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A COURSE IN BASIC ENGLISH

PART I

DLEK NAL

Step by Step - A Course in Basic English (Part I) is designed for


Turkish university freshman students who take a compulsory Basic English
course two hours a week, for two semesters. The primary aim of this course
is to acquaint students with the basics of English language and use in all
four language skills and to introduce them to its culture in a way so as to
initiate both a means for further study in their departments and a positive
feeling towards learning a foreign language. The students attending this
course, who could not pass the English Exemption Test, come from a
variety of departments, ranging from Faculty of Medicine to Department of
Turkish Language Teaching or Faculty of Forestry and start from the
beginning to receive a total of 60 hours of English, at the end of which they
take an achievement test. It follows naturally that the coursebook chosen
for this course cannot be a demanding one with a never-ending string of
isolated grammar rules, vocabulary lists and language drills. Instead, it
should serve the needs of these students within the limited time period,
with suitable topics and tasks for young adults with varying interests and
backgrounds. These are the basic assumptions that brought forth this
book.
Step by Step is divided into nine units that are subdivided in
themselves. Each unit is designed to include activities of all four language
skills besides grammar and vocabulary. Dialogues to present real life
situations are amply made use of. You will find

that these present and/or practice the language item of the unit but can be
utilized as reading listening, speaking and reading texts. The emphasized
boxes contain language information to be remembered and will provide
grammar summaries for study. The reading texts are written on topics that
the students will both enjoy reading and get real-life information out of.
Different tasks can be done in order to utilize these texts- reading out loud,
paraphrasing, summarising, discussing, checking comprehension are to
name only a few.
The letter that is written from Tom to the student serves the function
of creating a meaningful context for the writing activity to take place. The
received letter covers all the previously studied language items and
represents language in its natural form. The letter that the student is asked
to write will give him/her the opportunity to respond to a real text in
English while recycling the learnt language items.
The vocabulary lists at the end of the book are for the student selfstudy and for writing sentences using those words. The appendices are
speaking tasks to be done in pairs or groups in class.

If you wish to use this book, I hope you will enjoy the flexibility and
space it provides for your additions depending on the kind of student group
you are working with. Without rushing from one grammatical item to
another, I sincerely hope that you

and your students will make the most of the teaching/learning experience,
and that the inspiration and encouragement resulting from classroom
interaction will motivate students to explore this global language called
English with more enthusiasm.
Dilek nal
September, 2004-Istanbul

The English Alphabet


UNIT 1
I.

Greeting people

II.

To be

III.

Countries and Nationalities

IV.

Numbers

UNIT 2
I.

Singular and Plural Nouns

II.

There is / There are

III.

What time is it?

IV.

Prepositions of place

UNIT 3
I.

Have got / Has got

II.

Possessives

III.

Colours

IV.

Clothes

UNIT 4
I.

Present Simple

II.

Adverbs of Frequency

III.

Likes and Dislikes

IV.

Prepositions - revision

UNIT 5
I.

Countable and Uncountable Nouns

II.

Expressing Quantity

VOCABULARY

Z
-

How do you spell your name?

J- A- M- E- S

How do you spell?


BBC

UFO

TRT

HIV

USA

UK

PR

SMS

I.
A:

GREETING PEOPLE
Good morning ! My name is Emily
Harris. I am your new English
teacher. What is your name?

My name is Marc.

What is your name? My name is


I am .

B:
- Good morning Ms. Dixon.
This is Mr. Adams.
- Good morning Mr. Adams.
How do you do?
- How do you do Ms. Dixon?

How do you do ?
Nice to meet you.
Pleased to meet you.

How do you do?


Nice to meet you, too.
Pleased to meet you, too.

C:
- Hi, Jim!
Hello, Paul! How are you today?
- Fine thanks, and you?
- Not bad.

Hi
Good
Good
Good
Good
Good

morning
afternoon
evening
night
bye

Hello
Good morning
Good afternoon
Good evening
Good night
Good bye

D:
-

What is your name?


My name is Gl.
What is your name?
My name is mit.
Nice to meet you Gl.
Nice to meet you too, mit.

E:
Hello, Murat.
Hi, mit.
Murat, this is Gl.
Nice to meet you Gl.
Nice to meet you too, Murat.

F:
- Good morning Fred.
- Tina.
?
- Fine thanks, and you?
- Very well, thank you.
What is your name?
My name is ..

II: "To Be"


A:
Hello! My name is Julia
Petrovic.
I am a student at Istanbul
University.

B:
This is Roberto Massimi.
He is a cook at the Marmara Hotel.

C:
This is Lucy Jackson.
She is a secretary.

D:
This is a PC.
It is IBM.

E:
We are Canan and Deniz.
We are housemates.

F:
They are Jane and John.
They are very good friends.

Positive
Statements

Negative
Statements

Question
Forms

I
You
He / She / It
We
You
They

am
are
is
are
are
are

I
You
He/ She / It
We
You
They

am not
are not /aren't
is not / isn't
are not / aren't
are not / aren't
are not / aren't

Am
Are
Is
Are
Are
Are

I?
you?
he / she / it?
we?
you?
they?

G: Write the correct pronoun: I / you / he / she / it / we / they


1. This is my friend Ahmet. is a student.
2. My name is Laura. am a dentist.
3. Cindy and Lucy are good friends. are classmates, too.
4. Garfield is a cat. is fat and lazy.
5. Verda and I are housemates. are both teachers.

6. Jennifer Lopez is a film star. is very famous.


H: Write the correct form of "to be": am / is / are.
1. Victoria and David Beckham very popular.
2. What your name?
3. Mehmet a very good student.

4. Jale and I classmates.


5. Mercedes a car.
6. The Matrix a very good film.
7. Henry and James brothers.
8. We students at stanbul University.
9. I from zmir.
10. Hidayet Trkolu a famous basketball player.
11. Paris in France.
12. This my friend Jack.
13. you and Arzu housemates?
14. My penfriend in England.

I: Write the questions.


1. - . a doctor? - No, he isn't.
2. - . a good book? Yes, it is.
3. - . housemates? No, they aren't.
4. - . a teacher? Yes, I am.
5. - . popular? Yes, she is.
6. - . friends? No, we aren't.
7. - . in Istanbul? Yes, it is.
8. - . a film star? No, he isn't.
9. - . a good car? Yes, it is.
10. - . famous? No, she isn't.
11. - . a football player? No, he isn't.
12. - . classmates? Yes, they are.
13. - . from New York? No, he isn't.
14. - . in Istanbul? No, it isn't.
15. - . a cook? Yes, she is.

