have established their seat of
government in the cabisera of Masbate, an
unregistered community existed in a place
now known as Barangay Pawa. Its land is
majority owned by Secundo Balintong. It is
located along the coastal area in the interior

Pawa Mangrove Park

part of Masbate Bay some ten kilometers from the town proper (cabisera). Natural
plantation of big and tall miape and bakhaw trees abound in its coastal area hence,
the place became a breeding ground for different kinds of marine resources such as
shrimps, fish, crabs, barnacles etc. A big river drains into the estuarine area
(mangrove) which contributes to the diversity of the area. The inland part of the
barangay is mountainous with forest trees (kumadlaganon na kahoy).

The main source of livelihood of its residents are fishing and farming. Farmers
plant corn, rice, sweet potato, cassava, banana and other farm products while
fishermen use fish pens in catching fish, gathers mussels, and uses net in krill
(hipon) catching. During those times that trees are still numerous in the area, some
residents are into cutting trees (mangtotroso) and uses the lumbermen for building
houses, furniture for domestic and commercial use.

Before this barangay got its name, people used to call this place Tugbongan
because it is here where they anchor their sailboats (cascos) when they go to the
capital town (cabisera) especially on weekends. Sundays are used to trade (Tabotabo) their farm produce with fish and other basic needs. Men devotes this day to
cock fighting (tadi-tadi) as a form of recreation, where they find so much
entertainment and fun.
Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

The barangay got its name when the


Spanish Mayor directed two constables
(konstable) to explore the place, to find out if
there is a community residing along the coast
surrounding the mangrove areas. These two
brought a guide and interpreter with them.
When they entered the big river (suba), the
surroundings were dark due to the big and

Pawa Ricefield

tall mangrove trees. One of the constables, noticing the place to be dark remarked:
its dark (kadulum) here. When they reached the tugbongan, they saw a house and
asked the residents the name of the place. However, they themselves do not know.
Noticing that they have finally reach a bright place, the guide thought out loud and
said its bright (mapawa) here afterall.

The constable heard what he said and

thought that the place was called pawa. When they got back, they reported to the
Spanish Mayor that indeed theres a place called Pawa. From then on the place
was registered in that name - Pawa.

The existence of a community prompted the Spaniards to send an educator to


teach Spanish and to evangelize. The first teacher sent was Mr Ramon Danao and
the first PTA teacher was Heron Danao. The school site was donated by Secundo
Balintong where they constructed the Pawa Primary School. In 1995, the name was
changed to Florentino C. Versosa Elementary School. The community grew with ten
teachers educating 350 students. The barangay has a population of 1,790 with 118
households. Its first Tinyente del Barrio was Antonio Natural and the present is Hon.
Elmer Maristela.

The barangay has a Health Center, Barangay Hall, Barangay Plaza,


Barangay Chapel, Barangay Roads, two barangay Day Care Centers and 650
registered voters.

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

GEOGRAPHICAL PROFILE
Geographical Location
Barangay Pawa is bounded by Barangay Batuhan in the North, Barangay
Maingaran in the South.

Figure 1. Map of Barangay Pawa

Land Area

Barangay Pawa is a coastal barangay with a total land area of 865.3329


hectares representing 4.61% of the total land area of the City which is 18,789.23
hectares. Of the total land area, 84% is devoted to agriculture and 6% comprises
government use.

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

Political Subdivision

Pawa is a coastal barangay divided


into 7 puroks namely Purok 1 Fluorescent
Purok 2 Agipo, Purok 3 Hasag, Purok 4 Kinki,
Purok 5 Flashlight, Purok 6 Sirilya Purok 7
Lampara. It has six sitios namely Sitio Pasil,
Sitio Cam-poon, Sitio Cebu-cao, Sitio Guaan, Sitio Calulod and Sitio Singco. Purok 1
located in barangay proper serves as the
center of the barrio where the school and
barangay hall are located.

Natural Characteristics: (Physiography and Slope)


The barangays land facets is characterized by 3-8% gently sloping to
undulating and 8-8% undulating to rolling. This comprises the mountainous and
rugged terrain of the city. The type of climate which covers Masbate Island including
Barangay Pawa is of third type which is
characterized by one having no pronounced
maximum rain period with short dry season
lasting from one to three months.
Soil

The barangay has two types of soil


namely Hydrosol and Himayangan sandy
clay loam. Hydrosol type are generally
characterized by a brackish aqueous horizon or surface water ranging in depth from
5 to 100 centimeters or more depending upon the rise and fall of the tide. This type
is usually found in the coastal areas of
Maingaran, Usab, Pawa, Batuhan and Bolo.
Himayangan is contiguous to Ubay soils
which have practically similar parent
materials, vegetal cover and relief.

Hydrogeology
Water supply within the barangay may
be rated as poor to fair with the population
largely dependent on shallow well, deep well
and even springs and creeks. The waters

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

Community Level Water System

from deep well areas are, in general, of good quality. However, its proximity to the
sea may affect the quality especially when too much water is withdrawn from its
source allowing sea water intrusion to take place.
The aquifers are generally susceptible to pollution caused by the activities of
man and animals

Natural Resources

The barangay has the biggest area of


natural mangrove growth among the coastal
barangays. To protect and maintain this area,
the city government has established a
mangrove park covering an area of 300
hectares. If fully developed and maintained,
this area can be a rich source of shrimps,
mud crabs, and mussels and will serve as the
breeding ground for various kinds of fish.
Mangrove Seedlings

.
Land Use
The barangay has 865.3329 hectares of land area. Of which 723.8214
hectares or 83.65% of their land area is utilized for agricultural purposes, fishpond
area is 78.7801 hectares, government is 53.4054 and residential is 9.3260 hectares.
The dominant use of the barangay is agriculture.

