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Multiple Choice

(out of 180)

*** Score
(out of 20)

Total
(out of 200)

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Chem 0110 - Golde


Fall Term 2011

FINAL EXAM
Monday, December 12

INSTRUCTIONS:
DO NOT TEAR ANY PAGES OFF YOUR EXAM, EXCEPT THE PERIODIC CHART.
PRINT AND SIGN YOUR NAME AT THE TOP OF THIS PAGE.
The exam contains 30 multiple-choice questions (6 points each) to be answered on the machinescored sheet, using a #2 pencil. Be sure to write in your name and write and code in your 7-digit
Peoplesoft Number on this sheet. Do all your working on the exam sheets.
***The last 20 points will be given for your answers to instructions marked*** in ten of the
questions. Write your answers clearly on the exam sheets.
TURN IN THE WHOLE EXAM and the MACHINE-SCORED SHEET.
Useful information is on the reverse side of the periodic chart.

KEEP CALM!
GOOD LUCK!
HAPPY HOLIDAYS!!
*** Read the question carefully
*** Watch out for stoichiometric coefficients
*** Watch the signs
*** Does your answer make sense?

USEFUL INFORMATION
pV = nRT

R = 0.0821 L atm/mol K = 8.31 J/mol K

3RT
MM

u =
c =

c = 3.00 x 108 m/s

E = h

h = 6.63 x 10-34 J.s

E=-

RH
R
or E = R H - 2H
2
n
n

RH = 2.179 x 10-18 J

q = s.m.T

Avogadro's number = 6.02 x 1023/mol

M = mol/L

Gas Molar Volume = 22.4 L at STP

STP: 1 atm, 0C

0C = 273 K; 1 atm = 760 mm Hg.

1 amu = 1.66 x 10-24 g

1 Hz = 1 s-1

< means less than

> means greater than

Solubility Rules.
1. Group IA and Ammonium compounds are soluble
Exceptions: None
2. Acetates and nitrates are soluble.
Exceptions: None
3. Most chlorides, bromides and iodides are soluble.
Exceptions: AgCl, Hg2Cl2, PbCl2, and analogous bromides and iodides.
4. Most sulfates are soluble.
Exceptions: CaSO4, SrSO4, BaSO4, Ag2SO4, Hg2SO4, PbSO4.
5. Most carbonates are insoluble.
Exceptions: Group IA carbonates, (NH4)2CO3 .
6. Most phosphates are insoluble.
Exceptions: Group IA phosphates, (NH4)3PO4 .
7. Most sulfides are insoluble.
Exceptions: Group IA sulfides, (NH4)2S.
8. Most hydroxides are insoluble.
Exceptions: Group IA hydroxides, Ca(OH)2, Sr(OH)2, Ba(OH)2.

Atomic Theory and Stoichiometry


1. Evaluate each of the following, quoting each answer to the correct number of significant
figures.
16.13 - 15.36
(i) 16.13 15.36
(ii)
78.9
(i)
(ii)
A) 0.8
0.01
B) 0.8
2 x 101
C) 0.80
0.01
D) 0.80
0.0098
E) 0.77
0.0098
F) 0.77
0.01
G) 0.770
15.94
H) 0.770
0.00976
I) 0.7700
0.009759
J) 0.7700
15.94

2. Which one response (A E) has a correct set of properties for all three given species?
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

SO3
Ionic
Molecule
Compound
Binary
Molecule

O3
Molecule
Ionic
Element
Element
Compound

C3H6O
Mixture
Compound
Ionic
Molecule
Ionic

3. For which one compound is the formula NOT consistent with the given name?
A) Methane:
CH4
B) Copper(I) phosphate:
CuPO4
C) Nitrogen dioxide:
NO2
D) Potassium sulfate:
K2SO4
E) Chromium(III) carbonate: Cr2(CO3)3
*** Give your reasoning or give the correct formula.

