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Units: N, m, Kg, S

Units: N, mm, Tonne, S

Length: m

Length: mm

Mass: kg

Mass: tonne (T)

Time: second

Time: second

Force: Newton

Force: Newton

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Energy / Work: Joule (J)

Energy / Work: millijoule (mJ)

Power: Watt (=W=J/s)

Power: milliwatt (= mW = mJ/s)

Density: kg/m3

Density: T/mm3

Modulus / Stress: N/m2 (=Pa)

Modulus / Stress: N/mm2 (=MPa)

Temperature: Kelvin (for temperature

Temperature: Kelvin (for temperature

differentials, 1 K = 1 degree C)

differentials, 1 K = 1 degree C)

Conductivity: W/m.K (=J/s/m.K)

Conductivity: mW/mm.K (=mJ/s/mm.K)

Specific Heat: J/T.K

Specific Heat: mJ/T.K

Thermal expansion Coefficient: m/m.C

Thermal expansion Coefficient: mm/mm.C

(1/C)

(1/C)

Flux: W/m2 (= J/s/m2)

Flux: mW/mm2 (= mJ/s/mm2)

Convection: W/m2.K (=J/s/m2.K)

Convection: mW/mm2.K (=mJ/s/mm2.K)

(Exp.) Titanium Grade 2

Units: N, m, Kg

Units: N, mm, Tonne

Length = 50 70 mm

Length = 0.050.07 m

Length = 50 70 mm

Density=4.5 g/cm3

Density = 4.5E3 Kg/m3

Density = 4.5 E-9Tonne/mm3

Yield Stress=445 MPa

Yield Stress=445E6 Pa

Yield Stress=445 MPa

Elasticity=105 GPa

Elasticity=105E9 Pa

Elasticity=105E3 MPa

Conductivity = 16.4 W/(m.C)

Conductivity = 16.4 W/(m.C)

Conductivity = 16.4 mW/(mm.C)

Specific Heat = 523 (J/Kg.C)

Specific Heat = 523 (J/Kg.C)

Specific Heat = 523E6 (mJ/Tonne.C)

Thermal expansion Coefficient

Thermal expansion Coefficient=

Thermal expansion Coefficient = 9.2E-

=9.2 m/(m.C)

9.2E-6 m/(m.C)= 9.2E-6 (1/C)

6 mm/(mm.C)= 9.2E-6 (1/C)

Common Units and Conversions


In the following tables, some commonly used units and conversion factors are presented
for structural quantities. The SI system is used as the baseline. For example, 1 Pascal =
1.0e-6 N/mm2.
SI
(m, k, s)

Metric
(mm, k, s)

Metric
(cm, g, s)

Time

second (s)

second (s)

second (s)

Length

meter (m)

1000 millimeter (mm)

100 centimeter (cm)

Velocity

m/s

1000 mm/s

100 cm/s

Acceleration

m/s

1000 mm/s

100 cm/s

Mass

kilogram (kg)

1.0e-3 tonnes

1000 gram (g)

Density

kg/m

1.0e-12 tonnes/mm

Force

Newton (N)

Newton (N)

1.0e5 dyne (dyn)

Moment

Nm

1000 Nmm

1.0e7 dyncm

Stress/Pressure

Pascal (Pa)

1.0e-6 N/mm

10 dyn/cm

Energy

Joule (J)

1000 millijoule (mJ)

1.0e7 erg

Power

Watt (W)

1000 milliwatt

1.0e7 erg/s

1.0e-3 g/cm

SI
(m, k, s)

English
(inch, pound force, s)

English
(foot, pound force, s)

Time

second (s)

second (s)

second (s)

Length

meter (m)

39.370 inches (in)

3.2808 feet (f)

Velocity

m/s

39.370 in/s

3.2808 f/s

Acceleration

m/s

39.370 in/s

3.2808 f/s

Mass

kilogram (kg)

Density

kg/m

9.3572e-8 lbfs /in

Force

Newton (N)

0.22481 pound force (lbf)

0.22481 pound force (lbf)

Moment

Nm

8.8508 lbfin

0.73756 lbfft

Stress/Pressure

Pascal (Pa)

1.4504e-4 lbf/in

Energy

Joule (J)

8.8507 lbfin

0.73756 lbfft

Power

Watt (W)

8.8507 lbfin/s

0.73756 lbfft/s

5.7100e-3 lbfs /in


2

6.8522e-2 slugs
1.9403e-3 slug/ft

2.0885e-2 lbf/ft

MASS

LENG TIME

FORCE

STRESS

ENERGY

DENSITY

GRAVITY

Pa

7.83e+03

9.806

kg

kg

cm

1.0e-02 N

7.83e-03

9.806e+02

kg

cm

ms

1.0e+04 N

7.83e-03

9.806e-04

kg

cm

us

1.0e+10 N

7.83e-03

9.806e-10

kg

mm

ms

KN

GPa

KN-mm

7.83e-06

9.806e-03

cm

dyne

dy/cm

erg

7.83e+00

9.806e+02

cm

us

1.0e+07 N

Mbar

1.0e+07
Ncm

7.83e+00

9.806e-10

mm

1.0e-06 N

Pa

7.83e-03

9.806e+03

mm

ms

MPa

N-mm

7.83e-03

9.806e-03

ton

mm

MPa

N-mm

7.83e-09

9.806e+03

lbfs2/in

in

lbf

psi

lbf-in

7.33e-04

386

slug

ft

lbf

psf

lbf-ft

1.52e+01

32.17

kgfs2/mm

mm

kgf

kgf/mm

kgf-mm

8.02e-10

kg

mm

mN

1.0e+03 Pa

7.83e-06

cm

ms

1.0e+05 Pa

7.83e+00

9.806e+02