Table 1
Land Use Distribution
Barangay Pawa
Land Use
Residential
Commercial
Government
Agricultural
Pasture Land
Fish Pond

Area/Has
9.3260
53.4054
723.8214

All land uses

865.3329

78.7801

% Share
1
6
84
9
100%

Source: Comprehensive Land Use Plan, 2003

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

Brgy Pawa Land Use


0%

9%

1%
0% 6%

84%

Residential
Agricultural

Commercial
Pasture Land

Government
Fish Pond

Figure 2

Land Use Potentials


A large portion of land is suitable for agricultural use. It is planted with
vegetables, crops like eggplant, beans, okra, squash, camote tops, etc., to provide
the daily sustenance of the people. Such farm products are also sold during Saud
to augment the farmers meager income
The opening of road is the cutting edge of progress in the barangay. It
significantly leads to more land use potentials. One, it allows efficient delivery of
goods to other barangays through its farm-to-market road. Second, is the influx of
commercial establishments due to accessibility to other nearby barangays. Further,
it is utilized to facilitate easy transport of materials needed by the barangay for the
implementation of significant infrastructure projects that lead to its socio-economic
advancement.

Part of Pawa Ricefield

Pawa Fishpond

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

DEMOGRAPHY
Total Population and Annual Growth Rate

As of 2005, the total population of


Barangay Pawa stands at 1,724 with 362 total
number of households. The number of
household per purok is enumerated in Table 2.
Average annual population growth rate is
0.446% in 1995-2000 (CDS, 2002) and projected
to increase to 1.38% in 2010. Annual growth rate
mirrors an increasing trend with the connection
of road resulting to better investment and
commercial activities.
Table 2
Number of Households by Purok
Barangay Pawa

PurokName
Purok 1
Purok 2
Purok 3
Purok 4
Purok 5
Purok 6
Purok 7
TOTAL

Total HHs

Total
Population
Per Purok

Total
Population
Male

Total
Population
Female

108
45
85
23
33
26
42
362

497
196
455
100
154
121
201
1724

259
106
223
47
77
59
115
886

238
90
232
53
77
62
86
836

Source: CBMS, 2005

Table 3
Age Breakdown
Barangay Pawa
Age Breakdown
Infants Birth (less than 1 yr old)
Children 0-5 yrs old
Children 6-12 yrs old
HH members 13-16 yrs old
HH members 6-16 yrs old
HH member 10 yrs old and above
HH members of the labor force
HH members 60 yrs. old above

Total Population
50
322
371
189
560
1196
435
80

Source: CBMS, 2005

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

Based on the table above, age profile of the barangay shows that it has a
very young population with 1196 members of the total households who are 10 years
old above.
Population Density
Population density is 199 persons per square kilometer in 2005. It is expected
to increase per square kilometer in the
coming years due to factors such as urban
populace shifting to rural areas due to land
constraints and high land prices, the
presence of coastal road to and from the city
that may attract small scale businesses that
may result to in-migration and may deter the
local residents to migrate to neighboring
areas for greener future.

Fertility: Child-Woman Ratio


Fertility rate refers to the number of
children that the average woman will have in
her lifetime. The fertility rate of women of
reproductive age (15-49 years old) in this
barangay is 0.86%. This data indicate that it
has a relatively higher fertility rate as
compared to other rural and even urban
barangays.

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

INFRASTRUCTURE AND UTILITIES


Roads
Road is critical to development since it
facilitates the mobility of products and people
in the area and promotes economic activity.
Barangay Pawa is connected through
the asphalted national road linking all the
municipalities in the northern part of the
province. The barangay can be reached via
land by passing through Barangay Malinta.
The entry point to Pawa from Malinta is Sitio
Calulod where the coastal road opening
Barangay Road
starts. The road going there is rough though there are parts that are graveled.
Concrete pathways are present connecting the puroks and sitios of the barangay.
.

Foot Bridge
At present, 1.70 x 30 linear meters of
concrete footbridge is present and serves as a
docking area or port for motorboats and
passengers during low tide.
Barangay Footbridge

Drainage and Sewerage


Drainage and sewerage are practically
non-existent. All natural drains go directly to the
sea. The potential for contamination of marine
resources is so great that the barangay needs to
be addressed in their development agenda.

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

Other Infrastructures

Other infrastructures present are Barangay


Hall, Plaza, Elementary School, Health Center
and Day Care Center. These are all concentrated
at Purok Centro of the barangay.
The barangay hall serves as the seat of
government in barangay level. Barangay council
sessions and meetings are conducted here. The
plaza is also located in Purok 1. Fiesta
celebration, sports competition and dance ball are usually celebrated here. It also
serves as recreational area for the children and basketball court for the youth.
Table 4
Other Infrastructures
Barangay Pawa
INFRASTRUCTURE
Pawa Centro
Barangay Hall

PUROK

DESCRIPTION

Barangay Plaza and Court

Church or Chapel

Day Care

Concrete One Storey Building


5.70 x 4.70 meters
40.90x17.00m
16 concrete benches
concrete stage (6.20mx4.60m)
Semi-concrete
5.30 x 13.50 meters
Light Materials
6.30x 6.90 meters

Elementary School
Secondary School
Health Center

Waiting Shed
Streetlights
Concrete Footbridge

Sea wall
Mangrove Resthouse

Sitio Calulod
Chapel
Plaza
Daycare

Concrete One Storey Building


4.30 x 5.60 meters
1.50x 3.00 meters
9 sets
a. 1.60x4.40 meters
b. 1.20x30.00 meters
58.00 length and 1.00m height
4.30mx 8.60m

