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January 2010

GCE

IGCSE

Statistics S1 (6683)

Registered Office: One90 High Holborn, London WC1V 7BH

Edexcel is one of the leading examining and awarding bodies in the UK and

throughout the world. We provide a wide range of qualifications including academic,

vocational, occupational and specific programmes for employers.

Through a network of UK and overseas offices, Edexcel’s centres receive the support

they need to help them deliver their education and training programmes to learners.

For further information, please call our GCE line on 0844 576 0025, our GCSE team on

0844 576 0027, or visit our website at www.edexcel.com.

If you have any subject specific questions about the content of this

Examiners’ Report that require the help of a subject specialist,

you may find our Ask The Expert email service helpful.

http://www.edexcel.com/Aboutus/contact-us/

January 2010

Publications Code UA023025

All the material in this publication is copyright

© Edexcel Ltd 2010

Statistics Unit S1

Specification 6683

Introduction

This proved to be a very accessible paper and most candidates made good progress on Q2,

Q3(a), Q4, Q6 and Q7(a).

The general standard of entry appeared to be slightly stronger than in the past and there were

fewer candidates making lots of elementary errors.

The calculation of standard deviation and use of linear interpolation (Q3(c) and Q3(d)) along

with the normal distribution (Q7(b), Q7(c) and Q7(d)) still proved to be challenging topics.

Question 1

This proved a straightforward start to the paper. Most gave a correct tree diagram although a

few oversimplified using red and not red as their outcomes and this was of no help to them in

part (b). It was encouraging to see the vast majority of candidates using fractions for the

probabilities and only a handful using “with replacement”.

Part (b) was not answered so well with many failing to consider both cases: blue then green and

green followed by blue.

Question 2

Parts (a) and (b) were answered very well although a few candidates gave the upper quartile as

3n

39 or 39.5 (usually as a result of incorrectly rounding ) however the follow through marks

4

meant that no further penalty need occur. A few found the upper and lower quartiles but failed

to give the interquartile range. Most found the limit for an outlier using the given definition,

although a few used 1.5× IQR, and went on to make a suitable comment about the one

employee who needed retraining. There were some excellent box plots seen with all the correct

features clearly present but a number failed to plot the outlier appropriately and simply drew

their lower whisker to 7. A not insignificant minority were confused by the absence of an upper

whisker and felt the need to add one usually at Q3 + IQR.

Question 3

Part (a) gave most candidates two easy marks but the rest of the question proved more

demanding. The calculation of the mean in part (b) was usually answered well but there were

∑ fx

2

∑ fx

better than on previous occasions with many reaching 0.421 but there is still some confusion

over the formula with (15889.5 − x ) , a hybrid of the correct formula and Sxx , being quite

2

common. Candidates should be aware that the formula for standard deviation is very sensitive

to rounding errors and an accurate value for the mean (stored on their calculator) should be used

rather than a rounded answer. A number of candidates failed to use the given values for

∑ fx and ∑ fx 2 and lost marks because of numerical slips. The attempts at interpolation in

part (d) were much improved with the correct fraction often being added to a lower class

boundary. Unfortunately many used 2.95 or 2.5 as their class boundary and lost the marks. In

part (e) the better candidates used their values for the mean and median and made an appropriate

comment. Some spent the next page calculating Q1 and Q3 , often correctly, in order to use the

quartiles to justify their description of the skewness.

Question 4

There were many good answers to this question. The Venn diagram was often totally correct

although a number failed to subtract for the intersections and obtained value of 35, 40 and 28

instead of 31, 36 and 24 for the numbers taking two options. Parts (b) and (c) were answered

very well with only a minority of candidates failing to give probabilities. Part (d) proved

straightforward for those who knew what was required but some attempted complicated

calculations, often involving a product of probabilities, whilst others simply gave their answer

as 4/180.

Question 5

Despite the compact nature of the probability function many candidates gave clear and fully

correct solutions to this question. Part (a) was a “Show that” and candidates needed to make

sure that they clearly used ∑

p( x) = 1 to form a suitable equation in k. Part (b) was often

answered poorly as a number could not interpret P(X > 2) correctly and gave the answer of

5

(from P(X < 2)). Most could answer part (c) and many part (d) too but the usual errors

14

arose here. Some forgot to subtract ( E( X ) ) and there were a number of incorrect formulae

2

for Var(1 − X) seen such as: − Var(X), 1 − Var(X), [ Var( X ) ] and ( −1) E( X ) .

2 2

Question 6

This was a high scoring question for most candidates. The calculations in parts (a) and (b) were

answered very well with very few failing to use the formulae correctly. Part (c) received a good

number of correct responses but many still failed to interpret their value and simply described

the correlation as strongly positive. The scatter diagram was usually plotted correctly and most

knew how to calculate the equation of the regression line although some used

S pp instead of Stt and some gave their final equation in terms of y and x instead of p and t .

Plotting the line in part (f) proved quite challenging for many candidates and a number with the

correct equation did not have the gradient correct. Part (g) was usually well done but some

chose to use their graph rather than their equation of the line and lost the final accuracy mark.

Question 7

Part (a) was usually answered well but the remaining parts of the question proved challenging

for many. There was much muddled work in part (b) and although some scored M1B1 for

154 − µ

attempts such as = 1.6449 very few scored the A1cso for a completely correct

σ

derivation without any incorrect statements being seen. Those who fumbled their way to the

printed answer in (b) usually came unstuck in part (c). A common error was to write

172 − µ

= 0.5244 and then replace the 0.5244 with 1-0.5244. Those with a correct pair of

σ

equations were usually able to solve them correctly to find µ and σ. Many attempted to

standardise in part (d) but even those with correct answers in (c) often failed to score full marks

either due to premature rounding or because they thought their final answer was 1 - 0.8212.

Curiously even a correct diagram failed to prevent some of them from making this final error.

Grade Boundaries

The table below gives the lowest raw marks for the award of the stated uniform marks (UMS).

Module 80 70 60 50 40

6663 Core Mathematics C1 63 54 46 38 30

6664 Core Mathematics C2 54 47 40 33 27

6665 Core Mathematics C3 59 52 45 39 33

6666 Core Mathematics C4 61 53 46 39 32

6667 Further Pure Mathematics FP1 64 56 49 42 35

6674 Further Pure Mathematics FP1 (legacy) 62 54 46 39 32

6675 Further Pure Mathematics FP2 (legacy) 52 46 40 35 30

6676 Further Pure Mathematics FP3 (legacy) 59 52 45 38 32

6677 Mechanics M1 61 53 45 38 31

6678 Mechanics M2 53 46 39 33 27

6679 Mechanics M3 57 51 45 40 35

6683 Statistics S1 65 58 51 45 39

6684 Statistics S2 65 57 50 43 36

6689 Decision Maths D1 67 61 55 49 44

GCE Mathematics Statistics S1 (6683) January 2010 7

Further copies of this publication are available from

Edexcel Publications, Adamsway, Mansfield, Notts, NG18 4FN

Telephone 01623 467467

Fax 01623 450481

Email publications@linneydirect.com

Order Code UA023025 January 2010

Registered Office: One90 High Holborn, London, WC1V 7BH

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