493 visualizações

Enviado por Bibek Poudel

HSEB +2 Physics questions and answers

- Cswe Training Book Free Chapter
- Chapter_16-1_2_3
- Week 7 Kinematics of Rigid Bodies.pdf
- Solution 2015_ Ph 211 Exam-3
- 2012 paper
- Chapter 3 Motion in 2D
- Hissan Physics Set A and B
- lesson13-Swept Features and Boolean.pdf
- NUMERICAL SIMULATIONOF FREE AND FORCED OSCILLATIONSFOR PENDULUM TYPE CHILD TRAVEL SEAT
- ABB Programming Intro (1).doc
- Date 18.5
- Hissan Pre-Board Exam 2067 Physics Xi
- Chapter 07 Motion in a Circle
- kindin_lec5
- 11 Sat
- table
- Seismodynamics of an Underground Pipeline - M. Sh. Israilov.pdf
- paper
- PHY13 Diagnostic Exam
- Chapter 12

Você está na página 1de 12

(HSEB)

1.

Ans. Yes, the direction of a body can change, when its acceleration is constant. For example if the

body is moving on circular path with a constant speed, the direction of velocity at any point is given

by the tangent drawn at that point. Hence, the direction of velocity changes at every point. However,

the acceleration of the body is always towards the centre with its constant magnitude.

2.

If the sun somehow collapsed to form a black hole, what effect would this event have on the

orbit of the earth?

Ans. Ans. If the sun collapsed into a black hole, it would have the same mass but smaller radius.

Since, the gravitational attraction of the sun on the earth does not depend on the suns radius, the

earths orbit would not be affected. However, according to our understanding, sun cannot be collapsed

to form black hole.

3.

A body is moving in a circular path with constant speed. Is this motion a simple harmonic?

Explain.

Ans. A body is moving in a circular path with constant speed is called circular motion. And the

projection of this motion in fixed line is called simple harmonic motion. When a body is moving in a

circular path with constant speed, the magnitude of velocity is constant. Since, in a SHM velocity

cannot be constant, the motion of the body moving in a circular path with constant speed is not simple

harmonic motion.

4.

Ans. Accurate measurement: It is the agreement of the result of a measurement with the true value of

the measured quantity. If the measurement of a dimension of a part approximates very closely to the

true value of that dimension, it is said to be accurate. Thus the term accurate denotes the closeness of

the measured value with the true value.

Precise measurement: It is the repeatability of the measuring process. It refers to the group of

measurements for the same characteristics taken under identical conditions. It indicates to what extent

the identically performed measurements agree with each other. If the measurement is not precise the

results vary about the mean.

5.

If the sun somehow collapsed to form a black hole, what effect would this event have on the

orbit of the earth?

Ans. If the sun collapsed into a black hole, it would have the same mass but smaller radius. Since, the

gravitational attraction of the sun on the earth does not depend on the suns radius, the earths orbit

would not be affected. However, according to our understanding, sun cannot be collapsed to form

black hole.

6.

During pregnancy, women often develop back pains from leaning backward while walking.

Why do they have to walk this way?

Ans: During pregnancy, the centre of gravity lies front part of the body. For the stable equilibrium,

the vertical line of C. G. must pass through the base. For this reason, pregnant women lean

backward. If she does not bend backward, the C. G. falls outside and it will be difficult to walk. So,

during pregnancy, women have lean backward while walking.

7.

If the force of gravity acts on all bodies in proportion to their masses, why does not heavy

body fall faster than a light body?

g= GM/ R2

It shows that acceleration due to gravity is independent of mass of the body. Therefore, all masses fall

with the same rapidity provided air resistance is neglected.

8.

Explain why soldiers are ordered to break steps while crossing a bridge?

Ans. Soldiers are ordered to break their steps while crossing the bridge because when they march in

steps the frequency of marching coincides with the natural frequency of the bridge. In this case,

resonance will occur in the bridge and begins to vibrate with maximum amplitude which may cause

the destruction of the bridge. To avoid such a destruction of the bridge soldiers are ordered to break

their steps while crossing it.

(HISSAN)

9.

dimensionless.