5.70m x 9.80m
10.60m x 14.00m
4.00m x 6.00m

Source: Office of the Barangay Captain, 2005

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

10

Water
As reflected on the table 6, 66% or
239 households dont have access to safe
water facility vis--vis drinking water.
In order to promote the general wellbeing of the people, a water reservoir was
constructed in Purok 6 (Sirilya) located in
Sitio Pasil with distribution lines to puroks 1
(Fluorescent) consisting of 9 communal
faucets and Purok 3 (Hasag) with 2 communal faucet. This will ensure that the
populace will have a source of drinking water that is accessible and potable. With
this, the occurrence of water borne-diseases is expected to decrease particularly
among children who are vulnerable to these kinds of diseases.
Table 5
Inventory of Water Facilities
Barangay Pawa
Type of
Water
Facility
Household
per Purok
Community
Water
System
shared
Community
Water
System
owned
Deep well
shared
Deep well
owned
Artesian
Well shared
Artesian
Well owned
Dug/Shallow
well owned
Dug/Shallow
well
shared
River,
stream, lake
Total
Household
served

Household Served

Purok
1

Purok
2

Purok 3

Purok
4

Purok
5

Purok
6

Purok
7

Total
362

85

91

10

27

12

40

74

22

32

19

38

237

Source: CBMS, 2005

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

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Table 6
Access To Safe Water (SWS)
Barangay Pawa
PUROK

Total
Households

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
TOTAL

108
45
85
23
33
26
42
362

Households
W/ Access
To SWS
96
4
11
1
1
7
3
123

Percentage

88.8
8.8
12.9
4
3
26.9
7.1
33.9%

Household
W/O Access
To SWS
12
41
74
22
32
19
39
239

Percentage

11
91
87
95.6
3
73
92.8
66%

Source: CBMS, 2005

Communications
The barangays telecommunication is served by Globe and Smart. It also
makes use of the VHF hand-held radio. A satellite phone was provided by the city for
barangay captain powered by Smartlink.
Electricity
The barangay has MASELCO connection however, only the street lights are
connected to it. The generator is still the main source of power supply which
operates from 6:00 PM to 10:00 PM. The barangay has a total of 10 generator sets
owned by private individuals as well as the barangay.
Table 7
Inventory of Electricity
Barangay Pawa

Purok

Source of Electricity

Purok 1
Purok 2

MASELCO
Generator Set _10 KVA
Generator Set __ KVA

Purok 3

Generator Set __ KVA

Purok 4

MASELCO
Generator Set __ KVA

Purok 5

MASELCO
Generator Set __ KVA

Purok 7

MASELCO
Generator Set __ KVA

Total

Unit

8
2

10

Household
with electricity

Household without
electricity

35

35

Source: CBMS, 2005

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

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Transportation
Barangay Pawa can be reached
through land and sea transport. Motor boat is
the main mode of transportation between
barangay Pawa and poblacion. The barangay
can now be accessed by private land
vehicles because of the opening of coastal
road.

Motorboat passenger transportation


Table 8
Inventory of Transportation
Barangay Pawa
Mode of Transportation
Tricycle
Motorboat

Pawa Masbate (v v)
7 motorcycles
15 motorboats

Fare
Php 20.00
Php 10.00- 20.00

Source: Office of the Barangay Captain, 2005

Cemetery/Burial Grounds
Barangay Pawa has no burial grounds. Some residents prefer to bury their
dead on their vacant lots while others bury their dead in the old or new cemetery of
Masbate City, or Barangay Malinta.

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

13

ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE
The wastes of the barangay are
primarily composed of biodegradable, non
biodegradable and agricultural wastes. There
are no establishments such as factories that
could
produce
hazardous
wastes.
Biodegradable wastes mainly came from
domestic garbage such as food wastes and
papers. This is dumped through burning in
their backyard pits and composting. However,
as a coastal barangay, dumping of garbage
to the sea is very rampant especially from households situated near the sea.
Non biodegradable wastes such as plastics, cans and bottles also came from
household consumption. The residents usually reuse the plastics from mineral water
and bottles. These are being used as water containers or other useful materials.
Cans are used as flower pots or other decorative and functional materials.
Agricultural wastes comprises only of dried leaves, coconut and corn husks and
palay grains. Fertilizer wastes are considered very minimal.
Storage and Collection
The garbage management of the barangay is practiced through burning of
biodegradable wastes and recycling. Composting and recycling is commonly
practiced by the residents. Initiatives are being taken by the people on how to
manage their garbage especially from the households near the sea.
.
Rivers
Streams and creeks are also present
in the barangay.

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

14

POVERTY PROFILE
Table 9
CBMS Indicators
Barangay Pawa
Area of
Concern

Health

Nutrition

Shelter

Indicator

Proportion

Rank

11

12

91

28

4. Proportion of households who are


squatters.

5. Proportion of households with


makeshift housing.

13

239

66

287

79

88
136

21.8
72

313

86

271

74.8

14

25

5.7

10

1. Proportion of children 0-5 years


old who died.
2. Proportion of women who died
due to pregnancy related-cause.
3. Proportion of children 0-5 years
old who are moderately and
severely underweight.

Water &
Sanitation

6. Proportion of households without


access to safe water.
7. Proportion of households without
access to sanitary toilet facilities.

Education

8. Proportion of children 6-12 years


old not in elementary.
9. Proportion of children 13-16 years
old not in high school.

Income

Employment

Peace and
Order

10. Proportion of households with


income less than the poverty
threshold.
11. Proportion of households with
income less than the food threshold.
12. Proportion of households who
eat less than three meals a day.
13. Unemployment Rate

14. Proportion of household


members victimized by crime.

