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Test questions and answers

question 1
Who carries out the analysis of the possible dangers and risks of the proposed facility ?
answer:
Section 1.2.14 . [1 ] In the development of project documentation for the construction of wells , construction and
development of oil and gas exploration project organization should carry out a risk analysis and risk facilities
designed in accordance with the Russian State Technical Supervision .
question 2
How is the training of workers in the field of industrial safety ?
answer:
Section 1.7.5 . [1 ] The preparation and certification in the field of industrial safety major workers is carried out in
accordance with the Russian State Technical Supervision .
question 3
What needs to be set in the workplace, where possible harmful effects on human and ( or) hazardous working
environments ?
answer:
Section 1.4.11 . [1 ] In the workplace , as well as in all areas of hazardous production facilities , where possible
harmful effects on human and ( or) safety hazards should be warning signs and labels.
question 4
Specify the height of the railing , which are equipped FLOATING ?
answer:
Section 1.4.16 . [1 ] Open staircases shall have a slope of 60 (y tanks - no more than 50 ), the width of stairways
shall be not less than 65 cm, the stairs to carry heavy loads - at least 1 m distance between the stages of adjustment
should not be more than 25 cm steps should be sloped inward 2-5 .
Both sides must have the stage side bars or side plate having a minimum height of 15 cm, eliminating the possibility
of slippage of human legs . Ladders shall be equipped with handrails on both sides height of 1 m
question 5
Which of the above conditions is not necessary for the admission of the worker to work independently ?
answer:
Section 1.7.6 . [1 ] To work at hazardous production facilities allowed workers after learning safe methods of work ,
training in the workplace, testing the knowledge and practical skills , briefing on safety in the workplace and in the
presence of identity , eligibility for admission to a certain type of work.
Term internship established by the employer , but may not be less than two weeks.
question 6
What parameters should match the working platforms which are located on the thickness of boards , railing height ,
distance between the longitudinal bars and railing height of the lower side ?
answer:
Section 1.4.18 . [1 ] working platform at the height of laminate should be made of a metal sheet with a surface
excluding the possibility of sliding or boards with a minimum thickness of 40 mm and from a height of 0.75 m , height
1.25 m rails with longitudinal bars disposed at a distance of no more than 40 inches apart , and the board with a
minimum height of 15 cm, forming a flooring clearance of more than 1 cm to drain the fluid.
question 7
What information must be indicated on the load mechanism ?
answer:
Section 1.5.5 . [1 ] used at hazardous production facilities lifting tech devices in prominent places should be clearly
marked capacity and the date of the next technical inspection . On vessels operating under pressure , steam boilers
should be designated permitted pressure , the date of the next technical inspection and registration number .
question 8
How often is the test of knowledge of safe operation of the workers ?
answer:
1.7.3 . [1 ] All employees of the organization , including their managers must be trained in the field of industrial
safety and knowledge tests . Test your knowledge of the workers should be held annually, with managers and
professionals - at least once every three years.
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question 9

How tall mesh fence with moving parts ?


answer:
Section 1.4.24 . [1 ] The height of a mesh fence moving parts of equipment shall not be less than 1.8 meters in height
Mechanisms of less than 1.8 m shield completely. Mesh size of nets shall not exceed 30x30 mm . Mesh fence should
have a metal frame ( frame ) .
question 10
What documents establishes maximum safe operating parameters of pumps for pumping of flammable and
combustible liquids ?
answer:
Section 1.5.20 . [1 ] The pumps used for pumping flammable or combustible liquids shall be equipped with a means
of warning on violations of operating parameters that affect security . Limit values for the parameters of safe
operation should be established production schedules and instructions of the equipment.
question 11
Which document provides operational personnel actions for the prevention of accidents at hazardous facilities ?
answer:
Section 1.2.5 . [1 ] For all the hazardous production facilities need to be worked out measures for containment and
mitigation of accidents . In the emergency response plans (PLA ) , which are developed in accordance with the
recommendations (Annex 5) and should include :
operational personnel actions for the prevention and containment of accidents;
ways and methods of elimination of accidents and their consequences;
procedure to eliminate ( minimize) the possibility of fires and explosions , reduce the severity of the possible
consequences of accidents;
evacuation of people not involved in the liquidation of the accident, from the danger zone.
question 12
How is an industrial safety declaration designed object ?
answer:
Section 1.2.11 . [1 ] Declaration of industrial safety of the proposed facility is developed as part of project
documentation.
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question 13
What document is attached to the actual location of underground utilities companies ( cable lines, oil and gas ) ?
answer:
Section 1.4.5 . [1 ] In companies that have underground utilities ( cable lines , and oil and gas pipelines , etc. ) must
be approved by the executive management of the organization scheme of the actual location of these
communications. Deviation of the actual location of the communication of the project should be agreed with the
developer .
question 14
Who establishes the criteria for the decommissioning of equipment ?
answer:
Section 1.5.26 . [1 ] The decision to withdraw from the operation of the equipment , tools, test equipment should be
made taking into account the parameters of the physical wear and tear , corrosion, or the results of inspection. The
criteria for the decommissioning of the organization are defined by the developer or by the manufacturer and are
included in the instruction manual .
question 15
What must be submitted for each type of explosion-proof electrical equipment of foreign manufacture of its
conformity to the relevant requirements of the Russian Federation in terms of its operation in hazardous areas ?
answer:
1.6.2.4. [1 ] For each type of explosion-proof electrical equipment of foreign manufacture must be submitted
certificate ( certificate ) of the Russian test of his organization acting in accordance with regulations of the Russian
Federation in terms of its operation in hazardous areas . The use of such equipment must have permission
Gosgortechnadzor Russia .
uestion 16
What is the minimum working height at which the object is equipped with a stair railing ?
answer:

Section 1.4.15 . [1 ] The objects for the service that you want to rise to the height of the working up to 0.75 m,
equipped with steps and a height of 0.75 m above - stairs with railings . In places where people pass over the pipes
located at a height of 0.25 m above the ground surface , a platform or floor area shall be arranged catwalks , which
are equipped with handrails , if the height of the pipeline of more than 0.75 m
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question 17
How is the commissioning of newly installed equipment ?
answer:
Section 1.5.8 . [1 ] Set up the newly assembled , upgraded , capitally repaired equipment shall be in accordance with
regulations established by the organization .
question 18
What the execution should be electric (cars, machines , devices ) , instrumentation, electrical fixtures that are
installed in Class 0,1,2 ?
answer:
1.6.2.3. [1 ] Electrical equipment (machinery , apparatus, devices), instrumentation , electrical fixtures, locking
means , telephones and signaling devices to them that are installed in hazardous zones 0 , 1 and 2 shall be explosionproof and have a level of Ex meets the requirements of SAE - 00, the type of protection - the category and group
explosive mixture. Wiring, conductors and cable lines , grounding electrical equipment must be carried out in
accordance with the requirements of SAE -02.
question 19
In accordance with the requirements of any regulatory act is organized and implemented production control over
compliance with industrial safety ?
answer:
Section 1.2.6 . [1 ] in the framework of the established system of safety management should organize and carry out
the production control of industrial safety in the manner prescribed by the Government of the Russian Federation
from 10.03.99 N 263 ( Laws of the Russian Federation, 1999 , N 11 , st.1305 ) .
question 20
Who approves a list of works, the production of which is or may be an increased risk of production ?
answer:
Section 1.2.17 . [1 ] Manufacturing jobs in areas where there is or may be an increased risk of production , should be
subject to the permit .
The list of such works , the procedure for registration of the permit and a list of professional positions with the right
to manage these works are approved by the employer ( the head of the organization). Production of hazardous work
should be carried out in accordance with the instruction that sets the requirements for the organization and the safe
conduct of work approved by the employers ( the head of the organization).
question 21
Who is allowed to lead work on the repair of wells , as well as the extraction and preparation of oil and gas ?
answer:
Section 1.7.9 . [1 ] To guide the work of the construction, development , repair of wells , conducting geophysical
surveys in wells , as well as the extraction and preparation of oil and gas allowed to persons who have professional
education in the past and validation of knowledge in the field of industrial safety. The frequency and the procedure
for verification of knowledge on industrial safety at the heads of the organizations , as well as supervisors
established regulations Gosgortechnadzor Russia .
question 22
Whether to allow the use of hazardous facilities on wood decks ?
answer:
Section 1.4.21 . [1 ] For a fire and explosion hazard industries ( oil treatment , tank farms , etc.) prohibits the use of
wood decks .
question 23
According to what documents should be maintenance of imported equipment and tools ?
answer:
1.5.2 . [1 ] The engineering units must be in accordance with the operating instructions given by the manufacturer .
Imported equipment and tools are operated in accordance with the manufacturer's technical documentation
provided in Russian .
question 24

Where an organization has to make changes in the event of changes in the business or industrial safety requirements
of the organization?
answer:
Section 1.2.15 . [1 ] If you change the industrial safety requirements or changing conditions in the project
documentation , industrial safety declaration should be amended accordingly in due course.
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question 25
Can the Manager to allow for independent work in the field of oil and gas workers specialists with higher and
secondary special education , including trainees higher and secondary specialized educational institutions of oil and
gas without approval for trades ?
answer:
Section 1.7.10 . [1 ] The number of university and secondary vocational education , including working on working
specialties , as well as trainees in higher and secondary professional educational institutions for admission to the
independent work must be certified with the issuance of the relevant certificate for trades . When issuing such a
certificate for theoretical training diploma counts confirmed the theoretical course in the relevant specialty in the
educational program ( for interns - help) and for the production - training on the job in the manner prescribed by the
organization.
question 26
What is the connection equipped production facilities , where the wait staff is constantly ?
answer:
Section 1.4.10 . [1 ] Staff of production facilities , depending on the operating conditions and the adopted technology
should be provided with appropriate means of collective protection . Each production facility , where the wait staff is
constantly necessary to equip hour phone ( radio ) communication with the control station or the leadership of the
site, shop or organization.
question 27
What are the warning equipment should be required to be equipped with pumps used for pumping flammable and
combustible liquids ?
answer:
Section 1.5.20 . [1 ] The pumps used for pumping flammable or combustible liquids shall be equipped with a means
of warning on violations of operating parameters that affect security . Limit values for the parameters of safe
operation should be established production schedules and instructions of the equipment.
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question 28
What document is determined by the organization and production work while working on the same site several units
of one company ?
answer:
Section 1.2.16 . [1 ] When you work on a single object of several companies the organization and production
operations shall be determined by the position of the interaction between organizations , approved jointly by
employers ( the leaders of these organizations) , and when multiple units of the same organization - the regulations
set by the employer ( the head of the organization).
question 29
Terms testing of safety belts and tethers .
answer:
Section 1.4.20 . [1 ] Safety belts and tethers should be tested at least twice a year the static load indicated in the
operating instructions of the manufacturer, a special commission with registration act. In the absence of such data in
the instruction manual testing should be performed static load 225 kg for five minutes.
question 30
Specify the frequency of certification in the field of industrial safety at executives and professionals:
answer:
1.7.3 . [1 ] All employees of the organization , including their managers must be trained in the field of industrial
safety and knowledge tests . Test your knowledge of the workers should be held annually, with managers and
professionals - at least once every three years.
question 31
What is the minimum distance should be provided between the individual mechanisms , and what should be the
width of the Aisle ?