III: COUNTRIES and NATIONALITIES


A:
Where are you from?

What nationality are you?

I am from Turkey.

I am Turkish.

B:
Where is Madonna from?
She is from the United States of America.
She is American.

C:

Are you from England?


No, I'm not.
I'm from Australia. I'm Australian.
Countries
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Canada
China
Denmark
Egypt
England
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Iran
Iraq
Italy
Japan
Russia

Nationalities
Austrian
Austrian
Belgian
Bulgarian
Canadian
Chinese
Danish
Egyptian
English
Finnish
French
German
Greek
Iranian
Iraqi
Italian
Japanese
Russian

Countries

Nationalities

Spain
Switzerland
Turkey
United States of America
(the USA)

Spanish
Swiss
Turkish
American

D: Write countries or nationalities:


1. Honda is a .. car.
2. Manuel is from .
3. Kos is a .. island.
4. Anna Karenina is a novel.
5. Tamiko is a name.
6. The Eiffel Tower is in .
7. Pizza is from
8. Hollywood is in .
9. Queen Elizabeth II is .
10. "Simit" is .
11. The Giza Pyramids are in .
12. "Sauna" comes from .
13. chocolate is very famous.
14. "Yen" is money.
E: Complete the sentences:
1. Pietro is from Italy. He
2. Salzburg is in Austria. It is an town.
3. carpets are very famous.
4. guitar music is very popular.
5. - Where .. Pierre and Louis .?
- France. They are .

6. - Is SONY Chinese?
-
7. - Is the teacher American?
- Yes, she ..
8. - Is baseball a Turkish sport?
-
9. Nikos is my Greek friend.
He is ..
10. you from Switzerland?
- Yes, .

IV: NUMBERS
A:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

One
Two
Three
Four
Five
Six
Seven
Eight
Nine
Ten

11 eleven
12 twelve
13 thirteen
14 fourteen
15 fifteen
16 sixteen
17 seventeen
18 eighteen
19 nineteen
20 twenty

21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

twenty
twenty
twenty
twenty
twenty
twenty
twenty
twenty
twenty
thirty

one
two
three
four
five
six
seven
eight
nine

40 forty
50 fifty
60 sixty
70 seventy
80 eighty
90 ninety
100 one hundred
200 two hundred
210 two hundred and ten
1000 one thousand

B:
How old are you?
I am years old.

C: Write the numbers:

D:

1. 11

11. 2+9=

2. 26

12. 12+8= .

3. 34

13. 20+5= .

4. 44

14. 20+10= ..

5. 55

15. 40+20= ..

6. 63

16. 75-10=

7. 78

17. 80-20=

8. 90

18. 95-15=

9. 99

19. 100-50= .

10. 87

20. 100+20= .

What's your phone number?


It is 0212- 251 42 69.
It is oh-two-one-two, two-five-one-four-two-six-nine.

E: Say the phone numbers:


1. 0212 - 243 15 00
2. 0212- 440 00 00
3. 0216- 425 67 12
4. 0312- 625 40 15
5. 0232- 231 18 16
6. 0324- 543 79 10
7. 0286- 422 36 82

8. 0332- 428 76 32
9. 0372- 354 76 11
10. 0224- 416 38 24

F:

Dear Penfriend,
Hello! My name is Tom Burton. I am seventeen years
old. I am from Australia. I'm a student at Leeds
University.
What is your name? How old are you? Where are
you from? Are you a student, too?
Please write soon,
Tom,
Reply to Tom's letter:

Dear Tom,

I: SINGULAR NOUNS

PLURAL NOUNS

a book

two books

a chair

three chairs

a cup

an apple

two cups

four apples

For singular nouns,


use a before consonants (b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w,
x, y, z)
a pen, a chair, a student, a teacher, .
Use an before vowels (a, e, i, o, u)
an apple, an ice cream,
We form the plural of most nouns by adding -s.
book------- books
tree ------- trees

a brush

two brushes

a bookshelf

two bookshelves

We form the plural of nouns ending in s, z, ch, sh, and x by adding


es:
brush---- brushes
box--------boxes
For nouns ending in f, we change f to v and add es :
Bookshelf---- bookshelves
Knife ----- knives
For nouns ending in consonant+y, we change the y to ie and add s :
Baby ----- babies
Dictionary ----- dictionaries
Some nouns have irregular plural forms:
Man ------ men
Woman ------women
Child ----- children
Foot ------ feet
Tooth ----- teeth

A: Write a/an.
1. car

10 . egg

2. T-shirt

11. woman

3. postcard

12. idea

4. ambulance

13. hotel

5. bus

14. flower

6. day

15. omelette

7. child

16. apple

8. friend

17. island

9. teacher

18. town

B: Write the plural forms:


1. banana

11. child .

2. dog

12. house

3. university ..

13. address

4. picture .

14. classroom ..

5. telephone

15. boy ..

6. tree

16. window ..

7. bird

17. eye ..

8. city

18. envelope

9. man ..

19. family ..

10. hamburger

20. watch

C:
What is this?

This is a /an .
It is a /an

What is that?

That is a /an
It is a /an ..

What are these?

These are ..
They are .

What are those? Those are


They are .

D: Change the following sentences from singular to plural:


1.

She is a good teacher.

2.

He is a Frenchman.

3.

The house is very new.

4.

The apple is red.

5.

She is a beautiful woman.

6.

It is a good film.

7.

She is my friend.

8.

The tree is very big.

9.

The teacher is at school.

10. The watch is old.

II: THERE IS / THERE ARE


A:
We use there is with singular nouns:
There is a book on the table.
There is a dog in the garden.
For negatives:
There isn't a book on the table.
There isn't a dog in the garden.
For questions:
Is there a book on the table?
Is there a dog in the garden?
We use there are with plural nouns:
There are pictures on the wall.
There are four rooms in the house.
For negatives:
There aren't pictures on the wall.
There aren't four rooms in the house.
For questions:
Are there pictures on the wall?
Are there four rooms in the house?

B:

DAYS OF THE WEEK


There are seven days in a week.
They are Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday,
Saturday and Sunday.

C:

MONTHS OF THE YEAR


There are twelve months in a year.
They are January, February, March, April, May, June, July,
August, September, October, November and December.

