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TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

There are number of different techniques for traffic management system (TMS)
has been proposed most of them are based on VANET (vehicular Adhoc network)
under which each vehicle is having some onboard device (transmitter-receiver)
which can send ,receive and process signal .Each vehicle communicate to other
vehicle and /or to ITL intelligent traffic lights. Intelligent traffic lights(ITL) are the
traffic lights with some smart devices which are capable sending, receiving and
processing signal to single or multiple vehicle at a time, these ITL's are arranged
in a framework (as shown in diagram below ) each ITL is placed at junctions so
that framework is able to cover all roads and they are connected to central
server.

Traditional Traffic Management System

My idea is to use Radio Frequency Identification Tags (RFID) on every


vehicle. Each vehicle is having unique id coded and stored on their
RFID tag.
We can link the RFID code of each vehicle with their car information,
owner information, Insurance and history related to accidents,
traffic-rule violation history, Challan etc. So we can create a
database of each vehicle which is stored in centre server which have
primary key as code stored on RFID tag of vehicles. Authorize
person / Traffic police officer whenever needed can access vehicle
owners details instantaneously. Using this database Traffic police
can monitor the insurance, Coding can be done for initiating
automated legal procedure as and when insurance expires and
same is informed to the authorize (traffic police)person who is
monitoring by giving pop-up or adding in to blacklist. The vehicle

TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

owner on other hand can update their information by sending


update request online to traffic police which will be updated after
verifying documents.
On each square RFID reader with high range can be installed in sync
with traffic lights by using this framework whole vehicles can be
monitored.
This system can be used for collision detection, detecting traffic
jam, monitoring traffic live.
As shown in diagram

Above diagram shows each car is having a RFID chip can be monitored
by using rfid reader with high range and available RFID tracker
software.
RFID tracker software can be modified for indicating the vehicle original
top view instead of indicating by a dot,this must be done precise
proportion for example in tracking software which shows RFID tag by a
dot instead it will show it with original top view sketch of vehicle .
These graphics are downgraded (ex metres to cm) like we do in maps
so they show the original shape of roads, lanes, vehicles (by taking
correct proportion)
In above diagram green indicate safe(3) red indicate violating the
traffic rule (1) blue shows collision(2) like these colour can be used as

TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

signs. Like this different colours can be used and this can be
implemented by using software easily
Now by using software we can do coding for analyzing detection by
using logic if two or more sketches are overlapping/touching collision is
taken place ,By using logic no. of vehicles and hence traffic jam can be
detected, Traffic jam etc information is updated to central server which
can be shared to GPS.
The police at control room can monitor the whole thing and by creating
good software automatic updates of accidents challan for vehicles like
2 in diagram can be done.
So a whole system can be built which can monitor each and every
vehicle at very low cost because RFID chip is cheaper than any other
on board device.
RFID FORMAT EXAMPLE-: RFID TAG carries the 2KB OF MEMORY
example If car Honda city with Vehicle no. MP04 KP 9999 and its owner
name is XYZ
So after using some coding technique unique code is generated which
is stored in rfid chip of that car. So whenever car is scanned by the ITL
this coded information goes to police control room/ central server this
information is decoded and by using pre-established information in the
secure database and it will be shown in control room to traffic
monitoring officers.
Database can have following fields
RFID (PRIMARY
KEY)

Vehicle type
and info.

Honda city
1.xydbcacbzbcb No. MPO4
zxn
KP 9999

2.
3.
4.
.
................
The whole system:-

Insurance

Challan
History
none

Bank-icici
Validity-2
years
Expiry25/4/2016

Accident
history
crime/record
none

TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT SYSTEM