4. Which of the following statements concerning acids is/are correct?


1. An acid is a species which dissolves in water to give rise to H+ ions
2. HNO3 is a strong acid and H2CO3 is a weak acid.
3. All reactions of acids can be considered to be double-displacement, acid-base reactions
A) 1 only
F) 2 and 3

B) 2 only
C) 3 only
D) 1 and 2
G) All of them
H) None of them

E) 1 and 3

5. Consider the reaction:


2 Ca(s) + O2(g) 2 CaO(s)
In an experiment, 14.3g of Ca(s) was reacted with 5.25L of O2 gas, measured at STP (0oC, 1atm).
The limiting reagent was completely consumed.
(i) Determine the limiting reagent.
(ii) Determine the mass of CaO formed.
*** Show your work
(i)
A) Ca
B) Ca
C) Ca
D) O2
E) O2
F) O2

(ii)
40.0g
20.0g
33.2g
26.3g
33.2g
13.1g

6. What volume of 12.6M K2SO4 solution is needed to produce, by dilution with water, 2.55L of
0.0835M K2SO4 solution?
*** Show your work
A) 41.9mL
B) 213mL
C) 0.919mL
D) 151mL
E) 193mL
F) 385mL
G) 321mL
H) 16.9mL
I) 0.202mL
J) 24.6mL

7. Determine the number of Cl atoms in 5.44g (microgram) of PCl3.


A) 5.51 x 105 Cl atoms
B) 8.94 x 1012 Cl atoms
C) 3.96 x 108 Cl atoms
D) 2.38 x 1022 Cl atoms
E) 8.94 x 1021 Cl atoms
F) 7.15 x 1016 Cl atoms
G) 1.50 x 1023 Cl atoms
H) 9.32 x 1014 Cl atoms
I) 1.8 x 1024 Cl atoms
J) 2.33 x 1017 Cl atoms

Reactions, Gases and Thermochemistry


8. Consider the reaction given by the following molecular equation:
Mg(s) + 2 HCl(aq) MgCl2(aq) + H2(g)
Which one of (A) (D) is correct for the total ionic equation for this same reaction? If all are
incorrect, select (E).
A) Mg(s) should be written as Mg2+(s) in the total ionic equation
B) MgCl2(aq) should be written as Mg+(aq) + Cl2-(aq)
C) HCl(aq) should be written as HCl(aq)
D) H2(g) should be written as H2(g)
E) All of (A) (D) are incorrect

9. Which is the correct set of oxidation states for Fe and N in iron(II) nitrite, Fe(NO2)2?
Fe
A) +1
B) +1
C) +2
D) +2
E) +3
F) +3

N
-4
+7
-2
+3
+4
+2

10. A gas cylinder initially contained 49.5L of Ar gas at a pressure of 85.0 atm and a temperature
of 24oC. Then 1250g of Ar gas were removed from the cylinder. What is the new pressure of the
gas, which remains in the cylinder? The cylinder volume and temperature do not change.
*** Show your work
A) No gas remains in the cylinder
B) 117atm
C) 5.17atm
D) 22.8atm
E) 42.37atm
F) 15.4atm
G) 31.3atm
H) 14.0atm
I) 75.3atm
J) 69.6atm

11. Which statement concerning the earths atmosphere is NOT correct?


A) Air is a gas mixture, in which the two principal gases are N2 and O2
B) The pressure in the atmosphere decreases with increasing altitude
C) The ideal gas law applies to the air in the atmosphere (i.e. the air closely approximates an
ideal gas).
D) Clouds consist mainly of water in the liquid or solid state.
E) The partial pressure of N2 changes very little with increasing altitude
*** Name one other element and one compound found in the earths atmosphere

12. Calculate the enthalpy change for the process in which 6.00g of steam (H2O(g)) at 100oC is
converted to liquid water at a temperature of 35.0oC. The enthalpy of condensation of steam is
-4.07 x 104 J/mol and the specific heat of liquid water is 4.18 J/g oC. Hints: (i) Hess (ii) Watch
units!
*** Show your work
A) -1.52 x 104J
B) +7.59 x 106J
C) -3.66 x 105J
D) +1.63 x 103J
E) -940J
F) +1.19 x 104J
G) -2.31 x 104J
H) -2.44 x 105J
I) +878J
J) +2.82 x 103J