D:

SEASONS OF THE YEAR


There are four seasons in a year.
They are Spring, Summer, Fall (Autumn), and Winter.

E:
How many are there ?

There is one
There are .

F: Write there is / there are:


1. .. a man at the door.
2. .. two lamps in the classroom.
3. .. beautiful parks in London.
4. .. a new car outside the house.
5. .. animals at the zoo.
6. .. flowers in the vase.

7. .. children in the house.


8. .. a letter for you.
9. .. a book in my bag.
10. .. CDs on the table.

G: Complete the sentences with there is / there are/ there isn't


there aren't / is there / are there.
1. - How many students in the classroom?
- students.
2. thirty-one days in June.
3. a post office on campus?
4. a telephone in the classroom.
5. How many airports .. in Istanbul?
6. tourists in Istanbul in winter?
7. seventeen faculties at Istanbul University.
8. a Chinese restaurant in Beyazt.
9. twenty months in a year.
10. a good film on television today.
11. a telephone in my room.
12. books on the table.

H:
- There is a doctor and a nurse in Wellingbrook.
The doctor is from England.
- Where is the nurse from?
- She is from Australia.

I:
There is an apple tree and a plum tree in the school garden.
The apple tree is very old.

The articles a / an / the


A / an + singular noun:
That's a nice car.
(There are other nice cars; this is one of
them.)
the + singular / plural noun:
Where's the car?
(the = one in particular)
The caf is open all night.
(a particular caf)
We use the when there is only one:
the moon, the sun, the sky, the sea,
the weather, the earth, the capital of
Turkey, the President of the U.S.
There are no articles before names of towns,
cities or countries.

J: Write a / an/ the.


1. There is a cinema and theatre in town. cinema
is very old but .theatre is new.
2. There' s train at 5:00 and another at 5:30. 5:00
train is on platform 1, 5:30 train is on platform 2.
3. There is man and woman at the bus stop. man is
young but woman is old.

III: WHAT TIME IS IT?


A:

It is eight o'clock.

08:00 It is eight o'clock.


08:10 It is ten past eight./ It's eight ten.
08:15 It is a quarter past eight./ It is eight fifteen.
08:25 It is twenty-five past eight./It's eight twenty-five.
08:30 It is half past eight./ It's eight thirty.
08:40 It is twenty to nine. /It's eight forty.
08:45 It is a quarter to nine./ It's eight forty-five.
08:50 It is ten to nine./ It's eight fifty.
09:00 It is nine o'clock.

B: Write the time.


1. 07:00 ..

1 hour = 60 minutes

2. 09:30 ..
3. 11:25 ..
4. 12:30 ..
5. 14:40 ..
6. 15:45 ..
7. 16:00 ..

00:00-12:00 a.m
It is 6:00 a.m
12:00- 00:00 p.m.
It is 6:00 p.m (18:00)

8. 19:10 ..
9. 20:15 ..
10. 23:00 ..
11. 08:20 ..
12. 21:50 ..

C: Write the time by numbers:


1. It's ten to nine.

2. It's a quarter past eleven.

3. It's half past three.

4. It's twenty to five.

5. It's five to eight.

6. It's twelve o'clock.

7. It's a quarter to ten.

8. It's twenty-five to seven.

9. It's half past one.

10. It's eleven o'clock.

11. It's five to three.

12. It's half past seven.

D: Match the following:


1. 07:45

a. It's twenty-five past six.

2. 11:30

b. It's half past ten.

3. 15:00

c. It's a quarter to eight.

4. 18:25

d. It's a quarter past seven.

5. 22:10

e. It's half past eleven.

6. 10:30

f. It's twenty past four.

7. 19:15

g. It's a quarter past eight.

8. 20:15

h. It's twenty to six.

9. 16:20

i. It's three o' clock.

10. 17:40

j. It's ten past ten.

IV: PREPOSITIONS of PLACE


A:
WELCOME TO BUCKINGHAM PALACE
Buckingham Palace is in the center of
London. It is the home of Queen Elizabeth II and it
is 300 years old.
Buckingham Palace is very big. There is a police station, two post
offices, a hospital, a bar, two sports clubs, a disco, a cinema, and a
swimming pool. There are 600 rooms and three miles of red carpet.
There are 300 clocks and about 700 workers in the Palace.
adapted from Headway Elementary, OUP.

in the center of London


in Buckingham Palace

B:
at the bus stop, at the cinema,
on the table, on the walls,
in the box, in the garden, in the car,

in a car, on a bus, on a train

C:

supermarket
bank

cinema

The cinema is next to the supermarket.


The supermarket is between the cinema and the bank.

D:

car park
cinema
The cinema is in front of the car park.
The car park is behind the cinema.

E:
The box is under the table.

F:
To

from

to work, to school,

from work, from school,

I go to work at nine o'clock.


I come from work at seven o'clock.

G:
Post office

Bank
The bank is opposite the post office.
The post office is opposite the bank.

H:

X
X is above the box. Y is below the box.

Y
I:
Supermarket
Bank

Post office

The bank is on the left of the supermarket.


The post office is on the right of the supermarket.

J: Complete the following with on/ at/ in/ to/ from/ between/
next to/ under.
1. Joe is the post office.
2. Dora is Manchester.
3. Are the books the shelves?
4. The example is the blackboard.

5. Rome is Italy.
6. There is a table the garden.
7. There are lovely paintings walls.
8. There are extra chairs the kitchen.
9. I go work early every morning.
10. Breakfast is the table.
11. The French Cultural Centre is Beyolu.
12. ule sits Nihal and Can.
13. The teacher's desk is the window.
14. Be careful. There 's a cat the table.
15. My seat is the door.
16. Is John home?
17. My penfriend is a student Harvard University.
18. London is the River Thames.
19. Is she school or the house?
20. There are beautiful trees the park.

K:

Dear Penfriend,
Thank you for your nice letter. How are you?
I feel fine because today is Friday and it's my
favourite day! What is your favourite day?
I'm in my new room now. It is small but very pretty. There is a bed, a table,
a chair, a wardrobe and an armchair. The armchair is next to the window
and opposite the bed. There are bookshelves and pictures on the walls.
There is a computer and books on the table. There are also flowers in a
vase. There isn't a telephone in my room, but it's OK.
Please write to me about your class and school.
Take care,
Tom,
Reply to Tom's letter:

Dear Tom,

I: HAVE GOT / HAS GOT


A:
These are Sam and his girlfriend Susan.
They are in love!
Sam is a student at university and Susan is a
secretary. She has got brown hair and brown
eyes. Sam has got brown hair and brown eyes,
too. Susan is tall and she has got big hands
and big feet. Sam is not very tall but he has
got big hands and big feet, too.
Sam is not very rich. He hasn't got a car or money, but it's OK. He has got
Susan!

