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Le Chatelier's Principle

31 terms by susan_marcan

## When the forward and reverse reaction

occur at the same rate, the reaction is
said to be in ___________

equilibrium

## if a system at equilibrium is disturbed,

the equilibrium position will shift to
counter the effects of the disturbance

## What happens to the equilibrium if a

reactant's concentration is increased?

## What happens to the equilibrium if a

reactant's concentration is decreased?

## What happens to the equilibrium of an

exothermic rxn if heat is added? Why?

## The reverse rxn is favored because

heat is a product.

## What happens to the equilibrium of an

endothermic rxn if heat is added?

## The forward rxn is favored because

heat is a reactant.

## For the rxn A + B <> C + D, what

happens if C or D are reduced?

## For the rxn: 2A (g) + 3B (g) <> C (g) +

3D, what happens if pressure is
reduced?

## The reverse rxn is favored because the

equilibrium shifts toward the larger
moles of gas which are on the left side.

## No change in equilibrium (catalysts

only change rate at which equilibrium is
reached)

## When you take something away from a

system at equilibrium the system shifts
in such a way as to _________ some of
what you've taken away

replace

## When you add something to a sys at

equilibrium the system shifts in such
way as to _______ some of what you've

use up

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TEACHER

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## any change in a system at equilibrium

results in a shift of equilibrium in
direction which minimizes (opposes)
change. "dynamic equilibrium concept"

## When the rate of the forward reaction

is equal to the rate of the reverse
reaction and concentrations of
reactants and products remain
unchanged.

## The ratio of the concentration of

products to reactants

## Consider the following exothermic

reaction in equilibrium:
4HCl(g) + O(g) 2Cl(g) + 2HO(g)
State, with a reason, what would
happen to the amounts of chlorine and
hydrogen chloride if water is removed.

## The [HCl] and [Cl] as system moves

to right to oppose removal of water

## Consider the following exothermic

reaction in equilibrium:
4HCl(g) + O(g) 2Cl(g) + 2HO(g)
State, with a reason, what would
happen to the amounts of chlorine and
hydrogen chloride if the temperature
of the container was increased.

## The [HCl] and [Cl] as system moves

to left to oppose increase in
temperature and moves in
endothermic direction.

## Consider the following exothermic

reaction in equilibrium:
4HCl(g) + O(g) 2Cl(g) + 2HO(g)
State, with a reason, what would
happen to the amounts of chlorine and
hydrogen chloride if a catalyst is
introduced.

## NO CHANGE in [HCl] or [Cl] as a catalyst

speeds up the rate of both the forward
and backward reaction.

## State whether a high or low

temperature and a high or low
pressure should be used to maximize
the yield of product:
2SO(g) + O(g) 2SO(g), H = -kJ
(exo)

## Low temperature (Opposes decrease

by moving in exdothermic direction)
High pressure (Opposes increase by
moving to side with least moles)

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## Q. The Haber process involves an

equilibrium reaction:
N(g) + 3H(g) 2NH(g), H = -kJ
The reaction is carried out at 450 C
and 250 kPa with an iron catalyst.
Give one reason why a higher
temperature is not used.

## System would oppose change move

backwards in endothermic direction
and yield of NH would decrease.

## Q. The Haber process involves an

equilibrium reaction:
N(g) + 3H(g) 2NH(g), H = -kJ
The reaction is carried out at 450 C
and 250 kPa with an iron catalyst. Give
two reasons why a lower pressure is
not used

## System would oppose change move

backwards in favor of more moles and
yield of NH would decrease. Collision
frequency would decrease so rate
decreases.

## Q. The Haber process involves an

equilibrium reaction:
N(g) + 3H(g) 2NH(g), H = -kJ
The reaction is carried out at 450 C
and 250 kPa with an iron catalyst. Why
is a catalyst used?

## To lower the actiavtion energy and

speed up the reaction.

## CO(aq) CO (g) H = -kJ (exo) Use

Le Chatelier's principle to explain what
happens to the CO concentration in
water when a can of soft drink is
shaken up and then opened.

## The system is no longer just the bottle

but the universe. The [CO] in the
universe is much lower so the system
will move to the right to oppose the
change. Dissolved COdecreases and
so the drink goes 'flat'.

## CO(aq) CO (g) H = +KJ (endo) Use

Le Chatelier's principle to explain why
is it important to serve "fizzy" drinks
chilled rather than warm?

## If fizzy drink gets warm the system will

oppose the change by moving in the
enothermic direction. Less COis
dissolved and drink will go flat.

## increasing concentration of reactants

causes___________

causes_________

## shifts towards fewer moles of gas

particles

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particles

causes ________

## exothermic: decreasing temperature

causes __________

## endothermic: increasing temperature

causes __________

## endothermic: decreasing temperature

causes __________

## shift left (reverse)

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