13. Determine the enthalpy change, H, for the following reaction:


2 C3H6(g) + 9 O2(g) 6 CO2(g) + 6 H2O(g), H = ?
Given the following enthalpies of formation, Hf, in kJ/mol: C3H6(g): +53.3; CO2(g): -393.5;
H2O(g): -241.8.
A) +689kJ
B) -689kJ
C) +3918kJ
D) -3918kJ
E) +582kJ
F) -582kJ
G) +5280kJ
H) -5280kJ

14. This question refers to some in-class demonstrations. Which one statement is NOT correct?
A) When LiCl is dissolved in water, the temperature of the water increases [that is True].
Therefore, dissolving solid LiCl is exothermic
B) When AlCl3 solid is added to water, audible fizzing occurs and steam is evolved. This reaction
is exothermic.
C) Vaporization of liquid ether is endothermic
D) The reaction of Ca metal with hydrochloric acid is endothermic
E) The reaction of H2 gas with O2 gas is exothermic

Quantum Theory and Lewis Structures


15. A certain form of electromagnetic radiation (light) has a frequency of 55.8GHz. Determine
the photon energy in J of this radiation.
A) 8.42 x 1034J
B) 8.42 x 1025J
C) 1.21 x 10-16J
D) 1.21 x 10-10J
E) 5.38 x 10-3J
F) 5.38 x 106J
G) 3.56 x 10-27J
H) 3.56 x 10-33J
I) 3.70 x 10-23J
J) 3.70 x 10-20J

16. Which one statement concerning the electron in the H atom is NOT correct?
A) The energy of the electron increases with increasing value of the n quantum number
B) The energy difference between the states with n = 5 and n = 7 is larger than the energy
difference between the states with n = 3 and n = 5
C) The highest value of n, n = infinity (), corresponds to ionization of the H atom
D) In excited states of the H atom, the electron cloud is larger than in the ground state of the
atom
E) The emission spectrum of the H atom arises from the electron jumping from a state with a
value of n greater than one to a state with a smaller value of n.

17. Consider the subshell of electrons being filled for a given set of elements. Which one answer
is correct?
A) From Ga to Kr: the 3p subshell is being filled
B) Ce to Lu: the 6f subshell
C) Cs to Ba: the 6s subshell
D) H to He: the 1p subshell
E) Y to Cd: the 5d subshell

18. Arrange Ga, Ga3+ and Sr in the order of increasing atomic radius (smallest species first)
A) Ga < Ga3+ < Sr
B) Ga < Sr < Ga3+
C) Ga3+ < Ga < Sr
D) Ga3+ < Sr < Ga
E) Sr < Ga < Ga3+
F) Sr < Ga3+ < Ga

19. Which of the following statements concerning metals and nonmetals is/are correct?
1. The ionization energies of metals are generally smaller than those of nonmetals
2. The electron affinities of metals are generally positive (endothermic) whereas those of
nonmetals are generally negative (exothermic)
3. Elements with relatively large electronegativities are much more reactive than
elements with relatively small electronegativities.
A) 1 only
F) 2 and 3

B) 2 only
C) 3 only
D) 1 and 2
G) All of them
H) None of them

E) 1 and 3

20. Orders of magnitude. Which one of the following cannot possibly be correct?
A) A certain substance has an enthalpy of fusion of 75 kJ/mol and an enthalpy of vaporization of
4.6 kJ/mol
B) A certain metal has an ionization energy of 550 kJ/mol
C) A certain nonmetal has an electron affinity of -190 kJ/mol
D) A certain form of electromagnetic radiation has a wavelength of 3.5 x 10-8m
E) A certain element in its standard state has an enthalpy of formation of zero.

21. Which one statement concerning Lewis structures is NOT correct?


A) In Lewis structures, carbon prefers to have 4 bonds and no lone pairs of electrons
B) If nitrogen forms 4 bonds and no lone pairs, it has a non-zero formal charge
C) If a molecule shows resonance, that means that at least one of the atoms (C, N, O and F) is an
exception to the octet rule in the Lewis structure for that species.
D) An oxygen atom with 3 bonds and 1 lone pair is quite common in Lewis structures
E) If carbon has 4 bonds and no lone pairs in a Lewis structure, it definitely has a zero formal
charge.