B:
Sam has got a crowded family: a grandmother, mother, father, two
sisters and a brother. He has also got a cat. His sisters' names are Jill and
Jane. His brother's name is Steve. Polka is the name of his cat.

C:
Have you got brothers and sisters?
Yes, I have. I have got one brother and one sister.
What are their names?
My brother's name is Ozan and my sister's name is Ezgi.

Have you got brothers and sisters?


.

D:

Have you got pets at home?


Yes, I have. I've got a dog and a bird.
What are their names?
The dog's name is Zeus and the bird's name is Chick.

Have you got pets at home?


.
We use have got / has got to talk about:
Possessions: I have got a new car.
Physical characteristics: He has got blue eyes.
Illnesses: I have got a cold. She has got a headache.

Positive
Statements

Negative
Satements

Question
Forms

I
You
He / She /It
We
You
They

have got
have got
has got
have got
have got
have got

I
You
He / She / It
We
You
They

have not (haven't) got


have not (haven't) got
has not (hasn't) got
have not (haven't) got
have not (haven't) got
have not (haven't) got

Have I got ?
Have you got ?
Has he / she / it got ?
Have we got ?
Have you got ?
Have they got ?

E: Write sentences using the correct form of have got / has got.
1. Sam /-/ a car, money, a cell phone
/+/ a girlfriend

2. Fred /+/ a CD player, CDs


/-/ a computer, a camera

3. I /+/ a new dress and a new jacket


/-/ new shoes

4. The students /+/ books and notebooks


/-/ a teacher

5. Jude /+/ a good job and good friends


/-/ a family

F: Write sentences for the following using hasn't got.


Example: *homeless A homeless person hasn't got a home.
1. bald ..
2. unemployed ..
3. lonely

4. toothless .
5. starving ...
taken from How English Works, Swan and Walter, OUP: 1997.

G: True or False?
1. Kangaroos have got long back legs.
2. Italy has got a cold climate.
3. A car has got four wheels.
4. Babies have got no teeth.
5. The film Lord of the Rings has got twenty Oscars.
6. Tea has got caffeine in it.
7. Jupiter has got one moon.
8. Everybody has got a name.
9. France has got a queen.
10. You have got a cat.

II: POSSESSIVES
A:
This is my friend Isabel. She is from Spain.
She is a teacher at Cervantes Language School in
Istanbul. Isabel's family is in Madrid but she is very
happy here because Istanbul is her favourite city.

POSSESSIVE
ADJECTIVES
I
my
You
your
He
his
She
her
It
its
We
our
You
your
They
their

POSSESSIVE WITH 'S


We use 's after a singular noun or
name:
Helen's bag
With plural nouns ending in s, we
add ':
The students' books
With plural nouns not ending in s,
we add 's:
Children's toys

B: Write my / your / his / her / its / our / their.


1. Mr. Baker is in office.
2. I haven't got passport with me.
3. My mother is at the cinema with friends.
4. What's favourite radio station?
5. Esen and I are classmates. teacher's name is Mrs. Paine.
6. The cat is in basket.
7. The children are with grandmother.
8. Sam and Susan haven't got umbrellas.
9. I have got own telephone in room.
10. Jamie has got a new car. This is key.
11. My sister has got everything in bag.
12. Mr. and Mrs. Curtis are at summer house.
13. Princess is a new film. poster is all around the city.
14. My husband loves rock'n roll. Elvis Presley is favourite
singer.

C: Put the apostrophe (') in the correct place in the following


sentences.
1. Those are Jim and Helens children.
2. Are the girls bags in the car?
3. Manuels favourite team is Real Madrid.
4. That is my mothers dress.
5. Where are the childrens toys?
6. Our cats names are Black and White.
7. Dr. MacGuires secretary is Japanese.
8. The boys bicycles are outside the house.

D: Look at the family tree and complete the sentences.


Karen = David
Jack = Lucy
Paul

Billy = Diane

Carol

Ken

Karen and David are married. They have got two children: a daughter
and a son. Their daughter's name is Lucy and their son's name is Billy.
1. David is husband.
2. Lucy is .wife.
3. Karen and David are parents.
4. Jack and Lucy have got and .
5. Paul is Carol's .
6. Carol is Paul's .
7. Paul and Carol are cousins.
8. Karen is Ken's .

E:
Whose book is this?
It is Cem's book.

Whose book is this? /


Whose is this book?
Whose books are these? /
Whose are these books?

F:
Is this your key?
No, it isn't.
Whose key is it?
I don't know.

G:
Are these your CDs?
No, they aren't. I think, they are Jim's CDs.

H: Complete the following sentences:


1. - Whose this bag?
- is Sue's bag.
2. - Are these your tickets?
- Yes, they are tickets.
3. - Is this your pen?
- No, it .
- Whose ?
- I think it .
I: Put the words in the correct order.
1. my / I / got / own / have / room.
2. Nil / friend / best / is / my.
3. is / name / baby / what / 's / the ?
4. daughter / 's / an / Laura / engineer / is.
5.

that / John's / umbrella / is?

6. favourite / London / my / is / city.


7. toys / are / children / where / 's / the ?
8. problem / is / very / Istanbul / important / 's / traffic.
9. that / is / book / your ?
10. lawyers / friend / my / 's / parents / are.
11. sister / autumn / is / favourite / my / season / 's.
12. you / have / what / bag / your / in / got ?

III: COLOURS
A:

Red

Blue

Black

Pink

Green

White

Yellow

Orange

Brown

Gray

What colour is ?
It is .
What colour are ?
They are .

B:
What colour is your mother's hair?
It is brown.
What colour are her eyes?
They are brown, too.

C:
What colour is the Turkish flag?
It is red and white.

D:
What colour is your new dress?
It is black.
Are your shoes black, too?
Yes, they are.

E:
What is your favourite colour?
I have got two favourite colours: red and yellow. I am a GS fan!