Dimensional formula of t = [M0L0 T0] = 1

Or, [] = 1/[t]

Or, [] = 1/[M0L0 T]

Or, [] = [T-1]

10. A person walking on the road holds his umbrella at some angle with the vertical when the

rain is falling vertically downward. Why?

Ans. When the man moves through the rain falling vertically downwards, the rain drops appear to fall

in a direction inclined to the vertical. So, as to protect himself from the rain, he holds the umbrella

inclined to the vertical in the direction of relative velocity of the rain with respect to him.

11. What physical phenomenon is there that a black whole has high gravity?

Ans. A black hole is formed due to the death of star of mass M, if it is contracted within the radius

given by, RBH = 2GM/c2, where G represents gravitational constant and c represents the velocity of

light.

In this case radius is highly contracted which causes high gravity as gravity is inversely proportional

to the radius.

Ans.

A = -2i + 3j

B = 2i 3j

Cos =

A.B

AB

A=

( 2 ) +32

B=

=

22 +

13

13

Now, Cos =

13

13 . 13

= -1

= 180

Ans. A black hole is a region of space-time from which nothing, not even light, can escape. The

theory of general relativity predicts that a sufficiently compact mass will deform space-time to form a

black hole. Around a black hole there is a mathematically defined surface called an event horizon that

marks the point of no return. It is called "black" because it absorbs all the light that hits the horizon,

reflecting nothing, just like a perfect black body in thermodynamics. Quantum mechanics predicts

that black holes emit radiation like a black body with a finite temperature. This temperature is

inversely proportional to the mass of the black hole, making it difficult to observe this radiation for

black holes of stellar mass or greater.

14. Differentiate between scalar product and vector product of two vectors.

Ans. Scalar product (dot product)

1. If the product of two vectors is a scalar quantity, then such an operation is called the scalar

product.

2. Scalar product of two vectors follows commutative law.

3.

Scalar product of two equal is square of the magnitude of either vector.i.e. A.A= A2

Vector product (cross product)

1. If the product of two vectors is a vector quantity, then such an operation is called vector

product.

2. Vector product of two vectors does not follow commutative law.

3. Vector product of two equal vector is zero.

15. What happens to the value of time period its length is tripled?

Ans. The time period of simple pendulum is given by,

T = 2

l

g

Time period becomes,

T = 2

3l

g

l

g

times.

16. To maximize the moment of inertia of a fly wheel while minimizing its weight, what shape

and distribution of mass should it have? Explain.

Ans. In order to maximize the moment of inertia, most of the mass should be concentrated at the rim,

as moment of inertia, I = mr 2. Due to large value of moment of inertia, angular velocity changes

slightly which helps in maintaining uniform rotational motion.

17. What

Ans. Dimensional formula of = [M0L0 T0]

Dimensional formula of = [M0LT0]

The dimension formula of = Dimensional formula of A/

Or, [M0L0 T0] = A/[M0LT0]

Or, [A] = [L]

Similarly, dimensional formula of = Dimensional formula of B/2

Or, [M0L0 T0] = B/[M0L2 T0]

Or, [B] = [L2]

18. The

speed of a body in a circle is constant for constant centripetal force, however the

acceleration is not zero. Explain why.

Ans. if the body is moving on circular path with a constant speed, the direction of velocity at any

point is given by the tangent drawn at that point. Hence, the direction of velocity changes at every

point. So, the acceleration of the body is not zero.

19. Why should the angular displacement of a simple pendulum not exceed 4 radian?

Ans. The restoring force tending to bring the pendulum to its mean position is mgsin . In arriving

at the formula T = 2

l

g

, we take sin

i. e. restoring force = mg

As a result, the pendulum takes a longer time to complete one vibration.

20. Find the dimension of plancks constant h from the given equation, = p

Ans. The given equation is, =

h

p

Or, h = p

Now, Dimension of plancks constant is,

[h] = Dimension of momentum (p) x Dimension of wavelength ()

= [MLT-1][M0LT0]

. For large

to mgsin .

= [ML2 T-1]

21. Why artificial satellite does not fall towards the earth surface, although they are kept in the

gravitational field?

Ans. Though satellite is continuously attracted towards the centre of earth, but it does not fall on to

the earth. It is because the gravitational attraction of earth provides necessary centripetal force to the

satellite for its orbital motion around the earth.