answer:
Section 1.4.14 . [1 ] The distance between the individual mechanisms must be at least 1 m and a width of cuts - 0,75
m for mobile and modular units and units of the width of passes allowed at least 0.5 m
question 32
Allowed to use the equipment does not meet the class climate ?
answer:
Section 1.5.12 . [1 ] Operated by technical devices must comply with the class of the climatic conditions in places
where hazardous production facilities.
question 33
Who is responsible for providing a safe working environment, natural resources development ?
answer:
Section 1.8.2 . [1 ] The direct responsibility for providing a safe working environment, natural resources development
, are the leaders of organizations, regardless of whether those organizations working within the framework of the
license granted to them by or engaged to perform certain work under the contract in accordance with the legislation
of the Russian Federation and the requirements of these rules.
question 34
Who should be agreed amendment to the equipment ?
answer:
Section 1.5.10 . [1 ] Changes in the design of the equipment may be made by agreement with the developer of this
equipment and territorial authority Gosgortechnadzor Russia . Using the upgraded equipment is subject to the
positive conclusion of the examination of industrial safety .
question 35
What is the slope , width, distance between the steps and into the slope should be FLOATING to carry heavy loads ?
answer:
Section 1.4.16 . [1 ] Open staircases shall have a slope of 60 (y tanks - no more than 50 ), the width of stairways
shall be not less than 65 cm, the stairs to carry heavy loads - at least 1 m distance between the stages of adjustment
should not be more than 25 cm steps should be sloped inward 2-5 .
question 36
What parameters should match the staircase tunnel type in width, radius of the safety of the arc , the distance
between the arcs and the distance between the steps ?
answer:
Section 1.4.17 . [1 ] Stairs tunnel type must be metal with a minimum width of 60 cm and have , from a height of 2 m
, the safety of the arc radius of 35-40 cm, fastened together strips. Arcs are spaced no more than 80 cm from one
another . Distance from the outermost point of the arc to the speed should be between 70-80 cm Stairs be equipped
intermediate pads mounted on a distance of not more than 6 m vertically from one another .
The distance between the stages of tunnel-type ladders and stairs , ladders should not be more than 35 cm
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question 37
Who is the category of buildings on fire and explosion hazard ?
answer:
Section 1.4.8 . [ 1] Class designed buildings and premises for fire and explosion hazards established project
organization at the design stage , and placed in service before the release of this Regulation - in accordance with the
requirements NPB 107-97 ( VNIIPO Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs , 1997). Ventilation and heating of buildings
and facilities should be in accordance with the requirements of health and building codes.
question 38
In no case have conducted measurements of the light level jobs ?
answer:
Section 1.4.12 . [1 ] Artificial light shall be performed in accordance with established standards and , except in special
cases specified in this Regulation , to ensure the health standards set by the level of lighting. Light level
measurements should be carried out prior to entering the facility , after the reconstruction of facilities, lighting
systems, as well as annually in the workplace
question 39
What is to be fitted with technology systems and their individual components and equipment for the safe operation
?

answer:
1.5.3 . [1 ] The process systems and their individual components , equipment must be equipped with the necessary
locking devices, means for controlling and blocking, ensuring safe operation.
question 40
Who defines the need and type of devices to mounting assemblies and machine parts and equipment ?
answer:
Section 1.5.23 . [ 1] In fixing units and parts of machines and equipment should be provided for the tool ( lock nuts ,
cotter pins , wedges , etc.), while working to prevent unintentional disconnection and unfastening . The need and
type of devices are defined project and design documentation.
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question 41
Can be used in constructing wells foreign equipment , technology and devices ?
answer:
2.1.3 . [1 ] Foreign equipment and technologies, technical devices made by foreign standards , can be used in the
construction of wells , if they meet the requirements of this Regulation or national standards harmonized with the
relevant foreign standards are included in the project or supplements thereto , and in the presence of technical
documentation developing companies , as well as permits Gosgortechnadzor Russia on the use of such equipment
and technologies in the territory of the Russian Federation.
question 42
Where it is not permitted to lay well ?
answer:
2.1.1 [1 ] Well any category should be laid outside the protected zones of power lines, oil and gas pipelines , water
intake , and other industrial and civil projects
question 43
Performing any optional conditions before starting work on the construction of wells ?
answer:
2.1.4 [1 ] The construction of wells may be initiated if the following conditions are met:
availability of construction documents developed and approved in the prescribed manner ;
the presence of highways , roads, providing year-round communication with databases of logistics and deployment
sites of industrial services organization;
the presence of matching routes of transportation of drilling equipment , including the intersections of lines with
transmission lines , railways, main pipelines and the like ;
an act of removal of the well location on the terrain ;
contracts for works with contractors ( subcontractors ) , security services blowout .
question 44
Who carries out the start- built drilling rig job ?
answer:
2.1.5 [1 ] Start-up rig can be made after the completion and verification of the quality of construction works,
equipment break-in at a drilling crew manned by decision of the Working Committee with a representative from the
territorial authority Gosgortechnadzor Russia .
question 45
Who exercises control and supervision during construction of the well ?
answer:
2.1.8 [1 ] The control and supervision during construction of the well , the quality of work , level of technological
processes and operations , the quality of materials and equipment , compliance with safe working conditions must
be organization , the subsoil user (customer ) and other authorized entities in accordance with the requirements of
laws and regulations , regulations and guidelines developed and approved in the prescribed manner.
question 46
The generality of what factors should be taken when developing group work projects for the construction of wells ?
answer:
2.2.1 [1 ] Development of group projects can be carried out with common factors:
appointment wells ( prospecting, exploration , maintenance , special) ;

design depth in the wellbore . Allowed to include wells with deviation from the mean depth on the working draft of
400 m (for directional drilling and horizontal wells - 500 m for the length of the horizontal section is not more
than 300 m) ;
well design - the same diameter casing and the number (without directions) . The deviation of the length of the
casing of the work provided for in the project must not exceed 400 m (for directional drilling and horizontal wells 500 m) ;
mud density differs from that provided in the working draft within 0,2 g / cm;
geological conditions of posting ;
environmental conditions .
question 47
Allowed to reuse individual work projects for the construction of the subsequent wells ?
answer:
2.2.3 [1 ] allowed the re- use of individual, group work projects for the construction of the subsequent wells.
Procedure for re-use development projects specified by the customer . Moreover, for each new location of wells
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being bound project taking into account the geotechnical and environmental conditions.
question 48
Who carries out the supervision of construction of wells ?
answer:
2.2.10 [ 1] In the well construction organization design documentation , shall in due course supervision.
question 49
Who agreed standards and specifications for the manufacture of casings ?
answer:
2.3.5 [1 ] The standards and specifications for the production casing must be coordinated with the Russian State
Technical Supervision
question 50
It allowed the use of imported casings ?
answer:
2.3.5 The use of imported casings is subject to the compliance of foreign standards , confirmed by certified
manufacturer .
question 51
What design should provide the wellhead , casing heads , sealing devices ?
answer:
Section 2.3.6 [1 ] Construction of the wellhead , casing heads , sealing devices must provide:
suspension with stretch design and intermediates production tubing with the compensation deformation
temperature at all stages of the wells (columns ), and suspension of drill pipes on the blowout preventer ;
monitoring for possible flyuidoproyavleniyami casings ;
enables emergency kill the well ;
tightness of space between strings in the construction and operation of wells ;
testing of casing and space between strings for leaks.
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question 52
Under any weather conditions permitted to work at height for installation towers ?
answer:
Section 2.4.6 [ 1] shall be prohibited at the height of the assembly, disassembly and repair of towers and masts, as
well as the movement of rigs in the upright position during the night, when the wind more than 8 m / s, during a
thunderstorm , rain and heavy snow, with black ice , fog with visibility of less than 20 horizontal meters , with an air
temperature below the limits set in the region.
question 53
Can be simultaneously at different heights rig workers are not busy doing general work ?
answer:
2.4.7 [1 ] Do not be simultaneously at different heights rig workers are not engaged in the implementation of the
overall work.
question 54
What regulations should guide the construction of ancillary facilities ?

answer:
2.4.10 [1 ] The construction of structures, buildings , facilities, support facilities must be in accordance with the
requirements of the regulations governing the conditions of safety in construction.
question 55
Drilling rig is not equipped with a top drive for ...
answer:
Section 2.5.8 [1 ] drilling rigs must be equipped with a top drive at :
drilling at a depth of over 4,500 m;
showdown with the expected recovery in the formation fluid containing hydrogen sulfide over 6 ( volume ) percent
;
set angle with a radius of curvature less than 30 m in deviated wells;
drilling of the horizontal section of the wellbore length of over 300 m in depth vertical wells more than 3000 m
question 56
What technical devices can be used in the construction of wells ?
answer:
2.5.3 . [1 ] Technical devices used in the construction of wells , to be certified for compliance with the Industrial
safety in accordance with the Russian State Technical Supervision .
p.2.5.4 . [1 ] Technical devices used in the construction of wells , are subject to the examination of industrial safety.
The order of examination of industrial safety on the established list of technical devices must comply with the
requirements of regulations Gosgortechnadzor Russia .
question 57
Drilling rigs are well equipped with automatic tripping ?
answer:
Section 2.5.7 [1 ] drilling rigs for drilling depth of over 4,000 meters at the request of the customer are equipped
with automatic tripping .
question 58
What should be the lighting rig rotary shaft ?
answer:
Section 2.5.10 [1 ] Lighting rig lights to provide illumination :
rotary barrel - 100 lux ;
the movement of the traveling block - 30 lux ;
space derrick and pump units - 75 lux ;
Preventor unit - 75 lux ;
stairs , marches, gatherings , the reception of the bridge - 10 lux
question 59
What should be the illumination of premises derrick and pump units rig ?
answer:
Section 2.5.10 [1 ] Lighting rig lights to provide illumination :
rotary barrel - 100 lux ;
the movement of the traveling block - 30 lux ;
space derrick and pump units - 75 lux ;
Preventor unit - 75 lux ;
stairs , marches, gatherings , the reception of the bridge - 10 lux
question 60
As indicated on the package travel block ?
answer:
Section 2.5.25 [1 ] in the unit , part of the block system ( crown block , traveling block , hook ) must be given their
permitted capacity.
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question 61
What should be equipped with mud pumps ?
answer:
Section 2.6.5 [1 ] Mud pumps must be equipped with safety devices. The design of these devices must ensure their
safe operation set pressure irrespective of the time of contact with the drilling fluid and abrasive content of the solid

