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What if?

1. Intro warm-up situation

Narration

Antonio Cortez and Oscar one of his brothers are talking on the phone. Oscar has a
girl problem They're not planning a wedding, and Oscar doesn't have plans to buy
matching engagement rings just yet, but who knows what will happen if Oscar
follows Antonio's advice, maybe it could lead to a search to buy engagement
wedding bands.

Conversation

Nothing... you
know, I really like
this girl, and I
want to ask her
out.

Hey, Oscar,
what's up?

So, what's the


problem?
Well, what if I
ask her and she
says no?

Well, maybe if I
were in a band,
she'd go out with
me. Do you want
to start a band?

Yeah. Well, I think


her last boyfriend
had a really cool
car. Maybe if I had
a nicer car, she'd
say yes.

Why would
she say no?

No. You don't


even play an
instrument. That's
crazy.

I don't know.
She's really
pretty. If I were
better-looking,
she might say
yes.

Well, if I had more


money, I could take
her to a really nice
restaurant. Hey,
could I borrow some
money?

You're lucky to
have a car.

You look fine.


You can't worry
about that.

No way, then
she'd expect you
to take her to
nice restaurants
all the time.
Yeah,
you're right.

Look, maybe if you werent


so nervous about it, she'd
say yes. Just be yourself
and ask her out. If she likes
you, she'll go out with you.
Yeah, you're
right. I'll call
her and ask
her out.

Okay... Wait
Antonio. Wait. What
if she says yes, but
she really doesn't
like me? Antonio?
Antonio?

Great. I'll see


you later. Let me
know what
happens.

2. Answer the questions

Write the correct answer to the questions.


Questions

Answers

a. Who is Oscar?
b. What happens with Oscar?
c. According to Oscar, What would
happen if he had a nicer car?
d. What did Oscar say about his look?
e. Will Oscar call and ask her out?

3. Language structure
Compare the following questions and identify the verb tenses:

Compare

If I

enough money, I
London.

If

time, She
parents.

If I

enough money, I
London.

If she

If I

time, she
parents.

hard, I

go to

visit her

go to

visit her

more.

If she

a lot of candies, she

fat.

Identify

Identify the antecedent and the consequence of each sentence


Example:
If don`t go to the movie, I`ll study my math

Antecedent = I don't go to the movie.


Consequence = I'll study my math.

If they go to Australia, they will go


whale-watching.
= they go to Australia.
= they will go whalewatching.

If she had a mobile, I would call her.


= she had a mobile.
= I would call her.

She goes to see a doctor, If she


doesn't feel well.
= she doesn't feel well.
= she goes to see a
doctor.

If I do exercise, I sweat.
= I do exercise
= I sweat.

If you move here, we will see each


other more often.
= you move here.
= we will see each
other more often.

You'll live longer if you stop smoking.


= you stop smoking.
= you'll live longer.

If Sarah didn't go with John, Anna


would try to become his girlfriend.
= Sarah didn't go with
John.
= Anna would try to
become his girlfriend.

I will only dance if they play my


favorite song.
= they play my favorite
song.
= I will dance.

I wouldn't buy that computer if I didn't


need it.
= if I didn't need it.
= I wouldn't buy that
computer.

I'd lend you money if I had any.


= if I had any.
= I'd lend you
money.

Learn

Conditional sentences
Conditionals in English express that the action in the first sentence or clause (without
if) can take place if a certain condition (in the if clause) is fulfilled. There are many
types of conditionals in English, but three of them will be explained. The 0, 1 and 2
conditionals.
Conditional type 0- zero
IF + SIMPLE PRESENT + SIMPLE PRESENT
If clause

Main clause

If + Present tense

Present tense

If you cut your finger.

You bleed.

It is used for scientific facts or general truths. The word if expresses condition, the
word when can also be used.

If I exercise hard, I get tired.


If she eats hamburgers, she gets an allergy.
If I have time, I usually go to the movies.
Conditional type I First conditional
Used to talk about things which are possible in the present or the future. It is
generally used for things which may happen, those facts could be real or possible.
IF + SIMPLE PRESENT + SIMPLE FUTURE

If clause

Main clause

If + Present tense

will / can / may / must + verb

If it rains today.