IV: CLOTHES
A:

t-shirt

coat

skirt

dress

sweater

trousers

hat

belt

jacket

suit

bathing suit
(swimsuit)

shirt

jeans

blouse

cardigan

shorts

socks

gloves

pyjamas

cap

B:
What colour is the dress?
It is red.
What colour are the trousers?

Trousers, jeans and shorts


are plural nouns:
My jeans are new.

They are blue.

C:
What colour is your school uniform?
It is dark blue skirt and white shirt for girls and gray
trousers and blue shirt for boys.

D:
Her blouse has got all the colours of the rainbow.
What are they?

- They are
..
E:

Dear Penfriend,
Hi! How are you? I'm fine and hope you are fine, too.
Guess what? My sister is here with me! She is here
for ten days! My sister is a doctor. She is here for an
international conference. By the way, her name is Louise. I have got another sister.
Her name is Laura and she is married.. She and her husband are in France because
her husband is French. His name is Pierre. They have got a daughter. She is only a
baby and her name is Nicole. She is very pretty with blonde hair and blue eyes.
Have you got brothers and sisters? Please write to me and tell me about your
family.
Take care,
Tom

Reply to Tom's letter:

Dear Tom,

I: PRESENT SIMPLE
A:
James is a TV reporter. He lives in Boston.
Everyday he gets up very early in the morning, has a quick
breakfast and then goes to work by train. His office is in
Arcon TV & Radio building in the center of the city. He
arrives at his office around half past eight. He takes his program for the day
and starts work. He usually leaves his office at seven o'clock but sometimes
his work does not finish so he stays late. He likes his job very much
because he meets different people.

B:
Christine is a dancer. She works with the Modern
Dance Company in London. She lives with her sister.
Everyday, she gets up at six and goes jogging. Then, she
takes a shower, has breakfast and leaves for work. She
walks to the Company building. She usually starts her
practice at nine o'clock. She stops for a quick lunch and then continues
until five.
Christine and her friends perform on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.
She likes her job.

C:
Mr. Curtis is a doctor. He works at HEALTH Clinic in
Chicago. Everyday, he gets up at six o'clock and has breakfast.
He reads the newspapers very quickly and then he cycles to
work. He gets to the clinic in twenty minutes. He starts work at
eight. At noon, he has a quick lunch and continues to work
until five o'clock. Sometimes he works until very late hours. But that's not
a problem for him because he has got his own room in the clinic, so he
sleeps there.
We use the PRESENT SIMPLE for:
Permanent truths or facts:
Water freezes at 0C.
Habits and general truths:
He smokes.
English people drink a lot of tea.
Mental states:
I hope you are fine.
She doesn't know.

Positive Statements
I
You
We
You
They
He
She
It
I
You
We
You
They

Negative Statements

work

I
You
We
You
They

works

He
She
It

do not work
(don't) work

does not work


(doesn't) work

QUESTION FORMS
Do ?

He
She
It

Does ?

When the verb ends in consonant+y, we change the -y to ies:


I cry / she cries
When the verb ends in -ss/-ch/-sh/-x, we add -e before s:
I watch TV / he watches TV
When the verb ends in -o, we add -e before the s:
I do my homework / she does her homework

D:
What do you do?
I'm a student at Istanbul University.
What do you study?

I study mathematics.
Do you like it?
Yes, I like it very much. I like working with numbers.

E:
Have you got brothers and sisters?
Yes, I' ve got a brother. His name is Richard.
What does he do?
He is a guitar player.
Oh! That's interesting. Does he play for a band?
Yes, he does. He plays with Bandana.

F:
Do you watch TV everyday?
No, I don't. I read books and listen to music in the evenings.
But my mother watches all the programs!

G:
Where in Istanbul do you live?
I live on the Anatolian side.
Do you work there, too?
No, I don't. I work on the European side.
How do you go to work?
I take the boat.

H:
Do you live in a house or a flat?
I live in an old house in Balat.
Oh! That's interesting.

I:
Do you have breakfast every morning?
Oh, yes. I never leave the house without breakfast.
What do you have for breakfast?
I have a sandwich and a cup of tea.

J:
What time do you leave your house every morning?
At half past seven.
Oh, that's early! How do you go to work?
Usually by bus. I sometimes walk.

K:
What do you do in your free time?
I go out with my friends.
Where do you go?
We go to the beach in summer. In winter, we go to the cinema.

L:
What do you do at the weekends?
I work in my garden, wash the car and take my dog for a walk.
Oh, you have got a dog! What is its name?
Its name is Goldie.

M:
Do you like your job?
No, I don't. I start work at half past eight and finish at
half past seven. There isn't time for tea or coffee!

Ask your friend and write down the answers.


What do you do ?
Where do you live?
What time do you get up every morning?
Do you have breakfast every morning?
What time do you leave your house?
What do you do in your free time?
By
By
By
By
How do you go to work?

bus
car
boat
train

I take the bus.


I take the boat.
I take the train.
I walk./ I go on foot.

What time do you?

At seven o'clock.
Around seven o'clock.

N: Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verbs:


I

He

get up
leave

arrives
work

study

teach

starts
finish

go

read

watch

takes
like

sit

sleep

speak

swim

think

understand ..

She

come
cut

drink
drive
eat
give

know
learn
make

run
say
see
sell
send
write
tell

does

has

meets

O: Write the correct form of the verb.


1. We (read) the newspaper in class every day.
2. My sister (go) to school by bus.
3. John (work) very hard.
4. My parents (play) tennis on Sundays.
5. French people (drink) a lot of coffee.

6. I (speak) two foreign languages: English and


Italian.
7. Mr. Jones (teach) Mathematics.
8. We (go) to the cinema every Saturday.
9. Ali always (sit) at this desk.
10. My sisters (watch) TV every night.

P: Choose the correct verb form.


1. Caroline have / has breakfast at eight every morning.
2. How do / does Jim go to work?
3. Kimberly does not have / has lunch.
4. Julia work / works in the center of London.
5. What do / does your mother do?

Q: Write the questions for these answers.


1. ?
She is a secretary.
2. ?
No, she doesn't. She lives in New York.
3. ?
At half past seven every day.
4. ?
No, she doesn't. She takes the bus.
5. ?
She starts work at nine.
6. ?
Yes, she does. She always has breakfast in the
morning.