Number

Source: CBMS,2005

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

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The result of CBMS showed the top five


area of concern for the Minimum Basic Needs
of Barangay Pawa comprising of: 1) 313 or
86% of the households have income below
poverty threshold level 2) 287 or 79% of the
households have no sanitary toilet facilities 3)
271 or 75% of the households have income
below food threshold level 4.) 136 or 72% of
the children aged 13-16 years old are not in
high school. 5) 239 or 66% of the households
have no access to safe water.
.
Summary of Issues/Concerns and Challenges
1. On proportion of households with
income below poverty threshold
Out of 362 households in
Barangay Pawa, 86% have income
below poverty threshold level. Most of
them can be found in Puroks 4, 5 and 6.
Insufficient livelihood opportunities and
attitude problem limits the residents in
improving the quality of their lives. Thus,
better economic alternatives are being
introduced through the program of cooperative development, livelihood
assistance, pre and post harvest facilities distribution and skills training
development.

Encourage potential product development which is abundant in


the barangay such as coconut and bamboo.
Skills training on automotive, welding, electronics and driving
Sessions on character development
Promote and encourage small scale business or enterprise
Provision of livelihood /capital assistance
As an agricultural community, provision of pre and post harvest
facilities will of great help to the farmers.
Introduce new farm technologies
Encourage backyard raising of farm animals

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

16

2. On proportion of households without sanitary toilet


287 or 79% out of 362
households have no sanitary toilet. All
households in Purok 5 and 6 have no
access this facility. This posts
a
critical concern in the barangay as this
may pose health and environment
hazard to the community because
improper waste disposal will bring
several diseases to the populace.
Every year the city government
distributes steel bars, cement and toilet bowls for the construction of sanitary
toilet. However, some are indifferent towards the program.

The Barangay council together with the midwife and health


workers must intensify the monitoring of the construction of
sanitary toilet to the recipients of the materials from the city
government.
Conduct IEC on the importance of sanitary toilet
The barangay can also allocate funds for the construction of
common septic tanks.

3. On proportion of households who have income below food threshold


level
There are 271 or 75% households in the barangay who have income
below food threshold level. This may account to the number one problem of
the barangay which is poverty.

Encourage backyard gardening for vegetables


Provide livelihood or capital assistance to the identified
households

4. On proportion of households with


member 13-16 years old not in
high school.
Of 189 population of children
aged 13-16 years old, 136 or 72% are
not attending high school. This is composed of 56 female and 80 male.
Poverty and accessibility are the main reasons why they are not in high
school. Thats why, the City Government has intensified its campaign on

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

17

Literacy Program under the Alternative Learning System of the City DepEd.
The city government provides the needs of the literacy class in all the
barangays. This includes the books, pencils, papers and notebooks of the
participating class while the city DepEd provides the manpower and technical
assistance from teachers to conduct literacy class.

Provide livelihood programs so that parents can afford to send their


children to school.
Improve the accessibility to the secondary school.
Encourage out of school youths to participate in the ALS.

5. On proportion of households with no access to safe water.


Out of 362 households, 239 or 66% have no access to safe water.
Households with no access are located in Purok 2 to Purok 7 which have
a water source form rivers and
streams only which is considered
unsafe because it is easily
contaminated. Only Purok 1 has
better access from Communal
water system shared by 72
households.

Construction of Level II
water project (communal
faucet) that will cover all
the puroks.
Regular chlorination of open dug wells as well as deep and
shallow wells.
Regular monitoring of water sources

Other social concern that should be given priority:

The health center should be equipped with health facilities and records of the
midwives must be updated to provide better health services
Employment
Supplemental feeding must be given to households with malnourished
member.

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

18

POVERTY MAP
Top 1
313 or 86% of the households have income below poverty threshold level

Figure 4

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

19

Top 2
287 or 79% of the households have no sanitary toilet facilities

Figure 5

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

20

TOP 3
271 or 75% of the households have income below food threshold level

Figure 6

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

21

TOP 4
136 or 72% of the children aged 13-16 years old are not in high school.

Figure 7

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

22

TOP 5
239 or 66% of the households have no access to safe water.

Figure 8

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

23

SOCIAL PROFILE
The programs of the city government are geared towards poverty reduction.
Developmental social programs and projects are being conceived to provide quality
education, better health care, security, and empowering all sectors of the society.

Education
The greatest challenge of the Department
of Education is to provide quality education among
children in elementary and secondary levels. It can
be achieved through provision of programs and
projects anchored on academic excellence and
education for all.
Pawa Elementary School is the complete
primary school present in the barangay. It caters
to children 6-12 years old. However, there are
children
above 12 years old who still avail elementary
education. It has area of 1.2 hectares. It is
complemented with1:1 teacher-classroom
ratio and 1:35 teacher-pupil ratio. Performance
indicators of the elementary school also reflect
that it has a graduation rate of 100% with 0%
drop-out rate. Other indicators are found on
table 14.
The facilities of the school in terms of
its classrooms are basically good with some buildings that needs repair. Laboratory
and school clinic which are deemed necessary for the total educational development
are lacking. Absence of these facilities is a setback in the educational system of the
school. Thus, there is a need to install/construct such facilities in order to provide
better learning and hands-on experience to the school children.