phase , the duration of exposure , temperature differential . Safety devices when triggered should prevent
contamination of equipment and facilities pumping .
question 62
At what pressure should be activated diaphragm pump safety devices ?
answer:
Section 2.6.6 [ 1], Aperture , safety devices installed in the pump must operate at pressures in excess of 10% of the
operating pressure of the pump corresponding to the diameter of the cylinder liners installed .
question 63
What is not indicated on the metal plate tower ?
answer:
Section 2.6.15 [1 ] Each tower shall be provided with a metal plate affixed in a conspicuous place. The notice shall
contain the following:
- Date of manufacture of the tower ;
- The manufacturer ;
- Serial number of rigs ( rig ) ;
- Capacity (nominal) tower ;
- The date the next test (checking the technical condition ) tower.
question 64
At what minimum load is calculated metal floor cradles Derrick ?
answer:
Section 2.6.16 [1 ] The metal cradles derrick floor must be designed for the load of not less than 130 kg and have a
railing with a solid lining to the floor. Railing height should be at least 1 meter cradle should be safe from falling.
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question 65
Is it possible to operate the rig damaged by security gates ?
answer:
Section 2.6.20 [1 ] Operation of the drilling rig in unknown or damaged protective fences are prohibited .
question 66
When checking the state of the winch load limiter ?
answer:
Section 2.6.19 [1 ] State winch and load limiter limiter lifting tackle block must be checked before the start of each
watch (shift) .
question 67
What should be the margin of safety drill string for drilling of turbine when subjected to bending load ?
answer:
Section 2.6.21 [1 ] margin of safety drill string when subjected to a static axial tensile load , torque and bending load
should be for rotary drilling of at least 1.5 for turbine drilling - 1.4 .
question 68
What determines the need to install protectors on the boring and conducting pipes?
answer:
Section 2.6.23 [1 ] need to install protectors on the boring and conducting pipes is determined by the project.
question 69
What indicators should always be in sight of the driller ?
answer:
Section 2.7.1.1 [ 1] In the process of sinking a borehole must be constantly monitored following parameters:
weight on the hook with the registration of the diagram ;
density , structural , mechanical and rheological properties of the mud and log ;
mud flow at the inlet and outlet of the well;
manifold pressure mud pumps with registration on the chart or in a magazine ;
the solution level in the receiving tank in the process of deepening , with washes well and conduct round-trips ;
torque on the rotor at a rotary drilling process .
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question 70
What should be monitored during the drilling of horizontal wells ?
answer:

Section 2.7.1.2 [ 1] During the drilling of directional and horizontal wells should be monitored :
azimuth and zenith angle of the borehole ;
the spatial arrangement of the well bore ;
the relative position of drilled shafts and previously drilled wells nearby .
question 71
Who is drafting emergency work to free the stuck drilling tools ?
answer:
Section 2.7.1.8 [ 1] Emergency work to free the stuck drilling tools , casing with the use of explosives ( detonating
cords , torpedoes , etc.) must be carried out on a special project ( plan) , jointly developed and approved the drilling
organization and organization holding a license (the right ) to conduct this type of work (Uniform Rules blasting
safety , approved by Russian Gosgortechnadzor from 30.01.01 N 3 registered by Ministry of Justice Russia 07.06.01 ,
reg . N 2743 ) .
question 72
How is the procedure for change of watches on the rig ?
answer:
Section 2.7.1.13 [ 1] The organization and procedure changes watches are set by the organization in accordance with
applicable law.
question 73
When is forbidden to perform round trip ?
answer:
Section 2.7.2.10 [ 1] Do not perform round trip at :
absence or malfunction of the lift stop traveling block , limiting permissible load on the hook ;
fault tripping equipment and tools ;
unsettled watch for work on a particular installation ;
wind speed exceeds 20 m / s;
losing sight of more than 20 meters in fog and snow .
question 74
When do the drilling crew should carry out routine inspection of lifting equipment ?
answer:
Section 2.7.2.11 [ 1 ] Drilling team every shift should carry out routine inspection of lifting equipment ( winches,
traveling block ,
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hook , hook block , swivel bails , wireline and devices for securing it , elevators, spiders , safety devices , interlocks ,
etc.) with an entry in the log.
question 75
What is forbidden to do during tripping operations?
answer:
Section 2.7.2.12 [ 1] When tripping operations are prohibited:
be within range ( zone ) and the operation of automatic machine keys , insurance workers and ropes ;
open and close the elevator to a stop the traveling block ;
feeding drill candles with candle holder and install them without the use of special tools ;
use inverted elevator .
question 76
What properties must comply with the mud ?
answer:
Section 2.7.3.1 [ 1 ] The type and properties of the drilling fluid must meet the equipment design and in combination
with technological measures that regulate the process of penetration of the barrel, to ensure trouble-free drilling
conditions with high technical and economic performance and minimal damage to the environment.
question 77
How many degrees the temperature of the vapor hypergolic muds exceed the maximum expected temperature of
the solution at the wellhead ?
answer:
Section 2.7.3.11 [ 1] The temperature of hypergolic vapor muds should be 50 C higher than the maximum expected
temperature of the solution at the wellhead.
question 78

10

What should be done with cement grout before the upcoming columns ?
answer:
Section 2.7.4.4 [ 1] The use of cement without a preliminary laboratory analysis of the conditions for the upcoming
cement columns prohibited.
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question 79
What can not be cemented in the underlying portion of the stratigraphic section ?
answer:
Section 2.7.4.10 [ 1] Directions and conductor cemented to the mouth. In the lower part of the stratigraphic section
cementing subject :
productive horizons , except projected to use open hole ;
productive deposits are not subject to exploitation, including non-industrial stocks;
depleted horizons ;
permeable water-bearing horizons ;
horizons secondary ( man-made ) accumulations of oil and gas;
intervals , stacked plastic breeds prone to deformation ;
intervals , which breed or products of their saturation can cause accelerated corrosion of the casing .
question 80
What should be the height of cement slurry above the roof of productive horizons ?
answer:
Section 2.7.4.11 [ 1] Stroke cement slurry above the roof of productive horizons , as well as the stage cementing
device or connection node sections of casing and casing shoe last in oil and gas wells shall be respectively at least
150 m and 500 m .
question 81
What should ensure the overall design height of cement slurry for the casings ?
answer:
Section 2.7.4.13 [ 1] Total projected height of cement slurry behind the casing should provide:
excess hydrostatic pressure of the composite column of drilling fluid and cement mixing of the liquid reservoir
pressures flyuidosoderzhaschih overlapping horizons ;
exception fracturing of rocks or the development of intense absorption of the solution;
ability to discharge casing cement sheath to install wellhead .

Section 2.7.5.3 [ 1] During the test, the columns for leaks crimping method to create internal pressure on the pipe
shall not be less than 10% of the possible pressure that occurs when the elimination gazoneftevodoproyavleny and
public fountains , as well as sampling and operation of the well . The column is sealed , if within 30 minutes, the
pressure molding is not decreased by more than 5 kgf / cm ( 0.5 MPa). The presence of a representative of the
customer on the pressure test is mandatory.
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question 86
What crimped space between strings at the wellhead pressure tests ?
answer:
Section 2.7.5.6 [ 1] The process parameters and technology crimping space between strings set the working project .
Space between strings at the wellhead crimped water or antifreeze to the pressure not exceeding the residual
strength of the previous column and the compressive strength of the cement annulus .
question 87
In accordance with what is assembling BOP ?
answer:
Section 2.7.6.2 [ 1] Operation BOP equipment shall be in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications .
question 88
Who selects the type blowout preventer ?
answer:
Section 2.7.6.4 [ 1] Select the type of blowout preventer and wellhead is the project organization . The scheme of
installation and piping BOP , choke and kill blocks drilling organization developed on the basis of the established
requirements and approved by the Russian authorities Gosgortechnadzor , blowout and customer service .
question 89
Do you allow deviations from the requirements of the Rules of PB 08-624-03 in tying the mouth of wells being drilled
blowout preventer ?
answer:
Section 2.7.6.5 [ 1] All deviations in tying the mouth of wells being drilled blowout preventer from the requirements
of this Regulation are permitted by special permission of the territorial bodies Gosgortechnadzor Russian
organization in the presentation of an exhaustive study, consistent with the blowout service.
question 90
What is the minimum distance from the ends of the manifold flick to communication, not related to objects rig set
rules PB 08-624-03 ?
answer:
Section 2.7.6.6 [ 1] The distance from the ends of the flowline to the manifold of all utilities and facilities not related
to the objects of the rig must be at least 100 m for all types of wells.
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question 91
What is the upper limit of the measuring range should have a pressure gauge , mounted on blocks of throttling and
killing ?
answer:
Section 2.7.6.8 [ 1] Pressure gauges mounted on the throttle blocks and kill should be the upper limit of the
measuring range, 30% higher than the pressure of co- molding the casing and the blowout preventer .
question 92
What additional requirements for admission to the professionals at work on wells with possible
gazoneftevodoproyavleniyami ?
answer:
Section 2.7.7.2 [ 1] The works on wells with possible gazoneftevodoproyavleniyami allowed workers and specialists
who have been trained at the rate of " well control . gazoneftevodoproyavleniyah Well control for " specialized
training centers. Test your knowledge and retraining of personnel shall be held at least once every 3 years.
question 93
For which exceeds the volume of gas content in the mud above the background necessary to take measures for its
decontamination ?
answer:

question 82
How much pressure should be crimped cementing head before putting it into operation ?
answer:
Section 2.7.4.15 [ 1] Cementing head before putting it into operation and then at intervals established by the
manufacturer's documentation shall be crimped pressure of 1.5 times the maximum rated working pressure for
cementing wells .
question 83
How much pressure should be pressure tested to cement pressure pipes to start the process ?
answer:
Section 2.7.4.16 [ 1] Pressure pipes for cementing before the process must be pressure tested to polutorakratnoe
expected operating pressure . The order of cementing installed documentation developed backfill organization and
coordinated with the drilling organization
question 84
Who sets the terms and conditions of the test wells lining for leaks ?
answer:
Section 2.7.5.1 [ 1] All conductors , intermediate and production strings bearing the blowout , after setting cement
plugs to isolate the tested object after the WOC must be leak tested and the quality of cement . The procedure and
test conditions are set in accordance with the requirements of Gosgortechnadzor Russia . All design parameters of
the tests are set based on the actual condition of the well .
question 85
In which case, the test column for leaks it is sealed ?
answer:
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Section 2.7.7.11 [ 1] If the volumetric gas content of the mud than 5% background , measures must be taken for its
degassing identify causes saturation of the solution with gas (working reservoir with gas flow cuttings , foaming etc. )
and remove them.
question 94
Who is working on the elimination of open water fountain ?
answer:
Section 2.7.7.17 [ 1] The elimination of the open fountain should be done by the employees of the service blowout
special plan designed headquarters set up in due course.
question 95
At what length of the horizontal section of the upper wellbore necessarily use the top drive ?
answer:
Section 2.8.3 [1 ] With a length of horizontal section of the wellbore 300 m use the top drive is mandatory.
question 96
What's in work projects for the construction of horizontal wells ?
2.8.1 [1 ] Work projects for the construction of horizontal wells should contain the following provisions and decisions
:
justification profile and intensity of curvature ( radius of curvature ) of the wellbore according to the defined length
of the horizontal position in the reservoir ;
calculations of additional bending loads on the casing , drill pipe and tubing in the intervals of the sharp curvature
of the trunk;
measures to ensure trouble-free and trouble-free operation casing , drill pipe and tubing in a crooked hole
conditions in the zenith and azimuth directions;
safety factors to calculate the casing and conditions of their tightness of threaded connections;
technical conditions to ensure the patency of columns inside the pipe tools and equipment for manufacturing
operations , instruments, fishing tools and downhole equipment ;
measures to minimize casing wear for tripping and other operations to prevent zheloboobrazovany in intervals of
curvature and the horizontal section ;
hydraulic program provides transport sludge from the horizontal portion of the wellbore and washing their gas
caps that are formed in the upper part of the horizontal distance ;
mounting hole in the intervals of intense curvature and the horizontal section ( if necessary);
permissible load on the bore wall of the pressing force of the drill pipes in areas of intensive set curvature.
question 97
What are the solutions contained in the working draft for the construction of horizontal wells ?
answer:
2.8.1 [1 ] Work projects for the construction of horizontal wells should contain the following provisions and decisions
:
justification profile and intensity of curvature ( radius of curvature ) of the wellbore according to the defined length
of the horizontal position in the reservoir ;
calculations of additional bending loads on the casing , drill pipe and tubing in the intervals of the sharp curvature
of the trunk;
28
measures to ensure trouble-free and trouble-free operation casing , drill pipe and tubing in a crooked hole
conditions in the zenith and azimuth directions;
safety factors to calculate the casing and conditions of their tightness of threaded connections;
technical conditions to ensure the patency of columns inside the pipe tools and equipment for manufacturing
operations , instruments, fishing tools and downhole equipment ;
measures to minimize casing wear for tripping and other operations to prevent zheloboobrazovany in intervals of
curvature and the horizontal section ;
hydraulic program provides transport sludge from the horizontal portion of the wellbore and washing their gas
caps that are formed in the upper part of the horizontal distance ;
mounting hole in the intervals of intense curvature and the horizontal section ( if necessary);
permissible load on the bore wall of the pressing force of the drill pipes in areas of intensive set curvature.
question 98
What should be completed well before the production casing perforations ?

answer:
2.9.2 [1 ] The wellhead before punching the production casing shall be equipped with blowout preventer according
to the approved scheme, and the well is filled with drilling fluid ( liquid) , corresponding to the working project .
question 99
Who is agreed plan of perforation of the reservoir in an environment different from the specified requirements ?
answer:
2.9.2 [1 ] In the case of opening the perforations of gas, oil and water-bearing horizons with anomalously high
pressure blowout preventer must be submitted Preventor unit . In other cases, the pattern of blowout equipment
should be coordinated with the regional authorities and the Russian Gosgortechnadzor blowout service.
question 100
Who is not coordinated work plan for the test wells during drilling through formation testers ?
29
answer:
Section 2.9.11 [1 ] The test wells during drilling through formation testers carried out by a work plan activities for the
preparation of the wellbore , the processing solution protivoprihvatnymi additives , the amount of depression on the
horizon of the test , the procedure for preparing the drill string and by the operation. The work plan is agreed with
the customer service and the blowout geophysical organization and approved by the technical manager of the
drilling organization.
question 101
To what depth is necessary to drill the barrel under the direction predominantly using air ?
answer:
Section 2.10.5 [1 ] under the direction of the drilling hole to a depth of 20-30 m should lead mainly with air to
prevent caving and splitting of rocks. Formed by the borehole should be secured with cement mortar direction of the
formulation .
question 102
What should be the temperature of the cement slurry to ensure its rapid setting ?
answer:
Section 2.10.12 [ 1] The temperature of cement slurry should be at least 8-10 C to ensure its rapid setting , but does
not exceed the temperature of the drilling mud under the column.
Test Questions
1. What are the main reasons gazoneftevodoproyavleny and methods for early detection ?
2 . What are the organizational requirements for the Prevention of gazoneftevodoproyavleny ?
3 . What are the technical and technological requirements for the Prevention of gazoneftevodoproyavleny and
blowouts ?
4 . What are the priority actions of the production personnel in case of gazoneftevodoproyavleny and blowouts ?
5 . What is meant by the pad ? What are the requirements for the placement and layout of pads ?
6. What are the requirements for the organization of work on the well pad ?
7. What are the requirements for the construction of wells ?
8. What are the requirements to the development, operation and maintenance of wells ?
30
Appendix A
Instructions for the Prevention of gazoneftevodoproyavleny and blowouts in the construction and repair of wells in
the oil and gas industry (RD 08-254-98 )
1. General Provisions
1.1. These Regulations apply to businesses and organizations of all kinds of activities ( manufacturing , engineering ,
research , design , etc.) and forms of ownership , including foreign , operating in the territory of the Russian
Federation, and has exploration and development of oil and gas fields.
1.2. The main objectives of these Regulations are to prevent gazoneftevodoproyavleny and outdoor fountains ,
enhancing security and stability of the emergency oil and gas production facilities .
1.3. When carrying out work related to the liquidation gazoneftevodoproyavleny and blowouts , should be guided by
the Regulations on the organization and safe operation on liquidation of open gas and oil fountains at oil industry ,
approved by the Russian State Technical Supervision and the Ministry of Energy , the Russia 22.06.95 , and
regulations governing selection of standard methods and procedures of liquidation gazoneftevodoproyavleny in
specific situations.

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1.4. On the basis of the requirements of these Regulations and other regulatory documents enterprises develop the
necessary technical documentation to ensure the prevention of gazoneftevodoproyavleny and outdoor fountains in
the specific context -specific and application.
1.5. Businesses and organizations must develop and implement a system of production control operations to prevent
blowouts gazoneftevodoproyavleny and the whole cycle of works associated with the construction and operation of
the well.
1.6. In accordance with the Federal Law "On industrial safety of the main production facilities" from 21.07.97 116FZ, businesses and organizations are required to enter into the oil and gas industry with professional blowout
services contracts for services , or create ( in the cases provided for by law) own professional emergency services (
formation ) .
Businesses and organizations can create emergency- response teams from among its employees.
1.7. The volume and range of professional services for the prevention and gazoneftevodoproyavleny blowouts
specified in a contract between the company (organization) and professional blowout Service ( formation ) .
1.8 The requirements and provisions of these Regulations shall come into force upon its entry into force .
After putting it in the Instructions for organizing and conducting efforts to prevent the emergence of an open
gushing wells in the oil industry , approved by the State Technical Supervision Russian city of 22.06.95 and 01.07.95 ,
the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation , is no longer effective .
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2 . The main reasons gazoneftevodoproyavleny and methods of early detection. Phase control wells ( open line
protection release )
2.1. Causes of gazoneftevodoproyavleny
2.1.1 . One of the basic conditions of a gazoneftevodoproyavleny an inflow of formation fluid into the wellbore
reservoir pressure due to excessive mud . May experience gazoneftevodoproyavleny and with sufficient pressure on
the reservoir due to inflow of formation fluid into the wellbore as a result of diffusion or osmotic processes
gravitational substitution of contraction effects , high-speed gas-saturated rock drilling , etc.
2.1.2 . The emergence and development of gazoneftevodoproyavleny due to imbalance of reservoir pressure
hydrostatic pressure column of the solution in the well bore may be the result of :
errors in the prediction of reservoir pressure and determining the design of drilling mud ;
tectonic disturbances in the area of drilling and opening of areas with abnormally high formation pressure;
drilling intervals incompatible drilling ( hydraulic , absorption - reducing the hydrostatic pressure of the mud
column to the productive horizon ) ;
errors in determining the depth of the productive deposits ;
lack of operational control over the ongoing changes of reservoir pressure due to aquifer water flooding and other
factors;
use mud or killing fluid with low density ;
reducing the hydrostatic column pressure drop due to the level of the solution in the well as a result of
acquisitions;
reducing the hydrostatic pressure column of the solution due to incomplete filling of the well during the rise of the
pipe string ;
lower mud density with its chemical treatment ;
reducing the hydrostatic pressure column of the solution due to overflows caused by the difference in density of
the solution in the pipe and the annular spaces ;
reduce the bottomhole pressure during the installation of liquid baths with low density solution for eliminate
sticking ;
reducing bottom hole pressure due to the manifestation of the effects swabbing at lifting the drill string from the
gland , excessive speeds, lifting pipes, increasing the structural and mechanical and rheological properties of the
drilling fluid;
degassing of the solution in the bottom hole of the well due to long periods of inactivity without washing ;
failure check valves or drill casing during their descent ;
the integrity of casing or drill string during their descent into the well without filling their washing liquid ;
poor fixing technical columns that span gazoneftevodonasyschennye pressure horizons.
2.2. The causes of blowouts
2.2.1 . Inconsistency well design the actual geological conditions .
2.2.2 . Inconsistency strength characteristics established BOP actual pressures arising in the process of liquidation
gazoneftevodoproyavleny .

