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Argentina Map, Map of Argentina

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Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic, is the second largest country by land area in South America, after Brazil. Argentina consists ofNoticias
provinces and an autonomous city, its capital, Buenos Aires (Largest City). Argentina is 8th largest in the world by total area and largest spanish
speaking country in the world.

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Argentina Map, Map of Argentina

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The region that is now Argentina has been inhabited by indigenous groups since at least 11,000 BC. The Inca Empire took over

Flag of Argentina

the region in the northwest, while mostly nomadic people lived in the south and central areas. Europeans arrived in the area in
1516, led by Spanish explorer Juan Diaz de Solis, and the
region of modern-day Argentina soon became part of the

The national flag of Argentina

first raised at the city of Rosario

Viceroyalty of Peru. Spanish explorers founded Fort Sancti

on February 27, 1812. It is a

Spiritu in Argentina in 1527. Buenos Aires was first established





equally wide horizontal bands

in 1536, then destroyed by natives, and reestablished in 1580.

coloured light blue, white and

Society during this period was arranged into a caste system,

light blue.

with the European Spaniards at the top. Mestizos are people

who have both Spanish and native Argentinian heritage, making
up around 10 percent of the total population. Many mestizos

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lived in rural areas and became the Argentine gauchos.

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In 1776, the Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata was formed out of

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place May 18 to 25, 1810, in Buenos Aires, the capital of

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Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata. After hearing that Napoleon

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Facts about Argentina

Political Map of

Physical Map of

Where is Argentina

Blank Map of Argentina


Argentine Republic

Lat Long

34.0000 S, 64.0000 W


South America

Capital and

Buenos Aires

Largest City

Cities in Argentina

Argentina Airports

Argentina Lat Long Map




2,780,400 square kilometers


42,610,981 (July 2013 est.)

Form of

Federal republic

Argentina Rail Map

Argentina Minerals

Argentina Stock

Rivers in Argentina

Buenos Aires Map

Head of State

de Kirchner
Vice President /

had invaded Spain, the people of Argentina began their war of independence, which lasted from 1810 to 1818. Argentina
declared independence on July 9, 1816.
From 1864 to 1870, Argentina fought as part of the Triple Alliance, along with Brazil and Uruguay, against Paraguay, in a war

President Cristina Fernandez

Amado Boudou


Argentine pesos

GDP Per Capita

$18,200 (2012 est.)

GDP (purchasing

$746.9 billion (2012 est.)

known as the War of the Triple Alliance or the Paraguayan War. This war caused more deaths proportionally than any other war
in modern history, and devastated Paraguay, killing off about 60 percent of its population.

power parity)
The Conquest of the Desert in the 1870s, led by Argentinian General Julio Argentino Roca, was a movement to conquer


Patagonia in southern Argentina, where the indigenous people continued to live. The Conquest led to a genocide of the native

Spanish (official), Italian,


people, and also led to the election of Roca to the presidency.


other major banks in London. The bailout prevented the collapse of London's banking system, but caused a major recession in
Argentina, known as the Panic of 1890.

nominally Roman Catholic,

Protestant, Jewish

After risky investments by Barings Bank (based in London) in Argentina, the bank faced bankruptcy, and had to be bailed out by
Ethnic Groups

white (mostly Spanish and

Italian), Mestizo (mixed white
and Amerindian ancestry),

Hipolito Yrigoyen, a radical democratic reformist, was elected president in 1916. During his presidency, he introduced a minimum


wage, and attempted to deal with inflation and economy issues, and was reelected in 1928. He was overthrown in a military coup
in 1930, initiating the Infamous Decade, a period characterized by political corruption and economic crisis. Small land owners


were unable to survive in rural areas, so they began moving toward industrialization.