22. Which of the following Lewis structures is/are completely correct for the given species?
Remember that Lewis structures do not have to show the correct geometric shape. Dont worry
about resonance.
1. HNO2 (nitrous acid)

2. H2O2

3. ICl2- ion

A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) 3 only
D) 1 and 2
E) 1 and 3
F) 2 and 3
G) All of them
H) None of them
*** For any one of these structures, give your reasoning.

Other Aspects of Bonding


23. A certain molecule has an electron arrangement around the central atom, which is trigonal
bipyramidal. Its molecular geometry is NOT trigonal bipyramidal. Which one of the following
species is consistent with these properties?
*** Give your reasoning, including Lewis structures for two of the species
A) SF4
B) BF3
C) PCl5
D) ClO4- ion
E) SF6

24. Which one of the following molecules is NOT polar?


A) CH2Cl2
B) H2O
C) OCS
D) C2H2
E) NH3

25. Consider the molecule, C2H3Cl, chloroethene. Which one statement concerning its bonding is
NOT correct.
*** Draw a Lewis structure for C2H3Cl
A) The structure contains one C=C double bond
B) According to valence bond theory, each C atom forms three sp2 hybrid orbitals in this
structure
C) The C-Cl bond involves overlap of a hybrid orbital on C and the 1s orbital on Cl
D) The structure contains 5 bonds and 1 bond
E) This molecule has a planar geometry

26. In a certain compound, a mystery element, M, has sp2 hybridization. The orbital diagram for
its valence electrons is shown below. How many bonds, bonds and lone pairs does atom M
form in this compound?

A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

1
0
1
2
2

2
3
1
0
1

Lone pairs
0
1
0
2
1

27.

Nitric oxide, NO, has a phase diagram with the triple point (point D in the diagram) at a
temperature of 121K and a pressure of 0.22atm, and a critical point (Point E) at a temperature of
180K and a pressure of 64atm. Which one of the following statements is NOT correct?
A) At room temperature, 25oC and 1atm pressure, NO is a gas
B) The gas at room temperature can be liquefied (condensed to a liquid) by increasing the
pressure.
C) The gas at 1atm pressure can be condensed to a liquid by cooling at constant pressure
D) If the solid at an initial temperature of 100K is warmed at 1atm pressure, it melts to a liquid
E) If the solid at an initial temperature of 100K is warmed at 0.1atm pressure, it sublimes to a gas

28. If a species A has stronger intermolecular forces than species B, then which of the following
statements is/are correct?
1. Species A has a higher boiling point than B
2. Species A has a higher enthalpy of vaporization than B
3. Species A has a higher vapor pressure at 25oC than B
A) 1 only
F) 2 and 3

B) 2 only
C) 3 only
D) 1 and 2
G) All of them
H) None of them

E) 1 and 3

29. In which one of the following pairs does the first species have a higher boiling point than the
second?
*** Give your reasoning for any one pair of species
A) CH3F(g), CH3COOH(l)
B) LiCl, CH3Cl
C) HCl, HF
D) CH3F, CH3OH
E) C3H8, C6H14

30. This question concerns water. Which one statement is NOT correct?
A) NaCl dissolves readily in water because of attractive ion-dipole forces
B) The freezing point of a NaCl solution in water is higher than that of pure water
C) The vapor pressure of a solution of LiNO3 in water is smaller than the vapor pressure of pure
water
D) Water is a good solvent for ammonia, NH3
E) The density of ice is smaller than that of liquid water
CHEM 0110
FINAL EXAM

FALL 2011
GOLDE

BLUE exam

BLUE
PINK
GREEN
YELLOW

1
E
I
D
C

2
D
B
A
I

3
B
E
A
D

4
D
F
C
B

5
B
E
E
A

BLUE
PINK
GREEN
YELLOW

16
B
C
D
B

17
C
E
B
E

18
C
E
A
C

19
A
C
F
D

20
A
D
B
E

6
H
A
C
B

21
C
B
E
C

7
F
J
B
E

22
B
B
C
A

8
D
C
E
F

23
A
E
C
D

9
D
B
C
D

24
D
A
H
J

10
J
H
C
D

25
C
D
E
C

26
E
C
G
I

11
E
C
H
G

27
B
E
D
A

12
A
F
H
C

28
D
E
B
E

13
D
F
F
C

29
B
C
F
B

14
D
A
J
H

30
B
A
C
B

15
I
D
E
A