Ans. The heavy and larger base makes the boat to remain in more stable equilibrium as it lowers the

centre of gravity of the system. As the centre of gravity is low, more will be the stability of it. Hence,

the lower part of a boat is made heavy to prevent from destruction.

Ans. No, the component of a vector cannot be greater than vector itself. Let, R be the vector and

Rcos and Rsin are its component. Since, the value of cos and sin lies between -1 to +1 (cannot be

greater than 1), component of vector cannot be greater than vector itself

24. Where does a body go when it is dropped into a tunnel that penetrates the earth from its

centre?

Ans. The body remains at the centre of the earth because at the centre the time period of an object is

infinity as acceleration due to gravity is zero.

i.e. T = 2

T = 2

l

g

l

0

25. A ballet dancer stretches her hands when she wants to come at rest, why?

Ans. Ans: A ballet dancer stretches her arms to increase her moment of inertia. As moment of inertia

increases, angular velocity decreases and the dancer can reduce her motion.

26.

Show that the following pairs of physical quantities have identical dimensions. (i)

Momentum and impulse (ii) Torque and energy.

Momentum = mass x velocity

Dimension of momentum= Dim of mass x Dim of velocity

= [M][LT-1]

= [MLT-1]

Again, Impulse = force x time

Dimension of impulse = Dim of force x Dim of time

= [MLT-2][T]

= [MLT-1]

Hence, dimension of momentum = dimension of impulse

(ii) Torque and Energy

Torque = force x distance

Dimension of torque = Dim of force x Dim of distance

= [MLT-2][L]

= [ML2T-2]

Again, Dimension of energy = [ML2T-2]

Hence, dimension of torque = dimension of energy

27.

A bucket, full of water can be whirled in a vertical circle without letting the water fall

down. Explain. How that possible?

Ans. When a filled with water is rotated in a vertical circle, it experiences different centrifugal forces

at different positions. When it reaches at its highest position, the centrifugal force (mv 2/r) acts

vertically upward which balances the weight of water with bucket (mv 2/r >mg). hence, the water does

not fall down from the bucket.

28. Is it always necessary that center of mass and center of gravity of a body coincide? Explain.

Ans. No, centre of mass and centre of gravity may not coincide. The centre of mass and centre of

gravity coincide with each other in uniform gravitational field, such as near the earths surface but if

the gravitational field is not uniform then the centre of mass and centre of gravity of the body do not

coincide. (Alternative: centre of mass and centre of gravity coincide for ordinary bodies, but the

centre of mass and centre of gravity of the body do not coincide if the body has so large dimension)

29. Give the dimensional formula for the potential difference and the specific heat capacity.

Ans. Potential Difference:

Potential difference = work done/ charge

Dim of p.d. = dim of work done/ dim of charge

= [ML2T-2]/[M0 L0 T0]

= [ML2T-2]

Specific heat capacity:

Dim of sp. Heat capacity =

dimensionof mass x dimensionof temperature

= [ML 2T-2]/[M]

= [L2T-2]

( you can write in terms of temperature(K) and in terms of charge(Q))

30. Two forces have equal magnitude and their resultant also has the same magnitude. Find the

angle between forces.

Ans. Let, A and B be two vectors such that A = x, Q = x and their resultant R = x.

From parallelogram law of vectors

R2 = A2 + B2 + 2ABcos

Or, x2 = x2 +x2 +2x2cos

Or, 1 = 2 + 2 cos

Or, cos = -1/2

= 120

31. Since

the moon is constantly attracted towards the earth by the gravitational attraction,

why does not it crash into the earth?

Ans. Though moon is continuously attracted towards the centre of earth, but it does not fall on to the

earth. It is because the gravitational attraction of earth provides necessary centripetal force to the

moon for its orbital motion around the earth.

32. Suppose the radius of the earth is to shrink by 2%, its mass remaining the same, would the

acceleration due to gravity g increase or decrease and by what percent?