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

24

Table 10
Number of Enrollees
Pawa Elementary School
Barangay Pawa
Number of
Enrollees
2005-2006
88
76
69
62
70
66
431

Grade/Level
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
TOTAL
Source: City DEP ED, 2005

Table 11
Inventory of School Facilities
Pawa Elementary School
Barangay Pawa
School Facilities
Library/Reading Room
Laboratory
Sports Facilities
School Clinic
Comfort Rooms
School Canteen
Auditorium
Admin. Office
Industrial Arts, Agriculture & H.E. room

With

Without
/
/

/
/
/
/
/
/
/

Source: City DepEd, 2005

Table 12
Inventory of School Classrooms and Construction Materials Used
Julian V. Antonio Elem. School
Barangay Pawa

Level
I
II
III
IV
V
VI

Type of
Classroom/Building
Bagong Lipunan
Bagong Lipunan
Bagong Lipunan
Bagong Lipunan
Marcos Type
TEEP Type

Type 1 Nipa and Wood


Type 2 Wood with protective fire new front
Source: City DepEd, 2005

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

Construction
Materials Used
Type 4
Type 4
Type 4
Type 3
Type 3
Type 3

Condition
Good
Good
Good
Bad
Bad
Bad

Type 3 Masonry and Wood


Type 4 Steel, iron, concrete and masonry

25

Table 13
Number of Teachers and Classroom per School and Level
Pawa Elementary School
Barangay Pawa
School/Level

No. of Teachers

I
II
III
IV
V
VI
TOTAL

2
2
2
2
2
2
12

No. of
Classrooms
2
2
2
2
2
2
12

Source: City DepEd, 2005

Table 14
Performance Indicators
Pawa Elementary School
SY 2006-2007
INDICATOR
Participation Rate
Retention Rate
Transition Rate
Cohort- Survival Rate
Repetition Rate
Dropout Rate
Graduation Rate
Completion Rate

RATE
102%
92%
100%
80%
0%
0.47%
100%
80%

Source: City DepEd, 2005

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

26

TEEP BLDG.

TEE\P
BLDG.

OFFICE
PLAYGROUND

TEEP
BLDG.

STAGE

TEE\P BLDG.

GATE

Figure 9
FLORENTINO C. VERSOZA ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
BARANGAY PAWA

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

27

Literacy

Literacy Program is spearheaded by the


City Government in partnership with the City
DepEd. The city government provides the
requirements of the literacy classes in all the
barangays. These include the books, pencils,
papers and notebooks of the participating class
while the city DepEd provides the manpower
and technical assistance.
The barangay have a high literacy rate
of 95%. This implies that most constituents have the ability to read and write. Of the
1,196 population of 10 years old above, 59 were identified as not literate composed
of 30 males and 29 females.
Table 15
Reports of Literacy 10 Years Old and Above
Barangay Pawa
Purok
Purok 1
Purok 2
Purok 3
Purok 4
Purok 5
Purok 6
Purok 7
Total

Male
186
67
150
37
54
39
72
605

Literate
Female
179
49
137
34
41
34
58
532

Not Literate
Male
Female
5
12
6
4
7
6
0
1
4
4
2
1
6
1
30
29

Total
17
10
13
1
8
3
7
59

Percentage
4.4
7.9
4.3
1.3
7.7
3.9
5.1
4.9

Source: CBMS, 2005

Health
Barangay Pawa has one (1) Barangay
Health Station (BHS) with one (1) midwife
and nine (9) barangay health workers
assigned to monitor and conduct health
services. Barangay health personnel are
assisted by doctors, nurses and dentist from
the city once a month to carry-out medical
services and implement health programs and
Barangay Health Center
projects. The health station/center is
equipped with medicines, table, weighing scale and nebulizer.

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

28

With the existing facilities, some patients of the barangay with minor medical
and dental needs sought care at BHS while major cases are being brought to any
government or private hospitals at Masbate poblacion where there is adequate
facilities and equipment. One of the problems encountered by the barangay is the
insufficiency of medical supplies and other basic health equipment and facilities such
as examination table, sphygmanometer, etc.
The leading causes of morbidity:
1. Diarrhea
2. ARI
3. Fever
4. Anemia
5. Hypertension
The leading causes of mortality:
1. CVA
2.Hypertension
3.Wounds
Malnutrition rate in Barangay Pawa is
considered to be very high as compared to
other barangays of the city. Of 322 population
of 0-5 years old, 91 or 28% are considered
malnourished. The barangay is in fact among
the top 3 which has the highest malnutrition
incidence in the city. It is in the priority list of
the feeding program of the city government
under promotion of health and nutrition
program usually conducted through a mothers
class and feeding program.
Table 16
Malnutrition Rate
Barangay Pawa
Purok
Purok 1 Flourescent
Purok 2 Kingki
Purok 3 Lampara
Purok 4 Serilya
Purok 5 Agipo
Purok 6 Flashlight
Purok 7 Hasag
Total

Malnourished Children
Male
Female
4
7
2
11
12
10
1
5
5
10
2
4
10
8
36
55

Total
11
13
22
6
15
6
18
91

Percentage
16.9
29
23
33
46
20
47
28%

Source: CBMS, 2005

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

29

Family Planning using the artificial method is not so popular among couples.
Based on the CBMS survey in 2005, the number of couples is approximately 362
representing the reproductive and non-reproductive ages. Of the reproductive age
only 80 are practicing artificial family planning. The most common method used is
pills with 67 acceptors/users.
The need to advocate for responsible parenthood, proper care for children,
etc is necessary to help parents realize their importance to their families.
Table 17
Inventory of Couples Engaged in Family Planning Method
Barangay Pawa
Family Planning
Method
Total
Rhythm method
Mucus
Body temperature
IUD
Condom
Diaphragm
Pills
Injectible
Vasectomy
Tubal ligation
Other (withdrawal)

Total
80
6
1
2
67
1
2
1

Source: CBMS, 2005

Family Planning Method


0%3% 1%
1%

8%

1%
0%
3%
0%

83%
Rhythm method
IUD
Pills
Tubal ligation

Mucus
Condom
Injectible
Other (withdrawal)