2.2.3 . Poor quality installation of blowout equipment, failure to comply with the conditions of its operation.
2.2.4 . Deviations from the planned construction of wells , faults makeup casing ( non-admission of columns to the
design marks , leakage of threaded connections , etc.).
2.2.5 . Size mismatch dies preventer diameter descent ( raised ) pipes. Disruption of reciprocating ram preventer
with the pipe string .
2.2.6 . Insufficient degassing of the solution when a gazoneftevodoproyavleny .
2.2.7 . Untimely discovery of a gazoneftevodoproyavleny .
2.2.8 . Decrease in the strength of casing due to wear and tear during tripping operations.
2.2.9 . Inadequate training of operating personnel , the mismatch of its qualification of the work undertaken and
decisions made.
2.2.10 . Low labor and production discipline .
2.2.11 . Poor-quality cementing casing .
2.2.12 . Absence arrangement drillstring ball valve or check valve.
2.3 . Early detection gazoneftevodoproyavleny .
Signs of the emergence and development gazoneftevodoproyavleny :
discrepancy amount injected into the well and out of it mud level change mud into the receptacle in the drilling
process ;
increase in the volume ( level ) of the solution in the receiving tanks for drilling or conducting round-trips ;
increase rate ( velocity) of the exhaust hole mud flow ;
mismatch volumes of metal raised ( lowered ) and then filled tubes ( displaced ) in the well ( the well ) of the liquid
;
increase in gas content in drilling fluid ;
reducing the density of the drilling fluid;
flow of fluid from the well with the pump stopped ;
a sharp increase in the penetration rate constant parameters drilling mode ;
pressure change at the pumps , all other things being equal, their work;
increase the torque on the rotor ;
reduction pillar of the solution in the well during grid outages or stops .
2.4. Phase control wells ( open line protection release )
33
2.4.1 . Work projects for the construction of wells , the instructions for types of work , installation and operation of
the blowout preventer , the duties of the production staff , shall establish procedures for normal operations , work
plans , emergency response plans , and other regulatory and technical documents related to the possibility
gazoneftevodoproyavleny should include clear , reliable solutions for their prevention and programs to address the
entire spectrum of possible causes of a gazoneftevodoproyavleny and outdoor fountains.
2.4.2 . The developed system of operational control of the production of the state of efforts to prevent blowouts
gazoneftevodoproyavleny and must provide verification of the reliability and effectiveness of actions to fight the
possible causes of accidents , including the use and registration of direct and indirect signs of the emergence and
development gazoneftevodoproyavleny .
2.4.3 . Well control should include three stages (lines ) protection:
first line of defense - to prevent the inflow of formation fluid into the well by maintaining a sufficient hydrostatic
pressure of the liquid column ;
second line of defense - prevent the entry of formation fluid into the well through the use of the hydrostatic
pressure of the liquid column and the blowout preventer ;
the third line of defense (protection from the open release ) - liquidation gazoneftevodoproyavleny standard
methods and allowing the resumption of the first line of defense.
3 . Organizational requirements for the Prevention of gazoneftevodoproyavleny
3.1. To work on wells with possible gazoneftevodoproyavleniem allowed drillers and professionals who have been
trained in the course of " well control . Well control in gazoneftevodoproyavlenii "in special education centers ( mills
) , equipped with special machines and appropriately licensed Gosgortechnadzor Russia . Retraining of personnel is
carried out in three years. If necessary, re-training periods should be reduced.
3.2. Training programs for drillers and specialists in the course " control wells . Well control in
gazoneftevodoproyavlenii "should include sections on the study of theory and practical learning activities on the use
of standard methods of elimination gazoneftevodoproyavlenii ( two-step method of killing the well , expectations
weighting method , etc.). Training programs should be coordinated with the Russian authorities Gosgortechnadzor .

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16

3.3. Training programs for skilled workers in specialized training centers ( mills ) must include training in practical
action for symptoms gazoneftevodoproyavlenii in drilling and workover operations .
3.4. Manufacturing instructions of personnel involved in the drilling or repair of oil and gas wells, must include
specific duties in the event of gazoneftevodoproyavlenii and blowouts .
3.5. Per well with the possibility of gazoneftevodoproyavlenii or outdoor fountain should be planned emergency
response , comprising:
types of possible accidents at the facility , measures to rescue the people responsible for carrying out these
activities , and specific artists , the location of the funds for the rescue and emergency response ;
34
distribution of duties among the employees participating in the liquidation gazoneftevodoproyavlenii ;
list of officials and agencies that need to be immediately notified of the accident;
the instruments , personal protective equipment , materials , which are installed in the storage areas , including
their number and main characteristics ;
ways of alarm (siren , lights , speakerphone , etc.), the way out people from dangerous places and sites;
mode of ventilation in the event of gazoneftevodoproyavlenii ;
the need to turn off the power and consistency , stop the equipment , apparatus, overlapping sources of hazardous
and flammable substances;
priority actions of the production staff for symptoms gazoneftevodoproyavleny , conduct normal operations for
prevention of accidents .
3.6. Introduction of the production personnel with emergency response plans should be documented in a personal
briefing cards on receipt. The emergency plan must be posted in a conspicuous place accessible to every employee .
3.7. Emergency preparedness planning object to the possible emergence of gazoneftevodoproyavleny be conducted
in accordance with the requirements of the Rules of safety in the oil and gas industry. The volume and frequency of
monitoring emergency preparedness object to the appearance of gazoneftevodoproyavleny set of operational
production control system developed by the company.
3.8. Before opening the reservoir or multiple reservoirs with possible flyuidoproyavleniyami need to develop
interventions to prevent and gazoneftevodoproyavleny to :
briefing members of the drilling crew on practical actions for symptoms gazoneftevodoproyavleny and tolerance
parameters ( BOP test pressure , speed tripping , topping the procedure , etc.);
inspection of the rig blowout equipment, tools and accessories ;
drill. Further training frequency alarm is set drilling contractor ;
assessment of the operational readiness of the object to the weighting of mud replenish its reserves through
preparation and delivery of the rig .
3.9. To avoid collapses of the walls and gazoneftevodoproyavleny during the ascent of the drill string to be refilled in
the borehole mud .
Mode topping must ensure the maintenance of the level at the wellhead.
Properties of the mud hole is filled in , must meet the requirements of the project.
3.10 . Equipment, special tools , instruments , materials, clothing, tools and personal protection insurance required
for the elimination gazoneftevodoproyavleny and outdoor fountains, must always be in full Emergency preparedness
warehouses stock companies or specialized organizations (departments ) .
3.11 . Before starting the repair team should be well acquainted with the emergency response plan and the work
plan , which should include information on the structure and condition of the well, reservoir pressure , downhole
equipment , the list of planned operations , anticipated technological parameters of their conduct. With artists works
to be carried out safety training with the appropriate registration in the journal briefings .
3.12 . Before starting any repair work must be well damped fluid required density . Jamming is required for all wells
with reservoir pressure above hydrostatic and wells, in which ( according to estimates ) conditions persist flow or
gazoneftevodoproyavleny at reservoir pressures below hydrostatic . The exception is the well where , in accordance
with the technology work is carried out without jamming on a special plan with strapping mouth Preventor unit and
lubricator .
Wells in products which contain hydrogen sulphide must be sealed fluid containing hydrogen sulfide converter .
On-going and well workovers without prior killing is allowed on deposits with geological conditions that preclude the
possibility of spontaneous formation fluid inflow to the wellhead . A list of these fields (or their individual sites)
agreed with the territorial authorities Gosgortechnadzor Russia .

3.13 . Before dismantling the wellhead pressure in the well pipe and the annular spaces should be reduced to
atmospheric pressure. The well is equipped with downhole slam-shut valve in which the work plan does not provide
for pre- mute , stop , reduce the pressure to atmospheric, and sustain for at least three hours .
Disassembly wellhead made visually after cessation of gas evolution set of wells and test constant liquid level
therein.
3.14 . In conducting the current and capital repairs of the well must be equipped Preventor unit . BOP binding
scheme developed now and is coordinated with the territorial authorities Gosgortechnadzor Russia . One copy of the
scheme shall be addressed to the professional blowout service that maintains the object. After installing the BOP
well compacted to the maximum expected pressure , but not higher than the pressure crimping production casing .
3.15 . In order to prevent and eliminate possible gazoneftevodoproyavleny block topping is set and tied off to a
wellhead in such a way as to ensure the well samodoliv topping or forced by a pump . The rise of pipe from the well
done with topping and maintaining the level of the estuary. Slugging tank must be equipped with a level indicator
and have a grading.
Spring margin should be ensured in the liquid corresponding to the density of not less than two volumes of wells
located on the screed assembly , or directly to the well.
36
In terms of the continental shelf instead of double the amount of reserve fluid permitted on the property of
materials and technical means to ensure the preparation of the required volume of the solution in a timely manner.
3.16 . Before opening the horizon of the possible gazoneftevodoproyavleniem and in the presence of the context
reveals the neftegazosoderzhaschih beds in the facility shall be posted warning signs : "Attention ! The well opened a
developing layer "," Underfill wells leads to the release , "" In the well control breaks are not allowed ! "Etc.
4 . Technical and technological requirements to prevent blowouts and gazoneftevodoproyavleny
4.1. Selection of well design should be in accordance with the requirements of the Rules of Safety in the oil and gas
industry. The well design is to provide safe working conditions for the elimination gazoneftevodoproyavleny ,
protection of mineral resources and the environment due to the strength and durability of the lining wells, casing
and sealing annular spaces flyuidosoderzhaschih horizons isolation from each other , from permeable rocks and the
surface.
4.2 . Select casing and payment casing held on the strength with the maximum expected excess internal and external
pressures at full replacement reservoir fluid solution or liquid-gas mixture , reducing and axial loads on the pipe and
the aggressiveness of the fluid during the construction and operation of the well. Strength of technical columns and
set BOP should provide:
sealing the wellhead in cases gazoneftevodoproyavleny , emissions and open- spouting with the additional
pressure required to eliminate them ;
opposition to the pressure of the hydrostatic column of drilling fluid maximum density ;
confrontation maximum impact crushes loads in cases of open flow or absorption with the fall in the mud , as well
as in the range of breeds that are prone to stress.
4.3. Lift height above the roof cement slurry producing horizons , as well as the stage cementing device or a
connection node of the upper sections of the casing in oil and gas wells must be at least 150 , respectively , and 500
m
4.4. By overlapping the conductor or the technical areas of the absorption column , passed without exiting the
circulation allowed the rise of cement slurries to the soles of the absorbing layer and then (after waiting on cement )
conducting counter cementing a space between strings . Forbidden to start the descent of the technical and
production casing in the well, complicated acquisitions mud while flyuidoproyavleniem , talus , landslides , bongs and
planting hole assembly to eliminate complications.
4.5. The design of the wellhead , casing heads and sealing devices should provide:
suspension with stretch design engineering and production tubing with the compensation deformation
temperature at all stages of the wells (columns ), and suspension of drill pipes on the blowout preventer ;
monitoring for possible flyuidoproyavleniyami casings ;
enables emergency kill the well ;
tightness of space between strings in the construction and operation of wells ;
leak test casing .
4.6. During the test, the columns for leaks crimping method to create internal pressure on the pipe shall not be less
than 10% of the possible pressure that occurs when the elimination gazoneftevodoproyavleny and public fountains ,
as well as sampling and operation of the well . The column is sealed , if within 30 min, the pressure molding is not
decreased by more than 5 kg/cm2 (0.5 MPa).