Ans. The acceleration due to gravity is given by,

g = GM/R2 .(i)

When radius is shrink by 2%, R = R 2% of R =0.98R

g = GM/(0.98R)2

= GM/0.9604R

= 1.04 GM/R

= 1.04g

Therefore, acceleration due to gravity increases.

increase in g = 1.04g g

= 0.04g

increase g

g

Percentage increase in g =

0.04 g

g

x 100%

x 100%

= 4%

33. An astronaut releases a spoon out of a satellite in the space. Will the spoon fall on the earth?

Ans. Due to inertia, the speed of the spoon is equal to the speed of the satellite. The orbit of the

satellite is independent of the mass of the satellite, so, the spoon continuous to follow the motion of

the satellite. Hence, the spoon does not fall on the earth surface.

34. Can three vectors lying in a plane give zero resultant? Explain.

Ans. The resultant of three vectors not in the same plane cannot give a zero resultant. The resultant of

two vectors in a plane cannot balance the third vector in the different plane.

35. If heavier bodies are attracted more strongly by the earth, why do they not fall faster than

lighter ones?

Ans. Ans. The acceleration due to gravity of a body is,

g= GM/ R2

It shows that acceleration due to gravity is independent of mass of the body. Therefore, all masses fall

with the same rapidity provided air resistance is neglected.

36. Suppose

you choose force (F), length (L) and time (T) to be the fundamental units. How

would you express the universal gravitational constant (G) dimensionally in terms of F, L

and T?

F = Gm1m2/d2

Or, G = Fd2/m1m2

Or, G = Fd2/(F2/a2)

Or, G = a2 d2/F

Now, dimensional formula of gravitational constant is,

dimensional

formulaof

a

X

dimensional formula of d

[G] =

= [M-1 L3 T-2]

37. If the global warming continues. Ice near the poles will melt and be added to the oceans.

What effect will this have on the length of the day?

Ans. If the polar ice melts, the water (from melted ice) will spread over the surface of the earth. Due

to this reason, the moment of inertia will increase and angular velocity () will decrease. Since, time

period, T= 2/, the time period increases. Hence, the length day will increase.

38. The sun pulls on the moon with a force that is more than twice the magnitude of the earth

attracts the moon. Why then does not the sun take the moon away from the earth?

Ans. The moon is continuously revolving around the earth. The gravitational force of attraction of

earth provides necessary centripetal force to the moon for its orbital motion around the earth. So, the

sun does not take the moon away from the earth though the sun pulls on the moon with a force that is

more than twice the magnitude of the earth.

LONG QUESTIONS

1. State triangle law of vector addition. Obtain an expression for the resultant of two vectors P and Q

inclined at .

2. What is conical pendulum? Show that the period of oscillation of this pendulum is given by, T = 2

Lcos

g

3. Define moment of inertia and angular momentum. Establish a relation between them.

4. What is escape velocity? Derive its expression on the surface of the earth.

5. What do you understand by gravitational potential energy in the earths gravitational field? Derive its

expression for any point around the earths surface.

6. What is second pendulum? Show that the motion of the bob of a pendulum is simple harmonic and

hence obtain an expression for its time period.

7. Define centripetal acceleration and obtain an expression for it in a uniform circular motion of length l.

8. What do you mean by moment of inertia obtain an expression for the moment of inertia of a thin and

uniform rod about an axis passing through one end and perpendicular to its length.

9. What is centripetal force? Find its expression.

10. Derive the expression for the orbital velocity, time period, and height of artificial satellite from the

surface of the earth.

11. Define torque and couple in rotational motion. Derive the expression of work done by couple.

12. Derive the expression for the variation of acceleration due to gravity due to the rotation of the earth.

13. Derive the expression for the acceleration for a cylinder rolling down on inclined plane in terms of

angle of inclination with horizontal, radius of cylinder r and radius of gyration K.

14. Show that the small oscillations of a mass loaded spring suspended vertically are simple harmonic.

Also deduce its time period.

15. Derive an expression for the gravitational potential at a point due to mass M.

16. What is SHM? Show that the motion of a bob of a simple pendulum id simple harmonic. Find its

time period.

17. State and explain parallelogram law of vector.

18. What is geostationary satellite? Obtain an expression for the total energy of a satellite orbiting round

the earth.