Body temperature
Diaphragm
Vasectomy

Figure 10

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

30

Sanitary Toilet Facilities


287 or 79% out of 362 households have
no sanitary toilet. All households in Purok 5
and 6 have no access to this facility. This is a
critical concern of the barangay as this may
pose health and environment hazard to the
community. Improper waste disposal will bring
several diseases to the populace.
Every year the city government
distributes steel bars, cement and toilet bowls
for the construction of sanitary toilet. However,
some are indifferent towards the program.
Table 18
Inventory of Sanitary Toilet Facilities
Barangay Pawa

Purok
Purok 1 Fluorescent
Purok 2 Kingki
Purok 3 Lampara
Purok 4 Serilya
Purok 5 Agipo
Purok 6 Flashlight
Purok 7 Hasag
Total

Total
Households
108
45
85
23
33
26
42
362

With No
Sanitary
Toilet
Facilities
50
44
74
21
33
26
39
287

Percentage
46
97
87
91
100
100
92
79%

With
Sanitary
Toilet
Facilities
58
1
11
2
0
0
3
75

Percentage
54
3
23
9
0
0
8
21%

Source: CBMS, 2005

Social Welfare
Improved quality of social services is
one of the major concerns of the city. It aims
to provide all the essential needs of the
people
particularly
those
who
are
underprivileged. Social services are geared
to reach even the remotest barangay.
Services such as family counseling, gender
and development, pre-marriage counseling,
day care services, senior citizens, and self
employment assistance and emergency
assistance are provided.

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

Sitio Calulod Day Care Center

31

For the childrens welfare, two (2) day care centers are present with two (2)
day care workers. On the other hand, there are three community organizations
present. These are Womens Organization, Senior Citizen and Youth Organization
(MCYC). These organizations remained strong and continue to help in empowering
women and youth alike and support to elders.

There are 35 identified handicapped


persons in Barangay Pawa and most of them
are located at Purok 5. There are 12 identified
type of disabilities present in the barangay and
majority of the disability are cerebral palsy ,deaf
and mute.

Table 19
Number of Persons with Disabilities
Barangay Pawa
Purok

Number of persons
with Disabilities

Type of Disability

Purok 1 Fluorescent

Blind (one eye)

Purok 2 Kingki

Paralyzed, Cerebral
Palsy

Purok 3 Lampara

Cerebral Palsy

Purok 4 Serilya
Purok 5 Agipo

8
13

Purok 6 Flashlight

Purok 7 Hasag

Total

35

Blind (one eye), Mute,


Cerebral Palsy,
Dwarfism
Blind (one eye), Blind,
Blurred Vision,
Paralyzed leg, Clef
Palate, Deaf, Mute,
Cerebral Palsy,
Dwarfism
Deaf, Mute, Cerebral
Palsy, One arm
Deaf mute, Mental
Impairment, Dwarfism
12

Source: CBMS, 2005

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

32

Housing
Based on Community Based Monitoring
System, the actual count of household that
belongs to squatter areas for this barangay is
1.3% or only five (5) of the total 362
households. It can be found in Purok 1,2 and 3.
Other residents are owners of the land but a
number are still tenants to big farms owned by
prominent families and have permission to
construct houses from the land owner.

Houses made of light materials

Table 20
Households Living in Squatter
Barangay Pawa

Purok

Number of
Squatters

Total
Households

Percentage

Purok 1 Fluorescent

108

0.9

Purok 2 Kingki

45

6.6

Purok 3 Lampara

85

Purok 4 Serilya
Purok 5 Agipo
Purok 6 Flashlight
Purok 7 Hasag
Total

0
0
0
0
5

23
33
26
42
362

0
0
0
0
1.3%

Source: CBMS, 2005

Protective Services
A Barangay Police Outpost is
located within the center of the barangay.
There are about 20 barangay police personnel
(tanods) assigned to maintain peace and order.
To augment the force of the barangay police,
additional five (5) Barangay Unified Force
(BUF) members are deployed by the city
government. These police personnel are
equipped with paraphernalia like nightstick and
flashlights to effectively maintain the peace and
order within the barangay. This in effect
resulted to a very low crime rate of 1.3%.
Barangay Police Personnel
Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

33

Barangay Pawa has an organized barangay justice system represented by


their corresponding Lupon. The presence of barangay justice system settles petty
crimes among the residents to prevent such case to be filed in court.
Table 21
Proportion of Victims of Crime
Barangay Pawa
Victims of Crime
Male
Female

Purok

Purok 1 Fluorescent

1
-

1
3

1
2

Purok 2 Kingki

Total

Percentage

0.2

Purok 3 Lampara
2

0.4

0
2

1.2

1.3

Purok 4 Serilya
Purok 5 Agipo
Purok 6 Flashlight
Purok 7 Hasag
Total
Source: CBMS, 2005

Table 22
Barangay Police Personnel
Barangay Pawa
Purok
Purok 1 Fluorescent
Purok 2 Calulod (Hasag)
Purok 3 Lampara
Purok 4 Serilya
Purok 5 Agipo
Purok 6 Flashlight
Purok 7 Kingki

No. of Barangay
Police Assigned
5
3
2
2
2
2
2

Source: Office of the Barangay Captain, 2006

Table 23
Inventory of Police Personnel Paraphernalia
Barangay Pawa
Paraphernalia
Night Stick
Flashlight
Handcuffs
Arnis
Whistle
Uniform

Number
1 each
1
1
20

Source: Office of the Barangay Captain, 2006

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

34

Sports and Recreation


One of the programs of the city
government is to provide recreational
facilities in every barangay for the
development of the youth. It is also a
mechanism that will veer them away from
vices.
The most common form of sports and
recreation is basketball. Thus, there are two
basketball courts in the barangay, one in Sitio
Calulod and one in the barangay Proper. It is
Barangay Plaza and Basketball Court
not only used by teenagers but also other
residents that has an inclined to this sports. Barangay Plaza is also being used for
significant events of the barangay like fiesta activities and sportsfest.
Though constructed to maintain ecological balance, the mangrove park
serves also as a recreation site for residents who wants to commune with nature.
Table 29 shows the sports and recreational facilities present in the barangay.
Table 24
Inventory of Sports and Recreational Facilities
Barangay Pawa

