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ASTM C143 SLAMP TEST

4.1 This test method is intended to provide the user with a procedure to determine
slump of plastic hydraulic-cement concretes.
Note 1: This test method was originally developed to provide a technique to monitor
the consistency of unhardened concrete. Under laboratory conditions, with strict
control of all concrete materials, the slump is generally found to increase
proportionally with the water content of a given concrete mixture, and thus to be
inversely related to concrete strength. Under field conditions, however, such a
strength relationship is not clearly and consistently shown. Care should therefore be
taken in relating slump results obtained under field conditions to strength.
4.2 This test method is considered applicable to plastic concrete having coarse
aggregate up to 11/2 in. [37.5 mm] in size. If the coarse aggregate is larger than
11/2 in. [37.5 mm] in size, the test method is applicable when it is performed on the
fraction of concrete passing a 11/2-in. [37.5-mm] sieve, with the larger aggregate
being removed in accordance with the section titled ?Additional Procedure for Large
Maximum Size Aggregate Concrete? in PracticeC172.
4.3 This test method is not considered applicable to non-plastic and non-cohesive
concrete.
Note 2: Concretes having slumps less than1/2 in. [15 mm] may not be adequately
plastic and concretes having slumps greater than about 9 in. [230 mm] may not be
adequately cohesive for this test to have significance. Caution should be exercised
in interpreting such results.
1. Scope1.1 This test method covers determination of slump of hydraulic-cement
concrete, both in the laboratory and in the field.
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded
separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The
values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system
shall be used independently of theother. Combining values from the two systems
may resultin non-conformance with the standard.
1.3 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide
explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and
figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any,
associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to
establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine theapplicability of
regulatory limitations prior to use.(Warning?Fresh hydraulic cementitious mixtures
are caustic and may cause chemical burns to skin and tissue upon prolonged
exposure.2)

ASTM C136 SIEVE ANALYSIS


5.1 This test method is used primarily to determine the grading of materials
proposed for use as aggregates or being used as aggregates. The results are used
to determine compliance of the particle size distribution with applicable
specification requirements and to provide necessary data for control of the
production of various aggregate products and mixtures containing aggregates. The
data may also be useful in developing relationships concerning porosity and
packing.
5.2 Accurate determination of material finer than the 75-?m (No. 200) sieve cannot
be achieved by use of this test method alone. Test MethodC117for material finer
than 75-?m sieve by washing should be employed.
5.3 Refer to methods of sampling and testing in SpecificationC637for heavyweight
aggregates.
1. Scope
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the particle size distribution of fine
and coarse aggregates by sieving.
1.2 Some specifications for aggregates which reference this test method contain
grading requirements including both coarse and fine fractions. Instructions are
included for sieve analysis of such aggregates.
1.3 Units?The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded
separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact
equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other.
Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the
standard.
Note 1: Sieve size is identified by its standard designation in SpecificationE11. The
alternative designation given in parentheses is for information only and does not
represent a different standard sieve size. SpecificationE11cites the following with
respect to SI units versus inch-pound units as standard. ?The values stated in SI
units shall be considered standard for the dimensions of the sieve cloth openings
and the wire diameters used in the sieve cloth. The values stated in inch-pound
units shall be considered standard with regard to the sieve frames, pans,? and
covers.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any,
associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to
establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine theapplicability of
regulatory limitations prior to use.

ASTM C873 Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Concrete Cylinders
Cast in Place in Cylindrical Molds

This test method covers the determination of strength of cylindrical concrete


specimens that have been molded in place using special molds attached to
formwork. A concrete cylinder mold assembly consisting of a mold and a tubular
support member is fastened within the concrete formwork prior to placement of the
concrete. The elevation of the mold upper edge is adjusted to correspond to the
plane of the finished slab surface. The mold support prevents direct contact of the
slab concretewith the outside of the mold and permits its easy removal from the
hardened concrete. Strength of cast-in-place cylinders may be used for various
purposes, such as estimating the load-bearing capacity of slabs, determining the
time of form and shore removal, and determining the effectiveness of curing and
protection. Consolidation of concrete in the mold may be varied to simulate the
conditions of placement. Internal vibration ofconcrete in the mold is prohibited
except under special circumstances.This abstract is a brief summary of the
referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part ofthe standard;
the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application.
ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation
that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
4.1 Cast-in-place cylinder strength relates to the strength of concrete in the
structure due to the similarity of curing conditions because the cylinder is cured
within the slab. However, due to differences in moisture condition, degreeof
consolidation, specimen size, and length-diameter ratio, there is not a unique
relationship between the strength of cast-in-place cylinders and cores of the same
age. When cores can be drilled undamaged and tested in the same moisture
condition as the cast-in-place cylinders, the strength of the cylinders can be
expected tobe on average 10?% higher than the cores at ages up to 91 days for
specimens of the same size and length-diameter ratio.
44.2 Strength of cast-in-place cylinders may be used for various purposes, such as
estimating the load-bearing capacity of slabs, determining the time of form and
shore removal, and determining the effectiveness of curing and protection.
1. Scope
1.1 This test method covers the determination of strengthof cylindrical concrete
specimens that have been molded in place using special molds attached to
formwork. This test method is limited to use in slabs where the depth of concrete is
from 125 to 300 mm [5 to 12 in.].

1.2 Units?The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded
separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact
equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other.
Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the
standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any,
associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to consult
and establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the
applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.(Warning?Fresh hydraulic
cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to skin and tissue
upon prolonged exposure.2)