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18

4.7. The conductor and the tower together with the technical set them blowout preventer after drilling out cement
and glass out from under the shoe of 1-3 m repeatedly pressed together with the injection of water to the bottom
hole in the volume providing its finding of 10-20 m above the shoe.
Proof pressure is determined by the need to ensure a tight seal under the thumb of the column at the close of the
wellhead during open spouting .
The results are drawn crimping act.
4.8 . Mud weight at autopsy gazoneftevodonasyschennyh layers must be determined to horizon with a maximum
gradient of the reservoir pressure in the range of compatible conditions.
4.9. Mud density at intervals compatible drilling conditions to be determined on the basis of creating a mud
hydrostatic pressure in the borehole exceeds the reservoir ( pore ) pressure value :
10-15% - for wells up to 1,200 m ( interval from 0 to 1200 m) but not more than 15 kgf/cm2 ( 1.5 MPa) ;
5-10% - for wells up to 2,500 m ( ranging from 1200 to 2500 m) but not more than 25 kgf/cm2 ( 2.5 MPa) ;
4-7% - for wells deeper than 2,500 meters ( ranges from 2500 m and to a depth ), but not more than 35 kgf/cm2 (
3.5 MPa).
4.10 . The maximum allowable repression (including hydrodynamic losses ) shall be designed to fracture or lost
circulation at any depth interval compatible drilling conditions .
4.11 . Not allowed deviation of the density of drilling fluid ( gas -exempt ), located in the circulation , more than 0.02
g/cm3 of the installed project value.
4.12 . Increasing the density of the drilling fluid located in the well by pumping separate weighted portions solution
is prohibited.
4.13 . On the jig and technical column for drilling below which may gazoneftevodoproyavleniya , as well as the
production tubing during it works with drilling- set blowout . Casing strapped together with the column head .
Instructions for installation and operation BOP and casing heads now developed in accordance with the
recommendations ( technical specifications ) manufacturers and approved by the technical director.
38
Operating pressure wellhead , BOP and manifold must be at least pressure molding casing leak , calculated at each
stage of the drilling conditions in the complete replacement of downhole drilling fluid reservoir fluid or gas-liquid
mixture and seal the mouth at the open blowouts .
4.14 . Choosing Preventor assembly manifold ( line choke and kill ) , hydraulic control preventer , the remote throttle
control , separator or drain - flare is dependent on the specific geological characteristics of the section to perform
the following operations:
sealing the wellhead with run-flat drill pipe and without them ;
washing off the fluid from the well on the adopted technology ;
suspension of the drill string on plates preventer after it is closed ;
cutting the drill string ;
monitoring of the wells during the killing ;
reciprocating the drill string to prevent it from sticking ;
lower or recover part or all of the drill string in a sealed mouth .
4.15 . The scheme of installation and piping BOP developed drilling contractor and approved by the customer ,
territorial authorities Gosgortechnadzor Russia , professional blowout service ( if the contract so provides ) and
approved by the company in the prescribed manner . One copy of the scheme shall be addressed to the professional
blowout service that maintains the object.
4.16 . Pressure gauges mounted on the throttle blocks and kill should be the upper limit of the measuring range, 30%
higher than the pressure of co- molding the casing and the blowout preventer .
Accumulator injection system shall include an automatic pump off when it reached the rated working pressure.
4.17 . To control preventer and hydraulic valves are set main and auxiliary control panels .
The main control unit - at a distance of not less than 10 m from the well in a comfortable and safe place.
Auxiliary - directly at the remote driller . It is included in the operational readiness mode at the opening of
productive and gazoneftevodoproyavlyayuschih recovery.
4.18 . Steering wheels for manual fixing plates preventers must be installed in an easily accessible place , to have
explosion-proof lighting and shelter. On the wall of the shelter should be applied in a counterclockwise direction of
rotation of steering wheels , reference marks and the number of revolutions required to close the blowout preventer
. In the gate valve upstream of the throttle plate to be fixed with acceptable pressure wellhead pressure permissible
for the weakest section of the well and the solution density at which the pressure is determined.

4.19 . With the opening of the collectors , rich in oil and gas drilling on the need to have two ball valves . One is
established between the working tube and its safety subs , the other is a spare .
With the opening of gas reservoirs with abnormally high pressure hydrogen sulphide formation on the drill should be
three cranes . One ball valve
39
established between the working tube and swivel , the second - between the working tube and its safety subs , the
third is a backup .
All ball valves must be open.
Besides ball valves on the rig must have two non-return valves with a device for their installation in the open
position , one of which is working , and the second - redundant.
4.20 . Preventers along with crosses and indigenous valves to be installed on the well head pressed into the water at
the working pressure indicated in the passport. When multiple well drilling process time by pressing BOP operating
pressure determined in consultation with the territorial authorities Gosgortechnadzor Russia . After repairs
associated with welding and turning body preventers are pressed at the test pressure .
The preventer with shear rams must be pressed on the stand for a working pressure in closed dies , and the
performance preventer tested by opening and closing of the dice .
The results are drawn crimping act.
4.21 . After mounting Preventor installation or regular shutter casing , including countersunk to drill cement
Preventor cup attaching end to the high pressure manifold valves must be crimped water , nitrogen, or air pressure
molding to the casing.
Flow lines after the end valves are pressed on water pressure
50 kgf/cm2 (5 MPa ) - for blowout equipment designed for pressures up to 210 kg/cm2 (21 MPa) ;
100 kgf/cm2 (10 MPa ) - for blowout equipment designed for pressures above 210 kg/cm2 (21 MPa).
The results are drawn crimping act.
4.22 . After installation and pressure testing Preventor installation together with the casing , cement sheath crimping
behind casing further drilling may be resumed after a special permission technical head of the company , issued in
accordance with the procedures agreed upon with the territorial authorities and the Russian Gosgortechnadzor
blowout service ( if provided the contract).
4.23. Spot preventers should be periodically checked for opening and closing . The frequency of inspection is
established drilling contractor .
4.24. When replacing broken parts preventer or one of the nodes Preventor assembly , changing dies at the mouth
of the Preventor unit is subjected to additional pressure test on the pressure testing of the column.
The results are drawn crimping act.
4.25 . Dies preventer installed on the wellhead to the diameter of drill pipe used .
Blind rams mounted in the bottom preventer when the assembly is missing from the BOP shear rams .
4.26. When mixed- instrument on the catwalk , you must have a special compressed drill pipe with ball valve and
subs , the diameter and strength characteristics of the corresponding upper section of the drill string is used . Drill
pipe , ball valve and sub painted red .
40
4.27. When running casing in the well with the opening of high-pressure reservoirs (abnormal formation pressure )
and non installed blowout preventer expected wellhead pressure plate of one of the BOP rams are replaced by the
corresponding diameter of flushing the casing or on the catwalk should be receiving special (steel with
corresponding strength properties ) drill pipe under the casing sub and the ball valve in the open position ,
compressed at the appropriate pressure .
4.28 . For easy access to the assigned staff at the mouth of the BOP under the drill should be made solid flooring.
4.29 . All schemes blowout wellhead at the top of the tailpiece should include and split hopper and chute to facilitate
work to eliminate blowouts .
4.30 . During the construction of wells on the continental shelf using floating rigs , semi-submersible drilling rigs ,
offshore fixed platforms , etc.:
flow lines must be firmly attached to the elements of the platform , the distance between supports should not
exceed 4 m;
kill and choke lines can be made with twists. Rotations should be done with the use of forged elbows on the
threads , flanges or tees with buffer devices. Allowed the use of reinforced rubber hoses of high pressure built in
accordance with the strength characteristic Preventor unit , designed for the maximum pressure expected in the
mouth ;

19

20

unit underwater blowout preventer must be tested at operating pressure . Immediately before the shutter , after
the installation of the reservoir management is necessary to control procedures for the operation of each node of
the underwater blowout preventer .
4.31 . Subsea BOP unit and manifold must be pressed at the well -head to the column at a working pressure using a
press-fitting cork.
4.32 . Subsea BOP test for leaks should be carried out :
after its installation at the mouth and casing running - for a working pressure subsea wellhead ;
before opening the productive horizon - the expected wellhead pressure .
Section of the steering column after each connection and disconnection from the BOP are pressed by the expected
wellhead pressure .
4.33 . Drilling of the upper intervals of wells with an underwater location mouth is made using a diverter to the alarm
of fault lines.
4.34 . Tying mud pumps must be capable of preparing , processing and weighting mud with simultaneous washing of
the well.
If the possible gazoneftevodoproyavleniem horizons opened when two pumps, it is necessary to envisage the
possibility of concurrent operation from a single container. In the piping between the vessels of the circulation
system must be shut off devices .
4.35 . On the rig should be measuring cup for topping controlled well equipped transmitter. Vessel shape and scale
of its calibration should be possible to fix the maximum allowable difference between the volumes topped up with a
solution and raised metal pipes.
4.36 . The volume displaced by the descent of the well drilling pipes and topped up with a solution for their rise
should be controlled and matched with the volume raised or deflated metal drill pipe .
If the difference between the volume of drilling fluid topped up and the amount of metal pipes raised more than 0.5
m3 rise should be discontinued and the measures contained instructions for gazoneftevodoproyavleniyah watch the
action .
4.37 . Before and after opening the seams with abnormally high pressure rinse well after the resumption of roundtrips , geophysical surveys , repairs and downtime to begin monitoring the density , viscosity, gas content of the
drilling fluid should be immediately after the restoration of circulation.
4.38 . When opening the gas-bearing horizons and further deepening of wells ( prior to running the next casing )
should be monitored mud gas saturation .
Do not make lifting the drill string to the alignment properties of the drilling fluid circulation through the whole cycle
.
4.39 . When drilling in a productive gas reservoir mechanical speed must be limited to values , which provide a
complete degassing of the drilling fluid.
4.40 . When the volume fraction of gas in the drilling mud exceeds 5 %, it should be taken to its degassing
identification gas causes saturation of the solution (work layer, with the gas flow of cuttings , foaming , etc.) and
eliminate them.
4.41 . By lifting the drill string from the wellbore , wherein the drilling fluid was absorbed in the presence
gazoneftevodoproyavleniya is allowed to proceed only after the filling hole to the mouth and no overflow for a time
sufficient for lifting and lowering the drill string.
4.42 . Drilling of wells with partial or total lost circulation ( water) and possible flyuidoproyavleniem held on a special
plan that is coordinated with the designer and the customer.
4.43 . When installing the baths ( oil , water , acid ) hydrostatic pressure of a column of drilling fluid and the fluid
bath exceed the reservoir pressure . If potential , or the need to reduce the hydrostatic pressure below the
formation of by reciprocating the drill string should be sealed with the annulus and drill pipe installed in the ball
valve , with the development and implementation of safety measures.
4.44 . The rise of the drill string in the presence of a siphon or swabbing is prohibited. When they appear rise should
stop by rinsing with rotation and reciprocation of the drill string .
If it is impossible to remove the siphon ( zashlamovannost turbo drill , chisel , other reasons ), the rise of pipes
should be done at the speed at which ensured equality extracted and then filled volumes.
If it is impossible to eliminate swabbing (presence seal on the bottom hole assembly or narrowing of the wellbore)
must rise to make a wash , spin the rotor and the discharge pipe pipe through the hole on the dock .
42
4.45 . Work on the development and testing of wells may be developed while ensuring the following conditions:

lift cement for the production string and the quality of the formed lining project and meet the requirements of the
protection of natural resources ;
production string proshablonirovana , pressed together with a column head and Preventor unit , sealed at the
maximum expected pressure at the wellhead ;
mouth with Preventor unit , manifoldny block and flow lines equipped and tied in accordance with the approved
scheme .
4.46 . Wellhead to the production casing perforations should be equipped Preventor installation of an approved
scheme, and the well is filled with drilling fluid density , corresponding to the requirements of paragraph 4.9 of this
Instruction.
4.47 . During punching operations by the manufacturer to be monitored the liquid level at the wellhead. Its decline is
not allowed.
4.48 . Christmas tree to be installed on the wellhead should be crimped by the amount of the test pressure , and
after the installation - at a pressure equal to the pressure of the production casing pressure test .
4.49 . The complex of the well completion must include measures to ensure :
prevention breakthroughs produced water and gas from the gas "cap" ;
gazoneftevodoproyavleny and prevention of uncontrolled blowouts ;
protection of mineral resources and the environment.
4.50 . The influx of fluid from the formation is caused by the creation of regulated depression due to:
replace mud density at a solution , the technical degassed water or oil . The difference in densities consistently
replacement fluids should not exceed 0.50-0.60 g/cm3 , with a greater difference of density shall be limited to the
rate of decline back pressure on the reservoir ;
the use of foam systems .
4.51 . Reduce the liquid in the production casing through swabbing , the use of submersible pumps , injection of inert
gas or natural gas from nearby wells in accordance with the instructions for safe operation, developed by the
company. Using air to reduce fluid prohibited. When swabbing the well outfitted lubricator .
4.52 . In-depth measurements in wells with excess pressure on the estuary are allowed only with the use of
lubricators , the parameters of which must meet the conditions of the well . Lubricator is pressed on the test
pressure of the production string .
4.53 . For each well to be development , plan drawn up taking into account the technological requirements for these
jobs and the appointment of the persons responsible for their implementation. The plan approved by the technical
manager of the drilling company and approved by the customer .
43
5 . Priority actions for the production staff in the event of gazoneftevodoproyavleny and blowouts
5.1. If signs of receipt of formation fluid into the well (excessive mud , increasing its volume in the tanks , the
discrepancy of calculated and actual volumes topped up ( displaced ) solution at ACT ) signal is "Release ". In this drill
watch obliged to seal the channel drill pipe , wellhead , inform and guide the drilling companies to act in accordance
with the emergency plan . Before sealing the channel drill pipe must be removed gauges on the riser and the annulus
.
5.2 . After closing the BOP at gazoneftevodoproyavleniyah need to install monitoring for possible griffins around the
well.
5.3. Liquidation gazoneftevodoproyavleny performed using standard methods (taking into account the actual
conditions ), under the direction of a responsible person who has the necessary qualifications .
5.4 . Priority actions for the production staff in the event of an open fountain :
stop the internal combustion engine ;
turn off the power and lighting power supply line ;
turn off the electricity in the polluted area ;
put out a technical household furnaces, located near the well ;
stop in gas hazardous area all hot work , smoking, and other actions that may cause sparks ;
disconnect all facilities ( transformation substations , pumping units , gas distribution stations , etc. ), which can be
in gas hazardous area ;
inform the management of the enterprise , blowout and fire protection service of the origin of the open fountain ;
stop movement in areas adjacent to the well access roads to the site , install warning signs and guard posts ;
stop all work in the danger zone and immediately retire abroad;
if possible movement of gas contamination to other objects or localities to adopt measures for timely notification
of workers and the public .

21

22

5.5. If there is an open fountain at the facilities of the continental shelf ( offshore fixed platforms , floating rigs , etc.)
should be required to :
inform the company's management and related services ;
run the emergency source of power ( emergency diesel generator) to drive the main fire pumps to create a water
spray tower , emergency mouth and estuary areas and irrigation jet fountain and creating water curtain between the
living and the well block , another storm and extractive wells in the collective life-saving appliances and the actuator
hydraulic movement of the portal ;
identify fumes residential premises and technological blocks escape routes and setting positions of collective lifesaving appliances ;
prepare collective life-saving equipment and personal protective equipment to evacuate .
4.35 . On the rig should be measuring cup for topping controlled well equipped transmitter. Vessel shape and scale
of its calibration should be possible to fix the maximum allowable difference between the volumes topped up with a
solution and raised metal pipes.
4.36 . The volume displaced by the descent of the well drilling pipes and topped up with a solution for their rise
should be controlled and matched with the volume raised or deflated metal drill pipe.
If the difference between the volume of drilling fluid topped up and the amount of metal pipes raised more than 0.5
m3 rise should be discontinued and the measures contained instructions for gazoneftevodoproyavleniyah watch the
action.
4.37 . Before and after opening the seams with abnormally high pressure rinse well after the resumption of roundtrips, geophysical surveys, repairs and downtime to begin monitoring the density, viscosity, gas content of the
drilling fluid should be immediately after the restoration of circulation.
4.38 . When opening the gas-bearing horizons and further deepening of wells (prior to running the next casing)
should be monitored mud gas saturation.
Do not make lifting the drill string to the alignment properties of the drilling fluid circulation through the whole
cycle.
4.39 . When drilling in a productive gas reservoir mechanical speed must be limited to values, which provide a
complete degassing of the drilling fluid.
4.40 . When the volume fraction of gas in the drilling mud exceeds 5 %, it should be taken to its degassing
identification gas causes saturation of the solution (work layer, with the gas flow of cuttings, foaming, etc.) And
eliminate them.
4.41 . By lifting the drill string from the wellbore, wherein the drilling fluid was absorbed in the presence
gazoneftevodoproyavleniya is allowed to proceed only after the filling hole to the mouth and no overflow for a time
sufficient for lifting and lowering the drill string.
4.42 . Drilling of wells with partial or total lost circulation (water) and possible flyuidoproyavleniem held on a special
plan that is coordinated with the designer and the customer.
4.43 . When installing the baths (oil, water, acid) hydrostatic pressure of a column of drilling fluid and the fluid bath
exceed the reservoir pressure. If potential, or the need to reduce the hydrostatic pressure below the formation of by
reciprocating the drill string should be sealed with the annulus and drill pipe installed in the ball valve, with the
development and implementation of safety measures.
4.44 . The rise of the drill string in the presence of a siphon or swabbing is prohibited. When they appear rise should
stop by rinsing with rotation and reciprocation of the drill string.
If it is impossible to remove the siphon (zashlamovannost turbo drill, chisel, other reasons), the rise of pipes should
be done at the speed at which ensured equality extracted and then filled volumes.
If it is impossible to eliminate swabbing (presence seal on the bottom hole assembly or narrowing of the wellbore)
must rise to make a wash, spin the rotor and the discharge pipe pipe through the hole on the dock.
42
4.45 . Work on the development and testing of wells may be developed while ensuring the following conditions:
lift cement for the production string and the quality of the formed lining project and meet the requirements of the
protection of natural resources;
production string proshablonirovana, pressed together with a column head and Preventor unit, sealed at the
maximum expected pressure at the wellhead;
mouth with Preventor unit, manifoldny block and flow lines equipped and tied in accordance with the approved
scheme.

4.46 . Wellhead to the production casing perforations should be equipped Preventor installation of an approved
scheme, and the well is filled with drilling fluid density, corresponding to the requirements of paragraph 4.9 of this
Instruction.
4.47 . During punching operations by the manufacturer to be monitored the liquid level at the wellhead. Its decline is
not allowed.
4.48 . Christmas tree to be installed on the wellhead should be crimped by the amount of the test pressure, and after
the installation - at a pressure equal to the pressure of the production casing pressure test.
4.49 . The complex of the well completion must include measures to ensure:
prevention breakthroughs produced water and gas from the gas "cap";
gazoneftevodoproyavleny and prevention of uncontrolled blowouts;
protection of mineral resources and the environment.
4.50 . The influx of fluid from the formation is caused by the creation of regulated depression due to:
replace mud density at a solution, the technical degassed water or oil. The difference in densities consistently
replacement fluids should not exceed 0.50-0.60 g/cm3, with a greater difference of density shall be limited to the
rate of decline back pressure on the reservoir;
the use of foam systems.
4.51 . Reduce the liquid in the production casing through swabbing, the use of submersible pumps, injection of inert
gas or natural gas from nearby wells in accordance with the instructions for safe operation, developed by the
company. Using air to reduce fluid prohibited. When swabbing the well outfitted lubricator.
4.52 . In-depth measurements in wells with excess pressure on the estuary are allowed only with the use of
lubricators, the parameters of which must meet the conditions of the well. Lubricator is pressed on the test pressure
of the production string.
4.53 . For each well to be development, plan drawn up taking into account the technological requirements for these
jobs and the appointment of the persons responsible for their implementation. The plan approved by the technical
manager of the drilling company and approved by the customer.
43
5 . Priority actions for the production staff in the event of gazoneftevodoproyavleny and blowouts
5.1. If signs of receipt of formation fluid into the well (excessive mud, increasing its volume in the tanks, the
discrepancy of calculated and actual volumes topped up (displaced) solution at ACT) signal is "Release". In this drill
watch obliged to seal the channel drill pipe, wellhead, inform and guide the drilling companies to act in accordance
with the emergency plan. Before sealing the channel drill pipe must be removed gauges on the riser and the annulus.
5.2 . After closing the BOP at gazoneftevodoproyavleniyah need to install monitoring for possible griffins around the
well.
5.3. Liquidation gazoneftevodoproyavleny performed using standard methods (taking into account the actual
conditions), under the direction of a responsible person who has the necessary qualifications.
5.4 . Priority actions for the production staff in the event of an open fountain:
stop the internal combustion engine;
turn off the power and lighting power supply line;
turn off the electricity in the polluted area;
put out a technical household furnaces, located near the well;
stop in gas hazardous area all hot work, smoking, and other actions that may cause sparks;
disconnect all facilities (transformation substations, pumping units, gas distribution stations, etc.), Which can be in
gas hazardous area;
inform the management of the enterprise, blowout and fire protection service of the origin of the open fountain;
stop movement in areas adjacent to the well access roads to the site, install warning signs and guard posts;
stop all work in the danger zone and immediately retire abroad;
if possible movement of gas contamination to other objects or localities to adopt measures for timely notification
of workers and the public.
5.5. If there is an open fountain at the facilities of the continental shelf (offshore fixed platforms, floating rigs, etc.)
Should be required to:
inform the company's management and related services;
run the emergency source of power (emergency diesel generator) to drive the main fire pumps to create a water
spray tower, emergency mouth and estuary areas and irrigation jet fountain and creating water curtain between the
living and the well block, another storm and extractive wells in the collective life-saving appliances and the actuator
hydraulic movement of the portal;

