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If you use a desktop computer, you might already know that there isn't any single part called the
"computer." A computer is really a system of many parts working together. The physical parts, which you
can see and touch, are collectively calledhardware. (Software, on the other hand, refers to the
instructions, or programs, that tell the hardware what to do.)
The following illustration shows the most common hardware in a desktop computer system. Your system
might look a little different, but it probably has most of these parts. A laptop computer has similar parts but
combines them into a single, notebook-sized package.

Desktop computer system

System unit
The system unit is the core of a computer system. Usually it's a rectangular box placed on or underneath
your desk. Inside this box are many electronic components that process information. The most important
of these components is the central processing unit (CPU), or microprocessor, which acts as the
"brain" of your computer. Another component is random access memory (RAM), which temporarily
stores information that the CPU uses while the computer is on. The information stored in RAM is erased
when the computer is turned off.
Almost every other part of your computer connects to the system unit using cables. The cables plug into
specific ports(openings), typically on the back of the system unit. Hardware that is not part of the system
unit is sometimes called aperipheral device or device.

Your computer has one or more disk drivesdevices that store information on a metal or plastic disk.
The disk preserves the information even when your computer is turned off.

Hard disk drive

Your computer's hard disk drive stores information on a hard diska rigid platter or stack of platters
with a magnetic surface. Because hard disks can hold massive amounts of information, they usually serve

as your computer's primary means of storage, holding almost all of your programs and files. The hard disk
drive is normally located inside the system unit.

CD and DVD drives

Nearly all computers today come equipped with a CD or DVD drive, usually located on the front of the
system unit. CD drives use lasers to read (retrieve) data from a CD; many CD drives can also write
(record) data onto CDs. If you have a recordable disk drive, you can store copies of your files on blank
CDs. You can also use a CD drive to play music CDs on your computer.
DVD drives can do everything that CD drives can, plus read DVDs. If you have a DVD drive, you can
watch movies on your computer. Many DVD drives can record data onto blank DVDs.

A mouse is a small device used to point to and select items on your computer screen. Although mice
come in many shapes, the typical mouse does look a bit like an actual mouse. It's small, oblong, and
connected to the system unit by a long wire that resembles a tail. Some newer mice are wireless.
A mouse usually has two buttons: A primary button (usually the left button) and a secondary button. Many
mice also have a wheel between the two buttons, which allows you to scroll smoothly through screens of

Mouse pointers
When you move the mouse with your hand, a pointer on your screen moves in the same direction. (The
pointer's appearance might change depending on where it's positioned on your screen.) When you want
to select an item, you point to the item and then click (press and release) the primary button. Pointing
and clicking with your mouse is the main way to interact with your computer. For more information,
see Using your mouse.

A keyboard is used mainly for typing text into your computer. Like the keyboard on a typewriter, it has
keys for letters and numbers, but it also has special keys:

The function keys, found on the top row, perform different functions depending on where they
are used.

The numeric keypad, located on the right side of most keyboards, allows you to enter numbers

The navigation keys, such as the arrow keys, allow you to move your position within a document
or webpage.

You can also use your keyboard to perform many of the same tasks you can perform with a mouse. For
more information, seeUsing your keyboard.

LCD monitor (left); CRT monitor (right)

A monitor displays information in visual form, using text and graphics. The portion of the monitor that
displays the information is called the screen. Like a television screen, a computer screen can show still or
moving pictures.
There are two basic types of monitors: CRT (cathode ray tube) monitors and the newer LCD (liquid
crystal display) monitors. Both types produce sharp images, but LCD monitors have the advantage of
being much thinner and lighter.

Inkjet printer (left); laser printer (right)

A printer transfers data from a computer onto paper. You don't need a printer to use your computer, but
having one allows you to print e-mail, cards, invitations, announcements, and other material. Many people
also like being able to print their own photos at home.

The two main types of printers are inkjet printers and laser printers. Inkjet printers are the most popular
printers for the home. They can print in black and white or in full color and can produce high-quality
photographs when used with special paper. Laser printers are faster and generally better able to handle
heavy use.

Computer speakers

Speakers are used to play sound. They can be built into the system unit or connected with cables.
Speakers allow you to listen to music and hear sound effects from your computer.

Cable modem

To connect your computer to the Internet, you need a modem. A modem is a device that sends and
receives computer information over a telephone line or high-speed cable. Modems are sometimes built
into the system unit, but higher-speed modems are usually separate components.

A website, also written as web site,[1] or simply site,[2] is a set of related web pages typically
served from a single web domain. A website is hosted on at least one web server, accessible via
a network such as the Internet or a private local area network through an Internet address
known as a uniform resource locator (URL). All publicly accessible websites collectively
constitute the World Wide Web.
Web pages, which are the building blocks of websites, are documents, typically written in plain
text interspersed with formatting instructions of Hypertext Markup Language (HTML, XHTML).
They may incorporate elements from other websites with suitable markup anchors. Web pages
are accessed and transported with the Hypertext Transfer Protocol(HTTP), which may optionally
employ encryption (HTTP Secure, HTTPS) to provide security and privacy for the user of the
web page content. The user's application, often a web browser, renders the page content
according to its HTML markup instructions onto a display terminal.

