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Chapter 4 Energy Transfer by Heat, Work, and Mass

- See vf table 4 𝑄̇H= QHouse-Qpeople ;


6.22 kW A heat pump is used to maintain a house at a constant temperature of 23°C

Carnot

= 0.2 m
Answer: 849 K Consider two Carnot heat engines operating in series. 2400K y 300 K

See table 5 – from P3 get T3

QR: Q Removed
99 kJ The COP of a refrigerator decreases as the temperatura of the refrigerated space is decreased.
-> (kJ)
P1=P2
Use Ranking grandes
V: Volumen
v: (m3/Kg)
(a) 350 kPa, 138.88°C; (b) 27.5 kJ A piston-cylinder device contains 50 kg of water at150 kPa and 25°C
Heating load of the house - - - > 𝑄̇ =(Heat reat)(Delta Temperature (°F))

Solve for D  (a) 13.4, (b) 2.93 hp A Carnot heat pump is used to heat and maintain a residential building at 75°F

0.238 kg/min, 0.063 m A desktop computer is to be cooled by a fan whose flow rate is 0.34 m3/min

Chapter 7 Entropy
From air Tables of T1(Use rankine) get :
h1,Pr1

P=P1  get h2s


Ws=(h1-h2)

a = 150 kJ b= 90 kJ A frictionless piston-cylinder device initially contains air at 200 kPa and 0.2 m3.

75.2 Btu/lbm Air is compressed by an adiabatic compressor from 95 kPa and 27°C to 600 kPa and 277°C.

Chapter 6 The Second Law of Thermodynamics

Unit 6 From Tables A21


n= #of watermelons
C= specific heat

*n ; ; Convert

𝑘𝐽
W to kJ/s 1000 𝑊 = 1 𝑠
2240s = 37.3min
Pr2  interpolate to get h2s
from tables and T

(a) 81.9 percent, (b) 505.5 K


Air is compressed by an adiabatic compressor from 95 kPa and 27°C to 600 kPa and 277°C
Chapter 13 Momentum Analysis of Flow Systems

Multiply * 2 arms in Ajet

r= length of arm

(rad/s)

426 kW and -67.3N Commercially available large wind turbines have blade span diameters as large as 100 m and generate over 3 MW

(convert Seconds to minutes) =(rpm)


 = 0°: rpm 2026 rad/s  = 30° 1755 rpm  = 60°: rpm 1013

Water enters a two-armed lawn sprinkler along the


vertical axis at a rate of 60 L/s

= wáter density

Answers: (a) 29.5 m/s, (b) 2457 N Firemen are holding a nozzle at the end of a hose while trying to extinguish a fire

Solve V 

X= distance of fireman

;  Solve t ;
30.2 m/s, 0.0593 m3/s, 14.7 m/s A tripod holding a nozzle, which directs a 5-cmdiameter stream of water from a hose,
is shown in the figure.

(a) 2.62 m/s, 6.54 m, (b) 4.4 s, 2.3 m/s A 60-kg ice skater is standing on ice with ice skates (no friction).

a) b) (Initial V)

---> this V becomes=V0

c) ;
(a) 13.7 m/s, (b) 3.2 s, (c) 2.1 m, 1.3 s The apocryphal Indiana Jones
Chapter 17 Steady Heat Conduction Chapter 16 Mechanisms of Heat Transfer

𝑄̇ =(n chips)(Dissipaiting)
Area= high*long
L= thickness

0.042°C A 0.3-cm-thick, 12-cm-high, and 18-cm-long circuit board houses 80

(s = space between)
(Use kelvin) =
2639 W Steam in a heating system flows through tubes whose outer diameter is 5 cm

161.3W Consider a person standing in a room at 23°C

Di= Dtube – t*2


(W)

(r2 =out; r1=in of tube)


(T in celcius)
170.5 W/m2 · °C A1.4-m-long, 0.2-cm-diameter electrical wire extends across a
room that is maintained at 20°C

C = (Table A-15 for T). And transform to kJ/kg.K

--> Solve for T1


b) ; ; (Negative Signal important for -Qout)c
(Now change r2 =fin; r1= tube) T1 = 77.4°C A 4-m _ 5-m _ 6-m room is to be heated by one ton (1000 kg)

T2=Tb & T = T,out


/ (𝑄̇/L)
174.8°C adn Qfinned= 214 W adn 16.7 cm Two 17-m-long and 0.4-cm-thick cast iron
(k _ 52 W/m · _C)

Table 17-5

Cp=4180 J/kg.°C
23.5 W, 0.02_C Hot water at an average temperature of 60_C

Table 17-5

22.9 kW Consider a 10-m-long thick-walled concrete duct

Table A-15

; h0=dato dado, Area=Dout*L ;

