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Appendix F

Prepositions and Verbs With or Without Prepositions

A preposition is a word that is used with nouns and pronouns (and sometimes verbs) to show their relationship to
some other part of a sentence.

Simple prepositions acerca de about, concerning


adem6s de besides, in addition to
a at, to al cabo de at the end of
ante before al lado de next to, alongside of
bajo under alrededor de around (place)
con with antes de before (time, order)
contra against cerca de near, close to
de of, from con motivo de with the purpose of
desde Jiom, since con respecto a regarding
durante during conforme a according to
en in, on, into, at contrario a contrary to
entre ctmong, between debajo de under beneath
excepto except debido a due to
hacia toward delante de before (space), infront of
hasta until, far as, up to
as dentro de within, inside of, in
mediante by means of despuds de after (time, order)
menos except detr6s de behind (place), after
para for in order to, considering en busca de in search of
por for by, through, for the sake of, en contra de against
in exchange fo4 per en cuanto a regarding, in regard to,
salvo
as for
except, save en lugar de instead of, in place of
segrin according to en vez de instead of, in place of
sin without en frente de before, infront of
sobre on, about, overi concerning en medio de in the middle of
tras afte4 behind en virtud de by virtue of
encima de on top of, above, over
Compound prepositions
frente a opposite to, across from
fuera de outside of, beyond
a cargo de in charge of junto a next to, close to
a causa de because of, on account of lejos de far from, distant.from
a diferencia de unlike por causa de on account of, because of
a eso de about, around (* time of day) por raz6n de
a excepci6n de with the exception
as a consequence of, by reason of
oJ' respecto a relative to
a favor de in favor of
afinde in order to Verbs that do not require a prepositaon when
a fines de toward (at) the end of followed by a noun (except when the direct
a fuerza de by dint of, by force of object is a person)
a lo largo de throughout
a mediados de in the middle of buscar to look for
a partir de beginning with, from...on, escuchar to listen to
starting on... esperar to wait for, to hope
a pesar de (que)
for
in spite of, despite mirar to look at
a principios de at the beginning of..., early in.., pagar to pay for
a travds de through pedir to askfo4 request

Appendix F 287
Common verbs that do not require a preposition determinarse a to resolve to
before an infinitive disponerse a to get ready to
echarse a to begin to, to start to
aconselar to advise empezar a to begin to, to start to
acordar to agree ensefrar a to teach to
conseguir to succeed in exponerse a to run the risk of
deber ought to (should) inclinarse a to be inclined tct
(moral obligation) inspirar a to inspire to
decidir to decide invitar a to invite to
dejar to allow, let ira to go to
desear to wish limitarse a to limit oneself to
esperar to hope, to expect llegar a to come to, to manage to,
hacer to make to succeed in
intentar to qttempt to, to try to meterse a to begin to
lograr to succ'eed in negarse a to rejhse to
mandar to order obligar a to oblige to, to obligete to
merecer to tleserve ofiecerse a to volunteer to, to o.ffer to
necesitar to need oponerse a to be opposed to
ofr to hear pararse a b .ttop to, to pLuse t0
olvidar to lbrget ponerse a to begin to, to start to
parecer to,teem principiar a to begin to, to stLrt to
pedir to osk quedarse a to remLin to
pensar to plan, to intend regresar a to return to
permitir to ulktw permit renunciar a to give up, renzunce
poder to be able. can lesignarse a to resign oneseff'to
pret'erir to prefer resistirse a to oppose, to resist
prohibir to.fbrbid resolverse a to rnake Ltp one's mind to
prometer to promise romper a to sttrt (suddenlv), tcs bLtrst out
proponer(se) to propose salir a Io [4o out to
querer to went sentarse a to sit down to
recordar lo remember venir a to come to, to entl up bv
saber to know how volver a to [do .sornethingl uuain,
sentir Io regret to return to
soler to be accustomed, used to
temer to be uJiaid, to.fbor Verbs that take a + noun or pronoun
ver to see
acercarse a ttt uppvuur'1r, Io t!o neur
Verbs that take a + infinitive acostumbrarse a to become lccu,\tomed to,
to get Ltsed to
acostumbrarse a to become accustomed to, aficionarse a to become Jond tf'
to become used to asemejarse a to resemble, to look like
alcanzar a to succeed in, to manage to asistir a to attend
animar(se) a to Jbel encouraged to asomarse a t0 appear ut, to lean out of,
aprender a to leont to, to learn how to to look ctLtt of
apresurarse a to hurry to dar a to Jace, to bok out on, to open on
arriesgarse a to expose oneselJ to clanger, deberse a to be due to
to dare to, to risk dedicarse a to devote oneselJ'to
asprrar a to aspire to desafiar a to dare to, to challenge to
atreverse a to dare to destinar a to ctssign to
ayudar a to help to dirigirse a to go to, to go toward
comenzar a to begin to entrar a to enter
comprometerse a to commit onese('to faltar a to be absent Jront
convidar a to invite to ira to go to
decidirse a to decide to jugar a to play a sport or a game
dedicarse a to devote oneself to limitarse a to limit oneself to
desafiar a to dare to, to challenge to llegar a to get to be, to arrive at,
detenerse a to pause to, to stop to to reach a ploce