R: Make sentences or questions with the given words. Make necessary


changes and add necessary words.
1. Peggy / like / New York?
.
2. We / not / live / in / flat.
.
3. Train / arrive / Ankara / 6:00.
.
4. She / not work / this company.
.
5. Students / know / answers?
.
6. Spain / people / have / dinner / late / evening.
.

S: Write the negative form of the sentences.


1. I play the guitar and the violin.
.
2. My brother works very hard.
.
3. Selin has breakfast every morning.
.
4. Birsen visits her grandmother every Sunday.
.
5. Our neighbour washes his car at the weekends.
.
6. I like films and I go to the cinema every week.
.
7. They sell newspapers at the school cafeteria.
.

8. We watch a video film in class every week.


.

II: ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY


A:
I am a swimmer. I never smoke and I
never eat junk food. I sometimes drink tea or
coffee. I always drink water. I usually get up
very early and go jogging. I always have my breakfast. I never go to bed late.
I have a very healthy life!
never
0%

sometimes

I
You
We
They
He / She / It always

often

usually

never
sometimes
often
usually

B:
Do you always go to work by bus?
No, I don't. I sometimes take the train.

always
100%

smoke

smokes

C:
I always read The Times. What newspaper do you always
read?
I never read newspapers.

D:
-

Do you like classical music?


Oh, yes. I usually go to classical music concerts at AKM.
How often do you go to those concerts?
Every Saturday.

do
How often
does

I
you
we
you
they

watch TV?

he
she
it

How often do you watch TV?


Every day/ evening /night
At / on the weekends
Once (one time) a week,
Twice (two times) a week,
Three days a week,

E:
How often do you have a haircut?
Once a month.

F:
How often do you go shopping?
Twice a year. The stores have their sales twice a year!

G:
How often do you go on holiday?
I'm a teacher, so I go on holiday twice a year: one in summer, the
other in winter.

H:
Do you like football?
I love it! I always go to football games.
How often ?
Every weekend, if my team is in town.

III: LIKES AND DISLIKES


A:
Shirley Gibbs is an unusual pop star. She doesn't
like staying out late at night, going to parties and
discos. She likes going to bed early and reading an
interesting book. In the morning, after a quick
breakfast she likes jogging in the park. In the
afternoons, Shirley loves playing tennis with some of
her friends or enjoys sitting by the swimming pool at the tennis club,
chatting and relaxing.
For eight months a year, she makes records and goes on concert tours. In
the other four months, she leads a quiet life.

LIKES
enjoy
like
love

DISLIKES
dislike
(not like)
hate

V+ing

I enjoy learning English.


She likes sending e-mails.
He likes getting postcards.
They love watching TV.

V+ing

I dislike gossipping.
She doesn't like driving.
He hates taking exams.
We hate being late.

B: Complete the following sentences with suitable verbs.


1. My mother loves to music.
2. He likes to our house.
3. Do you like in a pool?
4. I hate letters.
5. Lucy dislikes in an office.
6. Students like in the library.
7. My roommate hates . the dishes.
8. Taxi drivers like long distances.

C: Read the table below. Then write sentences with and / but / or.
washing up

tidying

cooking

Aysel

yes

yes

no

Suna

yes

no

yes

Canan

no

no

yes

D: Complete the following sentences.


1. Everybody in my family hates
2. University students enjoy
3. Teachers dislike ..
4. Turkish football players enjoy
5. Children love
6. My mother likes ..
7. Superman enjoys ...
8. Grandparents love .
9. Japanese people enjoy
10. Sisters like .
11. Film stars dislike ..
12. Birds enjoy .
13. Tourists love
14. Paparazzi enjoy .
15. Poets love .

IV: PREPOSITIONS of TIME


A:
IN
the morning
the afternoon
the evening

ON
days (Monday, Tuesday, )
Christmas
birthdays
the weekend
specific date (May 12, 1990)

AT
meals (breakfast, lunch, dinner)
night
midnight
the weekend
specific time (19:00, 14:30)

B: Revision: Write to / by / in / at /on.


My name is Trevor Simms and I live Birmingham. I'm a
student the University of Birmingham. I live a flat. I get up
8:00 the morning and usually go school bus. Wednesday
mornings I get up late

because I don't go school. I stay home and read books and


listen music.
the weekends, I usually stay home and study.
Saturday mornings I have a big breakfast 11:00. After breakfast, I
like going out with my friends. We sometimes go a caf or the
cinema. We always eat out Saturday evenings. Sunday
mornings, I get up 10 o'clock and go jogging in the park. After
that, I go out with my friends for brunch. I come back home late
the afternoon and watch TV. I really enjoy the weekends!

C: Write at / by / in / on / to.
1. The bus arrives the bus station 7:00.
2. Do you stay a hotel or with friends holiday?
3. My sister usually goes work boat.
4. Is your father home?
5. Do you listen reggae music?
6. Children get presents New Year's Day.
7. We often go skiing winter.
8. I always visit my grandmother her birthday.
9. My parents don't go out the evenings.
10. I always drink a cup of tea breakfast.
11. I usually stay bed Sunday mornings.
12. the evenings we often listen classical music.
13. Ms. Taylor works a girls' school Spain.
14. I do waterskiing summer.
15. What do you do your free time?
16. We go Yalova ferry.
17. My husband arrives work 9:00 a.m.

18. My cousins live a small village Marmaris.


19. I'm not holiday; I'm work.
20. We go the Mexican Restaurant once a month.

D: Ask your friend what he/she does at these times of the day.
at 7:30?
at the weekend?
on his / her birthday?
at 21:30?
On Sunday mornings?
in the evenings?

F:

Dear Penfriend,
Hello again! I hope everything is fine there.
It's great here! My life runs on a nice routine.
Everyday I get up at seven and go jogging. There's a
beautiful park here. I see many people jogging there every morning. Then, I have my
breakfast. I always have cheese on toast and a cup of tea. I sometimes add milk in
my tea. Do Turkish people like tea?
School starts at 9:00 so I take the bus at 8:30. At 13:00 I have lunch. Lessons are
over at 16:00. Then I'm free. I sometimes go to the library

for research. I always have dinner at the school cafeteria around 19:00. Then I take
the 19:45 bus back.
I read and study but I don't stay up late. I like going to sleep early.
At weekends, my friends and I go to the cinema or a pub. There are very nice
student pubs here. It's fun!
I have got good friends. My best friend is Trevor. He is Scottish. He is tall with
brown hair and green eyes. He plays football in the school team. Trevor and I often
go to football games at the weekends.
Please write to me about your life. What do you do in your free time?
Take care,
Tom
Reply to Tom's letter:

Dear Tom,

I: COUNTABLE and UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS


A:
Hi! I'm Sonia Allen. I'm an architect. I live in
a flat in Paris. I'm not married and I live
alone. Today is my shopping day. I always
make a list before I leave for the supermarket.
Here's my list today:

Potatoes

Cheese

Butter

Fish

Meat

Mushrooms

Cherries

Macaroni

Bread

Onions

Strawberries

Oranges

B: (After shopping)
OK. What do I have here? I have some potatoes,
onions, mushrooms, cherries, strawberries and
oranges in this bag. In the other bag, I have
butter, cheese, bread and macaroni. And in
this bag, I have meat and fish. All right, I have
got all the things on my list!