23

24

identify fumes residential premises and technological blocks escape routes and setting positions of collective lifesaving appliances;
prepare collective life-saving equipment and personal protective equipment to evacuate.
3.14 . The exhaust pipes of internal combustion engines rig , mobile and cementing units , other special equipment
must be equipped with spark arresters .
3.15 . The order of movement of all modes of transport on the well pad defined by the Regulations (see paragraph
3.6 of this Instruction ) . Prohibits passage of transport (except of Technology ) for the territory , where the oilfield
equipment and communications.
3.16 . Professionals and workers, asking for drilling , development , operation and maintenance of wells , as well as
those related to the maintenance of production facilities at the well pad must undergo special training on safe
operation in accordance with the requirements of these Regulations and the Regulations (see paragraph 3.6 of this
instructions) and certification in accordance with the Regulations on the procedure for training and certification of
employees of organizations operating hazardous production facilities under the control of Russian Gosgortechnadzor
(RD 04-265-99 ) , approved by the Gosgortechnadzor Russia from 11.01.99 N 2 .
For information: Regulations on the training and certification of employees of organizations operating hazardous
production facilities under the control of Russian Gosgortechnadzor (RD 04-265-99 ) . Status: Not Applicable Cancelled.
Instead of RD 04-265-99 applies: 03-19-2007 RD Regulation on the organization of the training and certification of
organizations supervised by the Federal Service for Ecological , Technological and Nuclear Supervision
3.17 . The evacuation of people , transportation, special equipment with pads in case of emergency should be
provided SSNs .
3.18 . In the event of flooding of the pad above the flood waters of column flange drilling , development and
maintenance of wells are not allowed, and operation of wells using a special plan, approved by the subsoil user (his
representative) and agreed with the relevant territorial authority Gosgortechnadzor Russia .
4 . well Construction
4.1. Construction of wells in the well pad is carried out in accordance with the project approved in the manner
prescribed by the Government of the Russian Federation from 27.12.00 N 1008 " On the order of the state
examination and approval of urban planning , design and project documentation ."
For the record: Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation from 27.12.00 N 1008 " On the order of the
state examination and approval of urban planning , design and project documentation ." Status: Not Applicable Cancelled.
In return, the Resolution N 1008 applies: Government Decree of 05.03.2007 N 145 ( as amended on 31.03.2012) "On
the organization and conduct of state expertise of project documentation and engineering research ."
49
4.2 . Construction of well pad , access roads , power lines, barns device , embankments , etc. must be completed
prior to drilling of the first well . The willingness of the pad to begin work on the construction of wells to be installed
commission appointed by the customer, with the inclusion of the Commission, representatives of contractors ,
drilling companies , and to an operation of hazardous production facilities. When the number of wells in the well pad
in accordance with the changes made to the project in the prescribed manner , may be a combination of work for
the growth of the pad , the device further pits , installation of communications, etc. with drilling and other work
provided for the project.
4.3. The roads and entrances to the well pad should provide year-round passage of vehicles and special equipment.
Entrances to the well pad is determined by the project.
4.4. When the content of gas in the mud , or more than 5% in the case of oil-based solutions should be sampled gas
environment during drilling rig on site , in the pump unit, a cleaning mud and capacitive system.
4.5. When traveling derrick - winch unit and other equipment units and to a new position in the test rig , as well as in
emergency operation associated with high loads on the tower, the work must be stopped to develop the adjacent
wells located in the danger zone. Out of the danger zone ( in a radius equal to the tower height plus 10 m) should be
deleted people than workers employed directly liquidation of the accident, the shifting - derrick winch unit.
4.6. In carrying out pressings of pipelines , manifolds high pressure blowdown of wells drilling , development and
repair of wells should be discontinued if they interfere for these types of jobs , and manufacturing operations .
4.7. Terms crimping preventers are installed on the operating pressure now in agreement with the regional agency
Gosgortechnadzor Russia . This period shall not exceed the time of drilling a group of wells .
4.8 . In accidents with open oil spills or the receipt of the gas into the air all the work on the bush , including oil ,
should be discontinued.

5 . The development, operation and maintenance of wells


5.1. At the time of doing prostrelochnyh work ( perforated production casing , repairs , etc.) around the well
established danger zone radius of not less than 10 m Prostrelochnye must be carried out in compliance with the
safety requirements.
5.2 . Development of wells on the bush , regardless of how they are subsequently used , shall be in accordance with
the work plan approved by the technical manager of the enterprise and agreed with the customer . Preparing to
work on the development of the wells , and the process of development must meet the requirements of security.
5.3. Connecting well development to communications collecting oil should be strictly in accordance with the project.
The use of temporary schemes for the collection and transportation of oil is prohibited.
5.4 . Well development using inert gases using portable compressor , it must be located at least 25 meters from the
wellhead.
50
5.5. Wellheads on the bush must be equipped with (depending on the mode of operation) of the same type fittings ,
flanges and their tower should be located on the same level as the surface of the pad .
5.6. The need and how to install on large producer , as well as in wells with high GOR shut-off valves and remote
controlled wellhead valves are determined on the basis of the draft terms of security work.
5.7. With the commissioning of the first well on the bush should be set procedures for monitoring gas content of the
air environment throughout the pad . Scheduling and Place of sampling and monitoring procedures are carried out
by the representative of the subsoil user ( customer). The implementation of this control lies with the Executive
Director at work on the well pad .
5.8. Upon completion of the drilling and completion of the pad should be released from the drilling equipment is not
used in construction materials, tools , drilling waste , etc. After delivery to the customer of the pad or by the act of
the contractor is not responsible for the incidents and accidents in this area [1]. Admission to the operation of each
hazardous facility on well pad is made in the prescribed manner . [2]
5.9 . Within the forbidden (hazardous ) areas have operated wells are not allowed the presence of persons and
vehicles not associated with actually executing the work .
5.10 . Repair work on the wells should be carried out by a specialized team to plan, approved by the technical
director. The work plan should include the necessary measures for safety and environmental protection.
5.11 . Workovers without stopping neighboring wells permitted subject to the development and implementation of
special events, excluding the possibility of harmful effects on working well. These measures should be provided for in
the work plan . Further opening of productive deposits adjacent wells should be stopped and if necessary sealed.
5.12 . Simultaneous operation of two specialized teams to repair or exploration wells on one well pad . Safety
instruction of doing such work now being developed and agreed with the relevant territorial authority
Gosgortechnadzor Russia .
5.13 . When repairing wells on gas lift equipment arrangement bushes before injecting gas into the hole repaired , as
well as in neighboring wells on the left and on the right for a period of equipment arrangement is terminated.
Installation of special equipment on the route of the pipeline gas lift is prohibited.
5.14 . Dismantling of the rig with the pad , its transportation units and assemblies are produced at a stop wells that
are in the danger zone . The size and boundaries of dangerous areas , depending on the type of work ( lowering of
the tower , from the point of withdrawal and transportation - derrick winch unit , etc.) , established by the
Regulation (see paragraph 3.6 of this Instruction ) .
References
1. The Civil Code of the Russian Federation.
2 . The Federal Law " On industrial safety of hazardous production facilities " from 21.07.97 N 116- FZ (as amended)
3 . Federal Law " On Subsoil " from 21.02.92 N 2395-1 ( as amended on 08/08/01 ) .
4 . Safety rules for the oil and gas industry (PB 08-200-98 ) . Approved by Decree Gosgortechnadzor Russia from
09.04.98 N 24.
5 . SNIP 11-01-95 . Instructions on the development, coordination , approval, and the design documentation for
construction of enterprises , buildings and structures. Approved by Decree of the Ministry of Construction of Russia
30.06.95 N 18-64.
For the record: SNIP 11-01-95 . Instructions on the development, coordination , approval, and the design
documentation for construction of enterprises , buildings and structures. Approved by Decree of the Ministry of
Construction of Russia 30.06.95 N 18-64. Status: Not Applicable - to cancel the decision of the State Construction
Committee of Russia 17.02.2003 , the number 18 and from 17.11.2003 190 .
Instead SNIP 11-01-95 applies:

25

26

In the Russian Federation for the preparation of project documentation should be guided by the Town Planning Code
of the Russian Federation (Article 48, 49) and the decisions of the Government of the Russian Federation 87 dated
16 February 2008 "Regulations on the part of sections of project documentation and requirements to their content "
and the number 145 on the 05.03.2007 , "On the organization and conduct public examination of project
documentation and engineering research " ( as amended on 31.03.2012) .
Initial data for the preparation of project documentation shall be submitted in accordance with the resolutions of
the Government of the Russian Federation 840 of 29.12.2005 "On the form of the urban plan of the land , 20
dated 19.01.2006 "On the engineering surveys for the preparation of project documentation, construction and
reconstruction of capital construction , 83 dated 13.02.2006 " On approval of rules defining and providing
technical conditions for connecting the capital construction object to the network engineering and technical support
and the Rules of the connection object of capital construction to engineering and technical support . "
6. Changes and amendments to the Rules of safety in the oil and gas industry [ UPS 08-375 (200 ) -00 ] . Approved by
Decree Gosgortechnadzor Russia from 11.08.00 N 44.
7. Guidelines for the risk analysis of hazardous production facilities ( RD 03-418-01 ) . Approved by the State
Technical Supervision Russian Order of 10.07.2001 30 .
______________________________
* Spray Playground - limited territory deposit, which prepared a special area for a group of wells , oil and gas
equipment , residential and office premises, etc.
Position ** - a group of wells with the distance between their mouths , to 5 pm

27