288 Appendix F
oler a to smell of, to smell like dejar de to stop doing something, to fail to
oponerse a to be opposed to desistir de to desist from, to give up
parecerse a to resemble, to look like doing something
pasar a to proceed to, to pass on to encargarse de to take charge of
referirse a to refer to gozar d,e to enjoy
renunciar a to give up, renounce haber de must, to have to
resignarse a to resign oneself to ocuparse de to attend to, to pcly attention to
saber a to taste of or like olvidarse de to forget to
sonar a to sound like parar de to stop
subir a to get on, to get into, quejarse de to complain of or about
to climb into sorprenderse de to be surprised to
terminar de to Jinish
Verbs that take con + infinitive tratar de to try to
tratarse de to be a question or matter of,
amenazar con to threaten to to deal with
conformarse con to put up with, to be satisfied with
contar con to count on, to rely on Verbs that take de + noun or pronoun
contentarse con to be satisfied with
cumplir con to fulfill (an obligation, duty) abusar de to abuse, to take advantage of,
soflar con to dream of, to dream about to overindulge in
acordarse de to remember
Verbs that take con + noun or pronoun alejarse de to g,o/move away from
apartarse de to keep away from,
acabar con to put an end to, to finish, to withdraw from
to exhaust apoderarse de to take possession of,
amenazar con to threaten to to take hold of
bastar con to be enough aprovecharse de to take ndvantage of
casarse con to marry arrepentirse de to be sorry for, to repent of
comprometerse con to get engaged to asombrarse de to be astonished at
conformarse con to be satisfied with asustarse de to be frightened at, to get
contar con to count on, rely on alarmed (about something)
contentarse con to be satisfied with avergonzarse de to be ashamed of
cumplir con to fulfill (an obligation, duty) bajar de to get out of, to descend from,
dar con to come upon, to meet to get oJf @f )
encontrarse con to run into, to meet burlarse de to make fun of
entenderse con to have an understanding with cambiar de to change (trains, buses,
meterse con to pick a quarrel with clothes, etc.)
quedarse con to keep, to hold on to cansarse de to become tired of
reunirse con to meet with, to join carecer de to lack, to be lacking
romper con to break offwith, to break up with compadecerse de to feel sorry for,
sofrar con to dream of, to dream about to sympathize with
tropezar con to come upon, to run into, constar de to consist of
to stumble against cuidar de to take care of, to look after
depender de to depend on
Verbs that take de + infinitive deshacerse de to get rid of, to part with
despedirse de to say goodbye to,
acabar de to have just to take leave of
acordarse de to remember to disfrutar de to enjoy
alegrarse de to be glad to dudar de to doubt
arrepentirse de to repent enamorarse de to fall in love with
asombrarse de to be astonished at encargarse de to take charge oJ
asustarse de to be frightened at, to get enterarse de to find out about,
alarmed (about something ) to become aware of
avergonzarse de to be ashamed of gozar de to enjoy
cansarse de to become tired of huir de to flee from
cesar de to cease, to stop irse de to leave
deber de s hould, must ( probability marcharse de
) to leave

Appendix F 289
ocuparse de to attend to, to pay attention to, Verbs that generally take en + noun or pronoun
to look after
olvidarse de to forget apoyarse en to lean against, to lean on
pensar de to have an opinion about, confiar en to rely on, to trust (in)
to think of or about consistir en to consist of
preocuparse de to worry about, convertirse en to become, to convert to,
to be concerned about lo turn into
quejarse de to complain of or etbout entrar en to entef to go into
reirse de to Laugh at f,r.jarse en to ruttice, to tuke ruttice of
salir de to leave (from), to go out of influir en to have an inflttence on
separarse de to leave meterse en to get involved in, to meddle in
servir de to serve as pararse en to stop dt
servirse de to make use of, to use pensaf en to think of, to think obout
tratarse de to be a que,stion of, to deal with
valerse de tu make use oJ, to avuiL onesell oJ Verbs that generally take por + infinitive, noun,
pronoun, or adiective
Verbs that generally take en + infinitive
acabar por to end (up) bt
complacer(se) en to toke pleasure in, dar por to consider to reg,ard (ts
to be pleased to darse por to pretend, to consicler oneseU'
confrar en to trust in, to be cont'ident in empezar por to begin bv
consentir en to consent t0 esforzarse por to stritte to
convenir en to agree to, to ugree on estar por to be in.firv,or oJ
empeflarse en to persist in, to insist on interesarse por trs tuke an interest in
esfbrzarse en to strive .fbr, to try to luchar por to .strug,gle to
insistir en tr,t insist on pasar por to be considered us
pensar en to think of, to think abom preguntar por to usk.lbr, to inquire uhout
persistir en to persist in preocuparse por to worry ulxtut
quedar en to 0!lree to, to 0gree on terminar por to end (up) bv
tardar en to be lue in, to deluy in tomar por to tlke someone lbr
vacilar en to lrcsitate to

290 Appendix F