Sonia
COUNTABLE NOUNS

UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

Countable nouns have


singular and plural forms
an apple -- apples
a potato -- potatoes

Uncountable nouns do not


have plural forms:
bread
meat

carrot, banana, apple, plum,


plate, fork, spoon, knife,
bottle, biscuit, mushroom,
onion,
chair, table, student, book,
film, lesson, car, flower,

yoghurt, macaroni, butter,


cheese, sugar, rice, flour,
salt, water, milk, coke,
orange juice, tea, coffee,
money, time, furniture,
hair, air, oil,

C: Write C (Countable) or U (Uncountable).


1. cassette

6. honey

11. child

2. shoe

7. bag

12. cat

3. soup

8. coat

13. toast

4. pen

9. job

14. shampoo

5. homework

10. spaghetti

15. toothpaste

D:
Do you like drinking milk?
Oh, I love it! I drink a litre of milk every day. And you?
I hate milk. I love drinking tea. I drink five cups of tea every day.

Counting the Uncountables


We can count the uncountables by:
The number of litres/ kilos
a litre of milk, 500 grams of flour,
The containers
a bottle of orange juice / a can of Coke / a jar of honey, a
cup of coffee, a glass of water,
The whole item
A loaf of bread, a bar of chocolate, a bar of soap,
The pieces
a slice of bread / a piece of cake,

E:
What do you have on your shopping list today?
Oh, I have a lot of things. A bottle of shampoo, a bar of soap, a
tube of toothpaste, two cartons of milk, two loaves of bread, two
kilos of potatoes and a kilo of apples.

F:
- You look tired. Would you like to have a cup of coffee?
Oh, yes!
With or without milk?
With milk, please.
Would you like a piece of strawberry cake with it?
I certainly would!
Offers:

Would you like to have ?

G:
I'm hungry.
Would you like some biscuits?
No, thanks. I would like a big hamburger, some potato chips and
a can of Coke.
Now, I'm hungry, too!

H:
It's very hot!
Would you like some ice tea?
That's a good idea!

We use a / an with:
singular countable nouns: a hamburger, a cup of coffee,

We use some with:


plural countable nouns: some potato chips, some
biscuits,
uncountable nouns: some ice tea, some coffee,
Would you like ? questions: Would you like to have
some bread and cheese?

I:
Would you like some yoghurt?
Yes, I would. But there isn't any in the fridge.
That's bad!

J:
Are there any foreign students in your class?
No, there aren't any in my class. But, there are two Japanese
students in the other class.

K:
Here is a photo of my new flat.
It's nice but I don't see any furniture here.
I know. I don't have any money- that's the problem!
We use any for:
Plural countable nouns in negative and question forms:
I haven't got any brothers.
Have you got any good friends?
Uncountable nouns in negative and question forms:
There isn't any bread.
Have you got any money?

L: Complete the following sentences with a / an / any / some.


1. Is there post office near here?
2. There 's cheese in the fridge.
3. Do you know good hotels in Marmaris?
4. Here's money for your shopping.
5. There aren't seats available at the cinema.
6. We need orange juice for breakfast.
7. I'd like mayonnaise with my potato chips, please.
8. There aren't letters for you today.

9. To make a cake, you need eggs, flour, butter and


sugar.
10. Tim never gives his wife money.

M: Change the following sentences from positive to negative.


1. We have some good neighbours.
.
2. There are some very good films on TV nowadays.
.
3. There is some coffee in the cup.
.
4. There is some old furniture in my grandmother's house.
.
5. There are some beautiful flowers in the Botanical Park.
.
6. There are some men at the door.
.

N: Make sentences with the given words. Make changes and additions if
necessary.
1. near / there / not be / swimming / here / pool.
.
2. The / on / walls / posters / there / be.
.
3. Any / there / bookshelves / room / in / your / are?
.
4. Do not / to / TV / I / have / watch / time / any.
.

5. Chairs / are / in / there / room / extra / the / some / other.


.

O:
You have got a heavy bag. What do you have in it?
Many things! I have got my purse, a small notebook, two pens,
some photos of my family, a book to read on the bus,
and my eye glasses!

What have you got in your bag?

...
P: Read the following sentences. Put ( ) if the sentence is correct.
If there is a mistake, rewrite the sentence.
1. I would like some soup, please.
2. I usually have two cup of tea in the morning.
3. There aren't some forks and knives on the table.
4. My sister always drinks a milk in the evenings.
5. I haven't got any e-mail today.
6.

Are there any furniture in your new house?

7. I would like two tickets for the basketball game.


8. There are some books under the table.

Q: Answer the following questions.


1. Are there any students from Adana in your class?
.

2. Have you got any photos of your family with you?


.
3. Would you like to drink something?
.
4. Are there any potato chips at the school canteen?
.
5. Has your teacher got any brothers and sisters?
.
6. Have you got any new books?
.
7. Do you keep any pieces of paper in your book?
.
8. Do you eat anything on the street?
.
9. Do you read on the bus?
.
10. Have you got any friends abroad?
.
11. Are there any computers in the classroom?
.
12. Is there an English dictionary in your bag?
.
13. Are there any English books at the Old Books Bazaar?
.
14. Are there any post offices on campus?
.
15. Is there a cinema near your house?
.