E-Mail (Electronic Mail Or Email)











telecommunication. (Some publications spell it email; we prefer the currently more

established spelling of e-mail.) E-mail messages are usually encoded in ASCII text.
However, you can also send non-text files, such as graphic images and sound files, as
attachments sent in binary streams. E-mail was one of the first uses of the Internet and
is still the most popular use. A large percentage of the total traffic over the Internet is email. E-mail can also be exchanged between online service provider users and in
networks other than the Internet, both public and private.
E-mail can be distributed to lists of people as well as to individuals. A shared distribution
list can be managed by using an e-mail reflector. Some mailing lists allow you to
subscribe by sending a request to the mailing list administrator. A mailing list that is
administered automatically is called a list server.
E-mail is one of the protocols included with the Transport Control Protocol/Internet
Protocol (TCP/IP) suite of protocols. A popular protocol for sending e-mail is Simple Mail
Transfer Protocol and a popular protocol for receiving it is POP3. Both Netscape
and Microsoft include an e-mail utility with their Web browsers.

Advantages of emails

Emails are easy to use. You can organize your daily correspondence, send and
receive electronic messages and save them on computers.

Emails are fast. They are delivered at once around the world. No other form of
written communication is as fast as an email.

The language used in emails is simple and informal.

When you reply to an email you can attach the original message so that when
you answer the recipient knows what you are talking about. This is important if you
get hundreds of emails a day.

It is possible to send automated emails with a certain text. In such a way it is

possible to tell the sender that you are on vacation. These emails are called auto

Emails do not use paper. They are environment friendly and save a lot of trees
from being cut down.

Emails can also have pictures in them. You can send birthday cards or
newsletters as emails.

Products can be advertised with emails. Companies can reach a lot of people
and inform them in a short time.

Abad, Pacita
Si Pacita Abad ay ipinanganak noong 1946 sa Batanes at nagtapos ng kursong
Agham Pampolitika sa Unibersidad ng Pilipinas bago nagtuloy ng masterado sa
sining sa University of San Francisco noong 1972; sa Corcoran School of Art sa
Washington DC noong 19751977; at sa Arts Student League sa New York noong
1978. Nakamit niya ang Gawad Ten Outstanding Young Men (TOYM) noong 1984.

Anilao at its Best

Filipina: A Racial Identity Crisis


LA Liberty

Alculaz, Federico Aguilar

In his 55-year art career, Alcuaz is one of the most awarded and acclaimed artists
internationally. He has held exhibits at leading galleries in the Philippines, Spain,
Portugal, Singapore, United States, Germany and Poland. Among his numerous
awards are the first prize at thePremio Moncada (1957) and thePrix Francisco
Goya (1958) in Barcelona. In Paris, he was awarded the Diploma of Honor at the
International Exhibition of Art Libre in 1961, the Decoration of Arts, Letters and
Sciences award from the French government in 1964 and the Order of French
Genius in 1964. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Merit by the President of
the Philippines in 2006.

Amorsolo, Fernando
Si Fernando Cueto Amorsolo (Mayo 30, 1892 - Abril 24, 1972) ay isa sa mga
pinakamahalagang artista ng sining saPilipinas.[1] Si Amorsolo ay isang pintor ng

mga larawan ng mga tao at tanawing pambaryo ng Pilipinas. Kilala siya sa kaniyang
pagiging malikhain at pagkadalubhasa sa paggamit ng liwanag sa aspeto ng sining.
Ipinanganak sa Paco,Maynila, nakatapos siya ng pag-aaral mula sa Paaralang
Pansining ng Liseo ng Maynila noong 1909

Burning of Idols

El Ciego

Bontoc Igorrotes

Planting Rice

Amorsolo, Pablo

Si Pablo Cueto Amorsolo (Hunyo 26, 1898 Pebrero 21, 1945) ay isa sa mga
kinikilalang alagad ng sining sapagpipinta sa Pilipinas. Kapatid siya ng isa pa ring
bantog na pintor na si Fernando Amorsolo
Isinilang siya sa Daet, Camarines Norte sa mag-asawang Pedro Amorsolo at
Bonifacia Cueto. Nang nasa edad na walong taon pa lamang, lumipat ang kaniyang
mag-anak sa Maynila.[1]
Noong Ikalawang Digmaang Pandaigdig, naging tagapagtangkilik si Amorsolo
ng Greater East Asia Co Prosperity Sphere, at naglingkod siya bilang isang kolonel
ngKempetai ng Imperyo ng Hapon. Nang maging matagumpay ang pagbabalik ng
mga kawal na Amerikano sa mga pampang ng Pilipinas, nahuli si Amorsolo ng mga
hukbong Pilipino. [1]
Nahatulan siya at namatay sa pamamagitan ng pagbaril ng mga gerilya. Pumanaw
siya sa ganitong paraan habang nasa Antipolo, Rizal.


Limpia Botas

Ancheta, Isidro

Fruit Vendor


Isidro Ancheta (October 15, 1882 1946) was a Filipino landscape painter. He
finished his Elementary, Secondary and Bachelor of Arts Degree (1904) at
the Ateneo de Manila. He also studied at the Liceo de Manila, Escuela de Pintura,
Escultura y Grabado and the Academia de Dibujo y Pintura run by Teodoro
Buenaventura in the early 1900s. He was represented with 8 paintings in the
Philippine Section at the St. Louis Exposition of 1904, where his painting titled A
Victim of War received an Honorable Mention. He taught at the Philippine Normal
School from 1918 to 1926. Before World War II, his landscapes were found in
classrooms all over the Philippines. In 1941 his Tienda del Barriowon Second
Honorable Mention in the Filipiniana Category at the National Art Competition
sponsored by the University of Santo Tomas.

Reclining Woman

Oil on Masonite