I wont go to the University.

If I have time, I'll visit my parents this afternoon.


If she doesn't call you, you can call her.
If you study hard, you will pass your exams.
Conditional type II Second conditional
It is used to talk about things which are unreal (not true or not possible) in the
present or the future. It is generally used for things which don't or won't happen. It is
generally used for things which may happen.
IF + SIMPLE PAST + SIMPLE CONDITIONAL
If FIRST verb in the sentence is TO BE, WERE is used for all persons.

If clause

Main clause

If + Past Simple

Would / could / might + verb

If I won the lottery.

I would travel around the world.

If I were in Brazil, I would go to Rio de Janeiro.


If I had more money, I would buy a nice apartment.
If I were him, I would go and see a doctor.
If elephants had wings, they would be able to fly.
Pronunciation
In English, there are many words as Me with the vocalic sound /i:/
See
Seen
Read (present tense)
/i:/ its a long vowel sound which sometimes can be confused; watch the video by
clicking on the following link:
http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/pronunciation/mp4/vowel_lo
ng_1.mp4
Pronounce the following words and record your voice with the microphone.
fleece /flis/
sea /si/
machine /min/

Vocabulary

Conditional connectors
Conditional connectors are those that indicate condition for the realization of
something. Some of them are:
If
Whether
Unless
Provided / Providing
As long as
In case
Remember!
In past conditional sentences in which the verb to be appears, the verb tenses was
or were can be used indistinctly. Example: If I was /were rich, Id buy a yatch.
The sentence that introduces the condition is placed at the beginning and it is
followed by a coma. Example: If I were you, Id go.
The word when can only introduce a conditional sentence in present tense, but not
in past tense.
4. Exercising

Exercise 1.
Complete the zero conditional sentences with the verb in brackets (Parenthesis).
Use contractions where possible.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

If you press that button, the light ________________ (come) on.


It's easier to sleep if _______________ (you / not / be) stressed.
The teacher gets angry if ____________ (we / not / work) hard.
If _____________ (I / go) on a boat, I always feel sick.
His mother gets annoyed if ______________ (he / be) late.
If _______________ (I / not / know) a word, I look in my dictionary.
They play football if _______________ (they / not / have) any homework.

8. If you freeze water, ______________(it / turn) to ice.


Exercise 2.
Complete the First conditional sentences with the verb in brackets (Parenthesis).
Use contractions where possible.
1. If I ____________ (go) out tonight, I _____________ (go) to the cinema.
2. If you _____________ (get) back late, I ____________ (be) angry.
3. If we _____________ (not/see) each other tomorrow, we _____________(see)
each other next week.
4. If he ___________ (come), I __________ (be) surprised.
5. If we __________ (wait) here, we ___________ (be) late.

Exercise 3.
Complete the Second conditional sentences with the verb in in brackets
(Parenthesis). Use contractions where possible.
1. If I __________ (be) you, I ________(get) a new job.
2. If he __________(be) younger, he __________(travel) more.
3. If we ___________(not/be) friends, I _________(be) angry with you.
4. If I ____________(have) enough money, I ____________(buy) a big house.
5. If she ____________(not/be) always so late, she __________(be) promoted.

5. Producing

In this space, you will answer the questions


by writing and recording your voice.
This activity is available at the button
Activities / Learning Activity 2 / Evidence:
What would you do?

6: Test

In this space, you will present a test.


This test is available at the button: Activities /
Learning Activity 2 / Evidence: Test What
if?

References
BBC. (s.f.). Pronunciation tips from bbclearningenglish.com. Consultado el 4 de
noviembre
de
2013,
en
http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/pronunciation/mp4/vowel_lo
ng_1.mp4
Document control
Name
Author

Charge

Dependence

Date

Andrs Rafael
Flrez Salas

Experto temtico

Centro de Comercio y
Servicios.
Regional Atlntico

November
2013

Andrs Felipe
Velandia Espitia

Guionista - Lnea
de produccin

Centro Agroindustrial.
Regional Quindo

November
2013

Rachman
Bustillo Martnez

Guionista - Lnea
de produccin

Centro Agroindustrial.
Regional Quindo

November
2013

Adaptation