II: EXPRESSING QUANTITY


A:
Turkish people love drinking tea. They
drink tea to wake up in the morning, to have a
nice chat with friends, to keep warm in winter
and to keep awake in the evenings. That's a lot
of tea!
An average Turkish person drinks two cups of tea every day. But
people have different preferences. Some people drink it dark,
some people drink it mild. Some people add sugar in it, some
people don't. Some people add pieces of lemon. When you go to a
caf and ask for tea, always tell your preference to the waiter.
There are many "tea-houses" in Istanbul. They have got many
different kinds of tea: Earl Grey, English Breakfast, Ceylon,
Turkish Tomurcuk, etc. Normally, a cup of tea doesn't cost much,
so it is a very pleasant way of relaxing and socializing.

B:
Do you like drinking tea?
Oh, I love it!
How much tea do you drink in a day?
I think four or five cups a day.
Is that much?
I think so.

C:
How many tea-houses are there in Istanbul?
I don't know exactly. But, I think there are a lot of them.
I think so, too.

D:
Would you like some tea?
No, thanks. It is very hot and I don't want to drink hot
beverages. But ice tea is a brilliant idea!

PLURAL COUNTABLE NOUNS


Positive statements

I have got

a few
some
a lot of

cassettes.

Negative statements

I haven't got

any
many

cassettes.

any
many

cassettes?

Question form

Have you got

UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS
Positive Statements

I've got

a little
some
a lot of

free time.

Negative Statements

I haven't got

any
much

free time.

any
much

free time?

Question Form

Have you got

D: Complete the sentences with much / many.


1. There aren't factories in this area

of Istanbul.

2. She doesn't spend time at school.


3. There isn't snow in zmir.
4. How desks are there in your classroom?
5. There aren't tourists in Turkey this year.
7. Have you got work to do?
8. I don't know people here.
9. How time do the students need?
10.Does he smoke cigarettes?
10. How children have they got?
11. I don't have homework tonight.
12. Do you write letters to your friends?

E: Complete the sentences with a few / a little.


1. There is snow in Istanbul today, so there are
people on the streets.
2. - Would you like some sugar in your tea?
- please.
3. I give my plants water every day.
4. There are problems with my new car.
5. There is cheese in this sandwich.
6. I have questions for the teacher.
7. She has time to finish her homework.
8. He has got money to spend.
9. The students make grammar mistakes in English.
10. There are good films on TV today.
11. My mother has high cholesterol, so she eats meat.
12. There are trousers in my wardrobe.
13. He eats chocolate after he drinks his coffee.
14. I have books to return to the library.

F: Make sentences with the given words.


1. got / brothers / sisters / you / how / and / have / many ?

2. in / days / many / week / a / how / there / are ?

3. milk / much / drink / do / a / you /how /in /day?

4. cinemas / there / in / are / Beyoglu / many / how?

5. you / exams / do / in / many / take / semester /how / a?

G: Answer the following questions.


1. How many languages does your teacher speak?

2. How much rice do the Chinese people eat?

3. How many pages does this book have?

4. How many books do you read every year?

5. How many hours of English do you have in a week?

6. How many MPs are there in the Turkish Parliament?

7. How much water do you drink in a day?

8. How much snow is there on Mount Everest?

9. How many books do you carry to school every day?

10. How many basketball players are there in a team?

H:

Dear penfriend,
It is nice to hear from you again. Thank you for the
letter. I'm sorry my reply is late. I have a lot of work
these days. I have got a part-time job at the school
library! I help the librarian three afternoons in a week.
There are a lot of books, magazines, cassettes and CDs in our library. I put the
books back on the shelves. It's a lot of work really, but I don't have any problems.
I see some very interesting books and read a few pages. Sometimes, I find books for
my own lessons. Then, it's really helpful.
Do you like reading? Has your school got a library? How much time do you spend
there? Are there part-time jobs for students in your country? Please write to me and
tell me all.
Take care,
Tom

Reply to Tom's letter

Dear Tom,

UNIT 1:
basketball player
car
carpet
city
classmate
computer
cook
country
dentist
doctor
famous
football player
friend
good afternoon
good bye
good evening
good morning
good night
hello
hi
housemate
island
name
nationality
novel
number
secretary
student
teacher
tower
town
university

UNIT 2:

animal
apple

baby
banana
bird
book
bookshelf
boy
brush
bus
chair
child
cup
day
desk
dictionary
dog
egg
envelope
fall
family
flower
foot
garden
garden
hospital
house
ice cream
kitchen
lamp
letter
man
month
pen
pencil
picture
post office
postcard
restaurant
room
season
seat

spring
summer
swimming pool
table
time
tooth
tourist
tree
wall
watch
window
winter
woman

UNIT 3:
belt
big
black
blonde
blouse
blue
brother
brown
camera
cardigan
cat
cell phone
coat
cold
colour
cousin
crowded
daughter
dress
engineer
eye
father
favourite
flag
girlfriend

gloves
grandfather
grandmother
gray
green
hair
hand
happy
hat
headache
home
homeless
husband
important
jacket
jacket
jeans
job
key
language
married
money
mother
notebook
office
orange
parents
passport
pet
pink
pretty
radio station
rainbow
red
rich
school uniform
shirt
shoes
sister
skirt

socks
son
suit
sweater
tall
team
ticket
toy
trousers
t-shirt
umbrella
unemployed
white
wife
yellow

UNIT 4:

always
arrive
beach
boat
breakfast
building
by
chat
coffee
come
concert
continue
cost
dancer
different
dinner
dislike
do
drink
drive
early
eat
enjoy

every
finish
flat
free time
get up
give
go
go out
guitar player
have
hate
healthy
holiday
interesting
jogging
junk food
know
late
learn
leave
like
listen
live
lunch
make
meet
neighbour
never
newspaper
often
old
on foot
once
people
perform
play
practice
quick
read
relax

reporter
run
sandwich
say
school
see
sell
send
shopping
shower
sit
sleep
smoke
sometimes
speak
start
stay
store
study
swim
take
tea
teach
tell
tidy
train
twice
understand
until
unusual
usually
walk
wash
watch
water
weekend
without
work
work
write

UNIT 5:
alone
architect
average
bar
biscuit
bottle
bread
butter
cake
can
carrot
cheese
cherry
coke
dark
fish
flour
fork
fridge
furniture
glass
helpful
homework
honey
hungry
jar
keep awake
kilo
librarian
library
list
loaf
macaroni
meat
mild
milk
mushroom
oil

onion
orange
orange juice
part-time
piece
plate
pleasant
potato chips
potatoes
preference
rice
salt
shampoo
slice
soup
spaghetti
spoon
strawberry
sugar
thirsty
tired
toast
toothpaste
tube
wake up
yoghurt