Location
Purok 1 Flourescent

Name of
Facilities Present
Basketball Court
Mangrove Park

Type
Public Private
X
X

Condition
Good
Good

Purok 2 Kingki
Purok 3 Lampara
Purok 4 Serilya
Purok 5 Agipo
Purok 6 Flashlight
Purok 7 Hasag

Basketball Court

Source: Office of the Barangay Captain, 2006

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

35

Religion and Culture


The people of barangay Pawa is
predominantly catholic. The barangay celebrates
two fiestas. The first is observed every April
22nd and 23rd day of April in Sitio Calulod also
known as Purok Hasag in honor of their Patron
Saint Sra. Nuestra De Salvacion. The second
which is considered to be the barangay fiesta is
commemorated every 8th to 11th day of May held
Sitio Calulod Chapel
in Purok Fluorescent or proper in honor of Patron
Saint Joseph Labrador. It is celebrated with a festivity that includes a week long
celebration through different activities such as
sports competition, coronation nights for beauty
queen and barayle or dance ball which is popular
among the residents as well as the nearby
barangays. A cockfight is commonly practiced and
being joined by other barangays which makes the
fiesta more enjoyable.

Chapel of Saint Joseph Labrador


Table 25
Inventory of Religious Center
Barangay Pawa
Religion
Roman Catholic
Seventh Day
Adventist
Born Again
Jehovas
Witness
Muslim
Iglesia Ni Cristo
Pentecostal

With House of
Worship
X

Without House
of Worship
X
X

X
X
X

Source: Office of the Barangay Captain, 2006

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

36

ECONOMIC PROFILE
Agriculture
Barangay Pawa is both an agricultural
and coastal community. The barangay
utilizes 723.8214 hectares for agricultural
purposes comprising 84% of its total land
area. The major crops produced are
rootcrops rice, corn, coconut, root crops
(sweet potato and cassava), fruit( mango,
banana, papaya and avocado) and
vegetables like beans, eggplant, okra,
alogbate, kamalonggay, camote tops, upo, squash, and bamboo shoot (dabong).
Many residents engaged in livestock and poultry production. The livestock (swine
and carabao) and poultry are provided by the city government at the start of their
raising. At present there are 252 households who have members engaged in
farming and gardening and 162 who are engaged in livestock and poultry.
Table 26
Crop Production
Barangay Pawa
Crops
Rice (cavans)
Irrigated
Rainfed
Upland
Corn (cavans)
Rootcrops (MT)
Vegetables (MT)
Fruit Trees(MT)
Coconut-Copra
(MT)

Production/year
(MT)
375
660
250
2,400
390
37
165
600

Source: City Agriculture Office, 2006

The farmers are beset with problems that affect the farm productivity such as
1.) insufficient irrigation facilities; 2) insufficient machineries or farm facilities 3)
distance of the farms to the market which usually result to higher prices of farm
produce due to transportation cost.

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

37

Table 27
Inventory of Livestock/Poultry Dispersal
Barangay Pawa
Livestock
Cattle
Carabao
Pig
Horse
Goat
Chicken
Duck

No. of Heads
Approx. 200
8
350
16
Approx 20
Approx 500
Approx 50

Source: City Veterinary Office, 2006

Fishery

The barangay has one of the biggest and


protected estuarine in Masbate province. The
wide range of the area for tidal flat (local term:
hubasan) provides rich supply of different
marine products such as krills (local term:
alamang) shrimps, crabs, fingerlings, talaba,
bakalan and other exotic sea shells and marine
resources.
Another major livelihood of the residents is fishing. At present there are 32
households who have members engaged in fishing.
The main problem of the fishermen is lack of materials and equipment such
as fishing net, banca or motorboat for fishing as well as capital. Some residents are
also engaged in fishpond as laborers. They tend the fishpond owned by some
private individual.
Table 28
Area of Fishpond and Fishing Ground (as of January 2005)
Barangay Pawa
Owner
1. Leocadio Gozum
2. Jose Ataat
3. Primitivo Antipolo
4. Luisa Danao
5. Salvador Alba
6. Nelia Estrella
7. Ted Ngkaion
8. Levy Maristela
9. Bong Manlapaz
10. Leocadio Gozum

Area
27
3
5
6
9
10
5
25
2
9

Species
Bangus,Prawn,Mudcrab
-do-do-do-do-do-do-do-do-do-

Source: Office of the City Agriculturist, 2006

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

38

Trade and Commerce


Tradable products of this barangay are copra, vegetables and root crops. For
its marine resources, the barangay has rich supply of different marine products such
as krills (local term: alamang) shrimps, crabs, fingerlings, talaba, bakalan and other
exotic sea shells and marine resources.
These products are traded to the poblacion
during saud. Sari-sari stores also abound within
the barangay.
There are 20 small business establishments
within the barangay usually small variety stores
mostly located at Purok 1 and purok 2 and there are
22 households who have members engaged in
wholesale and retail. There are also 7 households
who are engaged in manufacturing.
Bamboo making