NUMERICAL PROBLEMS

1. An electric fan is turned off, and its angular velocity decreases uniformly from 500 rev/min to

200 rev/min in 4 sec, find (a) angular acceleration and the number of revolutions made by the

motor in 4 sec interval (b) how many more seconds are required for the fan to come to rest if the

angular acceleration remains constant? (Ans. 7.85rad/sec 2 , 23.3, 2.66 sec)

2. Calculate the period of oscillation of a simple pendulum of length 1.8m with a distance of 20 cm

and released. What will be the values of (i) the K. E. and (ii)the velocity of the bob at the lowest

point of the swing? ( Ans. 0.24J, 0.47m/s)

3. A simple pendulum has a period of 4.2second, when the pendulum is shortened by 1m the period

is 3.7 second. From these measurements, calculate the acceleration of free fall and the original

length of the pendulum.

(Ans. 10m/s 2, 4.5m)

4. An earth satellite moves in circular orbit with an orbital speed of 6200 m/s. Find (i) the time of

revolution (ii) the centripetal acceleration of the satellite in its orbit.

(Ans. 175 min, 3.7

2

m/s )

5. A constant torque of 200 Nm turns a wheel about its centre. The M. I. about this axis is 100 kgm 2.

Find the angular velocity gained in 4 s and the K. E. gained after 20 revolutions.

( Ans.

2

22.42rad/s , 25133J)

6. Suppose you want to place a 1000 kg weather satellite into a circular orbit 300 Km above earths

surface. How much work has to be done to place this satellite in orbit? How much additional

work would have to be done to make this satellite escape the earth? (R e = 6380 km, Me = 5.97 x

1024 kg.

7. An object is undergoing simple harmonic motion with a period of /2 and amplitude A = 0.4 m at

t = 0 the object is at x = 0. How far is the object from the equilibrium position when t = /10.

( Ans. 8.77 x 10-3)

8. A small body of mass 0.1 Kg is undergoing SHM of amplitude 1 m and period 0.2 sec. (a) What

is the maximum value of force acting on it? (b) if the oscillation is produced by a spring, what is

the constant of the spring?( Ans. 98.59N, 98.65 N/m)

9. An object of mass 0.5 Kg is rotated in a horizontal circle by a string 1 m long. The maximum

tension in the string before it breaks is 50 N. What is the greatest number of revolutions per

second of the object? (Ans. 1.59)

10. At what angle should the road be banked so that a car running at 40 km/hr may be safely able to

go round a circular turn of 200 m radius? Take g = 9.8m/sec 2.

( Ans. 3.53o)

11. A fly wheel has a K. E. of 200J. calculate the number of revolutions it makes before coming to

rest if a constant opposing couple of 5Nm is applied to the flywheel. If the M.I. of the wheel

about its center is 4 kgm2 , how long does it take to come to rest? (Ans. 6.4 rev, 8 sec)

12. A ballet dancer spins about a vertical axis at 1 rev per second with arms outstretched. With her

arms folded, her MI about the same axis decreases to 40% of the initial MI. Calculate her new

rate of revolution and her final angular velocity.

13. A ballet dancer spins with 2.4 rev/s with her arms outstretched when the moment of inertia about

the axis of rotation is 1. With her arms folded, the moment of inertia about the same axis becomes

0.6 I. Calculate the new rate of spin.

14. The mass of the earth is 6 x 10 24 and that of the moon is 7.4 x 10 22 kg. if the distance between

their centers is 3.8 x 108 m, calculate at what point on the line joining their centers there is no

gravitational force.

15. A particle executing SHM with a frequency of 1/2 has a peak amplitude of 1.2 cm of either side

of the equilibrium position. Determine its velocity and acceleration at a displacement of 0.6cm.