; Δt=#hours*3600s ; r=ri

hfg es un dato dado


As water (245.65 > 52.4) will freeze completely. The plumbing system of a house involves a 0.5-m
Chapter 19 Forced Convection

--> Take Thot – Tcold

--> v=Vair

--> T=Tsurf
437 W The forming section of a plastics plant puts out a continuous sheet of plastic that is 1.2 m wide and 2 mm thick at a
rate of 15 m/min

--> Ac=a2
Solve this 3 equations respect to Q:

̇ 𝑒𝑛 𝑊/𝑚2
𝑞𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑣 = 𝑑𝑎𝑡𝑜 Q& = 2622 W, Te = 45.1°C, and Ts = 33.3°C
35.1_C The top surface of the passenger car of a train moving at a velocity of 70 km/h is 2.8 m wide and 8 m long
Hot air at 60_C leaving the furnace of a house enters a 12-m-long section of a sheet metal
duct of rectangular cross section 20 cm _ 20 cm at an average velocity of 4 m/s

4XA*L
640 W The components of an electronic system are located in a 1.5-m-long

-->(Consider at 80 °C) Ac=a2

-->(A=As)

75.7°C 941 W Hot air at atmospheric pressure and 85_C enters a 10-m-long
The properties of air at 15C and 1 atm pressure are (Table A-22)
of Tf=10°C get

;
; ;
;
;

--> w= hight of wall -->T1=Troom & h1=h calculated


497.5 W and DT = 1.6°C The compressed air requirements of a manufacturing
---> Just R value mean facility are met by a 150-hp compressor

(Table A-22) of air at 20°C C p k Pr

122 W Consider a house that is maintained at 22_C at all times.

of Film T=10 °C get in

--> Ts= TH20


18.6°C A house built on a riverside is to be cooled in summer by utilizing the cool water of the
river, which flows at an average temperature of 15_C.
--> k got on tables
Solve 3 equations

Solve Simult Eq … to get Ts,in  Ts,out, 𝑄̇𝑟𝑜𝑜𝑓


̇

--> delta t = time in seconds


Money= Qgas *$
28 kW, $9.44 The roof of a house consists of a 15-cm-thick concrete slab (k _ 2 W/m _ _C)
Chap 23 Heat Exchangers

(Cp in kJ) *n --> cold =1000 R= 0.287 kPa.m / kg.K

--> Ac=Awall

*2

; ;
(U= overall heat…. In kW);

25.2 kW, 7.0 m Engine oil (Cp _ 2100 J/kg _ _C) is to be heated from 20_C to 60_C at a rate of 0.3 kg/s

(Cp in kJ)
, Recuerda que Cc y Ch, son los primeros antes de priorizarlos por
cmin

35.90 kW Tco 18.9 C Tho126.7 C A cross-flow heat exchanger consists of 40 thinwalled tubes of
1-cm diameter located in a duct of 1 m _ 1 m

TLMD
;
T=cold; t=hot, 2 out , 1 in; U in kW and solve for A & use Qh2o

F=1.0

15 m2 A shell-and-tube heat exchanger with 2-shell passes and 12-tube

6.05 m2 for a mass flow rate of 2 kg/s for water. NTU

get NTU from

See Table 23-26 table 23-26 (NTU= 1.7)


11.4 m2 A shell-and-tube heat exchanger with 2-shell passes and 8-tube passes is used to
Then the NTU of this heat exchanger corresponding to C = 0.544 and = 0.65 is determined from Fig. 23-26 to be heat ethyl
NTU = 1.5 alcohol

Tho=Thi
52.4 m2 A cross-flow air-to-water heat exchanger with an effectiveness

312.3 km The condenser of a large power plant is to remove 500 MW of heat from steam condensing at
30_C

is assume that Th,o=Tc,i

31,350 W A = 0.482 m2 Cold water (Cp _ 4180 J/kg _ _C) leading to a shower enters a thin-walled double-pipe F=0.96

462 kW and 29.2 m2 Cold water (Cp _ 4180 J/kg _ _C) enters the tubes of a heat exchanger
with 2-shell passes and 20-tube
Thin = Thout
3.05 m2 The condenser of a room air conditioner is designed to reject heat at a
rate of 15,000 kJ/h

Solve Simult Q to get T’s

Solve Simult Q to get T’s

--> get 𝑚̇

Tc,out 56C, m’c=0.416 kg/s, Q’= 62.6 kW


despejar m’ sustituyendo en Cmin= Consider a water-to-water counter-flow heat exchanger with these specifications. Hot
water enters at 95ºC

 m’c=0.20 kg/s, Q’= 8.05 kW Air at 18ºC (Cp _ 1006 J/kg _ ºC) is to be heated to
70ºC by hot oil at 80ºC