Among coastal barangays, Pawa has the rich supply of krills and other exotic
sea shells.It is for this reason that the city has conducted a study and survey which
is primarily anchored on the fishery resources of the barangay specifically the krills
wherein out of 11 coastal barangays of the city, Pawa solely has abundant source.
As such, a promising product development is food and fishery product processing or
preservation especially for the krills and talaba.
Tourism
The natural growth of mangrove in this
coastal barangay is a potential for ecotourism.
To promote awareness among its
residents on the importance of the
preservation of the mangrove in the life cycle
of most of the marine resources, the city
government has established a mangrove
park covering an area of 300 hectares.
Upon entering the estuarine area where
these mangroves are located, 1.3 kilometers of
boardwalk and kiosk were installed so that
everyone can see the thick mangrove stand.
This wooden board walks which serves as a
passageway to students, teachers and residents
coming in and out of the barangay. The
boardwalk makes it easy for the local tourists to
Pawa mangrove park
Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

39

visit the place as well as the barangay folks in transporting their goods and services
out of the place even on low tide.
Bird watching is a potential tourist activity in Pawa. Due to the thick mangrove
stand they became a haven for a thousand birds like seagulls, egrets, hawk, and the
famous Lapay. During low tide, these birds flocked to the tidal mudflat (hubasan) to
catch food. The hovering of birds in the mudflat is a scene that will surely be adored
and loved by nature lovers.
The Mangrove Park was included in the Coastal Resource Management
Circuit Tour to promote the mangrove park an as eco-tourism destination for the
academe (students and teachers), LGUs (who are implementing CRM programs)
and for nature lovers. It is continuously improved to showcase the barangays unique
and pristine nature.
Employment
Because of inadequate employment
opportunities in the barangay, majority of
the population depends on fishing and
farming as a source of livelihood. Some
residents however, look for jobs in urban
areas where most of them are employed in
construction, transportation, storage and
personal services. There are only 12
professional (board passers) from this
barangay. Most of them are government
employee such as teachers. There are also
Typical farmers of the barangay
8 overseas foreign workers identified. The
table below shows the unemployment statistics of the barangay for 15 years old and
above.
Table 29
Unemployment Rate
Barangay Pawa

Purok
Purok 1 Flourescent
Purok 2 Kingki
Purok 3 Lampara
Purok 4 Serilya
Purok 5 Agipo
Purok 6 Flashlight
Purok 7 Hasag
Total

Unemployed
Male
Female
5
8
1
0
0
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
3
2
11
14

Total
13
1
0
3
0
3
5
25

Percentage
8
2
4
0
9
10
2
1.3%

Total Labor Force


Male
Female
110
49
41
8
81
3
22
2
31
3
29
7
41
8
355
80

Source: CBMS, 2005

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

40

LOCAL GOVERNANCE
Vision
Sa maabot na 2010, an Barangay Pawa
magkakaigwa san elektrisidad, maayo na kamino kag
hataas na kalidad san edukasyon.

Barangay Officials 2002-2006


Barangay Pawa

Hon. Elmer A. Maristela


Hon. Jerry C. Lerit
Hon. Orlando A. Amaro
Hon. Leny C. Lupango
Hon. Leo C. Leones
Hon. Ines M. Abuedo
Hon. Noli M. Oliva
Hon. Fernando P. Torres
Hon. Chona A. Aragon
Mr. Floramar B. Cabug
Edgar N. Verano

- Barangay Captain
- Barangay Kagawad
- do
- do
- do
- do
-do-do- SK Chairwoman
- Barangay Treasurer
-Barangay Secretary

Table 30
List of Barangay Captains for the last 20 years
Barangay Pawa
Names
Diosdado Cortes
Erlindo Amante- Danao
Elmer Maristela

Term

2004- Present

Source: Office of the Barangay Captain, 2006

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

41

FINANCIAL PROFILE
The total revenue of Barangay Pawa posted an increase in 2006 as
compared to the previous year. It can be attributed to the increase of their Internal
Revenue Allocation (IRA). Nevertheless in the last three years, there is an increase
of the said IRA of the barangay.
For expenditure, personnel services cover the highest for the last three years.
Table 31
Total Revenue
Barangay Pawa
Item
IRA
Real Property Tax
Operation and Service
Income
Business Taxes and Licenses
Miscellaneous Income
Aids and Grants and
Subsidies
Total

2004
617,289.00
27,442.83
0.00

2005
665,594.00
19,639.19
0.00

2006
817,102.00
14,683.00
4,125.00

0.00
0.00
10,000.00

0.00
0.00
100,000.00

0.00
0.00
100,000.00

654,289.00

785,233.19

937,916.00

Source: City Budget Office, 2005

Table 32
Total Expenditure
Barangay Pawa
Item
Personal Services
Maintenance and Other
Operational Expenses
Capital Outlay
Total

2004
346,692.00
197,954.67

2005
397,894.00
283,456.07

2006
382,941.00
343,627.53

88,639.00
633,285.67

153,580.00
834,930.07

159,521.20
888,095.73

Source: City Budget Office, 2005

Table 33
20% Annual Development Plan
Barangay Pawa (2004)
Name of Project
Const. of Barangay. Jail
Rehab. Of Barangay. Health Center
Rehab. Of Stage Sito Calolod
Concrete Benches
Basketball Goal

Location

Amount
24,958.00
39,821.00
23,860.00

Status
Completed

Completed
Completed

Source: City Budget Office, 2005

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

42

Table 34
20% Annual Development Plan
Barangay Pawa (2005)
Name of Project
Cart Carrier
Pathway
Concrete Gate
Monobloc Chairs

Location
Barangay Hall
Purok
Purok
Barangay Hall

Amount
15,000.00
99,995.00
29,885.00
8,700.00

Status
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed

Source: City Budget Office,2005

Table 35
20% Annual Development Plan
Barangay Pawa (2006)
Name of Project
Water System
Repair of Reading Center
Monobloc and Chairs
Aid to Health Services

Location

Amount
30,954.00
7,987.00
20,580.00
47,400.00

Status

Source: City Budget Office,2006

Barangay Pawa Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006

43