National Holiday

During World War II, Argentina began as a neutral party, refusing to break diplomatic relations with Japan and Germany. Near

9 July 1816 (from Spain)

Revolution Day, 25 May


the end of the war, Argentina sided with the Allied Nations, and entered the United Nations as a founding nation.
In the aftermath of World War II, Juan Peron, elected president in 1946, began his political movement, known as Peronism,
nationalizing several industries and temporarily improving the economy. However, he also began suppressing any dissent,
especially from news organizations, and tortured members of the opposition. Despite this, Peron was reelected in 1951, but after

National Symbol

Sun of May

National Anthem

Himno Nacional Argentino


Argentine, Argentinian,

his wife Eva died of cancer in 1952, his support began to drop. In 1955, military coups overthrew him, and he resigned, exiling


himself. The constitution of 1853, based on the U.S. Constitution, was then restored, but a period of military rule followed a coup
in 1966, and Peron regained power in 1973. Peron's party won the election and Hector Campora became president of Argentina.
Peron returned to Buenos Aires, and when Campora resigned, Peron returned to the presidency. Peron died the next year in

Time zone


Calling Code


Internet TLD


1974, which was followed by social unrest and inflation of up to 300 percent.



Argentina Map, Map of Argentina

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During 1976, Argentina was involved in what is known as the Dirty War. Led by General Jorge Videla, the war lasted until 1983
and saw the disappearance of many left-wing activists. A total of about 10,000 people were murdered or went missing during the
Dirty War.
In 1982, Argentina and Britain went to war over the Falkland Islands (referred to by Argentinians as the Islas Malvinas), and
Britain controlled the islands again. By 1983, inflation reached 900 percent, civilian rule was returned, and Raul Alfonsin became
president, and began investigating the human rights abuse during the Dirty War.
President Carlos Menem (Peronist Party) won the election in 1989. Menem began an economic austerity program and was
reelected in 1995. In 1992, the new Argentinian peso is put into use.
Argentina is located in southern South America, and is the world's largest Spanish-speaking country, and the eighth largest
country by land area in the whole world. Argentina can be divided into six regions: Gran Chaco, Mesopotamia, the Pampas,
Patagonia, Cuyo, Argentine Northwest. Mesopotamia in Argentina is the lowland between the Parana and Uruguay Rivers, the
Pampas are the fertile lowlands in the center and east of Argentina. Patagonia is the region at the far south of Argentina (and
Chile) which contains part of the Andes Mountains and the plateau.
Argentina's major geographic features include the Andes Mountains and the coastal regions along the Atlantic Ocean. The major
rivers in Argentina include Parana, Pilcomayo, Paraguay, Uruguay, and the Colorado.
Argentina has a temperate climate, which ranges all the way from subtropical to subpolar (just north of Antarctica).
Argentina is a constitutional republic, with its capital in Buenos Aires. The president is the head of state, and the legislative
branch of government has a bicameral Congress, with a Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. One-third of party representatives
in the Senate must be women.
Argentina is divided into twenty-three provinces, and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires. Each province is a representative
republic, and can have its own constitution and local government. The provinces are further divided into departments and
municipalities. The federal district of Buenos Aires is divided into partidos, and the city itself is separated into communes.
Argentina is very urbanized more than 90 percent of its population lives in the cities. Greater Buenos Aires metropolitan area
has become one of the largest urban areas in the world. Other major cities in Argentina include Cordoba, Rosario, Mendoza, and
Tucuman. These cities offer cultural experience, culinary pleasures, like the world renowned beef, and dances like the Argentine
Argentina offers diverse terrain and outdoor adventures. The famous region of Patagonia at the southern end of Argentina is a
popular destination for people who love the outdoors. The steppes of Patagonia draw backpackers from around the world. Other
natural attractions include wildlife, like the penguin colonies on along the coast, great waterfalls and lakes, and the Glacier Perito

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Argentina's education is regulated by the national public education system, which is funded by taxes up through undergraduate
school, though private schools are also available at all levels. Attendance is mandatory for students up to seventeen years of
age. The school system is divided into elementary school and high school, each lasting around six years in many areas. The
polimodal (polymodal) system is used in many parts of the country, but not Buenos Aires and some provinces, which follow the
traditional Argentinian school model instead.
Though universities in Argentina are free of tuition, there are still other fees associated with attending university, and without an
effective scholarship system in place, lower income students can find it difficult to afford higher education. Argentina's universities
have gained worldwide recognition, and have produced three Nobel Prize winners in the sciences.
About 70 kilograms of beef is consumed per capita in Argentina every year.
Argentina houses the highest point in both the Southern and Western Hemispheres in Mendoza.
The musical Evita was written about Eva Peron, the wife of Argentina's famous best known president, Juan Peron.
Revolutionary Ernesto Che Guevara was born in Rosario, Argentina.
Argentina has the highest GDP per capita in Latin America, and is classified as a secondary emerging market.

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