- Cswe Training Book Free ChapterEnviado porPatrick Hunter
- Chapter_16-1_2_3Enviado porMoh'd Daoud Qaraqe
- Week 7 Kinematics of Rigid Bodies.pdfEnviado porMohdIkrami
- Solution 2015_ Ph 211 Exam-3Enviado poralysha
- 2012 paperEnviado porBali Amin
- Chapter 3 Motion in 2DEnviado porbmz00000
- Hissan Physics Set A and BEnviado porVaskar Humagain
- lesson13-Swept Features and Boolean.pdfEnviado porluisorlandocass
- NUMERICAL SIMULATIONOF FREE AND FORCED OSCILLATIONSFOR PENDULUM TYPE CHILD TRAVEL SEATEnviado porIAEME Publication
- ABB Programming Intro (1).docEnviado porPasha
- Date 18.5Enviado porAshwin Jambhulkar
- Hissan Pre-Board Exam 2067 Physics XiEnviado porShrijan Shrestha
- Chapter 07 Motion in a CircleEnviado porPathmanathan Nadeson
- kindin_lec5Enviado porAhmad Syauqi Suhairi
- 11 SatEnviado porGhazi Dally
- tableEnviado porVanessa G.
- Seismodynamics of an Underground Pipeline - M. Sh. Israilov.pdfEnviado porErick Adrian Quintero Jaramillo
- paperEnviado porarunkoppara
- PHY13 Diagnostic ExamEnviado porCloud_IX
- Chapter 12Enviado porAnonymous L90zA7H9y
- two markEnviado porpvnandha
- ch3_p01-50Enviado porJeanne Jackson
- CE463_Lab3_2013.pdfEnviado porRaphael Okudetum
- EMEnviado porfaizu_ibm
- 5.Cf Rectangular Hollow SectionsEnviado porbck055
- HKPhO_05fEnviado porSumihar Simangunsong
- I Year Syllabus - Civil Engineering 2014Enviado porRamana Thiru
- Us 4923142Enviado porwewewew
- Iclicker Week 6 Lecture 3Enviado porZeba Siddiqui
- 2232_SR_DFFEnviado porDennis Chen

- Class-8 Unit Test social studiesEnviado porBibek Poudel
- Grammar and Usage OHEnviado pornylashahid
- How to Write Your First University EssayEnviado pormonchosvertice
- DNA Fingerprinting powerpoint.pptEnviado porFrudensia Kristiana
- Free Business Law TextbooksEnviado porBibek Poudel
- 2D motion (Projectile).docEnviado porBibek Poudel

- Quantum Qdh20 SpecsheetEnviado porElectromate
- A Phenomenological Theory of Damping in Ferromagnetic MaterialsEnviado porbrankoprivica
- UPCh11Enviado porJorge Alarcon
- US2579903 - Periscopic Sextant - Kollsman, 1951Enviado pordevheadbot
- Thesis reportEnviado porNikhil Singh
- Arthur Jones InterviewEnviado pormcvelli40
- Assignment #01Enviado porLekhraj Malviya
- Parker Lip Seal [Cat 5340]Enviado porSean Porter
- Kuswwaha Triloki Nath fan blade cooling towerEnviado porJay Dee11
- ME101 Lecture29 KDEnviado porSiddhartha
- Plugin Positioneringssystem Foer DC Och EC MotorerEnviado porkasavamadura
- Physics 1 EncEnviado porMhelvene
- circular motion textbook sectionsEnviado porapi-293162935
- FormulaEnviado por23Carl
- [Polish Maritime Research] Damping of Torsional Vibrations of Ship Engine Crankshafts - General Selection Methods of Viscous Vibration DamperEnviado porCristiano Cardoso
- Dapena_CloserLookAtTheShapeOfTheHighJjumpRunUpEnviado porNapoleon Wallin
- AP Physics Unit 3 Kinematics in One Dimension Cheat Sheet/Study GuideEnviado porSandy Sandri
- Dimartino These 2005Enviado porhexxa3000
- 25226-27655-sat_old papersEnviado porParesh Modi
- IIT Class XI Phy Rotation MotionEnviado porsatish jadhav
- re92004.pdfEnviado porsurianto
- week7.pdfEnviado porHarizx Saufix
- AQA-MM1A-MM1B-MM2A-MM2B-MM03-MM04-MM05-SQPEnviado porclassicalcat
- GRAVITATION QUESTIONS BANK FOR NEET/IIT 2018 BY U.S. YADAV SIREnviado porAnonymous ngBaBp
- En OPT PartII Programming Siemens EngEnviado porhamzah35
- 9231_s05_qp_2Enviado porIrtiza Hussain
- Ch 10 Circular Motion Exercises Answers.pdfEnviado porali2001
- Magnetism 3Enviado porOdellien Saja
- ME6611-CAD CAM Lab.pdfEnviado porKarthik Subramani
- Chap4 MECH242 CompleteEnviado porrk